F A YE T T E VILLE AD VERTISER.
FATETTEVILLE Published every THURSDAY by HODGE and BOYLAN.
T H U K b D A Y, May. 2, 1796.
LOND ON, Jan..
A few days ago, arrived in town iroui ri.alitax, in
Nova-Scotia, Mr. Spilhrd, the Celebrated pedellriaji
traveller, fo frequently mentioned 4a the r.uropean
Jj:inA'Atfcfca ptMtojjL1?! ingji!ar.charartet
Mnwir,il WarM imi hai travelled nn
- foot during that time" tbe'diltance of 69,000. miles
and upwards i-through all fc'urope, ajjreat part of
' Alia in TurKeytJirougli Barbary, up 10 Mrquinez
and Fez. in Morocco, ana through the Arab oun
' Being Jelirousjto add America fo theotber three
qu art en ne orwf-fle iook pa na om-u iwai
tar,' about 6 years ago, for Bolton, and has travel
led, duringthat time, through alUhe'United. States,
through fcalt Florida,, and from ihe river St. Mary's
-through the. wildernvfs of the Lower and Upper
' Creek nations, where he waskiiidy received. by his
'friend CoL Magillivray LI- Being-' protected by hi in,,
he rema ned there for a tynfiderabTe ijmarand was
J -oa, of Indian .manner "nd culiom. From the
. Creeps he ' vifited the Chickalaw, Ciifokee, and
C- Cl6cktaw nations of jndians, and was always pre-
feot at their council and talks. -
llFrdro the Creek nation lie proceeded to Penfacola,
in Ealt Florida, where lie"" procured Tetters of re
commendation from Governor CKeiJ, in the.Spa
1 nih Temceand - alfo from Mr. Williaas Pahion'
"rlhrrcnant t tnat places to the Uaron de Caronde
let, at New-Orleans, the prefent Governor of Lou-
' ifiana; who, contrary to Mr. TiuflanJ's expectation
as well as thole jjfThis friend's, very politely receiv.
u iiiuil urn jiuLuuij ft""' '"t frgcnerai pawport,
but likewife letters of recommendation to the Go
vernor .of ibe Natchez, and to all theioimnandunts
of diltricts'and out-polls In this very exteiilive pro
vince. . T... . "' , ' .."."'.,..'
..', Mr! Spillard's Intention being rp go up th? MefTira
iriver to its lource, he fet out from New.Orleans,"ae
1: cqmpanied by jome g
; on feeing him as far a the polt of the Walnut i iill
."There he crpfled the Jvliflilippi river, wirrrlix ,nen
in his company, and went up i tijf t,e came to the
.r.4,...; krl. Mkff,tl. .1.. xiinr. r t. T
,nS j.?ne up'tK'Mcfliira a "diftance of .h-. j few daf . my
60 KfiTciJTieTen in wiiTI51vb7re-hitffera from
tne Ouchita river, who adviied liim not to attempt
going op any farther, as they thenifclvesi had beet.
K N O X V I L L Fk Aoril ii
On Monuav lait the hrtt i.-'ial fsUeiiibly elecled
undrc the conftitation of ttte jtateotlenaUee,met
in this town. 1 - -
.Gen, JameVWincbelier, of Samper, ischofen fpeak
it of the StnatOrHHtd-Jamestuart, Lia, ot lun
borooE1!. (beaker of the Houfe of Repre entautes.
On vVednelday laft, at la b'dork, the Senate an.
nouie ot tvepreieniaiivcs Dcmg uluh.hu m n
prefentative chamler, citizen jOhn Seiver, the go
verriorelecl was introduced and the feveral oaths
of office udminitlered to him by the- honourable Jo?
