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0 / 75
LIBERTY... .THE j CONSTITUTION.. ..UNION.
NEWBERN, FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1833.
BY THOMAS WATSON.
Three dollars per annum, payable in advance.
From the Winchester Virginian.
MR. VAN BUREN.
The Vice President of the United States is
at present among the most conspicuous men of
the ac. A sketch of his Biography is placed
on our first page, teaching to all in early life
that there is no post of honor, in this country,
v.-hieh talents, integrity and industry may not
aspire to, and attain. No man has sustained
himself more efficiently in every post to which
he Has been called, than Mr. Van Buren. From
an humble origin he has been elevated by his
fellow citizens to a greater number of high and
important trusts than any other citizen of this
country in the same length of time. No other
citizerv, except Mr. Jefferson, has held the two
highest stations next to the Presidency, since
or.r irovernment rent into operation. No man
ha? been more persecuted and abused, except
the apostle of republicanism, Thomas Jefferson.
Attaching himself to the democracy of the land,
he found in New York, as powerful an aristo
cracy in the commencement of his political ca
reer, as Mr. Jefferson found in the general go
vernment before the celebrated and ever to be
remembered revolution of 1300 i. THe sha
dow of Rufus Ivine, and the awful shade of De
Witt Clinton, would often pass over the rising
star, but as these mighty orbs settled in the
Western horizon, Martin Van Buren pursued
his illustrious career until he was lord of the
ascetuIanL When the " Empire State" had
poured all her honors upon him when she had
nothing more to offer him he passed to the
more conspicuous stations of the general go
vernment; and in the course of four years, has
occupied successively, the three highest stations
next to the Presidency,
His promotion to the Vice Presidency, by
the overwhelming voice of the people, is the
ninst glorious event of his life, and more
triumphant in its character than any other po
litical event in our history, except the success
of the republican party in 1800-1. Accused,
in the highest forum in our land, of having sul
Jir ' the American name; charged with having
laid the vestal robe of o ir reputation under the
paw of the British lion; exposed to the moral
artillery of such men as Clay, Calhoun and
Webster, who. stimulated and excited at once
bv fear and hope - the fear of their rival, and)
the hope of their own success il he were pros
trated poured upon him an unbroken and vio
lent stream of vindictive fueling, which would
have swept away almost any other ,iian than
Mr. Van Buren. In all this, it is said of him,
that he permits no reproachful language to es-'
cape, him in return that he is mild an amiable,
winning the good will and kind feelings of all
who arc brought within his reach; presenting
a mo ld of" that 44 republican statesman" who
4 endures all things" for the good of his coun
try, and trusting to time and th intelligence
of his. country men to rescue him from unmerit
What other man can look upon a long pub
lie life, and in the retrospect see so few public
arts H'liich he regrets? If we scan Mr. Clay's,
Mr. Webster's, or Mr Calhoun's political his-
torv, how manv instances arc there in each of
them oAer which they would fain draw the pen
of oblivion. On the skirts of each something
hangs heavily heavily heavily which some
how or other, keeps him down down down.
