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- 3S- if fi
:.l ' !' . 'LETTER IX.
New York, July 4, 1853.
"Fourth of July- Fireworks A gala day Cost of a
I. Carriage; Crowds at the Crystal Palace, hut not
',. u in it Progress inside The Opening Ceremonies ;
A Bail Storm damage ; Accident to the Steamer
. Jafnes Adger-r-A Heroic Engineer ; .Sir' Charles
: v '.. lyelFs Elementary Geology; " Old House by
the River" ; f Pleasure and Profit;'1 a new and ex
',' .cellent book for the young; Colridge's Complete
Works; National Academy ; AH at the Crystal
Palace ; Fireworks again ; Finale.
Mr Dear Post : The fourth of July is doubt
- V less " some" to your readers throughout the good
,; - Old North State but I can assure you that it is
. . " some'r" in this metropolis.
I have just excused myself to a group of yung
' people, (some oi them freshly arrived from the far
" South) who have departed " to see the fire works"
. , and to hear DodworthY famous band at Madison
Square in the vicinity of my.'domicil.. I have a
r passion for fireworks myself, and should have gone
with them, but that I remembered my obligation
. to you and to your readers. It is not necessary,
however, to leave one's own, dwelling no matter
, where, in this great city, it is situated to see " fire
works," for they are everywhere! " Rockets are
shotting up in every quarter, and describing fiery
1 arcs through the moonless sky. Catharine-wheels
; are rotating to-day upon almost every tree-box along
the pavement now with a progressive velocity that
"-. ', reminds you of an approaching locomotive; and,
' again, with a sort of spasmodic endeavor that would
be entirely vain without the prompt assistance of a
score of eager .hands ready to-do it "a friendly
turn. Roman-Candles are vomiting forth legions
of sparks and'projecting red and blue, and green
I , ' and crimson -"meteors, far up into the air. Add to
v . these, (which may be counted by thousands from
' any commanding point) an incessant, feu de joie,
V I ; of Chinese crackers (or " poppers" as I think they
; are called in the South) and you have a feeble re
v ' presentation of what is, at this moment, going on
- . r ' . in every street, and at every corner, in this roetro
1 i " polls. There is not even a momentary cessation of
,: ' the mimic cannonading, and not an instant in which
y - j .. . the sky is nota-glow with meteor fires. These are
; ' but the private entertainments of the night while
at half a dozen centres the city provides grander
and more imposing displays of pyrotechny, with
J the best band-musio of the metropolis thrown
.v .in. .
The day has been a model of loveliness. It
1 . ' dawned amid clouds, .but has laid itself to rest up-
. " on the bosom of night with a rosy flush upon its
cheek, like that of an -infant in its innocent repose.
Ten thousand little l eads, weary of sight and
sound, are already nestled upon pillows but stiU
" Young America" is wide awake and up to eveiy-
- . thing in the 'shape of fun or frolic which can be
: ' devised within the pale of the law winking to-day
at excesses which , it cannot prevent. So far the
day has passed away without a serious catastrophe
-. . in any quarter. The usual grand military parade
' came off in the morning. There was no dust, and
happily no mud to make the march fatiguing and
to soil the gay uniforms of the soldiers. It was
. truly a gala day. Everything was bright and
cheerful.' At no time has the heat been oppressive,
and a finer holiday New York has seldom enjoyed.
The abandonment of the city to festivity has been
. " mora absolute than you would suppose it possible
.- ...?' ; to be. By eight o'clock this morning even the
ft . market shops were closed and woe was to the luck
4 less wight who failed to do his catering for Inde-
j. pendence dinner, before breakfast !
, The streets have been thronged for twelve hours,
i and everything in the shape of a vehicle on wheels
'''- has been in requisition. Carriages have been let at
extravagant prices ; and a one-horse -buggy has
' commanded a sum that would go far towards buy-':'-.
ing the same in the back woods. I know of an in-
- ' tmciu tu.puvf. n. wui-liorso uuacti was nirea oy a
friend of miae for a short excursion out of town.
It, was on duty only two hours., and the bill render
, ' ed was twenty dollars!
The scene ,at the Crystal Palace (or rather all
-.''., . around it) this afternoon was a curious one. I
, suppose there Were not fewer than ten thousand
people congregated. Every avenue of entrance to
the; Palace was zealously guarded by a-brace of po
m licemen, who were under strict orders to admit no
one' "..except on business." It was amusing to
".'.' i- ' witness the attempts of many to obtain entrance
. some upon tbje plea of being "envited by Mr. so
and so, to come up and look at the building." I
rather "compassionated the disappointed gazers, as
' armed with my talisman ic card, I-passed the po
lice and the portals together, and stood within the
, fairy-halls' ot iron, and' of glass. The clinking of
hammers,. the twinkling of feet declared it to be a
hive, where industry prevails. The amount of
work accomplished since I wrote last is very great.
