North Carolina Newspapers

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3
p.-
.1'-;
i'i
--mm
(President's Message concluded from Jint page.)
dqxiire .additional appropriations. I- trust that these
appropria'tioiis will bo made, and that this wise and
beneficent policy, so auspiciously resumed, will be
conti nued. J . j - - ,
- Great car should be taken, Loweverj to Com
mence, no, work- which is not -of sufficient ' import
atjce to the Commerce of the country, to be viewed
as national in1 .its character. But works which
have been commenced should not be discontinued
;- until compk-i.ed, as otherwise the sums expended
will in most cases be4 lost. j
'.: .. NAVY DEPARTMENT. .
:v;' Thb reporr from the Navy .Department will in
. " form you of i.he iKosperous condition of the branch
of the public service committed to its charge.. It
C Prcscnt3 toTf'ar consileration many topics and sug-
jrfe-i : "I v . gestibns of l.ic!i I ask your approval. It exhibits
.t o - vi . wcuviiy. m me operations or
me. jr'iii.iiiMiiuuiiiig iiie. piiji year.
. ; The preparations for the Japan expeditions, to
which I hale already alluded ; the arrangements
- made rfor thp expIorat)nuid sur-ey of the China
Stsj the Northern Tacific, and Bhering's Straits ;
t.he incipient measures taken towards a reconijoiss-
ance of the cmtinenfbf Africa eastward of 'Libera.:
-tlte preparation .for. an early examination of the
trmutanes or- tue Kiver Xa 'l;Ua, which a recent
decree of the provisional chief of the Argentine
Confederation has. opened to navigation ; all these
. enterprises, and the means bv wliieh tbpv arp. m'n.
tposed'to bejiceomplished. have commanded mv
jmi -ijipropauon, ana 1 have no doubt will be pro
"ductive oLmmt, useful results. .. 5 . xv
' Two' officer of the navy were heretofore .instrue-
: ted-to explore the whole extent of the Amazon
river from the confines of Peru to its month. Tlie'
return of one of iliem has placed inthe po&iessiou
.of I the . .Govern'meht an interesting and valnable
-account f)f the clia'racCirndesources of a'coun-
tryfab()iuiding in the materials of commerce, arid
V IV VI U 1 II tJ L1M I V 111 lil' Ul W I
11
prove' ;iu Hiexnnistible lund , ot we:ilth. 1 The re-
I'ortjpf this ' exploration will be-.coinmunicatecl to
v- yaijas soon: as it isfcomph'ted j-'
. A inong othe'r su bjocts ofibredftdlyou jfjTioticft by
. 'the: Secretary of Uie Navjyd? select fqr'speciaijcom
; mediation, in view of , its connexion wii the.inter
: : iestsiof the .navy, thV planssubmltteot Jy hirfi f :
j the ; jpstablishinent of a penffafnegt corpS'ott 4dira :,
j and'the sugirestions fie h;is prented for tHeriv.
:?ganizatiuu of:the Naval Ac'tdSmy- &
' Itf n-lereuce tbtho Crst ci' fV -rr-1 r occasion.
" to.piiy thaf I think it
eierfi-
i Vi v cTency: of the " sei'vice, ...
4 ii as st
ififruence'
.ow gfeat-
. -it niust'-t-xert upon the navaldi .
: ly disturbed bthe increasinof. spuU
finsubordi-
: .nntlpn, resulting from bur present' system. The
I'lan proposedjt'or tteL organization of the seamen
intern the authqiity
' ,of ' command
ships
er
and. security of our
It is lx-lievde that any change whicli profibses
'permanently to 'dispense with this mode of punish'-
merit, should be preceded by a system of en-'-i
Itstmet which shall supply th'e navy with seamen of
them meritorious class, whose good deportment
liftd pride of character may preclude all occasion
' for a. resort to penalties of a harsh or degrading
.nature. The safety of a ship and her crew is oftqn.
- dependant upon immediate obedience !to a com
mand; the aivthorit to enforce it must.be equally
: ready. .! ; ' . : '
r. The arrest of a . refractorv seahian. in such mo-
''ii-.-srsftrot only deprives tu
the tnip ot luaidpeusuuiv
40i
aid, but imposes a necessity for double service on.
others whose fidelity to their duties may be relied'
.upon m such an emergency. - The exposure to this
. -invrcased and arduous labor, sirice the passage of
theiact .f .1850, has already had, to a most observ
, able and injurious extent, the. efiect of preventing
' thecnlisfhient of the best soamen in the navy.
The plaii now suggested is designed t6 promote a
3pr.dion of service in which. this-objection will no
longer exist. The details of this plan may be es
taLtished in great part, if not altogeth'er, by the
, xeeutivc, under the authority i of existing laws ;
but .1 liave thought -;it .. proper, in accordance with
thej suggestion of the Secretary of the Navy,, to
submit it to your approval. --
' r he establishment of a corps! of apprentices , for
the navy, or boys to be enlisted until theyjbecome
vpf age, and to be employed under sr
'frons
i
;"as;'.tho.Navy. Depart nitnt. may devi
in the report, I cordial ly. approve 1
'your. 'consideration; and L also co
irstion that the. svstem for the!
seamen may be. most usefully engi.
service of our merchant marine.
- Tlit-. jitl. i - .nr.rtlM- of the nrnnrtt to which I
Vj Jiave :refvrred
tha l teorganization ! of the Na'val
, y Academv I recommend to your
attcnti'm as a
project worthy of your encouragement and support.
,-' fhe vhliialHe services ajready- rendered by thi iu-
. sti'ution entitle it to the continuance of youijtos-
Mt r.ng cave.
