North Carolina Newspapers

    THE ERlA.'
KHri'ULICAN WEEKLY XEWS
' rAl'KH THE CENTRAL ORGAN
OF THE PARTY.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
AT TWO DOILAIW A -YEAR, IN
ADVANCE.
W. 31. RKOWX, Manager.
jjS?- Job Work executed at short no.
tice and in a style unsurpassed by any
similar establishment in tho State.
L-vL-.-
RATES OE ADVERTISING :
Ono square, one time. - - $10)
Ok kite in the old " Standard " liuild
imr. one square South of the Court
House, Kayettevllle Street.
RATES OF SURSCRIPTION:
it
" two times, -44
three times, -
1 .V)
2 00
One year, -Six
months, - - -Three
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50
VOL. IV.
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1874.
NO. 13.
Contract advertisements taken at
proportionately low rates.
rtT-IXVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. tJ-J
THE ERA.
THE ERA.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1874.
Thine Own.
The following beautiful aud touching
verse are by a New Orleans lady, writ
ten as a farewell to her husband, dur
ing her illnos and in prospect of an
earlv departure to the better land.
Call in no more thine own tho sum
mer hours,
S Imv.-J ly ie,
shall never come
atin ;
I s.-an-e -hall look upon tho Spring's
j.ak' Ilowers,
And in this lite of weariness and pain,
Shall be no more thine own.
Tii- prini; shall wake fresh verdure in
tlx vale ;
-'rl from tfray Winter blue shall
i;liw the sky,
I ; n t en- the sweet-breathed violets grow
pale,
I iii- fading form low in the dust shall
lie.
And Ikj no moro thine own.
Tii.- !i:1.jw of tho parting hour is nigh
It taIN, dear one, ujhjh my heart and
thine ;
Ala ! t leave th1 when life's morning
hour
Is L'ol.It-netl o'er by love almost di-
in
'Jo be no more thine own.
I n.h.ii bhall leave thee! thou, beloved,
wilt b-el
A Ifxniiy shadow o'er thy pathway
thrown ;
And all too soon the truth will o'er thee
steal
That in this dreary world thou art
alone,
And I no more thine own.
No more thine own ! To wake for thee,
at ev,
The chords of muKic swetstost to thine
ear ;
To love tins) still aliko through joy or
grief.
To Lh thy truest friend, of all most
dear,
Httt not on earth tJiino own.
no those near hills, whose beauty never
fade-;.
My lingering feet shall rest. Oh, do
not weep !
Thou too shalt dwell where sorrow
ne'er invades
With Him who giveth his beloved
sleep
And 1 shall be thino own.
31 1 SCI : bbA EOUS.
;ernor Caldwell's Address of
Welcome to the State Educa
tional Association, July 8tli,
1874.
Mr. Prvskknt and Gentlemen :
To me has been assigned the
phasmt task of welcoming you to
this convention. In doing so, I as
ure you that it gives me great sat
isfaction to see and know, that the
jwoplo of North Carolina are wak
ing up to, and feel the great import
ance of making an effort to secure
tho blessings of education to the
rising generation throughout the
State.
"As ignorance is an element of
weakness, so knowledge is an ele
ment of great strength. Ignorance
is a blight and a curse to any peo
ple. It fetters the mind, dwarfs
tho intellect, and debases the physi
cal man. It perverts his moral
ideas, weakens his faith in all that
U ennobling and good, and reduces
him who was made in the image of
(Jod to a level with the brute.
Education on the other hand,
takes hold of youth with a friendly
and an affectionate grasp; leads
liim gently through the green pas
tures and along the delightful paths
of knowledge; points out to him
the road to usefulness; raises him
as with a powerful lever to the pin
nacle of greatness and goodness:
tits him for all the duties of this
life, and furnishes the means to pre
pare for a full fruition of the life
which is to come.
Our own beloved North Carolina
stands sadly in need of good schools
and educated men and women. She
never can rise to the position she
ought to occupy among her sister
states until iter people are furnish--d
with facilities for acquiring an
education. They must be trained
for the conflict of mind with mind,
their intellectual strength must be
developed by proper culture they
must be made to feel a confidence
in their mental powers and a pride
in the gifts of learning before they
an, with any rational hope of suc
cess, enter the arena of life, where
heroic deeds are done. As well
might you expect the suckling
l abe to contend with the giant, as
that the ignorant and unlearned
could cope with tho learned and
cultivated in any of the avocations
of life. Knowledge is power and
must triumph in the end over ig
norance. 44 Ignorance is the curse
of God, knowledge the wing, with
which we fly to heaven."