The show -cases are beginning to glitter inr gold
and glass; the tables and wall spaces are nearly
ready for the objects which are to be displayed
thereon; the graceful railing of the galleries aud
.staircases are already painted and gilded; the
-. - myriad packing cases are beginning to yield up
their treasures and everything betokens a speedy
opening. There appears to be no disposition upon
the part of the managers to recede from their pro
" mise to open on the 15th and the grand initiating
, .ceremonies of the day previous are beginning to
- ' . occupy their thoughts. I am not able to tell you
precisely what these ceremonies will be ; but there,
is no doubt that music and' speech-making will be
. two important features. Was there ever a great
occasion celebrated in this land without speeches
and is there any reason why; it should not be so?
1 trow not ; and speeches we will have when the
-' great Crystal hive is thrown open to. the public
gaze, that the proofs and products of the world's
industry may be seen arid admired of millions,
- There will be jubelant strains, and voices of thanks
giving to God mingling therewith for'where, ex
cept in a christiau land, could" such an exposition
i be successfully carried into 'effect ?
I must not omit to make mention of the storm
' . "; which swept over bux city on Friday evening last,
doing serious injury in many quarters ; and not
V . ' Buffering the Crystal Palace to go unscathed. It
r was the fiercest bail storm I have ever witnessed.
In the northern .section of the city, and particular
- ly upon the eastern side, there . rageda tempest of
' ice. I have no doubt that a bushel could have
have been scraped together by one pair of hands in
' five minutes. I picked up hailstones fully six in
. ; 'rAin'circumference, and some time after the storm
' abated, one was picked up upon the stairs of my
1 house not less than five inches in diameter. It fell
through a thick glass skylight , At the Crystal
Palace there prevailed for a few moments, I am
told, a fearful apprehension of peril. The chief
' . injury done was the prostration of an unfinished
.. 'iron building attached to the main edifice. Much
less glass was broken than I thought ,was inevita
ble." In the neiffhborinjr villag, (town I should
say) of Williamsburg a very large amount of pro
perty was destroyed by the storm.
I regret to record a decrease of the facilities for
our Southern friends to visit our city this summer,
in the disability of the beautiful steamship James
Adgery running between, this port and Charleston.
Upon her last voyage hither she broka her maohi:
nery to such an extent tha it will take her two
months to repair damages. The accident occurred
before the was a day at sea, and her consequent
l "detention for several days excited apprehension
among the friends of' the passengers, and also of
- the worthy captain and officers jof the ship. I am
. told, by a passenger, that the chief engineer per
formed a feat of heroism when the accident befel
.the ship. He divd among the crushing masses of
iron and opened the escape valve of the boiler, there
by saving the passengers fromrthe imminent peril
of an explosion. The firemen also stood at their
posts, and manfully exerted : themselves to extin
guish the fire. Captain Dickensdn, the amiable
first officer of the ship, won the regard and esteem
of all by his vigilant care tfi the steamer in her
perih I hope the noble craft will ere long resume
her place in the line, and have;henceforward along
immunity-from mischances of every kind. She is
justly esteemed the queen f jthe Southers Steam
I have examined, with much interest, a Jarge and
handsome volume just issued1 by the Messrs. Ap
pleton, of. this city It is Sir Charles LyelVs
"Manual of Elementary . Geometry? containing
upwards of five hundred .well executed engravings.
No such manual as this has ever before been acces
sible to the American reader at a reasonable price.
It is the mostcomprehensive and the best digested
view of geological principles and discoveries now
extant, and must inevitably become the Ftandard
work in that important ano! rapidly extending
branch of physical science. The almost incredibly
low price at which the publishers have announced
it, makes it a book for every student.
' Did I commend to you in toy last, a new IxJok
from the teeming press of the Brothers Harper-
entitled " The Old House by the. River:' If I did
not, let me do it now, cordially too, for it is a very
charming volume and just the thing to read in the
shadow of a tree upon the grass.
"Pleasure and Profit" s the happy title of a
very beautiful little book, just: published by Evans
fc Brittan of this city. It purports to be written
by " Mrs. Manners" a nom de plume doubtless,
and is designed to convey lessons upon, the Lord's
Prayer, in a series of stories. I They aro exquisitely
told, and exquisitely illustrated. I hope the book
will be as popular as it is praiseworthy ; and
then it will be well for author publisher aud pub
lic alike. j
essrs. Harpers have just completed their beau
tiful and well-devised edition ! of Coleridge's com
plete works in seven volumes, which ;are a legiti
mate part and parcel of every classic English li
Mr. Redfield's revised. Shakespeare is bound to
an enviable success. The public approves, it would
seem, of Mr. Collier's new readings, and it may
very justly do so. ,
The Exhibition of the National Academy of De
sign will clos.e for the present year upon the 9th
inst., and for the rest of the season the great pic
ture gallery of the Crystal Palace will be the home
and centre of the fine arts,, in this western .world.
