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LIBERTY. ...THE CONSTITUTION... .UNION.
NEWBERN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBEK 20, 1833.
ui ii ii i II in i ii
15V THOMAS WATSON.
Three dollars per annum, payable in advance
nthe Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post.
The following interesting narrative of a fight with
Waccos aul Tawackanies, Indiana in Texas,
,n ii anil two boys, eleven In number is related
n.,rl) p. Bowie, Esq. one of that party, now in
by 1V'"" -
4 n i'ic 2n 1 of November, 1831, we left the town of
Jiifdiiia ie iJiixar lor uie silver miiiet un me 01.
rivvr, tae pariy consisting 01 me louwiugr 11a-
. 1 nHrsni:
: Uazin P. Bowie, James .Howie, Da-
MattlA' Uyie epnas narap, James vorrifi,
Thonr.is M'Cai-din, Gonzales and Charles, servant
jvs Nothing particular occurred unti the 19th,
n'diicii .iayabout.ten, A. M. Ave were overhauled
jy l.vo Camancha Indians and a Mexican captive
v'hohad struck our trail and followed it. They sta
J that they belonged to Isaonie's party, a chief of
C t:uarjciv tribe, sixteen. in number, and were on
Vir "'pku! to St. Antomn, With a drove oi horses.
'lilfli they n;1 - taken lro:n tne Waccos and Tawack
r,ii(L, airi were about returning them to their own
,'rg ri'tiz'piH of St. Antonia. -Alter smoking and, talk
ie with them about an hour, and making them a
Clv presents of tohacco, powder, shot, &c, they re
lamed to their party ,l'ivho were Waiting at thelllano
" Ve continued our journey until night closed upon
1S, when we encamped. The next mornir.g between
liavliffht and sunrise, the aliove named Mexican cap-
. 1 -I Tt T - 1
turned to our camp, nis immw- ty umwi m-
and who, after eating and smoking, stated to
wthat he had beer) sent by his chief, Isaonie, to m
Vm us we ivere followed by 124 Tawackamie and
In in, and lorty. Cai us, liad joined them,
WllO VJir (J It. I lIUUl 11 lu lid v- wui ui- ia. iuik.
Isacn ' ha ; held a talk with them all the previous af
terno.ii, "arid endeavored to dissuade them lrom their
niirpo-e ; but they still persisted, and left him enraged,
ami pursued our trail. As a voucher for the truth ot
the above, the Mexican produced his chief's silver
medal, whicli is common among the natives in such
race-;. He further stated that Ids chief requested him
.;it! t r V'S rn c?.il ro -it '.i ! n circs
ti nt In' nan i'Ui sixteen men, oauiy armeu aim
.ritiif nt affiunition 11 but if we wuu!d
return and join
him, Huc-h isuciMur
dim " .
;if tie couiu g,ve ne woum. rui
' t JI i II l
kilOW 111"" iltial tne jeiit-ni iay wcuvcni uf aiu nuu,
iv ifeenie'l il ii.ore fprudent to pursue our jour
n,!0,!uv,n:r :a rseach the old fort, on St. Saba
vpr. lifve niirht. distaui'e thirty mile?. . 1 lie Mexi
can then returned to his party and we proceeded on
ii-ouirhout the ilay we
bciiijr covered with rocks, ani tne norsej ieei oemg
v.um out we were, disappointed, in not reaching tne
jVi. h tlie ev. nuig we had sm itncuhy in picking,
cut-tn a.iv.intageous sxt where to encamp lor the
nmht. We, however, made choice of the betf that
ojered, wlfirii was a cluster of live-oak trees, some
t hi rt v or. forty in number, about the size of a man's
boily. . To the north of tht in a thicket of live oak
Itohe, at tovft ten f et hitrh, forty yards in length and
hre.idth. To the west, at the distance of
jjrVv five or lorty yards, ran a stream ot water.
T It? burrounding couBtry was an open prairie, in-
tp-persed with a tew trees, rocks and broken land.
