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0 / 75
1 A Valuable Prize is Offered \
2 FOK SIMPLEST DIAGRAM SHOWING t
♦ Formation of our Counties ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦»♦♦+♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦»»♦♦+♦+♦* ♦**♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ >♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
North Carolina has now ninety-seven
counties, and each of those has a history
peculiarly its own. Yet. even in these
counties there are many who do not know
of their genesis or hqw they came to
In the State at large there is little
definite knowledge as to the changes
which have been made from time to time
in county lines and in county names,
but there is now a splendid opportunity
to put in permanent shape this informa
tion, and to have it so clearly put, that
in every school in the State it will be
shown, and all North Carolinians will
have historical information of great value
concerning the State prepared for ready
Col. J. Bryan Grimes has offered a
prize to the child under eighteen years
of age in the public schools of the State
who will make the clearest, simplest
diagram, showing in chart form the for
mation (with date) of the counties of
the State; size of chart to be about
10x12 or 12x15 inches. The conditions of
the contest will be prescribed by the Sup- :
crintendent of Public Instruction, who
will ijass upon the chart submitted and
award the prize.
The following has been compiled by '
Colonel Grimes for the making of this
chart, which it is proposed to have
published so that it will be available
Carolina had three divisions, Albe
marle, Bath and Clarendon.
Albemarle was divided into six pre
cincts. Currituck, ' 1722; Pasquotank,
1722; Perquimans, 1722; Bertie, 1722;
Chowan, 1722, and Tyrrell, 1729.
Bath was divided into four precincts:
Carteret, 1722; Beaufort, 1722 and 1741;
Hyde, 1722; Craven, 1722.
Clarendon became New Hanover in
Tu 173 S an Act i/as passed decreeing |
that the existing precincts thereafter j
should be called counties, and these were j
afterwards subdivided from time to time !
into the various counties of to State. |
FORMATION OF THE COUNTIES.
The following is a list of the counties
of North Carolina with their origin and
date of formation:
Alamance, 1848, from Orange.
Alexander, 1846, from Iredell, Caldwell
Alleghany, 1859, from Ashe.
Anson, 1749, from Bladen.
Ashe. 1999, from 1722 and (1741.)
Beaufort, 1722 and 1741, Oreginal pre
Bertie, 1722. Original precinct.
Bladen, 1734, from New Hanover.
Brunswick, 1764. from Bladen and New
Buncombe, 1791, from Burke and Ruth
Burke, 1777, from Rowan.
Cabarrus, 1792, from Mecklenburg.
Caldwell, 1841, from Burke and Wilkes.
Camden, 1777, from Pasquotank.
Carteret, 1722. Original Precinct.
Caswell, 1777, from Orange.
Catawba, 1842, from Lincoln.
Chatham. 1770, from Orange.
Cherokee. 1839, from Davie.
Chowan, 1722, from Original Precinct.
Clay, 1861, from Cherokee.
Cleveland, 1841, from Rutherford and
Columbus, 1808, from Bladen and
Craven, 1722- Original Precinct,
Cumberland, 1754, from Bladen.
Currituck, 1729. Early Precinct.
Dare, 1870, from Hyde and Currituck.
Davidson, 1822, from Rowan.
Davie, 1536, from Rowan.
Duplin, 1749, from New Hanover.
Durham, 1881, from Orange and Wake.
Edgecombe, 1733. from Craven.
Forsyth, 184 S, from Stokes.
Franklin, 1779. from Bute.
Gaston, 1846, from Lincoln.
Gates, 1779, from Hertford, Chowan and
Graham. 1871. from Cherokee.
Granville, 1746, from Edgecombe.
Greene, 1791 and 1799, from Glasgow.
(1791) changed to Greene (1799.)
Guilford, 1770, from Rowan and Orange.
Halifax, 1758, from Edgecombe.
Harnett, 1855, from Cumberland.
Haywood. 1808. from Buncombe.
Henderson, 1838, from Buncombe.
Hertford, 1759, from Chowan, Bertie
Hdye, 1722. Original Precinct.
Iredell, 1788, from Rowan.
Jackson, 1850, from Haywood and
Johnston, 1746. from Craven.
