North Carolina Newspapers

    V
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C TA'IX II. wit.ky,
AVTT.f.TAM F. COOKE.
A FAMILY ' NEWSPAPER
II POLITICS.
EDITORS.
TERMS jTy COLLARS
PER ANNUM.
lyttelton waddf.il, JR
..
T
ictotctr to all tijc Sntmste of Jtorfl) Carolina, .gftttotttott, ricultu, Cttcratmc, $eiis, ti)c iftmfots, fcc.
VOL
39.
UA LEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, AUG. 27, 1853.
MOLE NO. 91.
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--IEUTRAL
SELECT POETRY
MORAL COSMETICS.
BY HOI'.ACE SMITH.
Ye w;ho wnu'd save your featu es florid,
.Little limbs, bright eyes, uuwrinkled forehead,
From Age's devastMion horrid,
Adop't this plan,
'Twill make, in clumire cold or torrid,
A hale old man : .
Avoid, in youth, luxurious diet;
- Bfotrtfiu the passion's i iw les riot j
Devoted to domes ic quiet,
I'e w isely gay ;
So shall ye, s-pite of Age's fiat,
' v H Resist dec.iy.
Seek not, in. Mammon's worship, pleasure;
15ut find your riei es.!, tie iresi treasure,
In boos. f'rii ds, music, polished leisure :
The mind, not sense,
Miike.tiie.sole scale by which to measure
J. Your opulence.
' .
This is the so'aee, this the science.
'Life's purest, svveetest, best applmnce,
That di ppoiuts i:o ma t's reliance,
Wnat e'er hi- s ate ; . .
But elia len .es with calm defiance,
Tune,: foriune, fi:e. . t '
MISCELLANEOUS
TAKING CARE OF NUMBER ONE.
" Evi-r'v one "for iiims li.'1 1 bis was one of Law -".reiice
Tilghman's .favorite mod of expression.
"And it will do h ui no ii i tiee to sav, that he usii-
all v -.acted up to the sentiment in Ins business trans
actions and social intercourse.; though, guardedly,
whenever a, too manifest exhibition of selfishness
was iik-!vto aff.-cC him in the estimation of-certain
parti, s with 'whom lie wished to tand particularly'
lair. In ail his dealings, tins maxim was alone r
g:.nd' d ; and he was never rsatistied, unless, in bar
gaining, lie secured the greater advantage, a thing
that pretty generally occurred.
Tneie it-sided, in thoaine town witl'i Tilghman
:; a western town a certain young lady, whose
father owned a huge ' amount of property. She
was his only child, and, would fa' I heir, at -his death,
to all his. .wealth?. Of c urse, this young lady had
attractions that were felt to be of a most weighty
character bv certain young men in the town, who
male themselves as agreeable to her as possible.
: Among these Was Lawrence Tilghman.
" L irry," said a friend to him one day rthey
had been talking about the young lady "it's no
fv.t juu mjiUj viie "agveuable, to Helen Wat-
el." ; '- r '
" And why not, pray?" returned Tilghman.
" The-v say jshe's engaged." .
44 lo whom"
''To a young man in 'Columbus
" I can't inentiou my authority ; but it's good." j
v Id says so
"Eiigageil, h;i! Well, T1 break that engage j
merit, if there's any virtue in. trying."
Yo-.l will.?" "
" Certainly. II h-n w il1 be worth a plume when
the old man, her father, -dies'; and I've made up my
riiiixl to handle some o. his thousands."
" But certainly,, Larry you would not attempt to
interfere w ith a niarriage contract ?"
."I don't believe. any contract exists," replied the
young man. "Anyhow, while a lady is single I
regard -'her as In, the 'market, and to be won by the
boldest."
...-"Still, we should have some respect for the
rights of others." t
" Every one for himself; in this world," replied
Tilghman." " That is my motto, i If you .don't
take -care of. yourself, you'il be shoved to ihe. wall,
in double quick time. Long ago, I resolved to put
s.ome forty or fifty thousand dollars between my
self and the -world by marriage, ami you may-be,
, sure that4 will not let this opportunity slip for any
.consideration. Helen must be- mine'
Additional evidence of the fact that the young
lady was under engagement of marriage soon came
to the ears of Tilghman. Tlic "effect was to pro
duce a clos-r attention on his part to Helen, who,
: -greatly 'to his uneasiness, did not seem to give him
Hill h encouragement, although she always treat ed
him with politeness and -attention .whenever h-
called to see her. But it was'not true, as Tilghman
-had Ireard, that Helen was engaged to a young -an
in na,hQ . ,,l. waJ" ;,, ,l.at b . in
. ........
correspondence with a gentleman there named
.Walker, atnl that their' acquaintance was intimate,
and last approaching a lover-like character.
