. j . i
- . , - - ; -
M ' Iaf s!--faittaiait tltrinm,
W cielvcao tU Sjb point," on
W ttzrted. Mr aoetion voold now bata
tUrted. r aoeadon wonld bow bafa
M gyeiV" Kid 1 Gbt bara take a frWndW
&rvwa!L i tla wtt nT tlM -oU
iisuMBt iaaiabad. But
yl aaa -Bjora, chirroiu. aad m trt a bear'
oa manj Wr poiau lxid. Befbrvlio wew, I
.. ' JUlWr ttamlaltttt, parmitoa to pot mj-
"-f 7iM yow m&nAli doa
t01.? pper tat. fa qattUuKiay, like tba
V?nt wkaa aasrj frAjinaT rtaal iatSpl 'pro--JVH
fj 4ietioo( ot eosrtaj of Bat&fHi perfect-
f7 preMrtwL aboold . wgtei ' ainpere ahou W
'J wwdAf miof fa tbc preaaal fajatiace, give
canaa of eomcjaint. I ajMra TOtt thaTia tteither
m to wbJcli.yQreJisridid I found theilitfjtm
araapcfi of T ifowr. It was io tb iaoat per-
r your reader
anora thaa ooee pawing by unremarked oertaio
Mffioginb yotttaditoriak. S
' PaapaapeliaMeeae yieiaMm.
Y aay Mipm&iB of P. fcrB. "de
clarbg that catoi;3 nhat their children
ba aot dprird of aaacuMjtOBa mtroctioD, bat
ba adacatad asoordina to tba vkb of their parefita.
tha daisd i dearie 'and nnterirocall Mt
: forward that the teacben ! those echooU aball
ip cktbolki fastrweticNi to tba children of Calho
gi nd proUaUat taatnietion to tha children of
.ffeotetoaau." Allow ma to aay . tbat bo nch de
nd la.aMda, bmt tbat ayatea of public education
tt objected to, whioh would interfera with the reli
pous righU or feaCag of aay Uaaa of th cotnmaoi
y euppoaed to be entitled to abare of anch edu-
i. mum rrrrirtoat w
will not rfre c- fer Jaaasieat
"ton. It doaa not oblige the teacher to give any
aacUriao raKgiooe iastruetioo but merely require
' - ibat meaaa be afforded, tbat the Buoila but obtain
ebmvm or rafiffiova education. How that can
ba done ia aayetem of common eboola may be a
- proMara not eaaily-aolred, bav V it ba a jot mnS
reaeonable - - ' mvii a1h-
"CatKD should be ao arraajred as'taaecure it But
jow am l to raeooale vdur 'answennir that ' too
W. W . ' . . .
do aot assuma to axilode relitrion from educatioo '
who your oaaaoacy of a system where rel gious
ducatkm 4 ia impractieable ' for the pupil. I
( abould ba most bappy to learp'bow you can reme
dy the evil, wilbout recurring to what you term
iba altemativ propmtUiom. which you say P. F.
' JL suggests of 'allotting a proportionable part of
ua fund to each class, to educate their own chil
dren, without at all interfering with the rights or
Moefita of others.' And you , think .: that the as
aertioQ of your correspondent 4 that your infer
ence is uiogieaLaad unbend m of no weight on
tba ptinciple qmod tgrmtieritur, prati negatur.'
Vary well ! but let wa aevit be a mere assertion
4 groiM wmr '
Against this aiteruativ proposition you argue
. . . u. I i L A ti .1
IB uua aoix . li equal hitot were snown to an me
' daBomiBstiona, tKea it ia pi sin tbat we should hate
sfriioasiaafiaBwl schools satauuked all over the land
and ww repeat tbat tile -would be, to a certain ex
'CftBjLtlMl wstatnelinaiii &Ttboea denominations by
W)B7 Ibr va 3a laa bo difiRsreaea between paying
a $$atkm to taaca da diatinctiTe opinions of nral
, aacfis, "s4, payia prtachtrt to do tae samr. No
tifij yo are illogical in supposing
M aoci acboola woald be established as dtaomi
OsrfioW TbeteKber would be paid for educa
r iSaaml paapoaes, bmttag it optional with the parenta
- fa fctave taatr caudrew educates religiously or oin
. arwkML. aa tbtr tbou-rht beat You must not, &req
' tkmoo, imajMCstt&Hce to be bliad in this matter
Lac asm yow am see no din crones between a paid
Uarher and paid pmcker? Tou are also 'illib-
A anL beemaaoTott woold refuse equal ifisvor to be
" bowarer. follow froa our prindple being carried
otU--tbe dismissal of arotestnt paid chaplains,
Xroa pubhe esUbliabinents, where toe rest majon-
.f of their forced aueodanu are v' poc.
