hALVlN H. WILEY,'
I.I,, JR., J
A FAMILY i E 1 v
-NEUTRAL IF POLITICS.
rtwttfr to all- t. Sntmts of Jlorti) Carolina, trumtibtt, rjricultwc, iterator, itefos, fyc iftarftete, &c.
VOL II -NO. 41.
RA LEIGH, NORTH CAROLTNAy S ATLUiDA V, SEPT. 10, 1853.
WHOLE NO. 93.
THE COMMON LOT.
BY JAMES MONTGOMERY.
. Qnce in the flight of age,s past,
'.There lived a man; arid Who wak He?
Mfiriall howe'er thy lot be cast, .;,-- v
.; That Man resembled Thee.
Unknown the region of his birth,
- The land in which he died unknown :
His name has perished from the earth;,
This truth survives alone :
That joy r.rid gi lief, and hope and fear,
Alternate triumphed in his breast;
IDs b':t-s and woe, a ferrule, a tear! :r
-Oblivion hides the rest,
The bounding pulse, the languid limb,"
The .changing ppiiii;'s rise and fall ;
V.'e Know th:it the- were fell by him,
'F r these are fet by all.
. If s'ufTereil, W hi p-ngs are o'. r;
l'.nnryed' but ids delights are fled;-
Tl A friend-. -his friends .-ire now no mo
-And foes, his foes are dead,
lie loved, tint whom he loved the gr-ive
I!atl lot in its uneons.cioijs womb:
, 0 she vas fair ! bnt' nuiiht could sa e
Iler. beauty fr jui he toriib.
lie s:w wka'ever thou hast seen;
Encountered all that troubles thee ;
He was wha' ever-thou hast been :"
lfe iswhat thou shaTf be.
Tlie rclling se.isons, dny and nifrht.
Sum riionii a' d'stais, the e;r;h and main,
F.reulile liis motion
life, and light
T" lii'n exist in vain.
Ti e clouds :. nil sunbeam,, oTcr his eye. . .
Tint OMt-e tfieir shades and glory threw,
Ilive lel't in yondej; siie it sky,
No vesdge where they fiW.
The ;ininal.s of fhe human race,
Thi ir ni;n. sim e the world began,
Of .! atf rd no other tr:.ce
Th;.n this, Tur.R -, livkd. a M an-'.
- WRITTEN FOR THE SOUTHERN WEEKLY POSTi
NATIONAL AND INDIVIDUAL PROSPER!
TY DEPENDENT UPON MORAL AND IN
rfo-.i". read ; and should it proves
structtve, tiawe II: i
mi.'..vL-ri not tor notoriety ; as lor WinnM'. voM"'
fcive the tois of a copper tobe Napoleon Vuse Kiver," former
As Patriots, Philanthropists and ut to Messrs. Stron
IC'.tuens tree ana nrgniy ivjv.k .. j .
taiiilv is no theme tn'oie inspiring mne better cal
culated to claim our deepest attention and to se-
i ' . . I ' a . I . . ! . . 1
scire our warmest, sympatnies, man uif moral auo
!iiite!l!ctiial cultivation uf mind and heart, c niuct-
'as it is with the vitality and best interests of
ISoiii-tv, or associated with the success and honor
fof.oar "gifted and glorious Confederacy. To the
jAineriean people, the true rcpresentaUve.S-of.au en-iliilii-tied
and illustrious Laud, this important sub1
i i t a'M'f ds in strains at d tones of 'unatt' cted
kvriiv : an a
hould be impress.-d
upou the memo-
of everv rational and
Ibna-ts of lh' principles 'of Kreedom, or who is shel
tered trifiu tn storms- ot isrannv uii'ler ttte wise
'hv.i - protective jiolicv of the American Government.
iTrs, -to no people floes thi topic 'more -pointedly
fdrret t ttsIf th in to the happy citizens of our fair
o urjtiv; nor has there been a jteruxl since our ex-
wence a a Republic that uemnniu-u greater exer
t'"rii f irtlio -roper deveiupitu tit of mind and mor
al culture .of the public heart than the presen'.
must appear appaient to
that, td preserve the very liberties 'we so highly
cherish .that, to ,-hold inviolate the, American
character, 'deeds and name-7-that, to sustain these
sacred, -social and political institutions, which our
fuliers' valor and wisdom- won and planned, and,
that, to transmit them unsullied to succeeding ages,.
we'must educate the mind and cultivate: the heart.
To '.uphold your country,, you most" strengthen
the minds of the cherished citizens of your
country : an 1 lo promote irtuo, we are to dissem
.11.- t 1. ....
uidW iruitts aim 1111 nti mc Luiitmus ueai 1 wiwi
j. - .1 ;t ; v
tire ' tilth mi tv and beauty that exist in exc-lu-nce. i
l'o we desire a government that snail insure to us
prace, j.rosperity, power ; an i do we .'aspire to jus
tice, honor, national eminence and renown ? Do
we 'seek for wise laws, sound policies atid general
blessings-: and are we anxious ,to carry on trium-
. j . ' . , , , , .
