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0 / 75
;V1N H. WILEY, I WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, J.
tALEIGH, AUGUST ,20 1853.
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'iB advertisement for.a longer time than is necessary, and
!o not wish our columns filled with advertisements that
utof date. ." - - 'j
Jl articles of a Literary character may be addressed
ditors of the Southern Weekly Post, Raleigh, N.4J." Busi
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uld be addressed to W. D. Cooke.
Postmasters "are authorized to act as Agents lor the
athern Weekly Post.
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mired by us. ilis receipts will be regarded as payments.
Mr. II. P. Douthit is our authorized agent for the States
Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
The student of Ancient History cannot fail to
. tice and admire the patriotism of the people 'in
' t republican times of Greece and Rome. The
' tuous and sae&ed character of this sentiment ap
ars to. have leen universally recognised by all
rtios and factionsLlaowever violent might be their
Itual animosity, or-bloody the conflicts in which
jsy engaged on the soil of their birth. The hoi."
.of succes.sfully defending their country from the
fasions of a foreign foe,- was coveted as the Inijh
I object of virtuous ambition, and exile from-its
ores was regarded as a punishment stiffieieiitly
lominious for conspiracy against the State.
fWe al ways honor the same sentiment in the na
ves of the dilFt-rent countries of.furopo. The
iglishman, the Scotchman, the Frenchman, uhe
erman, seldom loses his attachment to the land
'jhifr lathers, and thougli it often; appars to be
ithing better titan an instinctive preference with
X a reason, it is impossible for u.s not to respect
wherever.it is found. There is in it somcthino'
noble and beautiful, an elevation of feeling,
ptity which has often commanded the admi
1 of an enemy, and soothed and softened into
less the ruthless couqueror. .
e are sorry to believe that this love of coun-
iess intense in the American, than in the
e.of almost any oher civilized country. A
pntinwed liabit of observatitsn'haR convinepd
it in spite of ourselves. We do not. deny
our,' people are strongly attached, to their
s; or that in any strong emergency they
!l defend them with alacrity and courage.
interest and principle would jn such a case
ip'ly patriots to any desirable extent. But the
meat, as it exists in some other countries, is
arcely"observabla here. Enthusiasm in behalf
four country. and its institutions is in disrepute,
ur popular writers and speakers, who may be re
wded as the exponents of the national mind, do
0t manifest in their proluctions that fond poetic
armth of feeling and admiration for their father-
ind, which glows in the current popular litera
Jire of Europe. Some how 01 other we have ac
uired the notion that devotion to one's country is
species of egotism which should not be cultivated.
Ye affect a philosophical superiority to such vulgar
tantiments. We frankly confess the nidcuess' of
our people, and rid.eule their eftor.s at taste and
refinement We admire nothing but what is f .r
e;ign, and are constantly endeavoring to show our
foreign taste in 'admiration for Italian music, French
manners, and English or German books.
J It would be well if we could stop here. But it
is evid ant that certain classes anion :st us are oro .v-
Jing tired oT American principles and institutions.
2t is a'sad conviction which we would wiilino-lv
ihave escaped from if we could. Is it not true that
;in religion, many of the American clergy, aban
doning the simple, plain, straightforward Bible
Christianity for which our country has become dis
tinguished, have begun to import from Europe an
other and at very dilferent system ! Is it not also
true that a portion of the Press of this country
has' betrayed, within the last few years, a growing
indifference for the cause of human rights on that
continent, and has, not unfrequently, palliated or
defended the tyrannical measures of. the despotic
governments by which its destinies are controlled ?
Is" it uot true that a foreign influence is constantlv
"at work in our midst, endeavoring to modify our
institutions and laws so as to correspond with those
of less favored countiies, and are not these efforts
encouraged to an alarming extent by politicians
and the press? And finally, is it not true that, in
6ome parts of the country, the right of free dis
cussion has been insidiously attacked by Ameri- I
can citizens, on the ground, falsely assumed, that
those who address the people in the public streets
are responsible for the riots that may ensue I
These are some of the alarming signs we see of
a declining patriotism, and they are well calculated
to excite apprehension in every reflecting mind. r
Would that our people would ponder jlhem seri
ously, andresolve to rebuke, before it is too late,
the venial and time-serving spirit of our politician :s !
Foreigners are multiplying constantly" amongst us,
with all their inveterate prejudices, and all their
abject stupidity of belief and bigotry. Our native
population, on the other hand, have; been almost j
. . . ; -. . .. . e m. a.
shamed out of any mamiesiauon 01 iwunueui 10
the principles and institutions of their country.
The consequence is that unprincipled partizans and
selfish panderers to the popular taste, have discov
ered that more can be made, by adapting them
selves to the foreign element, than by an bonest
-adherence to the patriot cause.
We do not entirely: despond, m view ot these
unfkvorable tendencies in our national af&tirs. The
great body of our people can never be entirely
misled by the designing demagogue; and we be
lieve that as the ignorance of our foreign popula
tion disappears, their prejudices "willalso diminish,
and they will finally learn to appreciate the institu
tions of a land which Providence has pointed ou1
to them as an asylum and a home. But this is.
clearly true,' that a revival of American patriotism
is needed to affect this happy consummation, be
cause without it the great obstacle to our safety,
popular ignorance, cannot be effectually removed."