Tjie. trail which we came on lay to the east of cur
encampment. After taking the precaution to pre
pare our siKrt i'cfr defence, by cutting a road inside
the thicket of hushes, ten feet from the outer edtre of
all armiiKl, and clearing the prickly peare from among
the biislr.-s, we hobbled our horses, and placed senti
nels !ur the night. We were now distant six miles
from ihe oil fort above . mentioned j which was built,
by th" Spaniards in 1752, lor the purpose of protec
"tin2 them while working the silver mines, which are
a mii' -libtaut. A t'evv years after it was attacked !y
the Camancha Indians, and every soul put to death
Sincejhat time it has never been seen occupied
iWithih the fort is a church which, had we reached
before night, it Was our intention to have occupied to
delenil ourselves against the Indians. 1 he lort sur
rounds about one acre of land, under a twelve feet
tione wall. .
Nothing occurred throughout the night, and we
tat no time in the morning in making preparations
.lor-contmuirig-our journey to the fort; and when in
thrart of starting, we discovered the Indians on our
trail 10' the east, about two hundred yards distant,
and a loot-man about fifty yards ahead of the main
bo !y, with his face to the ground tracking. The cry
of Indians A-as given, and all hands to arms. We
A' . v ii 1 1
oismouiiicj, and both tauuie anu )ac.K norse were
i irnin-'aiatel y nvi ie fast to the trees As ?oon as they
founJ we had discovered them, they gave the war
vnoop; hted and-commenced stripping, preparatory
5. wuiiivii. ii lew ClOUIlieu lllUItlllS VVt'lC irtunuuin 1-
1 n 1 r i 1 - r. I " TM,!nMn ........ .,Annnttar.
ini the ground: amongst them we discovered a few
r"lUli: 1 . . .! -u I I 1
-vayru iuuii;uiT? oy tne cut oi meir nair, wuu uau Ul
wayf previously been friendly to Americans.
1 heir number being so far greater than ours ( 164
to lljit wad agreed that Razin P. BoWie should be
ot out to talk with them, and endeavour to compro
mise ratner than attempt to fight. He accordingly
parted with David Buchannan in company, and
Walk d up to within forty yards of where they had
aaitc.!, and requested them in their own tongue, to
waa torward their chief as he wanted to talk with
mm. Their answer was " how de do ? how de do.-"
m English, antl a discharge of twelve shot at us, one
oi which broke Buchannan's leg. Bowie returned
their salutatidns with the contents of a double bar
telied ijun and 'Mstol. IL then took Buchannan on
- Jfchoulder, and started back to the encampment
" wytnenop -ned a heavy hre upon u?, which wouti
ilcd Burhannan in tW.) more places slightly, an
. nm. Y ... . . 1 I
H'r-iug uowie.s hunting Enirt ;n Beverai places
without doiTiir him anv Lniurv. W hen they lound
their shot faded to bring Bowie down, eight Indians
'i toot took after 'him with tieir tomahawks, and
hen close upon him, were discovered by his party,
rushed out .with their rifles and brought down
iOurof them the other four retreating back to the
cam body. We then returned to our position, and
aJ was still for about five minutes.
v We then discovered a hill to the north east, at the
nce-of sixty yards, red with Indians, whoopened
heavy fire on us with loud yells. Their chief, on
"rse back, urging them in a loud and audible voice
Ll"e charge; walked his horse perfectly compose').
v'en we first discovered him our guns were all
lmPty, with the. exceDtion of Mr. Hamm's James
)'ie cried out lwho is loaded?" Mr. Hamra obser-
... . ...
