North Carolina Newspapers

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JjALKIOIl, OCTOBER 22, 1853.
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Tea Copier ,
Twenty Copu-s, .... . - . iu.
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I f,. '.rficif8 of a Literary, character may be addressed
i L- Lrs nt" the Southern Weekly Post, Raleigh, N. C." Busi
f ' 1,-ttVnt, notices, advertisements, remittances, &,c, &c,
k.. .,,!,lrf-wd to W. D. Coofce. .
jrt-j'j.stiiiasters are' authorized to act as Agents, for the
K Mihirra Weekly Post.
f . WILLIAM D. COOKE, Proprietor.
tMR H. Doniirr ''"authorized agent for the State
t Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
Much of our time, during the present week, has
been spent in -jm inspection, more or less minute, of
t-he various articles exhibited at the First Agricultu
ral Fair, which was opened io the public on Tuesday
Inst. c neanuy eoncur in uie general impression
that, frr a beginning-,, the occasion has been one of the
I most -encouraging-, character. The enclosures have
bfe.nJliroiiged vvith successive multitudes of citizens
find visiters, all manifesting a high degree ot interest
. - .i nnl f.itifrJ'ufT 1 1mlr rnr!nif v in PTftminino"
We publish, in; another
i Its (InKicm uiiMiunuii
coluiiiti, a correct list of the various contributions,
copied from the official record. It is of edurse alto
retlier impossible for us to enter into a detailed de
scription of the many interesting objects that caught
our utfentioi). We must icfer, however, to a few of
the more prominent of those that from' their novelty
or striking features seem most worthy of notice. In
doing so, we' to be understood that we do not
pretend to be able to determine the relative merits of
many of the nvt valuable articles, and that in all
-probability, some -uiny have escaped our observation,
which are most worthy, of description. . - '
Itijthe dep ii tiiicut of the Fine Arts, we must notice -
the tasteful style in which the ladies of Raleigh deeo-'
rated for the occasion the principal building on the
ground, called in their honor " Floral Hall." Within
this building we found a 'perfect. magazine of beautiful
objects, placed there for exhibition, by the ladies of
the State. " It vvojald be impossible to begin to do jus
tice to the taste r.hd-vnergy ome of them have display
ed in making tticic ion:ributions. On the walls were
suspended some beauiiful specimens of oil painting
by Miss S. Aj Partridge of this city, and Mrs. L. II.
Walker of jtirceuslioro1. The latter were marked
Edgeworth Female Seminary. All varieties of coun
terpanes, quilts, table covers, mats, cushions, work
stands, screens, and such articles, abounded on the
wails and tables." A woolen and cotton carpet sent in by
tiie lady of the Hon. A. W. Venable, deserves particular
notice, as it was made from materials jgrown upon that
gentleman's farm, and passed regularly through the
various processes of manufacture on the same premises.
A very prettily embroidered chair contributed by Mrs.
J. C. Partridge of Raleigh, attracted our. eye.
Another by Mrs. Ilines also excited general admira
tion. 1 wo embroidered table-covers, the handiwork
of Mrs. Cbvvper of Hertford, were, very prettily exe
cuter!. A white Cashmere s.acque, beautifully em
broidered with white silk, by Miss S. A. Partridge,
was particularly admired by the ladies. ,The screen,
inaniifactured from common wheat straw, by Mrs. Dr.
Field of Warren, was regarded as a very interesting
object on account of the simple materia! of which it
was made. We also observed two very pretty work
stands, made by Mrs; J. F. Jordan, and Miss S. A.
P. rtr'ulge. Mr. Havens, Daguerreotypist of. this city
exhibited some fine specimens of his art.and among the
likenesses wc observed several of our most eminent
men. On some of the tables wire found Specimens
in me -vegeiauie. prouucnons 01 tiie a.atp, among
w hich may lie mentioned. as possessing- speciil interest,
; some stalks of sugar cane raised in Lenoir Co., by Mr.
'outicil Wooten ; aso, some fine Scuppernong grapes
by Dr. Sidney Weller of Halifax, and a basket of very
fine pears by Mrs. G. Meredith. Mrs. S. Ifr Tucker
also contributed some most luscious
pg Ponie-
Among the most useful and interesting objects we
simply name the small card press exhibited at Floral
llall by Mr. W. D. Cooke; one of the editc rs of this
paper, and the raised ma for the blind, prepared by
himself on a new plan, both of which excited much
attention :by their novelty 'and uses. A globe, raised
on the same principle with the map, and byl the same
hands, is on exhibition at the Crystal Palace in New
.York. i I
A show-case, containing specimens of printing from
'the X. C. Inst, for the Deaf and Dumb and! the Blind
was rendered still more attractive by somic beautiful
fancy w ork made by some of the ladies connected with
that establishment. Also a basket of elegant artificial
'.Mowers 'contributed by Mrs. J. Bauer of Raleigh,
whose skill "in this desirable art h ac miraole.
