North Carolina Newspapers

    .i i
BACKBONE.
" ' When yon soe a fellow mortal '
Without fixed and fearless vievra,' " ' 1
"" Harisring on the skirts of others, ' 1 f .
Walking in their cast-off shoe,, ' ; -
' IVwinjr low to wealth or favor,. ' ' ' :
"With abject, uncovered head,' . ;
Ready to" retract or waver, ;
"TAVilling to be drove or lead ;
''Walk yourself with firmer bearing,
Throw your, moral shoulders back,
- 8how your spine has nerve and marrow '
J ust the thing which his must lack. . " '
A stronger word j ' '.,
Was never heard
In sense and tone, i
' Than this, backbone. .' ' .
When you see a theologian '
r I lugjring close some ugly creed,
Fearing to reject or question k
lomias which hw priest may read, ,.
Holding back all noble feeling.
Choking down each manly view,
Caring more for form and sy m loLs
Than to know the Good and "True,
Walk yourself with firmer bearing,
Throw your moral shoulders Uiek,
Show your spine has nerve and marrow
J ust the tiling which his must lack.
-A stronger word '
Was never heard 1
; ' In sense and totie,
Than this, backbone; '
"Whene'er you see a politician r
Crawling through contracted holes,
Hogging for some fat position, j .
In the ring or at the polls,
With no sterling manhood In him, -Nothing
stable, broad or sound,
Destitute of pluck or Ixdlast, ;
Doublesidcd all around,
Walk yourself with firmer bearing.
: .Throw your moral shoulders lack,
KIkjw your spine has nerve and marrow
Just the things which his must lack.
A stronger word .
Was never heard - '
In ense and tone, ; .
' - Thau this, backbone, j
, . ! . .
A modest song, and plainly told
The text is worth a mine of gold ;
For many a man must sadly l:u-k
A noble stiffness in the bsu-k.
f
. . NO.
, No home, no friends-
t No one that lent Is,
So hopes that till my heart with pleasure,
- No hat no bbot
No pleasant news.
No earthly thing to call a treasure.
No room, no bed
No fine silk sprc:wl.
No dressing gwn to wrap me' up in ;
No gloves, no socks, j
No black silk stocks,
No-thing like these for 'me to get in. ;
' r 1 r-
No kin, no wife ' - -
' No love for lifej
No telling what will cinne to-niorrow,
t . No place to stay,
No joy to-tUiy, j 1
No frienlly smile to sooth my sorrw. "
No love, no light
No visions bright, .
" No thou if lit for me that's gay or funny,
No sUM'p no rust i 1
'"No kind leiie$t, , ' ".
And what is worse Uian all jro money. .
Ltty of the xtntp'd jtrinter.
RISING IN THE WORLD.
" ' " . -' Y f ' -'
You should bear constantly in mind
that nine tenths of us' are, from the
- very nature and necessities of the
world, born to gain our livelihood by
the sweat of the brqw. Vhat reason
have we. then, to presume that our
children are not to do the same?
they be, as now and then one. will
be,
endowed with extraordinary jiowers
,of mind, those extraordinary lowers
of mind may have an opportunity of
developing themselves ; mid, if they
never have that opportunity, the
harm is not very greatto us or to
them. Nor does it hence follow tliat
the descendants of laborers are always
to be laborers. The path upward Ls
steep and long, to be sure. Industry,
care, skill, "excellence in the present
jKirent, lay the foundation of a rise,
under more favorable circumstances,
for the children. Hie children of these
take another rise; and, by-and-by, the
descendants of the present laborer be
come gentlemen.' This is the natural
progress. is by attempting to reach
the top at a single leap that so much
misery Is produced in the world. So
ciety may aid m mak.r.g the laborers
virtuous and happy, by bringing chil
dren up to labor with steadiness, with
care, and .with skill ; to show them
'how to do as many useful things-as
possible; to do them all in the best
manner; to set them an example in
industry; sobriety,! cleanliness and
neatness; to make all these habitual to
them, so that they never shall be lia
ble to fall into thej contrary; to let
them always see a good living pro
ceeding from labor, and thus to remove
from them the temptation to get at
the goods of others by tviolent and
fraudient means, and to keep far from
their minds all thej " inducements to
hypocrisy and deceit: Vohbett.
. . . t
A SCHOOL-BOVS COMPOSITION ON THE
BULL FROG.
Ttin hull fro u o-rn.; Tf T .ronld
iunmlikeonelcouMbeafapiirortwo
pigs. Jt rogs is a bam neadea animal
tut he canrt draw Umber for a meetin'
. . .... , . cl . .
ut he uurt draw Umber lor a meetm
diouse. . If I was a frog it would hurt
me to stand . on my head to see the
President, sworn .in. Jane. Martin
wears a red dress and hopped .at me
when I didn't know it. it scared me
so I juinHxl too. If frogs could run
with a fire machine it would be fun to
go too or they are all Baptists. When
they growl they don't bite. Mother
incited tho !ottom out of her tea-jot,
and Lordy, how dad! ripped alxut it.
Geese have more feathers than young
frogs, but geese don't give milk. Nor
docs a wild frog. When ashes are
worth fifteen centa a buhel is the lest
time to go frogging. Little frogs
Ieep, but who is afraid?- Scrambled
frogs are nice in cold coflee, but as for
me. cive me liberty or death, but no
irogsora revoiuu on; in .r ranee. I'm
- ' ....-! 1 l
goin to sell my dog and see then if. he
wont fetch - something. Frogs' never
have the mumps, but they always
come with a spring. A
THOMAS Shike.
Five ways to destroy Ants:
1. Pour copiously hot water as near I
the boiling point as possible, down
their burrows, and over their hills,
and repeat the operation several times.
2.' Entrap the ants by means of nar
row sheets of stiff paier, or strips of
loard, covered with some sweet, sticky
substance. The ants are attracted by
the sweet, and, sticking ist, can be
destroyed as often as a sufficient num
ber are entraDDea. .
3. lay .fresh bones around their 1
r
haunts. They will leave, everything f
else to attack these, and when thus
accumulated,, can be aippea in not
- .. .al
i
t
.water.