, im. tba tuSowias naraarrapb you1risb to be ex
Xabbt Ibsi vmmh raid d atoutly as
' wefft "that aair fund eeaaea to be common when H
laam'sferr. crnr astty to teaa .our
"Vsar sad dotbe tii bretbretrT and 4 divide it
. mottg reptata tpf, wsaa accoroiagjo nor aav
lral wisban? vtattt astroywg i otmnounal
VSflotba tWmbd .5 tbatoPactofoar
nftel- A rawWow of AristbUe might,
K iiSnd LltoX ttaTlo P. RB. to aoablt
iSmm " to recognise tba Vftiart3 tvVeen"an as-lwTrdleste.-4
" 1st tbat tae Dabbatb was made for tou, ad not
. t tfcrfCalibsik' it ia no lani true U politics
mwBmW AWVowU ba dispensed
for its parposea.
t - 5bere am wn'ljictiM than visdoa in tba fol-
(owing swBtasiet & l iwr waqlposi Jm
'. i$si tezatioK Czzd3& by Jmmem patoots oa
tsty' JmtfTzdsifm by a party abaost all of
irf-V' (jfr-wmsn?! net W tbrmioi antHbeaes
- krtweesi jlssTiiiiia and fmnifrntr i- and do not ao
- aooa fbrgat y i3wonj4 tsfeiea abest, 44 na-
mumthm. of aviwraw dewwnation,-are first
t3t Anesce3sa, and if tbey have bxds and
baada to protactC' iaeSfatiOBn, of their ndopied
country, they bwm bo besu to feel unisierited
insult. I did bopt to hxf ewer reacbed that
Bbit on wbieb 44 yon differ ao yery widely from
P. . K. jss to 0n Mlevnney of yomr repeated ref-
maooa to edcsi5 ia tboo cifci wbjepibia
Vef esmkdoB rrsam lib ir&tei Cir aeibf.
-- " . - . .....
crJrrf ,T71 Fartf Co&y, GJk
- w v ...... ---
eaKXieareoeaUy Ce-9d ia UraaMec
eatativ; V VTt hvtba eiart of tbe
CUti utLeVnbmpacii oFtMOutionJ
twtbpiiUonr of a Te-
sr may tend to" .diminish Uie iaterest tbat
tbose most feelto. read ! H, who were not present
to bear its delivery. Tbe high tone of pure mo-
raltty that perraded the nibble address was very
grateful to the friends of erangelicsl religion: the
seducing influences of high political station, the
eecularity of feeling induced, not 'to refer to the
unfortunate proclirity -of our nature, to rely on ex
ternal eeremonials, rather than purity of (he heart,
for tbe renoTaUon .of the soul and a preparation
for beaven, all render such an address as tiiat de
livered by, Mr. Vrenableon the 8th in, before the
literary societies of Wake Forest College, an of-
fering highly acceptable, in the present 'stage of
society. Fr the great battle of formalism against
evangelism is about to begin. Some suppose that
the perversioo of a distinguished minister from a
prominent religions sect! in our State has given a
mortal blow to formalism, but, there lis reason to
apprehend that there will be & recoil from the
present appannt sbock,; that will tend ultimately
to advance the cause of formalism in the religious
world. The Jesuits around us, robed in protes
tantism, see tbe shadows of eomingjevents, and
while tbey raise tbejr hands the highest in hojj
borror at tba moostrou wickedness of Mr. Ives,
only do so, tbat they jnsy the more effectually
mala hisapostacy eottrej ultimately to 'the promo
tion of phariseeiam in the chrwtian rankn. " The
doctrine of ydti2calJon by faith," said Mr. Vena
ble, 44 was the moral lever by which Martin Luther
overthrew the powers of Bome.n
- .In the efforts we make at"success in life, said the
orator, self-control ia hecesry ; to attain tbis, self-
denial must be practised, and .that too in early life.
Alt may not expect to attain to enure success and
distinction. Experience and history sljew us that
these are to be regarded rather as exceptions than
tbe general rule.
Ou Thursday tbf tieercises of the graduat
ing clwss took place. Uarfy of tbe orations of the '
young geutlemen exhibited a freshness and origin
ality that not only reflected crediubly on the
speakers, but were exceedingly grateful in this day
of crap-gatbering and literary pilfering.
Mr. M. D. Fennell, of New Hanover, took, the
first distinction. The subjeef. . wnich be dbedk
laracter, presented w vefy.afprfl,!5
finale to a series of addresses, prececded ta-Jay
before by such an address as that of the annual or
ator. " i
Of the graduating class, six in number, we will
not discriminate, but : make the single remark,
made by others often before, that Wake Forest
students declaim wa)l&tbey speak like men in
earnest. j v
. In former years it baa leen too commonly the
practice with young men appronching the close of
college life at Wake,, Forest, to leave and graduate
at other institutions : put that time, we trust, is
gone by. In the class! that left her halls this year,
were numbered those ! who commenced their col
legiate course in other and older institutions.
And for the future, it is probable that her gradu
ating classes will be larger, as the institution is
properly appreciated. '. Wake Forest may now
point to some of the mot distinguished men of
our State as being her children. And: even in dis
tant States, men who have attained eminence in
the sciences proudly refer to Wake Forest as their
Alma Mater. ;
The exercises of the anniversary closed, on Thurs
day evening with a party, at which the youth anJ
beauty of Raleigh and from remote sections of our
noble. State were present in dense masses. Thus
a day well spent was agreeably ended.! ,
On tbe platform in tbe chapel to-day, we were
' gratified to recognise, among other distinguished
visiters, his excellency,! Governor Keid, who mani
fests a becoming interest in all the literary enter
prizes contemplated in our State. Anf 1 among the
editorial corps present on the occasion, we regret,
Messrs. Editors, that we did not meet you; as
your presence might have saved the writer the re1
demptionof a pledge to you, which has cost him
some little lime, after the " stilly hour of midnight "
to accomplish. , . . ' i T
Wishing you much happiness and a great many
subscribers, I am, kcn ' I
. . i. ; f ; S. J. w.