Vej 4 I am." He was then told to shoot that Indian
horseback. He did so, and broke his leg and kil
led his horse. We now discovered him hopping round
1 "a one leg, wun nis suit
P off the balk By this time,
gJS reloaded, fired at the same
'" norse on nnp bir with his shield on his arm to
four ot our party
instant, and all the
s took effcw th th. chipld. He fell, and was
mediately surrounded by six or eight of his tribe,
picked him up and bore him off. Several of
se were shot down by our party
Qy then retreated hark nn th hd
The whole bo-
TPtrant a kal Kill out rC nnr oirrht
i , uaviv uu mo 11111, uui ji uvi "'o "1
. " excentioii f n fum! Indiana who tvro. rtin-
m . f --
J5 eocut from tree to trcs cut of gun fbot
They now covered the hill for the second time,
bringing up their bowmen, who had not been in ac
tion before and commenced a heavy fire with balls
and arrows; which we returned with a well directed
aim with our rifles. At this instant another chief
appeared on horseback hear the spot where the last
one fell. The same question of who was loaded, was
asked; the answer was nobody; when little Charles
the mulatto servant came running up with Buchan
nan's rifle, which had not been discharged since he
was wounded, and handed it to James Bowie, who
instantly fired and brought him down from his horse.
He was surrounded by six or eight of his tribe, as
was the lasVand bore ol under our fire. During the
time we were engaged in defending ourselves
rom the Indians on the hill, some fifteen or twenty of
the Caddo tribe had succeeded in getting under the
bank of the1 creek in our rear, at about forty yards
distance, and opened a fire upon us, which wounded
Matthew Doyle, the ball entered the left breast and
passed through the back. As soon as he said he was
wvinded, Tho. McCaslin hastened to the spot where
he ftdl, and observed, ' where is the Indian that shot
Doyle.' He was told by a more experienced hand not
to venture, as, from the report of their guns, they must
be riflemen. , At that instant he discovered an Indian,
and while in the act of raising his piece, was shot
through the centre of the hody, and expired. Robert
Armstrong exclaimed, "damn the Indian that shot
McCaslin, where is he ?" He was also told not to
venture there, as they must be riflemen; but cu dis
covering an Indian, and on bringing his gun up, he
was fired at, and part of the stock of his gun cut off,
and the ball lodged againt the barrel. During this
time our enemies had formed a complete circle around
us, occupying the points of rocks, scattering trees and
bushes. The firing then became general from all
Finding our situation too much exposed among the
trees, were obliged to leave it and take to the thickets.
The first thing ne essary was todislodgethe riflemen
from under the bank f the creek, who were without
point-blank shot. This we soon succeeded in, by
shooting the most of them through the head, as we
had the advantage of seeing them when they could
not see us.
The road we had cut round the thicket the night
previous, gave us now an advantageous situation
over that of our enemy, as we had a fair view of them
in the prairie, while we were completely hid. We
baffled their shots by moving six or eight feet the mo
ment we had fired, an 1 their only mark wasthe smoke
of our guns. They would put twenty balls within
the size of a pocket handkerchief, where they had
seen the smoke. In this manner we fought them two
hours, and had one man wounded, James Corriel, who
was shot through the arm, and the ball lodged in the
side, first cutting away a bush, which prevented it
from penetrating deeper than the size of it.
They now discovered tnat we were not to he dis
lodged from th? thicket, and the uncertainty of killing
us at random shot ; they suffering very much from
the fire of our rifles, which brought half a dozen at
every round. Thev now determined to resort
stratagem, by putting hre to the dry grass
the prairie, for the doubled purpose of routing
rom our position, and under cover of the smoke,
carry away their dead and wounded, which lay near
us. Ihe wind was now blowing from the west, and
hey passed the fire in that quarter, where rt burnt
down all the "rass to the creek, and then bore off to
the right and left, leaving around our position a space
of about five acres that was untouched by the fire.
