4New York,' October 11.1853.
A Visit to the Country Hudson Scenery--A rapid journey
by rail ;- A dream disturbed ; A well conducted railway ;
.Recreation ; Continued Review of the Crystal Palace
Agricultural Department Reaping Machines Dairy
Doings Modern Beehives-Dainty Ox yokes; Scientific
Department-Xhe Fresnel Light-Instruments of the
Coast Survey-Telegraphs-Barlew:, Planetarium-A
splendid Air Pump-Globe for the use of the Blind.
My dear Post: Just at the time when the
last stragglers are returning -to the thy from their
i summer excursions and sojourning, and" when to
U absent is as unfasionable as it' is to bo here in
August, have I, regardless of the dicta of the Con
ventional Queen, enjoyed n brief vidt to the country.'-
Not literally to the country either, fjr I went
to Hudson, a town which numbers .some six
thousand inhabitants situated upon the btnks of
the Hudson river, and upon the line of the river
railway. It is however, a sort of " rus iu urbe,"
for every hjjae almost -affords you glimpses of
' magnificent hills, and of the beautiful river glidjng
along at their very fee't. ' .
My jbuifney thither ' was "a very brief affair, albeit
Hudson is 120 miles fYom this city. At 4 o'clock,
I'.'M., I took my seat in one of the seven or eight
cars which constituted the " Express Train," of the j
afternoon; and in three Jlours thereafter, the sonor
ous voice of the conductor, proclaiming " Hudson,"
startled me from a quiet doze on which, if 1 re
collect aright, I was dreaming of being whirled i
along upon the tail of the late eccentric comet, at j
the rate of seventy -five thousand miles a minute, j
and holding my breath as my fin ious steed ap-I
proached the planet Mars, with the apparent inten- j
tion of knocking it into a cocked hat! I cannot j
tell you how greatly I was relieved to find that 1 j
was not upon the comet's tail, but only upon the ;
railway behind a'locouiotive of fleet foot. j
. -Traveling upon -the Hudson Kiver railway", is f
exciting enough fur the Strongest never, and if it j
' were not coupled with a pretty decided feeling of
. safety, induced by-, the manifest care and precau- I
tioh used, at every point of the road, I -think the j
timid might tremble at the thought of going, at !
least by the "Express Train." You are whirled j
along one moment upon' the margin of lite river, J
with, its 'refreshing airs fanning vour cheek and
the next, between rugged walls of granite, with
the noise of the lushing train reduj. Heated by ten
thousand echoes, and pressed bas k upon vour as
tonished ear., till you fancy you have entered Pan-
dehionium in-good earnest. It does not Inst : the other such aid to the understanding of astronomi
train rushes on now shooting across a bay, and , cal pheiioinina has eve'r been devised. It presents,
apon making a brief transit over a quiet, trreen ! in a simole and beautiful manner i w (v,m.,i;pnt,,l
meadow cut off frouj the river-view, by a wooded ;
knoll. Here, a town-and there, a station, at !
which other trains are obliging enough to tarry,
but by and beyond which, the ''Express' "speeds
like lightning,- until compelled to stop for wood
and water, to supply the graving of its iron rilbed
steed. The Hudson ; River railway is among the
: best managed roads iti. the .whole country. At
as tl"v..i- -FrwguiuSS maTi is rao
"give" the token of safety or of peril to the ap
proaching train. Not a switch is without its gtirir
dian,. not a turn without its white flag of counsel.
Accidents rarely occur, notwithstanding the nu
merous trains and the high rate of speed common
to the road.
-. When, twenty years ago,T was perfectly familiar j
with the river passage,, it would have seemed utter j
folly to talk of a profitable railway ujkwi its banks." i
Now, the folly, has become a fact!: j
. My Stay at Hudson was a very brief one, but I j
was so refreshed with the. magnificent views uf the j
l"atskills, with the kindling glories of t.he autumnal j
forests, and with tlie pleasant society if old fn'ends,
'that I feel, to-day, a renewed vigour of hand and j
'heart for the dutie.s of life. J
In pursuance of my review of the Crystal Pak
ace, in the order of its " oflici.d catalogue,' (the
revised edition of which has just made its appear-
ance,) I must invite the attention of your readers ;
in this letter to clashes 9 and 10, .devoted r-spec-
lively, to Agricultural and 'Piiilos'oph'ical instru -
nients and appliances. 1 j(
The Agricultural Department of the United ;
States embraces, the contributions of somewhat over j
a hundred and twenty exhibitors, but 'as. many of j
these send several objects, the list of the latter j
would extend to perhaps throe bundled not count
ing duplicates of any one kind. Conspicuous
among these objects are the maramo. h reaping and !
raking machines, invented for gathering in the j
abundant harvests of the grain growing regions.!
