. .1 L f
A DAV AT HAMPTON COTJBT.
The following interesting letter from England is
copied from the New York Observer. v .
Of all the places in the Qld World, there.isjiot
one so rarely rich in historic interest as this glri
ous structure which Cardinal Wolsey built and
gave.away ! V
" Why are you building a palace so much more
splendid than any of mine ?" his jolly old niaster.
Harry the Eghth, inquired of the Lord Chancellor?-
: ' . - . -
" To make it a present to your, majesty," was
the ready and wily answer of the ambitious Wol-
8y- - ' ;: -
It stands oh the Thames, twelve miles out of
London, and is the great resort of the public, for.
whose pleasure: the grounds and halls and galleries
of art are now freely thrown open. I history I
shall give as I go on with my letter!
It was Friday morning when I rode out there.
Not the pleasantest morning I could wish, but the
onlyday I 'could command .before leaving the city,
and if I did not see the palace now, I never should.
I must not pause to speak of the many classic
pots I passed in that morning ride" :the haunts
of Pope, of Thomson, of Gay, of Cowley, of Oliver
Cromwell, and a host of others known in their
Country's story. I reached the.palace about eleven,
and wasi surprised to find myself alone oh the
ground. The armed' sentinels were., pacing , the
great (Joorway, which were open as it an army as
well as; a single traveler might" enter, but J was'
peuiiy summoned to stana. -- mere is no aamis
sion here to-day : it is Friday." '.
This was a blow to my Jiopes. amiLI asked if tbA
rule was inflexible. "O yes," thlTa. ver,
there's a great many comes here Fridays who
don-'t know the rule, but they never gets in : they
try to hire somebody to show them the apartments,!
but the porters is all gone, and there a nobody to
, show them. Yoii can't get in at all." ; ' V
Here was a dead j failure. "A 1 ride of twelve
miles to see a royal palace, and any one of -my
guide-books would Kave told me it was closed on
Friday, but thoughtlessly I had come on thoniy t .
day when it was shut, -and the only day : n&lh
to spare oeioro leaving. 1 was- more man disap
pointed vexed at my, own dullness, and made res-,
oiuuuuo uwi iu uo ho -careiess in iuture. xne gar-
dens were open and I walked among the beds of
flowers, and under the bowers of beauty, gravelled
and, shaded walks a mile in a straight line, and
lakes with gold fish and sparkling fountains on ei
ther hand, but even these, more luxuriant and paradise-like
than I had ever seen, seemed but to ag
gravate my disappointment. I sat down in an an-
; tique ch'air in a lovely hook, and promised myself
not to mention my visit to Hampton Court to any
if my friends. Several parties had been out to see
it and returned to me with glowing descriptions,
and now I had come alone and' was to return as I
l came. A thought struck me. My vener,able fa
ther had often said that he never knew a door
that would not open at my asking, and he had of
ten been amused, in travelling, by the facility with
which I gained access to the most inaccessible pla
ces. It had always answered in America, why
should I not experiment upon it in England. I
determined to try. Finding a servant oh the
grounds,. I asked if there was a gentleman any-
r where who had any connexion with the palace, to
whom I could apply for some information. He
led me to a door, and gave me the gentleman's
name. I called upon him: sent him my card :
he invited me in, and received, me courteously.
I'told him I was ashamed tasay I had come on a
fool's errand: carelessly had visited Hampton
Court on Friday, and must now return to America
without seeing it, unless I could find access to-day.
He said that during his residence there he had
-never known of the apartments being opened ex
cept on the appointed days: that crowds1 varying
from 500 to 5,000 were there t daily, and some
times 15,000 had visited it in a single day : and
; on Friday the doors Vere never opened : but,
and then I began to hope, .but, said -he, " it would
give me great pleasure to walk with you through
the palace-: the porters are all away, but if I cau
get the-keys we will be our own porters, and take
our , own time."
And he soon found the keys: and we mounted
the king's staircase and entered the halls of Henry
the Eighth. " ;
The story of Wolsey, the Prime Minister of Hen
ry VIII., is familiar to every youthful reader. And
it should be. His life is the grandest lesson for
- statesmen, and indeed for all mankind, that English
history, presents. By rapid strides he rose from
obscurity to be more powerful, more wealthy, and
far more luxurious than his monarch ; and then he
fell like Lucifer and perjshed miserably, by poison,
to escape the shame of the scaffold. In thedays of
"'. his greatness he resolved to make a palace of unri-
. vailed glory. .He called on foreign and domestic '.
doctorsjtopelect the healthiest and the fairest spot
; in the wmity of London and this being chosen,
he bought up thousands of the. surrounding acres',
and converted them into parks, and gardens, and
i hunting grounds. He lavished untold sums of gold
v in building a house that covers eight, acres of
ground, with apartments . to lodge and entertain
some thousands of guests ; and these he embellish
ed with the most costly paintings"; and every luxu
ry that the wit of 'man could suggest or a volup
tuous imagination conceive. The records of the
revellings that once made these" halls jocund for
successive months, appear like romance to us who
live in days when vice is less public, if not less
ommon than in the times of our ancestors. The
king accepted the present of the palace in 1530,
and Jbere he sat up his royal residence and "right
regally he held sway in these now peaceful courts.
