Female Voters. -Pi. notice of a Wf6-' $ion was recently made in the Bri tish Parliament, That all unmarned Te- males being duly qualified shall be entitled ta vote in elections foV knights, . citiiens, and burgesses, td serve hi Parliament." The next step after giving' the poweY of Voting must of course, be eligibility 'to serve hi Par liament themfehes. j Cause of the Pohs.-lt is mention ed in the Philadelphia Chronicle, that it is proposed to raise that city a company of volunteers to go but in aid of the Poles. j From St. Domingo. Capt. Brown, who arrived at this port yesterday, from Porto Rico, informs us that it was feported when he left Mayaguez, that a fleet of (bur French ships of war, was blockading St. Domingo. : : ' t Kewburyport Jliteertistr. South America. The following is an extract of a letter from the Cor respondent of the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer, dated Maracaibo, 6th lAn- gust 1831-, : j . i "Siuce I wrote you last, the politi cal state of the country has materially imprcfved- the righteous cause $has prevailed throughout -the Tyrants!, who have ruled the country for; the last five years, have been completely prostrated many have met too-goud a late by death, in fighting ' against their brethern the rest have been sent away, or have flea from the just pun ishment, which generally awaits f the wicked; Urdaneta was fortunate e nough to escape with his life, and is now in Ciiracoa. There is no fear of any more revolutions"the People" have awakened from their 'lethargy, ' and now know their power. , No 'mil itary despot could again trample on the People!" The fair fabric of Free dom, reared at such an immence price icil I flourish. I never despaired even in the darkest hour, were there! but one man in all Colombia who upheld the cause of Libertv---it would be a wall, against the Tyrants and their myriads would in vain attack; it would, and it has prevailed j and every lover of liberty throughout the world should rejoice. h j The first act of the restored consti- rnroiirvanuusrpa ten him home: he '-will beyond doubt, be placed in the Presidential chair; and in fact he is the man -he prefer red loosing all, j and . suffering ! the chains and dungeons, rather than a bandon his principles he has ever been a consistent and true republican. We hope he is now In' the U. S. and trust onr citizens will not fail to mark their approbation of his political con duct, by their attention to him, as the martyr of Colombian liberty. j Markets for American produce dull and well stocked. Returns scarce. The. government sales, are received at the custom "houses, to the value of 1-3 their face oh imports but on ex ports, to their full amount. j ; , .' - - y I;;.' . Constantine. The Grand Duke Constantine died in the fifty-second year of his age He married when very young a Princess of Saxe rCo- burg, a sister of the present King of JtJelgium, from whom he was divorced, and six weeks afterwards gave his band to the Countess Grudtenska, o Polish lady. : j Turkey. The present Sultan of Turkey has recently gone on a tour through his dominions. He is! the first Ottoman Sovereign who for the space of a century has quitted his cap ital for a similar purpose. j Railways. A, writer in ajate Lon don paper, noticing the Liverpool and Manchester railway, states tha j ir con tinued to yield to its proprietors "a Biost. enomious: profit from the car riage of passengers as well as of goods; and tkat a short time before, thirty thousand passengers travelled upon it intone week." , He adds "-The; car riage of goods adds greatly to the con venience of the manufacturers in Man chester, 'as from sixty to one hundred trales of cotteri - goods are conveyed rom Liverpool to this place in an hour and a bajf the time allowed for he conveyance of passengers from otic town to the other." . ... f King of Belgium The situations jn which the present King of Belgium, i as been placed, are most curious. e became the husband of her who as to have become Sovereign of. the ntisn realms. He is the uncle of ler who is to be their sovereign and hus nearly allied to a crown, with vhich he is not by birth connected, tie has two other crowns, with which he was n'dt connected at all placed at i lis disposal.- If any thing could ren- tier tins combination of circums'tan- ces more curious. it is the fact, that he hantiof the Princess Charlohe of Vales, was to have been oiven to the! nnce of Orange, so was the crown of OUl ill; UOtn cases mnce eonold was preferred. - . Heported Insurrection in this State. The following slip from the office of the fayetteville Observer dated 1 4th Septl'3 P. M. gives an account of the discove ry of the plot: ! i Two of tie gentlemen who went from his place to Clinton on Monday night, have this moment returned; there; being ho danger, though the existence of the blot is clearly established. We have procured from one of them the follow ing statement, drawn Up by himself yes- erday at Clinton. It is worthy of entire eliance. ; I On Saturday the 4th inst. the first In- brmation of the contemplated rising of he Blacks, ws sent from South Wash- ngton. 