The collection of oil paintings" will be very large,
and not less attractive; embracing many of the
best pictures of the famous Dusseldorf painters
besides Italian, French and English works, in num
bers.' I shall, of course, pay proper respect to these
and other objects when they are fairly introduced '
to the public. losay more now would be to fore
statl uuamjably the public's reasonable, plea
sure. ' ' ' . ' :
' Still, although' ray candle flickers in its socket, (I
pray you understand rne figuratively, for I write
by gas-light), still, the reverberations of explod
ing crackers make the air tremble ; and the. gleams
of rocket and Roman-candle make the sky bright.
They keep it up late these patriotic boys doubt
less thining that the fourth of July comes but
once a ylar for which let U3 be thankful.
4 Your's aweary,-
WRITTEN FOR THE SOUTHERN WEEKLY POST-1
THE VICISSITUDES OF FORTUNE.
To any one who has, at all, heeded the rapid
mutations of'matter, and observed, with any atten
tion, the constant and ceaseless changes that take
place daily and hourly around us, it is evident no
jAbWot van Vro uiul o apjjl VI1 letltrl JippHwl tO T.h5
goddess, Fortune, than "Fickle." It matters not
whether we .open, by the key of history, the iron
chest of the past examine and note the 2)resent
aspect of affairs, or, with prophetic eye, explore the
mysterious future, we are equally 'impressed with
the thought of change. Mutability is stamped up
on all things earthly and mortal. Uuder the ever
varyir.g iniluence of this tickle Goddess a few in
dividuals, exiled from their native land, seek a for
eign soil and in a short time become a mighty na
tion act their brief part and then sink into their
former nothingness. Where before the magnificent
forest waved in its green luxuriance where roam
ed the prowling lion and howling wolf where the
birds sang their melodious lays unheard by mortal
ears, and the beautiful flowers bloomed to "waste
their sweetness on the desert air;" now large
fields of yellow grain meet the eye' the howling
beasts of prey have tied at the sound of the axe of
civilization magnificent towns now- adorn the
lands with their beautiful mansions, and sacred
fanes with lofty spires. On every side we are
struck with . the impress of mutability, and learn
that this world is one continuous round of changes.
To illustrate : if we consider earth's notables the
actions of brave men, who, ,.,jike the comet in its
flight, have flashed across the world's horizon with
a bright glow and then disappeared forever, we
will find numerous examples in point. Behold
Napoleon Bonaparte at the zenith of his. glory,
when the powers of Europe feared and trembled
at his name's mention exalted, as he was,, far
above any of his cotemporaries in quickness and
correctness of judgment, which were the procuring
causes of his unexampled success. Again, call up
before your mind an individual a sad and care
worn prisoner -on the lone isle of St. Helena
exiled from his own, his father land stripped-. of
all the insignia of royalty and power, which he
once possessed guarded by the argus-eyed and
happy-tempered powers of Continental Europe
cheered by no ray of hope of escaping from that
terrestrial purgatory but chMled by the thought of
ending his days in solitude and misery : consider
these o-ttremes of this modern Alexander, and then,
perhaps, you can form some feeble estimate of the
vacillating nature of this fickle mistress Fortune.
At one time receiving the plaudits and. homageof
an admiring world at another despoiled of all
taken prisoner and carried far away from" country,
friends, and all that man holds dear in this life
to die- an exile an out-cast is the fate of one
whose name outshines, by far, any modern hero,
as a brave, powerful and successful warrior. The
language of the baid of Won, in regard to Caesar,
is equally applicable to Napoleon .Bonaparte.
"But yesterday the word of Ciesar might have,
stood against the world, now lies he there aud none
so poor to do him reverence." It is unnecessary
to pursue this subject further to be convinced of
. the vacillating nature of this fickle Goddess. How
very irregular and uncertain are her gifts ? To this
she gives and from that one witholds her favors.
To one, who seems by nature endowed with all the
qualities ensuring success in life, how often does
it happen, that this arbitrary Goddess withholds
her smiles ; and again, upon others, who seems
to have been born under an unlucky star, against
whom' external circumstances seem to have con
spired, to keep in ignorance and dishonor, 6he pro
fessedly, lavishes favours- encouraged by her as
sistance he, overleaping and treading down all op
position, rises to rank and distinction. :
" Let not one look ol Fortune cast you down,
She were not Fortune if she did not frown ;
Such as do braveliest bear her scorn awhile, '
Are those on whom, at last, she will most smile.''
