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0 / 75
AND COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCER.
NORTH CAROLINA SENTINEL
t ; . - '
I From the London literary Gazette.
4 , TO CONTENT.
CONTENT! thy throne, as was thy birtb,
Zs in supernal realms ; of earth
-) No. denizen art thou
' Then, much as I may wish thee mine,
X -Will not bend before thy shrine,
Nor waste for thee one verse.
'(1. ' '
Thou art the theme of poets' lay,
The idol of the sages' lays,
; , WhP bid mankind be free
f From human passions and desires,
All (be'wHd tumults hope inspires,
Atd seek alone for thee.
'Tweri rig-tit ; did not experience teach .
How useless is the truth they teach;
Content is happiness."
We know it,4ut as well we know
There Is no happiness below, . . .
i Thou stranger here no less.
The tenant of the lowly cot
J'inds thee no sharer of bis lot,
As dreaming bards still chime;
Thou fliet from peasant, prince and -sage,
From ardent youth, from hopeless age,
Each sex, and rank, and clime.
And nature too, hath given the breast
A fiery spirit of unrest,
: Which bids content depart;
- And cries tfhceksingly within,
- On something find to chase and w,in,
I - But say nut what thou art."
Wealth, rank, and power, lead, mortals on
With hopes of joy that oft is won, 1
Tho' short, imperfect, vain ; i
But who seeks thee, and spurns at these,
; Seeks what on earth heaven's fixed decrees
I Forbid him to attain. I .
- Star of thelr-course, lt virtue shine,
-: And all tbey may of bliss divine, , (
And gives to lbose who seek tbe stn te,
Of power and fame, as tUose whose hte
iTfe'er owdH1 ambition's zeal.
She cives manninu w iwi,
then goddess, thy thy lover, I
I orswear myself thy votary, '
., "To Hope alone I bow, '
Whose joys.stUl witherine: and still Lloominj,
Are yet more real than aught illuming
1 nis tirearjnpiuu ueiow.
i - From LoccrV Legends and Stories of Ireland.
K I'AIJDY'S JTORY ABOUT A FOX.
! ) " Paddy,' said the squire" perhaps yoii would fa
r vor the gentlemen with that story you once told roe
about a fox?" . ' '
: ;t " Indeed and I will, plaze your honor," said Paddy,
m k though I know full well the divil a one word iv it
f; you b'lieve nor the gimlemen won't either, though
- you're: axin' me for it; but only want to laugh at me,
and call me a big liar, whin my back's turned." . .
Maybe we would'nt wait for your back being
turned, Paddy, to honor you with that title."
, "Oh, indeed, I'm not say in' you wool d-'nt do it as
before, and will agin, plaze God, and welkim
r " Well, Paddy, say no more about-that, but let's
have the story." ' n
" Sure Pm. losin' no time, only telling the gintlemen
before hand that it's vhat they'll becaOiri'italieand
indeed it is uncommon,- sure enough ; but jy.ou see,
'gintlemen, yW must remimber that the fox is thecun-
r nin'ist baste in the worle, barrin' the wran."
1 ; f Here Paddy was questioned why he considered the
wrentas cunning a baste as the fox.
" Why, I sir, bekase all . birds builds their nest with
one 'hole :in it onlyexeepn the wran; but the wvah
..builds two holes on the nest, so that iiany inimy
comes to disturb it upon one door, it can go out on the
(other; but! the fox is cute toUhat degree, that there's
.many a mortial a fool to him; and, by dad, the fox
could buy and sell many a Christian, as you'll see by
and py, when I tell you what happened to a wood-
; ranger that 1 knew wanst, andadacant man ne was,
and Would iiit say the thins in a lie.
."Well, you see, he kern home one night, mighty
. lired, for he was out wid a, party in the domain, cock-
shootin' that day; and when he got back to his lodge,
he tlirew a few logs o' wood on the fire to make him
self comfortable, and he tuk whatever littlematter he
had for-his supper, and , aftherthat, he felt himself so
. tired that he wint to bed. 13 ut you're to undherstan
that, though he wint to bed, it was more for to rest
: himself dike, than to sleep, for it was airly; and' so he
list Wenvinto bed, arid there he divarted himself look
in at the fire, that was blazin' as merry as a bonfire
on the hearth.
