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0 / 75
THURSDAY, FEB. O, 1873.
- jTnE Federal government owes it
to itself and to the Republican party
of North Carolina to confer some
position of high honor upon Ex
I The friends of Judge Settle are
confident that in the distribution of
Federal patronage the merits of
this distinguished son of North
Carolina will not be overlooked.
Ills services In the State campaign
in the Summer, and the Fall cam
paign through the North, entitle
Hon. Thomas Settle to first consid
eration at the hands of theXationa
I Why do the members of
Legislature vote themselves
dollars a day and twenty cents each
way, while the poverty of the peo
ple requires that they shall allow
county Commissioners only two
dollars a day and five cents mileage;
nutru, as is wen Known, in nine
times out of ten, the county Com
missioners are more qualified for
the important duties of their offices?
Messrs. Cowles, Ellis of Catawba.
Gudgerand Humphrey, Conserva
tives of the Senate, declare them
selves, by their vote in the Senate
Thursday, neither Ku Klux nor
Ku Klux sympathizers.
; Twenty-fivo Conservatives or De
mocratic Senators take their posi
tion before the country as Ku
Klux, and so let them stand.
A Democratic House of Represen
tatives refuses to pardon Governor
Holden because he helped to put
down the Ku Klux organization in
A Democratic Senate votes to
pardon the Ku Klux who whipped,
scourged and murdered unoffending
citizens of the State because of their
political opiuions!!! Comment is
unnecssary. wLLT THE PEO
PLE HEAR, PONDER AND
MAKE UP THEIR OWN VER-DICT.-3
The South and the Cabinet.
The Washington Chronicle of Cist
' The committee of Southern members
appointed after recent consultation to
solicit the President to recognize "the
Booth in the reorganization of his Cabi
net, had a consultation with him a day
or two since, in which thej made known
their desires. Thej w ere cordially re
ceived and courteously treated. They
were assured that when the proper time
arrired and circumstance permitted,
the President would bo glad to conform
to their wishes. He implied that the
conditions precedent were notj-etmet.
A Letter from Tennessee.
The Era to-day contains a letter
from T. A. Sykes, Esq., who will
le remembered as the accomplished
colored Representative in the last
Legislature from Pasquotank. The
letter Is in approbation of the ap
pointment of Hon. Kemp P. Battle
to the office of Superintendent of
Public Instruction. Mr. Sykes is
The Governor, Attorney Gcli
eral and the Western
In the Sentinel of the 29th Inst.,
Samuel McD. Tate, Esq., President
of the Western North Carolina
Railroad, published a letter from
which Is extracted tho following:
I am no partisan of Governor Cald
well, nor does he ask me to defend
him, but while making this statement
and knowing he has been assailed, it is
my duty to nay he was opposed to the
mortgage. I doubt if he. knew he was
a Trustee till the deed was executed,
for I remember requesting the Presi
dent to make him one because of his
position as a ftate officer and my confi
dence in bis integrity. I remember
well on one occasion, when pressed to
raise monev to prevent a sale of thee
same bonds, that he manifested great
interest and aided me. And again, after
the bonds had boon sold in Is'ew York
and a negotiation was going on with
the holders to furnish the means to
tinish the road, he expressed hi wil
lingness to sign as Trustee the incom
plete bonds if he could have assur
ance that thereby the road would be
completed to Asheville. I believed it
would be done and undertook to get
tho evidence of it for him, but before
thU was accomplished I heard the
bonds had changed bunds and I drop
Thus is the Governor amply vin
dicated against tho charges that he
was a party to the mortgage which
the Sentinel says was the ruin of
the Road," and President Tate
shows that Mr. Caldwell has always
been a warm friend of the Road and
anxious for its extension through
the mountains; thus refuting the
charge that he was, has been or is
opposed to the completion of the
Road to the Tennessee line.
Now for the investigation which
the last Legislature instructed the
Governor and Attorney General to
The resolution under which they
were required to act will be found
on page 420 laws of 1871-'72 and is
in these words :
Resolution in Relation to tho Sale of the
Kastern Division of the Western North
Carolina Kail road.
Section 1. The General Assembly of
North Carolina do enact. That tho Uov-
eruor and Attorney General are hereby
instructed forthwith to investigate and
enquire into the regularity of any sale
or Males of said road made or pretended
to be made, and if in their judgment the
same is found to be irregularly, illegal
ly or fraudulently made or for the pur
pose of benefitting any party or parties
to the detriment of the State's interest
therein, they are herebj' authorized and
instructed to institute a suit or suits or
take such other step or steps as tbev
may deem advisable and necessary to
set aside said sale and protect the in
terests of the State in said sale.
Sec. 2. This resolution shall be in
force from its ratification.
Ratified the 10th day of February. A.
In reference to this resolution Mr.
ttorney General Shipp concluded
and the Governor coincides with
the opinion, that, they were not re
quired or expected to look into the
mortgage and its incidents. That
was not questioned by the draughts
man of the mortgage himself, un
derstood to be Mr. Woodfin.
