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0 / 75
LIBERTY... .THE CONSTITUTION. ...UNION.
MKWBERN, WEDNESDAY, ;F$BRVAkY 1, 1832.
BY' THOMAS WATSON.
Thro dollars ner annum payable in advance.
3,0 paper will be discontinued (bat at the Jis
ition ofthc Editor) until all arrearages have been
Remittances by mail will be guarantied by
the Editor. ' -
jtHN A. CRISPIN
TTjr.S just returned from New York with
jJtJ Wneral assortment of
HARD WARE, - CUTLERY, CROCKERY
The following articles comprise apart of his Siocl:
Champaigne, in qt and
Old Madeira, .
cherry, . ,
Cogniac Brandyf (supe
rior quality) I
, Old Jamaica Rum,
.Superior Holland (-in,
Old Monong. AVhjiskev.
y. E. Rum,
Loaf & Lump,
Brown, various qual.
Porter in qt.& pt. pottles
Preserved 1- ingcr.
Buckwheat, '--Goshen- ISu Iter, -Cheese,
Spanish American Solars, su
1 perior Cheiring Tobacco, c.
Which he offers low for cash or country produce
at the Store on Pollok-strect formerly occupied
by the late George A. Hall, Esq.
Ncu-hcrn, November 15, 1831.
Liniuea ii Botanic Garden & Nurseries,
FLUSHING, IV EAR NEW YORK.
ILLI AM PRINCE & SONS, Proprie-
tors, announce-that the great extensions
made in their Establishment, whi'-hnow covers
war 50 acres, complete! v tilled with "the choicest
TREES, SHRUBS and PLANTS, enables
them to offer the various kinds at the reduced
prks stated in their new catalog l e s , which
will he sent to any person- who v.iay aply for
them. The size and excellence of the Trees
exceeds all former periods, and The most scru
pulous attention has been devoted to their
accuracy, which i.-un variably an 'object ofiheir
personal attention. To Nuhskkiks they will
allow a liberal discount and convenient credit.
Ail letters desiriirg information, will be replied
to by the first- mail. As many persons are
oi;fiits for different Nurseries, it is requested
ihs.it of derslntended for us be particularly spc;
cijied. Every Invoice sent has a. printed head
ing and our signature, and such proof or origin
must be insisted on, as we take upon ourselves
no responsibility unless such an invoice can. be
Their Treatise on the Vine describes 280
kinds of Grapes and their culture. Their
Treatise on HORTICULTURE contains des
criptions for cultivating them ; and their
POMOLOGICAL MANUAL, just published,
contains full descriptions of above (i00 Varieties
of Pears, Plum $, Peaches, Cherries, Apricots,
Nectarines, Ahrtojids, &c. besides other Fruits
so that all persons can make their selections,
c-iih a knowledge of the qualities.
' Apply to THOMAS WATSON,
i '; Agent, Newbern.
JOHN W. NELSON;
CA BIN ET MA KER ,
RESPECTFULLY informs the Publick that he
continues to manufacture every article in his
line of business. He is at all t imes provided with the
best materials': and in return for the liberal and in
creasing patronage which he receives, he promises
punctuality and fidelity.
He continues to make COFFINS, and to superin
tend FUNERALS ; and that he may be enabled to
conduct the solemnities of interment more becomingly
and satipictonly, he has constructed a superior
HEARSE, tor the use of which no additional charge
vjll be made.- Newbern, June 1st, 1831.
TfjlHE Drawing of the subscriber's Lottery
-t JJL took place on Friday last, the prizes in
which will be paid to the fortunate adventurers
on the presentation of their tickets.
January 4, 1832.
Newbern "and the fork of Neuse and Do
ver Roads, a Black Morocco Pocket Book, tied
.with -a dressed deef-skin string, containing
about 8 275, in United States' Bank Notes ;
A note of hand against Benj. Jarrel, for six
dollars and; a fer cents; "and a note of hand
drawn by James Blount, with Hilen Godlev
r security, for 844, and some cents, payable to
Jordan Knbxv And another note, -payable to
Edward Nekon, for forty-Mollars ; dated 18th
oay of November, 1830, and navable 12
after date, signed by Noah W. Gilford as prin-
ana jonn uryan security.