Conspicuously placed at one end of the Hall were two
beautiful Mosaic Rugs manufactured in England, and
exhibited by John Cocke & Co., of Portsmouth, Va.
.,1hey are 'splendid articles of the kind, 'designed with
admirable artistic skill. We noticed on the tables,
sind exafuined with considerable interest fome speci
mens of excellent cloths' manufactured at Salem in
State by F. & II. Fries.. They arc very creditable
ia the manufacturing industry of that flourishing
: Of the minerals 'of -'North Carolina, some very rich
Teciniciis of gold, copper, and other ores were con
tributed by persons residing in the mineral counties.
T'!i largest collection was made by A. S. Horncy of
K. 1 ..W ebb of Orange sent in several specimens of
tW vegetable egg plant .Dr. Sidney Weller also ex
hibited, several varieties of his celebrated Njrth Caro
lina Wines, particularly the Scuppernong. Also a
considerable variety of plants, roots, and sc. ids, in evi
dence of his success in Horticulture.
The Carriage department was not very lull, but in
- point of merit, equal beyond question to the best in
1 the Fair. We particularly noticed a splendid carriage
- beautifully built and finished by Messrs. ' bobbitt &
Minatree of Warrcnton. This carriage commanded
nniversPl admiration. A very fine open buggy, by
the same makers, also attracted much attention?" The
- 4 I ' l! .1.1. 1
most snowy arucie, nowever, in the carriaje li
a phaeton exhibited by Mr. Clawson of Franjklinton
ne, was
more elegant affair could hardly be found..
In the department of Agricultural imrflements
great variety was displayed, and it would be impossi-
e to notice ail those articles that really
deserve it.
1- Whitman &, Co., of Baltimore, !corkrirjuted v
largely frojn their extensive stock. We
noticed a
James M.
Farm nirnn Tir tumnlnnr vHihitai1 v
" agner, agent for this State, for Thos. Castor of Penn.
Manufacturer and patentee. It was considered by practical-men-a
Biost valuable invention. Bj the slight
notion of a lever, it rolls off backwards arjd deposits
its load like a common cart, and then returns to' its
place with the same facility; Two new smut machines,
one from Guilford ar.d the other from Orange, were
also examined with interest by the farmers
A singular Reaper and Mower, so constructed as to
rake and pile the grain, was exhibited by the manufac
turers, Messrs. Brown and Fisher of Norfolk, Va, It
is rather a novelty here, and was examined with much
gratification by the farmers. , f
A Threshing Machine, moved by Horse Power, on
the principle of the tread mill, also excited much at
tention. We refer to it only as a curiosity, and not
because we regard it as an instrument of much utility.
In the department of the animal kingdom, we be
gin with a beautiful silver Fih, exhibited by Mr. R.
S. Tucker of Raleigh. It has been in Mr. Tucker's
possession three years. Many of the visiters had nev
er seen one before, and hung over it, as may well be
supposed, with inexhaustible curiosity.
Near the Hall, a long range ot, coops had been pro
vided for fowls, and some of them were occupied with
fine specimens of different varieties Mr. Whitaker
of Raleigh, exhibited two noble specimens of what
he calls the Giraffe Shanghaes. Mr. A. Alden of
Cumberland, also contributed a very large pair of the
Cochin China breed. These grenadier chickens, aa a
matter of course, elicited much admiration from large
numbers of visiters. A curious object in the bird de
partment was exhibited by Mr. Jackson Moss. It is
a cross between the common hen and the guinea fowl,
intermediate between the two in size and form. This
specimen is white.
In the stalls appropriated to the cattle, we wera
pieased to find some very pretty specimens of the
improved English breeds, raised in this State. The
number of contributors was small, but Dr. Holt of
Lexington, true to his promise made several weeks
since, exhibited his family of young North Devons,
consisting of twenty-two head, from 12 to 18 months
old, soiled and rubbed by their long journey, but still
sufficient to set off to great advantage the department;
to which they belonged. In his collection we observ
ed several of the prettiest yearling' heifers we .ever
avv. W. S. Battle, of Edgecombe, also exhibited a
fine Devon Bull. Another fine young Bull of the
same kind was exhibited by D. McDaniel of Nash.