; i ' - 1'OoT OFFICE. '. ' .
Your attention is respectfu'llv called to there.
port of the Doslmaster General for the detailed ope-
; r,atloiiOt; Ins doartm'tit -during the last fiscal year,
from which, it will be seen that the receipts from
-postages for that time" were less by 1,431,006
' than; for the; preceding fiscal .year, being a decrease
of about 23 percent. ' j . !
; This tiiiliiiuitioTi is htti ibtttable to the redaction
.in the rates of postage made by. the act of March
'K 3, TSol, wluch -Tcdueliovi took -t;lkct at the1 coin
!' menccment of the last fiscal year. .
' Atth ugh in its operation dnn.ng the last year
; the ikt referred to has not fulfilled the predictions
''. of its friends' hy increasing - the correspondence of
! the country in proportion to the reduction ot. post
age. I should nevertheless question the. policy ot
r returning to higher rates. .Exjxirience warrants the
Y expectation that as the community becomes accus
'' ' tomed'to liCap postage, correspondence -will in
' Vcre;isQ. It is! beloved that from this causfS'and
from the rapid growth of the country in population
y and businetSj tife: receipts of the Departmentfmust
1, ultimately exceed its expenses, and'that the country
. '- ; may safely rely upon the continuance of the presen t
.' cheap rate of postage. 1
' 1 ' KEITEIIATED SUGGESTIONS. '
r In fbrirjcr. messages 'I. have, among other things,
Tespectfullyj recommended to the consideration of
Congress the propriety- and necessity of further
legislation for the protection and punishment of
; foreign consuls' residing in the Uuited States ; to
: revivo with certain modifications .the "act of 10th
, March, . 1S33, to restraiir-unlawful military ex
r , peditions against the inhabitants of conterminous
- States . or territories ; for the preservation . amt
protection from mutilatiorr or j theft of the papers,
records, and archives' of the nation ; for authdr
izing the fenrplus revenue, to' be applied to the.
payment of the public debt in advance fflthe
i: time whenl it will become due ; for ertabfish
; - .rnent of If.nd offices for the salelP he r uWic
a - and'sl'io 'aiifbrnia and .the Terr?' ;
! : for. ihe cbibstri?ction-o'f a road (mm. ppi
valjey toJlheTacific ocean ; forth c lept
of bureaa of agriculture for the,proiuj of that
. interest, perbapsthe most impjrtant in the country ;
ibrthe prevention of frauds upon thGovcrnment in
' applications for pensions and bounty lands ;for the
establishment " of a uniform fee '-. bill, prescribing a
specific compensation for every service -required of
clerks, district attorneys, and marshals ; for au
' thorizincr an additional refrimpnt rf
T:MH:V: ,tutti;isRes-..a- itdicius. Substitutfor the law of Sei I tul-cour
fefe teriiber.: 1850. abolishing corrorhmunahmonf: it'd 1 lie
if-wi R .; ' ' . . o I I j
oai.ui.ici.ui i.ijr BUMrtius tut? puuey 01 Luat act, unaer i o-owi ,u
Til-'. -r v.,'ll'wn.i n uiiA uitu '.v- ma
; r U - ' - : n -1 i i i m et ... r. t .J .......
:aua tne ora
rj ;,and tor tuimiing our treaty stipulations with
; with equal diligence and energy as our own;"
tr determining .the relative rank between the i
naval and civil officers in our public ships, J
iTTccii me oiiicers,oi ine Army ana ravy
m the various -grades of each ; for reorganiz
ing the naval - establishment by fixing the num
ber of officers in 'each grade, nd providing for a
retired lis, upon reduced pay of those unfit for ac
tive duty; for prescribing and regulating punish
ments in the navy ; for the appointment of a cop- i
mission to revise the public statutes of the United" j
States, by arranging thenr in order, supplying de
ficrences,. correcting" incongruities, simplifying their I
language, and reporting them to Congress for its '
final action ; and for the establishment of a com
mission j to adjudicate and settle private claims
against the United States. I am not aware, how
ever, that any of .these subjects have been finally
acted upon by Congress: Without repeating the
reasons for legislation on these subjects which "have
been assigned in former messages, I respectfully re
commend them again to your favorable considera
tion. .
THE PCBtIC OFFICES.!
I think it is due to the- several Executive De
1
partments of this Government to bear testimony toj
the efficiency and integrity with which they arej
conducted. With all ilie careful -"superintendence
which it is possible for the Heads of those Dei
partments to exercise, still, the due administration ''
and guardianship of the public money ' must very
much depend voii the vigilance, intelligence, and
fidelity of the subordinate officers and clerks, and
especially. on tlrose entrusted with the settlement
and adjustment of claims md accounts. tl4 am
gratified to-believe that tliey li1y,geeraily'pr'
formed their duties faithfully and well. . .TUey are
appointed to: guard the api)r6aches;o ;the ptibLic
Treasury and tliey occupy positions .thatex; S
them to all the V'mptations and reduction wiiw
the cupidity of peculators .arT vaudulenC caim- .
ant can prompt them to employ. J' ItTjl bbiit a
wise precaution to protect the liovernm'ent against
that sourcofwschiefand corruption, as I. fat as
can b done, bythenactment. of all legat penaltj
es.The laws, iff tijs respect, are supposed to-b.
