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0 / 75
EWBESN OOMlEMCpL, 1GMCULTIIJEAL AND LITEMAEY INTElLlLKGlEMCElR.
LIBERTY. ...THE CONSTITUTION.. .UNION.
v ,. y ' AND i
PUBLISHED , -.
BY THOMAS WATSON.
t three dollars per annum payable in advance.
fTTlIE President and Directors of
LL the Bank of Newbern have determined to
di all the real estate in Newberh and its vicinity, and
ull the slaves which they have taken in payment of
m i . -'11 . ' , f
debts. -1 hey will receive private proposals tor any ;!
; part ol the un-ientientioned property; until tne ltnoi ;
! Octoher next, at which timbeing the first day of the j
Superior Court of Craven, at the Court House in ;
Newbern, they will. expose the same, or all which may
not be soli 1 in the meantime,' to public sale, to the
highest bvtder, and without reserve, upon the fol
lowing terrris: " '
T he real property will be sold on a credit of one and
two yeats, drawing interest from the time when pos
session is to be given, the purchaser 'giving bonds
with approved sureties, and also a, deed of trust on the j
property. . in an cases vvnerein a mnerent time is not
named for delivering possession, the purchaser is to;
take possession immediately. The slaves are to be i
. soui una rieuu ui umeiy nays, uie purcuuser giving
negotiable notes with approved sureties, drawing in
j tcrest from the date;' Wherever it is desired by the
i purchaser, either of land or slaves, the Bank will take
j payment in its own Stock, a share being valued at
' 'fj5, "provi led such payment.be actually made by a
. Transfer of the shares within fifteen days after the sale.
THE REAL ESTATE TO BE SOLD IS AS FOLLOW
Thatvaliiaijle and well known
J&JL PLANT A T I ON on Brices Creek, .containing
about. HIK) acres, now occupied, by Col. 'Eli Ward,
iuU'ly belonging" to James G. Stanly, Esq. -Of this,
possesion will be delivered on the first of January next...
The residue of tliat well known
PLf.TATlO. and the adjacent lands in. Jones
County, on Trent River and Island Creek, lately
belonging to John Stanly, Esq. and whereof a part
has been conveyed to Major Alfred Stanly. ' The
part to.be sold contains the Mill and Mill seat, and it
:s nelieved about i OU acres ol land. . ' . J
A Tract of Land on Neusc Roacl,
about two miles Trdm Newborn, containing 62 acres,
and purchased by M. C. Stephens from Dumni Hatch.
A tract on the same road, about 5
or 6 miles from Newbern, containing about 196 acres,
t-omnionly called the oily place, bought by John C.
.Stanly from Frederick Fonville.
-The well known tract in that neigh
borhood, called Cedar Grove, containing about 300
; teres. . '
;" A tract in the same neighborhood,
;'4led the Durham tract, containing about 200 acres.
Another in that neighborhood, called
!ihe Good t act, containing about 360 acres.
And another, bouilit bv J. C, Stanly.
ofSandersand Clark, and containing about 200acrek
Also, t lie following JLots, and parts
of Lots lit Newbern.
The four well known tenements with
hrick Stores thereon, on Lot No. 51, Craven -StV The
li(it..extends211 feet in depth. Of the upper tenement,
' TiKseLon may be had immediately, but of the three
others, it will be delivered on the 7th January.,
'Part of Lot No. 50, on Craven-street,
dirertl' North of Mr. Isaac Taylor's, extending 53 i
Utt in" front and 214 in depth.
A part of said Lot, directly back of
Mr.-Taylor's, extending East and West 78 feeV and
North and South, 53Teet. -
Part of Lots No. 311 and 312, on
JohtMon-srreet, back of the Academy,, extending
along that street 21-f f feet, and 144f in depth, con--eyeil
toM. C. Stephens by John C. Osborn.
Part of the Lot No. 77,, at the corners
of Pollok and fMiddle-streets,' frequently called the
Griffin Lot, extending 107 feet 3 inches on Middle-st.
and 77 on Pollok-Street. William Hirides has a
..Jeasf, of which about three years -have to run, oh a
p-irt. The purchaser is to be entitled to the rent
,!om the day of sale. .
The Xorthern half of the Water Front
pf Lot No. 118, on Neuse River. ,
.The Water Front of Lot No. 119, on
cuse River, ' i 1
The front of Lot No. 109, on Neuse, at
the corner of East Front and Change-streets.
The improved Lot No. 284, at the
orner of New and Hancock-streets, where John C.
