Y F 0
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New York, July 25th, 1853.
Sighs in' the East Russia 'and Turkey Austrian move
ment A contrast suggested The Ocean Telegraph
What will come to pass Progress in the Palace Prob
able time of completion Character of the Exhibition A
- ludicrous work Too much of certain good things Ital
! ian xtatuary German statuary Objects in the naves
of the Palace Genin's Show-case Life boats Bells
Work laid out, j - . !
; Mr Dear Post: I intend to devote the greater
part of this letter to the drystal Palace, but before
I resume my description of the wonders collected
within its spacious halls, I must refer to a subject
strikingly in contrast with it, and 'one which at the
present time has a significance of more than orJi-
nary import, jl allude to the indications of
'war in the East. The signs of the times have been
ominous of troubles for some time past. Ithjas
been a fact -too palpable for disguise, that Russia
would gladly find a plausible pretext for an attack
jpon Turkevv: Nor is her taste at all a matter of
surprizewhen the appetizing nature of the morsel
-hrayeVHL considered. i' Russia is lolitic. bowev-
er, and moves cautiously to 'her endsT" While the
public mind is excited with the order of the Rus
sian Autqcrat for the military occupancy of Molda
ia, as the first stepm the grand military ball, the
Arctic brings word that Austsja takes the occasion
of impending danger to Turkey, to press her de
roands upon that, country, so recently declined to
, the diplomacy of Count de Leinineren. The news
- - J .
.is certainly startling and ominous ; for it leaves no
room for doubt as to the position the Czar will occu-
- py in the' quarrel between the Autocrat and the Sul.
' tjan. I am not di posed to pursue this subject, in
its possible bearings and consequences for specula
tions must soon give, wayto facts, and it is not an
easy matter '-though many seem, to think it is to
predict the issue of such conflicts as that which
6eems to be at hand hi Europe. . I stated in the
commencement of my letter that this subject was
in striking contrast to the theme I should chiefly
discuss in this letter. Here, in the new world, we
have congregated within a grand temple of Peace,
people from numerous climes, speaking various languages-,
and all united in the noble endeavor to set
forth the fruits and favors which Peace bestows
upon the world. It seerm impossible to us, as we
tread the floors of the Crystal Palace, passing
peacefully from the Austrian department into that
" where Turkey is represented, that at this moment,
pjerhaps, the two powers are in deadly strife, and
that the consequence may befatal to the peace of
Europe the various nations of which are now so
fraternally united in our jubilee of industry and art.
There is another topic of popular interest connect
ed with the old world, to which I must make a
brief reference. It is the probability of the speedy
establishment of telegraphic communication be
tween Europe' and America. I have named Europe
first, because it is from the shores of the old world
that this mighty cable of wire is to be stretched
towards those of the new. England has taken the
start .of us in this grand endeavor, and she never
talks without at the same time acting. It is yow
determined that a telegraphic cable shall be stietch
ed across the Atlantic from "Gakvay in Ireland, to
: Halifax in the western world a distance of about
J sixteen hundred miles! Various estimates have
' been made by responsible houses in England, for
the accomplishment of the great work; and it will
be done, perhaps, within a year from this date.
' Then, will our breakfast tables be enlivened by the
intelligence .of what took place the previous day in
London, in Paris, and even, perhaps, in St. Peters
burgh. .The debates in Parliament, will be as fresh
to us, as the speeches in our own Congress. It is
supposed that the. total weight of the telegraphic
I cable to be sunk between Galway and Halifax, will
: not fall much short of two thousand tons, and if
constructed upon the same scale with that across
the British Channel, (from Dover to Calais) ;it
would exceed in weight twelve thousand tons!
Let us leave for a while, the rumors of war, and
the feats of lightning, to traverse some of the walks
of the Crystal Palace. A w-eek has made great
. changes in the tout ensemble of its interior. A
-hundred new objects present themselves in every
. section: Whole squares, vacant a week ago, are
. now decorated and gay with beautiful objects, or
grave with the appliances of labor and seienee.--The
British department is rapidly emerging from
chaos into order and splendor. So is it with the
Zollvereyi, just opposite. The. British colonies
have opened extensively. France, and Austria, and
Italv have all multiolied-their attractions: and the
Exhibition is fast assuming the appearauce of a
magnificent completeness. '
The chief delay will be in the Machine Arcade,
and in the beautiful, gallery above it, devoted to
the Fine Arts; but even these are progressing with
a most hopeful rapidity. The floor of the Arcade
is now being laid, and alreadyjsome of the engines
' and machines are taking Uheir places. In a fort
night, the work will.be, if not absolutely complete,
yet so far done as to enable the directors to say
with pride,. " Behold our umple, and its thousand
monuments of industry and art and genius !:'
. Do not suffex yourself to be misled by the cap
" trous criticisms of some newspapers, as to the real
merits of the Exhibition. I have no hesitation in
saying that the American .people may be justly
pjro'ud of it in almost every respect. It is not dif
ficult: to find : objects of sarcasm in the Crystal
Palace. I have myself, laughed heartily at the
. piaster '-group representing the genius, of Ameri
cawhich occupies a prominent place in the East
Nave. It is such as to excite the risible faculties
. of.Death.himseJfj, Most cordially do I wish" that
some unlucky mischance would occur to break it
into fragments, so small that human ingenuity could
no more, repair it than in the famous, fable of nur-
scry days .