Under cover of this smoke, they succeeded in carrying
offa portion ol their dead and wounded. In the mean
time, our party were engaged in scraping away the
ry grass and leaves from our wounded men and bag
gage, to prevent the fire from passing over it; and
likewise in pulling up rocks and bushes to answer the
purpose cjf a breastwork.
rhey now discovered they had tailed in routing
by the fire, as thev had anticipated. They then
' 1 . m .
reoccunied the points of the rocks and trees in the
prairie, and commenced another attack. 1 ne tiring
. . . . . mi
continued lor some time, when the wind suddenly
shifted to the north, and blew very hard. We now
discovered our dangerous situation, should the Indians
succeed in putting fire to the small spot which we oc
cupied, and kent a strict watch all round. Ihe two
servant boys were employed in 6C raping away dry
1 . . .
grass and leaves from around the baggage, and pul
hng and placing them around the men. me re
mainder of the party were warmly engaged with the
enemy. Ihe point from which the wind now blew
being favorable to fire our position, one of the Indians
succeeded in crawling down the creek and putting
fire to the rrmss that had not vet been burnt; but be
fore he could retreat hack to his party, was killed by
At this time we saw no hopes ot. escape, as the fire
was coming down rapidly before the wind, flaming
ten feet high, and directly lor the spot we:occupieu
What was to be done we must either.be burnt up
alive, or driven into the prairie amongst the savages.
1 his encouraged the Indians; and to make it more
awful, their shouts and yells rent the air; they at the
same time firing upon us about twenty shots a minute
As soon as the smoke hid us from their view, we col
lected together, and held a consultation as to what
was best to be done. Our first impression, was, that
they might charge on us under cover of the smoke,
as we could make but one effectual fire the sparks
were flying about so thickly that no man could open
his powder horn without running the risk of being
blown up. However, we finally came to the deter
mination, had they charged us, to give them one fire,
place our backs together, and draw our knives, and
fight them as long as any one of us was left alive.
The next question was, should they not charge us,
and we retain our position, wq must be burnt up.
It was then decided that each man should take care
of himself as well as he could, until the fire arrived
at the ring around our baggage and wounded men,
and there it should be smothered with buffalo robes,
bearskins, deer skins, and blankets, which, after a
great deal of exertion, we succeeded in doing.
Our thicket now being so much burnt and scorched,
that it afforded us little or no shelter, we all got into
the ring that was made round our wounded men and
DaPgage; and commenced building our breastwork
higtier, with the loose rocks from the inside, and dirt
dug up with our knives and sticks. During the last
fire, the Indians had succeeded in removing all their
killed and wounded which lay near us. It was now
sundown, and we had been warmly engaged with
the Indians since sunrise, a period of thirteen hours;
and they seeing us still alive and ready to fight, drew
off at a distance of 300 yards, and encamped for the
night with their dead and wounded. Our party now
commenced to work in raising our fortification high-
er, .inn Buixeeueu in getting it breast high by 10 F.
M. We now filled all our vpla nnA cbinc with
water, expecting another attack the next morning.
We could distinctly hear the Indians, nearlv all nmht.
crying over their dead, which is their custom; and
at daylight, they shot a wounded chiel it bein" also
a custom to shoot any of their tribe, that are mortally
wounded. They, after that, set out with their dead
to a mountain about miln Hifnnt
where their deposited their dead in a cave on the side
ol it. At eight ill the mornint?. two nf nnr rvnrtvTOnt
W 1-1 . , ft-ft V T
outl xm the lortification to the encanpment, where wounded the officer next to me has received some
the Indians had lain on the night previous, and count- spent ball,' and added he in a lower tone, 'their names
ed forty-eight bloody epots cn the grara where the always began with a V.'
dead and wounded had been lavi WTO rtr
learned from the Chamancha Indians that their loss
was mmy-iwo men killed and wounded.