.' Stanly resides. '" . '
The Lot No. 1?6, and part oT Lots
No.' 125 and 127, at the corner of Union and Graves
trccts, constituting the tenement where,. Mr. James
G. Stanlyiately resided, and which is how occupied
by Col. Ward. '
Tlie.LotNo. 353, on Queen-street,
"U'here Boston now resides.
The Lot No. 39; on Broad-street, sub
ject to a life estate in Bob Lisbon and Evaline.
Lot Xo. 305, on New-street, where
Juno Forbes resides, to which is attached a small slip
ot Lot No. 306. On this, there are one or more
-eases, it is believed, and if so, the purchaser is to have
the benefit of them from day of sale.
Two Lots in Dryeborough, conveyed
o-M.'C. Stephens, by; Cornelius Weeks, joining lots
iarmerly owned by Samuel Chapmandeceased, and
oack of Mr. W:Ws residence. " '
A piece 01 iand of 3 1-2 acres, adjoin-
- ing Dryeboroughy on the East side of the . road to
Smith's Ferry, opposite the land of Mr. Hawks.
And about ten Slaves.
By order of the President and Directors,
JOHN V. GUION, Cashier.
: August 29th, 1831. . ;
OME time jn June last, i.i heaving the anchor of the
J schooner James -Alonrop. Cant iv;n;,; d ..
vard I n! U fhe Wner l requpsted to come for
the ti.T " ? for the b(nehx of aI1 concerned within
tnue prescribed by law Inquire of
VftvK. " JACKSON h HIGGINS.
.Vvvbern, Aug. 15, l831.-dt 18 ,
ii.L bes given forlitely young Negroes of
tl UU1 uuc .o v ears ui age.
v. . JOHN GILDERSLEEVE.
'bern, September 7, 1831. . ;
B I11 my absence, apnlv to Mr." Jordan" S. Car
WU1USPYP8 irnm 4. Ofi . i
r0,'v,h? ca at all times be found in Newbern. J. G.
EGS leave to correct an erroneous impression
j jfcp which has been unfairly made on the public mind.
t.He takes this method of stating, that his Hearse is kept
jfor the accommodation of every decent family who
shall be so unfortunate as to require its use. His per
sonal attendance at Funerals is likewise offered to all
persons of the same description, and no pains hall be
spared, on his part, to have the solemnities conducted
with sobriety decency and good order.
It is hoped that the folio vying reasonable charges
- will be satisfactory..
. ieatest Mahogany Coffin, for'a grown per- "
spnj vvith' linings and tnmnungs; (including
an engraved Silver Plate;) together with his $35
personal attendance, and the use of his horse j s
and Bier, J
Neatest stained Poplar or Pine Coffin, with
engraved Silver Plate, and a casein the bot- I 25
torn of the grave ; together with horse, Hearse
and attendance, . J
. Plain,' stained Poplar Coffin, lined with $10
Cambric, but without the Silver Plate, -
Plain, stained Coffin, with a neat pinked i $'8
Cambric border, but without lining, i qi
Uommon Jrarisn Collins,
Newbern, Aug. 31, 1831,
A mericun Stenograph ic A ca demy -
: BY M. T. C. GOULD.
s No.. 0 North Eighth' Street, Philadelphia. .
. THE PROPRIETOR ot ihis pstablisiimeirt has visited
the pniicij al Gitit-s, towns, and CotlPtes in the United.
Sfa , a a Reporter," and as a Teacner pi is l'ENOGR A
PHY. and now induced, bv 'he solicitation of numerous
respectable individuals, in various pat ts of tlie ountry,
ti fiiepaie a plan lor c uiimuni. ai itg a knowledge of his
art to all those vyno may consider it worth their ..ttention,
but wh s IriMii tht ir h mote situation, cannot enji-y the
bt-ii -liti ot his pergonal instruction. . ,
Jhey;tem, a knowlrdgi of" which it is prooged to
- . j b ...w.. . f "i
;'inauiiicHte,..aiy be considered the standard of Ameri
;an Sten .giuph it is almost the only plan used in
the L'niieu Stales, and is sdd tw most cf the book-sellers.
to (he exi.liiioi) ol ah n'her sy.tems It has passed
hiough seven large editions, and has been lecently much
impr'vedj sie'ieotyped, aiid embedished with seventeen
new copj.er-plate engravings, illustrative f die theory.