Jane 10th, 1853.
For tbej8oUMni VVeekly FU
tlUssaa. Editors Attracted by your criticism,
i bayn-aengbt for tba Uaiversity Magazine JortbV
' month of May, and read tba article about the rwte- J
lutionary paper claiming to come firomjthe patriots
of Mecklenburg'coantyAftr a careful perasal of
tbat article, my inclusions are somewhat different
from your own. '4?D!you tbtak tbat if jtbcertificate
of kr. John H&Jdwfa h& beao published
"at first, as it cnigh t to WV feei, the Datlaration
of tbe 20th of lUr would ra have altaiped its
MMitnatArietv. I reaL'r think tbat tbe pqfc5"
to complain of too guardians of tbe W '
vyieSlMia declaration, that they bava .never
till now told tbe whole truth on thia mttter vix,
that ibe worthy and patriotic John McN. Alex
ander famous as being one of the ; secretaries of
tba meeting ia Charlotte, never intended that the
Davie copy should ever be Uken as any thing but
a remembrance of tba substance in general jof what
was resolved in May,; 1775. Beyond all question,
(your criticism on tba difference between 44 docu-
ment and 14 statemeot p to toe contrary notwitn-
standing.) Mr. Alexander never said that be bad
preserved tba yaiiiw ws rerna of tba Mecklenburg
bedaratioa. We bar these ta "the Resolves"
of the 31st May 1778, at tba time of tbe origin of
tba Davie paper f SepLltOO) tbongbt to be irre
eprerably lost. Had tba discovery of these resolves
been made before Mr. Alexander's death, doubtless
be would bare acknowledged that tbey contained
wbat be tried to recollect. When Mr. Alexander
declared to Judge Cameron 44 tbe Declaration ia
safe be must bar meant tbat iu sobetaace and
reality waoa, Hebad pwyderioflet-
tseacf2MCd!1eimn Anita uZaniittiaiklta ItUdoWB
tsrsassrtbci lt'rs. .rt 1 ;tf.fTmfC ob-
and sffmw alukcpV,&srU-nd uadar other
!w,niiH'nitti'adListSa, Ctac:;"bere no barrier to
Uh seeairi j pomjsakti U tiia UZk ia evident
d-t Jpds ps:ridfBss t Wake
Ferest Cene-e; UaV YvsvaTt it Jisde 8. who
seeeryio bavn4arnaetH the isrrs eonnaeted with
&Ss tUert daenbn ti t?tBM asd the sub
ttsaoi cf wbat ba thhJnlia oUast cu Bseript
ocoeit of tba mett; j fa ! JJayWaw 1 most ba
vridcBt to wvary om compsRa tbcoBlrata of Ibis
peper as given by Jnd fi w& J be.- fctia eopy
of tbelleckleuUi-DecUration thattLey are but
Ola first t of thst notable nanr. . Ur
h&3xt' prdia bis iiairiotia
worjr berttely. If Ic t Uwdi gome
. jr sire u wouia oa una.
d (Ltba worthy deads of him-rj,-
u taibtVt lost,lir. Al at first
U 1C surresUiiA of bis memory as to
done riCbartoUaWd when it waa done
thasubsLaf tba XM&oiaVtheu passed
t .'sfod soto"i idipetaqut,
now enmuuy psaseany, ujj? tautemaatwnaeB-
tJyom'mexnory. , Of tacji Gov. Stokes never
nf ta 1781 what ww not rattan asti 1800.
I do not sappeaa tbat J ' 'W parson out of
tTortlkCanoliaa, not com"" fta either of. these
Jtar&BiioM, Jf2 .baOHoraWnst oae
Tcawag to C3r from tbVtOth May; 1775. Even
ii uiey were genuine, tuerr glory n so tar ecBpsed
by the greater glory of 44 the BesQaves of tbe fist
Hirythat for one I shoajd never be tempted to
menuon them. Should it turn out hereafter.
from -evidence at prtsent fu&town, thattfie Davie
i" n ar . - a .
and .Martin papers are UHb genuine also, we rqay
account for tbe otherwise inexplicable silence of con
temporaneous documents concerning them, by the
vastly greater importance and admirableDess of the
Declaration of tbe 31st May.
I move, that hereafter in North Carolina, the
rea'diug of the national declaration of independence
tbe P0"1 byjat of u the Resolves of May 31t
, y!V Fwa the Child' Paper.
It is curious td see bow many (dxerent binds of
mouths there are, each adapted tojdjfferent kind
of food, and . the different .'waya if taking tbe food,
and tbe different places where the food is found.