St,ll she was not indifferent to-the former, and,
ai he showed so-strong a preference foi her, began,
gradually, to feel an awakeuing' interest. Tilgh
ihaji was quick, to perceive this, and it greatly
.elated him." In the exultation of his; failings, he
said to hijnself . '
I " I'll show" this Columbus man that I'm worth' a
d.'zen of him. The boldest wins the fair. 1 wouldn't
give much fordiis engagement."
, lilghnian was a .merchant, and visited the east
. twice every year for the purpose of buying goods.
In August, he crossed the mountains as usual.
Some ni'-n, when they have home and go a i ong
strangers, leave all the little good breeding they
may 'happen to have had Whim I them. Such a
man was Tilghman. The moment he stepped into
a steaniltoat, stage, or raihoadear, the every-one-foi-hiniself
principle by which he .was , governed,
manifested itself -in all its naked deformity, 'and it
was at once comlnded by ad with whom he came
in contact, that, let him be who he would, he was
no gentleman: ..
On going tip! the river, on the occasion referred
to, 6ut gentleman went on the free and-easy prin
ciple, as was usual with him when in public con
veyances : consul ti rig his own inclinations and tastes
al"ne, and running his elbows into any and every-
fody's rib -that happened to come: in his way.
He was generally first at the table when the bell
r"ig ; and, as he had a 1 good appetite, managed.
hil., there, to secure a full share of the delicacies
Provided f'r th eomnanv. - ' .
" Every one for himself," was the thought in his
mind on -these occasions ; and his actions fully
ajrreed with his thoughts.
On crossing the mountains in stages (this was
.Wore -the railroad from. Baltimore to Wheeling
was completed) as far as Cumberland, his greedy,
elfish, and sometimes downright boorish propen.
j'tiw annbyed his - fellow-passengers, . and particu
larly a young man of quiet, refined, and gentle
manly deportment; who could not, at times, help
showing the disgust ; he felt. Because he paid his
half dollar for meals. At the taverns on the way,
-Tilghman seemed to feel himself licensed to gor
mandize at a beastly rate. The moment he sat
down to the table, he would seize eagerly upon the
most desirable dish near him, and appropriate at
least a half, if not two thirds, of what it contain
ed, regardless utterly of his fellow -passengers.
Then-be would call ;for ' the next most desirable
dish, if he could not reach it, and help himself af
ter a like liberal fashion. 'In eating, he seemed
more like a hungry dog, in his eagerness, than a"
man possessing a gram of decency. When the
tiui'e, came to part company with him, his fellow
travellers rejoiced at being rid of one, whose utter
selfishness tided them with disgust.
In -Philadelphia and New York, where Tilghmair
fe't that lie was altogether unknown, he indulged
his uncivilized 'propensities to their full extent. At
one of the hotels, just oefore leaving New York to
return to Baltimore, and .there take the cars tor the
West a raln, he met the youifg man referred to as
a travelling companion, and remarktd the fact that
lie r cognized and frequently observed him. Under
thi observation, as it seemed to have something
sinister in it. Tilghman fel . at limes, a little unea
sy, and at the hotel table, rather curbed his gree
diness, when this individual was present.
Finallv, he left New York in the twelve o'clock
boat, intending to pass on to lialttiuore in the night
train from Philadelphia, and experienced a sense
of relief in getting rid of the presence of one who
appeared to know -him 'and to have taken a preju-'
ileeairainst him. As the boat swept "down the
i av, T.lghman amused himself first with a cigar
on the' forward deck and then with a pivm-Miade
j:ou the upper deck. " lie had already secured his
Kdinut-r ticket. When the fumes ot roast turkey
earno to his eager sense, he felt "sharpset'' enough'
tohae devoured a whole gobler ! Tins indication
of the approaching Imeal caused him to dive: down
below, where' the servants were busy in preparing
the table." Here he, walked backwards and f-r-wnrds
for about half: an hour in-company w ith a
dozen others, who, like himself, -meant to take care
of number one. Then, as the dishes -of meaher j
g'an tp come in, he thought it tune to secure a
good place. Jso, after taking careful- oberyyiiot3,
he assumed a position, with folded arms, opposite
a desirable dish, and; awaited the concretion of ar
rangemeiits. At leiiglh ail was ready, and a w alter
struck the bll. , Insiantlv, Tilghman drew forth a
chair, and had1 the glory of being first at the table,
lie had lifted his phite. and just cried, a he turneil
partly around "Here, waiter! Bring me some
of that roast turkey.; A side bone and a piece of
the breast" when ; hand was laid on his shoul
der, and the clerk of the boat said, in a voice of
authority j
" Further down sir. Further down '. We want
these seats for ladies." '
Tilghman hesitated.
"Quick: quick!'' purged the clerk.