Then, gentlemen, you have a
laudable and a noble work to per
form, and your presence here to
day gives promise that you have a
will to jerform it. Whenever men
undertakea thing with a determina
tion to do t7, they seldom fail ; ob
stacles, which appear insurmounta
ble may rise up and make a faint
heart sick with despair, the horizon
may be obscured with overhanging
gloom, the mental vision may for a
while appear to be eclipsed, and
oven the stoutest nerves may mo
mentarily tremble and grow weak,
nd all be filled with doubt and un
certainty, but eventually the in
'louutaUe will of the brave and he
roic, will overcome these obstacles
and surmounting them all, march
proudly onward and upward to a
grand final success.
J on,.then. mv countrymen, and
acmphsh the work you have un
b J. kneourage others to
vnnr i T th?,lr armor anl come to
ur holp. Cry out with a loud
voice against ignorance, error and
vice: proclaim lustily for educa-
tion, truth and virtue, and carry on
your crusade until every city and
town, every vmage ana naraiet.
and
every hill and valley in North
Carolina Hhall rejoice and be glad
because of the establishment of
school houses and churches, where
the children of the white and col
ored in their own separate build-
lous may nave opponuniuea to
nave opportunities
cultivate their minds, and to wor-
.uin 4t, riA o
ship the ever-living God according
to the dictates of their own con
sciences with none 44 to molest or
make them afraid."
When you shall have accomplish
cu inu greac ami glorious worK,
i j i
ZZL Jl,??S
auuuuaunj uuiiioiu u oaiioi. mo
satisfy
most inordinate
ambition. Your
have " redeemed, regenerated and
disenthralled." When your work
is done and you can doff the habili
ments of this warfare and with
approving consciences sit under
your own vines and fig trees, the
blessings of a grateful people will
be upon your heads for a work so
inauspiciously begun, so zealously
?TtitlCLrt? "aPPilyandsuc
tebciuiiy iiuisiieu.
Again, gentlemen, I welcome you
to this convention, and bid you God
speed in your labor of love for tho
rising generation.
Hon. W. II. ISattlc's Itesponse
to Gov. Caldwell's Address of
Welcome at the State Educa
tional Association.
Your Excellency:
It flndnVns our hearts to receive
so cordial a welcome from the Chief
Magistrate of our State.
We are engaged as you say in a
great cause, and it is a cheeringsign
of the times to find that it meets
with due appreciation. Education
is certainly the mostinterestingand
important subject which can engage
the attention of a christian and civ
ilized people. The process of culti
vating, developing, and training
the various physical, intellectual,
moral, and assthetical faculties of
our race, has found, as might be ex
pected, a prominent place in the
meditations and activities of every
age. .L-ven oeiore tne inspired pen-
man w ruie inu iiismiy ui mo ungm i
of our race, it had occupied the
minds of the ancient Egyptians, for
we are informed that Moses was
lrn l-nful In nil thn I.Mrlnm nf thf I
Egyptians." The name and fame
of Socrates as a teacher of youth
have been known and acknowledged
in all succeeding ages. The schools
of instruction form a prominent part
of the history of every civilized age
and nation.
The subiect of education thus fore-
most in the minds of men through
an pasi iime comes uuwu iu us ui
.11 A A J X I
me nreseiiL ireiieruiiuii wimuuu any i
loss of interest or diminution of
value. It is forever new; it can
never die. Generation succeeds gen-
eration, and the accumulated know-
leuge oi one age oecomes ine inner-
itance of the next; but in each suc
cessive generation we begin our
education where our ancestors a
thousand years ajro began theirs.
We go through the same or a simi-
lar course of studies to prepare to
enter upon business of life. Al-
though this course of studies may
be varied somewhat, and be suscep-
tible of change and development,
yet each in his turn has to exclaim :
All irroof men UUa mP
Once learned to read their A B C."
Each succeeding generation mav
have and should have advantages
unknown to that which went before
it. As ncwr inventions and appli-
ances are consianuy maae 10 assist
in carrying on the great operations
of agriculture, commerce, and man-
A A 1 it
ufactures, so new methods may be
devised to assist in the great work
of instruction. One, and perhaps
the main purpose, of our association
is to assist in devising facilities for
this work.