Finding ourselves much cut nn hovinn.
died, i nomas M'Cashn ami th wn...i
Buchannon, Matthew Doyle, and Ja mes Cnrrio'il
five horses killed, and three wounded we recommen
ced strengthening our little fort, and continued
our labours till one, P. M. when the arrival of
thirteen Indians drew us intoour fort again. As soon
as they discovered we were still there, and all ready
for action, and well fortified they put off. We after
that rei.rajned in.our fort eight days, recruiting our
wounded men and horses; at the expiration of which
time being all in pretty good order, we set out on our
return to St. Antonio de Baxar. We left the fort at
dark, and travelled all night and next day until afi er
noon, when we picked out an advantageous spot and
fortified ourselves, where we remained two days, ex
pecting the Indians would again, when recruited, fol
low our trail ; bat, however, we saw nothing more of
David Buchannan's wounded W here mortified.
and having no surgical instruments, or medicine of
my kind, not even a dose of salts, we boiled some live
oak bark very strong, and thickened it with pounded
charcoal and Indian meal, made a nonh ice of it. and
tied it round his leg, over which we sewed a buffalo
skin, and travelled along five days without looking at
11, wnen it was opened the mortified parts had all
dropiofT, and it was in a fair way of healing, which
11 nnauy oia, and nis leg is as well as it ever was.
There was none in the party but had his skin cnt in
several places, and numerous shot holes through his
On the twelfth day we arrived, in good order, with
our wounded men and horses at St. Antonio de Baxar.
STORMING A REDOUBT.
I joined my regiment on the evening of the 4th of
October. I found the Colonel at the bivouac. He
received me at first rather coldly ; but having read my
letter of introduction from General B his man
ner ch.mged, and he treated me with great kindness.
He presented me to my Captain, who that moment
returned from reconnoiterincr. The Cantata. wih
whom I hardly had time to get acquainted, was a tall
dark man with harsh and repulsive features. He had
been a common soldier, and had gained his epaulettes
and cross on the held 0. battle. His voice, which was
hoarse and weak, contrasted singularly with the al
most gigantic proportions of his person. I was told
that this singular voice was owing to a bullet having
rone cc.iipletelv through him at the battle ol Jena.
Learning 1 was from he Military Academy of Fon-
tainbleau, he made a wry lace, and said, 1 My lieu
tenant was killed yesterday I understood his
meaning, which was : ' You are to take his place, and
will be hut a poor substitute.' A tart reply rose to my
lips, but I restrained myself.
The moon rose behind the redoubt of Cheverine, si
tuated about two cannon's shot from our bivouac. It
was large and red, as is usual at its rising; that even
ing it appeared of an extraordinary size. For a mo
ment, the outlines of the redoubt were visible upon its
shining disk ; it resembled the cone of a volcano at
the moment of i-runt inn.
An old soldier near me noticed the colour of the
moon. 'It is very red,' said he, ' sure sign the famous
redoubt will cost us much blood.' I was always su
perstitious, and this prophecy at this particular mo
ment affected me a great deal. I laid down but could
not sleep. I rose and walked about some time, look
ing at the immense line ol fires which crowned the
heights beyond the village of Cheverino.
When I found the cold and piercing night air had
had sufficiently cooled my blood, I returned to the fire
wrapped myself carefully in my cloak and closed my
eyes in the hope of not opening them again before
daybreak ; but sleep fled from me, my thoughts insen
sibly took a mournful tinge. I reflected that I had
not a single friend in the whole hundred thousand
men that covered the plain. If wounded I should be
taken to the hospital, and fall into the hands of igno
rant surgeons. All I had heard said of surgical
operations rushed to my mind my heart beat tumul
tously and mechanically ; I arranged my pocket
book and handkerchief, as a kind of defence to my
breast. ; I was overcome with fatigue, and every mo
ment fell into a doze, but some melancholy thought
darting through my brain, would wake me with a
At last I lost all consciousness, and slept soundly
'till beat of revillee. We then formed the line, roll
was calh d, muskets and every thing announced we
were to pass a quiet day.
Towards three o'clock, an aid-de-camp arrived
with orders. We resumed our arms; the skirmish
ers spread themselves in the plain ; we followed slow
ly, and at the end of twenty minutes, we saw the
Russian outposts fall back and enter the the redoubt.
A brigade of artilery took position on our right, and
another on our left, but considerably in advance of us.
They opened a brisk fire upon the enemy, who replied
with vigor, and soon the redoubt of Cheverino disap
peared under thick clouds of smoke.
