The Era (Raleigh, N.C.) /
March 20, 1873, edition 1 /
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There ws in tht City on Soli, Infamooi
f.rhif Intolence and TUlalny, who thought th
perfection of Liberty was licentionsneM of
Speech. Purr arch.
'THUIISHAY, 3IAHCII 20, 73.
i The new Constitution of Penn
sylvania provides that all ballote
: In elections shall be numbered, and
bear the signature or X of the voter.
The completion of the Chcsi
Ipeake and Ohio Railroad and its
connections win piace vincinuun
and Richmond within sixteen hours
of each other; from Richmond to
St. Louis twenty-six hours.
Ex-Governor William AV. Holden
of this State has been nominated i
and confirmed, by the President and
Senater Postmaster at Raleigh.
The fitness of the new appointee
no one will question ; but the occa
sion has been seized upon by some
of the Ku Klux haters of Mr. Ilol
den and the press of the opposition
to ridicule and slur the ex-Governor
for accepting the position of Post
master of a City after having been
the Governor of a State.
Governorllolden is not a rich man,
and his family, like all other fami
lies, is to be provided lor. The ex
travagant legislation of 18C8-C9 In
ured not to his pecuniary advantage,
and of ill the corruption existing
here a few years since no charge of
corruption rests against him. As
Governor of the State he realized
simply his legitimate salary. His
private fortune had been sacrificed
through the results of the war and
in the work of establishing the Re
publican party in the State after
that unhappy conflict. lie was
hurled from'his high ofiice by the
Ku Klux for essaying to protect the
poor and defenceless of his State,
and thuis robbed of the emoluments
of his office and forever disqualified
from holding any place in the State
In recognition of his services to
his State, country and party, the
President has given Governor Hot
den the only available place that
leaves him at hometnel with his
family. As a position it is neither
insignificant nor eleeracliner. It is a
place very much in the eyes of nu
merous Democrats and Greeley men
of distinction less than a year ago,
and it would doubtless be accepta
ble to divers good and worthy citi
zens of Raleigh to-day. But were
weekly, are compelled to prepay I it ever so humble, our ex-Governor
' the postage on each and every pa-1 would not be without high prece-
per mailed. This arrangement coes I dents to follow. Chief J ustice Ruf-
Passkxgek and Pullman Palace
cars now run through from New
Orleans to New York via Mobile,
Montgomery, Atlanta, Dalton,
Lynchburg, Washington, Balti
more and Philadelphia without
The postage bill as it finally I
passed, cuts off, absolutely, the
whole free list; newspaper exchanges
and all, great and small, daily and
into effect July 1st, 1S73.
Kiilargement of the l?ru.
If material ordered for the en
largemet of the Era shall arrive in
time, the next Issue of this paper
will appear considerably enlarged.
The present sheet is 24x3S inches ;
jthe enlarged size will be 23x43.
ii rant writes Colfax a letter of
.confidence, and the Louisville
Courier-Journal exculpating him
j Mr. Colfax has been very much abused
tarul wronged, and we are readier to allow
jthis since we have never been tempted,
and could not be induced to sacrifice the
Iprivate character of any man to partisan
interest or prejudice.
Governor Caldwf.i.i, has notl-
pieel Commissioners lion. M. K.
Manly of New Berne, Hon. George
vDavjs of Wilmington, Col. Walter
L. Steele of Rockingham, J. Harvey
! Wilson, Esq., of Charlotte, Hon. B.
jS. Gaither of Marion, and Cul. Mar
cus Krwin of Ashcville, to meet the
Kxccutive in his ofiice on Wednes-
f day April 2, 1873, to advise what to
do with that very lame elephant,
the Western North Carolina Railroad.
Itotatiou in Ollice.
President Grant indicates the
purpose on his part to carry out,
practically, the policy of rotation
-This is right. No matter how
faithful or efficient in office, or the
merit of high party service in the
individual, no one has a perpetual
claim to public office, and no second
term administration could popular
ize itself, or strengthen and main
tain n political party in this country
which should uniformly retain for
: second term the officials of the
firt, and so far as North Carolina is
concerned the Era welcomes the
'new appointments thus far made,
'and will cordially support the poli
cy of rotation indicated by the new
j The public service of the North
Carolina officials of the last term
who are succeeded by other worthy
gentlemen at the incoming of the
new administration has been recog
nized at home, at Washington and
throughout the country, as efficient,
patriotic and meritorious to the
highest derreo; and if one comes
down to party service, in an indi
vidual capacity, none have done
more for the Republican party than
these ; but, all this does not consti
tute a political lien on the public
stations of the country, and the
special friends and supporters of
;such individual officials as are re
moved to make room for other
fin, of North Carolina, became Chair
man of the County Court of Ala
mance after his retirement from the
Bench, and ex-President Adams
(the younger) sat in Congress for
years after he left the White House ;
Mr. Vice-President Stephens, of the
Confederate States, is now a mem
ber of Congress, and ex-President
Tyler became overseer of a county
road in Virginia.
