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THE ERA AND EXAMINER.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1S74.
the venerable Senator from
Orange struck the Senator between
"wind and water" when ho told
him he supposed in his simplicity
that ho was in the Senate of the
State instead of a caucus of the
The scurrilous insulting impu
dent, undignified and scandalous,
(to the church,) article on the local
page of the Sentinel this morning,
and addressed to Governor IIol
den, is a matter that christian peo
ple, and all the friends of the Bap
tist church ought to take- in hand.
The poor and ignorant parents
of North Carolina, white and col
ored, will learn after a while that it
is the policy of the democratic
party to keep their children In
facilities, thereby keeping said
poof children oat of all participa
tion in the affairs of the State and
nation except the poor privilege
of voting'ibr the oligarchs.
, Let us remember that tho con
vention effort in 1871 was a design
upon the judiciary of the State.
The constitutional amendment
fiasco in 1872 was an effort on the
part of the democracy to prostitute
the judiciary to partisan uses; and
so is the present effort to lay vio
lent hand3 on the judiciary through
the election law now proposed by
; Kcpublican State Executive
It is very important that this
committee shall meet in Raleigh
lefore the republican members of
tho legislature leave. And it is
time we were looking to reorgani
tion, anyhow. The people of North
Carolina must be relieved of this
political curse known as the dem
ocratic party, and they are anxious
ly and prayerfully looking to the
Let us have the executive com
raitteo at once.
! Six senators yesterday offered a
protest against the amendment to
the consolidation bill reflecting, by
Jmplication.on Hon. W. A. Smith.
See senate, proceedings in this
The amendment is, in effect, a
' Pope's bull against the comet. Th e
legislature, as the protesting sena
tors well say, cannot prescribe any
qualification for an office. And had
this identical amendment been
made a part of the constitution,
Tiny alleged offence falling under its
provisions would have to be judi
cially ascertained before such pro
vision could have any effect.
Verily, when Receiver Smith
took away Senator Todd's free pass,
he aroused a Solomon," and a
large majority of these senators are
clearly "Solomons" within the
strictest meaning of Receiver
Political Democratic Fossils
and our State Geologist.
Leading gentlemen of both polit
ical parties were anxious that North
Carolina should be represented at
the World's Exhibition at Vienna,
and so they insisted that Professor
Kerr, our State Geologist, should
go ami carry specimens of the pro
ductions of our woods, our mines,
our farms, that the attention of per
sons coming to this country from
the old world, to purchase lands,
might be called to the advantages
offered by North Carolina. At their
urgent solicitation Professor Kerr
went, and set the learned, men of
Europe to talking about the rich
and varied resources of our State.
And now comes "Solomon" Waugh
and puts his seal of condemnation
On the whole matter, by refusing to
pay Prof. K's expenses! And the
i r "v ns. r.r r ft mf,vrn
-'j-wlm.'ii, "ijemg interpreted,
I. Any man who attempts to do
ai.y'.hing to build up North Caroli
na, is an enemy f the democratic
party, and hou!d be in every way
'2. Any man who shall bring any
capitalists into North Carolina, or
in any way aid or abet in bringing
purchasers of lands, mines, or other
property, shall be heavily fined for
the first offence, and for the second
offence he shall be sent to the Luna
tic Aylum for a fool.
Any man who tells any yankee
or foreigner that we have any coal,
iron, copper, gold or other minerals
imbedded in the soil of North Caro
lina, or that we have any water
powers suitable for factories, or
shall aid in selling any lands,
mines, water-jowers or other prop
erty in this State to an uncircuni
cised heathen or barbarian outsider,
shall have the words anathema ma
ranatha branded on his forehead,
and he shall be henceforth a fugi
tive and a vagabond in the earth.
4. That any man who shall in
anywise aid or abet in the building
up of the ruiued fortunes of our
people, or sell any lands or other
property whereby any despised
carpet-bagger shall como into our
borders, and bring any improve
ment on the old and time-honored
custom of our fathers carrying
corn to the mill properly balanced
with a rock in the other end of the
bag, deserves to bo hung or doom
ed to listen to theirothy mouth
ings (yclept speeches) of the afore
said ' Solomon?. Waugh forever
and a day.
Democratic Highstrikcrs Iis
lueniberiiig liladen County.
The senators and representatives
in this legislature, here by virtue of
all the wealth and intelligence of
the State of Xorth Carolina, are,
for the the most part, the puniest
set of partisan highstrikers and po
litical tricksters that ever came
together in a general assembly of
Beginning with the wildcat Iegis-
ture of 1S70 the general assembly
of the State, so far as the democrats
could make it, has been a mere
party-caucus, and when their con
duct is properly understood and
duly estimated the world will unite
in writing them down as simply
One of the latest, and newest
of the effort-
ougly corrupt party to
petuate its power, is seen in the
proposition now ifr hr To
To keep Cumberland a democrat
ic county, for the benefit of the as
tute Troy, it, is proposed by the
democrats to cut off from Bladen a
democratic township apd attach it
to Cumberland. 1
Thft firrase these democratic de-
structionisls render for) their pre-
posed action is that Cumberland
courthouse is only fifteen miles from
the county line of Bladen, while the
Bladen courthouse is twenty miles
from the portion of the county to
be transferred to Cumberland.