Due West, S. C
Human knowledge is a proud pillar, but it is
built in the midst of a desert of ignorance, and
those who iave ascended the highest have only
gained a more extended view of the waste.
From the Richmond Christian A&rcct-
COLPOKTAGE IS VIEQIKIA AND KOBTH
. $2, 357 85 have been collected for thicause,
and nineteen additional colporteurs commissioned
in the States since the commencement, of the
quart'er ending June 1st; seven agents hare closed
labor through various causes. - -
Eighty-seven months' and seventeen days labor
are reported, but many of our quarterly. Reports
are yet due. In Virginia our sales for the quarter
amount to $2,271 29; grants, 1584 83 ; families
without rdigious books except the Bible, 618; do.,
neglecting preaching, 737 ; do. without Bible,
411 ; meetings held for preaching and prayer,
(many of our agents are regular preachers,) 396.
Whole number of families visited, 7.890.
Our sales in North Carolina are $724 68;
grants, $135 33; meetings held, 60; families
negketing church, 268 ; do. destitute of the Bible,
249. . Whole number of families visited, 1,565.
, The Tract cause was never more prosperous in
these States than t it is at present. Its silent yet
powerful influence falls like dew or the gentle
summer rain on the parched plain, irrigating many
a moral waste, and troubling man a guilty sinner,
but with with God's blessing resting on it, it is also
quieting awakened conscience by the application
of atoning grace through the Redeemer. It brings
joy- to many a pious widow's heart as she reads
the books presented by the colporteur, and many
a poor ignorant child now cons his first lessons in
Bible truth at the newly formed Sabbath School on '
the pages of the little volumes circulated grlmit
ously by the Society's colporteurs
& When Jesus was asked by John ' tbeCBajst's
disciples if he was the Christ, he replied, in giving
various signs of his Messiahship, " And the poor
have the gospel preached unto them." So now,
over widely spread regions a)most totally tin visited
by the living minister, are- installed as fireside
preachers, in the cabins of the destityte, Baxter,
Bunyan, Doddridge, Flavel, 4ind many others, thus
preparing the way for the introduction Of the stat
ed ministry. ,
No one who has faith in the word of God and
in the efficacy of christian effort to sive souls, can
doubt that so much Bible truth, scattered abroad
in thousands of habitations of the destitute, accom
panied as 'it is for the most part wfch wise instruc
tions, earnest exhortation and ter'ent prayer, will
fail in producing results that shal' cause angels to
rejoice, strengthen the church on fai th, and enlarge
the ranks of watchmen on the wills of Zion.
The last quarter shows a considerable increase,
when compared with previous quarters, in remit
tances by mail from the friends of the Society. This
token of growing interest is tkus publicy acknow
ledged with sincere satisfaction. ,
Were all the pastors in Virginia and North
CaKolina, who regard this institution as a great en
gine of moral reform,; to specify one Sabbath in
each year for the purpose of collecting the free-will
offerings of their people to this object, we could
beyond doubt sustain? 75 colporteurs among the
destitute ; give to the poor, annually, $3,000 worth
of books ; save a large sum now unavoidably ex
pended by agents in travelling expenses, and still
not lesson by one dollar our denominational contri
butions. On the contrary, they would undoubted
ly increase, and so would our ministers' salaries
since it is a well established fact, that just as the
masses of people, are brought to fulfil their duty to
God, their desire to aid in every department of
benevolence increases ; and no publications in the
world, except the Bible, so fully enforce the duty
of sustaining every good work os those of the
Tract Society. ' -
Remittances made by mail ill be addressed to
J. Cross, Richmond.
June 1, 1853. j
PAY AS YOU GO.
The .New York Times contains tjh following
advice, which, if followed up, would, prevent many
an aching heart and sorrowful bosom. It reminds-
us ot some ot rrankhn s excellent essays.
"What! not avaibmyself of this capital opportu
nity ,for a bargain, just' because the money is not
my pocket ? There are a great many snug fortunes
made,-by buying on time. But our mercantile
friends who draw most largely on their credh, will
agree with us in advising a young man to 'pay as
he goes. A sixpenny; loaf of bread without butter,
and no debt on it, has a better relish than your best
dinner that is to be paid for to-morrow. The potatoes
mat are pam ror oeiore eating them,, have no bitter
taste, while a coppery flavor mingles with the van
illa of the creams thatiare bought on credit. Cash
lards handsomely the leanest beef. Credit makes
the fattest slices shrink in the pan. If you pay as
you go, very likely you will tall astern of your
bold, speculating neighbor, but you will liave your
vessel in a better trim for a squall. 'Men do not
always get rich very rapidly who adopt this motto,
but they very seldom can make ,out to fail. It
may be hard for them' to get rich, 'but it is harder
for other people to suffer very .bitterly on account
of their poverty. !
