North Carolina Newspapers

    S ..- ' - ' :! .
' THE. WEEKXiT JBffiA EXlfflNEffio '
VOL. III. RALEIGH, N. C, THTJBSDAY, JANUARY 29, 1874. v. f NO. 31.
- ; " t ...,..-
THE ERA AND EXAN1INER.
Suscrlption 2.00 Per Annum.
To the Public
Tho la t!,i,l Examiner is now
published daily at 3 ; tri-weekly at
$-"tt and weekly at $2 a yrar.
Friends of the republican caue
fOibuld brsiir thrnnelves In behalf
of (lie pajier.
After this the weekly will le
double this sheet.
AiK.Iogy is offered for the inside
of this issue; in making the change
it was the Ut that could bo done.
promise n' ma-y that they would
jfivnrnn additional appropriation.
I Finding the .sum wholly insuffi
cient the Board were at a 1ms how
to act, aud the question way fully
J
condemn Mr. Waddell, or by their
vote? say Congress done wrong in
repealing the salary-grab law.
Seeing the predicament they are
in, the Sentinel comes to the rescue
and freely discussed in a full meet-. of the Democrats by attacking Mr.
in" of the Board. It was finally Trivett's personal character. And
- w .
Xtiw Departure.
In resuming a daily republican
paper at the capital of the State, it
ha been deterniinetl to issue it
under a new name.
TTi ri rrr to.notrv1 t fhf Vrrrmt.
agreed to commence the construc
tion of the present building, with
understanding thattlie whole mat
ter should be fully reported with
the reasons for their action, to the
present General Assembly, which
was done in the report of the Pres
ident and Principal of the Institu
tion at the beginning of this session.
How was this met by the raem
ters of the General Assembly? TbA
Committee who examined into all
the facts, unanimously endorsed
the action of the Board of Trustees,
but members of the Legislature
who knew nothing of the facts, and
who made no effort to know, de
nounced in severe terms the action
of thcJJpanlwIuQbwaa f;r,Jcsa
an unknown writer in the Neics
adds his mite of scurrility. Now
if Democrats expect to extricate
themselves from the back-salar"Knonev for imnrovements. and ex
dilemma by making a target of Mr. ceeded the appropriation by $2,500.
Trivett, for their little whipper-
snappers to fire at, they are mista
ken.
They charge that Mr. Trivett is
an unknown and obscure politician.
kThis may be true as to the past, and
might have remained so. comnara
f K
tively, for the future, but for the
Sentinel, unknown scribblers in the
JYeics, and his legislative career of
faithfulness to the people he repre
sents, as well as the people of the
whole State.
It Is a truthful adage, homely
kv ; a name. looru appropriate to
the character the paper will main
tain than the old one, for it wil
have tho character, from the start
of a Public Examiner.
Tho Era is a name not without
public favor iu the State, and some
would doubtless regrets its disuse;
huch arc here informed that it will
le retained at the head of the
weekly, for it is a name that has
twice leen associated with signal
defeats of the democracy, and it
would not be respectful to discard it
at a time when the republican
party in North Carolina is about to
enter on what is destined to be its
most victorious campaign in the
State.
It is hoped that the llraraincri
meet with great favor at the hands
of the North Carolina public, and
that the times arc too auspicious to
permit even the small array of pre
judice the old name innocently in
voked in some sections of tho State,
and in some republican communities.
A Icuioi!..tratloii of Nonsense.
Among all tho silly and ridicu
lous proposi: ions brought forward
by the Democrats in this legisla
ture in relation to the Suite debt,
was one offered in the Senate on
yesterday, by the Solomon from
.Ashe, whose surname is Todd
which by the way is a proper
name to force the State into bank
ruptcy by compelling her to make
an assignment, of all her interest in
internal improvements, to only part
of her creditors, and leaving the
others entirely out.
'The people entertain the opinion
that whenever any person on cor
juration goes into bankruptcy, that
idl debts of equal dignity arc enti
tled to an equitable pro rata share
in the distribution of the assets of
the debtor. But the So'oiuoii from
Ashohas discovered a different rule
for dividing out tho assets of a
bankrupt, and that is to exercise
discretionary owers. From such
foolish legislation, good Lord, de
liver the jteople.
their prodeceascnC" which ""these arways"' select the ties t frui Island j
same members had, by their silence
and their votes, approved
The former board had not
only contracted a debt, but
they had diverted tho original ap
propriation for repairs and improve
ments to an entirely different pur
pose, and to one for which their
President had positively declined
to ask an appropriation. The pres
ent board did faithfully apply the
money which came into their hands
to the purpose designed by the
General Assembly, and the debt
contracted was candidly and cor
rectly stated. Why this difference
in the conduct of the same General
Assembly which reviewed the ac
tion of both boards ? Let the pub
lic decide in view of all the facts
The State Debt.
l?etwceii Tweedle
Xicliolft and Tweedle McKce.
