North Carolina Newspapers

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fclETBOPOLTTAII COEEESPONDEHCE-
LETTER X. ' '
" . ,. '
Now York, July 18th, 1853.
The advantages of "having three pair cf eyes In
auguration of the Crystal Palace Scene in the
..' ; Building Steel clad Warriors-The Prayer
The-Anthem The Speeches The Chorus
t State of the Exhibition Division of the Space
'. J - Description of the Interior The Great Dome
, ; . Colossal Statue of Washington on horseback
r-Group of the Amazon A fountain of Per
: fumes-Amencan Woods A Centrifugal Fount-
: ajnTT-Puaiaroy Printing Presses Words of
Advice and Caution The Destruction of the
Empire. '
Mr dear Post .You ar fortunate in the pos
session of three pairs of eyes, for so you can occa
: , sionally send one of them abroad to see what is go-
wg on in the great world. I did not chance to
encounter the glance of the stray pair in the Crystal :
, r , j Palace on Thursday last, but still I knew it was
i ' there keeping a sharp lookout for the novelties
frf" and pleasures of the grand inauguration festival,
V .. which, was then and there celebrated. I am sin-V;-.'
cereIy thankful that the Crystal Palace is open
V , for now the thousand letter-writers of this city
and I among them will have an inexhaustible
. theme !
The long-looked for event transpired, as I have
, said, on the 14th inst. Incredible as it must at-
the interior of the Mr
. within, and the scene wore a holiday aspect. Gay
banners floated from -.the dome and towers of the
building the flags of Great Britain, France, Ger
many, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium and
Holland and higher than them all, the "stars and
stripes " of our own glorious country.
- I siall be very brief in my account of the inau
guration ceremonies for I remember that I got
very tired before they were well over. The tide:
set towards the. Palace at eight o?clock, and when
I arrived there, about noon, it seemed as if the, en
tire population fthe; city had congregated jn the
vicinity of its various grand entrance ways. With
some difficulty I succeed in effecting my way into
the blue section of the Palace, which was so
thronged that the only remaining seats were the
gallery stairs.
It was past two o'clock when the President of
the United States entered the building and took
his seat upon the dais which had been built for
the occasion. .The scene at this moment was ex
ceedingly; novel and brilliant. ; Several thousand
people: were crowded into an area almost spanned
by the vast dome of the Edifice. From the" gal
leries upon every side, were rained down the bright
glances of thousands of eager eyes. The
air, was
tremulous with the plaudits of Un thousand jjands,
and with the thunderous hurras of .he multitude.
I gazed with deep interest ,upon the. scone below
me, (for I had mounted to a gallery,) and I saw
the chief ruler of a mighty ,-people sitting, (not up
on a throne,) and surrounded by the representa
tives of many foreign powers, assembled to wit
ness arid sanction the opening of a grand temple of
INDUSTRY, and let me add, df Peace also ; for I
feel assured that when the nations enter into the
strife of the spindle and the hammer,, they will
proportionally forget the strife of the cannon and
the sword ! Casting my eyes upwards for a mo
ment T observed standing ouVas it "were, from the
opposite gallery, the figure of a mail-clad warrior.
There he stood armed cap-'apie.m steel, and pres
ently I discovered that there were other mailed
men at opposite points', all seeming to look grimly
down upon the; peaceful host below. I was. not
. long in perceiving the spirit of the riddle. These
steel-girt men are truly types of the Past. They
have come from the grim old tower of London,
commissioned by the fair and beloved Queen of
England's realm, to point the contrast. of the times.
We thank her warmly for the moral, and should
'. not fail to thank God also for the occasbn and fit
ness ofj the same. But I am i igressing.
The ceremonies were begun with a-prayer by
the Rev. Bishop Wain wright who read it, with
considerable fervor, from an ornamental MS. before
him. I will not carp at the worthy prelate's man
nerthough I must say that I should have listen-
; ed with muth greater interest to an extempore
prayer however much less rhetorical and elabo
.. ' rate. . ' -' (
' . The INew York Sacred Harmonic Society then
sang an appropriate hymn, to the favorite melody
of Oil Hundred, and as the waves of sound from
choir and orchestra 'mingled with the deep dia
pason of the organ, swelled up and rolled like a
vast tide through the aisles of the Palace, I felt
the power of music, and, at that moment, could
have wept with the depth of my emotion.
The 'two speakers of the occasion werethe two
Presidents of the Crystal .Palace Association and
of the United States, respectively. I name them
in the order of their rising. Mr. Sedgewick made
an eloquent demonstration of his reasonable pride
in the! scene and the occasion welcomed the
Chief Magistrate of the country to the halls of
iron and crystal, and called upon him to proclaim
his approval of the efforts heand his associates
had made to magnify the genius, of American in
" dustrvj The President of tCe United States obey
ed the call, and frankly, waruiTy, but very briefly,
"uttered the words which served as it were to put
the national stamp UDon the enterprize. Hearty
and repeated cheers fallowed his speech the en
thusiastic and kindling strains of the Halleluiah
Chorus pealed from -the great choir, and so the
work was done ! lhe rest of the afternoon passed
quickly away to the thousands who longed to in
spect the works and objects, already in their places,
for the great Exhibition. The music of Dod worth's
and of the NationafBands, alternately gave wings
- ing"rene1aenl
"' strange experience of pleasure and satisfaction.
