Southern Weekly Post (Raleigh, … /
Dec. 25, 1852, edition 1 /
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TML IN POLITICS.
PER ANN CM.
A FAMILY NEWS?
WILLIAM D. COOKI-J
: J T ... - T. V .... . ' ; ! ' 1 .
eimtctr to all tfte ntm&te of fiotfl) Carolina, Strucatibn, rjriculturc, Citeratttrt, 3tcfc0, tijc ittmicte, Sc.
VOL. II SO. 4.
DECEMB ER 25, 1852;
ihe accompanying is a wood engraving of the building now erecting
on Reservoir Souare, in tht city of New York, for the purposes of the
.... . r " I ' :
exhibition of the indutTv 6f all nations
j .-Reservoir Square., on which it is erected, lies at the northern extre
mity of the city of New York, west of the Croton Distributing Rescr
iVoir; and between that mighty .mass of stone and theSixth Avenue, is
hundred and forty-five feet. and the width, north and south.
i r ...... ; . . w
from Fortieth tit ""Fort v.spmnd trfMi " ?4 fnr lmnrliWI nrnl fnrtr-fiv-
feet. ( - ' y - ' . '
It will be.obacrved that this piece of grouncLis nearly square. The
shape is unfavorable for architectural purposes.' In other respects no
better spot, could be found in the city. The Sixth Avenue railroad
rum near it ; and it lies immediately in the vicinity of the Fourth,
-Tilth and Sixth Avenues-the main thoroughfares of that part of the
.vine architects and designers, whose plan was adopted by the Board,
'are Messrs. Cabstentex ar;d Gildemeisteu. Mr. Gildeineister lias
ibeen some "time settled amongst -Ms, and is hot onlv an architect but an
;-i . :. - . - . . . '
-artist.-' . Mr. Carstensen the designer of the Tivoli and Casino of
; Copenhagen, the prince A public grounds of, that city, and has
recently established liis hone- inder- the broad shelter of the Re
public. : ;, J.-" '
. ! The main features of the building are as follows : It is, with the
exception of t':e floor, entirely 'constructed of iron and glass,
j n liSco is a Greek cross, surmountedbv a do
Ana j-t .
fropt is &
lome at the-
'Jameter of the cross will Te '-three hundred and
- lonsr. Thpf - v HI be three similar entrances :
. 2, one on I ' .!i, and'bne'oin Forty -second
will lo! f.: ; : uet wide," and that on the
'reached by a i. , -t ;f eiht steps : over vach
t.ir f nlight, forty-c. feet will " " 1 m.
-o. .tfefEiKU, ansvvering to Uie wriTie" e! Le" andjj1
cross is onhe ground, plan lope hundred .md ibrtv J-"
VM is divided, iato a centralnave ancTUwo 'ide . Tlie cen!
the nave forty-one feet l'ao;.raV.fxty.8eveb feet, and
tral portion or nave w rarncll -up to the bei .. fcet bro,tU
the semi-circular arcU by wT"1" crossing each other at right
feet high to the crown of the
and 01 each side of
a. (-.-.lie I i. in i iu iw tx. nil ixi l &a v- v- w i
ii fiity- -
four feet irom
There are thus in effect two'arche.
angles, forty-one feet broad, !:five feet long
arch, and three, hundred feet broad, and
- these naves is an aislf, " .i if- tilft Ave is se
The. exterior of the -ri . own idih) and twenty.
aisle is covem .ntral dome1 is one Jiund red feet in diameter, sixty
the floor. the floor to the sji'ng of the. arch, and one hun-
cigfefghteeaieet to the crbwn ; Wd on the outside, with ihe
rn, one hundred and fortV-pTiie feet: The exterior angles of the
baildinw are ingeniously filled tiff with a triangular lean to twenty-four
feet hi?h, which gives the groUd plan an octagonal shApe, fjach side
or face being one hundred aiid forty feet wide. At each angle
' .i. r-A.M oUl.t! tik. in oiameter. and seventy-five feet
la HU oeUgvui wmi 'g""! v"r i , ' .
? ... .