Now see how that is : The near
est point in Bladen county to Fay
ettville is fifteen miles; this point
is twenty miles from Elizabeth
town. Now the democrats propose
to go six miles into Bladen and lo
cate the Cumberland lino within
fourteen miles of Elizabethtown,
and twenty-one miles from Fayctte-
ville. In other words, instead of
leaving the Bladen line tiventy
miles from Bladen courthouse,
these democratic "Solomons" say
it is better to reverse the order of
things and extend the limits of
Cumberland county ticenfg-one miles
from Cumberland courthouse.
Nor is this ali. The strip pro
posed to be taken from Bladen be
gins at six miles in width, and wi
dens to ten or twelve miles.so attach
ed on to Cumberland, a portion of
this territory will be twenty-seven
or twenty-eight miles from Fayette
ville, while at present it is with
in twenty miles of the courthouse
So the pretense of accommodating
the people by bringing them nearer
to the courthouse is all a sham, like
the party that originated and sup
ports the measure.
The only reason yet brought for
ward in support of the measure,
that at all bears eieaiing, is, tlutt
going to rayettevuie, me eopie
cross the Cape Fer on a good
bridge; going to Elizabethtown
they cross the ferry.
But this trifling advantage is
nothing to the people of Bladen,
in comparison with the difference
in the debt of the two counties.
Cumberland owes about one hun
dred and thirty thousand dollars;
Bladen's county debt does not ex
ceed ten thousand dollars; so that
to the people of Bladen there are
just thirteen reasons against, to one
for the change in the county line.
And if the difference between a
ferry-flat and a good bridge is the
only advantage, it is suggested that
the people of Bladen could build a
bridge over the Capo Fear for some
thing less than one hundred and
twenty thousand dollars.
If the pleasure of having Senator
Troy in Raleigh another Winter
depends upon this dismemberment
of Bladen, there will ha " one va
cant chair" in the senate chamber
and at some table of our Metropoli
tan boarding-houses hereafter, so
far n. this officious senator is con
cerned. Change this county
line, and the polities of the
dismembered territory changes
also ; to say nothing of three
hundred Cumberland voters vh
1 ",n t,hrtn?Tft?f!v'"
The Bladen and Cumberland
county lines have stood as they are
fi.r more than three- quariers of a
century, and no change was ever
thought of until this assembly
of democratic high-strikers pro
- But if they have not yet got
enough of changing county lints,
let them go ahead. A republican
legislature next Winter can restore
a New County
For some time iist a proposition
has been before the general assem
bly, providing for the formation of
anew county to be called Lilling
ton, out of a portion cf the territory
of New Hanover county. It passed
the Senate by a considerable major
ity, but on Thursday met a signal
defeat in the House of Representa
tives, and is .now a dead letter.
The debate in opposition to the
measure was headed by representa
tive Heaton, of New Hanover, who
made several effective and telling
speeches, showing fully the objec
tionable features of the bill, and
the disaster that would follow in
case of its passage. Mr. Hcaton's
views were lully sustained lv the
House, and when the vote, tinallv ;
killing the bill was announced, the I
. . , ' A
countenances of the strong force of
lobbyists, who were in attendance
favoring the proposition, depicted
disappointment and consternation.
The people are very desirous of
seeing their representatives at home
The following bill has been intro
duced in the house of representa
tives, by Jacob T. Brown, Esq.,
from the county of Davidson :
An Act empowering the Hoard of
Education for Davidson county
to establish Teachers'' Institutes or
Section 1. The General Assembly
of North Carolina do enact, That
the board of education for Davidson
county, shall appoint the board of
examiners of s.iid county to open
and (stablish, on the second Mon
day in August in each and every
year, at the court lions'-' in the town
of Lexington, a Teach. r'i Institute
or Normal School, for the term of
twenty-live school days, for the
purpose of instructing the public
school teachers, and all those who
expect to engage in teaching for the
next ensuing year, free of charge or
tuition. J'rovid'd, that teachers
representing diffefent colors, shall
be Instructed in different
rti uf 'said
erm, alter a caret ui and thorough
examination, it shall be the duty o
said board of examiners, to give a
certificate, by grade as now provided
oy law. to ail those who have attend
ed said school, and are possessed of a
good moral character, and mentally
qualified to teach in. any ofthe
public schools of saidcounty forihe
next ensuing year, from the end of
the term aforesad. And provided,
That no applicant shall have a cer
tificate unless he or she shall have
attended said school or some other
of a similar character for at least
five days, unless said absence was
caused by sickness or some other
excusable cause, and that said
board ot examiners shall not exam
ine or issue certificates to applicants
at any other time, and the said
school shall be opened to visitors at
all times, And provided further,
That the board of examiners in con
junction with the board of educa
tion as aforesaid, shall prescribe all
rules and regulations to govern the
said school not repugnant to the
now existing school law, and it
shall be the duty of the examiners
to invite suitable and ethcient
persons to address the said
school free of charge, at least
twice a week during the
same, upon the subject
of education and other mental and
moral training, and at the close of
the term it shall be the duty of the
chairman of the board of examiners
to read out publicly the certificates
granted to the successful applicants
and their grades.
Sec. 1. That the said board of ex
aminers shall receive for their ser
vices the sum of one hundred dol
lars, and no more, to be paid out of
the general school fund f the
county, by the county treasurer, on
the warrant of the chairman of the
board of education of said county,
and countersigned by the secretary
of said board.
