2 0jhatljam ttoni
otir ptjure, one lnw-rtlnii,
one square, tw" Inn-rHmi,-
One square. 'Tn-ni"inli, -
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One cory. onp j mi, - -
Onefopr ,sii tllOlltlx ...
One copy, three month, -
riTTSBOKO', CHATHAM CO., N. C, OCTOBER 0, 1870.
$Fhn. Chatham Record.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
EDITOR AM) I'linl'ltirTOK.
To the Bereaved !
BEST OF MARBLE.
Good Workmanship, tod Cheapest and Largest
Variety in the State. Vara comer Morgan and
Blount streets, below Wynn's livery stable.
Address all communications to
CAYTON & WOLFE,
Riloiph, N. 0.
W. L LONDON Will Keep Them.
Tlia Bpring and Rammer Stock la very large
and extra Cheap. Xtemember,
HE KEEPS EVERYTHING
And always keep a Full Bnpply. Tie koeps
me largest iioci or riiunp. I'liUW UAnT
IXQ3 and FARM IN O IMPLEMENTS in the
Oonnty, which lie sells at Factory Prices, lias
Bull-tongnpe, Shovel-plows, H weeps, e'o., as
cneap as you can buy the Iron or Btoel. lie
beeps the finest and beat atock of
Sugars, Coffee, Teat, Cuba Molasses,
J-'ine Sirup and Fancy Groceries.
Ilo buys good at the Lowest Trioon, and
talu advantagu of all discount, and will tell
goods ail cheap for CaHU aa they can be
bought in the titate. Vou can always fin
DRY GOODS !
Fancy Ooods, such aa liibl-ous, Flowers, Lares,
Tails, PntTs, Collars, Corsets, Fans, Paiaeola,
Umbrellas, Notions, Clothing,
Tinware, Drug, Paints Mixed aid
Dry Oil, Crocker), Conerf loncrhs.
Very large stock Roots, Ilata for Men, Hoys,
Ladiou and Children. Carriage Muti-rials!
Vails Iron Furniture; Chewing and RumKInt
Tobaooo, Cigars, Niiuff; Leather of all kinds,
and a thousand other things at the
W. L. LONDON.
PITTSBORO. N. O.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
Attorney at Law,
ftSpecial Attention Pid
J. J. JACKSON,
AT TOR NE Y-AT-L AW,
PITTSBOKO', X. C.
My" All business entrusted to him will re
ceive prompt attention.
W. E. ANDERSON.
P. A; WILET,
CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK,
It A LEIGH, X. C.
J.D. WILLIAMS it CO.,
Grocers, Commission Merohants and
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
RALEIGH, X. CAR.
T. H. CAMERON. iVr.r.
W. E. ANDKKKON, 1'.. Frrt.
W. II. II1CK8, &fV
The only Homo Life Insurance Co. in
' All IU funds loaned out AT IIOM I'., and
among our own people. We do not send
North Carolina money abroad tabuild up other
Bute.. H Is ono of the moat successful com
panies Of IU age In the United Slate. Its as
set are amply sufficient. All losses paid
promptly. Eight thousand dollars paid In tbs
last two year to families In Chatham. It will
coat man aged thirty years only five cents a
day to losur. for one thousand dollars.
Apply for further Information to
N:A. LONDON, Jr., Gen. Agt.
' PITTSBORO', N. C.
Attorney at Law,
PITTSBOEO', N. 0.,
Tmtm ) tt Uoarls ot C'bathaa. Hr..U
Mis aa Ortaf , a4 iu lb. Supram. a Fsdwai
The Fenny Te Meant to (Ji'o.'
Tb re's a f nnny tale of a utit gy man,
Who was none too good, but might have been
Who wont to bis churab on Buuday night,
And carried along bis well-filled purre.
When the sexton came with bis beggiug plate,
The church was but dim with the oandle a
The stingy man fumbled all through bis purse,
And choso a ooln by touch and not sig'-.i.
II a an odd thing now that guineas should to
So liko unto pennies in shape aud size;
' I'll give a penny,' the stiugy man said,
'The poor mnetuot gifts of pennies despise.'