A copy pi this work wiU'cJihstitute thefirst three num
beis of a comeuiplai'd ries of printed lectures; or peri
odical, numbers, to be pubhinl weekly, and sent, I In ugh
the inediMtn of the mail or oth 1 wise, to each subci iber.
till a thorough knowledge of the art shall have beei. com
municated. It will b tin object of these Lectures, not only to con
vey lo eaci. individual a compiele and practical know
ledge of Short-hand Writing but to poiut out the most
lligible way to eniploy ii as a labor mid time saving
method, for acquit ing other useful knowledge, by' pei for
ming, ii. minutes and hvurs, that which must otherwise
require days and tcteks.
h -old the au ve plair succeed, and there is renson to
ieMeye ii rnay, these periodical numbers will be continued
monihly, at one dollar per annum, under the following
tide, to' wit: U
- Tilt: AMEtUCAN REPERTORY
PF ARTS, SCI vNCES, AND USCF UL LIT V.RATl'RE.
The object ol tins work . illbe to fu. nrsh, n numbers
. to the ri iiig generalio-i, a Miniature Encyclopoedia, or
Gent r. a I Cabinet, embracing in -its cohrse a concise view
or epitome of the most interesting topics ot the age, with
the exception of retig'ion and politics. As a matter of
gtieai-convenience .to the leader, ej,.ially for future re
leitnce, the nt-. .of each p.. g- v. ih be denoted by ap-
, .opi :ate words in the margin to which marginal. words,
a general index will be' trained upon the principle ot
; Locke's Common Pla.ce Book, thus furnishing to each
reader an iuiailiole k y to ( he whole, or any particular
part w ich he may wi?u to re-examint at the same lime
suggesting to the aspirant a: er kn.iwleuge, a method
which, if pursued, cannot fail 10 piuuuce 10 him' incalcu
lable benefits, by an ultimate saving of time and labor;
K.r it is asserted withou; tne fear of refutation that a young,
man, who will first acquire a facility in Short hand Wil
ling, and then proceed to vine daily in a Common Place
Bopk upoii die psineiples here suggested will acquire
more useful knowledge in one year, than it would br pos
sible for htm to obtain in three years, by any other plan
that has ever been devised.
in carrying out this design, three important principles
will be constantly in view : , ,
IFirst To select from the great mass of human know
ledge that only thich is useful?
Second To condenst it as far as its practical utility
Third To systematise and arrange the whole in such
manner, hat each and every portion shall be al immediate
command. . i
The scanty limits of a prospectus forbid the addition of
other consideration's in this place. -
. TERMS. -
For a full course of instruction as abovementionf d $ 2
60, payable ii. advance, or on the receipt of the first three
numbers of the periodical.
All postmasters are respectfully solicited to act as agents
in their respective neighborhoods It a postmaster pro
cures but one subscriber, 'he will be entitled to a gratui
tous copy othe published syst-m ii tour subscribers, to
a full course of instruction, 01 $ 250 from the money col
lected; and in like proportion for a greater or less num
ber of subscribers that is to say, a commission of twenty
per cent, for his services- Tho6e who wish for a more
full explai tion, or to see a specimen of the page, type,
&ic. to he used may no doubt be gratified by calling on
postmasters, woo have been generally supplied with an
introduction to the system above referred to; and also
with a great variety of testimonials from those who have
learned the art.
t he issuing of numbers will commence: early in July,
from and af'er which, each new applicant "will be Mrp
plieu. at the time of subscribing, with a perfect set from
the beginning. '
AT August Term: A ii. 1831 of Crav en County Court,
Lett rs of Administration 011 the Estate of Colonel
JOSEPH IN LL0., deceased, were granted lo the sub
scriber. .Notice is hereby givn, to ail persons indebted
tosaid Estate, to make immediate payment, and those
having claims against it, are required to present them
duly henticated, wit'dn the ime presoibe.J by law, or
this notice will he pled in bar of their recovery.
JOSEPHl'S NELSON AdmW.
Craven, County Aug- Vi J-H3L I
"j. ... l ox
indebted to the firm of JACKSON &
jhX HlfaiNS are reaucstea to make immediate
payment, as they are determined to close their busi
ness on or before the first of September next.
The Store and Dwelling House now occu
rred bv them on the Old County Wharf.
will be sold cheaD to any person who may
wish to purchase an ehgibletann ior Dusmefrb.
JOHN W. NELSON,
TO ESPEGTFULLY informs the Public that He
-tt' continues to. manufacture every article in his
line ol business. He is at all times provided witn tne
best materials: and in return for the liberal'and in
creasing patronage which he receives, he promises
punctuality and fadehty. "
He continues to make COFFINS, and to'superin
tend FUNERALS ; and that he may be enabled to
coiiuuct uie solemnities ox interment more-becomingly
ana sansiacioniy, ne nas r constructed a superior
Hl2iAKblij,.lorthe use of which no additional charge
will be made.- New ern, June 1st. 1831. .
; THE LATE INSURRECTION.