Jones. 1779. from Craven.
Lenoir. 1791, from Dobbs, Dobbs from
Lincoln, 1779, from Tryon, 1779; divided
into Lincoln and Rutherford.
Macon, 1828, from Haywood.
Madison, 1850, from Buncombe and
Martin. 1771. from Halifax and Tyrrell.
McDowell, 1842. from Rutherford and
Mecklenburg. 1762. from Anson.
Mil* hell, 1861, from Yancey, Watauga,
Caldwell, McDowell and Burke.
Montgomery, 1779, from Anson.
Moore, 1784, from Cumberland.
Nah, 1777, from Edgecombe.
New Hanover, 1728. Original Precinct.
Northampton, 1711. from Bertie.
Onslow, 1734, from New Hanover.
Orange, 1751, from Granville, Johnston
Pamlico, 1572, from Craven and Beau
Pasquotank, 1729. Original Precinct of
I’ccder, 1875. from New Hanover.
I'prquimans.. 1722. Original Precinct.
Person, 1791, from Caswell.
Pitt, 1761, from Beaufort.
Polk, 1855, from Henderson and Ruth
Randolph, 177!', from Guilford and
Richmond. 1779. from Anson.
Robeson. 1786. from Bladen.
Rockingham. 1785, from Guilford.
Rowan. 1753, from Anson.
Rutherford. 1779. from Tryon.
Sampson, 1784. from Duplin.
Scotland. 1899, from Richmond.
Stanly, 1841, from Montgomery.
Stokes, 1769, from Surry.
Surry, 1770, from Rowan.
Swain. 1871, from Macon and Jackson.
Transylvania, 1861, from Henderson
Tyrrell, 1729. Original Precinct.
Union, 1842, from Mecklenburg and
Vance, 1881, from Granville. Franklin
Wake, 1770, from Orange, Johnston and
Warren, 1779, from Bute.
Washington, 1799, from Tyrrell.
Watauga, 1849, from Ashe, Caldwell,
Wayne, 1779, front Dobbs.
Wilkes, 1777, from Surry.
Wilson, 1855, from Edgecombe, John
ston, Nash and Wayne.
Yadkin, 1850, from Surry.
Yancey, 1833, from Burke and Bun
SOME ADDITIONS TO NOTES.
Bute was formed from Granville, 1764,
and from part of Northampton, 1767, was
abolished in 1779, being divided into
Warren and Franklin.
Dobbs front Johnston in 1758, abolished
and changed into Lenoir and Glasgow,
1791. In 179!* the name of Glasgow was
changed to Greene.
Tryon was formed from Mecklenburg
in 1768 and divided into Lincoln and
Rutherford in 1779.
To illustrate the kind of chart desired,
we take a few counties as below and
trace their “genealogy.”
For instance, Scotland County was
formed 1899 from Richmond, (1779), from
Anson, (1749), from Bladen, (1734), from
New Hanover, (1728), from Clarendon.
Graham county was formed in 1871,
from Cherokee; (1839), front Macon,
(1828), front Haywood; (1808), from Bun
combe, (1791), from Burke, (1777), from
Rowan, (1758), from Anson, (1749), from
Bladen. (1734). from New Hanover, (1728),
Catawba County 1842 from Lincoln.
(1779), front Tryon, (1768), (abolished
| 1779); from Mecklenburg, (1762), front
j Anson, (1749), from Bladen, (1734). from
I New Hanover, (1728), from Clarendon.
Greene County, (1799), name changed
! from Glasgow, which was formed in 1791
from Dobbs (1758). (abolished 1791), from
Johnston, (1746), from Craven, (1722).
Vance County, 1881, from Franklin,
(1779), Warren (1779) and Granville
(1746), Warren and Franklin (1779), from
Bute 1764, from Granville (1746 and
Northampton (1741), Granville (1746),
from Edgecombe (1733), front Craven
(1722), from Bath.
Northampton (1741), from Bertie (1722),
It is hoped that this will stimulate
the study of the history and geography of
North Carolina in the schools of the
TRINITY COLLEGE LIBRARY.
The Growth of This Institution, Some of its
(Special to News and Observer.)
