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0 / 75
CAROLINA SENTINEL AND NEWBORN COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCER.
THE WITHERED ROS-"
I saw then once blowing : i
Whilst monT.rijr rawing '
But now Te their wiM leaves strew'd o'ertue grouno,
For Mmpects to play on,
For cold rorm to prey on,
TCe shame of the garden that triumph'd. around..
Their bad which then flourisb'd
LV , ' With dew-drops were nouruu'd,
Which turnM into pearla as they fell from on high ;
' Their hues are now banisbM, , '
Their fragrance all ranisb'd, s
kre'erenlng a shaduw has cast from the sky.
1 1 saw. too, whole races
i f . Of: glories and graces
Xhus open and blossom, but quickly decay
And smiling and gladness
In sorrow and sadness, '
!r.e Hfc reach d Us twilight, fade dimly away.
, Joys light-hearted dances .,
: And Melody's glances
tt raj J of a moment -are dying when botflT
I And Pleasured best dower
. . Is nought but a flower, J
A vanishing dew-drop a gem of the morn.
NORWEGIAN FISHING SONG.
Farewell, merry maidens, to dance, ong and laugb,
Vor the brave lads of Westra are bound to the Haaf ;
And we must have labour, and hunger , and pam,
Ere we dance with the maids of Dunrossness agraln.
For now, in our trim bonis of Nora way deal,
We must dnee on the waves, with the porposs and sea!.
The breeze it shall pipe, so it pipe not too high,
And the gull be our songstress whene'er she flits bv. J
i fcing on, ray brave bird, while we follow like thee,
By bank, shoa!, and quickanl, the swarms or the sea ;
And when twenty-score fishes are straining my line,
ing louder, braye bird, far their'spoils shall be thine.
We'll sing while we bait, and we'll sing when we haul,
For tbe deeps of the Haaf have enough for as all:
There is- torsk for the gentle, and skate for the carle,
"And there's wealth for bold Magnus, the son of the earl.
Huzza ;! my brave comrades, give way for the Haaf,
We shall sooner comeLback to the dance and the laugh !
For, )ue without mirth is a lamp without oil ;
Then ralrth and long life to the bold Magnus Troll !
From tbe Quarterly Register of the American Education Society
VIEW OF ELEMENTARY INSTRUCTION.
UNITED STATES. ,
In many of the States,! schools are supported by an
annual tax levied by the order of rrovernment. The
j rr;nrir1rs and results of the lecrisJative nrovisions
made in manjr ov tne otaies ior common scnoois, are
very forcibly expressed by .Mr. Webster. "For the
purpose of public instruction we hold every man sub-
L.i tivatmn in rvrrmnrtinn tn rii"a rrnrvrtv: artA wi
W4 amv - CJ J. .
look not to the' question whether he himself have or
I iiavc not children to be benefited by the education for
p which he pays we regard it as a wise and liberal
.' system of pjohce, by .which property, life, . and the
peace of society are secured. We seek to prevent, in
K(j)me measure, the extension ol the penal code, by in
spiring a salutary and conservative principle of vir
t ue and. of knowledge in ah earl age. We .hope to
nWcite a feelinff of respectability and a sense of cha
racter, by enlarging the capacities and increasing!
!,, the sphere oi mieiieciuni enjoymeiu. ry general
.J ' .-- A ii 1'
! instruction wej iSeeK, so iar as possiuie, 10 puniy tne
moral atmosphere ; to keep good sentiments upper
most, and to turn the strong current of feeling and
opthionj as well as the censures of the law, and the
denunciations of religion, against immorality a!nd
ff? l crime, .W rejoice -that every man in this commu-
the property i nis own, so lar as he has
occasion for itto lurn-ftSr aRd his children,
th hlipsainrra of relisrious i n'stmctiorTrrrT?r,ttielements
" o " f C7 J BWMBiMa
of knowledge. This celestial and this earthly light
he is crititred to by the fundamental laws,'? "
-A ' ' ' - MAINE. A
;iEvcryltqwn is required by law to raise, annually,
for the supp9rt of tsorrfmon schools, a sum eqval at
least to 40 cepts tor each person in the -town, and so
distribute this: sum among the several scnool districts.