"Well, as he was lyin,that-a-way, jist thinkin' o'
nothin' at all, what should come into the place but a
fox. But I must tell you, what 1 forgot to tell you be-
fore, ! that the'rantrer's house was on the bordtherso
the wood, and he had no one to live wid him buthim
- self, larrinl the dogs that he had the careiv, that was
his only companions and he had a hole cut an the
door with a swingin' boord to it, that the dogs might
. go in or out, accordin' as 'it plazed them ; and by dad,
the fox come in as I tould you througli the hole in the
C drj'as bould as a Mm, and walked over to the fire,
ana eat uown iorninst u. : ;
Nowjit. wai mighty provokin' that all the dogs
- was but ; j they wor rovin' about the woods, you see,
) - l0okin' for to ketch rabbits to ate, or some other mis
' , fheif aiiil it so happened that there wasn't as much as
one individual ;dog in the V)lace j and, by gor, I'll go
bail ! the fox knew (that right well before he put his
nose inside the ranger's lodge. h
" Well the ranger was in hopes that some o' the
dogs' id come home and ketch the chap, and he was
loth to stir hand or tut himself, afeard o' frightenin'
, i away the fox; but, by ( gor, he could hardly keep hie
, ' temper at all, . at all, whin he seed' the fox take the
i pipe off o! the ho where he leltit afore he wmttobed
p and, j puttini the bowl o' the pipe into the fire to kindle
it, (it's as thrue as I'm here) he began toi smoke for
ninst the nre, as natn'rai as any other man you ev
4 " 1 Musha, bad luck to you impidence, you longtailr
ed blackguard! says the ranger, 'and is it sinoki.nl'
my j pipe you are f
Oh thin, by thi and by thatif;I
lient to me, it's fiVe and smoSe ot
had mv ffun cunvaynient
another I 6orU and what you wou'dn't bargain for, rd
give yon,' said he. -But sill he was loath to stir) ho
f pin' the dogs id come home ; and By gor, my fine
1 lellow,' jsays he to the fox, ' if one o' the dogs id come
home, ealpethre wouldn't save you, and that's a
So. 1 with tliat, he watched antd the fox wasn't
; miiidin' him, but was busy shakin' -the cinders out of
the pipe whin' he was done win it, ana so tne ranger
' thouchtlhe wasffoin' to go immediately ailher gettin'
an air oi, the fire and a shaugli o' the pipe ; and so
' gays he, 'Faiks, my lad, 1 won't let you go so aisy as
all that, tis cutmin' as you think yourself;' and, wid
, Vthat. hp mndf n dnrt outo' bed. and run over to the
door, and got betune it and the fox ; and, 'now' says
he 'yourj bread's baked, my buck, and may be my lord
.-. won't haye a fine, run out o' you and the dogs at your
; jarish 'every yard, vou ' morodin'. thelf, - and the divil
mind you,' says he, 'fbr your impidqnee ; for sure if
, a yu Uti'm't tne impidence ol a highwayman's horse,
11 s not into my very house, undthcr my iosc, you'd
daar or tocome-,' and with that, he-begari to whistle
" le S? the,fbi, that stood eyeing him all
uie tune wime ne was spakin', began to think it was
: ; r yz 7 V Vr1-ne neard the whistle, and says
ril JL Ul' maee?) you think yoursell a
; mighty great ranger, now,' sayhe. 'and vou think
j a-qu r very erne, Dut Tioon rmr j ...u
j oath, IV be long sorry tb let siStaaed bo5
5 throtter as yourself take a dirty adt ne, ed
; l u engage, sas uie lox, .1 u make you lave thft ,1.
n soon and suddint f and with that, hi tuS ;
in the ranger's brogues were lying, hard by, besirti tf
- fire, and-what wouM you thinf but me lbx tnk
"1 one o' the brogues, and wint over to the firP V
'threw it into it. i ana
" 1 1 think that'll make you start,' savs the fox
" "'Divil rcsave the start,' 6ays the ranger; 'that
; won't do, ray buck, says he; the brogue raav burn tn
V! cendthefs,' says he, 'but out o' this l won't stir ;' and
i thin, puttin his fingers into his mouth, he gev a blast
. iv a .whistle you'd hear a mile offj and shouted for the
1 dogs.. . f -.- .'.... ' - i -
4i So that won't do' savs the fox. Well. 1 mnet
- . h ' : " 3 '7
thrv another offer,' says ; and, with that, he tuk up
the other Drogue, ana tnrew ii into tne nre too. r ed
"'There, now,7 says he, 'you may keep the other
company,' says lie, antl there' a pair o' ye now. as
the divihsaid to hi knee buckles.7, v j
" jn, you tnievuv yarmin r says the ranger, "you
Lwon't lave me a tack to my feet j but no matter,' says
he, your head's worth more nor a pair o' brogues to
me, any uay ; anafoy me riper o'rres3iuujwii ju
money in my pocket this minit,' says he; and, with
that, thft finofrs wad in his mouth affill, and he was
gouv to whistle, whin whatcould you mm, uui
eita trA fr,v on hi hnnVon: aTA Tiut his tWO fore-PaWS
. '- d . ' " . l 1
into his mouth, makui' firame r me reui
wv AVA. U&JL A4 UUMStVSJ , 7"D J 1
luck to the lie, I tell you l)
-rTul r- i.:Li K.m nnri ihv Had. he tuck sitch a fitl a
.ii u.-i w 1, nidn't whistle, and that was the
U ItiUiTUUl UIO.LW' . . ' t. , .
