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0 / 75
NORTH CAROLINA SENTINEL, AND NEWBERN COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND LITERARY INTELLIGENCER.
THE UNITED STATES AND PORTUGAL I VI3RY LATE FROM EUROPE
I We copy the following inter es tin g ar tide
Irom the Journal of Commerce. REJECTION OF THE REFORM BILL BY
; "The communications of our Washington THE HOUSE OF LORDS SURRENDER
correspondent relative to the trade with For- QF THE REMAINDER OF THE POLISH
lua,:.ua uce" a"?nuveiy consiacrca oy our armY ESTABLISHMENT OF A RUSSIAN
mercuanis, ana nave convinced them, it neiore
bey had any doubts, of the miserable . policy,
on the part of both governments, which has
caused it to dwindle to a mere point. Wc arc
iin possession i-ojf information which induces us
Rpnt of evcrv Dortioii of the legislature. In the
u w . . - - j j 4
midst of these doubts and difficulties, the people
keep! the even tenor of their way, and though a
deep sense of regret appears to prevail, not a
sinalc case ot tumult nas occurred.
PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT IN POLAND
REJECTION OF THE ! HEREDITARY
PEERAGE IN FRANCE.
The nacket shin Sullv. at New York from
to believe that measures are in a train to restore Havre, brings Paris papers to the 13th of Uctt
thi4 trade fn its. former fnntinor. WHpti iho her. The: most tmnortant information is the
xvliftlA liisfnVv nf the rieoror.iatinn siaII Iip announcement that th Reform Bill was rejec-
vpalprl. it will nrnhahlv be found that the Cnm- td. sans ceremonUh in the British House of
municationsl above mentioned, have exerted a Lords at half past 0 o'clock on the morning of
mere important influence at the Court of Lis- the 8th of October, by a majority of 41. Gahg-
Wn than the hostile fleets Enalnnd and nani's Paris Messenger ot tne lUtn October,
From the N. Y. Mercantile Adv. 21st inst.
. . . I .-. y-vn.T I tL f m it 'XT ' ' - ' 1 m
TWO DAYS LATEll r'KUM LUrtlJU. i me lovemuer lerm, A. D. 1831 rfv
. ' . i ;t r .i. lourt oli lleas and Quarter SPOc,- 11
to the arrival late ia mgm. m uie FMCraven CountvL the sub, rihpr u"s of
ship Sylvanus Jenkins Uapt Allyn from 1 of Administm ononthe estate ofjXr
Bv the arrival late last night ot tne packet
J . -r i . li r T I
" . JTM - I III UUI1I113L1 U 111 M.R J KM. Ill 1. V: Ul If III I AKK M
ATi Wilmpr of Livprnnnl in Ancnti.n,cnf ,-rnnnl. whence she sailed on the ljth October, ml iL ... . , "iUI Just
j,v : -r, ... v.wv.uuwv.v, w i .r 7 t i ucccascui ah uefsuiis indented tn
latest Lon- the Editors ot the MeTCamiie Aaverttser nave rpnilPRtpd tn maUe immpri;.t ru
. . 1 1'. -m
having received a snort supply of the latest Lon- the tutors 011. f'T" """are requested to make immediate navm,l7iaie
don papers, hassentusthe following particulars received their re gmar n es oi nuou v, y thoge havinff .laim8 against it, to hZ" .Vand
of the state oi public feelinff in the Metropolis, to the 12th ana Liverpool iu loui.ucr, a.. - , irvrxhW.A intm
- io i ii , i w i.i i - . . 7 - i it iii i n
erto- inclusive; , toge.ner .u. .-" prescribed by Uw, or they will be W
"Nothing can exceed the indignant feeling the morning of the 8th, ana tnis arrival nas put
wllifh wa mztrt'ifnataA n fiofnrrlaif nntriOtlirniV- nc in nOSSfiSSlOn of dates thence, two days later.
inn out of the reform bill in the House of Lords. Nothing was talked of but the late Reform BUI
Fork- in th0 r!o,- ii;,rii tho WMth.r was ipm- it kp.pms to have been me an engrossing iu
was known in the kins
iesiuuus.rouus were cuntcicu uii liic muio k' uiti - -1 - .1
and at ev
jj.vuuvu ..uj-upjo me luui ui utiuuw mtiu.v , . - . prescriDea dv jaw, or inev wilM)P .
getner with accounts Irom Derby and Chester, Lists oi aiuruay me oui. --7 recovery by the operation of the acts of i. 1
which follow ' London, via Havre, are to half past 6 o'clock of . . . naaa ,? , J;?!? of Assem.