We mean no unkind feeling to tese American
statesmen, or either of them ; we speak of the
simple... fact as it is, and as it is demonstrated to
'be. On the contrary Mr. VanBuren receives
office as well from the people as from the Exe
cutiveand has but time to put "on the robes,
to shew the world that they fit his shoulders,
and that he is able to wear them when he is
summoned to divest himself of them and assume
others of a higher order. The mimic scenes
of the drama are not shifted and changed with
more rase and rapidity than Mr. Van Buren
passes through the highest stations oh the dra
ma of human life. Under all these circumstan-
mediately retraced our steps; but. when we ar
rived at Miss Edgeworth's lodgings, had the
misfortune to find that she had left town only
two hours before for Ireland! "Delays are
dangerous," said Randolph; 44 we should have
come here yesterday, agreeably to my inten
tion." After spending four weeks very delightfully
in London', I was obliged to return to. Ireland,
and parted with much regret from Mr. Randolph,
whom I did not again pee until my return to
America in 1823. , , ,
I arrived here from Europe in May, 1823,
during the Long Island Races, but was not
tempted to attend them, even by the great at
traction of Eclipse and Henry, who were then
to contend for the grand prize. I was glad to
find Mr.' Randolph in town, and called upon
him at Mrs. Bradish's. He gave me a most
amusing description of the Race Course, but
contended that the race would have been won
by Henry, had he not been frightened by the
immense crowd, who rather encroached upon
the ground. Not being a sportsman, I was una
ble to defend 44Eclipser" which I thought of ve
ry little consequence, inasmuch as he had won
the race pretty good 44 prima facie evidence"
in Ills favor ! After the termination of this great
rare, when the crowd were loudly applauding
the successful rider, Furdy, Mr. Randolph, who
had just before expressed great confidence in
44 Henry," gave vent to his disappointment by
exclaiming to the gentlemen around him "It
is a lucky thing that the President of the Uni
ted States is not elected by acclamation, other
wise Mr. Purdy would be our next President
beyond a doubt!"
He spent a night with Rufus King at Jamai
ca, and on his return to town the next morning
he said to me 44 Ah, sir, only for that unfortu
nate vote on the Missouri question, he is the
man of my choice the genuine English gen
tleman ol the old schoo just the right man,
sir, for these degenerate times but Missouri
has destroyed his chance forever!"
In the spring of 184, 1 received a letter from
him requesting me to engage passage for him
self and his faithful man John on board the Li
verpool packet of 10th May. He reached
town the day before the vessel sailed, arid I had
a busy day with him. At night I told him that
1 would call upon him the next morning at half
past 9 o'clock, and I begged of him to have all
iis luggage, &c. in readiness to be taken down
to the steamboat, which would start for the
ship precisely at 10 o'clock.
Next morning I accordingly called on him
at Bunker's, expecting to find him in perfect
readiness; and what was my astonishment up
on entering his room, to see him in his dres
sing gown, writing a letter, with a large Bible
open before mm, and John on the floor most
busily engaged unpacking a trunk ! What in
the world is the matter, Mr. Randolph?' ex
claimed I. "Do vou notknow that it is almost
10 o'clock, and the steamboat never waits
minute for any person?" "I cannot help it,
Sir, replied he ; 44 1 am all confused this morn
ing; I am just writing a farewell letter to my
constituents, and would you believe it, Sir, 1
have forgotten the exact words of a. quotation
from the Bible, which I must use; and as you
know I always quote correctly, I cannot go on
till 1 hnd it. 1 never was at fault before.
44 What is the quotation," I asked ; 44 perhaps
1 can assist you, for time is precious." 44W hy,
said he, 44 it begins 4 How have I loved thee, oh
Jacob' but for the life of me I cannot remem
ber the other words. Here, you take the Bi
ble and look over it, whilst I finish the rest of
the letter." My dear Sir," replied I, you can
not wait to do this ; but let us take letter,, Bible
and all on board the boat, where you will have
ample time to complete your quotation before
we reach the ship." To this he agreed after
some hesitation; and then he suddenly said,
44 Well, Sir, I will not take John with me, and
He then gave me a rapid sketch of his jour- j
uv,j, tiitt iic naa gone to Ireland
agreeably to his promise, and was delighted
with the country and! people, hut shocked at
witnessing so much misery. Alluding to the
oppressions both of th Government &, Church,
he said. 44 The Lion and the Jackall have divi-
" A most unprovoked and rude attack wasldisnn. and wa invited into th!,. vc
made upon me in the house on Monday ; but it centre of the building, fall of the portraits o'
was received in a spirit which Robert Barclay eminent individuals, amnnir which vr tW
could not have disapproved, and which froueht of Wssbin nd TflViM, nd T.vfQ.
me golden opinions from air sorts of people. I think but am not certain, and o; pain
I have heard of many Mr. King the Patroon, tings also, representing different scenes and
uuu iwemy more peanujK iu mcaco. passions, but chieflv of a relirrious character.