1 he disclosure was rnade bv a e mulatto man to Mr. Usher of Wash ington, who sent the information to Mr. Kelly of Duplin. It appears from the mulatto's testimony, that Dave, a slave belongiri'g to Mr. Morissey of Sampson, ipplied to him to join the conspirators, stated that the negroes in Sampson, Lu ilin, aud New- Hanover, were regularly organized and prepared to rise on the 4th Dctober. Dave was taken up. and on his testimony convicted. After his con viction, he made a confession1 of the a-bove-to his master, and in addition gave be names' of the four principal ringlea ders in Samson and Duplin, and several a mi lies that they' intended to murder. Their object was to march by two routes o Wilmington, spreading destructionand murder on iheir way. At ..minton hey expeLted to be reinforced by 2000, o supply themselves With arms and am munition and then return. , Three of the ringleaders in Duplin have been taken, and Dave and Jim executed ; There are 23 negroes in jail in Duplin county, all of them no jdoubt concerned in . the con spiracy. Several have been whipped md some released. In Sampson 25 are b jail, all concerned directly or indirectly nthe plot. The excitement among the eople in Camps on is very great, and in ireasing; they are taking effectual mcas ires to arrest all suspected persons. A ery iotetiigent Negro Preacher named David, was put on his trial to day and :learly convicted by the testimony ofa lother negro. The people were so much joraged, that they scarcely could be prevented form' shooting him on .his pas sage from the .Court House to the jail. ll the confessions made induce the bc ief that the conspirators were well or ganized, and their plans well understood n Duplin, Sampson, Wayne, New Haoo er, and Lenoir. Nothing had transpir ed to raise even a suspicion that they ex- ended into vumberland or Bladen, ex cept that Jim confessed that Nat, Col. pVright's negro, (who has been missing inc.e the discovery of the, plot,) had gone to Bryant Wright's in the neighborhood of Fayetteville,, to raise a company to join the conspirators. ; The rumours res pecting a large force having been seen collected together, arc unfounded, tho mere seems no doubt but that small arm ed bands have been seen. I cannot be lieve that any danger is to be apprehen ded, where the citizens are so constantly on the watch, and pursue such vigorous measures towards the offenders. The militia are qssembled hi ample force. General Aa.--We learn fsays the JSaltimore Chronicle of Wednesday last) ! tnat a negro man has been committed to the gaol of Baltimore county as a runa- way, ont mat circumstances have civen rise to strong suspicions that he was one pf the Southampton insurgents, ? if not their leader, who is termed General Nat He came hero from the South on a horse jWhich he had stolen at Washing ton City. Being committed only as a run away, he will be speedily released in compliance v it hlaiv.ontess he be'- claim ed asa slave, or crime be alledged a gamsthim. It would be well for the au thorities of Virginia, therefore to take measures to have him identified and brought to trial, if he be one of tbe insurgents. v. Atsa England Class Battle Ccnpcfcy. Thfs company as wc learn from a Bos toq print, went into operation in January, 1827, and the manufacture of glass bot tles, of every description has since been very i successfully prosecuted. They are now manofacturing one hundred and fifty gross of bottles per week. A hy draulic press, for testing their strength iias been obtained, which operates with perfect equality on "every, species of bot tle's submitted to its operation. A table is given of the comparative strength of English, Bristol , and American, Boston porter bottles, by. which it "is shown, that the latter are altogether superior to the former. The same results were elicited in regard to the comparative strength of French claret and chain nain bottles. and those for the same purpose of Arner- ! ican manufaciure. I . ; From the Oxford Examiner. STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA. County of Granville. 5Wrior Court nf Lars. betrtinanA Ul . l i rc 4 i V I nft thp trrtt Altinrfnn fit SeniPint.r ft w j- y j j 1831. 