The human mouth his a good set of tools for
biting and chewing, with die hands to wait upon
it, to prepare sad bring it foodVJhe rough tongue,
the broa 1 cutting teeth of tbe bone, with his long
neck, fit him for bepwsing in the pastures, and
gathering up his food from the earth. The mouth
of a chicken is a pair of -nippen, long, sharp, and
bony, to pick up tbe corn and little seeds.
The woodpecker's mouth has not only to find
the food, but it has to work pretty bard for it. It
feeds upon the worms and insects which live in the
hollows of old trees, and tbey bare to ba taken out
soaw way or other. For tbis purpose it has a long,
sharp, hard bill like a mallet, and withthis it chisels
and taps and taps, and was orobablr vary busy ret
ting its dinner, when the poA went out in the
woods and beard him, and wrote the song,
' M Tbs woodpecker taps the hollow beach-uee,"
which has made the woodpecker a famous little
bird ever since. lie keeps n working until a hole
is deep enough to reach the poor worm, when he
darts out 'his tongue and seizes it. . This tongue is
made ou purpose, for it is long, sometimes darted
out two or three inches bevoud tbe bill, and at tbe
of a fish-hook. There is now ho escape for the
worm ; it is hooked and draws into woodpecker's
mouth, and made a meal of.
' All this is verv curious ; vet very different ia the
butterfly's mouth, for the butterfly eats honey, and"
the flowers sometimes stow their honey down in
little cells, quite out of the way. But the butter
flies have an instrument to work with ; their tongue
is hollow inside like a tube, made of a great many
little rings, moved by little muscles. When it is
not in use, it is coiled up, so as not to be in the
way ; but when it is wanted, it is unrolled and
darted down into the bottom of a flower, and the
honey is sucked up through it very much as boys
sometimes suck cider through a straw.
As you study the liouths of other insects and
other birds and other animals, and the finny tribes,
you will find this wonderful adaptation of the
mouth to obtaining the proper food. These differ
ent mouths could not have 44 happened so ;" they
could not hare made themmoea ; could they ? Does
any body seriously suppose tbey cou Id have
come by chance ? The study oi mouths bring out
a degree of skill and contrivance which could be
long only to a great intelligent, contriving wind,
and it forms a deeply interesting ehapter in the
great book of God. t
Messrs CHAjro Airo Ewo Those interesting ex
otics, from whose land all the iolden fountains and
Uil king Ian ran, 'and singing treis that graced our
juvenile literature were derived) were much grati-
nea oy an mwouuciion. w mrs rarungion one oi
a i i ' 1 .? . if I i . W e '
Siam many yersagS', but the ither did'nt recollect
about it. On informing her of iheir intention to go I
nuuias5urru ucr. umi.UB uai uiiu ui uer iu
to Saratoga or Newport the cdniing summer, the i
old dame wondered at the determination. " How
crowded you will be !" said sbte,' 44 arcoinmodations
are so scarce ; though'! dare sty you could upon
a rmergency, both sleep in one bed." The sug
gestion was a bappy one-al! the difficulty was re
moved in an instant and tie dual gentleman
smiled thankee with his lips, and Mrs. Partington
wared a parting benediction to him with her green
cotton umbrella, as he disappeared In the crowd.
i Practical Reuoious iKarswcTjoy, The ques
tion i, shall wa ccfidet tE3puHic education of
youth to a clerical party, independent of the State,
-or to the State, independaqt of a cleric il party.
Free" instruction but free Instruction under the
superintendence of tb State, and not of a sect is
what I Would see. It is not to the clerical party
'that I would intrust To that party I now ad
dress' myserf, and I 7 IQ proposition before
tbe National Assembly, we seyour hand ; and, to
be candid, wa distrust ou. The proposed law is
a law with i mask. Under tie disguise of liberty,
it aims at subjection. But think not that I con
found your doctriaes, your kmbitions, your in
trigues 2r notHat I confotnd vou. the clerical
party, wftSittbb Church, anr more than I con-
fouad tba r.' witb thaioak. You are the
parasite. A Chnrch.the
of the Church.
Call ber-v.i jCr mother, w
her your sUl Leiul her, 1
you would mate
this venerable motbdf; so her
tude, ber abnega-
tion, ber humility. All these
pose bar gran-
dear. Her solitude will
abnegation is her power;
jesty. Victor Hugo.
the crowd ; her
umility is. her ma-
Tamriro the Vaiu This Effecting ceremony
was performed last Monday hija dry goods store
in Canal street; Una Betser Moaser, having
patronized one of those esUdliebments, pun:haeed
nothing of consequence, tSlafteha lcfthe shop
man missed one . article from tbe lace box tbe
mystery was axptiiinoil abhaii lotos Uu swZ.
