The Era (Raleigh, N.C.) /
June 22, 1871, edition 1 /
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. TIH-WKEKLT A WEEKLY BY jrHE ' ' i (f II ffify ' 1 V ftj .HJ kl'ia
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MMHHMMMMHHHMMMMMM I ' ' i 1 ' - " ' ' ' t ' ' ' ' - - '
. V rv -t.. xv. . .
Coavcntioo Cinpaln Opened The
make a Raid into the Town of Ruthrbrdton
They Whip Jamet W. Jasticr Member of the
present L(tslature, and Demolish the Star
Printing Office! 1 1 "
The long threatened ruUl upon Ituth
erfonlton, the County seat of Rutherford
uouniy, was made by a ctmiaiiy of
Ku Klux on Kunday night, 11th inti
Col. R. AV.;Logiui; Junior cili tof 'of
tlie Star, Mr. Aaron, Biggt-rsstafl; the
victim of two outrages recently Inflicted
bvtheKu Klur Ktan nwrl'MUf Vnr.
jyte 'tiTaugliler of Mr. Bigyrer,aii; are
ed the following account of the outr
rage: - - 1 l ,
Por eeveral weeka tho llepublicaat
who live in Rutherfordtori, kept watch
and were prepared for the threatened
attack, but the espionage of ihe Ku
Klux is so great that the Klanj was in
poHsession of complete knowledge as to
the preparations that the Republicans
had made to kill or capture the Ivu Klux
whenever an attack was made) on the
town. Since the arrests that have been
made by authority of warrants issued by
the U. S. Commissioner of Rutherford
County, there has been comparative
peace and quiet in the County, ind the
Republicans - of Rutherford ton had
ceased to fear an attack; consequently,
fact was known toU portion of the Klan
who live in the town, and they inform
ed their brethren In the country that
. the time had arrived when an attack
could be made without danger to the
. Klan. In addition to this, it was known
absent on his
rirtmit holdins Court: that Mr. J. B.
Carpenter, Senior of the Star, was ab
sent also. Every Republican that lives
in the town was at his own house ex
tootinir no attack, and thcrcforeJsQiere
was no organization to repel the Ku
About one o'clock on Sunday jright,
some fiftv Ku Klux, all disguised,
entered the town.. They did hot march
in altogetherbut walked in; in squads
ff iMTt nr more. At the firing of a pis
tol a certain number of times, (whch is
the signal to assemble,) the Klan all
of tho Court House Square. Here
thev divided. . Aljout twenty yeiit to
nffiee l)roke the
IIIC tKt r,. .
nrintimr press knocketl all . the type
; .i-rVn tho. standsandases.and
..om -n - wnfitni-te wreck of tnt--
i t" j i
J : '- - K :
One. square, one time, f
nett House was broken open and a
search was made for Mr. B.
W e neglected, to state that the com
mander told Justice that the Democratic
party, Intend to restore the old Consti
tution as it was : before the warj that
the, negroes should be put under the
white men, and that every man that
resisted would be killed, j !
A search was .also made for Judge
(jeorge AW Logan. . The Klan said they
wanted to. kill him, ami that they in
tended to kill him yet. , j
This is a plain statement of tbput-
aim oui of nn outrage oi similar
foreign. Fower.i The time will come,
sooner ! or later. And these men!'
(here; Mr. Toombs iKtinted to some
jarmers stand near by) 4would fight
again, to-day, if need be. , You I
! 'rji'j-i; CANNOT CONQUER US . .
except by killing us all off, and that is
But if you want to start fighting
again, don't vu think It unwise to
tal M about it ?ri I !
: f'No. Sir; I think it time to let the
Northern jeople know that we are
ready tol fight if they wTont let us alone.
"re nsk nothing but that; to be let
a lone. Ana if we can't get it, l sayj-
we hiid better again havo. wrthn
sympathy . aiu
i vis,ToomVs tun;
oi, tms statej are
accord with Messrs. j
gramme to carry tl
accordance with tl
Toombs and Steph
the Southern State! i tW first step in
bringing about aiilpen Jight agams
the Government. uvarh the people
of this State againsE le men JThey,
will lead the peqpjef ruin,
CpriYenfion is ii
ordcW of David
; The control of
Judtrc Logan wast endeavoring
to arrest and bring the perpetrators of
the outrage to justice, when Schenck
addressed his letter to Frank Blair. .
It is well known to the people of the
State that Judge Logan was one of the
leading Republicans of AVestern .North
Carolina. He probably contributed as
tho muvpss of the Republican
K.rty in that portion of , the State, as to W fSJSSi
nfwuirvn. Rut there is always a
chanced of success, and the chance is
orth trying." 1 '. . "It
Will nothing short of Southern in
dt pendeuceatisfy you ?" f!
nh; vix! T suDDOse the North and
the South might be kept together on
the basis oPthe constitution. But you
destroy our local governments and
impose another ! government upon u3
of fho rminr of the bavonet. That can-.
u V " v
anv man in theState. In 18G8, Ruther-
V ..... T 1
ford, the county in which trie Juage
lives, was the banner county of the
State. The : registered vote "was five
hundred black, and eighteen hundred
white. At the April election In 1 808,
the majority for the constitution was
nine hundred. In November follow
ing, Grant's majority was! six hundred.
In August last the Republican majority
ranged from two to five hundred. So
it will be seen tliat a constant and per
sistent effort has been ihade to break
down the party in Rutherford, and
thereby carry the county for Conven-
has been on
,,'wi.Ai.r roxrniiitinn. wnen law is
nituuuv . . . .-
overthrown men naturally take to the
sword. A lasting ieaee might possi
bly have followed ! generous terms,
like those proposed by Sherman, but
it can never be the fruit of the oppres
sion that we have had to suffer since
the- war." . 1 .