Trinity College, N. C., Nov. 22.—The
following summary has been made of the
growth of the Trinity College Library
during the last six years. In 1899 it
was decided to introduce modern meth
ods in the management of the library.
Accordingly, a card catalogue was made,
the books then on hand were counted,
accession books after the fashion of the
American Library Association were se
cured, and a better system of classifica
tion was adopted. From that time to
the present 6,430 bound volumes have
been received. This includes only a
small portion of the accessions which
will be received from the recent large
donations for the buying of books. Dur
ing the past year, exclusive of these
large donations, the receipts have been
11,074 bound volumes.
Tho donations here referred to are
SIO,OOO from Mr. J. B. Duke, of New York,
and SI,OOO from Miss Annie Roney, of
Durham. In the expenditure of these
sums orders have been placed with the
leading booksellers of New York. Lon
don and Leipsig. Such large consign
ments have been ordered from abroad
that it has been necessary to authorize
up in Durham the best possible library
as importing agent. Mr. W. H. Adams,
of New Yor«. formerly a Trinity student,
has been appointed in this capacity.
In ordering the above books long lists
of wants were made out by the various
professors, and from these the orders
| were made up. From thesfc lists all
i books of a merely popular nature were
J rigidly excluded. The aim is to build
up in Rurham the best possible library
I for reference, so that students and scho
j lars from any part of the country may
j come to it freely for help in the prosecu-
I tion of research.
An important feature of the library is
! (he vault for the preservation of docu
ments and very rare books. The col
lege Historical Society has already col
| lected some valuable papers of this class,
and among the books formerly on hand
I and those recently ordered are some
i which are rarely met with in America.
I Persons who ha’/e such papers are re-
I quested to entrust them to the care of
! the Trinity Historical Society, which will
I undertake to have them catalogued and
• preserved for the privilege of using them
I for historical purposes.
The college has on hand a published
j list of books recently ordered. This list
j contains only such books as arc' publish
ed in America and England: they do not
contain the many books written in for
eign languages. Any institution desir
ing to secure copies of this list may do
so by making application to the librarian.
| This announcement is made because of
i requests that have come to us for in
! formation in regard to the new books.
The college books will be transferred
! to the new library building during the
holidays. It has been found impractica
ble to move while college work was in
Ihe officers of (be library are Mana
c°r. Dr. J. s. Bassett, librarian: J. P.
Breedlove, assistants, C. M. Lance and C.
(or Whooping Cough use
! CHENEY'S EXPECTORANT.
THE NEWS AND OBSERVES. SUNDAY MORNING, NOV. 23. 1902.
Supreme Court Digest.
(Reported by Jos. L. Seawel!.)
KECK v. AM. TELEPHONE CO., ap
pellant. From Guilford. New trial.
Action for damages alleged to have
been received by plaintiff while putting
up telegraph poles. It appeared in evi
dence that the work was being' done in
the usual manner, that there was no lack
of hands, that the appliances used were
not inferior or unsound and that every
thing was in proper condition and no
mishap anticipated; Held to be an ac
cident and that the defendant's motion to
non-suit the plaintiff should have been
STATE v. ELLSWORTH and others,
appellants. From Anson. Appeal dis
Defendants were convicted of break
ing into a store house, etc., and were
undergoing punishment in the State
Prison. During the pendencyof their ap
peal in the above matter, they were in
dicted for larceny alleged to have been
committed immediately after their felon
ious breaking into said store house, and
they set up former conviction in defense
—declining to plead to the merits until
this plea was passed upon; Held that
the plea of former conviction or acquittal
is an interlocutory plea, and no appeal
lies. It is a collateral inquiry and turns
upon the inspection of the town indict
ments, and the judge may pass upon the
plea and declare the legal effect of the
record, or he may charge the jury that
tho plea is or is not sustained by the
STATE v. HINTON, appellant. From
Wake. New trial.