The author of Junius has said somewhere in his
letters, that " when once a man is determined to be
lieve, the very absurdity of the dortrine confirms
him in his faith." The observation itself is receiv
ing, every day, additional confirmation.. It is true,
every word of it. It is abundantly proved by the
intense devotion of fanatics and errorists of every
class, to the silly doctrines tliey profess, whilst the
plain dictates of reason and common sense, are so
reluctantly and languidly obeyed by . the mass of
mankind. All men agree, with very few excep-
ligations, such as the duty of reverence for the Deity
and good faith to one another; but how little en
thusiasm do they manifjst for the maintenance
and propagation of such'prinfciples 1 4 On the other
hand, jou will find the believers in certain deo-rad-ing
delusions animated with a burning zeal for the
triumphs of their faith, jehich if exercised in the
right direction, would be worthy of all admiration.
But as it is, their intense devotion is ' disgusting
and ridiculous. Butler, in his Hudibras, indulging
his peculiar vein, alludes to the sincere worship of
an ox, by the Egyptians, in terms of just derision,
and adds with equal point, '
" Others adored a rat, and some
For that Churoh suffered martyrdom !" '-t t
But we do not think anybody has a right to
laugh at the poor herjthen, when they know what
absurdities are swalldwed by persons educated in
the light of Christendom. The Brahmins of India
will not eat beef, out! of reverence :for the sacred
bull. Yet there are. some Christians who are not
so scrupulous, and ar ready to fight for their want
of scruple. .. ! ' . - '
Our thoughts have drifted in this direction, from
observing that Judge Edmonds, bf the Supreme
Bench of New York, has come out in the papers with
another article in support of the Spiritual Rapping
folly, and promises the public a book on the subject.
He has the character of a sincere and upright man,
and we have no right to question his honesty. He
doubtless believes what he professes to believe, but
thn he happens to believe things to which many
a far inferior understanding would scorn to stoop.
Ex-Senator Tallmadge has degraded -a fine intel-'
l ct b similar prostration at the shrine of Humbug.
We wonder what business Judge Edmonds an
have upon the Supreme Bench. It seems to us
exceedingly dangerous to retain a man in such a
position who may at any time be tempted to listen
to the evidence of invisible witnesses, and thus to re
cord in, an earthly court the decisions of an irres
ponsible if not diabolical tribunal.
EIHT3 jniiuiu xi ax vi
The history of plants is full of poetry. Mute
Mature sometimes spe1- i-ii iJatlrom wl.Job tho
most gifted pen would attempt in vain. She has '
thus furnished to man a series of brief, touching
lessons, easily understood and difficult to resist. .
Weall remember the beautiful and instructive lines,
" When on the fragrant sandal -tree -
The woodman's axe descends, t
And she who bloomi'd, so beauteously
Beneath the keee stroke bends, -E'en
on the. edge that wrought her death,
Dying she breathed KeF sweetest breath,
r- As if to token, in her fall,
Peace to her fyes, and love to all.
How hardly man this lesson learn,
To smile, and bless the hand that pparns ;
To see the blow, to tet-1 the pain,
But render only love agnin,!
This spirit not to earth is given
One had it, but he came from Heaven.
Reviled, rejected, and betrave'J,
No curse he breathed, no plaint he mad?,
1 "But when in death's deep: pang he sighed,
Prayed for his murderers; and died."
The singular pjroductio i deseii -etl ba'o .7 may
have been created to suggest to mai aiutl i-ous a id
kindred thoughts to that so sweetly expressed in .
the foregoing.. .
The Sorrowful Tree, At Goa, tienr Bombay,
there is a singular vegetable the sorrowful tree so
called because it only flourishes in the night. At sun
set no flowers are to be seen, and yet, half an hour
after, it is ouite full of them. .They yield a sweet
srtiell, but the sun no sooner i-hines upon ihem'th.m
.soroe of thpm fall off, and others close up; and thus
it continues. flowering inJthe night all the year.
May it not remind us of those modest and re
tiring bene factors of their kind who "go about"
unobserved " doing good, ministering with tender
hands, in the dark haunts of -un revealed wretched
ness, to the wants of perishing humanity ? Though .
few, alas! too few, there are some such viewless an
gels ever employed beneath the range of the
world's observation in works of benevolence and
These beavenly comforters of others, aje often
the children of affliction themselves, and have learn
ed in the course of their own painful experiences,
the value and the beauty of doing good. Having
suffered, they know the .worth of friendly consola
tion ; having tasted the sweets of sympathy, they
know how blest is the heart from which it flows.
And how often does the ungrateful world with
hold its notice from these messengers of mercy,
simply because they do not curt its applause !
Yet is their virtue all the purer for its freeness.
Neglected by man, they have respect to, the " re
compense of reward" which is laid up for; them in
a brighter sphere, in the hands of himof whom it
is written that " Righteousness and Judgment are
the habitation of his throne."
3T " The North Carolina Democrat," publish
ed at Milton by N. J. arid J. M. Palmer, has been
entered with pleasure on our exchange list. It is
a paper of very respectable appearance, and will
no doubt do credit to the place as well as its con
ductors. We learn from the Democrat that the
prevailincr reports of the uohealthiness of Milton
have been greatly exao-wrated, and that the few
cases of diarrhoea that now occur are mi u ana
Europe. From last accounts the prospect of a
peaceable termination of the Eastern difficulty is less
favorable than it -had, .been. The Czar does not
The recent speech of the lion. T. B. Macaulay
in which he maintains that those who succeed in
the race for college -honors, generally succeed bet
ter than others on the theatre of life, seems to be
eliciting discussion in various quarters
expressed their decided dissent from his view3. We f
1 j 1. ,1 . . , ei . .
