NORTH CAROLINA SENTINEL1 AND NEW-BERN COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCER. xx .f.,f 4k f. ,7- : -.! : The following is a translation froin an ancient bpanish poem, which, gays the Edinburgh Review, is j surpassed 'by nothing with which we are acquainted in the Span jsu I language, except the Odes of Louis de Leon. ' Oh ! let the soul its sTumber break. Arouse its senses and awake, ' lo see bow soon j r -'j , Jife, like its glories glides away, ! f 1 And th. stern footsteps of decay M Coue stealing" on. . j. I -' AndUwhile we View the rolling tide, j 'i ' Down which our flowing minutes glide I Away to fast, V Let us the present hour employ, k j And deem each future dream a joy ; Already past. " Let no vain hope deceive the mind I ' No happier let ujs hope to find ? ' To-morrow than to-day f Our golden dreams of yore were bright, .. Like them the present shall delight i .'it Like them decay, j , Our live like hasting streams mast be That into one ingulphing sea ' - ! ' . ' Are doomed to fall ; The sea 'of death, whose waves roll on j O'er king and kingdom, crown and throne. And swallow all. j ; v Alike the river's lordly tide, j ' Alike the humble rivulet's glide, j If X - ' Tohat sad wave Death levels property and pride, A. And rich and poor sleep side by side - , Within the grave j Our birth is but a starting place, 1 Lifeiis the running of the race : I ' ' And death the coal ; ' : v . There all those glittering toys are brought ' v , i That path alone, of all unsought, "'.t.' Is found of all. I Say then, how poor and little worth j, . Are all those glittering toys of earth, : , That lure us here ? '" Dreams of a sleep that death must break, Alas J before it bids us wake, j ! We disappear ! Long ere the lamp of death-can blight j ' The cheeks pure glow of red and ' white I ia passed away, r Youth smiled, and all was heavenly fair; Age came and laid his finger there, : i And where are they ? Where is the strength that spurns decay, . The step that rolled so light and gay," f The heart's blithe tone ? -the strength is gone, the step is slow," And joy grows wePrisome and wo, 1 When age comes on. , From Congreve. ThemorniDsrsbines: Sabrinawakes : And now the sun begins to rise . Less glorious is the morn that breaks From bis bright beams than her glad eves. Jiy day, united liffht they give . ':? But different fates ere night fulfil, .. iKw many by bis warmth will live! f Itovr many will her coldness kill ' i . J Inscription on a Dell. To call the folks to church in time I chime. When mirth and pleasure's on the wing I ring, j "When ironi the body parts the soul I toll. I Epigram. From the Arabic. -Two. parts hath Life, and well the theme May mournful thoughts inspire ; For ahv! the past is but a drearu The future, a desire! ; I rom Fragments of Voyages and Travels by : . .. L.apiain tfasu uau. - - v ; '"Every good officer makes a point of conscience. I '$-! i-'as far as he possible can, not to order any evolution, tWz'f ; pr- 9therwise to- interfere with the people at their , meals especially at'dinner. T-his habitual and ofli s ial consideration grows so completely into a habit I mat it ionows most naval men on shore, who can ne ; , Dear mat uieir servants should be interrupted at mea, without the most urgent necessity.! This, like , every other, good filing, may be carricatured : but -the i principle isnotkenlv sound in iteelf. as n. mnt - wter of I feeling and propriety, but the practice is one J which in the long run, will always prove the most beneficial to the master, whether afloat or on sbore. ; Hearty spvige, or that which springs fama wish to oougeriB not to ne purchased by any thing but kind ness; And rfeonlfl i ' punctuality and consideration are reciprocal qualities ; . and that no amount of reward or punishment will .produce really good service, if the master himslf fiiils inhis part of the obligation, and is not,-in his own person, punctual and considerate. j : On the 13th of October j 1811, we were cruising 4 in the Endyrnion off the, north of Ireland, in a fine ; clear day, succeeding one jn which it had, blown al- most a hurricane. The master had just' taken his ,r 'j meridian! observation the officer of the watch had 1 reported -the latitude the captain had ordered it to j j be made twelve o'clock and the boatswain, catch- , ing a word from the lieutenant, was in the full swing XX of his " Pipe to dinner !" when the captain called out "Stop! stop !. I meant to ?o about first.7' ft "Pipe belay! Mr. King," smartly ejaculated the officer of the watch, addressing the boats wain. Which words being heard over the decks, caused a . : sudden cessation oi; the founds that hun--" gry season. The cook stood with a huge eight-pound " piece of pork upliRcd on hid tormentor his-mate i h ceased to bale out the pease soup and the whole ship j ' I seemed paralysed. The