The Road had been sold under
execution and bouirht by McAden.
t was understood that he had at
first bought subject to tho mort
gage and afterwards claimed the
whole. But the point and purpose
of the resolution v.v for the Gov
ernor and the Attorney General to
bring suit to assert the claim of the
State if there was irregularity.
Attorney General Shipp took up
on himself to inquire particularly
into the legality of the sale and
purchase by McAden. Consultation
was had with Judge Merrimon and
he stated that himself and Mr.
Governor Caldwell and Attorney
General Shipp has been assailed in
This Western North Carolina
Railroad has given the State and
the people untold trouble and anx
iety, and it is to be hoped that its
troubles approach a solution. It is
given out now that opposition to
its sale has dwindled down to a
demand for a guaranteeon the part
of the purchasers that the Road
shall be completed without unne
cessary delay Such assurance can
and i will be given, and the early
completion of the Western North
Carolina Railroad Is one of the
events in thej immediate future the
people of North Carolina may confi
dently hope and most devoutly pray
for. i '
.Mr. Pool Says So.
Senator Pool's friends are very san
guine that he will receive a Cabinet ap
pointment. They now assert that
President Grant has intimated to Mr.
Pool that he would, after .the fourth of
March, ofier hirh the portfolio of either
the Interior or Post Office Department.
This f tatoinent' is published as coining
from Senator Pool himself.
Pool bases his claims upon the servi
ces he has rendered the Administration
in North Carolina. Ho Kays Grant is
indebted to t North Carolina than to
any other State in the- Union for the
overwhelming vote he received in the
electoral college that the August elec
tion in this State turned rhe tide against
Liberalism and decided, virtually, the
Presidential election in November; and
that his individual plans and exertions
carried the State for Caldwell and tho
It is said that President Grant ac
knowledges the force of this reasoning,
and is determined to reward Pool at
all hazards. At any. rae Pool says so,
we presume he is upeaking the truth.
Raleigh Daily Neva.
The News assumes to be better
posted us to the prospects of Mr.
Pool th:m tho Era or Mr. Pool's
most intimate friends here, and the
above is given for what it is worth.
That Senator Pool has rendered
great service to the Nation and to
the Republican : party there is no
one to deny, but neither he nor his
friends have ever, claimed for him
all the merit of the last year's cam
paign, lie did a valuable and
noble service, and no one desires or
expects the President to overlook
Senator Pool ; but it is prejudicial
to the Republican party and to the
Senator himself for these reckless
acd unfounded statements to go
That the Republicans of North
Carolina are recognized at Wash
ington as the first to turn 44 Liber
alism" on the back track is true,
and if there are any changes in the
Cabinet, it is pretty well settled
that North Carolina is to have a
Iortfolio, but as between the gen
tlemen to be thus personally hon
ored it is not for the Era to decide or
express a personal preference ; but
the treatment Governor Holden has
received at the hands of the Demo
crats or Ku Klux of the State, and
his present position under political
bans imjosed by the Ku Klux, give
Will he he Consistent?
In the House of Representatives
on Tuesday, the 28th inst., when
the resolution to remove the disa
bilities Imposed by the Court of Im
peachment upon Governor Holden
was under consideration, ! the tal
ented and eloquent youthful repre
sentative from Lincoln county, in
opposing the adoption of the reso
lution, among other things, said :
" I confess I was surprised to hear bo
good a lawyer an the gentleman froUi
Wake attempt to j ovo that the Legis
lature has tho Constitutional authority
to remove Mr. Holden's disabilities.
The Constitution of our State, like
that of thP United States, vests the par
doning power in the Executive, except
in cases of impeachment. In both in
struments the language used is identi
cally the same, and in neither is there
to be found a provision for pardon in
these cases. Hence, Judge Story says,
"judgment upon impeachments, when
once pronounced, become absolute and
irreversible," which position is also sus
tained by Mr. Kowle and the learned
Judge Kent. Do not understand me,
Mr. Speaker, as arguing that in case of
impeachment a pardoning power no
where exists ; but I do assert, without
fear of contradiction, that it is not dele
gated to the Executive, the Legislative,
or the Judicial Departments of the Gov
ernment ; and section 37 of the Declara
tion of Rights says : ' All powers not
herein delegated remain with the peo
ple." Therefore, this power ' to pardon
remains with the people ; and the only
way in which it can be exercised is by
a sovereign Convention. Till we have
a Constitution that is not a medley
of confusion and contradiction," I will
always be ready to Join Governor Hol
den's friends in calling it." j
No one has the right to question the
sincerity of Mr. Morrison when he
uttered these sentiments, but candor
compels the expression of doubts. A
few days, however, will dispel those
doubts or establish their confirma
The bill which has just passed the
Senate removing the disabilities of
the Ku Klux,. or granting them
amnesty for all their heinous offen
ces, will come before the! House of
Representatives. It will then be
seen what Mr. Morrison thinks of
the obligations of the Constitution
of the State, wheu a Ku Klux wants
pardon whether he still believes
that 44 all powers not herein (in the
Constitution) delegated remain with
.the people." Therefore, as there is
no power delegated by the Consti
tution to tho Legislature to pardon
a Ku Klux, that it is vested alone
in the Governor after conviction or
44 remains with the people," and
44 the only way in which it can be
exercised is by a sovereign Conven
In the mean time let Mr. Badger
keep an eye on Mr. Morrison, and
if he sees signs of his "rotating"
from his opinion as expressed in
the above extract from his speech,
let him refresh his memory by read
Soldiers of the War of 1812.