" The man who pays as he goes, and has nothing
but the suit he has on, and the meal he is eating,
that he can call his own, how much poorer is he
than his neighbor whq keeps a carriage and a ser
vant, and lives in splendor, and owes more than he
can ever pay ; the latter, one will say, enjoys all
the money that his-splendor represents. This is
very much a matter of. taste. We should not en
joy it. Widows and -orphans "will weep when he
dies, not because he has gone, but because his es
tate only pays twenty Tcents on the dollar. 'Pay
as you go,' and leave; no unpleasant business for
your executor to transact. It is not gratifying for
hthe widow to have vour debts, to settle, and chil
dren come by degrees to think less of their deceas
ed father when bills are presented lhat cannot be
met by his assets. Pay as you go sleep sound o'
night, and drive out the nightmare from your dor
mitory. You will keep things snugger about the
house. Your account! book will be a model of sim
plicity. You will buy what. you want, and Jeave
what is unneeded till money is plentier. You will
fid phe necessities of j life to be only the decima
tion of what generally are called rich. Off their
faces, tearing the lean and haggard mask, you will
una jouy, iazy luxuries Denina.
" Your library will contain fewer and choicer
books. Your wardrobe will be a collection of wear
able garments your home an aggregation of com
forts for every day use. Your wife will be as tidy
and neat as the best of them. She will have very
little oltl jewelry to exchange for new. and the
moths will not m ch trqubleher during these warm
uays. , l our oaiance sneet will always be a pleasant
uocuuieui, tu siuuy. j.ne amount you nave in the
bank, the property you hold, the stock you own,
will be the true representative of your means. Pay
as you go, and when you die enjoy the satisfaction
that there is but one debt left behind vou Tf vou
have not any thing, the undertaker's "bill will not
be very heavy too small to trouble you much af
terwards. Next to having money enough, the most
comfortable thing, in a financial aspect, is to owe
nothing to any man. Pay every body as you go ;
Dut pay me pnnier in advance.
THE MAGIC OF MUSIC
The sprightly correspondent of the National In
telligencer, who is travelling through Syria, and at
last accounts had reached the ancient city of Baal
beck or Heliopolis, gives the following description
of the effect which his flute and the negro melody
has upon the descendants of Ishmael :
"In travelling through Syria, as in other parts of
the world, I always carry my flute with me, po re
lieve the lonely hours at night, and excite a, pcial
feeling among the natives. I had fluted my way
after the fashion of Goldsmith, through many a
difficulty ; and now I was resolved to see what the
magic of music would do in removing the prejudices
of the Arabs. As soon as it was dark, we had a
good fire lit in the corner, and pulling off our shoes,
as custom required, we spread our mats close by,
and sat down cosily to enjoy the cheerful fire, my
friends (the Southerner and the English captain)
smoking their chibouks, while I brought forward
my knapsack, and commenced putting the pieces
of my flute together. The Arabs, who had begun
to crowd in, were greatly interested in the strange
instrument that I was getting under way. aud
Yuself, who was rather proud of his civilization, sat
by enjoying their remarks, and giving us a running
interpretation.. Some thought it was a sort of pis
tol, with a large touchhole ; but the notion was
ridiculed by the more knowing ones, who said it
was plain to see that it was a new fashioned pipe,
and that they would soon see me put the bowl to
it, and begin to smoke.
At last I got the pieces adjusted, and command
ing silence by a mysterious motion of the hand,
commenced playing that classical air of " Old Zip
PCoon which I dare say was never beard before
among the ruins of Baalpeck, lhere was the most
breathless attention on all sides, interrupted only by
tViA siinnressed exclamation of Tahib! Tahib !
(Good, good!) when I blew a very shrill or iaise
uoe; and soon the women and children from the
neighboring houses, began to crowd in, and there
was gradually a large circle formed around the room,
and the audience squatting down in rows, till there
was scarcely space enough to breathe. ! I blew
away with all my might, for not only was I excited
with the success of my experiment, but rather in
spiied with the music I was making, which l as
sure you was not bad. The familiar airs of home
made me sentimental, and I merged into the dole
ful air ' Give me back my heart again," which was
a miserable failure ; not a damsel seemed .disposed
to listen to it. They commenced in the very mid
dle of the most pathetic strain to call for "Old Zip
Coon." When I had ended, there was no end ot,
the tahibs. Mr. Coon was a decided hit.
