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0 / 75
: Unacquainted with any humoral or political,, by
which I was prohibited frqni benefiting my country,
, I availed my felf Of every legal means to procure an
interview with influential character?. When 33 a pri
vate citizen of the United States, I. give it as my
opinion, that it. was in the power of France, by acts
of jullice and magnanimity worthy 1 ofTher elevated
v .foliation, to reftore harmony between the twd rcp.ub
lies. I fuggefled the propriety of releafing our fea
men cbnfi ned as "pnfoiier;'and raifing the embargo
on bur (hipping, dttained in their ports. I ftattd
that aclsof this kind, taking place immediately after
the late declarations of fricnd.fljip made by the Diitc
tory to. Mr, Gerry, might become the bails of a hap
Jn ..mycpuvedations yuhth? citvzenioLiiaiicej
Qtli:r, they befl know. I alfo v'aitcd on the" IVefi
dent of the United States, foou aftrr his arrival at
the feat of government ; he received me with poljtc
nefs, and we converfed for fume time refpefting-the
icUtive fituation of France and the! United States.
As fome of the nioll refpe stable citizens -of the U.
States, are implicated with myfelf, refpeding my, late
journey to Europe, I think it needfajy more paiti
culaly .pn their accounts, in the molt pointed manner
to Hate the following fids :' - . - -
I did mt go to Tiittcc-at t h e d iVl 1 io n , a R he 7e -
queit, or on the. advice of uny perfon whatevsr- 1
went fur my own pleafure--witli my own vi-w's,'" aiid'
at my own txpenfe.
' I did not go? of ad as the ?geiit, officiil or unof
ficial of an y ma u , or let of me i i. (; t s vet , .Jiifnit:
ciny any mclTage, le'Uii , or introduction from any ci
tizen of America whatever, addteflld to .v citr.H
tvo eti t:So:: c
p winch 1 carrier! with ine were aua-t
no one ; they were hoc taken or ever ulcJ'iu'
A'm of proen ri tiff a rT in 1 1 ! v !cw "' wi h
or with Grangers whom I met in Pari?,T fppke of the
fituation of my country as I felt, but at all times with
refpeft. I reprefented that the idea of a party in the or public body in Fiance ; th
United States, ready to facrifice the government of tizenfhip which l earned witl
their own country to that of any other, was totally
thwt- tou ndaUon ftat-inif-eepie-t:oiiim
fovereign authority and enjoying all the advantages of
a reprefeutativc government, had it always in their
power to alter the conftiiution and laws of their coun
try I obferved that the French not being lo much
attached to'. commerce a3 to .agriculture and to the
arts ; it was undoubtedly their true interdr, -to place
the neutral flag on the molt refpedable footing, by
which means, a competition would take place in their
own ports, for the produce, of their agriculture an 1 '
LJ1E AND nirORTAXT.
nnlrn - nti fK I It T I . . r Ci'hilM.r u.-.a L rU
fhips of the line, which, at lii ll weitt fuppofed to be , i
IViii.ians, .but.afltrwtTdtf. found tu he Enghlh. '; i,t
Our governmtnt aic rnoie d;;j:;!vi! fir peace tha'tVif,'
hereiofoie and a m; i )r:"tiof cur leffiflature are inly
its -favour, fin.ee our lofs of the bat t le at Abii.ckeir-fA
(nctr tlie-MIe. ) ve flatter olnfeTves and hop':it Z
will influence the uttingat. Xuiuut to make th..- dv
For four da vs the
have been tilled with the ollicial letters irorn liuuna- )
p..rte and liertliier, with the proclamalionof the com- -
msrvier nTned in -Egypl;- T - "i' fs
By iiis letters the army was not difcenraged by "the ttf ?
account of the lofs of the iktt, but rather eniiventd
II' l i ' i i i it.
pjjiic do.iv ui i'lance, hut lech a-, t tho'.t.;!H nr...:,
be riecefi'ary jir my palf.tge'fhrough G-.'rii5aii'y and 1 I
land nev. r converfed with any per'fofl in France,- m
their oiucial capacity, : or as!eiii in any public c.i
pacity . niyfdf; Nor did 1 affociatc with any ptrfun,
whoL- name I am . afraid or afh amcd.tia-.fi .vow. . .'.
. it aittr tliei'c Jeclarjtious which I av.tr to b true,
any pet fon-thall think. (it . without pioor'. to aiTci t or
inhnuaic to tne contrary, I fhall regard, or rather uif
manufadures, iirexchanp-e for the pfodlidioiis- of the t .regard - hn as a contenrptible fiiid hidighai
United States, ! tojheidvf That no Ltor -'f faiiVhood ; cOnlTdeut that oit the (liidcl exa-
peopje were fo wej calcufltld to 'afiord thefe- adyanta- I minatiou r.,y cnidod whi'il in Europe, wj U be fund
ges to France, as the citizens of the United State; :. ''either CiUionuutab.c to mylclt, nur injunous to iny
and therefore the commerce" of thejUmfed States i'i a
peculiar manner merited her attcntion-iwiThat it would
-ftoto nl)-orrroteth e i m rneo ia tciItteTc(t of l-'ranceTT
to c-'uou'iter all dangers with th? ir-otiicf r-r.