' ; 4. Pouriwo or three teaspoonsfuls
of coal tar into their holes, and they j
will abandon tne nest, i ; .-.-
5. Bury a few slices of onions in
their nests. , and they will abandon
them, "
i Pootry.
: ... . . : : . ! I' ( h
SPEECH OF THE HON. WM. Bj SHEPA5D,
In Vie Senate of 2sorth . Carolina, on the bill
to ascertain the sense of the people on call
' ing a Convention. ' - ' ' ; " ' I
An engroesed.bill from the House of
Commons proposing to take a vote of
the people on the propriety of calling a
Convention to amend the Constitution
being before the Senate, Mr. Wm. 15.
Shepard spoke an follows :' . ! '
I have so often. Mr. Speaker, -during
this session addressed the Senate, that
it i with great reluctance I afrain in
trude upon it. I feel; however.5 that
some reply should be made to the re
marks of the gentleman irom iiuwier
ford, who ha.s just taken his seat, as
well as to those which fell from the
erentleman from Buncombe yesterday.
The bill upon your table proposes to
take the voice of a majority or me peo-
pie upon the propriety of calling a Con -
vention to amend the Constitution.
The Constitution ioints out ! precisely
the mode of calling Conventions, and
amending the instrument. The gen
tleman from Rutherford has made the
discovery, that amendments to the
Constitution, made through the instru
mentality of a Convention, were more
suitable to the genius of our people, and
more republican, than when made by
act of the Legislature, which act is' af
terwards to be ratified by the jeople
themselves. It seemstome, Mr. kSieak
er, if either of the two modes of amend
ment, sanctioned by the Coastitution,
can Ik? called particularlv republican in
its character, the one by bill is undoubt
edly 'entitled to this distinguishing
trait. When an amendment is made
by an act of the Legislature which is
afterwards submitted to the people for
their approval, a voteis taken upon the
proposed measure alone; it must stand
uiKin its own merits, and not rely upon
extraneous circumstances for success.
On the contrary, should a Convention
be called, the whole Constitution will
-belaid lefore that body, bid such
amendments as it may think p.roier to
make, will be submitted in gross to the
poopla; the consequence will be, some
few popular amendments will le incor
porate I with others of doubtful exje
uiency, and the riopular airindment.s
made to carry others which,5 if left to
themselves, would not receive the T)tes
of a majority -of the people, il am not,,
therefore, Sir, at all surprised that loth:
the crentlemen from llutherford and
BuncomlH? are so unwilling to see Free
SulTrare. by itself and alone'subinitted
to the iieople. If they could i have per-J
suaded the Senate to reject the 1 Tee
Suffrage bill, and retain it for agitation,
as a proper clamor, to urge the necessi
ty for an unlimited Convention, they
might have stood some chance of suc
ceeding. As it is now, however, when
the cry for Convention is reduced to
its own merits exclusively, I think the
pnsTect of success very small ; lie
cause there is not, in fact, the slightest
necessity, for a Convention: nor any
reason whv the people should be sub
jected to its unavoidable -expense and
turmoil. There is no amendment or
the Constitution desired by a cdnstitu
"tional majority of the people, which can
not' be procured more certainly, and at
less risk and trouble, by legislative en
actment than by a Convention. This
feature of our Constitution, so far from
deserving the denunciation jit has re
ceived from some gentlemen, is, in my
If judgment, its wisest, its .most conser-
vative fwiture.. It is the very feature
which gives to the ieople themselves
the sole and exclusive right of deciding
what and hov many amendments shall
be made to the Constitution.! Tbc gen
tleman from llutherford says, were a
Convention called, it would be con i
ixsed of the, wisdom, the gravity, and
the exiR'rience of the State. 1 am
afraid, sir, should he live, to see a Con
vention assembled in North Carolina,
his Utopian visions will be sadly dis
appointed. It will be composed of pr
ciseiy tne Siime sort ot people as tnos
wno compose imsiseiiaie; a nine wiser
Ieriiaps, prooaoiy not niucji oiuer, or
niore experienced, but they will be
men governed by like passions and pre
judices with ourselves, each one strug
gling to obtain some power or advan
tage, for his own section, and thinking
it meritorious to do so. This natural
result of a Convention Mas perfectly
well known to the framers of our Con
stitution, and, for that reason, they
made a vote of two-thirds of the Legis
lature necessary to the call ; and that
it should never be done upon light and
frivolous reasons, a mode was pointed
out by which the sense of the people
could be taken upon all proposed
amendments. . ".
A very large majority of the people
refill iu Mt-iMie: x"iw ouurif,T. J.J11S
subject "has leen much .discussed in
two gubernatorial campaigns, and a
ntirutiui f-ji fork iuuMln . liniiil 4t-hjfi
change lx? approval of by such a mai
jority as would justify a change of th4
irv ..,.i.f
disturbing any other feature of the in-
strument. Should it hereafter be"
found that a decided ma oritv of t hft
lHxple are in favor of tlie mode f
1.. n - 1
fiwung uiejuugu uy me peoiie, or oi
altering the kisis of representation as
now established, let each of these ques
tions separately and distinctly, lm sub
mitted to the people, that they may
be fairly discussed, and fully under
stood by them, and then let the vote
be taken upon each proposition by .it
self. I do not. wish a Convention,
where the friends of those measures
could combine, and force the people to
hike them all, in order to get some one
measure they might desire. . -
It is, , therefore, Mr. Speaker, .per
fectly manifest that so far as amend
ing the Constitution in any manner
that'may be the wish of a constitu
tional majority of the people of .Xprth
Carolina, is the object, there is not fne
slightest necessity for a Convention.
flfrntlemon. themfnrt whn r nm.
- r y T '
ing a Convention so vehemently, and
who will 1k satisfied with nothing but
a Convention, must have some ,ulte-
nor uwjevi in view, iney nave even
snurneci i roo founrage, tne object- ot
their first love, which, iM mistake
MAT VlOh2 TU'A Xi4l H3 nnv . Vx ndUy
cnensnea, ana petted upon this floor,
by all those valiant gentlemen, who so
gallantly defended the rights of the
down-trodden and .oppressed "West.