boatswain having checked v ; mmseii m ine middle oi his longTwinded dinner tune, ' drew a tresh inspiration, and dashed o$" into the op- , tjwattc buitrp, aorupt, cutting sound ot the "Pipe be . - lay !" the essence of which peculiar note is, that its i , onuuiu uc ujiuersioou ana actea upon with the k utmost degree of promptitude. , v -; There was now a dead pause, of perfect silence-all .over the ship m expectation of what !was to come ; next. All eyes wer$ turned to the chief. "Ndr never mind we'll wait" said the good-natured captain, unwilling to interfere with the p.nm- : forts of the men "Let them go to dinner we shall 1 ' tack atone o'clock-it will do just as welh" . . The boatswain, on a nod from the 1 i ; "watch,, at once recommended his merry 'Pipe todin Jer' notes; jupon which a bud, joyous laugh rang ,. ; from one end of the ship to the other. This hearty :burst was; not in the slightest degree disrespectful; ' ;; oh the contrary, it sounded like a grateful exDression ' r lee at the prospect of the approaching good things inai, oy mis time, were nnaing tneir 6peeay course ; aown the hatchways. rvothfng was now heard but the cheerful chuckle . :i of well-fed company, the clatter of plates and knives, r and . chit-chat of light hearts under the influence of '"lraie excitement. ' " it a i OBet?clock came, the hands were called. y.X -..v, 8hip!" But as the helm was in the very act :; X hJidcTo' e look"ut man at tlie fore-topmast- :U. cried the firsieen y? me&n bysometning?" motion to thp US!! antj makmg at the same time a ; helm agi artasterat fhe conn to right the 1 "Idont know whntM : ' . . iblackhowever.'' " b r. 'PTini mnn. ili "Black! is it like a whale playing. a little withdiis dutv. asked the officer, v t Yes, sir," cried the look-out m V The captain and the officer exchaS 1 ,qlhr f?llow aloft.having fallen infST for him ; and the temptation must have been great t . have inquired whether it were not ' like a weasel? but this might have been stretching the jest too far so the lieutenant merely called tq the signal midsliin' man, and desired him to skull up to the mast head with his glass, to see what he made of the look-out man's whale. . i . "It looks like a small rock,", cried young skylark as soon as he reached the top-gallant-yard and had ' taken the glass from his shoplders, across which he rtati slung h with a three-varn fox- "Stuff and nonsense, seplied the officer, "there " ' 1 1 I .. 1 are no rocKs nereaoouis we can dux iusi see uie top of Muckish behind Tory Island. Take another spy at your object, youngster. The mast-head man and you will make it out to be something, by and by, between you, 1 dare say7 " It's a boat. Sir !" roared out the boy. It's a boat adrift, two or three points oil the lee-bow." "Ilh hr;j an A Ihoer "That mav DC Oir turning, with an interrocrative air to the captam, who gave orders to keep the frigate away a uwe, that thie Krange, looking affair might be investigated. Meanwhde, as the ship was not u watchwas called, and one half the people rcmaiued ondecR. The rest strolled sleepily, below; or di posed thent-elves in the s-m on the lee gangway, mending their clothes or telling long yartia. ( A couple of fathoms of the fore and mam sheets, and aslio-ht touch of the weather top-sail and top gallant Braces, with a check of the bow-lines, made the sw-footed Endyrnion, spring forward, like a grevhound slipped from the leah. In a short time we made out that the object we were in chase of was, in fact, a boat. On approaching a little nearer, some heads of people became visible, ; and then several fi gures stood up waving their hat? to us. We brought to, just to windward of them, and sent a boat to see what was the matter. j It turned out as we supposed : they had belonged to a ship which had foundered in the recent gale. Al though their vessel had become water-logged, they had contrived to hoist their long boat out, and to stow in her twenty-one personornd of them seamen, and seme passengers. Of these, two were women, and three children. Their vessel, it appeared, had sprung aleak in the middle of the P-ale. and in spite of all their pumping, the water gained so fist upon them, that they took to bailing as a more effectual method. After a time, when this resource failcil, the men, to tally worn out and quite dispirited, gave it up as a bad job, abandoned, their pumps, and actually lay down to sleep. In the morning the gale broke ; but the ship had billed in the mean time, and was falling fast over on her broad side. With some difficulty they disentangled the long boat from the wreck, and thought themselves fortunate in being able to catch hold of a couple of small oars, i with a studding-sail boom for a mast, on which they hoisted a iragment ol their mam hatch wav tarnauhn lor a sail, une ham, and three gallons of water, were all the .provi sions