North Carolina Newspapers

Official Orrn of the United States.
W. M. UKOWN, Manager.
THURSDAY. MAY 7, 1874.
State Republican Ticket
For Svpcrintcndent rublic Instruction :
Persons desiring- recommend,
through the column of the Era,"
wluj friend for office of any descrip
tion, rouetpay adrertUIng rate for
the same, in advance, whether Re
publican or Democrat, otherwise
.i. .1. .iMi miter the first com-
munlcatlon relating to any one per
son, which will be Inserted gratis),
will not appear
The charge for advertising- the
name of a candidate for amy office,
will be 5, in advance
The publisher can no more afford
space in these columns, furnish pa
per, Ink and labor, without com
pensation, than can a merchant
furnish goods to the public, without
pay. Persons who want office can
well afford to pay.
Rcpublicans, heal up your differ
ences, and combine to fight the com
mon enemy.
See notice of result of our muni
cipal election, under local head. A
portion of this will apply to every
county. Nominate your best men !
That little sum of how much
higher our taxes would have been
had the Southern Confederacy suc
ceeded has not been figured out yet.
Democracy gave us all the law
lessness and violence of the Ku
Klux. Republicanism gave us law
and order.
Judge A. W. Tourgee has accept
ed an invitation to deliver the Na
tional Memorial address at the
Union Cemetery near Wilmington,
on the 80th of May.
When in 1SGS, the Republicans
sought to take the State of North
Carolina from military rule and
place its government in the hands
of civil officers elected by our own
people, the Democratic party de
nounced it as 44 infamous."
When in 1868, the Republicans
nmKi; into the Constitution of
North Carolina the right of every
man to the enjoyment of the fruits
of his own labor, the Democrats de
nounced it as " infamous," and op
posed its adoption with all their
power. Remember this, working
men. A Democratic paper calls attention
to the fact that all violence and law
lessness In the State has ceased since
Judge Bond ceased his prosecutions
in the Federal Courts. That's so,
neighbor ; but you remember they
didn't cease till Judge Bond com
menced those prosecutions.
Republicans! you will soon be
called upon to make nominations.
Nominate honest and capable men
to fill your county offices. Republi
can ascendency can only be perpet
uated by good government. County
rvmmlinnfr4 should be IDCI1 Of
firmness, honesty and capacity.
They arc the'eounty legislature.
The Democracy has had charge of
the Legislative Department ol the
State for four years, and, they have
done nothing,to wards comprom ising
or settling the State debt. They
continue to talk about it, and itcon
tlniua to crow, but Uiey.dooZt cerrj
"to fce lalihy'hurry 10 : inaRtTH anjr
There is to be no general registra
tion of voters this year. The old
registration books will be revised
by the registrars, and all voters
who have moved into a different
township from the one they hereto
fore resided in, and all men who
have arrived at the age of twenty
one years since the last State elec
tion will be required to register be
foro they can vote.
The national government seems
to be fixing up things as though it
meant to occupy the late confeder
acy permanently.
Federal Court-Houses and Post
Offices are building or shortly to be
commenced at New-Berne, Wil
mington, Raleigh and Asheville,
quite a number of light-houses are
being built on the coast of North
Carolina, several hundred thousand
dollars have been appropriated to
improve the navigation of the Cape
Fear River, and new Post Offices
are being opened and post routes
established constantly.
All thisis done by the United
States government, which theDem-
ocracy is so anxious to have our
people think is so much prejudiced
Against the Southern people I
The Ladies of Charlotte ana
the Orphans.
It will be remembered that there
appeared in the Era a week or two
ago an article concerning certain
orphans in Charlotte. It was stated
that a gentleman had applied to
several dress-makers in that place
to make a little orphan girl a dress
to wear to the Asylum at Oxford,
but that the dress-makers were too
busy making dresses for the ladies
to wear to a memorial exhibition to
raise money to decorate the graves
of the Confederate dead to make
one for the little orphan.