I'liautly the great principles in the sciei;ce of 'pop- I
i,:.,,. i ...:.l 1. ...... ... ,.i;,.4 m ovKil.li
"',1V ei Ullieill, nilU UUIC l volllloo- 1 iaihuii.
f ,? ,, , ' lit . . t t i n; ,
t' the w.ird the. inaLriuhcent truth that Kepnlilics
ii'our own can ever stand as monuments 01 im
mortality .? If so, then we are to rely on learning
and to depend on virtue.
; Khowledge and Morality, godlike principles
a,id exalted sentiments, the noblest attributes in
tlu character antTconstitution of man ! Education
d Virtue fevers of goodness and majestic col-
: Wins of hallowed strength, let them tower to the
biavens, and be lasting as time. Upon'-" these de
pend the welfare of society and our future great
s atid grandeur as a Government -1 Blot out
the benign influence -of intellect, and viitue, take
fr 'in u,s- these endearing qualifications, and you
t,us into impenetrable mist, you clothe us in
the hi.L-ous garments of wretcUedness and woe !
1 es t,de from the American people the adorning
.'taii.ties'-of heart and bright impulses of endless -"'iid,
and vou. then strip them of their most costly
Jels and richest treasure! Stop, if vou dare.
current of wisdom, impede, if you wilh the
breams of learning, and farew ell then to all manly
M'on and noble f ffort. Do this, and you imme
diately paralyze the active exertions of your coun
t7"Unj .Vou- palsy 'directly the industrious arms
Of Voitr oiti7ix mn.l iluiii-nv owrv V(9.cr nf nrin.
C1i'!e and pleasure.. Do this, and you spread the
se is of corruption and sorrow, you involve the
hui4.aa family in one common disgrace and ruin,
nd you .open at once the flood-gate of that tre
ttendous tide of evil which will soon hurl us into
vortex 0f ruin, and dash us into fragments inuu
Table. Subdue the mind depress the heart
?eP down the moral and intellectual faculties, and
pu overthrow' the design of Omnipotence, you
proud man with the brute ; but educate, ele
at:, '"struct him, and you accomplish more than
'e wbo sits upon a throne and commands at wiU,
e QUick ohArllnno f - mKi;n.r nrnrld. '
UCati.iTi Ji ...!.- : ... ttm nlaQGiiroc
u . -uo can eituimto io p"-"""'
'e iLi.;. .-i .-1 ... . 1 j
c Olessinora ,'f -'K. .
. o it oestows. What nas u noi uouc,
11 not dovtinuJ t. A A ctno tlmnderino-
Tfit, as some resistless wind sweeping away the
'in 5 -ng obstaclt;8 of ignorance and vice, replacing
lbw Etead the luxuriance of truth and. entwin-
ing around our country, our hearts and onr peace
ful homes, flowers of unfading beauty, .wreaths of
undying fame and honors as peretuid as time. As
the vivifying sun is to the1 dependent earth -a
refreshiug rain is to the suffering soil even o is
intellect to mind or virtue to the heat. 'Tis edu
cation that trains the mind 'tis morality that pu
rities the heart. They exalt, refine, elevate and en
noble tis; they fall upon us as dew from the heav
ens, as the voice of mercy from above ; like sun
shine from the sky or as the cooling shades of eve
ning. ' They protect us from dangers; they light
up our pathway with dazzling lustre; they, are as
J a bright cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night ;
as a ramoow of promise, or a star ot hope, or like
j some beacon far out by the raging sea to direct ;
th'e lost mariner to his haven of rest and to welcome
! him again to his dear native shore, ' '
1 That national and individual prosperity is' de
i pendent.up.'.n moral and intellectual -culture, none
j will certainl y pretend to deny. The voice of the un
; relenting pa t strengthens the assertion, and all
history attests the truth. No government, howe
ver great in arms, renowned in arts, science, litera
ture and refinement, can possibly long exist if the
morals of the people become relaxed and their j
mind be pei muted to remain umnstructed. It is
the happy development of' mind and heart which
give to nations their stability ; and upon these are
we, to build our own future grandeur,' -or without
them to bring "upon ourselves our own future
It is -to the virtue, ami intelligence of a
l"we are to look in the hour of d anger ; and
the thick gloom can dje dispelled only by the light
of wisdom and reason ; and'. if the minds and hearts
of those who shall come after us be not rightly
t-ained an I instructed, what have we to hope for
as a government, what are we to expect as a re
public i Deplorable indeed is that state of society
which has not virtue for its guide; and ml-eralde
must the condition Of tiiat Nation be whose citi
zens are uneducated- and illiterate. W ho are the
loyal subjects, the worthy citizens ' Who are they
that mostly respect the law, that mostly contribute
to accomplish good, and mostly ad I 'to a nation's
honor and a nation's pride! 1 hey are unquestion
ably tlrfe intelligent and virtuous. In these lie our
confidence, and from these we expect safety and
protection, when social, civil or foreign discords
t threaten us.