1 ! The Jurors for the State, upon their Oath, present, that Robert Potter, ( late of the County of Granville aforesaid. (Attorney at Law,) being a person of a wicked ; and malicious disposition, and contriving and wickedly intending l one Lewis K. Willie, a youth ottender age, to maim and. disfigure, on the twenty eighth day of August in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, at and in the said County of Granville, with force and arms in and up on the said Lewis K. Willie in the peace of God and the State, then and there be ing, on purpose, unlawfully did make an assault: and that he the said Robert Pot ter, with a certain knife, which he the said Robert Potter, in his right hand, I then and there, had and held both the testicles of him the said Lewis K. Wil lie, on puqtose, unlawfully did cut out, with intent, him' the said Lewis K. Wil lie, in so doing to maim and disfigure, . Y 1 ' fit" 4 . - ajainsi me lorm oi me aci oi me uen eral As'senibly, in such cas'6 made and provided, and against the peace add lig- nitv of the State. And the Jurors aforesaid,; upon their Oath aforesaid, do further present, that the said Robert Potter, afterwards, to wit, oh the sameJay and year aforesaid, at and in the Coanty of Granville afore said, with force and arms, in and upon the said Lewis K. Willie, in the peace of God and the State, then and there be ing, unlawfully, and of his malice a fore thought did make an assault; aud that he the said Robert -Potter, Tith a certain knife, which he the said Robert Potter, in his right hand, then and there had and held, both the testicle3 of him the said Lewis K. Willie, then and there, unlaw fully, wilfully and of his malice afore thought, did.cut out, and entirely sever from the body of him the said Lewis K. Willie, with intent, in so doing, him the said Lewis K. 'WiUiethen and there did, i . f - i j K. Willie, against the peace and dignity ot tbe state. JOHN SCOTT. Sol'r Gen'l i he Indictment having been read from the i Clerks' Table , the defendant was, desired ts plead; when he stated, that he could not plead unqualifiedly gunty hut oeing intormed from tho bench that he must, say one or the other. he said, to waive all formality, he would say GUILTY. .The Court, then procee ded to try him upon the submission. , ' Louis K. Willie was called on the part of the State. The witness was brought before the Court in a litter- his appear ance was pale, and apparently very fee ble. Having been sworn.'he proceeded to give testimony, as follows, as near as maybe. Mr. Potter, requested that ll. - l A 1.1 J 1 mo vouri wouki anmonisn me young man as to the nature ot the oath, he had taken, &,c. The Counsel for prosecution having objected, the Court refused, unlcs- it was alledged that the witness was of unsound mind, &.C.J . Witness proceeded That until the time of committing tho violence i char ged in the indictment, he had never seen or suspected any thing unfriendly on the part of Mr. P. but the reverse. ; That on Sunday the 28th day of August, the prisoner came to his father's house, and requested witness to aid him in getting a dog home, which was at his father's that defendant procured his riflle, arid dog and they proceeded tosj-ethor about half a mile, when defendant desired wit ness to help him tie the dog witness said it was unnecessary, but the defen dant insisted, when wituess dismounted and caught thp dog to hold him until de fendant, could tie him. The defendant, approached and threw a leather strap o ver witness neck, and drew it so as to choke him then requested him to cross his hands, which being" done they were tied. Mr. Potter then led witness out of the road, and told him that he had made his cousin Isabella (Potters Wife) a W then bound his leers witness swore to Mr. P. that he was innocent of the charge defendant proceeded to perform the operation charged in indict ment. Having unbonnd him, defen dant asked if they should part as frieods witness gave his band. Defendant told witness, that JDr. .Taylor must know of the deed, and no one else, not even wit ness father Mr. P. stated that if he heard any thing more of the matter he would send that strumpet home to her father. ! a mined bv Nash Had seen Mr. Potter at the Camp Meeting on the pro ceeding sabbath witness was af Kobt. Taylor's from r riday until Sunday morn ing never measured strength or sculled with the prisoner coming, to .Oxford, met R. Potter went back with him to eet the rifle ami dog at pi boner's re- . a t quest, witness cnangea nis norse ior pri soner's eitf.as it might make a difference in the doer's following: about half a mile from his father's house, slopped to tie the dog as before stated prisoner ap- peared Vtry iricuoiy, anu me witness supposed him to be sporting with him af ter he was