Defendant was not liable to road duty
in a township where he had been only
three weeks before he was summoned,
and had gone there for a temporary pur
pose with the interwtion of returning to
his permanent home—as was shown in
tthis case. The court says that “the law
does not impose upon any one tho double
burden of working roads in different
townships at the same time, qnd, as de
fendant had paid taxes for the working
the streets in R. admittedly the place of
his domicil, we do not think he could be
required to work roads in any and ev«ry
township where lie happened to be tem
McLEAN v. BULLARD, appellant.
From Scotland. Error.
In the progress of the trial of this
case, a contention arose between the
parties as to where was a line dividing
the lands devised to the two brothers,
devisees. It did not appear that there
was any dispute about the boundaries
nor any trouble in fixing the description
to the land itself. The only question was.
where was it situated with respect to the
dividing line between the two brothers,
as is mentioned in the will, and this
matter is for the jury to determine: Held
therefore that there was error in the
judgment of non-suit.
LAMB. appellant, v. ELIZABETH
(TTY'. From Pasquotank. Error.
Action for damages for land alleged to
have been wrongfully appropriated b\
defendant in widening a street, and for
that defendant in widening the street
moved the buildings on plaintiff’s land in
a negligent and careless manner “to
plaintiff’s damage $300.“ It appeared
from the evidence that the land had been
legally condemned, damages assessed
and tendered, and plaintiff thereupon
amended his complaint by striking out
the allegation of wrongful taking. It
was also in evidence that defendant paid
for moving the buildings and paid plain
tiff rent for the time the buildings were
The court instructed the jury to deduct
from the damages demanded the value
of special benefits to plaintiff's land
’by reason of the improvement to the
property in widening the street; Held,
error. After amendment of complaint,
the action was solely for injury sustain
ed by reason of negligence in moving the
buildings, unless it had been affirmative
ly shown that the benefit to plaintiff’s
land, by reason of the improvement, had
been considered in assessing the damages
for taking the land.
WILKES v. ALLEN et'al., appellant.
From Mecklenburg. No error-
The fact that a married woman is a
registered free trader does not remove
the disability of coverture so as to allow
the statute of limitations to bar her
right of action.
It is presumed that section 1827 of The
Code was passed for the l>enefit of mar
ried women who wish to engage in busi
ness, but that statute did not change
their status nor remove the exemption
which excludes them from the opera
tion of the statute of limitations.
SIIUTE et a!., appellants, v. HEATH et
al. From Union. Action dismissed.
Contracts in partial restraint of trade
may be made and enforced of common
right. Kramer v. Old. 119 N. C. 1.
An indefinite restriction as to duration
will not make such contracts void, but
there must be a definite limitation as to
space, and the reasonableness of such
limitation will depend upon the uaturo
of tie business and good w ill sold.
It is required that the limitation as to
space shall be so definitely set out in
the contract that the bounds may be de
termined by the same rules as apply to
the description of real estate in deeds.
Kramer's case, supra, distinguished.
The defendants sold plaintiffs a Jract
of land and ginning and saw-mill machin
ery and agreed with plaintiffs that de
fendants “would not erect, conduct or
carry ori the business of ginning and
hailing cotton,” etc., “in any territory
now occupied by the defendants or from
which they secure their patronage, so as
to compete with defendants or injure
their business, etc.”
Held, void for indefinite ness as to ter
SPECIAL RATES VIA SEABOARD AIR
$7.30 from Raleigh to Charlotte and
return, on account of meeting of Dra
matic Order Knights of Khorasson,
Charlotte, November 26th. Special rates
from Wilmington, Raleigh, Rutherford
ton and intermediate points on the same
basis. Tickets sold November 25th and
261 h. Final limit November 28th.
For further information apply to
C. 11. UATTIS, C\ P. & T. A.,
• Raleigh, N. C.,
H. S. LEAjRD, T. P. A., Raleigh, N. C.
For division of the estate
of the late Win. C. Stron
ach, I offer for sale beau
tiful building lots situated
in the northern part of the
city; also a farm in high
state of cultivation and
well stocked, situated
about two miles from Ral
eigh; also property in east
For information apply
at W. C. Stronach’s Sons,
Raleigh, N. C.
Cur. CuMlipnUo/., Chills and Ki-vmr, nn-iaU Bil
ious Complaints. AH Druggist*. Price 25 <enU a ltox.