n . r etT itmo - Kr rhftn n m tvpot
cuteness oi tne iox w r"-" ""iv ub-,,
tav here mucxi loiitteii aim x luusiii t ue uiruuii vviui i
Slay xiere uiuv , , , ji
that blackffuara raiurer auy more.' says ne, -aaui
must make him sinsible that it is time to let me go ;
and, though he hasn't undtherstan'inV to be sorry for
his" brogues." I'll go bail I'll make him lave that,' says
liu, uciwio lit. v oa.y o jjyui iwvw , ailUj Willi Liiai., tt uui I
(n von think thp. fmc rlonp. ? . Rvlall thnt'n oroorl and I
the ranger himself towld me out iv his own mouth
. J j - t-, - " 7
and said he wouldn't have bhev'd it, only he seen it
the fox tuk a lighted piece iv a log out of the blazing
fire, and run over wid it to the ranger's bed, and was
goin' to throw it into the straw and burn him out iv
house and home ; so whin the" ranger seen that, he
gey a shout out iv him. j '
"'Hilloo, hilioo ! you murdthenn' vilhn! says he,
'you're worse nor Captain Rock ! is it roin' to burn
! me out you are, youred rogue iv a Ribbontnan !" and
he made a dart betune him and the bed, to save the
t house from being burned ; but, my jew'l that was all
the lox wanted ;f and, as soon as the ranger quitted
the hole in the door, that he was standin' forninst, the
fox let go the blazin' faggot, and made one jump
throgh the door and escaped
" But before he wint, the ranger gev me his oath,
that the fox turned round and gev him the most con-
timptible look he ever got in his life, and showed every
tooth in his head with laughin' j and at last he put out
liis tongue at him, as much as to say, " You've missed
me like vour mammv's blessin' !' and off wid him
like a flash o' lijrhtnin' !"
THE KENTUCKY CAVERN
Mr. Editor, The following is a description
of a remarkable; natural curiosity, situated in
the county of Edmonson, Kentucky, which if
you think will be interesting to your readers you
are at liberty to publish. It is the! cavern
known. generally as the "Mammoth cave.''
In the month of December, lwsb, the writer
of this sketch, in company with another gen
tleman; being on his way from Louisville to
Nashville, took occasion to visit this cave.
We found it indeed to he a rare specimen of
nature's vork. Its entrance was a steep de
clivity of a hill. The dimensions 6f the mouth
are about forty feet in height by fifty in breadth,
decreasing gradually for the first half mile, till
the cavern is no more than ten feet in freight
and as many in breadth ; at which place a par
tition has been erected, with a door of conve
nient dimensions, for the purpose of protec
ting the lights of visiters. There i$ at this
place a current of air passing inwardly for six.
months, and outwardly for the remainder of
the year. Sufficiently strong is it, that were
it not for jthe door that has been made, it would
be impossible to preserve an open light. It is
called the mouth as far as this place, on ac
count of its being the extent of the influence
of daylight, which here appears like a small
star. Formerly, when the cavern was first dis
covered, this part of it was nearly filled with
earth, which has been recently manufactured
into salt petre.
Having prepared ourselves with a sufficient
quantity of provision, oil and candles, and ta
king two persons as guides,; we took bur last
view of the daylight, and proceeded forward,
closing the door behind us. Immediately we
found ourselves in thick and almost! palpable
darkness, the whole of our , four lights spread
but a feeble radiance about us. Such is the
height at this place, that we were hardly able
to discover the top, and to see from one side
to the other, was utterly impossible. From
this place extend several caverns, or, as travel
lers have named them, rooms in different direc
tions. This part of the cave is called the "First
Hopper." The soibat the bottom of the cave
is very light and strongly impregnated with
salt. The sides and top are formed of rock.
We proceed forward passing several rooms on
our right, and one on our left, until we arrived
at the second Hopper, a distance of four miles
from the mouth. About one mile in the rear
of this, was pointed out to us by our guide, as
il 1 1 il 11 .1
the place where
pmce wnere me ceieoratea mummy wasr
found, which is now exhibiting in the American
Museum, at JSew York. ,It was found, in a
sittino- posture, bv the side of the cavern, en-
M. . .. '
veloped in a mat, and in a complete state of
preservation. ' ' "
We next entered the room denominated the
Haunted Chamber. It is nearly two miles in
length, twenty teet in height, and ten in breadth,
extending nearly the whole length in a right
The top is formed of smooth white stone,
soft, and much resembling the plastering of a
room. There is a small quantity of water,
constantly, (although almost imperceptibly)
falling from above, which in the course of ages,
has worn from the stone at the top, some beau-
tiful pillars, which extend from the bottom of
the room. They have the appearance of be-
ing the work of art. In one of them, there is
formed a complete chair, with arms, which
has received the name of " Arm chair." By
the side of this is a clear pool of waterstrong-
ly impregnated with sulphun The sides of I
the room are likewise elegantly adorned with
a variety of figures, formed from the stone at
the top, and coming down upon the side of the
cavern, like icicles in the winter, from the
eaves of buildings the reflection of our lights
upon them forming a brilliant appearance.