.tu v. 'a'" 8",port of tne previous wek or one hundred a..d eighty
far as it applies to England and conline ntal Europe.
It may not be true in the United States, because
profound learning and literary refinement have
not been generally regarded here as recomraenda-j
tions to popular favor. Our people have seeme
t prefer on tx many occasions the flippant impu
dence'of the demagogue, who boasts that bi
" never rubbed his back against a college wall," fa
the modest accomplishments of the .educated gen
tleman." . If this be so, it certainly ought not to be so.
We can never attain the, same eminence in litera
ture and science, till the people come to understand
the difference between arrogant assurance and ac
tual merit, between empty sound and sound sense.
In some respects our eloquence is far superior to
that which now prevails in older countries, but we
have produced but few such, mea as Brougham
and Macaulay, who having the whole range of po
lite; learning at command have -nrXoLed tho litw
ature of their country through the medium of
Parliamentary debates, and not only delighted but
E3T See accounts of the awful ravages of the
Yellow Fever in New. Orleans. Cannot the Capit
of North Carolina unite with other cities in raisin;,'
jan offering for the benefit of the sufferersor th'ir
surviving children ? His Honor, the. Mayor, would
doubtless receive and transmit any funds which the j
ciiaiuaoie i may ieei disposed to contribute to the j
SrTr. lt l.t.rrtf ,,1 R T. P f.rmv
Pittsburg did not reach us in time for publication
last week. His report of the proceedings on the '
, , , . j 1
second and third days of the session of the Asso-
ciation will appear in our next. These reports may
be regarded as somewhat official our correspon
dent being the Record ng Secretary.
Stage Accident. The stage running from
Xewbern to Beaufort was overturned on Wednes
day the 10th inst., by the horses taking fright, and
a number, of passengers injured Mr. James G.
Stanly and lady, of Goldsboro', severely.
The city of Bremen sendj a block of marble for
.the Washington Monument, bearing the inscrip
tion: "To .Washington the great, the good, the
last, from friendly Bremen."
There has been great mortality in the Northern
cities during the last hot spell, from sun stroke.
We are indebted to Mr. TukiIsb of the North Car
olina Bookstore iif this city for a copy of abooken
litled " The Teacher and the Parent ; a treatise on
CommonSchool education, &c, by Charles No.thend,
--r-ALjcjar.nj. hasty, examintion-of this Ijllle vol-
- .... n ,t1 !.- YAa. nKnnliitnl rrmiio in rprsrn
I lis Ilieiur, fa Kinuuuio jjiai.i.i.i.i j,- -
engaged in the arduous vocation of teaching, the
proper instruction f youth requires, in our judgment,
as much wisdom as any of the other 'professions, and
it is evident' that there is a great demand for practical
treatises upon the noble art. The work of Mr. Nor
thend, now hi its third edition, is designed to satisfy
to some extent this demand. We therefore cheerful
ly recommend it to common-school teachers and oth
ers similarly employed, as a valuable1 aid to them in
their arduous task. t
We have also received from Mr. Turner the"1
" Youth's Manual of Geography, combined with His
tory and Astronomy; by James Montieth,- Public
School No. 18, New York city." This is doubtless a
useful addidOn to the vast multitude of school bool:s
of the same grade now published. V
,e can. discover
in it no very peculiar merit, but it will probably stand
a fair competition with older books of its class.
The August number of " Dickens' Household
Words" now published in this country in a monthly
form, by McElrath and Barker, 17 Spruce street, Now
York, has been on hand some days, and we Lake pleas
ure in congratulating the American public that thin
popular periodical can now be had in a shape so unwii
more impropriate to its ch:.racter. It is one of the
most valuable and interesting of the many re publica
tions -now familiar to our readers, bounding in elabo
rately prepared articles, equally removed from the fi " '
o'ous and the austere, and c ik-ulated to afford a st! cr
entertainment, while it conveys ih most profitable
information. Price by mail $2 00 a yenr.
The Southern Literary Messenger for August, is
also before us. The con'ents are of the usual high
character for which 'he Messenger is distinguished.
We have so often spoken in terms of dmiraiion of
this favorite of the South, that, it is unnecessary to
Collision on the Camden ahd Ambot Railroad
Focr Livts Lost, asd "m" any Teksobs t.u u jc
Brunswick, August 9, 11 o'clock, P. M. A dreadful
accident occurred this afternoon, on the Camden and
Amboy Railroad, which resulted in the loss of several
lives and the wounding of a number of passengers.
The 2 o'clock train from Philadelphia, just after
passing the old bridge, about 8 miles from Amboy,
came in collision with the train from New York, owb.g
to some cause yet to be explained.
The effects of the collision were frightful. Both
trains were rendered perfect wrecks. A gentleman,
just returned from the scene of disaster, cays that
four persons were instantly killed and three danger
ously wounded. A great many weie aiso slightly
The way car of the train from New York was forc
ed by the concussion into the ladies' car, where those
killed were sitting.