The people of this State have not
been altogether indifferent to the
subiect of education. In the
section of the
- . . ...
was ordained
schools shall be established by the
Legislature for the convenient in-
struction of youth, with such sala-
nes to the masters, paid Dy the pub-
lir ns mnv- pnah a rnpm tn insrrnor. I
at low prices ; and all useful learn-
ing shall be duly encouraged and
promoted in one or more universi-
ties." This noble ordinance was
adopted while we were poor and
weak and sparsely scattered over a
wide extent of territory and just at
the beginning of the war for our
national existence with the most
powerful nation on the globe. Our
State University and the system of
common schools which were estab
lished prior to the late war showed
how well and how faithfully the
Legislature carried out this sacred
injunction.
The constitution adopted in 1S63
is no less emphatic in its declara-
tions in favor of education. The
first section of Art. IX requires that,
44 religion, morality, and knowledge
being necessary to good government
and the happiness of mankind,
schools and the means of education
shall forever be encouraged." And
the whole Article as changed by the
amendment recently adopted.makes
ample provision for the instruction
of the youth of the State in all use-
ful learning: bv the establishment of
irtxj puunu sciiuois uuu uuivcraiky.
C V, 1 r lT 1 1 TT: :a I
In the constitution of 176 and
that which was established nearly a
hundred years afterwards, common
schools and the University were in-
njimfktj nrwi t n r mpmnrv fit vn ir i i ...i l h . t
- mm m
ld3wlbe enshrined with- uS? n i" "Baiure cannot by other people. The "City" has its
good deeds win oe enshrined witn- rightfully disobey, that tuition in own police and its own trovem
m the hearts of a people whom you tho Tlni'liv K ' k mnf1o fpno " AlVRS
constitution oi li o it established by private enterprise, have seen represent
m?.i a scnooi or we
separably connected. The trainers system of educatian as the only pro
of each had no expectation that one tection to society and the only means
could prosper without the other, or of abolishing crimes and penalties."
that one was less necessary than the
other. No preference is expressed
for one over the other. And set I
am sorry to learn that there is
throughout the State a Dreiudice
against the University even in the
minds of those who profess to be ad-
vocate3 of the public school system.
It is objected to the University.
that it is an aristocratic institution.
intended for the rich only, while the
,w,P narliir , fWkm
rdvantaSaT ThhobESon how
113 advantages, lnis objection, now-
ever gruuuuieasa, uugni. to ue an
swered. The sixth section of the
ninth Article of the Constitution of
18G8 prescribes " That the General
Assembly shall provide that the
benefits of the University, as far as
P""" tonded to the youth
w tne state iree or expense for tn-
ition." Here
... .. x
positive
anu mus ine poorest ooy in tne lana
may come to the College Halls and
get instruction without money and
without price, Besides this, a grant
01 lanuscnp was maae Dy uongress
in xoo tu tjucu ouiiu oi ine union
I t 00 1 !..- i P XI T T '
for the purpose of establishing there
in at least one College where the
1 i; i i i ,1 ii
eluding otheVsciemific'and"cTieal
studies, and including militarv tac-
itruuiug ooject snail oe, wnnoui ex-
studies, and including military tac-
tis, to teach such branches of learn
ing as are related to agriculture and
the mechanic arts in such manner
as the Legislature may prescribe, in
order to promote the liberal and
practical education of the industrial
classes in the several pursuits and
professions oiiiie.'- xne lanciscnp
intenaea ior JNortn Carolina wasac-
uupuu uv mo vtjiierai Assemuiy in
I860, and was afterwards transferred
1 A I f 1 1 A 1 1
to the Trustees of the University to
be by them used and disposed of
accoruing 10 ine provisions oi ine
congressional gram, xne univer-
sity as now constituted is intended
mainly for the poor for the indus
trial class that great widespread
class, whose sons are to do the labor
and develop the wealth of future
North Carolina. The rich can send
their sons abroad to the University
of Virginia, to Yale or Harvard ;
but to tho industrial classes, the loss
of the University would be irrepar-
aoie.