At the end of this room, wet descended by a
kind of natural stair case, to the depth of near
three hundred feet, in many places affording
only room for one person to proceeds Here
we found a beautiful stream of pure water,
winding its way along between the rocks.
The situation of this, part of 'the cavern is ren
dered really, awful, from its being associated
witl a variety of names that travellers have
given it: The portrait' of his Satanic! Majesty
s painted i here upon the rocks, and a large
. un.e resting its corners upon four others,
IS called his Dininff TM. A shnrtl distAnrft
r i-t. . --"6 UU'C. J. buu uiomuvv
irom tniS, IS a nlarft crA n U V.: l?n;n
ShOD "On . S o
, Vn ine whole, they are admirably cal-
i; wn orl. and no woiiuer. ouuuutu c i
nrA- .nn lln't rif'l ItiUil lliU fcii VJJkC"V I M
laugh was over, the ranger recuvei eu uuiweu auu get, uated in the centre Gf the cave would nave
another vvhietle; and so says the fox, 'By my cowl !' u;hitpj n mnat, rftmmandina- nrosDect. if
saysie, I think it wouldn't be good for my health to d,ess had Qt obstructed our vision O
culated to frighten the co wardly. VY e return-
to tne mam cavern, anaTesumeu our tuuisc,
climbing over rocks that had evidently lallen
from above, and passinfr a number of rooms on
ournffhtitnd left. With much
nur r;rrlt and left. With rrmrh exertion, we
revehed the place denominated the " Six Cor
ners," in consequence of six rooms (or caverns)
here, taking different; directions
time to examine these, we proceeded forward
to the first water fall, about two miles further,
over a level plain. The track of persons who
might have preceded us for ages were as plain
ly visible' in the sand as when first made. -
There is no air stirrin? that would move tne
feather, or prevent the impression 01
footsteD from remaining for centuries.
We now 1 hrpcted our course to the Uhiei
" , . , , ..
liiii 1 ; . ! 1V A lovno ri 1 1 el I-
ny, auuui uuc uiiic mi kuci r. aig-u"
. . ,. . L ,;th
rvfus, hnwAMr. atandynfr UDOn the tOD. With
" , 0
nnvpl nd interestinsr view oi
w"vj w v "- ' - o ,
the cavern. There is an echo here that is very
DOWCriUl ttllU WC lllipiUJCU. it . win
u x Aotin W ct torl finrwnrd
IllUCU IU UU1 yiauiitauuu. tti, ijioi.vuius 1
oiiin nroi. o rwlain nf wn milp.s ex-
& . , P .1 j- i
i. x ni r T r n cq r r l a fiiciuiif'M ilk I i iii.nn
ICilt, aUU AUUUI Hit ouin uiivui.ivv I
i i .,i t : i i ,nnDi.
and hills, wnen we arrxveu at mc sctuuu woi
rn tk ,n,r Kara Hflchpc into a n t. hp low
of immense depth. A circumstauce occurred
h iWiitpn tohavp nrovpd fatal to one of
us. me siues oi me un arc wnucu ui iwv.
roks- and w( amused ourselves, by rolling
them down, in order to hear them strike the
bottom. Such is the depth of it, that a minute
f'ni(A hpforft we could hear them strike, and
the sound of it but very faint. One of our par
ty venturing too near for the purpose of rol-
linr n Inrorp stone, started the loundation on
which he; stood, and was precipitated down
about twenty feet, with the tumbling stones,
but fortunately, a projecting rock saved him
' This nnt an end to all our amusements, and
being much fatigued with a traval f twenty
four hours on foot,,and seeing no fairer pros
pects of finding the end than when we com
menced, we concluded to return. We accor
dingly took up our line of march, returning
the same way we came.
After being forty-two hours absent from the
litrht of day, we again found ourselves at the
mouth of the cavern, and gave ourselves up to
a refreshing sleep,
There are a number ot pits ol great depth,
in different parts of the cave, which made it
. . , . .
necessary to be very caretul in exploring it.