According to the reports made in 826, there were
fiti that: State, 2,499 school diVHcts; 137,931 children
between the ages of four and twenty-one ; of which
101,325 usually attended school; the sum required
Dy iaw vo oe sninumiy icuocu, c&iiv,Myt ; tiumiai ex
XJenditorc, $ 137,878 57.
Gov. Smith, in his late message says, that the lite
rary institutions of the State are in a prosperous con
dition, and under the fostering care of the gdvern
Tnent, are spreading the influence of mental light and
, good morals amongthe people. "
j .i4 ';JrV: j NEW kAMPSHIRE.
- Common schools are established throughout the
State, and for thei support a sum, amounting each
year sinoe 1818, to $90,000, is annually raised by a
separate taxi The State has; a literary fund amount
ing to $64,000, formed by a tax of one half per cent,
on the, capital of the banks. f The proceeds of this
fund, and also an annual income of S9,000 derived
s , from a tax on banks, are appropriated to aid the sup
port ot schools :' s i
0 The money raised by the general law for the sup-
yportol schools, at three per cent, on the grand list,
; the ! valuation of taxes,) would be about S51.119 42:
. and about as much more is supposed to be raised by
school district taxes. The State has a literary fund
derived principally from a tax. of six per cent, on the
annual profits of the banks;, the amount on loan in
September, 1829, was $23,763 32. -V
r " The laws require that every town or district, con-
faininff nlty lamuies, shall be provided with a school,
or schools, equivalent 1 in time to six months for one
school in a year; containing 100 lamilics, twelve
months; 150 families, 18 months: and the severa
jt owns m the Jstate are authorized and directed to
- raise such sums of money as are necessary for the
vfj support of the schools, and to assess and collect the
mnnp.v in the same, manner as other town taxes.
Each town is also reauired to choose annually a schoo
-committee of three, five, or seven persons, to take the
seneral charire of the schools, examine teachers, &c.
&c. This last arrangement is but partially carried
into effect. A very imperfect return of the state of
i t&e schools was made in 1827, in which there were
reported -972 puhlic school districts; 708 private
wrnoois and j academies; 18,143 pupus in private
bools, and i$ 158,809, paid for instruction; 71,000
pupiW in public schools, and 163,929 76 paid for in
stJuci1SS'rin aU the schools in Boston, there are
i! r vvn at an expense for tuition, fuel
' 41,X3 double-the amount
,.n;i fcmivM -nf itJtn th0 towns have
number of schools, probably exceeds 700,' w.".le
'i. cVinrt nrr?ru1 rrlnrntinn Vina Kaoti " Wluim
lected in this State.
UWW. -VMMWMMWA. ..VW. VCrV" YTIltrtl
The Connecticut school fund, on the first of Anrii 1 811(1 S4
1829, was $1,882,261 68. The income of this fWi U1
is. appropriated to the support of common schools. In
I - , , "I - Ikl I III
the year ending March 31, 1830, the sum of 872.933
was divided among the different free schools through
out the State. The number of children .between the
ages of four and sixteen, was 85,482, and the divi
dends amounting to a little more than 85 cents for
Speerlres and Forensic Argument?) pp. 210. 211.
child. This fund has been wisely managed,
and taithlully applied, dux it has not answered all me
purposes which are desirable. It has diminished very
much that feeling of personal interest! and responsi-
bility m tne midst ol ; tne people generally, wmcn is
ndispeheable in sustaining popular systems ol edu
cation. ;' ! i ''
V NEW YORK.. j
LGov. Throop, in his message of January 4, 1831,
says, " there are 9,062 school districts in this State,
and 8,630 have made returns according to the statute.
One hundred and ninety new districts have been
formed during thd year, and the numoer wmwi
made returns has 'increased 338 in the same period.
There are in thes district from which reports nave
been received, 497,503 children between five and six
teen years of age, and 499,424 scholars haye been
taught, during the year, in the common schools of the
State: the general average of instruction having
been about eight months. The returns show an in
crease of children between five and sixteen, com
narprl with the nrecedinsr year, of 24194: and an ih-
crease of the number ;instructedxf 19,383 scholars. j
i " Thenublic money apportioned among the several
school districts during the past year,, amounts to
S239,713. Ol this sum $100,000 was paid from trie
State treasury, and the residue was derived from! a
tax upon the several towns, and from local funds
possessed by somle of them. In addition to the public
money, there has been paid to teachers by the inha
bitants of the districts $346,807. making a total lof
$586,520, paid for teachers'; wages alone, in the com
mon schools of the State."