I do not know to which of the numerous competi
tors in this particular line, the gold medal will be
awarded, but I will venture to predicv that the same
effective machine which opened the eyes of John
Bull's sturdy farmers, to. the inventive genius of
u Brother Jonathan," will be found first in the roil
of merit here, I 'allude, of course, to McCormick's
Reaper. I have not time, if I had the agricultural
knowledge essential, to characterize the various im
plements which present themselves to the. eye of the
' Visiter. A'multitude of ploughs, (or light soil and
fot heavv soil, for surface and for deep ploughing;
thrashing, wirinowing and cleaning machines of va
rious shapes ; seed drills and broad-cast sowing
machines harrows of all shapes, cradle, rakes,
rollers, corn-shellers, cob-crushers, and innumerable
other .contrivances to aid in the labor of the field
and the harvest, meet the eye throughout the north
side of the east gallery. To the above catalogue
add the machinery of the dairy, the churp, of at
least twenty various kinds, working by levers and by
cranks, atmospheric churns, compensating churns,
thermometer .- churns, ,dog?power churns, and the
like, half a dozen cheese presses of rival powers.;
kitchen implements innumerably ingenious apple
and peach parers, sausage-meat mincers and stuffers,
coffee mills coffee roasters and coffee pots, patent
brooms, and I know not what besides ; garden con
trivances, from a watering engine to a patent," dib-
ble,n for transplanting or setting a flower; and to
these, a host of other appliances, more or less inti-,
mately connected with domestic labours. Then,
there are bee-hives, not the good old fashioned
dome of straw in which the primitive bees were
wont to gather up their stores of honey, but struc
tures of wood and. glass, of various stores and
chambers, in which the bees of modern times take
up their abode and pursue their industrial employ
The clumsy old ox yoke cf the last decade is
superseded by something decidedly ornamental,
and there Is no doubt that the poor patient animals,
for whose necks they are designed, feel themselves
highly honored by the embrace of such beautiful
The whole of this department declares the ac
tivity, energy and intelligence of the American
farmer, and promises gran results in the immedi
ate future of agricultural industry. '
Turning now to look, for a moment, at the sci
entific department of the exhibition, we shall dis
cover equal industry, directed by a higher order of
intellectual power. Class 10 embraces somewhat
diversified objects, but it is to the strictly philoso-phical-'part
that I shall confine myself;- passing
overthe1 daguerreotypes with the single remark that
if their merits are at all proportioned to their num
ber, their excellence must be indisputable ; bestow
ing upon the horologieal specimens, the perhaps
inexcusable witticism that their multitudinous
ticking is suggestive of great credit to their fabri
cators, while df the most of ..surgical and dental
contributions, I am inclined to say in the words of
the litany " Good 'LortTTleOver. us." There are
some objects in this ckiss, each of which I m?ght
taak the theme of a letter'. I think 1 have alre;Tkly '
mentioned the greati- Fresnel light designed for
- the light house at Cape Hatteras. It is lighted
by a carcel lamp with four concentric wicks, the
rays of which are collected and condensed by prisms
and lenses into a beam of intense whiteness and
brilliancy which, as the lantern . revolves, altern
ates with brief intervals of daikness.
The instruments of the United States Const
Survey, with its maps'. and charts, constitute a most
interesting part of this class. They comprise prin
cipally the great apparatus for laying off the Base
line in v, hat are ternied geodetic trian;ulati"ns ;
astronomical instruments of great power and accu
racy, and deep sea thermometers and sounding
lines Near to these are the standard weights and-
measures of the United States and abo of Fiance,
with the various scales of the United States mint.
In this class are reckoned the telegraph apparat
us of Mors-e nnd House both of which are in
operation i-n the building. The latter prints its
messages in roman capitals, directly upon the slip
cf paper which is transmuted to the recipient of
A very attractive bj. ct in this clas is Mr. .Bar
low's Planetarium.- This is an instrument of en
tirely new construction. '''"'It' is of large size per
haps twelve feet in diameter. I have spent much
time in its examination, -and
am satisfied that no
motions of 'the earth and moon, as also of Venus
and Mercury, and such is the accuracy of its mo-'
tions that the astronomical nliVtomiua of any and
every day for years past or years to eotne, are indi
cated by it with all the precision of the best caleu-
calendar. Mr. Barlow, the inventor and con-
structor of this noble instrument, is jrenerallv ore-
II .1 ' ' i v mi -11 - i
everv colleere m the land is but ill v provided with
astronomical instruments until it possesses Barlow's'
I must find space to mention, as it deserves, an
air pump, invented and manufactured by Cham
berlain and Ritchie of .Boston. It is a superb in
strument, and they' call it the . " American lever
air-pump.'' It is worked by a straight lever, in-
stead of the awkward doable lever and rack work
of the French and Engl sh air pumps, .and both in
.appearance and in its operations puts ail others to
tbe blush. Sj peifect is the vacuum it atlords-, and
so rapidly is the air exhausted, that a mass of water
may be frozen by its own Ecaporot on in less than
one minute '
L-t me add lo re that Messrs. Chamberlain A:
Ritchie make all descriptions of philosophical 'nd
chemical apparatus for colleges and academies, and
do their work admirablv. and at the moit veason-
Tiiere are other objects inches 10 worthy of
note ; bul I must pass them by with-a mere men
tion of .their names, and purposes. Among them
is an apparatus to indicate the approach of storms
by a svstein of electrical reds and other appliances. .
