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0 / 75
S O 0 T H E E BI W
L Y tST .
iPii fm m tZ
From Eliza pook'a Journal.
MY OLD STRAW HAT.
Farewell, old friend, we part atj last,
Fruits, flowers, and summer all aire past,
And when the beach-leaves bid ;iiieu,
My old straw hat must vanish top.
We're been together many an hour,
In grassy dell and garden bower
And plait and ribbon, scorched and torn,
Proclaim how well thou hast beein worn,
We've had a time, gay, bright and long,
So let me sivg a grateful song1,
And if one bay-leaf falls to me,
I'll stick it firm and fast in thee,.
, :. My old; straw hat
Thy flapping shade and flying strings,
Are worth a thousand close-tied thing.?.
I love thy easy fitting crown, ,
Thrust lightly back, or slouching down :
I cannot brook a muffled ear, !
"When lark and blackbirds whistle near:
And dearly like to meet and seek
The fresh wind with unguarded cheek,
Toss'd in a iree thou'lt bear no ha?m,
Flungton the sod thou'lt lose no charm ;
Like many a real friend on earth,
Rough usage only proves thy.w6rth,
My old straw hat.
The world will gaze on those who wear
Rich snowy pearls in raven hair, .
And diamonds lashing bravely oiit,
In chestnut tresses wreathed abjjut ;
The golden bands may twine anl twirl,
Like shining snakes through eacti fair curl,
And soft down with imperial grace,
May bend o'er beauty's blushing -face ;
But much I doubt if brows that bear
The jewell'd clasp and pi umago rare, .
: Or temples bound with crescent wreath,
Are half so cool as mine beneath'
My old straw hat.
- . - -Minerva's
helmet! what of that ?
Thou'rt quite as good,, my old straw hat;
For I can think arid muse and dream.
With poring brain and busy scheme ;
I can inform my. craving soul, ,
How wild bees work and planets.roll,
And all be silent grave an;l grim,. .
Beneath the shelter of ihy brim. .
The cap of Liberty ! forsooth ! " .. ,.
Thou art that thing to me in truth.
For slavish fashion ne'ercan break
Into thTgreen paths where I take,
My old straw hat.
My old straw hat, my conscience tells
Thou hast been hung with Folly's bells,
Yet Folly rings a pleasant chime, ,
If the rogue will but " mind his limV,"
And not come jingling on the wsiy
When sober minstrels ought to play ;
For oft when-eyes and hearts are light,
Old Wisdom should keep out of" sight.
But now the rustic bench is left,
And trees of every leaf bereft,
And merry voices, all are still, ,,.
That welcomed to the well-known' hill
My old straw hat.
'i " . .
Farewell, old friend! thy work is done.
The misty clouds shut out the sun ;
The grapes are pluck'd. the hops are off, .
The woods are stark, and I must doff
My old straw hat but bide a wee,"
Fair skies we've seen, but vye may see
Skies full as fair as those of yore,
And t-en we'll wander forth once more.
Farewell, till drooping harebells blow,
And violets stud the warm hedge-rov
Farewell, till daisies deck the plain,
Farewell, till sprii g days come-again
My old straw hat.
WASHING CLOTHES OF ALL KINDS
I have a small family my wife myself, and two
small children ; and, altogether, we have two-grown
women, two half grown girls, and a negro fellow,
to serve us as lot servants. Three days of the week
used to be wasted by the women in washing, and
the other three in ironing for our little family ; and
often when the service of the girls were needed,
they were found drawing water or replenishing the
fire for the washers. Judge then our joy, if you
can, when a kind old friend instructed us how to
have our washing done in six hours by one hand, j
I feel like proclaiming it to the world, and I want
every paper in Georia to copy this, and hope it may
reach the ends of the earth. But here is the modus
operandi : .