" All tlie King's horses and all the King's me i
Could ever put humpty dumpty together again."
! , ; I can also enjoy a
humored chuckle over
the lare amount: of American genius expended
upon Soap tor uring it into all manner of shapes
and aspects now into a bust of Washington, anon
into a transparent window of iffm-stained glass ;
and airain, into the semblance of peaches and
' plums! T do hot, any more than the ill-natured
critics, affect, pvratnid 8 of blacking boxes ; or pago
Has of bottles of hair dve; or hectacombs of bones
in . the shape of teeth ; or the interiors of miljiner's
shops ; or a dozen other excesses of which exhibi
tors have been guilty but I cannot discover in
these, any cause of serious reproach against the ge
nius of the Crystal Palace, which I do, and must
maintain is lofty, comprehensive and admirable !
Of jwhat shall I write ? Shall I tell you of the
whitef statuary : of Italy, which gleams from green
pedestals, all along the" naves and passages qf the
Palace? They are attractive, both in number and
in merit. A fine statue of Columbus is among the
more prominent. There are Venuses of various
. name, Cupids more than I h ave cou nted. Drunken
, : Bacchus, and then, an exquisite figure representing
44 Faith," suggest to the observer straifge "contrasts.
A beautiful work is Hat of Hagar and Ishmaerin
the desert; and another, worthy to be admired,
represents Tell and his child, at "the moment when
he has transfixed the apple with his arrow, and fas
tened it to a neighboring tree. A Flora del Cam-
pidqylia (Flora of the Capitol) challenges admira
tion, as does also a statue of " Eve after her. trans
gression.", "Cupid and Psyche," and a weeping
? Madonna," are among the noticeable works.
There are some remarkably fine heads among
them Copernicus, Shakspeare and Dante; besides
numerous mythological busts of noble conception.
Several exquisite works, illustrative of childhood
aud youth, Very naturally attract the gaze of the
visiter. There are sleeping children in marble, over
whose forms one feels almost contrained to hush
his breathing, lest it should disturb the so-natural
repose. There are childish forms, too, in the exu
berance of life and in the beauty of action. A
case of Cupids is not only a curiosity, but a work
of much merit. sTbey are chiselled from a single
block. The' Veiled Statues , of Monti, are curious
specirdens of artT . They are figures, the faces of
which appear to be covered with folds of such absolute
transparency, that the features are in no wise con
cealed. There are two or three of these veiled
figures in the Palace.
I must pass over without special mention, nu
merous allegorical and imaginative works, of vari
ous degrees of merit. No country of course, equals
Italy in the number of works contributed 'to the
Exhibition. Germany sends but few statues, but
they are chiefly admirable. I have already named,
the bronze group of Professor Kiss :the Amazon.
There is another work,' in marble, which I will
name. It is the Minstrel's Curse a free and beau
tiful era bodiraenlL.ofhjirit of Upland's fine
poem. Conspicuous: in the Western nave , are
some fine castings in iron bronze, of dogs and deer,
from the Netherlands. ;In the South Nave there-is a
jnagnificent Warwick; vase, in marblje, upon an
elaborate pedestal. I shall mention other works of
art in marble and bronze as they occur to my mind,
or arrest my eye from time to time.
' The most conspicuous object in the North Nave
is Genin's show-case a little palace of glass, and
gold leaf all to itself ornamented by a score of
golded eagles, and surmounted by a huge globe !.
In the case are tastefully arranged the richest of
furs and robes, embroidered mantillas, dainty shoes,
costly hats, and in short, all the luxuries of a grand
toilette. The smiling faces of the Wax children, who
inhabit the glass case, seem to be quite a greater
attraction to the masses than "the Psyches, and
Shepherdesses and Cupids in, marble around it.
I have not-ventured yet within the precincts of
a single court ; nor shall I dare to do so n this
letter. And why should I, when the naves have
yet a score of objects demanding mention I Is
there not the curiously carved Shamrock Table,
from the Emerald Isle, constructed of thirteen rare
Irish woods ? Are there not the sweet-toned bells of
Meneely a whole gamut of them in. their iron
turret ? Are there not the rival life-boats of Ray
mond and Francis that of the latter having appa
rently the capacity of a small ship, and competent
to save hundreds from a watery grave? Is there
not the grand side-stroke-fire engineradiant with
polished steel and brass and silver, and gay with
elaborate paintings? And. the christening fonts
are they not worthy of mention standing as they
do, near the threshhold both of the Palace and
of life itself? ' .