ANN M. JUSTICE,
Ntubtrn. Nov. 1831. i ' AminUralrx
Fran eei We have reason to know that all the thus announces ue evem. j , uneresung
early communications ortlthis subject 'which struggle in the British Houseof Peers termina
appearedin our columns, have found their way ted in the rejection of the Reform Bill, by a ma
Lisbon and nroduce a most favnrable im- ioritv of forty one ! A Telegraph Despatch
" :-. I ' . x ai .i . .
p.rcssion upon the mind of thePorluguese Sove- acquainting uovemmeni wun tnis important
reign. We are also led to believe, that under event, ruaciieu me ruieigu umce yesieraay
auu ai u lute uuur lasi nigiii we recei
Ltraordinary Express from our kon-
-iit Washington for the appointment of some don Correspondent an abstract of the proceed-
Agent on the part of the American government, ings in the Lords down to half past 0 o'elock
' with instructions to conclude a Commercial on Saturday morning, when the division took
"Treaty, at Lisbon. To this application the place. , Lords Vynlord, Eldon, Lyndhurst,
' Presitlent replied, that he could receive no Tencrdenj the Archbishop of Canterbury, thr
propositions from the Portuguese government, Duke .of Gloucester, and Lords Harcwood and
until it should indemnify American citizens for Barham opposed the Bill, which was supported
the captures ofTTcrccira: that he contemplated by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Holland, the
no force, but should expect this evidence from Duke of Sussex, and Lord Hastings. Earl
the Portuguese government, of a proper respect Grey replied at great length and in conclusion
for the American flag. Don .Miguel willingto declared that he had considered he had only
give ja decisiveiproof of his , disposition to ac- done his duty in proposing a measure that he
commodate existing differences, has accepted deemed essential io the j tranquility of the
this contingency. He is willing to surrender country. ; The rejection of the Bill would dis
all the detained American vessels, indemnity seminate discontent and dissatislaction : but i;e
their masters or owners, and proceed immedi- would not abandon the king as long as there
atefv to the conclusion of a Commercial Treaty was any chance or hope of his being useful to
on. the most liberal principles. .Our government, the Sovereign and the country. (Immense
we understand, has prepared despatches to cheering.)
JJsboh, asking instructions to Mr. Tbrlade, The Barwas then cleared fora division, when
Hie Portuguese-Minister near the government there appeared:
of the United fetatcs, to open negociatians lor
this purpose at Washington, with the American
Secretary of State. Dr Randolph, it is presu
mcd;fwillJ)e the bearerof these despatches,
? and afterwards pro ccetl as a messenger to other
Courts in Europe, perhaps to Constantinople.
The agency of Mr. Livingston, the (American
: Secrctarv of State, in brinerinff our relations
Vvith Portugal to their present desirable state
we believe to be worthy of all praise
ery corner, to collect such particulars dom and it had spread with telegraphic speed Qn Monday the 0f J)eCmbf
ould, of wliat all considered a common meetings were called in various places in iwiT T pp fimn
i : t .rVv nninrrnf. t .-tin-n T.iromnnl V f. at which, as well as
uinrr 0mlvi latn ndnff in fhr hour at nrivnip circles the firmness of the Ring was ap-
wliJrn thf Hivisinn took nlace the shor3 o f the nlauded : the course of the ministers approved,
j i . r . . i j ;
ders were beset with applicants long al- and full reliance placed in uieir auuny auu .u-
VilLL BE SOLD,
At the Store of the late John Justice
AN EXTENSIVE ASSORTMENT op
CUTLERY, GROCERIES, i0
AMO"NG M'lIICn, ARE ABOUT
200 Hhds. Molasses,
100 Banrs Coffee.
tor ihi iTini Tiprinr . finn to a nptrrsfi wnoi v tporniv.
