- Ip -r. ■. -if' aft’ ' ■ ' '■ ^ V ' THE JOWWAL-FXtIUOTr NOM rK^iot iO DfDEraNDBNT Of PfHAICB >U, ' ■■■ " — .■— Pttbiiali^ Moadsys and TlmradBys at Noith Wflkesboro, N. C. D. J. CARTER and JUUUS C. HUBBARD, PnbUshen SUBSCRIPTION RATBS: One — ^ HcMi^ - 11.50 _ .76 _ .60 at of the State $2.06 per Year Bat«red at Um poet office at Noitli WUkes- i^MCO^ N. G.. aa aacoad elaaa matter ooder Act ej^ifdi 4, 1870. MONDAY, DECEMBER 23,1935 Merry Chriatmaa! Today it becomes fittina that this news- p«4>er use the time-honored phrase at Yaletide and wish cme and all a merry dutetmas. Another year has rolled by in its flight to eternity. As usual, many things have happened to all of us, some good and some disappointing, but our wish is that every reader of these columns enjoy to the full est extent the celebration of the anni versary of the coming of the Prince of Peace, the Son of God and the perfect ex ample of human living. “For behold, I bring you good tid- ' ings of great joy, which shall be to allpeoi^e.” There is no other event which we cele brate that should be more full of great joy than Christmas. The above quotation, which is familiar to all, expresses the thought that is contained in the more modem phrase of “Merry Christmas.” The 200-Inch Eye The human race is on the verge of learning hitherto unrevealed secrets a- bout the universe. The ca.sting of the great 200-inch telescope lens for the great new observatory in California has been successfully completed. It will take three years to grind it to the proper .shape to reflect and magnify the heav ens. The unaided human eye can see only six thousand stars. With this new telescope more than a million and a half heavenly bodies will be visible and the moon will appear as if it were only 25 miles away. It is hard to measure the value of knowledge in cash, but the more mankind learns about the com position, the organization and the pro cesses of the cosmic universe, the more we may hope, in time, to learn about how to live on our own tiny speck of dust which we call the “earth.” Business Census Beginning January 2, the federal gov ernment \nll launch a comparatively new undertaking—a census of business thru- out the country. In 1930 was the regular decennial cen sus of the population and the agricultural industiy and in 1935 was the fann census. A need has been in evidence, high offici als state, for a census of business in order that the business man may have some de pendable figures on which to base his plans for future expansion. Previous efforts at taking a business census fell far short of the plans for the one to be taken next month. The census that has been planned will cover every line of business and the mass result of the entire job will be tabulated and kept for use by industry. a cleai-ing house for ideas of soil improve ment and the members will have the agri cultural teacher at Mountain View as an instructor. We predict that such a club will prove to be an asset to the communi- m Street Repairs Needed Although much beneficial work has been done in patching some of the worst spots on the streets in North Wilkesboro, there is still many places that need atten tion if the surfaces are to be saved. We understand the state highway and public works commission has ailoted a consider able sum for street repair and mainten ance here and we hope that the state agency will no^ fail in its duty. Not being i^^neers we do not innfess to know juflwhat ought to be done on . of t^streeto, but the street in front ^ the new^postoffice is certainly one that J.thing in the way of repair. , snggestion, why not tlw l4SbB 800th aide aindl^> tlie ra the north «ide none time I aaphMI iotfaet? This' would add i^tly to'tiie appeuanee of ^tiie street and snake it;,po8sible'to elimi^ ^nate much traffic cragestion. ^ ^ A Fanners* Club f if ' The farmers of Haymeadow community are to be congratulated on organizing into a club in order to promote the general welfare of the farming profession in that part of the county. According to the report of the first meeting the fanners plan to gather at regular intervals and discuss subjects that should lead them to find more and better ways to improve their farms and indirect ly make more profit. We might also sug gest that the meetings will be of value as social gatherings for the men who till the soil. The meetings will also serve as There is no need for any business man to feel reluctant about giving the infor mation desired to the enumerators, who are bound by oath not to divulge any in formation gained in taking the census and for him to violate the oath makes him liable to indictment and conviction in the federal courts. If the business census is carried out ac cording to plans contained in an article published in this newspaper Thursday, it should be well worth its cost in providing some accurate information about this thing we call business in the United States. Bruce- BARTON CANT EVAl5fe PROBLEMS A man has just been in to worry me about the children. He points out that taxes are getting worse and I am getting older, and that if I set up annuities and insurance trusts and do a lot of other things, my children may perhaps be bet ter off. As far as insurance is concerned, I have been a booster for it all my life. My father, who was a preacher with a large family, and a small sal ary, used to remark that he had “kept himself poor paying insurance premi ums.” But the insurance premiums enabled him to sleep peacefully at night and, having seen us all through college, he pro ceeded to cash in his in surance, and he and moth er had a good time on it Bruce Barton during their last years. How completely they might l*ve spoiled their days and r'ghts if they