Official Orpin of the United States
W. 31. BKOWN, 3Ianager.
THURSDAY. APRIL 23, 1874.
State Republican Ticket
For Superintendent IubUc- Instruction :
TtiftUAO O DIIPMM I
Persona desiring to recommend,
through the columns of the " Era"
any friend for office of any deocrlp
tlon, must pay sdrertlslnff rates for
the same, In advance, whether Ite
publican or Democrat, otherwise
telr articles latter the first com.
itftanicatlon relating to any one per
on, which will be inserted era t Is),
Will not appear.
Tbe charge for advertising the
name of a candidate for any office,
will be S, In advance.
The publisher can no more afford
space In these columns, furnish pa
per, Ink and labor, without com
pensation, than can a merchant
furnish goods to the public, without
pay. Persons who want office can
well afford to pay.
The town property of the State
is Valued at $13,865,078.
There are 25,"02l707 acres of land
in North Carolina, and its assessed
valuation is $70,182,370. '
There were in North Carolina in
1870, 330,789 persons over ten years
of age who could not read.
The census of 1870 shows that we
had in North Carolina at that time
only 3,029 persons of foreign birth.
The population of North Carolina
In 1870 was 1,071,361, or C78.470
whites, 391,050 colored.
Tho aggregate value of the farm
ing utensils, money on hand, solvent
credits, listed in North Carolina
in 1872 was $23,839,430.
The aggregate valuation of the
land and town property of the State
of North Carolina is put down at
In 1S72. tho number of persons I
listed for poll tax in North Carolina I
was 12C.87G. Of this number 85,223 I
were whites and 41,653 colored.
Tho aggregate value of the horses,
mules, cattle and live stock owned
In North Carolina in 1872 was $16,
994,578. Conservative-Democratic Pools
never were noted in North Carolina
for their running qualities, and the
last one will be instructed by the
people or the estate to dry up in Au
The Democrats of the Greensboro
District say they have been Leached
beyond satisfaction by their repre-
sentatlve In Congress, or in other
word that he has been weighed in
the Scales and found wanting in n
sufficient number of
votes to secure
Col. S. 1). Pool, editor of Our
Living and Ou Dead, has been nom
inated as the Democratic-Conservative
candidate for Superintendent
of Public Instruction. He is a rep
resentative of the old fogy fossils of
a by-gone age. The Conservatives
can speak of their candidate until
August as Our Living" after that
they'll call him " Our Dead."
Gen. P. II.HU! wanted to be the
Democratic candidate for Superin
tendent of .Public Instruction, and
he isaid in hi paper that no one
was entitled to run for office who
didn't have a good war record.
The Democratic State Executive
Committee seem to coincide with
the General in his view of this
question, for they didn't nominate
Graham county was cnated by
the late Democratic Legislature.
The books of the State Auditor
show that tho whole amount of
taxes collected In the county last
year was $597 00
Sheriff's commissions $29 87
41 mileage to Raleigh, 87 40 117
Leaving $179 73
as the total amount of taxes paid to
the State by a whole county. Now
as the Democracy hold that proper
ty ought to be represented in the
Iegislaturo equal to If not above
Icrsons, what will they say about
Graham county? There's over a
hundred townships in the State
which pay more taxes than this De
mocratic county of Graham.
Did it not show that the Democ
racy were fearful of losing . their
majority in the Legislature when
they created this $479 county ?
of North Carolina
A great hue and cry has been
raised in North Carolina by the De
mocratic party against carpet-baggers.
They have been denounced so
loudly and long that search has been
made among the public archives of
the State to ascertain when the sys
tem was inaugurated of allowing
citizens of other states and countries
to come into North Carolina and
take part in public affairs and hold
office. It was not thought fair to
say anything about the officers sent
to the State by the King of Great
Britainprior to the Revolutionary
war, and o these were all excluded.
It was found that the first Gov
ernor of the State after the Revolu
tionary war was Richard Caswell, a
carpet-bagger from Maryland, who
held more offices in the State during
his time than any carpet-bagger of
Gov. C. was succeeded as UovSrhTJ:
by Abner Nash, a carpet-bagger from
Virginia, and he by Thomas Burke
a carpet-bagger from Ireland. Gov
Burke was succeeded by Alexander
Martin, a carpet-bagger from New
Jersev. and the people were so
pleased with these ancient carpet
baggers that they named a county
after each of them and again elected
After Caswell's second term Sam
uel Johnston, a carpet-bagger from
Scotland, was elected Governor, and
then Alexander Martin, the carpet
bagger from New Jersey, took an
other term as Governor.