1st On the night preceding the day intended to
to be set apart as wash-day, have all your clothes,
white and colored, coarse and fine, put in tubs, of
clear waterwe have, one made large enough to
hold all the "washing") and let them remain there
2d. Put on your boiling vessel (we have one
that holds sixty gallons, got for the express purpose
of boiling all at once,) fill it half lull of. water and
raise the water to boiling heat; after which put in a
vessel of the size of the one: we use two. teaspoons
full of Sal Soda, one quart of soft soap, and one
quart of lime water, made by pouring three gal
lons of water on one quart of lime the night pre
vious, so that it may have had time to settle, and
in proportion, if smaller vessels are used ; stir the
water and get the sal soda, soap, and lime water,
well mixed up, then put in your clothes, boil rapid
ly one hour and the work is done. Take them out
and rinse well, rubbing slightly as is usual in rins
ing. Now pass no judgment, friends', until you
have tried it. The same lime water may be kept 1
until it is all consumed.
The receipt would be worth one thousand dol
lars in the hands of a selfish person, and the world
would have to untie the purse string to?get it, but
here it is, free gratis for nothing, and I want the
. world to understand, distinctly, that I shall have
no communication with any body who wears dirty
clothes-after this see if I do.
' ,-For invoking the Soaps
Take six pounds of Potash, 75
Take four pounds of Lard, 50
Take one-fourth pound of Rosin, . 25
All amounting to
Beat up the rosin, mix all together well, and set
aside for five days, then put the whole into a ten
gallon cask oi warm water, and atir twice a day for
ten days, at the expiration of which fime, or sooner,
you will have one hundred pounds of excellent
soap for $1,50. Southern Banner. j
Female Education ix Turkey. We copy an
amusing passage from Mr. St. John's last took of
travels : w Lord Strangford," he says, neW set
about aiding in the great political reform of Tur
key with vpQTB zeal than his lady has done, in in
troducing the germ of amelioration amongst the
harems of the Turks. Her panacea is indeed a .
simple one education. But there is nothing more
difficult to cram down a Turk's throat, or still more "
difficult, to get him to allow its being crammed
into the ears of his wife or daughter. It takes'
months to persuade a Turk of anything; least of
all, can he be got to comprehend what is meant by
female education, for he invariably construes the.
word education as meaning mere accomplishments.
The idea of a woman's employing or cultivating
her own mind, is evidently far too transcendental
and concrete for a Turk. An amusing and morti
fying exemplification Of this occurred in a great
and rich Turk's family. The female head of he
harem, the hanoiim, was, apparently, a most intel
ligent person, one who had actually . raised her
mind o the future prospect of women mingling in
society. From this, to the feeling of the necessity
of preparing women to play an independentelf
respecting and self-preserving part, and,the sense
of how indispensable a certain education even to
this was a chain of ideas and consequences not
difficult to string together ; and so, after a year or
eighteen months' hard jaborin the way of exhor
tation, it was agreed by! the high authorities, that
a governess was to be introduced into the harem.
A governess ! It was Ino easy matter to get one
that was fit, nor yet facile to get' one that would
consent. The task of fjnding such a person was,
however, undertaken, and most happily accomplish
ed. But lo! when the governess was forthcomin j,
her place was already filled. The pasha and the
hanoum had, in the. meantime, heard of a most
wonderful institutrice, a French lady, skilled in all
accomplishments, possessed of every language and
tvery virtue. On inquiry it was - d scovered that
the lady in question had been on the boards of
the French stage, not only as actress but as a bal
ferine. What inducement had prevailed upon her
to exchange so captivating a profession for a jour
ney to Constantinople, ! did not appear. But in
stalled she was as institutrice and teacHer of all
physical accomplishments and moral virtues to the
rising generation of the : harem." :
Nathaniel Hawthorne oS Woman's llicnis.