In the House of Representatives,
on the 30th January, the bill came
up to restore to the pension rolls the
names of certain persons, soldiers of
the war of 1812, stricken from the
rolls in 18G2 for having taken part
In or sympathized with the rebel
lion. The proceedings state that
Mr. Hawley, of Connecticut, opposed
the bill, and said he was content with
the concessions mnde to those who were
in rebellion, but he wanted some mark
left on the statute 1 books to ishow that
the nation disapproved of treason.
Mr. Cox denied that there; was a sol
dier of the war of 1812 who bad ever
raised his hand against the flag, al
though their sons might have done so,
and their sympathies might have been
with their children. He challenged the
citing of an instance where one of these
old soldiers had raised his arm againat
the flag. j
Mr. .Butler, of Massachusetts, said his
position in opposition to treason and
traitors was well known. jHe stated
that when in command at New Orleans
it became necessary to .disarm the citi
zens, and, among others, there came to
him some of these old soldiers, who
said with tear in their eyes, j " My arm
is too old to raise this weapon against
you, but do not take from me this
sword which I wore under Jackson,"
and he allowed them to retain their pre
cious relic. Whether they iwere right
or wrong they had won the right to bo
wrong by shedding their blood for their
country. Applause. The war was now
over, and being over let us Iremember
what happened, not in 1861, but in 1812
and 1814 not the New Orleans of 1SG1,
but the New Orleans of 1812.
The bill was passed by a large
majority, with much applause.
This is one of the noblest acts per
formed by the present I House of
Representatives, and the bill should
promptly pass the Senatej
Tho New York Times of the 29th
January contains the following dis
patch from Raleigh : j
Raleigh, N. C, Jan. 28. In the lower
House of the Legislature to-day the res
olution relieving ex-Governor Holden's
disabilities imposed by the Court of Im
peachment was defeated by a vote of 58
to 51, a strict party vote. The bill to
legal ize murder is still under discussion
in tiie Senate ; it will probably pass to
morrow. Public sentiment is greatly
in favor of the removal of Governor
Holdon's disabilitiis. If the question
was submitted to the people there would
be scarcely any opposition j to the re
moval. The Governor is prosecuting
claims against the United States Gov
ernment in thi3 city, and has as many
warm friends as ever. He lis univer
sally beloved by the poorer class of
people. The refusal of the Legislature
to remove his disabilities creates great
sympathy for him, and the number of
his friends is increasing every day.
The N. C. Legislature.
Thursday, Jan. 30, 1S7G.
Senate met at 11 o'clock.
Lieut. Governor in the Chair. !
Journal of yesterday read and
Senator Barnhardt reported Sen
ator Waring absent on .account of
Senator Ellis of Columbus, stated
that Senator Respess was absent on
account of sickness in his family.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
Reports from standing commit
tees were presented by Senators
Todd, Merrimon and Morehead of
Senator Morehead of Guilford,
from the Joint Select Committee on
Constitutional Reform, reported
the same bill of last session altering
the Constitution of the State, with
On motion the bill was ordered
to be printed and made a special
order for 12 M. to-morrow.
A message was received from II is
Excellency the Governor, trans
mitting a communication of Alex.
Mclver, Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction, in reference to the
Board of Trustees of the University
on the subject of the land scrip do
nated to the State by the United
States government. 1
On motion of Senator Troy, the
message and accompanying papers
were referred to the Education Com
mittee. BILES INTRODUCED.
Senator Long, a bill to abolish
the Scotch Fair near Laurel Hill,
Richmond ounty. Referred.
'Senator Ellis of Catawba, a bill to
repeal sections 6, 7, 8 and 9, and to
amend sections 10 and 11, chapter
2, Revised Code, entitled Agricul
ture and Geology. Referred.
Senator Allen, a bill to incorpor
ate the Old North State Lumber,
Mining and Manufacturing Com
Senator Gudger, a bill to amend
the law concerning idiots and
By Mr; Williamson, a bill to ex
tend the time of E. A. Gupton, late
sheriff of Franklin, to collect taxes.
The machinery bill was made spe
cial order for to morrow 11 a. in.
Mr. Shjnn, of Cabarrus, was an
nounced jas being sick.
House jbili to amend the charter
of the town of Washington, was
read. I I
1 his bill proposes that the (iov.V
nor by the ionent of the major it.
of the Senators, - appoint tu
commissioners whrwe duties P J
be to visit every county i:t thc-stS
and deliver addresses .v.-
subject of agriculture.) ' "e
.. ww-. vvivu tin: iit i.
