North Carolina Newspapers

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TIAECH 12, 1874
VOL. Ti i.
"X. ,
.'THURSDAY. MAT. CI I f371 77
THE DAILY w!!! .
In tue Cttr at Kim v c
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Jiu . .'.a.uNl In t e ;
lleiuiMIcnii l'r.pc;
a :
,5 a
i ConTentlon'
. tion whether we shoald
rr; ub! lean conven Hon for
nt Urc; is one which has
no ceneral expression of
, The 'KuthcrYjnl 'paper rc
samcd tho old name' of th3 Kuthcr
ford Start skr.d under the editorial
manacm nt of 2Ir.J. B. Cirpcn
" tcr, has fco.'eOfthe Etralt-cutVo
- paUicua standard. ' Thai Hccord
which euccccded to the Blor . some
months tine?, v,a3 r.cutral" In poll
- tic. -. i -;
. It will be frratJfyin: to the repub
licans of tho State to know that the
Hon Is again represented ty aj
of the pronounced' pontics of the
Star : and under the able and Infla
ential leadership of Judge Logan
that section will rive a rood ac
count of Itself next'Augrust.
' 1 M
r. ., nirona me peopir,aunougn
invited to discuss . , the matter
through Uiese columns some weeks
since.'..- . i : - l ,
. At a general caucus of jrpnb
Iiciins;with republican members of
f he legislature r on the twelfth of
last was decided to recom
mend to the State executive com
mittee not foeall a convention for
the State at targe this Spring ; but
their ilanderona ibnsexf governor
CaldwelT, the buckles of whose shoes
thegrcatmajority of thm are not
worthyo'tinfasfeiU' Honestntel-
iigent,. conscienuou3 ana jearnea,
with . an abiding 7faitb in the good
people of the Htatenrho have hon
I ored h!mthcirabuio alii 'still-born
and harmless at the feet of this great
man and be can afford to scorn th&
bittrnes!! of hlar ralnmftiAtnrsi' tot
; ; JIolnjr for OinUatlonirr;
The Examiner begins to-day the
pobl I cation of district v, republican
executl ve-rcomm Ittecs'apDointed 1 n
ad vWry- committee, consiit-; 1872, and;hc;dfnltH
ing T)f' twenty-three representa
tive republicans from all k parts
of the :State,.. was created, and
to that committee of consultation
together with tbe executive com
mittee was left the task of bringing
lnfr ffia flntrl a : tiftaMn VonHrTat
-. Ror the oQce of superintendent of presslon pf ttegne
h public -Iiutructioi?: the- ihUyJJcktt PJ&WP-?
for the State at lare the teoDle caw I w140 usual ImportancQ ana-.B.Inii
ham hofnra (hpm thlavmr. I CanCC
'WTille th noliev of eallino-the Therefore these district meetings,
the conventions of .the 'several di3
tricU tc nominate can41daic3 for.
congress this yearv' b erf b .- ish
Inasmuch as" IlTTiaabeen deemed
vention,;these district conventions
become the:tabnne3:4for.the-ex;
Senator Carpenter's Speech.
The Exarrwirr yesterday morn
ing contained the text of the speech
of Senator Gtirpenteron Louisiana
ufTairs, being tho only paper of tho
city that did present the speech in
full. j
The sledge hammer blows of
Matt Carpenter cannot fail In their
effect; and the whole country must
be seriously impressed by the point
ed arguments of the ponderous sen
ator. It will take time, patience, ar
gument and research to arrive at a
correct solution of the Louisiana
difficulty, but it is perfectly appa
rent that a deal of "unloading" is
necessary for ail parties in that un
happy Suite, v
It is impossible not to believe that
Kellogg and his associates are thor
oughly unscrupulous end corrupt,
but the source of all this difficulty
is traceable to the wily Wannouth
and his debauched democratic
friends of the Greeley abortion. '
for Public
The Rutherford Hlar suggests the
name of Itey. J. I. Carson, of Ru
therford, for superintendent of pub
lic instruction, and calls on the
Examiner among other papers, to
suggest a name for consideration.
In compliance with sach request,
ilJiino spirit of dictation what-
ii.. t- .1.' ji. r"ftt - a.
ever, Mio mucujhuict Huuiu iJ4&x;m
for consideration the names of Oil
ver H. Dockery, of Richmond, and
Dr. J. O. Ramsay of Rowan.
Either of these gentlemen would
just precisely fill the bill. Both
are rood canvassers. Each is
thoroughly educated and ad
mirably qualified for the place.
Both are-young, progressive, prac
tical men ; and as standard bearers
of the republican party in a single
bunded contest, either would reflect
credit upon the party before the
election, and the office afterwards.