Despise woman? Nd ! She is the n.o-t admir
able handiwork of God, in hen true place and char
acter. Her place is at man's side. Her office, that
of the sympathizer ; the unreserved, unquestioning
believer; the recognition, withheld in every other
manner, but given, in pity, through woman's heart,
lest man should utterly lose faith in himself; the
echo of God's own voice, pronouncing, "It is well
done !" All the separate action of woman is, and
ever has been, and always shall be, false, foolish,
vain, destructive of her own best and holiest quali
ties, void of every good! effect, and productive of
intolerable mischiefs ! Man is a wretch wifcjfctit
woman ; but woman is a monster and thank Heav
en, an almost impossible and hitherto imaginary
monster without man as her acknowledged prin
cipal 1 As true as I had once a mother whom I
loved, were there any possible prospect of woman's
taking the social stand which some of them poor,
miserable, abortive creatures, who only dream of
such things because they have missed woman's pe
culiar happiness, or because nature made'them real
ly neither man nor woman ! if there were a
xhance of their attaining the end which these pet
tiooated monstrosities have in view, I would call
upon my own sexto use its physical force, that un
mistakable evidence of sovereignty, to scourge
them back within their proper bounds ! But it will
not be needful. The heart of true womanhood
knows where its own sphere is, and never seeks to
. stray beyond it !
Discipline in Childhood. Young people who
have been habitually gratified in all their desires
will not only indulge more in capricious desires,
but will infallibly take it more amiss, when the
feelings or happiness of others require that they
should be thwarted, than those , who have been
practically trained to the habit of subduing and
training them, and consequently will, in general,
not sacrifice the happiness of others to their own.
selfish indulgence. To what else is .the selfishness of
princes and other great people to be attributed ?
It is -in vain to think of cultivating principles of
generosity and benificence by mere exhortation and
reasoning. Nothing but the practical habit of
overcoming our own selfishness, and of familiarly
entertaining privations and discomfort on account
of others, ever enables us to do it when required.
And therefore I am firmly persuaded that indul
gence infallibly produces selfishness and hardness
of beiu t, and nothing but a pretty severe discipline
and control can lay the foundation of a magnaui
mous character. Lord Jeffrey!
A clergyman lecturing one afternoon to his fe
male parishioners, said : ' Be not proud that our
Lord paid your sex the distinguished honor of ap
pearing first to a female after the; resurrection, fur
it was only done that the glad news might.spread
A good old Dutchman and his wife, had
set up till gaping time, when the latter ' after
a full stretch in the above operation, said,
' I vish I vash in heben.' Hans yawned and repli
ed : 4 1 vish I vash in de still-house.' The eyes
of Sally flew wide open as she exclaimed 'I be
pound, you always vish yourself in de pest place !'
If Miss Julia Jones i marries Harry Hopkins,
the girls say that the marriage will be lucky,
because she changes her initials ; but if she marries
James Jenkins 'twon't do for -
If you change your name and not your letter,
You'll change for the worse and not the better.'
A fellow who had been hooked by an unruly
cow, limped in his gait. A lady remarked as he
passed, that he appeared to be intoxicated.
4 Yes,' said her beau, he has just been taking a
couple of horns.
Why are tell-tale women like German watches !
Do you give it up! Because they are repeaters..
7 at Clam 1
oome time smce, a gen ...uS ------ i
., i j tn rWnnma work for
bridge employed a mason to qo some worx ior
. . & J iT:t .kJ
him, and among other -wing, w
wails of one of h.s chambers. x '"S
- . . ri'i ii- kit'Amrirw l
is almost colorless till dried. The gentleman was
v . i . rn:n nftpr thA chamber
much surprised, on the morning alter tne cnamuer
a j j f 'i,;. bureau
was finished, to find on the drawer ot liis oureau,
. .v. ' n.n.
siancnng m tne room, wnu -r-
inrr tha a ua fnnnA l ift same marfcs on me
ofu. :. j i, n a ruvkpt-hook. An ex
ti tivico in it, nuu Biw " i Z ,
animation revealed the same finger-marks on the
contents of the wallet, proving conclusively that
the mason.with his wet hands, had opened the draw
er, searched the wallet, whieh contained no money, j
and then closed the drawer, without once thinking
that any one would ever know it. The thin-whiten
in i. which chanced to be on his hand, did not show
at first, and he probably had no idea that twelve
hours' drvino- would reveal his attempt at depred-
ation. As the iob was concludedlon the afternoon
. " I
the drawer was opened, the man did not come a-
gain, and to this day does not know.that his acts
are known to his employer.
