.LT.:P O S f .
S0U f H
r, . FRENCH tAfcESTRY.
Among the articles the French government "will
send to the New Exhibition are specimens of the
'Gobelin tapestries, which are made exclusively ' by
the factories of the French government. As these
rare specimens of art form one of the most promi
nent features of the exhibition, many will be inter
ested in a brief notice of -the manufactories from
which they emanate. - ' ' '
Since the days of Jan Gobelin, in 1450, the man
ufacture of tapestry and carpets has made a regular
progression towards the perfection which it has
'now attained. The establishment had not drawn
much attention from the government till 'the time
of Louis XIV., when it became so interesting a
branch of French manufacture, that that monarch
bought it for the state; and it has ever since re
mained government property, has been supported
by the government by means of a large subsidy
granted each year in the budget, and, the works
accomplished there are entirely at the service of the
chief of the state, whoever be may be for the time
"The institution has gone through as many
mutations, as many seasons of- prosperity and ad
versity, as the government itself. Under the repub
lic the works at times ceased, and its very existence
, was threatened, but the same species of national
pride which sustains We. Point, sustains also this
institution. " Many of the workmen are superior
artists in painting, and the superintendent is gene
rally one of the first painters of the day. At pres
ent 120 workmen are employed on tapestry and
carpets, who earn trom three to five hundred dollars
a year each, and when disabled by age or. infirmity,
No one is allowed to leave-after serving an ap
prenticeship, and a regular number.of apprentices
are admitted each year. J "-
But the interest of the establishment lies in the
method' in which the articles are manufactured.
The web or warp is placed upright instead of hori
, zontal as in most cases, and the workman sits behind
n , mans, ne wonts on tue wrong siue. " ine picture
which he is copying is placed behind and a little to
one side of him, at which he looks from time to
time, in'order that his picture in tapestry may be an
exact representation of the model. The workman
sits at tne back or wrong side ot Lis pieture, because J
the face must present a perfectly smooth surface,
; made on the wrong side. .-The warp is white, and
or tne nnest wool. - it is uouuie, mat is, nas two
upright tiers of thread, with an-interval of half an
.inch. Then-, with several baskets at his side," con
"taining many hundred shades of colored silk and
woolen thread on little, spools, the workman puts
through one, "two or three threads at a time, and
cuts them off, and as the 'color of theface or
the object which he is forming changes, he takes
another shaded thread, and so on, thread by thread,
month to month,, arid year by year, till his tedious
and laborious task is finished. From five to thirty
-years are occupied on the larger works, on pictures,
II VIII IIIV WW Itlflll lb I LI AbVllb IIIIM 111V? llt.
r f C f rf ,1 rf ilia .iiianna lo' erMiitimae oo litnrtv a rnA
-.Kit ouilli; JL Vll JVV.3 IO lO;llltl Oil VWC
''"hundred thousand dollars. They ai;e admired b)"
manv much 'more than the orisrinal pvcture.'fio
matter what may be its value ; and inferior pictures
are never copied from. The tissues and the colors
last for centuries. I think it can be said with safety
that it is the most marvellous, the most astonishing
art in its degree of perfection now known to the
world, and I am sure that the mass of the Amercican
people who shall have seen the very fine specimens.
which it is hoped will arrive without damage at the
New York fair, will verify this opinion.
In tne carpet department, the process is entirely
analairous. with one exception. The warp is ui
right, the .carpet is always in one pi'ec, the warp is
' double, the Workman pursues his labor in the same
tedious way," pufetuig in a thread at a time, but in
lu-is instance Jie si is on me ngni sitiej lor me rea
son that he has a velvet surface to make, and he
' must therefore cut off his woolen threads on that
side. -He pitts his spool through and gives it a
double turn around one of the upright threads of
li a ' if o irn tltAn tufa fr iW V .ijt-l 1 1 tie fin mf'i"! fl'A m
IrliVJ HI , lllli VUbl IU VIA, V l IMlj'l f.ay.. f.jtff
' the surface of the carpet regards his model, which
in Yinar'Kii lioWfl t-it-jt nn nnntliv snrvnl !rf thre:i(l
4 so as to change the color, puts it through in the
same way, and cuts it off as before. After he had
proceeded thus a foot in width, perhaps an jnch
upwards, he (Jakes a pair" of huge shears and trims
the: velvety surface down to" the length, or depth
rather, which he desires. All the carpets which are
now in the looms of Gobelin's manufactory, are in
tended for the rooms of the Empress in toe Tuile-
.i 1 hi i i e " . i
ries, ana ttiey an nave a na; or nail an nicijjiu
depth. ' TheV are beautiful in the extreme, and far
, superior to anything which can be manufactured
in Persia, so long distinguished for : the softness,
silkiness and ricli colorings of its carpets. All the
tine carpets ot r ranee are tiuis. woven : in one piece
will lait a centurv and preserve their colors. Ma-
I I 1- t . t- : 1 4 4. 1.