Sec. 3. That this act shall be in
force from and after its ratification.
It will be observed that this bill
has for its object a uniform system,
providing that all the teachers shall
be governed by (hs same ndes and
regulations. It also gives the teach
ers tho advantages that must result
from the interchanging of views, as
to the best and most practical mode
of conducting and discharging these
duties as educators. And to those
who have not the moans nor op
portunities of qualifying themselves
in institutions of high grades, gives
the privilege of reviewing just be
fore the commencement of their
schools, the different studies that
are to be taught. Mr. Brown de
serves great praise for his untiring
energy in preparing this bill, and
securing its passage through the
house. The bill is now before the
senate for concurrence, where it will
receive the advocacy of Senator
Cramer, and will undoubtedly be
come a law, when the good people
of Davidson will be indebted to Mr.
Brown for one of the best modes of
instructing their teachers that can
Consistency! Thou Art a
To the FAitor of the Examiner : .
The democrats of tho legislature
are down heavy upon Hon. V. A.
Smith because ho refused to answer
some impertinent questions put to
him by a legislative nosing com
mittee ; but these same democrats
tool: a peculiar pleasure? in casting
their votes for Col. V. L. Saunders
for chief clerk of the senate, and
think it was marvelou-ly proper in
him to refuse toaus vva-iiug4Hm!
TnTiTSf 1 i ' "" i "Ti gTtvssTonaT
committee to make him disgorge
what he knew about tin
lion, he basing his refusal
ground that he couid not
.vithout criminating him-
Again, s :nie of the democratic
members of the general assembly
have been raising a great howl over
the Nichols board of trustees for the
deaf and dumb asylum, because
it exceeded the appropriation
made to erect a building fwr
the colored deaf and dumb asylum;
but they are its dumb as oy
st rs about the Mclvee board
(a democratic one) which immedi
ately preceded the Nichols board;
and'which diverted an appropriation
of live thousand dollars which was
voted to make repairs on tiie build
ing tor the white deaf, dumb and
blind, and instead of repair itty
u-ed the monev in building an ad-
diiion to the h. iH and having ix-
pcndi-d the whole amount he lb re
tho work was half done, asked the
legislature for an additional live
thousand dollars to complete a
work tluy had no authority to
commence. The legislature with
out hesitancy, or complaint, voted
the amount and had not a word to
say against the board. The only
difference in the cases being that
onetime a republican board was
the offending party and they were
censured the other time a demo
cratic board was the offending party
and they were commended. Oh
consistency! Thou art indeed a
j e wel 1 .
Lives there a man wuii nose so
nd who never to himself hath said,
i'H P l-'f()re 1 K to ',,'r,the VM
'bt J .? the printer?- -hrandon
Yes, there a-c some I Know full
well, but they I fear, will go to
well the place where there's no
winter. Panola Star.
You are blind Star, you'r rea
son's dim, or you'd not argue such
a whim ; e'en Satan bad would not
have him who fails to pay
printer ! Tiqido Journal.
Teachers' Institutes and
- J THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Friday, Jan. 30, 1874.
Senate met at 7:30 p. m.
On motion of Mr. Seymour, leave
of absence was granted to Senator
Allen for three days from and after
REPORTS OP STANDING COMMIT
TEES. Messrs. Price, Welch and Smith
submitted reports from the commit
tee on corporations.
Mr. Hill, by consent of the Sen
ate, introduced a bill to repeal chap
ters 20 and 54, laws 1872-'73. Re
ferred to judiciary committee.
Bill to amend the charter of New
bern. Mr. Seymour offered an amend
ment requiring the proposed amend
ment to the charter of jvewbar
orNewbern for adoption ' or. rejec
tion. i - '
Mr. King opposed it, and called
uie previous question.
Mr. Seymour called for the yeas
- The amendment was rejected
yeaa 14, nays 25. a
The bill then passed its SntMd-
lng yeas2U, nays 9.
BUI authorizing commissIBgrs of
burry county to consolidat and
pay off the debt of said countyjpass
eu unru reaanng. ,
Bill to amend charter of
boro, Orange county, pa
Bill to allow commissio
Nash county to levy a sped
passed mini reading.
jjiii to allow commissio
Duplin county to levyaspeci
passed third readiuer.
Bill to allow the board of cfrunty
commissioners of Burke tcouity to
levy a special tax, passed (third
On motion of Mr. McCabe. ienate
Lieut. Governor Brogdenlin the
Journal of yesterday real and
Mr. McCabe offered a Drttest to
tho following amendment tnat was
adopted on yesterday, to the bill
amending the charter of thd North
Carolina railroad: t
"But no person shall bela com
missioner, director or generil man
ager who has heretofore 4r may
hereafter decline to testify before
any committee, legislative or other
wise, or before any court of com De
tent jurisdiction in regardi to anv
matter touching or growing out of
us conduct wiule president or di
rector of any railroad, or while act-
ng m any other public fiduciary
capacity on the ground that if he
were to testify he would criminate
umself or on any kindref W)r like
The undersigned vote'
negative upon this ameiu
tne following reasons
prerna court has lild
director is an officer.
We are of opinion thi
erai assembly has no pov
scribe qualificatins for
We think it is an invasion of the
rights of the executive department,
and an imputation against the
Governor, Tod R. Caldwell, who
has the appointing power, in whose
integrity we have full confidence.