The Charlotte Observe rises to
explain all the facts, and under the
heading "A slander on Charlotte,"
it says:
This is a reflection upon the ladies
of Charlotte which we cannot pass
without noticing. The truth about
the matter is: that in the afternoon
of the dav on which he was last
here, Mr. Mills
called at
no r Vl t o 1-1 1
andkKTTr(TcouIclhave address-
made for a little girl whom he
wanted to carry off that evening to
the orphan asylum. He was told
that it could not be done, as all the
dress-makers in that house were en
gaged n dresses for ladies to wear
that night to an entertainment by
the members of the Memorial As
sociation; that these ladies could
not well be disappointed, but if he
would see those for whom the work
was being, done, and get them to
have the making of their dresses
stopped, then the proprietress would
have the dress made for the little
orphan. Mr. Mills got quite angry,
and made some hard remarks about
making dresses to be worn to me
morial entertainments, thus pre
venting the making of a dress for a
little orphan.
Now we venture to say that, if
Mr. Mills had called on every lady
of the memorial association and
stated his case, he would have found
that nine out of ten of them would
have readily consented, not only to
have had the work on their dresses
stopped, but, if it had been neces
sary would have themselves made
the dress for the little girl. So much
for this.
Mr. Mills called at Mrs. Reed's
millinery rooms and asked if he
could get the dress made. Mr.
Samuel Wittkowsky, who was
present, said never mind about
having a dress made, that he thought
he could get one ready made.
Thereupon the two gentlemen went
off, and Miss Farrington, one of the
dress-makers present, stopped work
and waited for the order to go to
work on the dress, until word was
received that a dress had been pro
cured. Now. the Era did not obtain its
information from Mr. Mills at all,
and did not know till the Observer
nublished the fact that he was the
gentleman alluded to. Politically,
Mr. Mills and the writer of the Era
article do not agree, but personally
he is our friend, and we have full
confidence in him as a generous
whole-souled philanthropist and
christian gentleman, and must be
permitted to smile at the statement
that he "erot nuite ancrry." &c. He
was in a strange city, and was ac
tively about the great business he
has in charge (gathering up the little
orphans and taking them to an
Asvlum to bo cared for and edu
cated.) It seems the Era was cor
rect in stating that he found a little
girl who had no dress fit to travel
in, and that he applied at two dress
making establishments to get one
made, offering to pay, that he did
not get a dress at either, and that
in one at least the dress-makers
were all too busy making dresses
for the Durnose named to fill the
order for the little one. Under all
the circumstances, and taking into
consideration his ponderous propor
tions, we do not think the suggestion
of the Observer that Mr. Mills should
have trudged off in an unknown
city to see an unknown lady who
lived in an unknown house in an
unknown street to ascertain if she
would be kind enough to send by
him an order to stop work on her
dress is altogether reasonable. But
we simply set out to publish the
Observer's article and show that
after all we.had come very near tell
ing the story correctly, and that
we had not intended to slander the
good ladies of Charlotte, (a number
of whom are very near and dear to
pa) rf disjpis thasubject, -
In different portions of the State
honest men who have heretofore
co-operated with the Democratic
party arc saying that, inasmuch as
their party urged them in the last
Presidential canvass to vote, for
Horace Greeley, who was an origin
al abolitionist and the founder of
the Republican party, and who
never renounced any of his Repub
lican principles, they will continue
the good work and vote the Repub
lican ticket, especially as the men
nominated by the Republican party
are not near as objectionable as Mr.
Democracy is sectional in its teach
ings, and is governed by prejudice
of race and prejudice of section. It
is so narrow-minded that it holds
that nothing good can come from
the North. When it welcomes im
migration, it is with the under
standing that Immigrants shall not
take part in politics unless they
choose to vote the Democratic ticket.
Republicanism is national, andJ
Inculcates loyalty to the govern
ment. It deals out justice to jflj, re
gardless of color or place of birth.