I have just been in- the Chapel Royal, where suc
cessive monarchs have heard prayers. Here Ed
ward VI. was baptized with Archbishop Cranmer
. for god father. Here Jane Seymour, his mother,
-died a few days afterwards;, arid here the many
wived Henry VIII., having disposedin various
ways of five, was married to Lady Cathariife Parr.
Here, too, James the first presided at the famous
conference between the Presbyterians and 'the Es-
' tablished Church, and but of that conference grew
pur. present translation of the English Bible,. Queen
Anne, his wife, died here, Charles I, was monarch
and Cromwell was master after him, and here cel
ebrated the nuptials of his daughter. After the
restoration, successive sovereigns resided here, but
I will not weary you with the history. William
III. adorned the palace and made extensive inn
proyements, and there are monuments of his. taste
on every hand. But what is now the use to which
litis' all applied ! The state apartments embrace a
series of magnificent rooms in the central palace,
a quadrangle .with a fountain court in the centre,
Here is the Guard Chamber, the King's Presence
Chamber, the Audience! Chamber, the King's
Drawing Room, the King's Bed-room, the Queen's
Bedroom, the QueenV Drawing Room, the Queen?s
Audience Chamber, the Great Hall hung with the
most remarkable tapestries and emblematioals flags
" These and many other apartments I have not cam
ed are now hung with paintings al? but innumera
ble, by the most illustrious masters, making galler-
ies of priceless value; portraits ot tne most distin
guished men and the most beautiful women, in teh
costume of the times in which they lived : on many
of which I could descant at any length, but in
: such a wilderness of paint, I know not where to
begin. I could more easily recite the great men
whose portraits are not here,
I was hastening on lest I should be trespassing
: on my Jcind and excellent friend s courtesy, dui ne
insisted on my proceeding leisurely and studying
all that I wished to master. And there vrp enjoyed
the silence and solemn quiet of these old halls,
. ii - . . . ., s
; . wotting upou me iaces of men and women that nau
once shone in those very courts. One chamber
contains all the frail beauties of the licentious court
of Charles II. Another is filled with scenes from
Holy - Writ, making strange contrasts now as of
olden time: here is the portrait of a little man, Sir
' Jeffrey Hudson, who was so' very small, that at a
feast given to Charles L he was actually served up
alive in a cold pie : and then we have a full length
portrait of a man seven feet, two inches .high.
. PhiibsoDhers. Doets -and painters, kings, queens
and statesmen, priests and people are here in end
less ranks. It was so much better to be alone in
this study than in the midst of a crowd, and my
ffuide was so familiar with the pictures, that he en
livened the hours with anecdotes new and enter
taining? and I was not unwilling to give him one
or two in return. And when we had at last com
pleted the circuit, he sent for the keys of the old
kitchens unused for two hundred years, where the
Cardinal's feasts were prepared. The fire-places
were sixteen feet across, and the iron bars still stood
in them on which the spits rested to roast the meats
before huge fires', and then we explored the old
vaults where the rich wines were stored, and we
thought, for a cardinal, that Wolsey must have
had things quite comfortable;
"And now it is dinner time, come and dine with
me," my new friend said to me as we emerged from
the lower regions. And in spite of all my- protes
tations to the contrary, he insisted, and the rest of
-the" day was spent at his hospitable board. We
had a good' time there too. ' And was not all this
as handsome a specimen of kindness to a stranger,
of genuine urbanity, and "hospitality . as you ever
met with, I refrain from the mention of his name,
I tk.t I -l.ct.ld .flfcoj hint if I did QOt,
but I take a-pleasure in recording it as not only
English, but beautiful, and an incident that I shall
"pherish when ! return to my own land, where such
attentions to strangers will I trust never be uncom
mon, as I am sure they are not here. In America,
we have thought our English brethren selfish, cold
and disinclined to open their hearts to strangers,
especially to those from our country. L have not
found it 'so, and do not believe it is so. A gentle-'
man -g ywayS kind. But I know
&nd in -any land, as he was to wh
that few are so
whom I am "indebt
ed for 'one of my most agreeable days in England.
"Vs I joquired . at table, to what Uses these scores of
' apartments in these long wings are put which we
have not explored. ".f
These," he replied, are all occupied by families;
of distinction and merit, by the kindness of the
government, which-thus confers upon them, free of
rent, a home when by a reverse of circumstances,
they are in need of such provision. It sometimes
occurs that the widow and children of an officer
who has fallen ih his country V service are thus
made easily comfortable for life by being housed in
these grand old "halls! .where ihey may live in a
style that suits their taste and means surrounded
by elegant grounds, and everything-.to please the
eye and promote the healtb? thoughithere is no
thing of it all they can call their own."
It is very much the same with the richest and "
greatest among men. .What can they -have but
what they et and drink and put on? They may
gaze on their parks and fountains, and so may the'
deer that browse in them and the beggars who
look through the gates. And when they die, there
is the end of it. Still it is a fine thing to be the
owner iof such grounds as tbeseI have not a doubt.