There is also a collection.-of diagrams to facilitate
the. student in the study of mathematics. A gal
vano:Electric bell-alarm " lock is quite a curious
contrivance. I must not omit to mention your
Mr. Cooke's beautiful globe for the use of the blind,
which is superior to any thing of the kind either at
home or abroad, if I may judge from the specimens
in the Pal -ice. I must here close my notice of the
scientific department of the Exhibition,, promising in
my next t take up the Textile and other Fabrics
in the United States Division.
There is nothing' tb. note especially in the extern
al world. The all-absorbing query is, " Will there
be -war in Europe?"- It is sagely conjectured that
some of our quid mines will have to alter their opin
ions on this subject within the next circle ot the
i moon ! Austria seems to be backing out of her
arrogant position in the Koszta affair which is the
best thing she can possibly do. Cool, weather has
set in upon us and is becoming more to our liking,
as we get braced up to its tone ; and! now, till next
week, adieu. j COSMOS.
For the Southern Weekly Post.
Wake Forest College, )
October 6th, 1853. f.
Messrs. Editors I was somewhat surprised
and mortified to see in a late issue my note on Ar
chitecture, as it was intended for yoUr private eye,
which I supposed you would apprehend, as it was
only an accompaniment of other matter which was. , tions; but there is a branch ot house building re
at your disposition; however, as I was not explicit I latcd to it in its- uses, objects and iuiluenc in
in "my prohibition of publication, I excuse1 you on - j which every man, woman and child is interested,
the same ground that I expect to U excused pn my- j namely, Common School Houses, alias every body's
seif, for writing on a subject of which I have only j house in a. stricter sense than our Court llouses
a little theoretical knowledge, namely, gooduess of
intention. . , .
But iu justice to myself, I must request the use
of vour columns to give my views a little more fully
on this important and interesting subject, that your
readers mav not suppose 'that I have nothing more
or better to offer than the meager suggestions of
my note. ...
Though I hay often heard tourists make com
parisons between the Architecture, of 'the South
and the North, which were mortifying to the na-
tives of the former, it never occurred to me that
any thing could be done in the way I haye sug
gested, to remove this disparaging difference, until
I had .made an examination of the subject in the
Penny -Magazine that most noble monument of
Lord Brougham philanthropy, energy, and almost
inspired perception of popular wants for. he as
its most-efficient projector, in that splendid but
costly work, the Pictorial Gallery of the Arts
Charles Cox,:London and lastly, in the American
Work, " Dowaing's Cottage Residences," which is
particularly recommended to North Caroliuians by
being dedicated- to a Son of the State, and a son-in-law
of the honored Gaston. Coincidenlly with
my examination ;of these architectural works, I saw
the Post embellr bed with pictures of the Univer
sity buildings, the Crystal Palace, ece., and the Bib,
lical Recorder with one of the Murfreesboro Col.
Iegiate Institute. Hence.'it was suggested to me that
the Post (and other papers) might greatly aid, in
terest and benefit our architects contribute to
raise architectural improvements to an equality to
other improvements, and at the same time promote
the circulation and value of tins high-toned South
Architecture is recommended to us bere it is
the" most ancient of the Arts. 'It could not have
been more than one generation before the human
tenants of a wild earth would discover and feei the
necessity of beinsr housed. Man would see and kel
. . . i
guides in his rude and incipient efforts, for he would
have suggesting; hints in the shelving rocks, the
over-canopying vine, the arbor-like tree, and even
in the general structure of his earthly dwelling
place, with the perfect dome of the skies above, and
the plane of the earth spread out like a correspond
ing jfoor beneath.' Thus, nature taught her first
children. But not only is architecture the most j
But not only is architecture the most
j ancient, it is also the most important Art, unless j
! indeed agriculture should be so deemed. Doubt- j
less.' among the successive steps by which civiliza- j
j tion has readied its present advancement, the long-:j
I est stride was made when men passed from the j
! shelter of hollow trees and caves to the comfort-of j
i four rude walls with a roof on them ! Indeed, upon I
i the supposition that man was doomed to work out I
i his own civilization, which-excludes the idea of di- j
! vine i .terposiir .n for that purpose, it is not very i
: easv to ee how h-i could have been civilized at all, j
' unless he had previously been suljected to the dis- j
' cii-line. the restrains and education of a fixed habi- i
I t .'o' f,,r n...n,d nw.i.'npw.r WomB.'.iijpd. i
- - 1 "
as the Tartars and other racing races attest. At other
least thev do not until the transie.it tent has been
exchanged for the permanent abode. But architec
ture is rceom'm-Miile 1 to us not culv hv being the
moi-t ancient and useful art.' but also the . most com
plicated and, intellectual of all the arts, for its high
est and most elaborated specimens exhibit the b?au
ties of all the Fine Arts-ihek AV alls exhibit the I
finest paintings their redimen'ti
ii ti,. ,,ki f,-...r.,! I