they were able to secure ; and in this fashion they were set adrift on the wide sea. The master of theiship, with two gentlemen who were passengers, two sailors, and onejvvoman, remained on board, pre ferring to stick by the vessel while there was any part ot her above water. This, at least, was the story told us by the people we picked up. The wind had been fair for the shore when the long boat left the wreck, and though their ragged sail scarcely drove them along, their oars were only just sufficient to keep the boat's head the' right way. Of course, they made but; small progress; so that; when they rose on the top of the s well, which was still very long and high in consequence of the gale, they could only just discover the distant land Muck ish, a remarkable flat-top mountain, oh the north west coast of Ireland, m t very far from the promon tory called the Bloody Foreland. " . There appeared to be little discipline amongst this forlorn crew, even when the breeze was in their fa vor; but when the wind chopped round, and blew off shore, they gave themselves up to despair, laid in their oars, let the sail flap to pieces, gobbled up all their provisions, and drank out their whole stock of water. Meanwhile the boat, which had been par tially stove, in the confusion of clearing the ship, be gan to fill with water: and ras they all admitted afterwards if it had not beep for the courage andjladj Timothy Dexter,' and extolling him to the skies; patience of the women, under - this sharp trial, they j another, the young and thoughtless, ridiculing him must. have gone to the cottom. As it was cold and rainy, the poor children who. were too young to un derstand the nature of their situation, or the inutility of complaining, incessantly cried out for water, and begged that more clothes might he wrapped round them. Even after they came to us, the little things were still crvinsr. "Oh do cnvpm nnmp. wnter!" Words which long sounded in our ears. None of these women were bv anvmeans Rtmncp on the. contrary, one of them seemed) to be very delicate yet they managed tojouse the men to a sense of their duty, by a mixture of reproaches" and entreaties, com bined with tne example of that singular fortitude, which cfien gives more thanjmasculine vigor to fe male, minds in seasons of danger. How long this might have lasted, I cannot say ; but probably' the strength of the men, however stimulated, mwst have given way before night, especially as the wind fresh ened and the boat was drifting further to sea. Had it not been for the accident of r the officer of the fore noon watch on board the Endyrnion being unaware oi tne captain's wish to tack before dinner, these poor people most probably w-ould all have perished. The women, dripping wet, and scarcely capable of moving hand or foot, were lifted up the side in a state almost of stupor for they were confused by the hurry of the scene and their fortitude had given way the moment all high motive to exertion was over. One of them, on reaching the quarter deck, slipped through our. hands, and, falling on her knees, wept violently, as she returned her thanks for such a won derful deliverance. But her thoughts were bewilder ed ; and, fancying that her child was lost, she struck her hands together, and leapiug again on her feet screamed out, ' Oh ! Where's my bairn f my wee bairn V At this instant, a huge quarter-master, whose real name or nickname (I forgot which) was Billy Mao-- miss onH nrJm , ' .J r nus, and who was reputed to have no fewer than fivp wives, and God knows how manv r.hilHrpn nrmparWi over the gangway hammocks, holding the missing urchin in his immense mw wViptp h mnMia,i twisted itself about, like Gulliver between the finger and thumb of the Brodignag farmer. The mother ' '" -vvabvavv i w, rniiii.dll.ll (Mill iiiu jut strengtn enough left Ito snatch her offtprino- it mj, wnen sne sunk down tlat on the deck, completely exhausted. By means of a fine blazincr fire. and nlentv hf bnt tea, toast, and eggs, it was easy to remedy-one class, ol these poor people's wants ; but" how to rig them out m dry clothes was the puzzle, till the captain be thought him of a resource I which answered very well. He sent to several of the officers for their dres sing gowns ; and these, together with supplies from Jus own wardrobe, made capital gowns and petti eoajs, at least till the more fitting drapery of the ladies was dried. The children were tumbled into -bed in the same apartment close to the fire; and it would have done any one's heart good to have wit nessed the style m which the provisions vanished rom the board, while the wbmen wept, prayed, and laughed by turns. j The rugged seamen, when taken' out of the boat, shewed none of these symptoms of emotion, but run ning instinctively to the scuttle-butt, asked eagerly for a drop of water. As the? hiost expeditious