Children, beware of evil thoughts and deeds !
They have all finger-marks, which will be revealed
at some time. If you disobey your parents, or tell
a falsehood, or take what is not your own, you
make sad finger-marks on your character. And so
it is with any and all sin. It defiles the character,
It betrays those who engage in it by the marks it
makes on them. These marks may be almost if
not niiitA rnlnrW at firt. TW avmi if the v should
not be seen during any of your days on earth
which is not at all likely yet there is a day com
ing in which all finger-marks or sin-tains on the
character " will be made manifest."
Never" suppose that you can do what is wrong
without having a stain made on your character. It
is impossible. If you injure another, you by that
very deed injure your own self. Ifyou disregard
a law of God, the injury is sadly your own. Think
of it, ever bear it in mind, children, that every sin
you commit leaves a sure mark upon yourselves.
Your characters should bear a coating of the
pure truth. Let truthfulness ever be manifest. Be-
ware of sin " and I sure vonr sin will find vn
... . . . 'I
out ;" for it makes finger marks which, even should
il.Mf f' K Kir tha o,i -t.
' v j iivw y ii ksj ciavjtj ai vunvt juu ju cal I li j
will yet bewen, to vour condemnation, at the bar
Dushmanta was tho most powerful of the sove-
reigns of India, and his wealth and magnificence
j had no bounds. But he was proud and arrogant
in his riches, and he shut his heart to the meaner
classes of his people, and bowed his sceptre only
to the princes and nobles who stood around his
This conduct sorely grieved an aged Bramin,
who had been his teacher in the days of his youth,
And he left his hermitage, strewed dust upon his
lead, and presented himself at the splendid portal
of the royal palace.
Here he was observed by the kkiff-Aho com-
manded the Bramin to be brought before him.
" Wherefore," he asked, "dost thou appear in
the garb of mourning, and why doth dust cover thy
" When I quitted thee," answered the Bramin,
thou wert 'the wealthiest of all the monarchs of
India, who had ever sat upon the throne of thy
fathers. For Brama had blessed thee beyond con-
ception, and joy was in my heart when I left the
dwelling of the king, my master. But tidings have
reached me in my solitude that all thy wealth has
vanished, and that abject poverty is now thy lot."
Dushmanta heard these words with amazement
and smiled " What fool," he said, " has told thee
this falsehood? Behold this palace, the gardens
which surround it, and the servants who attend
'All, this," answered the venerable Bramin, " is
but an illusion, which cannot dazzle the truly wise,
The sovereign of India has fallen from his high
condition into poverty."
'Then the king wondered still more at the words
of Uie wise Bramin, and said "Who then hath
witnessed it and told thee, and whose report de-
serves- more credit than the sight of my eyes and
the touch of my hands ?"
The aged man then lifted up his voice, and said
44 The sun, the emblem of truth, beneath the
throne of Brama, the clouds abo our heads, and
the fruit tree before my hut, announce and attest
to me thy poverty.
Dushmanta was silent, while the old man pro-
ceeded thus "That Brama hath endowed the
luminary of day with inexhaustible light and heart,
I am assured by its beams, which, from its rising
to its setting, are poured upon every blade of grass,
upon my cottage as upon the palace, and which are
reflected in every dew drop as in the vast ocean.)
The cloud, when fraught with rain, moves yer hil
and dale, and alike moistens with its abundance
the parched clod and the( thirsty mountain. The
1 l..l; 1 1 . .
irui iree, oows lis laueu urancnes toward the earth,
Thus does nature declare and testify that Brama
hath blessed her with riches. But thou art like a
rock, the spring of which is dried up. If these
words do not convince - thee, Dushmanta, ask the
tears of thy people, and then pride thyself upon
thy wealth, before the face of Brama, and of the
universe which he hath created."