AU the killed and seriously injured were on the New
York train. Two men, one woman and a child were
killed. Their names are not Known'.
The wounded and killed were either left on the spot
and taken care of by the ci izens in the place, or sent
back to New York. Edward Marchamp, one of the
conductors, was quite badly hurt, and remained at
Hightstown. Several of the passengers in the train
from Philadelphia were slightly injured, but none fa
tally. The train arrived in this city about half-past
eleven o'clock, with the passengers on board. So ma-
! nv different stories are told about it, that it is impos
sible ,to give a detailed! correct account of the acci-
Another Dreadful Railroad Acctdest More
than Twentt Lives LosT.-Providence, R. I., Aug.
12. It is my painful duty to inform, you of another
dreadful and terribly destructive railroad accident
which occurred on the Providence Railroad this inom
b.v wnich six,een to twenty per-ons, have been
killed and probably twenty mo forty wounded some
iirtaily, and others very seriously.
" LITERARY KQTiCES.
f YELLOW FEVER IS NEW ORLEANS.
Iew Orleans, August 7. The fever shows not. the
hlest abatement on the contrary, it is increasing
ery hour. Hundreds are leaving fie city daily, and
ere is a?most a total suspension of business. The
fecial report of deaths during the week ending on
h-idaT. the 5th instant, as publisld in the Pie-ivTmo
Exhibits the frightful number of one thousand and
ifty, f wn,cn eight hundred and seventy-nine were
iirom y""" icirr, bukwuie au increase over trip rp-
seven. During the twenty-four hours eridine'at 6
o'clock yesterday A. M., there were in all 238dea'hs:
184 01 wnicn were irom jeilow lever. 1 he total
number of death- from fever alone for eight davs end-
'in? yesterday weie 1,073.
f Another dispatch says : " The epidemic in extent
amounts to a plague. : The numher of deaths in 2-1
Lours; ending at midnight on the 5th, is 238. of which
208 were of fever, and one cemetery to hear from.
Deaths of the present week w ill exceed one thousand,
from yellow fever alone. The highest number of
deaths in. 1847, in one day was bul 97, makisur the
present number of deaths an. increase of 300 per
cent. The city bears truly a sad and desohtte ap
pearance. Will not the cbizens of the Nbrth t;ike
immediate measures for the relief of our suffering,
dying inhabitants."; '
New Orleans, Aug. 7. The ravages of the yellow
fever are terrible. The whole number of deaths for
the la,st twenly-foar hours have been 2-tO, of which
195 were from yellow fever.
New Orleans, August 8. The denths for the wt-ek
ending yesterday, amounted, to 1,130, including 950
from yellow fever, j
New Orlfans, August 8. The total number of
deaths yesterday; wwSif which . 204 wor Lorn
yellow fever. :
New; Orleans, La., Aug. 13. The mortality has
been a little on the decline for the last three d iys,
ranging from two hundred and five to two. hundred
and twenty-five, as the total number of deaths per
Aug. 1 4. -i- The report of the board of h.ea'th for
though the deaths are not quite so large for want of
pHILADELFHIA) Aujf. 1!dl A n,eo.inJr cf our mer.
chants was held this afternoon, and $2,700 suhscrihed
for the Howard Benevolent Association of New Orleans
Gottschalk, the pianist, has tendered his services at
....... a . 1 ' . r .1 I i . ... 1 . 1
a ue g.xen lor me wtieut 01 tne iunu.
Horrors Perpetrateo at Nankin. A letter from
Canton, .China, speaking of the capture of Nankin by
tne rebels, says :
Of th T.-.rt-.r o-a mnr ih on ono ;i.,j
ing the families of the soldiers women. -and1 ihildn n,
were either put to the sword or committed suicide, it
being, a point of honor with that singular people, to
perish rather than yield. Every one of thf pries's,
whether of the Budhist or Taonist religion, and who
were very numerous the re, were massacred. Their
numbers could not have been less than 1.500 or 2.000;
while those killed in the assault, the mining of the
walls and the entry of the rebels, are said to amount
to over 20.000 men. Very mnnv families were com
pletely annihilated by suicide. The stireets were so
blocked up with dead bodies, that, in passing from
point to pofnt, the conquerors burst open5. doors of
houses, private ns well as public, :and threw them
inside, as the Chinese expressed it, as if they had
been logs of wood.
Distinguished Honor to an Amf.r can Lady. We
have been greatly graliHed to learn th t Queen Victo
ria has given another evidence of the same rem uka-.
ble spirit of discrimination and sense of propriety
which she manifested in refusing to receive Mrs. Stowe
at Court." This is in the instance of our fair and dis
tinguished townswoman, Mrs. Le Vert. This lady,
as it is known, being upon a visit to Laidy Stuaet
Wortley, the daughter of the Duke of Rutland, and
toother friends in England, arrived too 'late to be
presented afc the closing drawing-room reception fojr
the season, andnt was therefore not expected that she
would be presented to the Queen. But it appears
that Queen Victoria, waiving the usual strict rules of
etiquette observed even towards Princesses, instructed
the T,nrd Cbaroberlain tfpecially invite Mrs. Le Vert
Important from China Ainoy taTcen by the Reb-'
eJSm A desp-itch received at Liverpool, from London,
iust before the saLlino: of the Africa, announces that
the Lhv ese renels naa capiurea jvmoy on me imoi
May, after a severe fight. They are said to be most
friendly to foreigners, and protect the fiictorits and;
British consulate. Iney profess a desire to trade in
all articles except opium. Any decisive success on
the prt of the rebels in the North, it is supposed,
would apparently cause a gradual rise, and lead to a
convulsion of the empire. Bait. Sun.