Ve are not sufficiently acquainted with the charac
teristic points of this highly esteemed stock of ani
mals to pronounce upon their relative merits. The
large Durham Bull, of Mr. J. Leach, is a truly-noble
animal. His form is full of majesty and powjer.
Measuring 30 inches between the tips of his horns,
the observer would hardly suspect it such is the
symmetry of his proportions. This bull was raised
in this vicinity, by Mr. Seth Jones.
Several fine young" Stallions were to be seen on the
grounds, but we must say that in our opinion the
horse department was particularly deficient. Mr.
Thomas McDowell, of Bladen, however, exhibited a
fine'pair of mules t wo years and a half old, and the
Jack of Mr. McDaniel of Nash is one of the largest
we remember to have seen.
Two negro women, twins, and so closely resem
bling each other that it is almost impossible to distin
guish -them, weighing 260 and 268 pounds, were pres
ent on the ground part of the time, and excited much
attention. They are fine looking women, genteelly
dressed, of light brown color- and in every respect
fine specimens of -their race. " .
On Wednesday, the Hon. A. W. Venable, ora or of
the occasion, addressed a large auditory from a stand
erected near the Centre of the grounds, on the great
subject of agricultural improvement. The address
has been ordered for publication and will be widely
circulated. It will doubtless tell with considerable
effect upon the agricultural interests of the State. On
Thursday the committees were busily engaged iii, their
duties, and many premiums were awarded. 'We
must postpone till next week the closing scenes of
the Fair, and any notice of the proceedings of the
State Agricultural Society, : which has held frequent
meetings during its progress.
These little wonders, now the property of Messrs.
Brower & Shelton, have been exhibited ii) this city for se
veral days during the present week, to many visiters.
They are regarded by all who have seen them as the
most remarkable human curiosity ever produced with
a prospect of life.
They are two little negro girls, about two ycars'and
three months old, of a brown color, well grown, good
looking, and very sprightly. Their names are Chris
tian and Milly, but each applies the latter name to the
other. The visiter will generally find them seated on
a table, neatly dressed, exhibiting to the first view no
evidence of deformity; but on examination, the ana
tomist will find them united to each other in a most
remarkable manner at the' lower extremity of the,
spine, the vertebrte of what is called, in anatomical
language, the os sacrum, being blended so as to con
stitute apparently one bone. All of the pelvic or
gans are evidently distinct, with the single exception
of a common termination of the intestine. These in
teresting little creatures are just beginning to learn
to walk' with the aid of an attendant, but their pro-'
gress in locomotion must necessarily be slow and.
awkward for some time to come. The personal
identity of the two docs not seem to be at all con
founded hy the union. There is no community of
sensation, and they sleep and eat, laugh and cry, as
independently as any two. individuals who are entire
ly unconnected. ' It is remarkable that the pulse of
one generally beats considerably more to the minute
than that of the other.
We advLe all medical men every-where to see these
remarkable children, as they present a case of unpar
alleled interest to the anatomist They are incom
parably more wonderful than the celebrated Siamese
Twins, or any other living specimen of natural ana
tomical union. i
This Convention commenced its sessions in the
Court House in this city on Monday last, and was at-'
tended by a large and respectable delegation. Wm.
Albright, Esq. was chosen President, a rfumber of
gentlemen from various parts of the State Vice Presi
dents, and A. M. Gorrnan, W. R. Carson, andW. M.
Johnson of Alamance, appointed Secretaries. A com
mittee of fifteen was appointed to prepare business
for the Convention. We have had no opportunity to
obtain a full report of jthe proceedings of this body
since its sessions commenced, but the most'important
fact connected with it, is the adoption of a-very strong
series of resolutions, Tuesday night, after a protract
ed and heated debate, by a large majority. One of
these resolutions, declaring it the duty of the Legis
lature at the next sessjon to prohibit entirely the
manufacture and sale ofj intoxicating drinks within the
State, except lor medicinal and mechanical purposes,
was warmly opposed by some conservative and pru-.
dent gentlemen, but all in vain. The prohibitory law
will now be agitated all! over the State. W hat wus
done subsequently we have not ascertained.
The amount of matter on hand relating to the Fair,
must exclude from our columns this week the usual
variety 0f editorial and i miscellaneous, matter. We
wiil endeavor to make up for it in our next number.