Signed, L. W. Humphrey,
G. N. Hill,
11. W. King,
W. L. Love,
Ordered to be spread upon the
journal of to-day.
Mr. Norwood, a memorial to the
Congress of the United States re
questing that Congress be requested
so to amend the national currency
act as to make the officers of nation
al hanks amenable in the State
courts, as well as in the United
States courts, for ali violations of
the usury laws of the S'ates in
which they are located.
-Mr. Fleming, petition from citi
zens of McDowell county, ;n rela
tion to a public road.
REPORTS OF STANDING COM
MITTEES. Jlr. Murray, from engrossed bills;
Messrs. Love and Price from pro
positions and grievances : Messrs.
from internal improvement; Mr.
Avery from corporations ; Mr.
Troy from penal institutions, with
a bill asking an appropriation of
oie hundred and ten thousand
dollars for the Penitentiary. Ite
port and bill ordered to be printed,
lteport was received from the
Treasurer cf thcState, submitting a
statement of -lines received from
Clerks of Superior Courts, .during
the present month. Ordered to be
INTKODI CTIOX OF BILI-S.
My Mr. Harris, bill to be entitled
an act to incorporate the Oak City
Savings liank of .Raleigh. Itefer-
red to Committee on Corporations.
v Mr. Sevmour, bill to be enti
tied an act to prevent cruelty to
annimals. Referred to Committee
on Propositions and Grievances.
MOTIONS AND KESOLUTIOXS.
On motion of Mr. Nicholson,
rules were suspended and bill to
amend chapter 97 section 27, Bat
tles Revisal, passed its several
On motion of Mr. Cunningham,
rules were suspended and bill to
amend the Wilson and Tar River
Narrow Gauge Railroad, passed its
On m otion of Mr- Murphy, rules
were suspended and bill to amend
act to incorporate 'Central Pire In
surance Company,' pajsed itsseveral
On motion of Mr. Humphrey,
rules were suspended and bill to
amend the charter of the Carolina
Company passed its several read
ing. On motion of Mr. Worth, the bill
in relation to the State debt be
taken up and made the special
oader for Tuesday next at 11:35 a. m.
being an act concerning the election
of certain officers, Air. Grandy
moved to amend by striking out
the words 44 two Supreme Court
Upon that Mr. Seymour called
the yeas and nays. Yeas 15, nays 21.
Mr. Grandy moved to amend by
av a in
Soy more, Merrimon MoreheaiUpX,
iii" from"7uuTciary ; Morehead 1 petitions.
striking out section 2 of the bill,
and called for the yeas and, nays.
Yeas 15, nays 2L ' 14-.
The questiotrthen recurring on
the passage of. the bill upon its sec
ond reading-' the vote stood : yeas
lo, nays 24. :
Mr. Frica moved a suspension of
the rules add that the bill be put
upon its third reading. Carried.
Mr. Harrisssaid this was too im
portant a bill to pass through so
hurriedly and moved that it be
postponed and made a special order
for 12 m. on Wednesday next, and
upon that demanded the yeas and
kays. Yeas 12,' nays 24.
The bill then passed its third
reading. Yeas 24, nays 15.
Bdl to amend the charter of the
North Carolina Railroad.
Mr. Humphrey called the previ
ous question upon the passage of
the bill, but upon an indication
trimi senators that other amend
ing WPrft tn hfl nffiafpri vtta.
Mr. Merriunon said 4hat he horjed
n further motions r amendments
uld be offered to retard the
issage of the bill. The consolida
n scheme had been thnrnno-hlv
discussed before the recess and every
me knew its main provisions and
leading idea. The changes desired
by the North I Carolina Railroad
Company had been'-published in
all the papers in thfc State and laid
on the desks of senators. The ores-
. X 111 . , A ' 1 J . - .
ent uiu presen it ii0gtgTuaran-
lees ana-ine Dnni prospecr--
the completion of taff road from
Old Fort to Point RocK and Duck-
town. Our people have faith in the
scheme and he appealed to senators
to do nothing to plight their cher
ished hopes f
Mr. Moreheadi, of Guilford, offer
ed an amendment providing that
the private stockholders should
elect seven (7) Of the directors of
saidiroad. He proceeded to advo
cate fee adoption of the amendment,
urging, among other reasons, that
it wotlld take the power out of the
hands of the Executive, who might
be disposed to appoint, as directors,
persons that ought not to oe ap
pointed, whose appointment might
be made upon personal or partisan
grounds. He wanted the private
stockholders to; control the road
the men who.have at heart the real
interest of the road. He said both
parties in the past have refused to
do this, purely for political reasons.
But he hoped this legislature would
adopt this amendment, and, after
other amendments that ought to be
adopted, the bill be passed.
Mr. Humphrey said, as as stock
holder, he was in favor of the
amendment. Hut as a Senator, he
was opposed to it. He said if this
amendment was adopted, the Gov
ernor would refuse to accept the
charter, for the reason that the
State Executive was sworn to
protect the interests of the State,
and the effect of the amendment
would be to trrmfer to the private
stockholders the three millions of
dollars of stock that belonged to the
State. That thirty-five (35) shares
of stock could control the entire
road, the charter providing that
five (5) shares was only necessary
or any individual to hold the posi
tion of a director.