44 Don't you regard the acts oi j
as binding upon the Southern
Of course noi. xnusu liaiaiu.
iiot'D nnt 'boon leMllv elected, and
whatever they have done is therefore
invalid. They represent only a part
.1a nnrf thft worst Dart ana
t j;a n fiftiiht that mast of what
tiavo Honoivill le at some time
IHV ! ' :
tion. Since Judge logan
the bench, he has been untiring in his or other undone!
1 II 14 I . . . .!
efforts to maintain order and preserve irr, Stephens' when asked for his
peace in his circuit. He lias been ini- 4 es upon the present condition of the
partial whilst upon the bench, endea- countA',denounced the Republican lea
in hnll the stales Of iustice even h etmiKro-t terms as cuilty of
wM.Mt.if, ------ i ucj.u " - r - - i
and to meet out to all suitors justice as the most outrageous perfidy" in pros-
he understood the law. In addition to ecutingvthe war for the avowed purpose
all this, Judge Logan lias shown a de- 0f restoring the Southern States to their
termination to put down the Ku Klux ld . -m the Union, and then, when
and restore quiet in his circuit. For they hkd triumphed, refusing to let
this he has been denounced by news- theji take those places, denying them
papers published in the interest of the the rights of self-government and rep
KuKlux. It is believed by a great relation in Congress, putting them
many trood people in the , western part umipr bavonet rule, an4 afterward re-
of the State that Schenck-is a leader of constructing tliem by uprooting all the
the Ku Klux ; hence his letter to Blair foun(iations of their society, disqualify
relative to Judge Ix)gan and the great nn ,ien of intelligence and property
enon nisi uiuuir nu iua irom noiunig un.iw w- t -
to sustain him. We may refer to this ing thair Governments in the hands o
. . . . ! -- - - j - ' r i- i Tir ' n-
lead surely to . an arbitrary absplutm
of construction, the most dangerous, as
it is the most unlimitetLlf r Just a.i4'
true interpretation jshould ahfa5;le
ma jo, then no injury would ensue-; but
if otherwise, -as mukt Ik ineviUble,
then woe. to the Stalje, and M people,
"who t 'have surrendered' themselves
bound. For myself, fair,' as one! of this
Ixxlvy I deprecate nubst earnestly, aiiy
such surrdider or any course oft action
to fix a precedent that may. lead to t. .s
' Thus much, .sir, may be siiid m Ob
jection to the general tendency of this
tnonKiiro -w hieh i propones to lo a new
thing : let us, lfow come; to the lWt at.
Issue, ana. enquircvwiiat:iv,is;4;vuu
1 r ' hmuirvAl must talie jeave
procure a thing to be done may lnsti-
7rofannrl unirl in ttOMir 'H imnir, in n
manner in which it is uulawful for him
to do it Jiimself ? : Tlie GeneraLAssem-bly-caniiot
call a' Convention by a ma
idrittrxote it would direWTV violate the
.Constitution biit this bod, gentlenien
tetao. by such bare majority; vote,
M(iyet the e a t iwould, . ibe. ; clearly.
unlawful to taice me vunie.
calling in this way, so tly will stopai
thretMiuarters of a step, ; whicli may be
IlaUr MJ 14I1."5 . nan",'- ' - r
lAfrj Meares. ana orner,mcuiuvit vi
the Convention, of ;i8;$5,;,bUi .stcrn
and .Western men, were i opiK.sed to oo
easy a -ihode.of calling another 'oirvOn
tion 'therefore they.vpreferrwl to luive
iwvi.!.wu.j 'o ma-
1 three timeM,
1 square in the urittlh of a column, and U
incnes accp. ; f ' f
; Owitraut AdvoirtisieiuebtJ
nirQpartlQiiateljr lojsf jfatefviJ I :i ..I - i
Professionnl Csirds, not excelling 1 wjiare,
-t-iii la nnmianea one vtr wr
have induced exi itemeiit
An Vi.T" 11 iMMlV. lUt U11S
hike to make any conclusions not war
ranted by the record, aikil ! therefore
shall not attempt to account for the
opposition of Mr. Giles to jtho original
amendment of Mr. Meares1, and Ids ae
nuleseencd hi the change. It id hanlly
iWihle to con-vi ve what wiuses may
I do under-
the. iii(Mlified amend
vilirr itm yalVtlCtt
or ly mm.
Awl . now, sir, I conu'
mi.-. rtinirM)t tbe ivian
A lie rvrm""f l""" i
proceetieti io uiu rwvi-iiw. r---
Jnstice, the member ot ine prtui
Legislature from Rutherford County,
broke his door down with an axe, and
just as' Mr. J.got out of bed he was
struck jn 'the forehead with a pistol,
cutting a gash about two inches long,
and of considerable depth... He was
tho side several times with
rtsuv. -- i
pistols. He was then rriel out
4owh, to the etlge of the woods, vf
nothing but his niglit cioineson.
t ho Klan haltetl. the commander
Mr. Justice that they had orders to kill
him und that they had come for that
purpose; but that he (the Commander)
had npver seen Justice lefore,and from
the account that they had ; received,
w tvpm lel to lelieve that he ( J us-
tiee was the meanest man in the vtiun
M .a I I T I I I I
ty--that he to of the scum of the poi- Lse to every principle of justice and
UlUUUIl Ul 4.4 4V. j j
rnmmander) knew from his 1 Justice s)
appearance, that such was not the j-ase
that from his appearance and conVer-
K tvw ft mail , OI .Cimnurifr
. . m T .a Jam O A mm
What the Democrttic-aecessiou c.u.. j
Robert Toombs for another War Alexander H.