The Crystal Palace is novy regularly open to the
public every day at 10 .o'clock and, notwith
standing: id lack of completeness, there . is vastly
more to be seen than can be inspected in a single
day. Several thousand visited it upon Friday and
' , Saturday and I am told that to-day the crowd is
still greater. Meanwhile, the work of opening and
arranging goo Is goes ou with great rapidity day
and nigh. The United States department is in
.the most "advanced condition, and Great .Britain,
"perhaps, is in the least. The. whole i first, Jloor of
''; the Palace embracing an area' of nearly 1 0,000'
- - square'feet i-- divided into' four great divisions by
the intersecting naves. These are designated n-s-:
pectivelv A, B, C, and D. A 's occupied by the
United States ; B by Great Britain ; C by France,'
Germany ajid Belgium ; and D. by Austria, Italy,
Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, British
Colonies, Arc The galleries contain over 90,000
square feet, and are appropriated generally to the
Countries which occupy the space beneath them.
The whyle space below is subdivided into Courts,
each twenty-seven feet square. These courts are
enclosed by walls of wood-r-atfording a vast quan
tity of wall space for. the display of all goods that
wnN may be hung,. The grand passages of the Palace,
wjt he form of a Greek cross, are three hundred
"JJi sixty feet long and forty-one feet wide. At
"'entre they meet in the grand octagon beneath
the silen ome 'tee one of the greatest wonders of
i n1J3rystal Palace. It is a hundred feet in diam
, and its crown one hundred and twenty-thre
above the floor. It is beautifully decorated in
' iotirs, as are all the ceilings of the buildiDg. r
The whole effect of the interior is exceedingly nov
el and pleasing. The iron columns of which there
are, above and below, three hundred and sixty, are
in shape slender and graceful and painted of a buff
colour with bright ornaments pi esent little ob
struction to the eye as it glance over the vast area
enclosed within the walls of enamelled glass.
I scarcely know where to begin in my observa
tions for the benefit of your readers, and indeed I
shall probably be very discursive since for weeks
to come new objects in all parts of the building
will oblige me to visit many times every part of
the building. The centre of the octagon is occu
pied by a colossal equestrian statue'of Washington,
cast in plaster in imitation of bronze. It is the
work of the Baron Marochetti "and naturally at
tracts the gaze of the visiter before any thing else.
As a work of art it is not so unquestionably enti
tled to the distinction of its grand position, as it is
by virtue of its subject. I would not, however, de
tract from 'its very high degree of merit and 1 am
quite sure that it will make a memorable impres
sion upon every beholder. The eye cannot long
be chained by it, however, for just beyond it (sup
posing that you are looking at the face of Wash
ington) is the great work of Kiss, the Berlinese
sculptor. It is a group in bronze, representing an
Amazon woman on horseback attacked by a tiger.
The action of the group is wonderful beyond my
power of description. The tiger, has fastened it
self upon the breast of the horse, which is rearing
in mingled. pain and terror. :The Amazon thrown
back trom her natural position, and seemingly
Icansfied with consternation, is yet preparin
2 to
dreadfuTfoe7'a
and
power gleaming in her eye, that the sequel of the
sory is just as plain to the eye of the spectator as
if it rested upon the lifeless body of the fierce and
savage assailant. This great work would, of itself,
' repay any lover of the arts, for a visit to the Crys
tral Palace, even though he came all the way from
the bosom of the " Old North State," The origin
al of this famou3 group adorns the entrance of the
. museum at Berlin. 'The present copy is cast m
zinc, and the zinc is then galvanized svith copper
so as closely to resemble bronze. Copies are now
numerous. To the left " of the Amazon Group
stands a statue of Daniel Webster, by. Carew, of
which I will offer you my. opmion hereafter. Be
yond this, is a canopy of wood and tinsel, erected
for the display of all descriptions of perfumery and
toilet articles. In the centre is a showy fountain
of cut glass, which is continually, during the exhi
bition hours," throwing up jets of cologne making"
the surrounding atmosphere redolent of sweet per
fumes. This temple of odours was erected by
Phalqn, the well-known perfumer and hair dresser
of the St. Nicholas Hotel. : Beyond this again (I .
am now going up the eastern naye) is a frame con
taining nearly two hundred specimens of the na
tive wocmJs of America cut transversely from the
blocks. Beyond this is the great fountain of the.
Palace. It is not a jet d'eau, but a spherical sheet
of water forced over the broad lips of a vas.t horn.