One of the Bank notes was for 8 100, No. 3,
yavaoie at Natchez; there were two 820
notes and the remainder in Ten Dollar Notes.
An persons arc cautioned against trading for
uj 01 me above notes or receiving the money
described. The finder will be liberally rewar-
rciurmnor the Pocket Book, with its
COntonto htJ t .. . . r f
".james tlaywaru, m iNewDern.
n . - o-jTiuj.i J. iiKJiviii.
JOSEPH M. GRANADE, &Co.
CORNER OF POLLOK AND MIDDLE-STREETS
Tn AVE just received by the schooner Re
IJu hecca from New York, arm1 other late ar
rivals from New York, Philadelphia and Balti
more, a general assortment of Foreign and
Domestic DRY GOODS, HARDWARE
and CUTLERY, V0t&CV &la$B and
StOttC Sarct Groceries, .Wines, &c.
&c. All of which they offer for sale, at a very
moderate advance for Cash or Country Produce,
The following articles may be enumerated as part of
their sruck viz:
'0 bbU Pilot and Navy Bread
10 do IN Y Weil rn Canal Flour Beach's red brand
2v ii.-tlf bbls ditto ditto
6 casks Goshe.i Cheese,
1 box Pine Appl ditto
12 kegs Family Butter
50 pieces smoked Beef
25 Snok d I -.iigues, 12 boxes Smoked Herrings
6 oxes fresh bunch flnism.
300 bushels Irish Potatoes
6 barrels Loaf aril Lump Sugars
White Havana and Good New Orleans do
Imperial, Gunpowder, and Hyson TEAS
Mexican -Mid St. Domingo Coffee
C hocolate, 2 boxes fresh
I w i
30 doz quart and pint noitles Porter
2 dp-bet .refined Cid r
10 arrHs beM sew-ai k nmily Cider, by the bane
or on limft
'Raspberry and Cherry Brandy
Nashli ounry Appif and I'eacl) dillo
Old Monongalitla Kye Vvliiakey
Common Rye ditto
Best Holland and Rye Gin 4
01 l Jartiaica St Croix and.N E Rum
in iihds retailing Aiolasseg
Black Pepper and AlUpi e
Race and ground Ginger, London Mustard
ISutnii gs Cinnamon, Clove and JVJace
1 basket bf it r?al!ad Oil
6 boxf s Sperm. Candles, 12 do Tallow ditto
25 ditto Yellow Soap, 2 bladders Putty
12 ditto lo by 12 Win. low Glass
12 dittu 8 by 10 do do
12 ket-s -Mid 25 half kegg bfst White Lead
2 barrels best Winter Sperm Oil
2 barrels Linseed do
2 ditto Train do
350 botdes Lorillard's best Snuff i
Chewing Tobacco, of various qualities
25 pit ces 42 inch Dundee hemp Bagging
20 coils bale Rope .
6 cases Gentlemen's fine flats, 2 do Wool ditto
2 ditto Men's and Boy's Hair Seal Caps
3 ditto Whiteniore's Cotton Cards, assorted
2 itio W qoI do do
4 doz Fancy flag bottom'd Chairs
12 do Windsor ditto
Ladies' rocking and sewing 'ditto
Children e 'hairs of vanous kinds
1 bab 7-8 Coituu Oznabuigs
50 cas-ks Stone Linis
50 i'itto Cut Nails, assorted size9
1 !ilto l.ldoa Carolina hors, assorted sizns
KX) pair Trace C ''iins
6 doz.N Bces' loiij: bright bitted Axes
8 do E:sgiish Spads and Stiovels
2 tons Lngiiah and Swedes Iron, assorted, from
I 1-2 to 8 i iches wide
Haifa ton square bar Iron from 3-4 to 1 1-2 iricbes
24 Freeborn's patent Cast Iron Ploughs
12 Ploughs, u'aiiufKctured by an experienced Faruier
in this iieishborhodd.
wbem. 8t!i Decemtier, 1830
Neither n Academy.