Having thus vindicated the Uni-
vereitv from the charere brought
against it by the thoughtless, 1 trust
n win ue perm i Lieu iiereaiier 10 oc-
cupv its proper place at the head of
the educational institutions of the
state, and that it and our free pub-
lincnhnnlo will Kaannolltraiinnnrfit
by all classes of our fellow-citizens,
From this time forth let us all unite
in a common vigorous and deter-
mined effort to devise the be3t
means for educating the vounsr of
all classes of the people whether
rich or poor, male or female, white
or colored. We are all citizens of a
common countrv. and all are eaual-
. . . . . . 11 1 l
iy mteresiea in promoung ine Desi
pnnn ni an. atiis can oe uudh uiiiv
Dy educating all, so that all the fac-
ulties conferred upon each one by
his Creator mav be brousrht out and
developed to their fullest extent,
to this end let scnooi-house3 oi tne
most imnroved kind he built uo all
over the land, let them be provided
with everything that is necessary
for the comfort and convenience of
ax . i fii i a i i? 1
ine cniiaren : let mem do BUDDiieu
with the best books, and above all
let provision be made for instruct-
ing and training teachers, who shall
be charged with the important work
0f developing: the minds and char-
acters of our children. And I would
flflfL lfit OUT UniVerSltV be aain eS-
tablished upon the best and most
suitable basis, and let the agncui-
tural and mechanical Colleges be
established so as to carry out the de-
sterns of uongress in making the ao-
A. aC 1 1 2 A ,1 I
nauon oi lanuscnp. auu, us yuui
Excellency well says, let our colored
population be educated equally with
me wnne race, out iu sepuiute
schools and colleges.
I have reserved to the last to say
that any plan of education will be
im complete which does not embrace
the fairer and better part of our
race. T he eaucation of our eriris. at
least in the higher branches of learn-
mav well ask ourselves n mis
shall continue. Woman has been
risinsr in social scale for many gen-
erations. To attain her true position
she must be educated. Society will
n nvor hovn atfamosl ita hiorhtvat. nnn
most perfect state until she is su
preme in her sphere as man is in his.
Happily for mankind these spheres
are not antagonistic, but susceptible
of the utmost harmony. Education
will have done its perfect work
when all the manly virtues and all
the feminine erraces shall flourish
together.
Tho Washington Chronicle in an
article on crime and punishment,
says:
The day is not far distant when
the gallows will become as obsolete
as imprisonment for debt ; when
the present system of collecting
debts by process of law, levies, and
executions will be totally abolished;
that credit, if given at all, will be
given on honor, and if honor is dis-
honored that will cancel the debt.
The people will discover ere long
that "the world is governed too
much:" that red tape ceremony.
and humbuggery have too long do-
mineered over practical and pro-
cressive enterprise and common
" t- i a; L. 111 1 I
sense, r UDllC seniiiueut win auupi.
the maxim that "an ounce of pre-
vention is worth a pound of cure,"
and will labor more diligently to
establish a universal and thorough
TV . . J . .-v w, meui,, xneresi, o uie meuopuus
4ist inc. has hitherto been left to schools duke : all
. - -
Property in London.
The Vast Possessions of the Nobility
in the Metropolis.
lhe "City" of London is a mere
n'3fSlSf if ht? mv
wilderness of houses, says Mark
Twain like the central square of a
chessboard ; and, as the hordes that
inhabit it daily dwell miles away
on the outskirts, it has a ridicu
f i" : V- 7 i V ",7
1UUS y pof1i.;1?.n "Vk
compared to what It has in the day
time 800,000 in the day and 50,000
at night.
Anybody, a mechanic, or any
body else, who rents or owns a
house, has a vote that is to say, a
mar ih
rates, or taxes for
here which gives a
there is no' la'w
..i ;,iio.. u Aia.
I IWUiWO 1112 Ullf ilKb ui uo
- f i i r 1
furnished
i3 composed of a great hive of once
separate villages, which still retain
their own names as Charing. Hol-
horn. pro. hut. thfv m wplrfpd
together into a comnaefc mass of
I . c .1
houses now, and no stranger can
tell when he passes out of one of
these towns and into another.
strictTy eniail, and"t be
t I iona fori f rnm tho f-i m ! 1 r Tho
Tho estates of the nobility are
alienated from the family. The
town property which these great
landlords own is leased for long
terms from half a century up to
ninety-nine years ; in Scotland nine
hundred and ninety-nine years. I
was visiting a house in the West
Lnd, the quarter where dwelling
house property is the most valua
hie. Mv host said ho hnncrht the
I . " .
lease of the house he was living in
ro three-storv brick, with basement
twentwearsaor). fnrseven thousand
five hundred dollars, when it had
forty-one and a quarter years to
run. livery year he has to pay one
hundred and fifty dollars ground
rent.