Mr. Humphrey called the yeas
t and nays on the adoption of the
Lmeadment. Yeas 9, nays 23.
I Afr f'nwloa vffiar2?snn nmcnflmpnt
; for the consolidation of the North
. Western road in the bill, and ap
propriates one-tenth ef the proceeds
of the sale of the bonds to the com
pletion of the road from Salem to
the Tennessee line. He advocated
the adoption of the amendment at
some length, and said, in justice to
the section of the State he repre
sented, the amendment should be
adopted. The act incorporating the
North " Western; road had made a
liberal appropriation to build it, but
that under the subsequent refunding
act, all the bonds had been refund
ed to the treasury, and the road had
been built to the town of Salem ex
clusively by private enterprise, and
in all fairness be demanded in this
the last division of the property of
the State that the claims of the
north-west should not be, as here
Mr. Seymour called the previous
The amendment offered by Mr.
Cowles was rejected. Yeas 10, nays
The bill then passed its third read
ing. Yeas 31, nays 6.
Mr. Humphrey moved to recon
sider the vote by which the bill
passed, and moved to lay that mo
tion on the'table. Adopted.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Mr. Speaker Robinson called the
House to ord-t 10 A. M.
Mr. Trivett, a petition from citi
zens of Ashe county, protrsting
against the passage of the Jefferson
Mr. Liuttorloh. from citizens of
his county, for a change of time
for holding Superior Court of Cum
berland. RliPOIlTS OF STANDING COM
MITTEES. Mr. Stanford from finance; Mr.
Anderson of Davie, from post office
and post roads ; Mr. Marler from
enrolled bills ; Mr. Oidney from
finance; Mr. Jones of Caldwell,
from corporations ; Mr. Brown of
Mecklenburg, from propositions
and grievances; and Mr. McNeill,
from claims made reports.
Mr. Lindsay, a resolution in re
gards to adjournment.
Mr. Ilanner, a resolution con
cerning certain lots belonging to
the State in the city of Raleigh.
INTRODUCTION OF BILLS.
Mr. McNeill, a bill incorporating
Shoe Heel in tho county of Robe
son. Mr. Dickey, a bill extending
the Sheriffs time to settle taxes
with the public treasurer in Chero
kee. Mr. Mizzell, a hill supplemental
to an act chartering !:u Jamesville
and Washington Lumber Railroad
Company. The same a bill to char
ter the Jamesville and, Washington
Mr. Trivett, a bill to prohibit the
sale of liquor within two miles of
the camp ground of Helton, in
The above bills were properly re
Mr. Jones, of Caldwell, a bill to
lay off and construct a road from
the Watauga line to JMorganton.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE.
Upon motion Messrs. Joyner and
Williamson were granted leave of
absence till next week.
On motion of Mr. Gorman Mr.
Cobb, of Engecombe, was granted
an maennite leave oi aosence on
account of sickness in his family.
On motion of Mr. Abbott Mr.
Heaton was granted leave on ac
count of sickness.
being the machinery bill on its 2nd
reading, the House proceeded with
its consideration, the clerk reading
Several amendments were offered
and voted down.
Mr. Bowman, an additional sec
tion exempting one horse, nno r-
and calf,not exceeding the value Of
$200, to come in at the end of the
Mr. Johnston said this was clear
ly out of order. We adoDted thp
amendment yesterday exempting,
property to the amount of $100 and
asked that it be ruled out.
The speaker decided that the gen
tlemen sought to do What he would
not directly butindirectl v.and ruled
xne amendment out nrm-do
altogether a new Question, and dif
fered from the chair, &c.
In section 16, which is concerning
county commissioners revising
lists, Mr. Dudley moved an amend
ment that valuation of property is
raised, when deemed unreasonably
low, the agent or owner shall be no
ticed by the commissioners. Adop-
The clerk proceeded with the
Mr. Bennett offered an amend
ment that section 23 be amended
llyy instructing sheriffs
again proceemng, tne remaining
sections were read and with some
. -mm. ' '
minor amendments, the bill passed
its second reading. The question
being upon the passage of the bill
on its third reading,
Mr. Bowman renewed his amend
ment to the ninth section, exempt
ing to the value of $200, to the head
of a family, one horse, one cow and
Mr. Johnston took issue that this
amendment was unconstitutional,
being class legislation strictly pro
hibited by the constitution, and ar
gued strongly against the amend
ment. Why not exempt the colored
man's mule or his donkey, the me
chenics tools, &2.
Mr. Bowman explained his
amendment. He wanted the poor
man's cow and his work-horse ex
empted, the "hard laboring man de
served it. Put the taxes on incomes
and men of property, but spare the
poor man's horse and cow, &c, &c.
Mr. Ellison, the amendment of
the geneleman, Mr. Bowman, is
wrong in principle. I am opposed
to it, l am called upon by my pea
people to do so. The argument of
the gentleman to put taxes upon
the men of real estate property is
wrong. I know it will operate seri
ously against my friends. The high
er you tax them will only result in
demand for higher rates of rent
to be imposed upon the poor people
ofthe country. I, sir, am in favor
of the section remaining as it is, ex
empting one hundred dollars worth
Mr. Bowman asked for the yeas
and nays on his amendment and it
did not prevail. Yeas 17 nays 72.
