(OFM dafoam Record.
31 djhailam Jutoqd,
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
EDITOR AND I'lIOPHlETOR.
AyAyA Ay a
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PITTSBOHO', CHATHAM CO., N. C, FEBRUARY 27, 1879.
For larger advertisements liberal contracts wlU bo
vi li nil
Cheapest Goods & Best Variety
CAN BE FOUND AT
Hew Goofls RficeiTBd eyery Week.
You can always find what you wish at Lon
don's. He keep everything.
Dry Goods, Clothing, Carpeting, Hardware,
Tin Ware, Drugs, Crockery, Confectionery
Shoes, Boot, Caps, Hata, Carriage
Materials, Sewing Machlnes,011s,
Putty, Glass, Paints, Nails,
Iron, Plows and Plow
Sold, Upptr and Harness Leathers,
Shawls, Blankets, Um
brellas, Corsets, Belts, La
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burg Edgings, Laces, Furniture, fec.
Best Shirts In the Country for $1.
Best 6-cent Cigar, Chewing and
Smoking Tobacco, Snuff,
Salt and Molasses.
My stock Is always complete in every line,
and goods always sold at the lowest prices.
Special Inducements to Cash Buyers.
My motto, "A nimble Sixpence is bettei
than a slow Shilling."
t3ETAU kinds of produce taken.
W. L. LONDON,
Ptttsboro', N. Carolina.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
Attorney at Law,
I'lTTSBOKO', N. C.
sc?Special Attention Paid to
J. J. JACKSON,
AT TOR NE Y-AT-L AW,
t"All business entrusted to him will re
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All its fund loaned out AT HOME, and
among our own people. We do not send
North Carolina money abroad to build up other
States. It is one of the most successful com
panies of Its ago in the United States. Its as
sets are amply sulncient. All losses paid
j):o nptly. Eight thousand dollars paid in the
Lst two years to families in Chatham. It will
cost a man aged thirty years only five cents a
day to insure for one thousand dollars.
Apply for further Information to
H.A. LONDON, Jr., Gen. Agt.
PITTSBOKO', N. C.
Dr. A. D. MOORE,
PICTSBOILO', N. c,
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Attorney at Law,
PITTSBORO', IT. 0.,
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Msere and Orange, and la the Supreme and Fedtraj
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Dry 3oodi, Qroosrisa & General Marchandlie,
All kinds of Plows and Castings, Buggy
Mslsrltls, furniture, oto.
riTTSBonc, n: car.
Good bye, little ferns :
The green feathery plumes
That you waved la the summer no hlarh.
Have grown brown and sere, now autumn Is near
wooa-Dy little lorn., O, good-ny.
1 bid yon good-hy
For the good you hare done;
Ton have crown lu the suuliirht ant! rain.
Atid with leafy plumes and woodland perfumes.
Adorned rorest, valley, and plain.
Farewell, little ferns!
Tou have changed your green rolies
or ami g-ariuents of russet and srrav:
Tour lowly bent heads, your cold, frosty beds
Bhow plainly your coining decay.
Adieu, little ferns.
Tender children of spring.
And of tuiumer't verdure moBt fair:
The keen frosts apiiear. your bed-time is near.
our couch now nature does prepare.
Good-night, little ferns,
Summer's beauties are gone;
And dull brown Is eaoh pasture and Held;
And the trees, once gay in uutuiun array,
To earth now their withered leaves yield.
Rest now, little ferns.
While the trees o'er your heads
Scatter brown, withered leaflet around.
Toeover you warm, from eacli chilly stunn,
Till sweet resurrection lb found.
Good by, lUtte ferns.
Chilly days have now come.
And we know that your bed-time is nigh;
The giant trees keep a watch o'er your sleep.
i.mmI-! little ferns. O, good-by!
Wheu the uneasy waves of life subside.
And the soothed ocean sleeps lu glassy rest.
I see submerged, beyond or storm or tide.
The treasures gathered lu Its greedy breast.
1 see them gleaming beautiful as when
Erewhlle they floated, convoys of my fate ;
The barks of lovely women, noble men,
Full sailed with hope, and stored with love's own
The snnkeu treasures of my heart as well
Look np to me as perfect as at dawn :
My golden palace heaves beneath the swell
To meet iny touch, and is again withdrawn.
There wait the recognitions, the quick ties.
Whence the heart knows its kin wherever cast ;
And there the partings, when the wistful eyes
Caress each other, as they look their last.