But in these days property has so
greatly advanced in value all over
London, and especially at the West
End, that if this lease were for sale
now it would require something
like a fortune to buy it, and the
around rent would be placed at one
thousand dollars a year, instead of
the one hundred and riftv dollars
the present owner will go on paying
for the next twenty years. The
property oeiongs to tne jjuko oi
.oeuiuiu, uuu vvneii uc iciicuw ujiuu
what that property will have soared
to. ten or fifteen years from now,
and still paying him only the trifle
I rif nno hiinrlroH a nrl fi f tT flnllflia a
year, he probably wants to go and
dig up his late ancestor and shake
him.
This house is one of seventy-five
iust like it that surround a beautiful
square containing two or three acres
ot ground ornamental grounus,
larere old trees, broad, clean-shaven
errass-plots. kept scrupulously swept
I f A 11 1 . 1
iree irom iwigs, laneu leaves, mm
an uuier eve-surra, ma tiax mo
Duke owns all those seventy-five
houses, and he owns the ornamental
square in the middle also. To each
house he leaves a key that will
open any oi ine numerous gates
(there is an iron railing all around)
to the square, and nobody can get
in these out tne occupants oi me
seventy-five houses and such per-
11 a 4- s-v FT K rw
sons as mey cuuuse i-u iiivitc. xucy
do a deal of croquet. The seventy-
five pay a small sum yearly to Keep
the square in repair,
It was a pleasant day, and we
wnik-Pd alnn down the street.
Every time we crossed a new street
mir hcf coirl
"This property belongs to the
Duke of Bedford also all these
statelv blocks of buildinsrs both
aides of the street."
Bv-and-bv we came to another
1 A 1 . a. 1
ornamental square liKe me omer,
and surrounded by large dwellings,
44 Who owns this square and these
houses?"
"The Duke of Bedford."
We turned and walked about half
a mile in another direction. Still
the same. All the way it was,
"This all belongs to the Duke of
Bedford ; this ornamental square is
his; this is the statue of the late
the smoKy statues we
dukes of the
line oi iormer ereneraiious. e are
nr.
nrettv well tired out by this time.
else we might go on till we could
show you the great Covent Garden
Market one of the sights oi ion
rlnn
"Who owns it!"
"The Duke of Bedford."
"I suspected as much. Does
he
own the property around?"
"He does."
Does he own any in tho coun-
try?"
44Whole counties."
I took a cab and drove about sev
enteen mixes, or such a matter, 10
my hotel. No candles in my room
no water no towels. I said to
the landlord, "I have a very serious
uuuuu ja my laming ivs ine xsua.g
of Bedford about the way you keep
this hotel."
He said, "What has he got to do
with it?"
I said, 4He probably has a good
deal to do with it ; I suppose he owns
it?"
"Weil, he don't do anything of
the kind; I own it myself."
The item was worth something,
any way, and so I entered it in my
diary:
"London is owned by the Duke
of Bedford and a one-horse hotel
keeper."
But I found afterward that the
Xkn1nnrl Vs irnwinia nf
iuo ui .eiuumuu, uio niaiuis wt
Westminster, ana other nooiemen,
own as largely here as Bedford does.
Indeed, Westminster is much the
richest peer in England perhaps
the richest man in the world. His
income is some twenty thousand
dollars, a day, counting Sundays.
But what it will be next year or the
year after, baffles arithmetic, for
the old cheap leases and ground
rents are constantly running out,
and the property being let at more
than quadruple prices. The Duke
of Portland ownsthe huge piece of
ground on which the British Mu
seum stands.
It is no hardship here to own real
estate, for the taxes on it are trifling,
as they are also on foreign wines
and luxuries which only the well-to-do
indulge in. The revenues come
from the manifold things which
Tom, Dick and Harry of the great
middle and working classes have
got to have and cannot do without.
A Mathematical Marvel.
An Untamed Missouri Boy
as a
Ready Reckoner.
A correspondent of the St. Louis
Republicans written from Tabo,
Mo., says :
We have quite a marvel of a man
in our community, a natural math
ematician. His name is Reuben
Fields. Having heard of him fre
quently through farmers and others,
who got him to do their figuring, I
determined a short time ago to pay
him a visit, and to ascertain for
myself if the stories told of him
were true. I am free to confess that
at first I was fully as incredulous as
many readers of this paragraph will
be ; in fact, would not have believed
statements made concerning him
had not the authority been indis
putably good. Proceeding to Fay
etteville, the small village in which
he lives, I inquired for 44Reub,"
and was told-that he was in town,
and was shown his residence, to
ward which I made my way.