sculpture tneir aniaoiaiuros supported Ly tlie
so far as to say that the vanishing and ihtiirii
P - 1 - 1 .i- 1 1 .... iT-f
notes oi niUMC nave oeeu arreieo. oy iueuivine
architect, and chiselled in stone ; in proof of fivhich,
they have reduced the harmony of the parts
and proportions of the Parthenon, and other mas
ter pieces of architecture to a musical scale How
ever this may be, it is certain that the combined
'effects of such buildings are that of the firis po
ems,, or rather in the fanciful ideology of th i.Gerf
mans, they are poems themselves, since tiny are
ajsihetical creations, of which we have one noble
speejineii at Raleigh. From the foregoing onsid
erations we may conclude that Solomon preferred
the architectural glories of the first Temple pf-Je"
riwdem, to his "Apples of Gold in Pictures of
Silver" that the Parthenon rivalled Phidufe' sta
tue of Jupiter Olympus, which adorned it tlfcit the
dome of Saint Peter's was a greater triumph pf art
: than any of the statues and p u'.uings of Michael
Angelo, and that of Saint Paul's than the wonders
oi marble beneath it.
The world's estimate of the value of architec
ture may also be inferred' from the efforts which
have been made in differeut ages to improve it, and
even to keep the art from being lost beneath the
waves of barbarian desolation, which followed the
breaking up of the Roman Empire. For thi pre
servation we are much indebted to the Fraternity
; of-Masons the most univeisal, powerful anu; 'per
manent Guild that ever took any art under iUpro
The merits and distinction of architecture
among the arts, are of course reflected upon its follow
ers, and these general remarks upon the importance
of the subject will not be in vain, if they shalkper-
j suade any of our carpenters to enlarge their kuOl-
edge of it, and still less, if they shall, after, the .Or
! der of the Day, form an Association for the advance-.
I ment of this most healthful, manly and intelloual
! of the Mechanical. Arts. ' -L
j We will now proceed briefly, and im perfectly 'we
i know, to notice the condition of 'building1 jn orth
! Carolina. The old revolutionary, barn-like (iurt
j Houses, which were in some instances presented as
; nuisances, have been generally succeeded by con
: veiiiefit and seemly edifices of brick. A similar
' improvement is going on in regard to churches.
I Of church architecture; we regret that we know
. nothing to offer, except that to crown the summit
i of a church steeple with" a weather-cock is reoud
ed as bad taste, and destructive of the , objects," at
least of the influence of such erections, whichisto
:' point the eye and lead the thoughts heavenward.
; Tbe subject of church building may safely be. left
j to the piety and liberality of the several denomlna-
j and Srtate Capitol are-repubiican nurseries dem
ocratic foundations the poor man's hope and the
richi man's care. I am a teacher myself, and if
there is any particular vocation for which I have a
stronger fellow feeling than another, it is that of
teaching., I may therefore be excused if I make
some suggestions to aid those who have the select
ing of the sites and the building of those useful
houses to perform. As they are built for children
who are to be the next generation, let their bnild
ere be reminded to build for posterity. But if they
hjs nuditv. The idea and means of- remedying it -"cuaecuue, mere oniy remains a rnwue arcni
would be seen in the warm fur of animals and the j cture to be noticed, in which we fall so jamenta
oft plumaop of -bird. Nor would he be without-.-! Wy short of our means materials and interest ; and
cannot in all cases be built of brick or stone (which
is preferable, as well as usual in some countries) let
them be framed or built of neatly hewn pine trees :
let them crown the summit of a slightly ascending
hill, at whose base gushes the chrystal stream; the
only perfectly pure liquid which God has given to
this world let stately oaks range themselves, like
protecting pillars around them and throw their re
freshing shades over them, fit haunfcs for the Mu
ses ; or if these classic sprites should disdain so
humble a temple of seience, then let them be so
convenient and attractive as to invite the visits and
the gambols of the rustic nymphs, not the Dryads
and the Hamadryads, but human, sympathizing
nymphs, or if you prefer, sylphs, who have a natu
ral fondness for little boys, and if Mrs. Partington
is 'to be believed, still creater for them when -they
are grown ! Place your district schools under the
protection of the affections of the ladies, and we
venture the assertion that the marble yard will be
fcs clean as the sanded arena of a circus or Hippo
drome ; and on great occasions, such as St. Valen
tines' Day, or the first of May, chains o( evergreens,
linked by their fingers, w:ll hang in successive curves
along the walls. But we must stop, for we feel that
we are treading on appropriated groundaud.that
this and all other (fopies relating to common schools
-may safely be left to the able and public spirited
In this brief advertence to the v rious purposes
... .... ii t. . i i -
yet there are few countries which are more happily
situated for building commodious, neat and even
elegant habitations; for here labor is cheap, and in
our indigenous and enriching pines we have an in
exhaustible supply of timber which may be used
even for ornamental purposes, particularly when
varnished, which "if any one doubts, he can be re
'....i i i... - ,... i .:' i u..'. ! .. e. .i .
