1 . QXJKNtAbXJSIIICeJ - Editor. Office In th " Standard" buildiag, East side of ... - Fayetteville Street. n , li Raleigh, N. C, June 15, 187L REPUBLICAN STATE EXECUTIVE COM- - MITTEE THE CAMPAIGN. r i A meeting of this Committee was held in this City on Wednesday even ing, 7thinst., Hon. Samuel F.Phillips, Chairman, presiding. After a full in terchange of views, the resolution adopted by an informal meeting of Republicans, which was jheld in' this City during the session of the .Legisla ture last winter, resolving that the Republican party w-ouldj go into the field and fight the unconstitutional call for a Convention, in the usual way; nnrl th following resolution afterwards adopted by the Republican membejs of the Legislature, were re-affirmed: Resolved, That the Republican party of the General Assembly, hereby protesting tliat the pending call for a j uonvenuon is nnmnstitntionaL rpoocmize : that it will be most for the peace of the State that the peo- pie 8 nail so aeciae ai xne wiwvuux., mm thoi-AfnrA rimmpnil tliat an anneal : be n.iitAhiiin fnrthut nnrtvMA and thatunch iilUUV w wuww W y " ' appeal be prosecuted In the usual way by a campaign ana canaiaaies. i; A Committee was appointed to pre pare and f publish an Address to the people, upon the Convention question. Mr. J. C. L. Harris was re-elected Secretary, and . Mr. J. J. Sawyer Assis tant Secretary. j j A Committee of five, to be known as the Sub-Committee, was appointed to 'conduct the campaign. j. It was determined that every honor able effort that possibly can be made, shall ha exhausted in endeavoring to defeat the call for a Convention. The State Committee having decided to go into' the campaign, it is to be hoped that the District and County Committee will open the campaign at once. Candidates should.be nominated as early as possible, and meetings should be called in every Township in each County. - Canvasser should be ap pointed to attend the Township meet ings and address the people. i The Address will be published and distributed in a few days.1 TIMES CHANGE. The changes effected by time in the minds of men was strikingly exempli fied in the trial last week of the case of the United States . r. A j 8. C. Powell. ' Mr. Powell was indicted for holding office contrary to the provisions of the third sectiorKof Article fourteen of the amendments to the Constitution. Gov. - Bragg and Hon. George V. Strong, both Democratic lawyers, conducted the prosecution on behalf of the gov-: ernment, and the indictment was found at the instance of one Sampson county, also Robinson, of a Democrat. Thus we have the first prosecution for a violation of the Howard Amendment in North Carolina, conducted under Democratic auspices. The well-known ability of Gov. Bragg did not forsake him upon this occasion, notwithstand ing he was in feeble health ; and Mr. Strong in his final remarks to the jury delivered an able, earnest and power ful appeal for the vindication of the law. -." , " " I During the course of Mr. Strong's speech, he took occasion in comment , ing upon the decision of the Supreme Court of this State in the case of Wor thy vs. Barrett, to highly compliment the Chief Justice, Hon. R. M. Pearson. His eulogium was thrillingly eloquent and did honor alike to the speaker and to the great Judge." This is surprising when it is considered that Mr. Strong was formerly Confederate States Attor ney1 for the District of North Carolina. But although known as; a very warm and decided partisan, wiien the ques tion of the merits of our learned and pure minded Chief Justice is under dis cussion, he shows that he 'can rise above the prejudices of the hour and give honor to whom honor j is due. This course on tht part of Mrl Strong strik ingly differs from that pursued by the Sentinel, in abusing and jyillifying the Chief Justice for partisan purposes. PLAYED OUT. Nothing is so plain tq the people as the vain attempt of the Legislature to deceive them by attempting to restrict the Convention on the Homestead question. In the first place there is not a cross road lawyer in the State that does hot know that the Legislature cannot restrict a Convention ; and in the second place even if tlie Convention : were to keep faith, and not touch the question, they would effectually provide for an overruling of the opinion sustain ing it by displacing the present Supreme Court and appointing in their stead Messrs. W.H. Battle, Judge Merrimon and others whom they know are com mitted, to the unconstitutionality of the act! But gentlemen the people are not to be deceived so easily. The " sharks " who under the advice 'of leading Conservative Democratic lawyers are now quietly vand meanly buying in some, portions of the State the reversionary interests of those claiming ..Homesteads will learn that such vain attempts.of politicians and lawyers to deceive the j people and to make money by pretending to guaran tee what they know they do not intend to prevent, will find themselves deceiv ed, to the entire gratification of every right thinking man in the State. It is too mean