Tin re was a rustling behind him of ladies' Cross
es, and our gentleman felt that he must move. In
l'Kagerness o secure another place, he stumbled
over a cnair ana came near iauing prosu ue.
length he brought up at the lower end ot the table.
" Waiter !" he cried, as soon as li found :a new
position "waiter, I want some of' that roast tur
key !" 1
The waiter did nqi hear, or was too busy with
some one else, to obey. y ,.
"Waiter, I say J Here! This way!" j
So loudly and earnestly was this uttered, that
the observation of e;ery one at that end of the ta
ble was attracted towards tlie yotmg man. Put he
thought, of nothing but securing- his provender.-
At, length he received his turkey, when.be ordered
certain, vegetables, and then began eating greeilily,
while his eyes were levery moment; glancing along
the table to see what else there was to tempt
his palate. h - . .'. : -
" Waiter !" he called, ere the first mouthful was
fair! v swallowed. 1 i
The waiter came, i - ', 'j 1
" Have you any oyster sauce?" j ; .
"No, sir." r j. -i '
" Great cooks ! Turkey without oyster sauce !
Bring me a slice of ham !" I i
" Pottle of ale, waiter," soon after issued from
his hps.
, The ale was brought, the cork drawn, and tle bot
tle set beside Tilghman, who, in his haste, poured
his tumbler two-thirds full ere the contact of air
had produced effervescence. The consequence was
. . . . . ii.i i i
tiiat tlie "ll,or n,m'e" suddenly over me glass, aim
spread its creamy foam, lor the space of tyur or
pread its creamy 10am lor t He space ot lour or
five inches around. 'Several persons sitting near
bv had taken more interest in our young gentleman,
who was looking after number one. than ijn the
dinner before them ; and, when this little incident
occurred, cou'd not suppress a titter. I
Hearing this, Tilghman became! suddenly con
scious. of the ludi rous figure he made, and glanc
ed quickly from face to face. The first countenance
his eyes rested upon - was that of the )oung;man
who had been bis stage companion near him was
a lady who had thrown back' her veil, ami whom
he instantly recngnUed as Helen Walcot! She it
was who stood behind him when the c erk ejecie I
him from his chair, and she had been both an ear
and eye-witness of his sayings and doing. since he
dropped his present-place at the table. So much
had his conduct affected her with a sense of the ri
diculous, that she coiihl not suppress the smile th t
curled her lips; a smile that was fell by Tilghman'
as the death-ljow to:allJ)is hopes of winning her
for his bride. With: the subsidence of the hopes
went his appetite ; and with that he went also
that is, from the table, without so niuch as waiting'
for the dess rt. On' the forward deck he esconced
himself until the boat reached South Amboy, and
then he took good Care not to push ' his way into
the ladies' car, a species of self-denial to which he
was not accustomed.
Six months afterWards--h d;d not venture to
call again on Miss Walcot Tilghman read the an
nouncement of the young lady's marriage to a Mr.
Walker, and not long afterwards met her in com
pany with her husband. He proved to be the
traveling companion who had been so tiisgusteu
, 'wth his boorish conduct when on his last trip to
the east. (
Our young gentleman has behaved himself rather
better since when from home; and w:e trust that
I some other young gentlemen who are too ucli in
! lliii liol.it C n.l e 1 " m-ln.n
mu,i, iHKing care oi iiumoer one
they are among strangers, will be warned by his
mortiticatio'i, and cease to expose themstlves to the
ridicule of well-bred people.
f ''
'Do nothing agairJt jour'dbnsenck.
THE ICE TRADE.
The trade in this commodity, originally of small
importance, has lately been growing with a rapidi
ty peculiarly American. Wealih has increased in
all parts ot our country in an . astonishing ratio,
bringing -with it, as necessary consequence, a more
general desire for the luxuries of life ; and wherever
there is a demand for .any article there is no lack
of tradeis to supply it. If we look at our own city,
for examp'e, we cannot but remark the fact that
the banks of the Schulykill. where formerly there
were but two or three ice houses, are now lined
with them thickly from Fairmountto the Columbia
Railroad bridge, arid there are also 'many pothers
within the corporate limits. ' The river SehuyrkiJI,
which is frozen up every winter, is the quarry
whence the dealers obtain their supplies; and the
process of t utting and housing the article rc-Yiders
the stream in that season a curious and busy scene.