At the time of going to press,' all the premiums
have not been' awarded by the Agricultural Society,
and we are consequently unable to publish a list this
week. .- j
We regret very much to learn that no flection of
Common School committee-men for this county took
place on Thursday of last week, the day appointed for
that purpose. Why are our people so lukewarm on this
momentous subject, when they can be so hot on some
others of a more questionable character? People of
Wake, do you know how vast are the interests sacrific
ed by your supineness ? What great reform, moral, so
cial, or political, cap possibly be successful, so long'as
the leaden chain of ignorance hangs heavy upon the
minds of the people? How can we expect to impart
the most important truth to them, before there is
sufficient intelligence to comprehend it? Let it be
remembered that education is the great instrumental
ity which is essential to the success of every effort to
stimulate the people to improvement, in any depart
ment of their interests, and that no salutary move
ment can be effectual that does not appeal to the en
lightened mind.
a ' '
It will be seen from the statement under our For
eign head that, Turkey is reported, to have made a
formal declaration of War against Russia. We have
still some doubts about the fact, but it may be so.
We feel confident, however, that France and England
will not participate in it, and in that case, no chance ex
ists for the contend long against his pojverfu
antagonist. He will soon be .compelled to submit to
an ignominious peace, or abandon b'i9 capital.
Trotting Match.- A trotting match came off on
the Fair grounds on Friday morning last, (three mile
heats and both horses in harness,) between D. Mc
Daniel's Black Mare and H. Mordecai's Bay Horse.
The Judges awarded the premium to the Bay
The Committee on Trotting Horses, however, award
ed the premium to the Black Mare, as the best on ex
We are indebted to Mr. Turner of the N. C. Book
store in this city, for a copy of a new work entitled
" Notes on Uncle Tom's Cabin," by the Rev. E. J,
Stearns, A'. M., late Professor in St. John's College,
Annapolis, Maryland. Published by Lippincott,
Grambo & Co., Philadelphia. It is a minutelogical,
and very searching review of Mrs. Stowe's notorious
book, and will amply repay the reader for its perusal
The author furnishes the public with 'keys" to
Brother Jonathan's and John Bull's cabins, which
disclose some very awful facts connected with those
establishments, and very effectually lock up the mouths
of those who have so impertinently scrutinized the af
fairs of the Southern people.
Mr. Pomeroy has laid on our table a beautiful copy
of Harpers' edition -of Dickens' new work, Bleak
House, which has'been so extensively republished in
this country. It is not considered equal to some of
the" author's earlier productions.
Godey for November has arrived in good time. It
is rich in all the usual attractions.
Gkaham for November has also been received. Its
table is an inviting one, and in other respects it is an
average number of this very popular Magazine.
We learn that on Thursday last Lorenzo .Miller
of Mills' River was accidentally shot by a rifle,
the ball entering above one of his hips and lodg
ing in his viscera, from which he died on the follow
ing day. It seems that Mr. Oliver Robison, who
resides in the same neighborhood, was shooting
at a mark, and that there was a small sapliug a
bout midway between where he was standing and
the mark, Mr. Miller standing near the sapling ;
the ball in its passage struck the side of the tree
and glanced in the direction of Mr. Miller, penetrat-
inT mm as we nave stated.
We also learn that on Sunday last, a small boy,
on of Joseph T, Bryson who lives beyond Mills'
l:ver on Bryson's creek, was playing with a pistol,
while his parents were absent attending church,
which he accident illy discharged, the load enter-
no; his abdomen and causing death in a short time.
These accidents sh uld serve as a solemn warn
ng to persons who have occasion to handle
fare-arms. 1 arents particularly, 'should be cau
tious in placing these instruments of death within
the reach of their children. ."Whether the old lady,
who said that a gun was dangerous " without lock,
stock, or barrel," was correct or not, there is fre
quently much danger where little or none is sus
pected. Ash. Spectator. .
From the Newbern Atlantic
Mr. Editor : 1 see by some of the late papers,
that the office of Superintendent of the Lunatic
Asylum at Raleigh, has been tendered to Dr. Ed
ward C. Fisher, of Richmond, and that there is a
probability of his accepting.
It is sincerely to be hoped that he may, for as
an amiable and accomplished gentleman, he will
prove an acquisition to any society of which he
may become a member..
My own acquaintance with him was, from cir
cumstances, necessarily" short, sufficient however,
to form an estimate of the gentleman, though not
of the skill of the Medical Professor : to that, how
ever, the highest testimony is borne, by those to
whom he is best known.
IBs practical knowledge of the treatment of the
unfortunates about to be placed under his charge,
was acquired in the Asylum at Staunton, Virginia,
while acting for some years as Associate Physician
with that able and accomplished gentleman, and
true friend of humanity, Dr. Frauklin T. Stribling,
then, as now,' the Superintendent of that admirable
Institution. This association alone, would almost
.of itself be' enough to insuie- Dr. Fs qualifi
cations for the office, were other testimony want
ing, so admirably is everything there arranged and
A hearty and cordial welcome to the Dr. and
success to his efforts in behalf of the afflicted.