The effect is very beautiful, and is produced by .
means of a hydraulic machine, known as Gwy line's
centrifugal pump. A few steps on. you come to
the printing presses of Messrs. Putnam &s Co.
where the power of steam is incessantly moving a
system of levers and wheels and cogs and fingers
to produce the printed sheets of the Official Cata
logue, and the Illustrated Record" of the Great
Exhibition. These presses and their appliances
extend back into the machine Arcade, a region
scarcely yet defined, except to the apprehension of
the buikles. I wish iudeed, it were even now fin
ished, for upon the long colonades of the machine
room, and the long picture galleries above it, the
expectations- of thousands are centering, for much
of the interest of the exhibition.
I do not feel any courage, at this moment, to
venture upon another nave of the Palace. .Indeed,
onotom jiovo'ic a n!y one in which objects
have vet attained much " ftxttgr 'Tire -wn i bc
ues of Italy gleam all arouud yous but they are on
ly temporarily placed, and it is my design to con
vey to your readers, as. well as I can,a,n impression
of "objects in their real and permanent position and
relations in the building! 1 shall resume my de
scriptions in my next letter, and probably dei'ote
the greater portion of my - correspondence, to the
Crystal Palace for some weeks to come.
A. word to your readers as to the time of visit
ing New York. Supposing them to be at liberty
toTchoose their own time, let me advise them to
select the month of August, and not to be in a hur
rv to leave home until the ides are past; The Ex
hibition will not attain its acme of interest under
a month, and although there is enough now to be
wilder any one the effect of rare objects is im
paired by vast blank spaces and by unfinished
preparations all around. !
Wlvei your readers get to New York, let them
not 'forget the fact that they are exposed to innu
merable impositions, ln-doors and out-of-doors.
I do not mean that they shall make themselves
unhappy over what is inevitable, but simply that
they shall be on the lookout, and suspect the
kindness which is particularly obtrusive and giatu
itous. I have barely room left to allnde to the new
catastrophe upon the Hudson River. The destruc
tion of the steamboat Empire, with the loss of sev
eral lives and great injury to numerous persons,
has' occurred at a most unhappy moment for the
interests of the People's Line of Steamboats. The
temptations of the Hudson River by daylight, or by
ninonlitrht either, will hardly be great enough, I
imagine, to counteract the apprehension of peril
ij? which the passenger must now make the voy
age of the river.
It only needs now a terrible Collision upon the
Hudson River Railway, to depopulate Saratoga for
the Summer, or at least for a few Hays.
' four's faithfully,
. COSMOS.
" Who is Washington ? The London Daily
News lately states that an old English newspaper
IS Still KfcNU umuot.w fntmHamm -r.aBa.-.4
44 Who is Geordy Washington V -Jieplying to his
own query, the journal states that "Geordy is an
obscure leader of militiamen, who meddles with
matters that are above his comprehension, and
whose obscure life' will bs4 rounded' by the gallows
if he continues his treasonable practices, and ' pro
vokes his betters too far!' Further, the public is
requested to decide his character by the station of
his associates, one of whom is spoken of as a
"dirty printer's man, named Benjamin Franklin !"
Gool Cocragk.- At Albany, N. Y., last week,
a team of horses ran off with a wagon in which a
little child was left alone. A voung lady saw the
danger, and in an instant, throwing her hat and
shawl on the side walk, she made a spring at the
tail of the-wagon, caught it firmly, the momentum
of the wagon jerking her inside "of the box. She
immediately clasped the child in her arms, and
seizing a favorable, moment, sprang to the ground,
without injury either to herself or to the little fond
ling. : Such a womari deserves a husband and baby
of her own.
Our punning friend, whose bormots we have be
fore recorded for the public amusement, let off a
very brilliant thing at a recent race near Richmond,
which should not be lost. The favorite horse was
named Red Ee,and our friend was advising a gen
tleman to take no bets against him,, as the issue of
the contest wa-5 -already certain. "How so?" ask
ed the gentleman. 4 Because, sir," replied the
punster, 44 Id certum est quod cert um reddi po
test. Southern Literary Messenger. .
I :.--
AinnE, THE
klSCHIEVOUS.
I've a sweet little pet ! ae is op with the lark,
And at eve ahe'a asleep wn
n the valleys are dark,
.And she chatters and dan
s the blessed day longi
Now laughing in gladnessi-now singing a song.
She never is silent the whle summer day
Sh is off on the green wti th blossoms to play ;
INow seeking a buttercup-iseeking a rose,
Ur laughing aloud at tlte
istle she blows.
She never is still ! now ati
tome merry pelf.
iYuu'll smile an von wntr.h
fer in suite of yourself;
You inay chi.le her in vainjfer those eyes full of fun
Are smiling in nnrtli at thJuiischiei sti" s done.
And whatever yon do that Bams thing without doubt
Must the mischievous Anne be busied about;
She's as brown as a nut. Lit a beauty to me.
And there's nothing her kejn little eyes cannot see.
She dances r.nd sings and has many sweet airs,
And to infant accomplishments, adding her prayers;
I have told every thing that the darling can do,
For 'twas only last Bumtner her years numbered two.
She's the picture of health, and a eouthern-borh thing,
Just as ready to weep as she's ready to sing,
And I fain would be foe to the lip that hath smiled
At this wee bit of song of the dear little child.
v Melodia.
