North Carolina Newspapers

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ft t CEtEm Jfcrjrrfc
H. A. LONDON, Jr,
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ADVERTISING.
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it copy, tare in"ntl
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VOL. IV.
PITTSBOIUr, CHATHAM CO., X. C, FEBRUARY 0, 1882
0, 2?, larger advertisement Ilbtrn! contracts w!U-
The Wind Amors (ho Tiers.
In the pritig the perfumed zephyr.
Sweeping upward from tlie vale.
Day among tin- tuiililinR leaflet-".
Whimper tenderly thi irtiile
To the lovers i they wander
'Mid the flowers, ami thov cease
Trouble thinking, amlirv listen
Tn the wind amount the treed.
In the mmuiier nit its sifliius?
Tells of L'oiLin', welc .. rain;
Cools the fevered lip of funiiin,
Or the parched trow of a in ;
What can pipial bo in pathos,
Or o pliror us intooisp,
A to nit and Mly listen
To the wind among the tipes ?
Thoni. in antiirun tupr.V a eduee
In It. wl. niu, finliin moan,
While I U'1 have uro Mly faliiiij;
With it" every, slightest toim,
lt it i Iipi rs mi fr !y moraine:,
Winn it lii iirt to a Incize,
To I 'aikni. niu lu we wander,
To the wind among llio trt'CB.
In Hip w in, r, v. hen nl 1 Porous
Greets null pales Hip oiuii. year,
A ii-l doth wi :Iy : 'n u 1 tlio pine ti ps
Moan and cry si though in fear ;
Tlirn we fit within the fue'Hglit,
Dreaming of our argoHira,
Itiiildiiig cate. lulled to siumlxr
liy the win 1 among tlio toe.
In IIip aiiinmer, in til-' win';r.
In the spring, and in the 1 1 ' 1 ,
Mid Hip roses, "mid tin- Knowing,
Through tlio rliani I' ll Miis.11,9 all,
I.Hilcil Willi tip- IV.lUVIIlt IIP,
Or direct fnun Boreal .- aa,
poo it p'.rr i'Iii i r to I 1 1
To (lie ''ilfl aunt's tie- M '
ll'-i ; Mn-n.-
HOW COLLY WAS SAVED.
My name is Hunt. Yes, sir; Anthony
Hunt. I am n settler and drover on this
western prairie. Wilds ? Yes, sir ; it'b
littlo c-lse than wilds now, hut yon
should have seen it w hen I an.l my wifo
first moved up liro. 'I'liero w.is not a
honso within niplit for miliM. E.i'u
now Lave not nmny ut ihbors ; Imt
thote wo have aro downiiglit poo'l cups.
To ni prcciatf) joiit ni iKhhurs cs you
ought, Mr, you runst j 1st lira in tbow
l Bfly iiu't, m tar removed fium tht
huuuti of niun.
Wlmt I ara going to toll liajij ci-,h1 tt-n
yrors ago. I was going to tho clintnnt
town or st ttlemiMit, to spII koiup tifty
head of rattle tint! criaiurr s, mt, us
c-ver you m. Tu jonrnoy was a more
rare event with rufi than i is now, mid
my wife had always -lenty of cotur.tia
Aiona to charge m wi' li in the f-lirtpe
of dry goods and grceeries, and kik-Ii
like things.
Our youngest child wits a swec t little
geutio thing, who h-id I eeu naaied ufter
heranut, Dornthv. We called tlio child
Polly. This time my comniL-ioLs iu
clr.ded oue for her child -a d-dl. Sho
had never had a real doll ; tint ii, a
bought doll ; only the nig buuilles her
mother made for her. For some days
before my departure the child could
talk of nothing eUe or we, either, for
the matter of that for she was a ft eat
pet, the darling of ns all. It was to bo
a big, big doll, with golden hair and
bluo eyei. I hhall never forgot the
child's words tho morning I was fcturt
in;, p.m sho run after mo to the ga'e, or
the pretty picture she made. There
are some children sweeter and prettier
than others, as you c.tn't have but no
tices, and Dolly was one.
"A very great big doll, pbao,
diddy,'sho called out after me. " And
please brlug it very soon."
I turned to nod a "yea" to her, ashhe
stood in her clo.in wuitey brown pina
fore against tlio giite, her nut-brown
h iir falling in curls about her neek, and
the light breezo utirring them.