V""11""1' ' ue-tULUl" img oi me
nuerior ot ttie new tpi.seopal church m Kaleigh.
There is no doubt that the Cottage style of build-
ing is becoming fashionable, and deservedly so, as
iL combines more of thi requirements of comfort,
tas' hemty and Variety. than any other. It is al
so less l!nr storms, lightning aud .fires,
P'ticiil:irly the last, which frequently break out
in tbe secm-1 8torr- The cottage .style, however,
doesjiot always reject the second story. '
We deprecate the imputation of exaggerating
tl:e imP,rtan of tIiis sulyect. 'When we reflect
Il0w ,nuc!l t!l,i respectability, cleanliness and health
of a PeoP!e d"'PenJ uPon the c nstrucdon of their
habitations, it is s.
en at once that it is worth v of
the attention of a much higher authority than the
one now wr.ting -eveif of the. statesman : but of
course only in the form of recommendation, en
couragement and lectures, for it does not seem lo
be a fit subject of republican legislation. We
might farther plead the importance of our subject,
by. affirming that perfect sa n'ty of mind and mor-
i i i . . . . ....
R1 ls a,most ""P'We witliout a suitable habita-
t:o!1- At least, so far as they result from content-'
meni ana eqpanimity ttiey are ot difficult attain-
dripping rain from "above, thSinjpi'e )r piercing
air into nis jungs y otn cracs ana enma: ana trom
I the chimney the jsmoke of greenwoM fnthis eyes'.
It to the combined ashault - theW annxying le
tnents there ba added a aeol ding wfe, Solomon
seems to recommend act escape i to the house top.". -But
we do tnot much' censure scoidina: under the
disagreeable -circumstances k uescribedV!n6r "recom-
tnend its disTOntJnnanceuntiPit shall have driven
her victimized lord to prepare for her a pretty cot
tage with & lavatory or bathing closet in a corner
(of which there are several designs in Downing's
Cottage Residences.) Then, and not until then,
he will experience " Love in a Cottage.''''
Now if you, editorial triumvirate, and your rea
ders should be affl'cted by this letter, it must be
ascribed to 3-our publishing my curt and meager
note of hints.
Yours and the public's truthful servt.,
WM. II. OWEN,
Wake Forest College, Oct. 6, 1853.
P. S. We hope that the Delegates to the State
Fair will raise a Committee on Dwelling Houses,
;and that some of them will, if they cannot bring
specimens of their houses,, bring their ladies to till
whether they are such as they ought to be.
WRITTEN FOR THE SOUTHER WEEKLY POST. I
A MEMORY OF THE YEAR.
BY C. H. BRACKETTE.
Dedicated to Miss A. L. S -d, of Nelson Co., Ya.
There are some periods when we feel, indeed,
like retiring from the glare and excitement of life,
to indulge" reveries recall the past or create an
ideal world for the future. It is in this mood that
the writer closes the window-blinds, and lets down
the;urtains ; locks the door and draws his writing.,
stand near the fJreto describe a few fleeting hours
passed in a romantic section of Old Virginia, and
especially the impressions derived from conversation
with three or four most, lovely and intellectual
young -ladies, whose years as yet have not out-numbered
" the teens." f
Reader have you any sublimity or romance in
your disposition ? Does the accurate Phrenologist,
when he places his haud on the upper side of your
front cranium, think of blue mouutains and sweet
valleys ? or is his mind at such a time disposed to
dwell on bare plains and uninteresting localities?
If you have romance of character, and can detect
the nice shades of the falling leaf, and appreciate
the varied colors of the many flowers, then, indeed,
you can understaud how much of genius, of purity,
and rare loveliness were seen in the vountr ladies
But of course there was one who, more than the
others, conversed with the -writer. One of bright
eyes, so intelligent and w innirig, that all who know
her love her. We conversed of the flowers of
spring ; of summer's bright sunny hours; cf fruits
and autumn's golden; time, as well as winter's dreary
j season. Who has not often recalled moments never
to be forgot ?
Had the gentle reader but heard Miss S -repeat,
A SONNET Br BRYANT.