ST appearing to the Board of Trustees il-at
a considerable amount of tuition money
is unpaid, notwithstanding the rule requiring
from every pupil payment in advance,
Resolved, That the Teachers be directed to
cause these arrears to be collected without
Resolved further, That an adherence to the
rule is deemed essential to the interests of
the Institution, and that the Teachers are
hereby required, in every instance hereafter,
when a pupil does not produce a certificate
from the Treasurer, of the tuition money
being paid within one week after the com
mencement of his quarter, without distinc
tion of person, to inform the pupil that he
can no longer be received until such certificate
Resolved further, That these Resolutions
be published in the newspapers of this town.
M. E. MANLY,
November 23d, 1831.
JVorth Carolina Miscellany.
TnE Subscribers propose to issue tit Edenton
a weekly paper, bearing the above title, and
designed to succeed the " Edenton Gazette,"
about to be discontinued.
The primary object of this publication is, to
contribute to the amusement, convenience, and
improvement of the community, to which it is
onereu. Accoruiriffiv, in auuition 10 aaveriisc-
ments, and the various news of the day, it shall
be appropriated to the exclusive interests of
no party, either political or- religious ; but
shall be made a medium of general information,
and free discussion, respecting any question,
which may probably claim the attention of the
The Miscellany shall be printed with good
type, on a fair sheet and be furnished to sub
scribers at 82 50, if paid in advance, or in three
months from the time of subscribing, and 8 3 if
payment be made at the end of the year.
The first number shall appear as early in
January next as the acquisition of the necessary
materials will admit.
WM. E. PELL.
Edenton, N. C. Dec. 20th 1831.
The Highest Cash Prices
! -T"1 r-r -r . . , .
yiy ni.De given forlikelvyounff Negroes of
i w v uviis sexes, ironi one 1
to 20 years -of age.
EXPOSITION OF EVIDENCE
In support of the Memorial to Congress "setting forth
the evdsof theexisting Tariff of Duties, and askino
such a modification of the same, as shall be cons
tent wkhthe purposes of revenue, and equal in its
operation on the different parts of the United States,
and on the various interests of the same." Prepa
red in pursuance of instructions from the Permanent
Committee appointed by the Free Trade Conven
tion assembled at Philadelphia to prepare the Me
morial to Congress. By Henry -Lee, of Massa
chusetts, one of the Committee, i
No. IV, 1
TAXES ON WOOLLENS AND IRONi
Tax on Woollens.
As the d isetiss?ion of this important item in
the Tariff, as well as that of iron, wool and
hemp, has been assigned to another member of
the Committee, who is able to do each ot them
ample justice by displaying all" their evil con
sequences we shall confine our remarks on
this article, chiefly to the amount of direct and
indirect taxation imposed on the nation, for the
benefit of the small portion of the woollen
manufacturers who depend on extreme duties
for their support.
The importations of woollens since 1831 are
i 10 years,
' The exportation of woollens is jvery small,
ivarving from 200,000 to 400,000;dollars per
annum, and cannot exceed 3 million!? in 10
years, which make the prime cost of those
actually consumed, 8,000,000 dollars per an
num. The duty on woollens under the-act of 1789
was 5 per cent. It was subsequently advanced
to 7, to. 12 S and, during the war, to '7 ' per
cent, wholly however for revenue,, and for no
other purpose. In 1810, on the ! adjustment
of the vnrious claims that were put forward by
those who had interests which had grown up
under the war prices, it was thought just to
give the manufacturers ofwoollens )lbperccni.;
to fall, however, in three years to 20 per cent.
But before that period expired, a further tirnr
of seven years was allowed for a reduction of
the duty to 20 per cent., and during that inter
val the act of 1824 was rasied to33 per cent.