Tho penny fell down with a clatter and ring !
And back in bis seat leaned the stingy mau,
'The world Is so full of the poor,' he thought,
'I can't help them all I give what I oaa.'
Ha ! ba ! how the sexton smiled, to be sure,
To see the gold gninea tall into bis plate !
Ha! ba! how tho stingy mm s heart waswruug,
Perceiving bis blunder, but Jum too late !
'No matter,' hj said, 'in the Lord's account
That guinea of gold is set down to me;
Tiny loud to Him who give to the poor;
It will not so bad an investment be.'
'Na, us, mou,' the obuckliug sexton cried out;
'The Lord is ua obeated He ktoelliee well,
He knew it was ouly by accident
That out o' tby fingers the guinea foil !
'Ho keeps an account, no doubt, for the pair
but la that account Ho'U set down to tbee
Na mair o' that golden guinea, my mou,
Thau tho one bare penny yo meant to gi'e.'
June 1, 1877. Sunday. We bad stick
a stirring preacher to-day a homo mis
sionary. He sot the whole business be
fore til iu a new light; he urged upon ns
lue necessity of action. If nearer duties
detained ns, we ought to give tithos of
our income, he said. Mr. Andover add
ed a few remarks to emphasize the mis
bionary's, and then the box was passed.
Of course I hadn't any money. I thought
somewhat of patting iu the ring Aunt
Holyoke left me, but dida't dare. A'ter
ward Mr. Andover said if any one had
come to church unprepared, she could
lenvo her mite in his hands at any tinio,
to be forwarded for the good cause. I
told Philip, who overtook mo on the
way from church, ho muoh I was in
forested, and how much I wished I were
rich enough to contribute; and he only
laughed and pooh-poohed, and called
me a religious enthusiast. Mother says
she wishes Philip wouldu't haaut me so
much; that einco he bits broken our en
gagement lioemiHo we wore too j oor to
marry, and no likelihood of growing
l ichor, ua his futlier had just failed, ho
ought not to net as if I belonged to him
still. I suppose the thinks it diminish
es my chances; but I don't want any
more 'chances.' I don't believe I shall
ever marry now; neither will Philip ; Bud
why should we not bo friends? Old Mrs.
Abcrnttby told me, directly after the
engagement was off, that she always
knew Philip Devercaux was sclllsh and
mercenary. I should have given her a
piece of my mind if she hadn't been old
enough to be my grandmother, and
hadn't ni?aut it kindly. How unhappy
I was when Nell Williams got angry
with me, and said sho didn't believe thut
I'hi'ip ever meant to marry me, and
wo'iM never marry ad.v girl without a
fortune I That ended our friendship.
Thursday. Philip is going away !
It is like a thunder -bolt. Ho is going
iuto business in New York. Perhaps
lie will make a fortune: who known?
Not that I care for money. Mr. Ando
ver brought me a book to read to mother,
and a Lunch o' scarlet columbines. How
I wish she could see their rich eolor and
graoe I I told him that I had grown a
tmdden interest in home missions, aud
wished there was something I oould do
tor the poor people tho It 3 v. Mr. Ger
rish told us about. 'Your mission is al
ready marked out for yon,' he said.
You are eyes to the blind, and snnshine
to those who Bit in shadow.' I always
think Mr, Andover is a plain man till he
Tuesday. Philip is gone I He bade
me good-bye at the gate last night,nnder
tho stars. He is going to write often.
It is horribly lonoeone to-day: what
would a lifetime be without him I I've
beguiled myself thinking over a plan
for raising mocey for the home missions.
I've sold Aunt Holyoke's rink. It was
a pretty ring, but the jeweler only gave
me two dollars for it, with which I have
bought i lottery ticket. It doesn't
draw till the first of July, and then how
proud I should be to take a thousand
dollars over to the parsonage for the
cause, and how eurprised Mr. Andover
won Id be I
Wednesday, Very dull. Road 'Par
adise Lost' to mother.
Thunday 20. Mr. Andover called;
asked if I had heard from Mr. Dever-
eani. I'm afraid something has hap
pened to him.
