LIBERTY.. ..THE CONSTITUTION..!. UNION.
BY .THOMAS WATSON.
Three dollars per annum, payable in advance.
from the Georgetown D. C. Gazette.
MYRTLE-WAX OR BAY-BERRY.
'e beg leave to call the attention of our
readers to the following communication in re
gion to myrtle-wax, from a very scientific
correspondent who has investigated the sub
let himself, and left with us various specimens.
i ill hf found that thp cultivation nf the mvr
ii iwi' " " " " ' ' "
iV or uav-oerrv, can oe maae a very prohtabie
business io me cuiuvaior, Desiucs aoing a last
in"" good to the community.
The vegetable wax called bay-berry, in the
1 1 1
V-iWn. nni mvrtln.irn v in tbn SnntUrn
,nrts ot me uniteu states, is tne produce oi a
. . xt . i . . .i i
i.-,,k nhllprl hv Kntiiniete flfvrr.Vr rvwf,. i
1i,:n rrixrc tVio o em,i! i
nee, and is found abundantly along the coast,
from Maine in the North, to Texas on the Gulf
of Mexico. The wax is extracted from this
shrub by collecting the berries, boiling them
with water, and bruising them at the same
time, by which the wax will rise to the top as
a thick oil scum, easily separated, which when
cold, turns out a moderately hard substance,
of a green dingy colour. After chemical in
vestigation, that substance has been found to
resemble bees-wax so closely in the most im
portant properties, that they may be classed
under the same genus of chemical bodies.
Until now, the use of this wax has been
very limited: the farmers pick up in swamps
and the woods a sufficient quantity to supply
themselves with candles ; and if there is any
surplus they send it to market in New-York,
Boston, or other Northern places, where jt is
bought by candle makers, who mix it with their
tallow, in order to correct, in summer, the ex
treme softness of their candles.
Notwithstanding the abundance of its growth
the picking up of the berries among swamps,
thick wood and mire, is so laborious that peo
ple who have attempted the collection of the
wax as a special business and matter of tiade,
have found that one single hushel of berries
is' the utmost a stout and active man can col
lect in one day's work, hence its price in mar
ket is very high, fluctuating between 18 and
25 cents si pound. $
The object of this publication is to invite the
nttpntion of farmers to the cultivation of the
shrub affording the myrtle-wax, in Aider. to
brintr its nrice d;wn to that of tallow. It" is i
-i - i
obvious that shouhl the shrubs be collected in
one field, consequently ready at hand it is ob
vious, I say, that the same man, who, under the
difficulty of wandering in. swamps, wood and
'mire,-can. collect but, one bushel, should be
able when he finds th shrubs gathered togeth
er in the same field, to pick up in the same
space of time, from three to four bushels con
sequently deliver his wax at a price propor
tionally reduced; that is to say, from "25, to 8,
0, or 10 cents per pound.
The question now is, to investigate what will
be, the nett produce of an acre planted in myrtle-wax,
the wax selling at the reduced price
of 10 cents per pound.
Let us suppose each shrub planted at two
and a half feet from each other, there will be
in one terp (5724 of them; supposing next, the
average product of each shrub to be only one
pint of the berries then the whole crop will
amount to 0724 pints, making up 105 bushels.
Nov. experience has shown by those who fol
low the trade, that the quantity of wax obtain
cd from a bu-hel of berries, avarages from 5
to 8 pounds, then our 105 bushels of berries
would vield (:;0 pounds of wax, which at 10
tents a pound, tallow price, would make 863
As we have staled already, one man will
pick-up in a field from three to four bushels in
one day, 'it follows that the picking of the
whole 105 bushels will require the labour of a
hand during the whole month; admitting S18
tor Ihe wages and finding then 18 deducted
lrom $ 3 the value of the crop as before sta
ted, the balance of 845 will be net profit accru
ing to the tarmer.