When nearly there I met a young
man apparently about twenty-five
years of acre, walking a little lame
who seemed to be leisurely and va-
cantly gazing about, and accosted
him with :
"Does Reuben Fields live in that
house yonder ?"
41 Yes, sir."
"Well, I've heard that Ileub was
a great calculator, and I must go
and see him," ana started lorward,
when he stopped me with :
"I'm him.
44 Well. Reub," said I, "I have a
few questions I would like to have
you answer, and will make it worth
your while to do so."
Gazing around, he answered :
"That's all right," and remarked
that he could "count" anything he
could understand.
T may here remark, that he can
not read or write a letter or figure ;
he said if he could he would lose
his gift. He cannot explain any-
thing, but says he has a numeration
table away on "beyond the books."
He remarked
"You commence at the bottom
and work up I commence at the
top and work down; it is easier
falling out of a tree than climbing
on.'
He frequently observes "If I
could read and write I shouldn't
know any more than you do."
It is said he never makes mis
takes. In all the questions I gave
him he made but one, and he cor
rected that on recounting.
The following are some of the
Questions asked him:
If, to the time past noon, there
be added its 1-2, 1-8, and 2-5, the
sum will be equal to 1-6 of the time
to midnight, what is the hourr
Divide $11.50 between two per
sons, so that one shall have 7octs.
more than the other.
A tree 13G feet long, fell and was
broken into two pieces, two-thirds
of the lonerer piece equals three
quarters of the length of the shorter;
wnai is me leugui oi tatun pievo i
What is the interest of one cent
for one day at six per cent, per an-
num ?
What is the exact length of one
side of a square acre ?
These questions were all correctly
answered, his answer to the last be-
ing, 4It can't be told."
I then said : ,
"Reub, I hear that you can tell
what day or the weeK any given
date was or will be is that so?"
Yes sir "
"What was July 1, 18GS?"
44 Wednesday."
"Correct."
"What was the 22d of January,
1848?"
"Sunday.?'
44 What day will the Fourth of
July come on this year
4 'Saturday."
"New Year's?"
"Friday."
4 All right. I have also heard,
Reub, that you can tell the hour at
any time of day or night, is that
so?"
"Yes, sir."
44 What time is it now?"
"It is seventeen minutes past two
o'clock, railway time sun time is
thirteen minutes slower."
We walked around town, and he
. A I
on both clear and cloudy days, and
also on dark nights, and he always
gave the correct time. Reuben
asked the gentleman we were talk-
ing with to write down a column
of figures, which he did. They were
then read to him thirteen num-
bers; two figures in each number
and he at once gave their sum, and
could repeat the numbers in the
oraer in wmcn uiey were wriiien,
either forward or backward.
The tax collector got Reuben to
look over his work last Fall, and
Reuben said that he could remem-
ber the numbers in the columns and
gave me tne hour several times, al duties at the cafes to the satisrac
correctly each time, within two or tion of the public. Suddenly, how
three minutes. Several times he ever, he was seized with nervous
called on citizens of the place to symptoms lasting from 24 to 48
attest the truth of his statements, hours, and of such an extraordinary
which they did. One of the leading nature that it was considered safe to
citizens of the place told me he had take him to the hospital. His malady
tried "Reub" on the time question is easier to illustrate bv examples
the sum yet. County clerks have
sent from Kansas for him to help
straighten their books. A whole
sale hrm in Kansas City heard of
him and sent for him to do some
invoicing. He told them he could
do the work of ten men in making
computations. They told him if he
could he should have the pay often
men. He mounted a nigh stool
with! the clerks around him, and
kept i them giving the number of
articles, price of each, and taking
down his answers. They gave him
$45 far his day's work. A firm in
Fayejlteviile selling out took an in
voice of their goods. Iteub was
sick at the time, but they found
him out and sent for him ; lie lcund
a mistake for $300.
Sitting up with Her.