There lie the summer eves, delicious eves,
The soft green valleys drenched with light dlvlue,
The lisping murmurs of the chestnut leaves.
The hand that lay, the eyes that looked lu mine.
I see them all, but stretch my arms lu vain ;
Ko deep sea plummet reaches where they rest ;
Xo running diver shall descend the main
And bring a single jewel from its breast.
TOM AND THE TELEPHONE.
If my friend, Tom Russell, had been
very slightly iu love or very conceited, he
would have given up the pursuit of Bessie
Gordon, lie would not have thought it
wcrth his while to make a girl love him,
who could give no reason lor not loving
him. Or if he had been conceited he
would have concluded there was some
thing wrong in her and not in himself,
and let it go at that.
Tom was 30 year6 old, somewhat bald
and near-sighted, but otherwise in a good
state of repair. He was a "jolly," good
natured chap, fond of ladies' society, but
always guilty of what one of them called
his "delicious impudence," which was
both a sign and a cause of his general in
difference to any serious deportment or
intention toward them. But the time
came at last for losing his heart, as it came
for losing his hair. Bessie and two other
old school friends of his sister came down
to make a visit one fall at his home in
Suydam Park, twenty miles from New
York. In three days Tom was head over
ears in love with Bessie, and in less than
a week would have proposed to her, when
suddenly her "cousin," a tall, handsome,
bright-eyed, curly-haired young fellow
appeared and gave Tom a dreadful turn.
Although there was Tom's sister and the
twoother girls to flirt with, Charley Noble
persisted in monopolizing his "cousin's"
time and attention, uutil Tom became al
most rude to him in spite of his being his
guest. Finally Tom, in desperation, took
her out sailing on the river and iutimated
that he loved her as no man ever loved a
woman before. She had become so ac
customed to his bantering ways with
women that she supposed he was joking
as usual and declined the honor he pro
posed paying her. The more he plead
the more she refused, thinking that it was
only "some of his nonsense."
Tom was as much dejected as he was
rejected, and was afraid that the "hand
some cousin" had, as he bitterly said to
himself, a "chattel mortgage" on her.
He only wished he knew if he had fore
closed it. He asked his sister about it,
but she couldn't tell him. She had her
own curiosity on the subject, but hadn't
been able to satisfy it.
Shortly after this Charley Noble fell
and sprained his ankle, and then Tom
thought his time had surely come. But it
was worso than ever; for the girls, and
especially Bessie, he thought, hung around
"the fellow's' lounge, read to him, bathed
his head, and made as much fuss over
him as if he had lost his leg in some glori
ous battre for his country's cause. As
soon as he was well the visitors departed
and the last Tom saw of them in the train,
Charley Noble's long arm was resting on
the upper edge of the back seat and look
ing as if it might fall oft. If it did Tom
was sure "the fellow" was just impudent
enough to see that it fell in the inside in
stead of the outside of the seat.
But after they had gone Tom thought
it over and made ap bis mind not to give
it up so easily. "Like enough," he said
to himself. "She thought I wasn't in ear
nest. I'll prove I am by asking her until
So he went up to the city one evening,
and on his way to Mr. Gordon's house
encountered a friend about his own age,
George Adriance, who had been making
some interesting experiments with a view
to improving the telephone. He claimed
to have added a "resounder," which
gathered up all the sounds in a room in
such a way that ordinary conversation
could be transmitted without applying the
mouth to the tube.
'Come up to my room," he said, after
slapping Tom on the back and saying,
"Hulloa, I want you to try my 'resoun
So Tom followed him up three flights
of stairs and through a corridor along
which flaunted, like bannerets, many
colored signs, with white, green, black
and gilded letters, and transom windows,
like friezes, illuminated with gaily painted
numerals. Names of well-known artists
and of literary celebrities greeted the eye,
for there during the daylight wert their
His friend showed Tomhis "resounder,"
and the working of the key also, an im
provement by which various stations and
instruments in different parts of the city
could be connected and .shut off at plea
sure, He pressed the lever and they heard the
Sergeant of Police at one of the stations
give orders to arrest two burglars just
then crawling out of the back window ol
a house with the body of a millionire
whose funeral had not yet been celebrated,
H turned it again and they heard a poli
tical audience gathering in a large hall,
shouting and stamping, and crying party
cries. Another brought the sounds of a
quarrel between a stage manager in a
theater and one of the prineip al actresses,
who declared she wouldn't appear that
night unless the manager agreed to pay
her for the damage done to her new dress
which was torn the night before by a hook
in one of the "flies" on her way to becom
ing a cherub.