- - - . A A 1 1 .
support oi me . Din and
. 1 J. ; 1 - L . ii.- - 1 A . .1 A- .l..'.!. a . . .
original bill. i facts and ligures to Mistam him j
Mr., Jones, of Caldwell,' moved j his argument. I j f J
th:it tho hill hi. rpfprrivl tn 'Commit- Mr. Avorn stnfnfl iU.it i. '.. . r
tee on Propositions and Grievances, i
Mr. Cbraon opposed thej motion !
to refer, jand said that the object of j
the bill Is to change the line of the I
wards; as tiie line now runs, when
Mr. A vera stated that ho y1(S
willing to vote for any bill en th Z
any new office. , ' "
a man lies down to sleep jiis head j
is in one! ward and his feet in an-!
other. ! !
Mr. Standford favored the notion
to reier. ; j .
Mr. EjlisOn said the bill was not
passed a! year by a- unanimous vote;
that the bill passed attlmttjime was
at the instance of the minority and
not of tiie majority; that the object
of the bjilllw-as as stated j by Air.
Corson; itheline now runsjthrough
the middle of a Block. He hoped
that theimotion to refer would not
prevail. I I
Mr. Waugh opposed the motion
to refer, j lfe hoped the bill would
pass. j j j
Mr. Jones of Caldwell, moved to
lay the bill on the table.
The yeas and nays were called,
and the motion prevailed yeas 5S
nays 44. i j . j
Mr. Wfation introduced a bill not
to allowj any person to register who
does not show the tax receipt of the
Sheriff for the preceding year.
Mr. Brown of Mecklengburg, in
troduced a resolution concerning
the United States Mint at Charlotte.
The Era Rises to Explain.
Labor and Education.
To the Editor of The Era .-j-
In reference to the appointment
of Hon. Kemp P. Battle to the po
sition of Superintendent bf public
instruction by Governor Caldwell,
allow me, as a citizen of No; th Car
olina, to make a few J remarks
through the columns of jTour val
uable paper. Governor Caldwell
certainly deserves great praise from
all friends of education for the se
lection of so able a gentleman as
Mr. Battle to fill the above office;
for it is surely putting "the right
man in the right place." It is true
that I am a party man, but circum
stances alter cases; jmd jwhen it
comes to education, party should
be no consideration. j
It is to be hoped that the Legis
lature now in session will follow
him claims second to no one; and
in vindication of the action of the
General Government toward the
Ku Klux, the administration can
not overlook William W. Holden.
his case, his position, his merits and
In the Xra oi the zvth inst., in
noticing Mr. Badger's reply to Mr.
Anderson, of Clay, the following
sentence appears :.
"He Mr. Anderson is a member of the Governor's example, by throw
1 the 'wealth, intelligence and virtue, ing aide all partisan feeling in this
important question, and adopting
such legislation as will enable the
Superintendent to put schools inim
mediate operation, for there can
be no doubt existing in the minds
of the people as to the Superintend-
The Old Slave-Drivers Practic
ing Their Intolerance and
At the instance of one of the first
financial thinkers of the State, who
. i i
as mucn a gentleman as any man PhillipSTTad looked into the matter had long been in consultation with
in the State, and his letter will be fullu and that the nurchase bv creditors of the State, and re-
, i '
reau wun pleasure by his friends
of all parties; especially those who
are aware of the fact that he h.t
taken care of and protected, as a free
man, the lady to whom he belonged.
as a slave. Such a man is an honor
, to his race, his country and his peo
ple or ail colors.
The Why and the Wherefore.
iuvery Senator who voted to am
nesty theKu Klux formurder knew
perfectly well that it was specially
done to gave the necks of the mur
derers of Outlaw and Stephens.
Now they know Just as well, and
..... .. .
knew u ai me time, that some of
' the men engaged In those murders
McAden was worth nothing in the
lace of the mortgage, and it has al
ways been held by the lawyers that
in the purchase, McAden at most
had bought only the equity of re
demption that the mortgage was
properly registered and he could
hold nothing but the equity of re
ine company was in possession
of the Road, and there was neither
necessity nor ground lor bringing
suit; a suit under such circum
stances was not only undesirable
but such action would have been ex
Messrs. McAden and Malone and
Wilson brought suit in Catawba
upon a certain claim against the
fleeting and understanding their
sentiments and wishes, the Gover
nor suggested to the Legislature a
plan for adjusting the public debt
of North Carolina.
At this well meant act of kind
ness and patriotism; the Senate
took mortal offense ; Senators grew
black and blue with indignation;
and every little w hipper-snapper of
an editor has discharged his-puny
pop-gun at Goverhor Caldwell.
The Governor of course cares
nothing for their indignation, and
will, as usual, pursue the even ten
or of his way, and utterly disre
gard the snapping and snarling
of a set who appear desirous of es
tablishing some' sort of chim to the
have already confessed the crime?.
- and when the matter shall come I Roadt anl to Mu-i smt the Attorney consideration due the curspecies.
before the Courts this Spring there
will be no lack of testimony from
witnesses of standing in the Demo-
cratic iarty, who, having volunta
rily confessed to the deeds, stand
ready to tell the whole story on
the witness-stand. Knowing these
things, Senators were in a great
harry to get amnesty through. Are
any of them implicated?