l Without these qualifications of heart and, mind
I we can rach no excel ence, morally, intellectually
i or t hvsically, nor arrive at any eieg-tiree whatever.
a8 oy: ipnce f)f tv,e infiti.-nce of intellect and
A very tew considerations, however;-.
rf,ow that they may subset v an important purpose in tea,
the gratntnatieal construction of Jnnguagc.
liav we so suddenly arisen ? What is the cause
of this progress and rise? Take a retrospect
tear the veil that covers the pat : but yesterday
and it seems that: we were as an infant in the cat
alogue of governments, as a star of diminutive
size, twinkling in the flistanc. But now we are
the most powerful and beautiful land upon which
the eye of Providence ever rested-or the rays of the
; sun ever reaehed. We have, increased in wealth
and strength", honor and fame, replete with science,
letters, refinement and learning wo are at once
I the admiration of the world and the glory of -the
i age. And why this deiigtful change ? What the
j cause of this prosperous motion and these gigan-
tic strides t sii xe-s and power The response is,
j that these innumerable Itlessings have originated'
j f. om intellect -and viitue: and' that our advan-.e-'
ment has resulted from cultivated heart and edu
i cated mind ! Yes. to these we owe our very life
and liberty 'tis to these, Education and Virtue,
our ornaments aiKi -oost gms iroiu una to man,
that As'e owe tair greatness a's a nation, our pros
perity as ;t peojile. our happiness in society or pro
gression in lire. Encourage, then, a spirit for learn
iinr, and vou complete the chain of continued f at-i
j inonv and success ; but deaden this thirst tor knowj
fedge and m uality, and ycu poison the natures of
! vou'r ..countrymen and entail :i list if evils which shall
! terminate the very existence of your country.
The patriot who loves the land of'his birth, tell us
s to educate, and we have iwithing.to fear; the orator
i 'pleads wiih eloqMence and insists iq on the general
i diffusion of learning, whilst the diviim declares that
f , ... . , - , , , -,.
upon these piuiciples i;est canstianity and nolmess
. b . 1 . .. ... ,
Increase, then, a desire tor literature and unite 111
pr.'itioting public virtue, and you prepare a buj-
waik. vhich the attacks or time can never injure,
and vou erec t a fortress which shall defy the influ
ence of ioiiorance and depr-uitv. Let this desire
nale into -a dime that shall spread through )Ht
ami burn to ashes the productions of vice.
It. - . , , ...
iP we wish tarther progress in government, if we
, 1 , p . f
101 i to present to other tnes and coming ages
tl;e-e recious rights of man, and to hold uuited,
these now, (and I trust eternally) confederated
States, then we must educate the mind and cultivate
the heart. We may boast of our liberty we may
thunder against tyranny and tyrants, and speak in
terms of commendation of our own lovely land ; but
unless we become an intellectual and. virtuous people,
c ur boasted freedom will prove as the mist and our
sacred institutions must crumble into dust ! Ours
is an age for action and not one of inactivity. We,
'tis true, have accomplished much ; but more still
remains to be done. Shall it be said of us, that
we have arrived at our acme in grandeur and re
nown, and that we are growing indifferent to our
welfare and interests ? Are. we willing to consider
ourselves safe and allow such vile assertions to pass
unheeded ! Shall we remain with folded arms and
do nothing to better the condition of mankind?
Shall we become careless, about the niorajs, man
ners, sentiments and principles of rising genera
tions? If so, then have we already arisen to our
highest point of fame and are destined to descend
deeper than we have ascended !
But are we safe?. Rome, the city of the seven
Hills and illustrious Caesars Rome, proud mistress
of .the 'world a land whose "literary brow was
wreathed with the flowers of wisdom and gems of
learning the land of Cicero, Virgil, Claudiah. Ho
race, of liberty, philosophy, poetry, heroes, patriots.
She rose to eminence, and covered herself with
glorys.he thought herself safe, but losing her
public virtue, she lost her all, and fell never to be
Greece, "'tho' living Greece no more," celebra
ted in song, and in battle renowned, once classic
and beautiful Greece a name that reanimates. the
heart of the scholar, and ever enlivens the mind of
the bard Greece, within whose picturesque vales
the lyre of Homer was heard so sweetly to sing,
and the proud soil wh re flourished elegance and
arts, refinement and sense; she, to dazzled and
died, and leaves behind her scarcely a relic of her
ancient grandeur. ;
And, too, there stands Babylon, of all citrus the
most magnificent, She considered herself safe ; hut
like the rest, her morality declined and her foundation
! fell ! Whilst her people were heated with exhila
rating wine and engaged at the dissolute feast, the
waters of the Euphrates are turned, the Persian
army with CyTus is seen :to enter, Belshazzar is
slain, and with him ends Babylon's eufpire!