LomUtk. ."' 4"i-44'
enawsiww -?v L "
pwt ssvswsrsw sssww w v k.bbk in asirA sa nav ssui smvass i
hJ.rvV n 'T J Ti raercies of tbe benevolent, knowioas 1 do that he
rthe Duvia rjaoer. wkuJT vu alUrwarda 1 t j t- 7 .. . i
bribed in Ur W!&nd.rkir and a,Bt S JSZ M V
tv .'; i t o . .: iwEtnu i w a true one. -
iavia. but witb tba rnortant eoseaf. until I o: j ntTiinmru nAmriva
Tba following is a literal copytT beggar':
petition whicl. has lately been areubtted bv a la
witb particularly red hair, and sandy complexion t
44 This ia to certify that the bearer, Antoni
Patrteo OTUheityo, is a native of Italy, and b
longs to some of those unfortunate families wh
ware thrown from tbe crater of Mount Vesuvius ii
the eruption of 1807 ;. and in descending thesidt
of the ragged mountain, with masses of stone, lavs
V&, was cruelly separated from his fond parent
bis tender skiers, and loving brothers. Thus h
was thrown upon the world at wn early age, a
orphan without friends ; but, by the aid of pbilan
thropic Italians, he wis enabled to procure a iicenar
and a stock of penny p .pers, which be for month
continued to sell at the various railroad stations ii
and about Naples ; by untiring industry and stric
econortrt he was enabled to reach this country
throughwhich be now wanders in hopes of meet
ing his long lost separated family, who, as the wind
was blowing strong from tbe East, at tbe time o
the eruption, be doubts not exist somewhere a
1 commend tbis young cinder to the tender
Gapt. of ship TitnrA.Peop.
Julius Csssar, Charge d' Affaires at Naples
Tbastkuo Paovmaircx. At a recent fire
Fall Blver, two Irish laborers, who had behaved
gallantly in attempting 4o subdue the flames, were
caught in a dangerous predicament ; one gable ,t.
tbe house fell in, and that under which they were
standing tottered over them.
The younger attempted to fly from the spot, but
was overtaken by the burning ruin, and very severe
ly injured ; the other, seeiug an oj.en ooor iu the
base of the wall, darted through it, and emerged
unhurt on the other side. Uis employer, next day,
commenting on his escape, said he should return
thanks to Providence for preservation.
44 Och .'-thin," says Dermot, scratching his head
very slowly, 44 shure I do be thankful to Providence,
and think it was very merciful to me ; but, sir
tea tat I mighty cute mrself '
The emphasis and rapidity with which he utter
ed this last sentence clearly showed that he gave
Providence no undue credit for its exertions iu his
IIood on Wateb Ccre. The late Thomas
Hood, in closing a review of Claridge on Hydro
pathy, says: It was our intention to have quoted
a case of fever, which was got. under in the way
Mr. Braid wood would have quenched an inflam
mation in a house. But oyr limits forbid. Jn tho
meantime it has been our good fortune, since read
ing Claridge, to see a sick drake avail himself of
the Water Cure, at the dispensary in St. Jamfs'
Park. First, in waddling in, he took a Fassbaid,
then he took a Sitz-bad, and then, turning his tail
up into the air, he took a Kopfbad. Lastly, he
rose almost upright Ou his latter end, and made
such a triumphant flapping with his wings, that
we really expected he was going to shout, 44 Pm
rsjerrz forever 1" But no such thing? He only
cried, 44 Quack! quack! quack!"
Whistling. Speaking of bores, we can scarcely
imagine one capable of inflicting more twisting
misery than an intolerable whistler. A dulcet p p
fife we can stand, when the nation is 44 armed and
equipped," dec, on training day, and the drum,
with its flang, flang, flang, serves to drown its
screams ; but to listen to a poor air, badly murder
ed by a poorer puclctr, we prefer death in some
easier, if not auieker way. We always think of the
1 . . a . at 1;
suodenlv turned upon turn wttn, " my tnen v
" . t 7. a
vat for you all time visles ! you lose your doy, eh. f
The whistle was plugged.
French Stkw, No. 1. Cut up two pounds of
baef, arid add to it a pint of tomatoes. The tomato
es must he-peoled. Put the moat in a stew pan
and season it well with pep"jrr and salt, then add
your tomatoes and an ounce of butter rolled in
flour. Cover it closely, and letit simmer till the
beef is tender. It does not nnjuire any water as the
tomatoes are sufficiently juicv.; If the gravy should
not le thick enough, add a little flour mixed with
A Boston astrologer pYedicted that fin extraor
dinary literary work would be preduced in New
England about this time. The prediction has been
fulfilled to the letter, for a Boston publishing house,
has "got up" a Quaker hymn book, having heard
that no work of the kind was in existence. It seemed
to be a pretty good opening ; but one unlucky
circumstance attending the speculation is, Quakers
Whew Madame Celeste first visited thU country,
and wanted a "purl," she wrotito an editor,
requesting him to give her ten dollars worth of
The Lastern" axd Mrs. Stwf. .The severest
and most trut iful criticism Mrs. Harriet Beecher
Stowe nd ier Brilish admirer9 have vet received, is
,.:.,j ; . r v VrL- r.
CUIIIHIUU III striiiir Cllliv iciwa ..tv. a.jw. x-
tern, of the 21st ultM entitled 44 Maranatha, ' and sup
posed to be eung in chorus by the aristocratic guests,
at Stafford House, London. We select a few of the
Now we never openly murders, peasant,
Thonph tho Minds must Man e to irfake one of us rich ;
Tbey lire hot our slaves, and 'tis tirklingly pleasant,
To think they have.freedotn to di- in a ditch !