Teph Andcrfon. ; r ' r :T ' 5
Jbril fj. On Saturday lad, the General AlRmblJr
pf this (late, proceeded to the election of Judges 01
the Superior courts of law and eq iity, when John
M Nairjr Archibald Roane, and Willie Bluunt,
tfqrs. were elefted. f",.
i andon Carter, (q. is elected treaftirer for the
didrict of Wafliingtoii and Hamilton, and William
- As a proof ofnhe fincere friendiliip of the Chero J
KCV, we Willi pieviu illiuiuauur iiauiiii, iiiai.nj
the courfe of he paft weekj three families arrived
at Fort Grainger, on their Way to Nafliville, con
filling of twenty perlbn, turn, womcnt and ?hil-Ann,-
hai rag travelled from Tugelo, in Georgia,
through thnt nation, diltanr about 1 40 mile en
their journey, thev were treated with the reattlt
hofpitalitj and friendihip -by the CherokeeS, and
plentifully fupplied with torn at a moderate price
Uieu, ill ni liouic near inum uiyt. iiiiuic, uii
iTIiw, a great beloved duet 01 the Chero
about 6? ears. ,:.
A man dillii-guimed for his love of peace and e
ertlons for iisiiiefcrv i'tiort between his nation and
4he United States. In liis death, humanity, ius loll
. - . s
f RICHMOND, April 27. ,
At a Verytnumirous meeting ot Ua nn.atmi.rits of
' -theCtty jof ;Ricbmohdnct its vitinityy porliiane'
. .-to notice, at the Capitol in the laid City, on Mon
day the juh fApril.-iro6riamea
ot tle meeting --the following resolution was a- ,
freed to, by a large majority : r - . ; ,
tfolved, ai 1 the opinion of this meeting, that the
jpeace, happinefs, and welfare, notJefa than the na
itional honour of thefe United States, denend ' in a-
great degree, upon giving with good faitbfflll ef
a to uitl reatjr Jatety negotiated w a Great4Jri-
tain. TAMtS WOOD Chairman.
'VAtteft, "JOHN STEWART," Sec'ry.
To the Hon. the ttotiE f REritESEKTATiTES tf
. United Siaies.
The Memorial of the Subfcfibers, inhabitants of the
.y' Diftrict of flenricq and City of Richmond, in the ..
TSf ate oFVirgTnTa. . -f . . ".' '.'..i'vW..,' '
...Httmbly.Jhaiiethi ... ',' "-"r; ' Xr "
That at the time when a conltitutiofial tiumbt'f
of' the Senators of the United States, convened in
their Kxecutive capacity, had approved the i reaty
negociateq' w jih Great : JBritain, and adiid the Pr.e
fide.it to ratity jt with certain exception, a number
of your !ertlqrialiU affemhled together, ad ILp
pofing it contained (Hpulations other than thole ob
jeded to by the Senate, unfavourable to the interella
of-our common country, petitioned the Prrlident to
withhold his affenr : . , . . - . .- -
"the otSKfE3coTicu"tta, commoi 3ycaITed Wg"'g X" 'JLM em or ia 1 j Is .could h a ve t en jnduced tolhc
t beioXcd cluet ot the cnerokees, aet. 1 a iojmioii or tnat particular mode ot proceeding, cm
an able juppor.ter.
Ctfi of a tttterfrom X. Mich. ux, tv his Excellency Go'.
Fort Blount, on Cumberlanf river, March.2., 196,
Arrived ootm the terririr l of our covernment. I
natter rnyfelf of having the tattsfaction to pretent, ia
ouf three years hunting, and loffall their peltry and 1
v.ia, ai.u u.i i uwij vi.au wiiii uirir lives irom
the Ouza Indians; theft Indians never give any
ronarter to ejther fed or white men r and i he party'
who went up that river to explore it under Gover
nor Muke's directions were all killed.. '
-Thns deterred, he came down to' Natcliet,- and
foon after came down thelillifippi, till he came! to
7 the confluence of the Redi iver, the fource of which
was determined to find but at all events. l ie ac-
cordingly wentjip as far as enoliiie, where he
- parted with his canoe, and ftrurk off to Oppalula,
which as well as Atakapatl and new Iberia, be care
fully examined.- Here he II ruck acrofs thenfomF"
,. tains to Naichif oches, which is the lad Snanilh oort
;JlPPn lh Jt4vertZLE mUsusto'Jsa.viiiJsIejit-Ci'-
riis, me uovernor gave him letters to the Cover
nor of the Province-of Thikofs, in new Spain, where
he arrived at the city of St. Antoine, in a month af-
, after reft'mg a few days, gave h-im-a (mall guard' t6
S 'cor' him to the South Mountain bf Santafee. 'Here
; ' he fell in with the South Branch of the Red river,
. n,ch he continued down tilf be came to the North
Branch, and fo "continued along its banks in the
F5-at pla'n l'" ne ?'me t0 thc Paee nation of
r";' . Indiana, andTo. on to the CauTee Indians, ioniiniJJ
- rout tHF he arrived againat Nachito'clies,
.ix r Mr, Spillard is tbe.fiis1 perfon who ba ever taken
a draft of thisriver from its fource, from the Moun.