Stephens denie. that the XlVth and XVth
Amendments are part of the United States
We 'published sometime, ago the
pcihof Mr. Jeirerson Davis at vi-
lanta.Georgia. We give itciow uiu vie
of Roliert Toombs as reported by the
X. Y. Herald. Also the views of Al-
exander II. Stephens as reporu-u nj
theN. Y. Tribune.
'Mr.To4)inbs when asked if he thought
- . . . . A f 1 .V
LIIU UVTlMv. " '
MrJ Speakkh :4Jiml -very Jateiyu
it was by no means my' intention, to ocf
cupy the time of the Senate in express
Ing my views upon ims question ,
having been prevented by special enj
gagements from giving .much time to
the consideration of the. subject, I enter
upon the discussion not without hesitaf
tion, after hearing the very able effortf
of -distinguished gentlemen who have
f receded me, on ootn siaes. j or suouiu
consider . it .necessary to go over the
ground alreauy covereu so iuny, uu ,
for the strong argument last made, by
the honorable member from Chatliam ,
which appears to me to require souk;
notice.! I shall, .therefore, ask the in
dulsence of the Senate to enable me to
remark briefly upon the mam pomis o
this question, inasmuch as the decisioii
may rule as an important prcceueni.
hereafter. . - . , , L
We know, sir? that preceuents o i
wrong action make most dangerous er
rors, which are operative not only ii
the.ir immediate effects, but live to be
cited to the injury of justice and to the
perversion oi ngni legusiaiion m m
time to come. . I
Since, then, this is not a question oi
mere present policy, but a very grave
pnnuirv touching the Constitutional
powers of the legislative department,
we should approach its examination
with careful and dispassionate deliber
ation when it is obvious that anv has
xr riPlihpKition. and unwarranted con
struction of the Constitution may herel
after be fruitful, not only of error and
of danger, but of no less than an acr.ua
of law in revolution for i
undeniable, sir. that the doing that
which the Constitution does not anJ
thnriy.e is an act of revolution. And
c this i the first enauiry of the kind
.inno the ndontinn of the present Coiii
it, becomes us to look careful
ly na woe nvii-stnmfHl to be said in the
IV MO 4 4.4 "- - : .. , - 1
Senate tof ancient State, "lest the rej
nnhlio reeeive iniury." The (luestioA
W nnthiho- in its embodiment of si
party or political character, and should
Eof hn !wn reirarded. except in its tenh
rinvto Kiinercede and ..override the
proposed constitutional amendment for
tree . nunrage j?Mri5a--?i u vxjLtu
W J www . - - W
is'crertainly one ofTjreat progress ; ana
a taunt I which we, of the democrat ib
republican faith, are accustomed to heat
- - 1 A - - L
7, fviirmtiv. i- tnat cnaririnu m.
LJuv - , . .... .
with imprudent ! progressiveness. Ih
the nresent instance, the gentlemen
who advocate this new movement hayp
ftlwl us r thev have taken the
diri'i tit I tirvii it t
the present bahinces ol power b an ao
ol itioii of the landed cmalifteation of vo-
ters; but doas lie propose nothing more
dangerous? To tlnsineasure ot iimem-
mei it there is annexed only a question
of expediency; to his pniposttion, a
question of constitntuinalty. heard
. . . . , , i j . 4L.:i
from the aole tenator irom ktuixxui
but little directly referring to the prO-'
'twvdtimi in the amendment before us,
much however of jjjtiature soiuewhat
startling as he sets it forth in respect to
the inequalities -and oppressive opera
tion of our present Constitution We
expected to hear, sir, flrt, a defence
and argument in favor of the manner of
calling a uonvemrou u piujjuscu, nut
the reasons merely why in his Opinion
a Convention is needed, for Iam uiiable
to see that this last has anything to ao
with the question pefore the Senate.
We heard, frpni the learned Senator
from Chatham a moi-e elaborate argu
ment directly upon the question, to
which I shall refer, according to my
recollection of his positions, andlwnicn
he endeavored to fortify by high legal
authorities ; these I shall not stop! either
VJ CIV' h - .
say that I cannot seel the proper appn-
cation, to tms case, oi ine aumui uw w
cited : or indeed the necessity for addu-
from abroad! to settle ipr us a
question to determine which we
abundant authority ii the Const
of our State and in .taie aeoate
I proceed then to ikuiuire whait have
wi hofom us? First, the bill proposed
hv the Semitor froih Rockingham to
oliwh i h "freehold oualincation re
Rtrictiiiir voters for the Senato, and
the Republicans as Jacobins, without
conscience or consistency, whose pur
pose was to establish a centralized, aes
potic government, and to destroy the
liberties" of the people. All of the Re
construction legislation of Congress lie
hoiiwlitn be unconstitutional, fraud
ulent arid void. ! The Xlllth Amend- track and are rapidly outstripping eve 1
it linil bflen ratified by the rightful Oox- . , nf nitra-democracy ;
ornineiiii of the I Southern States the f , cg for whil-h honorable gentlemendf
.h hn-P. nnd not the Gov- that side have, m time past, enteriau
eil a iimmti nunwi. .-4., --r
such denHKi-acy, but doctrines far more
nnnrvative as wrll as restncu e,
ernnients de Yo'afterwards established
by baym ets. Tlie XlVth and XVth
Amendments heciainuHi wi'ii' '
- - 1
of the Northern democracy, repmti -.
44 Whv. of course they won't accept
" ' -m 1 1 A.