gentlemen to try to get their votes, knowing that nothing but a homeless family will be their reward.' YWArningT Straws show which way the wind is blowing. Utterances of public men in dicate what may be reasonably looked for in the political world. It behooves all good men of every sliade of politics to observe the sign3 of the times, and upon the first appearance of danger to sound the alarm, and to w ake up the people,"and arouse them to the impor tance of a preservation of the rights and privileges they enjoy. ; The. public has been recently favored with speeches made at Augusta and Atlanta, Ga., by Jefferson Davis, the President of the late Confederacy,' in which he had the boldness and indcK pendence to throw off the mask, and declare that the " lost cause" is not yet lost; that it still lives in his heart and in the hearts of his followers ; that the day will yet come when the principles for which the South battled for four long years will be recognized and firm ly established throughout the United States. These utterances of Mr. Davis were listened to and applauded by thousands of admiring hearers; the wplkin waa made to riner with the plaudits of his enthusiastic audiences He was waited upon and feted by the men and women of the secession school i hf matrns of Geonna even V humifrht their little children to do horn age at the shrine of the great rebel chief. Whnt doe all this forebode? Well mav the lovers of our country cry out Watchman, what of the night?" The Hoselv observes the horizon, and when in the distance h decries a black cloud not larger tnan a hand, he puts all hands to work to right up his ship and prepare for the comin tempest. So it should be with the wis so statesman, when he discovers the politi cal heavens dotted here and there with ominous clouds, he should begin to put his house in order; he should organize his forces and prepare himself to resist the storm while it is yet in the distance. It will be hazardous in the extreme to put off the necessary preparations until the lightning's flash and the thunder's rdar admonish him that the storm has already burst upon him. It j may then be too late to make successful resistance: In our own State, as well as in Georgia, portentous clouds are gathering in the horizon. Bold and reckless men. who once controlled the State and ruined it, are again beginning to agitate the poli tical waters. The old secession ele ment, like turtles in hot weather, are beginning to raise their heads above water. They are iopping up all over the State, and trying out s thev did in 1861, "Convention! Convention I !" "We must and will have a Conven tion." "If we .can't get it .by fair means, we will have it by foul." Do not the people understand this? Will they not profit by the sad experience of the four terrible years5 of the rebel- L lion ? Are they wil ling for t he biooay scenes of those eventful years to be re enacted? Is' not our land full enough of newly made graves? Are there so many fond ones now at home around the family altars tliat we desire to see some of their places' made vacant? Have we too few widows and orphans in the land ? Is our population becom ing so dense that another thinning out process must be inaugurated? These are serious questions, and should be seriously and calmly considered by re flecting men of all parties, as fhe peace and permanent prosperity of the State in a great measure depend upon them. We do not exiect to influence theminds of politicians and office-seekers in the crisis which is near upon us. i We know too .well the considerations which move them, and the motives which prompt them to action. ' Nor do we expect to meet with favor at thehands of the old aristocracy and slave owners of the land who have j udgments for thousands against their poor neighbors, and have executions now in the hands of sheriffs waiting for the propitious day to come when the little homesteads of their debtors may be levied upon to satisfy their demands to the utmost farthing. No, we are not so silly as to make any appeal to them, but we do appeal to the poor hard working man, who, by thesweat of. lfis brow, earns the daily bread for his wife and little ones on the homestead which is now secured to him by the Constitution and byj the decis ion of the present Judges of the Su preme Court, whom the revolutionists f and conventionists so ardently desire to turn out of office that they them selves may get in, and then eject every debtor in the State from his little home stead. Before it is everlastingly too late, the people are teamed to betcare, ami thwart the designs of interested office seekers and relentless money-kings. For. the purpose of, more thorough organization and united effort, an ad dress has been issued to the colored citizens of the States of Alabama, !Ar- kansas, Delaware, Florida,' Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Tennessee, Ma ryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Vir ginia, West Virginia, and the Terri tory of Columbia, inviting, them to send delegates one from each Con gressional district to