tains of Satitafee tp. its junction -wiifr the." Mifflfiip.
'. pi, adiflance,with its windings, little ihort of 400a
, -This gentleman, in attempting to get to England,
- cr-u ? twiceJPtureLby French privateers out
' ftpped of every thin valuable
about him, but bad the good fortune to lave his
journals and hotes,which are intended;. , Ihortly for
publication. Ke ram rCnl, in K',. M ;il
' w1' ,5,.Tnie1nroughtr) recomtnendation olhis
Royal Highnefs Prince d ward, at tlalifaz. M j-l
crc are many rivers wliicli fall into the Red ri
eruchshrleXJucTietli river, the
Acomaftiee, ornhetiver-of the Mene, . Little Rit
lincere gratitude for your kind reception laltvcar,
Knowing the WUrm interell you take in all re
Jearches relatine to the-puhlic EooL-XJiave the
plealure to announce to you ap uletul diicovery. It
is a fmall tree, native in the neighbourhood of Fort
Blount, upon Cumberland river, and about the head
of r linr creekrThat tree is ofnherlafs or Tather
of the genus of the fophora. The freh roots give
out an yellow orange colour, very light and beauti
fI. It appears to rrte, that'it has mu?h affinity
to the fophora of China and Japan, employed in
thofe countries for dying, and lately-introduced into
the botanical gardens of Europe. I obferved that
treejn June laflt it was then in bloflbm ; therefore
I have not been able to determine the elTehtial cha
racters ot its genus '.bur by the acceflories of the
foliation.' fructification, and fome other circumrtan
ces, I may --atha'tliat txee is of the genus fo-
my j butu atMict44wrwoT!Tg-To-t VsT
Ilavinc (lopped at Fort Blount,. in order to obtain
fome of the young plants, I have been prevented by
the ftiow, lw pmhe. ground, to get them, I am
indebted to Captain Williams, juh.. who accompa
nied me to gathct a tew teeds remaining on the
trees. It is to be obferved, thofe feeds ought to be
'gathered in the fall, becaufe thofe remaining on the
req ar ;hi rrratni,rt . uhfrintirl. -
"w f ' r
i '- : I have the honour to be. with refoect.
i Your excellency's niollliunible fervant,, ,
:;....:,!..,.. '.' : 1 X. MICHAUX. '
CotanilJ to the French Republic.
' " Knixvillt, March 8th, 1 796.
Iv by a convidion. that the conllitution had uneoui
.r.-..1l.. J..1 - I . t , r t J 1 .' .
y.uvajiy uciraica 10 me rrenaenr, oy ana witn the
advice and content of fhr 'Senate", " tht bower to make
treaties; and thawhe' Treaty-with Great Britain,
in our ellimation, fo-pjurious, having, originatea
iroin.a;n4aJlt1!oiry confcjletlly competi iit- to neo
ciateon the part of the United States, and haine
- 1 1 1 t j 1 1
i-uiiiiiiui nniai nniiirr.of .oenacors, nctr.ra onr
fignatureTof Ihe Chief Majiiftra, o sender"
abfolute Treafir made under jhe anth rih-of.Ue V
ter of the conllitution, as to Itatelconflitotiors or
regulations; perhaps alio a law in all cafes left at
.where it COTldjjppyvapqjl?e.ie.