Thus spake the hermit, and he returned -to his
cottage, liut .Dushmanta took the words of the
Biamm to heart, and he again became a benefactor
and a blessing to his people,
After this he repaired one day to the cogae of
the Bramin, and called him forth, and said 44 1
may now venture to appear once more in the ravs
of the bounteous sun, and in the presence of thy
tree, laden with its fruit. But one thing is still
And what," asked the Bramin, "can be wanting!
to that prince, who is a blessing to his country,
and a father to his people .
44 1 have still," answered Dushmanta, 44 to off the
grateful tribute of my heart to that wisdom which
has led me into the right path, and trught me that
the gald looks ofa people are the sole riches of their
prince and ruler. I had become poor; thou hast
maae me once more inexpressibly rich."
Thus , spake the prince, and the venerable man
embraced him with tears of joy, and blewed him.
tus Pwsant akd Hia Horse. A peasant had
an old wor,.t horse, which he allowed 10 go -
nut him into good
' .' . .... u him rlen-
grass uelup. and when ln-tnesiauic us i
" , , . r... i, ated him with
V Ul naJ aa IOOaer ,n lacL'
j , friend. A
al the affect on that he would an old tnena.
. . ... c,inid take such care
uvii'uinil w 1 1 1 1 1 1 HH'l l I HAL kl-
. ' ,i " TH n.asant replied,
- n uru-ou, - r
inat a man is mercimi io u ,
& .manv vean te
hls borse hav mg served him for many years,
felt it to be both a duty and a pleasure to provide
, . ' , Aasft ; his latter
niniinnn- Tvnn X rtmiirTnnT'P
Weeds. "Eternal vigilance is the price of free-
dora" from weeds. The Granite farmer remarKs
on the perfect neatness of a neighbor's garden, and
on inquiring the secret of such extraordinary suc-
cess, was answered, " I have but one leading rule,
and that is, never to let a iceed go to seed. Acting
on this principle he found it easy to keep the weeds
.. . . i . .. -1 11
out. it is a very simple question ior scnooiuuv,
How many. times will a laborer have to bend his
vertebral column, or stoop, in pulling up five weeds
just ready to go to seed i And how many times
will he have to bend it next year by omitting this
ana allowing eacn oi tnose nve 10 npen oeeu nu-
dred seeds, yielding half as many weeds ? For
more mature arithmeticians if these second-year
weeds produce the third year, eacti Sou weeds, how
many times will he have to pull in getting them
all out? Answers to these questions will doubtless
show whether it will be easier to do it the first or
third year. Country Gentleman.
SPARE THE BIRDS.
Meeting Dr. Kennicott the other day iri that
Paradise of birds where neither cat nor boy dare
ntrude Professor Kirtland's garden I was tempt
ed to remind him of his plea for the birds, in the
Prairie Farmer :.
It has been said bv one of our most learned
writers, that insects annually destroy crops, in these
United States, of the value of at least twenty mil
lions of dollars, and this estimate is believed to be
f. a. t : a. . j i i . . . e i f
,ar row lue reai,l-v a,m txcel'1 our Ilul'e OI renei
through meteorological or elemental influences, we"
l r.. a i,i.:
UK B' lutlwS m-
crease of the countless swarms of destructive in-
sects save tlie b,rds' and Vie tew predaceous insects
.1.1 1 rl,T 111
tnemseives ; anu tnese latter we are mil as apt to
sacrifice to our ignorance,' as we are the birds in our
That most ot our small birds feed largely on in'
sects, is beyond dispute ; and that just about in
proportion to the decrease of birds has been the
increase of our insect enemies, many have asserted,
and those best informed fully believe.
1 evidence of this let us watch a pair of our
smallest and most sociable and confiding birds-
the common wren and see how often and how
loaded with insect carcasses they arrive at the nest.