ii . -w - ..w, j i j - , i
unprecedented. The loss of the Bill has been deeply ana sm-
"On the Royal Exchange, every corner was cerely regretted by every friend of the country
occupied by the knots of politicians, questioning some of the papers in our possession, are
each other, and forming conjectures on the con- dressed in mourningin consequence : no serious
sequences of this event; most of them at a loss acts of violence had been committed, but fears
lor any mode of retrieving the wrong done to twere entertained, that the persons and property
the people of EnlandT We heard many of them ' of those Peers who voted in the majority, may
ie Donulace. We have
tn. fnnfps themselves wholly unfit, throuffh the not heard how Scotland or Ireland received
rlUirPs of mind under which thev labored, to the intelligence. It is evident that anxiety is
answer anv claims of that nature. felt bv all classes, but we rely upon the patrio
" The news of the fatal vote on Saturday morn- tism, firmness and patience of the British Na
ing, spread over the country with almost tele- tion, that no serious scenes of tumult will take
nranhir raniditv. and Droduced every where as- nlace but that thev will wait to seethe
i 1 -i j ' i j ii r ... .
j r, I : . i l. l i i ii 1 : i o.. ttti i
1 tomsnment and consternation. An express reacn- course , wmcn me mugaiw ms umisicja of Pollok and Middlestrepf
eu umuiHgi am ai u c wutM.. u.c auti .u, puiauc m v mwgvu.j . ' T n" i House on Lot No. 6,! on Ean-
a -U.niversai leeinig ui uisupuuiimiuiiLaiiu im-iig- say less, man tnat tiic icjccuuu jl hh- i
nation pervaded the whole population, lhe m- most daring disregard 01 puouc leeung o me
npral hells of all the r.hnrrhes and r.hanels were T.nrrls. and a most unfortunate act for the
muffled and tolled, as on the mostsolemn oca- country.
The Council of the Political Union as
A Carriage, Sulky and
Household and Kitchen
1 Flat, old Sails, &c.
SAME TIME WILLnE finTTv
The Store and Ware-House, on the ,..
nd the r
rPiorm PnrnlloniYia O it j ,
"""" -: l Ui V1 Taau under, casK-
over $5, six months credit. ; Notes withannrcT
ved securities required. lJ?.
COimECTED -EVERY TUESDAY.
Majority against Ministers 41
Onthejresult of the division being announced
it was rebeiyed in profound silence."
The debate is over the decision is made.
May it not be " the beginning of the end!"
THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO. Who can help the exclamation "What is the
The preceding article shows that negociations ieanui crisis io -result in : is any man on
will be undertaken to place our commercial earth prepared to conjecture what will take
relations with Portugal upon a favorable and piace in ingianu uciore tms cay weeK i it is
profitable footing. The following shows that now half past seven o'clock on Saturday mom-
sembled.in the course of the evening, and an NEWBERN PitiCES CURRENT.
dress to the people to abstain irom outrage Avas
The effect produced in Manchester on the ar.
rival of the news was great beyond precedent.
The first report of the probability of its rejec
tion, was.reeeived with complete incredulity.
People said that the thing was impossible, with
out supposing1 the Lords insane. There is but
one voice in the town, and all differences on mi
nor points are absorbed in the great question
which now convulses the country from one end
to the other.
By accounts contained in the Caledonia Mecur
ry cf Tuesday, serious apprehensions appeared
to be entertained of the interruption of order in
Nov. 18th, 1 1831.
ANN M. JUSTICE.
BEESWAX, lb. - -BUTTER,
do. - -
CANDLES, do. - -COFFEE,
do, - -CORN,
CORN MEAL, bushel,
CORDAGE, cwt.- -COTTON,
COTTON BAGGING, Hemp, yd.
our commercial relations with Mexico, will be
protected by a treat.