And so I returned to the city, musing on what
I had seen and felt during the day. " 1 had dined
in the palace of the sovereigns of England : had
trod the courts where Henry V1U' and Edward VI.
and Charles I. and Cromwell and Charles II. and
William III. and others of the royal line had feast
ed, and I asked myself, is any one of them happier
or higher than if he had never been monarch of
DESCRIPTION OF THE CRYSTAL PALACE.
From the offical publications 'of the Association
we compile a description of the-Crystal Palace.- '
Reservior square, on which it is erected,, lies at the
northern extremity of the city, west of the Crotan
distributing reservior, and between that vast erection
and Sixth avenue. . The Sixth avenue railroad runs
directly past it ; the Fourth avenue .railroad runs
near it; and it lies immediately in the vicinity of
the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth avenues the main i
thoroughfares of that part of the city.
The mam features of the building are as follows:
It is, with the exception of the floor, entirely con
structed of iron and glass. The general idea of the
edifice is a Greek cross, surmounted by a dome
at the intersection. Each diameter of the cross will
be 36,5 feet 5 inches long. There are three similar,
entrances; one on the sixth avenue, one on Fortieth,
one on Forty-Second street. Each entrance is 47
feet wideband that on the Sixth avenue is approach
ed by a flight of .eight steps; over each front is a
large semi-circular fan-Jight, 41 feet -wide and 21
feet high, answering to the arch of the nave Each
arm of the cross is on the ground plan 149 feet
broad This is divided into a central nave and'two '
asiles, one on each side the nave 41 feet wide, each
aisle, ,54 feet wide. ' ... i " "N
The central portion or naveis; carried up to'the
height of 67. feet,1 and, .the semi-circular arch by
which its is .spanned is 4Yfeet -broad.. There are
thus ii effect twdLarched naves crossing each other
at.right. angles, -4 J feet, broad, 67 feet high to the
crown of the arch, and "365 feet longer, and on each-
'side of ihese qaves is an aisle 54 feet broad, and'
45 feet high. The exterior of the ridgeway of the
nave is 71 -feet. Each aisle is covered by a gallery
of its own width, and 24 feet frbtn the floor. The
central dome is 100 feet in diameter, 68 feet inside
from the floor to the spring of the arch, and 118
feet to the crown; and on the outside, with the
lantern, 149 feet, The exterior angles of the build
ing are.ingeuiously filled up with a triangular lean
to 24 feet high, which give- the j ground, plan an
octagonal shape, each side or face being 149 feet
wide.- At each angle is an octagonal tower 8- feet
in diameter, and 75 feet high.'
' Ten large, and eight winding staircases connect
the "principal floor with the gallery, which opens
on the three -balconies that, are situated over the
enfrance Jhalls, and afford ample space for flower
decorations, statues, vases, &c. The ten principal
staircases consist of two flights; of steps with ,two
landing places to each ; and eight winding stair
cases are placed in the octagonal tewers, which
le'ad' also to small balconies on the tops of the tow
ers and to the roof of the buikliag.
The building contains on the ground floor 111,
.000 square feet of space, and in its galleries, which
are 54 feet wide, 62,000 square feet more, making
a total area of 173,000 square feet for the purpose
of exhibition. There are thus on the ground , floor
two acres and a half, or exactly 2 52-100 ; 'in, the
galleries one acre and 44-100 ; total, within an in
considerable fraction, four acres. . -
There are on the 'ground floor 190 octagonal
cast iron columns, 21 feet above! the floor, and 8
inches in diameter, cast hollow, of different thick
en ess, fr.om half an inch to one inch. These columns
receive the cast iron girders.. These are 26-1-3
feet long and 3. feet highr ind serve to sustain the
galleries and the wr ught iron construction f the
roof, as well as to brace the whole structure in
every direction. t The number of lower floor girders
is 251, beside 12 wrought iron girders of the same
height, and 41 feet span, over a part of the. nave.
The second story contains 148 columns, of-the
-sameshape as those below, and 17 feet 7 inches
high. 'These- receive another tier of girders num
bering 160," for the -support of the . roofs of the
aisles, each ; have being covered by 16 cast iron
semi-circular arches, each composed of 4 pieces.
The dome is supported by twenty -four columns,
which go up above the second story to the height ;
of 62 feet above the floor, and siipport a combina-
tion of wrought iron arches and girdere, on which
rest a cast iron bed plate,l so constructed as to re
ceive the 32 rios of the dome. The light is com
municated to the dome through the lantern, as well
as from the sides, on which 32 escutcheons, in col
nre,l o-lasa nnuntinir the -arms of the Union and
its several States, or the emblems of the different
nations form a part of the decoration. J
The building is supplied with gas and water in
every part. The gas is designed for the use of the
police, in protecting the property by night, but is
so arranged that, should it be deemed expedient
to open the buildiner in the evening there will be
ample light. The water is accesible at numerous
points, with convenience for drinking, also for the
attachment oNiose, in case of fire.
The general mode of erection by base pieces,
columns, connecting pieces and girders, is the same
with that of the great Hyde Park building, but the
construction of the arched nave and of the dem
is of course entirely peculiar, and the general effect
of the building is completely different. V
i EEUGI0N IN CALIFORNIA.
San Francisco, April 22.