The following account of the late atrocities committed
by' the Blacks in Souihamplon County, i the most circum
stantial, and without doubt the most correct historv of
that, shocking event that has yet appeared from any qitari
ter. . It ia the record made by the Editor of the JFAt'g,
who being amedjej-Jof the Cavalry which marched from
Richmond against these deluded wretches, had a better
opportunity of learning all theacts connected with the
subject and of discriminating between them and the in.
numefabe, reports which the idle and the too credulous
put forth on such occasions. e recommend a genera
and attentive perusal of this article Norfolk Beacon.
From the Richmond Whig of Saturday Evening, Sept. 3
SOI Ti AMP I OlS AFFAIR
We have been astonished since out return from South-j
ampton (whither we went in Capt. H prison's Troop o(
Horge,) in looking over the mass of enchange papers ac
cumulated in our ab-ence. to see the uurnVr of false, ab-j
surd and idle rumors, ciiculated by the Press, touching!
the insurrection in that county. Editors seem to have
applied themselves to the task of aiarining e public
mind as much as possible, and of persuading the slave? to
entertah) a high opinion of theirstrengthand consequence.
While truth is always the'best policy and the best reme
dy, the exaggerations to Avhich we have alluded, are cal
culated to give the slaves false conceptions of their num
bers and capacity , byoexhibiting the terror and confusion of
the whites, and to-induce them to think that practicable,
which they see is so much feared by their Superiors.
We have little to say of the Southampton Tragedy,. be
yond what is already known. The origin ot the conspi
racy, its prime agents, its extent, and -.lienor direction,
is matter of conjecture. The universal opinion in dial
part of the country is that Nat, a slave, a preacher, and a.
pretended Prophet, was the first contriver, the actual lea
Her, arid the most remorseless of the executioners. Ac
cording to the evidence of a negro boy whom they car
ried along to hold their horses, Nhi commenced the scene
fit' murder al the first house (Travis') with his own hand.
Hnvj.ig railed upon tvo others, to make good their vali
ant boastings so often repeated, of. what th'-y Would do
and these shripl. ii g from the requisition Nat proceeded
to Ma: tch one of the family with his own naiid. Ani
mal ed by thejexainple and exhoi tan ns f their leader,
having a tasf if bl"od, aiwl convinced that they had now
gone too Inr to reiede. his followers dismissed their
qualms end became as ter'ucious their lt-ader wished
them lo follow t he bloody dogs from the capture ot
Tr -vis' house, before day. to their di persion t Pmker s
cornfield early in the rtf ernoon, where (he had naversed
m ar 20 miles, murrfeied 63 whites, and approac'. ed with
in 3 or 4 miles of the village of Jerusalem, the immediate
obj ; t of their . movement to describe tiie scenes al
each house,5 the ircu "Stances of the murders,, the
bait breadjh escapes ot the few who werf lucky enough
to escape would prove a interesting as heart rending.
Many of the details have reached us, but not in so authen
tic a shape as to justify their publication, nor have we
the time or space. Lei a few suffice. , Of the events at
Dr. Blount's we had a narrative from the gallant old gen
tletnan himself, and his son, a lad about 15, distinguished
tor bis gallanirv and o.odesty. and whom we lake leave
to recommend to Gen. Jackson, for a warrant in the Navy
or at West Point. The Doctor had received information
of -the insurrection, and that his house would be" attacked,
a short time before the attack was made. Crippled with
the gout, a-d indisposed to" fly he resolved to defend his
house His force was his son, overseer and thren othtr
white men. Luckily there were six guns, and plenty of
powder anfl shot in the house These were barely loaded,
his force posted, und the instructions given, w hen the
negroes from 15 to 30 strong, rode up about day break.
The Doctor's orders were that each man should be par
ticular in his aim, and should fire one at a lime; he him
self reserved one gun, resolved if the house was forced (o
sell his life as dearly as he c idd The remaining fit e
fired in succession upon the assailants, at the distance of
fifteen or twenty sleps. The blacks upon the filth fire.
retreated, leaving one killed (we believe) and one woun
ded, (a fellow called Hark,) and were pursued by the
Doctor's negroes with shouts and execrations. Had the
shot been larger, more execution would doubtless have
Mr. Vaugban'8 wasamons the last houses attacked.
A venerable negro woman described the scene uhich she
had witnessed with great emphasis. It was near noon,
and her mistress had been making some preparation in
the porch for dinner, i' hen happening to look to war s
the road, she d' scried a dun and woudeied what it could
mean. In a second, the negroes mounted and arme.i,
rushed into view, and making an exclamation indicative
of her horror and. agony, Ms. Vaughan ran into the
house. The negroes dismounted and ran-around the
hou-e. pointing their gnns'at the doors and win lows.