meet in conven tion at Columbia, South Carolina, on 18th of nett October. The reports from the Southern States regarding the cotton crop are not very favorabie. Cold J and wet weather have greatly retarded plant ing in many localities, and ) especially in Mississippi and Alabama; A letter frpni Tuscaloosa says the crop, under the most favorable circumstances, will be one month too late, and it is thought very little over three-fourths of a crop will be planted. I 1, THE" SENTINEL" C-N THE' DEMOCRATIC PARTY. , Hi It has long been known, and by none better than by the old Democrats whq are in ' association with the Conserva-j ti ve-demoerat ic .party, that the feelings of bitterness which used to be cherish ed by their present Whig associates tpj wards them because, of differences p opinion as to men and measures in Tvnf " 't:imfs " havebv no means been t,-- , . - ( buried; under the' ruins of their com mon fortunes. We, for. our part wish, to revive no old animosities, f Y e desire to see the people of North Carpj lina forget the past, and with uiiituj hearts and hands take a new departure inrm iho line of common freedom' ana fntiiroi nrosneritv. It seems that th4 Sentinel, the old Bourbons, can for eet nothing of its enmities, and i cart ifHirn nothinsr from misfortune. In the leading article of its issue of the 8th b June,it makes a deliberate attack upon the old Democratic party and its duets f nnrl nnon the old Whiirs who agreed I ? M... . " : . - with them, because in old times the V opposed the calling of a Convention iij UUlUlliJ"li"W"i - y. way, at present proposed by the Con ervative majority of the Legisla It says: ur Those who sajr the proposed method jii Aiieonstitutional, go on the ground mairlt that the Democratic parti, and somd id Whigs ised to say, that a plan like the presf sent one for calling a Convention, uiu no have the Kanctiori of the Constitution,' . It charges that the Democratic party Vas not honest in this, 0 j l " Tt s1tfl th DnintM-ratle nartv interest to keen up and prolong discussion aloni. aniendinents to the Constitution ; it stilted to strengtlien that party, at that: tiniej and the Whigs so chargetl upon them. EjkH party used all the arguments they could command, and among other things, the De mocratic party took the ground that tie JHethod, substantially that which is now jSroposd, was unconstitutional. Bui th arguments 'were political and had little jr ho legof signincance." f Thisean have but one meaning. Tlie chiefs lf the Democratic party, Buffinj Biggs, Dortch, Hill, and others with kuch Whigs as agreetl with them upon this ouestion of constitutional lawi i Winston. Mitchell. &c., did not e X- press their convictions, but : only tended Jo do so, from partisan motiv and to secure a patty triumph, f W are not the defenders of the Democratic party,either of the past or the present;. In our opinion it was guilty of many errorsi But we have never assailed the names' of its chiefs, living or dead-j-mi-ny of which arp " household wbrdsjthilt North Carolina will not willingly lt die"-with the imputation' of mean motives and false pretences. Such dj fe'nce flight to be safely trusted our boltemoraries of the Telegram and the ljlViiiitj(ton Journal. We wait t s(jje If there js yet tire in their Hint; if jthfjy will permit the history of the past to be wrttten now in the spirit of this article bf the Sentinel; or if they have the iii- 'jlependence to vindicate the honesty bf their living and dead friends. e bp- lieve that the honorable men who names we havo mentionetl had t strength of. the argument on tn'eir siie then, j We see no reason j to suspect tnat for party purposes they degraded themselves to the expression of opin ions which were false and insincere1. lint tQ Sentinel, in a supreme coiloit of its owii infallible wisdom; conclu(' es that because the reasons for their o; n ion are, in its opinion, weak, the men (mist have been false, and their conva tions only pretended for the purposes of a arty victorjT. Nothing is easier than foremen of different opinions! to assail teach other's motives! The old tJemocriits and their friends migh re tiiiate; by imputing to the Sentiiel aaid ife! friends now similar motives. The Democrats were then in power, says the Sentinel, and were willing to keep it, not only by illogical reasoning, but by fraud and insincerity. The Deijio cjrats might say, the friends of the Sen tinel are now out of power, and are wil ling to acquire it by any means. We say no such thing; by doing so, owe should expose ourselves to the charge we are making against the Sentinel o f teing.bigotted and. illiberal, But if the arguments; against calling a ConventW. by a bare'majority were convincing tc the able and honest men w ho used tHem at thaf time, how much more convincing mUst Jthe same arguments now be. .when; in addition to their inherent weight, they are enforced by the weight due to! an established principle, and td venerated names. i ! -f . - : , . i The,fact that ftols are as ' dangerous to gotw government as knaves hasi be come &xiGmatc, and has