The time has been when religion was a scarce
article in this country. It is better now, and the
moral, religious sense of the people is improving
every day. The Methodists have their coheren
ces, their circuits, their stations, their preachers
and exhorters all over the country. The Presby
terians, ever vigilant and industrious, are in all the
cities and towns acquinos an mnuence, and sway
I iner the noDular feelim? ffreat extent ; and the
fBantkt's are enuallv intfawiousif not so flume-
rous or mnuenuai. jlq& episcopal mihs uounsn in
the cities, where they havf able tninistecs: and the
the handsomest churches and the-VCathblics are
prosperous at the old missions in 'San Francisco
and other places. The American population com
plain of lack of talent in this church among the
"fathers." The emigrant' -need not fear being
without his accustomed church -privileges in this
country. The great dangerHs that he will leave
his religion behind him. There are several ways
leading out of California to the "great high-way
of which we read m the good book.
The Methodists, Baptists, Episcopalians, Presby
terians and Catholics, all " have their lines which
they say connect with the " highway of holiness ;"
and each line is furnishing: suitable cars to accom
modate the " travelers to eternity" who start from
Do you see those plain looking cars yonder ?
lhat is the Methodist train. 1 he little noisy
strong-looking locomotive you see there is the
John Wesley." It always starts off with a tre
mendous load. " The road runs meandering upHhe
rivers, across the prairies through the woodSjTjy
all the towns, along the settlements past every hufc
and to the very tops of the mountains, aid the
train stops at every place for passengers. The
passengers' are zealous and enthusiastic. When
they start they give a loud, long shout, and you
would think the '" kingdom of heaven suffered vio
lence and the violent (were about to) take it by
storm." On their banner is inscribed, "religion in
ear est," and as they pass through the woods
they make the welken ring with the song
" Bright Canaan, bright Canaan.
I am bound for the land of Canaan."
.londer is the mptist depot, lneir cars are
stout, the seats uncushioried, the conductors exact
ing and circumspect, and the pass mers numerous
and pious. The train is drawn by the " Baptisto"
Greek word to immerse. It is surprising how
so .small a locomotive can take so heavy a train
over so rouodv a road. They have tunnelled
" mountains of sins," and bridged the hollows o;
" iniquity ,".but water has no terrors for them, and
hence they go plumb through the river Jordan
" io Canaan's fair and happy land
Where my possession lie." , -i
But see there ; do you notice that .beautifn
train of cars yonder, with handsome gothic win
dows and velvet cushioned seats ? Do vou see the
the surplice, the silk gown, and the golden cross
That is the Episcopal train. That erorceouslv
mountea ana smootniy running locomotive is
"Henry the-Eighth." It sweeps over the solid
Trail as if propelled by Ericsson's new motor."
there is a large, sprinkling of lawyers in that
tram. It is the most fashionable and gen eel train
.1 , i f Vf "Tl TT . '
mat runs out, or v. ainornia. line unitairian are
not fairly under weigh yet.) They take toward
heaven a vast amount of wordly wisdom, theolo
gical learning and pious gentility. It is suppose
that St. Teter, who has the keys, is of opinion that
the passengers who come in these carsre his rela
tives and descendants; albeit he does'nt like the
name of the locomotive; Henry the Eighth ;" in
his opinion having been a great scamp.
lhe iTesoy terians, however, are dome the best
business in California.. They train the mind, in
ciucaie mnexioie morn is, nave SKiutui engineers
intelligent conductors, and well arranged cars.
They run through a hostile country ; thev come in
contact with baabatn Dreakers, gamblers, and drun
kards and pounce on the " hosts of sin" everv
where. They are skillful in a manoeuvre, and dis
piay superior gene ram uip m a ngnt. lue road
t - L I-l . n 1 rr...
runs through all the towns; they have missiona
ries in all the important places ; they have colpor
teurs or runners on the steamboats beating for passengers,-and
Satan himself cannot get up an enter
prise without danger ot having a .Presbyterian af
ter him to spy out his plans and borrow thunder.
. But listen to those chnnesj the Catholic train is
about to start. . Those old cars,.look as though they
were made a thousand years ago antiquated, dark
gloomy, rusty but very stoiiC old cars. They run
tuu, however, feee tne crosses and Latin inscrip
tions, and see those "Sisters" bonnets. The. more
one looks around' here the. more he sees. to interest
bn. . ' : .
. The roads from California connect- with that old
line from Rome, which was started eighteen hun
dred years ago, and is sumwsed, to be the mcst di
rect way to heaven. - .
Correspondents Missouri Republican
: - . - -I
. The Mirage in AustjulLa. That curious opti
cal illusion, the mirage, nmy be occasionallv wit
nessed on the plains of Australia. I first - beheld
this singular" phenomenon "ne hot summer's morn
ing; the sun was shining, Cbe wind hushed, mid the
sky. cloudless,' when the plain J was journeyino- over
appeared suddenly transformed into lakes of jglis
tening silver. I rubbed nTy dazzled eyes, gazed
again and agjain, stampei'the ground, and peered
at "the sky, in order to "be convinced that J was
indeed on terra firma, so beautiful, so strange, and
so fairy-like, was the prospect." The idea !of a
mirage did hot immediately cross my mind as. 1
had neither read nor heard that the phenomenon
had been witnessed in the Australian colonies.