June 30. A short but delightful let
ter from Philip. He is too busy to write
much or often. Mr. Andover is going
to give me (Jjrmau lessons.
July 5. The lottery ticket drew noth
ing. I eonld have cried. I built so
many castles. The very neit number
to mine drew five hundred dollars. I
painted a little horseshoe German for
got-me nots on a gold ground and Mr,
Ashley, the stationer, sold it for mo for
five dollars. I was thunder-struck,
Who could have thought it worth so
much I I mean to buy a ticket in the
R 3yal Havana Lottery this time. Per
haps this is the beginning of luck.
July 11. Wrote to Philip. Mr. Au
dovr ci. rue to f ive me a German lcpton,
aud afterward read to mother uud me
from tho Oertuau authors. I told him,
juit as he was leaving, thut I had heard
from Philip, boaause he asked before.
Thought he looked displeased or some
thing: perhaps he thinks I'm wautiDg
in proper spirit, to correspond with
Philip since our engagement is broken.
Auyutl. rhilip is bo busy thut ho
ean't Hud tinio tj write often. I've hud
ouly three letters einco he left, but he
says that mine muko sunshine in a shady
place for hime. Hquire Cutis told Nell
Williams that his daughter Annette, who
is visiting at Cwey Island, met Philip
there at a hotel. 'I'm glad the poor fel
low has some diversions,' sho said, but I
was very sorry she mentioned it before
Mr. Andover and mother. Of c jurat) a
man cannot work day and night.
A ugustW. Such weather is too splen
did to enjoy alone. Mr. Andover rowed
me np to tho Artiehoke river. It was
like fairy-land, all the boughs of tho
trees leaning across from shore to shore
and the moonlight and stars sifting
through and painting weird shadows
upon the still water. Hosting upon his
oars, he sang to mo a gondeleid which
he learned abroad, that seemed just a
part of the moonlight, the smooth river,
and the summer. What they wero to
the eye, his song was to the ear. I wish
Philip eonld siog.
August 12. The most astonishing
thing has happenod. I can hardly be
lieve it. I hava been in a state of su
preme exoitement ever since the mail
came in. What will Philip say ? I have
never been so happy since the day he
told me he had made np his mind that
he was selfishly standing in my light,
and that our engagement must bo broken
till he should sco his way clear to a for
tune. Nothing I urged could change
his noble resolve. ut now there is no
longer any need of separation. His way
is clear to a fortune. I have drawn a
prize in the Ilijal Hiivava Lottery,
Good luck under a hordenhoo.
iuguif 13. Mr. Andover came to
give me my lesson. He rtaid T looked
ns if I had heard good news. I wrote
Philip all about it; and how happy I am
to know that our days of separation are
ended- that he must feel it as much his
money as mine, and that now he will not
need to slave himself to death, nud that
though we will not be very, very rich
not nearly as rich as Squire Outts yet
wo can live iu comfort and happiuees,
unhampered by debt or poverty. How
snrpriHod, how happy, he will be I
iugust II. Philip has received my
good news by this, and is iu the seventh
lti. No letter from Philip. Perhaps
it is too early to look for oue.
20. I shall never havo the happiness
of expecting a letter from Philip nguin.
Perhaps I am only punished for my sel
fishness. I bought the lottery ticket, to
be sure, iu order to benefit the home
missions, but the temptation to beuefit
Philip and myself was too great. When
I drew the prize I doubted at tho timo
whether I did not owe it all to the home
mission, bnt as I had only hoped to draw
thousand dollars at most lor that
cause, my scruplts were overruled by
selfishness. My religious enthnsiasm,
aa Philip once called it, died out when
it oame into oompetitiou with my own
happiness. Iam punished, indeed. I
was so happy, too, when I started under
Mr. Andover's convoy for the church
picnio. I had no doubt but Philip was
on his way to meet mo and make ar
rangements for onr marriage, because
he had not written. Perhaps ho would
bj at home waiting for me when I re
turned, talking it over with mother. I
was so sure of his love. By-aud -bye I
got tired strolling in the woods and hunt
ing for maiden-hair fern with Mr. Au
dover, and sat down by some trees, a
little apart from the others, to think aud
enjoy. And presently I heard Mies
Anne Cutts reatliug a letter alond to
Mrs. Blair, and her droning voico was
hushing me off to sleep.