Vi 'tHSM j
'..-!- ! ,a
i i THE NEW-YORK CRYSTAL PALACE
' i FOR THE EXHIBITION OF THE INDUSTRY OF ALL NATIONS.
: ' -i 1 1 l - -----
: ! ; . - - . , , 1 i -1 . i .1 , A
Four large and .eight' winding stair crises connect the principal ',flopr with the
trallerv, which opens ou the three balconies that are situated over tlie entrance
halls. And aftonl amio e snace tor nower aecorations, siaiues, vases occ. . ae wui
WHOLE -NO. 56;
There are on the ground floor ome-hundred and ninety octagonal
cast iron columns, twenty -one feet alxve the floor, and eight inches di
ameter, cast hollow, of different thi .-knesses, from half , an inch to ojic
inch. These columns receive' the caht-iron girders. .These are twenty
six and a half feet long and three feet high, and'serve to sustain the
galleries and wrought iron construction of the rpofas well as to brace
the whole structure in every direction. The giiklers, as well as the se
cond story columns, are fastened to the columns in the lirst story, by
connecting pieces of the same octagonal shape 'as 'the .columns, three
feet four inchf high, having proper flanges and Jugs to fasten all pieces
together by bolts. The number of lower fiwr girders is two hundred
and fifty-two, Wsides twelve wrong1 it-iron girders of the same height,
and forty -one feet span over a part qf the nave. The second story 'con
tain one hundred and forty -eight columns, of the same shape as those,
below, and seventeen feet seven in .lies high. jThcse receive another
tier of girders, numbering ,one hum' red and sixty, for the support of
the routs of the aisles, each nave being covered by sixteen cast-iron
semi circular-arches, each composed of four pieces.
The dome is supported by twenty-four columns, which go up above
tlie second "storv to a height of "sixty-two -feet above the floor, and sup
port a eombiaati' ii of wroucjht-iron arches and girders, on which rest
cast-iron bet-iute. so coniruotel as to receive,! ue inuiv-iwo rou oi
le dome. Tlie liir'ut is cornnun
ated to thif do:na tlirouglithe
lantern as well as from the sides, on wmcU t-h:rt;v-two eseutclieon-.-in
colored glass, representing the
or the emblems of the
f the Union and its several -States,"
1 1 iV .. ... . i j ... i. ..... .. ....... C 4l.. unA.nf i,.n
uuiereui naiion, i,rni ;i pan ui iuy utLunu.
h use 1 for .the busldincr Will amount to
- The ouantitv of iron to
about one thousand two hundred alud fifty tons, j The roof will cover
hundred and frtvi-four thousand snuare feet, lne
v will amount Jo thirty-nine, thousaud sqUJ
id twenty -seveh panes, i.tteCJ) " lj4rt
principal staircases consist of two flights of steps with two lauding places to each
th a net aroial towers, which lead also to
"'" Wo"" " .vv"---.- - t ""-a mv
s on the tops of the towersjiuci to i h;ryvt .v.,
1 1 T 1 1 1
rrf.- ,t.,;0 r. h rrmm floor one nunureu anu eieeu uiuuau'
square fem of space, and in its galleries, which are titty-lour leet wcie, mxiv-iwo
thousaivttsquare feet more, making a total area of one hundred and seventy-tnree
hn.nrl fer,.,nr 'fopt.'fi.r the nurnose of exhibition. There are thus on the ground
flootwo Acres and a half, or exactly,? 52-100 ; iu the gaHerune acre and 44-100 ;
glass for the buildit
in nine thousand an
On entering this building, the owc:ver's eye will be greeted byj.he
'vista of an arched nave, forty-one teet wnle, sixty-seven teet high, and
three hundred and sixty-five feet loiig ; while on approaching the cen
tre, he wili find himself under a donte one hundred feel across, and one
hundred and eighteen feet high. I
It is certaintherefore, that tlie edifice will be larger, and more effec
tive in its interior view, than anything in the country.'
The aspect of the building will be entirely different from that of the
London Crystal Palace. Its form affords the requisite scope for a
pleasing variety of architectural embellishment, by-which all monotony
can be avoided, and allows a very evonomical use of the ground. The
rising dome, independent of its ettVcttin the interior arrangement of the
edifice, will give height and majesty.!