- And shall we consider Amerioft, the4aiid- the
free and the home of the brave America, the
Eden of Creation, thejltsylum for the oppressed
America, the land of true liberty, the land of a
Washington, a Madison, a Jefferson, the land of
peace, pleasure, prosperity and plenty shall we
consider her safe? No; but when knowledge and
learning, virtue and. morality shall flow as freely as
do her own majestic streams and rivers, then may
we consider her somewhat secure Mid her founda
tion safe ! We must educate our people and im
press theni with principle of reason and sense.
Education is our anchor of safety ; its influence
is bevond calculation. Jt converts the savage to
the refined and , dignified gentleman ; it changes
the illiterate and uncouth to the polished philoso
pher and statesman"1, it dethrones vice and clothes
the dissolute in garments of purity it exalts our
natures it enkindles the soul it bestows honors
and distinction it gives grace to our motions
beauty to feature to complexion, freshness to
manner, . elegance to mind, , light joy to the'
heart and opens to our view new fields of pleas
ure. Education s the spring of life it revives
and invigorates all nature it dispels. the sad win
ter of.-ignoratK-e whatever it touches it adorns
it makes the dreary desert to blossom as the rose
-f it rears up cities it whitens the ocean with
s ids it disc. -vers treasures beneath the soil, and
! wonders in the Heavens it tills our treasury with
; silver and ;o!d it slreny-theus our character and
: builds up nations it triumphs in liteiiK.vsc''erice
: and at it teaches us how to . livprepares us to
' die it leads to aii that is valuable, in existence,
1 and 'makes all happy who rightly gain her
Jut who can picture the countless blessings that
cation bestows ? Not one ! But were. I an artist, I
should paint her as some pure and spotless goddess-,
seated high upon a lofty monument of whitest mar
bu; and her robes should be of purple,. and her
garments of richest hues. Iu her hands of snowy
beauty, I should place torches of wisdom; at her
feet should roll costly gifts, and around her neck of
lily fairness I would hang the golden chain of hope,
of peace, of love. Her form should be as asviph's
her voice that of a seraph's; and with outstretched
arms and in melting tones, of mercy, she, should
' ill,u w, lne U'"ing m",,ons m lu' revolving j
dearth. But to possess brto f;Kt ji" ''"I j
1 - .1 ----'It- P .1! . . I
gilts, she should be eagerly sought a damsel so
beautiful, a maiden whose loveliness exceeding a
Venus, a Juno or Minerva ought to require an age
of courtship. The longer courted the more loved,
and the good she bestowed should not be as the
o.ue on the grape, t lie green upon the leaf, pe - j
fume upon the flower, tin-el on the cloud, biush j
upon the rose, meteor in the night or fain-bow in j
the sky. No. not even passing as these ; but as gold
tried iu the lire, exalted like virtue, eternal as truth, j
tier wings ot tenderness are spread in the morn- j
niir ; and at evening she gathers together her chil-
it evening she
dren and shelters them from the approaching dark
ness. She strews her path with immortal honors.
She extends her charity to all. She is a friend to
the friendless, a father to the fatherless, and a pro
tection to the lost. She points her beneficiaries to
wtaUh and fame. She leads them into virtue, and
extends to them . strength. Upon her expanded
oosoiu e may leeune 01 aiei,auu rest uii'tisiuro-
ed, w hilst the ocean of life rages round I She is. as
some noble ship, out far on the stormy main ; and
K,. .... . . :. . .r i. i . 1! . 1 ;
though thunders roar, lightnings flash, thouirh the
raijis flo fall, the winds do blow and dangers come,
yet she will 'carry us safely and land us on the des
tined shore. Or as some potent star, hanging per
manently in the firinameut; and though trials and
.troubles assail us, yet she, like it, will be a I gut to
our eye, and gu'ub- us onward Tn this wilderness of
WOe. But Chough.
Education imparts to all, livelier seriibd sties, and
makes us more Mieeptible to the beauties of na
ture. It gives to he.ii'hy imagination the spirit ot
true fancy, and causes us to lo. k upon the mount
ain, vale, stream, with more admiring glance.
often causes us to .portray the future in vest
coiors, deprives melancholy of Us power and !
erects within us a fountain of hope, whose stainless j
waters shad wash away desolation and gloom and
ill! our minds with the purest thought. Indeed,
the truly educated are never miserable : though
misfortune's blow may come, though disappoint
ments meet us, yet he whose mind is soundly train
ed and whose heart is cultivated aright, feels as 'lit
tle concerned about the reverses of fortune as he
does in a changing moon or a distant twinklino
star. A genuine system of education awakens
courage, defies opposition, invigorates and strength
ens, and'prepares us to meet every opposing tide
and to conquer or to die. It prepares for friend
and foe. It prepares us to resist the' attacks of
calumny. 'Tis the poor man's weapon with which
he can terrify a host of adversaries, and put to
shame a thousand presumptuous opponents. It is
to him a shield in argument, debate and strife a
"comfort in his solitude a companion in his study.