At the edge of the river elevated platforms, with
blocks and tackle, are erected, with tracks conduci
ng to iheir respective houses, and the various oj
eratiotis ot cutting the ue with u-e-pl nglis, tioating j
and dragging it to the platform, hoisting it up and i
sliding ft thence into the vaults, attract crowds, of
curious spectators, all gratified with the siglitex-f
cept the skaters, whose amusement is spoiled j
thereby. - '
At New York and other1rge Northern cities j
the trade has grown into simiar importance- but
it is in the vuinity of Boston where it floi.rishes I
'most, for the New Englanders, having alvays a;
superabundance of i.e, have long been in the habit j
f exiiortiiio- it to nai ls where it is scarce. J hev
have li.us reaped large profits by sending it to the
tropical regions oi America. So great, however,
has been the growth of our own cities in population
that in 'mild winters ihe dealers are not able to ob
tain supplies adequate to the demand, and the
stores in the Eastern ice houses are drawn upon to
remedy the deficiency.
Perhaps the longest j mrney travelled regularly
y cargoes of Yankee ice is mat from Boston around
j Cape Horn to San Francisco.1 It is a fact. Vouched
I ;.r bv a correspond! nt of the New York Journal
ot Commerce, that the enterprising downeasters
are able to send ice to .an Francisco, via Cape
Uorti, ami se.l it tliere on tetter terms man aie j
IT i . I I . .1
one reii by the dealers in iuis-aau ice.
This latter commodity is described as of a supe
rior quality, about twenty inches thick, Clear, and
beautifully transparent. It is obtained from Sitka,
a place situated on an island of the same name, on
ihenoithwest coast of America, belonging to the
Russians, and adjace .t to the southern part of their
possessions. . f . "
The Russian ice is sod bv the Russian Consul
to a company called the " Americau Russian Ice
Company," and the vessels and men carrying.it to
San lwaneiseo are not allowed to trade witli tne
people of Sitka for any other commodity.' T lucre
are about 400 inhabitants in the place, and eonsid
erab'e.trade is carried on in furs. It is evident that
as the tioou'alion t)f California increases, this ice
1 trade with Sitka must increase proportionately";
I Already two large cargoes of it have been sent to
i Saii.Franci.-co, .ami the enterprising trailers of that
flourishing city will soon begin to make it available
as a means of traffic with the Spanish American
towns on the west coast. In the frigid regions
i iVom whicli'these stores of ice are derived there are
i such inexhaustible quantities always to be bad that
! if anv encouragement to the. -trade were held' out
j by the Russians themselves, the American capital
ists of California would soon furnish it to all the
i troiiical regions on the Pacific,
j. It is somewhat curious that the Russians have
i' gone ahead of the wealthy and energetic Britons.
1 Sitka is in the same latitude as the northern coast
' of Labrador ; y t w hat Canadian, or British trader
i has ever thought of rendering available as an arti
j cle ttl commerce ihe ice which lies in immense
j quantities in that northern -region ? Ice is a dear
i commodity in Philadelphia during the present sea-
son, on account of the light crop of last winter, and
j the . Yankee ice dealers at the East have so many
( customers' for. their ice that they' can raise the price
to suit themselves. It is evident that we cannot
dways depend upon this source to supply our'de
riciencies; and, in view of the great increase of our
population as well as th; tof New York, it oeliooves
us to loqk about for a source in case of necessity.
IfLabra or could be rendered availably for the
i purpose by the establishment of a settlement there
either by British Canadians or Americans, u would
j be .of great use in supplying our own Southern
markets with ice ot a superior quality and in any
required quantity. JYorth American.
On Listening to Evil: Rkport. The longer I
live, the more 1 feel the importance of adhering to
the ruli s w hich I have laid down for myself in re
lation to the following subjects:
1. To hear as little as possible what is to the
prejudice of others.
'2. To believe nothing of the kind till I am abso
lutely forced to it.
3. .Never to drink into the spirit of one who cir
culates an iil report.
4. Alwavs to moderate, as far as T ran. the. un-
! kindness which is expressed toward others.
o. Always to believe that, it the" other side were
! heard, a very different account would be given of
; the matter. ;
j I consider love as wealth; and as T would resist
j a man who should come to rob my house, s would
I a rtian who would weaken my regard for any hu
; man-being. I consider, too, that persons are cast
! into different, moulds : and that to ask mvself.
What sbou d I do in that person's situation ? I
noi a jusi m-xie ot judging. 1 must not exject a
man that is natma ly cold and reserved to act as
one mai ls naturally warm and affectionate: and I
. i . 1 1 - . ... .
think it a great evil that people do not make more
allowances for each other, in this particular. I
uioik icoiu peopie are loo nitie attentive to
these considerations. Simeon.
The following conversation took place some time
since, in one of our county towns, between a gen
tlerran and his major domo :
44 Who is that driving the wagon down the street,
do you know Henrv ?"
"Why! La me! master, it's Mr. .What tou
CALLUm's son. You know him mighty well!-
Sympathy. A very tender hearted clergyman
was walking arm in arm with a friend, one of whose
legs was shorter than the other. Such was the
sympathy of the clerical gentleman, and his natu
ral politeness, that he hobbled quite as awkwardly
as his companion perhaps a little more .