beep too forci-f bly illustrated in our recent experience to tdl(iv us to forget it. However, folly' is hot (confined to territorial limits. We see that the New York Sun is much disi turbed, after reading the Mobile Jielgis tefr and thus discourses of the present antl future of its party : . r j The Democratic party as it has been con stituted and managed for the last eight or tejt yers, and as it seems to le constituted ahd rnpnaged now, is a subject of curious interest to the impartial mind. . If its lead- ers were cmfeMed lanatics, bent on work ing all-1 ssible mischief to their cause, they could hiot outdo what thev have done throughout this memorable decade. Have thjey laared anythihg by the results of this loJig course of "foil v and d isater ? Or ar the sensible men among them but helpless vic tims m the grasp ot. tne loots ana blatner- skites T ! " ' J i , r-- i : -; fl- i SIt has been heretofore I published that the public debt has decreased on ly j $3,000,000 during the past mqnth The official statement shows a decrease of $4,439,358 83. Thus, while the De mocnicv are uttering unceasiner howLs against the Administration,1 it is qui etly proceeding in its career of honest economy, under a constant reduction of taxation. ' ' - I j We learn that N. W. Woodfin. Esq.; of Buncombe, one of the leading men of Vestern North Carolina, and a prom ineht Conservative is open in his oppo- suiou w tne ionvenuon measure. ! MOTHER CAREY'S CHICKENS. There are sea gulls which are known among sailors as Mother Carey's Chick ens. They are the sure precursors of a storm, and the heart of the sailor is filled with anxiety and fear when he sees' them , skimming and screaming over the surface of the ocean, for he knows that there is danger ahead. When the storm comes on these birds fly otTto the shore, or if that is too dis tant, they take refuge in the rigging of ships. , i The habits of these sea birds remind us of certain Democratic politicians. In J8G0 they were upon the agitated surface of the 'political ocean. They were screaming " Convention, Conven tion." '"The safety of the State re quires a Convention."; "The people can call ' a Convention j in spite of the Constitution."; "The people are above all Constitutions." "Slave property will be destroyed unless we have a invention." "There; is no danger of war as the Northern Democrats will help lis." " We can whip the Yankees before breakfast, and wipe up all the blood of the war with af pocket hand kerchief," etc., fcc.x . The storm comes on, and these politi cal 'Mother Carey's Chickens" took refuge in the bombproof offices which they provided for themselves; the Northern Democrats were our fiercest foes; conscripts were forced to fight until there was complete subjugation; slave property was lost ; tlie fortunes of our people were swept away, and the whole country was filled with blood, sorrow and misfortune. ' f For fi ve years there has been a lull in the storm, and Motlier Carey's Chickens have been comparatively quiet. The oldj Whig Union men who lost slaves and offices have been fostering and leading the spirit of opposition and -re sistance to the United ! States .govern? meht. The political waters have again become fearfully agitated, and there is evidently a storm ahead, and Mother Carey's Chickens are again appearing upon the surface. Again they utter the old and ominous cries: "Conven tion," "Convention," "The safety of the State requires a Convention," " The people can call a Convention in spite of the Constitution." ' "There is no dan ger! of a ' revolution, as the Northern Democrats are our friends and .will re surrect, the 'Lost Cause.'" The old secession leaders are in high hopes,, and are again marshalling, their clans. r - If the! people do not takei warning from the terrible experiences of the past, a ikv revolution will involve lis in new misfortunes; our homesteads will be swept away, and we will be. penniless and homeless. Look at the men who are nominated in the various County meetings, and you will recognize many of the men who favored the celebrated Goldsboro' Convention movement.--These Mother Carey's Chickens, ae thef sure heralds of a'storm, and another revolution may bring utter ruin. MR. PHILLIPS' SPEECH. We present to our readers on the outside of to-day's paper, copied from the Telegram, the speech of Mr. Phil-' lips, Representative from Wake, on the first Bill passed by the Legislature ''calling a Convention, and which was rendered inoperative by the refusal of the Governor to violate his oath taken to support the Constitution. We beg special attention to this ' speech, par ticularly to those parts of it, in rela tion to the power of the General As sembly to impose restrictions oh a Convention, and the remarks in regard to Homesteads. If there is a man in North Carolina attached to the home or his wife and little ones, now secured to ;him beyond doubt or cavil, by the Constitution of the State, let him think many, many times before he gives up a certainty and relies upon the prom- ise of those men, who deceived their, constituents