Oar wedding is fixed for O 'tober. I
wanted to wait till Christmas, bnt my
lord aud master objected. My gown is
already ordered ol Worth. 1 shall be
married in churoli by Mr. Andover.
'Your affcctiouate neice,
Was Miss Anne Catts still reuding
aloud, or had I dreamed this about the
wedding and Mr. Andover ? I opened
my eyes, and saw a little bird tilting on
a spray, and immediately Mrs. Blair
broke the spell by saying, 'Bless me,
Anne I it's a good match for Philip Drv
ereaux, now isn't it ? A lnoky day for
him when he broke off with Belle Ford!'
And I heard no more ; the trees and the
bird seemed to swim before me in a cloud
of mist. I stood up and steadied myself
sgainst a bowlder, and Mr. Andover
came and put my arm in his, and took
me home. And this is the end.
Thilip untrue; rhilip the lover of an
other I It is unreal. I cannot seem to
Augustii. A letter from Philip Dev-
ereaux. After all, I thought, maybe it
was gossip and hearsay. The sight of
the familiar handwriting sent the blood
spinning through my veins. He con
gratnlated me on my good luok, aud
added : 'Having broken our engagement
when wo wore both beggars, bow oould
I renew it now because you have become
rich? Would not the world our world
havo the right to point the finger of
B-'oru at. me? I eut.no! seoept sneh gen
erosity, P"lle, even for yntir sake, but
must still plod on.' Omv I should have
thought these sentiments fo noble
Whereas I was blind, now I see. He
thinks that 1 know nothing about the
affair of Anuette Cutis, or he Iirb not
courage to break: it to me.
September 15. I havo resumed my
Gerimiu studies, to divert my mind.
L very body is talking of tbo npproaeh
ing marringe. I told Mr. Andover about
the prize, and asked if he woiM take it
for home missions.
'Have you the money in hand?' be
No; I have not even sent on my tick
et. I have merely been notified that I
had drawn the amoont.'
'My dear Miss Bolle,' he said, 'pardon
me but I do not approve of lotteries.'
'Neither do I, aty longer.'
'It may be a foolish scruple,' he pur
tued; 'most peoplo would laugh at it;
but it seems to me that money obtained
in that way does more harm than good
will not bo blessed in the use.'
'Perhaps not,' I said; 'bat what shall
I do with it? I feel like the man who
drew the elephant.'
'Suppose you destroy the ticket, and
do nothing about it?'
'Very well,' I returned. 'I wish I had
never bought it.' And so I held it in
the gas jet, and reduced the fortune that
was to have made me happy to a pinch
October 1. A dreadful thing has hap
pened. Squire Catts has died insolvent.
It will postpous Anuotte's wedding. I
hear that the order for her wedding gown
has been countermanded. But if rhilip
loves her, she is still rich. All the king
doms of the earth cannot buy love.
June, 1878 It is more than a year
since I began this diary, aud how muoh
has occurred I I have often wondered
how Thilip Devercanx bore himself after
Annetto Cutts married old General Bat
tles, with his millions aud his gout, pre
ferring a palaoo without love to love in
a cottage. Yesterday I wandered iuto
the pine woods alone. Mr. Andover and
I have beon there so often that all its
treasures of shade and sunlight, of soar
ing pines and humblo mosses, seemed to
belong to us. Its winding ways are like
euchantment, hiring us on to more beau
ty aud serenity. It is liko walkiug
through dim onthodral aisles as we tread
upon tho cirpet of piuo needles, and
hear the wind fluting through the branch
es, while spicy incense is wafted about,
and sweet thoughts come liko a bene
diction. Yon scarcoly hear an approach
ing footstep, and I was gathering some
ferns, when some one close beside me
said, 'Isabella I Isabelle 1' a voioo that
sounded strangely familiar, but was not
Mr. Andover's; a voico that seemed to
conjure a vision of starry cummer nights,
and sweet scents, and tender words, in
tLo instant beforo I could turn. I never
onco thought of Fhilip Dtvereaux, but
there he stood, smiliug and debonair,
as if we had only parted au hour ago.