Besides such a valuable income, this culture
receives additional recommendations from the
following circumstances :
1st. It grows in the worst soils. esDeciallv if
damp and sandy.
2d. It requires no fences, as the cattle do
not meddle with it.
3d. Once planted, it requires no attendance
except in picking time.
4th. The picking may be performed by boys,
girls, old men. and yld women, who else would
be useless on the plantation.
5th. By a process discovered lately the myrtle-wax
may be bleached to a degree of white
ness equal to that of bees-wax. This process
adds only five cents per pound to the original
price, is done in a short time,' and withirT the
power of every individual to perform.
9th. A soap equal, if not superior lo any
shaving or fancy soap imported from Europe
can be manufactured of the myrtle-wax.
We mav say in conclusion, that by cultiva
ting the myrtle-wax, a most important staple
will be introduced into the United States, The
most probable consequences of this introduct
ion will be, 1st. That this wax will supersede
talbw in making candles, on account of its su-
perfur hardness and cleanliness ; next, the es
tablishment of bleaching and soap manufacto
ries!! the largest scales that it will become an
article of exportation, especially to the West
Indies, and however abundant it may become
in the market, it will always meet with a ready
In Peru a paste is made by pounding toge
ther equal weights of blanched almonds and
ugar, it is then packed in chip boxes, and will
keep a long time. By dissolving a small quan
ilty in water, an excellent substitute for milk is
lotmcd, which is verv palatable with tea, and
vwd be found UCfu' fft iong voyages.
1 VJ. 1 1 ' '- 1 '
r""-" "" " ""TTT- " i : -. .
From th$London Spectator.
Gaskill's Manufacturing Population
of England. Tfce subject of this work is one
of the highest importance : it is intimately con
nected with the great inquiry that must soon
be made into the condition ot the " lower or
ders" of this country, with a view to some ex
tensive remedial changes. The basis on which
society is founded in Great Britain is the
broad mass of the industrious classes, opera
tive, working, or ought-to-be working men, or
by whatever other name they may be called.
It is to be feared that our foundation will be
found rotten. Mr. Gaskell's inquiry almost
- . . i
ii i a 1 AAiiA. nnntilq
SUICJ l,uu"M'" ........b r-,
lion oi iuancnesier ; uuiuutM n -i-wi-m.-
seems to be entirely laid, and by its misery and
vice his sympathies to have been chiefly rous-
ed. IfiepiCtUre lie glVCS lb duuaiuii".
. . . . ...
i-in,w1 voii'irnrl frr mn;t nt his tarts. t)V
"CJU 1,,LJ, tu i" 1 r"
Dr. Kay's valuable pamphlet: 31r. iraskell
however. goesovera wider extent of ground,
and embraces pictures in detail, and considera
tions of causes and their results, inconsistent
with the object Dr. Kay had in view in his work.
We wish Sir. Gaskell had indulged' us with
some glimpses of a practical remedy. It is a
difficult subject : and at any rate, that man who
presents all its evils its horrors before the
eves of his fellow countrymen, is entiiled to
Of the nature of this work, and the skill
with which it is constructed, our readers will
judge. Some of the pictures are certainly
drawn with power: they are effective, and we
fear just. he following, for instance, though
unrelieved by the humor of Hogarth, has
" The Gin -Shop. It is a strange sight to
watch one of these dens of wickedness through
out an evening : it is a strange, a melancholy,
yet, to thc medilative man, an interesting sight.
There approaches a half-clad man, covered
with cardings, shivering even beneath the
summer breeze which .is singing around him.
He comes with faltering step, downcast eye,
and air of general exhaustion and dejection. He
reaches his accustomed gin-vault, disappears
for half an hour or less and now comes forth
a new creature : were it not for his filthy dress,
he would hardly be recognized ; for his step is
elastic, -his eye is brilliant and open, his air
animated and joyous. . He inhales the breezes"
as a refreshing draught, and he deems himself
happy. His enjoyment, is, however, short
lived, and purchased at an immense'sacrifice,
" Price is death !