In 1S71 the President of the
Board of Trustees, of the North
Carolina Institution for the Deaf
and Dumb anil the Blind, Dr. W.
II. McKce, in his report to the
legislature referred to the fact,
tliat the capacity of the Institution
Should be increased, but declined to
ftsK for an appropriation fdr that
purpose, on account of the financial
condition of the State, but inti
mated that an oppropriation for
repairs would' be satisfactory. The
Legislature made an appropriation
of $0,000 for repairs and improve
ments. What did the Board of
Trustees do? Did they use the
-money for the purpose for which
i t was appropriated ? For an answer
to this let us refer to the Report of
President McKce made to the suc
ceeding ' session of the General ;
Assembly.' He says, in sob-j
their minds, and"dUaCithe
money for what ? For the purpose
for which tin Legislature appro
priated it? No! But for an en
tire different purpose. For the
very purpose for which the Presi
dent of the Board had positively
refused to ak tho Legislature to
make an appropriation. Nor was
that all. This same Board of Trus
tees came before the Legislature
and aked for $5,000 more to com
plete a building unauthorized, and
for which the President had twelve
months" before declined to ask the
Legislature to make an appropria
tion. Twelve months ago the Legisla
ture made - an appropriation of
$.3,000 for the construction of a build
iqg for the colored Deaf and Dumb
and Blind ; but before that money
was drawn from the Public Treasu
ry another Board of Trustees as
sumed charge of the Institution.
Hifc.lt.iard found the $5,000 appro
priated willv inadequate for the
purpose. They .ere told that it
wa3 the impression of many of the
members of the Legislator that
the sum was not sufficient, and had
promised to vote another appropri-
tion th present session, 'lhe then
In tho Senate yesterday the State
debt was under consideration. Sen
ator Cramer addressed the Senate
at length, reviewing the different
propositions introduced for the a.d-
ustrnent of the public debt. lie
first discussed the proposition in
troduced by Senator Welch, which
rovides for the assignment, or ex
change, of the State's interest in all
railroads, canals and internal im-
fl-ovemcnts, of a like kind and
character, for all legitimate claims
held asrainst the State.
Mr. Cramer submitted a detailed
statement of all stocks held by the
State, and their cash value in the,
markets, which, if sold at public (
sale Would not realize one and a
half million dollars. His conclu
sion was, therefore, that the plan
wa3 impracticable.
He discussed the proposition of
Senator Worth, basing his objec
tion to the bill upon the ground
that the people were unable to bear
the additional taxation that must
be levied from year to year to pro
vide for the payment of the interest
upon these new bonds which must
be paid semi-anually.
He characterised the special tax
bonds as a fraud upon the State,
and notwithstanding the fact that
the last Federal Court held that
they are binding upon the State, he
would never vote to pay one cent
of them denounced the Legisla
ture of 1SG8 and G9 for passincr the
acts that created them. And upon
a review of the whole matter gave
it as his opinion that the best
thing that could be done at the
present; time was to adopt the
proposition of the Senator from
Orange, which was in substance
asking the General Government to
assume so much of our obligation- as
in justice and equity ought to be
paid.
that boys never throw clubs at
worthless apples."
Mr. Trivett is advised to pursue
the even tenor of his way, for there
is no better evidence of a man's
honesty, patiiotism and republican
ism than that democrats denounce
him and seek his political destruction.
was so much needed. Tbe
contract amounted to $2,500 more than
the appropriation for the repairs ; but
this the Board feel fully satistied the
legislature will approve after having
seen and Investigated tne extern oi m
work.
So the case stands; the Legisla
tive Democratic board in 1871 asked
$5,000 for repairs which was given.
for that purpose. The board after
wards concluded to expend that
And the Legislature approved their
action and gave them the money to
complete the improvement.
The General Assembly of
1872-'73 appropriated $5,000 for
the erection of a building for
the colored Deaf and Dumb
and Blind. The present board
faithfully and honestly applied that
appropriation to the piirpose
named in the act, but found they
could not erect a building, for that
sum, large enough to accommodate
.those lready.ia the Institution, md
Impeaching: Judge Watts.
As a reward for his decision of
the-public printing against him, tho
editor of the Sentinel has preferred
articles of impeachment against
Judge Samuel W. Watts.
The charge is drunkenness, scan
dalous conduct, bribe-taking, high
crimes and misdemeanors in office.
The friends of Judge Watts,
himself, and the republican party
will insist upon a thorough and
searching investigation of the
charges; preferred, and by these
charges must the editor of the
Sentinel and the democratic party
stand or fall.