I have yet to mention, among the objects in the
naves, a set of four beautiful bells from Constance,
in Germany. They are inscribed with scriptural
mottos, in the Teutonic character, which, however,
is Dutch to the multitude!
There w ill doubtless be various other walks placed
in the great avenues of the Palace, as the foreign
contributors comein. It is not, however, the inten
tion of those who direct these matters to obstruct
the passages, or in any way to crowd objects to the
injury of their legitimate effect.
-In my nextr I will enter the great sections of the
Palace, and glance at the various contributions of4"
the different countries who occupy them, in the-order
observed in the official catalogue. There will be
found much to elicit the admiration, and to repay
the attention of the visiter. Hoping that many of
your readers will come and see for. themselves, I
must now subscribe myself theirs and yours,
For the Southern Weekly Post.
The majestic monarch' of the forest becomes old.
Though possessed of giant strength, it, too, must
yield to the power of unrelenting time. The roots
decay the leaves fade; the boughs fall off and
the mighty fabric gradually moulders into the
dust. So it is with man. He too must became
old. No mortal power, no human skill can pre
vent it. Of whatever country he. may be of
whatever occupation in life whether minister of
State or herald of the Cros whether citizen or
outlaw- bond or free--all must yield to time.
As old age comes on the vigor of youth departs,
the sight becomes dim, the hearing . defective and
the other senses likewise fail, thus leaving ma.n is
olated as regards the external world. But there
are consequences far more lamentable than these.
The mind itself becomes enfeebled, and the mental
powers, as if in sympathy with the physical, lose
their activity aW become torpid.
The memory, that great connecting link be
tween the present and the past, fails. Then, in--deed,
man's state is "truly to be pitied; debarred
from all communion with the world and having
the great lights of the mind darkened,- How ne
cessary is it then, when our blood is warm and our
nerves are strong, so to moderate our desires and
regulate our passions, as to produce a calm sereni
ty of mind and a quiet cheerfulness of disposition
in old age, thus robbing it of half its miseries and .
imparting to it joys unknown to youth.'
How necessary it is to spend our youth in the
pursuit of knowledge, and our time in the attempt
to better the condition of. fallen humanity, so that,
standing on the mount of hoary age, we may look
with pleasure upon our deeds done in the green
valley of youth, and; with joy anticipate the bliss
ful immortality reserved for us iu the world to
come. - Jcliak.
A Bible Class' on a IArge Scale. We learn
that a very important movement has-been made
by the young men of our city, who are connected
with the "Boston Young Men's Christian Associ
atbn." Within, a few weeks they have organized
themselves into a large class,-with a board of gov
ernment, a secretary, and a leader, from their own
members, and are now procuring books, maps,
fec, for their especial use as a class. Their object
is the study of thj Bible. And they propose to
extend their investigations to all departments of
knowledge, for the illustration of the geography,
productions, history and inhabitants" of Palestine
aud the countries adjacent, from the earliest period
to the present; also to study the manners and
customs of ancient nations, their forms of govern
ment, and any other topics that- may serve to ex
plain and illustrate the sacred oracles. Members
of the class and others whom they may secure-will
give, from time to 'time, familiar-lectures and reci
tations before the class, upon the above subjects ;
also upon the inspiration, authenticity, manner of
preservation, fec, of Holy Writ, with biographical
sketches of the authors, their literary characterise,
tics, fec, tfce. -
This class meets weekly, at their room, Tremont
Temple, and bids fair to furnish our young men
such facilities for becoming acquainted with the
Bible a3 they can obtain nowhere else. The class
have secured the services of two of. the most emi
nent Biblical scholars in our land, one of whom has
opened his most valuable library for the use of
their leader,-and frdm which rare books of refer
ence can be -obtained. These eminent gentlemen
will also, as occasion may require, appear before
the class, and give the results of their long and dil
igent examination of that Book which is above all
others. Boston Traveler.
From Brook's German Lyrics.
"'I sate upon a mountain,
From home-land far away, .
Below me hills and valleys, ,
, Meadows and corn-fields lay. '
u The ring from off my firmer
In reverie I drew,
The pledge of fond affection
She gave at our adieu.
44 I held it like a spy-glass
Before mv dreaming eye, j
And. through the hooplet peepin
The world began to spy.
" Ah. bright, green, sunny mountains,
And fields of waving gold!
In sooth, a lovely picture - ?
For tuch fair frame to hold
" Here many a neat, white cottage.