It is a costly fedfet."
"Now comes a woman, perhaps his wife,
bearing a sicklv and cadaverous-looking infant,
wailing .and moaning as if jSi pain or wanting1
nutriment. She is indeed offering it the breast,
but it is flaccid and cold as marble. She has
no endearments for her child, it is held as a
burden passively and carelessly. She is
thin, pale, and badly dressed; is without bon
net, and her cap issoiled, and ragged ; her bosom
is exposed, her gown is filthy, her shoes only
half on her feet, and her whole aspect forlorn
and forbidding. She, too, disappears for a
time within the gin-shop, remains longer than
her husband, but returns equally changed.
The child is now crowing in her arms, clapping
its tiny hands, and is filled with infantine
mirth ; whilst its mother views it with fondness,
joins in its vociferations, tosses it in her arms,
and kisses it like a mother. She passes on
cheerily, .her whole gait is altered, her cheeks
are flushed, and she thinks herself happy, for
her maternal feelings are aroused, and her in
ehriated child seems to her own disordered
sense's the veryparagon of beauty and de
The pair Rave noyv reached home night
is far advanced, and the fumes of their intoxi
cations are yvorn off or become converted into
sullenness. Ti e child is in a stupor, and the
husband aud yvife meet without a single kind
ly greeting. There is no food, no fire , bicker
ings arise, mutual recriminations, bloyvs, cur
ses, till both at last sink into the stupified
sleep of drunkenness, worn out by toil, ex
cessive stimulus, and evil passions leaving
the child lying on a ncketty chair, from yvhich
it must inevitably fall should it awake.
" Here come several girls and women, toler
ably dressed ; some yvith harth, husky voices,
showing the prematuredevelopmentofpuberty,
others full-grown and perfectly formed yvo
men. All, save one, have the same pallid hue
of . countenance, the same coarseUess of ex
pression, the same contour of figure but all!
seem equally toil-yvorn and exhausted. One
amongst thern is, hoyvever, beautiful, and
beautiful as an innocent girl alone can be the
very purity of her heart and her soul gleam
ing in her face. Her figure is plump and round,
and her cheeks, though somewhat pale, are
yet firm ,in their outline. It is evident that
she is scarcely at home in the presence of her
companions, nor one of them in feeling,
though it yvould seem that she is condemned to
the same labor. Yes, it is so. She is not
many weeks returned from a distant toyvn, in
which she had been apprenticed to a respecta
ble trade. Adverse circumstances have, hoyv
ever, driven her home, and she has no resource,
but to become a weaver, and this she has
been for upwards of a yveek. She hesitates to
enter the beer shop, she withdraws'timidlv,
but at length is lost within its door, amidst the
laugnier and jeers of her companions. They j that is, to high prices and low yvages. Un the
remain long; and now approach a number of! contrary, it yvould appear that the greatest por
young men yvith soiled dress, open necks, and ' tion of the earnings does not go in the procu
of obscene speech. They, too, enter the 1 ring of shelter and subsistence. On the sums
beer-house. Laughter long and loud resounds assigned, there is no doubt that a family might
from it ; time wears on, but the drunken revel live in decency and comfort, weie there not
continues unabated-now showing itself by other elements in their condition which dfaw
bursts of obstreperous merriment noyv by or drive them into vice and irregularity,
volhes of imprecations noyv by the rude " The small sum devoted to household pur
dance and now by the ribald song. But poses by the operative, may be determined
yvhere is that delicate and beautiful girl? Can yvith some accuracy, and it affords considera
she be one sharing such scenes? Can she, ble information as to his habits. A family
yvhose eyes and ears evidently revolted from rnnsistinfr of five Dersons mav srv amn v-
j the bold gestures and speeches of her corapan-,
NEWBERN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1G,
ions, be remaining to share such coarse orgies?