"I should think it would be very em
barrassing," said Tom, "it makes a city
one vast whispering gallery. Asmodeus
need not take oft' the roofs to know what
is going on."
Yes," said his friend, coolly. "I ex
pect to hear some very comic, perhaps
tragic, results from its use; but the remedy
is easy. People must learn to disconnect
their machines when they're done using
them. But I'm already thinking of an
automatic attachment which will need to
be held down while the instrument is in
use, and disconnect it when the hand is
Then Adriance excused himself a few
moments while he went into his bed-room
adjoining, telling Tom that he would
walk along with him. Tom sat there
amusing himself by trying various speci
mens ot the talk "on tap" before him.
By chance he hit the key a little harder
than usual and sent it half way 'round the
graduated circle on which it revolved.
Tom started; his eyes, or his ears, or
both, almost bursting their ligatures with
"1 loved you, darling," said the fami
liar voice of Charley Noble, "weeks ago
when we sat around the fireside, when
another sought you, when he walked with
you and sailed away with you, and I was
a prisoner of pain and weakness."
(), I wish I had appreciated that,"
said a voice which thrilled Tom with un
utterable anguish. "I would have been
rejoiced to have had a right to nurse and
"But 1 feared," said Charley, "that his
lightest word and happiest mood was far
more to you than my deepest feeling or
"He," said Bessie so gently, so compas
sionately, "is worthy of a true woman's
love. I hope he will win it some day."
"I can't quite realize it, my darling,"
said the other; although the dear truth is
part of my very existence, that I have
won the love of a woman, even the hem
and folds of whose garments seem to re
flect her graciousness."
Tom's brain whirled. Anger and jeal
ousy overcame even the compassion of
Bcs.ie's voice and word3. His first im
pulse was to rush into her presence and
denounce her perfidy. But remembering
where he was, he almost smiled at his
childish wrath which had deluded him.
A young devil for the world is getting
too populous for one Satan, and he has
taken numerous offspring into partner
shipurged him to crash in upon their
cooing with some wild words which
would horrify them and make them blush
and tingle at the thought of their exposing
their innermost confidences to a listening
world. But Tom took that infant Satan
by the throat and strangled the life out of
him and threw him behind him. And he
felt disgraced at his sitting there, an oaf,
an eaves-dropper, listening to revelations
that were meant only for the sacrednesi
of lovers' privacy. Of course he didn't
care a picayune for Charlev Noble's feel
ings, and had he loved Bessie less he
would not have cared for hers; but there
was a fine-grained chivalry in him which
was fretted and offended by this listening,
even to what so nearly concerned him.
Again the sweet voice from the instru
ment, which his friend had so perfected
that it transmitted tones very clearly,
smote bis ears. He resolutely turned
away. His finer instincts seemed to seize
him as justice collars a rogue, and handed
him his hat and marched him into the
hall and down the flights of stairs and
thrust him on to the sidewalk, to cool his
jealousy and rage.
Then he remembered that his friend
was to walk with him and presently he
came down. Tom muttered some excuse
about "it's getting to hot for him up
"By the way," said Adriance, "we had
a most interesting seance at Gordon's last
evening. I put in one of my 'resounders'
into his library; and there were about a
dozen of as pleasant people as I ever met.
That Miss Gordon is a lively young wo
man." "Who else was there ?" gasped Tom.
"Well, Prof. Brocksby, and a splendid
looking fellow who goes there very often,
I believe, and uses his eyes as telephones
with Miss Gordon Charley Noble, and
"Good night!" said Tom abruptly turn
His jealousy got possession of him
again as the words he had heard once
more rang in his ears, and his imagina
tion pictured the caresses which might
have accompanied them, and kisses
"Hopeless fancy feigned on lips"
that were meant for another. What
right had she to listen to such imper
tinences or reply to them as she didl She
had deceived him. It was unwomanly
and indelicate in her to allow even her
cousin to talk so. The delightful words
she had wasted on this other man, Tom
had reserved for himself some day. He
had spoken for her long since. What
right had that man to interfere with his
prior claim? If she could not satisfy his
own, she had no right to tolerate an
other's. He went on in this wild way as if he
had not had a refusal from her, but a re
fusal of her. He was wroth with her,
and "to be wroth with those we love doth
work like madness in the brain." Then
he became calmer and cursed himself for
a fool. Then he thought tenderly of her.