It welcomes him in his toils, cheers him in his la
bor and gladdens him in his hours of leisure and
ease. In youth, 'tis one's pride ; in age, a crown
of glory. It makes the future Orator, Philosopher
and Statesman. It makes the Arts, the Sciences,
and ad that relates to honor. It made a Solomon,
a Solon, a Seneca, a?PIato, a Thales, a Bacon, a
Newton, a Webster, a Calhoun, a Clay, it made
America what she is, it will make the "world what
it should be. We witness the wholesome effects
! of heart and mind cultivated, and we are compelled
I , : 1..J t.- 1
10 aihuu'i leu-e us power, ir we turn to govern
ments, we perceive ititi the justness of the law and
their soundness ot policy ; if we turn to society, ;
we oenoiu it in the social virtues of the people and
happiness of the masses ; if we look to our homes,
we have it in the excellency of the character and
conduct of our dearest associates. We see it ex
hibited in agriculture, manufactures, commerce
and trade ; and in every and all departments of re
ligious, political, social or domestic policy.
But there is a Divine intelligence presented to
the reflective mind, as it surveys the works of Na-
j ture and the magnificent structure of the heaveas
! In these we discover a supreme knowledge and the
perfection of virtue which proclaim the height of
w isdom and the fullest extent of Divine education.
We here perceive throughout a rational design and
wise intent all arranged for the welfare of man,
and planned by an Qrnniecierjt, Omnipresent and
Mer'citil God. We view numberless worlds revolv
ing through endless space in the pale-faced iikom
in jthe ; My riads ' of stars in .the revolution of
the earth iu the atmosphere in the night ih
the t ay in the cloudsi jn the varyiug seasons
in ev :ry thing in and throughout Nature, we sejij
objects which call forth our praise, and which can1
not be rightly appreciated without intellect and
rrtemi tittoViwf Tb'eti-&6w t&sentiat-isi-it
for mac, thi noblest of jail high heaven's achieve
ments, (woman excepted,) how essential is it, we '
say, that man's mind and heart should be educat
ed and improved.
Thatiinan was designed by his matchless Maker
to fulfil a gj-and destiny, and formed for the acorn-
piishmeni of noble ends, is manifest from the supe-.
rioniy oi nis maiie anu pecunaniy ui uis siructure.
See him notice the powers of his mind ;beauty
of his frame the regularity of his feature,, and the
wisdom displayed in his peculiar organization.
Elevated to a position fir above every, living crea
ture ; possessing guaHfieations su-ceptible of the
highest cultivation ; gifted with inteihet, imbued
with reason, with brilliant talents and faculties va-
ried ; he reigns a temporary monarch here below,
and is finally to become an angel above. Thus
made, and so superior, how important then that
man should be fully educated and properly quali
fied, so as to enterjupon the weighty and responsi
ble duties whiciij!ipii him have been imposed.
Society has claim's upon him the nation has claims
upon him ; and how can he possibly discharge
these duties, unless he receive cultivation and in
struction ? LaWh are to be made ; systems to be
plauned ; order to be preserved ; the general welfare
to be promoted ; officers and rulers to be chosen ;
representatives and senators to b? elected ; then
how neeepary that we should have in our midst,
the virtuous and intelligent, in order to secure good
government, and cause our happiness to flow on
But far be it from us to confine to man aloiiP the
influence of learning and a polished education. 'Tis
true, that upon him are devolved the more oppres
sive and responsilde tasks; and that to him we
look for greater aid in the administration of power
and the construction of laws. Philosophy and
sci nee are man's natural elements, and all the soiid
requirements arc justly his; yet who will deny to
woman the blessings of knowledge, and the benefits
of education.- Who vill not, indeed, respond that
her moral, religious, and intellectual cultivation, is
of the most vital importance, and demands bur
most 'careful .consideration and attention. It has
been asserted (but falsely) that she is not capable
1 I...-.!.. 1. - - .
ot receiving, an eaucauoiu ouca a semtmein, or
rathor fb-noy , 'nupH "1Vgf VTi" ni irf'f '""i "1
a narrow and contracted mind, (or more properly
brain.) unable to utter any thing more sensible. ; It
is now ridiculous to sppak in terms of disparage rri'ent
of the female mind. Woman has exhibited herSelf
equal to every emergency ; experience hurls it back
with signal -contempt ; and tm' past, centurv shows
w hat she has and can accomplish iu literature ttnd
letters, in viitue and grace. Doubt the powers of
her mind, or the brilliancy of her intellect ! We
nvght as well attempt to disown the influence of iher
beauty or the strength of her charms. Doubt wo
man'scapacity ? Turn to France : w here is Madame
De S.ael I a woman whose learning is universjiHy
known; a woman hose reputation is everywhere
spread. Doubt slid the potency of her mind ? Turii to
England and call upo.n her Moores. her Chapohes,
her Edgeworths and Hemans. Doubt the capabil
ity of woman ? Lift the literary banner of jour
own country, and where aio. the Siiaimvsriilie
oe,igt;w icks, tr.e Javi.isons and ot tiers 111 numt'els
j whom we cou'd mention, were we not hurrvjng.