'Your mother told mo I should find you
hero,' he said, taking my unwilling hand.
See, I picked a four-leaved clover as I
came across tho meadow; that means
luck. Isabelle, cnu you forgive me ?'
'Yes, indeed,' I anuwered, heartily,
'and thank you too.'
'I was a fool, Isabelle.'
'And so was I.'
'Iiabelle, don't tarn away your beau.
I never loved Annette. I love you.
You have no cause for jealousy. I have
come back to marry you, Isabelle.'
'I shall never marry you, Philip, I
said. 'I do not love you any longer.'
Not love me ?' be oried. 'Oh, I un
derstand ; you have some DAtural resent
ment' Bat no love.' And then ho fell to
protesting and expostulating, while we
walked out of the pine woods together;
and just as we emerged into the road we
met Mr. Andover. no bowed and pass
ed on. I knew ho hud come to look for
me, I parted with Philip at the gate,
where we parted ouoe before, aud to-day
it is all over town thut onr engagement
June 16. Mr, Audover las not been
to seo me since tho day I met him com
ing out of the piuo woods with Philip.
Philip called, but I declined the inter
view. June IS. Mot Mr. Andovtr walking
on the causeway by the river. He turn
ed and joined me. Au old woniau came
ont of a fishing hut presently, and beg
ged for mont ; y. As be opened his purse
something gktteriug fell out at his feet.
It was Aunt Holyoke's ring. He picked
it np. 'You used to wear this,' he said;
'that was why I bought it.'
'Yon were very good. Did you mean
to give it to met' I asked.
'If you will take my heart with it,
Bello.' Harper's Magazine for "ft.
On the freight steamer Liuhope, from
Liverpool for New York, before they
had cleared the coast, were discovered
twenty-five stowaways in empty barrels.
They were put ashoro and the steamer
made another start, bnt wheo twenty-four
hours at sea, nineteen uioro stowaways
appeared from below, where they had
concealed themselves among the cargo.
The oaptain mado them do nearly all
the work on the vessel during the voy
age, and the orew had an easy time in
How Old Is ;ias.
The oldest specimen of pure ulssa
bearing auythir g like a date is a littl
molded lion's bead, Injuring the name of
an Egyptian king of the eleventh dynas
ty, in the Slide colleotion at the British
museum. That is to t-Hv, at a period
which may be moderately placed as more
than 2,000 years B. C, gloss was not
only mado, but made with a skill which
shows Hint tl o art was nothing new.
The invention of glsz'ng pottery with a
film or varnish of glacs is so old that
among the fragments which bear in-
foriptious of tho early Egyptian monar
chy are beads possibly of the first dy
Of later glass there are numerous ex
amples, suoh as a bead found at Thebes,
which has the name of Queen Hatasoo,
or Hashep, of the eighteenth dynasty.
Of the same period are vases and goblets
and many fragments. It cannot be
doubted that tiio story prepared by Pli
ny, which assigns the credit of the in.
vention to the Fheuicians, is so far
true that tbece adventurous merchants
brought specimens to other countries
from Egypt. Dr. Schliemann found
disks of glass in the excavations at My
cetii', though Homer does not mention
it as a substance known to him.
That the modern art of the glass-blow-pr
wa9 known long before is certain from
representations among the pictures on
the walls of a tomb at Beni Hassan, of
the twelfth Egyptian dynasty; but a
mnch older picture, which probably
represented the same manufacture, is
among the half-obliterated scenes in a
chamber of the tomb of Thy, at Satka
ra, and dates from the time of the fifth
dynasty, a time bo remote, that it is not
possible, in spite of the assiduous re
searches of many Egyptologers, to give
it a date in vearn.