V hy is this sor Sir ? We might, for
some time, look for a : solution of this
mystery, if the gentlemen' from Bun
combe had not, in his speech yester
day, Kinaiy lurnisned us with a solu
tion. I requested the reporters to note
that speech carefully, and to publish
it verbatim, that the whole people of
JSorth Carolina might know the mil
cause of all this uproar about a Cons
vention. ' It seems, then, that a Con
vention is aesirea Dy tne gentlemen
a. . ... . -
I at -rm - i i j i
nuin iuuuuuiu mm uito no act
with, hinl, not because the West is op-
pressed by our. present Constitution
bid softly to cfiang the bcusiz of repre-
trie command of the House of Commons,
may likewise get the Control of the Sen-
I
nfa nnsl iJunJ Aftna the, nprnfJerfLan. ire tta
r ?
v- 1 . - tr - t - I,
extend our llailroad to Tennessee ana
redeem the character of orth Carolina.
Jlefojre tne f gentlemen from .BunJ
ombe .unfurl the banner of aConvcrv
'tion arid ' Inscribes" tipeJn It What jhe
confesses to be its real 6bject, viz :j to
give; to the: non-tax-paying counties
the unlimited power of taxation, with
out any control whatever, I would d
vse Jiiui to look closely into this , mat
ter, and see what rank and cruel -'injustice,
it would work. ..... ':.- u-vi -l;
Let us examine the district repre
sejrited by the gentleman of Buncombe,
anu see where, and in -what, his Cpn
.stjtuents are oppressed by the provis
ions of-the present Constitution, arid
compare them with the burdens thrown
upon my constituents, that we haay
exactly understand which party has
the- greater right to adopt his favorite
notion of rebellion or revolution; 'or,
?v? " tninj . (Ain-nniont tiT.innpr ! tfi
. ,jro the Constitution under which
ty j-ve j jt yir thee two ' U&
tricts at hazanl. because they all
the best .defence of the present Coi
lit l
tut ton, -and because they; more imjne
difitelv concern the gentleman and
myself. ' i . j
I (fhe district -represented by the gejji
tl?mah, is imposed of the counties of
litHicombe, Henderson and Yaney.j It
edntaitis a riopulation of 19,0o7 whites,
arfpaid into the State Treasury! in
187, 132, 79. It is represented: hi
tlfe Senate by one member, and) by
fodr in tlie Ilouse of Commons. The
district represented on this floor by Jne.
ha a w hite jiopluation of 8,010, md
paid i to the State Treasury in 1 v!7,
$2rSi9s. Thus we.see, Sir, that the
pc)ple; whom I have the honor to ri
rcisent (m this iloor, paid into the State.
Treasury in 1817, $-11019 more tfian
the constituents of the gentleman fjojin
IJunco'mbe, and are represented in Jthe
Ijegislature.'by ' two memliers lesnJ
SlKiuld the gentleman from Buncombe
sy creed in his' wishes, to change Jthe
representation m i ne oenaie, uie u-
pie, of Pasquotank and Ferquiinniis,
aiiiiougn paying largely more reuuu.
than Buncombe, Haywvxxl and afiry,
, would be unrepresi'iittnl m the Semite,
an(l would stand as two to four: in jthe
Houstl of Commons. 1
iXow, Sir, I appeal to the geirtlenmii's
own fairness, ana ask him if he ha(l the
itinver, would he commit such ran 14 in-
justice as tmsr in wnat are ms ctn-
stituents oppressed hy me present ar
raiigenients of the Constitution ? Tl jey
have-'largely the majority in thedT4use
of Commons; no bill can possibly! be
come a law' without the apiroval of the
western mem bers, and in the SenjUe
his . hi&an eipial vote with my coaMit
uentsJ 'although they pay muchjless
revenue to the State. Ioes the geiitle
nian tjimk it a grievance that, beciise
he desires a splendid scheme of a' : rail
road civteading toTeimesstv, he ha? .pot
likewfse the unlimited power of taxa
tion, hich would enable him to throw
the larger part of the burden of iiuch
railroad ujHUi people who have" not jjuid
nevertcau nave, any nueresi viiait':er
in it 4 - i
i. l
Wlihtever mav be the wishes of th
gentleman from Buncombe
p on this Jdub
e sneaksiithe
ject, I will not believe he speaks
feel infos', of his people. The land of the
mountain and the torrent is proverbial
lyjtlHf abode of the free and the bnu e.
I .-will! not believe that, whilst thev
Vcherisli so fondly tlie inestimable bUess-
iiifs "jf freedom, they would, knowiug
lyj placii upon any for -ion of their briii
rMn a kiiost oppresVv? burden.; Vhy,
ti)en,Sgenllenieu may say, reject a jJ"ii
venti4n? In reply, I vote against a
Convention,' not beciiuse l doubt! itiie
justice aud fairness of the people of the
VCst,' but bevause I have no confidence
in the, politicians who would till that
Convention. The gentleman from Bun
6jnbe, who would doubtless phiy'a
conspicuous part in that Convention,
should it assemble, has already tolil us
t par. lie desires the power, and t he
jncans, to make an extensive Railrpad.
siieli ieing lus wishes, he wauld think
r .n
right and proper, and would be
eyen able to convince some of our l,ast
efn litical aspirants, that the pebpie
of the) State would be vastly benefitted
1 'A? t fa 1 isle r ri n g the r i gh t t o ta x t!rom
tTw wjwho pay to those who do not bay.
f 1 ,!X)man in the Senate is more ready
tluui myself; to strike from our Consti
tution any feature that is burdensome
id the West,' or to give them any addi
tional guards for the irotectipn of their
i lro tectum ot their
y. But when ten
' and coolly te lfme
and power mput
jersoais and jropertv
tleinen get up. here
theyhvish the right
their hands in my pocket, and takd mv
moncly without my consent, to ( cut
tlowil mountains and fill up valleys,
from j which I cm, in no conceijii)!e
nia'nner, derive any tencfit, they inust
at least expect a very severe scuttle be
foie they succeed.