Then he grew hot again with his baffled
passion and suddenly found himself, so
wrapt he had been with his emotions, in
front of Mr. Gordon's house.
In a spasm of desperation and reckless
ness he walked up the steps, rang the
bell, asked for Miss Gordon and was
shown into the parlor. The sliding doors
of the library in the rear were open, and
he went boldly forward into that room.
The fire b'irned brightly on the newly
swept hearth. The chairs were set in
precision. The books were piled on the
table in rectangular order. There were
noneofthose signs of disturbance which
lovers generally leave upon the usual
primness of a room, and which, to the
observing, are as visible as the imprints
of footsteps on the leaves, twigs and grass
to the keen-eyed savage.
Tom could not believe his senses.
Scarcely fifteen minutes before he had
heard their voices.in that very room for
there was the telephone in a corner. They
were engaged, too, in a conversation that
people are not in the habit of breaking
off abruptly and then flying apart from
each other as if they had finished a busi
ness bargain. He wondered if Noble
were still in the house. He could not be
lieve he would have gone off like that.
Then he wondered if he himself were
in the right house. Perhaps his near
sightedness had deceived him. Houses
repeated themselves so tediously in these
city blocks. He looked around. On the
table lay a book with a mottled brown,
black and russet cover and split back. It
was 100 years old. It had quaintly en
graved head -pieces and guide words at the
foot of each page. He had heard Miss
Gordon speak of it. It was morally im
possible that two such volumes should be
lying in two houses built and furnished
alike. He opened it and discovered the
Almost immediately he heard light
footsteps in the room and Bessie was coin
ing forward, serene and self-possessed.
She gave him her hand frankly and for
the moment made Tom forget his troubles
in his admiration for her sweet voice, her
well-bred gestures, her dainty attire, her
heartiness and her sincerity. Her eye
caught 6ight of the telephone, and she told
him about the experiments with it the
"By the way," she said, going to the
instrument, "can you tell how it closes?
1 was thinking it would be very disagree
able if it were carelessly left so that other
people could hear what was said."
Tom examined it, said it was open, and
"To be sure," she went on, "there is
seldom anything said that one cares to
conceal, but one would feel awkward if
she knew anybody had been listening to
her free-spoken thoughts."
She said this calmly. Not a blush or a
stammer hinted that within a quarter of
an hour she might have been revealing to
"Dick" and "Harry," as well as to Tom,
emotions to which most young women
hardly dare give full expression even to
those who have a right to hear them.
"Good heavens! ' said Tom to himself.
"What kind of a girl is this that can talk
so coolly about such matters and pretend
she has no secrets, fifteen minutes after
she has been talking to her lover?"
He was astonished at this ugly mask
over a woman he had worshiped.
"Why," he burst o .t, "wasn't Charley
Noble here j ust now ?"
She hesitated a moment. "I believe
so." Then she said in a careless manner:
"Bnt I did not see him. I wonder if he
Tom was lost in admiratiou at the con
summate acting, and overwhelmed with
disgust at her hypocrisy. Was 6he a
coquette ? Did she delight in torturing
him ? Freezing him and thawing him at
her pleasure? Iler character did not ring
so clear to him as it did. He detected
already the beginning of a flaw that
might some time spoil it entirely. He
became vague and distraught in his talk
and Manner, and 60on after took his
PLAIN ENOUGH WHEN YOU UNDERSTAND
As the morning sun shed no light upon
Tom's perplexities, he went about his
business feeling much disgusted with life.
His sister, Carrie, proposed to him to
run into the city that night and go with
the two Miss Belnaps, her friends, to a
private entertainment for the benefit of
"I wonder which it is," sneered Tom,
"the Anti-Corn and Bunion League, or
the Society for the Suppression of Par
boiled Fiugers Among Pious Washer
However, as he was anxious for any
thing that would make the wheels of time
revolve faster, he consented. Scarcely
were they seated, Carrie and the elder
Miss Belnap two or three seats away,
when Tom discovered Bessie Gordon a
few seats in front. He longed to speak to
her in spite of his previous evening's ex
perience, and he became. 60 absorbed in
looking at her that he was inattentive to
the younger Miss Belnap, who sat next to
him, and made himself ridiculous by say
ing 'yes" when he ought to have said
"no." Miss Belnap heard Carrie so praise
his politeness and quick-wittedaess that
she was disappointed, and set him down
as his sister's "curled darling," if you
could so call a partially bald-headed young
man. "He is dreadfully over-rated,"
thought Mis3 Belnap. "What fools some
sisters a re! ' As he sat glum and stupid
he suddenly thought himself the sport of an
insane dream, as he heard something from
one of the actors on the stage in the play
of ''Black Spots and Blue," Charley No
"I loved you, darling, weeks ago, when
we sat around the fireside, when another
walked with you, and sailed away with
you, and I was the prisoner of pain and
Tom rubbed his head and felt of his
"O, I wish I had appreciated that," re
plied the lady, and the colloquy went on
to the point where Tom had ceased to lis
ten to it the evening before.