TO. . . - - . o ...
rl i 1 llto cnnils Yo txxratrn t Vi am dw . V.. t X T 1 1 " ' . i i . , t . 1 I rw
- o., , uul u naa iur. rv. said 4 he was (leugntea, olc. ccc wun ine furniture was of that rich old mi.- which
my way, 1 would unmuzzle tne ox which tread- much more that my modesty will not permit me while it keeps ud the idea of mtrnifirenr. car
eth out the corn." He alsosaid that hethouaht' to wri.P 3 J n n, If , of n8 wr
n -w ' I wua au uinpv r 0 am 4
that we are in the houses of our ancestors, Or
the Marquis of Welleslev must be an impartial
man, because he received the violent abuse of
both parties " no small complimentto astates
man, sir, in the preserit state of Ireland !"
'If the affair of Mr. Edwards and the
LjUITQIUO OIIU 1M I , .. ...... w v
Tariffwin lot r ; i u.n c- I ana alter a little conversation- mtitA m tnr
I ..... (v.. yju til viiiic;, 1 auaii puo om 1.1.1. A u.v mw
las to reach New-York on the night of the ?5 'husbands room, and presented me to Mr.
lioth, and to take ray passage for the father- ison. He was lying on his bed, in a thick
land' the next day. Can you arrange this fV roS-wiui tne book near at
matter sn n not in r. :r T ,1 A hlS Side, and hlS spectacles DUt in in rP.
arrive, and at the same time not to make public serVe e Plce' His reception was gener-
Mr. Crawford have this day triumphantly. a2reeab,e v,gorous nd frank and display-
but with the most perfect dignity and good fd cveH on common topics, instruction aiuf
temper, reiutea iir. Edward's charges, and l""-lca"
has convicted him of perjury without using the There is no decay of mind, -not the least
term, or bringing the charge8, merely by refer- visiWe decrease of that intellectual vigor, whicti
rinr to second testimonv that direetlv rnntr. ever distinguisned him. Jiis memory seems to
them. He was very jealous of his fame as diets his evidence on oa'th. It is the most pas- ?)eas 8oot as ever an c speaks of trade, of
a correct speaker in: congress, and used to sionless production that can be .conceived imProvcments f health, and of the different
Since the year 1824 I have not seen much
of Mr. Randolph, as he has only paid two or
three hurried visits tio New-York, and I have
not been in Washington since the winter of
1823. But we kept up a correspondence,
somstimes pretty regularly, at other times his
letters 44 like angel's visits were few and far
I shall give a few! occasional extracts from
sider that this business will insure his elec
be continually blaming the reporters for ! and will recoil upon his adversaries. I rnn- sections of the country, with all the interest of
a man wno is calmly but zealously surveying
what his countrymen are doine. In sDeakinff
" May 13. of his eye-sight, he remarked that it was but u
re this evening, 1 " . rl
iot taking- accurate renorts of his sneeches.
In a letter dated "Feb. 14, 1824, I find
he says referring I to a speech he had just
mit my bagatelle of a speech across the At
lantic, I wish you could find some means of ap
prising Liord L and Mr. R
do not overtake him at Baltimore
evening, f tho Atot i ' ...
. i. 1 1 u . ,a-,. w,-; v I r e as near si?mea-
.,,:a. at..-, v.-i. ,l.L. and 1 was interested in heannsr his argument to
OI 1I5M1L UIILI III lCW- X Ul n dS UlllCJV US IIUISCS, I .1 f i,"
nf crkm i . susiam me uosiuon, lounaed as it was on an
ot some ; ctpam. orinneas. but not curses can carrv me. i r i j , . " was on an
gross mistakes of my : .meaning by the reporter, j Pray cfap a writ on lhe 4 Nestor's stern until at ZnL I n0' sclcce of Optics.