cost from 601 to 150.0.00:. francs."- uone are sold :
"" , r ."-.T ' " II
presents ;; the same as pictures in tapestry. Tlie
largest caruet ever .made here was the one for the
long room, or, as it is called, the Gallery of t ; e
Louvre, which is 1,300 feet in length. As a shut
tle is out of the question, and as each thread of the
" "filling" has to be put through separately by the
hand at tlie same time," the workman must keep
his eye on the model and exercise his careful judg
ment as to theiexact shade out ot many tnousands
wbiclris. required, and he must, from time to time
as in the tapestry, stop and walk off trom his picture,
nd rpn-ard it! at a distance, and consult his fellow-
.'Workmen, the reader may form some idea of the
' labor, the genius, and tue time wn.icn is required
on these ereait works. On rn extent of fifteen feet
, two workmen! can be employed. On a large carpet,
sv thiitv bvi fiftV feet. one. workman makes tlie
J J. I - . - ' . ,., : ,
j jarge. ngure in iiit; tauir, nunc twi uluci, uuu v11
each side of him, make the border up to the centre
flower. . And there those patient men sit, day after
day, month after month, and year after year,
apparently without ever movingtheir iowri position
or that of the! carpet; for in 'several visits which I
have made recently, I find the same men in the
tame place, engaged on the same flower or other
object on the carpet, whe el last saw them. It
would be too sjow an occupatiph for our fast coun-
Everything needed for manufactory the dyeing,
Kninninff! etc. is done on the premises In the
- dyeing departrnent there is a greater amount tof
talent and experience required, than in the work-
ing of the tableaux. Many secrets are possessed
here, which, are; unknown to the rest of the world.
For several centuries a curious belief has been held
rhv the neonld of Paris, and is still heldi that con
demned critmnkls and others have been kept at this
establishment, and fed on a certain kind of diet, for
instance, they have been compelled to drink large
quantities of wine, to eat much beef, and all such
food as would establish a high degree of heat in the
Mood and tnrougnouttnesystemgeneraiiy, in oruer
that the secretion from the k'ulneys, which is used
in large quantities, might impart peculiar and rare,
dyeing quantities: that is, they converted the hu
man body into a chemical laboratory for the elimina
tion of a peculiar secretion by the kidneys, which
jwssessea remarKaoie powers iu lucuiwig 1,
and which coald be obtained in no other way. The
.." tortures of the persons submitted to this interesting
process are said to have been inexpressible, and
i.ucn me uuri . iney were literally consumer vy
'"" slow internal fire, and died in the midst of the most
fearful sufferings imaginable. This u not tcue to
the extent represented ir fact it is grossly exag-
cr&ted, but -it
mub mai cjiemico-yital expen-
ments of this kind have been, and continue to be
made, and that good results have been derived from
As an evidence of the extent to which this belief
has exteneded,'we may mention, that the establish
ment has received and pieserved various communi
eations on this subject from individuals, which are
curious enough. The following is a translation of
one received during the last century. - "I am weary
of life, and I am disposed, in order to terminate it,
to submit myself to the regime' imposed by the
dyers of Gobelins. To give you an idea of the
services which I am in a condition to render to the
establishment,'! tell you that I can drink in a day
twenty bottles of wine, without losing my reason.
If you wifftake me on trial, you can judge of ray
capacity at. your leisure." It is easy to see where
the fellow's ideas were running to !
. The Emperor has also included in his contribu
tion more than a hundred specimens of the celebrat
ed Sevres porcelain a nianufacture which, for per
fection, beauty and value, as ornaments, is regarded
by many as possessing as much interest as the
Gobelin manufactory. It is an establishment which
has belonged to government fir seventy -five years,
is supported by government at a great expense tp
the people, and the principal works, like those of
the Gobelins, go into the palace of France, or are
given away to foreign raonarchs as ppitiary pre
sent9. Some of the large vases and pictures in the
Emperor's contribution are worth ten thousand
dollars. They are worth travelling many a mile to
.see. - ...
LETTER FROM GOV. MOREHEAD. .