Ihe productive capital of the school lund now
amounts to $1,696,743 66. The revenue actually
received into the treasury in 1830, was $10U,U7 ou.
This is the first year in which the revenue ol tne lunn
has produced the sum required for the annual distri
bution. The svstem of the common school, instruc
tion! in this State, is founded on the principle, that
the State, or the revenue of the school fund, will pay
only a share of the expense ; and ; that at least an
equal share, as the condition of receiving the; State
fund, shall be assessed upon the property of the town.
In addition to all this, and as a necessary pre-requisite
to a participation in the public money, the inhabi
tants of each district are required !to tax themselves
for building a school house, and furnishing it with
necessary fuel and appendages. :
About $1,928,236 are supposed tobe vest
ed in school houses in this State, Much
at an interest of six per cent, would
amount to ' I $115,694,00
Annual expense for books for 449,434
scholars, at 50 cents each,
Fuel for 8,846 schools at 810 each.
Amount of public money for teachers'
Amount paid in the districts for teachers'
wages besides the public moneyj
Estimating for 43 towns not returned,
21,308 00 j
Total for support of common schools of ngi qqq qq
the State. ; 1 S ' '
A comnlete census of the scholars in the colleges,
academies, private and common schools, would pre-J
sent a total of at least 550,000 scholars receiving in
struction annually in the whole State, which is equal
to one person attending school to three and a half of
tne whole population.
The whole number of schools in; the city of
: New York, of all lands, (besides Sunday
schools,) is 5 j
Number of teachers 484, assistants 311,
Pupils, f c )
Estimated number of children between five
and fifteen who attend no school whatever,
' NEW JERSEY.
This State has a school fund, which amounted in
October, 1829; to $245,404 47, which is all in pro
ductive stocks, yielding an interest, on an average,
of about five per cent. A tax of half of dne per cent,
on the amount of the capital stock of the several
banks subscribed and paidinyj5Waanropriated to
this fund; and 'tS9Xii about
i. i ivr r
school cat of the income of the fund.
i PENNSYLVANIA. . .
The constitution declares that the " Legislature
shall, as soon as conveniently may be, provide by
law for the establishment of schools in such manner
that the poor may be taught gratis." In conformity
with this provision, means of instruction haye been
provided in nearly all the counties of the State, for
the children of indigent parents. ; They , are sent to
the most convenient schools of the neighborhoods in
which they respectively reside, and the expense is
paid by the county commissioners. It seems, how
ever, that lar more aeciuea ana inorougn meixtsuies
need to be taken in this State. An unhappy result
of the -plan adopted is to separate, in a considerable
measure -the children ol tlie poor irom tnose oi tne
rich. In our 'primary schools, the children of all clas
ses in the community should mingle together so far
as practicable. Gov. Wolte, m his message ol Ue
cember last, observes, that " out of four hundred thou-
sand children in the btate, between tne age ol live
and fifteen,, more than two hundred and jifly thou
sand, capable of receiving instruction, were not within
a SCnOOl, aunng uie la&i yeai. ;viin, au niuaiuuia-
ble loss has this .Commonwealth; sustained m tlie ta
lents that might have been elicited, in the ingenuity
and skill which might have been imparted to labor
and science, and in the moral and intellectual en
dowments' that might have been engrafted and ma
This State has a school fund, amounting to
$170,000, the; interest of which, together with a small
tax levied on each school district of four miles square,
at the will ol a majority ol the taxable inhabitants,
is appropriated to the support of free schools. No
district is entitled to any share of the school fund,
tnat win not raise, by taxation, a sum equal to its
share of the income of the fund. The Governor of
Delaware, in; his late message, -urges, in the strongest
terms, the importance of universal primary education.
A. law in favor of primary schools was passed in
1825, and has been partially carried into effect in two
or thre of the counties. The: State, has a school
fund, .consisting of a sum advauced by Maryland
during the late war, and paid j by the national go
vernment, amounting to $75,000, together with a tax
on bank capital of twenty cents bn a hundred dollars.