Next, Richard Dobbs Spaight, a
caroet-baererer from Ireland, was
In 1795 Samuel Ashe, a descend
ant of an English carpet-bagger, was
elected Governor and was the first
native of North Carolina elected to
the office of Governor, but (to make
amends for electing a native,) in
1798 William R. Davie, a carpet
bacrerer from England, was made
Governor, and he was followed by
Gov. Ben. Williams, a carpet-bag
ger from the Lord-knows-where
but Jno. H. Wheeler donk for he
says so in his history.
Gov. Williams was happily suc
ceeded by Gov. Turner, a carpet-
baercer from Virginia, but in 1805
the second native Governor, Dr.
Nat. Alexander, of Mecklenburg,
was elected, and he was in turn suc
ceeded bv Gov. Williams, who
didn't have any birth-place that Col.
Wheeler knows of.
Turning to the Judicial branch of
the State government, we find John
Louis Taylor, a carpet-bagger from
Ireland, as Chief Justice; John Hall,
a carpet-bagger from Virginia, Su
preme Court Judge; Thomas Ruffin,
a carpet-bagger from Virginia, Chief
Justice fr"-Jt gll, a carpet-
bagger rrour juciauu, J uugebupenor
Court ; Duncan Cameron, a carpet-
bagger from Virginia, Judge Supe
rior Court ; James Iredell, a carpet
bagger from England, Judge Su
In later days we find such eminent
carpet-baggers as Judge Heath,
from New Hampshire, Judge War
ren, from Connecticut, and even
since the war, Judge Cilley, from
New Hampshire, wearing the Ju
dicial ermine lovingly thrown over
them by Conservative hands.
This article might be extended
almost indefinitely, for the material
is abundant. It might be shown
that Joseph Ilewes, one of the sign
ers of the National Declaration of
Independence for this State, was a
carpet-bagger from New Jersey;
that Win. Hooper was from Massa-
chusctts, that Waightstill Avery,
tho ancestor of the distinguished
family of that name in Western
North Carolina, was a carpet-bagger
from Connecticut ; that our Mc
Dowells came from an Irish carpet
bagger; that Dr. Joseph Caldwell,
first President of our University,
was a carpet-bagger from New Jer
sey; that Stephen Cabarru3 and
Francois X. Martin were carpet
baggers from. France; that Gov.
Morehead was a carpet-bagger from
is me son or
vTTmTT"' i iil r ik .......
Pennsylvania f the late
Badger was the son of a carpet
bagger from Connecticut, and Judge
Gaston the on of a carpet-bagger
So it would seem that carpet
bagism lias been the rule in North
Carolina from the formation of the
State, and the wonder is that the
Democratic party, with all its in
telligence, didn't discover the fact
and raise a hue and cry about it
before the Republicans elected a
few ca r j et-baggers to office who
were true to the Union in the late
No Dictation No Threats.
Probably it is just as well as not
for it to be understood that the Era
does not presume to dictate to
members of Congress or others as
to whom they shall appoint to gov
ernment positions. It simply
says let none but Republicans be ap
pointed, and it will continue to say
so. Neither is the Era to be in
timidated from speaking out for
Republicans by any threats that
may be made by any one. Any
attempts to muzzle a free press by
threats to withdraw patronage
will be treated as they deserve.
" Put none but Republicans on
guard." That's the slogan.
John Spclman's Appointment.
Maj. W. A. Smith is very wrathy
because the Era won't throw up its
hat and hurrah over the
ment of John Spelman, late asso
ciate editor of the Sentinel, to a
Now the Era is the accredited
central organ of the Republican
party, and was endorsed as such by
the last general caucus of the party
held in the State, and because it
won't say that Mr.j. Smith did the
very best thing in the world for the
party when he went into the Senti
nel office and took Jo Turner's as
sociate and appointed him to a gov
ernment position at $5 per day
why Maj. Smith says the Era is not
a Republican paper. Well, that is
According to Muj. Smith's logic
the Era would be a Republican pa
per if it only endorsed his appoint-
. . j . -tt r
the Sentinel, and if MajTSmith' were
to pursue his course, and break np
the Sentinel office by appointing Jo
Turner to a government position
alongsida of his la t&-associate, Johi
Snelman. why the Era would be
two Republican papers don't you
Maj. Smith Is so mad because the
Era don't endorse his Sentinel ap
pointee that he-has returned his
copy of the paper and his name has
been erased from tho subscription
book, and the Era is still published
at $4 per annum for the Tri-weekly
and $2 for the Weekly.