Mrs. Vaughan appeared at a window, and begged foi her.
lifr, inviting them l tak every V ing ghe liad. The
pray was answered hy one of them firing at her, which
was instantly followed by another, and a fatal shot. In
the meantime Miss Vaughan, who was up stairs, and un
apprised of the terrible advent until she heard the noise
of the attack, rushed down and begging for life, was shot
as she ran a few, steps from the door- A son of Mrs.
Vaughan, about 15, was at the. "till house, when hearing a
gnn, conjecturing, it is supppsed, that his brother had
come from Jetusalem, approached his house, and was
shot as he got over the fence. It is difficult for the ima
gination to conceive a situaiion so truly an.d horribly aw
ful, as that in which these unfortunate ladies were pla
ced. Alone, unprotected, and unconscious of danger, to
find themselves without a moment's notice for escape or
defeucp, in the- power ot a band of lufSans, from whom
instant-death was the least they could expect I In a most
lively and picturesque mdnner, did the old negress des
cribe the horrors of the scene ; the blacks riding up with
imprecations, the looks of her. mistress, white as a sheet,
her prayers for her life, and the action of the scoundi els
environing the house and pointing their guns at the doors
and windows, ready to fire as occasion offered. When
the work was done, they called for drink, and food, and
becoming nice, damned the brandy as vile stuff
The scene at Vaughan's my suffice to give an idea of
what was done at ihe other houses. A bloodier and
more accursed tragedy was never acted, even by the
agency of the tomahawk and scalping knife. Interesting
details will no doubt be evolved in the progress of the
trials and made known to the public.
It is with pain we speak of another feature of the
Southampton Rebellion; for we have been most unwil
ling to have-our sympathies for the sufferers, dimini&he.i
or affected by their misconduct. We allude to the sluugh
ter of many blacks, without trial, and under circumstan
ces of gre?t barbarity How many have thus been put
to death (generally by decapita'ion or shooting) leports
varv ; probably however some five and twenty and from
that to 40:oossiblva vet larger number. To the great.
honor of General Eppe. he used every precaution in his
power, and we hope and believe with success to put a
stop to the disgraceful pruceedure. We met with an
individual . f intelhgenc-, who stated that he himself h d
killed between 10 and 15 He justified himself on the
ground of the barbarities conviutted o.i the whites r arid
that he thought himself right,, rs cr rtin from the fact of
his having narrowly escaped losing his own life in an at
tempt to save a negro woman whom he thought innocent,
i.ut who was shot by the multitude in despite of his exer
tions We (the Ktchmond Troop) witnessed with sur
prise, the sanguinary temper of the population, ho
evinced a strong disposi ion to inflict immediate death
upon every prisoner. Not havi-ngwitnessed the horrors
committed "V the blacks, or sten the unbuiied and disfi
gured remains o! their wives and children, we were un
prepared to understand their teeling, and could not at
first 'adDMt of thai extenuation, which a closer observa
tion of the atrocities of the msurgeuts suggested. Now,
however, we individually, feel compelled t offer an apo
logy for the people of Southampton, while we deeply de
plore that human nature uFged ihem to such extremities.
Let the- tact not be doubted by .those whom it most con
cerns, that another such insurrection will be the signal
for the extirpation of the whole black population in the
quarter of the state where it occurs.
. 'T- e numbers engaged in tne insurrection are variously
reported. They probably did not exceed 40 or 50, and
were 'fluctuating from desertions, and new recruits.
Ahout "fiftv are in Soufha,mpton Jail, some of them on
suspicion only. We trust and believe that the intelligent
magistracy of that countydl have the firmness to op
pose the popular passion, should it be disposed to involve
the innocent with the gilty,and to take suspicion for proof.
The presence of the troops from Norfolk and Rich
mond, alone prevented retaliation from being carried
At the date of Capt. Harrison's departure from Jeru
salem, Gen. Nat had not been taken. On that morning
however, Dred, another insurgent chief, was brought
prisoner to Jerusalem, having surrendered himself to his
master, in thej apprehension no doubt of Starving in the
swamps, or being shot by the numerous parties of local
militia, who were in pursuit. Nat had not been certainly
nearcl of since the skirmish in Parker's cornfield, which
was in fact, the termination of the insurrection, the ne
f.Sl.!?' T.al sP"ing themselves, and making no
' ., "Tu. e 18 represented as a shrewd fellow,
w lies, and nrsa.i, . .-- . .