could have looked forward into the future. Sup pose they had known, in 1900. that this country was going to do a nose dive in 1929 which would be followed by the wor.st depression in history. Suppose they had said to themselves: “What a terrible ordeal that may be for our children and grandchildren. We ought to do something about it.” Well, they couldn’t have done anything about it. And, as things have turned out, we are still eating regularly; we have a dry place to sleep, and so far have neither applied for a dole or sought admission to a nudist camp. The changes that are going to come in the United States are beyond the inr.agination of any one to forecast. Our children and grandchildren will have to meet them, as we have had to meet the problms in our own lives. What we can do for them beyond health and education is not much. • • • • SELF RELIANT ARE EDUCATED President .Tames A. Garfield was asked: “What is j*T.ir definition of a college?” To which he replied: “.Ahirl- Hopkins on one end of a log and a student oii the other.” Not luxurious di rraitories or Gothic recitatiOT halls; not rich endowments or mammoth foot ball bowls, but a great teacher in personal con tact with his pupils, stirring their imaginations, ctimulating their minds. Mark Hopkins had the teaching genius in the top degree. What was the secret of his success? Answering that question in his autobiography, Bliss Perry quotes his own father, who had been one of Hopkins’ pupils: “After beginning by ask ing the pupil what the textbook said about this and that topic, the doctor would invariably inquire, “What do you think about it?” It stole the hearts of young men to hear such a man as he was plumping down upon them from his desk, as if it were a matter of much importance, such a question as that. It .suddenly increased their own self-respect.” And Bliss Perry adds: “To discover that you had a mind—^narrow, commonplace, or ill-trained, perhaps—^but a mind of your own, was a thrill ing experience.” Many students graduate from college without ever making that discovery. For them educa tion has been twenty years of mental message. They come into the world with no plan except to find a boss who will keep on telling them what to think and do. You can go twenty miles from a railroad into almost any cross-roads town and find men and women who have self-formed convictions and operate their minds under their own steam. Such folks, however ignorant of books, are edu cated. Th* 6.4>P . ia stmtgUng with a tough prob- ' Wt Arfioi to tib&ik of touMdUar to offer ^ Wrhkh the Meiiiilettatrtn Ikat «!• Leuie fltarllilUe. MoatfortShAei 4ldiGovei^of Ndrth Cardina (By W. J. Sadler In The State) TLKBS county’s first con tribution to the guberna torial chair of North Carolina, attor Biora than half a century of Amorican Independencet was In the person of Hontfort Stokes, who was elected governor of the state on December 18, 18S0, re tiring after two terms on Decem ber 6, 1832. Stokes, who came from a splendid western North Carolina family, had an Interesting back ground at the time he was chosen as chief executive of the state. At the outbreak of the Whr of the Revolution he had enlisted In the United States navy, where he rapidly advanced to the rank of an officer. His services to his country, however, were destined to be of short duration. After serving less than a year, he was captured by ^the British and spent the balance of the war in a New York prison. Served in Many Ways Liberated after the conclusion of hostilities, Stokes followed sev eral vocations In a number of states, finally returning to North Carolina where he made n name for himself in the political life of the sUte. He served several terms In the house and senate of the general assembly, and In 1816, was selected as one of North Carolina’s representatives in the upper body of the Uni ted States congress, where he served until 1823. Stokes was selected for the governorship over J. J. McKay of Bladen, and succeeded John Owen,, also of Bladen, who had refused to accept election for a third term. He was one of the last chief executives to be chosen by the legislature, which soon was to enact a statute placing In the hands of the citizens of the state the right to select their governor through a popular vote. Capitol Is Burned It was during Stokes’ first ad ministration that the old capitol building in Raleigh was destroy ed by fire. Shortly after he as sumed office, the structure was found in flames, but heroic work on the part of volunteer fire men had held the damage to a minimum. However, several months later, soon after the top of the building had been covered with metal roofing, fire again was discovered, Und this time all efforts to prevent its destruction were unavailing. Newspaper accounts of the con flagration devoted considerable space to the attempts which were made to save the splendid statue of George Washington, which had been placed in the rotunda of llie building some years previously. This splendid piece of statuary was the work of the famous sculptor. Canova, and was the particular pride of a great many citizens of the state. ‘‘Of that noble edifice, with its special decorations,’’ says the Raleigh Register in an account of the fire, “nothing now remains but the blackened walls and smouldering ruins . . . The statue of Washington, that proud monu ment of national gratitude which was our pride and glory, is so ruUtilated and defaced that none can behold it without mournful feelings. The most active exer tions were made to remove the chef-d'avoeure of Canova from the ravages of the devouring ele ments, nor were they desisted from until the danger became eminent.’’ New Cornerstone Laid Following the oestruction of the capitol, there was consider able agitation for the construc tion of a new building In some city other than Raleigh. A num ber of bills, favoring and disap proving of this suggestion, were introduced in the legislature, but no definite action was taken dur ing the remainder of the time Stokes held office. It was not until the assembly met late In December, 1832. that a decision on the site of the new capitol was reached. It resulted in Ra leigh remaining the location of the governing unit of the state. The cornerstone for the building was laid on July 4, 1833, and two years ago, on that same date in 1933, the one-hundredth anni versary of the event was cele brated in Raleigh with appropri ate exercises. .Vik Vnhealthful Condition Prior to Stokes’ service as gov ernor there had been a consid erable migration of residenU of the eastern section of the state to other areas of North Carolina, and In many instances to other states. This was caused, his torical accounts say, by the wide spread Impression that the low altitude, swamps and other nat ural causes in the east were not conducive to good health. When Stokes assumed office, he took cognizance of fhl* situation and urged the legislature" to adopt measures looking to drainage and other methods of orercomlng an un*h^i!(«>ina,AOi»dii' REVE' 1935 jm'-s PlCWlMg mn SAttppw cowraggg who".. WW»" -fiviies roOLliie wnN PVNMsiTt VLm- vww fsaMfNOKVLAa. riOV»AM««> nuSlOUS EMtAKKATiOM' I «au.SiscniH I 1035 e*.*. TWE DE8A-r« rriLL RAags SO MH/rr lie education In the state, and was successful In having auth orized a number of free schools In Johhston county. However, a widespread and comprehensive system of schools was not to come into the state until more than half a century later when Charles B. Aycock served as North Carolina’s governor. Slavery Vueetlon Perplexing The first faint predictions of what later was to be known as the War Between the States oc curred while Stokes was gover nor. The agitation for the oman- cipation of slaves, started among the British West Indies, spread to northern states of this country. Stokes, realizing the seriousness of the situation, issued a state ment in which he said that the slavery situation 'was "an evil which it is impossible at present to remedy.” home gardener can do it with a little care. In the fall, or early winter where the climate is mild, set out evergreen cuttings five to seven inches long. Do not remove any more foliage than necessary to insert the lower end into the sand bed. Set them in rows four inches apart, with the twigs two to four Inches apart In the row. Shade them with laths or burlap during the following summer. ‘They often require 12 to 18 months to develop roots so they can be transplanted. Read Journal-Patriot adz. Set Out Cuttings to Start New Shrubbery Winter and spring months of fer the home gardener a good op portunity to enhance the beauty of the home grounds by propa gating more shrubs and flower ing plants. One of the moat popular ways of propagating deciduous shrubs is setting out cuttings of stems six to eight inches long, saifi J. G. Weaver, floriculturist at State College. The wood of last season’s growth should be taken during the fall, winter, or spring, he said. Be sure that all twigs taken are alive, and do not cut too close to a bud. When the cuttings are made in winter. Weaver advised that they be stored in a cool cellar in damp sand or peat. Or they may be buried outdoors in well drained sand. As soon as the soil is i® good workable condition In the spring, the cuttings may be set out in the garden in rowo 18 inches apart, with the cuttings four inches apart in the row. Next fall, after the cuttings have grown a liU’e, transplant them to a place where the spac ing is wider, so they may de velop Into a good shape before they are set around the house. Evergreen shrubs are a little harder fo propagate, but the f^ano ^cials! Brand new $550.00 Ivers & Pond Piano; the chance of a lifetime to get a fine COCC AA artistic piano for less than half price vU Brand new $650.00 Schubert Player ClISC Piano, 12 rolls and bench for only Good Used Pianos as low _ $35.00 Don’t say you can’t afford a fine Piano for your home. You can’t afford to deprive your family of the advantage of having a piano when you can get one at the above prices. Come in and look them over. Terms can be ar ranged if you wish. Garwood Piano Co. Near Reins Bros. Tombstone Worifs NORTH WILKESBORO, N. C. NO ONE IN y WHATO YOU SIGHT/ VEXPECT-MO OTHER DICKV^/. COMPETITOR COOlO COME ANT v«eie, CiOSETO MONTVIEW DAIRY FOR HI6H QUAUT't? Our tasty milk is nature’s own tonic. The Id^ bealth builder for growing'^ddldrto-/ PEACE ON EARTH GOODWILL TO MEN It is nearly tw’o thousand years since the Angels brought the Good Tidings of Great Joy to all peo ple. And still the world goes on, unheeding, in ways that never fail to stir up strife and ill-will. We talk about peace and goodwill, but go right on hating and hurting. Why? Because we are sel fish and ignorant. Each wants for himself the best place in the sun, never stopping to realize the truth that there is room and to spare for all. And so, at this Christmas-time—1935—every member of the Reins-Sturdivant organization feels that he would like, for a space, to cease from his labors in service and voice his own goodwill to men. We are convinced that good times must forever de pend upon two things—goodwill and peace which come to men through the outgrowth of goodwill. You have expressed your goodwill to us, and it is our honest desire to be worthy of your continued goodwill REINS-STURDiyi!OT,IiM:. «raE FUNERAL EOHET NOilOT Wn.KKaB0ii0&N.Cl

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