The following are the objects which the architects have striven to
combine in their plan : .
1. The greatest possible interior area. 2. Perfect safety and eleganco
of construction. 3. A well calculated and pleasing admission of light.
4. A variety of coup iVmxU in the interior. j ,
cn ; t"i, Ki.il, linrr wh'.fh will soin s'utft the eves-of the citv of
.lL-tl tUV UVIII'llllp .-.....m. 1 J -
New York. In asserting that it vulll
construction iu the. country, nothing
serves. liut,this is its least meri.
Ik? the largest and most beautiful
has been said more than it de-
ll'he objects to f"
SPEECH OF J. A.j GILMliK,
Jdm. MiKIXO GEXBilXL APPROPRIATIONS
nw. THM BILL MAI4.1iU -ul.m..
'FOB WORKS OF .INTERN aJ. IMPROVEMENT. DE
LIVERED IX THE : SENATE, j DECEMBER 1852. .
Mr. Speaker : I have no desire to be tedious or
. -l . - ota nnnoiiflrilv-for there is noth
ing more unpleasant than td address an impatient
audienci ; vet such is the magnitude of the subject
and so important w ill be the; result of our present
deliberations, that I feel bound lo deliver my views
r and opinions.. In my judgrneut sir, there has .been
no question before the Senate of more importance ;
nor do 1 believe there can be! a Question presented
;n xvbielihhe'truo Interests oil JNortn Carolina are
in the bill now Deiorei
.---! e. mo Snii'therh1 seaoort citv. The '
necessiiv iui a . i . .
prosperity, the independence, the dearest interests
of the South demand this; and none will deny
that the produce of the Mississippi vauey, n sn.p
ped at any one point, would, if the port permitted,
buildiup the largest commerce in the world. '
Wow ir then have these conclusions admit
ted, to wit: the capacity and advantages of Beau-!
will be directed all the other improvements to
this rreat artery will flow all the otheri veins.
Everv rill and branch and creek arid river will
pour in its tribute to swell the mighty current;
and by the. time it reaches Raleigh it will be indeed
a torrent! . Think of it for a momeut Look at
f O' ran ere. Alamance. Randolph,
wU..v" ---- - p . , . .. -v- Ji.:
Guilford, Stokes, Forsythe, JJaviason, aurry, i.
m using lot1
And, sir this
mountain region is not important
Jmmmmm-w 1 in jf e ' ! I
i l Ka Jitei ivnm ft neonie more
fort harbor, and the amount oi prouueo tuv .w... , p,. , . veland.
taua on thb side of the mountains : every acre ot
f 'tiWoA tr, jidcantan-e. and every ar-
eMCll Ul B Va W vi"v.-i a i -
more deeply involved, thai
-f-Sv. s!r. in favor of emending the Cf
-i . o rkrvr nf 13aufor t land
ot tne cr
State to enable enterprising individuals to accom
plish this work, whatever be the amount required.
" ; ' i;xV;iir in fivor of extending this
ino. suficient aid in the shape
t am ctill more heartny id wvor
- rnad to the Tennessee line,' so as to
; ffl-ect steam communication between the spacious
. - commodMPwt f
Ld which has been so well -senbed, and the
V teernin valley of the Mississippi. I am also for com
.'faM? - V.i... : ; i.Jr mmmenoed. to wit.
tSletinc a worK mat i ,
pieuiij, tl,a navirration of the Cape
rear nui , : v,.-.eiV.1o rnal fields
vplonment 01 iue ;uCu
citv. lne conneeuug , . .,,
so kind to us . in many ! respects, has not herseit
made this connecting link. .
A r.avirrohlft river flowing from the blue Ridge
to Beaufort, all agre, .would .bring to it the com- to go over
merceof Virginia, South Carolina, and or muc
of the Mississippi valley -. towards tins river m
the improvements of the neighboring bwtes would
finally converge. i .
Now, sir, the single question to be solved is, will
a railroad answer the place of. a river ?.
r e . 1 j 1. .. J. C . a -il
l do not contend, air. speauer, uuu mr tu..