: J GEORGE WILSON. .
A few years since as Mr. Gallaudet was walking
in the streets of Hartford, there came running to
him a poor boy, of very ordinary appearauce, but
whose fine intelligent eye fixed the attention ofg,
the gentlenian as the boy inquired, " Sir'pm you
tell mejof 4tnan who would like a Wov
for hini, an Jearn him to read ?" "Whose l)are
you, and wljeVe do you live ?" " I have no parents,"
was the lejiy, " and have just run away from the
workhouse Jbecause they would not teach me to
read." i Th gentl eman made arrajigements with
the autlioriljftof the town and took the boy into
his own faWiTy"r'There lie learned io read. Nor j
wajs this all. He soon acquired the confidence of j
his new associates, by faithfulness and honesty, j
He was allowed the nse of his friend's 1 brarv, and
made rapid progress in the acquisition of knowl
edge, ll became necessary, after a while, that
George should leave Mr. Gallaudet, and he became
apprenticed to a cabinet maker in the neighborhood.
there die same' integrity won for him the favor of
ls new associates. To gratify his inclination for
s:iudy, his master had a little room finished for him
jju the upper part of the shop, wln-re he devoted
j;'js ejsure .jtlu. t( ,js faVorite pursuits. Here he
iriHle i-cf attainments in. m ithematics, in the
French language and other branches. After being
; this situation a few years, as he sat at tea with
"the family one evening, he all at once remarked
tial 1,4 wanted to go to France,
" Go: to France "''said his master, surprised that
t,e apparently contented and happy youth had
thus suddenly become 'dissatished with las" situa
tion t' tor what V .
"Ask Mr. Gallaudet to tea to-morrow evening,"
continued George, " and I will explain." -
His kind friend was invited aecordingly. At
tea time the apprentice presented himself with bis
manuscripts in English and French, and explained
his singular intention to go to France.
" In the time of Napoleon," said he, " a prize
was off.-red by the French Government for the sim
plest rule of measuring plane surfaces of whatever
outline. The prize has never bel-n awarded, and
that method I have discovered."
He then demonstrated his iroblem. to the sur
'
.,nsii umi gratification of Ins friends, who iminedi
ately furnished him vith the means of defrax iug
his expenses, and with letters of introduction to
Hon. Lewis Cass, then our minister to the Court
of France. He was introduced to Louis Phillippe,
and in the presence of the king, and. nobles, and
plenipotentiaries, thisf American youth demonstrat
ed his problem, and received the plaudits of the
court. He received the prize, which he had clear
ly won, lesides valuable presents from the king.
He then took letters of introduction, and pro-
tended to , thft Court, of St. .Imnes" and took no a
similar pri, offered by the Royal Society, and r-e-M.urned
to ike United States. Here he was prepar-
ing to"secure the benefit of his discovery by patent,
when he received a letter from the Emperor Nich
olas himself", one of whose ministers had witnessed
his demonstrations at London, inviting him to make
his residence at the Russian Court, and furnishing
him with ample means for his outfit.
He complied with the invitation, repaired to St.
Petersburg, an is now Professor of Mathematics
in the Royal College, under tlie special protection
of. the Autocrat of all the Rnssias!
Recreation Neckssaryto IIealth. It is very
generally recognized and admitted, that depriva
tion of air and exercise is a great evil ; but it is not
so well known that abstinence from occasional
recreation or amusement is also an evil of no slight
magnitude. It is, however, a primary law of the
economy that no organ can maintain its integrity
without regular recurrent periods of activity and
of rest. In the case ot the muscular system, if any
muscle or set of muscles cease to be used, it wastes
and disappears ; but if it be used too much, it be
comes strained, and loses its power. It. is the
same with the nervous system : if the brain ba
nevejr exercised, its energy is impaired ; but if it' be
over ejuVcised its energy is exhaiis'ted. If", when
a person takes a verv long walk, he return home
fatigued, and finds that his muscles are temporari
ly thrown into a wrong or disordered condition ;
and it he continues this process of fatiguing him
self every day, alter a certain time lie becomes'
thoroughly knocked up, ill. and incapable of un
dergoing even a common amount of exertion. So
it is with the brain, ft an. iiufividnal keep his
attention upon the stretch for an undue number of
hours, he experiences, at the Expiration of his task,
brain fatigue, loss of inent a! power, and a sensible
necessity' of rest ; and if this individual persevere,
day after oay, month after month, year after year,
m subjecting his brain, without intermission or re
pose, to extreme fatigue, he will end by se ting up
a peculiar state, which is, unhappily, excessively
common in these times, and is known by the name
of congestion of the brain. The activity of every
organ causes a flow of blood towards itself. If "a
persom raise his arm by the action of the deltoid
muscle, that action or contraction of the muscle
produces a determination ot biood to its interior;
! and if a iertu ihinl- tl,, o nf tli.mrht i.at.a
j fl w of Wood to the brain ; but if a person think
I intently, this flow of blood is often very perceptible.