detective and I therefore deeni it myduiy o';eai
your jittentioa "to the?snbject,'and torecomnjeritl
f!:lt provi.,Iont)e made" by- law for tR pfinishment,
not only of tnose wBo shayaceept tjribesJbut also
of those who KaU theT; prtmisev givtcf offer to
'vo to arv ( ithbse 'officers or clerks a-lidba ifir re-
It g"oi- relating Uo'S&f iriatteflof 'thei
ais-teen ihniiiform jxalict oCthis Govern-
suiiu irom an interfereffce insthe domes tic affairs
pother nations. The confeuei jwifen'tn't
while the nations of Europe, haye- oeen engaged in
f" ! rnsi ,wars, our country lSas.nurstied4ts neaee-
se ta unexampled prosperty and happiness
wars iahich we hav6beetr compe!e(l toen-
uetence ot the- rights and- hWor of the,,
have, Been .fortunately; of shortfeturation."
t During, the terrific coniesi pf nation against nation,
wnicii succeed eU , the benchl?evolution, j we, were
enabled by thewisdom and firmnessof 3res'?3efit
Washington toj maintain our -neutrality ' While
othernations were drawn into 4this ide sweeping
whirlpool, we sat quiet and unmovedupori our own
shores. While the floWer of their numerous armies '
was wasted by disease or perished by hundreds of
thousands upon the battle-field, the'youth of this
I favored land were permitted to enjoy the! blessings '
or peace oeneaui tne paternal rootv VV lule the
States of Europe incurred enormous debts, under
the burden of which theirsubjects still groan,; and ";
which must absord no smatf part of the product of
the" honel, industry of those countries for genera-
tions to come, the United States have once beer?
enabled to exhibit the proud spectacle of, a nation
free from public debt; and, if permitted !to pursue
our prosperous way for a few years longer in peace,
we may do the same again.
But it is now said by some that this policy
must be changed. Europe is no longer 'separated
from us by a voyage of months, but steam navi
gation has brought her within a few days' sail
of our shores. -We see more of her movements,
and take a deeper interest in her controversies.
Although no one proposes that we should join the:
fraternity of potentates who have for ages lavished
the blood and' treasure oftheir subjeots in main
taining "the balance of power,''yet it is said that
we ought-to interfere between contending sov
ereir.s and their subjects, for the purpose of
overthrowing the monarchies of. Europe and estab
lishing m their place republican institutions. It is
alleged that we have 'hitherto; pursued a ditierent
Course from a sense of ouc weakness, but that now
our, conscious strength dictates a change of policy, ,
j.l tliat t is conseauently our duty to mingle in
these contests and aid those 'who are struggling
for liberty. i
This' is a most seductive but dangerous appeal to
the generous sympathies of freemen.- Enjoy!ng as
"-we ;do the blessings of a free govern men t, there
is no man who has an American heart th,at would
not rejoice to see these blessings extended to all
other nations. We cannot witness the; struggle
between the oppressed and his oppressor anywhere
without the deepest sympathy for the former, and
the most anxious desire for his triumph.; Never
theless' is it prudent or is it ' wise to involve our-.
selves in these foreign Avars ? Is it indeed true that
we have heretofore refrained from doing so merely
from the degrading motive of a conscious weakness ? .
For the honor of the patriots who have gbne before
us, we cannot adniit it. Men of the Revolution who
drew the sword against the oppressions of the
mother country, and pledged to Heaven "their
lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor'M to
maintain their freedom, could never have been ac-
tuafed by so unworthy a motive. They , knew no
weakness or fear where right ;or duty pointed the
Way, and-it is a Jibel upon their fair fame for us,
-while we enjoy the blessings for: which, they so nobly..
fought and bled, to insinuate it. "
rI1ie trutlys that the course which they pursued
was dictated by a stern sense of international jus
tice, by a statesmanlike pradence and a far seeing
wisdom, looking not merely tq the present necessi
ties but to (he permanent safety and interest f'.the
'country. The v knew that the world is governed
less by sympathy than by reason and force ; and
jt was not possible far this nation toi become, a
"propagandist ot ire.e principles without array
ing against it the combined powers of Europe ;and
that, the result was more likely to be the overthrow
of the republican liberty here than its establish
ment there. j.
History has been written, in; vain for those who .
can donbt this. France had no sooner established
a republican form of government than she mani- ;
fested a desire to force its blessings on all the world.
Her own historian infortrsns that, hearing.of some
petty acts of tyranny in a neighboring principality,
" The National Conventi n declared thai she would
afford succor and fraternity to all nations who wish
ed to recover their liberty ; and she gave it in charge
to the executive power to givejordera tolhe gener
als of the French armies to aid all citizens who
might have been or should be oppressed in the
cause of liberty." Here was the false step which
led to her subsequent misfortunes. She soon found
herself involved in war with all; the rest of Europe.
Tn !-less than ten years her government was
changed from a republic to an empire and finally
after shedding rivers of blood, foreign powers res
tored her exiled dynasty, and exhausted Europe
sought peace and repoe in the unquestioned as-
cendency of monarchical principles. Let us learn
wisdom from her example. Let us remember that
revolutions do not always establish freedom. Our '
"own free institutions were not the offspring of our
revolution. They existed before. They were plant
ed in the free charters of self-government under
which, tue English colonies grew,, up, and. our revo1
lution only freed us-from the dominion of a foreign
power whose government wast at variance with those
institutions. ! t t-14 .
But European nations have had no such training
for self-gojernment, and every effort to" establish it
by bloody j revolutions has been, and must, without
tnat preparation, continue to he afu ore. Liberty.
unregulated! by law, degenerates into anarchy,
which soon becomes the most horrid of all des
potisms. Our policy is wisely to governjourselves,
and thereby to set such an example of national
justice, prosperity, and true glory, as shall teach to
all nations! the b
essings Of self-government, ana
enterprise arid 'success of a free
the unparalleled
people.
CONDITION AKD
WANTS OF- THE COUNTRY.