"Good gracious!" he exclaimed, loud
enough to attract the attention of those
in the seats before him.
He turned to Miss Belnap and asked
eagerly : " Who is she ? Who is she ? Do
She had become so piqued at his indif
ference that she replied, imitating his
own manner toward her:
"Know? No. Yes. I believe so," in
a drawling, abstracted tone.
Tom felt that she meant something, but
he was too much engrossed with his own
affairs to tell just what it was.
"I wish you would tell me, please, if
you know," he said, in a beseeching
"I will, with pleasure," she said: "I
At the very first intermission' he went
Lack to his sister, Miss Beluap saying to
"Well, if that's an agreeable young
man I like the other kind. They are cer
tainly more interesting."
"Who it that nlavintr 'Ethel ? " asberl
Tom in great excitement.
"As if you didn't know," said his
"Didn't know!" echoed Tom, still more
bewildered, "why of course it had oc
curred to me ."
"O, then, you did recognize it?"
"Recognize it!" again echoed Tom.
What should his sister know about his
"recognizing" it when no mortal but him
self probably knew what passed between
Bessie and Charley Noble.
"Yes, Mr. Echo, recognize it the
voice," said his sister.
"The voice!'' again repeated Tom ludi
crously. "See here, Tom, if you go on in this
way we'll set you up as a natural curiosity
on the bank of the river and have the
whistle blown and the bugle played to
amuse the passengers."
"Who is she?" asked Tom almost
sternly his patience gone.
"Why, Agnes Dewitt, Bessie's half
sister. I had only to shut my eyes to
hear Bessie's own voice."
Tom might have replied that it made
him open his. "I thought the was a little
"So she was," said Elizabeth, "but
that's a thing girls outgrow, yon know.
However, even now she's not a contem
porary of the pyramids, exactly."
"But I mean a young thing away at
"Bessie has always talked about her in
that way; but that's a habit. You know
what allowance we still make for you,
Tom," said his sister with a light l.iugh.
Tom returned to his seat. The clouds
had suddenly lifted. His sense of the
ridiculous showed him clearly what a fool
he had made of himself raging and tear
ing his heartstrings over a stupid quota
tion from a play, which he had heard
Charley Noble and Agnes Dewitt repeat
ing, just before going to a rehearsal the
Miss Belnap was quite astonished at the
change in him, he was so gay and good
natured. "1 shall have to be introduced again to
a certain gentleman," she said; 1 hardly
Tom guessed what she meant and re
plied: "These certain gentlemen are 'mighty
After the play Tom proposed to his
sister to invite Miss Bessie Gordon to take
supper with them at a neighboring restau
rant. He was in high spirits. If he
hadn't caught his fish, at least it was
swimming free of the other fellow's line.
"I wish I could find out from some in
telligent person," said Tom's Miss Belnap,
"who it was that played the part of
"Ethel." I asked one gentleman if he
knew, and he said 'Yes,' and that was all
I could get out of him. So I tried again.
'Are you bound by an oath not to reveal
her name?' 'No.' 'Will you tell me?'
Yes. ' It sounded j ust like spirit-rappih g,
'Charlev Gordon 'and then T crave it un.
But in less than five minutes after all that
he asked me if knew her."
Tom blushed the color of the straw
berries he was eating, which, at that
season of the year, were almost as great
a rarity us his blushes, and Bessie
"1 don't know what we shall do with
the child," she said. "She insists upon
going on the stage, and papa is very much
disturbed, because people have their pre
judices, you know; they feel that they are
dinerent from lawyers, or clergymen, or
doctors, or merchants, or teachers or
even artists and writers. But the says if
we don't let her, she'll kill herself study
ing mathematics, and becoming a female
astronomer, or be found dead with the
fatal manuscript on political economy by
"I thought she was much younger,"
said Tom. "You always gave the idea
that she was in her toddling infancy."