Copper. Mr. Lowry of this county, has just re.
turned from Cherokee. Among several specimens
collected at different points, he brought one ob
tained at a shaft of Capt. N. S. Jarrett's, at the
head of Valley River. On their being presented
to Mr. Clingman for examination, he found this one
to be rich in native Copper. ' This will no doubt
be agreeable news to Capt. Jarrett, and many of
our Cherokee friends, who are just now intererested
in the matter. Ashville News.
Dr. William L. Iliiliard has been appointed
Post Master at this place, vice James L. McKee,
Esq. Ashville News.
The prospects of Yancey county are brighten
ing very materially She is by nature one of the
rithest counties in the State; but her want of facil
ities for communication with the rest of the world,
has kept her light under a bushel. We are glad
to hear that much interest has been awakened on
the subject of minerals, and that the copper fever
is high, with some substantial food upon which to
feed. Messrs. McRee, Avery and Tate, of Burke,
have leased large tracts of mineral lands, and in
tend to test the matter fully, i
We are also informed that our esteemed young
friend, D. C, has purchased largely of the supposed
mineral region, and expects soonrto be a very weal
thy individual. So mote it be.
In the western counties, copper, copper, is the
only theme. In Cherokee, particularly, they are
going at the business with a rush. A few miles
west of this place, the indications are said " to be
Judging from present indications in every quar
ter, we think we may safely conclude that the cop
per millenium is at hand ! Ashville Neics.
Supposed Murdsb in Greenville. A gentle
man of our acquaintance arrived' in this place on
'ast Monday, morning, in pursuit of one James
Lemons who,, with a knife, inflicted a wound, sup
posed to fe inortal, on the body of one William
Sisk, of Greenville. '
The unfortunate occurrence took place on last
Sunday morning, and, it is said, without provoca
tion on the part of the wounded man, who enjoys, if
he yet lives, an enviable reputation where he is
Lemons once lived in this place, and was gener
ally regarded as a wild youth, but hopes were en tertained
that he had reformed his habits. He is
scarcely yet twenty years of age, and is now a
fugitive from justice, for one of the most atrocious
crimes known to the law. When our informant
left Greenville, it was though by the Doctors tha1
the wounded man could not survive more than an
hour. Ntw Era.
Melancholy Accident. The Warrenton News
leams thata little girl aged about nine years,
daughter of Mr. Stephen II. Turner of Warren, was
accidentally killed on Sunday last by the falling of
a cart body. She and some other children were
playing on the cart body, which was placed in a
leaning position against a tree, when it turned over
and fell, almost immediately killing the little girl,
and very seriously injuring two other children.
The Fall Term of our Superior Court is in ses
sion this xveek, his Honor Judge Caldwell presiding.
We understand the State Docket was cleared ' on
Monday. A good indication, that. Dr. Baird 'fill
ed his bond on Tuesday, and was sworn in as
Clerk for the next four years. Ash. News.
Fihe. The Wilmington Journal of the 10th
i ays " that bet ween 10 and 11 o'clock last evening
afire broke out on the Wilmino-ton ;fc Man
chester R. R. Go's Bridge over Brunswick River,
by which s me 60 feet of the suppersti uctiire on
the end next to town was consumed, as also two
plalformcars loaded 'with turpentine.'
Col. llenryJi. Auston informed us this week,
that he saw two hogs, the property of Berry Foster,
Esq., of Davie, weighed a few day's ago. The hogs
are only one year old, and one weighed 530 and
the oth r 513 pounds. Can this be beat in the
State ? -Rowan Whig.