If there is another Republican in
the whole State who feels aggrieved
because the Era don't endorse Maj.
Smith's appointment of John Spel
man, late associate editor of the
Sentinel, let him say so, and if he
desires it, his name shall be stricken
from the list of subscribers to this
The Era has cheerfully supported
Maj. Smith for Congress and in his
railroad schemes, and it has no
words of denunciation for him now,
notwithstanding he has lost his
temper and indulged in undignified
language, and applied some of John
Spelman's choice Blasting Powder
epithets to a number of gentlemen
who labored to confer the honora
ble position of member of Congress
on him, all because they did not
submit unmurmuringly to the ele
vation of aKu Klux Democrat over
their heads to a paying govern
The Era has said and still says
that Maj. Smith did the Republican
party an injustice when he appoint
ed John Spelman, late associate
editor of the Sentinel, and if this be
treason to the Republican party, let
Maj. Smith make the most of it.
( Committee raked the State from
Mecklenburg's H'dl to Craven's
Pool for a candidate for Superin
tendent of Public Instruction. It
was a sort of high-low game with
them, and low won. For is not a
Hill higher than a Pool, and was
not a Major General a higher officer
than a Colonel, in the late Confed
erate army? It was a question of
leveling up or leveling down, and
with prophetic ken the commit
tee decided in accordance with the
direction their party will go in
ugust. There is nothing like the
'eternal fitness of things," you
Hack Fay and Fore Paj'.
The Democrats in the late Gen
eral Assembly madja big noise,
and let off a considerable amount
of gas about the congressional
4 Back-salary grab," and ihensome
of them showed exactly how they
elt about such matters by drawing
heir pay in advance and going
heme before the legislature aa-
ourned. This act of theirs proves
that their consciences were not so
much troubled about their own
fore pay " as about the back
pay " of somebody else.
This conclusion then we draw :
That, nn AXArHsn of iaw . -. .
" - v - l
is as Torino
l -?fcrs mmmmmmma
Of those who made our law, .
Grabbing for tho 14 fore pay M stiifr.
Col. A. A. McKay, of Sampson,
is to deliver the memorial oration
on the occasion of decorating the
graves of the Confederate dead at
Wilmington in May. He will prob
ably dwell pathetically on the he
roism and self-sacrificing devotion
of the Confederates as displayed in
the fact that they did their own
fighting andllud of Colonel KcKay,
The Democrats whine piteously
over the poverty of poor old North
Carolina,'? but leading Democratic
members of the late General As
sembly did not hesitate to draw $5
per day from the State Treasury for
time when they were at home at
tending to their own business.
Mr. Williamson Wright, of Indiana,
n-hn nwns a marble ouarrv in London
county. Va., has forwarded a memorial
J Y . 11..
to vXHigress ouenug w give mo uuyci ji
ment the full possession of all the said
property, aa lessee and owner for two
years for the procuring of all the mar
ble necessary to finish the Washington
The Washita has flooded tho valley
throuirh which it flows. The towns of
Trenton, Monroe, Columbia, Harrison
burg and Trinity, ana neariy every
plantation on the river are injured.
The loss will reaeh millions.
Itiust not be understood that Thk Era
e6rse8 the sentiments of its RnrmnnnH.
- i1118 Jn very Instance. Its column are
communication will be given to the public
as containing the views anek sentiments of
the writers. -
To the Editor of the Era :
A correspondent in the Era of the
18th, purporting to write from Warren,
but in reality writing from Raleigh,
strongly recommends J. C. L. Harris,
Esq., of this place, for Solicitor. Now
there are one or two propositions, self-
eviaent, ana wnicn x presume no one
will deny. One is, that the Republican
candidates in the closely contested
counties of Franklin, Nash and North
ampton should not be called upon to
carry any greater load than the office
holders of the Republican party have
already made it necessary for them to
carry. If the load. 4s increased, they
will be deffattXJ, and -we shall lose
three ,oc ''four Representatives in the
General Assembly, and twice that
number of county officers.