WRIGHT’S INDIAN VEGETAELE P'LI. CO., New York
S.O I As« S E.NGU3H
/A (frlclnul and Only Ofnnlnc.
V.Fd”s reliable, l.n lio. ink l*nipiri*t
f M (or CIMCHFSTEK'S KNOLISB.
in KEf> »n-l <;«)!«! metallic boxes. *o*J«(*
M”** ribbon. Tuko no other. IlcfWe
JYj llanjferoiin F»ib*fltulinna and lniltn-
I / fij tion*. nu/ o f tour Druggist. or 4<». <n
I ZL for Pfirticuliiv’M. TeatlnionlaU
\ P* “Relief for i.sdie*.** «n letter r>r re*
—A. kr tarn Mull. 1 0.000 TentlvnouiAlt BuM bj
_ ‘ " ' a)’. Druggist-. ('hlf hester Chemical Cn.,
tfouioD this ompfir Kuuure. HM'I.A.. PA*
250,000 AC La S nd f
FERTILE AND WELL TIMBERED.
89,000 acres lying in Jones county.
160,000 acres lying in Onslow county.
90,000 acres situated on the Wilming
ton and New Bern Railroad.
Will sell in small or large tracts to
Mill men and capitalist are asked to
Title good. Call on or address,
Stephen W. Isler, Trustee,
At Isler & Shaw’s Law Office,
KINSTON. N. C.
Scurf yourself r
Use Bigd for unnatural
irritations or ulcerations
of mucous membranes.
Painless, and not astrin.
. e clii or PoisonotuU
SoW by Kw. its Ist*,
or sent in plain wrapper,
by prepaid, for
Cl .00, o> 3 i.ottVa, $2.75.
Circular neat on 1 .^uesL
\ is inU ieste-l mid rfionld knrw
i'A' n? ' \ aiiout Hie womlerfiti
jS- Jsi* ’Si \ M MIVFL Whirling Spray
\ V The new Yurliml Kjrlnpe. tnjrc
<" Ajv zaCL 'L lioiiuml Sur’inv. Most—saf
A»k your •Irtwuist for It. \ yflBC , ,~-*~**^-*
lie e-innot supply the \ jPO 1
Yl IRI MI., ae.eept no \
Ollier, lintsenfl sniiiip for i! \ o' '-'VA ■
mauated book—givips \ j
full particulars ami iiirei'innis in- CS. a /a
mluftlile to I.nlies. MVIIYKMin,, C.- y /(/
Kooiii Tiutes Bttit., ten Vitrk.
AN OLD RELIABLE CURE FOR
Eatin.e Sores, Ulcers, Etc.
Contagiou» blood poison or deadEy can
cer are the worst and most deep-seated
blood diseases on earth, yet the easiest
to cure when Botanic Blood Balm is
used. If you have blood poison produc
ing ulcers, bene pains, pimples, mucous
patches, falling hair, itchiDg skin, scro
fula, old rheumatism or offensive form
of catarrh, scabs and scales, deadly can
cer, eating, bleeding, festering sores,
swellings, lutnp3, persistent wart or sore,
take Botanic Bloed Blam (L. B. B.) It will
cure even the worst case after every
thing else fails. Botanic Blood Balm
(B. B. B.) drains the noison cut of the
system, then every sore heals, making
the blood pure and rich and building up
the broken down body, B. B. B. thor
oughly tested for 30 years. Sold at mos 4 .
drug stores, or by express prepaid $1
per larg« bottle. Sufferers may test
B. B. B. f a trial treatment sent free by
writing Blood Balm Co., 109 Mitchell St.,
Atlanta, Ga. Describe trouble and free
medical advice given until cured. Costs
nothing to try B. B. 8., as medicine is sent
prepaid. Botanic Blood Balm does not
contain mineral poisons or mercury (as
•o many advertised remedies do), but. is
composed «f Ture Botanic Ingredients.
The proprietors of this paper know that
B. B. B. is an old Southern Blood cure
that has cured thousands of obstinate
cases of Bad Bloods. Over 3,000 volun
tary testimonials •( cure by taking Bo
tanic Blood Balm.