There is danger also, of taking some unexplor-
ed room, and becoming
an lost n not to hp
able to find the way out. This is, however,
"obviated by the precaution that has been taken
as far as has been explored, to place the figure
ot an arrow at the entrance ot every room,
pointing to the mouth of the cave. Care should
always be taken to preserve the lights, as it
'would be impossible for any one to find the way
back in darkness, farther than the first "Hop
per." We found the names of ladies inscribed
at the. farthest point we reached, and our guide
remarked that they were the most courageous
visiters he, had. For three miles from the
mouth, the sides and top of the cavern are cov
ered with a remarkable quantity of bats, hangr
ing down from the top in the form oibee hives,
from two or three feet thick. They are in. a
torpid state, and are seldom known to fly.
There are about twenty different rooms that
have been discovered, and but three of them
that have been explored to the end. This vatt
cavern is apparently hollow beneath, from the
sound that is made by walking through many
of the rooms. It would probably take months,
i A it,. .-.ii .L. iL.i i
to explore 10 me ena oi an me rooms uiai nave
been, ana wnicn remain yet to oe aiscoverea.
The removing of some few obstructions, at
a trifling expense, and lighting the cavern,
would enable a! stage coach to go with safety to
water fall, a distance of fifteen
milfs. N. E.
Ghosts and Witches.
The days of superstition have not yet passed
away. Our late mails furnish two stories of a
supernatural agency;, one in Albany, and the
other in Nashville, Tennessee. The Albany
case is to this effect: A female, between 10
and 17 years of age, the daughter Of a widow
woman in moderate circumstances, has been
afflicted with, hysterical fits, at intervals, for the
last eighteen-months. A short time since, as
she was "preparing to aro to bed, she heard
was preparing to go to
several knocks upon the head-board of the bed
1.1 ! '.-J il. a! .1
sieaa, ana insisieu uiai some one was in ine room
under the bed, and it was not until thorough
search that she was satisfied to the contrary.
She was not, however, much alarmed, and slept
well that night, without farther interruption.
In the course of the ensuing twenty-four hours,
she again heard the knock ; she was still annoyed
at intervals for several days. Attempts were
made by her friends to convince' her that it
was immaginary, or that the noise was produced
by themselves, but the knocks soon became so
frequent and distinct as io destroy this delusion,
and the poor girl now yielded to all the terrors
of extreme fright and alarm. It is said that
she falls into paroxisms and spasm as soon as
the sound is heard.
The knocks are rapid, distinct and loud
intonations, so heavy as to shake the bed, and
so loud as to be heard in the adjoining rooms,
and when the windows are up, in the streets and
adjoining dwellings. They are never less than
three, and rarely less than five, at anv one timft
They are heard at irregular intervals during the
How o n . I nmht Z .1 . ,
uay anu nignt. rersons in the room at the
time, not only hear then distinctly, but when
seated on the bed, or standing near it, feel the
concussion. A gentleman who, with two Or
three neighbors set up with her during Sunday
night, says that h$ was standing at the head of
the bed when it was heard on one occasion dn
ring the night, and that it was sudden and pow
ful senough to throw his hand from the head
board, and that it wasinits nature, if not appal
ling, at least impossible to account for.
Experiments have been made, bv chatiorin
her position on the bed, but without success:.
11 the head be reversed, the knocking is heard
in the new position. If laid on the floors -it is
heard there', directly under her head, and is
sufficiently loud to be heard in the room below.
If placed in a position against the ceiling, it is
, j -4iltlg o uui HilJ ttlieUlULS lU
I Trtlnin ihp n)i0nr.mannn . it .i .i
I -i r v.. ...ud. oojfo uiai, iuc
knocking was heard simultaneously with the
! ''i i 4u- ' thfiv
spasms, ana wueu ""'.711 J-Vo .
brought her teen - -,- ,
produce tne no " i"
Ufuuu-.i, ; -- o ,
pernatural; but the New-York Commercial
Advertiser will not allow this statement to be
satisfactory. He states that .
Tn the vear loUo, a similar occurrence wu
place at the corner 01 iiuioerry aquDa,
-r ir tbp farnilv would
young woman who resided m the ' "X;;"
go into hysterics. The young woman removed
into another family, and tne KnocKing wa&
" ; 77 . 4 irWoH thA
riPnrd n that house; A vast uuuiut.
hporrl thp knocking but we do not re
11UUOV) iv w a- - -
r-ollprt whether the cause was ever louim uui ,
the writer of this note heard it repeateoiy.
T"hprp wa a case very similar, auu muic c
traordinary, in HackensacK, some uurwy )ci
i . i i Anoa nnt recAIIeCt
asro. Ana wno, uiureuvci, uv, vr-------
o . - . . a C Inhn
the case of that eminent servant ui
Woclpr who. wi th his pious famim was so
lonff afflicted with knockings which couiu noi
1 w T , " 7 " J , . . -i 1 ,
be explained. " There are more things in hea
th than are dreamt of in our philo-
ven and ear
sophy." ' .