method of feeding and dressing them, they were distributed amongst the different messes, one to each, as far as they went. Thus they were all soon provided with dry clothing, and with as much, to eat as they could stow away; for the doctor,! when consulted, said, they had not fasted so long as to make it dangerous to give them as much food as they were disposed to swallow. With the exception of the ham, devoured in the boat, and which, after .all, was but a mouthful a-piece, they had tasted nothing for more than thirty hours so that, I suppose, better justice was never done to His Majesty's beef, pork, bread, and other good things, with which our fellows insisted upon stuffing the new comers, till they fairly cried but for mercy, and begged to be allowed a little sleep. on music. O lull ir.e, lull ; cfaarmlo air, My sense is rocked with wonderj sweet, sorf .??w on W001 tJv fallings are, Soft, hke a spirit', are thvfeet; Orief who neJ fiar That hath an ear? Y7n let bim lie. And etrange bhisooj for harnr. LORD TIMOTHY DEXTER From Haverhill. "He was a fhendlesB boy, and made his way to the high dignity of a shopkeeper, solely by prudence, economy and dexterity in trafic, aided nerhaoe a lit tle by cunning and over reaching. Born of parents the lowest of the low, vulgar, ignorant, and depraved, ne naa, at a very early age, shaken off the clogs im posed by his parentage and DoVertv and stood forth conspicuous for talent which bade fair to give him ncnes. in tne language ot his country, he was known to be a right smart lad, 'a keen chap,' 'real shaver,' all expressions declaring the popular opinion of his thrift and sagacity. His commercial career may be' dated from his ninth birth day. The nature, quan tity, and value of the transaction which developed his trading tact is characteristic, and deserves to be recorded. His first speculation was in bones beef bones; the quantity half a; Winchester bushel. A year before this memorable era in the fortunes of Mr. Dexter, a button mould maker, travelling through the village in quest of the raw material of his trade, employed the boy Timothy to collect it, promising to give him half a crown per Winchester bushel for all he should collect. The boy instantly set about the task, and unweariedly employed himself until he had, as he supposed, acquired the property in half a crown. But he was doomed to have his hopes prostrated; his employer disappeared, leaving the bones in the hande of their unremunerated collector. It was not in the nature of the prudent boy to throw aught away, and it was quite as foreign to it to give any thing away which might, by any the remotest possibility, become valuable, and he deposited the bones in one . of the dark nooks of his father's garret where they remained undisturbed lor many months. It so happened, in some moment of boyish intercourse, that an act of more than usual kindness in an associate, melted his heart, and, to show his sense of the favor, he gave mm his bones! Repentance, sincere and fervent, soon followedr The occurrence of which I am about to speak was minuted down by him as a warning against the indulgence of grateful feeling in after years, and was the cause, it was said, why it was tnc last generous action he was ever known to penorm. The button maker returned, and renewed his offer. His prodigality, and4he loss he had sustained by his thoughtless gratitude, cut him to the heart. After deliberating a few minutes, he went to the donee and demanded back the bones. They were returned, and Tim hastened with them to the button maker, and re ceived his half crown. This was the capital with which my brother-in-law commenced business, and was the occurrence which gave him, in after life, the nickname or epithet of " 1 lm Bones." I should mention, that he had an other, " Sorril," given him by the boys on account of his red hair. It was that by which xie was always known, until the affair of the button-maker occurred. Indeed, it is to be doubted, whether he knew he had any other: for when he was asked by his catechist ' what was his name,' he answered Sorril,' and upon being asked who gave it to him, answered 'the boys of the parish.' At least, this was the story, though some said it was altogether an in vention of that mad creature Jack Reeve. It served, however, to fix the nickname upon him, and the object of the perpetrator was answered. He laid out the two shillings and sixpence received for bones in the 'tongues and sounds' of codfish, col lected here and there fresh, and therefore cheap. These when cured, he 'swapped' for a keg of rum, which, with the aid of a cool and fine rivulet near at hand, he turned into a fine penny. He went on plod ding and speculating, at once the admiration and the laughing stock of the village ; one class of inhabitants, me more aged and reflecting, calling him that ' smart ir tne