tor the head becomes hot, ami a sensation of 'throb
bing about the temples, or in the head itself, is ex
perienced. Now . when a man undergoes too
i much brain work, a constant and considerab e
! flow of blood to the head occurs, which mav be-.
j come chronic or permanent, and prtduee thai c -n
Uiitioti which is end
the head a condition which not unfi t queiitly ends
in apoplexy or paralysis. Congestion of ih brain
is neoiuie most prevailing tliseases that torture
. - j
I humanity, it )S especially rif in F.n(rind and
j America, where the spirit ol comme.ee "ruling the
; length and breadth of the land, piles up with one
nanu uiuuense fortunes for ibe few. while with the
other sne scatters among the Multitude consuming
diseases. Journal Heal h. .
Chateaubriand remarks, that one can never be
the judge of another's grief. That which ia a sor
row to one, to another is joy. Let us not dispute
with any one concerning the reality of their suffer
ings : it is with sorrows a with countries each
man has hi own.
Ba more prudent for yonr children than, perhaps
you have been for ydurstlf. When they, too, are
parents, they will imitate you, and each of you will
mit, together with jour memory, the worship of
your wisdom.
POPULATION OF THE GRAVE
Under this head the 'Merchant's Ledger has
some very curious and interesting calculations.
It estimates the average of births per second,
for -the last eighteen hundred- and fifty-thre
years, at aUut 815.- This would make the whole
number of human beings who hare liVed since the
birth f Christ, about thirtv-two thousand millions.
Deducting from this number the nine hundred
and sixty mrfliwns, who form the present population
f the gSbTand it leaves the number thirty-one
thousand; and forty :uillions that have gone to the
Of this number the estimate is that,nine thoj3iid
mllioirjjiave died bv wars. '
Figlftfthousand miliiousby fomineand pestuetice.
Five hundred milliohspy martyrdom. ,
Five hundred andeigty millions by intoxicat
ing drinks.
Tnirteeii thousand millions natural or otherwise.
Bv this estimate it wili be seen that war and
strong dmk have sent one-third of the human race
to a- premature grav.
Fiusr Lovn. Can any man lay his hand upon
his waistcoat and conscientiously say, " Until 1
saw the present Mis. Jones, I never was in love in
my life'" Can any man say so ? He is a poor
creature if he can ; and I make no doubt he has
had at least friy-fi e fift loves since he began to be
capable of admiring at dl. As for the lad.es, them,
of course, I put out of the question ; they are fresh,
no doubt; ihey never fail in love until mamma
tells them that Mr. So-and-so is an amiable young
man, and in every wav eligible ; they never flirt
1 with Captain Smith at a bait : and sigh as they lie
i at home in bed, and think what a charming, dash
ing fellow he is'; they never hear the young curate
n-ad his sermon so s,weeilv, and think In w pale anil
'. interesting he looks' an how loiiely he must feel
; in his curate Incise, ami what a noble work it would
; be to share the solitude, and soothe the pains, and
. listen to the delightful doctrine of so excellent a
man ; thev never think f attaching themselves to
anv mortal except their brother, until he brings
home a young friend, from college, and says, " Mary,
Tom Atkinson admires, you hugely, and is heir to
1 two thousand a year!" They never begin the at
' tack, as I hae hearfl ;'bul their young hearts wait
i like so many fortresses, to be attacked and carried
I after a proper period of seize by blockade, or by
' bribery, or by capitulation, or by fiery escalade.
Whilst ladies persist in maintaining the strictly de
fensive condition, then must naturally, as it wee,
take the opposite line, that of attack ; otherwise, if
both parties held aloof, there would be no more
marriages; and the hosts 'would tlie in tl eir res
pi ctive inaction, without ever coining t a battle.
I'hns. u is evident that as the ladies will not, the
men, must take the offensive. I, for my part, have
made in the course of mv life, , at least a score of
'chivalrous attacks upon" several stiongly fortified
hearts. Sometimes 1 began' my works too late in
the season, and winter su hleiily came and rendered '
further labors impossible ; sometimes I have attack
ed the breach madly, sword in band, and have been:
piuiiged violently from the scaling-ladder into the
ditch ; sometimes I have nnnle a decent lodgement
iu the place, when bang! blows up a mine, and
I am scattered to the deuce ! and sometimes, w hen
I have been in the very heart of the .citadel ah,
that 1 'should say it ! a sudden panic has struck
me, and I have run like the British out of Cartha
gena ! Thackeray.