Having qualified as executor of the
estate of Willis Smith, deceased, late
of Wake county, N. C., this is to notify
all Jpersons having claims against the
said estate to present the same to the
undersigned at his office in Raleigh,
N. C., on or lx fore the Ist day of Octo
ber, 1903, or this notice will be plead
in bar of their recovery, and all persons
indebted to the said estate will please
make immediate payment to the under
signed. JAMES W. SMITH.
Executor, Purnell, N. 0.
October Ist, 19f'3. 1-a w Gw.
UyILL GO ON YOUR BOND—
” American Bonding Company of Baltimore.
ASSETS OVER *M00,00« BUSIN JSSS CONFINED TO SURSHY BOND*.
Accepted as solo gocurlty by U. S. Government and the State and Counties of
North Carolina. _
SOLICITS THE BONDS OF
Federal Officers, Administrators, Executors, etc.,
Bank, Corporation and railroad officers, Guardians, Receivers and Assignees,
Deputy Collectors, Gaugers, etc., Cotton and Tobacco Buyers,
Insurance and Fertilizer Agents, Contractors and Builders.
Postmasters, better Carriersh, etc. Tobaeco and Cigar Manufacturers,
And all persons occupying positions of trust and responsibility.
Reasonable rates and prompt attention to correspondence.
RELIABLE AGENTS WANTED
In all county seats and important towns in which we are not at present represented. Address,
R. B. RANEY, General Agent, Raleigh, N. C.
Os the country, every State in the Union, all unite in
praise of the Shoninger Pianos. Have you joined the
great procession that is keeping time to the music of
Shoninger Pianos? If not, you should do so at once. It is
one of the handsomest, most durable, sweet-toned pianos
ever sold in this section. Prices moderate. Terms reasonable.
Darnell & Thomas,
RALEIGH, N, C.
Cures Cholera - infantum^
the Esowcls, Strengthens
Costs Only 25 cents at Druggists, 41 teething l easy?
Or mail 25 cents to C. J. MOFFETT, M. D.. ST. LOUIS, MO.
Atlanta. Ga., Nov. 19. 1900.
We have handled Dr. Moffett’s TEETHINA (Teething Powders) ever since its first introduction to the public
anti trade as a proprietary medicine, anti our trade in it has steadily increased fr<un year to year until our orders
now amount to two or three hundred gross per year, which is a very strong evidence of its merit and the satisfaction it
is giving to the mothers of the country, for they say nothing so effectually counteracts the effects of the summer s
hot sun or overcomes so quickly the troubles incident to teething. _ • _ ...
THK LAM Ale & RANKIN DRUG CO.. Wholesale Druggists.
Tor sale by all druggists. Trada eu plied by W. H. King Drtic Co.
SEMI PASTE PAINTS AND
READY MIXED PAINTS
Arelhe Best Paints Made.
Manufactured by i
TANNER FAINT AND OIL CO.,
P. O. Box 180 Richmond, Va.
The Eastern w Insurance Company.
Home Office: WASHINGTON, N. C.
An old line corrpany from the foundation up.
Most liberal policies with large cash surrender values
Profitable contracts in productive territory for
energetic, reliable agents. Address,
D. T. TAYLOE, H. SUSIVIAN,
President. Ceneral Manager.
THE WHEAT CROP
OF LAST YEAR WAS THE
LARGEST IN MANY YEARS
Our Fertilizers were more general y
in the State than all others, and are
The Best ter All Fall Crops.
They make the stuff GROW. Ask for and
take nothing but goods made by
DURHAM FERTILIZER CO..
Branch V. C. C. Co.. DURHAM, N. C.
Prices and Particulars for the Askir «.
« Don't hand
nut money for things th?vt are not •• the
hesi. Many washing powders thnt seem to
work well svre unfit to vise. PEARXINE
costs only a trifle more than the poor and
dangerous. The absolute safety of PF.A R
LINE has been thoroughly tested a.nd
proved. Msvke sure nothing Is used to save
work at expense of your clothes. 659
PeWrlirve: Safe, Saving,
poor GLOV r
W. P. TAYLO r
Boston, • tass.
THE be .
On the mark et. All
styles Sold by