Smiles on the wooded steep;1
There scythe and sickle glisten.
Along the valley's sweep !
" And farther onward stretches
.'" The plain the stream glided through,
And (boundary guards of granite),
Beyond, the mountains blue, j
u Cities, with dtffcjes.of marble,
And thickets, fresh and green,' ,
And clo ids that, like my longings,
Towards the dim distance lean,
44 Green earth and bright blue heaven.
' The dwellers and their land
All this, in one fair pictute.
My golden hoop-fram spanned.
' ' 1.
41 Ohf fairest of fair pictures.
To see, by Love's ring spanned,
The green arth and blue heaven,
The people and their land !"
The Rev. Mr. Duffield, of Detroit, who has spent
the winter in the East, in a letter from Jerusalem,
One of the most affecting sights I have witness
ed during my travels was encountered yesterday,
P.M. I repaired to the appointed spot to hear
the lamentations of the Jew? over their desolated
temple and scattered nation. The site of the an
cient temple is now occupied by the Msque of
Omar. ISo Christian or Jew is abowed by the
proach that the Jews can make to it, is to the large
and massive stones of the wall which Solomon
built from the bottom of the narrow ; valley or ra
vine called the Tyropean, fur the purpose of sus
taining and forming the terrace oV arches, which
were built from the face of the rock on its four
sides, and on which the temple on Mount Moriah
was originally' constructed.
I saw thirty-five Jews, standing or seated, near
these stones, all of them bowing, and restlessly
swinging to and fro, while they read their Scrip
tures in the Hebrew, and some weeping bitterly
as they uttered their wail of distress.
One man sobbed as if his heart was ready to
break, while he stood reading, and trembling with
einotionTn his whole frame. Women, with white
scarfs thrown over their , heads, passed mournfully
along the wall ; , some kissed the stones with their
lips, others laid their hands on tbera, and then
kissed their hands, whilst most sat or squatted in a
Turk-like position, reading parts of their liturgy in
Hebrew. I ventured, with a courteous salutation,
to look upon the page, from which an aged man
was quietly reading. He politely pointed his fin
ger Jo the place. He w,as readingthetth, 59th
and 60th Pslams. The whole scene was so deeply
moving, exhibiting in such a powerful light the
sad reality of the Jew's great national sorrow, and
caused, such a rush of solemn thoughts in my
mind, that I was quite overcome by it.
Aurora Bokealis. A vast number of theories
and hypotheses have engaged the attention and in
genuity of philosophers regarding the; Aurora Bo
realis. Anion j; ot her things it has been ascribed to
particles thrown off from the su i's atmosphere, to
reflections of the sun upon the polar ices, to broken
up comets; and to electricity in vacuo; while in an
earlier age it awakened superstitious terrors, beinor
deemed ominous of war, pestilence and famine, and
a fearful supernatural precursor of the day of judg
ment. The revelations of science have brushed away
those delusions, and late experiments and discove
ries show that it is an atmospherical phenomenon,
that all the elements necessary to account for it
exist in the air, and are regulated and governed by
asmospherical laws, as plainly as the rainbow, or
the lines which glow in the evening sky.
The basis or "substrata" of the Aurora is un
mistakably a light, thin, transparent vapor, ap
proaching the condition of the cloud, called Cirus
by the meteorologists, each stratum peculiarly sus
ceptible of magnetic influences. . '
Mr. Faraday in his recent explanation of the
power and force of electro magnetism, states that
" the magnetic force invests the earth from pole to
pole, rising in one hemisphere, and passing over
the equatorial regions into the- other hemisphere,
which comprises its circuit of power."
These " lines of magnetic force" rise at a greater
angle in the high than in the equatorial latitudes.
In the higher latitudes they encpunter,' and act upon,
and irradiate the vaporous media. which form
the basis of the Aurora Borealis while the corrus-cations-the
fantastic motions the sunny hues
the almost heat lightning glances, and the prisma
tic colors are due to the electro-magnetic light re
flected on the watery part ot the vapor, and the
chemical agitation of the elements, in the mysteri
ous meteorological processes."
It, appears from the forgoing, data that the Au
rora Borealis consists of a translucent humid vapor,
analagous to and not higher thau the "clouds, infla
ted, condensed, spread abroad, and otherwise modi
fied by a "meteorological process evolved."
Cleveland Plaindealer. . ,
Enemies. liave you enemies? Go straight on
and mind them not. If thy block up your path,
walk around them, and do your duty regardless of
their spite. A man who has no enemies is seldom
good for anything he is made, of that kind of
material which is so easily worked, that it resists
nothing, while every one who thinks for himself, and
speaks whtit he thinks, is always sure to have ene
mies. They are as necessary to him as fresh air;
they keep him alive and active. A celebrated cha
racter, who was1 surrounded by enemies used to,
remark: They are sparks, which if you do not blow
go out of themselves. Let this be your feeling,
while endeavoring to live down the scandal of those
who are bitter against you. If you stop to dispute,
you do but as they desire, and open the way for
more abuse. Let the poor fellows talk there will
be a re-action, if you perform your duty ; and hun
dreds who were once alienated frora'ybu, will flock
tx you-affd acknowledge their error Follow this
advice and you will never have cause to regret it.