.What, Sir, was the object in the for-
lmtion of government? Solely, and
firi other purpose, than the prdtee-
."".f Person ana propeny. i'nifrt v
Us exclusively the creature of iroviorn-
,nVnh ,A"a hen' to thisluiHlamc?ital
TO5 e VnmenU there was
,uvul'' "vunl"" u,iU
WW "rvative principle thatttix-
uiioii it lit 1 renreseiiTHTion snoniii o-:
to-'
(,.L . ".""." V
l ?r, WWM
nev
limi peiitvieci me ciesigns oi mi.; iilsu
tutioai. - ; ; . j ' . j
T cjo not lielieve, .Sir, that the wit of
man 'could devise a more perf ect scheme
for the security of the persons and pro
perty, of an extended common wealth,
organized upon. 'republican principles,
thanf the present basis of representation,
as! contained in our present Constitu
tion The House "of Commons reprc-'
selits persons, for although the basjis is
afedvral one.slaves being in the ejfe of
our law both persons "and property,'
sxui tne i touse oi commons mar be
said Kvith truth purely to represent the
white population of the country, as that
Opiilation has a" vast numerical major
ity, 'and alone speaks through thejbal-;
lot-box, and controls without an effort:
and without dispute, the pnceelings
of that House. The Senate is based
upon taxation, and is intended t se
curest he property of the ditferentf(;ec-
iicn? irom invasion, or irom nemg osecl
for purioses alien to that p'ropertyj or
in Wliich it could have and feel no in
terest. It is based upon the plain land
obvious truth, that those person ivho
pay for the support of Erovemmient.
should have Qine voice in appropriat
ing its' revenues. Ir. 3fadison said - in
tne debates on the federal Constitution,
thatf r whenever there is i danger of
attack, there ought to be a constitu
tional power of defence' Tliis was the
opinion of one of our greatest men; be
fore the discovery was made that per
fpet wisdom resided in bare majorities,
M hejther that majority had any 'interest
in thej subject tr not. !
r.Npw I ; would ask the gentleman
frpni Buncombe how long would I the
tax - payers . of the lanre tax navins-
1 1 - '
couimes. oi . iiertie, iiaiilax, Warren
and New Hanover, have any control
over their property, if it were not for
the protection atferded them in j the
. . . r i ry
Senate against mad schemes of internal
improvement, and other nrodieal
w3ie vi puouc money j
VNb pe'rsons are so prodigal, or libej-r
at, if you please, of money, as those
persons who do not draw from their
own resources; and the only way to
make legislative bodies eoonomicil
and considerate, is to keep constant!:
before the: qyes of ithe represensau
the responsibility, to his tnstituen
Jsow, bir, where Avould be trie respo
sibility of the eentlernaii from IJu
combe, safely entrenchetl in his tnou
tains, to the people of Xew llanovej
after having voted to tax them twi
as much as his own constituents, t
whole of which tax was to be spent
giving him a good, road to lenn
! These principles, i JMr. Sneaker, a
pear to me too plain to need much
lustration : and if it were not for tl
agrarian notions, which, under t
mask of republicanism, are insinuati
themselves in society, they wou
meet with no dissent, because they a
perfectly fair,' with foundations deep
laid in" the unalterable principles
truth and justice, h i
Since the passage! of the Free Suf
frage bill, and the removal of that ii-i
vidious distinction which existed in
all the comities, between the land hold
er, and all other tax-payers .which was
often unreasonable,'! can see nothing
in the Constitution ;. to be com plaint d
of, which cannot be "remedied-' much
better by, legislative enactment than
by a Convention, r
As to the idi which has been veiy
iiwlustriously circulated, ihat a '.Con
vention would be composed by mn
less likely to be- governed by self-ih-terest,
it is a mere delusion a mei'e
coinage of the brain..-' The inhabitants
of.the tax-paying portions of the State
will never consent to go into a Con
vention, unless they are disposed :o
surrender at discretion a folly i f
which 1 do not supp se them capable.
It is incorrec t to suppose that the Seiir
ate is org-aniw-1 upon aristKratic prin
ciples. r?mce tne lwssiige oi the rrte
J Suffrage bill, the Senate is as perfectly
tne reprct nnuive oi the pKr as t
ric,, T1C true question is whether t
io
j,(K)r maii residing m tlie! coun
y
whore the
e prop(jrty lies whicn
pays
the tax, won Id be more likely to knd
w
what bijnleiw it could fairly bear, and
nave some sympathy with its owner
' thiui tho poor man i living some hii
n-
d'reil miles oi'F, both; a stranger in
itti-
terest and, feeling. It is, in fact, truly
a sectional -question ; anl whenevi
or
it is brought to an issue, the irreat h
of self interest, which, whcn.'enlig
t-
ened, is ine greatest security 1 lor a
people, will, combine botli therich-a
id
the poor against a plan which . is,
truth, nothing more or less than
scheme forjegislative plunder and -t
tortion. . " . -
To convince, the: Senate what: lit
in
a
le
cause there is fori complaint agai
ist:
the working" of tlie present Cohsti
tion, I will state a remarkable f
drawn from tlie public records.
. The following counties, viz : Bur
:u
ict ce.