"A brave doll," I nnnwercd, "for my
little one. Almost as big an Dolly."
Nobody would believe, I darefruy, how
full my thoughts were of that promised
doll, as I rode along, or what a nice
one I meant to buy. It was not often
I spent money in what my good, thrifty
wife would have called waste; but
Dolly was Dolly, and I meant to do it
now.
The cattle sold, I went ub'ont my pur
chases, and soon had no end of parcels
to be packed in tho saddle-bags. Tea,
sugar, rice, candles but I need not
weary you, sir, with telling of them,
together with the calicoes for shirts and
nightgowns, and tho delaino for the
children's new frocks. Last of all, I
went about the doll and found a
beauty. It was not as big as Dolly, or
half as big ; but it had flaxen curls and
sky-blue eyes ; and by dint of pulling
a wire you could open or shut the eye
at will.
"Do it up carefully," I Raid to the
storekeeper. "My little daughter
would ory sadly if any ham came to it."
The day was pretty well ended before
all my work was done ; and just for a
moment or two I hositated whether I
should not stay in the town and start
for home in the morning. It would
hire been the more prudent course.
Bat I thought of poor Dolly's anxiety
to get her treasure, and of my own
happiness in watching the rapture in
her delighted eyes. Bo with my parcels
packed in the best way they could be, I
mounted my borne and started.
It was as good and steady a horse as
you ever rode, sir ; but night began to
Kct in before I was well a mile away
froea the town ; it seemed a- it vm
going to ho au njjly night, too. Again
the thought struck m3 should 1 turn
back and wait till morning? I had the
prieo of the cattle, you tee, Fir in my
brrast pocket ; and robberies, iiye, and
murders also, were not quite unknown
things on the prairie. But I had ray
brace of sure pistol with me, and de
cided to press onward.
The night came ou as dark as pitch,
and part ef the way my road would be
pitch dark beside. But en that score I
had no fenr; I knew the road well,
every im'h ef it ; though I oonld not
ride r.s fns as I ehould have done in
the light. I was about six miles from
home, I Mir-pose, and I know tho time
must be close sipon midnight, fthon the
-torni which bad been biewing broke.
Tho thunder roared, tho raiu fell in
torrents; tho best 1 could do was to
press onward in it.
All ut rnce, ns I rode on, a cry startled
mo; a fuiut, wailing sound, lik) u cry
of a child. Keiniug up, 1 si.t still and
listened. Had I been mistaken ? No,
there it was again. But in what direc
tion I co'.iid not toll. I couldn't see a
thiug ; it we.s, as I have suid, u.i durk us
pitch flitting IT my horse, I lolt
about, but could li'id nothiiit;. And
while I hiis seeking I he cry came nKiiiu ;
ho fnii'.t rnoi'.n of u child in puiu. Then
I begun to winder. I am.."not super
stitious; but I asked myself how it wa
possible th.it a child could be out on
the prairie ut such an hour and in such
a n:ght. X ; a reul ch'ld it could not
le.
I'pon this camo another thought
one less welcome ; was it a trap to
hinder mo on my way and ensnare mo?
There miiht be midnight robbers who
would easily hear of mj almost certain
ride home that night, and of the muey
I should I. live ubout mc. I don't tliiuk,
sir, I am more timid than other people;
not so much so, perloips, as some; but
I confess the idea made me uneasy. My
best plan was to rido on as fast as I
coul 1, and et cut of tho mystery ipto
safe quartern. Just hero was about the
durkrst bit of road in all tho jou'.e.
Mounting my horse, I was about to
urge him ou, when the cry eimo again.
It oi l sound like a child's ; tho phiiu
live wail of a child nearly exhausted.
"God guide me I" I said, U'tdecidod
what to do. And as I sat utiother urn
nient lintoiiing, I once more hear i the
cry, fainter e.nd morn faint. I threw
myself oil my horse, ftith au exclama
tion. "Be it ghost, or be it robber, Anthony
limit is not one to abandon a child to
die without tr.iiug to suve it."