qualities winch procured him the admiration ol their elders, and distinguishing him by thej differ ent nicknames of ' Sorril.' ' Swap,' and 4 Bones,' But Timothy throve, notwithstanding the jibes and sneers which ' were dealt out by his neighbors. A second fortunate speculation, quite as singular and extraordinary as the first, put him in possession of ! larger means of indulging his darling passion for tramc. I have mentioned the old tar Jack Reeve, and his propensity to fun and extravagance. He became, while indulging it, the unconscious instrument of 1 imothy's making another fortunate move in the" game of life ; as he was wont to boast afterwards, ' he helped poor Sorril up a many rounds of the lad der.' In a moment of unsuspicious confidence, the latter confided to Jack, the important secret that he had made himself master of forty crowns, and asked the opinion of the merry old sailor ' how he should em ploy it to best advantage ; and in what speculation it was likely to make the largest return.' Jack answered with his usual good nature, that he'd be , now, if this wasn't 'the very hing he wanted. I'm your friend, Sor Tim.' continued he, ' and I'll show it, by the secret I'll let out, and the sheet anchor advice I'll give you, my boy. When I was with old Sir Piercy Brett, the Cockedoodledoo, heard of the ship, say V ' Never,' answered the boy. ' Well, she was the largest ship that ever sailed off the ocean. Unce upon a time when she was tacking in the Chanel of England, her bowsprit knocked ovelr a,Iarge house on the coast of France, while at the same moment her spanKer-boom swept off a flock of sheep feeding on Dover Cliffs."" ' Do you know who bought the wood V asked the boy. 'Not I. vou skinker. There were croor-shons on tne yard-arms : and she was so " tant " that a lad of hi teen who went a lolt to hand tne main royal, after Usiri7 nil nnsaihlp. mm p. rlnurn nn'nTH man gray as a rat. Well, I was with old Sir Piercy it j "as the 881116 cruise in which he did that wonderful i ieat which has been so much talked of beat up from oi- ivitts to Ajrrenaaa, two hundred leagues, in two tides, against trade wind ahd current. True as gos pel, or may I never Well, we put into Montego w a IT''.. 1 t -a Bay, in a hurricane weather as hot as; i and if there vas a warming pan to be found in all Jimake, then you are neither 'Bones' nor 'Sorrill,' '.Swap' nor Timothy," Gad ! how cross the Admiral was! He threatened to hang up every planter, shopkeeper, overseer, negro, whether black or white, blue or yel low.' 'Did he?' ment. asked the boy with extreme astonish- ; 'Ay, did he;- English, Scotch, Irish, Yankee, Mandingo, Koromantyn, Whidah, Fidah, Benin, Congo, 't was all one. 'cLook you ; me, says he he'd a mighty bad practice of swearing; but, though i auu xne caapiain tried to mend him, it was all of no use' Look you: me,' says he, 'when next I come this way, see that every father's son of ui you De iurmsnea with a good brass warmino- pan or it wUl be the worse for you.' Now I'll iell you what I am thinking of. . J ' What?" demanded the boy eagerly. "- i ; Why, that you shall supply the island of Jimake with warming pans.' 'But don't you think somebody has supplied them before, now?' ' " ' I could almost swear, and would if I did'nt hate Uie practice, that they haven't. Nobody but a sharp witted, screw-auger sort ot a body like you and ml one who is up to snuff, would ever have thought of t IIP hmr' OT 'What shall I do?" ' Do ! why, buy and ship as many warming pans as you can pick up, with captain Kimball, in the Sally which goes next week to Montego bay the very spot. But mum say nothing; if you blab there'll be an end to the matter. Greene and Nine-pence, or Buckles and Barstp.r r,M Kq m, u oi your West InHia cl-c, 4v, Vo": - - ----- uvAs-a jruiiicct lugger: keep it to yourseif, Good bye.' - r ; And away went Jack to enjoy a laugh at his joke, but without a suspicion that the boy would take the thing senouslv. He t ahmif v,, A and collected with as much privacy as pssible, a large quantity of warming-pans, to send to a climate where the coldest weatherwas almost equal to a fever . . 1 . . 