She was expecting him Sunday
night; the parlor curtains were
down ; the old folks notified that it
was healthy to go to bed at eight
o'clock, and Johnny bribed with a
cent to permit himself to be tucked
away at sundown. He sneaked up
the path, one eye on the dog and
the other watching for the 44 old
man,!' who didn't like him any too
well, gave a faint knock at the door,
and it was opened, and he was es
corted to the parlor. Ho said he
couldn't stay but a minute, though
he didn't mean to go home for hours.
She wanted to know how his moth
er was ; if his father had returned
from York State; if his brother
Bill's rheumatism was any better;
and he went over and sat down on
the sofa so as not to strain his voice.
Then, conversation flagged and ho
played with his hat, and she nibbled
on the sofa tidy. He finally said it
was a beautiful evening, and she
replied that her father had predicted
a snow storm. He said he guessed
it wouldn't snow, as the moon was
not crooked enough to hang a pow-
der horn on the end, and she said
she didn't believe it would either.
This mutual understanding seemed
to give them both courage, and then
he wanted to know if she had seen
Bill Jones lately. She hadn't, she
said, and she didn't want to. Then
they went on talking about the do-
nation visit which was to be given
before long to Elder Berry, and he
carelesslv dropped his right hand on
hers4-his right hand, while his left
arm sneaked along the sofa and got
behind her shoulders. She pretend
ed not to notice it, and he looked
down at his boots, and wanted to
know if she thought mutton tallow
rotted out boots faster than lard and
lampblack. She couldn't say, but
she had an idea that it did. He had
just commenced to hook fingers
with her, when she discovered that
something ailed the lamp ; she rose
up and turned the light down a half
inch, making the room look dim.
It took him five minutes to get hold
of her fingers again, and she pre
tended to want to draw her hand
away all the time. After a long
pause he lowered his voice to a
.whisper, and said he didn't see what
made ioiKs love eacn oiner. one uiu
her handkerchief and admitted her
ignorance. He said he could name
a dozen young men who were going
to get married right away, and his
left arm fell down and gave her a
hug. Then ho went over and look
ed out of the window, to make sure
that it was or was not going to snow,
and. coming back, he turned the
light down a little more, and then
sat down and wanted to know if she
didn't want to rest herself by lean
ing her head on his shoulder.
Ah, me ! We have all been there,
and who of us cared a cent when
the old clock struck twelve, and we
five miles from home? The old man
was fast asleep, the watch-dog gone
avisiung, auu me iiauusoinesi
in the country didn't see why we
need be in a hurry.
Perhaps I shouldn't have written
of this, but as I was going by Saun-
ders' the other day, thinking of the
night I heard him whisper in her
ear at spelling school, that he'd love
her shadow as long as he lived, he
raised the window and called to her,
as she was piaking up chips in the
road :
44 Sue Saunders, come in here and
find the b'ar's grease for my sore
heel, or I'll break every bone in your
body."
A Living Automaton.
A curious patient is now an in
mate of Dr. Mesnet's ward at the
Hospital St. Antoine. His profes
sion was that of a singer at the Cafes
Chantants. During therwar of 1870-
71 he was hit over the left ear by a
musket-bullet, which carried off
about 2i inches of the parietal bone,
and left bare the brain on the left
side. This led to a temporary par
alysis of the members on the oppo
site side, as is always the case; but
he was eventually cured of this,
while the tremendous wound on the
skull began to heal, so that after a
time he could resume his profession
.a A, . m -Am .a . m a
than to define. When he is in his
fit he has no sensitiveness of his
own, and will bear physical pain
without being aware of it ; but his
will may be influenced by contact
with exterior objects. Set him on
his feet. and. as soon as they touch
the erround. they awaken in him
the desire of walking; he then
marches straight on, quite steadily.
with nxed eyes, without saying a
word, or knowinsr what is eroinff on
about him. If he meets with an ob-
stacle on his way, he will touch it,
and try to make out by feeling what
it is, and then attempt to get out of
its way. If several persons join
hands and form a ring around him,
he will try to find an opening by
repeatedly crossing over from one
side to the other, and this without
betraying the slightest consciousness
or impatience. X'ut a pen into his
hand; this will instantly awaken
in him a desire of writing; ho will
fumble about for ink and pappr,
and, if these be placed before him,
he will write a very sensible busi
ness letter; but, when the fit Is over,
he will recollect nothing at all about
it. Give him some cigarette-paper,
and he will instantly take out his
tobacco-bag, roll a cigarette very
cleverly, and light it with a match
from his own box. Put them ou
ono after another; ho will try from
first to last to get a light, and puV
up, in the end, with his ill-success.