But how was I to save it ? how find
it? The moro I searched about, the
less could ray hands li'ht on anything
save the sloppy earth. Tho voice had
qtiito ceased now, so I l ad no guide
from that. While I stood trying to
peer into the darkness, all my ears alert,
a flood of sheet lightning suddeuly il
lumine! tho plain. At a littlo disfanee,
just beyou I u kind of ridge or fccntlt;
hiil, I ctught a gliupse of something
white. It ,o iiark attain in a moment,
but 1 in-ule n.v way v-.'i'li m;orriiig in
etitu't. fturo cii-iU;ii, thcte lay a poor
btlbf child. Whether by or girl I
could not toil. It seeuiod to lie three
p.irts inseusilile now, as I took it up,
dripping wi.h wet, from tho sloppy
earth.
"My poor thing," 1 said, as I hushed
t to mo. "We'll go and find mammy.
You ura all sufe now."
And in answer, the child just put out
its feeble hand, moaned once, and
Lostlcd close to me.
With the child hushed to my breast,
I rode on. Its perfect silence soon
showed me that it slept. And, sir, I
thanked God that he had let me save it,
and I thought how gratified some poor
mother would be I But I wan full of
wonder, for all th'it, wondering what
extraordinary fate had taken any young
child to that solitary spot.
Getting in sight of home, I saw all
the windows alight. Deborah bad done
it for me, I thought to guide me home
in safety through the darkness. But
presently I knew that something must
be the matter, for the very few neigh
bors we had were collected there. My
heart 6tood still with fear. I thought
of some calamity to one or other of the
children. I had saved a littlo one from
perishing ; but what might not have
happened to my own ?
Hardly daring to lift the latch, while
my poor tired horse stood still and mute
ontsi le, I went slowly in, the child in
my arms covered over with the flup of
my long coat. My wife was weeping
bitterly.
"What's amiss?" I asked in a faint
voice. And it seemed that a whole
chorus of voices answered me.
"Dolly's lost."
Dolly lost 1 Just for a momeut my
heart turned sick. Then some instinct,
like a ray of light and hope, seized
upon me. Tailing tho coat off tho face
of the child I held, I lifted tho little
sleeping thing to the light, and saw
Dolly.
Yes, sir. The child I had saved was
no other than my own my little Dolly.
And I know that God's good anpols had
guided me to save her, and that the
Crst flash of the summer lighteiiing had
! shone just at the right moment to show
j me where sho lay. It wis her white
j sun bonnet that had caught my rye. My
darling it was, and 110 other, that I hud
picked np on tho drenched roail.
Dolly, anxious for her doll, had wan
dered out unseen to meet me in tho
afternoon. For some h mr.s she was not
missed. It chanced that my two elder
itirlshnd gone over to my nearest neigh
bor's, and my wifo missing the child
just afterward, took it for granted she
was with them. The little ouhad come
on and ou, until night, and tho storm
overtook her, when she fell down fright
ened and utterly exhausted. I thanked
Hewn aloud before them all, sir ; us I
said that none but God and his holy
auels hud guided mo to her. It's not
much of a story to listen to, fir ; I am
aware of that. But I often think cf it
ia the long night, lyinj awake ; and
ask myself how I coul 1 bear to live on
now, had I run away from the poor lit
tle cry in the road, hardly louder thnn
a squirrel's chirp, and left my child to
die.
Yes, sir, you tiro right; thiil'd Dolly
ont yonder with her mother, picking
fruit ; tho litle trim figure in pink
with just the tamo sort of white sun
bonnet ou be r head that sho wore that
night, ten years ago. She is a girl that was
worth saviufr, sir; though I Fay it ; and
God knows that a.s long as my life lasts
I shall be tha'ikful that I came home
that night, instead of staying in the
town. "
lluhits of Russian Women
On the boulevards eveiy one knows
every cue else; and owing partly to tho
free and easy style of Bus-dun society,
thu custom of addressing men and
women by their Christian ninnen, and
chiefly to the narrow limi's of tho little
world in w hich ull life is here eon lined,
the scene on the boulevurds is rather
that of a hngo family party in their
own garden thin of the public: prome
nade of a largo town, livery -no is
smoking, men without exception, and
married women for the most part. The
astonishment of n foreigner on seeing
a well-dressed woman, uppnrt i;ty u
l.uly, and certainly a stranger to him,
bowing to him and nskin, to be allowed
to light her cigarette from the, hot
ashe.s of his, may bo imagined, but
there is nothing outre iu such au notion
hero.