Nervousness is one of the most anom
alous of human attributes. The Duke
of Wellington is reputed to have said,
in a paradoxical mood, that he would
prefer leading an army of cowards tinny
other, aud it is doubtless trae that men
of extremely nervous temperament often
display the most intrepid bravery on an
emergency. It is quite oonocivable that
young and timid soldiers msy be too
muoh frightened to run away; rind we
are by no means couviuced that there is
no foundation of truth iu the Irishism
that peoplo may be 'too frightened to be
afraid.' It is possible for u human be
ing to bo so alarmed that he dare not
think about danger, aud, rather than
pause for a momeut to c mtonipluto the
perils which threaten him, will rush
madly into action, if only to banish the
thoughts which would appall him. Ner
vousness and courage frequently go
hand in hand. A horse which will shy
at a sparrow is often a bold hunter, and
a woman who screams when a gun is
fired will sometimes ride veiy hard with
the bounds. Those who are childishly
netvous about paying a visit to the den
tist, will perhaps face a terrible opera
tion, or even death itself, with compara
tive calmness; aud we once knew a won
derfully fearless muu who had a child
ish dread of meeting a funeral. L rd
Byron, who was ulways prepare 1 to ac-
oopt challenges, and practiced for hours
laily with his pistols, was a coward on
horseback. To say that a man is ner
vous, often simply means that he has an
ixaginative mind, which, nuder circum
stances in whioli others feel no appre
hension, sees dangers, conjures up every
evil that oould possibly happen, and is
haunted by reoollectious of accidents
that have occurred under similar con
dition". Disease iu a Great Mining l it).
A correspondent writing from Colora
do says: There are about thirty smelters
in Leadville and more building. Some
attribute the 2,000 graves in the ceme
tery, in great measure, to tho poisonous
exhalations of those smelters. I watched
a man dipping with a liuilo liquid silver
and pouring it into molds, where it
cooled into bricks. They told me it was
oertaiu death for that man to drink in
toxicating liquors or oven tea or coffee,
or to use tobscoo; and that at night all
bis olothes must be washed and a fresh
suit worn the next day. Even with all
these precautions these dippers I don't
know what they call them often get
'leaded' aud die.
Pneumonia is the prevalent disease
and is sure death. Should the silver
mines give out, Leadville would disap
pear as Aro has disappeared. Nothing
iu the way of agricultural pro J nets can
be raised iu that vicinity. Everything
in the way of provisions is sold by the
Afraid of Newspaper Men.
The British government iu India has
issued a notice forbidding newspaper
oorrespondenis to aooompany the army
into Afghanistan. Beg i mental officers,
however, are given permission to com
municate with newspapers. This looks
as though the government was afrsid
some disagreeable trnths would be told
about the campaign, and that while it
was not deemod expedient to cut the
preen off from the uews entirely, it was
thought best to let information drip
through official neives, in whioh all that
might be distasteful can be kept back
Young scamps iu Americas, Ga.
painted a tipsy vagrant a sky-blue.
Fashions and Polvgsinv.
A c irrespondeut who has intelligently
-tn1ijd tho iia.-btion of polygamy in
l:'ab, c xi rose his conviction in the
speedy downfe.il of the 'institution,' aud
bases his conclusion as follows :
I believe that polygamy will be a
short-lived institution. The enactment
of a law which would make every poly
gamous Mormon, and especially every
apostle and elder aud priest and bishop,
feel that he himself was in danger, and
the rigid enforcement of it for a timo,
would soon bring things to a crisis At
the same time there are other influences
at work to make po.ygamy nnpopular
among many of the Mormons them
selves. When Salt Like City was a
thousand miles beyond the frontier and
communication with the Eastern centers
of trade and fashion was difficult uud
very expensive, when Gentiles rarely
visited Utah, and few articles not neces
saries of life wero brought across the
plains from the States, the fashion ible
milliner and dressmaker were unknown
here. The female converts brought here
from Europe came generally from tho
peasantry, whose style of dressing never
changed, uud was by the very force of
circumstances very plain and inexpen
sive. The cost of supporting a large
family of wives and daughters was in
those days comparatively small, while
the profits on nlmor.t every kind of busi
ness were much larger thau now.