It welcomes immigrants, and guar
antees to every citizenequal politi
cal and civil rights,
Social Equality.
tive party of B forth uaronna nave
always claimed to, be bitterly op-1
nosed to social equality, ana nave
RfA0, TothP Rpnnh-
um auu n&au -- . .1
lican party with being advocates or
it, and have moved heaven and
i a.
earth to prejudice the people against
them on that account. Becently,
however Governor Caldwell has
shown by his acts (see the subjoined
letter ) that he is not a social equal!-
tyist ' and forthwith the whole
Democratic Ku-Klux kennel open
L! ru nr onri ripnnimpp
upon mm xu iuu vj -----------
him frnm Dan tO BeersneDa" De-
cause he chooses to be somewhat
select in his associates. How it
does hurt certain would-be gentle
m pn hppflnsfi the Governor refuses
to recognize them as equals ! Let
them grumble and growl to their
heart's content, it does not in the
least affect the rGovejnorXequa-
mariner that it rather d! eases h
We think we know the Governor
well enough to be able to, assure his
assailants that they are too far be
neath his contempt to draw. any
notice from him, and that their ma
licious shafts fall harmless at his
feet: ' -
State of North Carolina,
Raleigh, 7th April, 1871.
To the riatonio Literary Society,
Rutherford College, iV. C. .
I have just seen a notice in the
Southern Home, a newspaper pub
lished in Charlotte,' N. C, that
Randolph A. Shotwell has been
elected an honorary member of your
Society. If this publication be true,
I desire at once to witnaraw as an
hnnnrarv member of said Society,
I am not willing, knowingly, to be
associated in any way wun a noio-
rlous Ku-Klux, who has shown no
evidence of repentance, or with a
penitentiary convict.
Tod R. Caldwell..
.r t7v v uvvr i rnm q We defv the
party to show where there was a
frPA Rohool established until the
Conservative party got possession of
the Legislature in 1871. wwsion
Well, as the Era is the central
organ of the Republican party, and
as it is u defied " "to show where
a free school was established until
the Conservative party got posses-
sion of the Legislature," it will
show from the record where some
public free schools were established
by the Republicans.
In your own county of Forsyth
in the year 1870, before the Conserr
vative party got possession of the
Legislature by means of the Ku
Klux organization, the report of
the Superintendent of Public In
struction shows that there were
twenty-three public free schools es
tablished, and that there were
twelve hundred and fifteen children
attending those schools that fif
teen public school houses had been
built in Forsyth county during the
year at a cost of twenty -three hun
dred and thirty-six dollars and that
two hundred and sixteen dollars and
thirty cents additional had been
paid for repairs of public school
Don't you think you ought to be
a litilo Ipsa defiant. " Mr. Sentinel,
or show a little more knowledge of
.. , tT, J
matters you wrue aDoui-r iu
be so general in your statements,
or the oeonle of Forsvth will not
mj w- --
in the Sentinel.
How many more public schools
atq there in Forsyth now than in
1870? How many more school
houses have been built? How
much more money expended for
public schools? The Era wants
facts, not gasconade.
Before the war we had a large
number ofState banks issuing bank
notes, and yvheu. those banks broke,
as they sometimes did, the parties
holdtng their notes lost them. The
United States government, under
Republican rule, has given us a
national currency, and haJLhrown
I such protection around its i citizens
holders of its notes lose nothing.' 1
Before the war when a bank-note
was presented to a man he exam
ined it carefully, and often hesitated
to take a bill on a bank out of his
immediate neighborhood. Now,
under the protection of the govern
ment, no. man hesitates to take a
national bank note, and feels per
fectly safe to take one even if the
bank is situate in a distant State.
Nearly every neighborhood can
point to men who lost money by the
old State bank system, but the man
who has lost by the United States
system will be hard to find.
Moral: Every citizen can safely
trust the national government un
der Republican rule.
A Good Democratic Team.
Messrs. Blow A Lyon intend
commencing the publication of a
Conservative paper at Greenville,
Pitt county, on the first of May, to
be called The Register. Ral.Xeics.
These gentlemen are fortunately
named for the duties of Democratic
editors, as the one can very properly
Wojrforhis own side of the house.
- wh. . the other can consistently
pursuelrTeld Democratic policy
lie-on the otne. ew-jieme lxmes.