Though down in our mines, naked women, like cattle,
Must crawl on all-four dragging coal to the shall.
Still we are the chiefc of Humanity battle.
And we are the crew ot old Liberty's cralt '
Though Irishmen rot in the (ever and famine,
Which we have created we sneak it with pride
Th t.if you will calmly and fairly examine,
We onlvs Saeerted our rieht." and the h.,vela
I uQ il una UT iPcrauPenecriy iree wjen uic; i
Wbereip lsy the sick, we tore down without ruth ;
But no one would think of admirinir the novels.
That told such domestic, detestable truth '
The aesmstieweV hngeffrrow thin nn requited.
That we tolhe Hottenlott blanket may give ;
The promise of youth in its bl mom ta blighted.
And peassata are shot that our pheasants may live !
The haggard mechanic may pine in his garret,
His daughter dishonored, his son in a jail ;
Bur still we can proudly declare, a la parrot.
That happen what will, Britons are nttt for sale "
' Altho4 in rank rooms, every night, without number,
The old and the young, the debaoched and the pure.
Lie down on the same wisp of straw to their slumber.
We cannot to bUmed for their sioe. we are sure.
Our real must be paid, and the poor house is ready.
Where husbands and wives are divorced by the law !
Perhaps if their skins were but black, and not ruddy.
Some pity arid cents from oar purse they might draw.
Oh, right minded creature ! what deep admiration
We feel for the Asm sewn your pocket has confessed !
How happy are we, that oar great rival nation
Has nourished a viper to sung its own breast !
Then freely our penny sbscriptions we ofler.
Proceed in the path yon have hitherto trod ;
Like Arnold, each snu-American seofter,'
Detested at home, will be honored abroad.
r. - i iiimeai nuraunua uvf xvn.' o. ?
Cosjtg al Arrrcnos or a Jcbor. At St. Louis,
during a mnrder trial, one of the jurors, on adjonrn
sent, went home instead of going to the jury room.
The conrt, the next morning, took hitn to task for his
eondaer, when he replied that he had been a married
man for twelve years, and had never been sway from
bis wife one night in the whole of that time, and that
he found it utterly impossible lo be absent from ber.
The judge fined the delinquent $50 for bis conjugal
affection, which fine was afterward OOXBttUted to Uuve
dayi iaprisOMseat in jail .
4 . &
' soma bt
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTOW WAPDELL, Ja.
RALEIGH, JUNE 18, 1853.
TWO 0GUI2S J52 AXJ1TBL, ia .
Three Coatiea. ta all price
Eight Copte. IS 17 .....in.
Ten Copies, lSj " SO,
Twenty Couiu4U--. no - SB.
(Fawssvat m mm easM ta
J Where a eluboXatctat. I
X eight, teavor twenty
aenoa aaskiac P u w will be
i entitled to a cony
character will ba iawanad at the foil earing rasas
'or 1 square of 14 lines, 1 insertion, B0.75
l do. I.TWHth. ......... 130
1 do. anoouw, 100
I do. 6 M ...... a.oa .
1 1; do. 9. - tJX.
i do. it - r i
D : f i Ac C t
rwr m vwaner, mmtj, er asasM rMSU S Moemt siarennf WOC
6 snWnW(fi 5
tor Adreniaenwnw showM to aM asses be marked with the
number of inarruona oVaired otherwW, they will remain un
til notice to discontinue ia given.'stad be charged accord ia to
the above raiem. The parasnUa stttntioa of a overturn ia
a an- "w."
eatieu m urni oouce, aa n m not saw wsursn lequne paymetM
tor an ownw im ut nw n longsn tnne taswai nseesntry.
we uo not wan our coasasnw-nuea wttn
are out of date.
A1I artisles of a literary character may ba add
" Editors of the Soathem Wseklv Post. RaleiikN.C.
neat lettera-'iKHioea. ndvectitnanui. n mittnnraa An Ar
should beaddreased to W. D. Cooke.
O Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents for the
Southern Weekly Poet. 5
. WILLIAM p. COOKE. Paorairroa.
V B. Padtek, the American newspaper aent, is duly em
powered to take advertisements and subscriptions st the rates
required by us. His receipts will be regarded as payments.
Ms. H. P. DorrRrr is our authorised: agent for the Slate,
of Alabama, MissisMirn and Tksnessee.
." Verila nihil veretur nisi abscond!" ;
Our correspondent44 P. F. R." expresses consid
erable satisfaction at our 44 monosyllabic" responses
to several of his queries. We think," certainly, i
that he excels us in that 44 Jesuitical self-control"
of which he appears not unwilling to boast, and
which is especially conspicuous in his continued si
lence in regard to several of our questions put to
him. We hope tbat in the exuberance of bis Lat
in recollections, he will not forget the familiar one
44 Qui non nega', fatetur" Silence generally
But we fear his satisfaction, derived from our
answers, wa& rather premature. lie has arttved at
that delightful state of mind by a misrepresenta
tion of our language, which, if it. brings nodishon
or upon his heart, does little credit to bis critical
acumen. One of his question was this: 4,lf
Catholics are so treated as they state, with regard
to' the Free School education, are. they not justified
by the laws of the country in seeking redress t"
We answered1 this question in the affirmative: but
he will please, observe that there was an 44 if.n in
the case, and that little word had a great deal to
do with our reply. According to bis own showing.