Tie G neral's head qnarter-r"vere'at Cairo
loiieis he had oi'I a few : l i t th
e Camels and
r.c-. tie Jrad tai;en, weie rtJcrvvJ lor an exDediti-
o i '.v 'l.'eh was a fecrtt. , .;
ric cmbiaccd every onniHnnity to work upon the
. . .
:e K. nr. u;j at ,uro.
i ri -r of tli'- k ignorant mor-
- i 1 1 uiii ivj diivXUCL .
""MsTitqri, Jan. z , r 79 ).
recur to i
the firft Hep towards a perfect freedom-of e'emmrce 1
among all nations. '
politenefa of a foreigner of diflingiriined' tA
Ients, whom I met with at Paris, procured me an In !
tervisw with citizen Merlin. My vifits to him were
thafe.of a private friend, in his own family. On one
of thefe occafions he informed me, that; France had'
not lv: lead intention to interfere in thc.puSli.; alFiiirs
of the United States ; that his country hadaccpiired
great reputation in having afilded-the United States tv
. become a free Republic ; they wordd not difgracc their
own revolution by attempting its 1 deftrudion. He
obferved, tliat with .refpeel to the vislation of our
flag, it was commiAi with all neutrals, andwa3 pro
.voked4y the-exa m pleof England j-an d--ifrteirded to
SgryWfe-lrociaTM hTs". execl'ericy
t.:e Governor, for couveiiina the Leyiflat ure of this
ilate, the Senators and Reprefciitativi s nut accord
ingly ; the ' Senate -pfocttde'd "to the choice of a Speak
er vyhen the'ilon. WILLIAM BLOON i vaVcho
iei and conducted to the. chair.
place France on an equal ground with her,' fo lohg
as fhe fhould be permitted by the neutral powers to
avail herfelf of their re'fources. Biit that tlie govern
ment of France, averTe to TuchT a competition, were
contemplating rneafures to make tlicir laws more fa
vorable, towards neutral-nations. I n coii.lrma t Ion" cf
tht3 declaration, I received wlnlft at Bourdeaus',' a
letter from the Coaful General o,f the United States,,
dated Par ia, Augult 30th, in which he fays, " the
opinion ( which circulated when you left' us, of tliia
governme.nt adopting a liberal fyftem, in regard to
the Hag and property of neutrals, gains ground every
hour." When 1 lert 1 aris, tht miniiter3 from the
northern neutral powcis were earheftly engird in
promoting this event,, by friendly negotiation.
1 lit fe governments -are-jealoua of the commerce or
PETERSBURG, January 22.
On the io;h inlt. the Senate of the United States,
determined-the 'qufliuii-aLj.tiiifddioit, 'with' refped
to the lr;ial pNhe impeachrneiil of 'v'ii!Tat:riiIouuT7
13 votes t) 1 1 again't the jiii "ifdidion Yt ,1 s.'Mtf!', 3
.Ctupman, Davenport, Goodhue, LatiJri(je1.,i.iv rr;
more, Lloyd. Faiue, Rofs, Sedgwick, Stocl:t.n'7Tr
cy. N.Y3,Meilrs. Andcrlon, iBii.iham, "Blood worth,
wVft-i -roller. Ounn. Gn-fti. Hi!!!i.;n- t
. . . . ........ .. , -
iwtij -i'oiter, tunn, urctny-H 1 1 1! 1 am, L .1 it l: d o 11 .
f..r.... n ' ..1 c . , . .
iui (.ui, maioii, i.cau. 00 mat iiie 1.11-
peaclinitnt tails oi coutfe, a;ul Blount is difchareci.
A J).!ltirn;!re;paper of the .15 til Initilia the fuk
lowing paragraph " "By "a .gentleman who' arrived
lall.evenii gjiom A naiiolis, we are informed that a
kl hid 'arrivid' th. rc fi o;fti PcrtTmou th Kno Utu'A
. . . : -".'.
people. n.n .'Mr-
vjs above the u;
tal.i. Thty tlu.Ji'ht fiirn .vine
-Tils Horf'e A rt ill :i y hd ere::
tioii. . . . -
A meAc-ager to one of the Chiefs, bringing ah ac
count of the defeat-, was -alkc, "hew large is the
Fr cjxl'Fa r rn ir: r i:" fe': ''rii 'fV liZtSl dfn1'oi "lalni;
which lie tlnew up in the air, laying "There coiint
their." - .