lied. Prisoner then umde the charge against witness ami threa tened to cut his throat if he resisted does not recollect any threat (oY divul ging the affair Went home and sent for the Doctor. Cross-examined by Potter Da not recolleci the charge of guilt with Mrs. P. before his hands were bound, did .not apprehend personal violence-after wit ness was released he said " Mr. Pot ter, how did you find it outl" and being told that she had confessed, he said it was true. The defendant demanded of the witness, upon his solemn Oath, to say w hether he was guilty or not of inter course with Mrs. Potter? the witness em phatically denied his guilt or having ever made 5ny advances. Witness stated that Mr. Potter held a knife in his hand, he acknowledged that he was guilty through fear of personal danger, dc-c. By Nash Perfectly innocent of im proper conduct with Mrs. Potter bis con fession of gnilt made through fear, inspir ed by the expression of the prisoner's countenance. Dont recollect expressing a willingness to keep the matter secret, nor to part as friends but gave his hand. The witness slated, that after he got home he sent for the Doctor, and then pursued Potter with his gun, but becom ing very weak from loss of blood he was compelled to return home. Mr. Potter, now addressed the Court at considerable length, at the close of which he briefly stated the testimony up on which he relied for his justification This testimony consisted in a confession of guilt od the part of Mrs. Potter, to himselfand to sundry persons afterwards. The judge declared that no such testi mony would be received, as it was illegal. The wife cannot jrive testimony affect ing the husband, but more especially would her confessions, and conversations be rejected as irregular and inadmissible. The Court stated that tho wife could not be examined, even by consent, as her $estimony was designed to publish her own infamy. Mr. Potter hoped the Court would admit testimony as to 'the moral merits cf the transaction, hnt tht Court adhered to its refusal. ' It may bo proper to state, thafa friend of Mrs. Potter requested the Court to hear the testimony, and the Counsel for tho pros ecution, also expressly stated a willing ness to the examination of the lady her self. They thought it due to the repu tation of the lady, as the prisoner had been allowed in his speech to bring ibis matter before the Court; but the Court would not hear the evidence. It may be an act of justice also to state here that Mrs. Potter , has since dented her guilt, and given her reasons for the con fession. We have thus far departed from the strict line of a report, Lccausc we thought it necessary to a proper under standing of the affair. , A The Court stated, that in its decision to reject such testimony ahad been of fered, it did not include such facts and circumstances as might go to shew that there were grounds to suspect improper conduct on the part of Mrs. Potter. S. Philot was sworn in behalf of Mr. Potter Was at school near Mr. 'Robert Taylor's once or twice at Mr. Robert Taylor's saw young Willie there ne ver saw any thing amiss between the parties saw no actions or gestures, which indicated any thing improper. Dr. W. V. Taylor was sworn, and gave evidence as to the nature of the wound which we deem unnecessary to detail. Tbe Dr. being about to relate his conversation with young Willie, it was objected to by Defendant's Counsel oui me judge having decided that the testimony of the witness Lewis K. Wil lie; had been questioned in the cross-ex animation, the prosecutors claimed the evidence of Dr. Taylor, to shew that the witness had been consistent in his story. Tl- T . i ..... J a . men related his conversation with young Willie; which .was substan tially the same as was given by the wit ness lo ihe Uourt. Several jrentlempn testified to the moral and correct con duct of the yonne man. The defendant was then ordered to fail, to await the sentence ot the Court. We do not of course pretend to have retained every little circumstance which transpired, on the trial, nor do we claim to he nicely, accurate in what we have given, but the above is a substantial statement ofthe trial. On Friday the prisoner was bronht iato Court to teceire his sentence An FflllTHiTit rrt. . - - - .. fnr lhf frillrkMr -,. .... . . " Qt are inaeotea to q. rr.c indented to - bcr ciUhe bar' 8 Seawell for-.Cs prosr f'U .. "Him following distinct!