Office N. O. IJailkoad, )
; Greensboro., June 9, 1853. J"
To the EdUors of the Greensboro'' Patriot: '
I have the honor to acknowledge a conimunica- 1
tion from his Excellency, D. S. Keid, under date of
4th inst., requesting the president and directors of
this company to have the surveys made -of the
contemplated extensions of the North Carolina
Railroad, eastward from Goldsborough to Beaufort
Harbor, and jwestward from Salisbury to the Ten
nessee line, according to the provisions of the act
of Assembly entitled An Act to incorporate u The
Atlantic and Northr Carolina Railroad Company"
and." The North Carolina and Western Bail road
I desire to give this pleasing intelligence to the
friends of these enterprises, through your valuable
paper, with an assurance that the work will be
commenced at as early a day as practicable.
Immediately upon the receipt ot Gov. Reid's
communication, I informed 'our chief Engineer,
W-alter Gwynn ; 'our board meets early in July,
by which time J hope we shall have a corps of
Engineers, ready for the field. '
Not a moment is to ba'lost. The deep, deep
regret is, that these extensions are not now in full
progress of construction The giant strides of im
provement around us should arouse us to action.
The ignominious and pusillanimous. complaint that
Nature has done so little for us, is a libel upon the
old dame. Let us see" if it be not. If tlie labors
and opinions of that' distinguished Ameiican citi
zen, Captain Bache, of tlie U. S. Coast Survey, to
whom our commerce is already so much indebted,
can have an influence on ouropinions, we have at
the eastern terminus of one of these extensions one
of the finest harbors at Beaufort, for all commer
cial purposes, on the Atlantic coat. And if the
improvements at the mouth of Cape Fear shall
succeed, as it is hopel they wili, we shall. have an
.other port, surpassed by (ew, if any to tlie South.
Then here are the ports; the latter requiring but
little aid from man ; the former made and present
ed by the hand of nature in its unrivalied excel
But it may be asked, what commerce have we,
lo require such a port as Beaufort? Let the an
swer be, the commerce of the world. Look at the
location of this port placed in the end of tlye
-North Carolina coast, which projects like a prom
. bntory into the Atlantic, midway and within sight
of the great line of navigation between the North
.and the South, and within thirty minutes sail of
the ocean. Nature made it for a stopping place
tor commerce the half way house between the
North and the South, where steamers may get
their supplies of anthracite, semi-bituminous and
bituminous coal, so profusely scattered on either
side, and, unless I am much, mistaken, under the
bed of the great Central Railway, which, by this
eastern extension, will connect with that port.
But there are views connected with this port to
which public attention has not been sufficiently di
rected. Lieutenant Maury, of the Washington
Otaervatory, whose services have done more f.r
navigation and commerce than perhaps any other
man living, addressed a communication to one. or
both houses of Congress on the subject of the
commerce of the Amazon, Mississippi and Gulf of
Mexico. For philosophical and statesmanlike views
this paper is without a rival, and should be read
and studied by every American citizen. It shows
very clearly tht the trade of the whole Gulf of
Mexico, including its magnificent rivers, must pass
out at the straits of Florida, and that some southern
port must become the emporium for that coniinerce.
Hcts any port the advantage that Beaufort has?
But let us take a western view of these exten
sions. The road running from Beaufort along the
Central Railroad to the Teenessee line, and thence
along the lines already in progress of construction
toMemphis, will hot vary one degree from a due
west course. Ex tend the same line westward (and
I predict it will be done) to the city of San Francis
co, which is to baegme the fireat emporium of the
East Indian trade, and who can doubt that the
trade of the Mississippi Valley, as well as that of "
the East Indias and China will crowd our port.'
This line will vary less than three degrees from a
due west course. But 'to those who do not look so
far from home, let us direct their- attention to what,
nature has done for us at "home. We have a ge
nial cjimate; navigable bays aid rivers; cascades
and waterfalis ; a soil unsurpassed for fertility, and
minerals exhauslless fill the earth upon which we
tread their richness equalled only by the soil that
tries to hide them. That we may not be ignorant
of their existence, they , peep out at every step and
Jook us in the face, yet we find them not. Like
the lazy laborer who, with his fellows, was caught
slumbering by, his employer: the latter, by way of
rebuke, said he' would give a crown to know which
was the laziest in the crowd. This long,.slab-sid-,
ed fellow, after a great yawn and stretch, said,
"here massa, give mode money;'' " here, you
lazy rascal, take it," tendering him the crown.
With another yawn and effort to bring his pocket
in view, "do, massa, do me de favor to jest d rap
it in .dat pocket !" . Like him we look upon the
coal, iron and limestone in juxta-position, but as it
is not forged into ploughshares and roiled into
rails, we touch it not.. Gold and copper, silver and
lead, nestle together in the earth ; but as, they are
not melted into pigs, ingots and bars, or coined in
to currency and placed in ,our pockets, we heed
v Nature has not done enough for us ! ! ' No,
nor. never will, until she gives us MEN men4,
worthy of the aje in which they live.