And we add, who has not neara oi luevuta
i - " ' , . .
llanp irhnst. that so comDletely contounaea tne
Mud cment of Dr. Jjohnson ;
to ' , " r i
11 t -
w,on-.7-o.nntc of !iinprnatural visita
j, . j i faf
tmnd nn roprvril xrpl 1 n n f hp n ti rated, and so iar
. . I I . nil. iiiaiiv ill i j ui. .J
'u, w ,
as the testimony ffoes, iney oiu ueudiitc
man ingenuity to explain rationally ; but it does
not follow, that if all the circumstances were
known, that the same difficulty would exist.
We have reason to arrive at this conclusion
for the most remarkable phenomena, and ap
parently inexplicable, have ultimately been tra
ced to natural causes. U. trazette.
From the New England Farmer.
OX THE HORSE AXD OX.
BY PRESIDENT MADISON.
I cannot but consider it as an error in our husban
dry, that oxen are too little used in place of horses.
Every fair comparison of the expense of the tw
animals, favors a preference of the ox. Butj.the cir
cumstance particularly recommending him, is that he
can be supported when at work, by grass and hay ;
while the horse requires jgrain, and much of it, and
the grain generally given him is Indian corn, the
crop which requires most labor, and greatly exhausts
From the best estimate I have been enabled to
form, morp than one half nf thp enrn crnn iu r-nnanmpd
by horses, including the ungrown ones; and not less
than one half, by other than pleasure horses. By
getting lree lrom this consumption, one half of the la
bor. and of the wear of the land would be saved, or
i .L JT i ir t-- . r
rauiei muie man une nan. r or on most iarms, one
U1 l"e CIJ 01 com Srows ?n no more Tan "vo-
""-"i u"u omuu lujjunwu ui "ic
tivated fields, arlA the more fertile fields would of
course be retained for cultivation. Everyone can
figure to himself the ease and conveniency of a revo
lution, which would so much reduce the extent of his
cornfields; and substitute for the labor bestowed on
them, the more easy task of providing pasturage and
But will not the ox himself, when kept at labor, re
quire grain food as well as the horse? Certainly
much less, if any. Judging from my own observa
tion I should say, that a plenty of good grass or good
hay, will suffice without grain, where the labor is
neither constant nor severe. But I feel entire confi
dence in saying, that a double set of oxen alternately at
work, and therefore half the time at rest, might be
kept in ood. plight without other food than a plenty
of good grass or good hay. And as this double set
would double the supply ofl beef, tallow and leather,
a set oft' is found in that consideration for a double
consumption of that kind of food.
The objections generally made to the ox, are viz:
1. That he is lees tractable than the horse. 2. That
he does not bear heat as well. 3. That he does not
answer for the single plough used in our cornfields.
4. That he is slower in his movements. 5. That he
is less nt lor carrvinar the nrodnrp. of thp farm r
The first objection is certainly founded in mistake.
Of the two animals, the ox is the most docile. In all
countries where the ox is the ordinary draught ani
mal, his docility is proverbial. His intractability,
where it exists, has arisen from an occasional use of
him only withdong and iregular intervals; during
which, the habit of 'discipline being Jprokert, a new one
is to be formed.
The second objection has but as little foundation.
The constitution of the ox accommodates itself, as
readily as that of the horse, to different climates.
Not only in ancient Greece and Italy, but throughout.
j Asia, as presented to us in ancient history, the ox
and the plough, are associated. At this day, in the
warm parts of India and China, the ox, not the horse,
is in the draught service. In every part of India, the
ox always appeared, even in the train of her ar
mies. And in the hottest parts of the West. TndiftH
the ox is employed in hauling the weighty produce to
me sea-ports, i ne mistake here, as in the former
case, has arisen from the effects of occasional employ
ment only, with no other than green food. The fer
mentation of this in thenimal heated by the wea
ther,, and fretted by discipline, will readily account
tor his sinking under his exertion ; when green food
even, much less dry, with a sober habit of labor,
would have no such tendency.
x ne inira oDjection also, is not a solid one. The
ox can, dy a proper harness, be used singly as well
"ujbcj ueiween tne rows ol Indian corn: and
equally so used for other purposes. Experience may
be safely appealed to on this point.
xii us lounn place, it is alleged that he is slower
in his movements. This iR tnw. Knt in c ia
,1 . n ii Cl lvo3 ViCiilCC
tnan is otten taken for rrrantpd n
wiuexi lor meir lorm, are not worked after the age of
1 ft , . i -s L
T c 5u vX ine aSe at which they are best
ntted lor beet,) are not worked too many together,
and are suitably matched, may be kept to nearly as
quick a step as the horse. Mav I not crtv cfon
quicker than that of many horses we see at work.