Mr. Scott, an amendmenment for
a revaluation of property. Not
Mr. "IiOvd. that Commissioners
should' be paid $10 instead of six for
their services in valuatio l of lands.
Mr. Bennett, several amend.
ments which were adopted.
Mr. Stanford, chairman of the
committee, now called the previous
question. Carried and the ma
chinery bill then passed its final
On motion of tire- same the
revenue bill was made the special
order for Monday, Hi A. M
.On motion, Qf Mr. Brown of
Mecklenburg, the rules were sus
pended a'nd the joint resolution on
adjournment was taken up. (It
appoints a committee to examine
the calendar, and report the ear
liest day probable this legislature
can adjourn.) Adopted.
On motion of Mr. Bryan of Alle
ghany, the rules were suspended
and the act amending sec. 2, chap.
02, laws of 18G9-'70, which was to
change the law in regard to the
width of the road in his county 14
feet wide, the law requiring it to
be 20 feet wide.
On motion of Mr. Brown' of
Davidson, the House at 2 P. M. ad
Note. At the instance oi Mr.
Blythe, the representative from
Henderson, who voted yea, the re
porter takes pleasure in stating that
on the vote on his amendment on
Friday, making exemption of
property to the value of 300, 'in sec.
I) ot the bill, that the word yeas
sliouid Jiqvc Ohu intHtUiKj-nnt t
Myrggprtutrtf the voter j
To the Editor of the Examiner:
It is said that the reasons
why "Jupiter, Jr." ordered the
legislature to impeach Judge Watts
was because the Judge had named
a bull for him. Since the impeach
ment was ordered, it turns out that
the bull is not a bull at all, but a
thing that once'was a bull. Now
if the bull is not a bull, ought not
"Jupiter Jr." to be non-suited?
Until it is proved that his bull
ship was a bull at the time the edi
torial bull was issued to the legisla
ture, the Judge should ask for a
dismissal of the case; because.it
would not be right to allow such a
bully fellow to bull his case through
the legislature under the presump
tion that the bull was a bull, when
the bull was nothing but an old
field steer. We call for a dismissal
of the case, or an amendment of the
charges, because it would be wrong
to bull this matter through the
legislature upon the false ground
that Sam Watts' old field steer was
a bull, when every body who saw
him at the Fair, knows he was no
Important Decision. The
Supreme Court of the United States
yesterday decided the case of Gil
bert Elliott & Co. vs. the Wilming
ton and Weldon Railroad Company
in favor of the above named firm, of
which our young townsman, the
cashier of the Mercantile Bank, was
principal partner. The suit was to
recover the value of a lot of rail
road iron sold to the road during
the war,;and was originally brought
before Judge Oldfield in the Hus
tings Court of the City of Ports
mouth, who decided in favor of
Elliot & Co. This decision was sus
tained by the Court of Appeals of
Virginia. But the defendants took it
to the Supreme Court of the United
States, and the latter tribunal has
now dismissed their application for
a new trial on the ground of juris
diction. The amount recovered is
over $13,000 Norfolk Landmark,
New Rails. Thirteen cars loaded
with new jfish-rail for the North Caro
lina division of the Piedmont Air Line,
passed through Richmond Friday.
Tite IStAmesk Twins. We see from
an exchange, that Dr." Bancroft, Phila
delphia's nio.st celebrated surgeon, and
several other physicians, left that city
last Friday morning for Mount Airy,
N. C. in cbmpanv with Dr. IIollinrs-
wortli, wh, went to that city from the
latter place for tho purpose of consult-,
ing and giving information desired con
cerning thQ death of the twins fv the
medical fraternity. It is believed satis-
factoiy .; arrangements for an autopsy
have been jnade.
The National Hotel. Wo learn
that tho National Hotel was closed on
yesterday, j Maj. Jlair, relinquishing
the proprietorship. t L.. S. Brown of
Salisbury, it is stated is negotiating t-
rent the same, ana its closing wiilo
De temporary. We hope
torily consummated. The only objection
negotiations are satisfac
on the part ot strangers and others
visiting our city, is the location of the
house (forjitis elegantly arranged and
well furnished) ' being too hih up
town. AVjs think not however. True it
is quiet; an advantage but still it has a
commanding and pleasant situation.
HABEAS CORPUS JUDGE WATTS AT
Chambers; J ud ere Watts, at Cham bers
in the Mayor's office on yesterday, heard
counsel ion; the writ of habeas corpus
sued out for Allen Piisley and Richard
Thompson tried and convicted before
the Superior Court Alamance county
ajrear or so ago for going in disguise,
and sentenced to a term of vears in the
te Penitentiary, where they are now
ex Tiiurt nrrinw out tnat sentence.
Jndgre Watts deci'
writ. Jones and Jones represented the
convicts, and Gen. W. II. Cox, tho So
licitor, appeared for the State.
Personal. Wo had the pleasure of
welcoming homo, with a hearty shake
of the hand of our photograph (they
say) in the person of Charles J. Voor
heos, Esqi, the popular Route Agent
of the Southern Express Company, who
has just returned from a visit to
Charleston, S. C. lie was engaged with
friends holding a levee in front of the
ollice yesterday afternoon, and showing
off " Thayer's Circus Mule" in his many
pranks i hitched to the oyster wagon.