But Mr. Ilolden needs n6 prece
dent. He has been tendered an
important, responsible and highly
honorable position, and he will fill
it with acceptability to the public
and with credit to himself.
Mr. Ilolden served the people o
Wake in the Legislature of 18 lo
etill continuing tli Sfrruilnrd new.
paper. He served as Provisiona
Governor, and then resumed the
same ianer. He has lately been
offered two high foreign missions
both of which he declined. It is
not the oftie-e that honors the man
but the man the ofiice. Governor
Ilolden has never shown by his
conduct that Inrause he had been
Governor he was tlisposed to walk
on stilts over the heads of his fel
low-citizens. 1 le is the same plain
unassuming man he was when a
journeyman printer and working
man in the old Slur office in this
Governor Ilolden has receive
most outrageous treatment at the
hands of his Ku Klux foes and po
litical enemies. His prosecutors in
the Impeachment trial employed
counse l and paid them to the extent
of thousantls of dollars of the peo
ple's money. And every consider
ation of justice and right should
have suggested and compelled the
payment of the counsel the accused
was required to employ and pay
from his limited private means.
But the worst and most shameful
of all the conduct of Holden's jer
secutors is their deliberate attempt
to wound and insult a man. who,
trodden down of them, accepts em
ployment whereby he hopes-to earn
a livelihood for himself and-gain a
support for his family.
Shame ! Shame ! ! Shame ! ! ! on
that Democracy which, affecting to
represent the decency and intelli
gence of the State, so belittles and
Many of our workingmen are literal
ly suffering for the want of employ
ment. Norfolk Journal.
This is the complaint throughout
the South. A section of country
undeveloped, full of mineral wealth,
and possessing the advantages of
geographical position, and resources
of climate and soil unequalled any
where in the world, presents the
'faithful representatives of the Re- meiancnoiy picture oi wonungmen
'publican party are reminded that out of employ "workingmen lit-
-four years of official life Is a erau sunen-,or u,e " OI -m
long lease of public patronage at Pymen
ithis day, while the proportion of Now, who is to blame? The an
'gentlemen meriting recognition and swer is "the Democratic party."
'official favors at the hands of a Re- And upon investigation it will be
publican administration is greater f found that these workingmen of
than at any former period in the Norfolk and Portsmouth, who are
history of the government of the " Iiterly sufferiDS for want of ein
.United States. ployment " are the supporters the
political henchmen and retainers
of the Democratic party.
When Jefferson, the great Rad
leal of Virginia, before the days of
the Revolution, came into political
life in the " Old Dominion." he
by every means In his power to
take away from the land he loved
the curse of slavery that enthralled
her. - M
But he left much for his successors
to accomplish; and instead of car
rying out the good work he begun,
the later Virgiriiaii essayed to bring
the State back the thraldom
from which the author 'of the Dec
laration of Independence had par
tially released her j ; And they have
most admirably succeeded.
Under the old regime that slave
oligarchy which ao long ruled the
land, and the Influences of which
are to-day tellingjln Virginia and
Norfolk on the " iorkingmen liter
ally suffering furjthe want of em
ployment "the existence of a poor
man and a mechanic was next to
an impossibility; pnd to-day the cry
comes up from all this Southern
land" no etnple yment, no subsis
tence, no progrea , no prosperity."
Virginia is the tery essence, the
home and the hea t of Conservative
Democracy a lar d supposed to flow
with the milk a id honey of Con
servatismand yfct her poor labor
ing classes cry oat 4t suffering for
the want of employment."
How long wi$' the " bone and
sinew " of the mintry continue to
" hew " and " driw " for the aristo
cratic descendant of the slave oli
garchy, that, haying ruined, now
despises them? ' J
The rich capitalists and grasping
property owners-of Norfolk and
Portsmouth are not "suffering" dur
ing this dearth of 'employment."
Only the poor "workingmen" are
made to bear the rigors of a hard
winter; and that "suffering" which
comes to poverty shivering in rags
is known only to . those who "want
employment," but are yet denied
the privilege of earning a living-in
a country where want of labor and
multiplied industry cries aloud
from the ground.'
Yet these same "woikingmen
literally suffering for the want of
employment' Tare to be marched to
the polls this very Spring, like
the " dumb driven cattle" they are,
and, by their rich, warm and uell-
fed roasters made to vote the Dem
ocratic ticket, that the late slave
holding class may continue to rule
and curse Virginia, and keep "our
workingmen literally suffering for
the want of employment."
Surely their eyes are open by this
time, and if the .workingmen of the
country voluntarily remain the
slaves of such masters as despise
and oppress them; of a certainty
they cannot expect the sympathy
their present ! cries of distress so
plaintively appeul for and so pite
OUSly bemoan the wnut of.
Let the Virginia "workingmen"
think, reflect and act for themselves
and their interests in the State elec
tion soon to occur i: that State.