I never spoke of Mr Pitt as the 4 greatest' of i mhinh- I'm told hp Sndv 9f cou".e 1 avolded a all persons wotild, in-
ministPr. for sn.rh I npvr tbonaht bim UP. " t 1 timate friends excepted, any allusionko the Das-
7 - - ....... mf rn r. uiur. f 1 u . 1 1.1 mm., mr liik 1 ;i 1 iv - 1 . . ,
mnet! , 6 n r sing ponticKS or scenes 01 the day, thoueh I
should nave oeen interested in hearing him
if anchor off the HooJc Sunday night. speak of his own Virginia. As to his health he
scribed him as one of the 4 loftiest and
unbending,' and instead of referring my audi
tors to the countless speeches of Mr. rox, I
expressly stated the caoe of interference at
tempted by Mr. Pitt to be that of Oozakow.
11 vou please 1 will send you; a more correct
44 1 forgot my stick, a hickory sapling, on said it was as good as could be expectedt though
ard the steam-boat, this morning. I left it he was slightly afflicted with rheumatic pains.
It is 4 pisrnus amicita?,' Old age was his chief disease. . He then eulo-
where I was writing.
report of what I said, and 1 shall be ratified , ana ine Puot nas Promiseu 10 recover u, 11 gizeu me air ana climate ne nyeo in, and JHrs.
v,.rv biffhlv if it shnnlrl nttrnrt tbp niipntinn possiole, f or which purpose 1 have given him Madison remarked, that there were in this vi-
' -e"- -m i 11 1 i ;;.! 1 . f . . 1 ,
nf iirb crnorl natrint? nnd ablp ctafpmpn p "onar ana a oiscnpuon oi me suck, wnicn ciniiy a large numoer 01 very old people.
as Lord L , LordU , and Mr. S. R. nas no cost bestowed upon it, but a ferule and These remarks reminded me of a conversation
44 When vou write to England or Ireland ' a lltl!e vamisn, ana nas a duidus neaa. rray i naa ai DreaKiasi at a tavern an the mountains
i send it nv tne tirbit. roor jonn nas no bed, west 01 tins. 1 enquired ot a lady of the house,
pray remember me to all friends. By the way, j
get some Liverpool friend to send you
Bobbin, (a Lancashire author) and then
tne a present of it. -Farewell my good
Sincerely yours, J. R. of R."
4 P. S.'As you relish such matters, I send
you a couple of jeux d'esprit:
4On D. H. delivering a very flowery oration,
with a roll of barley sugar brandished in hi
" With razor keen
As e'er was seen,
A B-r-h-r they call Phil,v
In Congress rose,
And by the nose
Took Mr. J-IemphilPs bill.
and I am sorry I brought him.
44 Yours truly,
J. R. of R."
vou must oet back his
take John with you!" 1 exclaimed ; why, this
is folly: only recollect how much you suffered
last voyage for want ofihim!" 44Sir, I have
decided ; the question is no longer open to dis
cussion. John has disobliged me he has be-
ces deny him talents and high attainments, ! come spoiled by your free blacks, and I don't
is as idle US tfi Ufhictlo a to J net t n r nnrfn ! wont ii hnt tn tflto nfh i m 9 Tlinn t nrn.
" uerc mis tnumpnant career is to end 1 ing to poor John, who was much distressed, ne
we conclude this article as we berun. bv nro
l ... - .. " ' J sr -
nouncniff him one of thp mot romirL aKL
we neither prophecy or pretend to know, but I save him a long list of instructions as to
j his journey back to Virginia; and when he had
just concluded, he said to him in a sarcastic
manner, Now John, you have heard my com
mands but you need not obey them. W'hen
you get to Philadelphia, call on the! Manumis
sion Society, and they will make you free and
I shall not look after you!" This was too
FItOM THE NEW-YORK
Mr. Randolph was as singular in his dress
whilst in London as he used to be at Washing
ton; and whenever we walked the streets to
gctlu rthe people would turn about and' stare
at him with astonishment; but this never seem
ed to offend him; on the contrary, if he got
From the Portland Daily Advertiser, Junc3.