Our regiment was almost sheltered from the Rus
sian fire by an elevation cf ground, and as it was
chiefly directed against the artillery, their ballss
either went over our heads, or at most scattered some
dust and small stones among us.
As soon as the command was given to march for
ward, my captain looked at me with a degree of at
tention that obliged me to pass my hand two op three
times over my budding mustachio, with as care
less an air as I could command. However,
I was not afraid, and my only anxiety was .to look
as unconcerned as possible. These harmeless balls
helped to keep me heroically indifferent. Vanity told
me l was running great da'nger, since I was under
the fire of a battery. I was delighted to find myself
so much at my ease, and I thoughtof the pleasure of
relating the capture of the redoubt of Cheverino in
the saloons of Madame St. Luxan in Provence
The Colonel pased before our company ; he addres
ed himself to me. ' Well,' said he, ' you are likely to
see a blood v da v for vour debut.' I smiled with a
martial air, as I brushed from my coat sleeve some
dust that a ball which had fallen thirty pac-s from me
hail thrown uoon it.
It appears the Russians perceived the bad success
of their balls, and determined to dislodge us by throwv
ing some shells into the hollow in which we were. A
large piece of one of them carried off my shako, ind
killed a man near me. .
' 1 congratulate you,' said the captain, as I picked
up my shako, you have nothing more to fear for this
day.' I was not unacquainted with this military su
perstition, which thinks that non bis in idem, is an
axiomonafieldofbattle,as wellasina court ot justice.
i I put on my shako with an air; these fellows m
1 you salute without any ceremony,' said I as gaily
you salute wnnoui any cereiuuuj, Bmiji q
I could. The witticism, considering the circumstan
ces, appeared excellent. 'I congratulate youre-
Rnmp.d the eantain. vou will not te tut again, and
will command a company this evening ; I feel the
nvpn is heating for me. Every time I have been
f w v
I pretended indifference many would have acted
like myself; and few like me would not have been
struck with the prophetic words. Conscript as I was
I felt I could not impart my feelings to any one, and'
that all I had to do was to appear cool and uncon
cerned. In half an hour's time the fire of the Russians di
minished sensibly, we then left our position to march
upon the redoubt.
Our regiment was composed of three battalions.
The second was ordered to turn the redoubt on the
side of the defile ; the two others were to give the as
sault. I was in the third battalion.
When we left the kind of hollow that protected us,
we were saluted with several discharges of musketry
T un!.hd not ',0 us n,uch '"jury. The whistling of
the bullets surprised me ; I often turned mv head
aside, and thus attracted some jokes from my com-)
1. u ?CCU3tomed to the sound than myself.
Altogether, said I to myself, a battle is not so terri
ble after all.' K
We advanced rapidly, preceded by our skirmish
ers suddenly the Russians gave three hurrahs, and
remaine.j stient, and without firing a un
not this silence,' said my captain,"' it bodes
1 1 like
goon i inoyght our soldiers a little too noisy, and
could not help comparing to myself their tumul
tuous clamors with the imposing silence of the en
emy. We soon reached the foot of the redoubt, the pali
sades were broken and the ground ploughed up by
our balls. The soldiers rushed towards the ruins
witn shouts ot JLong live the Emperor,' louder than
I expected to hear from people who had already
shouted so much.
I raised my eyes, and never bnall I forget the sight
that presented itself. The greater part of the smoke
had risen, and remained hanging like a canopy over
the fortification, at the height of about twenty feet,
through a bluish vapour you perceived behind their
half ruined parapet the, Russian grenadiers with pre
sented arms, motionless as statues. I think I still see
each soldier, his left eye fixed upon us, his right con
cealed by his musket. In an embrasure a few feet
from us, stood a man with a lighted match beside a
1 shuddered and thought my last hour was come.