tional fmth, that the future acts of Congreis fhould
comport with it. '7.; " " - "' "
With fuch an opinion of -therTreaty:rwewere
juftifiable to petition againft its ratification, and un
der this construction of the confjitutiph the applica
tion was made" to the proper branch of the govern,
ment.' ' " ' ; .-'
Had the Prefident withheld his afient to the trea-v
ty, negociatlons might have-cqmmenced denovt,
and novil Wouid have enfued ; but after a ratifica
tioflKby the conltituted authorities of both nations, -and
when Great Britain, relying on the fulfilment
ot the (lipulatioos contained in'tlie treaty, and to be
performed on our part, ha? already performed fome
vets to be 8ope nQ-fifr'liL adjv artualljr "prepatnig
for ..cDmpliance with others, all important tons ;
conitdcring ecry avenue to further negotiation for
ever ffiut confideringlhe7'f 9f Amcrxa fledged
and Black River. witb tb o.it. whirb loll. ;n.
juft aoleagnes from the Miflifippi, The Red
: . i!v,er w,ater li "nwholefome, Irom its fak taltei
is alfo very muddy and rapid.
The communicAtioti'vou have been pleafed to make
me, in your letter of the ad inlt, and the reafon for i
making it demand in y thanKt. I man enjoin 11 as a 1
uty upon mylelttn naveiomew nic teeu iwitm
you have dilcovered and oeicrioea, gamcrea m uuc .y
feafon, ando forward a pa't to you., as onder your
ex.periencedhandr-the.y.oung plants w til . have the
faireft opportunity of being reared up to maturity,
ana 01 proving oenenciai iu iii vuhiiiiukii. , ,
If proofs were wanting of the difpofition of the
French Republic, to promote the general happinefs
of the whole human family, the refearches in which
you ire engaged under their authority could be ad
ducetTas'one ; and to contribute to your Taccefs, in
any degree, would to me be a high gratification. 1
I beg you, fir, to believe that I fliall be happy in
your rurn to thia.place, and that,; .;
- I am, with due refpect, your obedient fervant,
. , , WILLIAM BLOUNT.
Foule. to make the necellary appropr ia 1 10ns to car
ry it into effect, will be productive of war --and
whatlsVorfe. of dijbonottr t your memorialiAs would
be Wanting in duty to themlelvts and their ppflenty,
did they, on an occafton fo momentous, remain li
lent. --r-" -- ..'; : ' .
Your memorialids anticipate, from fuch a refafal,
the detention of the W eftern Pods, and its infepara
ble concomitant, a recomniencement of Indian hof
tilities -a renewal of the captures and .condemna
tion of our fhipping without pfofpect of cotnpenfa
tiori, and a derangement of commerce, that will give
a fatal flab to the intereftsjaimuJture--iin Oiort,
aToreicin war, which will caul'e an augmentation'
f the fablvcJebtr beyond fhe reath 6f redemption
1 1 r , r 1 r . n
andihe ruin of thbufands of our induftrious citizens.
A want of unanimity and oeneral difcontent, will -
prevail and to fum tip every .evil in one, perhaps u
vil diflemions, and a diflblution ol the' Union may
cloft the dreadful, fceiier1Thefe are not imaginary"
evils-. the mofi of them are certain and inevitable,
as dependent on your decifion all are' fbo poffible.
and in the opinion of your memorialifta Ibould nx
be hazarded lightly.
our memorialids. however, confide in the wifdosn
of your honourable body; and wniie tney acouieita
in the fentinient which gives to-Congref a difcre-
fionary power oji the lubjea. of appropriations not.
withflanding the; complete Validity of the contract
they pray, that a difpaffionate view af our pohticai ?
7 J I
7 " -'V;
171 HA HI Hafci
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4 mr 1
:. . ' i , " t- .