acquired great iuflu
. . i ui iai iuub aniuwto isms
ence over tire minds of the wreiched
n nnn u:,J : .k to beeve,there were only
the biaeks might take possession. Various of his tricks
o acquire arid preserve influence had been mentioned,
but they are notworth repeating. If there was any vl'
teripr purpose, he probably alone knows it For our
own part, w still believe there was none; and if he be
the intelligent man represented, we are incapable of con
ceiving the arguments by which he persuaded his own
mind of the feasibility of his attempt, or how it could pos
sibly end but; in certain destruction We therefore in
cline'to the belief that he acted upon no higher principle
than i he impulse of revenge against the whites, as the en
slavers of hiinself and his race; that being a fanatic, he
possibly persuade ) himself that Heaven would interfere;
and that he may have convinced himself as he certainly
did his delu(i! followers to some extent, that the ap
pearance of the sun some weeks ago, prognosticated
something favorable toTheir cause. We are inclined to
think tha' ihe solar phenomenon exercised considerable
influence in promoting ihe insurrection.; calculated as it
was to iuipress the imaginations of the" ignorant.
A more important inquiry remains whether the con
spiracy was circumscribed to the neighborhood in which
it broke out, or had its ramifications through other coun
tie3. We, at firft, adopted the first opinion; but there
are seyeralcircumsiiances which favor the latter. We
understand that the confessions of all the prisoners, go to
show that Ihe insurrection broke out too soon, as it is
suppostd, in consequence of the last day of July being a
.Sunday, .and not as the negroes in Southampton believed
ihe Saturday before. The report is that the rising was
fixed for the, lourth .Sunday in August, and that they sup
psi;ig Sunday, t!ie 31st July to be the first Sunday in
August, they were betrayed in'o the error of considering
tle 3d Sunday as the 4th. This is the popular impres
sion founded upon confessions, upon the indications of
an intention ofthe negroes in Nansemond and other pla
ces lo unite, and upon (he allegation that Gen. Nat ex
tended his preaching excursions to Petersburg and this
city; allegations which we however, disbelieved. It is
m re than probabie nevertheless that the mischief was
concerted and concocted under the chak of religion.
Ihe trials which are now proceeding or impending in
Souihamplon, .Nansemond, Sussex and elsewhere, will
develope all the truth. We suspect this truth will turn
out to be that the conspiracy was confined to South
ampton, and that the idea of its extensiveness originated
in the panic which seized upon the South East of Virginia.
Such we believe to be the summary outline of the
Southampton insurrection! That .insurrection reads
some -alutary lessons; to the whites, the propriety of in
cessan' vigilence; to the blacks, the madness of all at
tempts such as that in Southampton. A few lives they
may indeed sacrifice, but possession of the country eten
for a week, is the most chimerical of all notions. We
assert confidently that 20 armed whites would put to
the loute the whole negro population of Southampton,
and we repeat our persuasion, that another insurrection
will be. followed by putting ihe whole, race to the sword.
To Gov. Floyd, South East Virginia owes a large debt
of gratitude, lor the prompt and silent energy with which
lie thr:w amis and men into all the supposed disaffected
districts; and to Bi ig. Gen. Eppes, we tender;, the re
spects of those lately under his command, for the vigi
lance and fortitude with which he surmounted difficul
ties, arising not from the strength of the enemy,, but the
novelty of his situation, and the alarm and agitation of
the inhabitants. To the Ladies of Southampton, we
wnnt w ords to. express the warmth of gratitude inspired
in the breasts of the Richmond Troop, by their unremit
ting kindness and attentions Ml that that troop regrets,
is, that some occasion had not offeied,.in which thev
could have manhested by deeds, their zeal for the public
--atety, antf 'heir tievotion to their hospitable and amiable
country wouie of Southampton.
U'e regret to be under the necessity of adverting to any
disagreeable circumstance connected with the expedition
ofthe Richmond Troop of Cavalry to Southampton; but
the conduct of on? individual, deserves and shall receive
at our hands, the exposure end the chastisement, which
in 'h opinion of aJLwho have heard it, it most richly de
serves On thursdav morning 'the 25th, we arrived at
Jerusalem, and took up our quarters at the tavern of Mr.
Henry B. Vaugian. This individual wassthe brother-in-law
ot ".rs. Vitughan, whose melancholy fate and that of
her family are noticed above. He had no family, and is
wealthy. Under these circumstances, good feeling would
have suggested thu propriety of his charging; no more than
wouiu indemnity mm, a base and sorded love of pelf,
could aloue have prompted the idea of speculating upon
men in our situation. We tended our ewn horses, with
little aid from his servan's i did not sleep in his hous:
were furnished with t..e coarsest, and sometimes, stinking
fare ; mny neither ate nor drank at his table, but were
entertained by the hospitably of theinhabitanls ; detach
ments were absent on several occasions : and the troop
left on Wednesday, making the times less than five days.