by their votes for a Con vention, as. many members of the present Assembly confess that they did. If they are in earnest, when they tell the people, that on account of the clause contained in the act re straining the Convention from-- inter fering with the Homestead, and di recting it to incorporate into the: pro posed constitution the principles - laid down in the case Hill vs. Kessler, their intelligence is entitled to very little respect, and their recommendations to no regard whatever. There is a mystery at present about the passage of this last Aet calling a Convention, which, if cleared up, would enable the people to vote far more in telligent! v oft the matter. The propo sition was killed in the Conservative. caucus, a day or two before the passage of the bill; but owing to some outside influence brought to. bear with the usual Ku Klux secrecy, it was pressed through against the honest convictions of many Conservatives 'themselves. The Act really is not so much an act of the Legislature as it is of a certain clique, w hose aspirations and intentions it will afford us much pleasure, as soon as warm weather really sets in, to ven tilate. . Ill':' ' I--'; We beg to assure our correspondent "Conservative," whose communica tion in another column; will repay an attentive and careful perusal, that he misunderstands our i position, if he thinks that we "join the Conservative onslaught on our present Constitution. On the contrary, wre are prepared to show from our legislative history, and shall do so at the proper time, that there are but few provisions introduced into the . Constitution of 1868, which had not been before out General As sembly and advocated, by many of the best men in the State. GOING -BACK ON THEIR RECORDS. It is an Interesting, though a mourn ful spectacle to behold the present fetatis of the leaders of the glorious oldDe mocracy of the past to see the men who fought under the banner' men change, principles never," surrender ing their old time-iaitliand convictions under the lash of their old enemies, the Whigs. It U indeed a time for rejoic ing to the old Whig leaders, but none the less of humiliation to their ancient enemies. In all that was involved in the contest before the Avar, thexVhigs have 'triumphed and the Democrats hive been forced to admit themselves in error. ! ' ' . ' i ." I I We are led to these reflections by. the present attitude of the old Democratic leaders on the question of Convention. They; fought the Whigs through all the Free Suffrage contest, and the Ad valo rem campaign in opposition to the very theory of calling a Convention, which the Whigs have forced them to accept, and what - is worse, they are dragged out in the newspapers, in addresses and comni unicaiions, wh ich gi v.e the lie to all their p'st utterances on this isubject. ,One by one they are being led forth to deiiuuMce themselves out of their own nioutti and in bitterness to eat their own dirt. ; No man will deny that in 1S54 and up to 1800, the Democratic party occu pied the san'ie position aa to the method Qf calling a Convention, and amend ing the Constitution, that is now advo cated by the Republicans while Gra ham uttering communism in the Senate of North Carolina, the Demo cratic leaders were denouncing him as a revolutionist . and his pet measur the calling of a Convention by the pres ent plan as the wxrst of political here sies and a plain violation of the Con stitution. ' ! jAgain, in I860, when the Whigs were once more agitating the calling of a Convention on the Graham plan, the Democratic party considered it of such importance, to prevent! this radical movement, that it was made tl le sul ject of an 'extended examination in the fa mous 'address if that year issued by thjeir Executive party to the freemen of. North Carolina, and of wldch we W7II make the following brief extract, all that our space will permit, - r But the late Contention of the opposi tion party has io unci a new and in their opin ion,, a better method for altering our funda mental law contrary to the traditionary pdlicy'of our fathers, in the face of the meth od heretofore advocated by the, Denweratic party and ve may safely tn opposition to the spirit, if not the letter of our present Con stitution. IXet the reader hero note, that the provision hi the'Constitutiou of le8 and lSSo, for aenUiny the Constitution and for pulling u Uonvenuon 01 tne people are iden tical.! i 'It is true that clause 1st 6f art. iv, sec., li of the amended Constitution does prescribe Ihe mariner in which a Convention of the people may be called by the General Assembly', but the second iase of the same Article and section prescribes that no pdrt of' the Constitution of this State shall be ulcrcl unless a bill to alter the same shall haive been agreed to by three-tilths of the whole! number of the members of each branch of the General Assembly, unless such bill- shall have been published six months previotis to a" new election of mem bers to the General Assembly, unless at the next session of the General Assembly there after, two-thirds