The subjects is by no means ex
hausted.
ALIKE, AX1 YET SO UN
LIKE. Two Sections of the Constitu
tion, Which, the Democracy
say, Mean the same Thing,
Tho Public Debt.
1 o rrvn
To the Editor of the Era:
The people of the West are await-
insr the action of the Legislature
on th -public debt-with- unusual
Judge Logan Agricultural
Villages.
This gentleman, one of the best
abused men of the State, as well as
one of the truest and best men in it,
has purchased a landed property in
Rutherford county, and proposes to
lay off a town and invite immi
grants and other settlers by offering
the inducements common to the
North-Western country, induce
ments which have caused cities
and towns in the West to spring up
as if by magic.
Agricultural villages is the want
of North Carolina and tho South
People have done with the terrible
isolation of country farm life as it
has been known and endured in the
South at least the intelligent, ed
Nomine charges tie5lcKee Board
with doing anything by which the
State was wronged. Neither can
such a charge be made against the
present, or Caldwell hoard. Each
did what was best for the Instltu-
ion and the State. And those
small potato-politicians who expect
to make a little political capital
out of this matter can slink back to
their insignificant holes,, after they
have learned that whatever is sauce
for the present board is also sauce
for the late Legislative board.
Consolidation and the Lease.
Some are constrained to distrust
and oppose consolidation on the
ground of their opposition to the
lease of the North Carolina Rail
road, which many innocently sup
pose are kindrea interests, if not
identical.
While these are to a certain ex
tent parallel interests, they end in
the sharpest rivalry. j
Consolidation must say surrender
the lease. The lease-party will say
give us our own terms over the road
from Greensboro to Charlotte, open
the gauge for our Piedmont cars
ucated, refined and socially inclined from Richmond to Atlanta, and we
people of Europe and of the North will surrender. Consolidation re-
will never take to it and until the
coontry gives hope of the successful
establishment of agricultural vil-
ages in every neighborhood, we
need not look for much immigra
tion. Large land owners might
make a note here.
It is emtifyiMr W know thut
Judge Logan proposes- to initiate
plies, your right to. the lease is
questioned in our courts, . and yon
are non-residents.
However this question may be
ultimately decided, it is clearly to
the interest tof the people that con
i
better
We have been promised from
time to time that some definite ac
tion should be taken to adjust the
matter upon a satisfactory basis.
both to the creditor and the State.
Last Legislature insisted upon
waiting- until the constitutional
amendments became a law, and
they would arrange it at once.
That has been done and now we
bear of appointing a commission to
confer with the bond holder and
learn upon what term3 a settlement
could be effected, and to report at
the next session of the Legislature.
This Mr. Editor our people of both
parties regard as a square out
dodge, a subterfuge, to postpone
and deceive the people. North
Carolina has had enough of com
missions. The Bragg commission,
tho Shipp commission, and the
Woodfin commission, all a heavy
expense to the State for presiding
And per diem without accomplish
ing anything for the public good.
The farming interest of the coun
try demands that something should
be done at once. We realize the
fact that our system of labor and
our mode of farming must undergo
a change. We must cultivate less
land and make it more productive.
We must invite immigrants to
come amongst us and become pur
chasers of our soil. We must invite
capital t develope our mineral re
sources and utilize our magnificent
water powers. We cannot dothi
i x : i i r
Mum we uavw suuje ussuraiicu un
Z
If these two articles of the consti
tution mean one and the same
thing, then farewell to the meaning
of englifth words :
Article 3, Suction Article 4, Section
13, E.iecutivo De- 3!, Judicial Do
piiitiiient : i jtartinent :
Tho respective! All vacances oo-
duties of tlie S;cre- curriuti in tho ot-
tary of State, Aud-iiices provided, for
itor. Treasurer, Su-; by this Article of
perinttndPiit ot this Constitution,
Public Works, Su-j'shail be tilled by
perintendent ofthe appointment of
Public Instruction; the Governor, un
arnl Attornev Gen-! less otherwise pro-
eral shall bo pr-jvided tor and the
scribed by law. If appointee shall
the office of any of hold their places
said officers shall; until tho next reg
be vacated b3r'ular election,
death, resignation,!
or otherwise, itl
shall be the duty
of tha Oovernor -to' "
appointanother un-'
til the disability
lccessor be elected
and
qualified. Ev
ery such vacancy
shall be filled by
election at the first
general election j
that occurs more;
than thirty days af-i
ter the vacancy has
taken place, and,
the person chosen1
shall hold the ollice
for the remainder!
of the unexpired'
term fixed in tbej
first section of this
article. i
embraces of your alligator, and that
they twain may dwell together in
unity.
Article II.