In order to vary the entertainment, silence was
commanded again, and Yusef was desired to ex
plain that there would be a song ; that it was a
sonf of an old black gentleman who lived in A-
merica, who was a pacha among the blacks; that
he was called pncle Ned because he was so venera
ble, and being very old, the. hair all fell out of his
head, and there was no hair at all, in the place
where the hair ought to grow; that he hadn't any
eyes to see with, and consequently was as blind as
a post or stone wall, or anything else that is sup-
. . . .1.1 ..M. .1 1
posed to be uencieni in eyes ; tnai ne neiiner uaa
teeth to eat bread with, and he had to let the bread
alone and eat something else ; that his fingers
were as long as canes in the brake ; which was
about an average of sixteen feet ; and eventually
that one day when he was out in the field, a hor
rible monster, called Gaim Death, came along and
caught" him by the heel and. carried him away, and
he was never heard of any more except in this song,
which was written in commemoration of these
Thereupon, having excited the most profound in
terest in the history of Uncle Ned, I launchedtorth
into the song, keeping as near the tune as possible,
and going through all the motions descriptive of the
baldness of his heail, the absence or his teeth, and
the length of his fingers. Wlien I arrived at the
final catastrophe, where grim death seizes the old
gentleman by the heel, 1 made a sudden motion at
the heel of one worthy who was sitting near by,
completely upsetting him with fright, and causing
a laugl from the audience that seemed as if it
would never come to an end ! It was the best hit
of the evening, and completely removed all con
straint. The women had gradually uncovered their
faces, and the men were in such good humor that
they paid no attention to it ; and we were all as
jovial as possible showing that people all over the
world are pretty much the same by nature ; and
that there are few faces so barbarous as not to be
moved by music and a spirit of sociability.
- 11 ave you much hsh in your bags ?" asked a
person of a fisherman who was returnino- home
Yes, a good eel," was the rather slippery reply.
W hjlt m&ken a lawyer's Dosition an rntAii. t
, Because he has other men's deeds to answer for
as well as his own.
He who avails himself of the passing moment,
it in thn TiTfTr man
" Seen the Crvstal Palace, Tommy ?" asked a
little urchin of a news-boy.
" Oh yes, 1'se been up thar several different
times, replied another newsboy, as they both
stood in Nassau street, waiting for the Extras to
" Wal, I knows a man that would give $500 to
see that are place."
" You do, Jim P
" Yes sir-ee."
" And you know it, Jim !"
" Bet a quarter on it that you don't."
" Done ;" and the money was put in Billy
" Now, who is he V
Why, he's a blind man."
To cure'palpitation of the heart, procure a young
woman alive ! and, having ascertained the region
of her heart, press the organ closely against your
own,' until the pain ceases. For regimen, use
Our boy Dick wants to know what is meant by
the question he has seen in the arithmetic: " How
many rods make one acre ?" He says that when
he went to school, the master had only one rod,:
but that used to make a good many achers !
u Guilty or not guilty !" said a Judge to a
native of the Emerald Isle.
" Just as your honor plazes. It's not for the
like o' me to dictate to your honor's worship," was
A sailor observing a tailor at work, whose
waistcoat was patched over wi:h an endless variety
of different pieces-of cloth, cried out to Ibis mate.
" Look,, ye Jack, did you ever see so many sorts
of cabbage before grow on one stump ?'?
An Irish orator, speaking of an ; opponent's
love of praise, described Tiim as so vain in that
respect, " that he . would be content to give up
the ghost, if it were but to look up and read the
stone-cutter's puff on his grave."
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM 1. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, Jr.
Hopeisv ry fallacious, and promises what it
seldom gives ; but its promises are more valuable
than the gifts of fortune, and it seldom frustrates
us with assuring us of recompensing the delay by
great bounty. J J
All excesses are ill ; but drunkeness is the worst
sort. It spoils health, dismounts mind and un
mans men. It reveals secrete, is quarrelsome,
lascivious, imprudent, dangerous and mad.
Never marry until you . can face the music of
the butcher grocer dressmaker, and thirty-eight
cousins, and several babies.
RALEIGH, JULY 16, 1853.