;t Thov cannot do so twnnout
. 1 ; v.v.T-ofm-o hp (the Com
. . 4. 51 1 him anil IIP I "ill I- TkPTITtlP Ml 1 1 121.11 IHC ILT4. u'h""
niander) wouia mn V K flnd side with whichever
would not allow the kian to kiu i . rr.- hft,hpt .
ivKon thi waa said all the klan exept tt,. i,",.a tflvpn un. however, idl
, 1 f MWK. mm " I A. WV O - " A r i
. i ..w. that thpv hurt come r mv nc nrmea resistance iu
. ft mtW srxwmw kza ' mmm m uir: 111 U V 1 fl 1 1 IT: mwm AMMv.Mlm.M, m.m
!"1A Ul ,-34 " I I . . . r. , a . 44M
. . ui tl.m'uwAiinilcr tho I initPO Mtates irovermiitriifc
there to KUl iiii"i A t ,1 im-nmn
, r . ... , i. "v nr nr mi. x mii "
Vrders to kUl him, ana tnat uiry z -z . t for to
dedtodoit. ine wiuimauuc. noirr again.
bled the six or seven men arounu j us- ourselves : every
oftlie t'ohstitution.l-ause their .pre-
i . !.... ! l 1 !...... ..m.t.l lir
tendeil mtilication inui mj.
ft.roo nml- fraud. 1 They were not results
of the war, athejRadical leaders falsely
claimed, but were conceived after the
war was bver, f as a part of the scheme
of centralization which those leaders
- j? I i J a. 1-liriTiloril 'Pi 111
frIrmi " ! nau IWCWicu lw v i" ,r,T.,
1 ree loin. . ; .1 LT. ..j. 11.1 4n wth
44 What are they going to io hiuk 1 power. ... lie umi. nub .
it?" . Amendment to be mviiiiq iku .
44 1' don't know, nut tney rirwiP.l hp?ro suffrasre, but because ot
support it. For my rrt 1 see no uu- "non imd outmges upon the
ference now peiwwii i c " :.Ai.i, u-rnn(,.
l snouia aavi&tr constitution uy - '
fully adopted. He did not neiieve iut
lialldt would ever be token from the
nMrrn if the XVth Amendment was
enunciating the pnnt-iple ot .w'V"
oil tnnu- nnrlpr the name of 44 Frbe Suf
frage." I do not propose to disciiss this
principle its wistroni, us jiisuci ui i
evnediencv. All has been suihciently
? -ATnrth-CViroliha. in every con-
wt nf thp last six vears. and its discus
a?nn now would be simple suiitrliuity
TIip oponle have repeatedly
mnVlomd n verdict on tln, antl 1 cer-
ninhr l pl'IKlU'l P1 VP ils siuthoritv." Let
ii ik.w nil id the. next munt, the amend
thp pnnlor from-Orange, who
mi."" - ... 1 . - i i c
demanded, but wnat
'rv ouaht to ask or t
Convention, or 4to
nnp, in a mode not
iower is to te taken. by iutlouj r
But. sir, as to this mode, of nroptyMmj.'
The Constitution refers to
nefmai of the ! lesnslatiV
. -7 ami A. i ,!!!..
and that is tne can oy a two-nuriiw nm-
jority ; irom w nence, men is it imi?iimj
to derive authority for any other ? j , ;
We are told tliat m order to ascertain
truly the proper construction ot tms
instrument we musr go duck io iwmu
dy who framed it. I do not admit this
as a rule indispensable. ; We ww. go
back, -but not of, necessity; it is ngnt
to go back; but not at all indispensable.
But let us grant 'that it is, and return
to the record, and cite the able nieu
who formed this body to come iorwaru
here, and answer for themselves on this
very point. We flud, when this mat
ter was taken up in Convention, a re-
port was made by a committee cnargea
with this - especial ) subject. It says :
44 That whenever a : majority ot tne
whole number of each House of the
General Assembly shall deem it neces
sary to alter or amend this Constitu
tion, they may propose such alterations
or aiiieuunieiita iu ic i"iv ? i
Whv. sir. here is the very proposi
tion itself of the Senator from'Orange,
if not ipsUiiniis wrftfov certainly so far
as to mode ; tne uiuurvrenw wms,
rpnnirpd 11 nroDosiii&r ' of. " the altera-
flmw nr" '' ainpilfTmPnS."'
here under consideration proposes the
calling a Convention ,with unrestricted
nnwpr to alter: certainly the mostpb-
loctionable'of the two, since in the one
in the other there Would Lbe unlimited
Thp npxt, move in the Convention was
fiiiftus ? VAfr. IMeares. on the part of
thp minority, of the committee, being
opposed to the whole principle of the
"No' part of the Constitution shall
i. .,uni a hill to alter the
same shall have been reac three tnhes
in pnph TTonseof the oencrai. Assem
point, in making wnun i
frixl dtluetions. no new it
sugj.ttHl ; aiul, I ask,; if IS
is insisted, intended xo gu;
cle s that a jmajority of;
c-sci) i! ly in Iffht j)rojMM
r i xi-uU4u;what was g:
l A'i uu. v- mr iji
o 'Oimvcntimi ofl
hereaf ter called, excep'
! General " ;
il by in-:VA'
o only one .- j.voto of two thirds of each jhou
department, General Assembly.". Ibis is
x...u i.s.i tn rfi nmpiuhnl bv msertinir
I I I 1 V. nun .