Travellers in the East .had recorded that mirages
. in those parts have all -the appearance of water
those 1 witnessed in the. Australian colonies' had a
somewhat different aspect ; for though they reflected
images as-distinctly as water, they Jooked so hard
Snd metallic, that no one would take them for
that element. I could Mearn. nothing, satisfactory
from the colonists as tb"wheh or jinder what cir
cumstances these illusions take place. I myself
have seen them only when the weather "was hot
and calm ; they are probably induced by the mass
of atmosphere on the plains remaining at-rest,
while the stratum in contact with the soil becomes,
heated by caloric disengaged from the parched
earth. I remember, on one occasion, a breeze
sprang up, when the silvery scene presented a series
of undulations, and then suddenly vanished A,-
Ytralia as it is. , '
' Th acker Air o n the Ethiopia Mikstreis.
When humour ioins with rhvthm and music; jand
appears in song, its influence is irresistable ;.",its -
chanties are countless; it stirs the teeungs w iov,
peace, friendship, as scarce any moral gent can.
The songs of Beranger are hymns of love and ten
derness ; I have seen great whiskered jprencuuicn
warbling the ' Bonne Vieille," the "Soldats au pas,
au pas," with tears rolling down their moustaches.
At a Burns' Festival, I have seen Scotchmen sing
ing Burns, while the drops twinkled oi their fur
rowed cheeks J while each rough handjas flung
out to grasp its neighbour's while early iscenes and
sacred recollections, and dear and deiignuui iucui
pries of the past came rushing back at the sound of
( the rsoftened
bAAW " MIUlttMl I Ul VAk3 KAU
heart was full"; of love, and friendship, and home.
Humour 1 if tears are the alms of gentle spirits,
and may be counted, as sure'jthey may,; among the
sweetest of life's chanties of that kindly sensioui-
ty;and sweet sudden emotion, which exhibits itseii
at the eyes, 1 know no such provocative as humour.
t is an irresistable sympathizer; it surprises you
into compassion ; you are laughing and disarmea,
arid suddehly forced into tears. I heard a humor
ous balladist not long since, a minstrel with wool
on his -head, and an ultra Ethiopian Complexion,
who performed a negro ballad, tnat l comess mois-.
tened these spectacles in the most unexpected man
ner. ' They have gazed at dozens of tragedy queens,
dying on the stage, and expiring n appropriate
blank verse, and I never wanted to wipe them.
They have looked up, with deep respect be it said,
at many scores of clergymen in pulpits; add with
out being dimmed ; and behold a vagabond with
face and a banio sings a little song,
strikes a wild note which sets the whole heart thrill .,
ing with happy pity. Humour! humour is the mis-'
tress of tears ; she knows the way to tmjons laca
ryrmrunC, strikes in dry and rugged places, with
her encnaniing wana, ana oias ine iouuwiu.gusu?
and sparkle. She has refreshed myraids more from.
her natural springs, than ever tragedy has watered
from her pompous old urn. !
Hoodwinking the Pigeons. Pigeons are
much more injurious to the gardener and farmer
than crows, or any other of the feathered tribe. It
is "said that a pigeon eats its own weight of food
in a day, and that principally of a vegetable na
ture. A new sown field of barley or peas is, there
fore, a glorious treat, and will be made' short ivork
of by a nock, lhe boys and farm Jads ot ftussex
follow a cruel and strange plan of thinning flocks
of marauding pigeons. Going to a garden or field
likely to be frequented by these animals for the
sake of plunder, they stick into the ground small
pieces of paper, twirled into the shape or a tunnel
the pointed end downmost. Into each of these pa-
per funnels they place a single pea, !
The boys having left the ground, the pigeons
soon arrive, and commence looking about for food ;
and seeing peas ready, as they imagine, for. the
picking up, they pop their head into the funnel,
which, sticking to them, they hit up and immedi
ately mount into the air, as if with a nightcap
drawn over their "eyes. . Under such. hap'ess cir
cumstances theysoar aloft in a perfectly straight
line to the zenith; till lost to the eye of ihe behold
er in the clouds. How far the poor creatures thus
proceed into the heights' of the atmosphere, it is
imposible to conjecture. It is certain they contin
ue their hi,ht till nature is exhausted w.itbin them
and death releives them from their raiserv. Down
they then sink through the yielding air; like a bul
let ; and so straight upward has been their course,
that they generally fall within a few feet of the spot
whence they took their flight. We do no remember,
of seeing this remarkable peculiarity insfhe flight of
the hoodwinked pigeon noticed by naturalists.
Strange Infatuation. Some ten! years ago
there resided in this State a gentleman, his wife
and two daughters, who . were as much' respected
aa any family in it. - Blessed with a competency of
earthly goods, and surroundlbyHiostsf of friends,
their happiness seemed as . near perfect as human
beings could expect to enjoy. Six yeafs since this
family left here for the south, where the liusband
and father took to drink, and in two' years became
a bankrupt and a sot. Next, the wife and mother
became a drunkard, and now we understand the
two .girls are inmates of a low brothel in a city on
the Mississippi river. What a commentary on the
free use of ardent spirits. In six years a whole
family of respectable people reduced jfrom afflu
ence to the deepest depths of degradation. And
yet how many cases of a similar nature are to be
met with every day Richmond Morning Mail.