The Era ha3 been running since
June 8, 1871. Thero has teen paid
out for Presses, type, fixtures, and
to Editors, Reporters, Employees,
Incidental Expenses, Rents and for
Paper constituting the entire run
ning expense of the office $21,345.35
Total receipts on earn
ings of the paper, from all
sources including Presses, -
type and fixtures on hand
and all dues on the
Thus it will be seen that the cash
capital on which the Era was first
established has long since been ex
hausted, and the present Proprietor
of the paper in assuming the liabil
ities of the original Company and
taking its assets, has good ground
for appealing to the Republicans of
North Carolina in support of the
The great burden upon the Era
was the low price of $1 a year, at
which it was first started, and the
extra amount of campaign work
which it did in the Summers of '71
Enlarged, as it has been already,
it is the equal of any weekly in
North Carolina, and the further en
largement contemplated next week
will make the Era the largest po
litical paper yet published in the
State. The price will remain at $2
a year, and every friend of the Re
publican party in North Carolina is
earnestly requesteel to bestir him
self in behalf of the paper, under the
most positive assurances, that, not
withstanding the heavy deficit
shown above, the Era is now on a
good paying basis ; and with prop
er encouragement to the Weekly
now, the Daily edition to be begun
next Fall will "be made superior to
any Daily paper ever given to the
people of North Carolina.
New Berne Republic-Courier, January
Hon. Edward Stanly.
In his individualcapacity as a
.property owner, and citizen of North
'Carolina, a prominent Federal offi
cial during the last term of President
Grant is the owner of the Erat and
his successor is already named.
The above is the polio f himself found just the same state of affairs
jand his paper under circumstances as that now complained of by this
wherein rotation In office comes Journal of another civilization.
directly home, and the same policy, He removed, as far as in his power
It Is hoped, will govern the friends lay, the incubus that then weighed
pfall ex-officials, and all such offi- down, oppressed and destroyed the
jcials themselves. xcorkingmen of Virginia : and sought
Sumo of the people of Nortli Car
olina ure at last taking a step in
home insurance which lends in the
We have now in this State the
North Carolina Home Fire Insur
ance Company of Raleigh, anel the
Old North State Fire Insurance
Company of Warrenton, in the Fire
line; and the Wilmington Life In
surance Company of Wilmington,
anefthe North -Carolina State Life
Insurance Company of Rtdeigh, in
the Life line..
Thus wo have already two life
and two fire insurance companies
to do, in part, the life and fire in
suring business of North Carolina.
Insurance has become a necessity
of business, and of human existence
itself. People need be no longer
told of the propriety or urged to
the necessity of seeking the protec
tion thus afforded. It is be-cominsr
as common for business men to in
sure as to rent, almost, and it is not
long until insurance both in busi
ness and life will be almost univer
Under the impulse of a branch of
business comparatively new to our
people, home insurance companies
are springing up at the suggestion
of a demand for keeping the money
thus invested at home, and it is a
pleasing state of affairs that these
home companies are all doing well.
Others of course will snrinc un in
time, until finally the insurance of
North Carolina will be mainly de ne
n North Carolina.
The new Company of Raleigh,
the State Life, chartered the first of
the year, lias been organized and is
now in operation under the most
favorable auspices! To that com
pany, advertisement of which ap
pears in the Era of to-day, speckrl
attention is invited, and for it that
encouragement and support is be
spoken which ought always to greet
anew enterprise having for its ob
ject the benefit 6f a home people,
and the building up of .home insti
The consciousness of having en
deavored to deserve well of one's
country, is not unfrequently the
only reward which great and gen
erous minds ever receive in this
world for the most unselfish and
patriotic services. A recent edito
rial in this journal upon the life and
services ot the lion, (ieorge W.
lirooKs, lias attracted very witle at
tention, particularly among the
Conservative ranks, where much
surprise was expressed at what was
tennetl the impartiality of our
views. A native of the State a
strict Conservative' among a great
many others, has also addressed us
in regard to it. In the course of
Bome very appreciative remarks, he
TOOK ocLiifthui to draw a pamllcl be
tween his case and that of Hon.
Edwartl Stanly, whose recent death
in San Francisco, has drawn forth
many not undeserved eulogiums.
Our correspondent elesires, in the
city of his birth and former resi
dence, to pay a worthy tribute to
- TkT . . . .
one oi rMew uerne's most talented
sons and he sends his sketch to us.
because he has seen, and, as he ex
presses it, "approved of our course"
in certain matters of public impor
tance to which it is now needless to
revert. Appreciation is always
pleasant, but praise from one's po
litical opponents," is especially
sweet, for it bears evidence of the
purity and sincerity of one's mo
tives. Our Conservative friend shall
tell the story of Edward Stanly in
his own words :
Laws of Congress.
Attention Is called to the following
Laws, passed it the present session
of the Forty-second Congress, com
mencing with rt-haDter 1, and to be
continued from day to day until
they are completed. The following
appear in this jssue :
Chap. 27. An Act revising and amend
ing the laws relative to the mints, assay
offices, and coinage of the United States.
Canadian immigration on the
increase to Virginia.
A telegram, not long since, an
nounceel the death of the Hon. Kd
ward Stanly, in San Francisco, Cal.