Ay, thou art welcome, heaven's delickms breath,
"Vheo woods begin to wear the crimson leaf,
And, Suae grow meek tad the meek sua grow brief,
- H - .'. 3 . . c
And the year Fmiles as it draws near hs death.
Wind of the sunny south ! oh still delay
; In the gay woods and in the jjolderi.air.
Like to a good old age released from eare,
Journeying, in long serenity, away 1
In such a bright, late qniet, wonld that I
Might wear out life like thee, mid bowers and brooks,
And, dearer yet the sunshine of kind looks ;
And music of kind voices ever uigh ; -And
when my lost sand twinkled in the glass,
Pass silently from men, as thou dost pass.
thei mind and heart would have been charmed.
But alas ! for the hopes of the future. How
many bright eves grow dim, how many soft cheeks
pale, as we think of what time and death as well a
care aud disappointment do.
A feeling of fear that the most sure.of all diseases,
Consumption, in the cold mountain air of Virginia,
might seek oue'so lovely as the one before him. at
the moment, chilled the writer's mind. A soft
southern clime- in winter's rude hours, and a high'
latitude u (he heat of summer, frequently gives
renewed health entire vitality to such.
Perhaps the hint may be received ' But adieu
urigiit and gifted one. Let these lines be recalled
at times such as were at .
'Tis true that out friendship niay diange and decay, -Bat
do we for that cast the flowers' cway ?
And will not the fa!seJioKl vf tauy a-lov-ed'nnme,
Make dearer the few who are ever the same V '
October 10, 1853. '
Suiitknt oohtlih) lust.
CAE.V1X H. WILEY. WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, Jr.
RALEIGH, OCTOBER 15, 1853.
Terms TWO DOLLARS PEE ANNTTHL, in Advance.
Three Copies, S5 full price, ?r,
Eiiht Copies, 12 " 10,
Ten Copies, 15 " . ..20,
Twenty Copies, 20 " . .40.
(Payment in all cases in advance..
Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, the
person making up the club will he entitled to a copy extra
All. articles of "a Literarv character mav be. addressed
" Kdhon of the Southern Weekly Post, Kaleigh, N.i;." Busi
ness iletters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &c, &c.
8h )'ild be addressed to W. L. Cor.ke. '
8CT Postmasters are authorized to act as. Agents lor die
bouthern Weekly Post. "
WILLIAM D. COOKE. Proprietor.
Mb. II. P. Doctiiit is our authorized agk-nt for the States
ol Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
HONOR THE PLOW.
Wli.il t the nations of the old world are imitated with
the discussions of diplomacy,- and arming themselves
in preparation for w;.r, .our own h;ippy. country con
tinues in the enjoyment of its usual tranquility, nd
evinces an interest in the :irts of peace iveil calcul.-.ted
to uelilrt and -encourage every patriotic citizen. The
present autumn has witnessed more Ayiicaltural Fairs
in various parts of the Union, and the-e have been at
tended by larger numbers of the people' than was
ever.known before. A new impulse has,ben given to
the various branches of agricultural industry, by ihe
increased ardor of the press in its behalf; and the
voices of some of our most eminent public men have
been raised, in various quarters, in e!o
"""" m -i -7Y TT-rZ ,Jr .
ing jo turn the public.mind away fr$ot ithe stale ques
nous niai, iiav-p so jong uionopoiiaeu jis aiieuuon, vo
thergreat industrial interests of the country and the
means of its progressive improvement. - , i ; ; '; .
i' .We 'do not tmderrate Jhe. importance . of certain
questions connected .wfth"; domestic relations and
our; foreign policy, hot' it is clear to our minds that
thej'( have too loag engrossed the thoughts of our
people, and caused them to forget the far greater ini-
portaince of the useful arts. We rejoice that the good
sense of our enlightened population is beginning to -
emancipate them lrotn the fascination of pohtiecl ex It
citetnent, nd to seek more wholesome and profMlrf
subjects of interest in the development of the immense
resources of the country. t'f -
That a new era of improvement is daw ning upon
North Carolina, is obvious to every observer of the
times. Never before was there so much public in
terest manifested in her growth and prosperity. The
activity of her people has excited the attention .rnd
elicited the admiration of the whole Union. From the
seaboard tfo the mountains, the signs of awakened en
terprise, and popular zeal in behalf of the various im
provements that are progressing wiLhiri her hound,
are becoming every day more encouraging ; .md al- j
though tome few croakers have been luardj here and
there:, indulging in their ill tempered vein of complaint
and warning, their influence his been altogether im
potent, and has not in the least retarded our onward
The interest of our people is now at the flood, and
we sincerely hope that it will not he permitted to a
b:ite. The great Agricultural Fair which will be held
here next week, should be regarded as only the be
ginning of a series, which shall continue to recur with
constantly increasing enthusiasm. As it imrks a
new era in our nistory, it demands from our citizens
unceasing exertion to fulfil its indications. We will
fall short cf the -romise of the last few years if our
next Agricultural Fair does not far surpass this in ex
tent and brilliancy. ' .