The Examiner would not be un
derstood as nominating either of
these gentlemen or as expressing a
'personal preference or pet choice In
this matter. The above names are
merely suggested for public consid
eration. If these are not enough,
the Examiner can name a dozen
others. Furthtr West it has a
favorite, but to others must be left
the suggestion of his name.
IMstrtct, County and Township
It will soon be time for the peo
ple to begin to give attention to dis
trict, county and township organi
Although there is but one officer
for the State at large to be elected,
the campaign before us is one of the
first importance to the republican
party in North Carolina.
In six of the judicial districts
judges are to be chosen. Eight
members of congress are to elect,
members of the legislature, twelve
solicitors, a superior court clerk
and all the county officers for
every county in 'the State, and all
township officers must be elected.
And, in all respects, the campaign
of 1874 is of quite as much impor
tance to the republicans of North
Carolina as was that of 187.
The necessity of thorough organ
ization in every neighborhood, and
a system of frequently bringing the
people of every township together
is greater than at any former period
in the history of this State.
The democrats of the late legisla
tare, in passing a law to coerce
poor white men of North Carolina,
disposed for the first time to vote
with us, have also framed a law in
tended to disfranchise hundreds and
thousands of colored men.
. This law is known as the identifi
cation bill, and it provides that
when a man shall start to the polls
he must take along a neighbor to
swear who he is.
Hence It will be necessary for all
of the republicans of every town
ship to come to personally know
each other, so that no man may lose
his vote for want of identification.
' The Examiner will begin and pub
lish the State and district organiza
tions as they existed in 1872, and the
republicans of the State are earnest
ly besought to begin to get ready
for the great campaign of the com
ing Summer. ;
should be essentially' and In every
respect representative in their con
stituent parts. And to make them
pre-eminently so, timely notice
should be given the townships-and
counties, in order that the best and
most thoroughly representative
men may be sent up to the district
It is further suggested that the
several district conventions, each
and all, recommend to the State
or central executive committee a
candidate for superintendent of
public instruction. In that way a
State convention is made absolute
ly unnecessary, at the same time
the wishes of the people are as
thoroughly known as they could be
through a State convention, for
every township and county has
spoken through the district conven
tions. It is a system of triangula
tion, so to speak, covering every
inch of territory in the State.
If thio suggestion be adopted it
would be necessary for all the dis
tricts to nave spoken by the mid
dle of May, in order that the State
or central committee meet and
place the first choice pf the several
dsstricts in the field by the first of
June. If these district conventions
could mtet in April, and let the
candidate for superintendent of
public instruction take the field by
the 10th of May, it would be all the
better for a single-handed contest.'
The Examinvr would suggest to
the various district committees the
propriety of calling their conven-
A t At J. 11.1L.
- iTr - i April to meienw orarr?r?afnrat
order that the townshipsv ..Toun
ties may have ample time, let the
calls for conventions issue not later
than the twentieth of the present
It is of very great importance to
begin in time. There Is heavy
.people together in convention for
all regular State elections was reit
erated and re-affirmed as a policy
never to be called into question by
the republican party, it was urged
that this was an extraordinary case,
a mere incident, and it was doubt
ful if the republicans of the State
could be gotten together In conven
tion incidentally. Leaving out of
the question trouble and expense,
it was believed that the people
could not be assembled for an oc
casion like this In sufficient num
bers, and in a sufficiently represen
tative capacity, to reflect the gen
eral views of the republicans of the
So it was determined to leave the
matter of selecting a candidate for
the office of public instruction to
the executive committee, advised
by twenty-three representative
republicans for the State at
large; and with the addition of
the iuternal improvement and free
school resolutions at the head of
this paper, the platform adopted by
the republican convention of April,
1872, is to be the general platform
of the republicans of North Caro
lina for 1874.
The above statement is made for
the purpose of eliciting a popular
expression of opinion, and if it
should be found to be the general
desire of the party for a convention,
one will, of course, be called. Let
republicans in all parts of the State
be heard from.
the; Stale .'Contrictln'aS
' Corporator and Eepudiatinif
as a tiovereifirn- -
A case te'notf beicsargned befsro
the supremo court of this -Siatcv
wherein certain parties are hopm
to,attach theidisOTreP(i!atic:
to.; the t name; of vNprtn tuaronna,
The event illnstratesf that : the fcrro
of private. galnJte.strOTgeri In soci3
people, than their pride r of public.
honor. T ixf't,
, The 'fee aJladed ':to;lst one in
which 4he 5 Staie, asu corporator
&$ed ta -vL corporation Jbno wn ' C2
the Richmond t arid Danville rail
road.erlnterest Jn theNbrth Caro-.