DAYS WITHOUT NIGHTS.
There is nothing that strikes a stranger more
forcibly, if he visits Swedei at the season of the
j i rtAAwar ' tl. -m thfi nh
tells us he had no conception of the effect produ
ced, before his arrival at Stockholm, five hundred
miles distant from Guttenburg. He arrived in the
morning, and, in the afternoon, went to see some
friends. He had not taken notes of time, and re
turned about midnight v it was as light as it is here
half an hour before sun-down. You see distinctly.
But all was quiet in the streets ; it seemed as if the
inhabitants were gone away, or were dead. No
signs of life ; stores closed.
The Sun in June goes down at Stockholm at a
little before ten o'clock. There is a great illumina
tion all night, as the sun passes round the earth to
ward the north pole ; and the refraction of its
rays is .such that you can see to read at midnight,
without artificial light. There is a mountain at the
head of" Bothnia, where, on the 21st of June, the
sun does not go down at all. Travelers go there
to see it. A steamboat goes up from Stokhplm
for the purpose of carrying those who are curious
to witness the phenomenon. It occurs only one
night. When the sun goes down to the horizon,
you can see the whole face of it, and in five - min
utes it begins to rise.
- At the North Cape latitude seventy-two degrees,
the sun does not go down for several weeks. In
June it would be about twenty-five degrees above
the horizon at midnight. Th'e way the people
there -know that it is midnight, is they see the
sun rise. The changes in these high latitudes,
from summer to winter, are so great, that we can
have no conception of them a all. In the winter
time the sun disappears, and is not seen for weeks.
Then it comes and shows its face. Afterward, it
remains for ten, fifteen, or twenty minutes, and then
descends ; and finally it does not . set at al, but
makes almost a circle around the heavens. Dr.
Baird was asked how they managed in regard to
hired persons, and what . they considered a day ?
He could not say ; but supjesed they worked by
-the hour, and twelve hours; would be considered
a day's work. I j
Birds and animals take tljeir accustomed rest at
the usual hours. The doctor xlid not know how
they learned the time, but they had ; and go to
rest whether the' sun goes down or hot. The hens
take to the trees about seven o'clock, P; M., and
stay there until the sun is well up in the morning ;
and the people ffet into ; thifc habit of late rising I
holm, he was surprised to se4h'r miu ms room.
He looked at his .watch, aid found it was only
three o'clock ! the next tirije he awoke, it was five
o'clock; but there were ip persons m the Street.
The Swedes in the cities ai not very industrious,
owing, probably, to the clintite.
The Beginning of UsatuL MEX.--The late
Samuel Appletou of Boston, one of the most emi
nent and wealthy merchants of that city was, sixty
years ago, a country scho61 teacher, at New Ips
wich, from which piace he went forth with a certi
ficate from the paster of th4 village that he was
" a person who suppoittd a god moral character,
and was possessed of abilities sufficient to instruct
a school, in reading, vriting, otbgraphy, English
grammar, and arithmetic." A the centennial ce
iebratio.u of the settbmeni o. New Ipswich, in
1850, Mr. Apnleton snt 5,00i.to the literary in
stitutions of .New Hampshire, the Academy of
Ipswich in particular, to enable ; hat institution to
assume its former stakdiiig,, and extend its future
usefulness. The Boston Transcry, says : 1
Although he leaves an estate vun d at a million
of dollars, yet had he been diposed to devote
all his. powers to the cquisitio of wealth, he
could easily have treble! his fortjie. But those
who knew him best, will agree i opinion that
he took far greater pleaspie in dispeing his boun
ty than he did in the accimulatiou his fortune.
Well and proper it is that our citizen should unite
jn a testimonial of respect, to-day iniouor of the
memory of the upright and honest An. '
n ' (.
J , i
MELANCtIOLV AND S IRANGE. are OtlCe
more. reminded of the terrible 4IIiin of April
last, near our city, by the followinr bftf but mel
ancholy statements. It will be Imeibered that
in the list of the dead were recortpdU inan, wo
man, and two lads about eleven anl ftecn years
of age, and they ere buried with 5eing recog
nized, with no friend to foilowlf.em to the
grave, and no inscription to be t-itten above
them but the sad one, "unknown. U wilt be re
membered also, that an infant, very ktly dressed,
"i4?'cen !njred from the ruinsLt found it
seif vrj0ng strangers, without one tcLim or even
to recogv,jze jt It . naturally excitedflie sympa
thies ot rmy Df our citjZens anj I care(1 for
and nursed W one 0f our raost reSpeclle families.