The fund is at interest, and the amount received from
the banks has also generally been at interest to the
credit of the several counties; but in some instances
it has been expended for its proper object. The in
tention of the State was, thati it should be used to
pay teachers only ; and that the expense of building
school Jiouses, and also other expenses, should be paid
by a tax on property within the several school dis
tricts. - I
This State has a literary ; fund, created in 1809,
and amounting in available capital, according to a
late report, to $1,233,522 97. AIL escheats, conns-
canons, ana aereuct property; aiso an lanas loneitea
lor non-payment oi taxes, ana an sums reiunaea oy
r. hnvft h&n Rm.mnriat to threncouraffement
nfmrr Of thA intPmrf. of th fund. S15.C30 are
annually appropriated to the University of Virginia,
and $45,000 to the education pf the poor in the res-
counties. This sum is divided among tne
I ? ev.eral counties according to the ratio ot white popu-
tr-loP and the court of each county appoints corn-
tSi0c to manage and sujerintend; the applica
Uie Sham KAlnnmnr in it Within a VKir
v VU1111U1 W w
l 1 rt
persons made application
a i mi
2,642 were received.
average cost rfL1.
Flovd in hio ir vcxo uer annum, w..
jonfcffhcsr3 H r" noticeof the
NORTH CAROLINA. I
Th RtntP hn a literarv fund arising from bank or
t 's nrovided that when this sum shall have accu-
mulated to a sufficient amount, the income of it shall
Hp divided amonsr the several counties, in proportion
to the free population, for the support of common
Gov. Hamilton, in a recent communication to the
Legislature, remarks, that the onlv safe and effectual
A 1 1 1 x'.
A rrrHar. ctom io iKo f nnhlic. pncation.
This alone will secure to the poor their iust rights;
and he commends the subject to the consideration of u
tne Legislature., The L.emsiature maKesan annum
appropriation of nearly $40,000 for the support ol
j i ee svnuuis. in ow
T 10nQ04ft.J nrAWl octaW
tnrougnout the tate,in wnicn uaoi r
inRtrnr.tpil at th pnenseol Sd.lO. 1 ne annual
r -k afvi rrt 1 1
appropriation in 1839. wa $37,200. !
- v v.v -w t !
' - I
tT-rkDiT A ?
Schools wereVarly in operation in Savannah, Au-
gusta, and a few other towns in the lower part ot the
Htate; OUt little atteiUlOll was jaiu iu learning aiwc
Anrrusta. till the year 1800, with the exception
two or three schools. The academy and free school
r.,4 CWVnnn- ctnrUn thflr.L-nfna-
Lr 7 vQnr AtrmW;.
iici., .wv,, ?
tjp H.J,UVJvJ. llilo cum uyM.i '-" 1
oinnnnn rc u; mm thr.ro havo hoon nmii nnt
o.,' tr C V.r.lc. 4lztl9 19 Tn fifl mnritipss.
according to Mr. Sherwood's Gazeteer, (1829,) there
are 720 common schools, each having 30 pupils, ma
kintr an ao-rrref?ate of 21,609. In the other 16 coun-
ties, there are el) scnoois, eacn naving pupns
1,600. Total in the State, '27,00.
By ah act of Congress of March 2d, 1819, one
section of land (640 acres) was granted to the inlm-
bitantsof each township for the use of schools, and
1 4, sections or iwo lownsnips ior uie bujuii tl I
minary ol learning.
Ml&fcl?Sir'l. - '
No svstem in resard to primary schools has been
adopted. The State has a literary lund, amounting
at present to 627,0U, derived Irom the donation 01
the ereneral ffovernment, rents of land, three per cent.
on all sales of public lands, fines, forfeitures, &c. But
nn rortinn of it is available till it shall amount to
In 1827, the Legislature made a grant to each pa
rish :n the State, of $2 62 to every voter, to be ap
plied to the education of the indigent; the amount
for any one parish not to exceed 1,350, nor to fall
short of $800. In consequence of this act, nearly
540,000 are annually appropriated to the education
of the poor. j
TENNESSEE. ! l
We have no account of the condition of primary
education in this State. ' !