We live iii an
age of progress, and ours is em
phatically
a eounjtry of progress. Within the last
half century the ri
umber of States in this Union has
nearly doubled,
ie population: has almost quadru
pled, and bur boundaries have-! been extended from
the Mississippi to the Pacific. Our territory is
chequered over with railroads, and furrowed with
canals. The inventive talent of our couutry is ex
cited to the highest pitch, and the numerous appli
cations for patents for valuable improvements, dis
tinguish this age' and . this people from all. others.
The genius1 of one American has enabled our com
merce to move against wind and tide, and that of
another hksrannihilatied distance in the transmis
sion of intelligence. The whole
enterprise Our common schools
telligenee among the j people, and on
fast accumulating the comforts and ! -r
This is jn part owing to'out peculi
our fertile spilaud coraparativy iplu
but much ofis"also vjng tq-ther
tionunderijwhich welive, to "thi
i .y .lationf
)ular m?titu-
1HlVfWhlch
every man feels - to engage ia
.-et'ui.pu.iujt,
according to his taste 'or inclination,
'.othe eu-
tire confidence thatberson f"I rr
tv
' De
in-
f
ae
ftlie
' and
itli)rotected3;by thellawsfe But'whV
cause of tlVuinpara3leled growt1
t4iige.gce,'Aarid , weaftor'' '
Uormncjt ,Ttist keep'
enterprise? and white ;
laws, and irestrains7
"tigtitstf !neig
protect, hm
stfegthtb
y .in"
ten. r
prog
nee Ib'uid .
Itts
gfetted,! Ii
HhouH '
for :
OtliCTS I i' .
mer. are cou
the organic la..
Hes of 'hum ait tl ..
to -eiigageiin any wiiuv.
.eady
..pt a ! neigh bor-
ing pBople,. regardless ofihejusc of thesht!'er
prise, and without ! looking iUtn fatal conse
quences to ourselves and to the, cause ot popular
government. Such" expeditions, h - ever, are Often
stimulate by mercenary ' individuals! whobexpect
.to!sharetue plunder kr profit tfthe enterprise
without exposing themselves to'dang, and; are
hHl .on.byjsome irresponsible foreigner ""wlio abuses
the liospijtaiiry of cown Governmcfrt b)- sedu
cing the )out and igiiorant to join in his scheme
ot personal 'ambition or revenge, under the false
and delusive pretence of extending The area f
freedom. These reprehensible aggression hut "re
tard tlie true progress of our nation ami feiish its'
J.' i ' ' . I. 1 1 A 1 ' , . "W 7
uiir inriie. iiiey snouio. tnerelore. TPfinvp i(va
dignant fi owns1 of every good citizen who sincerely
loves his country and'takes a, pride in its prosperi
ty and honor.
Our Constitution, though not perfect, is doubt
less the best that ever was formed. Therefore let
every proposition to change it be well weighed,
and if found beneficial, cautiously adopted. Every
patriot will rejoice to see its autherity so exerted
as to advance the 'prosperity: and honor ofthe na
tion, whilst he will 'watch with jealousy ony attempt
to mutilate this charter o"f our liberties, or pervert
it powers to acts of aggression or. injustice. Thus
shall conservatism and progress blend their har
monious action in preserving the form and spirit
of tlie Constitution, and at the same time carry
forward the great improvements of the country
with a rapidity, and . energy which freemen only
can display. . -. . 1 , t
! CONC "..
In 'closing this,-my h ation,
permit me, fellpw-citizei. . u on
the prosperous condition c jved-co .ntry'i
Abroad its relations with all - Wcign , powers .are
place in itlie- family; of .natis cheerfully rtfeogi
nised. At home we enj" happiness,
public and private, wlr" ver "illen
to the Jot of any otl; s t,'.' ding
to our own citizens a y of vvhich
on so large a scale I k, .r instancenr
country is annually afforui.-, a refuge and !a home
to multitude'saltogether without example, from the
old World. . ' :
We ove these blessings, under Heaven, to the
happy Constitution and Government which weie
bequeathd to us by our fathers, and which it is our
sacred duty to transmit inall their integrity to our
children. We must all consider it a greatdistinc
tion and jrivilege to have been chosen by the peo
ple to bear a part in the administration of such a
Government. Called by an unexpected dispensa
tion to its highest trust at a season of embarrass
ment and alarm, I entered upon the arduous duties
with extreme diffidence. I claim only to have dis
charged them to the best of an humble ability, with
a single eye to the public good ; and it is with de
rout gratitude, in retiring , from office, that I leave
the country in a state of peace and prosperity"
. t j ' MILLARD FILLMORE.
Washington, December C, 1852.
The President's Message was jecieved at the of
fice of the. Southern, Weekly Post at twenty min
utes before 3 o'clock," p. m.j and was in type
at twenty minutes to 7 o'clock. !.
A Tru
th for Parents. The Rev. Dr. Duff a
man of eriiinent practical wisdom, as well as of etn-t
inent piety, says : " I am prepared from experi
ence to say that, in nine cases out often, the hoards
of accumulated money given to children, by whom
they were never earned, and who acquired no ha
bits of industry, or thrift, or Jaboriousriess, prove,
in point of fact, rather a cursethan a blessing. I
am prepared tq substnT,f:-'' that as a matter of
fact, not merely from ' owledge of the
subject, but from the nen who t have
been of Watchful and Ci its,v cultivated
not only jin Oreat Britain, i 1 America. But it
is a melancholy fact, that so little do parents know
of the mass of misery thev are aceumultinr
j. y j - & lv
their children in heaping up these boards for thm:
so little do they think . how big with misery these
hoards ."are." Let parents of this solemn
truth, and do erood . witE
':h instead of
treasuring it up for their
1.