VISIT TO MR. MADISON.
ORANGE COURT HOUSE, Va. May 23d 1833
I left Charlottsville a little before midnight
in the mail stage, and found myself here by
daylight this morning, distance thirty miles.
As Mr. Madison's plantation is only five miles
from this, I resolved to stop, and visit almost
the last of the Romans. I took a horse, raining
though it was, and after going over a Virginia
road, about three miles, which you probably
know is one of the worst in the world, for
here it is "unconstitutional" to have cood
roads, I came to a bye-path, a sort of a carriage
road that led into the woods, when I kept on
riding and riding for nearly two miles, or one
I mile and half, passing one gate that led to a
plantation, till I came to another where I met
notoriety, a race-horse named an old negro, who told me tne way, and added
was obliged ft) bring suit for that his 44 old roaster would be glad to see the
payment. Thornton pleaded that Katler was young gentleman, . mat ivir. iuaaison raisea
good for nothing, and Wynn proved that him, 44 and that he (the negro) was now 44 sixty
ho h-A bppn brought to that condition bv star-! one years of age" and 44 Mr. Madison was a
o J i
" Wynn, vs. Thornton.
"How can he hope to win, whatever his speed,
In huge affright
At such a sight,
I saw a Jersey dandy
Attempt to stay
That razor's way
With stick of sugar candy P
44 Wynn, the Virginia racer, sold Dr. Thorn
ton of great
With his horses unfed, and his counsel un feed?
His horses unfed will sure Ioe him his race,
And his lawyer unfeed will lose him his case
"March 1, 1824.
o-nnrl mnstfir." and would not let his overseer
& , ,
make fight with the men," thus running on with
communicative loquacity, seeing he had found
a white man to listen to his talk. I rode on
through a gate on the road way, leading
through an immense field of Rye butyet anoth
er gate, and came at last to ajlarge and elegant
44 1 send you a more correct report of my ; brick house built in the Virginia fashion, with
speeches on the Greek question than has yet j Wings, a projecting portico, a walk in front
been published. They are not compositions in j &c. &c.
writing; they are short hand reports, with What on earth could send a man here, I said
here and there a correction of a fl agrant mis- '; to myself here, so far from the road, so far
take. I shall send you by to-murrow's mail j from neighborhood, so far from the village, the
all Cobbett's printed sermons. I am very un-! Post Office, in this hide and-go-seek place in
well and nearly blind. Farewell and let me I the woods, where it is difficult to find a dwel
hear from you as often as possible. I have got j ling, no matter how conspicuous it may be.
the goutinmyrighthand and great toe. Ishould j Butsuch is the Virginian fashion. The Vir-
dislfke that Mr. S. R , or Lord L or ! ginians get off from the road with the same
Lord H - should think I spoke of Mr. Pitt j zeal that we crowd on, and here you may tra-
as the 4 greatest of ministers.' I never thought ! vel where there are no signs of life, but where
so and said no such !thinr. I gave the palm to i if you were to sound a trumpet to call men to
44 What are your prevailing diseases?
have none." "Anv consumntions ?"
44 Fevers ?" "No." "What do vou die vf ?"
44 Oh, of old age." Such being the good repu
tation of the air and climate in this part of Vir
ginia, i nope Mr. and Mrs. Madison will live
many, many years' yet.
Among ail our great men, he is my favorite,
if not the chief, at least one of the chief. And
surely as 1 look at his fine plantation, his well
housed and happy negroes, his flourishing fields
of grain, his flocks of sheep, and see him in his
old age, though stretched upon the bed, there
nourishing his mind with books, and amusing
his idle hours, which else would hang heavv
upon him, I cannot but think he is enjoying the
true olium cum dignitate, and realizing the pic
ture of a happy old age that Cicero has so
touchingly and beautifully described thus ad
ding to the character of the statesman and tile
patriot that of the philosopher.