" It's all right. Captain." As the fleet steam
er R. w as coming up the Mississppi. not long since,
several way passengers came on board at Vicks-
. burg, and among others a giant looking, middle
aged Kentuckian, who very soon became the
subject of curiosity, wonder and general remark.
After travelling a short distance, the party, except
our "hero" made their way to the " Captain's office,"
and paid their fare to the place of destination.
The next dy, the clerk made bold to call n the
delinquent passenger, 'who had taken no berth, but
had passed the greater part of his time in his chal
and wi ll his usual-urbanit y of manner,-asked, - the
Kentuckian to give him his place of destination,
as it would help him in making up his book, intend ing,
his question also as a gentle hint for him to
pay his fare. ' '
i The giant rose .from his lethargy and replied :
i " I'm going up tlie" river a piece it's all right,
' Mr. Clerk."
, The clerk not being ninch the wiser from this
answer, again politely asked
" At what point do you intend to land sir ?'
; l' Don't land at no 'point, Mr. Clerk. It's all
! right though."
j Here the clerk left our hero and went to consult
: the Captain, wlio at" once lost his wonted good
j humor, as the ch-ik related thi result of his inter
j view,, with the delinquent customer. The captain
; proceeded forthwith to bring the matter to a focus,
, and accosted the Kentuckian, saying :
j 44 How far are you going to bear us company
i up the river, uncle V
44 Oh ! I am going a piece up with ye but it's
! all rviht, - Captain !"
44 lint, sir," said the captain, "you have neither
j paid your fare nor given the clerk your place of
destination, and you are old enough to know the
custom of steamboat. men, that when a man retuses
to pay his fare, or to give a good reason for not
! paying, we put him ashore immediately,
i W-e-11. capiain, 'spose ts your custom, but
J it's all right." r'" . ;
Here the captain lost his patience, and resolved
to put him ashore forthwith, and accordingly order
ed the pilot to land, ami told him to make ready
to go ashore, to which he very "graciously replied :
44 It's all riaht. Captain."
The boat Ian led. and the plank pu out, the
. .1 I .1 L ...... ,lllT QJiIlfAil
iriant was told to wa.K. to wuicu ue '
sa ing
i 44 It's all right."
After gettin ' on terra firms, the captain gave
! him- a short blessing for giving him the trouble to
land threatening him a tip top dressing if he ever
saw him again, Ac. ' To which the old man resid
ed again, with an air of triumph, pointing to a fine
looking cottage just above him on the bank :
j 44 It?sall all right, Captain ; that's my bouse. It'
! all right .n
Pride. Pride is disgusting, if it manifest itself
in contempt of others, even of the lowliest. A care
less, frivol, .us fellow, may deal in ridicule and con
tempt Without respecting uiiuwi, uu win uu
respect others ! But am in who is conscious of Ids
own wotth, has no right to uudervaite b fellow
men: Goethie.
he;seasons.
Hay and corn." ahd buds and flowers,
Snow and ice, and fruit and wi
Sprit g and summer, fall and w in'er,
V i h their suns, .-md sleei, and showers,
ISring, in turn, thfe yifis divine
Spring blows, summer glows,
Autumn reaps, wi uer keeps.
Sprinir prepares, summer pr hies,
Autumn hoards, winter hides.
, Come, then, frieqds, their praises sound :
oumuurr, "ULUIIjn, Winiftr.
u"""r', aunimn, winter, snru e.
X4u.ru in linn v ith" gladness ing :
Time drops Me-sings as he flies.
Time mukes ripe and Time makes w ise.
A Loafer's Solroqy.-M wish I knew where
to get a cent, I do. Jlest, if I don't emigrate to
Kamschatka, to dig gold. Money's scarcer than
wit ; can't live by neither at least, I c.m't.
"I'm an injured individual. Society persecutes
me. I don't do society no harm as 1 knows on. I
don't rob widder's houses. I "don't know widders.
I don't put the b ttle to my neighbor's lips. . I
ain't got no neighbors ; and the fact is, I don't own
any bottles. Couldn't till em if I didr
" I'm an innocent man. Nob; tly can look me
in the face, and say I ever hurt' 'em nobody ;
and yet I haven't a roof to-lay my head into.' My
old landlady jated n,.- ? I couldn't pay, and!
left. Cause why? ain't l better, to tiwell in a
corner of the houe-top, than w ith a brawling wo
man in a wid house? But I ain't got a house
top ; and if I had, a coi ner' wouldn't be safe, ould
it !
"I'm a desp'rit man. Pd go to work if it
wasn't for my excessive benevolence Fni afeareii
ot taking the bread out of somebody's mouth.