The manufacturers, not ''-content with this
j duty,- which, added to the common importing
I charges; gave them a 'protection against the
foreign fabric of at least 55 per cent.-, again de-
manded more duties, which they obtained by
i the act of 1828, granting them rates of 4" to 150
per cent., and rising generally on the articles
in proportion to their coarseness ; tnus taxing
the people, not in proportion to their wealth,
but to their want of it one of the most promi
nent features of what is termed the American
The duties, then, within the period often
years for which we have given the amount of
importations, range from 25 per cent, advalo
rem, or 27f on the cost, up to their present
rates of 45 to 150 per cent. It is not to be sup
posed that many goods will bear the extreme
rates of duty which are established, and we
shall therefore call the average of the duties
actually collected, under the existing act, 00
per cent., though this is probably below v.hat
has been actually paid. We have before us
statements from importers who have paid from
80 to 100 per cent, on this year s importations
If, then, we take the average duty at 45 per
cent. , on the last ten years' importations of
woollens actually consumed, amounting to 80,-
000,000 dollars, the result will show a protec
tion in the form of a revenue tax, of 30,000,000
dollars; to -which 20 per cent, being. added for
charges of im portation, will make the whole pro
tection the manufactures have enjoyed against
foreign competition equal to 52,000,000 dol
lars. Yet even this enormous sum, according
to the often repeated declarations of the most
respectable individuals in favor of the Tariff,
has proved insufficient to enable the home
Thus, within the period of two years, there was a
gross violation, on the part of the manufacturing capital
ists (the. onlv class who can gam ov inis system,; 01 mai
implied understanding, on which the act 01 io 10 was sup
Dorted hv the non-mannfactui iner States, lhal measure
was asked for as affording a moderate and temporary
protection to certain valuahte interests, whiclr njnist oth
erwise have been involved in ruin and not as jugtifica
torv of the principle now contended for, that an inter
change of our agricultural staples, with such foreign
nations as are in want of them, may, at any time, oe
iustlv and legrall? prohibited by Cortgre53,:whenever i
can "be made to appear advantageous to particular sec
tions. aiid to particular classes : for this is the doctrine
on which the " American System" is sustained by it
Tbe act of 1S16 may be considered, from the genera
support it received in various secuons 01 me couuery, as
a national measure : but in making innovations upon it
there h;ve been exhibited, upon the very f.ice of the pro
ceed ngs.bothin arid out of Congress, the s' l ongest marks
of faction and intrigue. The act of 1823 was so grossly
unjtist, that it has been denounced even by its advocates,
as having been dishonestly obtained, and as bein.? whol
ly iucoropetenl to the purposes for which ii w as intended,
h is surprising, therefore that eitner of ihese acts should
be claimed as furnishing any decisive indication of the
national sentiment, since the fiiit was carried by a m..
jority of only one vote, and the latter by a majority of threr
votes, inough ihere probably were 50 or 60 manufacturers,
or the dependents ;f manufacturers, in Congress, who
went to that assembly for no other purpose than to obtain
bounties for themselves and th ir principals, and could
not therefore be considered, in any degree whatever, as
the reprerentatives of the nation. tUU, the national par
tv tvhpn rpmnnsiratinc ncaifiSt the
injustice and pppres
siveness of the existing sys'etn, are reitrrea to the acts ofi comforts of life, that the Commonweath and th nUon
1824 and 182S, as expressive of the sense of the nation, I might not faI jn tne C0-tCsts they were engaged in, for
than which n. thing can be more absurd, since the latter j want 0f pecuniary support.
ot these raea-ures has been denounced even by its advo- I tt f of Jebt-have been b'.eised
cams, while the former had among its most strenuoug op- ; uZ.rne Zwlot vea beyond everv former ex
ponenls. the men who are now the leader, of the Tariff ; to fifteen million,
. ... u . hnvintr. as one ui mc iuusi i i nmenpn tt
--- lantlnn nf K;. .u.J.":T
tnero observeu, iu b.jhu-.... ... "uaimoiiuuiu oi ,
his former opinions, cnangeo meir positions ,n reard
this r'e?noo, rather than their principle.. ;
manufacturer to gain the ordinary profits of
capital; though the dutes which have operated
to keep out many staple articles, are of course
much higher than the average of what have
been levied on the imported goods; and, as we
shall show, impose, on the nation a heavier
burden, which, however, is not for revenue
but goes, as a bounty, into the pockets of the
Let us now estimate the taxes, paid for the
protection of woollens. 1st. That portion
which arises from importations, and which as
a revenue tax no one will object to ; so long
as it is necessary for the public service. 2d.