In tho meatiti'iio the rqiiipaRK of
the wealthy ll'i-siaiis aro whirling
through tho streets. Lot us take a
gluuco ut tho people cn wheels. These
are for the most part wives and daugh
ters of officers from tho fortress, or the
wealthiest of tho meroliants. The
wheels a'l roll beneath ('tie pattern of
carriage, tho familiar droshky, enlarged
and beautified with paint and fur wrap
pings beyond tho standard of that of
the local cab diiver, but still to till in
tents aud purposes tho Fume vehicle.
Two ladies can lean back in tho Vic
toriu-shapod body of the carriage
facing the horses, and opposite sits a
cavalier, his long leg.s straightened and
confined beneath the narrowest, und
most uncomfortable of seats. On the
box flits tho driver iu black velvet
waisteost, with n skirt like a toga, and
boles instead of anus through vhich
the full piiik sleeves of his shirt uppetir.
Round his waist is ft gaudy sash, and
on his head tho square cap of Poland.
His team (or troika is driven three
abreast, at a canter, the head of the
shaft horso looking straight iu front of
him, tho heads of the other two look
ing perpetually back at their tails.
Temp! liar.
Absence of Newspapers,
The sojourner in Venice wonders
sadly how the people oxM without
newspapers. Yet they manage to do so
in very comfortable fashion, if appear
unces may be trusted. The red-faced
Vcnitiun sits lazily under the half
dnwn curtain that takes tho place of
door to his shop, wuitiug for customers,
knowing nothing of the world without ;
the women, bare-footed or in toe slip
pers, shufllo and gossip about ; but no
otio has a newspaper or a book ; the
somber gondolier quarrels for nn extra
contesimi from his passenger, but he
never heard of America or ot England,
and has never road a word even of his
own language. All are proud of Venice,
even though kho is but the dowerless
bride of the Adriatic ; proud that she
was once conquered by Napoleon ;
proud of tho church and square of St.
Mark's ; proud of the palace of the
Doges, with its qnaint Moorish-Gothio
architecture ; proud, for aught I know,
of the Bridge of Sighs, "a prison and
a palace, on each hand," and of the
horrible machinery of persecution
underneath, running dawn a hundred
steps into the gloomy earth, where the
eaily Venice developed all that was
devlish in man. But Venice is a bank
rupt city, only half fed, a pauper of
grass gewgaws and filigree, slowly re
turning, through gloomy grandeur, to
the quagmire from which it sprung.
FA ITS FOR THK ITKIWS.
In bats tho heart is sided by rythmic
contraction of vi ins in the wings.
The skin of the hedgehog was used
by tho Romans for hackling hemp.
It is supposed that the rubber free
grows wild in all tropical climates.
It is said a mole can travel, when
frightened, as fist as a horse trots.
When a crocodile is sore pressed
with hunger, ho swallows stones to
relievo tho uneasy sensation.
Dickons used to perambulate the streets
of London, gathering queer names tor
uce in his stories.
The threads of filaments forming the
sponge average 1 900 of un inch in di
ameter, inthe finest ones.
In the details of the first voyage of
the English to iu India, lo'll, wo found
rhiuocerou.s horns monopolized by the
nativo sorcerers on account of their
reputed virtues in detecting the ptea
enco of poison.
4 Odoiit l's ltplmt.
" Aro you the editor ? " suid a man,
who word a conciliatory smile and
dt-d beard, as he took a seat in our
office.
Wo acknowledged that at present we
served and instructed tho puhlio in that
capacity ; and, to prove our assertion,
wo showed him the lllstirs made on
our hands by our exertion in operating
tho Archimedean levey that moves the
world.
"Well, I want you to purprise mo
with a llattering personal notico in your
paper. I am eoing to run for conbtablo
in the Eight ward, and I want some
thing neat iu tho way of a send off."
"Our columns aro always oprn to
udvanoe the bciit iutoie'sts of the public,
but wo shall expect you to first surpiise
us with a poeuuiuvy compensation, not
necessarily for publication, but merely
as a pledge of good faith."
" I'll pay. A man can't expect to be
surprised without taring for it in
advance. What have you got?"
" We con aeeoniniodato you with
almost nuy kind of personal notice,
from a cheap olec'roplated biography to
an eighteen carat ohituary.und at a scale
of prices varying according to the strain
011 our columns und veracity. In mold
ing p'iplij opinion we defy competition.