Mr. Stanly's public service in North
Carolina, are of so recent a elate,
that they are still fresh in the mem
ory of many of our citizens, lie
was born in New Berne, where his
father, the Hon; Jno. Stanley, so
long resided, and acquired so high
a character as an Orator, a Lawyer
and a Legislator. Mr. Stanly stud
ied law, and commenced its practice
in the town of Washington, with
very flattering prospects. He bid
fair to rival the fame of his distin
guished father. He had much of
the natural elements that constitute
an orator. He was a good logician,
and could- analyze and discuss a sub
ject with force anel precision, but
nis ion was me power, as it were,
to mesmerize his audience. He pos
sessed the faculty of taking posses
sion of the feelings of his friends ;
he coulel fill them with enthusiasm.
He held no half-way opinion, and
never hesitated, when he espoused
a cause, to press it with all the en
ergy and enthusiasm of his ardent
nature. He possessed iron v. wit.
sarcasm and ridicule in an eminent
elegree, and when he chose, would
use these weapons with effective
force. He represented the Wash
ington District in Congress formanv
years, succeeding Hon. E. Pettigrew
in tea, in lass ne was the Whii?
elector in the content between Cass
and 'laylor. lie was in Congress
when Geh'l Taylor was President,
and at the time of his death, the
rresiaent was preparing to remodel
his Cabinet, and Mr. Stanly was to
have been one of the members of it.
He represented Beauiort county, for
several years, in the General As
sembly of N.C., and was Speaker
of the House of Commons. To his
influence and exertions, maiitfy,
were due the passage of the Bill
incorporating the Central Railroad.
He was elected Attorney General,
which office he held for several
years. He soon after removed to
California, and practiced his profes
sion with great success.
In 1802, Mr. Stanley was appoint
ed Military Governor of North j
uaroiina by President Lincoln, and
visited the coast counties, with his
headquarters at New Berne. The
acceptance of this appointment pro
duced much unkind feeline- ap-sinst
him, even in the hearts of many of
nis oiu jxieueis. ne was denounced
for his officious interference, and
his position was severely criticized
and censured. Selfish motives were
attributed to him. It was charged
that nis object was to try and rein-
suite himself in the estimation ot
sent by them to Congress again. It
was also urged against him that he
had no regard for the good of the
people that he was availing him
self of the war, and Federal bayo
nets, to re-establish himself, "again,
in office, in North Carolina.
His appointment was brought
about without any contrivance, so
licitation or effort on his part.
During the Winter of 1861, Hon.
Reverdy Johnson, of Baltimore,
visited San Francisco to attend to
some important law suit, and con
versed much with Mr. Stanly on
the two questions, and found how
deeply he felt for his old friends,
then in a state of blockade. ,
About the time Mr. Johnson re
turned, the whole coast of North
Carolina had been captured by the
Federal Navy. Mr. Johnson, sup
posing that some good might result
from it, visited President Lincoln,
told him of Mr. Stanly's deep inter
est in his old home, and earnest
desire to end the war ; and upon
his suggestion telegraphed Mr.
Stanly to come to Washington City
immediately. He obeyed the sum
mons, without having any definite
idea of the President's object. After
due consultation with him, Mr,
Stanly agreed to accept the position
of Military (jovernor. The Presi
dent also urged on him to take the
Commission of Major General, as it
would give him more military au
thority, but this he refused.
No man was governed by more
pure and unselfish motives, than
was Mr. Stanly, in accepting this
position. It sprang from a elesire
to aid his old friends, and benefit
his State. Mr. Stanly looked upon
the question from one standpoint
alone, lie was a Union man, op
posed to secession, and desired, if
possible, to convince his old friends
of the folly and wickedness of pro
secuting the rebellion, and to aid in
paving the way for the State to re
turn to the union. Untenable as
were these views of Governor Stan
ly, and impossible as it was for
them to be carried out, as matters
stood in 1862, yet he honestly held
them, and urged it as the only
course to save the country from ele-
vastation, and the people from utter
rum. He visited the principal
towns, and tried to impress these
views upon the people. In Plym
outh he made a speech to a large
concourse of people, urging these
views, and earnestly advising them
to abandon their present position,
and seek safety anel peace in the
Union. His plan was, and this he
recommended to the people, to re
trace -their steps and assume the
ground the people had decided on
in the election in February, 18G1.
He honestly believed, and lreely
expressed himself, that the South
could not succeed, that it must be
subjugated, and he anticipated a
horrible state ol tilings, in that
event. He firmly believeel that the
only good that North Carolina
could do herself, was to retrace her
The night of his speech in Plym
outh he sought an interview with
an old personal and "political frienel
(but who then differed lroni him
toto coelo) on board his steamer, and
in his state room. The interview
was protracteel. lie had but just
learned the true state of parties.
He had believed that the gre-at
body of the people were opposed to
secession, and that the movement
had been forced, without their con
sent, by leading secessionists who
had charge of IheState Government.