'The jig will soon begin,' exclaimed my captain
'good night,' these were the last words'l heard him
A rolling ofdrums was heard in the redoubt. I
saw the guns levelled. I shut my eyes and heard a
horrible crash, followed by shouts and groans. I
opened my eyes surprised to find myself alive. The
redo'ibt was anew enveloped in smoke. I was sur
rounded with the dead and wounded. My captain
lay stretched at my feet, his head shattered by a ball
and I was covered with his blood and brains. " Of all
my company, only six men and myseif remained.
A momentary pause succeeded this carnage. The
colonel placing his hat on the point of his sword, was
the first to leap the parapet, shooting, ' Long live the
Emperor;, he was imme iiately followed by all the
survivors. 1 have no distinct recollection of what fol
lowed. We entered the redoubt, I know not how.
The struggle was betwixt man and man, in the midst
of so thick a smoke, that hardly any could be distin
guished. I suppose 1 must have borne my part, for
my Sabre wasmvftrpd vuith hlnrul - At loot I 1- 1
iwu tory ; and the smoke going off, I saw the
ground swimming with blood, and covered with the
dead. About two hundred men in the French uniform
were grouped around ; some loading theirguns, others
wiping their bayonets eleven Russian prisoners
were with them.
The colonel was reclining all bloody upon a broken
carriage gun. Some soldiers were crowding around
him : 1 approached where is the oldest captain?' ask
ed he of a sergeant. The sergeant shrugged his
shoulders in a very expressive manner. 'And the
oldest Lieutenant ?' ' This gentleman who arrived
here yesterday,' said the sergeant with a calm tone.
The colonel smiled bitterly. ' Come Sir,' said he,
1 you are commander in-chief, fortify the redoubt as
quickly as possible, for the enemy is stilll in force ;
but Gen. C will support us.' ' CoIonel,'exclaimed
I, you are badly wounded.' ' Never mind, my dear
fellow, the redoubt is ours.'
Taxation in England. The London Metropoli
tan for July, contains a long article, designed to
prove taxation to be the cause of poverty and crime m
England. Some of the calculations are startling ;
they show an extent of burden levied upon the Deo
pie for the publicrnecessities, chiefly for charges ari
sing out of the national debt, which, with all our
general impressions of the distress in Great Britain
arising from this cause, we were hardly prepared to
One table is drawn up to show the amount of taxes
paid by one citizen of London, having an income 61
200 per year, supposing him to have a family con
sisting ot a wile, three children and one servant
maid. Every item supposed to be absolutely necessa
ry for the support of such a family is minutely
set down, and and the rate and amount of taxes levied
and paid on them carefully estimatedand the result,
upon the lowest calculation, makes the amount of
taxation more than 80, or forty percent upon his
whole income. Government thus takes much more
than one-third of the whole income of a man of these
moderate means !
The same article traces the progress of the annu
al taxation of Great Britain, and the public debt, in
the reign of each monarch, . from the days of the
Conquest to the year 1830. The number of mon-
archs, including Cromwell, was thirty six. Taking
the returns for every fifth reign, for the sake of brevi
ty, the following is the result, in the time of the
Conqueror the debt being nothing and the taxation
Richard 1st, taxation 150,000, debt, none. Ed
ward Hid, taxation 154,000; debt, none. Edward
the IVth, taxation 100,000; debt, none. Edward
VI. taxation 400,000; debt, none. Under Crom
well, taxation 1,547,000 ; debt. none. Anne, taxa
tion 4,500,000; debt, 13,348, 680. William IV. in
1830, taxation 50,414,926 ; debt, 800,000,000 !
The growth of the debt within the last century.
begining with 1730, and counting by periods of
twenty years t0 1930, was; vjz. 173(3 47 700000
l750 72, 178,000 ; 1770, 126,900,000 ; 1790,'
4o,uuu,uuu; ibuu, no account. In 1805 it was
549,100,000, and in 1815 848,284,000.