"She's always been so to me. Her
years have been just like a 'nest' of tables;
it's very plain when you look at the big
gest and the smallest, but between any
other two you can't tell which is which.
I could scarcely believe it when I heard
people talking about her this evening."
"Or refusing to talk about her?" said
"I felt a little shocked in spite of my
pride in her," continued Bessie. "That's
where one s sensitiveness would come in,
I suppose if she should become an actress
to see her name in the papers, to have
people commenting on her nose, and eyes,
and teeth; it doesn't seem as if her voiae
would belong to her any more; they'd
criticise and talk about it so."
"They might think it belonged to some
one else," thought Tom, and then he said
aloud: but "that's altogether the but way
of losing her voice, if she's going to be an
"Well, I suppose there's no use worry
ing about it," said Bessie. "Somebody
says our worst misfortunes are those
which never befall us."
"That is so," said Tom with the zeal of
a new convert to an old truth.
Tom was introduced to Miss Agnes.
Her voice was both like and unlike her
sister's. Of course Tom thought it was
not so sweet, but the inflections were
Tom took an early opportunity to tell
Bessie Gordon his mistake and the pain
and disappointment it had caused him.
' I thought, of course, it was your cousin
Charley. He was so attentive to you at
Bessie s musical laugh rang out.
"O," she said, "he's dead in love with
Agnes and he wants my aid in recom
mending him to father and inducing her
to give up her stage mania."
This is Tom Russell's story told with a
straight face. His wife Bessie eat and
heard him through and then said:
"What nonesense! Don't you believe it!
He came to call on me that evening and
sat in the parlor, and fell asleep waiting
for me to come down stairs. Charley and
Agnes were rehearsing in the next room,
and he heard them play next evening.
But the telephone incident was all in his
dream, as he sat asleep."
But Tom insisted, and I have never yet
found out the exact truth of the matter.
Detroit Free Preet.
The London Freemason under the
heading "General Tidings," says:
"It is estimated that there are two
thousand four hundred disorders to
which the human frame is liable.
When a man is laid up with rheuma
tism, he may well think that the en
tire number has struck him in concert."
you know. Ihen 1 waited and waited,
and at last, in perfect desperation, I said:
'What is her name, please?' and he said
LEGENDARY NAMES OF WILD FLOWERS
We take from an interesting Wtnre nf
the Rev. Mr. Tuckwell, of Somerset
shire, England, what he says about the
names of plants derived from the legends
and traditions connected with them.
Many curious bits of myth and history
reveai uiemseives as we excavate down
to these old meanings. The Pajony, or
healing plant, commemorates the Ho
meric god Peon, the first physician of
uie gocts, wno tended tne bellowing Ares
when smarting from the snenr nf T)in.
med. The Centaury is the plant with
which me centaur uniron salved the
wound inflicted bv the noisoned arrow of
Hercules. The Ambross, or Wormwood
is the immortal food which Venus gave
t-. i t u x t i. i
w xiuccio uuu i upuer io jrsyene uie
Sanskrit amrita which Kehama and
Kailval auaff in Southev's atilendid
poem. The Anemone, or Wind-flower,
sprang irom tue tears wept by Venus
over the body of Adonis, as the rose
SDraner from his blood. The T)n.nhnn
Syringa, Andromeda, tell their own
iaieB. rue last, wnicn you may nna in
the Deat-bocrs round Shanwio.k Station i
due to the delicate fancy of Lhiureus,who
urst uiscoverea ana namea it, bloom
ing lonely on a barren, rocky isle, like
the daughter of CeDheus. chained to her
sea-washed cliff. The Juno Rose, or
long white lily, was blanched by milk
which fell from the bosom of Juno, the
tale being transferred in Roman Catho
lic mythology to the Virgin Mary and
the Milk Thistle. The yellow Carline
Thistle is named after Carl the Great (in
Mr. Freeman's county I must not call
him Charlemagne), who, praying earn
estly for the removal of a pestilence
which had broken out in his army, saw
in a vision an angel pointing out this
plant as a Heaven-sent cure. The Herb
Robert healed a disease endured by Rob
ert. Duke of Normfttid v. still known in
Germany as KuprechVs plague. The Fil-
V,im4- iL:n -j : a.