MnAroabSJeTrt tok?Z H
to causa thd States, as aaovereigsi xd.
repudiate the contract after sho L: i
ratified it'In; her capacify as a so
eiim ' ' i . -
The resnit-oXlha,cJbeforo cur
6tatottmim,sm -littid c: r;
encefone way or, tbeptber, -or It i ;
understood that the, parties to i 3,
will appeal to that tribunal' t)f last
and s , long resort, th jfnijreme
court of the United States; and
the parties '. to " the ' defence
are understood to be in position to
own the stock of the State In the
North Carolina railroad long before
the period of litigation is ended by
final decision of the case in the
highest court of the land.
The Examiner simply takes notice
of this case, here, to protest, for the
people of North Carolina, against
this, to them, expensive litigation
in the interest of one railroad ring
fighting another.
With this suit, the State of North
Carolina has paid, of lawyers'
fees alone, not less than ten thou
sand dollars within the past
twelve months, for services charged
for in railroad and public debt liti
gations, and one is led to believe
from the nature of things that the
paying has hardly begun. :V ' ,
And what is all this for, do your
ask?' .).:-, , ,r-
It is -a melancholy fact, that,
North Carolina has not one dollar
of interest in any railroad within
her borders, save the equity of im
possible redemption. All is mort
gaged, deep down 'below the hope
of recovery, some two and three
times over, yet the State
treasury is being constantly de
pleted to gratify some rival rail
road line and give the legal ; pro
fession of the State a profitable air
ing. That the State of North Caro
lina has no actual interest in the
niiuuau uvci virtual uua, iiugauuu i
It follows that the power eiven to
the general assembly to provide for the
election, gives them the power to elect
the trustees" (of the university) ' them
selves. These are the closing words of the
article which the Daily 'Neves gives
place to with pleasure as being to
the point, and it should be preserved
as a good example of begging the
question. Backed by all the intelli
gence or the utate, the jsencs
ought to have been able to produce
a more able article, filled with more
of the characteristic bitterness and
venom of its party, especially when
most of its colleagues have had
their say, and a month's time
to write out this sage opinion. The
Examiner is gratified and refreshed
that the writer had the boldness to
say he believes both the parties to
the controversy are firmly persuaded
of the correctness of their respective
opinions,and the question is simply,
who is right?
Who is right ? The governor or
the (so-called) trustees ? This
amendment to the constitution is
plain and gives the general assem
bly power to provide for the elec
tion of trustees. There is noth
ing in the amendment about other
wise provided for, and Stanly's
case quoted by ,,rJnlversitas,"of the
A'irtG does not apply. No
doubt the governor is correct in his
opinion, and the courts will so
hold, if the question is,as it will be,
brought before them.
But take the argument and apply
it to other sections of the constitu
tion. Art. 9, sec 2, says the legis
lature shall provide by taxation for
a uniform system of public schools,
dc, and by the same logic, this
The C
- f
tron c :
fence c
that r
the r
t: -
than': "
i r.nj the Examl-
...zbzzdry and a Tpa"
m irr, publishes in
3 paper a letter in de
.ngcrj, la which he
ler to task for some
to his ordefti.3
J ngcrar are so little
: 13 highly probable
tfielr i purposes are
, and .writing from a
ccneral observation,
:ral reputation, it is
3 t!:at'thls paper may
c ! its t emarksdone
::htjnja3tice. v if it
1 publication of tills
; t-!ren r.s a dispqsi
1 ia. t-3 premises,
'. : . . -cH 1 at all times
3 fcr such letters as it
-zl to , the gsneil
Carolina is a gratifi-
papcr, c.T.l . any
rangement or understanding with
the bondholders, pay them off,
work the roads out of debt and re
tain them to the profit ami glory o
the State.".-;': ; '-fM,
The scheme to save this great
property and give the State an un
broken line of railroad from the
Cherokee country to : the Atlantic
ocean at Beaufort, was perfectly
feasible, and if the legislature had
seen fit to give the North Carolina
railroad . company the charter it
asked for, - there would have been
no difficulty , in the way. .' But cer
tain mem bers of. the ; legislature
were wiser men, more practical rail?
road men, more patriotic and more
honest than the railroad company;
Mathias .EManly, -fWalter L,
Steele, J. H. Wilson, Burgess S.