Pretty Smart. Bishop Hedding, speaking of
the muddy travelling at the West, -mentioned a
case of Irish wit The Bishop was moving along
in a gig, his horse in a slow walk, when an Irish
man, on (foot, overtook him. " Good morning,"
said the bishop.
... "Good morning, ycr honor," replied Pat
' 44 Yoqseem to have the advantage of me, in our
modes of traveling, my friend,' continued the bishop.
" An' X'll swap with yer, if yer plaze, sir," was the
quick reply v .
SAINT CEISPIK'S SUPPER.
The truce of Nice had brought a respite to the
struggle between the two powerful and glorious
rivals whose names filled Europe, and whose swords,
Lalternately victorious, had reunited the world. The;
campaign of Italy, and the deliverance ot tne
Pope, blockaded in the Castle of Angelo by the
imperial army, had made Francis I. halfforgfet
th misfortunes of PaviaJ Charles V. was lament
ing his want of success ,in Africa, and preparing
for an incursion into Provence, when news reached,
him of seemingly but trifling importance, yet im
merse in its results, because of; the vast projects
it disturbed.
Oje of those turbulent cities of Flanders, whose
free urghers could not readily accommodate them
selves to the despotic government of Charles,; was
in open revolt. It was iinportant not to permit
such an example to spread, and the emperor de
termined to go in' person to chastise the rebellious
city. Uemembering the generosity of his rival,
he asked permission to pass through France. It rs
beautifal to read of this heroic confidence still
more beautiful to know that it was not misplace! ;
and certainly in the life of Francis I., this noble
page of generous forbearance is worth alb the ad
vantages that the retaliation for the captivity of
Pavia could have brought hi in. ,
The turbulent citizens of Ghent were soon oblig
ed to submit; but perceiving that the leaven of
t country "s ftiU offSt had spread, and was rapidly fermenting in
Js are Miffus ' -1 the' neighboring cities, Charles-believed it most
; prflent to prolong his stay in r landers, m order
to pn firm and strengthen his authority.
turing his stay he made a long visit to Brus
sels, where he was fond of walking alone, and
sinijdy dressed, to study the manners and opinions
of the inhabitants. One evening as he was stroll
ing through the streets, -.wrapped in a mantle of
coarse cloth, his face half concealed by a hbod
such as those worn by the townspeople, a savory
smell issuing from a bake house caused him to
stop before tho half-open door. Looking in Ik
perceived a magnificent igooe, worthy to deck a
royal board, which had just been taken from the
spit, and was now reposing on a bright tin dish;-lfe
A young woman was bargaining for the tempting
bird, when Charles entered and offered a -higher
price. The girl gave him a cross look, and, tojhe
surprise of the baker, who found his goose going,
at double its value, named a still higher sum, and
throwing her money on the counter as she spoke,
seized the prize and ran out of . the shop.
Half vexed, half laughing, the monarch follow
ed, determined to ; discover who was the spirited
woman that had thus defeated him the great
emperor the King of Spain and of the Indies.
; The young woman hurried through many dark
and dirty little streets, to the great discomfort of
her pursuer, who followed with difficulty. At last
having reached a lane dirtier and narrower than
any through which she had previously passed, she
disappeared under a low and ill-closed door:
Charles stopped, hesitating to follow, when a burst
of joyous laughter within struck his ear.
" By my holy patron," cried he to himself,
"there seems to be a fest here. I will have "my
share of it too. That fine goose shall not have
passed so near to my mouth without my tasting it."
' The king pushed the door as he spoke. It yield
ed easily, and guided by the noise of the revelry,
he proceeded along a narrow corridor, at the end
owhich was a second door, through whose crack
ed pannels streamed a brilliant light. Raising the
latch, he found himself in a large room, in the mid
dle of which, on a well spread table, the goose
lay in triumph, flanked by numerous pots of beer
boVtles or wine. About twenty men, whose
aprons and odor revealed their craft, were seated
on stools around it, listening with shouts of laugh
ter to the history of the contest-for the pride5 of
their festive board. The stranger's arrival was 'no
pleasant surprise,-and it was with a bent brow and
angry eye that one of the; party demanded to
know what brought him there.
" Parbleu! my masters, I have a long march
to make, and one of my boots leaks. I hope that
one of you will put in a stitch I can pay for
it "
"You come in an unlucky hour, friend," replied
the other. " We are celebrating the. festival of
our patrons, Saint Crispin and Saint Crepinien,this
evening, and it would be a great lack of respect to
them to work- even though it were for a thousand
crowns though it were for the Emperor Charles
V. himself P j
The stranger smiled, and plunging his hand in
to the deep pocket of his vest, drew forth a bright
piece of geld, and threw it oh the table, saying
" In that case you will ! at least let me stay awhile
and share the good supper. Here is something to
moisten it xhh " - -j -
The argument was : irresistible. By a sponta
neous movement the twenty stools pressed closer
to each other, so as to afford space for the twenty
first, which was immediately occupied.. The sup
ber was a long and merry one, thanks especially
to the good wine provided by the strangers gold.
It was a political one, also, for not a subject that
interested Flemish citizens escaped discussion.
The emperoi was praised and blamed but all join
ed in lamenting the loss of their Flemish liberty.
The hour glass had often emptied its sand after
the curfew had sounded, before the revellers per
ceived the flight of time, and rose to return to
their several homes. "And as the wine had been
good, so also was their gratitude warm. To thank
their generous guest more worthily, it was unan
imously resolved to conduct him in a body to his
dwelling, and notwithstanding his remonstrances,
the emperor's single will was obliged to submit to.
the twenty wills united against him.