Eleven o clock, and the party reappear. Cur
lsng, swearing, hiccupping, indecent display s,
mark their exit; and there is the fair nrl,
whose "unsmirched brow" so lately gave to
ken of her purity. But now she is metamor
phosed into a bacchanal, with distended and
glewing cheeks, staggering step, disordered
apparel lost, utterly lost, to herself ; and when
the morning bell rings her to her appointed
labor, she will be one ' of the herd, and will
speedily lose all trace of her purity and femi
One of the causes of the moral degradation
of the Manchester operatives, is assigned by
Mr. Gaskell to the confined and crowded man
ner in which thev live.
" It very frequently happens that one tene
ment is held by several families, one room, or
at most two, being generally looked upon as af
fording sufficient convenience for all the house
hold purposes offive individuals. The demor
alizing effects of this utter absence of social and
domestic privacy must be seen before they
can be thoroughly understood, or their extent
appreciated. By layingbare all the wants and
actions of the sexes, it strips them of outward
regard for decency; modesty is annihilated ; the
lather and the mother, the brother and the sis
ter, the male and female lodger, do not scruple
to commit acts in the presence of each other,
which even the savage hides from the eves of
" The brutalizing agency of this mode of
life is very strongly displayed in the language
employed bv the manufacturing population,
young and old alike. Coarse and obscene ex
pressions are teir household words ; indecent
allusions are heard proceeding from the lips of i
brother to sister, and from sister to brother.
The infant lisps words which, by common
consent, are banished general society. Epi
thets are bandied from mother to child, and
from child to mother, and between child and
child, containing the grossest terms of hide-,
cency. Husband and wife address each other
in a form of speech which would be disgrace
ful to a brothel ; and these things mav be im
puted in a very considerable degree to the pro
miscuous way in which families herd together;
a way that prevents all privacy, and which, by
bringing into open day things wrnch delicacy
commands should be shrbuded from observa
tion, destroys all notions( of Sexual decency
and domestic chastity."
Twenty" thousand persons are sai to.live in
the wretched cellars of the Manchester cot
tages. " These are chiefly Irish'; anp this is a
picture of that class of the population :
" These are generally Irish. farhillQs,-r-hand-loom
yveaversa .bricklay-ers' laborers, &c.j&,c,
ivhose children are beggars or match-sellers in
conjunction with their mothers. The crowds
of beings that emerge from these dwellings
every morning, are truly astonishing, and pre
sent very little variety, as to respectability of
appearance; all are ragged, all are filthy, all
are squalid. They separate to pursue their
various callings, either shutting up their dens
till night, or leaving a child as sole occupant.
A great portion of these wander about the
town and its suburbs, begging or stealing as
the case may be ; others hawk little matters,
such as pins, matches, oranges, &c, bringing
back yvith them any fragment of meat or bread
they have been able to procure. These cells
are the very picture of loathsomeness : placed
upon the soil, though partly flagged, without
drains, subjected to being occasionally over
flowed, seldom cleaned every return of their
inmates bringing yvith ft a farther accession
of filth they speedily become disgusting re
ceptacles of every species of verrnin which can
infest the human body.
"The domestic habits of these improvident
creatures are vile in the extreme; carrying
their yvant of household decency, if possible,
one step further than those which have just
been described. The Irish cotter has brought
yvith him his disgusting domestic companion
the pig ; for whenever he can scrape together
a sufficient sum for the purchase of one of these
animals, it becomes an inmate of his cellar.
. "It is here, too, that he displays his reck
lessness in another of his. characteristic pro
pensities yvhiskey-drinkiug; an opportunity
for the indulgence of yvhich is furnished by the
illicit distillers in his vicinity for a mere trifle.
The disgraceful riots which are calling perpe
tually for the interference of the Police, are
mainly attributable to this cause, and a return
from the lock-ups yvould abundantly show how
terrible are the outrages inflicted upon each
other during these drunken brayvls. Often,
indeed, the whole population of court, street,
or entire district, forms a faction, in opposi
tion to that of some other in the neighborhood ;
and the cries of " O'Flanagan" and " M'Car
thy," are as rife as in the heart of Connaught.