Again, can the record of Mr. Harris
be sustained before the people? There
are certain grave charges laid at his
door, thai "Original Panel! . and Mr.
Harris' other-inends" must answer or
j publican party londorsVnim."
-charges are, 1st. That he was an Assist
ant Assessor or this District, ana while
in that office aevoted the whole, or his
time to his ordinary pursuits, yet drew
his pajtregularly jroiv. the government ;
andcri')tnout rendering to the gov
ernmerit anv services whatever.
2d. That he in like manner drew from
the State $75 per month as Clerk to -the
Superintendent or Public vvorKs, witn
oui ever doing any service whatever for
that sum. Now il these things are so,
outside of the fact that be is now Treas
urer of the Insane Asylum, City Attor
ney and Deputy Superior Court Clerk,
the party cannot endorse his record, nor
ought it to be called on to support mm.
"Original Panel" mentions many ser
vices of Mr. Harris. Has he not been
paid for them more liberally than any
other Republican in the State ? I think
so : and I do not think it wise in the
party in distributing official favors, to
confine itself pertinaciously to one man,
or one set of men.
P. S. The unfortunate selection of
the party, in filling the offices, espe
cially the judicial places, has been one of
the most pregnant causes oi our present
minority in the General Assembly. No
doubt of it; and if the Republican par
ty is ever to learn any lesson from past
experience, it is high time they were
beginning so to shape its course as will
convince the people of the fact that the
party has taken and will pursue here
after, a new departure in that particular.
April 20th, 1874.
Republican Meeting in Eden ton
A meeting of the Republicans of
the Town of Edenton was held at
the Court-house on the night of
April 11th, 1874, pursuant to a call
purpose of nominating town officers.
The meeting was called to order by
Wm. R. Haughton, one of the Ex
On motion, S. S. Bookrum was
called to the chair, and O. F. Gilbert
was requested to act as Secretary.
On motion, the following named
gentlemen were appointed a Com
mittee of Five, to report the names
of suitable candidates for town of
ficers, viz. : W. R. Haughton, John
W. Draper, Geo. R. Richardson,
Daniel H. Smith, James Gregory.
During the absence of the com
miltee the meeting was eloquently
addressed by prom ment citizens of
Th srlon nominations
eDortetmre following ticKet ior
town officers, viz. : .
JFbr Mayor James E. Norfleet.
For Commissioners of the Town
S. fi Bookrum,. K. R. Pendleton,
Jol Charlton", John Thompson, W.
For Town Treasurer O. F. Gilbert.
For Fire Wardens Jacob Kafer,
Ruffin Mebane, Henry Knaben.
For Commissioners of Navigation
Charles Blair, Daniel H. Smith,
John F. Lee.
For Town Constable Wm. Heath.
On motion, the thanks of the
meeting were tendered to the Chair
man and Secretary ; and the editors
of the North Carolinian and Raleigh
Era were requested to publish the
proceedings of the meeting.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
. 8. S. BOOKRUM, Ch'n.
O. F. Gilbert, Sec'y.
Thomas R Purnell, .fcsq.
The Union Republican, published
at Mr. Purnell's home, says of his
We hail with gratification the
nomination of Thomas R. Purnell
for Superintendent of Public In
struction, This is an excellent se
lection. We are personally ac
quainted, with him. He is a gen
tleman of talents and culture, and
fond of literary pursuits. He takes
a deep interest in the cause of edu
cation and in the permanent estab
lishment and success of our free
school system. He deeply sympa
thizes with all those who have
been denied the advantages of edu
cation, and earnestly hopes to be
fcvery poor 4 child f irf " the State of
every race and color, as is contem
plated by the State Constitution.
The Republican majority that
framed the Constitution wisely pro
vided in.it for a permanent system
of public ednca tlon, and inserted a
section making it compulsory upon
the counties to have schools taught
in everv townshin for at least four
months in each year. The Democ
racy, long known to be the enemies
of geueral education, have made
every effort to strike this section
from the Constitution, but have
been met by the Republicans and
successfully defeated in their at
tempts to make heathens and bar
barians of the rising generation.
The Republicans have always stood
in solid column in defence of educa
tion. They now nominate Thomas R.
Purnell, wThose whole heart is en
listed in the noble cause, to take
charge of this department, and call
upon the friends of education, law,
order, and good government to
rally to his support.