He had been entirely ignorant of
the session of the General Assembly
in April, 18G1, and of the passage,
by that body, of an act authorizing
the call of a Convention. He had
confounded the Convention in May
with the questions voted on by the
people in February, 1S01. He had
believed that all his old party
friends were still with him : but
and when the telegram brought the
sad intelligence of his death, we
who write this slender tribute coulel
not but feel that the day would
come when his'" native State, would
do not only jnstice, but honor to
the name of Edward Stanly.
New North State.
Shorn of its Strength.
that their voices had been drowned
by secession clamor. He was sur
prised to find that such men as
IiMelger, Graham and Gilmer, were
in the Convention anel voted for the
secession ordinance.: When inform
ed of the true position of parties,
and the entire unanimity of his old
party friends, he seemed surprised
These interviews were frequent, and
occurred about the time of the bat
tles near Richmond. Richmond
papers arriveel regularly, anel he,
with the other officers, reael the re
ports of McClellan's defeat and re
treat, with chagrin and mortifica
tion. Yet, he expressed the opinion
that it would not affect the result.
It would only procrastinate it.
That the North were determined
that the Union should not be broken
up : that they had the world to
draw recruits and supplies from r
besides (though he should regret the
necessity) the negroes woulet be ul
timately organizeel as soldiers ;
while the South had already drawn
out the flower of its citizens, anel
could recruit but few more. He
complimenteel the bravery and tal
ents of the Southern army, anel said
it was worthy of a better cause.
Governor Stanly frequently ex
pressed, in the strongest terms, that
his only desire was to1 benefit his
friends and Jiis old State, anel as
soon as he found, that he Could do
them no good, he should resign.
Ho expressed himself opposed to
some of the views of Secretary Stan
ton ; said that Stanton had tried to
make use of him on the negro ques
tion, and expected a conflict, which
would cause his resignation. It is
weil knpwn that Governor Stanly,
did elo great service ,to the people,
in the Pamlico anel Albemarle
counties. Bands of robbers hael
sprung up, under protection of Fed
eral troops, and were robbing anel
plundering the people. He broke
up all this. Many of the best men,
hael been arrested on charges made
by these robbers, and by negroes,
who were the favored witnesses and
informers, and confined in jails or
on gunboats, lie released all these,
and broke the power of those rob
bers, and informers. The people
breathed freer, and felt that the
Governor would protect the inno
There is no citizen of the State,
who was intimate with the Gov
ernor at that time, anel who talked
freely with him, but who felt im
pressed that he was governed by
the most friendly, pure and unsel
fish motives. -
He left the State, deeply morti
fied, at his own failure, and deeply
grieved, that he could be of no fur
ther service. He had come here
from an earnest sense of duty, with
strong hopes of being of substantial
benefit to his old friends, and native
Statd He went away, we might
almost say, a defeated, if not a
broken hearted mam He returned
The projectors and promoters of
the amnesty bill in the Legislature
of North Carolina, have come to
grief. The bill, it is true, has pass
ed, but shorn of its strength ; and
those persons who originated the
scheme to let out the murderers of
Wvatt Outlaw, gnash their teeth
with rage, because of the failure of
their project. Whether the cutting
out of the bill of its hideous features
was the result of fear, or the prompt
ing of virtue, the result is the same;
and the people of North Carolina
breathe more freely, since their
gooel old commonwealth will not
be obligeel to endure the stigma of
turning loose upon society, the
monsters of cruelty that performed
the evil work of the Invisible Em
pire. Since this bill was first introeluced
into the Senate, we have time and
again shown that the pretences of
the supporters of amnesty were
false ;' and we have moreover ex
posed the true aim anel object of the
originators of the bill. Other Re
publican journals have done like
wise, and sohave the Republican
members of the Legislature. We1
elesire our reaelers to bear in minel,
that from the beginning to the enel
of the discussion arising by reason
of the amnesty bill, no one on the
Democratic side has thought proper
to deny the assertions of the Repub
licans, namely, that the bill was in-
troduceel for the express purpose of
excusing from punishment the mur
derers of iVyatt Outlaic, now indicted
in Alamance county ! At least,
while all the time on the look-out
for such denial, we have never seen
it. Nor can this accusation be suc
cessfully controverted. The objects
of the bill having failed, and mur
der being still considered a crime,
its originators do not care a rye
straw lor the relatively veiak anel
eliluteel amnesty act that has become
We must be permitted to say
that the Republicans, in this long
struggle, have most admirably sus
tained themselves; anel have
proved, what has been heretofore
so evielent, that they are more than
a match for their conservative an
tagonists. It is true, that in this
instance, they had right on their
side: but their plans were, well-laid
and they handled their weapons
with skill anel effect. The writer
chanced to be in Raleigh when the
amnesty bill was first introduced
into the Senate. Up to that time,
such was the harmony in the pro
ceedings of the legislature, it elid
not seem that there was more than
one political party. The introduc
tion of this bill, took Republicans
by surprise. , No one was looking
for it: but it seems the Democrats,
with the political obtuseness by
which they have been so freemen tly
distinguished, supposed they could
carry this iniquity through without
a struggle. Republicans, although
not prepared, or wishing lor a fight,
quickly formed into line of battle
and the contest began.