'fhe General's fiddiers divide the booty which tliey
to k 'rjm the- Mamaltfk'-s ; in fi.c rficv have found
lioin 3 to 5C0 I.,.u:s d"",' o.: :he va!.;o in f;oIJ.
Buonaparte i;:ctrires fie Ar-d-s a- the word .nf -,
nigs. In large honies they fwanntd like cfjuds round
U iiiniy4wVrtVd -rliV-tif.ilattxi-'hrdererl,
an 1 ninrdcied every one who fi-11 into ihe.'r bauds.
'i'hey liave not kr-pt thn'r treaty, whieh he-had con.
eluded, on t;:e 511 .,f:j:;!y, with ij .if their. Beys.
In which it was ttipukit'cd, 'hat they would give him
as marfy -rrich33 weiie n r'i: y to or polc the Mama-'
hikes. And, on the ot':c'i hard, tap General li.id
ja-omifed.to give thcin ba-f:," a-.r h: Jo i-J coqiiei ed
Eg'pt, all tho liudh w h u 1 1. b. !-ehi?!g'd r, them.
;.. Buonaparte, .with tlitf; : 1 cl.cilislet n-und a table,
where it was f.ni I heir vi-i. vd and dt-ttTR-.i'r.ed, that . be
who 'did ii fnl'":l !r,' r.r.iilV, ilumld in'.nr Ie.'s
t'Uhes. I'robabty the" Chuiks could rot
uhat their hordes did, '
On' the- 1 -:h oY- J udy7rT ."1 ;'4Jey ; - had a Jarge
body of horfk' troiii);, ajid batttnes on the Kile, and
10 gun bor is. Fkhu bolh'fides were ec'n-nged more.
toan 1500 cannon fhot. .1 he l inks had ahcady tak-.
two -f th m were t-r-t&ktn
.liii.. lliC a r my v was. n 0 1-
papers to the ana 1 o: ti
by fr ti.v.- I'dtelt recciv
cu 3 of our ;un b'
a ti dj he tl ihd l unt i '. " Alt r
iiitcrruptwii oil their maicii. -Oh
the 2 lit ''I" J-:.ly, l;...v3 C; iro, vv'c hae: a bat-
tle. I he r iainy.!ak.:j Lit .20CO nven
Vif K VV' V,' v. rnif
.V! nur at
1 . . r 1
iiioiun io..ine zqtii iNovembtr
ed on the' continent, from En
Hm1 an .vo:fiu iji one of the-. .papers of Theouqiie'
Wo Ltii, To.se (wl-.o..wr.s taken prifnur oil board of
oueoith.c fi:-elh Fleet) haviny killod . I ImUlr', and
that. the celebrated T.Tlh chiei tloi'T, had beea' ta
krn. '.... . . ' "
V O R S A L E,-
40.9 can.tlr. wit !i
tne, fJnucd States, ami it. an acC9mnortation ll.onld j. 2?.6o Acres of Avamp land; C!l both fttes ;wf
not ia piacc who inc rieiicu. cF1.r;,;iney wm sine-r ieei and Jiiiripeivci e.'k; :u Richmond eountv
ici iai.oppsiniVuiy ..jMuuiic ihluhou, aa- -((CO ae res of exceik n t in w laud in Kobefou count
vantages which if. may -not aitet wards be in the jv.r.v- ) on l)roynir.g cretk'.
er-ofthe United States to command ; and by which i J5? acrls.of land on North-well Cape' Fear, if, miles
means tn.ey may oecomc tae carriers, even 01 our own
ti'i M .1 t -
v niiii x ,was in 1 aris,
"' i ' ' '"".'1 h- i
x-. .:i in ';'), tne Conlul
General of the United States, it cciurd cfikifdly. from
the government cf France, an atrc.t.te, Bylich the
embargo was, removed fi;om' ?.!! Ainerican vtflVis. in the
ports Of .1 rancr. accompanied- by anoth-T.' "diriCuii
, the releafe a'tid kind tieahneut of all ourTeamtn., Fie
was nlfo rat The fame Ti no 'IfiforniHV that the .Direejory
vere purfuing in""tfie Legi'llative Bodies, an alteration,
in t'ieir laws, more favourable to the rights' -of' the
ll':levhir that this Tnanifellation "of friendihip on
the nart of the Republic of France would be highly..
acceptable to my co mtry ; i otterea my lervice to tne'
Gonial General to be the. bearer, cf his defpatches to
the- Present ofi the U. S I uhdcnlood duplicated
were forwarded at the fame time by major yyoodward,
. bythe. wuy .of Bolioi.u,.-r-
. beki v Fayetteille, whereon James sims now lives
. ifoud river land. - '' ' . - -' 21'-- ;
One-iouith of ,1 1 acres of land in the town of Fay
ttteville, on both lldes Of tlie creek near tke Cool
Springy . ; , : -' . t i. . ' :
lOo acres l'n Sain') fun couity, m the foutli fi'e. of
- Qn rny arrival in Phil.idclphrai.-f -embraced the ear
licfl opportunity of waiting on the Secitet.try of State,
With tlie public defpatches entruled to .my' care.. 1,
, had a long coivctfaVon Ttith-him. What 1 knew of
' the fitunion of Fraiice, T; txpreiTed freely every
. thing relative 'to my own eoifdiidi, -which 1 thought
important, I communicated ; and I offered, volunta..