A cow was a Qn board the trajn fA wbich no
owner could beund- It was feared t all these
might belong to- ne and X nd
faithful exert,ons sucj, ha3 foUn b Le
case. The mvestigatity,, has aIso e,. ;d the fo.
omng sad fact; that rnrother ou n. b M
knled about seventeen ears of a
to. be Mr. Misner, from.., oard found f ket
with. this name upon itiWas aho Qne thfns
The name of the famil; was Keliogg. They were
moving from New rk. btate to dinLsota,
whither two older sorfe ufi ,,1,-j ,
. . i i- j , ,7 naa alredymne, and
leaving behind a daughter ,,f f.,! y ? V,
.&. , Tr OI 11,11 age. hese three
remaining members ot the. family K i
i ? i ,i i, Iami,y hav een here,
have reclaimed their inft siste,. ted the
graves of their parent rnd three broth s. This is
3.
livs sauuesa taie oi an fjnnected with
able and heart-rendin catastrophe.
memor-
s record
win live in some lamiiift, through mor,
generation. Lfiicogo Mribune.
an one
IT O T..
. r.VTartfa reraarked b . . , J
ngent ota larmer, -v i w,idd rather be taxi for the
education of the boy ilaD the iguoraiX the
iiji.ii , lyi mo uuc ur tutt other J am
be." :-'
compiled to
Somewhat SiNGCI.Aa.It h 9aid t
many; of 44 the old folks it home Tfc
ENGLISH EPITAPHS. ..
A late collection of em'taphs published in Eng
land, contains among others, the fpllowing :
On a Linendraper.
Cottons, and camrics; all ad?eu,
And muslins, too, farewell ;
Plain, striped, and figured, old and new, .
Three-quarters, yard or ell ; ,
By nail and yard I've measur'd ye,
As customers inclined,
The chureh yard now has measur'd me,
And nails my coffin bind.
From Cunwallow Churchyard, Cornwall.
(It
be read either backward or forwards.)
Shall we all die ?
may
We shall die all,
. AH die shall we
Die all we shall.
Others are explicit in point of peidgree as, for
instance, the following, with its opening chorus of
thanksgiving
- e '.
t From Broom Churchyard. ?
God be-praised ! ;
Here is Mr. DUDLEY, senior, ,
' And Jane his wife, also,
Who, whilst livinsr, was his superior ;
But see what Death can do.
Two of his sons also, lie here, .
One Walter, t'other Joe :
They all went in the year 1510 below.
1 Th? ale. hovej arejiard so absurd as.tne
histories oi viornwau-
. Father and Mothir and I ;
Lies buried here, as under:
Father and Mother lies buried here,
And I lie's buried yonder.
In Mrs. Greenwood's epitaph, as transcribed by
Mr. Judson the best pair of lines is left out these
being:
My grief for this good woman is fo Fore
That I can really only write four lines more.
In St. Germain's, in the Isle of Man, the follow
ing very singular epitaph is yet to be seen, in Latin,
over the tomb of Dr. Samuel Rutter, .formerly pre
bendary of-;, Litchfield, u and afterwards Bishop of
Sodor and Man : .
In this house
which 1 have borrowed from
umy brethren, the worms,
lie I
Samuel, by Divine permission,
Bishop of this island.
Stop, reader ;
behold,, and smile at
THE PALACE OF A BISHOP !
..: who died May 30,
1C53. '
AMATEUR FOWL BREEDER.
The Editor of the Lynn bay State h is been buy
ing fancy eggs of some one in Boston, at a big
figure, which did not turn out what he expected,
aud so he coucludes that the hen fever is a great
humbug ! Served him right ; he bought what
was said to be Cochin China eggs, and after wait
ing patiently four weeks, he found six ducks in his
hatching coop one morning. So much for his
foresightedness.
yThat isn't half so bad as the case of one if his
neighbors, who paid a round price for half a dozen
choice eggs, queer looking speckled eggs, that he felt
certain would produce rare chickens, and which he
was very cautious in setting under his best hen.
At the end of a fortnight he was startled at the
breakfast table, to hear his favorite hen screaming
4 bloody murder' from within the coop ! He rush
ed to the rescue, raised the box lid, and found the
ben on tlte nest, Dut m atngnuui perturbation
r-struggmig,;yernng and cackling most vociferous
ly. He spoke to her kindly and softly ; he would
fain appease and quiet her, for there was great
danger, lest in her excitement aud struggles she
should destroy the favorite eggs, those rare eggs,
which .-had cost him so much money and trouble.
But soft words were in vain. His " best heu"
continued to scream, and he raised her from the
nest to look at the cause of her trouble more crit
ically. His astonishment was instantaneous, but
immense ; and his surprise found vent in the brief
but expressive exclamation "Turtles by Thun
der!" Such wris the fact. She, poor innocent poultry
fancier, was the victim of misplaced confidence.
The party who sold him the eggs had sold the
buyer shockingly! And .-instead" of a brood of
pure Cochin Chin s, he 'found that his favorite hen
had hatched half :i dozen 'of 'pure Mud Turtles, ,
all of which upon breaking from the shell, seized
the flesh of the poor fowl, and had well nigh de
stroyed her life, before they could be choked off !
He has given up the chicken business, and has
since gone into the dwarf pear culture.