And your jalligator for the State
does further present, that,at :tnd in
the county of Wake, iState ofNorth
Carolina, three days before the in
troduction of a resolution into the
House of Itepresentatives for the
impeachraeut of the aforesaid Sam
uel W. Watts, Judgea foresaid', he,
the said Judge, being moved and
instigated by his - knowledge of the
law, did, then and there, give a de
cision in favor of one William 31.
Brown as teuvte Printer, and against
vour alligator, which last leather
citmt; so iieiiir ureiiKiiig iin; camet-.-j
back, that, after due consultation it
was deemed best to proceed by im
peachment and intimidation; other
wise other decisions may be given
against yourj alligator, atid his feel
ings wounded aud lacerated worse
than they wpro when McAden told
about Swepson lending your alliga
tor money, from the corruption fund,
to buy the SentmeL.
. For all of which disregard of this I
aiugnior a jeeniigs, im uegs uiai you
wiU impeucjh the said Judge AVaiLs.
Whose Ox ?
solidation shall be perfected while
tie o uesHon" ixrin aoubt: ancrwesr
I 1 . ' rir- - 1j.i.i.
terms of surrender Us it hangs over us like a mighty j veiy aect
When the conservative-legisla
ture Board of Directors of the Deaf
and Dumb and Blind Institution
diverted an appropriation for
"needful repairs" to needful im
provements, and exceeded the ap
propriation fifty per cent, every
member of the Senate endorsed the
action of that board ; for, on page
3G4, Senate Journal, 1872-'73, the
following is recorded :
Senate bill 48o, House bill 391 A
bill to be entitled an act to make
appropriation for the year 1873 to
the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Insti
tute. Read and passed second and
third times. Yeas 34; navs 0.
Affirmative. Messrs. Cowles, Cra
mer, CUNNINGHAM, DUN
HAM, ELLIS, of Columbus.
Grandy, Gudger, Harris, Hill,
hlolloman, Horton, Loner. LOVE.
Mabson, McCabe.McCaulev. McCot-
ter, Miller, Morehead, of Guilford,
Murphy, Murray, Nicholson, Nor
wood, Powell, Price, Respass, Sey
mour, Stafford Todd, TROY. Wal
ker, WARIN. Welch and Worth.
34. . '
Mr. S. Trivett.
Tho Democratic journals are indule-
intf in very ungenerous and reprehen
sible comments upon Hon. S. Trivett,
the able and efficient member of the
House, from Ashe county, because Mr.
Trivett felt it to be his duty and privi
lege to introduce a resolution censuring
the Hon. A. M. Waddell, of New Han
over, for voting in Congress against a
repeal of the salary law. Mx. Trivett,
who is a republican, did not spare Pre
sident Grant, even, in a late address
made in the House upon the same sub
ject and he, of course, had no compro-
r miiroraa ftn-Trnnrriyrc; v: but wx
parry. . . f
Mr. Trivett gentleman of nnlm-
peachable moral character, is an excel
lent lawyer, a truo North Carolinian
ami public spirited citizen : although
h8 is a republican, is no hitter partizan,
and goes for the greatest benetit to the
largest number.
Wo do not know if Mr. Trivett, as
is charged, aspires to a seat in Congress,
but if so, it is his privilege, and if the
people shall elect him, we have no
doubts that he will make a good and
efficient member. Statcsville American
The above endorsement of Mr.
Trivett by his neighbors, who know
him well, ought to be sufficient for
that gentleman, if it is not enough
to work confusion to his enemies.
Because of the resolution above
referred to, Mr. Trivett has en
countered the scurrilous abuse of
some of his enemies in the Demo
cratic ranks, and the Xetcs and the
Sentinel have vainly sought to ridi
cule him.
It will be remembered that Dem
ocrats and Republicans joined in
the demand for a repeal of the
salary-grab bill, for members of
both parties had voted for the law.
But now the phase of things has
changed. All tho Republican mem
bers from this State voted for the
repeal ; but Mr. Waddell, a Demo
crat, voted against its repeal, and
c
this system of progress and devel- wjn offered than after the courts f incubus, paralyzing our every in-J the action ct the
opment In his section, and it is to shall have jded in favor of tbcfJrest. Labor will jiot come to u&5 Board in spendin
doubt the past successful record of lease-party, as they most probably j and our unoccupied lands will find
me man, to qoudi, nere, ine success wmi .
?ETi.-iitnrr-wEiT
x
' " tv ill nnt. tmrlnrsfi
of tha'ildlciary VommXttee.'Vlefee
bear in mind that 1 don't want you
to be harsh jwith Judge Watts, but
tne truth is unless you get up an
impeachment trial and employ a
pnonograpnic reporter like we did
when Holden was impeached, and
make up a big journal each day,
and order me to print it, I don't ee
how I am to keep my head above
water. If you will get up the im
peachment I will not lose anything
by Watt's decision on the printing
question, provided you do as I tell
you. I will not overdraw or charge
by the letter "m."