: .ijy7 tri ?nfwerany interrogatories he might,, think
proper to p.uk; and toi feommiinicate any pajpers iri my
ipoflciTion.- It tvas then iivf'pwtbf'.gover.nment
to Hive f'.ib(lituted;fats for infinuKtiatuV' From what
. iqotivca they have rejefttd thrbv.e, and cfiofey'-the
, lands of Taply Johution. 4
'2cco acres of land on Rockfifh, in Duplin county.
320 acres-of land in Duplin county, on Milt branch
..' cutk. 1 . ;. , . . .
450 acres of laiid"in Ne.w-Hanover'county, on Top.
fail Soilnd. " ; "... , "
icq acres of land on Rich Inlet, Newt Hahorrer coiinty.
" Aifo a Rcncnl aflbnmerlt of -'
DRY G-Gr G D S,
Ealhand Weft-India Goods,
,M K D I t I N E,
i.c a.; a otasr ) s were- v. c
l-)"'oo:,'g-'" .aid JO cann3ii weic taken. JO i;r array left
ti-irty ki'I'Ai and one hundtcl ai:d tweiity wounded'.
In tt:e night the Beys fled from Cairo and burned their
fhips. The people plundered their lioufes, and on
the 2 id the French entered llis "city. . '
.' Flic General iflued two. prcj-lamatipiis :
Buonapaite to the ChcriJ4S of Cairo, dated head-
--.cpiarrTeTs"! 'G July '.
ti.kert pr-ifont:-o 1 1 am in put fuic of the fugitives. :
Send me the vu fills' 0:1 the other lide of tlie water,
and a deputaiij,u-'-ar!wo'Wicding your furrender to
me ! i.et bread, . meat, It raw and. o.ats be in reardinels
fur the, army ! . Be without feai as no bodywifhes
your welfare more than J do 1"
'.' People J you liave done well not fo declare again!
me. .1 am come .to dellroy the Ma.avajH.kes. To pro
tect commerce 'and" "The iiihabitai.tt;.' Every one- who)
is in fear ought ito remain quiet ; and tfiey who have
fled may rcitirn rojj their houfes. I fhall c ftabli.1i a
. Atliird proclamation. to t h e Pac h a 1 o f the Gt h rfd
Seignior, dtckuei", hemay Tcmaiii in his place, and
have his ifieffs feciireJ to him. ' .,
Oh th?-131(1 of Anguil when he left this place, he
received tire, unfortunate account of the lofs of the
fleet Having on the 6th of July , advifed 'Admiral
Brucya to come to anclior in the. harbour cf Alexari
dria within 2.1 hours- if irol,- to. land. the artilltryi-
and the effects belonging to the army ; as It , was the
opinion of the ErYlueers, . that the road of Abuckir
was not fafe for. the fleet. But to his 01 ;t .aftonifh-
Either by whole fale or retail, ovi for Caih or poun-j
'' . ' .- ' . tty Produce bv" .-. ''
. tty rroduce-
Fu'dtevilkt Dec. 20,'
-vicr A-L.L pe'rfons indebted tothe fiibfcribery ill
pleal'e make immediate payment, as no, indulgence
will be given after tlie tlrfl of Ftbfuary'ljnext.
V. i . , DAVID ANDERSON. ,
ment liTTvaa -ppTuecE on 'tTie'tli July , J'thaT trie
fleet remained there at anchor. le ihlpatchrd his
Adj'itant to. prevail" on the Admiral to let fail," but
iinfortunatelv this meiTenxer Came too late. . '
The GeneraLJ"ayi",-iindec diis owa.handi'It-Icctati- - "..
to 'tne" Admiral BriTeys would not fail for..Cor;fu be-1 "' ' :
fore .he was fure.' h'e-coTild qojtiejqiet the harbour-i) . : ' "- .
no i-e treat might bengcWary. if he hasdone- . ---j
amifs; he has e xpiated it by his'gldrlows deHthT" Fate, .
which has. in inany - inftancjes proved our fuperiority . :
oil land, hasj in this, favoured ohr rivals on'thc atcf.-'"L i'v; .' .'..
Brit as pveH a? ithl misfortune Is,' it cVnnot be ahti- .- .