The President and Directors of the N. C. Rail
road, Messrs. Editors, will' have the surveys made,
tp your corps we look to have the work done.
Let the whole press of North Carolina turn their
artillery upon these points, and success must follow.
Onward! and take you the lead.
, J. M. MOREHEAD,
, President N. C. Railroad.
We should act with as much energy as those
who expect' everything from themselves ; and we
should pray with as much earnestness as those
who expect everytHing frpm God.- Lacon.
A Little More-Patience. Wtjat an. excellent
"bit of advice for the present driving, go-ahead
generation the above expression contains! It ought
to be engraved on every rail-car and stage in the
city it ought to raeet us at every turn, stare
in the face upon every corner, and stand out in bold
relief on all occasions as the mentor ot the nineteenth
century. It should be raised for tho same purpose
as was the brazen serpent in the wilderness- that!
people imght: look and live. It would preserve
more lives than all the statutory enactments that
have been passed for that purpose since the days
of Solon. It would save the bankruptcies, give u
some. exemption at least from the explosive pow er
of steam, and deliver many from the devouring
waves.. There is no use expostulating. The motto
of the day is go ahead." We see it in every thing .
in the panting locomotives, the dashing steamers,
and the swift clippers, all striving to annihilate
time and space. We can see hundreds sauntering
in Broadway every day, looking at the pictures in
the shop-windows, or ciowds lounging about hotels,
all appearing as composed as if they were never in
a hurry. But let these same individuals now so
quiet get on board of a rail car or a steamboat,
and they would complain that the fastest were too
slow. WThere this irrepressible desire for banishing
distance from the vocabulary wiil end we know not,
though the chances'are that all creation will some
day run off the track and involve everybody in one
grand catastrophe. In that event, where one of
those oracles of Bunsby Wisdom, a coroner's jury,
will be found to investigate the causes ot the disaster,
is an interesting question for the curious.
Nunneries. In Prussia, no novice can take, the
veil without being first examined as to the sulfi
ciency aud propriety of her motives in desiring to
take this step. In Russia, no convent can receive
a nun without making an application to the Synod
ofMoscow, and producing an affidavit from the
novice, showing that it is of her own free will and
choice that she is about to enter the institution.
In Bavaria, monastic vows are not allowed by law
for more than three years, and the civil authorities
visit all convents every quarter, not only for fiscal
purposes, but in order to restore to the world and
to society all nuns who may desire to relinquish
the seclusion of their convents. In Austria, the
inmates of conventual institutions may at any time
address the civil government privately, stating
their desire to leave the convents ; and such
applications at once receive attention. In many
of the convents of France, the vows are temporary,
and the mayor of each airo'ndssement has the
power of visiting any convent wheneveyer the civil
authorities"of a locality think it necessary to do so.
In Mexico, where the whole population is Roman
Catholic,a law is established for the frequent visit
ation of nunneries. During the four years prece
ing 1851, the number of Roman Catholic nunner
ies in England were increased by 19. The Roman
Catholic Dictionary states that in 1S51 there were
in England and Wales 53 establishments of that
description. In 1852 the number was 62, showing
an increase of 9; in 1 853, the number was an increase
thirteen ; so that the number of these institutions
is rapidly augmenting. There are two species of
convents one of the contemplative order, and one
of the active order. There are only four houses in
ail England of the contemplative order.
Hangman's Day. The custom of making Fri
day hangman's day, is quite modern in this -country.
In England, formerly, very few executions took
place on ( that day. Tuesday or Saturday was
generally assigned for tlie purpose. In some
portions of our country, before the fe.voluiiun, the
practice was the same. Saturday was more usual
ly assigned for the purpose than any another dav.
Richard Smith, who was convicted of the murder
of Capt. Carson, was hung on a Saturday. The
superstition which considers Friday unluQky,
doubtless had its origin from the fact that our
Saviour was crucified on that day. The belief in
-the ill-omened character of Friday is spoken of by
Geoffrey Vittsauf in his lament for Richard Cceu"
de Leon, who was kjied on a Friday. Chaucer re
fers to the same circumstance. Cooper, in one of
his sea novels, tells the tale of a ship called the
Fiiday, which was built on Friday, launched on
Friday, and went to sea on Friday, to founder at
once. Among modern Friday disasters are those
of the British steamer Amazon, which left England
on Friday, Jan. 2. 1852, on its first voyage, and
the Birkenhead troop ship, which sailed the same
day. The steamer was burned, aud almost all of the
passengers perished ; the ship stranded, and several
hundreds were drowned. Other vessels, which were
commenced, finished, and sailed on other days,
have also foundered; but their disasters, of course,
were , not in consequence of ill luck in the dav
chosen for important events in the vessel's history.