If the Democratic leaders continue
to Blow & Lie-oi?,hey wil1 locate
at the Pitt bottomlessslvxd of Pitt
Col. S. D. Pool was nom-
inated by the State Exec-
Committee, as the Conserva
tive candidate for Superintendent
of Public Instruction. -No one will
ueny iuan w is aumiraoiy sunea
for the posiUon. If elected he will
locate in Raleigh, remnv no- thither
hia paper, " Our Living and Our
Lead," which will be an advanta-
L n t r
pw-s tuangu oi Dase. (ouinem
& '
So it seems that the nomination
was only given Col. Pool, so that
he could move his paper to Raleigh,
Of course it was not expected that
he should neglect his newspaper
for anv little duties in the office
of Public In
struction. Is not the writing up
and publishing of how hard the
Democratic leaders in North Car
olina fought to break up the Union,
and how the Common School Fund
was taken from the poor children
of the State and invested in Con
federate bonds to help out the dear
Confederacy, and how thousands of
in ignorance because the; School
-O - r
Fund was squandered for war pur
poses is it not more important to
North Carolina and especially to
the Democratic party to publish all
lese things in Our Living and Our
tad; than to have a late Confed
erate Colonel fooling away his pre
cious time in an office that was es
tablish Ad hv the ReDublicans for
the purpose of superintending the
instruction of the poor children of
the State, white and colored?
In reply to numerous enquiries
made by persons from various coun
ties in the State, we publish for
their information and for the pur
p0se of making separate replies to
MOu the f0n0winsr sections from
chapter 106 of Battle's Revisal,
which is now the law of the State
to-wit :
Sec. 3. No' person shall be eligible
to the office of Sheriff in any coun-
i. 1 iLn.n4nr,Mi Vw-.n Knnn G V rift
of sucn county ana natn ieu lu
settle with and fully pay up to every
officer the tares which were by law
due from him :. nor shall any board
permit such former Sheriff to give
hond for. or re-enter upon the du
ties of the office, until he has pro
duced before the board the receipt
in full of everv officer for such
Sec. 5. The Sheriff shall renew
hig Dondg annually and produce the
receipts from the Public Treasurer
I - AS
County Treasurer, and other per
sons, in full of all moneys by him
collected, or which f ought, to have
been by him collectedfrfor the use
of the State and County, and for
which heshall have become accoun
table : and a failure of the Sheriff
elect to renew his bonds, or to ex
hibit the aforesaid receipts, shal
create a vacancy.
The many friends of Governor
Pennington of Dakota will be grat
ified to learn from the followirig
extract from the Dakota correspon
dence of a territorial paper that he
is succeeding well in his new posi
Our new Governor is a decided
success. He is p!easant, sociable
and gentlemanly in all his public
duties. The. e is no BurbanK aDou
him. He attends to his own duties
and has not manifested any desire
to interfere with any man's busi
ness. an excellent qualification the
late Governor did not possess
Gov. Penninorton came here a
stranerer. and so far as I can learn
he has studiously avoided the least
complication or interest inanyoi
ouroid political fights, a fact that
shows hw sound judgment. When
he and the people become acquaint-
od mutual satisfaction is sure to
follow when they look back a few
months and think of who we had
then and who we have now as
our governor.
Republican Organization.
In accordance with the plan of or
ganizalion laid down by the party
in 1868- for representation of town
ships in nominating conventions
three votes are given each township
at larsre, and in cases where a city
or town is situated in any township
the wards of such city or town shal
hA pntitind to three delegates for
each ward. Where there are no
wards, the town is entitled, to three
rlpl plates In addition to the three
i yy yip 1 1 jiffy
that a town of any considerable size,
although not laid off into wards,
would be entitled to three dele
gates. The Democratic Legislature formed
the Second Congressional District
for the express purpose of creating
trouble in the Republican party, but
its leaders will be sadly disappoint
ed when they read the resolutions of
the Edgecombe Convention, in an
other column of to-days Era, intro
duced by a colored man and unani
mously adopted, denouncing in the
name of the three thousand colored
Republicans of Edgecombe county
all persons claiming office at the
hands of party on the basis of color
In other words, a man must show
a better reason than the color of his
skin to entitle him to office at the
hands of the Republican party.
A negro preacher referring to the
Judgment day, in his sermon said;
Sly bredren and sisters, in dat
day de Lord shall diwide de sheeps
frum de goats, and bless de Lord,
we knows which wears de wool.11
A poor henpecked husband de
clared that the longer he lived, the
more he was "smitten."