There aro three prominent gen-
uenerai gave nis attention to see
that no advantage was taken of the
Company. It was then that John
I. Shaver, Esq., was appointed by
the Board of Directors as Agent to
attend to this suit, and he employ
ed counsel in the cause, as Attorney
General Shipp was informed at the
time. ' !
It will be seen that the Governor
and Attorney General were not re
quired to make any report to the
The truth , of the matter is. the
Democrats of this Legislature and
the State do not "desire any adjust
ment of the debt of the State, and
they are determined, that the peo
ple shall !ut prosper or have any
peace undVr State or National ad
ministrations in Republican hands.
They are of. the old " ride or ruin "
party ; arid of the fallen slave-dri v
ing oligarchy, they merit little at
tention or consideration at the
of the State, and his county pays into
the btate Treasury tho enormous sum
of seventeen dollars. i
Now, it was not intended to do
Mr. Anderson injustice, and so
making enquiry at the proper office,
it is found that his county pays
more than seventeen dollars in the
way of State taxes. The amount of
44 State taxes " paid by Clay in 1872
was $277.09. The General j Assem
bly. sat thirty-two days before the
recent recess, and the State Treasu
rer paid its members five; dollars
per day, or $160 to each. Mr. An
derson received $202 for mileage,
making $3G2. So it appears that
Mr. Anderson drew from the Treas
ury before Christmas, eighty-four
dollars and ninety-one cents more
than his county paid in State taxes,
and the Senator from Clay, and the
Judge and Solicitor who hold
courts in that county, and Mr. An
derson since the recess are all being
paid by Mr. Badger's (or some oth
This accounts for Mr. Anderson's
anxiety about the taxes paid in
Wake. Having himself long since
exhausted the amount paid into
the Treasury by his county, and
being anxious about his present and
future pay, it was but natural that
he should ask about how much was
paid by other counties.
Having explained the matter, the
Era would suggest that Clay coun
ty be divided, and that another
county be formed out of half of it.
This would give another Democrat
ic member in tho House, and either
of the counties could east more votes
than Graham county, formed at the
last General Assembly, which cast
117 votes in the Presidential elec
Tho Party of Lawlessness.
.tlemenofthe Republican party in Legislature about this matter, but hands of any sensible or patriotic stitution by dema
iNorth Carolina Messrs. Holden, simply to 44 investigate," &ct and folk ) ; qualification, ant
T" 1 C?A44fA -A. .. It I. . a . . 1-,
i Pool and Settle either of whom it ' bring suit or suits or take such
would grainy tne Kepublicans of other step or steps " as they mijrht
this State to have the President deem advisable.
honor with a Cabinet position ; and
as he is familiar with the services,
sensible of the claims and thorough
ly acquainted with the merits of ail
of them, tho President is the best
Judge in the matter, and his good
sense and almost infallible Judg
ment la sufficient without the inter
ference of partisans and personal
friends, and so the Era will not feel
called upon to specially advocate
the cause of any gentleman, but
stand ready to approve the appoint
ment, whoever may be selected
from the ranks of our competent
and worthy fellow-citizens.
The columns of the iaper, are,
however, open to the special friends
They did 44 investigate" far
enough to see that no 44 steps ' were
they in behalf
act on the de-
necessary, but that
of the State should
This investigation had nothing
whatever to do with the mort
gage, or any or President Mott or
Tate's contracts. These matters
were another thing. Then why be
gin proceedings when the Slate or
the Company had undisturbed pos
session of the Road? Everything
that could have been accomplished
by suit, and more too, was open to
assertion by defence and answer to
any suit brought by other parties.
It Is difficult to understand the !
ground upon which the conduct of' four of whom are Republicans.
. A New DivisAon of Parties.
The Senate of. North Carolina has
ranged itself as follows into new
party divisions :
Ku KLCx.-f-Mejrn. Allen, Avera,
Cunningham, Davjs, Dunham, Ellis, of
Columbus, Flemirijng, Ilorton, McCau
ley, Merrimon, Miller, Morehead, of
Guilford, Moiehead, of Rockingham,
Murphy, Murray, $N ieholson, Nor wood.
Waring, Welch and Worth-25.
Axti-Ku Klu. Messrs, Cowles,
Crame, Ellis, of Catawba, Kppes,
G randy, Gudger, Harris, Hill. Hollo
man, Huniphrey.;Hvtnaii. Ixne. Mab-
son, McCabe, McCotter, Smith, Stiller
and Walker 18. .
Senator Lovejof Jackson, being
so far removed from Ku Klux in
fluences, one way or the other,
asked to be excused from voting,
while there are fsix other Senators
not recorded, oh account of absence,
aT m i
The Daily News of this city has
been flying in the face of the Con
tending a suffrage
and its arguments
have induced Mr. Watson, i of Or
ange, to introduce an amendment
to the election law providing that
no person shall be entitled to regis
ter or vote who does not. produce a
receipt for his poll tax for the year
Article six of the Constitution,
under the head of 44 suffrage and
eligibility to office" says: j
Section 1. Every male person born in
the United States, and every male per
son who has been naturalized, 'twenty
one years old or upward, who shallhave
resided in this State twelve months nr
ceding the day of election, and: thirty
days in the county in which he oiffers to
vote, shall be deemed an elector.'