That portion of the tax, which is imposed on
the nation by the exclusion of foreign goods,
and which is levied solely for the benefit of the
1st. As to revenue. The average consump
tion of foreign woollens for ten years has been
S0?X),000 dollars ; but, as might be expected,
the extreme Tariff of 1828 has greatly reduced
With a population, of about ten millions, in
18'?1 and 1822 the average importation appears
to have been nearly 10,000,000 ; while in 1830,
with a population of nearly 13,000,000, it had
fallen below 6,000,000. Still, this small sum,
out of an annual consumption of 70,000,000
dollars, though loaded with protecting charges
of 80 per cent., is complained of by the favor
ed manufacturers, as ruinous to their interests.
The revenue tax, then, on the small quantity
of woollens admitted under the extreme duties
of 00 per cent., amounts on 6,000,000 dollars,
to 3,600,000 dollars.
2d. To ascertain the amount of tax imposed
by the prohibitory duties, we must, as in the
case of cotton goods, endeavor to form an esti
mate of the amount of woollens excluded by
tho ie duties ; and we shall, in prosecuting this
aquii-y, Keep within the limits ol proDabiiity.
Some of the manufacturers maintain, that
uchare the advantages which foreign countries
enjoy over ours, lor prosecuting this branch ol
nanufacturing, that even the present rates of
duty, enormous as they are, will hardly sustain
them: while others reeomended an entire pro-
libition. If they are correct in these opinons,
proportion of all the
--.. 111 a iit-ii lil ic lmr.Ar'tPii iTrTr
the duties repealed. But we do not admit this ;
1 - - .i .
to be true,
and shall therefore not avail our
The whole consumpti-jn of woollens is esti-
mated by Mr. Miles and others at 70,000,000
dollars. Our annual-importation of 60,000,000
loliars, with the protecting charges of 80 per
cent, acided, is 10.800.0(H) dollars leaving the
sum of 50,209,000 dollars' as the amount of
domestic voollens. consumed. The question
recurs, what proportion of this sum of
59,000,000 dollars is forced upon the consu-
mers bv the enactment of orohibitorv duties,
on similar foreign articles We should say,
certainly not less than one-fifth of the amount
consumed, or 1,000,000 dollars ; and, estima-
ing the prohibitory duty at 70 per cent., we
iave 8,400,000, as the sum levied upon the na
tion to exclude the cheaper foreign fabrics ;
makingwith the revenue tax of 3,600,000 dol
lars, the sum of 12,000,000 dollars.
H'lipro is. in rlditJrtn ir tbi favntinn. n rnn
siderably increased charge on the cost of such j ,
portions of our domestic woollen goods as are
independent of any protection, arising; from
duties on the raw materials used in their manu
facture, and from the taxes on many of the
necessaries of life, which operate heavily on
all branches of industry.
In justice to the woollen manufacturers, it
must be admitted, that while the duties impos
ed for their protection are very burdensome to
the country, they are themselves heavily taxed
bv birrb Hllfinc rn r w 1 r mill inrliixr iTrblb
COJlStitue a large portion of the COSt of many
staple fabrics ; and if has often been asserted
in journals and speeches advocating the inter
ests of the manufacturers, that they suffered
more by the increased duties on the raw mate
rials, imposed by the act of 1828, than they
gained by the increased duties on foreign fa
brics. It is also maintained that they are inju-
mer part of our Keport, the alteration of a few
cents in the COSt of a yard of COth, Varies the
rates of duties from 10 to GO or 70 per cent.?
Nor is it to be expected that smuggling can be
prevented in our long line of lrontiers, when
woollens and cotton ban be transported
It was formerly contended, in fivor of a free and
Constitutional government of defined and limited powers
as ours was once thought
to ie that eaual and mo
derate taxation, the result of an economical administra -
tion of public affairs, was among the advantages; wbtch,
under ordinary circumstances every citizen, in whateve
section he might happen to reside, might reasonably ex
pect to enpy. In time ti war, when a great expenditure
is required for public defence, every good citizen must
be content to bar even a burdensome taxation, as the
price of tiiat security and national independence, hich
musi be maintained at anv expense.
' Such was the condition oflhis nation during our
late war, and still more so during the revolutionary strug
gle one of the principle object of which was to exone
rate ourselves from unequal, unjust, affd burdeiisome tax
ation. In such au emergency, with a vast national dbt.