The Legislature has, several times, taken mea
sures for establishing common schools in this State,
hut thus far without effect. A literarv fund of
140,030 was created, some years since, from a por
tion of the profits arising from the Bank of the Com
monwealth ; but the State has encroached considera
bly upon this fund, for other purposes. A very able
Report on education was, some time since, made to
the Legislature, by the Rev. Benjamin O. Peers.
From Returns made, it seems that not more than one-
third of the children between the ages of four and
fifteen, attend school. , I
" Gov: McArthuf, in his late message, insists that
intelligence alone is capable of self-government. He
urges attention to common schools as a "solemn
duty" upon every member-of the community.
I here remained in the- treasury ot Ohio, on the
15th of Nov. last, $ 159,259; 90,030 of it, being, a
school fund, is drawing six per cent interests The
interest upon this- fund is guarantied by the State ;
and is fast increasing. . In 1825, a law was passed
by which a tax of one-twentieth of one per cent, or
irai7 mill ona doliaj estimated ad valorem upon
me general tax list oi tne piau --.j .i.i.r ap
propriated to the support of common schools. In the
city of Cincinnati there are seventeen free schools in
a prosperous condition. In the State, 350,000 chil
dren attend school.
In Indiana one thirty-sixth part of the public lands
has been appropriated for the support of schools. A
portion of the public lands has been granted by Con
gress for the same purpose; but no provision for edu
cation has been made by the Legislature of the State,
except the passing of some laws relating to the land
granted by Congress.
The Wesley an University. During the ses
sion of the Legislature of Connecticut, which
has just terminated, an act was passed incor
porating the Wesleyan University, at Middle
town. The readers of this paper have: long
since been informed that the Methodist Epis
copal Church or rather the members thereof,
had purchased the edifices formerly known as
the Military and Scientific Academy of Capt.
Patridge, with a view of building up in that
beautiful town, a literary, institution that; shall
rank with the best universities in our country.
The contributions for this praiseworthy object,
have flowed in liberally from every direction,
and now that the.act of incorporation has been
obtained, we may presume that no time will
be jost in organizing the university, and com
melicinff its labors. The numerous denomina-
tion by which it is about to be established, have
the means .of giving it an imposing character,
and an abundant support. N. Y. Ed. Post.
The world does not start fair in the race of
time one country has run its course before
another has set out or even been heard of.
Riches, luxury, and the arts, reach their utmost
height in one place, while the rest of the globe
is in a crude and barbarous state ; decline thence
forward, and can no more be recusitated than
the dead. The twelve old Etruscan cities are
stone walls, surrounded with heaps of cinders :
Rome is but the tomb of its ancient greatness.
Venice, Genoa, are extinct; and there are; those
who think th;.t England has had her day. She
may exclaim in the words of Gray's Bard, uTo
I triumph and to die are mine." America is just
setting out in the path of history, on the model
of England, without a language of its own, and
with a continent instead of an island to run its
career in like a novice in the art, who gets a
larger canvass than his master ever had, to cover
with his second-hand designs. Monthly Magaz.
A new instrument for extracting teeth has
brgfn shown us by the inventor, Mr. A. C. Cas-
: tie, Surgeon Dentist, of this city. It is so con-
j structed as to elevate the tooth perpendicular
fr.om lhe socket, without making use of the
! contiguous teeth for that purpose, by which
there is hazard of injuring them, and without
pressure on the gums, by which pain is occa
sioned. So far as we are able to judge, it seems
to us ingeniously contrived to answer its de
sign. N. V. Ev. Post.
The ruin of states commences with the accu
mulation of people in great cities, which concea
and foster vice and profligacy.
f ' . 1 !.
Spirits of Camphor, appHedto the skin, is said tobe a
perlect protcctioiurom the attacks of Musqmtoes.
. i rtn anririAwnnnn i 1 l w ij
, 1 1 .1 i 4 .
three months, became more eagauv
her husband's life. She was present at every
opera, every ball, ana every piace ui io-
u.ipmf.nt Astonished at this ffay kind
of philosophy, one of her female friends ventured
t n nation her on the subject. "Well, I must
let you into my secret," said the sprightly widow,
Knnw tbpn. that I ioin in all these fashionable
lir00 r,r,U- in nhfiri ence to my nusDana s cum-
w " T " J i , 1 I
tY1J,nfi." "How! did he order it so m his will.'
jnhjs wjj j Qh no! come, I must tell you.