Now let the News and Mr. Watson
press the plan of their suffrage qual
ification, and with characteristic
impudence violate the Constitution
of the State, as their party has al
ways done whenever it had the
power and the opportunity.
ent's ability, integrity and honesty
How important it is -that we
should have public schools? Itisthe
growth oi a country, it encourages
immigration, prevents, crime, pro
tects property, and in fact accom
plishes all that must follow the
above. How can we expect North
Carolina to prosper without public
schools? If immigrants are afraid to
settle in our State through fc-ar that
their children may grow in ignor
ance, now can we expect our land
to have any value if we cannot have
it tilled. And in vain may the peo
ple form their immigration socie
ties, until they have a thorough
system of education ; for,until then
immigrants will shun our borders.
How many thousands of acres of
land are left uncultivated in North
Carolina? We have large manufac
turing resources which are! yet un
developed, and all for . the want of
proper educated labor. j
As to the tact oi education being
a preventative of crime, it is useless
for me to say much as the statistics
of our courts and jails show that
the vast majority of our criminals
are men of no education, and I will
venture to say that seventy-flvo per
cent, of the convicts now in our pen
itentiary cannot read and write. Is
it to be wondered at 'when the sta
tistics of 1870 show us that out of
99,114 youths between ; the j ares of
six and twenty-one, only 29,303 are
reported as going to school m that
year. Ana I nave no doubt that
since the passage of the last school
law that tho number is still! less, as
a great many poor people cannot
afford to pay the sum that seemed
so diminutive to a majority of the
then law-makers of which I had
the honor of being one of the mi
In conclusion allow me to make
a few remarks in behalf of my own
race : and in doing so 1 hope that I
will not be thoughtclanish, asthose
who know me are aware that I am
an earnest advocate of education re
gardless of race or color ; but Unfort
unately a great many citizens have
opposed the free school system be
cause it afforded the same opportu
nity to the colored as well as whites
to become educated. I do not see
on what grounds those objections
can be founded, as we; have
been made free by the laws of this
country and given the freedom to
perform the duties of citizens : and
can we be expected to perform such
duties without the proper means of
instructidn ? I
It is a well known fact that the
colored people have availed them
selves of every advantage given
them to educate their children, and
in most cases have proved j them
selves as susceptible to learning as
toenator Aicuaue, a resolution au
thorizing the Public Treasurer to
pay to the Treasurer of Edgecombe
county a certain amount of money
trom the school lund. lieferred.
Senator Hill, a resolution author
izing tne fotate treasurer to pay a
certain amount of money from the
school fund to the Treasurer of the
county of Brunswick. Referred.
Senator Hollomon, a resolution
authorizing the State Treasurer to
pay to the Treasurer of Northamp
ton county certain moneys from the
school J? una. Iwlerred.
On motion of Senator Cowles, the
bill incorporating the N.C. Midland
Railway Company was made a spe
cial order tor one o'clock to-day.
Rules suspended on motion of
Senator Worth, and the resolution
requesting our Senators and Repre
sentatives in Congress to use their
best endeavors to protect the Indi
ans in the Territory allotted to
them by the treaty with the U. S.
Government, was taken up.
Senator Worth explained the res
olution, and advocated its passage
Considerable debate ensued on the
adoption of tiie resolution, which
passed by a vote of 3.3 to 0.
The resolution proposing to ad
journ sine die on Monday, the 17th
of Febrnary, was taken up.
After considerable discussion the
resolution was adopted by a vote of
3o to 6.
To test the earnestness of the
Senators, Senator Love introduced
a resolution fixing the meeting of
the senate at 10 a. m. and 7j p. m.
Here another long discussion
arose, and the resolution was finally
made a special order for to-morrow
at 11 i o'clock.
House bill to amend the school
law .ratified February 12th, 1S72,
being unfinished business, was
taken up, i section 25 being under
Various amendments were oflerr
ed, adopted, voted down, and the
bill passed third reading. ;
A motion to reconsider f was laid
lu-1 on the table.
The rules were suspended and
Senate bill ordering an examina
tion of the affairs of Western Divis
ion of the W. C. N. Kail road, was
taken up and passed several read-
Mr. Waring-opposed the hi!!
the grounds. j i i
Mr. Norwood rcihl tho St",i.r.
lA iiMiuij uiu mil i ui:hutm,uii I
merits of the bill and ..wont ,
explain. : !
Mr. Uudger called the
quest i-n. i i I
Mr. Avera called the
nays. Not sustained. 'i
The bill then passed its
muling, j i
Mr. 1-rfive introduced
reference to printing; nn
ments of the tienend Auiiv
Passed its several fe.ulin- unu. r
suspension of the rules.
Mr. Waring, a bill to iii.-vp tt,.
the Great Western! Air LluJ
road Con; pany. Itcfirreik i
Under u su-uetiMon oil tl;e Vt i.
me viu i i iavor 01 r. r i ,
snenn oi wane county, j
several readings. I I
Mr. Stafford iutto.luml I a hill
a hiii j
House bill to repeal the General
Incorporation Act, passed; by Leg
islature jof lS71-'72, being chapter
199, and to re-enact the Revised
Code on Corporations, was taken
up and postponed until to-morrow
at 11 a. in. . ;
Senatei bill to' incorporate the
Wilmington Trust Company and
Savings Hank, wa taken up.