1 .1 1 -1 A .... L heat ! Yet this speculation, tne most ausura mat ever onfoMi tVif hpftd of a mortal, vielded a thousand per VUbVl " J cent, profit. The bottoms of the pans were sold at ten r . , 1 T f 1 times their cost, amy, ana cnarges, ior sugar-iaiie w the boiling housesj ana me penoraiea covere or iop, were purchased up at an equaladvance for skimmers ! Even the handles were uisposeu oi, out i lurgei iui what purpose, and at a price far beyond the original r.rti ntirft article. The neat sum obtained for the adventure was laid out for sugar; and this received at a fortunate moment, and turned by the shrewed boy ; v.o rr.oarlvantjitreous manner, vielded also a hand some profit. To sum up in the fewest words possible, the 4Q crowns yielded 47U. He presently came to be reckoned one ot those 'whom the devil helps' in other words,' very lucky and fortunate. Greene and Nine pence, seeing that everv thingi prospered under his care, proposed to him to go out in a small sloop of theirs, to Martinque, with a cargo of hogs and deal boards. He was to have a small commission on' the sale of the lumber; and as thprf iR nsnallv a train in the admeasurement, he was to have besides, one half of all he sold more than there was !' Sorril made a fine speculation lor himsell, and rr "iihif h Hfttiefiprl thf nwnrs.. Soon after his return he attempted to build a small vessel tor a coaster. W nen ner siaes were paruy rklnrWpd nn. his hn ilder went to him, and informed him that ..hp. was in wantoftcaiesfplanksforthebends of the ship.) Dexter did not fairly understand what he ment; he supposed, however, that it was the bones nf n whale: and. accordinclv. he bought up all the whalebone there was in the market. Some extraordi- ror pvpnt. T fororpt. what, a faw months after, con uuj Jf 7 ts J r verted this absurd speculation into one of equal profit with the last. . Coincidence of Numbers. The historian Sebt. Aljouzi, in the book called the "Mirror of the World," relates that the Khalif Almotas em was born in the year 180, in the 8th month of it, and died on 18th night, being the latter part of the month of Ramazan; and he was the 8th of the Khalifs, of the sons of Abbas. Also he gained 8 victories, made 8 kings stand before his; gate, slew 80 enemies, his life was 48 years, and 8 months and 8 days ; he left 8 sons and 8 daughters, and 800 million of dirhehms, 80,000 horses, 80,000 camels and mules and beasts of labor, 80,000 female servants ; he built 8 pala ces, and the sculpture on his seal was Alm' md'll'h (praise be to God.) 8 letters, and his number from his horoscope was 8 in every thing. Asiatic Journal. Grammar Versus Orthodoxy. A worthy young clergyman who had, a respectable kirk in his eye, was in companv. a few davs aoro. with a venerable matron of the old school, who congratulated the reverend gentleman as fol lows : -"Hech, sirse! I hear ye'er coming to be our minister noo ! Eb, man, see that ye preach gude common sense and orthodoxy, Dihna fash your head we' gramma, callan, for a hantle o' grammar sermons dinna edify; and the pulpit and the warld were haith better when nae gram rher was heard tell o Preach ye gude common sense, laddie, but, aboona' things, preaeh Ortho doxy." Scotsman. Young and his Bookseller. -Tonson and Lintot were both candidates for printing a work of Dr. Young's. The poet answered both let ters the same morning, but misdirected them. In these epistles he complains of the rascally cupidity of each. He t old Tonson, hat Lintot was so great a scoundrel, that printing with him was out of the question; and writing to the lat ter, decided that Tonson was an old rascal, but, &,c. and then makes his election in his favor. ; On the gate of the ancient imperial palace, at Vienna, were inscribed the five vowels, a, e, i, o, u, which many travellers have been at a loss to interpret. This singular inscription, it is believed, was originally intended for the initials of the following bombastic vaunt, in honor of the house of Austria: " Austriacorum est Impe rare orbi universo." Sagacity of Dogs in Madagascar. The dogs are said to be so sagacious, that, when one has occasion to cross the river, he will stand barking on the bank considerably lower down than the point where he means to attempt his passage. When the alligators have been attracted to the former spot, away he runs full speed, plunges into the stream, at a safe distance, and swims over before the enemy can sail back against the current to interupt him. Bennet and tyerman'i Voyages and Travels. STREET MEETING. A London Editor gives the following charac teristic specimen of what he calls " that ancient formula which may be termed An Englishman's Dialogue." A. (advancing) How d'ye do, Brooks? B. Very well, thank'ee ; how do you do 1 A Very well, thank'ee ; is Mrs. Brooks well ? B. Very well, I'm much obliged fye. Mrs. Adams and the children are well, I hope? . Quite .well, thank'ee. (A pause.) B. tittther pleasant u enther to day. A" Yes, but it wag cold in the morning. B. Yen, but we must expect that at this time o'ycar. (Another pause neckcloth twisted and switch twirled) . A. Seen Smith lately 7 ' a nC ,can,t say 1 ;butlhave seen Thomson. A Indeed ! and how is he? B. Very well, thank'ee. A. I'm glad of it Well, good morning! d. Uooa morning. ; ... t' ' 'S .7ay br4 tbat speakers, having taken leave, walk faster than usual for some hundred yards THOUGHTS ON AGRICULTURE. By Dr. Johnson. Agriculture, in the primeval ages, was the com mon parent of traffick; for the opulence of mankind then consisted in cattle, and the product of tillage