Gaither or Governor Caldwell, arid
the scheme Is . practically, defeated,
for no one now has any confidence
In or respect for the bil cs it passed
the legislature. " . -
In view of the article the Hrcr7?-
.p.Ublishedestcrday S t. asks tho
djerstood as emanating from a spirit
of hostility. '
. In their crusade against ."middle
mea" and; "monopolies," the gran
gers are in danger of running into
absurdity, and it was to confine the
order of patrons of husbandry with
in the sphere of their legitimate ac
tion agriculture, and the improve
ment of agriculture that thd Ex
atyther has published what it has.
I Willie thanking "A Patron" for
his letter, he is reminded that a co
operative association-may become
tne worst of monopolies. The rail
road companies are all co-operative
associations, and against these the
grangers, have been loudest in their
cry of oppression.
On the subject of transportation,
the country roads are the chief lines
of transportation, and in them is
chiefly Involved . the question of
transportation. What are the
grangers doing in the matter 01
country roads ? Have they thought
of the subject ?
As to " middle-men" they are the
very life and soul of the country.
Commerce is older than agriculture,
and without merchants the country
would grow up into a wildnerness.
Merchants give a commercial value
to thV products of the farmer, that
the farmer cannot give them himself
and the "idea that the producer and
consumer can come together is idle
a fatal delusion.
If the grangers shall confine them
selves to the improvement and de
velopment of agriculture and agri-
is going on at the expense of the j cultural science, they Will do well.
Tyn, irrir rnoney is - being L If they attempt to railroad; bank,
awyers 'Tees; ThV v"itrd5BJ4-S
work before us, republicans of North
Organization for Judicial
8quanderecr' - in - bawyr
r-t ' x r 1 TTI- 1 1
jucammcr quoies iruui xu.uu; if . .
Smith, president of the North Car:
olina railroad, an authority tha
will not be questioned touching
the affairs and status of that cor
In his late messages to the peo
ple" Major Smith says :
"It Is well known that the demo
" cratic oartv opposed the measure
consolidation in this covert mari
ner, falsely stating that tney
iwUT nn nnt t tie?xo oear in minu that iniiuew
idation locate themselves in the
midst of some of those now prose
cuting the suit against the Rich
mond and Danville railroad com
pany, referred to yesterday. Tho:e
anti-consolidationists are them
selves in the market for construc
tion bonds of the North Carolina
fciilroad, and from their hope to
possess these bonds and thus own
and control the North Carolina rail
road, springs the desire to have the
lease nnnulled.
And it was to protest against tax
ing the people to pay the expense
of such "shystering" that the Ex
aminer published its article yesterday.
No Free Schools.
For the judicial districts the re
publicans are without the beginning
of an organization for the approach'
ing campaign. '
The democrats have already or
ganized their judicial district com
mittees, having accomplished the
work through a joint meeting of
their State executive committee
and democratic members of the
The Examiner frequently called
for the republican State executive
committee to meet, but no such
meeting was had.
The congressional districts all
have their old organization of 1872
to begin work with, but fof the ju
dicial districts the republicans have
never had an organization.
To illustrate the trouble: The
first congressional district includes
all the counties of the first and sec
ond judicial districts, except Edge
combe, which is In the second con
gressional district ; and Pamlico,
whiclrisin the first congressional
district, Is in the third judicial dis
Again.the second congressional dis
trict includes counties of the second,
third and sixth judicial districts.
Some other counties of the sixth Ju
dicial district belong to the fourth
"Solomon" legislature had the right congressional district; while other.
to taice tne tax ana teach tne puouc counties of the fourth congressional sunnort
schools. This would make the of- belnnv in thAittventh Indlcial dI.4- I not in that, category. We under
Kit in I t ,;f:.; -r-t"- j stand that, for the local offices in
strucUon, the State and county And so on. .11 through the. Stile, ttl
hoards ox education, teachers, &c, confusion is worse confounded be-1 nominations. - fin 'order that no one
useless, and if the principles of the I tween these eie-ht concressional and may be disappointed in the course
a o a a m. - -
RAtAtnAna tn, fanirkt ilnnM I A 1 Jt-1-1 JtJJ. ' V I til 13 DSPer Will aUODE W6 U1U3 V&Tiy
TTTZrrr.T.. r.ZT .r7Tr k K . . . take occasion to announce : that
me fsiaie into a cnaos 01 moral aeg- The only remedy now, apparent I wnie before the town and county
" feared tho State would be a loser,
" when in fact, the State had no
' moneyed interest in the North
" Carolina road, as a decree of court
" had already put the income of that
"company . into the hands of . the
" bond holders." : u
It is well known that the State's
interest in the North. Carolina rail
road company is pledged for the pay
mentof the state bonas issued to
obtain the money which built the
road. This constitutes a first mort
gage. A second mortgage was ef
fected bv this company Guarantee
ing, in a manner, the bonds issued in
aid of the Western North Carolina
railroad. A third mortgage was
made in 1866 to pay off a floating
debt of the North Carolina railroad
Yet. in the race or these iacts tne
people oi iJNorth Carolina are called
upon to pay the eJtpense of a need
less, captious, iooush litigation
over a property lost neyona tne
hope of redemption :
Supporting one Another.