But since completion of the Pacific
railways all this has changed. Utah is
no longer cut off from the rest of the
world; thousand of Gentiles have cyme
here to live, uud other thousands visit
the Territory every year, bringing with
them the fashions and the customs of
the great cities of the country. The ef
fect of this is already to be seen. Mor
mon women are ambitious to dress as
well as Gentile women of the same
station in life, nud to be surrounded in
their homes by the tamo luxuries. Mor
mon men find it difficult to support one
family in tho btyle iu which they wish
to live, and to provide for more than this
is out of the question. In short, the
same influences that ure at work in the
older portions of the couutry, uiakicg
marriages less frequent and families
small jr among the bettor class of Amer
icans than formerly, operate here ugaiust
plural marriages. The younger people,
too, ore more intelligent and better ed
ucated than their fathers and mothers
were, and aro less easily led away by
tho fanaticism of tho chuich. At huv
rate, I believe it to be a fact that very
few of the more iutiilligeut well-to do
young Mormon men iu tho cities aud
towns of this Territory havo more than
one wife euch.
Something uhotit liuovs.
Hardly less important to the safety of
the mariner are the buoys thut mark the
channels, and point out the dangers of
the way, than the lighthouses and light
ships whioh warn the sailor and serve as
his beacon. They are made of wood or
met:il, and aro often hollow. They sue
of various shapes and colors, partly to
render them conspicuous, and partly to
distinguifh them ono from another.
Sometimes they point out the best chan
nel; sometimes they warn the mariner
away from shoals; sometimes they form
a cjutinuons double line between which
ships can pass iu safety. A hollow con
ical buoy is called a 'cm buoy;' a double
onical buoy is called n 'unu buoy;' a
floating wooden spr.r is called a 'spar
buoy. The different colors indicate
upon which side they must bo passed.
These colors are fixed by laws of Con
gress in tho United States. Thus a red
buoy must bo left on tho starboard hand
by a vcsbel entering the harbor from
eoi, nn-1 a u lack duov must ue leit on
tho port baud; black and white horizon
tal ttripe', give wide birth; blaok aud
white vertical stripes, hug closo on either
side. Nuu buoys are placed on the
starboard side of a cbatnel, and can
bu.V(i on the port side.
The (Jrest River of till Continent.
The dimensions and volume of the
Mississippi river's actual head have been
rarely stated, aud either the river's lines
are changeable, or previous statements
are incorrect. Mr. A. n. Siegfried, of
the Linisville Courier-Jnurnal ', has re
cently returned from a csuos cruise of
five weeks about tho head of the Missis
sippi, and tht-n down its sinuous way to
Lake Pepin, more than oue thousand
miles. Ho carefully measured the river
where it first assumes n liefinite channel
from Itasca lake, and found its width to
be just twenty fte-t, its greatest depth
thirty-one inches, und its current two
and one-tenth miles per hour. While
the lake is but forty miles in a direct
liue from the Northern Pacific railwHV,
it is almost inaccessible, aud can only
be reached by eight or nine days' cir -cuitous
travel through the wilderness.
Mr. Siegfried aud his two companions,
Mr. Lucien Wnlsiu, of Cincinnati, and
Mr. J. M. Barnes, of Louisville, are
the first men who have ever navigated
those wilds in wooden boats, and, save
Schoolcraft's party in 1832, are the only
white me i who havo evr made the trip
down the far Upper Mississippi without
There can be no better help against
our own Bins, than to help our neighbor
in the encounter with bis, George
ITEMS OF liENEKAL INTEREST.
An Ohio paper soys in some portions
of that State the forests are disappear
ing very rapidly.
Twelve years ago Texas shipped only
75,000 bales of ootton. Last year she
shipped 1,000,000 bales.
A Uiltimore girl aged two years ate
so many peanuts as to cause convul
sions, whioh resulted in death.
Tweuty-one clergymen returned home
from foreign travel in three steamers
arriving in New York on a reoeut Sun
day. Pulaski county, Kentucky, has pro
ducod a ripe watermelon three inches
long, an inch and a-half in diameter,
and containing five semi.
Notwithstanding Secretary Evarts
manifesto regarding emigration of Mor
mons to this country, 335 converts re
cently arrived oa an European steamer.
The husband of the famous English
beauty, Mrs. Laugtry, has commenced
proceedings for divorce, the Prince of
Wales being set down as corespondent.