X which are now very essential for the promotion of trade in general, but more particularly bo to such nations as are abundant in cattle, corn, and fruits. i he labour of the farmer gives employment to the manufacturer, and yields a support for the other parts ola community: it is now the spring which sets the whole grand machine of commerce in motion; and the sail could not be spread without the assistance of the plough. But, though the farmers are of such utility in a state, we find them in general too much disregarded among the politer kind of people in the present age; while we cannot help orfviriff the hZ H?htt antiquity always paid to the profession of the husbandman : whieh naturally leads As into sorr?i reflections upon that Occasion. ; hJt01 tileLmines of goW and silver should be ex hausted, and the species made of them be Xrt thf iT diamonds and pearls should remato cS1 bowels of the earth, and the womb ofJSS thou! commerce with strano-ers be nmhihjfSJ ""pSfi arts, which have no othef obfectSSS embeUishmeat, tQZZ ior the occasions of an industrious people bv famish ing uWtence for them, and suThrrnL L Tould ntt rt6 m- d Vdefence We, therefore, ought not to be surprised, that agriculture wal in so mi?ch honour among the ancients: for it ought rath aoom vtmnrlprfnl that it4mmi1r1 pup? con a i Cr-to - "woe lu oe 6o' that the most necessary, and most indispenfaKV i ana le of ' rrmsidpration . rrf r I .v FTQfl I no it cular object of government and policy ; nor wai j , 7 j . ,i J "wr was ar country ever better peopled, richer, or more poplf ? TriA sMtmnap' amonrr the Assvriana nn,i rx .'ul. The satmrl amoil? the Assvrians nr. a nei were rewarded. If the lands in their omr laiJs were well cultivated ; but were punished, if that r4 'fVtAii rliifr woo rtorvloM j c "-UllfjpH corn; but the most famous countries were Th SfirHinin: nn.l aifilv, 4ItraCe Oato, the Censor, as justly called Sicily the gazine and nursing mother of the Roman ne3 ... - - - r r wtiiui u . corn, both for the use of the city, and the suhsigt of her armies: though we find in Livy, that th ep from Sardinia. But, when Rome had made he?? mistress of Carthage and Alexandria, Africa Ecrvnt became her store houses: ior thr such numerous fleets every year, freighted witK 80111 to Kome, tnat Aiexanuna alone annually sun l twenty millions of bushels; and when the ha happened to fail in one of those provinces, the oth1 came in to its aid, and supported the metropolis oft? world ; which, without this supply, would have hp in danger of perishing. Rome actually saw hcrsp? reduced to this condition under Augustus; lor th ' remained only three day's provision of rorn in Ik! city : and that Prince was so full of tenderness f the people, that he had resolved to poison liirn if !v expected fleets did not arrive before the expiration ' that time ; but thev came, antt the preservation oft? Romans was attributed to the good fortune of th6 Emperor : but wise precautions were taken to av '5 the like danger for the future. When the seat of empire was transplanted to 0 stantinople, that citv was supplied in the same ma? ner, and when the fimperor Septimus Severusdiei there was corn in the public magazines for'sevr' year?, expending daily 75,000 bushels in breVri r" 600,CK0 men. : lcr The ancients were no less industrious in the cul ' vation of the vine than in that of corn, though thev applied themselves to it later : for Noah planted it In order, and discovered the use that might be niadf the fruit by pressing out and preserving the juiCf; The vine was carried by the offspring of Noah into the several countries of the world : but Asia waat first to experience the sweets of this gift ; from whence it was imparted to Europe and Africa. Greece and Italy, which were distinguished in so jnahv other respects, were particularly so by the excellency o'' men vMnra. Greece was roost celebrated for the wines of Cyprus, Lesbss, and Chio; the former of - which is in great esteem at present : though the cu'- I tivation of the vine has been generally suppressed I in the Turkish dominions. As the Romans were in- t debted to the Grecians for the arts and sciences, so f were they likewise for the improvement of thmr f wines; the best of which were produced in the coun try of Capua, and were called the Massick, the Ca lenian, Formian, Caecuban, and Falernian, so murh celebrated by Horace. Domitian passed an edict for destroying all the vines, and that no more should be planted throughout1 the greatest part of-the west which continued almost two hundred years after' wards, when the Emperor Probus employed his so! diers in planting vines in Europe, in the same man- ner as Hannibal had formerly employed his troops in planting olive trees in Africa. Some of the anciems have endeavoured to prove, that the cultivatonof ' vines is more beneficial than any other