The following expressed deter
mination of the editor of the Eliza
beth city Carolinian is not a bad
idea for a local paper to adopt
The Carolinian of Wednesday the
4th insksays: , te
The North Carolinian has always
been free and independent in -its4
declarations and opinions. .. .While
it is always true to Its friends; it
feels under no sort of obligation to
or sustain those wnot are
raaauon. Article iz, secuon z : is for the State executive com?
xne general assemDiy snail pro- mittee to meet - and settle on
tide for the organizing, arming, some Dlari of immediate relief for the
equipping and discipline of the ml- juidlclal districts. What that 'plan
litia, and for paying the same when shall be is perhaps a subject In vol v-
called into active service." So that I ing difference of opinion, but the
In addition to the duties of superin- greater the difficulty and difference
tending and teaching the, public the greater the danger of delay,
schools, our democratic legislators and so the Examiner once again
conventions ft will be neutral as to
candidates, should any one be nomi
nated -who hasn't:' local pnae or
Eublic spirit enough to patronize
is local paper it won't support him.
In . times ' like these, and in a por
tion of the country so much need
ing and so much benefitted by the
: influence of a newspaper, the man
who. does nothing to encourage or
sustain one isn't tit for public office
had the right (logically?) to buckle
on their knapsacks and "go for a publican State executive com-1 The editor of the Sentinel writes
soldier" to officer and command mittee. ' ' " . I himself another' letter- In y ester
the militia to dispense with the In thls'paper tcwlsyarrangemeiit dssp'sjia s!gtis'u;vMM.V'A
office of adjutant general, and all of the twelve Judicial, districts Is demcaLticinvestigatingcommittee
others of lower rank, and elect their published. k This ; publication will f of a: democratic; legislature In 1872
pets to man the militia. One might be followed by '.the . congressional reported that , thelsald editor was
quote further, but this Is enough to 1 districts. This Is done for the con- Ipverty, fond of the letter MM.TfHis
show the absurdity of this school-1 venience of, reference, and . that it I extravagance of ; aSbction lit that
boy proposition. If democratlo may be seen how necessary it Is for f direction footed up the rsnug little
scribblers will thinks little, they prompt 'action in lgard. to the Ju sum of.C35S.t)0, at the'experiso of
J t 1 L J. r . ,
can dispenso with a great deal of I
dicial districts.
tho public treasury.
farmers, they can but injure them
selves and damage the country.
Manufacturing must be encour
aged at the South as well as agricul
ture; and to her mechanics must
she look for much of her architec
tural grandeur in the sense of ma
terial prosperity.
Consolidation and the State's
Interest in the North Carolina
If the State has no moneyed - in
terest in the North Carolina road,
as Major . Smith, president of that
corporation, says, it may be asked
by some, what becomes of the con
solidation plan of President Smith
and others?
As stated in the Examiner yes
terday, the State of North Carolina
has no interest In any railroad now,
save the equity of redemption, but
this fact did not necessarily defeat
or make impossible the scheme of
jno matter who may now or
hereafter own the property of the
INortn Carolina railroad, the com
pany 'remains intact.. It was not
the State seeking consolidation, but
the North Carolina railroad com
pany. That company came before
the legislature asking the authority
of the State to make the consolida
tion arrangement. Because the
State happened to be a stockholder
in this road which she has hypoth
ecated arid mortgaged away, did
not alter the case at all, for had the
North Carolina railroad company
been, from the first, a private cor
poration of individuals it must
have come' to the legislature just
the same for any change or enlarge
ment of powers in its charter.
Unless something is done to re
lieve this " mortgaged property, the
State wilt , cease to be a stockholder
in name, as well as in fact, eight
years from this date. Unless the
State' bonds Issued to build the road
are paid, and the balance of the
State debt arranged, whatever pub
ic property the State may have a
claim to, must inevitably pass into
tha hands of the creditors of the
State. : The income the State would
derive from; the North Carolina
Railroad,' now goes to pay interest
on, the construction bonds of the
road, .and the moment the bonds
mature the courts will transfer the
State stock in the road to the bond
holders. And , this will be a little
ess than eight years from this date.
Consolidation - proposed to save
the Interest of the State in her great
works of ' toternal,, improvement:
This- plan proposed to consolidate
all the railroad i lines from the At
lantic ocean to Tennessee, mortgage
the ,"' whole ' route by. equitable ar-!