Ill' mi I 1 1 1 . .i
blyand agreed to ;by three-fifths of the
W1HHC 111.11X1 iVyi. 4...v--v f l
ively." ,;,- :h:.Jk , .Lf
i hv a concurrent
house of tlio
to and amended by inserting general
Assembly" ! after , "c-aliedJt - " Apw,
what oossible difference ak Ui the ini-
pliccUion of power could enue from
the Change mis iusutuuh ui wenum r
Assembly V" li it is to oe ( propeny
understootl that an impliql power ex-'
ists in the Legislature to propose to
thp Tipoiile the call of a Convention,
inay, not this power ;be ! equally Im
plied, in tne same maiuivr.iuiu ut-rcv,
as justly and as fully, under the. origi-
nal proposed by Mr. Meares, f and ob
jected to by Mr. Giles, as under the
A. i .1 V, ifl tT mm- 1 t A-mmAmnrA 1
amenument auupieu imu .vuiuicmi
ir 1 : i i nnr itrritr nnr-'
1T1 I IV MT. VllltS XI UVJl, Tjr lJV
And if it is so. then What
argument, based on Mr.
tion?' I ' r ,J! 1 '
Allow to the Liegisiature tiie jiower
force iin the
to propose to the people la call under,
the article as iz now suiuus, anu wimi
nrohibitorv word in .the amendment.'-.'
as first proposed, forbids it? I - ;
I arrive men, sir, in conciuuing, ui
this point, that as tne article m tne,-
Constitution in the respect essentially
differs from the one to, which objection
was maae, doui oeing iquauy, uuv .j
neither, in my Opinion ijroperly, lia- i
ble to the construction; of Implied i)W
er in the General Assembly tq propose .
the thing which they are li express
terms restricted from doiiig, except in .
the mode prescribed, it isj right to. con
clude that no idea wa entertainetl of
any such implied' power, as ho word
was expressed. And tha$ mode being
clearjy and fully provided for, both
the calling a Convention by the Iegis-
lature, and for amending the Consti
tution, the General Assembly has no.
competency beyond this single one,
granted, and therefore ti power avhat- .
ever to touch the question, ext-ept as a
44 Whether a majority of the petiple are
discontented with the Constitution as it
is, and therefore reanyuesireiu imeriv-,
molest Justice any
klan except the Commander and the
men .who were opposed to killing Jus-
" At in oni. th fVunmander .and the
lllc; iui - - ,
t or ecven men then went back nearly
tntr. town with Justice. When they
-l. ,nwi 4it- rVkinmfinder
because he was a Republican that 44But you surely do
they had nothing else against mm ex
that and. that he must promise
i,?m that he (Justice) would not take
. .. ... a- , l Auuju------- - . l..,. o
nnv part In uie uonvemwu vaiupie d mjgery whicn inatmusnnuic.
hat he would abandon his political Yes ; but what of it ? I am not
declartxl! void, and tne control ui
suffrage placed where it rightfully lie
longed, under the exclusive jurisdiction
of the States. In such a case,if it should
be proposed to deprive the negroes of
the franchise, the wnue nmu
. - na i iim ii I I I ill A I : i . I ill L till I v . - ' " r-
am 1I1SL MS UllSVi upuiuiu 444v -
Thpciinue wno run xaiinnt"v tirmiv estaoiiMieii iu "")
thQ Tni4hprn Democracy don't .
iui - : . . i "i .
want Democratic principles to w suc
cessful; thiU would rather ose the
election than have it result in a vic
tory for the old doctrines of the party.
bondholders, and are just as
mi . 'a. It 1 .lvrt-
central livci ut7n-
. : I
that the war ought to utgiu
lAxirPi-P wlllincr to obey the t orn- ... 4i, Mnrth nhnndons us. I
-"i'.-r-- nf iU k,:in "VVrlm Northern rilvtde into two mrties upon the
maiKier. anu me wuau"; v never cAycviw , --r . . . . . .
,,ww . V L-invi thov rWrtnl as at L:.n .i thp nnp that opposed
ere told by tbe tmm hp would the beginning of the war, so I .aih not murcj with the aid ot the votes
mustoiyiu....rr,r tl- disappointed. 1 Know tne - ; v -. . - tlArrv the(w
kill some of them oeiore mpy.Miuiuu - thrtfl leMlers, ana tney ru -: ' "-'7 . " ... L..
. . . ... 1 1 . -
-lUXliltTla -444 1
he is of
llnnn tlPP TWO 01HSL1011. IIIU H
I i iruii v . . " -1 t
I , -A- ...if.-l rlicnfi1A11 I
1 niimiiiiitiii fill hi 1 111 41 irK.uK.44 1 m,,T it- 1111 111 ii 1 -.- 7 .in 1 wmm . . 1 - - - T
nilVl UIUVUU11IVII4) 4- .-w--- , j IIltUJA .."---" . 1 . M 1 ...illi 111 nut
rthe particularatteiition of the Senate to ! ought to be setiletl and ascertained an- .
t fpt flint the word
I lllllirilL LU llll.T -
a ( 'onstijtidiou
UKM, v . . a. a, , 1.1 ' TliAM nro
. nrui fnrfhor T 11 m T ii w 1 111 ill 1 iM'.ni" limn. 4"-'v
nrinciPt , ------- ' . , .. -
: v. thp Kinn nn isaturuav
agree 10 , - tiomnn than fisrhting.
iiriii 1 ii 11 iL i:liimvumm
w the 17th inst,, and. inform
. . 1 r T...1 Tumii
to the whereaowu vi a uu6c
Xaron Biggerstaffand others. Having
promised all that was. required, -the
SLnander then turned him looseand
left. : - T.