Charlie has this animal in such a high
state of exbitement, that he has only to
wink his :eye, and the little donkey
forthwith lets fly music from his heels,
"so high as never vash," as Weikel
was putting it at tho exhibition.
They ark f Coming at Last. We
thought they would give us a call after
a while, and we learn with much grat
ification tljat after this unusual dearth
of fun and amusement that wo have
gone through with for months, that
Raleigh is no longer to be slighted.
The San Francisco Minstrels are
booked for our theatres, February 20th
and 27th. ;
Cal Wagnerls Minstrels, March 71b.
and the Wallace Sisters, accompanied
by a fine company, March loth and 14th.
There is. plenty "of room before these
dates, and vith the Legislature, stran
gers and citizens, notwithstanding the
"stringencjV a good company, either
theatrical or minstrelsy, will draw well.
Mardi Gras Excursion Tickets.
We notice from hand bills and other
information received, that all railroads
and other lines of transportation for the
benefitofall those contemplating visit
ing New Orleans on the occasion of cel
ebrating Mardi Gras, for the purpose of
participating in this grand pageant in
cident i t the auspicious wcasion,
round trip tickets will be on sale from
the Gth to 16th of February. The price
of tickets from Raleigh being placed at
the low rate of 841,25. Passengers Will
go via the new Atlanta Air Line, chang
ing cars at Charlotte. Sleeping cars
will run through without change from
that point to New Orleans. Tickets are
good until March lUth.
Oliver IWomble, Esq. W e have the
pleasure of aunouncing that this clever
young gentleman and fellow townsman
has graduated in the art of telegraphy,
and has been offered and accepted the
position of "night operator" at tho Com
pany Shcips, North Carolina Railroad.
Oliver will prove himself, as he, is a
worthy, exemplary and competent em
ployee, and cannot fail to give every
satisfaction. He learned the artjn the
short space of seven months under the
excellent jtutilage of Professor Starke.
We heartily wish 'him. every success,
and trust that "noplug" will ever pro
voke him to use "cuss" words. May his
"key" never press hard enough to tear
his neighbor's reel of paper as it runs
Court. In this Court on
tho following cases were
argued : -f-
II. II: Mitchell, Administrator, et. ah
vs. F. D. Wood from Rutherford. L.
W. Barringer and R. T. Gray, for
plaintiff, j. C. L. Harris for defendant.
J. Fronebergor, Administrator,' vs.
John G. Lewis, Administrator from
Gaston, jj. II. Wilson and M. A.
Moore, fjr plantiff, 1). L. Schenck, for
M. Ai Steele, vs. Commissioners of
Mecklenburg. J. II. Wilson, for plain
tiffs, II. j Rarringer, McUorklo and
Ruiley for defendants.
Special Tkum of Waki; Hrrrcnion
Court 1. 1 is IIonoii Juih;e Toi hohk
Pkkkidio. The following causes were
disposed on yesterday, us lollows
Ferrell vs. Lewis. Veidi'-t for plain
tiff : j
Pulliain, Jo ties &, Co., vs. ('. K. Pres
ton. Judgment for plaintiff, 1":J.4S
Peterson Dunn vs. J. C. Leigh. Ver
dict for plaintiff.
A. J. .iallovav vs. D. A. Jenkins, et.
al. Continued lor defendant on pay
ment ol lull eosts.
ii. Li. Uortoti vs. J. II. G roner.
diet lor plaintiff.
M. 11. Rovster vs. J. J. Fejrell.
diet for plaintiff.
His lienor also has tho-: minutes of
the Court read over to thajl body upon
opening j the Court, every morning,
lie took ioceasion wo learn to compli
ment the competency aiAl good busi
ness qualiik-ations of the deputy Clerk,
Mr. A. Magniu, than whom o county
can boast: a more .gentlemanly and po
lite ofiicer. The inroad upon the docket
goes on carefully and gradually, and
the Court will probably be engaged for
the next two weeks.
iNSPixrroK of Wood and Coal. Tho
bill enacted during this session of the
legislature, is now a law, and a good
one at that. The article of coal has be
come anj extensive commodity in tiie
trade of our citv. and many will hail
with gratiiication tho appointment of
a irood man for this resnonsible no.iition.
Thcre has been great complaint on this
score, especially in regard to short
weightjiu ;:oal, and it is ecually applica
ble to the measurement of wood. A
choice of candidates will be made by
the Board of City Commissioners next
Among the names of various candidates
mentioned for this place we hear that
of Mr. McLean Potter, spoken favora
bly of, and with no detriment tb the
claims off others, and w thout the least
dictation'on our part, we would say
that wo believe he would make a com
petent, honest and faithful inspector.
He has had vast experience hi the coal
businessj in other cities, and fully
understands its requirements. Of course
if chosen to the office he would relin
quish tho sale of tho article.
We ha e no doubt but that the Board
will make a wise selection.
i -.-.I LJ ii i Ill i i i
E. IT. Potrue of 11111x1
wis in tho
T. M. Argo, Esq., is on'a brief visit ?o
to Chapel Jlill.
IT. Li. Staton, of Edgecombe, h at the
Hon. W. A, Smith was at his homo
near Princeton, yesterday.
J. O. Holt. Esq.. of Com nan v
was in the city j-esterdaj-.
Walter P. Caldwell, solicitor tenth
judicial district, is at tho Yarborougli.