I have said Mr. Madison has yet other aids
for the enjoyment of a happy old age, than Ci
cero speaks of. Added to his own resources,
his own house and plantation, he has for a com
panion, his wife, a lady wfyo even now sustains
her old reputation, that of being one of the
most accomplished women in America. With
such a companion, he ever has society, interest-,
and conversation by his own bed side. The
picture of domestic enjoyment they now exhib
it, is one of the most attractive I ever witnessed.
How sweet must even old age be when thus
softened and watched over! How glorious
and good the life of a man after such services,
! .1 - '.L -1 .
enaing mus, wun sucn a companion to admin
ister to his wants and comfort! The fame Mr.
Madison has won, the glory he bequeaths to
posterity, and the bright pages which his name
is to occupy in his country story, are, after
all, not of so much worth to him, as the pos
session of sach a wife. B.
Mr. Fox. Yrs. J. R. of R.
; 44 March 9, 1S24.
"Your favor of the 6th arrived not ten mm
utesajio. You see! that I endeavor by
much for poor John, who replied in riuch agi
tation 44 3Iaster John, this is too hard you
know I love you and you know you find me
at Roanoke when vou come back!" !
I really felt indignant, and said 44 Well,
Mr. Randolph, I could not have believed this:
upon an interesting topic of conversation, he 1 thought you had more compassion. Surely
would sometimes stop in one place, no matter j you have punished him enough by leaving him
how public, until he delivered one of his 4ex- behind without hurting his feelings; you have
tcmporaneous flashes," as I used to term them, made the poor fellow cry." What !" said
and then walk quietly on, without paying the ; ne quickly, 4 does he shed tears?" 44 Yes "
least regard to the shrugs of the passing: stran- ! rephe I, "I saxy them myself." 44 He shall
gers. Although it was his first visit to the me-; 6 WItn me. John, take down your baggage !" i
tronolis, vet he possessed a thoronffh know-: was ine eno- of this curious scene. John in
gether, they would jump up as from the earth.
Tiuly this is retirement, this habitation in such
afield in such a valley with the morning
music of the whippoorwill and the evening
ennrr nf tVio i crVi 1 i n rn 1 f lmrl i t nrlif1 Vmt Vir tVio
promptitude of my acknowledgments to obtain i-b tJe in the neighboring negro camps, or the
if not to deserve, a continuance of your favors
Tfcnr-h ac iht hfnrU me be among vour stu-
pid' I shall die a laughing when I get one of
the witty ones.
44 Yesterdav. Mr. out flushed with con- i
ledge of all the streets, lanes, alleys, &c; and j stantly brightened up forgot his master's an
when we had any great distance to walk, he Bcr ana lI a short time I bid them good-bye.
used to take all the short cuts through by-lanes, When they returned from England in the fall,
&c. which I had supposed were only known to i I called upon Randolph, and mv first ouestion
a Londoner. was "Well, sir, did you regret my advice
ue morning we sci uui lugeiner to pay a
visit to Miss Edge worth, and he was to be the
guide. He began to tell me some verv inter
esting anecdotes, and I listened without paying
solitary traveller who, perchance, strays here,
as I have done, to pay the homage that is
due to character, to patryotism, to an upright
and well-done political career. As I fastened
fidence on the Tariff oill : but his shallow so- ; va-rdf . with a wen fitted and well painted fence,
phistry and ignorance were exposed ln he j was musing rauch on the changes that come
most glaring manner. (He did not know that , Qver & man in the course of a lon yle How
tne article ol tne ireaiy . can we accustom ourselves to such a solitude
was a transcript ot that ouay mi io-, au" US after all the bustle of an active life to which
talked of duties which England had . lain, fc.c.) j we have beCn habituated ? How can we with
We struck out the third section of the b,ii, 114 draw an(j forget men and things, and live and
to 66. and I never saw mortification more f o . , , . , -,,. ,h-
. strongly depicted than in his face and manner. fcw ftnd unva in cornpanions that oar own
x ininR we snail ucieai two
about taking John?" 44 Reffretit, s!r!" replied
' vr Tould have died without him ; he saved
my life three times !" Then." aaid 1. 44 1 hone,
to use your own figure of snperb. nYt time von
niton! Art iVi a ciuAie 1x7 A nrara inDSHin I will nnt ( rrrt 1 1 r .....