A Ray from Sir John Franklin. Information has
been revived by the Russian Government that sever
al Of vfiat "-are called g'ass-balls, probably botjUis,
have been fund at the mouth of the river Obi, wliich
falls into the Arctic basin at the seventieth parallel of
east longitude. This locality is where such articles
would he found, if thev were thrown from Franklin's
i snip, m cast they had attuned a high northern iaatvwe.
' The Briti-h jjovernment ha requested 'that some of
c bails be transmitted to the foreign offige.
Stilt. Another Railroad Accident. Wheeling,
Aug. 12. The express passenger train from Baltimore,
on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, yesWiiny af omoo-,
was thrown off the track when p :s-in,r tl.rougi! -i
switch at Cameron. 27 mibs from iiiis city. J U" ' !
or lever fell down, which by clmi-gmg tii..; track' t'in-w
th.ree of the cars, crowd..! wrli iv.-s-irv-,
entirely oil". Tliey nere upset,, but st ran j
of over 100 laiSi 'S and cntleuien, not i,
to say. Oil '
or seriously- wounded, dome .20 or 30'. ate slightly
bruised and scra'ched.
Cholera in Europe. The Swedish government
have declared that the cholera prevails in Abo, Elsi
nore, St. Petersburg, Cronstadf, Narrva, Reval. Ria
and Copenhagen; and that the following places and
territories are suspected to be inteetert : au tne
Finnian harbors - from Ciiristintadt inclusive to the
Rus-ian frontiers all the Ru-sian ports of the Gulf
of Finland and the B-dtic, and nil the ports of Zea
land. In Copenhagen there were over 300 cases daily,
and 1,243 deaths had occurred.
Fayetteville, N. G,, Au?. 13.
Mr: Editor: A most melancholy and distres-ing
accident occurred near this town to-dny. The stea
mer " Chatham," wljen but a few miles distant on the
Cape Fear River, exploded her boiler, killing the fire
men, and .seriously injuring several others. The
captain wa blown into the river, but rescued with
Wjrurm ,.mllT. hxqlr TO.- t.-. t i mnA'ata SUllk-.
She was loaded with spirits of turpentine. a"nd bound
for Wilmington. Pet. Fx.
A New Anesthetic is said to have been discover-
ed in London by a Mr. Riehardr-on.who recently read a
paper on the anesthetic properties of the comfnon Puff
n..tl tr.u. J.MJ.. rw;nnv I.? attention
was directed to the subject by the fact that in some
parts of England bees have been stupifbwl by this a
gent before the honey i taken from their 1 ive.
Tde Rev. Db. King. k private letter received in
New York by the Baltic. s:.ys: The cl dm of Dr.
Kinj at Athens, has been settled by the offer of ihe
Greek Government to pay 12,000 drachmas for his
iund, appropriated to public use. A I anticipated,.
I the religious part of his uriefa is not recognized as enti-
j tied to redress.
Asother Railroad Accidest. New York, Aug.
10. The night express to Boston on the New Haven
Railroad ran off the 1ratk last night near Rh ter.
The locomotive nd baggnge car were smashed, the
engineer killed and the fireman badly injured. The
passengers escaped unhurt. ,
At a sale of Napoleon redes in London, lately, a
lock of the'mperors h ir sold for 3 15s., and she
hat worn at the battle of Wagram for 45. The let
ter was purchased Tor Madame Tusaud's exhibition in
. The SjSchool question is lo be the preat topic at the
next election in Maryland. The Catholics and Protes
tants are making out separate nominations for Gover
nor and members -f the Legislature. , .
New Maml Ag est. Patrick McGowan, of Raleigh,
has been appointed mail agent on the route between
Raleigh, N. C, and Hicksford, Va., in the place of IL U
the past twenty-four hours ending on Saturday morn
iny fxliibits 174 deaths, of which" 153 were from yel
low fever. The scourze is still on the increase
; Railroad Accideitts Dcrikg the Present Year.
The following is the number of railroad accidents,
with the killed and wouaded, during each month of
the present year :
Months, No. of Accidents,
January, - - . - -Fehraary,
April, ; . . . - .
August, - - -
Total to August 12,
12 25 40
6 6 11
14 24 62
4 25 64
8 54 49
5 6 19
1 8 22
5 :: 29
65 176 333
Sixty-fke casualties, a hundred and seventy-six
deaths,1 and three hundred and thirty-three persons in-'
jured ! There is a total which should put our civili
zation to a blush, and almost make men forswear the
progress of the age.
In thvs City, about 6 o'clock, A. M., on the 11th inst., after
but a few dayg iUneS9j Mr. George M. Ruffio, in the 23th year
of his age.
THE LITEST MARKETS.
RICHMOND MARKET Wholesale Prices.
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE -WXEXLT POST,
By J. N. GORDON & SON, ,
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
RICHMOND, VA. '
. k-Tjiar. August 16, 1853.