Late in 1860, Gov. Vance made a
speech in Raleigh, and used as one
reason against disunion the argu
ment that our taxes woujd be much
higher under the proposed Southern
Confederacy than under the United
States government. He stated that
would require an annual tax of
two million and a half of dollars in
gold to pay North Carolina's por
tion of the Confederate tax.
Some of those who are now loud
est in their complaints against high
taxes were then the loudest in their
hootings at the idea of being unable
to pay high taxes to the Confederacy.
Moral : You can't trust the De
Tt mnsfc not be understood that The Era
endorses the sentiments of its correspond
ents in every instance. Its columns are
open to the friends of the party, and their
mmmiinications will be given to tne puunc
as ormtjiinine the views anu seiuimenis oi
the writers., .
To the Editor of the Era r
As the time is rapidly approach
ing for the neoDle of this District to
nhnnsfi a sui table person to represent
them in the .next congress oi tne
United States, I beer leave througn
vour columns to suggest the name
Of lien. Willie u. uones, as euiu
hiA Tprson for that position. He is
social, affable, genial and popu
lar, and when the Republican party
was in its infancy in this State,
Gen. Jones' voice was heard at every
point in this District, cheering our
rlP.voted band to renewed efforts in
the cause of Republicanism. I do
nnt desire to detract from the claims
of other gentlemen, but insist that
the qualities of Gen. Jones are hard
to be found in any other, and that
he can unite the party more tnor
nncrhlv in this District than any
other man. He is undoubtedly the
rhoice of the masses and can com
mand more votes than any other
man in the Fourth Congressiona
District. GRANVILLE.
April 29th, 1874.
Col. B. TV. King, of Lenoir lor
To the Editor of the Era :
In justice to myself andinumerous
friends, who desire tnai s.iaii rep
resent them in the 44th Congress o
th United States, and as a contra
riiffion to the report in circulation
fhaf. T hftvfi withdrawn from the
canvass. I desire to state that I am
a candidate for the Republican nom
ination of Congressman from the
Rpcond District, that I have not with
drawn, nor will ' I do so, until the
Congressional Convention shall have
decided, on the 14th day of JMay
next, as to who shall be the nom
inee. Respectfully,
Kinston, N. C, April 29, 1874.
Dr. Mott for Congress.
To the Editor of the Era :
Allow me sufficient space in your
excellent and popular paper to pre
sent a subject that merits the ma
ture consideration of every patriotic
citizen in tne 7tn uongressiona
District. The time is rapidly ap
nroachiner when a candidate for a
seat in Coneress should be presented
that is worthy of the support of the
Republican ireemen in tnis uisinut.
Success depends entirely upon the
selection. Thereiore, l conceive i
to be of paramount importance
that the candidate snouia possess an
irreproachable private character
and whose political integrity is be
vond Question, a bold and fearless
debater, a high-toned and chival
rous eentleman. Mr. Editor, I know
one man in the District that possesses
all the essential prerequisites to rep
resent an intelligent constituency
That is Dr. J. J. Mott, of Iredell
He is the popular Collector of In-
ternal Kevenue ior ine otn uistrict
He has discharged every duty tha
has devolved upon him to the en
tire satisfaction of the people, and
in the interest of the governmen
as well. His bitterest political ad
versanes concede that there is no
officer in the service of the govern
ment entitled to more respect for
the impartial, urbane, and court-
I I .3.-1! T
l eous penormance oi ms uuues. jl
do not propose loinuuiije e-x-uruv
agant expressions as to his peculiar
fitness for a seat in uongrress. toui-
fice it to say his intimate connec
tion with the heads of the depart
mentsatWashingto iwillenablehim
to render such service to the people
of this District as perhaps no other
man could.