"Where do you live ?' cried his boisterous com
panions, i '
- "Near the Imperial Palace."
" Faith ! that's a fine quarter for a bourgeoise;
but after all, if one has money one may live any
where." -
The party soon reached the palace gates. " In
here," said the stranger, smiling ; and separating
himself from the group that surrounded him, he
presented himself to the sentinel, who instantly re
cognised and saluted him.
"But who is it?" i '
"The Emperor Charles V." answered the sol
dier. "The Emperor!" echoed all, falling back in as
tonishment. '
'No one dared to break silence. s t
44 What, has no one anything to ask from me ?
I do not forget that I have double scot to pay
first for my share of the goose, and second, for cer
tain excellent counsel, by which I shall not fail to
profit" . - : ,
" Well, sire, since you desire it, we will ask tou
a favor, not one either, but two. We pray you to
permit our corporation to take tor its arms a crown
ed boot, and wear a sword on the festival of Saint
1 s- , o ))'
f9Pm 8 supper.
The Emperor smiled. " Is that all asked he.
44 All." I
" 'Tis granted.'' S
" Long live our Emperor !" shouted1 the twenty
voices. . j
"Hush ! silence !" cried Charles laughing ; "not
even I have the right! to disturb the slumbers of
our good citizens."
The shoemakers of Brussels have still for device
the crowned boot ; and for more than a hundred
years after this adventure of the great Emperor,
they never omitted to gird on their swords on Saint
Crispin's day. They loved, tooj to tell of the in
cident we have just related, adding, as they finish
ed, that the Emperor was too wise to despise good
counsel, however low the source from which it
came, "and he had more than once confessed that
he had well profited by Saint Crispin's Supper.
i THE LOST FOUND.
The facts which follow are furnished by a re
liable correspondent, and contain sufficient of the
" raw material" for a good novel. WTe are assured
by the narrator that the statements are literally
correct. .
Some sixteen years since, a youg gentleman in
New-York citv contrived for a while to pay Ins ad
dresses to a beautiful girl there, the daughter of a
worthy but obstinate Pearl street merchant, who
wss opposed to the young man's visiting his daugh
ter. He persisted in'his endeavors to win the young
ladv. and! at last was forbidden to enter the
man s liOuse. .
Still, the lovers contrived to meet occasionally
afterwards; and at the expiration of some six
months, matters having been previously so arrang
ed, the girl consented to marry the youth who
.loved her, and for whom at any time he would have
perilled his life, so deeply rooted was his affection
for her. He did not seek her fortune, for he was in
the enjoyment of a handsome salary as principal
"book-keeper in an extensive jobbing-house, and his
prospects, pecuniarily, were very fair. But the
parents were obdurate, and he was driven from the
house, j .
As we have hinted, at the end of half a twelve
month, they agreed to be married, and all he re
quisite arrangements were made, the evening was
fixed upon, even the chaplain had been engaged
but, on the morning ofthe day proposed secretly
for the nuptials, the whole plan was discovered,
and the, match was broken off, peremptorily, by
the absolute authority of the -parents.
Time passed on. The daughter was sent to a
distant part of the country tor a while ; and the
young man, disappointed and disheartened, left
New York for the west.
Meantime, a person to suit the taste of the
parents turned up a man of considerable means,
but old enough to be the young girHs father ; and
a mjitcli was arranged, after long persuasion, be
tween Emma and this man, and she wedded him
at last. .
Three; years subsequently, the young man found
himself jn New Fngland, where he settled, and
took a wife also, finding it not good to dwell alone ;
and some dozen years or so passed away, with their
thousand-and-one changes of place, or circum
stances, and of fortune. From the time of their
separation, the original lovers had never met.
The young man became the father of three little
ones, and then lost two of these, which bereavement
was soon after followed by the death of his wife.
Time flew by. He had been a widower some years,
and his oldest daughter had got to be quite amiss.
He had been fortunate in his business, and resided
a few miles out of the city, in a sweet " little cot
tage, unclouded by sorrow," for the day of his mis
fortune had long since gone by ; and he endeavor
c'd to be contented .and happy, surrounded as he
was by the comforts of life, and in the enjoyment
of the societv of his dear little daughter.
One day last month he was returning home m
the afternoon, and upon entering the cars herfound
them all full. He sought a seat, and found one by
a lady about thirty years of age, beside whom he
sat down, and the cars soon moved out ofthe depot.
'As they emerged into the the light, he suddenly
turned to the lady, and exclaimed,
44 Mad am ! Emma ! Is this you V
He didn't know exactly what he said, but it was
a fact that he was on the seat with the girl to
whom he was once engaged to be married, whom
he had really Joved, and whom he had neveriseen
from the day of their cruel separation..
A mutual explanation quickly succeeded. Our
widowed friend ascertained that his former intended
was onj her way to the north, upon a visit to her
friends, j. That she had been married nearly eleven
years, had but one child livjng, and her husband
had been dead over two years. He pointed to his
pretty cottage as the cars passed on, but did not
leave the train.
He proceeded forward, renewed his acquaintance,
found the lady her own mistress, proposed to her
again,, for he believed her as lovely as ever, and
won her, sure, this time ! And we record the fact
with no ordinary degree of pleasure, that within
three weeks the lovers were actually united together
in marriage, in the city of Boston.