When their passions are roused by intoxica
tion, most severe and often bloody conflicts
ensue between them, to the disturbance and
degradation of the more peaceable inhabitants.
Thus it appears that the inferior order of Irish
men have brought yvith them all their vices
into the manufacturing districts, and aid poyv
erfully by their example independently of
loyvering the value of the labor of the English
operative the demoralization yvhich marks his
Mr. Gaskell is far from attributing the evils
of the condition of the operatives to poverty
ample, that being about the average number.
This family will pay for rent, yvhich includes !
taxes, 6s. a week tor a cottage containing two
rooms; and the different items of the expendi
ture will be someyvhere as follows : tea, quar
ter of a pound, Is. 2d.; coffee, half a pound,
I0d. bread, 3s.; coals ar.d candles, Is.; animal
food, 2s.; .butter, soap, salt, and cheese, 2s.
r;.!iJ o ; xbUr 1 - l
iwiai, iw. ou. ine allowance oi me aoove
articles is liberal, and certainly more than yvhat
the generality of families us'e. Against this
must be placed the amount of their earnings,
yvhich, yvhen taken at, the average rate of yva
ges paid to manufacturing laborers, will be
10s. bd. per head total of yvages, 21. 12s. 6d.; j
wins leaving a surplus of 17. 16s. 3tf. for dress
and other purposes."
We have given a verv imperfect view of the
various contents of this work ; which, at anv
rate, as the means of suggesting sound opi
nions, and supplying' striking facts, is yvcll
worthy of the attention of the reflective part
of the public.
From the New England Galaxy.
A COUPLE OF STRAY LEAVES.
" Ex uno pisce omtius."
i LTAF THE FIRST-SIX MONTHS AFTER MARRIAGE.
-Well, my dear, will vou go to the party
to-night ? you know yve have a very polite invi
tation.' Why, my love, just as you please, you
know I always wish to consult your plea-
"Well then, Harriet suppose yve go that is
if you are perfectly willing; now don't say
yes because I do, for you knoyv that yvhere you
are I am perfectly happy.'
Why, my love, you yvould enjoy yourself
there lam sure, and yvhenever you are happy
I shall be, of course. What dress shalll wear,
William? my white satin yvith blonde, or my
ashes of roses, or my levantine, or my white
lace, you always knoyv better than I, about
' Harriet, dearest, you look beautiful in any
thing, noyy take your own choice to night but
I think you look very yvell irHhe white satin.'
4 There William, dear, I kneyv you yvould
think just as I did oh ! how happy yve shall be
there to night, and you must promise not to
leave me for a moment for I shall be so sad if
' Leave thee, dearest, leave thee,
No ; by yonder star 1 swear.
' Oh William, dear William, how beautiful
that is, you are always learning poetry to'
4 And, Harriet, my own prized Harriet,
yvouiu i noi no any tning in tne yvoria to give
you one moment's happiness f Oh, you are so
very, very dear to me, it seems at times al
most too much happiness to last.
Oh do not say so, dear William, it will last
and yve shall see many years even happier
than this, for will not our love be stronger
and deeper every year ; and noyv, dearest, I
will be back in one moment and then yve will
4 There, she has gone, bright and beautiful
creature that she is Oh ! hoyv miserable I
should be yvithout her she has indeed cast a
strong spell around my heart, and one that
never, no never, can be broken ; she is the on
ly star of my existence, guiding on to virtue
and to happiness, and caftI ever love her less
than noyv ? can I ever desert her ? can I ever
speak of her in less than terms of praise ; Oh !
no ; it is impossible she is oo good, too pure ;
happy, happy man that I am.
LEAF THE SECONDSIX YEARS AFTER MARRIAGE.