John Adams was once, called upon for a con
tribution 011 behalf of Foreign Missions. 44 1 have
nothing to give for that purpose," said he, " but
there are in this vicinity six ministers, not one of
wnpm win preacn in the other's pulpit Now 1
will give as much as any other person,, for the pur
pose of civilizing and christianizing these clergy
. Mix ignorance with sudden wealth, and we pro
duce a chucklehead, whose insolence will be equal
to a hundred pounds to the square inch. We can
imagine no greater nuisance than an ill bred man
suddently raised to the rank of a millionaire.
' 44 When a girl marries, why do people talk of
her choice I In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred
has she any choice ? Does not the man, probably
the last she would have chosen, selected her ?'
A very clever correspondent has sent the editor
of an exchange, a letter containing this query, and
she makes out her case very ably. She says :
44 1 have been maaried many years ; the match
was considered to be a very good one, suitable in
every respect age, position and fortune. Every
one said I had made a good choice. hy, my
dear Mr. Editor, I loved my husband when I mar
ried him, because he had by un waned assiduity,
succeeded in gaining ray affections ; but had 'choice
been my prjvilege, I certainly should not have
chosen him. As I look at him in his easy chair,
sleeping before the fire, a huge dog at his feet, a
pipe peeping out at one of the many pockets of his
shooting coat, I can but think, how different he is
from what I would have chosen. My first penchant
was a fashionable clergyman, a perfect Adonis : he
was a flatterer, and cared but little for me, tnougn
I have not yet forgotten the pang of his desertion.
My next was a barrister ; a young man of immense
talent, smooth, insinuating manners ; but he, too
after talking, walking, dancing, and flirting, left
me in the lurch ! Either of them would have been
my 4choice' had I so chosen ; but ray present hus
band chose me, and therefore I married him ; and
this, I cannot help thinking, must be the w ay with
half the married folks of my acquaintance."
There is both sound sense and truth in this ; but
is it riot better that men should choose than, that
they should be chosen ? And is not our corres
pondent probably much happier with her present
husband, shooting jacket, pipe and dog inclusive,
than she would have been with either the fashiona
ble clergyman or the clever- barrister ? Men are
proverbially inconstant ; and, after marriage, when
the trouble and' inconvenience of children begin to
he felt, and when1 (the most trying time of all,) the
w ife begins to neglect her husband for. ho,f children,
unless there was originally a very strong attach
ment on the husband s side, there is little chance of
A wife's affection, on the contrary, always in
creases after marriage; and even if indifferent be
fore, no well disposed woman can help loving the
father of her children. Children, on her side, are;
a bond of union, and though she may appear, for
them, to neglect some of those little attentions
which men seem naturally to expect, it is only be
cause the child is the more helpless being of the
two, and tlie true women always takes the side of
those who are the. most feeble. It is a strange but
melancholy fact that when young girls fancy them
selves in love, they are seldom if ever happy-, if they
marry the object of their choice. The fact is, in
most cases, they find the husband they have cho
sen quite a different person as an individual, from
the imaginary object he appeared as a lover.
The imagination of most girls is stronger than
the judgment ; and as soon as tho first idea of love
is awakened in a female heart, the imagination is
set to work to fancy a lover, and all possible per
fections are assembled together in the young girl's
mind to endow the-object of her secret idolatry.
The first man whose appearance and manners at
tract a girl on her entrance into society, is general
ly invested by her with the halo of these thoughts,
and she fancies herself violently in love without the
loast real knowledge of the man she supposes her
self in love with. No wonder, then, that it she
marries she is miserable. The object of her love
has vanished, never to return ; and she finds herself
chained for life to the man she detests, because she
fancies she has been deceived in him.
On he other hand, the marr-who, with very par
donable vanity, fancied himself loved for bis own
merits, and who was perfectly unconscious of the
secret delusions of the girl, becomes, when he finds
her changed after marriage, quite indignant at her
caprice. The friends and relatives on both sides
share in the same feelings "what would she have?"
they cry " she married for love and for the conse
quences." , i
The consequences are, indeed, in such cases, gen
erally sad enough. ien the first delusion is dis
sipated, and the truth, in all its hard and stern re
ality, comes forth fr)m the veil that has been thrown
around it, both parties feel indiofiiant at the false
'position in which they find' themselves. Mutual
recriminations take place, each accusing the other
of deceit and ingratitude ; while t he. apparent injus
tice of those accusations, which is felt by each party
alternately, first wounds the feelings, and ihen, if re
peated, rankles in tlie wound till it becomes incurable.