uciiuuugu mis is uispuieu, commemo
rates the horticultural skill of one King
Philibert. Treacle Mustard, a showv
crucifer, resembling the Wall-flower,
was an ingredient in the famous Venice
treacle, compounded, as vou will re
member, by Way land Smith to treat
me poison sicKness- or the Duke or
Sussex. The word treacle is corrupted
from the Greek theriacum, connected
with wild beasts, whose blood formed
part of the antidote. It was first made
un by the nhvsician to Mithridates.
king of Pontus, and is still in many
ri v .uujauu nuunu no ju.iiiiiiiua.bc
Mustard. The Flower-de-luce, oi fleur-de-lvs.
is the flower of Kin t Louis, hav
ing been assumed as a royal device by
Louis VII., of France, though legend
figures it on a shield brought down
from Heaven to Clovis, when fight
ing against the Saracens. It is pro-
Daoiy a wmte ins.
Not a few strange superstitions and
beliefs are embalmed in well-known
names. The Celandine, from Chelidon.
the swallow, exudes a yellow juice,
which, applied by the old birds to the
eyes of the young swallows who are
born blind or have lost their sight, at
once restores it. The Hawkweed has
the same virtue in the case of hawks.
The Fumatory, fume-terre, was pro
duced without seed by smoke or vapor
arising from the ground. The Devil's
bit is a common Scabious, with a
premorse or shortened root, which was
used SO successfully for all manner nf
diseases that the Devil snitefullv bit it
off, and forever checked its growth.
xne -uyeDrigni, eupnrasy, was given to
Michael from Adam's eyes the film removed.
Then purged with euphrasy and rue
The visual nerve, for he had much to see."
The Judas tree, with its thorns and
pink blossoms, was the tree on which
Judas hanged himself. The Mandrake
gathered round itself a host of wild
credulities. It was the Atropa Man-
dragora, a plant nearly allied to the
deadly Night-shade, but with a large
iorKed tuber, resembling the human
form. Hence it was held to remove
sterility, a belief shared by Rachel, in
the Book of Genesis, and" was sold for
high prices in the middle ages, with
this idea. In fact, the demand being
greater than the supply, the dealer
used to cut the large roots of the
White Bryony into the figure of a man
and insert grains of wheat or millet in
the bead and face, which soon sprouted
and grew, producing the semblance of
hair and beard. These monstrosities
fetched in Italy as much as thirtv
gold ducats, and were sold largely, as
Sir T. Brown tells us, in our own coun
try. It was thought that the plant
would grow only under a murderer's
gibbet, being nursed by the fat which
fell from his decaying body ; hence it
formed an ingredient in the love
philtries and other hell-broths of
witches, and, as it was believed that the
root when torn from the earth emitted
a shriek, which brought death to those
who heard it, all manner of terrible de
vices were invented to obtain it. The
readers of Thalaba will remember the
fine scene in which the witch Khawla
procures the plant to form part of the
waxen figure of the Destroyer. It is
not uncommon in Crete and Southern
Italy. Its fruit is narcotic ; and its name
is probably derived from mandra, an
enclosed, overgrown place, such as
forms its usual home. Independent
A LIFE RIDDLE SOLVED.
Once upon a time, the conversation
having turned, in the presence of Dr.
Franklin, upon riches, and a young
person in the company having ex
pressed his surprise that they should
ever be attended with such an anxiety
and solicitude, instancing one of his ac
quaintances, who though in possession
of unbounded wealth, yet was as busy
and more anxious than the most as
siduous clerk in his counting-house;
the doctor took an apple and presented
it to a little child, who could just tot
ter about the room. The child could
scarcely grasp it in its hand. He than
gave it another, which occupied the
other hand. Then choosing a third, re
markable in size and beauty, he pre
sented that also. The child, after many
ineffectual attempts to hold the three,
dropped the last on the carpet, and
buist into tears. "See there," said the
philosopher, "there is a little man with
more riches than he can enjoy!"
There is a renort that M Clom mn
intends to devote himself exclusivel y
to snulntiire for the ncrf. i v pon an A
then drop art altogether. '
A German naner aava that the re-
neater rifle, the invention nf an Ana.
trian Captain, is the best military
weapon in existence, and hints at its
adoption in the German army in place
ui iue .Mauser.
Last September a census was taken
of the Japanese islands. The total
population of the empire was 34,338,404.
Of these, 1,036,771 dwell in Yeddo, or,
as the inhabitants name it, Tokio, in
233,061 houses, being about 4.37 oc
cupants for each house. .