Iim!tH -ovr..nA o-,4 n Uotn, tndl tii re. every citizen
- was 'mil aH 'i tie lurfe?. and many of the
I. - ' more thai, ou
current expenses anu no ciriuzeo
I . "!?
natinn in the world is so unnecessarily burdened with
to txg as ,,, peope of this free country who, whh
one mtartcr of our present ponqlation, rof , s one nan.
oi iie auvaniacre anoraea us ov ineir ioi tms coumry, tor tne oeneht of a ew thousand w
c i .1 a rr ii i i f
wn false assumDtions, in estimating the bur- ! -pian-is, wnn me taxes imposed on the euuj
en imnosed on the countrv bv their woollen ! V 'an, !hf tour,th' r"idi,,e.i Canada, Nova
i j j .v.(,,..nii l rip- ipnnpr vt c riv
red by frauds on the revenue, and by smuggling j lo l,e an extensive manufacturer, says' We can, andtPo
on the frontiers ; and llOW can it be Other- j "ake dolhs, for less money per yard, than it costs to mak
i . , T .. the same qualities ill England. This we have tested Lv
wise, since, as we have already shown m a for-. keriuient. i .nu f-,h, ,n,t r ...r:.i...-
Great Britain to the borders of their extensive j ,on vv;Ml thB angemeut ot traue, iy m"7"' "7
t-: r-- r j... ufacturer an exporter, amounts fo a much higher prolet-
LUU1U". " JJC' tc'"M u"i j tion to the foreigner, than all the Ta.ifl atioras to US-
in the Blltish colonies being only 2 percent.) Such are the facts and such-the fruits of the System i
and a laboring man can gain more by the illicit which the American manufacturei has toiled to support!"
introduction of a few pieces of cloth, than by . lZ- Zm.
v ear laoui. i
The manufacturers and advocates of high
duties are so sensible of this evil, that it was
one of the subjects most discussed in the New
York Convention; and Mr. Ellsworth, a re?
pectable member of that body, obserred, "that
r ! ! an extent were frauds practised, that the
, j Tariff was a mere nulity. In the face of all it3
provisions, the manufacturer did not in realilv
protection of more" than 40 to 45 'pen
and m exolanatinn Mr FV nAAA tfcf
when the effect of the duty on wool was con
sidered, the present Tariff did not operate as a
protection to the manufacturer of 25 per centr
I his statement was sustained by Mr. Brown,
of Boston, one of themost intelligent, respec
table, and experienced men engaged in maiiu,
fac in ring.
"He had long been engaged in the business,
and he had always said that the manufacturer
could do a better business under thetarifflaw of
1810, than that of 1828, if the existing frauds
are permitted to continue." Mr. B., consider
ing; the effects of these frauds and the duty on
wool, did not estimate the protection, actually
realized, as more than 25 per cent. , Ve could
quote similar declarations from other equally
respectable sources, in support of what is here
advanced; and what is the inference? Why,
that as regards even woollens, the most higliiv
protected article, the manufacturers, according
to their own declarations, do not realize $o
much protection as they would do under a
maderate duty. -
This is the proposition we have -attempted
to sustain through the whole course of our re
marks. Let the manufacturers have their raw
; materials either free or at low duties, and tfifc?
oenetit, together with relief from the general
taxation imposed by the restrictive system and
an increased demand for their fabrics conse
quent upon this relief, would soon place them
in a safer and more prosperous condition than
j they now are, while the nation would be ena
j bled to throw off that heavy burden, iindi:
I which she labors, and which ousrht no longer
to be endured.
- - .I
against the authority of the most powerful nation on eWiu
and for what ? Because they would not endure an Un
just taxation of eren three cents per pound on tea!
We haie said that our svstem of taxation was mQte
burdensome than that imposed on any civilized nation of
iC (1U WOS il
l he subject of i he Km? of Great Britain.
" "B " """i S.f",- "'T7 ,a 1 as any naf'?"
within the pale of 'Civjtizatir.ii. Let n?. then, romnsrp ffiM
taxHtion imposed on the a'rricnlturHl and KftliArinir !a.c
.... , ,
position is not abun-
; iuiies paid in Cnna
dn, c. by the 8ub
' jects of n Kin?.