j The past century has told what is the naturb of
e l : 1 .1 : ... i
I woman s nmid : and shes is vet. to :iw.-ikcn still
b.v..,. . uu.iii. nu'iii, i is ti ue, us ineei not 101 jui-i
to enter forums to. af I dress assemblies, or to' as
sume the position of the orator or statesman ; siuch
would be indelicate and unworthy the. namp of
woman. Home is her destined sphere, and j 'tis
here she sheds. the lustre of her virtues, the ecel
cies of her character, the holiness of her solil I I
Tis here she ito appear as the dignified matron,
tlie tender parent, t he aft', ctionate wife, the pious
christian. 'lis here -she is to rear the youthful
scion, and to implant in the hearts of her "children
L j such piineiples as will prepare them fr coining
useiuiness to society ami their country. 'lis to
U.4!J aie to iook tor peace and pleasures
tis tor her to sitioothe the tumultuous ocean or' our
fleeting lite, to dispel the gloom around us. and to
quiet the anxious brow, 'lis she who comioits in
distress; 'tis she who gives hope amidst darkjiess,
and last to forsake us in the hour of need. "lf I
were asked," says' .Do Tocqueville, " to what the
singular prosperity of the American people ought
mainly io be attributed, I should reply, to; "the
superiority of their women.". The influence which
woman exerts upon the nations of the earth, upon
society, upon the piincls, morals, manners, feelings,
sentiments of mankind generally, is of immeasura
ble extent. f.
Then we conclude by saying, let woman beie'du
cated let her receive from us the necessary. quali
fications. Let her be instructed and adorned .with
the ornaments of wisdom, and she comes tolls la
den with the richest of treasures. Educate lie'r and
you make her a perpetual hymn to the Deity, an
anthem sacred to her God. "Educate her, and she
possesses the sweetness of Heaven, and the faij ness
of earth. Educate her, and you encircle her j with
jewels more lasting than gold you crown herewith -virtues
more lovely than pearl. Educate your .
daughters, and they become blended as the rose" and
n b .vou make them an object worthy the highest
aspiration of man- creatures reflecting the images
of angels, whose fit dwelling places, are the realms
above. But suffer them to remain in ignorance,
and what are they? Flowers without fragraijce
diamonds unpolished or as pictures quite beautiful,
yet wanting ro frame, j
It must be a source of peculiar pleasure to jevery
true American citizen tq see the deep interestiman
ifestedin the cause of general diffusion of learning.
Let us be united, and let the American Republic
be the banner land in literature; science, wisdom
and morality.- Let us cultivate a national; taste
for education let us instruct the youthful and in
spire patriotism. Patronize institutions of learning
and we. then establish a basis upon which toj erect
our future permanent happiness as a people afjd our
lasting glory as a government. Do this, and we
shall have done more than if we had erected mon
uments of brass, aud all the voices of the land
shall swell in one united strain the very welkin
shall resound with praise, and the universe itself
shall rejoice in moral grandeur of our triumphs and
the brilliancy of onr names. j
from the Farmer's Journal.
NEGLECTED DEPARTMENTS OF AGSICUL-
TURE IN EDGECOMBE-
The Grasses. No branch of our agriculture is
w;inoj.negiectevas the - grasses ; in this, depart;
men t our destitution Is almost complete. Theie'is
somewhere an old maxim to the effect that, " An
exterminating war on the grasses, is death to the
soil." Nearly the whole South, from the Poto-.
mac to the Gulf, seems to have declared this war,
except Kentucky and parts of the mountain region.
Corn, Cotton, Tobacco, etc., have all in turn de
manded the extermination of grass. Our herds of
horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, oVc, no longer thrive in
the larid, nor crowd the roads to market as in for
mer times; for our wil l-mast ranges are exhausted,
a id extensive new-grounds rarely offer their heavy
winter foraging to our stock as formerly. The
tide has turned back upon us; mules, horses, hogs,
beef, port, &c, from the west and north, bear wit
ness to our deficiency, while the lands themselves
present equal evidence tha' a destructive and un
natural system has robbed them of their powers of
production, these are some of tue consequences
of a. system which makes us look upon all grasses
as a pest; and instead of giving it a proper place
among our 'crops, and with skill and judgment
directing the efforts of nature, to cover and protect
our soils with grass, we spend an immensity of la
bor in counteracting them, although we know that
nature's own process for improvement, of the soil is
by the growth and decay. of vegetable matter upon
it. and that nothing can better perform this office
than the grasses. We know that no agriculture
can be complete without a good rotation of crops;
no rotation can be complete without the grasses ;
and no country can be weil and cheaply supplied
with stock animals without grasses tor soiling and .
grazing. An old French song expresses, nearly the
same ideas. :
Cultivate little but cultivate well
Your crops alternate if good produce you'd sell.