The Effects ofFe;ar. The following is quot
ed froni the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal,
a periodical in which we should not look for a 6c
titious narrative, yet the story is wonderful :
A young man, twenty-three years old, came from
the mines to San Francisco, with the intention of
soon leaving the latter place for home. On the
evening of his arrival, he, with his companions,
visited tlie gambling saloons. After watching for a
time the varied fortunes of a table, supposed to be
undergoing the process of " tapping,1' from the con
tinued success of those betting against the bank,
the excitement overthrew his better judgment, and
he threw upon the "'seven spot" of a new deal a
bag which he said contained 1,100, his all the
result of two years privation and hard labor ex
claiming, with a voice trembling with intense ex
citement, " My home or the mines." As the dealer
slowly resumed the drawing of his cards, with his
countenance livid from fear of the inevitable fate
that seems ever attendant upon the tapping process
when commenced. I turned my eyes upon the
young man who had staked his whole gains upon
a card, and never shall I forget the impression
made by his look of intense anxiety, as he watched
the cards as they fell from the dealer's hands. All
the energies of his system seemed concentrated in
the fixed gaze of his eyes, while the deadly pallor
of his face bespoke the subdued action of his heart..
All around seemed infected with the sympathetic
powers of the spell; even the hitherto successful
winners forgot their own stakes in the hazardous
chance placed upon the issue of the bet. The cards
are slowly told with the precision of high wrought
excitement. The seven spot wins. The spell is
broken reaction takes place. The winner exclaims,
with a deep drawn sigh "I will never gamble a
gain," and was carried from the room in a deep
swoon, from which he did not fully recover until
the next! morning, and then to know that the equi
valent surrendered for his gain was the color of
his hair, !. now changed to a perfect white.
A BOOK FOR THE PEOPLE.
j JUST PUBLISHED
NEW & PRACTICAL FORM BOOK
0
10 STAINING Forms of all thoBe legal instruments im-
p: .ti.i. to De Known
BY Tlfc PEOPLE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
nd designed, also for the use of r
Justices of the Peace, 'Sheriffs, Clerks, Constables, Coro
ners, tyc, fC.
compiled and arranged from the best authorities,
By CAXYIN II. WILEY, Esq.
o which is added, The Constitution of the United Slates
and of North Carolina. .
The number of Forms in this work is much larger than
can be lound in any Form Book heretofore published in
North-Carolina ; and while it is hoped they will meet the wants
and exegencies of the public, it is also believed that their ac
curacy may be relieved on, having been examined and approv
ed by some ot the most eminent lawyers of the State. From
tlie alphabetical order of the subjects, and the complete alpha
betical Indtx, it will be easy to find, any desired matter con
tained in (he book.
'1 he price ofthe book will be One dollar, for which sum it
will be stnt to any part ofthe Sate by mail free of postage
The trade will be supplied upon the usual terms, Orders
iHuld be: addressed to , .
W. D. COOKE, at Raleigh
fcr Mitors in th- State who will give the above two or
three insertions m their papers before thelirst day of January
lcxi, and call attention to the work editorial ly.thall receive
a copy ol the book by mail free of postage, whenever a mark
ed iavy of their paper shall be received at this Office
COMMENCEMENT OF A NEW VOLUME;
j -
- TUT? " WEWT.V PHQT v
; 1 JJJJ T ! X J. UUI
bgua jost one year agb, os an experiment,. has become m,
of thest fcopu Jar and useful enterprises of th country 9
-Its success in North Carolina was immediate ; and bavi
extended its circulation and influence into other States u lw?
gins new year with a name indicative e't iu widening
of operation. ' . ' 'a
THE " SOUTHERN WEEKLY POST",
though not a mere provincinl Journal wil still bp dov,,tori
all the interests of "NORTH CAROLINA ; and while J
laboring to promote the cause of Education, Internal In
provements and Industrial Progress in its own State it w n
continue to be, also, the champion ot Southern Right- ni,H x
the promoter of Southern Literature, ' na
The volume a! really puolished, the Editors feel at liberty
f1'"' nU. pv.v, .... ...6 ... Historian
Statesman or bcholar oi North Carolina, as any one vnlum
of its contemporaries nnd predecessors in the State, and th
because the subjects have been more varied, the matter niorl
extensive and the local new3 and topics more numerous
THE SECOND VOLUME begins with brighter
pects
' pros-
&m mrmmAL Emrm
has been engaged, so" that there will be a 'distinct persoifcto
preside over each of the departments of -
' NEWS, MISCELLANY, AND LITERATURE;
new contributors have been employed, and correspondents
secured.
Preparations have filso been made to furn'sh a number of
SUPERIOR EMBELLISHMENTS,
and in the course ot the year wul appear the i
! new historical
novel . ' . .
.MEMOIRS OF A
FUGITIVE SLAVE,
BY CALVIN H. WILEY.
Other attractions the paper will have,mskingifcpecnliarly the
Organ and Fr end of Home,' but as the Editors intend to per
form to the letter all their engagements . they will this tear as
they did the last, leave the public to judge by their actions
rather jhan by their promises.
TheSecond Volume of this
FAVORITE PAPER FOR. THE. IIO.HE CIRCLE,
commences on the Fourth of December, 1852. W H,ir
f
particularly to call attention to the low price oi subscription
ofthe Post: It is furnished to clubs of twenty, at
ONE DOLLAR PEE ANNUM!!
with.one copy in addition free) to the person getting up the
club.
Terms TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM, in Advance .
CLUB PRICES:
j. Three Copies, $5 full price, . . $6,
Eight Copies, A. 12 " .16,
Ten Copies, 15 " . 20,
Twenty Copies, ... 20- " ; 40.
(Payment in all cases in adtance.)
Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, th
person making up the club will be entitled to a copy extra.
PREMIUM.