44 Finns coronat opus.'''
4 My dear, I will thank you to pass the su
gar, you didn't give me but one lump.'
Well, Mr. snooks, l declare you, use su
gar enough in your tea to syveeten a hogshead
of vinegar. James, keep your fingers out of
the sweetmeats; Susan, keep still bawling, I
declare it is enough to set one distracted
there,ake that, you little yvretch.'
Why Harriet, yvhat has the child done ?
I delcare you are too hasty.'
4 1 wish, Mr. Snooks, you'd mind your own
business, you're always meddling yvith what
don't concern you.'
4 Well, Mrs. Snooks, I want to know'pvho
has a better right if 1 have not you're alyvays
fretting and fuming about nothing.'
Pa, Thomas is tearing your newspaper all
Thomas, come here hoyv dare you abuse
my paper I'll teach you to tear it again
there, sir, how does that feel now go to bed.'
4 Mr. Snooks, you horrid yvretch hoyv can
you strike a child of mine in that way, come
here Thomas, poor fellow did he get hurt
never mind here's a lump of sugar; there,
that's a goo 1 boy.'
4 Mrs. Snooks, let me tell you, you will spoil
the children ; you know I never interfere
yvhen you see fit to punish a child its
strange that a woman can never do any thing
4 Never do any thing
Snooks, if no body did any thing right in this
house but yourself, I wonder yvhat yvould be- are hke family piaie, vaiuauic .111 uieniseives,
come of us ' but proper only for persons of a certain rank,
4 Let me tell you, madame, this is improper (and entirely useless in the pursuits of the great
language for you, ma'am, and I'll bear it no j est part of mankind, :
ln Vn ,a cnonn;cK anH snrelv as 1 V. The Latin and Greek languages mav
a-she dog ; and if there is a divorce to' be had
in the land. I'll have it vou yvould wear out
the patience of a rob.'
O. dear, how mad the poor man is ;
good night, my dear pleasant dreams.
6 c tn. JL u L o Thank heave
Thank heaven, I'm
x ut re, sue a gwi.w.
alone once more. Uh i unaH
, . j wn to such a creature
IO DC cxiaiuc"
r -11 .m1inP rrncs
she is the very essence &
1 l . f that 1 couiu uutc wuic uc aiuiiuuucu, mat un uie eswn- v. -7
iPJ!I' tbe .lay and hour that I ever Hampton, oh the. Mississippi, a J"
bachelor; cum---.- ,r .
saw the likeness offier. ies,iw, get a m -
1x li . vri t IiaW q tvxs I Aft rrnw A
Translated from the Persian.
It is related, that, in former times, a virtu
ous and holy man dyvelt in the humble mansion
of content, and was rigidly cautious of eating
forbidden things; he yvas once reduced to ex
tremity, having no subsistence and continued
three davs and niffhts without anv. In thrs
distress, sitting on the bank of a river, he saw
an apple flowing on the stream towards him;
ne seized it, and, being very hungry, eat it im
mediately. He had no sooner swallowed it
than he repented; and he thought he heard a
voice repeat these yvords, 44 you profess absti
nence from unlawful, food, "and you eat the
property of other men : what right have jow
to this apple ?" The man shed tears, and was
much troubled at these yvords ; and, full of dis
tress, he yvalked up the river side, till Re came
to an orchard, by which the river flowed. As
soon as he sayv the master of the orchard, he
told him the story.'- 44 We are three brothers,"
answered he, 44one third of the apple belongs to
me, yvhich I freely forgive you." The hol
man was entertained one day at the orchard,
and then enquired after the two brothers' resi
dence ; 44 One of them," answered the man,
44 lives five sursung distant ; and the other five
sursung farther." The holy man pursued his
journey to the village yvhere the second brother
resided, and yvas received by hi pi yvith much
respect. When the story of the apple yvas re
peated, the man yvas fuH of admiration aUthc
holy man's behaviour, and willingly gave up
his share of the fruit. The good man rested
one night yvith the second brother, and next
hasted away to the third ; to whom he told his
tale. 44 You must stay yvith me a yveek," an
syvered the man, 44 and then I will, tell you
what must be done." "Make the apple layv
ful to me," said he, 44 by your gift, and I will
perform your commands." 44 It entirely de
pends on me," replied the man, 44 to make fruit
lawful to you, and I yvill do it yvhen I please."