-. rr- j
' Copious Rains. We have been blessed in this
section with fiue rains, for, the last two or three
days. The sky is now (Wednesday) very cloudy,
and we have a promise of more. If the seasons
are good, we will yet make good crops, as the
corn was not beyond redemption, as it is in some
portions of the State. The accounts from the
lower counties are gloomy in the extreme, and
many planters will not make enough for seed.
' - Athens Banner.
The Royal Christening. The christening of the
infant son of tier Majesty and his Royal Highness,
Prince Albert, took place on the evening of the 27th,
in Buckingham Palace. The sacred rite was perform
ed in the private xhapel in the Palacq, which wa du
ly prepared for the occasion. Two rows of chairs of
crimson satin and gold were, placed on each side of
the centrej for the use of the Queen, the Sponsors and
the Royal personages' in viled to be present. The
principal compartments or pews, (two on each side
of the clmpel,) were appropriated to rhe representa
tives of foreign powers connected Witfl the Royal
family and the Sponsors, and the Cabinet Ministers.
The altar was ined with crimson velvet panelled with
gold lace, and on the communion table were-placed
the golden vessels used in the Sacrament, with sal
vers and two large candlesticks. Seats of crimson
and gold were placed for the officiating clergy; The
font was placed in advance of the hani pas ; it was
a most elegantly formed tasza of silver gilt, the rim
was formed of the -leaves and. flowers of the water
lily, and the base from, which its elegant stem sprang
was composed of infant angels playing lhe lyre ; Jn
the front was the Royal arms. The font was placed
o a fluted plintb of. white and gold. Over the altar
was a fine piece of tapestry, representing the baptism
of our Saviour. The chapel was brilfiantlv illiiminat-r
ed by large globes of light, constructed on a scientific
principle, so that no orifice is visible ; these globes
being also inserted in the roof. ;.
Lady Caroline Barrihgton with the infant Prince
having taken her station in front of the font, and the
four iilus'tjrous Sponsors having ranged up on one side,
tbejArchbishop of Canterbury commeced reading the -BapfjsBBal
Service-. i .
On readhing thaf portion for the naming of the child
the Archbishop demanded ' of the Sponsors how it
should.be named, when the King of Hanover answer
ed, LeopohiiJeorge Duncan Albert, and his Grace
baptized it accordingly. -
.Queen Victoria was -present, and wore the Koh-i-noor
among her diamonds. Prince Albert, the King
and Queen of Hanover, the Prince of Prussia the
Princess of Prussia, the Doke and Duchess of Saxe
Coburg, Gotha ; the Grand Duke and Duchess of
Mechlenburg Strelitz, and Other roval Dersonap-a wa
I present . - -
The Heart of Richaro Ccemt de Lion. A corres
pondent of the London times offers a suggestion for
the consideration of the committee who Are now dis
cussing the subject of a statue to the j lion-hearted
King. Every one acquainted with English history
will remember theaffecting disposal of the remains of
Richard His body, by .bis last will, wa3 directed to
be buried a the feet of his father, his bowels among
the rebellious Poitouvins, and his heart at Rouen
That heart is now without a shrine in the Museum of
the town of Rouen, and the- writer suggests to the
committee that a deputation should at once be a:
pointed, to wait npon the authorities of town, and so-'
licit this reho, which might be entombed! beneath the
EDITED BY .
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELfON WADDELL, Jb. .
RALEIGH, JULY 23, 1853.'
Ternu TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM, in Advance.
Three Copies, $5 full prie, $6, -
Eight Copies, 12 " 16,
Ten Copies 15 . 20,
Twenty Copies, 20 . " 40.
(Payment in all cases m advance.
1& Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, the
person making up
irson making up the club will be entitled to a copy extra
Of a proper character will be inserted at the foil owms; rates
t or 1 square ot 14 lines, l insenioii,
1 ', do. I month, .,
',' 1 do. 3 months,
1 -'. "do. 6 "
,1 do. 9 "
v 1 do. 12 "
, . $0.75
. . 10.00
Business Cards, $5 for one year..
For a quarter, half, or whole column a liberal discount will
..'' . . be made. ' ....
XT' Advertisements should in all cases be marted with the
nnmlvft of .insertions desired otherwise, thev will remain un
til nodcetttjhscontinue is given, and be charged according to.
the" above rates. The particular attention of advertisers is
eauea to uus nouce, as u is not our wisii iu iconic jjujnii
for an adftisement for a longer time than is necesssary,,and
we do jjpj; wish our Columns filled with advertisements that
"i AH articles of a Literary character maybe
"y-SJ1 Southern Weekly Post, Raleigh,' N
ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances &.C. &C,
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke. " . - - -55r
Postmasters are authorized to: act 88 'Agents forth
Southern Weekly Post. - : r
- , " ' W1LHAM D. COOKE. Pkofbieiob.
" Y-B. Paimer, the American newspaper agent, is duly, em
powered to take advertisements and subscriptions at the rates
required by us. His receipts will be regarded as payments.