The Readine Railroad Cornnanv ' s
Locomotive that was. exhibited at
Paris, and which has since been tented
satisfactorily on the Eastern and North
ern railways oi n ranee, has been run
ning in Switzerland, being the first
American encine to run unon Swiss
Of 17,000 euns constructed bv
Herr Krupp at his works at Essen dur
ing the last twenty-three years, only
sixteen have burst, and nearly all of
these were destroyed during trials un
dertaken to test their power of resist
ance or endurance, and when, conse
quently, they were loaded with charges
heavier then they were designed to
Scotland has been considered the
most wary, cautious and hard-headed
of all lands, and yet the scheme of pay
ing tne debts or shareholders in the
City of Glasgow Bank through a colos
sal lottery is to be tried. Six millions,
ot feo tickets, are to be issued, and half
of the proceeds is to be paid to the
liquidators and the remainder is to be
apportioned among the shareholJers as
An order lias recently been issued
at the I'ost-cffice DepHrtinti.t. in
Washington, discontinuing from and
after the close of the present quarter,
Aiarcn jist, ly, the local agencies lor
the sale of postage stamps, etc., in some
of the larger cities. A discount of two
per cent, is allowed such agents, repre
senting a loss of between $40,000 and
$.0,U0J a year to the Government, tor
which it is thought no equivalent is re
ceived. Fourteen cities have these
agencies and among them Washing
ton. A clock made entirely of bread has
lately been received in Milan, Italy,
from reru. It was constructed by an
Indian, who, having no means of pur
chasing material, saved a portion of
the soft part of his daily bread for the
purpose. He solidified it with a certain
salt, which rendered it very hard and
insoluble in water. The clock keeps
good time, and the case, also of
hardened bread, displays artistic talent.
A well-dressed middle-aged woman
occupied rooms several days in the
Brunswick Hotel, Boston, paid her
bills in lull, and was liberal with gifts
to the employees. On her departure she
ordered an elaborate . supper for 500
persons, to be sent to her suburban
home, accompanied by cooks and
waiters. The stuff was taken at the
appointed time to the place indicated,
but the woman had no home there, bhe
was a lunatic, and had escaped from an
The Lighting Committee of the
Paris Municipality have reported in
favor of a twelve months' experiment.
The Avenue del'Opera, the Place dela
Bastile, and one of the market build
ings are to be lighted by electricity at
a charge not exceeding six cents per
hour for each burner, and the gas com
pany is to light the Rue du (juatre
Septembre and the Place du Chateau
d'Eau in an improved fashion at an
extra charge of not more than one cent
per cubic metre.
A young gentleman of eighteen, at
Springfield, Mass., with an annual in
come of $lu6, wedded secretly a school
young lady of seventeen. On Sunday he
called at her residence and his un
conscious mother-in-law said her
daughter was not at home. The hus
band forced his way in to see for him
self; the old lady called for a neighbor
to put him out, and the bride darted
forth and threw herself into the arms
of her husband, who brandished aloft
a copy of the Boys of New York and
shouted: "Behold me lawful wedded
wife." But they fired him out, and his
lawful wedded wife was ignominiously
chastised and sent supper less to bed.
The building operations of New
York and Philadelphia differ greatly in
the character of the houses erected for
the inhabitants of the two cities. Dur
ing the last eleven years the average
number of first-class dwellings built in
New York has been 570 per annum,
the average value of each being $16,000.
The average number of second-clasi
dwellings (costing $3700 each) has been
174 per annum, but of tenements and
French flats there have been 684 per
annum built during the last eleven
years. It appears very clearly from
these returns that the larger number of
dwelling houses were built for wealthy
people, while the poorer mechanics and
tradesmen were, for the greater part,
condemned to live in tenement houses.
In .Philadelphia last year, although
fewer dwelling houses tnan usual were
erected, there were 2275 two and three
atory dwellings built, besides 138 stores
and dwellings combined, but no tene
ments. New York in eleven years
built about nineteen hundred small
dwellings, including frame "shanties,"
(which were not separately reported
until 1875), but in 1878 alone Philadel
phia built ever twelve hundred two
story dwellings, and this was le33 than
the average number for the last ten
years. Besides these there were pro
uably as many more cheap three-story
dwellings which could fairly be com
pared with the class of houses of which
New York built only nineteen hundred
in eleven years. New York expends
more money on a very much smaller
number of buildings than Philadelphia.
The whole number of new buildings
erected in New York "last year was
1672; the number in Philadelphia 29Q2.