Catholics have "stated" that they are unjustly
treated in the operation of the common school
system. According t0 other abundant evidence,
they have 44 stated "that this system is an 14 infi-lel
and godless'f one, and ought therefore to.be essen
tially changed ordestroyed. If tbis had been true,
ihi ham brrn nf inm Tna tn Mm
But we denied it, and of course the fancied "tri
umph of 44 P.. F. R." amounts to nothing. ,His
statement that, in our affirmative answer, we 44 ad
mitted and proved that the Catholic complaint is
valid," is one which no careful reader of our arti-
i cle would have ventured to make. We avap;nin
that, if the Catholic statement were true, they would
44 be justified by the laws of the coufitry in seeking
redress." But their statement is Mof true, and it
will take 44 P. F. R." an age or two to prove the
Our correspondent -lias also represented us a
''seeing no difference between a paid t'acher and a
paid preacher? As he has quoted our words er
actly a few lines ,bove, the reador can readily
that such was not our Ianzuase or our meaning.
Again, he represents us as maintaining that-relig- j
ious education 44 is impracticable" in our common
schools. We said nothing like it- Our words j
were 44 no such system," that is, one in which the j
teachers would be required . 44 to give Ca thnlic in
struction to Catholic children, and Protect tnt in
struction to Protestant children," is practicable."
1 be difference is obvious. He says moreover, you ,
are also illiberal, because you would refuse equa.
favor to be shown to all denominations." This j
charge betrays such anxiety to cripple his antago- i
nist, that we feel rather comnlitnrntetf by it than
otherwise. -All who have read our articles careful
ly, know well that our objection to a division of
the school fund, is not because it would be pro
portionately divided, but because it would substi
tute denominational schools for common schools.
Of course, if his church gets a part, w wish others
to share in it by an equitable division. Let, him
now say whether lie would like to see equal favor
shown to all denominations ; whether he desires or
not that Protestants should enjoy the same privi
leges in Italy and other Catholic States, that Cath
olics do here. No dodging or shuffling, on such a
question, will satisfy aa American community. We
kriow, however, very well, that the system of logj- !
ic in which he has probably been instructed, sel- j
dom allows of a direct and categorical answer to 11
pointed inquiry. The party to which he belongs j
have ever shunned the torture of this species of
isqctmtioic, however ready tbey may have been
to iofl'ct actual, literal torment upon their oJ;
nents. Their poucv has alwavs been, .like huf
ent criticism, to quibble around the point, ins'
of meeting it openly and boldly. Any comment
on such methods of conducting a controversy, is of
course unnecessary. The intelligent and candid
reader will perceive that our opponent, while pre-
ing offensive to defensive warfare, has blundered
ly in the assault. The awkwardness of bis
manoeuvres proven the desperate state of his cause,
The next time he endeavors to find a breach in oar
argument, he must take a more careful obser
vation. Let us now see bow this redoubtable knight of
the quill acquits- himself, in defence of tbe claims
of his party as stated by himself. In a former ar-
tide he said, 44 Thev do clai n a right to see that
their children be educated from the common fund
according ta tbeir othi tciA ; and they ask, tehen
that canno be done, nor the sytem changed, tbat
a proportionate part of that fund towards which
--: .... '
own ebitdren, witboot at a3 MtaWaring wib Cw
rfats or benefits of other V from .tttt"faar5
itttauSemntly dear tbt:a Crst deaswitd - l
part is tbat tbeir cbtldfta abaU W adaetiad f "
owsam seaooj, M according to tbeir rUL
aow says that eomplianea with tbis dsnavjajnrgsvr
aot require tbat tbe teacher sbondcie aj"5;
fiaa religkms insUaetioa.,f Waf 8I nanlBypsJS
to onr eorrespondent that despicable artiCat eUf
44 mental reservation, to snacb, emplewadLlbjr f, -Jeraits.
.We would not be ao -inawMrjl b I
timata tbat ba is guilty of asiwf trwkwtfd
Mrsaa' a a Sanaa difiatnat mmlkfik be
tomary ia tbe eivrat Btarafia V
StatesJoch a suppositioa w1 saad
far thtf Ve doas not include ins4rnctic,ra C "
9waaaJndar tbat term. If be eoaU
ed to asean by 44 sectarian reijoaa ,fesat
only that sort of 44 refigiooa. instrnctl"
not Catholic, we would ale ssttriljr sacla
tbe object of bis party tobatw 1
eU, Utimctwety and wsan, i
scboojs. A more isopudeat prMJosfeka f
rbe made But our eorresDondeia afc? sr, ta sc
oGtj language, that bis plan would reo.nlre
ifttk. and ProUit immirm
4ProU4tmnU ; Ha oarjfcI
BMaaapeatftrded tbat to Ws r-4-Christian
or rWtajeewj eneBtm'Tr
eorrespondent has evideifly "
point. What u a christian oprjeOQlt,
According to him, it is aot tHmS,l?f
one. He would no doubt say it K fiot
ant one. Of course it must be aonMtbbW
roon to both, or different from either. - Lat V
vote the next communication with wbfca!