';a") u" a.vVAuuL oi tneir age or me leanness occa
sioned by the costliness of the food they require, lose
the advantage where they might have once had it !
The last objection has most weight. The ox is not
so well adapted as the horse to the road service, espe
cially for long trips. In common roads, which are
otten soft, and sometimes suddenly become so, the
form of his foot and the shortness of his leg, are dis
advantages; and on roads frozen or turnpiked, the
roughness of the surface in the formp.r
harshness in both cases are inconvenient to his clo
ven huof. But where the distance to market is nnt
great, where the varying state of the roads and of
tae weather, can be consulted ; and where the road
nrTice is m less proportion to the larm service, the
omscpon is almost deprived of its weight. In cases
where it most applies, its
TOasideration, that a much greater proportion of ser-
"AC r .may ne aone by oxen, than is now
commonly done ; and that the expense of RWin
2 7.hMS? f? that of keeping hor
i tUn 1 . P
w wUOC4TrtUiC, mat wnen oxen are worked
on a farm, over rough frozen ground, they suffer so
much from the want of shoes, however weft fedh
rZ "V1 mTfi iw- them that
horse the tarm, as well
as for the
A more important calculation is whether m many
situatioas the general saving by submitting the ox
lor the horse would not balance the expense qf hiring
the carriage of the produce to market. Tn 4V.
scale with the hire, to be put the raloe f
and hay consnmed by the oxen- and ta S.
scale, - the va ae o the com, amounting to one hT V
scale, uic vaiuc ui uic win, ttiuwuilUDff to onp kti.
of and hay consumk
horseg. Where market is not distant, the vTi
the corn would certainly pay for the carriage of
market portion of the xrop, and. balance mn-
imv difference between the value of iha t,
r j i .u sa an j
nav coiiHuiueu uv uacu. ouu iuk va np rr
wnen siaugmereu lor ueei. xti mi inese calcnlaf u
it is doubtl? proper not to lose sight of the T'
me , .
thev can do for themselves. - Butthp. mlo v.?.
. , .. ..! "is
ceptions; and the error, ii it be committed
not in departing from the rule, but in not &eW e
arierht the cases which call for the deuartnr r? tin2.
be remarked, that the rule ought to be more 'a?
general, as there may be, or may not be at h F
market by which every produce of labor i8 con
ble into money. In the old countries. th;a ;
more the case than in new, much more the case
towns, than at adistance from them. Inthio De?p
most other parts oi our country, a change of di
stances is taking place, which renders everv
raised on alarm more convertible into m;; "r1?
formerly ; and as the change proceeds, it niT
irmno., t o
Uiuieanu iimu a (juiui iui cuiisiueratlOll how C T
labor in'doinar what micrht be bono-hr jj
more in atiouier way, uimi tne amount of the
chase. Still it, will always be prudent, for reaL"
which every experienced farmer will understand 08
lean to the side of doing rather than hiring or hn, ' to
what may be wanted. ! . VZ
The mule seems to be in point of economy U
tween the ox and the horse, preferable to the li
and inferior to the former j- but so well adapted to -ticular
services, that he may find a proper pjac
many farms. He is liable to the objection E'0'1
weighs most against the ox. He is less fitted tha?
the horse for road service.
All Hail for Victorious, Triumphant
CLARK, & Co!
Golden Palace, No. 210- Broadway, corner 'of -Fulton-street,
Where have been actually sbld nd promptly paid if
splendid Prizes of $50,000, $4O,0W, 30,000. $25 000
and a hogt of 10 000, .5,000, &c. &c. amTut '
ing to nearly to millions of doHar.8. - .
Another Mammoth Scheme to be drawn in thU-C
on the 21st of September. ' "-V
, 2$ Number Lottery, 6 Drawn Balloh.
A Package of Tickets in this scheme contains 12 tickets and
warranted to draw half the cost of a package (less discount) -
This Scheme we r'-commniJ to our friends and adven
hirers as bein a bPLENDID SCHEME.
Capital Prizes, $50,000, 8 40,000," 830,000
$20,000, 810,000, 85,000, &c. &c. '
Whole tickets $16, Halves $ 8 Quarters $ 4.
Package of Whole Tickets cost 192, warranted to draw
(less discount,) 9
Do. Halves, $ 96 - - 49
Do. Quarters, 48 - - . 24
Do. , Eights, - . 24 - .
JET To those who purchase a Package of Whole, or
Shares of Tickets, a liberal deduction will be allowed
The follow ing 'Splendid Lotteries ''arc.soontok
drawn in the City of New York.