. Mr. H. P.' Douthit is our authorized agent for the States
of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
' With the view of varying the contents of these
columns, we will furnish our readers with a note
or two of our impressions derived from our present
visit to New York and a brief inspection of some of
its most prominent attractions. We left the pleas
ant borough of Norfolk on -Wednesday morning,
the thirteenth inst., late in the forenoon, on board
the new and noble steamer, Jamestown, Capt.
Parrish, with a fine company of friends, and bore
away down to Hampton Roads in gallant style,
enjoying, with all our hearts, the beautiful pcenery
of those spacious waters,and inhaling, the inspir
ing sea-breeze with the most lively sensations of
pleasure. Leaving Hampton and Old Point, with
their lovely environs, on our left, and the old sand
colored fortress of the Rip-Raps on our ruzht, we
passed out between the capes Henry and Charles,
and in a short time were fairly embarked upon the
broad bosom of the Atlantic, surveying Uie bound
less expanse of waters and the receding shore line
in the distance, with a degree of pleasurable excite
ment seldom experienced before, and a feeling of
security, con firmed, every moment by the majestic
march of the steamer, moving steadily and proud
ly over the blue ocean with whose waves and wincls
she seems so well fitted to contend. The James
town is truly a noble structure, an ornament to
the Southern, waters. Considerably larger than
her consort, the Roanoke, she is in vevery respect
adapted to the sphere of duty to which she has
been appointed. Her accommodations are remark
ably commodious and elegant, and her tables are
constantly supplied wk j&$ry species- of substan-
uai anu uencaie provisif ujor toe necessities oi tne
inner man. We would be false to our Own feel-
mgs if we should, fail to bear testimony to the
kindness and courtesy of her officefsand their as
sistants. To our friend the i-urser. Mr. Smith, we
c M. J
are under many obligations, for a degree of polite
attention seldom extended to the casual passenger,
and we wish him a long career of seafaring life
as pleasant as our own voyage on the gallant
After a night of calm, steady progress, during
which we were rocked sweetly to sleep by the
ocean's swell, we began to approach the white
beach of the Jersey shore, and were soon in sight
of-the Light House at Sandy Hook, lhe Hirhlands,
Staten Isfend, Loner Island, and the Narrows.--
The approach Co New York is a mngnificent one
from the sea. The villages and handsome resi
dences that line the shore,- the fortifications that
defend the harbor, and the rising spires of tjie four
cities that fill up the background of the picture,
render the prospect as enchanting as any that. the
most brilliant pencil fiould portray. The tall brown
spire of Trinity Church gradually grows upon the
eye, and finally engrosses its interest above all oth
er objects. " '
.Well, we are in the great metropolis, and are
rattling away in search of lodgings. The St. Nich
olas is full, the Metropolitan is full, and assured
that all lower New York is similarly crowded, we
hurry up to Willard's, near Union Square, where, we
are so fortunate as to secure a p'lace near the attic.
And now we will .see, what is to be seen. Our
readers- no doubt wish to see through our optics,
the great lion of tne day, "The Crystal Palace."
Let them take an omnibus, in imagination, and ac
company us to the extreme northern limits of the
city, where the Croton Reservior rears its huge
. walls,and the Latting Observatory pierces the clouds.
We pass the Hippodrome,' and a vast number of
new Hotels, Restaurants, Saloons, Show-tents and
Refreshment Stalls, aiid find ourself at the entrance
of the Pa ace. Externally, it is. a noble and mag
nificent structure, with a'dome rising from the in
tersection of the cross, ofvast ar)d imposing gran
deur. You enter and see at once the most impos-
ing of all the objects now there the huge colossal
equestrian statue of -Washington, by . Marischetti.
It is a work of very noble conception and design,
reflecting great bonor upon the artist, and subject,
we think, to this criticism, that the person of the
Father of his country is represented as too massive
and Herculean, to correspond with oar ideas of his
real appearance. Behind this statue, and at some.
distance, stands a colossal statue of Mr. Webster,
of the fidelity of which we are not so well prepar
ed to speak. .
We cannot begin to tell even a tithe of what is
already to be seen in the various apartments but
one thing the public ought to know, which is,. that,
although the inauguration ceremonies have been
dilly performed, the exhibition is ' very far from
complete, and those who desire to see it in its ma
turity would do well Co wait several weeks longer.
There is, however, a vast amount of splendid Cut
lery, Porcelain, Embroidery, Firearms Carriages,
and countless other articles of utility' and orna-
TOMif.. in examining which rrmnir'.j
V ' ; 8 icht
now. be profitably soent. b l
The Crystal Palace is rapidly becttjD .
cleous'of a,new and very unique citv
oil tVinoa triKa ff (rot.ham wli , t -
l uv--v j - LuitKy th
life by catering to the- appetites and fi
LUC 1J u VlObliviat : MUM J
was the centre of a vast concourse, att
oi OUi- w
the inauguration ceremonies, aud by th
a.j ii i : " "ri
conea io me puL u immense niiiitar
sion, anu uie sceue preseuiea on that
one well calculated to-insDire tlic ...l .
trv -and the fruits of her industry ..j
" u genirj-
The foreigner was there, gazing no doubt
miration at the success with which the ore 4''
men ts of the Old World may be
people of the New.