The News wants to know why
there are no free schools in Raleigh
for white children.
That paper is referred for "the
reason why," to the action of its
democratic friends of the late legis
lature who would not allow the
property owners of Raleigh to tax
themselves to establish graded
schools and receive the aid of the
Peabody fund.
It is referred to p.uch representa
tive men of the democratic party as
Senator Waring and representative
Whitmire, who opposed all such
measures as this, because it looked
to the education of colored as well
as poor white children.
And especially is the News re
ferred to the public declarations of
Mr. Whitmire, that, he would
"never vote a cent to educate negroes;
m mm m w m
rtrtri rut trvr the. nnnr nhu nr
-.'y. j r. .-T i, , , ,
able to send them to school let them
go uneducated1
And the News is also referred to
this resolution of the republicans of
the last legislature, for the informa
tion it evidently seeks by the ques
tion it asks;
The republican members of the legis
lature, in joint caucus assembled, rep
resenting, as they believe, the unani-
feeling of the republicans oi
mfstaken if you will not find L
tenths, cr more of the articles cx
fered for sale, of nothern manufac
ture, 'Oar merchants are allowed
the privilege of purchasing at the
lowest per cent, out when the far
mer undertakes, to do .the same
thing, thereby saving that that is
justly their own i e., the profits of
the middlemen, it is thought by
some that itls time to "put a stop
to such an action so far as he Is con
cerned. I venture the suggestion
that if the firms mentioned will
combine together and extend their
Works they will be able to compete
with otherjmanufacturersand there-by-find
plenty to do. ; V
4 in the comments on the articles
from - the Charlotte Observer, and
Statesviile American, the Examiner
says tr-"The Examiner charge? that
this eAme oath bound political eocI
etyknown as the farmers granges,
or Patrons of. Husbandry;, is the
democratic party in dl?guise, more
dangerous if less hideous than the
ku klux, disguise the same party
put on a few years ago." -
' In reply to the above allorr me to
say that 1 belong to the order of
Patrons of husbandry, and am also
a republican and have been a sub-
Tudicial Districts of Zlcrth Car
y olina.-:-.T": ..
Tho following i tho Jatc t ar
rangement of counties intojudicLil
districts for this State. In every
district an tlectioa for solicitor oc
curs on Thursday, theCth daycf
August, 11 1- yrnr. . .
And iii.iho liri, .third, fourth,
fifth, seventh, uml ninth districts,
elections are held by law for Judrcs.
Four years hence the ether six dis-
rmsr judicial, district, j
. Currituck ;; Chowan,.,--,V
Camden,..- ; Gates, .t
Pasquotank, Tyrrell, ,
Perquimans, ' Hyde, - " ! '
Dare. -"r". -:
" Bertie, ; ' - Hart! .3,' ' --Mlertrd,
..: r-ur::t,
.,Wehinrtcn, Pitt,
t .
mous ieeling or the
North Carolina do
Resolve, That the education of the
poor children of the State, so shamefully
neglected in tne past, is a duty the per
formance or which we have attempted
to obtain from this general assembly,
controlled by a large democratic ma
jority, and in which we have failed, but
we shall never cease our efforts to ob
tain the same at the hands of the gov
ernment of North Carolina, and we
confidently rely, -upon the people to,
sustain us-
The Patrons of Husbandry
setter iroin a itcpublican
To the Editor of the Exam
My notice has been directed to
an article or articles in the Exami
ner of the 5th., condemnatory of
the order of Pajrons of Husbandry,
in which articles you make It ap
pear that the granges are opposed
to the mechanics and workmgmen
and otherwise use language; at
whieh lam surprised. You say in
your comments pn an article from
one of your exchanges, "these
granges started out under the cry
of opposition to monopolies. They
had but oneidea, and they have
run into the very essence of monop
oly. The order is a huge monopo
ly within itself, and one to be se
riouslyconsidered." Yet the arti
cles concerning which these re
marks were made state that the
grangers of Iowa have bought the
patent of a harvester, and made
arrangements for building, and sel
ling them to farmers (the only
class that use them) at $140 one half
the former price. I entirely fail
to see how a move in that direction
will result in injury or damage to
the workmen and mechanics en
gaged in that line of work, but it
seems to me reasonable, when pro
perly considered that such a move
will be to their advantage, irom
the fact that if the Iowa grangers
can produce an article of good mer
it $140 less than former prices, the
extended use of the same will as
suredly call for a more extended
manufacture, the benefits of which
will stop with the workmen engag
ed in their manufacture. In this
I see no Injury that will befall any
one except those who have hereto
fore manufactured and sold at the
ruinous rates mentioned viz $280.