.:.rRnFnni a railroad is eaual to a river,,
f. not so cheap a means ot getting to mai i,
verv heavv freight it has urav oaeK.
?i An tl."othpr side the railroad is
11 ,-JV'v- .; ..
;..i. in this nnrft ot te'leirrapus a
O-llious luouc , " . o- - p .. .
inns throULtu the teiegraun, w,HUU'
tide of produce made in each lor market, wi"
Central railroad. From' each will
speed is often more important than, eneapue.
iBuL as far as much of the country is concerned
which it is proposed to make " tributary to W d-"-:
'5 Homifort and ISewberne, it can
- m ' ia rT run ri i Mi i .inn
, . -.- -
the Central railros
3 i ii i -i oto rro fruits, nn-
TO com. wneai. woauw, u.iv, t-, - 7 i -
tatoes, wool, butter, cheese, fec.,.&c ; and to each in
return will pass over the Central road all toe, i sal t
di r o-oods. &c. which thev use.
It is no exaggeration to suppose that the exports oi.
these counties, by the time tho 'road lsxompleted,
will amount; to some eight or temillvf dollars,
their imports to six or eight milbons ;laftd we;know
that the completion of a road through their-rrhdst;
will verv soon Idouble and treble their productions-.
l 1 , . . . f .. .nnin
th most exne- Then, sir, will the vast water-poei oi toe u..v7
1 ' ' : . -1.1 ?1 1 -
nd of be turned to account; ana men wm u a
cession of business on the road, fabrics going proin
the factories to the markets of the world, and the
raw materials coming in. .
This is a slight view of the cisTinontane trade :
and then let ul. look, across the Blue Ridge to that
rnerely'as a place to; go for health and comtort in
the summlr : it is one of the richest mountain re
gions iu th-l world, abounding in mineral, and agri
cultural' resources, with water power to turn all the
machinery of the world, aud timber enough to
build it, wiih rich pastures, natural meadows and
But, sir, there is another point in which to view
this matter. 1 speak of our duties as statesmen to
the people of this fair'uplaud and mountain region
ti.., 4V.-tn tii a markets of the world
and while their .productions are generally ot a
hauled in wagons
to market, and generally hauled ; a distance ot at
least a hundred miles.
rI"ti.i .lifTUrpnep in freight bv waon and railroad
have no outlet to market except by rai
sir, it is an extensive, a ncii,
and a promisimr coun-
Where is a m
in ,t rprrion ?'
favor of -improving the
which border upon it?
'.. Ijr l MSii J Wholly oft
.ladKin anu ' j .ve -:aaddu
that, these variyua. "y-,." ' a
tlmse Completed " r,ve : .
- .... - A in,
WT sre itV of the SUte an Amount com
Sch the proppropriation wdl
V iiA intn absolute nsignificance.
iSetpiulon wHhHhich I set out; wil
This is me opi .. 0sltl0n ?
dare w u.F . . - . t
any one oare w ,r t den:ej what ex
BibU,ty,ot "TV.fSJ the general propo-!
i:i rnu siit
t .i - - i:.:. ; nroctprn V irmnw. western
North Carolina, western South Carolina and Geor:!
tia, and much of eastern Tennessee; and of tins;
rVion 1 contend that the port embraced m our ;
own border will amply sustain railroad wil ibui.d ,
'p our searts into large cities, and is of sufficient
importance to demand an outlet to market.
kowrsir, let us calculate for a moment
Let it be borne in mind that in the 0rst place
the laud .n mid.dte and, western Jsorth Carolina. is
universally good. ..
rru., -iirli rank and exuberant soil as is
'found in the extern, counties where he the U,t,
corn lands iu the world ; nor are; the cotton and to-
jbacco lands equal to the tooacco ianu ou
oke.orthe cotton lands on tne "
But on the other nanu iue.e.