New York is at present throngod" .with y;-.
trom all parts ot the country. The streets
stautiy hill ot people, evidently strangers
pear to be there to see more than to -o
incus aic uu iuc a.ier(, io IUHKO Uie most of th
portunity afforded them of draining the y
of their guests. Scenes of amusement of ev
aginable kind are in constant operation, and"!
ver stream is continually pjaying from So
1 TIT ' . . . "til
ana western pocseis into the ticket box.
counters of Broadway., He did not Ruffi,t
: ii. u f L i
ju mu way lwr mo ucsv ui reiisons, out Weijj
how to sympathize with the suffering of 0a
We wish we had time to describe andmorir
more, but it cannot be, and we clyses bv wisli"
that many of our readers may soon enjoy jjfce
selves, a voyage on the Jamestown and avriti
DESTINY OF AMERICA.
It is not profitable, generally, to indulge in va.
speculations in regard to the future! But
ready know so much of historical philosophy yj,
be able to foresee, from the causes now in operatic
what may probably be the -fortune or the-fat'
various nations. According to a general law l
ascertained, there is a succession of stages thro
which all great powers are compelled to jas L
their origin, rise, growth, duration, and dgdine.i-e
the guiding topics, of history, and can, ia m3ST
obvious influences to which all nations are freqaeai
ly exposed. It required, however, but little oW
vation to convince us that our own1 country is
culiar in its circumstances and character, and tiat
no analogical reasoning can throw any satisfactory
light upon the probelm of ourfuture destiny. W8
are sailing as it were in unknown seas, which neither
science nor adventure has ever before penetrate
and where we may at any moment perish on hid-
den rocks, or discover unexpectedly a new worii
It is the career of Columbus, imitated for yet notia U
purposes, attended by dangers equally appalling,
and sustained by hopes far brighter than- those
hich inspired that heroic adventurer.
Nothing more complicates the question of our
future duration and prosperity than the great va
riety of races constituting our population. Such
mingling of people of- different blood, languages,
religions, and habits, was probably never hon
before in tfa history of-mankind.. Many differed
nations have: often existed under the same -general
government, and, een now, in Turkey and Austria,
a number of distinct races' are found grouped to
gether under the same imperial rule;. but itisS
known that little actual blending aud intermarriage
occurs among them ; they are kept Asunder by re
ligious prejudice, and the broad barrier of caste, a
well as by the boundary lines that generally sepa
rate the districts they inhabit, and it will require
many ages of wise legislation and familiar inter
course to combine them in one harmonious vbok.
But the case is far different with the races foundii
uie unueci states, itie original colonies were
founded by emigrants from different quarters of tie
.wol'U- The English in New England, Virgin
- tne Carolinas and Georgia, the Dutch in. New York,
r the Spaniards in Florida, aud the French in Louis
ana, were at first distinct and J separate from one
another; but from the day when our independwe
was secured, the lines of demarcation have
growing fainter and fainter, ancl the prejudices
ate'd-by different forms of speech and belief, have'
been wearing away with the constantly increa?:.;
intercourse between the various States of the IVw
The variety of our people has in the rneantiro!
increased beyond all parallel. Besides those already
named, we now number among our fellow citizens,
the Scotch and Celtic Irish-, Germans, Swedes, V
wegians, Africans, Mexican. Indians, and -Chinese,
and the streets of some of mir trront. riiip are be-
coming as much confused as was the plain of BH
. - -
with' the multitude of tongues-spoken by the m
habitants. This difference of language, however,
fOnftt.lt.lltP a pmnnarahuclu clirvViv Warrior if)
and business intpVrnuraA TUn varinm imoortci
- r w h v v 1
dialects are gradually but certainly yielding to th
predominant Anglo Saxon, and the day is not dis
tant when no" othertongue :will be employed by
any class of our people. But it is a serious qn
tion, suggested by the vast increase of foreigner1?
every part of the 'country, whether our maimers.
our principles, and our opinions, are not in dan'
of serious detachment from contact with ueni
whether foreign bigotry, prejudice; and cant are not
quite as likely to be imputed in some degree
liberalityare to be adopted' by them. The mnuw
influence'in these respects, exercised by Americans
and foreigners, is obvious to-everv thinking perw11'
It .is constantly exerted and constantly felt, nd tb
fate of-oiir mnnfiTt ,N. ua rrpilniniD''ir''
- J ViCpciJUS UpUll l" " "
power of the one party over the other. If it sboU
.. .11 cue enu, tnat tne prejuuiuca 1
possessions of the foreigner have-been overcome ,a
the conflict, by the pervading influence of .QUr,re
institutions and liberal opinions, then we wf'
fidently anticipate a glorious future for these Unit
States ; but if, on the contrary, the American cbr
acter shall lose more than it gains, and begin to
lean towards the errors and vices of Europe, then
farewell to all our hational hopes, farewell to Pr'
manent freedom, and enduring prospetity ! r'
along by the tide of time, we must soon be engu
ed with the old empires that have disappearedi ,D
the vortex whither all other nations are tenuiy
The contrast between native Americans si
eigneriis in nothing so great as the com
strength of their prejudices. We havs been
t 1 her
. e die
x Is for
f the V
1 P PI(
wl ) Ivisl