The Pope's Bull. This name, which is now
applied exclusively to instruments issuing out of the
Roman Chancery, is derived from the seals which
were appended to them, being formerly ;of gold
bullion. Bulls were not originally confined to popes
done, but were also issued by emperors, princes,
aishops, and great men, who, till the thirteenth
century, sometimes affixed seals of meal, as well
as of wax, t. edicts, charters, and other instruments,
. though they were equally called Bulls, whether
j they were sealed with one or the other. The popes
i continue to ti e present day to affix metal or lead
seats to tneir uuns, ana only wnen thev wi h to
bestow any peculiar marks of grace and favor on
sovereigns or princes are seals of bullion or gold
affixed. The bull of Pope Clement VII., conferring
the title of Defendir cf the Faith on Henry VII.,
had a seal of gold affixed to it. Bulls containing
matter of. grace and favor, were suspended by
strings of red and yellow silk ; but denuciatory and
punitive bulls were hung by hempen cords.
Matrimony and Friendship. Sam Slick, in
his "Wise Sws," says that the natur of matrimony
is one thing, and the natur of friendship is another.
A tall man likes a short wife ;a great talker likes a
silent woman, for both cant't talk at once. A gay
man likes a domestic gal for ho can leave her at
once to nurse children and make pap, while he is
enjoyin of himself at parties. A man that ain't
any music in him likes it in his spouse, and so on.
. W wiiuiiu., tv l-J "Ml bill CclCIl OLllCI S
way. Now, friendship is the other way : you must
like the same thiiigjin each other and be friends.
A similarity of tastes, studies, pursuits, and recre
ations w hat they call congenial soul ; a toper for a
toper, a smoker for a smoker, a horse-racer for a
horse-racer, a prize fighter for .a prize fighter, and so
on. Matrimony likes contrasts ; friendship seeks its
Kissing.-tA young lady of Wakefield, (Eng
land,) rejoicing-in the name of Lucy Serle, wa3 re
cently brought before the magistrate, charged with
an assault though not of an aggravated nature.
Miss Lucy, in open daylight and iu the open street,
attempted to kiss a sutrly innkeeper of Wakefield.
Her lawyer in justification of the offence quoted
Burns' couplet of
" If a body meet a body coming through the rye,
If a body kiss a body, need a body cry ;" r
and the justice admitted the plea and discharo-ed
the case amidst the laughter of the 'spectators.
An Irishman comparing his watch with the
town clock, burst info a fit of laughter. Beino
laaghed at, he replied, " And how can I help it?
Here is my little watch that was made bv Paddy
O'Faherty, on Orraand Quay, and which only cost
me five guineas, has beat that big clock a full hour
and a quarter since yesterday morning.
mtnt Mttttv fast.
- - ' EDITED BY
CALVIN H. WILEY, - . WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, Jr.
RALEIGH, JULY 2, 1853;
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f Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
The approaching anniversary of the day on
which our national independence was achieved, will
be celebrated in the city of New York, our com
mercial -metropolis, under novel and peculiar cir-.
cumstances. The great Exhibition at the Crystal "
Palace, h;is already drawn to our shores a large
number' of intelhgent strangers, and attracted the
attentive observation of the nations of Europe, to
a much oreater degree than usual. The agitation
excited by the writings of Mrs. Stowe and her pil
grimage to the old world, has also had its effect in
concentrating upon us the curi -us scrutiny of
thousands, who would otherwise have remained in
willing ignorance of all that transpires on this side
of the Atlantic, his clear that we are now " the
observed of all o servers," and that there never
has been a recurrence of our national festival, whin
our behavior and sentiments we'-e more fully ex
posed to the examination and the criticisms of the
rest of mankind.
It is a proper occasion, therefore, for the indul
gence of wholesome reflections upon 'themes of
great national interest; upon the character and
destiny of the American people, and the proper ob
jects of our ambition. We cannot better employ
the season of general festivity, than by meditating,
in the midst of surrounding demonstrations of joy,
upon those influences which are moulding our
history, and determining for us the style and extent
of our future glory.