. ; ' From the St. Louis Bcacoi. '
We published lasLweek an extract of a letter
from a gentleman in Mexico to the Editor of
'tfcie Louisville Advertiser, giving the gratifying
intelligence that our treaty with Mexico was
concluded and ratified by the Mexican congress,
and that our commerce with that country was
now, for the first time put Under the protection
and regulation of a treaty.! The letter also spc
c tally stated, that the inland commerce between
Missouri and New Mexico was freed from all
hazards and restrictions., and protected from
interruption in, Ats transit. This is indeed
gratifying news for the whole Union, and par
ticularly for Missouri; and as the1 letter was
"written irt Mexico, and addressed to the Editor
of the Advertiser, and dated as late as the 10th
pi August, we may confidently rely upon it as
true. This then, sets the seal and crown upon
'Jackson's diplomacy, It is a treaty that all
that Adams and Clay and Poinsett and Sergeant
could do, laboured for in vain. During four
years they could not obtain it; in two years Jack
son, Van Buren, and Anthony Butler have done
the. business"! This seems to close the list of
brilliant trcatiesjand to complete the suc
cess of Jackson's administration abroad. The
view of so much sucecs's abroad involuntarily
- forces the suggestion, why he has not been
equally successful in his measures at home?
- and the answer presents itself at once. Because
abroad he had no factious opposition to en-
5 counter ; at home he has been impeded and era
- barrasscd at every step. ; The coalition could
- not go to Londou, Paris, Mexico, and other
lhrcign capitals, to counteract him with in
trigues and treachery ; but they can go to Wash-
- Inffton .City, and can get into both houses of
congress and there play off their unprincipled
opposition against him. It is there that open
enemies, and secret traitors, and shameless
apostates, have counteracted and counterwork
ed him, and defeated the ; great measures which
he has rcccommcndcd for the good of the coun
try. The fact is, President. Jackson has had
no chance at home ! Senators and represeita
ti vesi trampling upon the will of their consti
tuents, and joining the enemy against him,
ban e embarrassed his administration, and de
prived his first term of half its fruit. A second
ter m is indispensable to the success of his mea
surcs, and to give him a fair chance. That
second term the people will assign him, and
- -will give, him friends in congress to sustain
him; and then his-administatioa at home will
be as successful as it has been abroad, j...
One other rcflection suggests itself to us. It
" this; under whose tiuspices Have all these
brilliant treaties been concluded? Who was
Jackson's Secretary of State when they were
conceived; matured,, and conducted to their
splendid terminations ? jit was Martin Van
liurenl and this brief answer oversets a pyra-
. mid of abuse which has been erected upon that
the West of Scotland, to which quarter numerous IRON, Bar, American, lb.
hnrioci nf. irr.nns 1i!vp1pph rurlorpH lifit rlnwn Russia & Swedes, do.
Ilniphasis.Thz different meaning that may
be given by emphasis, is shown in Lord Edward
Mtsgcrald. s apology to the Irish House of Com
mons. In a moment ofgreat excitement, Lord
Toward said--" Sir, I do think that tfie Lord
Lieutenant and the majority of this House are
. the worst subjects the King ha3." This was'
followed by loud cries, of " to the bar," and
take down his words,U and three hours were
pcht in ineffectual attempts to induce him to
apologize. 1 At last he is reported to have said
." with some humor "I am accused of having
declared that I think the Lord Lieutenant and
- the majority of this House the worst subjects
the Kinhasi said so, 'tis true, and I am
-. "-"--- -; .-. ;- "'. '
.. ." . .. a. .....
ing, mat, in announcing ; the majority ot 41
against the Bill, we make these remarks on
what we will not still call the fatal issue of the
measure. Thc-death wound to the Constitution
of the count ry h to he people's rights, to a free
representation in Parliament, has been aimed,
has been struck : but we still feel confident that
national liberty will not expire under the wound :
we st ill hope that there subsists iii the hearts of
Englishmen a strength and a resolution which
will enable them to outlive the blow. There
is no fainting, no irresolution, but, on the con
trary, so far as time will permit us to observe,
unbounded determination to renew ther exer
tions with redoubled energy. We turn from
the appalling sight of a wounded nation to the
means already in action for ? e cover v. Times.