You say, "suppose there are one
hundred thousand plows wanted
by the grangers of North Carolina.
Their agent or representati ve goes to
some large manufacturer of plows,
the Mayhers for instance, and
makes a contract of course geting
the benefits of a liberal discount.
This agent does not go to Separk,
Hicks & Co.. of Raleighjto Richard
son of Weldon, to Farmer fc Wain
right of Wilson, or the Edgecombe
Agricultural Works of Tarboro, Ac
&c" Now, Mr. Editor, you may
go to any agricultural house in
North Carolina, and I am much
eerier the jura irom tne cay u
etarlc3, r.d I ir.r..:t cay t' "r.::!;
ixajU.t :3.-To tho e::...
discussion of politic. . crn.,: 4,
not allowed- in the - eranirevVhy
sir. if I am not much mistaken the
granges had their origin in one of
t A : A. 1 if rA. A
tne strongest repuoiican estates in
the union, and notwithstanding the
manipulation of the different par
ties, they as a whole have herd aloof
from politics. . They may in their
selections choose those who are .in
accord with them, (and in this they
will not be the first to establish the
precedent) but that they will as a
whole unite themsel ves . to any one
of the politcal parties now existing.
I am not prepared to believe. One
thing however, I am certain of,
they will keep a sharp eye on' tne
squanderers of our public money,
of I whatever political party they
may belong. This the Examiner
cannot find fault with.
In contradiction of your assertion
that the grangers are in opposition
to mechanics and working-men; I
refer you j to the labors of deputy
Abbott, who has charge of the work
of organizing lodges of the Sover
eigns of Husbandry, composed J of
mechanics and working-men, an
account of which may be seen . in
the New York Weekly Times dated
4th February, under tho head of
Patrons of Husbandry." t -
The .Eta in. an article last sum
mer or ran threatened to . tax . a
certain wagon the Mllbourne
out of the State, because as alleged
it was furnished at a less price than
the same could be bought here.
Now I ask the Examiner- if this is
right. I dare say that if in buying
material for running the Examiner
it Was found the same article could
be bought cheaper from some other
State, its orders would be sent there.
But in the name of reason, why
this charge concerning the granges,
or to my knowledge the Jra en
dorsed the granges, last summer,
and criticised others of the press for
not doing the same. JJoes the x
aminer think there are no farmers
in the republican party, if so -a trip
to pyviiljurnish evidence to the
is5rrapelled to resort
Parr.!:;-. ..
C.'-terct,' " . V '
t lii
! fiptii juroyi-i L. X)i oTiii(j r.
Harnett, . '-r; tJnisn, !:' ' ;
Mcorev. Ahson, 5
Montgomery,' , Richmond r
Stanley,,, 1?: Cumberland. ,
Northampton,.. ,4 'Johnston, ;
Nash,, . V . ' Wake, s
Guilford, Xl ; -Rockingham;
Caswell, -Person,
Orange -1 ' -.: Chatham, : .
Randolph. ' .
Surry. - Davie; ;
Yadkin,; -A-r-i Rowan, , i
Davidson,' . Forsy the,. ,
s. Stokes.',,,;"., fii'.,i ; ,. '
NINTH JublCIA"i)isTitICT. , .
Polk, . . Tl Rutherford,
Cleaveland, . W , Lincoln.
Gaston," - f - - Mecklenburg,
';. .'.till Cabarrus, -I.i
Catawba',5 J Alexander,'
Caldwell, ' 1 -Alleghany,'!
Ashe, Wllkesrt.
U;:',. Iredell. fri t.ltU
Watauga, : ' - McDowell;
Henderson, r i. Buncombe,
Madison,,, t Yancey.' , -Mitchell,
, . Burke.
Graham, Clay,
Oherokeer". Macon,
Swain, Jt 1 M ' " Jackson,
Haywood, ', Transylvania.
means to enable them to longer fol
low the business. Their farms are
growing more and more dilapidated
everv da v. their children are grow
ingiupinjgnorance, and their hard
worked wives and daughters are
put; to their wits end to arrange
their wardrobes, so as to appear
neat in society. Every thing in the
way of supplies has gone up an
hundred per cent, and some things
over. Boots and shoes are over
double former prices. Coffee the
farmers beverage is, on account o
the high price, with him, a luxury
But notwithstanding these things
and many more I could mention
thel Examiner is opposed to the
measures he has adopted to extri
cate himself from these difficulties.