Any person sending us a club of eight o more ubse'riberg,
with the cash, shall, in addition to the extra copy ot the paper,
receive, by return mail, lree of postage, a copy of a new
OUTLINE MAP OF NORTH CAROLINA.,
This map is about 10 by 19 inches and is intended to give a
correct representation of the form and relative position pfjll
the counties in the State with their Federal Population, mi
average amount of Taxes for five years. It is the only map
of the State that has ever been published in which all the
counties are accurately laid down.
All articles of a Literary character may be addressed to C.
II. Wiley, Greensboro', or to the Subscriber, Raleigh. Busi
ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &c, &c,
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke.
OCT Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents fortn
Southern Weekly Post.
ADVERTISEMENTS
Of a proper character will be inserted at the following rates:
For 1 square of 14 lines, 1 insertion, $0,75
1 do. 1 month, .. 1.50
1 do. 3 months, 3.00
1 do. 6 " 6.00
1 do. 9 " .. 850
1 dp. 12 " 10.00
Business Cards, $3 for one year.
For a quarter, half, or whole column a liberal discount ui j
be made. ' -
' 03" Advertisements should in all cases be marked with the j;
number of insertions tfesired-rotherwise,, they will remain un-,
til notice 'to discOntfittir taivenmwdtix "charged according to "
the. above rates. The particular attention of advertisers is
called to this notice, as it is not our wish to require payment
for an advertisement for a longer time than is necessary, and
we do not wish our columns filled with advertisements that
are out of date.
WILLIAM D. COOKE. Proprietor. '
A NEW AND COMPLETE
MAP OF NORTH CAROLINA.
THE undersigned will publish in the course of the year
1853,
A NEW, LARGE AND COMPLETE
MAP OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Five feet by three, well engraved and finished in the finest
stvle.
r It is admitted on all sides, that such a work is a great de-
Biueiniuiu iii uur oiuie, anu n is m consequence 01 tne ire
quent enquiries on this subject, that the undersigned have
embarked in the enterprise.
The only attempted work of this kind is that of McREA,
published in ' : and since then the Counties. Towns. Roads.
-and Post-offices have increased in number, and all our works
ot internal Improvements, with small exceptions, been set on
foot. . ; , .
It is intended that the NEW MAP, now proposed to be
published, shall contain, accurately laid down, all the Natu
ral Features of the State the
INLETS, HARBORS. SOUNDS. LAKES. RIVERS,
CREEKS, MOUNTAINS, AND GAPS : .
Also, the public improvements, and artificial divisions, the
COUNTIES, COUNTY-TOWNS, CITIES, VIL
LAGES, COLLEGES, PUBLIC ACADE
MIES, POST-OFFICES, POST-ROADS,
TURN - PIKES, PLANK - ROADS,
RAIL-ROADS AND CANALS.
THE rates of all incorporated Roads, Canals, kc, &c,
whether begun or not, will also be given ; and to render the
work more attractive and interesting, it will contain the
STORES, DWELLINGS, FACTORIES AND
SCHOOLS,
of all those subscribers who furnish the necessary informatioa.
Accompanying the MAP will be
A STATISTICAL REGISTER,
in the nature of a '
GAZETTEER,
containing statements of the population, trade fcc, &c, of
fi?rincipa' Towns, descriptions of improvements, products
of different sections, &c, &c.
TERMS.-The MAP andREGISTER will be
rum shed for - - - . . 6 50
The Map alone for - - - . . 600
The Register alone for - - - - - l 00
WILLIAM D. COOKE,
SAMUEL PEARCE,
C. H. WILEY.
Jtt Information front any source, and which maybe of ser
vice in the making of the above work, -will be thankfully
received ; and those who wish to subscribe and to have their
dwellings, places of business, &c, designated, should state the
distance and directions ofthe proposed localities from the
C-ounty lown, and mention the names of the Roads and
u .7;? on, ,which they are situated. All communications
should be addressed to -
, W. D. COOKE, Rleigh, N. C.
CLASSICAL
AND
MATHEMATICAL SCHOOL
IS RALEIGH.
-THE SUBSCRIBER will open "a School of this descrip
J Hon in the city of Raleigh, on the first Monday in Jan-
with a
1 j
, 9 hJgh PuPiis be expected to have al-
ordfnYr '
The first session will be' one of five months. Some half
S f.may be accommodated, if preferred, in the
Principal s family, at 812,00 per, month. '
. trench extra .r 10,00
blyi?n advance VC exPe.n'wi'.i bo 'expected' invaria
cJLTim - " L. WADDELL.
ACTTLTT OF WasB.I1 TiTOX CoT.T.rnp. T.pxineton. Vi
JLLii '.JL '..ll.T.i '
IlPinrtnr. r-.r
1RUSTEESOF STAUN rot Arincvv Staimtmi. Va..
r'a.,
Kev. H. Rcffner, . D., Kanawha co.. Va., . .
. "on- A- H. H. Sxu; jit, Secretary of the Interior, Was"
wton citv.
Va -T. Striblin j, Western Lumrtic Asylum, Staunton-
jev. W. H. McGr ffev, D. D., University of Virgin
Rev. R. H. Philus, Virginia Female Institute, Staunton,
Kev. B M. Smith, Staunton, Va., rr.
Judge J. W. Brockenbrocgh, U. S. Court, Leng10"' a-'
Judge L. P. Thompson, Staunton, Va., 1
Rev. Moses D. Hoof., Richmond, Va.,
Hon. S. S. Baiter, Richmond, Va..
Rev. J. J. Smyth, Everittsville, N. C,
Rev. B. H. Rice, D. D., Prince Edward co., Va.
Muaiy j miieo to Uscnty-five pupils. The
u French languages will be soundly taught,
uiuiuusuiuuree 01 ii flinr.motiAr. a .1 1 1 :..
--imi
    

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