Bacon Western and B?timore Sides 8)4 8c,
Shoulders 7 1 ; Hams 12 (a 12).
lieeswax Last sale9 27c.
Coffer Rio 9 3i 10e ; tor fair to prime , prime Laguira
Wiq 10c ; Java 1 1 ei 12c ; Cape 3c.
Cotton Sles 11 cents.
Candles Mould 121 O 13c: Adamantine 25 (a) 29c :
Sperm 33 3-le..
Feathers Sales at 42 43c.
Fish North .Carolina Gross Herrings, $5 S5) ;
No. 1 Cut 7; Halifax Cut Herrings, No. 1 $5 : No. 2
Floor The mnrket is bare and receipts light. We quote .
new country superfine sells at 65' $5' ; City Mills $6
Ginseng Sales at 45c. -
Grains Com in demand at 65c; Jats 37J 40c;
Rve80c; Wheat, we quote prime red, $ 1,20 ; white $1,25
Leather Good stamp 17 20c ; damaged 12 16
as in quality.
MotasssesJVew Orleans in barrels 31 32c; Cuba in
hogsheads 23 24c ; Prto Rico 28 30.
Nails )i (dt for best brands.
IVaval Stores Tar 82 ; Rsin .
Salt-Liverpool filled l,f0(i: 1,70.
Sugars Purto Rico 5- ; New Orleans 4'
6 ; Coffee Sugars 6 .; of 78X,
Tobacco Inferior Lu?s S51 (eg f 6 ; good and fine ?6
(? ?8' ; common and middling Leaf, $7 ?10 ; Good
and fine shipping 10;r (t 15: ManuCactunrjr S15 , 10.
Wool 35 uj 40c, tor tub washed ; unwashed 27 t& 30e.
J. N. GORDON vfc SON.
NOUTII CAROLIXA INSTITUTION
DEAF AND DUMB AND BLIND.
rpHE SESSIONS OF THIS INSTITUTION WILL
X hereafter commence on the First day of September of
each year, ar.d continue ten months.
This change has been made in order to bring the vaca
tions into tho months of July and August, which. n ac-.
count ol the heat ot that season, are less adapted to study
than the other months. It also brings the Commencement of
th" .School, to the season when the Sheriffs of the different
c-.unties are coming in to make their returns, thus af
fording a good oppootunity for parents to 'send their child
ren. The following ore the Officers in the Intellectual depart
ment of this Institution.
WILLIAM D. COOKE, M. A. ,
PROFESSORS AM) TEACHERS.
J. A. WADDELL, M. D , I GEO E. KETCHAM.
TALBOT B.COLEMAN, CHARLES M. GROW.
TEACHERS OF WCSIc'lN THE. BLIND DEPARTMENT.
Miss E. A. FITZ WILSON, H. 1. 1. SOLOMONS.
Ey Applications for admission should be made to the Prin
cipal. Kaleigh, August 20, 1853. tt.
BRI NKLEY VILLE ENTERTAIN3IENT,
i AKm;, -pio -t.Tr!a -r--r
iind continue till middle ot October. As a precedent
vinevard visitation in America, is the resort from all parts
of Europe, to Switzerland, in the vintage season, with happiest
results as to innocent pleasure ana improvea neatin.
Aiiu that such entertainment in all ita details, has divine
sanction through the approved exam le of the Sweet Singer
ot Israel, and a " man arier Gi d's own heart," clearly ap
pears from 1st. Chronicles, xvi. chapt., 3rd verse.
And as to the legitimate-tendency, and most probable rpsults
of the increase of vineyards in our country, on the cause of
correct morals and true temperance, as well as health; all
wishing for truth on the subject, ar inviied to look at most
reliable inlormation, ns to the state of society in the vineyard
districts of Europe, compared with other parts of the world.
One well informed on the vineyard a id temperance subjects,
and willing to impart desired Inlormation thereon, in any pro,
per manner, time and place. SYDNEY WELLLR.
Brinklevville, Halifax county, ) ' tf
N.C., August 9th, 1853. $ u-
N. B. To visiters interested in Agricultural improvement
I can show an acre near my vineyard, surp:issing for luxurious
growth and probable yield, any Corn they ever saw.
THERE WILL BE A DEDICATION OF' 'THE"
beautiful Nevv Hall, situated on the Market Squnre,
fronting on Wilmington-street, by Phcenix Division Sons of
Temperance, on Monday evening. 22d inst.
Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to attend and
witness the ceremonies, and hear the speeches on the occasion.
August 20, 1;53, lw-
e mcrray. I ,' grant.
MURRAY & GJ! ANT,
COMMISSION t FORWARD IMG MERCHANTS,
WILMINGTON, N. C.
August 20, 1353, ' n35 6ib.
EEWLUTIOSARY HISTORY OF-' NORTH CAROLINA.
REV. F. L. HAWKS, D. D., LL. D., '
HON. D. L. SWAIN, LL. IV
and HON. W. A. GRAHAM, LL. D.,
TO WHICH IS FBEVIXED A PRELIMIjrABT SKETCH OF THE
BATTLE OF THE ALAMANCE
WAR OF THE REGULATION;
, COMPILED BY
FEW COPIES OF THIS WORK HAVE BEEN
j j received fronrthe binders. A full supply is expected in
j a few days. Price, ope' dollar. The work will b4 mailed to
j any pan of the United States upon the receipt of one dollar
i ana five three cent postage stamps. Address
I ' WM. D. COOKE, Baleigh, N. C.