T r-envivt an invitation to a concert,
fi ' T do. even before
Of Vd.ll, IHC AAA O i """ft-- 7
6..v- - , j ; r.
10 procecu iu vu,, j -
. m rt -k r .n r t m rw w r t 1 1 m r i m w 1. t r m m. ivi iy m
cAaise. " Well that's certainly a imi m
. m 1 . A mi I Of I
nrnmrntinn fnra ha I "1 Klieei uuwh iw'
. ,ii ... , , x 1 1 .J iv .-. holnro
the tomb of my husband- " " "h i unuer-
stand you make a prelude to the pleasures 01
s ,.- lose to
xi ay, uu ". r ;r , , 1
the marble, and I whisper, ' Dear husoana, uu
, A;r.r tn Marlamn - S
nor ne anrv 11 1 lu-iiisiiii. w
. 0 0 . ' : 1 a
nnrtv.' nnd hf renlies. H-oumav ffO,my love
t( Wl,o, n AmU JrJon 1 sinrl vnil mallv lanCV tnat
vou hear him say so V " Yes ! he speaks very
softly to be sure ; but 1 have sucn a uchwic
earj "And do you ever ask him any otner
questions " Oh yes ! I sometimes consult
him about my dress, and he gives me his advice ;
for I verily believe he reads the Journal des
Modes as regularly as I do. It was he who ad-
vise(j me; to buy this new Cashmere r "An:
my dear friend, wnat a nappy woman vuu mc;
Your dead husband is ten thousand times better
From the New York Standard.
THE DOUBLING FRENCHMAN.
" J shall get some sleeps." Mons. Morbleu.
In years by-gone, when Rockaway was the focus
Madameae , "V " ' a
of fashion as a watering place, and oeiore Saratoga ter, or ashes, to dry them ; and for sowmo
and! Ballston had superseded it, the Half-way House broad cast, I mix three half pints of seed
at Jamaica, used tobe filled with travellers on their whh a bushel of the mixtllre to the acre; but
morning. One warm summer's evening,
house vas unusually crowded, an Ens-lishman rode up
in a met. and asked tor accommodations ior tne mem.
Landlord -I'm very sorry I cannot entertain you,
Sir, unless you will accept of supper and lodging
with a French gentleman up stairs.
, Traveller. " No, I won't sleep in the same room
with any d d Frenchman," and off he rode with
all tlie xlum look? ol a real John Bull.
Tn ahont half an hour, however, he came back.-and
said he believed he "miist put up with it." But his
expression about the Frenchman, had by some means
reached that gentleman's ears, who had determined,
being a stout man, upon the course of his conduct to-
wards his civil visitor. The Englishman stalked
into the room the Frenchman was all smiles and
linws Tnlin Rnll ftlifrhtlu- nnr?1pfl nnd s,i rfnwn na
rrmmas !! hear. Ahnnt nn hour pla.nsvl without
eitnef speaking, when the Englishman, got up and
gave the bell cord a pull. The Frenchman started
also from his seat, and gave the string two pulls. Up
came the waiter, (who had received his cue before)
mm wciiiuu oruers.
Bull " Waiter, cook me some supper."
frenchman "Yes, vaitaire, you cook me two
suppaire !" Bull stared, and looked grim the French
man elevated his eye-brows, and took a huge pinch
of snuftl . Supper being ready, tlie following scene
took place at the table :
Bull " Waiter ! bring a bottle ol wine
. vv- w . v-v.vv. "
rt r TT Til ! -
, -"T Y aT,irC0,m Df CH nre you oring me two
vated' iiis,"'shruggeu"up ills sHoufders anil took ano
ther pinch oi snufr.
Bull "Waiter, bring me, ah, what tbe d 1 do
you call it, a pie or a tart."
r r; " Vaitaire, come back here, you bring me
two, vat is de diable you call him, ah ! two pie ! two
Bull growled, and started from his seat, runsr the
bell. The Frenchman jumped to the string and gave
it a desperate pull. The waiter, (who was almost
convulsed with laughter) came hurrying in, when
.Bull roared out " waiter, go down stairs and brintr
me up a boot jack and a pair of slippers !"
I' . V aitaire, come back here you. so down
stair, you bring me two slippaire ! two boot jack !