Extra No. 24, Aug. 24, Capital $ 40.000' 20,000,
10,;HX), tickets $ 10. 1 '
Extt ai 25, Aug. 31, Capitals $ 15,000, 6000, 5 5003
Extra-126, Sept. 7, Capitals 20,000, 10,000, 6000, tc.
For the Capitals, address CLARK, $ Co. .
'210-1-2, Broadway, corner of Fulion-st. IS. York
- Orders per mail promptly attnded to. Clubs dealt with on f.
yoraoie ierni!. x-urcnasers 01 tickets at Ulark and Co's Office will
receive "Clark and Co's Weekly Messenger' without charge. We
Cities in the United States, alsu in Canada and the West ladles
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS.
.We have an Office at Jersey Citv (State of New Jerwyj
to supply our friends and all anthorised Lotteries through
out the United" States, of which Yates L M'Intyre re
Managers. The following- splendid schemes we particu
larly refer to. All orders per mail or private conveyance,
will be thankfully received and promptly attended to.
Address CLARK L Co.
Jersey City opposite to New York City.
School Fund of R; I- No. 6 ; 22d Aug. at Providtoce,
$10,000, 6,000. Tickets four dollars.
Dismal Swamp, Extra No. 1; 2gd An?, at Nprfolk.
20,000, 10.000, 6 000, fyc. Tickets five dollars
Union canal, in o. 18; 10th Sept. at Philadelphia- '
30,000, 20,000, 10,000, 6,000 $x. Tickets ten dollars.
Virginia Dismal Swamp, eras No. 17 ; 30th of Sept. i
Richmond ; 20,000, 10,000, 100 of 1,000 eacb. Tickets
ten dollars. '
N. B. The prizes in the above Schemes will be catbfd
at our Prize Office 210 1-2 Broadway corner of Fultoos!.
(N. Y.); also at our Office Jersey City.
A liberal deduction will be allowed to those wbo pur
chase a package of tickets.
XSomething curious, and worthy attention.
From the great success attending the last Club. S. J
SYLVESTFR, Licensed Lottery Broker, 130 Bkoadwat?
New York, respectfully submits the following Dlantois .
friends in this section of the country :'
The EV YORK LOTTERY, Erlra Class, No .18.
will be drawn ilst September. 36 Numbers-6 draw
Ballots. The chief Prizes are
$ 50,000, $ 40,000, $ 30,000, $ 20,000?
$10,000, 5,880, &C.&C.
It i the inlection of S J. Sylvester to c!nb
25 Pack's. Whole Tickets. 300 300
35 do. Halves 420 210
40 do. Quarters 480 120
Tickets 630 at $ 16. $ 10.080
100 Shares, at $100 so j $ 10,030
630.Tickets roust drw $4280,
100 Shares, each $42 80, 4280.
Deducting $4280 from $10,080, leaves $560,T""
dd into 100 shares, the greatest possible loss willbV
$58 each share. , '
57 It is certainthe Tickets will draw more lhan 16
above named sum, but this amount is meutloned a tbej
cannot bring less. To those wbo remit $58 in Notts
Prises, a regular certificate of each Package and Com
bination Numbers will be forwarded. The Tickets bt
lodged in the Bank 'till alter the drawing, and the PrU.
money. immediately divided among the Shareholder"
Such a chance seldom occurs to obtain the splendid Cap
tals. The plan has met w ith so much approbation
New York and Philadelphia, that already 43 shareitiaTe
07 Mi-Mrs. '-Tates & M lntyre, the Managers, 111
with each Certificate, give a guaj-antee for the payoDl
of all the prizes.
. J.bYLVESTER begs leave to remark to those wbo
do not know him, that he has permission to reler w e
Managers, Messrs. Yatea & M'Intyre ; and also, it re"
quired, can give the names of fhe first bouses through"1
the United States and the Canadas Many will n .
to risk so much; S. J. Sylvester has therefore tor sale'0
the sam. scheme, Whole Tickets $16, Halve.
ers $4. , All Lettera by Mail. meet same atteution as08
personal application, if addressed
- S. J. SYLVESTER, New YqR.
JOHN W NELSON,
CABINET MAKER. - , .
MESPECTFULLiY informs the Publick that
continues to manufacture every a6.1?
line of business. He is at all times provided with itn
best materials: and in return for the liberal and
creasing patronage which he receives, he prorAi
punctuality and fidelity.-
He continues to make COFFINS, and to wpf''
end FUNERALS ; nd that he may be enabled jj
conduct the sofemnities of interment more becoming
and' satisfactorily, he has constructeil a Vl
HEARSE, lor the use of which no additional cha'S8
will be made,- Neivbern, June Ist,l83l.
reier mraewiui wuum weaave noi me pleasure of an acquaintance
to Messrs. Yaies and M'Intyre, New York, and if necessary, we can
w " vuiuiiici bull rrfiiHa in t ta