Day of Atonement. Yesterday evening the
stores and other places of business occupied by the
Hebrew portion of our fellow-citizens were all clos
ed in consequence of the commencement of the Day
of Atonement, the most solemn portion of the Jew
ish year, which began about 4 o?clofk, P. M., yes
terday, and doses at nightfall this evening. The
'different synagogues were crowded by worshippers ;
and we learn from a communication in the Clipper,
that every portion of the twenty-four hours is spent
in prayers, without partaking of any nourishment
whatever. Not one single drop of cold water is
allowed. All the married male worshippers are
dressed in snow white garments ; in their burial
dress given to them as a present by their faithful
spouses on the marriage day. The next -striking
(to a stranger) features of their services are the
plaintive chants, (they ciantall their prayers,) to
gether with the repeated strokes upon their breasts,
like the Publican of old, "Have mercy upon me a
miserable sinner." Every worshipper gives himself
no 1 ;ss than six hundred and fourteen strokes. The
estimate is rather below the real number, and does
not include the thirty-nine stripes.? On the same
day the atonement is made, every pious Jew goes
(about noon) to the synagogue and receives, of his
own accord, " forty-stripes save one' :
Oa the day preceding the Day of Atonement,
each member of a pious family takes a cock, and a
female a hen, repeating the 10th, 14th, 1 7th, and
21st verses of CVII Psalm, and the 23d and 24th
verses of the XXXIII of Job adding at the com
mencement, the words, "Children of men." After
having repeated this formula, he moveth the bird
three times arourd his head, saying "May this
be my atonement ; may this be my substitute ; may
this be my commutation ; this (here follow the va
rious alterations; if the atonement is made for a
male member, the words are, 'this cock,' for a fe
male, 4 this hen,') goeth to death, but may I be
gathered and enter into a long and happy life, and
unto peace." Bait. Times of 12th.
v Politeness Unequalled. Mr. Barret, who, for
many years has been conductor on the Lowell rail
road, stands at the head of the list of polite and
accommodating men at Jeast in the estimation of
the ladies. Yesterday afternoon, as the inward ex
press train passed through West Medford, a young,
pretty and, we presume affectionate lady ob
served a female friend upon the platform in front
of the station, and requested the Conductor to stop
the train that she might kiss her. Mr. Barrett
complied instantly. The train was stopped, the
lady left the car, kissed her friend lovingly, resum
ed her sea, and the train passed on. Chroniclt.
The Colored Convention recently held at Chi
cago adopted resolutions hostile to Colonization in
all its forms
Impeaching a Maw's Name. At a literary
dinner in London, where Thackeray and Augus B.
Reach were itV-a-rwat the table, Mr. Thackeray
who had never before met Mr. Reach address
ed him as Mr. Reacli, pronouncing the name as
its orthography would naturally indicate. 4Re
ack, sir, if you please,' said Mr. Reach, who is
punctilious upon having his name pronounced in
two syllables, as if spelled Re-ack. Thackeray of
course apologized, and corrected his pronunciation ;
but in the course of the dessert, he took occasion
to hand a plate of fine peaches across the table,
saying in a tone which only he possesses, Mr. Re
aclc, will you. take a pe-ackT As Mr. Jeames
would say, phansy Mr. Re-ack'a phelinx ! Sun
day Courier.
Revolution in Journalism. The New York
Tribune, under the head of "a revolution in jour
nalism," notices two new inventions. First, the
manufacture of fine paper from straw instead of
rags, by Mr. Mellier, a French chemist ; and sec
ond, an improvement in presses by a citizen of
NewjYork. Itsays:
"Ivisa printing press, which, at a moderate
rate of speed, will deliver ' thirty thousand ' sheets
printed on both sides in a single hour ! Its move
mentcombines the original principles of Napier,
wbch are appliedy Hoe in his great press, with
some! new and beautifully simple arrangements
and devices of the inventor."
Sublime Porte. The word "Porte" is derived
from a version given by Italian interpreters to an
oriental phrase. It was an ancient custom of east
ern sovereigns, in administering justice or exercis
ing, other functions of their office, to sit, as the
the scriptural expression runs, at the gate of their
palaces. Gate became thus synonymous with
" court " or "office," and the Sultan's court was
called, by excellence, the exalted or lofty gate.
The phrase, in the liberal transactions of the Drago
mans who were mostly Italians, became La Porte
To the same source we owe the term "Grand Seicr-
mur, , as applied to tiie ottoman Empire.
The Bishop of North Carolina. It will bo
seen by the proceedings of the Episcopal "General
Convention that the difficulty in regard to the'ere
dentials of the Rev. Dr. Atkinson, (of Baltimore,)
Bishop elect of North Carolina, and the resignaton
of Dr.; Ives, his predecessor, has been amicably set-'
tied by the convention resolving to accept them as
valid and regular. This new Bishop, therefore, will
be consecrated, and it is said with great ceremony,
at Trinity church, in New York, as soon as the
convention shall adjourn. On the same occasion
Bishop Ives will be regularly depxsed.
Murder Morrissey, the Prize Figiite,
Deadv James Morrissey who fought with Yankee
Sullivan, near Boston, on Wednesday, for a wao-er
of 2,000, died at New York on Friday afternoon,
from the effects of the injuries he received in the
brutal encounter. His face and head was so cut
and beat as to present a most horrible spectacle.