Now, how would you like this? It is a
neat little ire-Baphaelite gem, and will
00 d you only 81.50.
"Our en'on vi-ing townsman t'olontl
D , than, whom there is no more pop
ular and genial gentleman, in the length
aud breadth of our great Empire State,
has lonseut d. at tho earnest solicita
tion of many f'rieiuit, to sacrifice bis
very profitable businesd to the public
good, and has authorized ns to announce
him as a candidate for the honorable
office of constable of this precinct." j
" If that is not strong enough, here is
a Michael Angelo, full leugth, in which
your qualities of head and heart will be
toiichiugly alluded to, and you will bo ,
commended for your generous impulses 1
only 50 for each insertion. Iheu
wo have a brilliant thing nf:er Mcztrt
which u really intended for gub
ernatorial candidates speuks ot
your simplicity of character, jeans
clothes, und pay-as-you-go proclivities ;
hut it can be easily modified to suit a
prospective constable. It will cost you
$) There are several others from to
10 ouch. For referring to you as un
'old landmark,' ?1 extra is charged."
" I reckon you can saw mo off 83
worth, but yon must throw in something
about my brilliand war record."
" We always do that."
"Ar.d just wind up by Furprising
Captain Bill Hiuiko. Ho is running
agiinst me. 1 wouldn't s iv anything he
might take offenso at. Only say that
ho is not fit for tho office, because he
has a breath like a buzzard and the
record of a convict. You might add
that my brother hasn't got a wifo that has
tits. That will hit him where he is sore,
for his brother's wifo is subject to fits.
I don.t caro to lug arjy personalities
into this campaigu unless I am obliged
to."
"Wo can't do it, Colonel. Your!
rival is our personal friend. Ho is a
subscriber."
" Fshaw 1 I thought you were run
ning an independent paper in the
interest of tho people, but 1 see
you are the subsidized organ of a polit
ical clique." And off he went to see
tho editor of the other paper. Sijtinij..
H 1', C, Kegnin, Texas: "I am a
clerk iu a country store, and would like
to be a notor. What would yon advite
mo to do?' We would "advice" you
to stay behind tho counter. If yon in
sist on being an actor, tho literary and
orthographicul labor of writing puffs of
yourself for the press will wear your
young life away. ff'i'7,.
The census bureau reports that woop
is still used bo three fourths of the in
habitants of the United States for cook
ing food and warming dwellings.
The color line has extended into Can
ada. Two citizens of Toronto were re
used fadmiltance to the skating rink
because of thtir color,
Cameos,
The art of cutting stones, comprising
llio lapidary's art, owes its origin to the
iuuate superstition that precious stones
hung about the neck were a protection
spainst evil spirits and witches. Beside
tho brilliant and transparent, noble
stones or gems, like the diamond, ruby
emerald, sapphire, topaz, amethyst,
which were more rarely employed, the
translucent and opaque or soapy-looking
stones which take a fino polish
were mostly employed. Among the
latter are the opal, turpois, and agate,
or coturuon rocks like giauitc, syenite,
and basalt ; or those of animal origin,
such as ivory, coral, mother-of-pearl,
and amber, ns well as metals. These
were variously ornamented by different
kinds of cutting. By deep cuHiug bold
relief pictures were formed ; by slight
cutting, the bas-relief. Tho lutter are
called cameo. The Greeks, who re
ceived tho art of cutting stones from
the East, did some excollent work ; they
decorated many utensils und vessels
with cameos, aud in fact cut out whole
vessels of great beauty and of techuical
perfection. This is Feen in tho so-called
Portlund Vase in the British Museum.
The old Romans, too, who learned bis
art from tho Greeks, nre distinguished
for excellence in it. Iu the early cen
turies of the Christian era this art was
cultivated iu Constantinople especially,
whilo it seems to have been but little
known in the West. In the fifteenth
century it was brought to Italy by
Grecian workmou fiom Constantinople.
It was cultivated there up to the time
of tho Renaissance in tho sixteenth cen
tury, particularly in Florence. Tho
fabrication of vessels and nrtieles of
splendor from rare stones, which had
also been dene in Greece, w as renewed
here in tho finest manner.