Mr. Jostice went home. r. J. M.
tton was called in and dressed the
rioas. . . . .
uS. aSSt Hoa the same t. ght
MrTNorvllI SSt t
1 , j..v A- cmpoeeded in getting out
uu ner xumi- . offiori hid
of the v.' " After the Star officd had
en the dity of all lovers of constitu
tional liberty ! to oppose the XVth
Amendment. This usurpation should
neve be permitted to jiass witnoui
proper rebuke.and condemnation, even
by those iio favor the object aimed at
by itl Tlie dejure Governments of the
.Southern States, he said, are still ma
condition of repression, and he declar
ed that the history of no country shows
trmKjr or more naloable usurpations of .Ki.n-orpinfpndedtobecapableofii
' ..i..:. nf wmiw. rii i !ntrnntfltion: thev are not
TMIWlir. Oi AIXKJIJP 44V 4. 1 v. " - n j l. lr--llFll-. 4'. 1 r - iil
ZLJ a J.Ur on thp nnrt Pntemas of erudition, comprehensil le
viu euw uu, - v-.- . learned schoolnien ot tne
of those mautnornyinaiiAN ere cuiut- r:f v . oninion of those who
Be- Urwri h'x- thp Ttenublican party' in the . 1 A k .wtrSnm noon which we, of
sides, everything nearly in the way of pj bf :the soned Amendments this gide, ever stand, these great cl4r
.,a1 1 im liaa hwn u'nn In bat- F . ... 1 1: i?i 1.. n,i nf viniil no-hts are
and the Tieeonstruction laws. . . teriuex -'
" Yes, 1 uo. . 1 ... ., , , . ,
And von remeniDer tne -dioouaiicu
J . .... 4. - 1-.,. 7
.4,14 rtrii'tp! hvlhi' letter of tin
stitution. , 1 .
For what are Constitutions maue li
i-i.nVl iwiwpr to define the nianmtt
1. of itx pvpn-ise according to
i.rps.'rilpd tmuits of latitude -and to
restrain its exercise within
i Ami hprp. T iiiu led to remark,
i .nvtiritit ull thp Hi an ires of part
111 .-5, 111I1414.J. ... 1-1 II
contests and the fluctuations ot politic;
iiro vfo ro timt ivmstitntes the inarkeu
distinction between the two great pol
w iintrv. I sav the
IK1 ri.w.f 4..4.J - - 4
foi- from thp foundation 01 tl
l,.imont' thprp hflVft existed biit
KXVJ 1 VI 44444V 1 V ..v v -' . , , I
two and there can he. in iact, out i"M
Differences may arise, and parties inay
spring up, 011 questions 01 policy bh
ino-lo.1 interests of a temporary nit
.144 TucnP4i msiv he made extraneous
or pAihitPrrtl. but in the end, after the
subsidence of the excited element-!,
questions are resolved- back, the t o
forces are ranged inline under their 1
spective I banners, and these true ban-,
liers are,1 what sir? What inscnptic n
do they bear? On one -you read,
44 strict construction" im the other "u 1
Umited construct ion
These,! after all, are the antagonistic
doctrines! which lie at the bottom of : 11
political! action, and in this question
li.iihn. nrp thev not. ill
1 1 1 J W UI111C1 Ml- -v. ... . , v
ioiiiarkablft manner lllustrat
I know, sir, it is insisted that our Con
stitutions are very profound and very
S2S w nirlSff to Vie studieil aikd
expounded with learned investigation;
and so tney snouia
ways, elucidate but that they can
no such belief. The Constitutions un
der which we live, sir, were.not mat e,
like the oracles of old, to speak worcK
...u:i.i, iT.;-ht Iip construed to mem
Wiiivi. ... . , ,
whatpvershould napien 10 uu uiuu.
" - ' ' -a A .1.1 F4w
Constitution. - I sayiot prc-ribWl,; for
;f i. not nitondfHl that the. Co hstitu-
tion does prescribe this mode ; but it is
claimwl either as an iuih-ihu
the people, or as a nit c e not exj 1
pronimieti, ur-kh.. . -derstand
- the Senator Irom Cluithani
correctly, he laid doW 1 his propositions
i - 1 1 . . . . . . -. w . .1 lrll
Ti,.it! thp Dpoo iv iK'niir oiTit-i..,
I.M. I '
lutve the nht l an
at 'their will. 5
That the people did
-4.iitwm fUeI. as is ii
...1. 4. rjil,.
ereise mis rigiu.
power is aeknowleil t
and .constitutional u
been exereisetl then
and never coded, the
to be 'exercised- now .tH
This-l U'lieve was
his irooositions, and
Convention does not occur m enuer
report or amendments ; sind mark, sir,
described by the this important a'TO'X.
fhij Tl0 riMriiijtr IIMHJ1L ili vwi--
mittee charged with this special
io or i
most weighty subject ; one
hv h (.'on-
' 1 1 . . - -
ov proposed, e.
t this pxerpse of
have ixt'ii proper
:i -tluit having
then in thf same
tlu- substance oi
though not fully
as it i?oe
of two waVs' ojj
MANY WORSE OCCUPATIONS
political freedom has been won in bat
Se. ook at the blood that was shed
during four centuries for thesakeof
the six lines in juagna v,inirui,
contain the fundamental principles of
Anglo Saxon ireeuom.
as was the price, the! rights secured
were well worth the sacrifice. So with
rrua ricrht. wp fixrueirieu 1UI i
MH Davis says, the 44 lost causeis
stated, embraces perils all his iwnnt
i,5v rt oi-onosition IIS 111
OW, Pi!, J447
questionable as far
stois short too soon.
hp altered in only one
, ov subversion ahd
,ii it i -rerolution. I tl by
.rtnt" h;.; flnnt' aeconliiig to
IlLUnu lvy " ' T I . ,
iinai 'mode, if one exists,
hr.vsfribevl : if no such mcde
r.rri IxhI . then by the
.'.'.ii....:t;.w . niiiiowpred
llUllii"i. v"'t" r. . Tii,,.,..,!