Warrants have been issued for the arrest of Yankee
Sullivan, as well as for the four seconds Andee
Shenan, William Wilson, Awful Gardner, and Tom
OTnnel. The affair has caused great eJtcitcment
in New York.
Death of Dr. George Wtatson. We learn
from the Richmond papers, with deep regret, of
the death of this eminent physician. He breathed
his last on the. morning of Wednesday the 12th
inst. at his country residence in Louisa, his native
county. Dr. Watson was nearly seventy years old
at the time of his death, and for forty years was a
practising physician in Richmond. Pet. Exfress.
Snow in Maine. On Wednesday before last,
snow fell in the town of Rangeley, (Me.,) to the
depth of one foot. Between that place and Phil
lips, travel was interrupted for several days in con
sequence. The trees bordering the road were so
loaded .with snow that they bent down and obstruct
ed the way. '
An'Aiimy of Orphans. The Howard Associ
ation, of New Orleans, announce that they have
now about three hundred orphan 'children under
their charge, whose parents have fallen victims to
the epidemic, and that the Association will have a
surplus of about 8100,000 after settling all their
Muscatine, an ox six years old, raise 1 at Mus
catine, Iowa, now en route for the World's Fair, is
believe 1 to be the largest ox in the United States.
He is 6; feet 8 inches high, 17 feet 4 inches long,
girts 10 feet 9 inches, and if fatted, it is believed,
would weigh over 4,009 lbs.
Provid;ence. R. I., Oct. 13. The Hon. Trist
ram .Burgess, for many years U. S. Senator from
Rhode Island, and a man of great ability as an
orator, died in this city this morning, in the 84th
year of his age.
Movements of the Cabinet, &c. New York,
Oct. 14; Secretary Guthrie and Peter G. Wash
ington arrived here yesterday, and are at the Astor
House. Mr. Dobbin has left for Washington.
At New Orleans, on the 7th inst., the weather
was cool and delightful, but the papers do not
encourage strangers to come there yet.
Wm. G. Boggs, formerly publisher of the New
York Evening Post, has recently been - appointed
Postmaster at Springfield, Ohio.
Seven thousand copies of Mr. Choate's eulogy of
Webster it is said have been sold.
The Eastern Question. A report says that
hostilities had already commenced. Omar Pacha
had previously made a strong demand for leave to
fight before the winter set in. The Russians were
supposed to be moving to attack the Turkish posi
tion at Routehouk.
Previous accounts had put a different face on
matters. The meeting of the Emperors at Olmutz
had terminated,, and a new proposition was to be
made to I the Porte, Austria again siding with
France, England and Prussia, and conferences were
to be resumed at Vienna.
But a telegraphic despatch from Conatantinople
of the 26th, stating that the Grand Council of the
Ottoman Empire had recommended the Sultan to
declare war, had caused an immediate meeting of
the British Cabinet, and excited the greatest ap
prehension in the public mind. The Sultan's de
cision was not then known, but was hourly expect
ed at Marseilles.
The Russians were pouring: fresh troops into
Southern. Russia, and evidently preparing for a pro
tracted campaign.
Strong corps of Russians had moved ud the
Danube, and it seemed to be intended to take up
more extended position over ao-ainst Bulgaria.
These movements seemed to, be no secrets to the
Turks on the opposite bank, and strong patrol par
ties had been sent out from Shumla in the direc
tion of Widdin.
Accounts from Alexandria to the 19th Septem
ber, state that Abbas Pacha had issued an order
prohibiting the export of grain from Egypt from
and after the 28th September, but on the represen
tation of the European consuls, the prohibition
may be delayed until the 30th November.
BREADSTCFFs.r Prices during the last three
days receded and considerable business was done
at 3d a 5d decline in flour, and 6d a 2d in wheat.
Intelligence from the East, however, had again rais- .
ed prices and the market closed at last week's quo
tations. White wheat 9s lOd, a 10s 3d; mixed,
and red 9s 2d a 9s 9d. Western Canal flour 33s
6d a 34s ; Philadelphia and Baltimore 34s fid a
35s ; Ohio 35s a 36s ; white corn 41s a 42s ; yet
low 40s a 41s.
New York, Oct. 18.
The steamer Asia arrived to-day bringing three
days later advices from Europe.
Turkey. Costa left Smyrna the 23 ult., for the
United States.
It is stated that the Sultan had not yet signed
the declaration of war. Grand Council voted in
favor of, war, and leaving to the executive when to
commence hostilities.