A.n amendment was adopted that
the rate bf interest to be charged by
the Corporation shall not exceed 8
per cent per annum.
'1 lie bill! passed second and third
House bill to allow Commission
ers of Wilkes county to levy special
tax passed several readings.
Senate;resoIutiou to pay Judge J.
Xj. iienry one nunurea dollars per
week fori holding special terms Of
Superior iCourt in Macon, Jackson,
MitchellJ and Yancey, was taken
The majority of the Judiciary
Committee reported against the
bill. The; minority recommended
a substitute for Senate resolution.
Mr. Badger urged the adoption of
the suDstituteand the passage of the
The speaker urged the adoption
or tne suostitute and its passage.
Mr. Waugh moved to lay the
whole matter on the table. The
yeas and Inays were called, and the
motion to lay on the table prevail
ea yeas hi nays v6.
sheriff's receipt for tho
year before they ean
vote. Keferred. I
Leave of absence were grant,.,,
to Messrs . McCotter, Allen . uM
Waring until Monday next.
On motion of Mr. Cowles, ,!,.
bill incorporating! the North (W,.
lina Midland , Kail way Coni.i,,,v
was made a special order for Ji! lt
to-morrow. j j
The Chair had read the ri (.a.
tion of Hiram Stiliey, the SfiiTifor
from th& second' district, to t.,ke
effect from the 1st1 of Januurv, l7.t
On motion of Mr.' Craim r. thp
411 1 . . .1 a - .
owuuu aiijourneoj uiuil H oivk
HOUSE OF KEI i EH EN T A T I V J
JAisujuiv ;i, i
Mr. Jordan was; allowed ton nml
his vote in the negative on tiie m,v
tion to lay tho resolution; to ,ilv
Judge Iienry, on' the table.1
Messrs. Abbott,1 Patrick, Cox tlnl'
Dula, wero granted leave ofalts. ,,,.,,
on account of sickness in their Lin.
IJy Mr. Shtlrpc
citizens oi .Muniesnoro, reluM
keeping up streets. I .
By Mr. lirown of MirkletJ-u.a
petition from stockholders j i-i At
lantic and Ohio Railroad Comj uiiy
asking a change in the cliui t r df
the road. j- 1
1 KESOLLTIONi .,
Ky Mr. Waugh,'. iii relVn-mv to
the Keeper of th( Capitol, :i j j .i r,t
ing W., 11. Kowe Keeper ; tl,v
liy Mr. Corson, a re.
adjourn siie die 'on .1th.
Mr. Craige introduced anvtlatinn
authorizing the Joveruor to r.iy
an appeal from the decree if Un
united States Circuit Court in !!.
case of Iienry Clews and other.-,
plaintiffs, against the W.'s'ern
North Carolina Itailmid Coiiikuiv,
At . I A l '
ueienuant, and hpr th s
quiringj the Treasurer
appeal bond, e.i Ac.
. uy ir. I'MincK, a Tcsohh ou in
structing 'the Committee out l'np
ositions and Grievances lu iiMivir
into the delay of the distrui.;t:..i
of public documents.
liy Mr. Darden, a
to .-i; :
The bill incorporating the North
Carolina Midland Kail way Compa
ny was taken up on its third read
ing. A good many amendments and
: i tl.. l.i . . . i i a i
eousiuerao.u tieoaie was iiau on ims
bill. As the bill is one of vital im
portance to the people of North Car
olina, we propose to publish it in
full when it is perfected.
Senator Price was reported sick
by Senator Morehead of Rocking
ham. Pending the discussion on the
Railroad bill, the Senate adjourned
to meet at 11 o'clock to-morrow.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
January 30, 1873.
Mr. Goodwyn was allowed to
change his vote from the affirma
tive to the negative on the question
of striking out sections of school
By Mr. Morrison, a petition from
citizens of the upper portion of
Gaston county, praying a change
of the line between Gaston and
By Mr. Whitmire, a petition from
tneirencn uroad Turnpike Com
pany, praying a renewal of charter
of said Company.
By Mr. Bean, a petition .praying
a cnange or tne name of iranklins
ville Township to that of Cedar
By Mr. Fletcher, a petition from
citizens of Richmond county pro
testing against the sale of liquor
near .ieriy Uhurch, liichmond
By Mr. Gorman, a petition pray
ing the passage of law forbidding
the sale of liquor near New Hope
Church, Wake county.
By Mr. Marler, a resolution au
thorizing the Auditor to issue a
duplicate warrant for $340 in favor
of the late Treasurer of Yadkin
By Mr. McNeill, a bill relative to
fees of County Commissioners.