Ihe article from which We draw these figures
contains numerous other tables shewing the inequali
ty of the operation of the taxes. Among them is
one on what is called the house tax, from which we
quote the following curious facts :
A shop in Regent street, London, is rated at 400.
per annum, and pays 56 odd shillings for house
tax. The Palace at Stowe, 916 feet front, belonging
to the Duke of Buckingham, one of the most splendid
mansions in England, is as-essed at 300. per annum,
and pays 42. tax. The palace of the Archbishop of
Canterbury is assessed at the same sura (300.) and
pays the same tax. Godolphin Park, belonging to
the Duke of Leeds, is ratedat 150. per annum. Lord
Baybrboke's House, which il cost 200,000. to build,
is rated at 300. Th? palace of the Bishop of Here
ford is rated at 60, and afr on to the end of the chap
ter, in favor of the peerage at the expense of industry.
f . i
FTpfHE subscribers having entered into Co
JLL partnership in the Auction and
Commission Business, in the City pf
Charleston, under the firm of GANTT &
GIBBS, offer themselves to such persons as
may be desirous of sending Merchandise or
Produce to the Charleston Market for sale.
No exertions will be wanting on their part to
dispose of the same to the best advantage, and
to make such returns as the consignors may
MATHURIN G. GIBBS
THOMAS J. GANTT.
Charleston, S. C. 25th July, 1633.
M. E. Manly, Esq. and ) AT .
Mr. Samuel Simpson,
BOOT & SHOE STORE.
MAS just returned from New York with a
new and fashionable supply of
BOOTS & SHOES
SPUING AND SUMMER.
AMONG WHICH ARE -
Ladies' white Prunello and Satin Slippers,
Do. Morocco, Sealskin and Prunello do.
Do. Double sole Prunello and Sealskin do
Do. Prunello Walking Shoes,
Do. Sealskin Strap Walking do.
Gentlemens' line Calfskin, Sealskin, and Mo-
rocco Shoes and Pumps,
Do. Calfskin and Morocco Boots,
goy's first quality Shoes and rumps,
Misses and Children Prunello, Morocco, Seal
skin and Leather Shoes. j
COACH AND GIG MAKERS,
NE WBERN, "
ITgESPECTFULLY inform their friends and the
public, that they have removed to the New
Building opposite to Bell's Hotel, where they have
made extensive arrangements for the further prose
cution of their business in the Construction, Repaii-
mg, i rimming, anu rainnng 01
GIGS PANNEL AND PLAIN,
LIGHT WAGONS, &C. &C.
Being, as they believe, perfectly acquainted with
the making and finishing of these articles, they invite
gentlemen wishing to procure them, to apply in per
son or by letter under the full assurance that their
orders will be executed with the utmost despatch and
to their entire satisfaction.
They will keep a full supply of all the materials
in their line of business, and be prepared at all times
to make and finish in the neatest and most approved
style, Coaches, Barouches, Qigs,-&c. upon very rea
Newbern March 15, 1833.
Per schooner Select, from New York,
-n BALE of 300 lbs. SEINE TWINE, good
1 dozen SCYTHES,
1 do. SICKLES, and
3 do. Long Bitted AXES,
For Sale by JOHN PITTMAN.
May 31, 1833.
JOHN A. CRISPIN
MAS just returned from New York with a
general assortment of
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, CROCKERY,
The following articles comprise apart bf his Stock.
Champaigne, in qt. and
Loaf & Lump,
1 ITAWlAllfl I HO f .
f ' Nuts.
Cogniac Brandy (supe
Old Jamaica Rum,
Superior Holland Gin,
Old Monong. Whiskey,
N. E. Rum,
Porter in qt.& pt.bottlesCitron, Curran.ts
Buckwheat, Goshen Butter, Cheese f
Spanish & American Segars, su
perior Chewing Tobacco, &c.
Which he offers low for cash or country produce
at his Store on Pollok-street.
December 3d, 1832.
RICHARD B. BERRY,
MESPECTFULLY informs his customers
and friends, that he still continues to
make to order all articles in his line, with neat
ness and despatch. Orders from his
i- j .11 .... ireful atten-
mm mm V I A & X V A W W w
Newbern, July 19, 1833,