It is stated that France would send 10,000 men
to Constantinople and that the combined fleets
would reach there on the 7th. -
Czar at 01 mutz expressed au ardent desire for
Hon. P. Soule reached Madrid on the 29th. '
Paris correspondent of the Time9 says, news has
been received confirmatory of the report that the
Sultan had signed a. declaration of war on the 26th.
Another despatch from Vienna says, Turkey de
mands that Russia shall within' four weeks evacuate
the Principalities.
Markets. Liverpool, Oct. 8th. Cotton is low
er, Middlings have declined l-8d, since the sailing
of the Atlantic. Sales of the past week 36,000
Flour Flour has declined 6d. . '
.Wheat declined 2d.'
On Wednesday morning, ih 19th Inst., at the Manse of
the Presbyterian Church, in this city, by the Rev. Benjamin
H. Rice, D. D., Thomas W. Dewey. Esq, Cashier of the Bank
in Charlotte, to Bessie, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Lacy.
! .. DIED, " "
In this city, on the 29th ult., Mary Gorman, infantdaogh
ter of Peyion P. and Pnscilla A. Williams.
In Sampson county, on the 8th inst.. Mart E. Hobbs,
daughter ot H. J. and Penelope C. Hobbs, in the sixth year
of her age.
reported expressly for the southern weekly post,
Commission Merchant, Wilmington, N. C.
October 15th,' 1853.
Baron N. C. Hams, 12c l3jc; N. C. Side9:
10 ; N. C, Shoulders 8 9c ; Western Sides 9 ($ 9c.
Beef Mess $14 $15; ' Fulton Market half barrels
$103, barrels $18 $20. P '
Butter 23 cents.
Candles $ lb Tallow 12 14c ; Adamantine 20
30, as to quality ; Sperm 40 45.
Coffee Kio 12 (g 13c ; Laguaira 13 14c ; St. Domin
go 11 12c. . , t
Corn Scarce, selling from store at 80 c. j Meal scares
at 82c. 85c.
Cheese-HXc 123c. .
Cotton 10c. lie, as to quality.
Flour $7lA S $8 ; Fayetteville $6 $6. j
Hay Has advanced. Eastern 120c; Northern 10S Q
120 cents.
Lard N. C. 12 12c ; Western 11 12c.
Lime 110c $ barrel from vessel, s
Molasses 25c.
Mullets $5j.
Nails 5 5c. '
PorkMess $18 $19; Prime $16 $17; N.
barrels $16.
Pitch i? bbl. $1",
Rosin Strictly No. 1 is scarce, would bring 350c ; No.
120 150c ; common 95 100c, as to size of barrels.
Rice $ lb 4 4Kc.
Salt-i-Liverpool sack 150c ; Turk's Island 50c.
Sugar Porto Rice 7 8c ; New Orleans 6 7c ; Loaf
and crushed 11 12c , Clarified or granulated 8 9c.
Tar Sales at $2,60. ;-
Turpentine Arrivals light, and prices tending down
ward. A deduction of 20 cents per barrel has been submit
ted to, and sales made at $3,80 lor virgia and yellow dip.
Sales of the week 2000 barrels. '
Varnish V gallon 20 22c. 4
Spirits Turpentine has declined with light sales. A sale
was etlected on Wednesday last at 57 cents per gallon. The
market is very irregular, and no definite quotation, can be
given. Sales have been made' since, but prices not mad
public .
Respectfully yours,
reported expressly for the sodth'ern wxerxt post.
By Messrs. McILWAINE. SON & Co.
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
October 18, 1853.
Bacon Demand light. Sides and shoulders 8J g 10 fr
Western and Virginia.
Cotton Market quiet. Buyers ofler 9 ; holders
generally asking 10 cents. -
Corn In good demand at 77 78.
Cofl'ee 11 WA for Rio andLaguira ; Java X 13
Flour Superfine 6 O $7.
Groceries Without material change leading articles
generally firm.
Guano No supply at present, and the nominal once V 'X
a 60.
Iron Swedish $95 ; English $75 lor tne ordinary
merits. .
Leather-Market firm ; 12 19 for damaged to good
according to quality. . . . ....
Lardlweatern in barcls 12 ; Keg. ; Virgyua It.
Nails Prices advanced X&K ceot- .
Salt Stock light at present. ,
Sugars Active at an advance of )i 7
Tobicco AD descriptions sell at lull prices, with s rood
demand. s
Wheat $1 40 & 55 0WinR to the dry. weather the
millers cannst grind to any extent, but the demand for ship
men t is very active.
The fall trade has been more extensive and more goods
sold in Petersburg than ia any season for many years past.

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