Thank God, there arc ways by which the in
vaders of the rights and properties of the peo
ple can be managed. When a Housepf Com
mons leaves the Government and the nation
the remedy is a dissolution. When the House
of Lords stands out against the Ring and the na
tion, the remedy is a fresh creation of Peers.
Without this remedy the Constitution would
fall to pieces, and the people would be left a
prey to anarchy. On Monday Lord Ebrington
brings on a motion on the state of Public affairs
in the House of Commons. The result of that
vote may, of course be (anticipated. It will
place the two Houses in j collision, and Minis
ters must either resign or create new Peers to
get over the difficulty. Lord Grey has solemn
ly stated that he will stand or fall.by this bill,
and that nothing less efficient shall be support
ed by him. Fellow-Countrymen let us be
firm let us be prudent, that we may ensure
the victory which must be ours with "wisdom.
The opponents of the Bill are playing a despe
rate game. But if we be firm and determined
they-must-be defeated. Chronicle.
Some Member of the opposition, anticipating
the numerical triumph of his party, this mbrn
ing, called to the Minister to resign, and the
challenge produced an answer which is the
omen oi complete success. The Minister will
not resign, and the Opposition must be beaten.
Wc say mustbe beaten for, only4et the same
Bill be introduced, and see. if the people of thi
country do not rally round the King dnd his8
Ministers in a way that shall set a mark upon
the present Opposition, by which it shall bv
known from all the Oppositions that ever ex
isted in England. Herald.
The confidence which the monied people not
ujijustly feel in the King and his Ministers is
shown by the fact that there was but a -slight
variation in the Funds, this morning, on the
news of the Lord's division. The confidence
ot the people will be justified. The Kin? wiu
be firm. The country will be saved. Gloe.
From the London Observ er of 10th October,
wc copy the following article: i
Speculation is busy on the line of conduct
which will be pursued by Earl Grey. We be
lieve that, up to the moment we are writing
Earl Greyhasdeterminednotto resign; and that
encouraged by the House of Commons', and the
voices, of the majority of the people, he will
make an effort to carry his bill by callintr to the
Upper; House a number of the eldest sons of its
present members wha are supporters of the bill,
so that new titles will be gradually absordedby
the ancient aristocracy -by raisngsome of the
more distinguished commoners to the peerage
with limited remainders and by calling a small
portion of the Irish and Scotch nobles to seats
in the British legislature, If the consent ofhis
Majesty be obtained to these expedients, and
there is no reason at present to suppose that it
wiU be withheld, new bill will be forthwith
?fSd! th5ough the Commons, jand sentuptothe
, ords, with a certain prospect that, after some
reasonable modifications, it will receive the as-
to the present moment happily the fears of the
people have not been confirmed.
Indeed the accounts from the country, as far
as they have yet reached us, are fearful. The
opcrattions of trade are suspended, from a feel-
liiof that men's minds are about to be agitated by
passions wrhich will leave no time for barter or I
The Reform mepjbers of the. House of Com
mons met on Saturday to the number of 200, al
though the call was so sudden, and agreed to
propose the following resolutions this evening.
'iThat it is expedient to declare their unaltered
' and undiminished! adherence to the great mea
sure of Reform.
" That it is their determined purposes to stand
by and support the King's Ministers in the pres
ent crisis of affairsL
Accounts received in Liverepool last evening
(10th) from Derby, represent serious distur
bances to have taken place in that town, on
the receipt of the intelligence of the bill having
been thrown out; the populace, it is said, vented
their fury against the inhabitants, whose senti
ments were known to be at variance with pub
lic opinion, by attacking their dwellings, brea
king windows, &c.j when the populace procee
ded to the araol, and liberated the whole of thed
prisoners, both debtors and criminals.