terms, to take such actiou a bu v..,vu
best for the emergeiie: :.4 . ;
I lis, second position is oi course ad--:4-4..i
1 .1 tu-t of history : and his
l1, ,lso r it wis effected by the
constitutoiraulhoritieb in the wioJ
.. ,.,i,ivf.nifnt. and only lawtui
kal, pvistinr. From the (on-lus
the fourth, I
lime iii"n . -
1 .,.r4ilt. thp ch'ductlOll dOk
follow : for the ieopie i t-tc vv
Convention of 18.r tfie power to make
constitutional provision, or the action
P in-trpntiiin in mb far v t s vlftor
lli Vhv ceded this power, the
proper and only proper motle i . the one
prescribexl by this ac.tiou-if tncjy did
not cede it, but hold the full pmvpr and
right themselves, as before, thnthi.s
action is a nullity fro 11 .its extrajudi
cial exceetling of autnoriiy, wjtim
tlemen will scareiy niiunuuu. :
li.ix-iMtr ttilrpn ikotes if thd argu-
ihents on the other side, ! shall 1W
the attention of flie Conven
tion to an intense, degms yet this vm
Miiwi no-o-pss hut one hianner of al-
lllim v ...vij, ; 1.
teratiou and anieiHlinent by the legis
lative" mode, j it not strahge, if thse
able, 'experienced h'ren .:ntemplatl
the necessity of a Convention, that .its
very nieiition vyas omitted? J
' " Mr. Moires thotight, that when i he
law of the land was soleinnly fixed it
and he was unwilling,! therefore, to
leave in the poweiiof Italy nutjonfieA oJ
1 , ., .r.iUtiit,'t fn i in-'nii about atiotli
Om rail ion." If ,;!. ; -
-!.. - l..t4ii in 1 111s - was
- .111. Hll.v414 . - - . i .
the most important questions that had
come before tlie Convention ; for what-,,,.-1..
Ki..w4t.ht wo. mav ..have promised
ourselves from ouri labors m this .body,,
inlaying the foundations (if our (4111-
stitutiou On fair and eqniianie pm u
..iw. ,v ,v .,nf in ike, wntef of bare erf
k'lvi r - a 1 - '
lttve we toiled in yam,, j
ai Mnares said 1 mrtner
for altering the organic law of the Shite.
A certain mode of. tlet.ermining the
point would lie. to pass a Jaw ut once for
taking the senseof voters hion(the ques
tion of change or no change. ou will
then know what public dpimOn is, but
until something of that kind shall have
been done, any action mat w nueiMut 1
to be based upon thepopi nar win, rnut
rest upon conjecture. This act may be
passvHi by a majority of thede ierai .s
spnihlv. If the result of the iMipular
vote should showeitht
hostility to the change
K4..it toiiiTihi l)v tlie 1 ichctral A
If on theother'hand it sjiall
lUn-'uUtl iioimlar 'iec'Jiuir
.i-iin. ..iffivdions or anv'of them, the
11 114V 4..4V - - ! . ' . A
moral efiVrt of this iniptilar vote might
Millice to pHK-ure lroniour Legislature
the nHiuisite constitutional sanction to
anv .desirable reform. "-j--fcyei' '''.
nidi lien -nee
fii,ifst WtDir. to (iti'
A CHINESE WILL.
A Ciiinaman dicxl, leaVing Ids prop-
IK' will to his thri sonsj as nu-
44 That if 1 one-third thereof, and tollbngfllat, , his
.......wf oiw4ninTii iiii'ivtji.f
, ;-i' 4'iV4.v. . t... '
l 11 '.nn.."....,n.il lP.i-4SsirV' ifir 11 VMil- , Hlllvl, v,.... ,
law, men 11 i -v-.im. . , ... .,rolK;rtv was inventoruH n
ajcoiistitu-. ventipn at-;miy . - ; j r- t .,)ns5st ()f nothing molvor lens
and is duly found no armcmcy , xi. u u. . f . p ! h, ventn elephantsund it pur.-
! -.mVy Z ,S these three heirs to decide how to
constituteii rr"' rn" vX "rn,iiuC .iSvid.Vthe pnmerty aecoi-dmg to me.
hi .rkMieral to sustain tne uocirmu 01 fi' ". 1 ' ,ni ';thoii i lioimlni? -ill)!
. ." 1
ent relM dissent, 001
leen previously n p.;
nl.iin in worn simple in expression
j i siif5r4atw-p- and were in
not lost that its principles will tn- . ndpd to precisely what m terms
hpTpmorrnt.s tet eon- V.o.. nvriroca Till less and no more.
trol of the Union; that he accepts none eZTZ.Z
SO H Wlll uu yM.r ; , . 5wtl tn
. v vl J-kVTC3 U III A- III- n; A A A A t. A. I
of the issues of tlie war.
ii,r.4- ivivia nnH Toniiilw are for
vainthe right of self-government gtlrrinsr I up another rebellion.
would be cheaply purcftasea oy Stephens is not so bold ; he expects. to
n iolr the undo llie tetllilmd
standard of revolt?'7 , . or declare void the XI th and X tn
"Whencrv-er a favorable opportunity Ajnendment to the Constitution of the
occurs. We will wait umu jioui
nlPiit the North are divided, among
K pni!nPd. and "sir. far more than
Mr- this, liable to be perverted to their ovn
c. o I . V v... iin looimpil. the astute, the in
1 ,4.vio.iPl the most infallible, pe-
mnct trusted and the most
LTIIMC U4VOT - ,1 . i
'11-.1 cji.-., .i.a Ko namivrats orpt t4wr.twtroi4ihle expounders. , "-io wnav
luuu6 I . . i . rm. Kn1nJ -.f I ninar thia inPVltaOl.V . iea i . ' -r. mv
...:u enma I pontrnl tne country , me icauciauMiuu. . - - ti. . - i
:, Kftf,i,aii hut tniieh to dis-aopn
and condemn ; nimc tlian ithte, m the
extracts, just read, the. strongest lan
guage is usedsto repudiate it expressly .