By Mr. Whitmire, a bill to re-enact
an act to incorporate French
Broad Turnpike Company.
ny suit. Corson, a bill to authorize
secretary of state
to furnish tho
any other people in a similar condi- State Library with documents, &c.
tion. I By Mr. Standford. a bill to nro-
hibit the sale of liquor near New
By Mr. Patrick. ?a bill tnallnw-
Commissioners of Lenoir county to '
Hoping that the friends of educa
tion will overcome all opposition,
and place our State on the road to
intelligence and prosperity, j '
" I am, yours, etc., j
T. A. Sykes.
Ni 8 iville, Tenn., Jan. 28, 1873.
levy a special tax.
By Mr. Standford.
i revenue bill.
Friday, Jan. 31, 1S72.
Senate met at 11 o'clock.
Lieut. Governor in the.Charr.
Journal of yesterday read and
Reports! from standing commit
tees were: submitted by Senators
Murray, Ellis of Columbus. Cowles.
m 1,1 J ,r.i '
iuuu, xjupmiiii auu weicn.
On motion of Senator Ellis, of
Columbus, the rules were suspended
and the substitute offered by the
committee on Insane Asylum, being
a resolution raisinsr a loint select
committee for the purpose of
visiting Charlotte and Wilmington
to see what arrangements can be
effected looking to the buildinr of
Messrs. Ellis, of Columbus, and
waring lavoreu the resolution.
Mr. Worth was giving his reasons
why the resolution should not be
adopted, when the President an
noimced the special order.
It being the resolution of Mr.
Love fixing the hour of the meeting
of the Senate at 10 a. m. and 7 p.
The question appearing on the
motion to ! reconsider the vote by
which the ! previous question was
called, Mr.! Love called the yeas and
nays on tnat motion.
The motion to reconsider prevail
ed by a vote of 17 to 20.
On motion of Mr. Ellis of Cataw
ba, the matter under consideration
was puaiponeu until tne morning
business was disposed of.
A message was received from Tli
Excellency, the Governor, trans
mitting a letter from Gov. Jacobs, of
Western Virginia with resolutions
wmcn naa passed mat Lei?islaturp.
providing; for the transfer of cer
tain rights of West Virginia to the
United States government. Re
ferred to the committee on Internal
The hour having arrived for tho
consideration of the Agricultural
bill, it was postponed until nn
o'clock. ! I
The hour for the considerate
the bill altering the Constitution of
tne estate having arrived.
on motion of iVlr. Morehend cf
uunrord, the bill was recommitted
with instructions to the committee
to prepare the bill so that, th
amendments could be voted on
separately, j - '
A message wa3 received from the
House transmitting a number of
bills, which were read and referred
or otherwise disposed of.
The Education bill was ordered
to be printed and made a special
order for 12 m. Wednesdav nvf
favor of the
By Mr. Bennett, a bill to iruo'ie
for the printing of Battle's lic ;-:d"
of the Public Statutei of Liu-i.f
JNortji CarollI,a i !
By Mr. Whitmire. it bill tu i n
vent the felling of trees in I'm. .h
Broad river. i j
By Mr. Darden, a hill to juitl ir-
ize Commissioners of Murhv
to levy special taxes.
By Mr. Blythe, a
the fees of officers in
be paid in advance.
By Mr. Standford, a bill to ir
hibit . the sale of Junior
Methodist and Baptik Chimin-.
near Hallsville. I
By Mr. Mitchell, a bill toLft.iv
Commissioners of Stocks to levy
By Mr. Godfrey, a bill for Wip
ing and keeping up public l',
ferries and highways. 1 - 0
uy Mr. Shaw, a bill to mean""
ate White.Hall Lodge. . !
Mr. McGehee introduced a
tion to set apart Saturday next, tl
first day of Febi-uaryi s yihw
bill day. and that the iCierk Ix-in-
in lev v a
by motion of Mr. Cowles.
The hour having arrived, the bill
for the improvement of agriculture
instrucea to prepare a
endar for that day.
House bill to allow
ers of Wilkes county
special tax -passed third reading
House resolution aut
Treasurer to pay Arthur ium
$139.50 for arresting an k ni l w
vict passed second and! third rai
ings. j ,
House resolution authorizing: i"'-
Auditor to issue a duplicate ar
rant in favor of late ''reasurt-r
Yadkin county, was' adopted. !
House phi to allow (jonnni-.-!"".
ers of Green county to levy
tax, passed second rcadinur-y(
House bill to provide
lection of taxes bv th
eonnties nn rimrrt ri.ll- iind I'1"
" - - 1 ' - ' .'v.. .... , I '
comes, being special order, wasi'V
ken up, made special order for 1";
day next at 11 a.m., and ordm"
Panted. I I !
House bill to repeal thapter j
laws 1871-'72, being General incor
poration Act, and to re-jenact Hu'
25, Revised Code, being special or
der, was taken up. '
3Ir. McGehee moved Co postpone
the bill until Thursday next. Car
ried. House resolution authorizing tin
Treasurer to pay James C. McG':,n
$50 for repairing arms, ic, i" tw.
w v mtt- w v' '
TTnnaft rcri! nt inn lnctriirf Ifll?
Judiciary Committee to
to nrfiVfnfc tho snrend nf
among cattle of this State was takt 11
Mr. Waugh enquired if the