Remarks of Mr. S. Trivett, of
the County of Ashe, ;
la the House of Representatives, Jan.
17, 1874,1 upon a Resolution re
questing Congress not to ass a
" Civil Rights Bill."
Mr. Speaker: But for the in
sinuations of the gentleman from
Wake, and the gentleman from
New Hanover, that many white
republicans, and myself among that
number, had voted against, or
dodged, the civil rights question
whenever it presented itself, I
should haye remained silent; for I
have dodged no issue wherein the
question was presented, .but have
voted against the enactment of any
additional law upon the subject,
and shall! vote for the resolution
now pending, although I deem it
folly to adopt it. But it presents a
question for ou r consideration wh ich"
must be met, and upon which
the hand of every member upon
this floor must be shown. Upon
my record I must stand or fall.
Therefore! in tho discussion ot
ef this question I intend to meet it
if this be obviated, the proprietor
might exp'-i a disorderly white
man, but if ins anie should bo at
tempted willi a colored man, it
would be charged that it was done
on account oi Ids color, and indict
ments would be. run for violation
of the civil rights law, and thus
our court- v.-'til.! .. omo'n theatre
(" L ?
ior iiuga .; ween tiie laces
the end of. vviiich cannot bo esti
mated. Ami again, if said sict shall pro
vide that ail schools sh.dl le open
alike to both races, it would' have
the eirect of closing all of our schools
and institutions of learuinz: fr
L'when the colored children came, in
at one door, tho whites would
Have by the other. But even if
mixed schools should be tolerated
in some localities, such forcing of
the white and colored children into
the same schools would be. follow
ed by endless strife and confusion,
and under mixed schools acurse
instead of a blessing to the the com
munity. Iam clearly of opinion
that only separate schools for white
and coiored children can bo made
useful to the rising generation.
And should said act provide fluit
the same accommodations shall bo
steamboats, and places of public
entertainment, the same bitter feel
ings and prejudices will be engen
dered and the same confusion and
strife will follow.
The colored people enquire why
this is so. I answer tnat the Whito
people of this country have been ed
ed ucated to believe them superior
every respect to tho colore! -race,
and to this the colored reo have
assented until it has become a tlxed
principle In the two races, so much
so that in my opinion no statute can v
make the white race of this genera
tion feel that tho colored racels their
equal. A system which tends to
force social equality between them '
will not only fail, hut prove a curso
to the colored race. I am pleased
to see the colored race, ho recently
emancipated from slavery and so
suddenly thrown on their own re
sources without education, without
money, without lands or property
of any kind, .and utterly inexperi
enced in providing for themselves, "
-making progress. I am proud to
bear testimony to the pOitceable,
and quiet, manner in which' they
have discharged tho new. duties de
volved upon them, and to see tho
rapid strides they have, mado and
are making in educating their chil
dren and improving their condition
morally and religiously , and finan
cially. I am no enemy of the col
ored race; I desire to place
no obstaclo in their way to pros- ,
pcrity or happiness. On the con- ;
trary, I 'am ready and willing to
strike hands with them in all legi
timate pursuits, and hwne to see ;
them rise higher and yet higher iu
the scale of industry, morality,
virtue and intelligence. But when
I turn to the last census report and
rind the colored race only number-
insr some lour millions out oi a
of his project.
While on this subject it may be
as well to say here that, notwith
standing all tho malicious misrep
rentation with which the vicious
have attempted to damn this gen
tleman as an official, he has outlived
it all, and to-day stands well along
side of the great judicial officers who
have preceded him in his section.
His conduct in most successfully
putting down the ku klux (and he
managed this business better than
any other officer whose duty it was
to deal with the klans) he did his
people, of all parties, and his State,
a real service.
Despite the efforts of his enemies
he is a popular man and official in
his section, and very deservedly so.
Twccdlo Nichols and Tweedle
McKce, Agrain.
for the Richmond and Dan- n0 purchasers.
Democrats voting upon Mr. Triv-
Principal of tho Institution had the I ett's resolution must cither vote to
On the appearance of the Exam
iner yesterday morning a conserva
tive asked if a mistake had not been
made in the article headed as above.
The answer was given in the nega
tive. He swore a mistake had been
made that no appropriation for re
pairs on tho Deaf and Dumb Insti
tution building had been diverted
by any democratic or conservative
board from the purpose for which
it was asked or given.