The above Mr. Editor, is written
with the kindest of feelings, but
in defence of the rights of that
long imposed upon class, onet o
whom I am, a class that has been
the (least complaining, acd one
whom the records will show have
petitioned the Legislatures, and
Congress, the least, though their
grievances are legion, although these
odies are flooded by petitions irom
an o
her; classes, trades and profes-
So mote it be.
A Patron.
Legislative Stultification.
Si '
Section 1. The General Assembly
of North Carolina do enact : -That
there shall be an election held on
the first Thursday of August, in the
year I of our Lord, one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-four, to
fill the vacancy in the following
office: to wit: Sunerintendent , of
F " A
.Fublic instruction. -
Sec. 2J That there shall be an
election iheld in the second and
eighth Judicial districts to fill the
vacancies caused by resignation oi
E. W. Jones, in tho second, and by
reason of the non-acceptance or jj.
H. Starbuck in the eighth district.
Sec. 3. That the elections nerem
provided for shall be held and con
ducted under the same rules and
regulations as are provided in the
general election law. ; i
in general assembly read three
times; and ratified this 13th day of
February, A. D., 1874.
J. Xu iiOBINSON, ;
Speaker of the House.
C. H. Brogden,
President of the Senate.
Proposed Reception of Duke
ana Duchess of JCdinuurcr in
IiOndon The !Famine in In-
m V
London, March 5. The Duke
and Duchess of Edinburg are ex
pected to reach England to-morrow.
Extensive preparations have been
made for the! r reception . The day
will be Observed as a holiday. .
Lord I Northbrook, Viceroy ano
nnvprnnr.npnprfll of India, tele
graphs to the Jndlan office that iOs
expected the government will be
obliged to maintain three million
persons; for three months. The. ex
penditures on account of the famine,
to the end of February last, are es
timated at $750,000. ',H-;;v
., District Organizations. .
Below is i published the ; district -
organization . tot I the republican
party, by congressional districts as
adopted for tha campaign of 1872.,
To these" committees belong the
;duty of railing the district conven-1
here rcprc !r-?r 1 for the U:i .,i "r
information of all tho rTU"l.-.:.
concerned. ;
The republican' district conven
tion which met at Wilson, May 0,
1872, elected a district executive
committee as follows, .with Colonel
Thomas Powers, chairman .
Craven county, Thomas Powvpa..
Wayne county, H. L. Grant..
Edgecombe connty, Alex. Mo"
Cabe. '
Lenoir county, R. W. King.
Greene county, .Chas. H. Harper.
Halifax county, Henry Eopes.
Northampton county, J. W. New-v
som. - 1
Wilson county, G. W. Stanton.
Jones county, Jno. 8. Andrews.
Warren county, Jno. A. Hyman.
The republican convention for the
fifth congressional district, which
met at Greensboro, May 15, 1872,
constituted the following executive
committee for that district :
8. C. Barnett, of Person;
Wilson Cary, of Caswell. '
H. M. Ray. of Alamance.
S. A. Douglas, of Rockingham.
Thomas B. Keogh, of Guilford. !
R. P. Trogden, of Randolph.
Henderson Adams, of Davidson.
A. H. Joyce, of Stokes.
The executive committee for the
third congressional district, as con
stituted by the republican conven
tion which met at Clinton, Samp
son county, May 22, 1872, is as rou
lows, with W if, uanaaay, chair
New Hanover, ' W; P. Canaday .
Onslow. E. B. Sanders. i
Harnett, J. S. Harrington.
Carteret.A C. Davis, : j.
Duplin, Enoch Hill.
Brunswick, E. M. Rosafy. "w
Cumberland, A. G. Thornton. .
Columbus, R. N. Maultsby.
Bladen, Evander Slngletary. - .
Sampson, Clinton Ward.;: -r jt
Moore, A. R. McDonald. ; ' .
NoTE.-The chairmen of the ex
ecutive comtnitlees for the first,
sixth, seventh and eighth districts
will please forward the names oi .
their committees to the Examiner
immediately, as they have never
before been published. - -
Arrival of three War Vessels at
Key West Corresjonacnts
Ordered to Leave Fleet.
New York, i March 6.A Key
West desDatch savs the Wabash,
Despatch and Pinta arrived yester
day from , Havana. Admiral iaso
made a general signal ,that all re-
Sorters be required to leave me
eet;1 all correspondents thereupon
left immediately.
n th
a IM of Lll
arlibCasu ...
London, March 6. Reports con
tinue to come' to hand of wrecks.
accompanied with loss' of life and
disasters to .vessels, caused by tho
heavy gales which lately swept over
the Atlantic, The steamship Sedra.
from New Castle for port, it is said
encountered a storm and was lost.
Thirty of the people on board were
:1 n'-ty'i
C 4 iv1 4

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