Your soil manure often: the return it will yield,
Will tenfold repay what you spend on the field.
Sow crass too, at times, it you wish to make sure
Of having a plent ful stock, ot manure :
Without rrass you 've no cattle, without cattle 'tis plain,
You'll have no manure ; and without that no grain.
Thus the grasses, whether as a part of a judicious
rotation or as asource of forage, are indispensable to
every kind of agriculture civilized or savage.
We have among us no system of rotation, good or
bad ; but as a substitute, we sometimes rest our
lands as we call it ; that is, let it lie. one year in
ray 0:1 tJw land produce a happy effect. Now very
few reflect that these weeds are just an much a
crop as any other, and a pestiferous crop at that;
and if taken off, would 62 as exhausting, or more so,
than many crops we value' much higher. Whv
not then substitute for the icetd crop, one of peas,
clover, grasses, 6cc., ami so institute a just and true
rotation of cleansing crops, instead of pestiferous
weeds and brambles? We would thus realize the
maim that, ' The lest rest for the soil is a judi
cious rotaion of crops.'''
The plow is a mighty instrument so is tho
sword -and an indiscriminate use of either must
make sad havoc. From a genera! view of different
latitudes and their production-, we .are induced to
think that the plow, like the sword, is much of
tener applied to improper uses than we of this age
are apt to suppose. From the equator to. more
than half the temperate zones, production, and de
cay are very rapid, heat intense, rains heavy, sum
mers long, and evaporation great. It is natural
to suppose that ail these phenomena must make all
summe1- culture Jar moie destructive to the soils
of southern, than to those of higher northern lat
itudes, where they do not exert the same power,
where evaporation is slow, winters long and sum
mers short. This again would induce us to sup
pose that permanent crops as orchar Is small
I grain, and grasses, fcel, requiring but little snm
! mer culture, arc especially adapted to southern soils,
1 while the reverse would seem more appropriate to
j iiorihern latitudes. We have no doubt, these infer
I ences arc just : That for all soils permanent crops
i are' best, because more in accordance with nature,
j that northern soils withstand summer culture bet,
J and that the further south we go (towards the equa-j-tor)
the lfss summer culture, the sail should have.
: Yet, it is notorious, that present usage is just the
1 reverse? the small grain grass and stock regions,
: are mostiy to the north of us, requiring but little
summer culture, while ail our crops at the south,
demand the constant harrassing operation of the
plow and hoe, exposing the soil to the scorching,
suns of summer, and heavy rains of winter. The
whole process is unnatural, and no doubt impov
erishes the soil as much as the crops which are re
moved from it. Look at our broad plantations
in April and May where is the carpet of green,
which the eye expects to find on the fields in these
balmy months of spring. In vain it roves over
countless acres except an oat or wheat patch here
and there the fields present the barrenness of
winter, the sod is flushed up with -tlie plow, and
reflects back the sunshine like the sand of a desert.
It is generally June or July, before the growing crop
can cover the soil with green, even in appearance ;
and we feel how unnatural it is to see the fields
so naked in spring.
But our valuable productions, cotton, corn, to
bacco, tfcc, all require summer culture, and these
summer crops and summer culture can never be
abandoned. Neither ought they to be; but they
could be placed in a more natural system, with a
rotation embracing a proper series of permanent
crops, which aid in giving such fertility to the soil,
that on acre would yield what four or five produce
now ; leaving the general suiface of the country
under the recuperating influence of a more natural
system. Then, two or three thousand pounds of
cotton, ten to fifteen barrels of corn, many tons of
hay or wheat, &c, in proportion per acre might
become the common production, and the country a
garden in fertility and beauty as God first made it.
Then the thousands which we spend for horses,
mules, hogs, &c., would lemain with us, to lead
us into those proper divisions of labor in agricul
ture, manufactures and commerce, without which
no country can, in this age, well fulfil its destiny.
This would establish the first great principle for
a healthy, progtess, viz: multiply and increase your
valuable productions first, no matter what they
be -granite, coal, copper, grain, or manufactures
and they will break down the barriers which shut
them from the markets of the world which will
have tlam commerce and, wealth will very toon
bring navigation and railroads to smooth tha way
for their transit, and fixed, wealth will be fostered
on the soil cf our own Carolina instead of leaving
her to settle on the barren bills of the North or ta
en.rich the. more fertile regions of the west.
A MOTHER'S TRIALS.
I always read witu interest anything that is
calculated' to entourage mothers or to impart in
struction or advice with regard to the duties de
volving upon them. , And it is my wish to be
personally benefited by Bueh instruction. But,
notwithstanding this, I almost .invariably think,
when anything of the kind comes underlay notice
of the old adage : " It is easier to preach than it
is to practice."