The mother of Charles Sumner was
a woman or strong and heroic traits of
character, and those who knew her
best could trace in the Senator's no
blest characteristics a direct inheritance
from her. A few days before her death,
in J une, 1866, a friend bent over her to
receive her last message to her son,
then at Washington : she caught these
words from the failing hps: "Tell
him his country needs him more than
his mother does." He returned, how
ever, instantly on receiving tidings of
her fatal illness, and bad the satisfac
tion of being with ber when she died.
The awful prevalence of this vice
obtrudes itself upon attention, go
Where we will. In cities, towns,
and villages, along the railway
lines, and by country highways,
one's ears are daily saluted with
profane utterances. The vice is
not restricted to ignorant negroes
and abandoned white men, but
those wearing the exterior of cul
tivated gentlemen too frequently
indulge in blasphemous expletives
without seeming to think that
their claims to gentility are there
by xlisparaged. Always the chosen
costume in which the raging pas
sions of men disport themselves
before their fellows, much of the
profanity which smites the ears of
the virtuous is the i'd.le accompa
niment of ordinary conversation,
without even the shallow vindica
tion of angry excitement. But the
most odious and deplorable evi
dence of the prevalence of this form
of evil is furnished by the great
swelling oaths which may be heard
issuing from the lips of callow
youths, and little boys searce loosed
iu 4.-njH-1nn1 '-tnAfi rT-c
n ft! n ,Mnni '".fA
LTi?SiD ?l Z!?
were not swallowed up by the pro-
iounaer sentiment 01 pauuui sorrow-
to note the fluency of these
fledgelings in the dialect of the pit.
s For this lamentable state of things,
parents are largely responsible;
and upon them, mainly, depends
its correction. Few men contract
the habit of swearing after maturi
ty, and if the early youth of the
E resent generation of profane men
ad been properly guarded, tho
evil never could have reached its
present fearful proportions. There
is a peculiar charm for boys and
youth in this gratuitous vice, grow
ing out of the mannish air it is sup
posed to impart to the stripling
who indulges in it ; and many a
boy becomes ensnared in the mesh
es of a vile and almost invnicible
habit from no worse beginning
than a vain desire to resemble his
father, or some other man. Slang,
too, is the stepping stone to profan
ity, and not a few boys descend rap
idly from the low plane of home
circle cant, to the lower level of
rofane swearing. In this particu
ar, as well as in higher depart
ments of moral training, a grave
responsibility claims the vigilant
and untiring attention of parents,
and they cannot be too diligent in
guarding their children against
this vicious habit.
Nor are we certain that the pul
pit is wholly guiltless with refer
ence to the widespread disregard of
the third Commandment. The ir
reverent flippancy with which the
Sacred Name is uttered in sermons
by some preachers, is sufficient to
dull the edge of any rebuke they
could administer to profanity. But
enough, the evil is great, and seems
to be growing; let parents and
preachers, and indeed all who
reverence God, or even appreciate
high-toned society, bestir them
selves for its suppression. S. C.
A Hundred Years Ago.
On hundred and ten years ago
there was not a single, whUe loan in
What,isj0OtV Kentucky, Ohio, Indi
ana, dr f Ilinois. Then, what is now
the most nourishing part or tne
United States, wras as little known
as the country in the heart of Africa
itself. It was not till 1776 that
Boone left his home in North Caro
lina to become the first settler in
Kentucky. And the pioneers of
Ohio did not settle till twenty years
later still. Canada belonged to
France 115 years ago, and Washing
ton was a modest Virginia Colonel,
and the United States the most
loyal part of the British empire,and
scarcely a speck on the political
horizon indicated the struggle that
in a score of years was to lay the
foundation of the greatest Republic
of the world.
A hundred years ago there were
but four small newspapers in Amer
ica; steam engines had not been
imagined, and locomotives, and rail
roads, and telegraphs, and friction
matches, and revolvers, and percus
sion caps, and breech-loading guns,
and stoves, and furnaces, and gas
for dwellings, andsewing machines,
and India rubber shoes, and an
thracite coal, and photograph, and
ehromo paintings, and kerosene oil,
and free schools, and spring mat
tresses, and wood engravings, and
Brussels carpet, and lever watches,
and greenbacks, and cotton and
woolen .factories, in anything like
tho present meaning of these terms,
were utterly unknown.