kind of hus bandry: but, if this was thought so in the time of Columella, it is very different at present ; nor were all the ancients of his opinion, for several gave the preference to pasture lands. The breeding of cattle has always been considered as an important part of agriculture. The riches if Abraham, Laban, and Job, consisted in their flocta and herds. We also 'find from Latinu in YM and Ulysses in Homer, that .the wealth of those prin ces consisted in cattle. It was likewise the fame arnong the Romans, till the introduction of money, which put a value upon commodities, and established a new kind of barter. Varro has not disdained to give an extensive account of all the beasts that are of any use to the country, either for tillage, breed, carri age, or other con veniencesof man. And Cato, the Cen sor, was of opinion, that the feeding of cattle was the most certain and epeedy method of enriching a country. Luxury avarice, injusticej violence and amnion take up their ordinarv residence in populous cities; while the hard and laborious life of the husbandman will not admit of thf lives m a wise and happy state, which inclines hiia to justice, temperance, sobriety, sincerity, and every virtue that can dignify human nature. This gave, room for the poets to feign, that Astraea, the gofc ot iuetice, had her last residence among husbandmen, before she quitted the earth, Hesiod and Virgil hav brought the assistance of the muses in praise of agri culture. Kings,, generals, and philosophers, have not thought it unworthy their birth, rank, and ge- I V Y i-,recePls posterity upon the utility the husbandman's profession. Hiero, Attains, and Archelaus kings of Syracuse, Pergamus, and Cap paoocia, have composed hooks for supporting ari augmenting the fertility of their different countries. ine carthageman general, Mago, wrote twenty- 1 eight volumes unon thi onV.1Q. J r- iUfiii. ' sor, followed his example. Nor have Plato, Xenc- , txi, ctim Ansioue, omitted this article, which.makes an essential nart nf th,v speaking of the writings of Xenophon, eays,"Hor --"v w "oes ne, m that book callea re Uconomicks,: set out the advantages of husbandary, and a country life." . nfc"; S.1"1" Suhject lo ih Romans, she annually suppheJ them With greM qun,i(iea of corn! Bnd ihe h e of Anglesea was ihen looked upon as the granary for the western provinces: hut the Britons, both under the Re- S5?lKnn uXOnt' "ere empioyecl like slaves at the plough. On the mfermtxture of the Danes and NrmM ZZIT, ,be,'er rce"Iat.d. and the state of H fi r"d.,,sl, declined, till it was entirely wore off on-: hurt k 6i I "enry v"- and Edward VI., for IIS i.0k noJbll,,y y favouring the CommnnJ,"' grew nch by trade, and purchased estates. thAD , nflf. France' Portuff. and Spain, arf T.?. ; rS liy onlj boast of the wine maUi xuscany. The breeding of cattle is now chiefly rpnfitief to Denmark and Ireland. The corn of Sicilv If still great esteem, as wtH as what is produced in the northern countries: lul England is the happiest spot in the uni verse for all the principal Itindj of agriculture, and penally iti great prodnce of corn. The improvement of our landed estates, is the enrich ment of the kingdom: for, without this, ho could we W ?h mT;"""' or Prosecute our commerce ful mhJr UPn the EnS''h farmer as the most use suonTJ hi. 7J f 'y- Hi. arable grounds not only supply hig fellow subieets !), -n i::?..u- K-.t ariD, Hut :-.. y. an muui ui me ' him to export great quantinei i" might otherwise starve ; partial gal: for, in one year there have quarters of barley, 219,781 d. 1329 of rve and 153,343 o' Iarly Spain and Portug, '"v-" purieq 01,520 wh.- ih M meal- 1329 of rye, and 153,343 o: Wh ',therbounty on which amounted to 72,433 po"""1 f. wKSnKil -B nd of tresure arises from his pasture hf; k, which breed such r .u--- n,i afford 1 . herd8 of cllt,,,' to feed Briton, and clothe T v He,rem flaxand hemp for the making of Ii""1: wnue his plantations of appJes and hops supply him ltn generous kinds of liquors. - The land tax, when at four shillings in the pound, r duces 2,0(t0,000 pounds a vcar. this arises from the Ia' bour of the husbandman: it is a great sura: but h greatly is it increased by the means it furnishes for trade Vithout the industry of the farmer, the manufacture; i.u (j-)wi io supply the merchant, nor -merchant find employment for th TraJf would be stagnated; riches would be of no adrantage the great ; and labor of no service to jhe noor . lhe Romans, as.historians all allow, Sought, in extreme distress the rural ploujb ; o tnumphe ! for the village a warn Ketir d to be a nobleman u;n Cincinnatq?. " to Agriculture was in no part of the world ir. v- aAVA-w--- J - ' w UN V f"OW it r-?uii ii ivk. ri ut ilia i if l w a : iiii r. i a iiiiv-iv than in EffVDt. wherp it 1X71 r. at. I-

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