Wedding DiviNATioNV-Bemg lately present on
the occasion of a wedding at a town in the East
Riding of Yorkshire, I was witness to the following
custom, which seems to take rank as a genuine
scrap of folic lore." On the bride alighting from
her carriage, at her father's door, a plate covered
with morsels of bridecake was flung from a window
of the second story upon the heads of the crowd
congregated in the street below, and the divination,
I was told, consists in observing the fate which at
tends its downfall. If it reaches the ground without
being broken, the omen is a most unfavorable one ;
if, on the other hand, the plate be shattered to pieces,
(and the more the better,) the auspices'are looked
upon as most happy. Notes and Queries.
Two gentlemen were walking together in Paris.
44 1 will engage " said one to the other, 44 to eive
the man before me a good kicking, and yet he shall
"not be angry.
He di : as he had undertaken to do. The strang
er turned round and looked astonished.
44 1 beg your pardon," said the kicker, 44 1 took
you for the Duke de' la Tremonille."
lhe Duke was very handsome-tbe man very
plain ; he was gratified by the mistake under which
he believed he had suffered, shook himself, smiled,
bowed, and went on his way.
FlorAl Curiosity.-M. Delhommeau, a garden
er at Le Mans, France, has at the present mo
ment arose tree in bloom, which is the admiration
of all amateurs. It is a hybrid, and bears a flower
of a bluish lilac color, a tinge which has never be
fore been' obtained. The flowers produced are
most abundant, very strong and regular, and mea
sure nearly four inches in diameter. lt has flowered
this year for the first time
Every body .knows that Barnum advertises. "He
always did aud attributes his success in life main
ly to that important fact. The following may be
an advertisement, or it may be intended as a "bur
lesque. It will pass for either :
The Bearded Lady with her whiskers dark,
Is seen each day at Uarnum's, near the park ;
; Barnum exhihitH, wi.h his usual taste,
His only humbug that is not barefaced.
The Woonsocket Pa triot editor makes merry over
the mistake of an old Shanghai hen of his, that
has been 44 setting" for five weeks upon two round
stones and a piece of brick ! 44 Her anxiety," quoth
he, "is no greater than ours to know what she will
hatch. If it proves a brick-yard that hen is not
for sale."
THE
EDITED BT
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTT ELTON WADDELL, Jr.
RALEIGH, JULY 30, 1853.
-' Terms TWO DOLLARS PES ANNUM, in Advance.
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- (Payment in all cases tn advance.) .
KT Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, th
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ADVERTISEMENTS
Of a proper character will be inserted at the following rates.
For 1 square of 14 lines, 1 insertion,
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For a auarter. half, or whole column a liberal discount will
be made.
03- Advertisements should in all cases be marked with the
.,.k, f incrtinnc Hairflfttherwise. thev will remain un
til notice to discontinue is given, and be charged according to
the above rates. The particular attention of advertisers m
called to this nonce, as it is not our wish to require payment
for an advertisement for a longer time than is necessary, and
we do not wish our columns filled with advertisements that
are out ol date. ' , -
ah t,-j. f a T.?trarv character mav be addressed
nesa letter, notices, acfverrtisemeinsi remittance?,' 4
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke.
JKr Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents forth
Southern Weekly rost.
WILLIAM D. COOKE, Proprietor
V. B. Pai.mur: the American newspaper agent, is duly em-
cowered to take advertisements and subscriptions at the rates
required by us. nis- receipts win do rcarueu jiajmcuw.
Mr. H. P. Docthit is our authorized agent for the States
of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
IMPENDING WAR.
All eyes are now turning with anxious expectation
to the dark cloud lowering over eastern Europe, and
awaiting with awful suspense the actual commence
ment of the bloody conflict. The first bolt has
already fallen. The emperor Nicholas, steadily pur
suing the policy so openly and boldly adopted in his
numerous manifestoes, has taken military possession
of the Turkish provinces of Wallachia and Moldavia,
protesting all the time that his designs are peaceful,
but in fact commencing a war of aggression upon the
Ottoman empire, whichvill, in all probability, end in
its dismemberment. :
There is a great deal of speculation on .the part of
the press, both here and in Europe, as to the probable
effect of this movement upon the peace of the world.
It is astonishing to see how far many suppose Russia
majr proceed in her violation of the territorial rights
of the Porte, without actually furnishing n casus bel
li. To us, nothing appears more absurd than to
admit the right of one power to seize the. provinces of
another. If this does not justify war, we know not
what can. It is the most aggravated act of national
violence to attack the integrity of a neighboring em
pire. It strikes not only at the honor, but at the ex
istence of the nation. Andlsuch is the nature of the
present invasion, by Russia, of the Danubian provinces
of Turkey. It is not merely a cause of war, but war
p itself, and would, in this country, suffh-e to call out
promptly the whole military force of the confederacy.
It will be observed that England and France, and
even Austria, are assuming a very threatening attitude
towards Russia, and taking J)oth diplomatic and mili
tary measures to preserve their own commercial inter
ests in the East There seems to be a general impres
sion prevalent nat it noble, diStnteTcStecTregartr-Tor
the safety of Turkey, and other exposed countries, has
prompted this interference. Nothing could be more
inconsistent with the recent policy of these powers.