A hundred years ago the spin
ning wheel was in almost every
family, and clothing was spun and
woven and made up in the house
hold, and the printing press was a
cumbrous machine, worked by
hand ; and a nail, or a brick, or a
knife, or a pair of shears, or scis-
shovel or a Iock ,or key or a plate
of glass of any size, was not made
in what is now the United States.
Even in 1790 there were only sev
enty-five post-offices in the country,
and tne whole extent of our post
routes was less than nineteen nun
urea miles. Cliean postage was
unheard of, and had anv one sug
gested the transmission of messages
with lightning speed he would have
been thought utterly insane. The
microscope on the one hand, and
the telegraph on the other, were in
their infancy as instruments of
science ; and geology and chemis
try were almost unknown. In a
word, it is true that to the century
i i . .....
passed nave been allotted more
improvements in their bearings on
the comfort and happiness of man
kind, than to any other which has
elapsed since the creation of the
world. Topeka Kansas) IRecord.
Statistics. A gentleman of this
city who has examined a tabular state
ment of the general capitulation of the
statistics of the M. E. Church. Sonth,
Sublished in a recent number of tbe
'ashville Advocate, calls our attention
to the following exhibit for the year,
which may be of interest to our Meth
odist readers : Increase of traveling
preachers, 121 ; superanuated preach
ers, 18; local preachers, 210; white
members, 22,151 ; Indian members. 69 ;
Sunday schools, 119; teachers, 2.532;
scholars, 8,812 ; collections for missions,
$2,504.36. And the following decreases,
colored members, 128 ; infant baptisms,
29; adult baptisms, 1,901; collection
for Conference claimants, $1,248.73.
There were some defects in the min
utes of the Conferences which the Edi
tor endeavored to supply. Wit. Star.
Stylo in Writing..
Tho besi writer 'is he who can
convey thp clearestUhoughts in the
shortest space. Some waiters so
hide theirj thoughts in useless words
that it becomes a task after you
have read j a column to comprehend
its meaning. Ornament in style is
good when it beautifies the thoughts
advanced; it is inexcusable when
it covers them from sight. A wri
ter, before he touches a pen, should
first get a clear idea -of the subject
he is to handle; this well under
stood his next effort should be to
say what he has to say in the few
est words possible.;; We would not
have a single thought dwarfed by a
stingy use of language ; but even
this would be better than to see it
choked out of existence by a super
abundance of words. Write to the
point, and when you have reached
it, stop, f It requires severe mental
training to acquire that simplicity
of expression which conveys to us
the grandest thoughts in the fewest
words, yet it is within the province
of all to approach if not to equal it.
It has been said that it is more diihc-
t if nonn nrt iMp frmrt to Wf ite
wHte ?ihorfc arcle el? than to
present the same thoughts in double
the space. When Queen Anne told
Dr. South that his sermon had only
one fault that of ;i being too short
he replied that he should have made
it shorter if he had had more time.
Let our writers especially those
of the press boil down their efforts
before they present them to the
public. ?In this f fast age the man
who can say the best things in the
shortest! space is not far removed
from a public benefactor.
It with pleasure that we observe
the announcement of a completed
line of telegraph and life-saving sta
tions along the - coast from Nor
folk, Va., to Cape Hatteras, N. C.
There is no one public act of
the government, consummated for
years, so replete with lasting
and signal benefits, not only to the
people of this section, but in fact tn
mariners and the shipping interests
pf tho world. . r
Sinceltaleigh's ill-fated oxtKil
tion, the coast of North Carol i
with its shoal irtg banks and treach
erous waters, has been the dread of
mariners, and the utter absence oi
any of the appliances for the safety
Of life, or the communication of ac
cident, rendered it the more dan
gerous and inhospitable.
The construction of telegraph and
life-saving stations will give more
security to life and property, obvi
ate delay, and ought materially to
lessen the ratos of insurance.
The advance and appliance of
civilization to even the most barren
and remote points, is one of the
marked features of our age, and in.
this instance the Hatteras wrecker
will no doubt consider the whole
thing at direct strike at his peculiar
interests, and like Othello, will soon
consider his "occupation gone."
Marrying a Serious Matter.