Before the bill left the Senate, the
Republicans sought to head off the
Alamance schemers, by striking
out from its operation, murder,
arson, burglary and rape. Their
design failed, with the exception of
rape. The Republicans also tried
to amend, in the Senate, by striking
out Heroes of America, Union
Leagues and Red Strings, on the
grounel that if any hael committed
crime who belonged to those organi
zations, they ought to suffer. Fol
lowing out their false pretences,
(for what did they care about the
Leaguers and Red Strings?) the
Democrats also voted this down:
and under the elemoralizing influ
ence of Senator Norwood's consum
ing eloquence, the bill passed the
Senate, as it came originally from
the Judiciary Committee, with the
exception that rape was exclueled
from its amnesty.
In themeantime, the. Republicans
thoroughly exposed the false pre
tences of the Democrats. The bill
was delayed week after week in the
House ; when finally, on motion of
Col. Bennett, a Democratic leader,
murder, arson anel burglary were
excepted, as proposed by the Re
publicans of the Senate, rape being
alreaely excludeel, as we haveshown.
Not yet satisfied, the House till j
addeel larcenj and robbery to the j
exceptions, on- motion of Mr. Triv
ett, a Republican. The Senate bill
was still further amended upon the
motion oi Brown, of Mecklenburg,
a Democrat, by bringing within its
benefits, all those who had not ac
tually participated in crime, or who
were not present When the decrees
of the klans were made, or who did
not give their assent thereto. In
this shape the bill passed the House,
and went back to the Senate, where,
of necessity, the amendments were
concurred in; after another ineffec
tual attempt on the part of the Re
publicans, to throw out the Union
So the act has passed, but those
guilty of murder, arson, burglary,
rap?, robbery and larceny, will not
have its benefits. Thus the Repub
licans, although in a minority, have
substantially defeated this lmqui
tous measure: and have effectually
and thoroughly headed off the mur
derers of Y yatf Outlaw and their
friends; to whom the people of
iNorth Carolina are indebted lor thi
political agitation, inaugurated at a
time when the best of feeling pre
vailed, and when it seemed as if the
masses were about to be completely
and forever pacified. Who is to
blame for the renewal of this agi
We cannot say we are particularly
opposed to the bill in its present
shape; but its passage was unneces
sary, because no one desired to pros
ecute the Ku Klux, except for the
highest classes of felony. Such as
it is, the Democrats are welcome to
their Amnesty Act. We wonder
how much good it will do them, as
Act for Amnesty and Pardon.
Whereas, It is believed that a strict
enforcement of the criminal law in refer
ence to many offences committed; within
the limits ot tht State since the ilose of
the late civihjvar would result ingreater
detriment t?e State of North Carolina,
than a policy based upon mercy and for
giveness, therefore the General Assembly
of North Carolina do enact,
Sectton l. That.no person who may
have committed any crime against or vio
lation of the laws of the Slate of North
Carolina witn the exception of rape, de
liberate and wilful murder, arson and
burglary, wLile a member of or officer, r
pretended officer of the Heroes of Amer
ica, Loyal Union League, Red String?,
Constitutional' Union Guard, White
Brotherhood, Invisible Empire, Kukluxj
North Carolina State Troops, North
Carolina Militia, Jay Hawkers or any
o;her organization, association or assem
bl v. secret or otherwise, political or ot her
wise, by whatever name known or called
iu obedience to the commands, decrees
or determinations, by whatever name
called of such organizations, associations
or assemblies, or in obedience to the
commands, orders or requests of ariy ne
exercising or pretending to exercise any
authority or pretended author ty by rea
son ot his connection or att.-xnment to
any such organization, association or as-
semblv,h;ih be held to answer criminally
for any such crime agaim-tor in violation
of the laws ot the said State or North
Car "Una, in lact committed or charged
to have been committed previous to the
first diy ot beptember, A. U. one thous
and eiffht hundred and seventy-one, but
every such person shall have free and
complete amnesty and pardon therefor.
Provided, That all persons who were
uot personally present at, and actually
participated in theermies ot wittul mur
der, arson and burglary, or who were not
present at, and did not assert to the dc
cree or order for the same, shall have the
tenefit of this act
Sec. 2. That no person who may have
been a membe-, cuicer or pretended
officer, of any one of the organizations.
associations, or assemblies reterred to in
Section 1 of this act. shall be held to
answer therefor, but every such person
shall have full and complete amnesty
and pardon thtretor.