Tho cabinet cf gems in Talis aud
Florence, tho impeiial treasury at
Vienna, tho treasure chamber in Munich,
and especially tho Green Vaults in
Dres.len, all possess a large number of
such works of art from tho hands of
Italian, French, und German artists. In
the seventeenth century, during the
Thirty Years' War, when all urt was
crippled aud retarded, the art of cutting
stones also declined, aud with the ex
ception of a short revival in the eight
eenth contury, not much hou been no
complishid since.
At the prese'if time the imiunfucturc
of camoos is c fried on chiefly iu Genoa
and Rome, as well id in l'uri.s an u
branch of industrial urt. According to
the Te- liiikii; cameo cutting was exclu
sively confined to Italy and Rome fortv
years ago, but now Genoa hua ubout
thirty persons enguged in this ait, Rome
eighty, and Paris over three hundred.
Tho cameo cutters of to-day employ
not only preciou stoues, but shells,
luva, etc. Certain species of uuival
vular musslcs aro especially suited for
cimoor., becauso they consist of several
layers of different colored material,
which ulso vary in hardness und
texture. Theso shells uro woiked iu
ench a manner that the direction of the
leaves of the middle layer runs length
wise. Iu those cameos the middle
layer forms the body or tho relief, and
the inner layer the bai;k ground, and
tho external differently colored er on
tho surface gives to the figure a different
appearance or a special setting. In
selecting shells with threo strata, the
artist selects one where the layers
adhere together well, tho middle one
being quite thick, and tho threo dif
ferent iu color, whilo tho inner one is
of such a shade as suits the intended
work.
The shells are first cut into pieces of
suitable size, by means of a slitting-tool
and diamond dust, or a steel knife tup
plied with emery and water. These
pioces are fastened on a four-sided
oval, or other shaped stone, and tho
edges polished with au oil stone. They
aro then cemented on a piece of wood
to serve as a handle to hold the cameo
while he draws upon it the figure that
is to be cut in it. The marks of the
pencil aro now followed with a sharp
pointed instrument which cuts the
required ontliues. Then finer tools of
steel, wire hardened anil polished on
tho end, files, and engravei's chisels
are employed to remove the superfluous
parts of tho white enamel. Tho sur
face of the cameo, so far as possible, is
finished with cutting tools, because
the sharp edges of the figures would bo
injured by polishing. After the figure
is cut in relief, a liunl polish is given,
using a littlo putty powder dry on a
stiff brush. In this operation great
care must bo taken not to scratch the
surface. The cumeo is then removed
from its wooden handle, and is ready
for sale. The pink conch shells make
a very delicately shaded cameo that is
highly prized for brooches and cud but
ons. S"i-nfijic Amtrimn .
When a Boston girl is presented with
a boquet she says : "Oh, how decidedly
sweet I Its fragrance impenetrates the
entire atmosphere of the room.'' A
Kansas girl simply says : "It smells
scrumptious ; thanks, Reuben,"
FARM, G UiDKN AM) 1101 SFIIOLI).
I'riiillze Hip (.ni-d n.
Our vegetables aro not as progressive
as they might bo. Fruit culture has
been brought, upon the whole, to a
higher degree of perfect on than vege
table cnltnre, und there is still much
to be desired in the w-iy of growing
vegetables. We believe that much fault !
lies iu the muLuring of vegetable
grounds. Tho soil is allowed to get
too poor, and it is believed that vego
tables can be frown anywhere. Munv
vegetables require u rich 1uoi.1t s il, aud
wherever drouths are feared particular
pains should be t.-.ken to gi-.e the earth
a moist and full manure. Those dried
up beans really lack moisture, so do
many carrots und turnips now in the
market. The carrot, that wo have ex
amined have not h-ttf tho sugir in them
they should have, und the best roots are
poor iu color. Turnips are woody, and
that delicious vegetable, tho kohl-rabi,
is as hard us stoue, instead of possess
ing a moist, soft flesh. There is no
doubt about it, we want much teaching
iu the growth of vegetatilep, and those
small, green tomatoes tell their tale
also. There is not much ouconrage
ment giveu ut fairs fur the growth ol
vegetables. There would be no harm
if all agricultural societies, colleges
and mootiugs wvto to give their very
1 os' attention tn the vegetable market.
'o 00 ' III.
DrnnyhiH nml l i iiilm .