And so the record was gotten out,
and sure enough the case was even
worse than wras stated in the JEZr-
aminer. The record is as follows :
the General As
sembly in iNoveuioer, icwi, xr,, yv
II. McKee, President of the Con
servative Legislative Board, says
The Board is aware of the financial
condition of tho State, and will not ask
of the Iesrislature an appropriation to
enlarge tne building at this time, though
much needed.
After reading that report the Leg
islature (see chap. 68, sec. 2, Laws
1871-,72) enacted as follows :
Sec. 2. That the Public Treasurer
is hereby authorized and directed to pay
tne saia amount or lorty-nve thousand
dollars to the Treasurer of said Asylum
out of any moneys in the treasury not
otherwise appropriated : Provided, That
the amount above stated be drawn
ouarterlv in advance: And rrrovided
further, 'That live thousand dollars of
this appropriation, or so much thereof
as may be necessary, shall be expended
in making neeuiul repairs.
In his report to the General As
sembly, Nov. 1872, President Mc
Keo tells what was done with the
five thousand dollars which the
Legislature appropriated for
needful repairs." He says :
Earlv in the Spring, the Board, after
carefully inspecting the Institution as
to its capacity to accm modate the pupils
v ik hiotivM uiobik ouiu ftv C 1 1 Ullniao
expenditure of the appropriation to
erect a wooden building, or to repair
the old building used as a broom-shop,
printing office, Ac, " They therefore
concluded to extend thi North
YVinq ok the uuiLniNO so as to give
additional room to tho Institution,
which would in effect, be carrying out
the original design heretofore contem
plated by tho Legislature and which
ville Company already hassufficien
recognition on the part of this State
to destroy the argument that an
alien or non-resident corporation
cannot lease or hold any ofthe prop
erty of North Carolina.
Clearly the opponents and cap
tious enemies to consolidation are
doing our people and the State great
harm. Upon the success of consoli
dation depends much of the imme
diate progress and prosperity of our
people, especially those of the West,
and longer delay may prove fatal
to the fondest hopes.
If gentlemen are not, by this time,
satisfied that there is no trick in
consolidation, then it is impossible
to satisfy them of the honesty, in
tegrity and ability of our best and
most honored men ofthe State.
This writer has always been a
supporter of the lease, because it
was the best thing that could, at the
time, have been done for the State
in that railroad interest of hers in
volved in the North Carolina rail
road. He is a friend to the lease
now, and would not disturb it, ex
cept by consent and an equitable
arrangement. But he is also a
friend to that erreat scheme and
more important interest, consolida
tion, and he would neither see it
strangled by unwise legislation, nor
crippled by a corporation occupy
ing a position to dictate terms.
To argue that the lease is an evil
thing for the State, or a corrupt
thing in itadff iAjMideoughfbut
ta associate tne lease ana consoiiaa
tion together, and fight them both
on the ground usually assigned, is
to betray either a want of informa
tion or a determination to oppose
and pull down the best interests of
the good people of North Carolina.
Hon. A. W. Tourgee.
His Honor, Judge Tourgee, open
ed a special term of Wake Superior
Court yesterday. He comes to us
with a judicial reputation second to
no man in the State, of any period.
His ability as a lawyer is admitted
everywhere. His rulings are al
ways satisfactory to the Bar, and
his decisions generally sustained by
the Supreme Court.
The people of Raleigh and of
North Carolina have been accus
tomed to hear Judge Tourgee
abused and maligned by some of the
presses of the State; but the people
resident here, the lawyers, and
visitors to the city are invited to
attend sessions of the Court and see
this Judge onJthe Bench. If they
den't then come to a conclusion
differing with what they have
heard, it will be acknowledged on
the part of the friends of Judge
Tourgee that all the abuse he has
received was fully merited.
Pass what is known as the Worth
bill with the amendment of Senator
Waring. The only sensible plan
we have seen offered, fair to the
bond holder and exceedingly fair
tothe State. The agricultural and
mechanical interests of the State
will receive tn impetus, and an
era of prosperity will dawn on us
as a people.
We have expected that something
would be done this session. We
now demand this important matter
shall be no longer delayed. The
Governor in his message has re
peated urgedly it. The Treasurer in
his report has impressed upon the
Legislature the importance of this
matter, and yet our representatives
are still delaying action. Thepeople
will hold them responsible.
While differing with the Governor
politically, I will do him the justice
to say the honest working men of
the State owe him a debt of grati
tude for his firm, bold and honest
stand on this subject. If there is a
failure to accomplish anything with
the debt, tne people will hold the
Conservative party responsible for
its defeat. They have it in their
power and in the failure many of
us will act for our interest and our
country, and not be lead by party
ties. If this measure be carried
through, the people will say well
done faithful servants. '
We contend the compromise un
der th6 " Worth bill,' J!J- not in-
The -calculation made is that it ,
win tase six minion aonars in
bonds to effect the compromise, the
interest on six million at six per
cent, will take three hundred and
sixty thousand dollars. Now the
money received each year as lease
for the North Carolina Ilailroad,
mean the State's interest on three
million of construction bonds is one
hundred and eighty thousand dol
lars. This sum does not now go to
the State, but goes into the hands
of a Receiver for the benefit of the
bond holders.