We have now reached the rank of a first rate
power among civilized nations. Equal to any sov
ereignty of Europe, and vastly superior to all cis
Atlantic states combined, we occupy a position in
the eyes of mankind, far more elevated and com
manding than the most sanguine imagination ever
conceived in the earlier days of the republic; and
it becomes us, not only to realize our inioortance
and strength, but to feel that Providence has as"
signed to us a duty among nations corresponding
to the great advantages we enjoy. To fullil this
high and noble mission, we must not only fortify
our liberties and -institutions, by wise legislation
and the most prudent policy, but we must estab
lish the national character and arm ouivelves with
that moral influence upon which its results so ob
viously depend; The success of the great, inspiring
enterprise in which we are engaged, must be, meas
ured as well by the noble qualities which our peo-'
pie may acquire from the institutions under which
they live, as by the brilliancy of our achievements
or the extent of our dominion. We conquer more
effectually7 by example than by arms, and should be
more anxious to have our principles propagated
among men, than to see our national ens-igiis wa
ving in triumph over territories not our own.
A restless rushing into the future is certainly a
characteristic of the American people. The dis
satisfaction displayed on every hand, with what we
have, and what we enjoy, is well calculated to sug--gest
doubts to sceptical mitkas to the real value
of free institutions. Wherever we turn our eyes,
whether to the aspect of social or political life, we
see discontent and impatience written upon the
face of the nation, and a thirst for agitation and
change manifested byK every community. If free
dom and congenial institutions are what they are
said to be, it is natural to ask, why should not our
people compose themselves to the quiet pursuit of
the duties incumbent upon good citizens rnd chris
tians, and to the repose secured to us by popular
government and equal laws, instead of conspiring
together in every imaginable form of association
to agi'ate the public mind, and bring about violent
changes in the -public and social condition of the
country ? The prevalence of so much feverishness,
certainly indicates a want of tone in the national
feeling, and a deficiency of that wholesome con
8ervatism which seeks as its first object to save and
secure the blessings already obtained, which are in
danger of being lost, through a headlong haste to
improve upon them.
There is one particular turn of the Arnerican
mind, which is doing more to destroy the unity of
national sentiment than any other cause. .It is
the propensity we have toi neglect commonljects
and matters of general interest, and seize upon
some solitary novelty'as the great absorbing aim of
our lives. In the multitude of our isms, we are in
danger of forgetting those important points in
which all agree, and those corn mon principles in
disseminating and confirming which all could unite.
It is a glaring and mischievous ' error of the times,
against which good citizens and patriots should
But political, party spirit, may be regarded as the
worst feature of our republican system. Though
not inherent in it, it seems to .be inseparable from
it. But there ought to be patrio.ism enough, in
both of the great parties into which our people are
divided, to put an end to the extravagant violence
which party rage so frequently attains, and to vin
dicate the national character from those unfavorable
impressions which such exhibitions create abroad.
When tlie Fourth of July arrives, with its hallowed
associations and glorious recollections, the names of
parties should, with universal consent, be forgotten,
and the great themes of ourjeoraraon glory be al
lowed to awaken a general national sentiment in
all classies of the people. We want more enthusi
asm for the bonds that constitute our strength,
and Jess zeal for those distinctions which divide
and weaken us.
The great day of our national birth, demands a
decent and gentlemanly observance at our hands.
Let us not therefore profane its hour, so sacred to
liberty, by such scenes as have often been witness
ed, and of which we have often 'had - reason to be
ashamed. How 1 -ng shall the American fla ; wave,
on occasions of ;his kind, over scenes of beastly in
toxication, and of shocking profanity ? How long
shall the religious part of the people be repelled
from the common festival, and forced to celebrate,
separately and apart, the triumphs of the common
cause ? Considerations of national pride, as well
as those of national safety, should recall us to our
selves, and to those obvious proprieties which other
nations have a right to expect," in the habits of a
people who feel that Providence has made them a
model for mankind.
The "Spring season"1 is almost at hand, and
soon the moneyed part of our population, who have
time at their commaiwl, will be moving off on va
rious lines of travel, in pursuit of health and ex
ciiement, at the numerous watering, places and
fashionable resorts of the Union. Newport, Sara
toga, Niagara, Cape May, the Virginia Springs,
Old Point, Nag's Head, and many oj-her places of
I less note, will be thronged with visiters, and almost
I every one of these will have some plea of ill health,
some dvspepsia or rheumatism or other, to reveal
to their acquaintance as the true cause of their
travels. At the same time every yearu (fewer per
haps now than usual, owing to the greater attrac
tionsthome) numbers of our countrymen, invalid
clergymen especially, are found exploring the gla
ciers of Switzerland or the sands of Arabia, for the
avowed purpose of invigorating their shattered
constitutions, and laying in a stock of health for
the ensuing winter. ) The sum or the whole is. that
ill-health is a fashionable attribute of American
society, and that our conversation would entirely
flag, were it not for the mutual complainings with
which it is invariably seasoned.