A wise provision of nature says the
fiarie Farmer "turns a long continued
drouth into one means of restoring or
supplying elements of fertility of which
many soils have been depleted by con
stant cropping. Mineral ingredients
ao iudispensiblo to good crops. Chemi
cal research has shown that an explana
tion for failing productiveness of soils
that wero otigionnlly rich, is found in
many cases in tho exhaustion of inor
ganic or mintrul constituents within
tho reach of tho roots of plants.
Manures and judicious rotation of crops
are the expedients of the provident and
intelligent husbandman in restoring cr
supplying theso ingredients which are
tukeu away more or less, bv what is re
moved by Die laud iu 111" shape of farm
products. A very dry -cason may be
accepted as not utterly unprofitable,
for by n wi.-o provision tho ingredients
so much needed are brought up from
depths below the reach of ordinary
farm crop;, and in this way when there
is a huig period of hot and dty weather
a va-.t .miotint of in'iistuio is carried
from the earth by evaporation, and in
the process of capiHiary attraction, tho
moisture, which has bi on stored by
previous rainfalls and snow, is brought
from depths Unit vary according to the
texture of the soil and iho severity of
the drouth. With the water comes, iu
solution, a proportion of the ino'ganic
or mineral constituents of plants, which
nre thus deposited within the reach of
present or future crops - that i;', where
they nre needed and will do the most
gocd.
Heelppn.
Bakkd Kot f ion JsvAt.ir'S Take 'a
pound of juoy steak, from which nil the
fat has been removed ; cut it up into
pieces of about an inch Mjunve, salt au I
pepper it slightly ; take a stone jar to
hold two pints ; pour into it 11 pint and a ,
half of cold wafer atesspooufnl of whole j
rice ; cover the saucer, and let it bake j
slowly for four hours; remove any hit,
present.
Aitle Trai LE.-Hoahl us many apples
a.s, when pulped, will cover tho dish you
design to use to tho depth of two or;
three inches. Before you pl ieo them in
the dish add to them tho rind of half u
lemon, grated tine, und sugar to taste.
Mix half a pint of milk, half a pint o
cream, and tho yolk of an egg. Scald
it over the fire, keeping it stirring, and
do not lot it boil Adda littlo sugar,
and let it stand till cold; then lay it
over the apples and finish w ith the cream
Will p.
Cornstalks ns Fuel.
An Iowa farmer, who has both coal
and wood on bis farm, warms his house
with cornstalks, and claims that they
make the best and cheapest fuel he can
get. He nscs u largo stove, und burns
the stalks in tightly-bound bundles,
weighing about forty pounds each. A
bundle burns threo hours (without
flame) in an air-tight stove. Tho large
stove offtrs so much radiating surface
that it. does not need to be very hot.
Five bundles a day, or f00 for the win
ter, suffice to keep the stove going and
the room warm. Tho farmer, Mr. Rug
gles says : " I can bind up six hundred
bundles of corn stalks in two days
alone. I could'nt chop tho wood to
warm this room in a week. Then inthe
spring I have a load of strong ashes for
my wheat field, while my neighbors
have to cut np the Fame cornstalks in
th" spring to get them away from the
harrow. It makes me smilo when I
bear about theso idiots up in Minnesota
who have fifty-acre cornfields, and still
go cold or buy coal. Why, I'd rather
burn cornstalks than cut maple wood
within sight of the house."
1 lie Old Farmer's Young Wife.
My girl-wife was as hrve as sup wae gooil.
And hi Ipoil mo every 1 Iphh-iI uny she 0011U ;
Rlie seeinpil to tuko tn every rough old tre,
An siiiK'lar as when liM sho tonk to uie.
She kept our litile lo home neat as wax ;
And oiieo I coiiht her fo din with my ai.
She learned a hundred masculine things t l do.
She aimed a shotgun pretty nuddlm' true,
Although, in Kpile of my express desire,
KI10 alwnTH sh'.it h' r eves lief--re she'd tin".
She hadn't the innsi-lo illenigli tin) fn"I the
heart 1
In outdoor wmk tn takeau a,-tive part ;
1'hony'i iu our llrn; of Put;.- A Ludearoi
She wasn't no nil. nt partner whatsoever,
When I w.ie los'in. hurtling, ho;.piii' wood
she'd linger 'round und !n-H me ail she could,
And kept mo f esli atiiWiii'-K- a'd the while.