Thentake one hundred :md
forty thousand dollars, saved by
the biennal session of the Legisla
ture, which when added to the one
hundred and eighty thousand
makes three hundred and twenty
thousand, (320,000.) nearly enough
to pay the interest on the whole six
millions.
Pass a stringent revenue law,
making your officers do their duty.
Shorten the present session of our
Legislature, and you will have
money enough without any addi
tional taxation to pay the interest
on the new bonds.
The people are worried out with
your tardy action.
present Caldwel
more money for
the erection of a building for the
colored Deaf and Dumb and Blind
than was appropriated for that pur
pose by the General Assembly last
Winter. Whose ox ?
Amnesty.
Attention is invited to a corres
pondence on the first page of this
paper between Col. Thos Ruffin
Hon. W. W. Holden, and James.E.
Boyd on the subject of amnesty.
The views therein expressed will
go far to show the people of the
State that these, and other promi
nent republicans, have been very
grossly maligned when they have
been represented as malicious,
blood-thirsty and unforgiving.
Sentiments are expressed in this
correspondence which do credit to
the hearts of the authors, and en
dorsed, as they are, by such repub
licans as Col. W. F. Henderson,
Col. W.A. Albright and others,
there is littlo doubt what the ver
dict of republicans at large will be.
MACON'.
Articles of Impeachment,
(Supposed to have been Exhibited by
T . j rri. T.. if
josian Aunwr, ur., lit uic u.une
0f Himself and the Sentinel Office,
against Samuel V. Watts, in Sup
port of his Impeachment for High
Crimes and Misdemeanors in Of
fice :)
Article I.
That the said Samuel W. Watts,
Judgre of the Sixth Judicial District
ofNorth Carolina, unmindful of the
hisrh duties of his high office ana
disregarding the peculiar wealth of
affection which vour allisrator has
nan, aia so iar iorgec me amen i ties
and serenities of life, particularly
those which obtain among persons
whose ardent souls are fired by such
feelings of undying loce as your al
ligator's, and who has ever labored
to illustrate in all his life and con
versation, that his greatest desire
was to prove to the Judge that they
had
" Two souls with but a single thought,
Two hearts tluit beat a.s one."
That the said Samuel W. Watts,
Judge of the Sixth Judicial District,
being puffed up with dignity and
pride on account of his said office,
ditl so far forget your alligator's
kind feelings and kinder words,
both written and spoken, as to ut
terly and entirely refuse to give
"back sigh for sigh," but instead
thereof did name his bull, Joe Tur
ner ; and did instruct his man togive
that dumb, patient representative
of your alligator " hell on every oc
casion ;" and further, that he did
exhibit, or cause to be exhibited,
said bull at the late State Fair, and
that it was then and there ascer
tained that said bull was a steer, to
the great injury of your alligator's
feelings and to the scandal of his
good name and fair fame through
out the State.
For all of whieh disregard for the
Constitution and the rights of man
and beast, your alligator begs that
you will impeach the said Samuel
W. atts, J udge aloresaiu, ana de
pose him from his high ottice,to the
end that he may return to the warm
still a republican. Twelve years
1 ago the colored people of this coun
try were in the most abject slavery
not one in ten thousand of wh$m ii
their quiet slumbers at nightl ev0t
dreamed ofthe liberties they enjoy;
for they this very moment htve
guaranteed to them the same rights
and civil liberties that lsconierred
uoon their former owners, so far
as freedoiti and protection 'is con
cerned cpnferrtd upon them by the
Constitution and laws of the Na
tional Government. For one, I am
ever ready to stand by thm in
their rights before the law by the
enforcement of all laws that -would
tend to that end. But it strikes me,
and indeed it is quite apparent,
that the colored people are not con
tented with their freedom, right
and liberty. Already the subject of
realization, but exempiines tne oia
adages where "an inch is given an
ell is demanded." Now I cannot
blame the colored people for desiring
to improve their condition, but on
the contrary, admire such a disposi
tion, andj would encourage them in
their onward march to wealth,
honor and prosperi ty ; and no person
in the State would rather see them
aspire toj sucn position as woum
render them usetui to tne country
and to their own race than myself.