The news of the defeat of the-, Reform Bill
produced the same powerful sensation in Ches
ter as in other parts of the Empire.
London, Oct. 5. Mr. Van Buren, the Min
ister fom the United States, had an audience of
the Queen to deliver "his credentials, and was
most graeiously received.
LIVERPOOL MARKET, Oct. 10th.
COTTON. The demand for Cotton was very
brisk in the early part of last week, and a further
advance of per lb, was obtained on the prices
of most descriptions New Orleans, at 5d to 7
chiefly at 6d to G- Alabama and Mobile 6td.
In the Chamber; of Deputies on the 10th of
October, a vote was taken upon the question of
abolishing the Hereditary Peerage.
For abolishing the Hereditary Peerage, 324
i Against it, 86;
Majority against an Hereditary Peerage, 238
The Augsburgh Gazette has the following
intelligence dated Vienna, the lst inst. : " By
letters from Cracow of the 27th tilt, we learn
that a division of the corps of Rudiger has en
tered the territory bf the Free State of CraCow,
whither the troops of the Polish general had
retired.' Inconsequence of this movement, the
latter entirely dispersed themselves, and tied
all directions. Generals Ilozyski and Ka-
nski passed over into jaicia wun a nume-
LEATHER, Sole, Jh.
Dressed, Neata do.
Calf Skins, dozen,
LUMBER, Flooring, 1 inch, M.
Inch boards, - do.
Scantling, - - do.
Square Timber, do.
Shingles, Cypress, do.
Staves, w. o. hlid. (io.
Do. red oak, do. dp.
Do. w. . bbl. do.
Heading, hhd. do.
Do. bbl. do.
NAILS, Cut, all sizes above 4d. lb
4d. and 3d. - do.
wrought, - - do.
NAVAL STORES, Tar, bbl.
Spirits Turpentine, gall.
Varnish, - do.
OIL, Sperm. - - do.
Whale & Porpoise, do.
Linseed, - - do.
PAINTS, Red Lead, lb.
White Lead, ground in oil, dwt.
PROVISIONS, Bacon, lb.
Pork, mess, do.
Do. prime, do.
Do. cargo, do.
SALT, T. Island, bushel, quantity,
lieaulorf, do. (none.)
Liverpool, fine, do.
SPIRITS, Brandy, French, gall.
Apple Brandy, do.
Peach do. do.
Rum, Jamaica, do.
Do. New England, do.
Gin, Holland, do
1 50 3 00
22 00 30 00
8 10 28
90 1 00
1 50 1 55
rous suite. - -4
Extract of a private letter from Warsaw, da
ted the 29th ult. " This capital presents the
aonearance of one vast4bivouac -advanced
pests and patrols are found at every, corner.
The Russians have denounced to the Police
several thousands' of persons who hare been
zealous in the national cause. Since the 8th
inst. the day on which it resumed its functions,
the Police has been constantly employed in
making arrests ; and in the first two days of the
Restoration, upwards of 1000 persons of all
ages and classes were thrown into prison, and
confined with the worst of malefactors. Since
that period, 250 men, shut up in one of the
courts of the prison, were fired upon for nearly
two hours in succession, under pretence ofj a
revolt of the malefactors, though not less than
four-fifths were confined on suspicion of poliit-
cal onences. lhere are now upwards of 15fJ0
incarcerated, and they will esteemj themselves
fortunate if they ate not all sent to Siberia. Po-
Iandhas sunk into , the tomb.
WINE, Mad eira.
English, blistered, do.
- -j do.
- " gall-
ANTI-DYSPEPTIC, OR SOUR STOMACH
Have stood the test of experience, and are
found to be an infallible Cure for Indigestion.
These pills have been highly approved of by
those who have used them for the above disease
They act as a powerful tonic, neautralizingthe
acid upon the stomach give strength to the
debilitated organs of digestion restore the ap
petiteand remove nausea and sickness at the
6tomach, habitual costiveness, head-ache, des
pondency of the mibd, paleness of the counte
nance, palpitation of the heart vertego or giddi
ness, belching up of water which is sometimes
tasteless but most commonly sour, and many
other nervous affections. They do not contain
mercury in any form, nor do they sicken the
stomach as most purgative medicines do, but
perform the office of a safe and mild cathartic.