Within the bounds of North Carolina w e have an
immense domain, a large, portion pf which lies as yet
"uncultivated and neglectetl. The wide range of our
climsrte, the great diversity of our soils, the variety of
mineral productions available, and the increasing com
mercial facilities of the day, render her at the same
timej one of the richest nd one of the most indepen
dent members of the confederacy. There is no state
in the Union perhaps, which, could supply her in
habitants with the necessaries of life more abundant
ly frpm her own bosom. All that is- necessary to place
her in 'he front rank, is energy and capi'al. As an
overwhelming majority of our people are farmers, it is
.to them that the appeal must be made for a general
determination to make her what her advantages en
title ter to be. . , '
One of the great errors which must sooner or later
be exploded, is the idea' that commerce and manufac
tures; are rivals of the agricultural interest. Many stil
imagine, that whatever promotes the former is calcul
ated to interfere with the latter. Nothing can be
farther from the truth. It is contrary to all history
and all experience. The independence of a state, de
pends upon the existence within its own bounds jof a
homel marTcet for its productions, and such a market
cannot exist without a large manufacturing and com
mercial population. We would therefore call the at
tention of our farmers to tbe importance of fosteiing
all t$e interests of the state, as the most effectua
means to promote their own prosperity. Let the
sister arts go hand in hand, and.minister to each oth
er in fa friendly spirit. They constitute one family.
and have a common interest. ,
There is however an unquestionable truth involved
j ir. the general ? impression that prevails among our
people, that agriculture is the great piramount interest
of the United States. As long as a disparity continues
between the population of this continent and the ex
I- tent of country it occuDies .'i..-
must continue to employ the ind, .
ority of its inhabitants. It is the vr
1C car it-:
mencans to complete the vi-f,. 'v M,iif
dued nature in th T
jrreat western wilderness 'with plen i'- ''i!r'
homes. Agriculture thus becomes UV h
and is invested with a" dignity h. ie t0 '.M''S
where else entii led. It bccomp 1, w ::,'-"b u j4
.- uvuii'.uni're. ..a
- " ... . " 1 uii-r-f...
Aiin . . c 1 1 viniiuoj iu inmor tile )in-
r,vrv" v,.r.,.,.k spyvu us pro-nx.s 'i i
be done by improvement in tho'ii,'
agriculture; The art of cul iv.- tir, .lT'
ing from tJie soil the bet and n.r, ' t . i
tions, by such means as will at Hi,, ' "
its producing powers, h is an art w 'i' j tf"
an eminent degree upon tl.e'de.!,,,.,;, ' l1'
. .c.uu3 di uuyy experience ,.Ui. ..,
once ihe utmost resources of m mo--Ibvw.
important then th.,t thos.. V
selves to it should fit t!iem,-iv,, fiX
. ..v...,, ir.iuiu-, ;i:iu laOuri-i'is
nll i.l.i.. V.t . i.
...v.i uiat asricuiiurecann.it I...
n nu7 rm f ! w., J I- l . ' ' ! '
.... niUH'uu, nu u.een enec:na'!v
pnnciplcs have become
c 0 .
i:i all civil.";-. . i
objects of earnest
in-iinry :ni 1 u-se . : .
me most .success I ul c i'tr -t, .. 1
are known to be those who. !iave apil'iV'''?.
the revelations of scieiitic-c.vpeiiic.-u,' ' t l "
There are two rf.s'.ilt" .. . 1
..ol m..., . - -
irom our Agncultur.il F;.ir, with
e V. l;.
farmers of the Si:itn
It will rcmov,
r"j"u-cs inaA pLi i linger m tlie tiii ;u-
CA......J 1 .'t .. -I!
luiiiitii. aim i wm excite n u
in . . i. i
ijjc-ui. m. inubo who are more tnl o-ire t i
among the ignorant seldom yield to -.r-
hidirect influence of tilings, that, ii j ; ;.!
!' t .
is necessary to subdue them. 01,1 j,;.
teeth are forced out by the gradual
f-oander and better ones; ;nj Vu ..,. t
stuhlorn errors, that have so long u "
ed the soil of our State, slowly but an .;
by the s:ime process. ' ' '
Wo need hardly urge those fanner- w1 ,
av;ire of the import:-nce of an irnp'ro.-ed i r
to carry, the spirit of improvcm, -nt v.-i h u '
homes. By the silent influence of thur c
they live up to their "know le-:g-, thev ill i-o'"--much
to tiie regencra.ion of theii' "n;iiit. ;
greatly promote, at the "same time, :h. i.- o,vh C
interest. ' Tiie farmers of the sta e nvt
and its fwturc fortune depends, a'iii:,t , '
the 'progress they -make in inteliigeux- a di-,
We invite the attentio'n of the m u.r q-,
whose faces we hope to see nxt week, t. H,,.',
ed appearance and great ea!:;rgem'n: t -is jc
recently undergone. Comparisons .-.re tulia.: '
is loud boating, hut. we thiak we ui:y i
detractir.g from the merits of odi?r 1' pe: s ti'; lt j
Post" and -'Adver iser" together, ;re a mo -ir -, .r,.