Isavletthem be educated in the
sciences and arts of the age, and let
them build up society among them
themselves: but while they thus
move onward. I entreat of them to
exhibit a! spirit of contentment, and
submit to the powers that be, and
await the pleasure of the great Ruler
ofthe Universe for extraordinary
rights and privileges, lest by an ct-
fort to suiuarate the white race into
a recognition of social equality they
rekindle land make active all the
former prejudices, which must in
the end! endanger their present
rights. Therefore, my advice is to
let well enough alone, ever remem
bering that vou are indebted to tne
white pebole for all the liberties you
now enjoy, and upon their will and
s hang all your luiure noer-
2y , -j.
Let U9 1 examine : further iraursee
what the colored people have to
gain by pressing their demands for
additional rights; or by abandoning
vast majority of the whites addud
to by thousands, and perhaps hun
dreds of thousands of white immi
grants each year, i;feel that it is my
duty as a friend of the colored raco
to warn them to beware how they
run counter to the deep-rooted pre
judices of generations, and attempt
to force social equality with a raco
so vastly, superior in ' numbers, so
much higher in the scale of knowl
edge, and possessing, such a largo
proportion of the wealth of the
country. 1 .
For these reasons,, and many more
which will readily occur to the in
telligent iconic of the State, both
whito and colored. I hope Con
gress will consider well before it
passes any such bill as the one now
under consideration. , With such a
law, I am fully persuaded wo should
have endless strife between tho
races ; without it, but with laws pro
tecting the colored man in iall his
rights of person and property, With
separate churches and schools, I
have every reason to hope for pe;ieo
and good feeling between all our
people, and that we will all, lxth
white and colored, give a helping .
hand to each other, and thus smooth
the rough places in the journey of
life, and go on prospering together.
JLiVllliU Af7 VTJL k'JLJI. Ji .r a ...... .
January 21th, on the bill tegulizihg
. '.....' Tjm -" Wtiha '.
. . . ft!
the erreat national republican party
that to-dav protects them in their
present rights before the law, be
cause white republicans cannot
support I the enactment of a civil
ritf-hts bill that will have a tendency
tn draw the line between the two
races, in which event the colored
neonle will be in a hopeless minor
ity, and deprived of many rights
thov nnwluniov. Can they go to
the democratic party and expect to
obtain mofe than is guaranteed to
them by the republican party
This question needs no answer. But
I say to ouf colored friends if they
force this ifesue upon us, the repub
lican partly is divided; and the
democratic party elevated to power,
and before the next decade shall
have paMJ, their condition will
be reduced to a worse servitude
than they ever experienced in the
Paf cannot I refrain from anticipat
ing the gteat evils to follow the
passage o the civil rights bill
which prdvides that no colored
person shall be excluded from any
hotel or boarding house where while
persons are1 admitted. If this bill
nJ biw. iut as soon as a
cololed mah takes a seat at the table
of a hbte , the white guests will
iu-p nnd the result will be that
I favor the bill because it will re
lieve our people, and clear an over
burdened court docket. Thecotrt
has been called. Jurors: witnesses
and parties to suits are now await-
. . r r iLI . II 'I'l ,.
tug tne action oi uiw nuuw. i nu
Senate has already acted, u we
refuse to legalize the action of the
Governor, it will entail loss of time
and extra troublp to all who are in-y
terested in the holding of the court.
The only parties con ven fenced if
we vote down the bill are the ;i or 4
gentlemen at the bar practicing in
W ake Court, who are nowattenu
i rig on the sessions of the Supremo
Court. The case In court parlance y
is the people of Wake county vs.
j . ll.. L. 1 I ( -,... -.
we reiuse vo pass too uui, our ucviuu
will ."-imply delay the holding of :
the court for about two , ee;s.
Governor Caldwell will certainly
renew his order, and the court will
be held. I predict that then no
opposition will be made
to the holding thereof. i ho
legal gentlemen attending tho
.Supreme Court will then beat leis
ure. Their docket will have been
reached, and passed over by the
Supreme Court, and with their
green bags they will then be ready ,
to appear before his Honor, atthe
special term. Must their conve
nience alone be consulted, however
much expense and inconvenience ib
may put tho hundreds of clients,
jurors and witnesses.' to? I
I hope not. I hope this body will
rather consult the wishes of the
people of Wake county, anil relieve
us of the vexations and procrastina
tion of an over-crowded docket.
In the. police" report of a Southern .
paper appears tl sentence "During
the recital both demons occasionally
smiled in a hellish, sarcastic way."
There is a good deal of power here,
siiiilar in quality to that invested
in a mule's hind leg.but power nevertheless.
every
hote
the South will be closed. But even
and boarding house in
f A photographer in Gloucester has
been astonished by a young woman
who came to ask, meekly and inno
cently, How long does it lake to
get a photograph after you leave
your measure V
sr'
V
i
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