Sec. 3. That no person shall be he'd to
answer criminally as accessory, either
belore or after the fact, for any crime
against, or violation ot the laws of this
State, fr' w inch amnesty and pardon
are provided iu the preceding sections
of this act, Lu: every tuch person shall
have lull and complete amnesty an 1 par
Sec. 4. That all presentments, indict
ments, or criminal proceedings. of what
ever nature, or kind, now pending for
any of the crimes against or violation
of the laws of this State, for which
amnesty and pardon are provided in the
preceding tedious of this act, shall be
foi th with dismissed, and no further
criminal proceedings shall be had against
such persons, or any ot them for any of
said crimes against or-violatious of the
laws of this State; Provided, That tins
act shall not apply to larceny and rob
bery ; Provided, That the provisions olt
this act shalli not be construed to extend
amnesty and pardon to any person or
persons who have in any way embezzled
ir wrongiulSy in ?ny way used or rris
appropriatcd any moneys, bonds, evi
dences ot indebtedness, choses in action,
or any other property of any kind what
soever belonging cr appropriated by
law to any liailroad Company or other
corporation in which 'lie State has or
had any interest either direct or indirect,
nor t ) Stephen Lowery, acondtmieJ
telou in the county of Iiobbson.
ec. 5. That this act shall be in force
l'rom its ratification.
In General Assembly read three times
and ratified this 3J day-of March, 187?.
J. h. Robinson,
SfeaTcer of the House,
C. H. Brogdicn,
, Presd't of the Senate,
Drawing Party Lines.
To the JCditor of The Era:
The Urticle, " Draw the Line- '
in a late is.ue of your journal, should
be endorsed by the outgoing lJar,i .
of the penal and charitah! i Ji-t i fi
tions ; ifor thesej gcnUonu h .
upon that principle two years m
But II rrspectfully submit, that
your ad. ice bo now acted tn. ,1 '
home new appointments will l iV,'
to be made by the (Jovernor, a,i
other elections will have to boV,
into by'eertain Directors. M "
If only Republican merchant sr..
to be patronized, why nut eouV, r
positions of honor arid trust i,,Mt )
our political friends only? it ;
not "drawing the party lines vh S.
and unmistakably," when out ,
ken - llepublicans are overlook, i
and known IVnnocrats appointed
positions of honor ; it is soinethi!
akin to .injustice to those w h,, ,
bared tin ir bosoms to the .-tortus , V
ostracism for opinion's sake, ..
Republican Board to ele-et to a
tiy position, men who never t,,
part in a meeting of the RopuMi, ill
party, jand who, when votin
ticket, I folded it so well that v,'.
have only their ipse dixit thai it u t
a radical ballot. Such action is IT V
ning counter to your advice, to i.'
member the campaign of is;
this State and govern theni.Ivls
accordingly recollecting, too, th r
Democratic proscription niad,' eVt u
a lady's official head roll ji, :.
saw-dust, two yenirs ago.
' j liKi-rni.n
Raleigh, March lo, is;..
The ingenuity of a woman j,
beyond all earthly coniprchciiM.H,
A Danbury lady becoming tin d . .i"
bothering with wood, besou-ht 1,.
husband to geta coal stove, - :u
devote the rest jof their lite to i, ',.
fuel, but he wouldn't do it. M,.
said, wood wa.4- cheaper, atid !,.
might as well he chopping it ;,:
saving the money, llavin- ,'v.!
hausted her eloquence w ithout ai v 1
eilt-cf, she hit upon' a very sitni.;,.
device. She extended' her clot!,, -line
over his chopping block; .i, .
supper he adorned himself .with
axe and went out for fuel, and th,.;
minutes later nunc tearing into t;. .
house without I his; hat, imkI wis,
his mouth half full of blood, l , .., , .
atcd guns iihd broken teeth.
bright and cheerful coal I'm
illuminates that home.
llishop Mcllvaihe is dead,
l.oston CoinnicrCo never so vi.-.
e'omiiiodor Latimer, C S. .V,
won't be bullied b-
eire;Lt inortalit v ainoiii
lioutwell took, his
seat iu the si
Ku Klux report from
not well founded. I
The horse disease checks iMili'.-irv
erations iu Arizona.
New York hath'mueh "eonlli. t '
the new City Charter.
Geo. Francos Train is Insane, a.v.
ing to Dr. JIainni!nJ.
JohnGoforth ha been niad.
ant Attorney General.
St. ' Patrick generally
throughout the eountrv.
his old friends, so that he might be I to his profession in San Francisco;
Scene ox the cars.
A conductor on the New Haven and
Northampton road while taking, fares
the other day was asked by an old gen
tleman, "What do you do with all this
ere money you get of passengers as
don't have tickets!" "Put it in my
pocket," answered the good natured
conductor. " Just what I thought,"
said tue inquisitive gentlemen, return
ing to his newspaper.
O' Conor kissed
The jury came in about 2 o'clock and
returned a verdict in favorofCha.se, the
defendant, on the point in relation to
Mine. Jumel's life interest in the estate.
Thus ends this .memorable litigation,
which, after..-the decisive verdict, -will
probably never be renewed
When the verdict hadbeen announced,
the ladies of Mr. Ctejje's family, who
were present, and wTtesc manifestations
of gratification wr quite marked,
moved toward Mr. O" Conor. Mrs
TranchelV embraced and kissed him
Mr. O'Conor observed that if the elder
of tho ladies are entitled to kiss him, he
had the right to kiss the younger ones.
and proceeded to do so, remarking to
the 'Court, Uehold the privilege of
age." . ;
TlIK ROTUNDA FOR FLlRTINfi.