. At the present time we hear much about the
trials of mothers, with careless, negligent, bad
servants, together with those which of course a
mother must experience, if slje has the care of her
children. But there i ; a class of mothers who are
seldom troubled with bad servants, who. have not
only the care of the fami y,tb.ut the work of the
household to perform ; who are toiling, day after
day, and esteem it a privilege, if in the enjoyment
of health. But tliey, too, are subject lolpaiu and
disease like others, and need our sympathy, and
at times -they .have it, but are they net too much
overlooked ? There is S., for instance the mother
of five children. Her husband is a mechanic, and
.respected by his neighbors, but his income is not
sufficient, u-'ith strict econcomy, to admit of keep
ang a servant. Wre will just glance at one day in "
her experience, (and not a washing-day, either.)
The husband has arisen early in the morning, and
says, "Come, Mary, L want my breakfast : I
must be at the shop by such a time, you, know."
Mrs. S. leaves her bed weary, having scarcely slept -an
hour at a time through the night, on account
of the children. She steps quietly out of the room
for. fear of disturbing the baby, and she sets herself
about preparing ike breakfa-t. Directly, she hears
the little one, for Kate has been hugging her little
brother till she has made him cry, and he is not
to be coaxed to lie any longer, bot up he must get,
and the mother must have him in her arms. The
meal is on the table at fast, and Mr. S. eats, and,
after a few words to the children, who by this
time are up, he is away to the shop. The others
are to be dressed", after which Nrs. S. calls them
round the table, and waits upon them as we'd as
she can, with the baby iu her arms, aud somo of
us can im one how little she-would eat herself in
such circumstances. Time passes, and - the older
ones must go to school. They are washed, and
brushed, but just at this moment Wilie happens
to think fliaTTheTeaelier baia Liar; ue must nave a
new book, and Sarah has broken her slate, and
litttle Jane wants a pencil to mark with. The moth
er, with a promise to each, sees them start for School.
She now scarcely knows what to do first; the
house mnt be put in order, and the dinner, made
ready. The husband comes home at the usual
hour, and, when seated at the table, the promise
! made to the children, in the morning, is mentioned.
Mr. S- savs, "Well, really, there is something
wanting all the while." The mother thinks it best
to get the articles, but he- is soon away again, and
they are forgotten. She "feels after dinner that she
needs rest, but who will see to the little ones, and
so she toils on till night.
Wdlie ; n I his sisters return from school. They
have their supper, and, after hearing them say their
prayers, and seeing them in bed, the mother, with
a pain in the bead, -and weary r and care-worn,
seats herself by the cradle to repair a coat for her
husband, who, bv-lhe-by, is in a neighboring store,
talking and smoking his cigar, with his associ
ates. t .
rThe clock has struck ten, and Mrs. S. goes to see
if all is right with the children, as is her practice
re fore she retires. She finds one breathing hard,
and with a hoarse cough', she fears the croup. There
is no time to be lost, and she immediately goes to
dosing and bathing thechild, with but little prospect
of rest for her weary limbs, or her achirg head.
Who will not say that this mother need" sympa
thy? Yes, .und she has it; there is a "friend that stick
eth closer than a brother," and she can gotollim,
and pour out her heart before Him, and ask for
wisdom to direct, and strength to pel form whatever
is before her.
Then, there is the wife of the intemperate man,
who has her peculiar trials, and the widow, who
has to support herself and children by her own in
dustry. '1 here are hundreds of mothers, in these
different classes, w ho think no one .cares for them,
and w ho feel at times discouraged by reason of the
roughness of the way. But, faint not, dear mothers;
bear with . patience, these trials, for if we are the
children of God, "heirs of God, and joint heirs with
Jesus Christ," . .
"-"Our troubles and our trials here,
,'' Wif only make us richer there,
When we arrive at home."
Mother's Journal and Family Visitant.
Early Death. Herder, the exquisite German
writer is thus quoted in the "Baltimore Protestant
Early in the morning a maiden went into the
garden to gather herself a fine rose for a wreath.
They stood there in beautiful clusters of closed and
half closed buds, wafting odor from their cupr.
which were. full of the morning dew. "I will net
pluck you yet," said the maiden, " the un iha1!
open you first, then you will bloom brighter, aud
give out a stronger and a sweeter scent."
She came at mid day, and saw the fairest roses
fretted by the worm, wilted by the heat of the sun,
faded and withering. The maiden wept over her ,
folly, and the next morning gathered her wreath -early.
God calls his loveliest children out of this world
before the heat t f the sun withers them before
the worm touches them. The paradise of children
is a high degree of glory; the most upright man
cannot set foot in it, for his soul has already been
spotted. -i '
... - ' - 1 -
Currax's ruling passion was his joke. In his
last illness, his physician observing in the mornirg
that he seemed to cough with more difficulty, L
answered ' V
'That's rather surprising, aa I have been practis
ing ail night.' : r- . y'
' . :. .
The American Cupid. A young lady calls Mr.
Hobbs Cupid, because Cupid is love and love; aa
the proverb says, laughs at locksmiths, and so dcea
Mr. Hobbs. '
Themistocles used .to say, M My. little boy rules
Athena ; for he governs his mother, and hia nscthar