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of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
Moderation is the silken string runninir through
he pearl chain of all virtues. - -
It is a cheering evidence of the prosperity of our
country, of the progress of our people in taste and
intelligence, that institutions of learning of various
kinds are rapidly multiplying on every hand, and ,
are fostered with a zeal worthy of all commenda
tion. It is obvious to those who take sufficient in
terest in these subjects to observe the changes go
ing forward in society, that education of an elevat
ed character is more and more appreciated, and
that the youth of our country are beginning to
manifest a more general ambition to distinguish
themselves by their acquirements, as well as to per
ceive, more distinctly than they formerly did, the
influences of mental cultivation in all the various
spheres of active life. It is now felt and acknovvl
edged that, in the long run, the educated man pos
sesses an advantage over the ignorant, in every
conflict of interest and enterprise, which native tal
ent could never acquire from any other source. He
is furnished w ith the means of useiulness and dis
tinction, from the great store-house of knowledge,
without which the most commanding genius gen
erally struggles in vain , against the difficulties of
We are a little apprehensive that, in some re
spects, this increasing enthusiasm for education may
go too far. It cannot be carried to extremes in the
right direction, but there is some danger that the
spirit of rivalry may lead to a degree of pretenr
sion on the part of literary institutions, when.in
judidoiisly multiplied, which must prove very dis
astrous to the general cause. AVe cannot have too
many schools, but it is easy to perceive that the
relative number of colleges to inferior institutions,
may be increased to an improper extent, and that
the standard of learning may be .thereby lowered
instead of being elevated. Tliere is a strong dis
position manifested everywhere to invest our schools
with a sort of charm derived from fanciful names
and extravagant pretensions. Institutions which
in England or Germany would be considered simp
ly preparatory to their colleges and universities,
are, in many parts of our country, advertised with
long, high-sounding titles, and clothed with powers
to pronounce the education of the students com
pleted, when in point of fact, it has just commenc
ed. The number of such schools is already very
great and is constantly on the increase. Two or
three professors, a small library, and a cheap appa
ratus are proviued, and immediately the village,
where the school is located, begins to boast of its
college, and the boys or giils of the neighborhood
rejoice in expectation of graduating in a. few years
with college honors. Now we have no sort of ob
jection to such institutions themselves, but only to
the numerous misapprehensions they create at home
and abroad ; to the impression produced upon the
minds of the young and uninformed, leading them
to believe that a short course of study, pursued
there, will acquire for them a liberal education, and
to the impression made upon foreigners that our
standard of learning is far below that of the more
flourishing nations of the old world. It is calculated
to injure the character of American scholarship,
and to render the diplomas, so liberally dispensed
throughout this country, objects iof contempt in
the eyes of the foreign student.
The great majority of our colleges are about on
a par with what the Germans call .their gymnasia,
which are the high schools, the feeders of their
great universities. The German student never
thinks of completing his education in such an in
stitution. It is in those vast universities alone,
that the power resides of conferring upon him the
degrees and honors which are the' recognized evi
dences of a finished education. In them, the! most
profound scholars and the most accomplished lec
turers of the known world, are constantly engaged
in imparting instruction, upon the' vast circle of the
sciences, and the various departments of literature
and philosophy, to young men who have already
acquired in the gymnasia an education that would
entitle the American student to university honors.
It requires but little observation of these facts to
convince us that the fault of our institutions is not
in theimiumber, but in. the limited range they af
ford to the student, and the low standard of learn
ing with which they seek to satisfy him. r
One of the principal causes of this unfortunate
multiplication of small colleges, is the prevailing
spirit of denominational jealousy. The various
Protestant sects have adopted the policy of the
Catholics, and established all over the land institu
tions of this character under their own control, and
as the requisite number of well qualified professors
could not be obtained for so many establishments
in which one professor is generally expected to
teach in several different departments, the con
quence has necessarily been a sacrifice of learning
on the altar of sectarian zeal, and an injury to the
cause which it will require many future
There are now more than thirty States '
TTnJnn. ana the number will t)rohaki .
4 v,,, relr,l .
in less than ten years. One large, compreh '
universuv, witu pvuroi w tumer degrees m, i '
suffice on an average for each of these State T1
even then, the number ot professorships 01 t
difficulty be supplied with incumbents having v' 'Vl
pean qualifications. Forty universities, 1
average of twenty learned professors, each fiiv
distinct chair, would certainly answer the vtiDls:' " c
our country. The means at our cofnniand if 1
centrated upon these, instead of being squ'an J X "
upon several hundreds of comparatively insi: r
institutions, would furnish them with libraries C
paratus, and museums amply sufficient for ' i
purposes, and adequate to the-demands created?
the times. How much more elevated wou'jl !
the standard of education in this country that ? 5
i. Ii: A. J
every inituigeiii nimu.