1 ne waiter soon returned with tne articles, when,
Bull roused to the highest pitch, thundered out, " wai-
er, pring me up a candle, and shew me up a pair ot
stairs, into a room with one bed in it.
Fr. Vaitaire, come back here you brine: me up
two candle, shew me up two pair staire, and give me
two room vid two bed in eh he!
Bull could stand it no longer he kicked the boot
jack out of his way upset the candle on the table
banged his head against the door in the dark pitched
tne waiter aown stairs, and men rolled alter . him to
the bottom, and darting into the bar room, ordered his
horse and gig, swearing he would never sleep in 'the
house with a mad Frenchman.
" Ah ha! exclaimed Monsieur, "he no like de d d
Frenchman. Vel, Morbleu, I shall i?et some fileens
to night, all alone by myself. C'est fait" and he
went quietly to bed.
During the timesof the very severe penal
laws against the Roman Catholics in Ireland, it
is little wonder that they were almost all Jaco
bites, or suspected to be so. Their priests, from
their loreign education, were peculiarly objects
of suspicion. On one occasion, a priest, whose
joyial manners rendered him a welcome guest
even at tables where his politics were not ac
ceptable, dined with a freehearted loyalist in the
county ot i lpperary. He sat next the host,
and immediately under him a dragoon officer.
After dinner, the master of the house gave " The
tiuuiiig wiiii a smut, as ne lurneu 10 nis
neighbour, "but not your king." The priest
instantly turned to the officer, and, glass in hand,
gave, " rhe King, but not your King." " How,
ir! cried the dragoon, very angrily, "what
do you mean by such a toast?" " I don'tknow,"
answered the priest, " ask the gentleman at the
head ol the table, for I give it as he gave it to me.
Dr. Sharp, of Hart-Hall, Oxford, had a ridicii
lous manner ofprefacing every thing he said
with the words I say. An under-graduate having,
as thedoctor was informed, mimicked him in this
peculiarity, he sent for him, to give him ajoba
tion, which he thus began: " I say they say
you say I say say ; when, finding the
ridiculous combination in which his speech was
involved, he concluded by bidding the vouncr
i t J &
aaimst uc gone 10 nis room.
One of the Scotch Presbyterians, holdingforth
against the observance of Christmas, saicU Ye
willay, sirs ! good ould youle day ; I tell von
good old fool day! You will say it is a brave
nuiiuaj , x leu you ii is a orave belly-day !
It passed into a sort of nroverb
who seldom said any thmg withouta good reason, that
xuwx is sircuguienco, ana me preserved, by the ex
ternai use ol oil, and internal use of honey.
ONf THE CULTIVATION OF TURNIPS.
After fifteen years experience, I recoinmenfi
me iununug louc, utu, careiuiiy f0j
lowed, '.may be made a certain, and not an
certain crop as is mostly asserted.
the land suited to this crop ought not t0 ha
rich, but of a medium fertility, and pulverized
by I repeated ploughings and harrowings, nui
very nne ; as near me uusisveacy ol oi,l,.
rized virgin soil of new land as possible, a rwi
the turnip crop will very suitably succeed
early spring crops, sucn as potatoes, peas A
dishes, beans, and clover after the firj?timn...
- - . V ! U1H'
fir8t AnnmmtpH kvn Wn wQj .
a a a 11 a. m.a m. w w w m a iiiui iiiiuri
"7 . in
iU m fi , .
A sman uress ng ux manure is necessary, sav
ten ox cart loads to tne acre, ol ashes or old
man;nir jt run to 0?!7 rendering the root, lw
SEED AND- ITS PREPARATION.
This is one of the most important part
be attended to ; without good true seed, all
the other labour is lost. I am frequently of-
iereu seeu uy mu ousuw, wmui is ucKnowicda.
ed to be saved irom tne reiuse turnips, which,
if one is suffered to go to seed among twenty
good ones, will spoil 4he whole. With such
seed it would be as impossible to raise good '
turnips, as it would be from radish seed.
in order to hasten vegetation, and by that
means esscapu mv ravages ui uic i:y, 11 is DC?t
to soak the seed in rain water twentv-fbir
hours ; but if wanted sooner a few minutes in
warm water will do. It is strongly recom
mended to soak the seed in lamp oil, which
is said to impart a disagreeable flavour to the
seed plant, which saves it from the fly. After
soaking the seed, it ought to be rolled in plas
those who have Bennett's drill may sow Ui
naked seed in rows about twelve inches apahrt,
by. closing every other slide
which will save
inucn nine in noeing.