so kindly promised to favor us, to a de , ,
explicit avowal of what be sfors mean fey m
tian or religious education," and we will cbatr,
fINIM litm frnm ilia nMWtm IhV L Lm'o
en, of refuting the almost unanimous teedsc
of travelers as to the state of educated ia a .
and Italy f .". "
But is it not strange to hear a CatboTJe t.
that education 44 according' to their wish asyx
Catholic education f Risum tenratis mniift l
Who ever dt earned of hearing so prompt a dT
vowal of 44 wishes " which bare characterised .C
proceedings of that party in jevery stage of felt'
tory f Do they nof 44 w ish," not merely thai '
olic children should be instructed by theaOmir'
scIidoI teacher, in Catholic doctrines, f tba) Cif
PnMstanl children should receive S daifyaIlo.
ance of the same ! If nut, we have singabutj m'J
understood the pretensions of that party, and bSTv
yet to learn where to find a fair exposition X S"
The dialectical display of) UJ. F. R." W "
to a-44 common cboul fund," ia marked by qtS'v .
much sophistry, and quite as litlla cowlnthr
as bis argument on other points. We always at
posed that a "common fond" was one aetarr
for a common purpose. Our - aupporitian is t- ,
confirmed by his own illustration drawn from c
fund set apart to supply tlie poor witb (bod "
clothing. That would certainly be aej&mc
pose. But iu tlie' case to which ww reftr," U
Lthe distributHm cd common stJtook '!
i, $ ihC iwii m 1 1, fir j'iknwMir'
ducted on irreeowcifeabli principlen,if
ooa mi one scnooi, is pouon to a not
could not be considered common schools mtmlL Tt
a school district, containing a number of cbttdratr. !
barely sufficient to constitute; a school, should eotvfi
uin several small schools, in each of wbieb lh5
educated, we say these would le denominational
schools, supported, not by a cemmon school kmij- if '
but by a fund jxrrerted to various sectarian ptjNV.:
poses. It is in vain that 44 P. F. R." contends tbat ti j
"the teacher would be pail for stlucational purpajs "f 2
es," by which the reader might infer that he doaa
not mean denominational purposes. Every body
knows that a school controlled by Catholics mast
be a Catholic school, in which the inculcation OtF'lt
Catholic tenets would be a j principal, and aparsvftJ.
mount objt. The same would be the case witb
other 6ccts. Of coure such schools would
clearly, 4 established, denominational schools,'
i any in the world.
' ocr.itic school and a
If in a school district, a JPrsa
if : VSS WB OIIVHIU BV"8
vided by law, the party character of ibeee scbooSyj;
woulJ QOl mori eviJent n ,Atter tBgJ
, tfc(anan character wbukl be in tha lunnsr.i
pft,pwition lo pV ! back a portion of tbaT.
nroceod9 fund . th Catholics, amounta m '
our opinion, to a demand to be exempt from tan
tion for con. moo school purposes. For if theyart'
to 44 educate their own children according to tkrii
own ifijA," the parents may prefci to retain, tbf
education entirely in their own bans, and Htoil,m. .
pay for this service. This would be equivalent W
a return of the taxes, litcra'ly, into tbe poeii
i whence they came.' ' -"
j We now leave our correspondent to raaiBr4,i 2
.upon tlicse arguments at his leisure. IT jba 1
. . i - t ! a -
continue to entertain our readers, we taJrA,twaa's.
v of suggesting that tbey toapt'belotw tolb.
ng-eared class upon wbieb tbe Pope's Jhxs'rrMt.l-.
.11 " j 11 : i 1 . . Al
' to' hameful timidity. .Tb H.T.
9 Times sees very little to Uame b the Ir!
i for '"i to hna UP J"t
! of Protestants with brick bats and Meweoas; bt
uiawaingis annuaay pronouoceo, ana win noi n;-;tp
satisfied with suhupeidsJ logic mUiat for .wXfcJ y4t
the Jesuit fathers have become ao eelebrafeL
44 Qui kaerct in litcra, haret in COrtict.n Tbat fe
soning which deals in mere verbal distiactSJba,
bitrarily assumed, can never reach tba bet'Vcl
any important question, or carry ccaxpcUoCto'C ; )
enlightened mind. i '
THE CABADA 1X015 4
These bloody outbreaks of religious bmrf af
; eliciting a great deal of com meat firom lWJL
I Many of the secular papers betray by (Seir emosV-
much to censure in Gavazxj for simply tectariagi.
' a church. For our part, let Gavazxi ba irbaitiLr
may, we think the feelings of Protestants are onita,
aa worthy of respect jfrom American aawspapata. .i'
aa the fanaticism of a semi-bar barana aail Inoaja V ' ' '
The letter of j our esteemed correspondent.
44 Cosmos," is reserved fotesext weak one pajf
his manuacript having failed to reseb oa, aarlig
probably to tba inngnbKT.y of 2m mula,