It appears to bo no easy matter to
getarjejdjnSwitzerland. " A cit-
jrmsen.Alwno naqi re
t inciter . tTiTton . " asbctl
from? his ' commune the necessary
permission the marry. The presi
dent of the commune in reply told
him that in addition to payment for
the f needful documents he would
have to nrovide for the rights of
bourgeoise if his fiancee were a
Swiss,1 200 francs if a foreigner. The
man was told, moreover, that he
would have to prove by certificate
that he was provided witn a wed
ding outfit and a fortune of 800
francs' He would be required to
nav. in addition. 23 francs to the
school fund, 20 francs for the mili
tarv tax of 1873. and 36 florins 12
kreutzers for expenses incurred by
his commune when he was ill in
Germany. The claims thus amount
ed to 233 francs 40 centimes, lrre-
snective of all other expenses of
permissions, translations, stamps
and the cost of documents. The
man was totally unable to meet this
claim, and representations to this
effect I were made to the counsel of
his commune by a society for en
couraging marriages, but all their
efforts are useless.
Our Candidate for Superin
tendent of Public Instruction.
At , our mast head this week we
raise the name of Thomas R. Pur
nell, the Ite publican nominee for
Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion.; This being the only State
officer to be elected this year it was
not deemed necessary to civil a con
vention to nominater The State
Committee, at a meeting held at
Raleigh on the 9th inst., after full
consultation and deliberation deem
ed it wise to propose the name of
Mr. Purnell, of Forsythe county.
hyftrsothw?acn and ..wili.
give uie nominee our cuiuiiii oup
port ''""''' " '" ""''' ' '
Thomas It. Purnell comes from
good stock, jbeing the grandson of
one Of North Carolina's best Gover
nors: Edward B. Dudley, lie is a
fine scholar, a good speaker and an
able man. He id very popular
wherever known, and if elected will
fill the high office with credit.
El izabeth City Carol in in ) i .
General W. T. Sherman sets a
good example to those fiercely loyal
persons who think it scarcely less than
criminal to forget and forgive the past.
In response to ' a recent letter from
Judge Mackay, ;of South Carolina, an
nouncing theVansfer of the bodies of
two Federal soldiers from Columbia to
tho national ; cemetery at Florence,
Gen. Sherman i wrote: " Satisfied that
this act of sympathy and kindiu-.-s n
the part of the ex-Coniodeiiit-- ilii-,rs
and spldiers jof Lancaster was meant
aa an earnest of their respect for the
great cause in which those two soldiers
died, and as manifesting a desire to bu
ry the passion of the past civil war in
oblivion, I promptly respond to your
request to recognize the courtesy of the
act, and to assure them that such acts
will meet a prompt recognition on the
part pf the people of the whole country
who want peace, not only on the sur
face, but in the hearts of all our coun
trymen, regardless of locality or oi
A mortgage has been put on record
by the Farmers Loan and Trust Com
pany; as Trustees of the real estate,
franchises, rolling stock and all appur
tenances of the Erie Railroad. The
mortgage is for thirtv millions of dol
lars to secure tho s.econd consolidation
have in mind an observing farmrr
living in central New York, who
every animal 1
every week. To a
fine steer he cave daily four quarts
of barley meal, and ho found tho
increase in its weight to be ten
pounds per weekj Ho then tried
the experiment pf' giving eight
quarts per day, ahd lie found that
the weekly increase of weight was
less than when four quarts were
given. Twelve quarts were now
given daily, and at the end of tho
week there was no gain of flesh.
These facts teach jail persons who
feed domestic anijnals that there is(
such 1 tiling as feedincr their stock '
so largely or hcav
ily that the pro-
fits will be les3thaii if the stock were
o receive huh
When a portion
of the feed passes
away without haying been digest
ed, it is a reliable! indication that
it is not consumed; as profitably as
it should be. I w
declaring the present time
opportune, and gives reasons for tho
immediate recognition of the Cuban
Republic. The article contains ci
tations from International law
writers, showinjrjno Just caus3 of
offence to Spain 'ifj recognition Is ac
corded and commercial treaties en
tered into with tho Republic. It
declares our commercial interests
are greatly sufferihg by the war In
Cuba. That the complications here
tofore existing no!longer exist. That
England intrigues for control of
Cuban affairs and trade. That re
cognition would open a new market
for western grain (growers, provision
dealers, mechanics and manufactur
ers. That the Edstern and Middle
States would furnish occupation to
thousands of Southern people and
restore prosperity and good feeling
in the Southern States towards the
Pkkpartxg Hot Beds. Pro
lan six u i eks earlier than 1 the
t i silt- when it will bo safe to set out
thf , hints. Seeds may boisown in
a ii t bed of finoj soil placed upon
tile manure, or what is better,
where only a fey of a variety are
wanted, sown in earth in shallow
boxes, and these j placed in the hot
bed. Give air an mild days, and
water when the J soil becomes dry.