A Model Recommendation for Office. The
Knickerbocker for July contains a number of speci
mens ot letters trom orhce-seekers and their friends.
We copy one of the best fr om Mr. Twist to Govern
or Marcy, on beh.alf of a gentleman who is readv at
any moment to die fr.r his country'and a fat office:
" The bearer, Mr. Van Buren Phips, is an appli
cant for some easy office, and I am happy to sav,
is an out-and-out Democrat. He voted for Van
Buren in '40, for Polk in '5t, and in '48, being
somewhat puzzled with the claims of tha contend-.
ing factions, polled two votes, one for Van Buren
and one for Mr. Cass, evincing a spirit of concilia
tion and high-toned principle which puts to the
blush all other compromise measures. Mr. Phip,
l ean. "truly say, is an active, energetic, and indus
trious Democrat, but is unable to discharge very
many out-door duties, as he is- suffering under a ,
physical disability, having two years since spraiued
his ankre badly. The circumstances at
tending this physical disability may not be unin
teresting, as illustrative of the Democracy inherent
in the man. They are these : lie was engaged
with some yotpig Democrats raising a hickory-pole.
They had accomplished their object, and you no
Phips determined to place the stars and stripes
upon the top of the pole. For this purpose he
commenced climbing; but alas ! having. arrived at
me uizzy neignt or ten ieet, the pole gave way, and
he was hurled miserably upon the earth, with, a
severe contusion upon the fleshy part of the leg,
and with his left foot sprained terribly. Apparent
ly not realizing the extent of the injury, he waived
the tattered ensign over his contused frame, and
gave three hearty cheers for James K. Polk.' Such
Democracy ought not to go unrewarded'; and I
hopejou will be able to place our unfortunate friend
in some easy position where his physical disability
will not be antagonistic to his progressive Democ
racy." A Little Incident. A bachelor friend of ours
was riding a day or two ago through Athol, in this
State, when he overtook a little girl and boy ap
parently on their, way to school. The little girl
appeared to be five or six years old, and was as-'
beautiful as a fairy. Her eyes were lit up with a
gleam of intense happiness, and her cheeks glowed
with the hues of health. Our bachelor friend
looked at her for a moment admirino-lv. She
met his glance with a smile, and with "an earrer
voice saluted'him with, " Uave von got a baby"? "
He was struck aback by tlie question, and some
thing like a regret stole over his mind as he look
ed upon the animated and beautiful little face be
fore him. ;'V he answered. "Well," she re
plied, drawing her tiny form proudly up, we have "
and passed on, still smiling, to tell the jovous news
to the next one she might meet. What a world
of happiness to her was concentrated in that one
idea-the baby ! And in her joy she felt as if all
must have the same deiight as herself; and it was
a matter of affectionate pride to her that lifted her
little heart above the reach of ordinary envy, for
in the baby was her world, and what l -e had she
to crave f Such was the reflection of our friend,
and he remembered it long enough to tell us yes
terday in State street. Boston Post,
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, Jr.
RALEIGH, AUGUST 6, 1853.
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Of a proper character will be inserted at the folljpS .ates-
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For a quarter, half, or whole column a liberal discount wiU.
. be made. , , 1
Ky Advertisements should in all cases be marked with the
number of insertions desired otherwise, they will remain un
til notice to discontinue is given, and be charged according to
the above rates. The particular attention of advertisers is
called to this notice, as it is not our wish to require payment
for an advertisement for a longer time than is necessary, and
we do not wish our colunns filled with advertisements that
are out of date. -
All articles of a literary character may be addressed
" Editors of the Southern Weekly Post, Raleigh, N . C." Busi
ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &.c, &c,
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke.
ftXPostmasters are authorized to act .as Agents lor the
Southern Weekly Post. w
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required by us. His receipts will be regarded as payments.
Mr. H. P. Douthit is our authorized agent for the States
of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
THE CAUSE OF LEARNING.