no deserts and not even any unproductive
, , , ...v. overvwhere
T 1 T 1 L.1UU9. A . v. . - -
is suited to
aition in worua, iv -r
lion of our puonc i .. i our irnproYements
V We have crawiea s T'T to make
aye, r, crawled along, -
an eflbrttosund.r to wjb I we fcav
Aa sir, w uc. - g-- m mei t flom 0ur creeping
raised ourselves up for m T 1(Tth . we woud
pc.turee woidd not u - ger hurried-
d fairy land which lies beyona .
re beautiful, a more grand or myit
W ho can describe its -enchanting
scenery, its delicious climate, its delightful attrac
tions To the ' pleasure-hunter, the invalid, the mi
neralogist and botanist,, it is the most interesting
in ilu. 'world : and all. sir, that it needs to
bring to it, knually, swarmS of such people, is the
means of getting there. ' ,
Sow; sir' look eastward frora,hererW4e
hold a vast, level, once covered dby; the sea, and
left rieh-bytts7-ecedrng waters. S&H ;;ti
TheiOfis no Ml tbcompare with, it ; but, sir, the
onlv caules jwhiehjiave rendered so valuable as
our agricultural country have lsotertaitf rea
sons rendered it unhealthy. It is no disparage-,
ment to say the country unhealthy at parucuiar
times, and ij'it were not, sir, it would have too many
advantages.! i j .
Now the habitants of this rich country are! in
the habit of leaving home in the summer lor health
onrl iiUfiir : and at the watering places ofJVir-
u I ' . . - i i . i
ransportation is f iwonfiousand per -cent., or nearly
u . i;t Is w'hilA it costs one dollir or one dol-
lar fifty cents per ton of freight foptiBteiy.l.OQ miles
on the railroadHtsrAventylollars by wagon.
nd,sir, two tonsYre a very heavy wagon load ;
and for every ton so hauled, there must be a good
en-, m and rive, or six spirited i horses, this is a
cUw well as e.xoensive way of ffoing to market;
but aVIry few xf the kinds ot produce1 miae can
be so transported, and the price of these may
change five or six times before they get to their
destination. - Thus our people have no inducement
to improve 4heir lands; and it is a iamvhar tact
. with us, finishing, as it may be to you, sir, and
i fnenus, tuat it is harder to sen man
ti nnr Aast
to make. ,
We do not cultivate rhalf the kinds ot produce
that we can raise in abundance ; and of the arti
that we raise, we do not produce, the tenth
it takes one half of , the ) ear to get oil w hat we
make during the other.
jwjlt suppose thafihe.price-fcrfcauiing by
wagon isS icetsipfer; hundred weightfbr 100
miles;; and suppose that it will generally qal in
w1n aiv-ordinw to weiodit. the article of flour.
; iXXhin flrair-MolkailfA' "tMiifinndred; the cost of
netting wto riarket is exactly one fourth of tl
quotank does this,) it would make over $9,000,000.
If such is the present amount of their exports, they
fXr-it S2.-.iOO0O. of which, by railroad, they
wou'.d save at lent 82,100,000; and if they do
not now export half of this amount, it is all for the
want of means of getting to market. ...
Xor will it do to sav that a railroad would des
troy the vocation and" the profits of wagoners. It
3s a singular tact that, though the producer pays
one-fourth of the value of his article to get it to
market, the carrier makes nothing. A railroad
would actually increase the business of these
tl,,r number would be multiplied, ana lutum.y
shorter distances, with more to do, and sure certain
business, their profits would be enhanced. Sir,
when the producer is making, all those who carry
and trade in his articles can make; when he can
make nothing, t)ie carrier cannot make. . JNow,
labors between them ;
with a better state of things they, would share the
And, Mr. Speaker, let me tell you a secreta
secret worth knowing, and one which, if generally
i .i,i ln.re the sentiments of many gen-
tlemen on this floor in regard to the proposed bill.
That secret, sir, is this: that uie 1110.0 -c
--nn to n ,.f rtain noint, for works of interna!
improvement, the lighter you make the taxes in j
proportion to the means of the people. Ihis, sir,,
is not a p.radox ; aud let me proceed at once, and:
with a verv few facts, to demonstrate its truth.