valuable publications-of the kind e.w-.r . :;'... -: .
reading public of North Carolin :. Ve ask i:V.
gentlemen who desire to furnish tb-ir f.vn,
respectable family paper, for a-'verv sum!!
money, to examine .the two impartial, a ,'J ... ,sy
them with any paperof that class puhh,.h. a J
State. We feel confident that one. enuallr v.e; ai,
ed to North Carolina readers, cannot f.'.r ih.
money be procured within the bon-nds of t:,e Yv
With some persons, the. pj traHnoy ililf
1 jenect for a.moment how much less fept such a ctaf
how much less apt such a psp r
is to; engender ajt)d.fostert(f-iii6 miud of U
reader than Some of a i different tind, they would pro-
is our glory. We are.ttnde'r Ie&s temptation to inia
or pu blish" what i'.wS do not approve thVh'we Woald i i
5!,a'n9 !0 Pnrtff Jnuftere around us It
rakes lis all the c:ore indi-pendent faiid candid in the
advancement of four views'- on suWecta' not of a nar'r
eacter, and at. tbe . sntne;- time exempts us hok i
4TV'K..r.n A " s .r f t. '. '''" , ' . , ; v- .,
- , . ... . ,
deSl? to be tned before the public upon thei
"' tuvms ui our paper, ana asK lor it notiiinsmore
than a f.ur exaihinatid ItJ'aemeBV typograpV,
selected, contributed, and editorial Contents are ofi
to the scrutiny of the people, 'it them sriy v. !,eic:it
is worthy or not of a generous support. The snceea
it has already met with is sufficient to assure us thu
now, since it has been enlarged and improved, it iriH
m:ke r;ipid progress in popular favor.
Our books are always open, and we sini-erelj kpe
that many of the gentlemen who come to ll;:lrM
encour.ige their native State in the various arts of A"
mesiic industry, will consent to encourage otSr own
efforts'to furnish them with a family jpaper suiieJ "
OUR LION?. i
Raleigh has a few of these pets which henirfaa;
will take pleasure in exhibiting to the i;iaiv Lia
and -gentlemen who may honor her with a i; stf
week. The unfinished edifree of the Lunatic A?yln
which adorns her horizon in the South West, h rub-J
worth a ride to inspect its arrangement. Located on ij
commanding elevation in full view cf the .i ,
beautiful scenery may be enjoyed fro n it on a good
day, which mustdeliht ihe eye of any ofcemr. Th
Institution for the Deaf and Dumb ;u d t!:c Blind, fl
the North Western part of the city, offers to visit
ors a variety of novel and enterUininsVik4-'1"' I
cannot fail to interest them. From the top of tl ll
State House one of the most beaufiful raDOraaAS'i
1 ways- at"comniandemKacinai ne view, sH J
most striking and pleasing features 6f the city anaw
environs. We know of few more delightful seer--
Whilst the State is entertaining us with choice fr
mens of her wealth and industry, w e hope edi" ir v-
from a distance will .-take time .to- inspect the vcrw
interesting ol jects our city affords. Tlltre :ire ll"r':
amongst us who will do the honors with lively gr-r1"
cation. - -
RUSSIA AND TURKEY.
;A late number of the London PuncK contains 4
comic scene of great point and humor. The yo:E
Sultan of Turkey is represented in bed, with hs ,
on andliis eyes closed, pale and fain, in tfiC : sJf?
of a lingering decline. Above him is a symb,'ll'i"
representation of Death, with skeleton hand- rc 'l) t"
claw his victim, end 'a scourge of many stripes-f"r r
future punishment. In another part of t!ic ruom u
couple of doctors, consulting on his case '"V :-e
thein is John Boll, a po-lly, sour looking PlI";nl'a
with hi3 short legs crossed, his hand on hU chin, a
bb whole countenance expressive of the vexation Pri"
duced by the difficulties of the case.' Oppo-l!e,t!
him sits Louis Napoleon a rude but easily rcf0R
ed likeness well dressed in a closely buttoned fro-'
straps, and boots, erect as a lamp post, ;.no t";r- '
between hi thumb and. forefinger the extrenn y
one of his long moustaches. Tlie whole 13 )
derfully graphic and instructive, and h in our 'F1
worth the whole number. It exhibits the present
uation of Turkish affiiirs With remarkable fidehtv.
The " Spirit of the Age," appears this v,w
derably enlarged. It is now a paper of very iP
able dimensions, and continues to be co due c
much energy and spirit.
I if SUll!
I tion ft
1 had b
, 1 It,