Cabarrus, Caldwell, Catawba, Chero
kee, Ckaveland, I)avidson, Davie,"
Guilford, Haywood, Henderson, Ire
dell, Ala eon, 3Icl)owell, 3Iontgomery,
roore, llaudolph, llutherford, Stanly,
Stokes, Surry, Wilkes .audi Yaiuy,
laid taxes into the public Treasury,
in 18")), amounting! to S27,t)o7 ; only,
and nH-eived during the samel y ?ar
from the school fund, ol,U7;. :f II :re
are twenty-three western counties, m
't it led to some fifty; menibers in. he
Legislature, receiving from the J'uUlic
Treasury, exclusive of the expenses of
Judges, ..Members of Assembly, Ac
....... i t j t : I .
over r;,uoo more tnan an tneir, pay
nients ior the 'support of govern tn eht
i j i J 1
ana yet rinse counties are representee
by the very members that complain
most of injustice done them! by the
present Coiistitution.; r
3Ir. Sneaker, if gentlemen will
1
mit me tor tender them any advice
tip
on this subj(vt, I would say to thd
m,
with 'the givatest sincerity and res
xlo not raise the cry of Convention
no Convention, with the hope ,of
gani.ing a iarty upon that issue
CH.'t
or
or-
in
isortn uaroima. fsnouid you siuvtK
it will have no other result than to
'vide the State geographically ; to
oi
em
bit,ter the? two sections against; i
K'h
other, nd"for yearn to come, to pli
ice
an n:surniountablo barrier to all
dieious or iractieable schenns" of
provement. Wait until the objei-t-
hit
in
of
lnternal Improvement which jidi
ve
been commenced, are finished and ma
: tii red : if they are successful, they will
be extendesd by the intelligence of
liegislature to the remotest parts
he
of
the State. ?. Neither our Constituti
ms
or Legislature, can' be fairly, blanued,
that so littie has bevn done tor the
cause or internal improvement in
Isorth Carolina. Our State is unfort
unately situated, having no iseaport.
which, leihg the centre of trade, could.
concentrate improvement; our endrts
were uneoumicted and desultory;
consequeiuUof which, was much1 i
he
10-
ney, was lost, and niany errors
wtre
unavoidably made.! But crertaii
dy
tms umpriunaie state ot tilings, w
ill
not be remedied : by throwing
he
" K'UIVV aih. v.wuiunniiij liv
turning the old settled foundations
the Government, -i !
Up-
of
The - gentleman froTnx-IIutherfArcl
complains, aud perhaps justly, tlaat
ins secnon nas neen neglected, l can
sympathize i with him in such jcoim
plaints, x nave tne nonor to rej
sent a re'ople who kiunv nothing
your (iovernment except through"
collector. AVe have greit Atrk to
ire-.
of
ax
be
executeil in our immediate neighbor
hood, which, if made, would! add
m-
calculably to.our-wealth, cnunfort.
lind
even health; and yet' when we come
here for assistance, you refer us td the
t i : I
tienerai vfovermnent, anci wnen wcHgo
to the CeneraLGovernment, anl u
your agents there to exert thcmscl
rge
k-es
in our I ehalf, we are met bv ; inctiner-
ence, if not by jxisitivl1 hostility, i Wo
have borne this state of things; patient
ly for more than twenty years, nnd
have not even dissolved our .pa-ty
tias, much less-. Attempted to . destroy
those stronger or dearer tics wh ch
should bind us to the institutions! anci
memories of our native State. 1
" Let no gentlemen deceive themselves..
by the succ ess of 1 ree Sugrage. That
epiestion did not raiso any sectioniU is
sue; it h;id numerous partisans m all
larts of -the State, and for years Had
be
een retimed by many persons as an
ckIiocls individual distinction that ouj ;ht
to le blotter I frohi our Constitution.
The basis of representation is a very
ditrerent matter; it involves the vcjry
security and protection of much the
larger jMrt ion of the property whi ch
pays revenue for the support of govern
ment; and it cannot be abandoned by
those ersons to whose charge it is n w
committed, without admitting the th
selves unworthy of the trust confided to
them. If gentlemen wish a hobby," hy
means of which some gubernatorial ; us
pirant may ride into the Executive
Chair, 1 beg them to select something
that will produce less disastrous results
to the best interests of the State, j
As regards the bill upon your tab Ie,
which 4 proposes to consult the people
upon the propriety of calling a Conven
tion, in addition to the evils of a Oc n-
venfiori alreaciy mentioned, this bill is
liable to' a very serious charge: a It pro
poses indirectly to reacn aresuu, in a
mode directly opposed to the one men
tioned in the Constitution. TAnd this
result is urged by men who, but a few
days ago made this hall rin with pa
triotic devotion to constitutional law.
Then, the very idea of consulting the
Ieopleupon a matter deeply interesting
to them, raised all sorts of horrors in
their minds ; now, it seem?, a! positive
injunction of the Constitution ji can un
hesitatingly be- disregarded , when an
other favorite purpose Ls to be an
sweredi - - j ii ; :
Well, Sir, i suppose this 111; passes
and a majority of the ieople,;but not a
constitutional majority of counties, ox
press themselves favorable 'to j-the as
sembling of a .Convention ; gentlemen
.will; be no nearer a" Convention then
than they are now, unless they intend
to get up a Dorr relel 1 ion t and after
succeeding in a 'popular vote, to march
to -Raleigh, capture the Capitol form a
Constitution, and .install a 'Governor.
&c. I hope, Whilst they are doing all
this, they will not, forget to send
to Rhode Island and borrow that
celebrated sword of the unfortunate
Gov. Dorr, that the play1 may be cor
rectly performed with all the appropri
ate costuine. It remains for this Senate
to decide whether they will counte
nance such a proceeding in law-loving,
lrfw-abiding North Carolina. Pass this
bill j sent us from the . House of Com
mons, and you will array the two sec
tions of the State in deadly hostility to
each other, and we may see, in a few
months, a tumultuousTAssembly in this
Capitol, calling themselves the people,
acting over tlK same scenes, which but
a few years ago brought the State,of
Rhode Island to the verge of destruc
tion!, and consigned the leaders and de
liiders of the people to aprision and the
contempt of mankind. . .