I hold in my hands a memorandum, which 1
will read :
The report on the last census shows that " The
Farm lands of the United States are set down as
amounting to 1 18,457,622 acres of improved, and
184 61 348 of unimproved; total 303.078,9 .0 acres,
worth in the average $10 per acre
f 4-Vtsi L arm lard; of Massachui
Connecticut, New York, New- Jersey, and Pennsylva
nia is about 830 per acre (iNew jersey
svania lowest;) 1 while Maine, New
Vermont average about $lo per acre . e ; arc rather
Qumrised toseethe Farm lands of North Carolina
SShQiSfiS Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and
I, &in fie average below 5 per acre.
Should the average be maae in iwnu v.a.w..i. . ,
Uear it would fall on the average as low as $2 per acre.
In connection with this statement I may remark j
that three hundred millions of dollars would be a
liberal estimate ot the present vaiu u. t - r .
contented, and a imputation rapidly increasing, with 4
the pleasures of existence multiplied ten fold. -But
this is not all. In such a state of things
the taxes would be more equally diffused over tne
State; and our rich eastern friends would no longer
have the sad luxury of complaining that they pay
all the" taxes. ' ,
or is this all vet; for if our 300 millions
should be increased to 1000 millions, our improve
ments would become capital investments, and more
than pay f x -themselves. They would bo over
crowded with business; and their income would .
pav back the cost of construction while they would
i " i;,lf, i.rodl.riouslv to tlv taxable property
of the wnntrv. Our Treasury, therefore, would
overflow; and" then, sir, we could add new and
n our Literary -fund, anu uiaw m-
nart of the amount'that we would, if we could I wo o Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
set it on our hands, tins is our great irouoic,
liiye aumt j
ranrements for the education of every tLuIan
- rtH judicTous improvements iire ancillary to eaca'
other ; and all combine to develop that chief growth
of earth, man, to stimulate his powers, to ennoble
his facultiesand to minister, to his happiness.-.
All these improvement, tend alsoo multiply
employments; and this is-a fact wliich universal
experience opposes to theory. It was once thought, ...
and some reasoning a priori , sti'il contendthat the
invention of labor saving machines throw people -
out of employment ; but such has never y prun
ed to be the tact. Take a State without improve-
merit : there are-but one or twp callings, and these
are laborious and pay badly, while a vast portion
of the population are driven off. or left m idle pov
erty Take any SUte on earth with many im;
provemente, and we find an opening for everybody,
We all know that mankind are created with an
infinite variety of tastes, aptitudes and necessities,
mental, moral and physical ; and unless improve-..,
ments open a wide field for diversified talents the
;.r irfc of the neonle are left to pnae with in
tolerable lassitude, are driven off, Iff ust ayy in
icrnorance and dissipation. ,
t c.-. w;ti,r.nt. imnroveinents a universal Ian-
111 Oiaica n .vvm . j .
, 4,. ,o.,iat the ntibhc miud there
guor seems vu t-
w no excitement but in politics,;or in v
to the growth of. all the rinia, at Saratoga, aud at all tjie cuies an
rate zones, and every acre places of the North they are found in dn
hp verv highest state of ! scattering dp ther States much ot U
nroductions of the: temperate.
of land is susceptUHe ot tne -very Veadize from their exuberant crops, their
improvement. ZU -d forests of Cypress and Juniper, j
tne wonu ,. , :i.,4 ;
v; xvhuh al our hills are em micu.