The valetudinarian propensity of Americans, is
becoming proverbial all over the world. The im
pression exists that we are a nation of invalids;
and this impression is due, in the first place, to the
fact, that we are more subject than any other; civil-
j ized people to those depressing diseases which
attenuate the frame and subject the mind to pain-
ful despondency ; and, in the second place, to
another fact, that as a people we are afflicted with
too much imagination,. and are too prone to foster
those little conceits of ill-health which arise from
that cause. - .
There can be no doubt that gastric and nervous
diseases prevail more extensively :u this country
than in Europe. Travelers generally testify to the
greater robustness of the English and the Germans,
and it is said that an American, is recognized as
easily by his dyspeptic look, as by anything else
that can indicate his origin. It would demand too
much space to inquire into the causes of this na
tional infirmity, but we think it is very apparent
that our hurried mode of life, our .neglect of sys
tematic and cheerful exercise, and the greedy man
ner in which our meals are devoured, are the prin
cipal of those which a fair examination of the ub
ject would lead us to recognize. It is a melan
choly reflection, but true nevertheless, that very
few active, hearty7, and vigorous old men are to be
found in any American community. In most cases,
a too ardent devotion to business, and too much
exertion in the battle of life, has worn out the body',
as the sword cuts its scabbard; or,' on the other
hand, a torpid, unambitious spirit has allowed the
physical person to degenerate into a lubberly
phlegmatic mass, incapable alike of work or pleas
ure. The " mens sana in corjjore sano" is seldom
seen amongst us.
But the tendency of the national disposition to
ward hypochondriasis, is not altogether due to
physical causes. There is something in the state
of society that leads towards the same result. It
may be traced philosophically to a variety of influ
ences which cannot now be considered." Ourcoun.
try is peculiar ; its past, present, and future, all differ
from those of other; lands, and of course we must
expect some peculiarities in the national character.
This is certainly one of its most unfortunate fea
tures, for imagination, long indulged, gives con
firmed reality in the end, - to hose maladies which
were, at first, but harmless fictions of its own inven
It is much more important for us to endeavor to
.get rid of this infirmity, than to investigate its
origin. It is time that we should be forgetting the
phantasms that have tortured us so long, and turn
ing our minds to the more substantial and attrac
tive objects which the interest and the glory of the
country have placed before us. The individual
must be more neglected, and society more regarded
as the object of our care, and that for whose bene
fit we are called to live.' We have a high and holy
national mission to fulfil, which should more and
more engage our sympathies, and stimulate our
exertions. ' ' '
Panorama. We had thejdeasure of inspecting
Russell Smith's interestingjPanorSraa of the Holy
Land, during its exhibition in this city, and take
pleasure in expressing a favorable opinion of its
merits. Crowds were attracted to the Town Hall
every evening during its stay in Raleigh, and all
who went were highly pleased. We advise all
who may ' have the opportunity, in other portions
of the State, to visit the painting if they desire to
see a correct and graphic representation of some of
the most interesting localities mentioned in sacred
JS& We hear deplorable accounts, of the corn
crop from all quarters. The long absence of rain
must make it a short one, as was tbe oats in this
Thk great Outlaw will case has bP
ing many of bur citizens to the Coo it FT !t
.. . . lQlUfi j
ing the las two weeks, a multitude of -
were examined and a vast amount of W 1 "1
onH nittenosa disolaved bv in. v.i.
. -., - i.iir nr.. Q:..- 1.. . ... .
DOlU BUies. no. omwii-ijr pitletl til
'. . . : ii,i f .n
.. - - . ' it mere A, 1
this intensely hot weather, listening wit, tj
commendable patience to aninvestir-lt;, 'efi"i
were comueiieu. uvui icuuws. t,- -; .1
remarkable for its minuteness and ii I.... ., l
. , . "-"Sid. T I
mict mi prpst.innr and nmiKini,. .. . 'j
0 -yrtU ot t,e(.
nation was that which related to the m
of the signature.of the will. In ad litiot
witnesses who testified in regard tn n
3 -10 uieij It,
ledge of the handwriting of the tcL t
experts were examined most searcl iivlv ?
strokes, turns, and angles of the iiidividu. j
and fractions of letters, and the shadows
diflerent shades' of ink used in w r tiiia-ti '
- . . , o 111 - in?-,
ment. It was sut.j,?cted to microscope '
. '1 L -i 1.. . 1 ' . 1 l
uissecteu ,auu analysed, till language aU
failed to answer the subtle distinctions Sll,r"
by the questions propounded to the wituH'
e tiiougiit &eeuu tunes as tlie lawyer auji'
victim on the stand were navigating alotio-
row and rugged channel of a sinV
. j ' . 4 j , m m
stream, uowu oucno, aim irom shore to '
that all the perils of a' vovaire on th M;..-
would have to be encountend hpfnvo !... 1,1
- v iucv arrs
11. : t. ..... 11 . s
ai tneir uestiimuou. .ai as nara rowing ar)(
tugging for the poor fellows at thP oar,
man at the helm allowed no respite, and druve
headlong craft with persevfcring wi 1 alonTti)e,4.
gerous deep.- How glad those weary and
fellows must have felt, when they escarp "
ii teciinicai tortures ot the aw. nn f., , 1 .