There is no restriction in diet or drink, or ex
posure to wet or cold, while using them. They
are therefore particularly calculated for family
uc prupruHor oi tnese pills was one of
ine most eminent practitioners of medicine in
the United States, and used them successfully
in his practice for many years.
For sale by WILLIAM SANSfrHS.
'T appearing to the Board of Trustees tl at
. a considerable amount of tuition money
is unpaid, notwithstanding the rule requiring
from every pipil payment in advance,
Resolved, That thelTeachers be directed td
cause these arrears to; be collected without
Resolved farther, That an adherence to the
rule is deemed essential to the interests of
the Institution, and that the Teachers arc
hereby required, in every instance hereafter,
when a pupil does not produce a certificate
from the Treasurer, of the tuition monev
being paid within one wek after the con
mencement of his quarter, without distinc
tion of person, to inform the pupil that hf
can-no lonsrer be received until snrli cph;i;,i
Resolved further, That these Resolutions
be published in the newspapers of this town
9 Attest, I r
M. E. MALY,
November 23d, 1S31.
' : li.-Ltl.l
British Consulate, Wilmington, N.C.
November 15,- 1S31.
To the Editor of the North Carolina Sentiivl.
Vader a late law of this State, which requires that
vessels having free persons of colour on board shall
perlorm thirty! days' quarantine before they he per
mitted to come to the wharves of any seaport in the
State, the master of the British schooner Bahamian
was some time ago arrested, and 'imprisoned in the
jail of Wilmington. On the 6th instant the case was
argued before the Superior Court of ew Hanover
County. As the opinion of Judge Strange and the
decision of the Court are important to foreigners who
visit the State for mercantile purposes, and toHchof
the commercial community as they affect, ycu w:!!
please to give them, publicity.
"Although," ) observed the Judge, "the right of regu
" lating commerce, belonged exclusively to Congrca-,
"as expressed in the Constitution, yet as a State Li
"her, own Sovereign capacity, has a right growing
"out of an incidental power, to pasB laws in self pre-(
"servation, 'to prevent the introduction, within her
"limits, of febrile, or pestiferous contagion, bo has a
"State an equal right, to legislate to prevent 'the ir.
"fluence of a moral contagion Butthelawin
"question, imposed a restriction on commerce, without
"obtaining thej end desired. It in no wise removed
"the evil complained ofJ A fnrrirrn tve! nrrivPS at
"this Port, having free coloured persons on board.
" who are deemed dangerous, and a nuisance jto ee
"tiety. The vessel is compelled, by the Jaw injqoe
"tion, to remain 30 days at the quarantine ground,
"at the expiration of which time, she may proceed
" to the wharves, having on board the same free co
loured persons who were considered dangerous to
" the community. How, then, is the nuisance remo
" ved, or the evil remedied, by this Law, imposing w
" heavy a restrjetiction on commerce 7 Therefore,
" without for a moment surrendering the right of a
"sovereign State to legislate for the peace antlBafe
" ty of its citizens, he could not but pronounce the
fctate Law; m his opinion, imconstitutional,"
In this opinjon the Jury concurred without hesi
tation. Y our obed't eerv't.
C. J. PESHALL,
Aor. 23 5 u.
77. B. M. Consul.
NEWBERN & RALEIGJ3TAGES.
ww A. vvuixo ivu v - .w-
JUL K nlMrV iri'r, IT tr., olSm
field, , every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 1
o'clock A. iVT-i amvinff at Rn!mrh on. Tuesday,
amvinff at Knfmrh
Thursday and Saturday at 5 P. M. Fare through
S7 (YX Wav Passenmira. 6 cents rxr mile. Stags
Office ut the Washington Hoteh
Extra baggage must be entered at the Office and
paid ior in advance. j
M. 1lLLl ARD Proprietor
ior. 23, 1831.