. We have been drawn iu to this train of raflt;
by the perusal of a recent work on Germanv f!
great universities of Berlin, Gottingen, ':'
m :" " 1 . . 1 "I.
nave exciiea our aumirauon, ana cause
that: our own country may some
' : ' M - a'.a...' T-s -
to Doast 91 similar iu&uiuuons. e are, it is trc
still in our infancy las a nation, and cannot esj
such magnificent seats of learning to grow un i
day ; but we can at least aim at the object, i s
may not attain to it, and ought in justice to 4 I
American character to lay our foundations br I I
and enduring, on a scale, proportioned to or?I.
pectations in the future, and trusting to time v,
the elevation .and perfection of the edifice.
should at least endeavor to prevent the Decess::,
which now carries the American student all
way to Germany, to finish and coinplet ,1
studies which are but partially eutertd upon, vii,
he is graduated at home.
The communication of our amiable and courts
friend " P. ;F. It,'' contained in our last, was so
gentle in its tone, so genteel and flatterinnt jBa
terms, that it might plausibly be attributed to
some heavenly-minded herald of the cross, if
course, we cannot" find it in our hearts to retsu
anything like vituperation for an, article addres
to us in such a meek and angelic spirit.
It will be recollected by those who read 01rfct
article on the school question, that we complaii
that the ministers and members of a particula
religious denomination, made up for the must part
of foreigners, were engaged in unjustifiable tvarfart
upon our American Sfainstitutions. The readers
of the Post are already familiar witli the mw
in which they attempted to out-vote the friend; ot
the common schools at the polls, iu Ik-troit .ai-i-f
Cincinnati. When therefore, "IV F. K., uiidtr-
took to justify the assailants in our columns, n t'lai
contemplated only the attitude of mutual hostib tbr.if
presented by the friends of our institutions, on the villr
one hand, and the Catholic party, on the otki' ::;;. J
and had no idea, and still have none, of difCUSsicgf TLs 1
a new issue betweeb. Catholicism and Protestantk.t3
That party have TaKen their posTtroTi agami coif .
mon schools, as "infidel and godless" iiistitutiocij' $;clr
and we hold it to be incumbent on them to ski it Is f
the grounds of their claim to have their peculiar? 're' . :::
dogmas taught in our non-sectarian schools. oriel su 'i
receive a" separate portion of the common fund t L
be used for sectarian purposes. They are bou:i'if
show that the system of education which they e.-j
vocate, as so much better than our own. Tl
promote the great end contemplated by the I tn c!
viz: the general diffusion of knowledge amongi! of
people, aud thereby qualify them f r the priviirw
and responsibilities of self-government. It is ob
vious, therefore, that if trees are to be judged otV
their fruits, and different systems of education t
their effects, we were perfectly fair in calling uia
the mouth piece of the assailing party iu this j:
for satisfactory evidence that their fovorite rw
of education ha(ve produced results equally faco
ble with ours to the interests of the masses of a,
people. It was a method of defence necJ
suggested by the nature of the controversy.
are not surprised, however, that "P. F. R."i
sensitively shunned an investigation so fatal toS
cause, or that he now contends, with a tiffii
very becoming iu one who imputes moral wart
to his antagonist, that " from the dissimilarity i
circumstances, no just comparison .could be
ted with any European Catholic country.
causes that dissimilarity? Nothing but the fr
schools, and other free institutions which are
glory of our country. We haie carefully exciudec
from them the blighting influence of prie'jo
trol, whilst in almost every Catholic country.
control is sanctioned by their despotic govern3'
and constitutes the strongest bulwark, of their
testable tyranny. ; But we did not limit our
respondent to-a European parallel; we gave h""
the range of all those republican States of Mett
Central America and. South rark', 'k
from our country chiefly in this 'very parti&fo
that their people are educated under ecclesi1
direction, which is not the case with us. ToB
once more the illustration drawn from Chfa
usage, we Have brought our antagonist up 10
bar of the inquisition-, and, in spite of its terr
he still holds out, because he finds it still morttet'
rible to reply'.
Instead of meeting the issue in regard jo
statistics of education in Cathnlie countries,
R mII. l-t;i' e ' . ,,,.77in. He
vuo justiij iir me previous yuM""
glad' enough to get backto that subject. fute
main question is not what he has stated it W;
for we have never (U.nA th rirrht of Cathoh
nartio.mftte fnllw tV k f an educ?10
r x --"j in iuc utucuw v
arisinsr from tatatmn Tha motion is-sball .
0 m .M
State estahliKfi en ,s lunation supP0 r t
by taxation, as shall embrace among the branc
taught in the schools, the peculiar doctrines 0
Catholic Church. We say there is no justlC
such a provision, unless the same favor is sh0?
"ciiuiuiuations. Ana 11 otwio. t
to teach tbe peculiarities of all the differentchurc ,
it. needs very little argument to demonstrai.
such a system of common schools .woul
mockery and a failure.- But the alternative
of the main question, we have likewise shown
the cmmon fund shall be handed oer
t!c 1 1
Catholic Church to be spent in the support