Duties paid io tbe L -
nitet States, 1y i
citizensof a Republic
1 1-2 per cent.
1 1-2 per cent.
2 12 pf-r cent.
2 1-2 per cent.
SO to 150 perceut,
22 to 5 per cent.
50 to 250 percfir..
-7 1-2 per cent.
-2 to 70 perxein.
1 1-2 per cent.
100 to 160 ner cem
j Hard" war-, ' '
2 1 2 per cent.
i i- per cent.
J , "l L.u , '
Z :-2 p r cent.
.1 to $3 50 per ton,
$22 40 to $37, yer tuj
j3o oi per ton,
$D per ton.
10 ti'ts. per busbel.
3 io 4 cts, per p6tln .
.3 to 90 cts. per gal.
uar , i cent per pound,
lJraaiiy,Gin,andUum, ctu. per gallim,
Cofl'ee, i ce,n ptr pound,
Pepper Si otUer Spices,'
it from tit. Di itaiu.i Free,
cib. per pouud.
Specific, amount irr io
All other binds,
i o . . n .. . - .
su aiu per cent.
10 to 50 cu perai.
4 cis per pound.
iu u per gni
10 cts. per poun l,
H a 7 cu. per pound,
i 21 any oilier artich t,
articles, 15 to 20 r
lent Journal. Tin Rmmer nt'thr i - . v
tor has done so much to expose the evil of the pernicious
net ot 1S-8) that a comparison might be made between
the taxes paid in thi? and in a neighboring country., 0juI
iu vuim.j.r everv rrHecuug man or the utter iiniKssibili
ty of preventing an illicit Nude, when such teinpiirbllS
are held out to f.aud and avarice.
of t';en.ost intelligent woollen inannfat fure,
have always deprecated, as injurious to their interests
any departure from the act of 1816. 'They considere.d
the act of 1824 as having done them more harm than pood ;
and against the act of 1S23 complaints hemm tiit
i trarcm i Tho rnlLimin - a.irt l.
! editor of the Baltimore Register, shows in what light iiio
ac of 1823 wfRS v!evved' b tlle class manufacturers t..
wliom we refer.
The only true friends of the manufacturers, are tho.se
who now seek to repeal the ridiculous tariff of 1S23, Iut
a duty of revenue alone, on cloths, and remove the dittv
on wool (his process will invite the regular iinponVr
back to his old employment, and finish the vain eipcdi-
j to the cost of makirg cJoths, the writer, who appears to
client ot growing wool in tins countrv. Aram, in reran!
it would be much better for us, if we were placed m-Ettg
'ano ; for we could there, wiUi our present hauds and ad
S?, cloth, send it to New Yo.h, Pv the d-f
ties, and. take more money than we do now. The differ'.
ence is in the slock ; and this difference is atli i mtuble tt
i the absurdities of the American System, as it si;i d
j - uties on dye-stuffs, oil, soap, and wool, taken in
Niles affirms, in several, ol hit journals, u-oj mc rcnuc
I hnrirain. and passed on principles ditrevutir-
. I A I .1 . I.
I A. rc,rresx of the United Slates," may t,ethap.have
j been advantbgeons to some few individual manufacturers ;
- k... -;,. ran be more odvious, iih iur ioy o pre-
1 tending to encourage manufacturing industry, aud at the
j same time to M the raw material., irpn, hemp, fLr,
kvool, lead, indigo, ann oiner oiuponrm pans ot manu
factures, and cons ituting the principal value of many r'
them, 50 lo '200 percent. ;
The truth is, the act In question was passed 'without
anv reeard to the great interests of th Union, and Was.
we' fear, obtained, as Mr. Niles Rlleges, by a Compromue
I between various individuals, who went to Congress for
the promotion of their own ends, and those, too, in tnanv
inslances, of the most sordid and selfish character. They
went lo thatasenibly pledged to promote other ohjetis
thgi that of the great interests of the people, and utterly
devtid of that elevafton of sentiment, and purity of pur
pose, which ought to characterize men entrusted with tbe
goernment of a great nation.
31 4L AMD lbs. first qflality Si. Domin
Coffee, just received and for sa Ie-TTx.
XewTiern, Ton. 25.
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