Besides, wisdom's the principal thing ; don't the
g'-ou oook say so f w liat s money to wisdom!
Am't I stmh ing character ? If a man kicks nm
b -cause I can't pay foV niy Iicker, ain't I getting
understanding ? ain't it a lesson in human liatur ?
I'm told the world owes nie a living. When is it
going to pay, I wonder ? l'm tired waiting."
Ladies. Riding Sideways. The honor of the
'uifoductioji of ri.iing sideways by the women in - -
linjaiid. is attributed to Anna of Bt. emia, con- ( -sort
of Ricliard H. She it was (at cording to"-"
Stow), that origina ly showed the women of this $
country how gracefully and conveniently they " J
might. ride on horseback sitlew:iys. Another wid ."
historian, enumerating ihe new fashion of Richard :
the Second's reign, t)bserves: 44 Likewise m-ble la- .
dies then usetl high heads, ami corsets, and robes
with I ng trains pd seats on ndtwttlte!, u their
Imrses, by the example of th re$ectable JtetnV
Anna, daughter of the KintJr'rtrjV wlu'fiist - ,
introduced the custom into tlie kijt"ufor liefore "
women of every rank rode as meti." In tlie beau- - -tiful
illustrative, picture of Chaucer's Canterbury
Pdgrims, btethard appears to have comni ttd an ;
anai hronism in placing the most ctuispicuous femalo
character of his fine compositions sidewavs on "her
steed. That the lady should have been depicted I
riding in the male fashion might, it strikes us,
have been inferred, without any historical research
on the subject, .from the pot-t's describing her as'
ha-ving on her feet 'a pair of spurres sharpe." . .
Discovery of Covkrdale's Bible. A copy of
the first complete edition of the English Bible, prin
ted by Miles Coverdale, bearing date 1435. was
accidentally discovered a short lime since, in ihe
false bottom of an old oak chest, -at Ho kham Hail, .
Norfolk, the seat of the Earl of Leicester. There
are numerous imperfect copies .if this edition of the
Holy Scriptures in existence, two being deposited
in the Library of the British Museum, one in the
Bodleian Library at Oxford, one in the Cambridge
University -Librjary; and in fact most of the greal li
braries and public institutions iu England, as well as
Jnany private individuals, possess a voume. ' The
copy now brought to light is the most valuable spe
.cimen of Miles toverdaie's labors hitherto known,
beingin every respect, jierfect; whereas, all ihe other
volumes enumerated are deficient of many leaves,
both. at the beginning and at the end. The pro
prietor, atllolkSiam, has had 'he book appropriately
Itound, and enclosed in an oaken box, ami it now
graces the shelves of ifsmiagnifioent library. A Lon
don bookseller is said to have offered $500 fortius
biographical tieasure.
Honesty. The man that woud steal a pin,
would perforin the same operation upon a p:ck-axe,
were it as easy of conceaii.iient. " The man that
steals not from fear of the prison, far outstrips -the
highwayman, for the latter has a good quality
which ihe former lacks courage. ,
Honesty in the heart is a natural, and not a cul
tivated plant. jThere are no gradations in rogueiy ;
all who overstep the chaimed line of honesty bear
the same stamp. Honesty is the half way house
to piety, and 'Us there the fatigued way-farer, on
his journey of competition, takes rest ami refresh
ment. Honesty may lie ragged for a season, but
the sound heart that leaLs 'neath the tatters feels
a contempt for wa ll dressed villainy as he passes,
and a confidence in his own path.. The man that
makes not sacrifice in ihe cause of honesty, is but a
bubble on the 'my water of roguery, that sooner
or later bursts and forms a part of the fifth.
Beauty. Beauty is inexplicable: it appears jto
us a dream, when we contemplate the-works jof
great art:sts ; it is a hov ring, floating, ami glitter
ing shadow, who-e 'outline eludes the grasp of defi
nition. MendeDssohn, the philosopht r, grandfather
of the composer, and others, tried t catch beauty
as a biitttM-fly, and pin it down for inspection. They
have Biieceedediin the same way as they are likely
tosucceed with a butterfly. The joor animal trem
bles and struggles, anil its brightest colors are gone ;
or, if you catch it without ipoi!ing the colore, you
have at best but a stiff and awkward corps. But
a corpse is not! am entire animal, it wants what is
essential in all things, namely, lifo spirit, which
sheds beauty on everything. Goethe.
Grocer. Mr. Editor, I'll thank you to say I
keep the best groceries in the city. Editor I'l)'
thank you to supply my family with groceries gra
tis Grocer J thought you were glad to get some
thing to fiil op your paper. ' Editor--I thought
you were glatpto fill store-r xvms for nothing. Ifi
a poor rule th$t ron't work both ways. "Exit gro
cer in rage tlireatening to kill the paper "
    

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