ana iron . ... ,
tly one-fourth ot the
value of the article hauled ; and putting this as the
average of all the exports, then the. country ex-
nortinc ten millions worth is taxed two millions
r . . , . , -. ii.. i
five hundred thousand dollars annuany : vucj
twentieth of two millions five hundred thousand i
1.-3-..1 l x . .. : l. ,,.-.r.-l q n1 '
is one nunureu auu neui)-uvc uiuipauu ,
this would be the railroad cot of getting to mar
ket, saving two millions ihree hundred and seventy-five
thousand annually of tax paid for the ex
rmrts. The tax for five or six millions of imports
111 1 . 1 li I I ! . 1 nr.A tnrAritmtll ! rt
would oe at jea.i nan a mimou , aim uuC W.T.. , , ,i .lIul f ih nrouoaition
r n hini w: inMSt and Clianewuc x ,
V.Vi " I ..... ---r . ,1 . 1
perty of the State, real, personal and mixed and
that to make this amount, the land will have to be
average ot at least iwu uwwi. t-
I miht contend, but I
valued at an
Now I Will not contend
i 1 tni-n 'a i imnrnvH-
will not, that a liberal system .u.- v
ment, would bring up our lands to an average equal
,.i.ot of Pennsvlvania and New Jersey ; uui i
we can stand sir,
i lr from pmar " r . ....i' alone-
hbors jn the race oi
be, hs fast as Pur ner , . gtate
wnenfo. 3Iyattacnmeu.rr -; ;and eir.the
XV nride forbid merw m - ,v "rr " t ' dve to the
eiuiww?'-. i J 4lfl Vnnc US
. .. i x:i.i. n.ro nf limrwr. an
o'dditionto the mexnausuoie ai.u-- -
for medical and housenom purpv.. . -
f.t:Lar"nlace.'this. fine country, is setUed
bV a Population equally good and improveable,
bOTare the most hard-working and economy!
people in the world; long accustomed to "jru.u
rS,e want of a market they have learned torf ft
whv the summer tourists alone trom
Icounties would almost sustain the road
while they would save at least halt the sums tney
annually spend, in finding health and pleasure
nearer home, their money, with interest, returning to
them every spring in orders for fish and oysters.
I know sir that our eastern fisheries- are very
extensive and important among the most impor
tant in the world but sir, give us the means -of
n-ettino- at them irom me up wuuuj,
I .u: .....1.1 U ...,.. I, r1
l Meo-iS" easily export that it wou d at lea. treble t e vai
ten millions worth annually; and this would not bringing up the nds to jf
be an avera-e of more than $400,000r an amount jxr acre. 1 w n aio uo . . . t to .
less than that realized in the county of Bertie from persona pro peri increased ten !
exports, while Bertie is very thinly settled, and Uert and maintain that it wou a oe &
judgment 4 the . conclusions, so
J" o ii u n ih instincts of
my hear1- ; "Uj bat mfu8e my own spirit
, alone;.and j M i a and walk,and
as to the question, the great question of our
ability totand .s i t on Uie Southern
rruo Tieautort liarwi . , ,j ad;
f"". i nf the .Des-fc r , -r
. .i ontl one . .. norts oi
LVtianv' r(iAt supenpruy .w ,
, . . ... i t-., -aiiv shad herrini? and rock caught m-
. and to uiru . ..w ctv -pv , ... " :
ot wva. w . . , v 11 . ... . ixrrir vcar nun ;i 1. raAU uuu
. , TU nrp. nroverbial lor
thins to the- best acoouuw -r- MrAn
: n crt of wavs, to ecouyuo
energy, are .not "T. ..a, .eeUnsr a
'Irit be eompeW :to
... , i .
-v ,. fronds come irom
countr'-m some, places every man n u -shiZeT
and the produce of tlie country eeks dw)
oousLd creeks, rivers, sounds and m-
lets-. ., . " Uwtrates our upland re-
' !u lil mirean- fiere will be no other
5- 3- y , . , r.v
allur eastern waters, every year ana ai cau pnc.
The railroad will bring the Blue Ridge down to the
Vtlantie space will be annihilated, and the moun
tains will dip their bases and reflect their tall sha
dows in the broad waters of the Pamlico, drish
still fluttering; oysters stiU breathing wouia oe
thrown on the tops of the mountains; and while
all your fish and ovsters would thus be purchased
lw vour own 1 money, vour young folks and your
old peop1e,!vour invalids' 'our pleaure-hunte
your schootbovs and your young ladies would
swarm througlTour mountains, and every hid and
valley, ever? rugged steep and fairy dell, be peo
pled "in the "summer months with gay parties and
nnt a tenth of tha nroductive lands in cultivation
Then, sir, we may safely estimate that middle and
western North Carolina lose annually two millions
of dollars for wantof internal improvements; and
in five years this would amount to a sum twice as
large as that which, by the help of individuals, it
is calculated would cover the State with improve
ments. This k a startling calculation, but it i
fold m ten year, " , lin,1lW, alld
Deei Itiver may he estimateu v
V. 1 . r.- Mro low Ast .nate. This may
at o rhundril aa aft,
WW - andto devebp tb i 11 reau,re an m
vestmCnt in boau .U.rve,
ana vnie - ---- , t,
Thus the iraproveuKu
p,no Fear would alone aau jo
.1 ..no i now
1 1 l
1 ;,i ; r.htiM or in vice, anu mo
is no exeiMMireut i-"..-- - .