VVhv is it that an intelligent com
munity should elect a representa
tive that cannot possibly exert one
particle of influence for their good
in consequence of his extreme bit
terness and malignity? Would it
not be better to elect a man like Dr.
exert Jtt4Ue benefit ,gf the. peo
ple, irrespective or political consid
eration? With such a candidate,
the Democracy will not dare pre
sent XX Robbins as his competi
tor. They know the intelligent and
patriotic citizens of this District
would not defeat him with the
only man in the Legislature of '68
and '69 that confessed heco.nmitted
the grave impropriety of receiving
XX Dollars in connection with a
matter that he would have to act
upon in his position as a Senator,
and received that, too, from poor
Stephens, who, the Democrats said,
stole chickens. Greater was the
shame. No 6econd : rate man need
be presented. I am confident no
name has been mentioned in con
nection with the nomination that
the Republicans of this county
would so cheerfully support as Dr.
Mott. A Republican Voter.
Republicanism iu Old Edge
combe. To,the Editor of the Era :
In the official report of the Republi
can Convention held in this place on
the 25th ult, perhaps space did not per
mit the Secretary to record some facts
worthy of note to all good Republicans,
and which, because of his omission, I
propose briefly to do.
The Convention was largely attended ;
the entire county being represented,
and great unanimity of feeling and sen
timent prevailed among the delegates
and all Republicans present excepting
one or two" sore heads."
Some few Democrats were spectators,
expecting as your correspondent is in
formed, to see much dissension, "a
spin in the party," iKc, out manKs io
the loyalty of the good republicans of
i . v i ji i l J
all went away with a 44 flea in their oar."
xneir long cner,isnea nopo 01 nquuu
can split in this county is again dashed
to the ground, nor will it ever be realiz-
ea so long as the xtepuoncau party ui
Edgecombe is j composed of its present
i. 1 !
The Republican organization of Edge
combo was never more perfect nor were
f 1 1U!inl r -" XT
we evermore eager iorm jjuhi.iv."
umu ai present. uemw v-vv---p - -County
officers, Legislators, etc., (which
we are certain to aoj wo
usual majority of nearly 2,300 in Au
gust next for Superintendent of Public
Instruction, ana for a Congressman
from the Second District. Of course I
need not say again that tno non. Alex
ander McCabe is our first choice.
In our Convention on tne zoui, m au
dition to the neat address ot senator
McCabe, addreses most cheering to the
Republican cause, and most appropri
ate to the occasion, were delivered by
Willis Bunn.i w. f. jiuusuu umuus.
pakk PcnaJ Tho Convention in an
outspoken and enthusiastic manner en
dorsed all of Ithese gentlemen, one evi
dence Of the just appreciation huicu
will be evinced for each and all of them,
by the voter4 of this county in the fu
ture. I .
Of our success in onr own cqnmy we
cans throughout the State AvYllgo'ToIJe'
polls in solid pnaianx as we expect auu
nmmiso to do in August next, then
surely all wll be well j the setting sun
of the 6th day of August will view the
political grave or ine - ooiomons ; m
night birds will sing their mourning
dirge as the shades of evening draw
closer, and the last safi rites will have
been pronounced ere anoiner uuy un
be ushered jn. '
As the canvass progresses, perhaps
you will hear again from
J 7 Lr RAD-
Tarboro, May 2d, 1874.
L.lfo in Russia.
What U. S. Minister Jewell has to
1 Say About it.
A letter from Mr. Jewell, United
States Minister at St. Petersburg,
gives the: following story of life in
that country : At one ball at the
palace there were 2,500 guests, 1,900
of whom isat down to supper at 2
o'clock in the morning, and 600
took their lunch standing. It takes
45,000 candles to light this palace
for such aiball. At this ball there
were more royal persons than I ever
saw together before. The Empress
of Russia,! Crown Prince and Prin
cess of Prussia, Prince and Princess
of Wales, Crown Prince of Denmark
the aboveareall of Imperial rank;
of royal rank there were the Duke
and Duchess of Edinburgh, all
the Russian Grand Dukes and Duch
esses, Prince Arthur of England,
and fifteen or twenty princess from
Asia and Europe besides. We had
had a separate presentation to them
all previously. They all danced
and mingled with the crowd. The
new married Duchessof Edinburgh,
in whosejhonor the ball was given,
thA celebrated Russian dia
mAnri nonVlnpA estimated to be
worth $20,000,000. The Empress'
dress was trimmed with solitaire
diamond! buttons each one of which
was worth $50,000 or $100,000. All
thA imnerial ladies wore diamond
crowns. It is thought there were
more diamonds worn that night
than Avar before at one time, as
they came from the three empires
of Germany, England, and Russia.