Says the Washington JicpublUan
The rotunda is not only a capital place
for flirting but a nice place for newly
married people to " spoon." The influ
ence of tho decorations may have some
thing to do with it. A country girl
from Fairfax, while gazing at them,
was heard to say to her bran spick new
husband the other day: "Oh, John, if
we could get married agin, I'd dress
like that Injun gl, Pocahontas."
" Nonsense," said Johni "if you com
menced dressing that way, jou might
do it like that gal riding the eagle up
thar, and not dress at all." This para
dox confused the bride almost as muc h
as the three-handed girl on the opposite
Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, moyed
as a substitute a provision increasing
salaries after the 4lh of March, J873, as
follows : President of the United
States, $50,000 ; Vice Presideut, Justices
of: the Sujjreme Court, , heads of depart
ments and Speaker of tho House, $10,
000 each ; Chief Justice of the Supremo
Court, $1,500; Assistant Secretary of
Heavy mail robberies an? rep.,ivf
between St. Louis and Ne.v Voir..
Jones of a Savailnah Man!; ,' a: -eth
with jf:JL',",00 of tho ." clean kelter."
And ikw they charge .Sen;i (ore '; ..', !v
with c orruption .in obtaining Lin r
tion. i j
Disturbances in Florida am sai'i
have originated with defeated n.u.i
Col. James, of the Custom Hon.-e. vol!
succeed General Jones as IVstiuaMfj .a
Famous C. S. Steamer Chich.niuii.u
has sailed for Cuba to " :el,el " in ii '
patriot cause there.
The Spanish government has ah n-
of the rout, of. three tlouand :ni:-s
concentrated at Vera.
Snow to tho deplU of six incla -. ; i
Plymouth, New Hampshire, tenth in
stant. Heaviest of the season.
Mr.'Gladstono has a train intend vol
the Queen.. If is probabJeho will i !,;;, n
I'remier with an unchanged c;d-in I.
Georgp S. lioutwell. Secretary 1 ' ti
Treasury of the United States, lias l . ,
elected to tho Senate 'from ' M
Dy Legislative authority tho V-ui
sylvania Central doubles its a.:ti
stock wielding now six bundici m.i
lions. - i
Dick Yates has an appointment ;" ' "
the President in connection with i:n-'
grants to Northern and Texas Pa.- :i
announces that his elimi
nations to tho Sr-nato will In; emu t!-
soon and that bodv can adjourn ai an
Minister Gladstone and aHo-ia: -
the.Knglish cabinet have resign ,1. an I
the Queeh is" re-constructing her minis
All the members of the Cahhx't. in
cluding- Richardson, have been continu
ed. Foster, Minister; to Mexico, an i
several others outside
Fiemont savs the frauds with wl' ''''
he is charged -were perpetrated I" !""'
be had anything to do with the LI IV"
and Texas Pacific Road.
It is thought that General JIowuri'-'
treaty with tho Cochiez will result in a
Mexican claim for' tivo or six mill."'-
of dollars special damages.
Wm. A. Richardson lato A.sNtaiij
State, ofthe Treasury and of the Interior Secretary Treasury succeeds Jloiitwe 1
f0,500 cach , Seuator,, Eoproscntativc, KK'SSS '"'
and Delegates, including the Forty
Second Congress, $7,500 each, and in
lieu of mileage they are to be allowed
actual expenses to and from Washing
ton each session, including the Forty
Second Congress. (Passed the House.)
Louisiana. , .
There has been a case of Ku Kluxing
near Vienna, in this State. A white
teacher in charge of a -colored school
was taken out by six meu and severely
whipped. After the whipping he was
notified to leave the parish before the
next Tuesday morning, or he would be
shot. JV. O. Republican.
That member. '
It is no less true than strange that a
man with a conscience has been found
in the Pennsylvania legislature, and
ins name is Dorrnan. He has returned
a railroad pass on the ground that the
State pays members' mileage, and thero
Postmaster Jones of New Yoik a;. -
his reitrnatioif originates from a de-he
lo be free from the responsihility ! J
defalcations of his subordinates.
Collector of Internal Revenue at Al
bany seized seventeen of the locom tiw
of the Now York Central 1 or" non-payment
of &60,000 revenue-due.
Col. R. W. Hughes Js spoken of as tic--republican
candidate for governor i"
Virginia at the coming election, nn i
Robert E. Lee, Jr., for tho same posit:""
as the demderatio e&ndidate
In the New Hampshire election lavt
week, the Republicans slightly , 1"-
ground, in consequence of the raisiruroi
Congressional salaries and credit if'"
biiier scandals against some .'of the re publican
candidate.-j for Congress.
The soldiers have 'captured thirty-five
horses from a party of Modocn. Ihj'V
would have ki.ied the Indians but tot
the peace negotiations. Captain Jaciv.
wants talk, out is advised that General
Canhv can't control his soldiers Who
ia no justice in receiving the fare twice. I captured the horses and four children..
The Era (Raleigh, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
March 20, 1873, edition 1
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