of the whole number of members of each branch of the legislature shall agree to the alteration proposed, and niially, unless tne amendment or am ments mo suggested to them shall be rai by a majority of the qualified voters of the House ot Commons tnrougnout tne State. Any one who will read these two clauses in icohj unction, is lorced to tne conclusion that th( framers of our fundamental law never intended mat a uonveniion 01 me people bhould be called for the purpose of merely amending our organic law, certainly not for the purpose of making a single amendment and but one alteration is alleged to be need ful by the oppositionists. Il' doubt can ex ist upon this subject, we can refer 'to the 'debates in Convention in 1835, when upon an j exam matron by any unprejudiced man, th construction of tliis clause of our Con stitution heretofore t adopted by the Demo cratic party, atid nop urged by them, must be jthe true one. The 1st clause which pre scribes the majority of the General Assem bly which-is necessary to legalize a Conven tion of the, people, was inserted, from abun dant caution, for fear it mighty be necessary at onie time to tear down the whole of our political fabric or make great alterations in its jfoundatioiis ; or iest for some other cause no connected' with the mere slights altera tion of-tliat structure it might become ne bessary for the sovereign people to meet in Convention. We will not pause here to argue the right bf the ; Convention to impose limitations upon the action of a majority of the people, merely expressing the opinion, from which few, save the mosfi radical can dissent, that Whatever the power of the Convention may have been, yet the people themselves may prescribe to themselves a rule of action and pui limits upon their own power, 'which theV have done by conforming the action of the "Convention of 1835." j his I Democratic address, the most pa -t of which is an able argu ment against the proposed plan of calling; a Convention, and ever against mending the Constitution at 11 other thin by the legislative plan, was signed by all the then Executive Committee 6f the party. Among them the Hon. p, M. Barringer, who has lately occu pied a whole page of the "Sentinel with hi arguments in favor of the present plan, and the Hon. John Kerr, now a candidate on the same platfornS. It: was the doctrine proclainied from every stump in North Carolina by the Democratic orators and was the politi cal Shibboleth with which they tri umphed over the Whigs' of that day. But the day of the "Whigs has come. The old -Democratic party has surren dered to the diplomacy of those whom hey; had routed in a manly fight. Arid now, indeed, may Governor Graham nd the lesser lights of his party, feel proud that th6y have snatched from the brow of their ancient foe the cluster ing honors of the past. -I We have no personal interest with these constantly recurring humiliations pf a once proud and useful party.. But as a friend of human right we can never forget that these old Democrats were in the vanguard in all the attacks on class and property governments,, and by their; gallant assaults gained at least for white men, equal political and civil rights. ".. ; A man whom we can put up with a good hotel-keeper. THE ABOLISHMENT OF COUNTY COURTS. The gentlemen who'framed the pres ent Constitution of North) Carolina have been denounced, as yRadicals" from Currituck to Cherokee, because they abolished the old countyv Court system and substituted therefor ; the system of Township or neighborhood Courts. ! If Democrats or Conservatives w ho denounce members of tne Consti tutional Convention of 18G8,"as Radi cals" were told that Gov. Graham , is the author of this measure in North Carolina, some of therii would be great ly surprised, and many would not be lieve it.' I y ;"J. - -. i-f For the especial benefit of gentlemen who are opposed toall Radicals, we publish the following extract from the message of Gov. Will. A. Graham,1 to the General Assembly of North , Caro lina 184G-'47; j " It is commended to your enqui ry wheth er all jurisdiction of Pleas in the County Courts may not be with advantage abolished, and those Courts be permitted to remain onlr for purposes of Probate and County Police, with a session of but a single day in each month. By substituting for the present system of County and Superior Courts, with six terms in the year, three terms only of the Superior Court held by Judges learned in the law, an arrangement would be intro duced far less expensive to the public, and the'parties in legal controversies; while greater despatch and correctness would be attained in the administration jof the law. Such a change would require some addition to the present number of Judges, to whom salaries must needs be paid, but this would be inconsiderable com pared to the payments now made to Jurors and Justices attending four Courts a year in the various counties to say nothing of the time spared !to all con cerned, and the less accumulation of costs on the losing parties from greater expedi- irr in. th termination