The holy man was noyv much troubled, and
shed abundance of tears. 44 Sell me your share
of the apple," said he : 14 1 yvill not sell it,"
answered the man ; 44 but if you yvish me "to
make it lawful to you, you must marry my
daughter, who has neither eyes, ears, hands or
feet." 44 What you describe, ansyvcred the.
holy man, 44 is only a piece of flesh ; and, when
I take your daughter, I shall be fatigued with
the care of her, & neglect my daily prayers
and religious duties." 44You have no other
choice," replied the brother of the third share,
The good man thus compelled to agree to the
marriage ; the ceremony was performed the
same day; and the next night the house was
adorned and illuminated i and a damsel more
brilliant than the unwainihg moon, yvas seated
on the bridal throne: When the veil which
shaded her face, was yvithdrayvn, the astonish
ed man beheld a virgin full of dignity, beauty
and grace." 44 They mock me," said he, 44 this
is not my bride." He yvas going out of the
house, yvhen the father met him. 44 O, my
sen," said he, 44 1 told you truly, but you un
derstood me not, My daughter has no eyes io
behold any man, but her husband : she has no
ears, but to listen to his commands ; she has no
hands to employ in indecent actions; nor has
she feet to yvalk from her nuptial apartment.
When I beheld you virtuous, pious and just, l
conceited that my daughter would be properly
ly matched yvith you and I resolved that you
should have her." Thus the holy man, by the
innocence of his heart, and the piety of his
actions, yvas raised from distresful poverty to
The intent of this tale is to sheyv, that virtue
and goodness will prosper both here and here
after : and if the good man had not laboured so
much to obtain forgiveness for a trfling crime,
he yvould not, with such ease, have gained a
beautiful bride and a handsome fortune ; nor
yvould this tale have remained a memorial of"
A comparative view of the utility of different
branches of Education.
L A fair hand good spelling a knowledge
in orthography arithmetic and geography
are like small coin, such as silver and pennies,
yvhich enables a man to travel every and to be
at home in all countries; They are alike
current in market places and stores, and are.
equally necessary to men of all professions
and occupations. To attempt to live in society
without ihisready change, is likeattempting to
like yvithout air.
II. Natural and political bistory-the practical
branches of the metaphysics, and the mathe
matics the French and German languages
and a knowledge of the arts of promoting na
tional happiness bv means of free governments,
agriculture commerce and manufactures, may
be compared to guineas, louis fors and half
joes. They constitute the wealth of the mind,
and qualify the men who possess them ) to be
come the pillars and ornaments of society.
HI. The art of communicating knowledge
- .1. " nA Wance. bv means of speaking
i Willi east; e . - 7 ,
and writing, may be compareu iu ountt vioita,
yvhich are very valuable and easily transferred
from plaee to place, or expence.
IV. Astronomy logic and the speculative
branches ol the raainemaucs au ineiapnysics
-.1 .1 i 1 1
justly be compared to old continental money.
They are estimable only for the services they
have performed. They resemble continental
money-further, in having injured or ruined all
those persons yvho have amassed great auanti-
) ties of them, to the exclusion of the more useful
I ; and necessarv branrhps nf pd'ninn.
I Prfrrnrr,, 7lf.7; Wfl haVe DCVU
y j Wads
"hi -a r aftoen nuDui" ;
7 - (.imt
jWew - Urleans, out J """been destroyed
I maa 41iam linn
by Cholera.- W Com""r-
mnTP T n n n aovon niinuicu '