. Since this tablo was made, I havo seen
the Kciristerof the 5th oi' Fehrmirv; eontam
iiif? an " Address to.tlie jHjplo oi N)rth Car-;
olina on tlie subjoet oi' C'-ii.sliluiiinal Ro
forio." Tlii.s address is siunod hv members
of tlie Lieyfisliiture irom liiueteen: cUiUit'ti
These counties eoiniost nineteoii out of the
23 eemiuies eonuiim-d in this list. ; mtcndocl
to' illustrate' tho imreusonai) loMeUs ol' tlw
coinjplsiints made Ui-ainBt the jurejiont -biisiM
ot renresenuition. J his :u lures. shows very
clenfly that tljo resit fiievan- itoiiipiuiiuHl
of by these gentlemen, is the ntnlo oi
re;
retf itation as adopted for the .Senate,
and
th;tl this ean onlv le trot rid of hv calL'ncr
what the address calls u " J'rt 'ouveniion
In tins opinion 1 iiw wiui t;o signers oi
tlie address, and I hi tli-si' oral eoiultiex
wil-1 never a'srree to siu-h a Convention, Jut
will, adhere to tlie eoni-promtee of tlie i1 n-
stltiktion, and whenever it iigkxIs amend
ment, let it-" hQ clone by tno iic;uo theni-
seles vmmg ruireeay upon tne sunjet mai-
ter,aml: not
hy poluh-bufs ;iss('iiil)Ied in
Convention.
lr. .Oliver C Wigfrin, of Providence,
Rhode-Island, bears the following tes
timony to the value of milk: ;
lne nutritive value ol milk, as eom-
paiid; with other kinds of animal food,
is not; general!. v appreciated: There is
les.-f diil'erence between the economical
valtieof milk and beefsteak (or eggs or
tisli) than is commonly supposed. The
'xpiantity of water in a good quality -of
milk is ( per cent., in round steak e;
perj-cent., in latter bevt ;-W percent., in
eggs about hh per cent, rrom several
analyses, made last winter, I estimated
iripm steak, (reckoning loss from bone,)
at t cents a pound,. as dear as.mi.lk at
21 cents a 'quart; round steak, at 20
cents a pound, as dear as nulk at 14
cens i quart ; eggs, at 30 cents, a dozen,
as idear as "milk at 20 cents a quart.
hAiauy laborers wno pay n cents ior
corheil tbeef would consider themselves
hardly able to pay lo cents for milk,
when, in fact, they could as well afford
to pay 13 cents. lilk is a most. whole
some land economical food for either
thej rich or poor. It ought to; be more
largely-used. If the money expended
forrveal and pork were expended for
niilkjl doubt not it would j be aji ad-
vaiitage both to the stoniacJi and pock-
ct,
Re
esjeciaHy during the warm season,
ativly smiiking, then: niilk at 10
centsj or even 12 cents, a quart is the
cheapest animal food that can be used.
Whether farmers can afford to produce
it cheaper is a matter for them to de
cide. It is very irobable that were
they to ask 12 cents a ver- lare lium
berfof poor people would refrain from
its (use from mistaTcen notions of econo
my!, notwithstanding they are excessive
meat-eaters.: .
A young lady, the . daughter of Mr.
Isaiah Thomas, of New Castle, Delaware-received
a severe injury in the
face about four years ago, from the ef
fects of which Jier lower jaw bone had
grown perfectly solid and immovable.
Her front teeth had been removed to
enable her to receive nourishment,
which had to be injected mostly in a
liquid state. The inconvenience 'of this
arrangement and the total loss of speech
rendered life almost intolerable, and lier
case Was. laid before eminent - surgeons
of Philadelphia. After mature delib
eration, two of them, Doctors Charles
D. jGreen and J.' Gilbert, undertook an
operation which has scarcely a parallel
in the annals of surgery. The jaw bone
was sawed offi below each socket, kept
in motion till healed, and anew and ar
tificial joint was the result. It is said
she can jiow ;ojen and shut her -mouth
is wel 1 as ever, and can cuit and tal k with
out duUeulty,
'is; two civil engineers were at work
in t.ie wilds ot .Michigan a couple ol
w ks ago, eigiiteen or twenty miles
from any camp, one of them began to
suspect that the other had become in-,
saucJ a suspicion which ! was -'made cer
tain, when his companion came to him
and said: 44 1 wish you would hide
my revolver and tho axes ; for I came
Lvery near Killing you witli tnem last
nigtit. : J. got tlie revolver and cocked
it at Vour head three times ;: but some-
tning told me not to kill j-ou with that,
but to get the axe. and then I was com
manded not to kill youthen. But I
ami afraid I will if you don't liide them,
and God - knows I- don't want to hurt
any man." This was very pleasing in-
ormation, and lie did his best to per
suade mm to cro back to the camn.
Failing in thisw he left liim,: went back
alohe, procured assistance, and the un-
ortuniite man is now in an asylum.
A 'writer in the Ooiintry Gentlemen
siiyjs ; I .believe a tliat experience has
settleel the somewliat anomalous fact
tliat the sweet jxtato is improved by.
successive cultivation on i the same
for a series of years. The more the soil
is enriched by the proper stimulants,
thej better will the product be both in
quality and quantity. - The principle
of rotation does not apply in this in
stance. The most successful cultiva
tors have found this to be true by uni
forpi experience, and the fact I know
can be attested by the most reliable tes
timony. , '. . 5
i Take itime to deliberate ; but when
the hour of action arrives, stop think
ing, and go WDavid Crockett,
id Air. f;--MANSARD ROOFS. V
w-j;..at of ;,. .,.n,-riH?.j;.ft , n
,f- A. few; years ago tlie. monotonous
style of roof used in our architecture
was agreeably -.varied by the introduc
tion of what is 4 known as the Mansard
r!'Kf, sometimes called the French attic,
"llie splendid agricultural piles in Paris
received some of; their best graces of
expression from' the' handsome Sky
lines the Mansard rboFgave them, and
almost every American traveling
abroad wondered ! why so handsome a
roof could not be adoptedin our Amer
ican cities,.. where : the. large buildings
usually terminated with an j abrupt,
sharp and unpicturesque sky-line.;- The
Mansard roof After a. trine was intro
duced, and its' peculiar beauty-soon
made it very popular. But ,like all J
fashions which become the rage, 'ami
which are adopted bvieople iniitative-
lv, without perception of the principle
tnat governs them
m the rrencn attlC
has become with us an architectural in
fliction. The Mansard roof was design
ed - for ; tall buildings. Its special pur
pose is to break the monotony of a mas
si ve pile, and to reduce in apiiearance
its height. A structure : tliat j would
seem awkwardly tall, ' with an unva
ried succession of stories, has riot only,
hv menus of th "Mansard rtKfi a more
agreeable proportion, v The specific
purpexse ot tins roor being recognizee!,
the absurdity of its ase in smal build
ings becomes at -once apparent. Our
builders, however, seem to jlack all
power of ierception, and to have , re
duced the art of architecture to indis
criminate imitations. Every where now
the Mansard roof confronts us. Every
new cottage on the f oadsiele, new cheap
Villas in those extemporized (villages
that line our metropolitan railways.
new public buildings of every $ort and
degree, railroad stations all oyer the
country every tiling of the kind now,
no matter if only a story liign, must
have its Mansard roof, with entire dis
regard! of fiftness or propriety. I It is ex
asperating -to see a good idea thus
dragged into absurd 'and ignoble Uses.'