But ignite a match yourself, and
give it him ; he will not use it, and
lets it burn between his fingers. Fill
his tobacco-bag with anything, no
matter what, shavings, cotton, lint,
hay, etc. ; he will roll his cigarette
just the same, light and smoko it,
without perceiving tho hoax. Rut
better still ; put a pair of gloves into
his hand, and he will put them on
at once ; this, reminding him of hi
profession, will make him look for
his music. A roll of paper Is then
given to him, upon which ho as
sumes the attitude of a singer before
the public, and warbles somo pieco
of his repertory. I f you place your
self before him, he will feel about
on your person, and, meeting with
your watch, he will .transfer it from
your pocket to his own ; but on the
other hand, he will allow yon, with
out any resistance or impatience
whatever, to take it back' again.
Journal of Chemistry,
Mohammed and his Habits.
An English author, with the sin
gular name of Smith, hasjust pub
lished an elaborate work on Mo
hammed and tho religion which iie
originated. From it we extract the
following:
Up to the age of forty there is no
thing to show that any serious scru
ple had occurred tohim individually
as to tho worship of idols, and iu
particular of tho Black Stono of
which his family were the, heredita
ry guardians. Tho sacred month of
Ramadham, like other religious
Arabs, he observed with punctilious
devotion ; and he would often retire
to the caverns of Mount I lira for
purposes of solitude, meditation,
and prayer. He was melancholic
in temperament, to begin with: he
was also subject to epileptic fits,
upon which Sprenger has laid great'
stress, and described most minutely,
and which, whether under the name
of tho 44 sacred disease." jamong the
Greeks, or 4 'possession by tho dev
il " among the Jews, have in most
ages and countries been Ijoked tioti
as something specially jmysterious
or supernatural. J
Mohammed was" ot middle
height, and of a strbngly-built
frame; his head was large, and
across his ample forehead, and above
finely-arched eyebrows.ran a strongly-marked
vein, which, when he
was angry, would turn black and
throb visibly. His eyes were coal
black and piercing in their bright
ness; his hair curled slightly; and
a long beard, which, like- other Ori
entals, he would stroke when in ,
deep thought, added to the Impress
iveness of his appearance!. His step
was quick and firm, like that of one
descending a hill. Between his
shoulders was tho famous! mark, the
size of a pigeon's egg, which his dis
ciples persisted in beliejving to bp
the sign of his prophetic office';
while the light which kindled in his
eye, like that which ilaihed from
the precious stones iu tio breast
plate of the High Priest, they called
the light of prophecy. Tho
most noteworthy of hisi external
characteristics was a sweet gravity
and a quiet dignity which drew in
voluntary respect, and which was
the best and often tho orly protec
tion he enioyed from insult. His
ordinary dress was plain even to
coarseness yet he was faitidious in
arranging it to the best advantage.
He was fond of ablution, and fonder
still of perfumes, and he prided him
self on the neatness of his hair and
the pearly whiteness of, his teeth.
His life was simple in all jits details.
He lived with his wives in a row of
humble cottages, separated from
one another by palm branches,,co-
mented together with mud. lie
would kindle the fire, sweep i the
floor, and milk the goats himself.
Ayesha tells us that for iftonths to
gether he did not get aj s8UflIcIent
meal. The little rood mat ne had
was always shared with those who
drooped in to partake of it. Indeed,
outside the prophet's house was a
bench or galley on which were al
ways to bo found a number ol the
m m A - .
poor who lived entirely ; on i the
prophet's generosity, and Avcrc
Ks-rw.-i -wtlTw! " fllf rf)
the people oi I In
bench."
A woman has no more bewitch
ing grace than a sWeet laugh.! It
leaps from her heart In a clear.
sparkling rill ; , and the heart that
hears it feels as if bathed in exhila
rating spring. Have yoti ever pur
sued an unseen - futrltive through
treesrled on by her fairy Jaugh now
here, now lost, now found? we
have. And we are pursuing that
wandering voice to-day. Sometimes
it comes to us in the midst of care or
irksome business i and then wo turn
away and listen; and hearit ringing
through tho room lio a silver bell,
with power fc scare awaystho ill
spirits of the mind. How much wo
owe that sweet laugh I it turns the
prose of life to poetry, and flings
showers of sunshine over, Its dark
somo hours. Kzchange,
IN
    

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