Mr. Noah Palmer, a native of this
State, but now of Baltimore, is in tho
Maj. J'lias. M. Steadman, a leading
lawyer of Wiliiiiugton, Js at the Yar
borougli. C. S. Brown, of 'o Mandon He use,
Salisbury, is in tin city, uiUiun.cyeou
red at the Yarborougli vestt-
The entiro court is now at thin
Capt. R. A. Springs, of Charlotte, Re
ceiver Atlantic, Tennessee' and ' Ohio
railroad, "switched off" at Raleigh yes
day. i ,
Tho reverend d venerable 1 Mark
Ifonnett, of three generations gone, is
still in the land of the living. Hi home
is in Halifax county.
Col. Hamilton C. Jones, of Charlotte,
a leading lawyer of tho West, a good
friend, and "a fellow of infinite jest "
is in tho city, attending tho ssio'ns of
the Supremo Court. j
His Excellency, Governor Caldwell,
is on a brief visit to his son-in-law,
Capt. Walter Breni, in Charlotte. The
Governor .will return on Mondav. ac
companied by his excellent and ac-
Revenue, arrived vesterdal
from Charleston, lie reports the ser
vice'eflicient and all right in that por
tion of his district. Cql. Perry is a most
o ilicient officer, and stands well with
the department at Washington.
Pony Bucjoy. We examined a new
pony buggy on yesterday, built for Capt.
John C. Gorman, our representative
from this county and city, by Mr. Harp.
It is neat, well constructed ami light.
It is a sin to see cheerful little Tommy
mako his three-minute Shackelforu
pony kite it up the avenues.
A leacon's IMmicr.
When you are carrying several-.
articles and one of them slips, it Is '
best not to try to recover it. i Rob
erts was helping his wife to pre
pare the dinner table on Sunday, as
one of the Deacons was to take din
ner with them. Roberts took a
plate of steak in one hand and the
coffeepot in the other, and had a
dish of peas on the arm without tho'
steak. The wind blew the dining
room door partly to as he approach
ed it, and putting out his foot to
push it back, tho arm with the peas
moved out of plumb, and that dish .
commenced to slide. A cold streak
flew up Jtobert's spine, anil his hair
began to rise, and he felt a sudden,
sicknessr- a the stomach, but ho
dodged ahead to savo tho peas,
partly caught them, mado a wrong
move, lost them again, jobbed at
them with the coffee pot, autTupset
the steak dish, and in springing
back to avoid the gravy, stepped on
the cat that belonged to tho family
down stairs, and canto to tho lloor'
in aheap, with the steak and peas
and a terrible mad cat under him,
and an oveullowing pot of scalding
coffee on top of him.. Then hoj .
bounaea up ana jumpeu on uiu
steak dish and picked, up the other;
dish and threw itoutor the window, ;
and finished that performance in
time to hurl the colfo pot and the
remaining contents after the, cat,
which was making the, very best
time down the front stairway. Tho ,
Deacon did'nt stay to dinner, Rob
erts retired to the bedroom with a
bottle of sweet oil and a roll of cot-,
ton batting, and Mrs. Roberts went
over to her mother's to cry.
Who Can be Spared ?
Young men, this is the first ques
tion your employers ask them
selves when busing becomes slack,
and when it is thought necessary
to economize in the matter of sal
aries. This question is answered in
an American journal to our satis
laction. It answers, the question
who can be best spared this way :
The barnacles, tho shirks, tho
make-shifts, somebody's nephew,
Young men, please remember
that these are not tho . ones
who are called for j when
responsible positions are to
be filled. would you. like
to. guage your own fitness for a
position of prominence? Would .
you like to know the probabilities
of your getting such a position?'
your hands find to do the chances
are ten to one that you will soon
become so valuable in that position
that you cannot easily be spared
from'it; and then, singular to re
late, will be the very time when
you will be sought out for promo
tion to a better place. Be content
to grade among the men who can
easily be spared, and you may rest
assured that nothing will spare you'
so certainly and so easily as promo
a mark of a gentleman
The most worthless and
It is not
vile, the drunkard and the prosti-
titute, will swear as well as the best .
dressed and educated gentleman.
No particular endowment is requi
site to gi ve a finish to the art of
cursing. The basest and meanest
of mankind swear with as much
tact and sfcill as the most refined ;
and he that wishes to degrade him
self to the very lowest level of pol
lution and shame, should learn to
be a common swearer. Any man
has talent enough to learn t curse
God, and imprecate perdition on
their fellow-men. Profane swear
ing never did any man any good.
No man is the richer, or wiser .or
happier for it. It helps no one's
education or manners. It com
mends no one lo any society. It is
disgusting to the refined, abomina-
ble to the good ; insulting to those
with whom we associate; degrading
to the mind : unprofitable, needless
and injurious to society, and wan
tonly to profane his name, to call
his vengeance down, to curse him,
and to invoke his vengeance, is
perhaps, of all offences, the most
awful in the sight of God. Ijouthi
The Savannah JWtrssays some of
the young men of Albany sent a
note to the Chapman sisters the
other day, inviting those gay dam
sels to partake of a champagne sup
per after the show. The temporary
letter carrier was assaulted by them,
and was glad of an opportunity to
beat a retreat.
v liz i ii Mrtiiiii 1 mr Mmm m uiituiiiu uuuil.
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