DEALER IS .
BOSTON AND MAINE IOE,
All orders from the country promptly at
August 13, 1853.
EREDEIiL on EXECUTORS ;
A Treatise on the law of Executors and
IN NORTH CARUiiiA,
By JAMES IREDELL.
THE object of this work has been Uf exhibit the Jw' ,t
now stands in North Caxouja, in relation the mat
lers of which it treats. It embrace therefore Lngh-A
doctrines, so for as they are recognised in our own SutCjSs
well as our acts of AAembly, and Uhe S.a 'aS
Courts on theso&rctof WILLS, & XLCUTORS I and I AD
MINISTRATORS. It is thought J"h
only to members of the leal profession,
are frequently called upon to undertake the 'YJ
fmportant responsible trosts of Faecutors and Admin
trators. For Sale by w. L. FOMEROY
Kaleijh, 0h AfJril l?fe2.
PAssrA? AND NEW YORK:
PASSAGE; & FARE 0U1Y $8, STATE ROOM INCLUDED
. TK SWIFT AND ELEGANT STEAMSHIPS
KOAXOKE AND JAMESTOYN,
EING FITTED IN EVF.RV kpspppt irrncn.
ing tp the Act of Congress, will leav Norfolk for New
Vnrk te VVr...;. f , A'
i.vlnr'k ukti ii, i iTT J Jaturday mornings, at ten
For pasfeage apply on board, or to
J-M. SMITH & BRO.
- June, 1853. . n29 tf-
IN PORT ANT AND CHEERING NEWS'
1 F ARISEN & KING'S
ROANOKE AND JAMESTOWN.
REDUCE!) RATES i. INCREASED EXPEDITION.
i . &.e., &c., &.c.
nPHE PROPRIETORS HAVING MADE NEW AR-
is always on hand for the accommodation of their friend?, at
th loteest rate and unparalleled dispatch ; their Express
leaving New York, is generally delivered at almost every .
point of Virginia in 48 hours, and throughout North CmHnt
in 56 hours and at Forn pes cent below the old HUM
Parisen Si. King's facilities for the exp ?rfi'fiou transporta
tion of Freight'and Packages, cannot be beat by avy Exprti
Company in existence, and they defy anv competition, there
fore, in the shape of Humbug, Imposition, and Moo
Voly ! -
03r Be sure to order von rrods by PARISEN &. KING'S
EXPRESS, 2nd Barclay Street, New York.
Jfc5" Rest assured, thai all they promise, they will
PARISEN & KING,
2nd Barclay street, N. Y.
and Bollinghrook street, Petersburg, Vt.
AGE N T S.
V. D. Groner.
J. W. WOMACK. . , ,
Wm. L. Mavle. . j
W. Bagby. .. s
Mr. Minor.'. . ... ';
John Campbell. ,
John Nutt :
H. D. Turner.... ......
James L. Reid. ... .1
Tl'RNBCLL Sc StaLLINOS.
S. H. Hamlet
Stark &. Pierce, .j
J. H. Whitfield, .j ,
James L. Duke. ..i.
. . .Charlottsville, Va.
. .Wilmington, N. C.
.......Raleigh, . C.
. . .Henderson, N. C.
. . . Warrenton, N . C:
. . .Goldsboro', N. C.
. .Fayetteville, N. C.
. Franklinton, N. C.
. . . .Ridgeway, N. C.
Littleton, N. C.
C. Allen .',
Express packages for Norfolk, Petersburg. Richmond and
I the interior,, intended for shipment per steamers Koakoxk
and Jamestown, will hereatter be received by Messrs. PaRI
skn &. King, 2nd Barclay street, New York, who are the
only Authorized Agents to forward our Express packages
by those steamships. ;
VIRGINIA, N. CAROLINA & TENNESSEE.
June, 1853. ' n'29-tf.
IMPORTANT EXPRKSJ4 NOTICE.
! BEWARE OF ' -.
IMPOSITION AN D 1 1 I'M BUG MONOPOLY ! I
W E FEEL CALLED UPON, PROMPTED BY A
sen-e of duty to the public and ourselves, to caution the nu
merous Patrons and j Friends of Parisf.n &. King's Ex-prf-ss,
throughout Virginia, North Carolina and Tennessee,
agiiinst. '-Hm Bills" and Advertisements, issued by a cer
tain Express Company, long known to the Merchants of the
South, especially of 'irginia and North CarolinaJ as lho
"tardy and exorbitant monopoly." -
This fast Express wishes to impress upon the mind of tho
public, that thev have; effected Arrangements for EXCLU
SIVE EXPRESS PRIVILEGES on the steamships Roanoke
and Jamestown, and thus lead the public to suppose lhat no
other Express cun fori on. the ships. To settle this matter
definitely, and lo placs it in its " true light" before the pul lie
at large, we will only say, that we have been running our Im
press on the steamship: Roanoke-since she made her second
trip, and will continue jto run lintel she makes her last trip ;
and, on the Mnh inst , will make our first express shipment on
board the new and mhgnificent steamship Jamestowjt, and
which exuresses w 11 be under the charge of OUR OWN
SPECIAL M ESSENGERS. Freijght and Packages will be
11 J .1 I' J iilL - iMr . nA m fl,.
psccc f'Avpiw no wa ht aware tnev musi Ui a iarue uuhi
ness, and titojr patronsjpay Dig pnces.ior uic V ! 5Vcs i-xr
ing a small room on board the ships, lor which PA RISEN &v
KING offered the sum cf f 47,000 Forty Seven Thousand
.Dollars fxr a five years contract.