Austria has just returned from the conquest of heroic
Hungary, arrd the suppression of the rising spirit of
independence in Lombardy. She is even now mena
cing the eastern borders of Switzerland. France still
continues her unwelcome and insolent presence in
Italy, and keeps an eye upon , Belgium; watching for
the first opportunity to extend her empire to the
Rhine. How absurd is it,.ihen, to imagine that two
such rapacious empires, so utterly regardless of prin
ciple and political honesty, and so merciless towards
weaker nations around them, can be governed by a
sense of justic or respect for the rights of mankind,
.in their present opposition to Russian aggression!
And England, that great joint-stock company, without
shame and without a soul, some people are sq irra
tional as to suppose that it is her devotion to free
principles, and her dread of the growth of despotism
in Europe, that lead her to assume so bold an attitnde
in the presence of that vast power. . Pshaw ! It is.
selfishness, pure selfishness, that animates all her
present policy. Where was her zeal for the rights of
nation, when Poland was carved up inconvenient
slices to satisfy the appetite of her rapacious neigh
bors? Where was her noble regard, for liberty and
free institutions, when Hungary lay bleeding and crush
ed under the feet ofthe Colossu-i? And if we turn
to her own possessions, we may well ask, where is hep
sense of justice, when poor Ireland supplicates in vain
; for relief from the oppression of military and eccle
siastical dominion? We have no idea that anything
!but a jealousy of Russian encroachment, a desire to
'maintain her communications with the East has influ
enced Great Britain to take her present course.
We do not pretend to prophecy, but we entertain a
suspicion that France and England have lustful eyes
fixed quite as intently upon Turkey as Russia herself
It answers the purpose of public policy very well to
make a great show of Opposition to- Russian aggres-
bion, out, mere is a very anierent species of policy,
carefVHj- -retted A am Ljm f mnt! 1 l
to self-advancement as the great end of war and di
plomacy. It will not surprise us' to see such a turn
given to the present conflict as shall finally satisfy all
the partieF, but the Sultan himself, by surrendering
the Danubian provinces to Russia, and placing Syria
and Egypt under the protection of France and Eng
land, respectively. The crisis may be distant, but
must certainly come, when the ill-sorted elements of
the Turkish empire will fall apart, only to be organized
anew under a dominion entirely different from that
to which they are now subject, and the intelligent ob
server of recent events cannot doubt that the powers
of Western Europe will share largely in the plunder
of the rich provinces to be derived from the struggle.
. The sympathies of mankind are with the Sultan in
the present difficulty, notwithstanding his faith, and
the rude and primitive character of his government.
The young monarch who now occupies the Ottoman
throne, has signalized his reign by a liberal and en
lightened , administration, and by the introduction of
many salutary reforms, established a character which
has justly secured for him the respect and good will
of all who have observed his course. The emperor
Nicholas could not have chosen a more unfavorable
time for his own fame, to bully the Porte into acqui
escence with his demands. He may be able to accom
plish his purposes by means of his immense resources
but it will be at the. expense of much of that sorry
reputation which his previous misdoings have' left
him. Long dreaded and distrusted by the world, he
will soon become the object of its hate; and be follow
ed to the grave by the execrations of millions who
detest his tyranny and abhor his character.
We look with profound interest for the
t T" rPfiArA 1 C Ann' .
trnm tuuruue. -m-1 kum wa;
. . b"ig
piomanc uins " i. mow Willpj, "!
settle the question oi peace or war anion
Powers.
'6 Ull
ACCIDENTS.
Some philosphers have doubted whether
dent can WKe piace. n e minn u they had V M
- . i 1 ITT iL!1 i
Ml i
our. aay, mm nw - aycis, inev
have been quite so skept ical. They wouu ' " f f
have been Compelled to face down an mjR 1
multitude of facts, furnished fresh from the hH "
siaugniei, ocijr jj mc iaiiroau and stt- I
lines that intersect our country and dUsi
pie with such marvelous rapidity. The London P
some mounts ui-e, um-cicu an us pungent
against the railroads leading from London aD
up the various" companieto public rebuke, with'"
master. The per ccntage ofdcaths on the E'
railways was very alarmingly high about that
but we think our own companies might at preD
fclare a much higher dividend. Onr sin-L.
in mortality and horror, by wholesale altof.
W hilst we are comparing our country with Ery
and others, perhaps it would be as well to com
the results of our traveling industry, and prod
tK. rrraol Ybibitinn thfi mncf anTM-Am.! i
" ... aiill fgtj,
methods in vogue among us, for the construe
boilers and draw-bridges, so as to destroy the grejJ
x : x l.xV XT 1 x 1 x x -
amount oi iiie.m vue suoi test uine.
pufSci
think deserves emphatic notice. "Whilst the I
rnmnoTn'oc unci lionet a lnroc 77 ,"T
uoeraieiy as to tne Dest means of preventi
awful sacrrflceof life, the people satisfy them
wun denouncing ine carelessness of agents anH
throng the same .fhoroughfares,, rush over the "
draw-bndges, and boast of the 'velocity with
f K n.r nrM AAnvoval TT.-im , I . . . 1 . . -
v wu.cu iium puiui, 10 point. Hundreds
neaaiong passengers every day stake their fives
the vigilance of two or three unknown
mdividaai
who are employed on the lines, and then hold
the
fellows responsible for all that may result from
slightest oversight. What infatuation ! The Fm
are accused of remarkable recklessness of Ift buti
Americans are beginning to manifest just as ninn
dinary a degree of blind devotion to pleasure
money, and they ought not to blame the prw
nels and engineers lor accidents against
make nd provi.-ion.
wbich tiij
THE GREEK CHURC J
I he Russian .Uzar having - -claimed a cnisade
against the Turks in defence nTTiili.