As we ; at first Hailed with pleasure th(;
appearance of the ManAird" roof, we
shall now look'; with hope for the signs
that will indicate the termination of its
career. And yet, whatever ihay fol
low it will have to .'undergo the same
experience. It is our natural way to
try and appropriate big things for every
little riK)o,--Apleion''i Journal.
CURIOSITIES OF PAWNBROKINQ.
The following notice was recently
placarded upcm the walls of Paris :
" Don Patriotique del' Angleterre a la
France, i Remise gratuite des oUtils
engages pendant la duree de la guerre."
ThetTLondon limes' : correspondent re
marks that the admirable idea of fur
nishing the poor people of Paris, whoj
in the days of their extremity, had
been obliged to pawn the nieans of
eamingj their livelihood, with the
tools which are now stacked 1 in the
Mont de Piete, is due to Mr. ..Marshall,-'
one of the committee for the distribu
tion of the English ; Charitable Fund,
and possesses this special advantage
that it will not merely relieve the ma
terial eonditioHfof thousands, of fami
lies, but produce a political efiect of
the utmost importance, and deprive
the working ; class ; of the complaint
which the Radical prints have Already
suggested that they shqulct make
against the operation' of the jrules" by
which the Mont de'Piete is - regulated.
During the siege no one wasl allowed
to borrow more than 50 francs j-pir any
article, no matter; what its,'; value
might be. In spite of this, the pres
sure for money was so great that the
storerooms of the Moht de Piete lecame
encumbered with articles, which 150,
(X)0 persons of all classes had pledged.
There were no fewer than f 100,000
watches and 25,000 clocks, diamond
necklaces and bracelets of fabulous
values. There were also eyfdences of
tlie distress to which persons j of rank
had be en reduced one piece! of lace
alter the other, the ilast cashmere
shawl, or a pocket-handkerchief em-,
broidered with a coronet, of such tine
material that it was still possible to
raise 3fr.i the lowest figure 'allowed;
upon - it; gentlemen's gold-headed
canes, even ordinary riding whns, and
no fewer than 2,300 poor wretches had
pawned their mattresses
resses, and Istarving
awiied 1,00() pairs of
I
f , :
hen Chinee. -I
seamstresses had paw
scissors.
THE HEATHEN. CHINEE.
.Only a 'few. 'months-
ago,
the whole
country was dreadfully
the influx of Chinamen
excited over
who ! were 'to
reduce American workinir-men below.
the level of pauper Europeans. We
pointed out 'at the time howr utterly
insignificant was the ' number j of Chi
nese coming to the country, only
twelve thousand in all last vear. asrainsf
three hundred and sixty thousand Ger
man and Irish, and how little! likely it
was that the immigration of these un
desirable Celestials would materially
increase. Our prognostications- are'
most emphatically borne out; by ex
perience ever since. The arrival of
Chinese laborers has steadily fallen-off.
and the last Pacific, -".mail" steamers ar
steaimers. ar-
riving in San Francisco, bring smaller,
numbers than ever- before ' since the
ine was' established.:: Let us! -remem
ber that all great, movements 'are nec
essarily slow in projiortioir t their
magnitude, and that nature provides
that everyone shall haveanipietimeto
accommodate himself to every change,
whether beueficical or otherwise !
Too TUUE.-We find the ieillowing
in one of our t'xe-hanges, ei pressing
more forcibly than we are able,! a fact
established by the .observation' of every5
reflective mind. i ! L
When d rakish youth ! tfens astmv.
friends gather to bring him tothe path
of virtue. Gentleness and: kincfmMs
are lavished ujon him to bring him
back to innocence and jeace. j No one?
would ever suspect that he had sinned.
But-when a poor, confiding girl is be
trayed, she receives tlie brand of socie
ty, she is henceforth driven from the
ways of virtue. : The? betrayer is hon
ored, respected and esteemed;! there is
no eace for her this side the; grave.
Society has no helping, loving hand
for her, no r voice for forgiveness.
These are earthly nioralties unknown
to heaven.";,. t .a , L! ...... .
Jiarn your own breads s and ke hnw
happy you'll be! Work, and see how J
welt you'll be! Work, and tun limv
cneenui you wm Del Work,! and : see
i j , ... . . r " " " i .
now independent, youUl- be! i- Work,
and see how happy your family will
be ! (Try it my vouner friend ' i who i
loafing on tlie streets, and see . how
' v -t . .
Curran once said to Grattaw? 44 You
would be the greatest . man of your I
age, if you would buva" few Vnrrf ' r
red tape and tie up yourbillS .and ra
pers
PENN3YL-,
-t'-t j -; .
ti i M. o 4. '
,r it
VANIA.
I.
The "Pennsylvania Senate has pa.ssel
a bill authorizing the cumulative sys
tem of Voting in all the boroughs of
the commonwealth at elections for
members of town councils. I In
boroughs wherein the number of such
members is now fixed at fiver the bill
requires that six shall . hereafter 1 h.
elected. Voters may then ei flier dis
tribute their ballots among the six can
didates, or cumulate upon one or more,
as they shall choose. This bill, should'
it pass the. other branch of the legisla
turevwill,iermit a niorc general test of
this particular rlan of .minority -jepre-sentiition
than has hitherto been possi
ble. 7 This' is the plan deviscl by ex
Senator Ruckalew," of Pennsylvania,
anci it nas not oniy peen inorougmv
tested at several town elections ii thai
Diaie nnere u wum iinmni jor w,v
special legislative enactments, but it
has in every case proved emiUently-
fracticablo and productive of the nin(.