That the people of this country are still far be
hind those of England, France,1 and Germany, in
tbev cultivation of learning, is universally admitted
and generally lamented. The comfort derived from
the fact that this is " a new country," is daily di
minishing, because it loses its significance as we
advance in age, and our mortification is constantly
increasinr as we become more Conscious of our su
periority in almost every other element of national
greatness. In the extent of our empire, the noble
fret'donf of our institutions, and the practical ener
gy of our people, we need not fear comparison with
any other civilized power. Our arms have been
gloriously successful, our commerce whitens every
sea with its adventurous sail, our agriculture is at
the same time feeding and instructing the world
We are unsurpassed in ingenuity, enterprise, and
eloquence, and it is only in the more quiet walks of
literature -and the arts, that we are compelled to
shrink from a comparison with older countries, and
to acknowledge our inferiority. The cause of let
ters still languishes in a land which abounds in fa
cilities and conveniences for their successful culti
vation. We are not a literary people, because we are not
a learned people. The diffusion of knowledge
among us, is a just theme of national priile, but
profound learning is another thing, which can, aa
jet, be boasted of by few of our citizens. There is
a mistaken impression deejdy fixed in the Ameri
can mind that a scholastic life is a dull, stflpid, and
unprofitall3 mode of existence, which men would
never pursue, if the brighter and more attractive
paths of business ambition were not closed, against
them. Hence, few of our youngf men seem dis
posed to devote themselves to such a retired life,
and'they rush headlong into the whirl and turmoil
of a professional careef, or .into the angry vortex of
political agitation, without casting even a wistful
eye to those calm retreats where the triumphs of
intellectual labor are achieved. " "
The worst consequence of this national neglect
is perceived in soc ety itself. We associate togeth
er in this country for business, tor feasting and
drinking, and for agitation, but never for the pur
pose of enjoying an elevated and refined intellec
tual cominuuion. If we converse at all, it is ricrid
ly confined to business, or politics, or the news.
Those who venture into the field of letters and
taste, are ridiculed as disagreeable pedants, and
few have the courage to incur such danger. We
call the classics a bore, and laugh at the muses as
'f we regarded them as so many lisping, sentiraen-t-r
l'school misses, whose performances never rise
above the level of a weekly composition. Our taste
is decided in. its preference fr the lightest and most
perishable kind of literature. WTe are easily en
tertained with newspapers that deal largely in ac
cidents and theatricals, with wishy-washy nouve
lettes, and driveling contributions to our monthly
magazines, but the books of the age, the great pro
ductions -of great minds, are seldom appreciated.
Macauley, Alison, Arnold, Whately, Chambers,
Prfecott, Bancroft, are thrbwu contemptuously,
aside to make room for the paltry performances of
a host of penny-a-liners, who record over and over
again the same old sentimental histories for the
entertainment of the idle and the vain.
' We would rejoice to see a change in this respect
take place among our people. The number of
those who read for instruction and improvement is
lamentably small. Few of those who' have leisure
and taste for these pursuits, are qualified to enjoy
thetgreat original productions of antiquity. The
literature, the polity, the superstitions and tradi
tions of the ancients are no longer the subjects of
investigation and correspondence among our promi
nent men. We are in ; danger of losing sight of
them altogether, and thus departing entirely from
theF great models by which the judgment of the
world have hitherto been governed. This should
not be. We owe it to ourselves and to posterity,
to preserve the access we have enjoyed to the treas
ures of antiquity open for all generations to come
we in iu om uauuuai cuaracter to renne as
much as possible the intellect and manners of our
people, that we may compete with other nations
for the triumphs of learning and science, as we now
do? for the commerce and wealth of the world.
Our march, if it is to be truly glorious, must be
upward as well as onward, in every department of
industry and enterprise.
Improved. The StanAarJ u
. ...uc iu appearance
lasf week in a new and very handsome'dress. It is
a very pretty specimen of newspaper typogra-
Madame Bishop is concortir,,. : u-
In n rt - iu me uuy oi
; TELEGRAPH WATER-CARKIT
We saw this singular apparatus in 0pe jr
few days since in .Virginia, and was very2i-'
tertained in witnessing the simple and direct W
ner in which it performs its office Tu , rt
to enable persons to convey water fi0ni a f f.l '
source to their door or kitchen, without r-'r
sending for it ; and this it accomplished wjtT?F '''
ease and promptitude "as to surprjse tjle !';pr
The machinery is very simple, c. nsist1J1fT (lf
and crank, a large wire extending over a 'P
of posts trorn the house to the
spnngor well J V
ac01 hic!i ,,1
a little car on wheels adapted
bucket suspended from it, and a
and unwinds as occasion requires. B
v turn;. . w
crank, the cord is wound upon t
draws the car forwards as far as th
crank, the cord is wound upon tlle wt
ie first to, 1
Tho rpvfrspd nor t inn rf Vn v
and the car and bucket pass don tlJe T'f
wire to the water, by their own weight ' "1 '
the cord is given out Irom the wheel, which ' 5,
r,..,.vV MMwuuu. vvne the ba4
vw.v-c.v... v.. r.., c. JOuC.. weigiit attach).
one siue causes it to uip ana nil, the crank js
turned as at first and the cord rlro,. a . is
bucket, back to the .noint.
In this lnanner a small hw
incic gaiiuuo vi nain uvn a distance of
hundred yards as soon as he could
the ordinary methods.