Tho signal service olliiers complain of
the dopartmeut order wht-reby they are
obliged to change their station every
two years, aud thus break up their
pleasaut homs for no apparent good
As an instauce ef the depression
among the laboring classes of Great
Britain, it is announced that the trades
unions of that country have expended
$1,800,000 in aid of members daring the
Five years ago au unknown Cinadisn
firm put 3,000.000 feet of logs iu a lake
near West Brunch, Ogemaw county,
Mich., and they aro there yet, and no
one kuows who tho firm is or what they
propose doing tho well water soaked
By a new postal arrangement parties
may havo fore'gn books sent them by
mail, the local postmasters beiug em
powered to collect duties thereon, in
stead of their beiug held by tho collec
tor of customs at the port of entry until
tho tax is paid.
A reward of $100 was offered for tho
delivery of Jack Mottor, a reputed horse
thief, to tho authorities of Do Witt
county. 111. Jack walked into the
sheriff's office in custody of a friend,
through whom ho received the ?10O,
and v.ith this mouiy he employed a
lawyer, who secured his ucquital.
'Zr-kle's Wifo' is a new charsoter lec
ture in which tl.o lecturer appears in
tho ucnt, old fashioned dress of our
gruuiiniothciii. Sho represents an old
woman who has spent her life in hard
labor for others, always keeping in the
background, while 'ekle' and tho chil
dren hnve kept pace with the times.
Gideon Cook, a preacher, was a man
very cedent ric in speech, even to his
last earthly monieuts. A few hours pre
vious to his death, his brother, nlso a
preacher, came to his bedside, and in
quired, 'Dj yon thiuk you are dying,
Gideon?' Aud tho reply, sharp and
quick, came 'Can't toll; uever died be
fore.' Rev. Mr. Spurgoou, brother of the
famous Londou preacher, in addressing
a mtetiug of elerpymeu gotten tip in bis
behalf in Njw York, remarked: 'At
your capital I saw a picture of tho sur
render of Buroyno. I had tho honor
of m&rrying Burgoyne's granddaughter,
and you are giviug mo almost os warm
a reception as yj;i did her ancestor,
though of a difbjtcut kiud.'
An Alabama woman has originated a
novel industry which may prove to bo
au important und useful one. She strips
the down of the feathers of turkeys and
othor fowls from their rjirlls aud weaves
it into a thick, soft cl th, which can be
dyed any desired c-Mor, and out of
which most beautiful ou I comfortable
cloaks, sacqiic, etc. , cau bo mado. H r
inability tobiiy h tm-IF n sailskin sacquo
led her to make tho exierim--uts.
A friend and neighbor Inn a relative,
a practical Christ iau, who has a forcible
way of putting Ihinns. Tho other
day the sn'iject f dentb-bed repentance
was under discussion, when ho said:
Sumo mou think they can live any kind
of a life, yet save their souls by a so
called repentance a few hours before
loath; bnt I have my doubts us to how
that kind of washing will dry when
hung out ou tho heavenly clothes lino.'
A medieval hostelry is to bo establish
ed at Z'irioh in Switzerland. The in
terior walls w'll bedooorated with paint
ings and inscriptions utter the ancient
fashion, and at tho end of tho chief
room will bo a pile of barrels painted in
divers colors. Oa tho tables will be
bread and tobacco, matches will be re
place 1 by fliut nud steel, and no bottles
or glasses will bo seen, bnt only leather
jacks aud goblets, while the waiters will
be costumed in tho stylo of tho middle
A short time since a report oame from
Wheatland, Gal., that during tho night
some unknown person had entered the
house of Wm. Roddau and beaten to
death two youug girls iu their beds
one of them being Mrs. Boddan's sister
and the other uiooo. R ) 1 lau and hie
wife have now been arrested for the
crime, it transpiriug that Mrs. Biddun
dic vered a criminal iutimae.y between
her husband and niece, when the latter
fled to her room, and the auut in her
fury attacked her with au iron stake and
killed her, oue of tho murdcrout blows
falling accidentally on the sister, crush -iug
in her head.