In the neighborhood of Baltimore, if the tur
nip seed can be got upjquick, it will do to 'sow
as late as the 25th of August, for table use ;
and for,stock, it would be well to sow from
the 25th of July to the 10th of August. Two
weeks later will do on the tide water and in
old Virginia ; the ground being well prepared,
the manure spread, when necessary, once
ploughin and then immediately gh e the
n-ht,f nnoofrfl uh Q
f, 65 s . , , . , '
men sow me seea wmie me grouna is uarap,
and give it one stroke with the harrow, and
the plants will soon appear. After they are
up, should the fly be destructive, roll them
with a roller. As it is apt to be drv at this
season of the year, it is best to sow a little be
lore or soon aiier a rain, to get me plants up;
otherwise the seed often perishes ; but sowing
on fresh ploughed ground is a great advantage.
After the plants are up and the larges leaf
has grown as large as a cent, run the Harrow
4 1 . a! l i. a i a i
r : v . ..t i .
I till V
txiiuuii mem, vvnicn ureahs me crust, ounes
the voung weeds, and moulds the plants ; and
tmi-Uv-iftwhalf pints "of seed, if the fly has
not been destructive, there wiirbe Libiny oi
plants to admit ot the harrow being run each
way, which puts the ground in fine order amono
he plants : then commence with the all-iinnor-
tant work, of hoeing, without which all the
other work will be nearly lost. Each hand
must take about five feet wide and use the hoe
actively, and single out the plants as near a
twelve inches apart as can be done by the eye.
This is a tedious operation : hut fnnr m- firp
hands, sticking close to it, will soon learn to
do the work quick, and get over a large piece
of ground in a day ; and'after it is done, there
will be one single plant to each foot of around,
instead of a dozen to the foot in some places, &
oniy one to the yard in others, as is the case
when the seed is sown thin, and lft withnui
hoeing or thinning ; in consequence, in one
case they will be too thick to grow, and in the
other will not grow for want of culture. The
white flat or white Norfolk is the . best kind for
'early use; and the ruta baga, and yellow
bullock, for late. use. Either of theseought
o be sowed earlier than the above the first a
month, and the latter one or two weeks.
TO BUTTER MAKERS.
The writer of this note could tell a Ionr sto
ry about butter, having been 45 years in the
trade, but he will make it very short.
Make your butter of sweet cream work mi'
all the butter-milk; put no more salt to it than
will make it palatable, for salt has no good ef
fect as to keeping butter sweet ; it is working
out all the butter milk, and excluding the air
from it that will accomplish the very desirable
Pack your butter in handnmr fibt ken
which will contain 20 or J25 lbs. ; soak the kegs
well in a stronsr Pickle, and then t?r tVim ; nack
the butter solid not in layers as is too often
tne case. 1 his method of packings butter ffivfs
you a double chance for sale; for being equally
handy for home use, if it does not sell in the
market, it can be inspected, and will be in or
der for exDortati
comes to market in tubs, barrels, boxes, &c it
can be sold only for home use for butter can
not be exported except in kegs. .
The custom of selling butter in lumps to thf
trauers is a very bad one; every family shouia
first fill a keg, no matter if it does not conW
more than twelve pounds, then sell it to the tra
der; but the other method is ruinous.
Eusy method for killing- bed bugs.
For two bedsteads, take six cents worth oi
quicksilver, (erude mercury) and the white oi
onehen's egg, beat them thirty minutes win1"
feather, and apply the mixture with the fcauVr
to -all the joints, &c. of the bedstead.
4 new method of stewing MoUuses into Candy .
ake a sheet of white paper, cut it round, the'1
crimp the edge all round. By this operation it J
acquire the form of a round vessel ; when the vessel
shape is formed, the crimping will be on the outsit
Fill it full of molasses set it on red-hot embers or lj
coals, (there is no danger of the paper burning,)
the molasses has stewed sufficiently, take jtofl toco
! when it becomes highly flavoured candy.