)encticial results. 'It is the. nearest np
p roach' to a satisfactory system t for in-
su ring representation to the minority
that has ever beeU michtni The -new'
constitution . recently. 'ailoj)l for the
State of Illinois provides forfti similar
plan of voting. Exchange
Vice Pkiidknt CoLFramc very
hear losing his life in ord that the
Senate might preserve its mpiityf in a
becoming manner. That its Exeeu.
tive Session might not bo . violated b
a too-enterprising nevs-pacr corres
pondent, the Senate chamber was her
metically sealed, so that while- the -de
bates of the Senators could hot get 'out j
enough pure air to preserve the. health
of members could not get jn. (lyerf
come by being penned U lit quarters
close -and unhealthy its thel cjinnihef
grew after a five lKiurs' sitting ttni
Vice President was carried' to an ad
joining room , where lie still lies, ap
parently in great- danger All this
risk and trouble and danger for no bel
ter object than to prevent the ' country
from learning tlrat which it has a right
to learn about the treaty.- President
Grant and the .entire Cabinet have
been from the first desirous that the
great-treaty' of amity and roeoncilation
should be publicly discussed, , but- the
Senate, clinging to its preposterous
ideas of dignity, rshut out Irom the'
chamber not only the pe but Uut
pure, sweet air as wen.
These Swiss are a curioqs -people. Nj
sooner jwere W,000 French soldiers
thrown on their hands thaii 'they soemj
ed instinctively to know how 'best to.
jirovide for them. In someylaces the
more uncleaan, were first '4(itetl to a
.bath;. of-lye- or soda, clothing oDAall
kinds, provisions and hospital stores so
sadly required at Once, all "made their
appeanmcc? as if, by magics instant I v..
Ladies ; immediately oitencnl classes in
all -barracks 'for (such aslcould hot real
and write, while teachers and profes
sors took turns in delivering daily lec
tures on . subjects calculated to interest
the French or prove-useful to thein. I
am tiite surprised at the readiness )f
these people1, 'and 'wonder if it is really,
their republican institutions that make
them alike prepared toajman to deTeud
their fatherland or to (to good t their ,
neighbors I muse an'd 'raise the ques
tion, what country in Europe, has most
earned in the war of '7o-'71 thetitleof
-L" Leader of, civilization "-.-the ' great
nionarchies of the continent, or our
brave and noble little xister Heiublie
ensconced among " the Alps ? Lelfrf
sc.,,,.. r
1 The Etlinburgh Jfrrieic wasj first pub
lished in 1802.. The plan was suggest
ed by the celebratcl Sydney Smith, at
a, ineeiiii oi niemn, -in tne e'lgntli of
ninth flat or story in Buccleugh Place,
Edinburgh, then the elevated lodging
of Jeffrey. - The motto Jiumormisly
roposed for the new review by it pn j-.
jector iis r " Tenui musam nieHlitaniur
avena" i. e., We cultivate literature
upon a little oatmeal. But this being
'too nearly the- truth to be publicly ac
knowledged, the more gravei dictimi of
"Judex damnaturcum n(Kens absolvi
tur," (the judge is found guilty when a
criminal is acquitted) wasadopted.from
PubliusSirius, of whom, Syelney Smith
aflirnis, "None of us, I am stirej wr
read a single line!" Eorel Bvron, in
his fifth CMlition of 44 English Bards anji
Scotch Reviewers," refers" to the n -
vievers as an 44 oat-fed phlaiix."
1MPORTAXCK OF AlKlXtfV HHPS.
' -.1 w
The desire ef an energetic, -'houseke'ep-er
to have her work done at an "early
hour in, the --morning, causes he?r to
leave one.' of -the most important items
of neatness undejne. The most e ffect
ual purifying of beMl anl bedclothes
cannot take place if the proper tiine is
not allowed for the free circulation or
lure air to remove all human impuri
ties which have collected during tlie
hours of slumber: At least .two -or
three hours shemlel be alloweel for the
complete removal of atoms of insensii":
ble perspiration which are absorbed
by the bed. Jivery day this ajiiiiir
sliouhl be done; and occasiemally T bed-.
ding e'onstantly used should be carritfd
into the open air, and when pra tic'
ble, Jort exi)oseel to the sun and hid
for half a day. t . " ; i ,
John Saxton, of Canton, Ohio, the
oldc-st editor in the United State-si UM
on Satqrelay last," aged' 81 vears.l IU:
commencel thepublic-ation of the Stark
County (Ohio) Uejxmton abemt the
year 1K14, and has published it conse u?
tively for fifty-Keren years: . During all
thisperiexl he has worked at thecjise.
as well as written editorials and selevt-i
ed matter for his paiicr. lie has hee o
in My circumstances lor many yars,;
but. from sheer force of habit.
to wt type and do other manual ibor
on the Tiaper. almost to the (lav ofiis1
death. lie was a man of exceenlinglvi
temperate habits, and enjoyed suclt vx
ee! lent health that he liarelly knew!
wpat it was to be sick.
lhe Democratic new departure
ut
the party in .tlie way of wroirress.!
It!
begins by ..adohtinsr the lleimbliean!
incisures of the l st ten years. If it!
kcvpi on in this glorious path Of pn
gress, next year it . will adopt theku-
kiux bill ; the year after, , anything the
Republican nartv biw nramUislHiL-i
will Ii'in thn linonf ft. itontj
And the Republican party wl.i have .
that ainendir vvliir.i tm nnnN:
had, .a long taU.
t r v ....v. vua iumu"-i
. Substitute fok Cream is Ooffke. '
ir-Beat the "white of an egg to a frotli ;
put, to it a small lump of butter, and
A- A 9 A m .
tliat it inay not curdle. . It is ditlicult
to distinguish tho taste , from fresh
cream. Am. Rural Home.
'"" ' ' """''.-'.-
'W6 confess out" faults in tne nluralA
wim uuuj- iuviu m uie singular, i
THE CUMULATIVE VOTE- IN
1 .ft
i "I i
-:' 1
71
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