It ia of no use to try to describe tho
-A week afterward there was
a small and select ball given there
to one ihundred guests. At tins
timA tho Runner was laid in the
large hall, which is about 100 by 350
feet and forty leet mgn. x-ony
nnlrn trAes. twentv to thirty feet
high, had been brought from the
PTPAn-house : round each was built
tnhlAifor ten to twentv eruests :
eight thousand candles lighted this
room ; so we sat down to supper in
a real palm grove. It was magnifi
nont hArond description. This is
latitude sixty, the same as that of
Speaking of green-houses, we vis
ited one the other day for trees and
. ! Jl AS 1
snruos, f ierns ana cacti umy, nut
flowed which has 30,000 varieties
in it, arid 70,000 pots or specimens.
All the! corps diplomatique are in
vited every winter. There appears
to be no end to the money this
court spends on such an occasion.
This ofi course is seldom done. The
Emperor is a splendid man, very
polite, I and for that matter so are
they all to us. There . s little or no
middle class in Russia. The few
live liie princes. The many work
and live like s'.aves. Very fine and
handsome peop'e are the nobility ;
very low and degraded are the work
ing classes. But it is vastly im
proved under this Emperor, who
is really a just and good man.
Russia' has its o wn code of morals I
suppose, which the people live up
to. Frotn our point of view there
are no mora here. They all cross
themselves on going past a church
or shrine. There is a shrine in
every 1 house, in the presence of
whichino one can wear his hat, not
even the Emperor. So inside a
Russian door hats off a carpenter's
- - - - . . - ---
same. i They: keep , .Lent, rigidly,
Circuses and theatres are full Sun
days except in Lent.
Thorp are over sixtv "pros wicks
or fetej days in the year on which no
one will work. Sunday is less cared
for, though generally no work is
done dn't'hat day. Drunkenness Is
more common than in any country
iu thb world. Common people
drink jall the "bodka" they can get.
Their! food is a black, sour bread
and cabbage soup mostly.
Butt they are a good-natured,
laughing race of beings. There is
but little social life here, though in
fact not much visiting as we do it
evenihgs. So much social inter
course corries from our schools and
religious affinities, which are en
tirely lacking in this country, that
it makes the difference very mark
ed to: an American. The French
language is almost as much used as
the Russian more so, in fact, in the
higher circles. Most of the govern
ment!; officers speak English also,
and irfore than half the Russians I
meekjl All the young ladies speak
it, as they have all English govern
esses'! English and American books
are i hi all first-class libraries, Russia
having but comparatively little lit
erature of its own. Law and order
here aVe as much respected as with
us. While the Emperor appoints
everyjthing and everybody and can
do exactly what he likes, still he
governs by and through law. The
knout i3 long since abolished, and
trial by jury i3 regular and safe.
It is no heathen country by a long
ways; but the Greek or orthodox
church is strict in its discipline and
thorough in its organization.
Divorce is almost impossible.
Prisons are few. Capital punish
ment is unknown, except for at
tempts on the Emperor's life. All
convicts are sent to Siberia, the
worst to work in the mines and
others on the land. Their families
can go with them if they like, so
that country is now full of "pretty
good people of this kind. This na
tion is growing rapidly in all the
directions of national greatness. Ed
ucation is being pushed slowly but
steadily. Most of the people I see
can already read and write. But
the rich being so rich and the poor
so very poor makes progress very
slow. The police regulations are
perfect, though people drive through
the streets as fast as ever they can
go Those on foot have no rights
which the carriages are. bound to
Handsome black Tartar horses go
past one like the wind with little
light harness, no blinders, and low
light sleighs or sledges as they call
them. - Nobody goes out a minute
hero without being fully wrapped
un In fur. ana no one sits a minuie
1 1 il : - T
this way they never appear to iaKc
cold, in no otner way cuuiu mey
live in this very changeable climate.
. J. 1 1 I 1,1 1, f r.