It will excite astonishment to learn that for this time,
vilh this accommo iatio .nand under all the circumstances
of the case, the Landlord produced a bill exceeding Q 800 .'
To state the fact, is to inflict on him, the severest punish
ment- the indication of the public.
From the Columbia Times.
We follow the British fashions so much in this
country, that we admit nothing to be fashionable here,
that is not fashionable there. The liberal party, the
new whiffs, the aristocratical friends of moderate re
form those who would not for the world touch the!
hereditary privilege, or the religion as by law estab
lished, or the church property ihe members who
like. Sir Robert Peel, and Sir Ch. Wetherell, are fori
prosecuting the seditious suggesters of republican!-!
uuumucfe, ciiiu vvuu uiy, uuwu me iu.uicu.lism Ol SUCH;
men ; as Mr. Hume all these are in vogue in this
country of soi disant republicanism : all our fashiona
ble newspaper editors look with abhorence upon
the jacobins who doubt the propriety of hereditary
privilege, of primogeniture, and "our holy religion
as by law established," and who abound among tjhe
common herd of British reformers. Hence, we re
ceive aa Gospel, the doctrines ofthe London Times,
the Post, Bell's Weekly Messenger, the John Bvjll ;
and some of us barely tolerate the Morning Chrobi
cle, and consider the letters of O. iJ. Q,. as ultra radi
cal. Hence our American editors know nothing; hi
reality ofthe British people ; for the radical press1 isj
as much unknown here, as it is on the table of Lbrdj
Grey or Lord Althorpe. Lord Brougham is better
informed but even he is of necessity at present a fash
ionable liberal, but with strong hankerings after radi-i
oiicm . T3ii vq r 5 , ; r l nrpo of London,,
of Manchester, of Birmingham, Liverpool, Shet!
and Norwich: the occasional penny and two pennv
sheets, or the publications of six rnce and underj
that swarm throughout the kingdom, that true no-j.
tions of the templr ofthe people are to be obtained
The shop-keepers, tradesmen, operate , and the
reaUy productive classes iri r, very part of e kingdom
have undergone a radical change in feeling m opi4
nfoh! in expectation and determina ion Loyalty
and aristocracy are sunk wonderfuUy in popular esf
timation ; the establishment ot the church is execrated
for its sordid accumulation of wealth, its gross ine
quahty of distribution among its own members, and
the pertinacity with which the Right reverend and
reverend the higher Clergy cling to their power and
emoluments, and oppose all measures of amendment.
The aristocracy do not yet feel the danger; they are
blind to the signs of the times ; they despise-the lower
people too muclr and they are in jeopardy. Let ";
irty years pass away and there will be in Greaf.
untain, no Bishops, no Nobles, no Kings. The care
less extravapance of the higher classes, observed and
rlui- e contrast with the misery and poverty
? i v-1 working together to produce a result
fatal to legitimacy and the church. Thirty yrars
ago. the people were loyal-they loved their kin W
they reverenced the clergy-they bowed low before
titled wealtb; and hereditarv honnm th rA h
soldierytheir risings were mobs easily quelled
they were better fed, but worse taught than at pre
sent. Thirty years ago, few of the lower or middle,
classes read or thought. At present they detest the
whole system of King, Lords, and Church establisliv
ment They have far less dread of the soldiery :
they read, they think, they reflect, they talk, ttiey
meet, they communicate, they have their own press,
which an American editor never sees, or seeing dis4
regards as the voice of the mob beneath his notice..
Those who read the detailed debates on the reform,
bill, and compare them with the resolutions issued
from every corner of the kingdom previous to the last .
election, cannot but be struck with the utter hopless
nessof convincingthearistocjacy of that country of the
real state of public opinion In the Lords, such & the
infatuated opposition, that it is extremely doubtful
whether the reform bill will pass; and many of them
are unwise enough to ris&a revolution by .their obsti
nate opposition : in this most imprudent opposition,.the
bench of bishop wilh two or three exceptions are
likely to join. . Even the corn-laws will be modified so
far only as to give a semblance of relief to the poor,
while the rentsof the aristocracy receive a protection-.