And lifted ton , jur,t wiih le r voi 0 and smile.
With no desire my glory lor to roh,
She iiH"d to t in' around an 1 hose the job ;
And when tirM-cla9 suoie.rs
Would proudly 6ay, ' We did that pretty well !'
She was delicious just to hear an I see
That pretty wifo-i.'iil tha' ken' house, for mo.
no's of 1 vf hilts r-
Of the 0,229,fiHl Buplists in tha
United States, l,GflV()0 tt'' in the
South, of whom 740,OuO pre colored.
The French believe that if a branch
of miiith toc is hung in a tree with the
wing of a swallow the birds will fly to
it for a di-tancc of two leagues.
There was &-i uiucli drunkenness in
Suit Lake City, Utah, 01 tin Christmas
holiday, that the city council passed a
ppecia! ordinauee forbidding the sale of
intoxicating Ji piers on New Year's Day.
The Supreme. Con it of Illinois has
decided that p. school board cannot ex
clude children from the public schools
on account of race or color, aa such
exclusion would be in violation of tha
statute of the state.
Tho bono of the lion a foreleg is of
remarkable hardness. It contains a
greater quantity of phosphate of lima
than is found iu ordinary bones, so that
it may resist the powertnl contraction
of the muscles. .
Hl'MOKOrs.
Entertaining dialogue between a Don
bury man and a New Haven man. at the
Bridgeport railway station : New Haven
Man--Any shooing up your way? Dan
bury man -Lrit.s of it. New Haven Man
('Shelly) -What an they shoot? Dan
bury Man 1 looking up a' the clock)
Guns, mostly.
Hymeneal A tall seivant. A very
emphatic personage G. Whittaker! A
site for a gas hou.-o Anthracite. Law
veirs iu Massachusetts cany groin bags
to show that they belong to the " Old
Baize State." A weekly list of business
crubariiiRsmenta might with pro
priety be called " R'.-viow of the
week."
"1 know," said the little girl to her
elder sister's young man at the supper
table, "that you will join our pooiety
for the protection of little bu ds, becauso
mamma says you are so fond of larks."
Then there was a silence, und tho Lira
berger cheeso might have been heard
scrambling around in its tin box on
the cupboard shelf.
Novel Remi tly for Shipwreck;
Perhaps ut no point on tho east coast
of Scotland do tho waves come rolling
in more furiously in stormy weather
than at Peterhead. Situated ns it is on
the most easterly promontory, it ia
fully exposed to the G.'rniun Ocean.
As fer back as tho days of Eirl Maris
dial it was found neeesary "to build
line bulwark at the mouth of tho havon"
there, aud since thou many improve
ments have been effected with a view to
tho snfety und convenience of the craft
which during tho fishing season in the
north sail out from tho harbors, there
to reap tho harvest of the sea. But of
all attempts made in this direction tha
latest is in every respect, tho most ex
traordinary. It consists simply of
"throwing oil upon the troubled
waters." Tho idea is not altogether a
now one. but so fur as wo are aware it
has never received that attention which
it would seem to deserve. Mr. Shields,
a Perth gentleman ; Mr. Armit, subma
rine and wreck eugiueer, Broughty
Ferry and Mr. Ycanian, ono of the late
members of rurliamont for Dundeo are,
however, now determined to thoroughly
test its ifiicacy. Tho experiments are
to bo carried out ut the bar of the north
ern harbor of Peterhead. Here a
wooden building has been erected on
he q i ay wall, in which a tank with the
oil and a force-pump will bo placed.
From this tank the oil will bo conveyed
by iron pipes to deep water a distance
ofsom e two hundred yards and thence
in a gutta percha pipe acrosH the har
bor eutranco. Tho piping will bo kept
stationary by heavy blocks of metal,
and it will bo perforated and fitted at
intervals with "roses," to permit of the
oil being properly distributed. From
tho pipe the oil will be forced by the
pump, and will rise to the surface of
the water, and form a film ; and while
it is not expected that by this means
the volume of the waves may bo very
much lessened, it is believed that tba
wind will bo prevented from breaking
their crests, which it seems is one of
the great dangers to which small craft
are exposed. Should the experiments
be rendered with any degree of success
the same thing could be done in a vari
ety of circumstances, Fmlen Ikhn.
    

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