- . , T KWJy '.'In this indictrri ar counts, the one charts tbe fwLi0 under the Statute! thS abcr tt r 1 monLaw. ; 0Cl- "In this case it is'tTear. that the stat tary provision of the State, in relate to, . -jtwucu mo onence f which the defendant is charged- nor w it intended that such provision should r' suit by implication. The terms of it statute are "That if any person J? III.IIIIIIII Bill! Z ID A - sons, h-Oi f m,i;,. .i . ' malice afnrptk-.,',v.. luwfully cut out. or disable the ton-u'eT put out an eye of any person, with int'ett to murder, maim or disfigure, the pcrsca or persons so orTending, their counsellors abettors, and aiders, kuowing of and nri' vy to the offeoce, as aforesaid, shall for the first offence, stand in the pillory f0r two hours, have both his ears nailed to the pillory and cut off. and receive n0 lashes on the bare back." Thp SCcc d section ofthe same statute enacts, "Th if any person or persons, shall on rur pose, unlaw! ully, cut or slit the nose bito or cut off a nose or lip, bite "or cut off ear, or disable any limb or tnembcr of anv other person, with intent," &r.j 7 sons so offending, are subject to s months' imprisonment, and to be fined at the discretion of the Court. IV terms ofthe second section of th i,.C Hte, which are said to provide for this of fence, are general words following nnr.r ic terms, and by the invariable rulr, rc construction, they are qualified and re trained by their anticedents, and can ne ver extend, by implications to offences of greater magnitude. The offeoces de scribed in tho first section, with thei: punishment fixed and determined, caenct be chariged by tho general terms' above referred to. for that would be a contra diction in the statute itself; yet the term are entirely general. Then is it not ron soriable to suppose that the statute never contemplated an offence, of greater m?.c nitudc than all the rest together? c "Ag;iinr when a statute specific and appprtionsthe punishment cfanr offence mai ras consiierci such a: Common Ii wf the power of our Courts is nc! thereby abridged or restricted to obedi cdcc, though in the exercise of that rc?? pect and deference, which is due to the Legislature, it is usual so to do. But when a case occurs, nc the t.m- ' 'iti-nit Allien infill probability the Legislature never contemplated, there is no good reason wKy lh-Court should not exprn discretion, of which it has not bcrn ex pressly deprived by statute: for m all ca ser vhcre the jurisdiction of a tribunal is to he abridged, it must be dene ex pressly and not impliedly. Devereux and Haywood for the Dc fenetant. respectively contended that tho Legislature designed to embrace the whole subject within tho provisions of the acts of '54 and'Ol.and therefore the' Court could not ofthe statute." The Court proceeded to deliver its -pinion. His Honor said that he found himself in a raot unpleasant situation, but it was one in which the Courts cf this Shite were frequently placed. He stated that his mind was not fixed and. satisfied as to the point of law," but be should pronounce sentence according to the present leaning of ht mlori u felt himself bound to believe that tbe offeuce came under the second section of the act of '91 m relation to unhwfcl maiming, &.'c. Therefore the Court nad no (hscretion as to tho imprisonment,' which was prescribed in that act ha said that were his opinion different upon ' this point of law, he would certainly have imprisoned the offender for twoyear?. &c His honor stated that he had great confidence in the testimony of young Wil lie; that on the part of the defendant not a shadow of proof had - been offered, which could be received by the Court b extenuation ofthe charge not even an action or gesture, a wink or smile, was proven to indicate anv misconduct oa the part of the prisoner's wife, that he must believe" that, tho prisoner's suspi cion was caused by some strange miscon ception &,c. &c his honor sentenced Rbber Potter to pay a.fine of One Thou sand Dollars, and; costs of prosecution, and bo imprisoned for six . Calendar months, and thereafter until the said fine and costs bo paid, The trial was attended by a crowd cf spectators, whose, feelings appeared ta be in a state of great excitement. - In conclusion, we will state that Mr. Potter is I indicted for raaimiDg in ths same manner, on the same day, tbe Re Lewis Taylor of this county and also stabbed him in the head and thigh. A3 this indictment will be tried at tbe Fpriog Term ofthe Superior Court, wo will not remark upon it, further than to say. that immediately after the commission ofthe offence for which he was tried as above, he proceeded to the metiog house where Mr. Taylor performed divine worship oa that day, and prevailed upon the Rc- eoilcman to accompany him home, on tho way haltered him and maimed and stabbed him as stated. He then car ried Mr. Tavlor to his house and sent for n Dbvsician. Mr. Tatlor is now rffl

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