T rannnl snpalr iif tho rr-irf !nl ..:'.
iuYenui.-ii, as tiiai, must ue uetermined hy
ence ; but we have been much amused a
ested in witnessing this curious process Hlii
rr -lAii Kf on ovniiin-ifiAn sf it .,, t J t. ' L
T. x i. J 1 ii
Vircrima. has been disnnsfl of uA ti.. . lc
oe tne case in iNortn Carolina. Our roadtrs
have already seen it, but it was a novelty to
and we have ventured tor that reason to
.our impressions to-paper.
DOWN WITH THE GEOGGEEIEs.
W7herever we go, we see the awful evil;
that curse which' has so long desolated our mk,
We hear constantly of brilliant youth, and venera
ble ape, withered and consumed by the destrovin
vice, of mothers, wives,- and1 danglers, rjj.
wretched and brokenhearted by its fatal tWins
tion ; and we ask ourselves how long is this scou-rj
to' last w hen will society, aroused to- its d.-.n?er
drive the dread demon from its bosom M
speaK or uie vice itseir, not ot tlie instrumtntalitv
: , 1 Mi 1 1 vn.
it emjiioys ior sen indulgence, .lliere u suc'u
vice prevailing 'in almost every commuuuy.arf
it is. insidiously hardening the hearts, :ii.Ju:,r.-::
consciences, and destroying the livgs of its voiirkl
They resort at first- to the delusive gratification J
the sake of health, or consolation, or convivial.J
joyment, tut whilst they are dallying with its
light, they are gradually enslaved, and neither tW
nor affection, however eloquent their appVals, a
effectually sever the chain. How bitter the te
this vice is now wringing in secret from Lpefe
eyes ! How keen the pangs it is innietitig, everr
day, upon hearts that throTntr vam Tore mi
has produced ! What is its cause, aud what lb
The cause of all this sin and sorrow mav 1-
found in the drinking habits of the people. Tli
habits are fostered by various causes, hut mores
pecially by the, temptations held out by the w:
number of houses and shops established allow
the country for the very purpose of creating ai.
pandering to the vicious propensities of men. L
groggeries, and other similar establishments, e.
school-houses of intemperance,' c ime ami infer
and must be put dow n, or -the dreadful wort
demoralization and ruin will still go on with a!. 'i
horrible results. Haw this can be pru.lenth s;
safely accomplished, we are not prepared orf4
hed to determine. Legislation of sotte sort, h
ted at the source of the evil, is evidently rt
and yet there are delicate' rights belonging natcnf :
ly to man, which are liable to be violated byik'i
any measure adopted for this end. Tlienf'
must be respected, and some radical remedy h '
plied at the same time to the awful cursor!
yielding to no other means,-seems to rtqus
the hands of society, the most stienuous eierc
of the law-making power for its removal.
A QUEER BOOK.
We. have recently been amusing ourselves
an odd sort of a volume, entitled " IstctvI
Memoradle and Use-ful," by Rev. S. HA
D. D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., which we tliins
deserves a place among the curiosities of literals'-
The interviews were with Dr. Chalmers, " Pr.fr
merson. President Adams, a French lady and
Mormons. Out of the materials derived from uet
the author has constructed the most rain
volous, conceited, pedantic, abusive, and at thesatt'
t.l IT! A ftriA Sf t Vt k n.L mittinct nA
and entertaining books we ever saw. We cy$
ly never did see one which .combined so mmjtj
posite qualities in so small a compass. It ' n
amusinp- to nhsprvn tli nrt.ktie. manner w
the Dr. has brought himself into contrast wit
giccn, uix-u wuuin ue mxroauces, rt-yui-v
ing the interlocutors and calling himself '
rtrr f m. 1 I " i 1 .Aon
one. The curious manner in which Dr.-Co
stantly preserv'es fchat place, by keeping the ff
hand in the argument or conversation, is vu :
of all aH his.pr
mind or his comnlacenev. biit preserves throug
in iha mll.t : . e r.( Ii iimilitT-
... iuiuji m sincere proressiou v
air of conscious superiority and jcool stls
tion. -i '
ui me pages, tne auxu"'
philosopher, in others like a-professed humor
a bigoted controversialist. We have never
the English language concentrated to
bitterness as tins eminent, divine has contn
exnresR fnworrU nm lmHiren in tbe cborr
Healls them forgers, conspirators and otlierB
ty names, and accuses them of crimes secon
in atrocity to that of Judas. But on the
the Dr. appeara to us a kindly sort of m8"',50
pleased with hiroself that he is not particU,
prone to complain of other people.
zest and vivacitv about the style of his narr'
which the reader is apt to enjoy as wen
i e ... -nn nm end t"1-
lume 'as one of the composite order
book in our, lana-uasre which abounds in ,ure.J
culoua Thetorici Incongruous metaphor8