We will again and Ikstly state to the public and our patrons,
that as OUR interests! are largely identified with the increas
ing enterprise of the South, and the general direction of the
business under the personal superintendence of one of the
(inn, who nermancntly resides in Petersburg, Va , we eajl for
a continuation of lhat liberal patronage as heretotore conJoned
upon us, and a general support of lhat principle "yMf-to
of ECONOMY. PtINCTtJALITY and EXPEDITION.
as first introduced in the Express busines. by us, and upon
which all may depend on its bems carried out to the let-
t t a dicpk; x. trrvri
JAS. B. KING, Second Barclav flrcct. N. Y.
WM. B. IURfSEN,Bolhiigbro..k and 2nd St.
June, 18o3, n29-tf. Petersburg. a.
NOTICE T0 THE PUBLIC.
A nirhor seems to be going the rounds thoughout our en
x tire Line of Exrjress, that PAKistwifc. Kwo have fold
out their business to l;csrs Adams & Co., ahd as such rumor
lends to the injurv of our business, we hereby notify the public
that all rumors they may hear in that respect, arc a s false an
iht.v aw Tnfilininim ; ai iti furihermcr. that Messrs. Adams, Si.
Co., never had nor never wi I have siifiicint means to buy out
lh". cnteriri7.e ot fsrisfu & K.ng. lint, fill tne ouier nana,
Mess s P. & K intend 'to " eel and figlrt the enemy n their
..wn cround, until ihji y are obliged to their business on the
( coix mical and expeditions principle ol which they have
b-en so aVhvK'iit.' i , , ..
Pariskn &, King h vine their arrangements throughout ot
the m. st complete svstem, .continue to receive and forward
everv description ot Mfrchandize, Freight and Vax-ables, to
and from New-Yorkj, Virginia, North Carohna andpenne
see, with the utmost dispatch and at low rates. - j
PAR1SLN fc KING,
Bollinghrook street, Petersburg, Va , and 2 Barclay street.
A BOOK I FOR THE PEOPLE.
NEW & PRACTICAL FORM BOOK.
tiOTAlNJN' forms ot all those legal instrument ini
to be known
BY THE PEOPLE OP KQBTH CAE0LINA,
a'd designed, also for the use of
Julicej of th Peace. Sheriff. Clerk. Constables, Coto
compiled and arrange irom the bent authentic.
By CAIVUT H. WILEY, Esq.
To which is added, The Constitution of the UniUd Stairs
and of North Carolina. r - .
The number of Forms in this work w much larger than
can be found in aoy Form Book heretofore published in
N onh-Carolina ; and while it hoped they will meet the winu
oetical Index, it will be easy to find any desired matter con -
,al'lV 'price6 of the" book will be One dollar, for which rom it
will be stnt to any part of the State bf mail free of postage.
T I trade will ; be supplied upon the usual terrnH.
rX'HE G RE AT: DEM AN D FOR THIS VALUABLE
X work, and thi many enquiries we receive, induce as to
state that this book is not for rale at anv place in Raleigh,
except at Mr. Potneroy's Book Store, and at the offic of the
Aiperoori enclosing one dollar in a letter, or that amount
in postage stamps.; will receive copy of the book by return
mail free of pottage. Be very careful to send for Wiliy
New Form Boox," and address,
EW 0RM 7 WM. D. COOKE, Raleigh, N. C.
CHAHE 07 SCHEDULE
" on THE
RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD
THE RALEIGH AND GASTON ROAD IS NOW
completed toi Weldon, and in fine order, and the follow
ing permanent Schedule for the Passenger trains has been pot
"LeavTfiiUlat 8 o'clock, a. M . arriving at Wsldon jt 1
o'clock, r. , in time to eonnect with the day trains tor re
tersburg, Portsmouth and Wilmington, . ri
Returning-Lve Weldon aft-r th arnrsl of tho Express
Train from Wilmington at half-past 3 olock.r X. Amvs
at Raleigh at half-past 8 o'clock , r. - . . . , . .
Passengers wilj thu be enabled to w.'V" p'., fh
and supper in Petersburg. Richmond, Norfolk Porruth,
or wSgtoa -j or. breakfast at tho- point, and supper in
R PeSns wishing to eomo from any point on. or East of
this the most comfortable &J&a-
(iffice Raleigp ana wuu "'f-w -t
Jane 25, ,
NO 0EKN1NG AT HARDING'S
A SPLENDID assortment of Spring and Summer Cloth
ing, and Gents furnishing Goods, consisting of all tbtt
X rangements for the still better dispatch of their Express
by the steapships " Roanoke" und ' Jamestown.," from New
V ork, they wish to keep it before nWmblio, that PAR1SEN
&. KING'S POPULAR AND SOtJTilKRN' EXPRESS
and exegencie ot the public, it m also DtiKreoHiw uw -onraov
mav be relied on.havina been examined and approv-