I know this is resolved on. Will the people submit 7
Yes, until they become gradually organized, and no
t If the reform bill should not pass, the Common's
will be driven to withhold the supplies. A batch 6f
twenty peers will not be borne by the public; nor is a
peerage at present worth accepting. The Lords
must yield at last. And the next parliament will seb
membersin St. Stephens chapel, of far more boldness '
and energy, and probably of far more; ability, thalf
the well disciplined leaders of the whigs who. are but
clumsily drilled after the old fashioned tactics of the
parliamenrary parade. New men' will arise, svith
new notions, new views of things, men who will .
scrape down aristocratic egotism, and vrordy decla
jnation, now so common. Men not to be put down or
brow beaten by assumed consequence, unsuported by
superior talents. Committees of inquiry will be insti
tuted into every department of government, and
astounding facts will be hunted up, and laid before an;
eagerly inquiring people. The aristocrats in the
present house talk of prosecutions against the heresy
and sedition of the radical press. .They dare hot
prosecute. Sir Ch. Wetherell will find, that day has
The game playing among the legitimates at Bel
gium, has opened the eyes of the thinking part of
the public. The Protocolists viz : firstHhe legitimates
and the aristocracy of England, well represented by ...
Lord Palmerston, a relative, and disciple of Castle
jeagh. Second, the Carlists the doctrinaries, and
the juste milieu corps of Louis Philippe, Lnd Casmip
Perrier, of the stock jobbers, and rentiers, represented
by Talleyrand. Third, -the liberty-loving' auto
crat of Russia, by Prince Lieven ; and , Fourthly.
the Austrian and Prussian negotiations , guided by
Metternich, found Belgium determined to throw off
her former yoke, get rid of the King of the Nether,
lands, and adopt a government for herself. The
Belgian revolution was commenced by De Potter,
and the philosophers, the followers of the reform sysr
tem bf the late emperor Joseph. The priests joinedj
him at first: but soon cheated and quitted him: he is
compelled to fly from assassination. In the mean time
the Protocplists are determined, that whoever is King ,
of Belgium, a King over Belgium there shall be : for
a government in Europe, that is not a royal govern
ment, is not to be borne. The Duke De Nemour?
the Prince of Orange, Leopold of England any -blockhead
so he be a royal blockhead. Leopold is
pitched upon. The British influence over Leopold
will give rise to jealousies in France. While the
Belgian will feel that tliis man has been forced upon,
thefrk but the fire will be smothered till some acci
dermal gust shall excite the embys into a.flame :h
In France, the new deputies will most probably
abolish the hereditary noblesse, reform the Church
and still further alter the electoral law. To all
which if Louis Philippe means to preserve his Crown,
he inust submit. More anon.
The editor of the Salem Observer has madp
the following minute calculation as to the
amount of cloth manufactured at Lowell in dif
ferent portions bf time ; "There are from l& ia
14 millions yards of cloth manufactured annu
ally equal to 44,000 per day 3000 per hour
60 per minute or a yard every second! !;
The Observer gives the following account of
the recent land speculations in Lowell : ...
" The Proprietors of Locks and-Canals hare
sold within seven years $ 500,000 worth of lapd ;
and within the last four weeks in amount $270,
000, from 33 cents to $125 per foot. Specula
tions in land during the last few weeks have
been great. Two lawyers bought a lot of seven
acres for 814,000, and had the consciences tr
sell the same in a fetv days after, for 854,000..
During the .height of the speculation fever a
speculator accosted a countryman standing nea
the scene of sale, with "Is that your lot, sip?.
;il vnu take for your bar.-' '
?" "Twenty-five dollars.' 4tTis a fear-
on, niiai i . , a
TO I "
and counted him over tne mwiiey, wmciv
the countryman pocketed, and adroitly gaVe,
our speculator the slip, vmn an ngni, auu, uu
he had to the land.
Real estate has risen oil
within the last eighteen months
n'earlv 100 per cent, oume iuis w eii Biiuaieu.
for business, sold for 2 shilling per foot wit)li
six months, have, within three weeks brought
75 cents per foot. Rents afford a greater profit,
here, than in any other town in New England. V
The half of the $30,000 prize in the MiHedgevillii
Masonic Hall Lottery was drawn by two sisters,
Sultana, and Cynthia Brewer, of Monroe county,
Georgia, the daughters of an indigent widow, who has
several other children. The ticket by which these
youn ladies have acquired a handsome property,
was bought with money earned by their owu indus
V a. kJ mm. A A 1 I Z A. A
Flour br Sheep. -M.Maitre acreat agriculturalist
and breeder of sheep, near ClratiUon-sur-Seine, about
a year ago, conceived the idea, that not only the
straw of corn, but the jlried stalks of clover, lucerne,
&c. might be ground into flour. His experiments
have been crowned with complete success, and he has
obtained a kind of flour, somewhat similar in quality
to that of bruised fodder. This aleraial is a wibstrtnta
for bran, and is an agreeableand substantial food
for sheep and lambs, who seek it witfi avtTty. . yi