of causes If all law suits could be ended in one, or at most, two years Irom tneir commencement, instead 01 being, as .they often are, transmitted from lather tQ son, loaded with; costs (far exceed ing the value of the original subject of con test, it would be a reform, of tlie greatest importance, The small number pi causes nn mrtKt nf the dockets makes the present a favorable period for the introduction of this system which has been adopted and highly approved alter trial, in omer otaies 01 me Union." - , j : If any gentleman doubts jthe genu ineness of this extract, he is respect fully referred to the Legislatv? Docu ments Qf North Carolina 18417., j So Governor W. A, Graham is en titled to the credit of suggtipg this radical change in the judical system of the State, ! r.. I r Our Republican Constitution pro vides, "That this State shall ever re main a. member of the j. American Union; that the people thereof are. a part of I the American nation ; that there is no right on the part of the State to secede, and that all attempts from whatever source, or lipon what ever pretext, tq (sfeolve sidd Union, or to seyer bidd nation, ought to be re sisted with' the .whole poyer of the State. That every citizen ojf tbla State owes paramount allegian.ee to the Con stitution and Government of the United States, and that no &w- tw or dinance of the State ' x cintravention or subversion .thovof can have any binding force. " The first Convention Act trained by the present Democratic legislature expressly prohibited the jdonvention from abolishing this, prOyion. The present Convention Act was bopiexl from the first aet, and this prohibition was designedly omitted. Why j this omis sion? The reason is given ' by Mr. NOT SETTLED. Davis, the great Commune I Chief in his speech at Atlanta ; . "There was a good deal oif talk about accepting the situation,'1 bijt as for as he was coiicerned, he would "accept nothing." These miserable phrases about "accepting the situation" be cause our rights had been' submitted to the arbitrament , of thejswQrd and lost, were the excuses ,of; dunces and cowards." 1 I j . 1 The common class had received the watch word of the Chiefj-and they withdrew, their prohibition of the ac tion of the Convention, This hereti cal Republican dogma must be stricken from the Constitution as "il yill delay the day of deliverance," ! Call a Convention and-nothing will be settled. We will be "at jea" again, and it will be a "sea of troubles." Es tablish the doctripe that a bare major ity of an excited people can overturn a government and this will jbe! the end of all republican government. We will soon; fallow in the path of the Communes of Paris and the Guerillas of Mexico. I i " f I The liichmond Uispatcft, a paper op posed to Gen. Grant's administration, thus speaks of 1 the benefits resulting from the financial policy of jthej Repub lican party. That paper says ? j Mr. Boutwell. has reduced the public debt so mueh that) thj annual interest upon it is now Over twelve millions of dollars leas than it was two years ago. rne country wm thus save that large sum annually. -' j .'. i . Not only has he thus Relieved the people of a large annual burthen, but he has set free over, two hundred mil lions of dollars of capital, I which' has been or must be invested in some other way. He paid otf more than eleven millions of dollars of the public debt during the month of March, just past. Some of the money thus Set free was, perhaps, in Chesapeake and Ohio Rail road bonds, and perhaps some! in Vir ginia lands. We merely suggest these as possible investments, we: Know. however, that the capital jwill not bp permitted to He idle, andthatt he South ern States must necessarilyi get a share Of it. So that whilst Mr. Boutwell is reducing the burthen of interest he is giving us a chance to have, the benefit of some of the money which he thus puts into circulation." 11 No Government has ever before, nor has any administration of this Govern ment ever made so magnificent an ex hibit of success In the "management of its ; finances, as haa . Gen. Grant's ad ministration during the time he has been President. J POLITICAL GRATITUDE. The New York Sun is Of opinion tliat there are two men in the Urd ted States to whom the Republican party is great ly indebted. Mr. Datis is onelwjio, some" time ago, made a speech inSelma, Ala.,,in which the Sun .says ," he pro-s claimed 'his willingness to figh ; over lhon. again the battles he lostin therebe This speech was a gcklsencl to the lte publicans, and they ought to find some means of rewarding Mr. Davis for thoi service he has rendered them. . j ' Another man to whom jfhe Repul lican iparty is indebted, continues Iho Sun, "is Frank Blair, of Missouri." Frank is a good-natured fellow, and does not mean any great harm to any body ; but his tongue is iwwerful 11ml always swift. He wants to fighlt over the lost battles of reconstruction, ami whenever he gets a ehaftce ho jdrjign them out again and holds them up like a Raw Head and Rloody Rones for po litical geese to bo frightened at. I . t, " For some time past the Repulil ican party has lived and flourished on tlie stupidity of the. Democracy,.: and the prospect seems fair for its living by this means for some time to cornel All Democrats are not fools, we hope ; .but some of them -aroy-' and" so' loud in their folly that people ; in I general are con vinced that it belongs to tho' wholes party. We trusjt the Republicans y i 1 1 not be ungrateful, and that they wi 11 at an early day present suitable; testi monials to Jeff Davis and Fiiank Blair." . ' ' ' 1 ' ' ; ;-.'' ' ( ) ' In this connection we may ald, that if ever a iarty were put under ever lasting obligations to their political i ponents, on account of, acts of suicijlal folly and reckless legislation, that debt of gratitude is due from the Republican party in North Carolina to the Conser vative Legislature, recently adjouriuHl. Of the five hundred and sixteen Acts' passed', at least three himdml apil fifty are useless and perfectly indefensible, and many of the same palpable! viola tions of the spirit and letter of thp (.Wi stitutiori. Such a record cannot ,ln ih fended before the ieople, nor will, t he people endorse any such nvdtctw audi revolutionary legislation IRRIGATION AND IMMIGRATIONS .Til mnemnaui uazette gives,- in the following extract,1 some sound sei nsioie 4 advice to those who are lookim 'ST for other, homes 'than-in .the j crowded thoroughfares of the Eastern citi. I n our cpininUj.the objection to j Colorado, on Recount of the scarcity of water, may be urged with efjual force to "all the ter ritory north of. the northern boi ndarv of Missouri, on account ' of the lengtliy and jeyerity of the winters. Li ing in a climate in which, out-door work jean be performed all the- year, it sej nis. strange lo us, that any intelligeixt riiafe should voluntary seek a homej where he is confined to the house on aeeftuTit oC snoV arid frost for two; r three mont hs in every twelve. The Gazette, ; speaking of Co3 radT says; . . , j " Horace Greelev lately delivered address before an agricultural society of Long Island onSystematicColonizalSou, meaning'asscK'iatiHl emigration. J ( ) lo rado was the El Dorado momnieiHied. One advantage of associated tihigrat ion, he said, was that it would enable them to join their labor to provide meai)s of , irrigating the land, this being it neee sity iu Colorado. .'.'-'-We can give the !s tematic colonists, advice' worth twooT that on emigrating to Colorado , It is. this: Don't go near it J don't, go within a hundred miles of any land that need- , irrigating. The emigrant w1k, in thi.-: country where land with every ad vant age is to be had for squatting on it, gm; to land that must be artificiaJly'irrigat ed i before it will bear is incapaMoof taking care of himself. The juan who advises it -ought to be madoUotry it, and ought to be suspentUil 'from tin; usoof type until he am raise a njuclr as'heeats. 1 . . ' " We say, don't go within a hundred" miles of it. A Uvud destitute of ruin for more than half the year is an uiuhv sirable land to live in, even if yoJu havt by great labor irrigated yourovniint'h. There is plenty Of good land in ii desir able climate to bo had by possessing it, or I for a small price j , Any practical farmer who emigrates will go (where there is gtod land, and not where he has to irrigate or drain or underdrain or apply phosphates. These will do for the theoretical farmers of the cities, who have incomes to sink, in fancy fanning. And they who go where the land and climate are desirable will not long lack good neighbors. 1 Practica I fanners know this well euough, and may be relied on to make their way to, the region of good lands. " But to the laboring men of New York city,, who., totally ignorant f fanning, are ayisl; to emigrate to Colorado and go dig ging irrigating ditches, we would, say, trust the mock auction men, tin patent safe men, the men who borrow Ismail sums on checks of imposing magj itiuh" trust any rogues or swindler i rather tnan tne nonewt universal beniefacb)i- who advises yon to take your fahdliW into tne qesert where you niust irrigate- tne,ianci before you can grow' the loo 1 to save tnem from starving," COMMON SOLXUEiS, The common soldier leav'ert hid home, suffers the hardships and pri vatic iw of the camp, and encounters 1 the danger and death on the battle field, while the officers get all the lame and glory. He is prompted by a spirit of heroism and love of country, and he is often poorly repaid by the gratitude of his country men. j The homestead men are mostly the "jank and file" of the political nny. There is no chance for them tj get office. The approaching political con- ; test will determine whether - they art i willing to give up their nleo and hap py homes, in order that the political leaders may have an easy place in the offices of the State, 1 We learn that Wm J Duty, an escaped! ! I convict fsom the Penitentiary, was ar rested a few days sine in Chatham county and lodged In Titteboro' jail, j - ' 1 i i i i i- I.'- V. f . 'i !;

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