Greek religion, it is natural to nujuire 1,.
acter of that religion and its numerous professes
The Greek or Eastern Church, separated fr in tlie La
tin or Western Church, about the middle of the
eleventh century. The schism was owing, in part, m
differences of doctrine, and partly.to the jealousy a:d
ambition of rival and conflicting authorities, the dig
nitaries of. the church haying" for a long time befurt
indulged in mutual abu.se and excommunication.
The Greek religion preva l . all over the it ussb em
pire, in Greece, Turkey, Cyria and Egypt. The Car
claims a eertain degree of ecclesiastical authority cjr
the professors of h s faith in Turkey, by virtue of
concess-ion made some lime sint-e by the Sulian,k
recently revoked at the instance of Fr.mce. Hiapi
in
tensions are resid ed by the higher clergy, hut sup
ported by the masses of the people, and here ties
much of the danger foreboded by hjs recent pi oceed
ings. The Sultan seems resolved to maintain t
ground, ,-ind keejj the iron hand o&hjii
his dominions. .
The Greek Church, whilst it rejeets some of the
grosser innovations imputed to the Catholics of
West, hassunk by degrees into'a degree of stupid
perstitioh and coiTuption ot which the hitter w.jk
be ashamed. The clergy are altogether infejior tt
those of the Homan Catholic Church, in morals mi
intelligence, and the people are degraded below h
level of; the lurks themselves. A blind, famtia
zeal for their religion is tie only evidence .of vitafc
manifesed by them, and in this respect tlicy are qtiiu
as rude and feiociou.H as the crusaders. The apjvH
made by the Cz tr to this powerful sentimentrSe
that of Peter the Hermit, nny arouse a frenzy in tfal
part of Christendom, a disastrous as that excited oj
his eloquence, and put a machinejry in mo ion iwii
neither Nicholas nor the rest of Europe can contrfi,
Of all y:.rs, that which is waged, really or nominSj,
in the name of .religion, in most to be dreaded,!
cause the worst passions of our nature are apt toi
indulged, with the greatest license, under the applet
sanction of Heaven. We hope the horrible enWM
lies of the crusades may never be repeated.
THE DEAF AND DUMB, AND THE BLEW-
; The next session of our State Institution for w ,
education of these unfortunate classes, will conim'
on the first of September, and we 'take thin opportu
nity to remind parents and guardians, and the human
of North Carolina, of the advantages and benepts
be expected from it. Many seem to he still inoni
of the existence of this Institution or ol its. natup.
and unless some exertion is made by persons acqua.
ted with its objects and character, to awaken their" f
riosty and interest in regard to it, they will contin
to overlook it Those who desire Iq" exercise thea
selves in a good work, have therefore ah opportuni'T
to serve the cause of humanity and render to the Stat
a benefit, the remembranceof whkh may console then
hereafter. The parents of blind children are esp
ally un.vilting or reluctant to part with theni, and th
influence of an enlightened friend will frequently
necessary to induce them to do so. We hope th?
.nevolent hearts, and orompt them" to tome eW
promote a cause so much appreciated in all other cr
vilized and christian countries.
Habolisa-
In answer to the inquiry of a correspondent, aw
,v' v. f x. t ,. n will state tnw
the above-mentioned work, embracing the Lectures i
Dr. Hawks, Gov. Swain and Hon. William A-
ham, together with a preliminary sketch of the
tie of Alamance." wiil h rPdv for delivery
course of a few wks Ti nrintinff has been
MitoH anrl ihn kswl.a . . . iUn KinderV.
We anticipate an extensive sale of this valaa j
work It is emphatically a North Carolina hook.
ought to be in the library of every citi?cn of
Old North State," whether at home or abroad. .
InfbYmation will be given as to the price, &c.,as
as the work is completed.
There is said to be an editor in North Caroling
rpvptv hnUfi i.Avt -otta n duels ana 8U.
enco-mtfers. Some one. sutrtrests that tns Ff , ,
i
called the- "Bulletin," and" as the editor con
loorto1 I 1 A K i' enlid. '3U'
.tain
leaded
Times.
UlAlkCI, 11 SI1UUIU L5
It is not either of us. Can any body tell who
itis
The Wilmington (N. C.) Journal says that the cff
in the lower part of Eastern xsortn
never more promising, and an abundant harv .
probably be secured. The rain his greatly reV
the corn, and in most cases the crop Will be an V
one.
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