.' "UU Hi!,.
selves free once more from the in
No wondej;. the ingenious gentlemen of tLe'-.
are celebrated for the sharpness of tlieir
They are whetted to an edge on so mam-incases.
Tlhere is no intellectual exercise equ, -that
partaining to their calling, for the d eV
ment of the subtlest energies of the minj. '.
trains them to the keenest analysis, and liable
tes them to the utmost exertion of iute!lecui
THE MAIL ! THE MAIL ! THE iMAIL !
The administration of this department of the pa';,
service grows worse and worse. . On soraeudvs?
the week we get no northern mail at all, aiida:
other times, when it is 'received, it is only after .v.
ing in the Raleigh Post OiSce about tuckelw.r
At present this mail arrives here at night bv tin
Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road, and is not ojt;
.'Il I - .1 1
tin aoout beven next morning. Aooiit tnew
hour ' the mail for the north is closed, so iLaui
business letter, arriving early one evening, can, ;;
be answered in less than thirty-six hours.
blame no one in particular, but surely we have 1
right and a. reason to complain, that a coiiiimira
of such importance should be subjected to a drjrst f -ft
01 rnconvenience so intolerable.
It is now understood that the Raleigh insist!-
Company will not recede from tlieir position,;
that they intend to connect regularly with the S
board and Koanoke Ro.-.d at Weldaiiy aceutdingv:
present. arrangement, whatever may be determin;
upon by othe.r companies. It is a'so niidursu;
that the express train between Peterslmrj ate
Wilmington is. to be discontinued. As the ma!
to be taken from the Railroad and sent to Ihiltif
by stages across the country, it is obvious that:
confusion will soon be worse confounded, and ik
the inconveniences we now endure will be inert
ed btymd endurance.
It is bad enough for the people of the Capitals
f North Carolina to be compelled to wait tiiUw
o'clock A. M. for letters and papers received atife
Post Office early the preceding evening If muttt-rs
grow any worse, we hope they wi ll: refuse to subiri;
to a system that treat? their interests and Labi
with such unjustifiable disregard.
jI5? The Emperor of Russia has gi ven the Sa
tan of Turkey eight days to consider his ultima
Its principal point requires, that the membe
the Greek Church in Turkey shall be suljeS
religious matters to the ecclesiastical authority
St. Petersburg. It is hoped and believed that uSt
Sultan, sustained as be is by all his; suhjecttusi
by England and France, will make a successful
jgST Mr. Godraan, the proprietor of the " SocA
err Family Friend " at Columbia, S. C, offa'
sale one half of his paper. ,He finds the combing
duties of editor and publisher too onerous for os
man, and wishes to transfer one or the oth-TS
these departments to other hands. His offers
S3T The annual examination of the pr!'i6
the North Carolina Institution for the De;fa!!l
Dumb and the Blind took place on Wedneaty
last. Diplomas were awarded td Miss Isabel
Camerox, of Fayetteville, and Miss Louisa
Walker, of Guilford county, N. C.tliose t
young ladies having been at the Institution sevPl
years, the- period required for a complete ecu
It is said that the Chinese rebels have bees
defeated before the gates of Nankin.
The July No. of the " Ladies' Keepsake aSD"
Library " has been received.
Also, the June No. of the " Westerh Hort
tcral REviFv,"one of the greatest favorites, abou '
ing, as usual, in every variety of useful maiterF
laming to. the subject of cultivation.
There has also been laid on our table the lst
a small but neat and interesting periodical, e" 1
"The Casket." It is published bi-jpont!.ly
Chowan Female Collegiate Institutef!
N. C, and edited by Mrs. E;DeLanceyFory, a j
principal of that Institution. Besides ahoundmr
appropriate literature, "it contains a circ ulur
which we learn that this excellent school is enJ-
a high degree of prosperity under its large corp
instructors. It deserves to be regarded a n
ment to the State.
We are indebted to the publisher, T. B.
for an unbound copy of " Clara MorelasPi
novel by Emerson Bennett, which our exi
represent as one of . the best productions 0