During coid nights cover with
straw mats or shutters to keep out
The Industrial Congress, in ses
sion at Albany, protest against ex
pansion of the National bank cur
rency, believing j it to be the robber
of labor, and thcsumofall villain
ies. They want legal tenders di
rectly from tho government to tho
An aristocratic New Yorker, on
being requested y a rich and vul
gar young fellow for permission to
marry "one of his girls," gave this
rather crushing reply : "Certainly;
which would yob prefer, the house
maid or the cook ?,f ,
asked a traveler! Of a Ducth woman.
"Only shoost a little vays." "Is it
four, six, eight, or ten miles?" im
patiently asked the stranger. " Yaas,
I dinks it is," serenely replied tho
The Other! Sect. On a very
pretty girl's saying to Leigh Ilbnt,
"I am very sad,you see," liu replied,
"Oh, no ; you belong to the other
Jewish sect you are very fair, 1
L Where they Came From.
The question jof where all the
Smiths came from is answered. A
factory in a neighboring city bears
the sign, "Smith Manufacturing
Horrible Suggestion. A re
cent number of a ladies' magazine,
in it3 "Housekeepers' Department,"
informs its readers that "Farmers'
wives make the best pickles."
: A sign in a barber's shop window
announces "Boots blacked inside."
It is suggested that this must bo
very bad for the stockings.
; What word is always pronounced
wrong ? Wrong.
When are brokers happy ? When
they meet a loan. .j
THIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE, That
on tho 1st day of April, A. D.,
1874, a warrant in bankruptcy was is
sued out of tho District Court of the
United States for the Eastern District
of North Carolina, against tbe estate
of Ishcun Young, in the county of
Wake, and Stato of North Carolina.
who has been adjudged a bank
rupt on his own petition : That tho
i if r l iin.ii k ni nt. uinim. fir iiir 1 in .
are forbidden by law ; That a meeting
oi the creditors of said bankrupt, to
prove their debts, and to choose ono or
more assignees of his estate, will bo
held at a Court of Iiankruptcv, to bo
holdon at R.-tkigh, X. C, befoie A. W.
Shaffer, Kegistei, on the 2.th day of
April, A. L. 1874,at 10 o'clock, A. M.
42 3t K. M. DOUGLAS,
Marshal as Messenger.'
W. Ji. Tack, Attorney.
k m t Y onci:.-1 WILL
ell at tho Store No. 18 Fayettevillo
Street, Italeigh, N. C, on Monday, tho
20th day of April, 1874, at 10 o'clock, A.
M., the stock, comprising groceries,
liquors, wines, whiskies, brandies, syr
ups, bitters, canned oysters, lobsters,
canned fruitsjelliesfmarmalade, sauce,
eaptsups, mustard, pickles, bar and
faiify soap, perfumery, lamps, 1 ollico
desk, chairs, tables, paintings and en-
; graving, 3 billiard tables, ollico chairs,
i st o!s, b:wkcts, twine, clay pipes, emp-
'-, uwuijuuhs, a variety or 8tUlI
ed birds and animals, panel and glass
doors, iVc, Ac-, tc, the property of
Philip Thiem, Bankrupt. 1 V y
The above is one of the best selected
stocks in the State. The wines, liquors. '
brandies and whiskies are old and pure,
and well worth tho attention of con
noisseurs. The sale will continue from day to day
until tho whole stock is sold oir.
THOMAS H AMPSON, Assignee.
41 law2w Kaleigb, N. C.
NOTICE IS IIEUEDY GIVEN5
That I will sell at public auction,
at the Courthouse door, in Italeigh, N.
C.,onMonday,the27th day of April,1874,
at I o'clock, p. m., to the highest bidder
for cash, the accounts and notes due tho
firm of J. 1$. A 1). P. Higgs.
Cn.VS. E. JOIINSON, Jr..
law2w. Assignee, Italeigh, N. C.
How To Feed fFon
One of our exchanges