is robbed of more than halt its charms . ..
Governed State wiih improvements all is life and
bustle, energy an'H?' evei7 e?' ,s f11
with4 expectation, f very step : quiet and el astic
every face is ruddy with the glow of health, pro
duced bv virtue-improving labor,
The mechanic, the agriculturist, the, architect, the
inventive genius, the mathematical genius, the en
gineer," the gardener, the pomo3ogit, the man ot
calculations, the tradesman, the manner the schol
ar, poet, historian, school-master and philosopher,
the adventurous and the timid, the strong and the
weak, th- coarse and the refined all find emp oy
ments suited to tht-ir several tastes and capacities,
all find thfir right l-wl. anxj aH fall into" and carry
out the law .of th-ir nature;'' and thus are hajpy.
Thus sir, our f.-ejings of pride for the honor and
independence of our State "are appeakjd to our
sense of duty as legislator is appealed to by the
absolute nec-essities jof the people,; while considera
tions of a high moral and philosophical character
should press home upon our better judgments, and
lifting u above the smoke and dust of party, above
the mire and filth of demagogues, above the paltry
considerations of place and office, place us onhat
statesmanlike elevation whence we can new a mag
nificent panorama, needing but j our voice to be-
onmet a Glorious reaiuy. auo ..mwuo - -j
.... 1 .i 1 i..n ot tne
iterally true; every western county, u u. -m , , f tue sute as &ne - f r- i tl on thoae thokinff to
indolent., export as - Aj! ntit',ou1ate much Wow.. tne .nark .to , . nw lil to
assert that an appropnatioB.of five " Energies of our invalid commonwealth, the de-
lars would bring up the valuation of the J pri smalUnd momenUryand the end cer-
l 1 li-na tr ATlf 1 1IUU.T' , . .
t hrPP huoarea unmw w . -
v-- ' - !! ...W.il1 Vtfr 14 WfU
rich and delightful county of Bertie exerts, and
what the aggregate would be any gentlemen can
Takefor insnce,, Orange, Alamance, Guilford, j
Stokes, Forsyth, Randolph, Davidson, &urry, ,
kin, Ashe, Watauga, Davie, Rowan, Cabarrus, Ire- j
dell, Alexander, Cleaveland, Caldwell, Wilkes,
Burke, McDowell,' Rutherford, Buncombe ancey,
Havwood, Macoi, Henderson, Cherok,e Madron,,
and Jackson, -anil supine they couM export an
average of $300,l00, (and the little county of 1 as-1
dollars, u' : . i.; millions
i -it: . onn ini wveu uuuvnv-
nundrea muno.. , - -7 r,rt. three
being taxed at the rates -wmcu uu, -
worth is taxeu, uuiu
tk,, though the aggregate
.,,.,i.i pnnrmouslv increased,!
nuuiu s .
ould remain ; and these lax- 1
amount -f tax-s
the rate of taxation w
tain, near at hand, and worth a thousand tunes
more of exertion, rjsk and expenauure, uiu
that are asked at our bands. I
Then, sir, let us rise to the dignity of sUtesmen
let us for a moment forget our petty cares ana
strifes, and ma.ch up to the responsib
Concluded ovJ- "-
"7 -..,7.7 from first ,
Lfi. al adrfl"-113 " T. ;t a,,d even jNonoi.
V":7L.n and Ulane?tv..; - - , , . , , te
i " .. n ill i ma m- -f
many rcv ,
Southern Weekly Post (Raleigh, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Dec. 25, 1852, edition 1
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