IVOt one OI us nas nau a uuiu mw
winter. So alL the stories about
this being so bad a climate appear
to us to be a humbug.
But great care is necessary, ana
that everybody takes of him
self. So in this way wo get along
and on the whole find the climate
not bad. Do I like it ? Well some.
Don't believel should wahttospend
my life here though.
The Consolidation Hill Adop
ted. V t? IlllU III (flCUSUlU Ul nutimiiii, ;
the meeting of the stockholders of
the North Carolina Railroad Com
pany at Salisbury on the 16th. inst.,
at which time and place the Com
pany accepted the consolidation bill
as an amendment to their charter,
except so much of it as was intend
ed to proscribe certain parties from
holding office in said company be
cause of refusal to answer certain
This was a result anxiously look7
ed forward to by the people of Wes
tern North Carolina .and docs much
to strengthen the belief that it will
not be long beforo thoJ Western
North Carolina Road will be pushed
forward to Paint Rock and Duck
town. Although the opposition
was pretty strong and very violent,
the friends of consolidation tri
umphed by an overwhelming ma
jority, exceeding 80,000. Promi
nent men among the opposers of
the scheme were the Moreheads,
Grahams, Webb, Paul Cameron, D.
F. Caldwell and others.
xiOixiiueiiL geniicujc-u nu
heart and hand in this move seem
very confident that they will bo
able to put the affairs of the North
Carolina Road in such shape beforo
long, as to enable them to go to
work and build the Road. Wo
earnestly hope that they may bo
able to carry out their plans. Wo
are willing to make any honorable
concessions in order to see tho road
At this time the charter is not al
together acceptable to the North
Carolina Company, but they look
hopefully forward to the next Gen
eral Assembly to give such amend
ments to the charter as will be en
tirely satisfactory.
We earnestly hopo that nothing
will bo left undone which will tend
to advancelhis grand scheme which
is dear to the heart of every good
man in Western North Carolina.
Asheville Pioneer.
Paying Poultry.
Poultry might be made to
better than they generally do.
older hens should no wbe weeded out,
keeping, as a rule, nothing over
three years. Fresh cockeral's of suit
able sort should be secured at once,
for nothing 'more rapidly deterior
ates from in-and-in breeding than
barn-door fowls. Tho hen houso
should be in a sheltered, warm
situation, ceiled so as to secure a
more equable temperature, white
washed at least once a year, and
cleaned out every week. Where
there are facilities for feeding the
poultry in the house or yard attach
ed, they should not,! during tho
winter, be allowed toj run out for
more than a few hours in the
middle of the day. Good dry food,
such as oats, barlev, refuse wheat.
Indian corn, with an occasional
mess, of boiled meat given warm,
should be supplied night and morn
ing. Chopped meat or butcher's
refuse, mixed with a daily meal of
warm food, greatly helps the pro
duction of egg3.
Conscience is. a sleeping giant.
A man may be gresit by chance,
but never wise nor good without
taking pains for it.
Bad habits are thhtlcs of tho
heart and cyery indulgence of them
is a seed from which will spring a
new crop of' weeds.
A down-east editor advises his
readers, if they want to get teeth
inserted, to go and stes 1 fruit whero
a watch-dog is on guard. ,
"ou want nothing, do you?"
said Pat. Bedad, if it's nothing
you want you'll find it in the jug
whero the whiskey was."
"How is coal thia morning?"
said a purchaser to an Irishman in
a coal-yard. "Black as iver," re-'
plied Pat, taking off t
e remains of
his hat.
Never flirt with a
oung widow
ur christian
wno cans you uy yq
name the second ti me y
ou meet her ;
unies3 you nave qui
te made up
your mind to the word
v nen a Cincinnati man goes up
to a Dar to urinK, ana i s asked what
he will have, he says : Give me
some headache and a family fight,"
and the bar-tender knows just which
bottle to hand down, j
A beautiful lady was kissing and
caressing her beautiful little lap
dog: " Ah Maria 1" exclaimed her
foppish admirer, 44 hy not grant
me the favor you are wasting on
Fido?" 4tI don't kiss every puppy,"
rcpliod the pouting fair.
....-.: r

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