0 At a later day the article came uii on
its final readlnir, and mr. iut-
. ia n...DniiwhfHfiirft? Let 'him
ni.uvi.i.r.'iiK An additional safeguanl
iii in - - m - .
uAi-p'nfpf-n elenliant8. anli
IIIV tJV - " 1. 1
rJonsiv inniiiir their value.
. 1.J Until.
they applied to a wise neiguiM r. ou...
Punkfor advice. Sum-lMnk had nu
elephant of his own. lledmveit into
ith thpHevehteen. and said:
. . .. . . 1 . .. ...... 1 t
1 iir otiiirrs 0 m oam ijiuiui u
I 4 - f '.1 .. rA.t.tl 4 fi lirl 1 llS OI
. ..i.Ktr.t Tll(4 1 I I 1 11 I M 1 1 It'llLlll Wlllivil'iv.' " . I
l" AZr itVilLhrid he desfres tol l
1UH 1UC viyivi."v... ril.n.!..,
no t on venxnui 01 mv ,
"Now, we will suppose tjiat your fath
er left the eighteen eicpnam. r u.u-
Hum take your iuui and .u u ,;
'um-llum toOK nine i'R'i '""7
ent his way. "Avi "L,Li
rairf r vein r
amend " so that
pt-ople should hereafter.
cept by a concurrent.
of each nouse 01
blv.'M ',;i' vv' 4
the proposition leiore; ue nhn home aain. Query : Was" the pro-
the on y oidvsol huyrr-! pty divided accordin- to the
debates in' tne uonvv." i"1 , 1
.J iii.". n oi inst fhance for 1
-a: deduction m tneir ; uoj.
i1il Mr. Uiics qesire,,
4 .1 ..rli.1
4 . 4 '
The platform of the
ino thp POI1 titutional question
i" t-.uiimi.v 4.1- .-. -t - l;.iiii,J I unrec-juui- :
,.r:v.v..- -rafirpni-p- anorriailv lu wiwuuw 1 , r. AiTnr.
hPPn said, any further ; and firt, it t t 4rf ,it pos.
rp. I V4J(SrlTll- I Jll.UllVO 3v. . . . , r " 4. 1
us see wnai is me iupv . - " , ; kip this body would assume to cuuirui
tion prescribes: in exterms in re- J?6 future! action! of . .the", people; : of
spect to the calling a""- Carolimu'V ;Mrr qastonrepueu?
" No uonveniion 01 u e iKvr".." ut .,-, ot thp ipoiile hut tne crea
. 1 i.,n..i Atispiimiv. uu- 1 - . - .
caiieu ov ciic -rr-
less by the concurrenoe
oil thp mpmbers of eac
Now it must oe
1 . ,i. w.m. throws Vnllandiirhani and
JWUU1.1-V,,. 1 .. !!' . ii
the leoid. . 11
uiii jw. ."4 . 1., .i.ii r.., in nvfr: iiis "new departure'?
WWW1MS 'V "T". fr-' i " institutional amend-
H.-vW.. " , ,
ai- ments, negro suffrage, and dragsi along
,is nf tures Of the people iiue a'
h UoFthi that this amendment; proposed to
- limit'" ,jr . fv - i ''- l
.. . , r ' j.t '.. ; Ti siitisfv some
4l I lW4l. Mr.
. 1 1 1. .v. r
Lii4v ' . i. t. ;,-.iKi
.lvm -v "" ' T . - 1 - . ant mnnn nrar 111111 lie uiiiv.
these words are very Hear, and no fiU ndmeiit so as ; to provide that
- . a mm - . a. m
Convention snail nereaiter ue tui
1 . ' '
occur as. w r - .- but hv the UeneraiJASsemoiyt:?Aw;i M
Smuch Con- concurrent vote of twthircl, or caen prnt com
5innlu not prohibit a call in any houseV .. .i CkJ'iLirU Woior. "it is uncom
Bl"UM,.T. u iAn-t ono ? or that al- )i am quite wnuig,.., ' . V" ,.in
other m(xie, it v.iyrr " r"T7.ii ki rpntlpmPh the full 1 benent 01 an
f.lllllf II, aTWA. Ia Liu 11 V t
thonrrh the Assembly
vi iT Convention, it c
This, sir, really seemd
feet taking the groun
1-1 . . i , . , :
J. Tii'L r,:- oimnont of what.
to me a most ex
that a niaiji
in ef-ilieve thisisd faur statcmei
may f thej' have clalmetl.'. I 'rdrt
in the same old ruts 01 aniagoiuM
everything notconipriseilin Democrat
ic ethics fifty years ago. The next
National Convention will be like the
mixing of oil and water, so adverse
will be the quality and character of the
delegates. , " ' i
5 Tho 'T,'Jenram hears that tire Hon. J.
" . . i t i
Leach of 3avidson, is '
rention bill and says tnat
;titutional and rcvplutlona-
' If A
t.AnM r 1k carried in ine
rv. umi on"u"4 ... . 4 ,1.
State, (which he says will newr e,) it
SSnlcVbe no more tlian a caucus, a
" iT .I i.at nv- nerstill WHO votes
JllOO, til" H44.V -J .
i for it, votes to sustain a mob."
bPPnh"pA up. 4 the door 01 me
yourselves or are at war
I . I . ' 1 I I ' .1-1 . . 1--
. ... I . ! , . I 1 :: ' '.
. . ' .. . . " . - ' ' : ' ' . ' ' - i '.:' .' ; ' iv.'.:'. i
; . ! ' v. i :; Li--.. ;i :-i
".'.:!. '1 - Jr. : i - - 1 ! 1
The Era (Raleigh, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
June 22, 1871, edition 1
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