At length, after an hour's Walkirg;, I just asked him how he was pleased with Fnuland
him U 1 f .1 1 1 1 l J jL' it ' . &
how mucn tanner we naa 10 go , ne sua- j mis visu. ne answered with enthusiasm
Irish road jobs. I remember well Miss Edge- j
worths admirable satire. By tne way, no you
ever have a conveyance to her ? If vou are
one of her correspondents, make my de-
home affords. Cicero, in that admirable trea-
, . - ,i
into the moutn
my memory of
ad in or s of nth.r dvs is even now grow
ing rusty the true lesson forenjoying a happy
old age, or a change of life, or meek submission
to circumstances. It was hot long before 1
saw a living exemplification and V'!
.1 i Z. :k t another aid for the
uie&u lessons, win " iV n; k,.
oM age mau vn-t-i
it time you t , f 8peeches, will' is reported fcUtt ""Tnl;
then asked for fX' I ?orwt whether I corrected it'i6"1 f 3 hapPX
rsi orot." . i -TSl at the door. A servant, courteous,
afn'y stopped, and looking around him, ek-;There never was such a country ion the face April 14 From Babth well-bred, and well dresseo, came 10 my can.
claimed, Why, reajly, sir, we have been so of the earth as England, and it is utterly impos- 44 Nothing but the Tariff bill kept me from ; I senr in my card, for no ' P8 iLHHl
agreeably employed, I perceive we have sible that there can be any combination of cir- going to New Yoi-k on Sanday last to take , home this way, I had retused letters ottered Ime
gone abom a mile out of our way; but no mat-icumstances hereafter to make such another passage in the packet iUt sails on Good j by friends jn Washington to Mr. & Mrs. Ma--Miercise
is good for young men.- We ira- country 33 Did England now is!" i ..Fridays ' disoc The card ,wai carne to Mk Ma-
From Chamber's Edinburgh Journal.
When a stranger from the provinces visits
London for the first timewhen-he is driven
for the first time from the Exchange to Cha
ringcross he is generally a good deal amazerf,
and in no small degree stupified. London can
neither be rightly described as a to wii nor as
a city ; it is agnation ; a kingdom in itsel Its
wealth is that of half the world; and its amount
of population thatofsomesecond rate countries-.
London was originally a town on its account
It is now composed of the cities of London and
Westminister the latter having been a seat of
population on its western confines besides a
number of villages, formerly at a distance from
it in different directions, but now engrossed
within its bounds, and only known by the streets
to which they have communicated their arjpcl
lations. AH now form one huge town in a con
nected mass, and are lost in the common name
of London. By its extensions in this manner,
London now measures seven and a half miles
in length from east to west, by a breadth of
five miles from north to south. Its circumfer
ence, allowing for various inequalities, is etit'
mated at thirty miles, while the area of ground
it covers js considered to measure no less than
eighteen miles square.
The increase of London has been particular
ly favored by the nature of its site. It stahds a
the distance of sixty miles fronvthe sea, on the
north bank ofj the Thames, on ground rising'
very gently toward the north ; and so even anj
regular in Outline, that among the streets,
few exceptions the ground sens perfectly W
un the South bank of the nypr tne -quite
level; and on all 9Smt r
pears re,y little ers.l
thing to interrupt the ffit greatniW
The Thamesr which v C9