See, too, the heavy burden of worms which the
blackbird, following the furrow, bears to his greedy
offspring. And yet, on some silly pretence, you
suffer your boys to break up the nest of the chat-
terer, and you remorsely shoot down the poor black-
bird, because, forsooth, he helps himself to a little
corn, when you haveneglected turning up grubs
for him; and that, too, when he has preserved a
hundred times the value, and many more times the
quantity his pressing wants have made him appro-
Wo have little or nothing to say against shoot-
i"g the wild pigeon ; he visits the farm. with an ev
ident felonious .purpose. The winged hawks eat
small birds as wed as mice, and we therefore leave
them to their fate. The cedar bird is very annoy-
ing in cherry time, and a few charges of small shot
may not be oufof place in giving them notice to
quit. The red headed woodpecker, the blue jay,
and even that gentle warbler, the robin, have oc-
casioually vexed us beyond- bearing by their petty
thefts in the fruit garden and orchard, and we have
been tempted to treat them unjustly. For though
these birds love all fratits in their season and. out,
and the two former greatly delight in scooping out
the inside of the tenderest apples, yet we have ful
ly satisfied ourselves thatthese birds do earn their
wages ten times over. And we have not the least
question, from actual experience, that if the farmer
will set the plow agoing, the moment his corn is
up, the blackbird will follow the new furrow, and
gather up heaps of noxio.us grubs, instead of fol
lowing the corn row, to pull for the soft kernel at
the base of the plant, and which is by no means so
desirable a blackbird delicacy as would be a juicy
cut-worm, or a largo fat grub the larvae of some
It has been admitted by practical farmers that
it will pay well to set a man at work to collect the
cut-worms in the hills of corn ; and it will most
certainly pay to employ men to destroy rose bugs,
catterpi liars, borers, curculios, etc., etc., in the gar-
den and orchard. - In fact, ;'if .?e dispense with
birds, hand-picking is our only alternative in most
cases. And will any one venture to say lhat a few
, . i ... .
nests ot oiras will not prove more emcient than
the labors of ft man, and comejnuch cheaper too ?
Nature has given tthe bird1 perceptive faculties in
connection with this insect-killing vocation, never
equalled by man; and then the bird labors tor his
own family's sustenance, and works with a will as
well'as an 44 instinct
There is no mistake about it: birds are the hor-
ticulturist's best friends, and he can better dispense
with the labors of animals than he can spare the
help of birds and to the farmer they are equally
necessary and much less annoymor,
And yet birds are still wantonly destroyed or
are victims to our ignorance of their worth, and
prejudices against some of their venial acts. There
have even been laws enacted for their destruction
within our time ; and our Pilgrim fathers, we be
heve, exacted a tax of so many birds heads of ev-
ery citizen. And to this day the most useful birds
die, as did the Salem witches, the victims of a de-
lusion, or a prejudice made powrful bv time and
.It is very easy to secure the services of birds-
plenty of low trees, thick shrubs, hedges, etc., but
really the least objectionable will readily appear
only when you construct houses for them such
are the martins, swallows, blue birds, wrens, etc..
and these are among the most useful of our birds.
i There is yet another aspect ia which to view thi
subject in connection with the grace and beauty
of the feathered tribe, their social and confiding
habits, conjugal fidelity and care for their young,
and many more amiable traits, from which man
might well take lessons while enjoying their delight
Spare the birds, good friends, and provide fitting
homes for them, and grudge them not a morsel of
food from the stores they help to save from insect
KNOWLEDGE FOR THE PEOPLE.
Why is the fireside an unsafe place in a thunder
Because the carbonaceous matter, or soot, with
which the chimney is lined, acts as a conducter for
Why is bed a place of comparative safety in a
Because blankets and feathers are non-conductors.
A woollen ruj; is likewise a non-conductor,
but it should be removed from the chimney. Bell
wires beinjr conductors, are almost always melted
in houses struck by lightningr.
Why are ships at sea so often destroyed by light
Because of the great quantity of metal, and par
ticularly of iron, which is employed in the rigging;
more especially as the metallic masses are there
nearly insulated, or connected only by very imper
Why is copper a better material for a conductor
Because copper is less liable either to fusion or
conversion. A rod is also, from its continuity, a
better; form of conductor than a chain.. '
Why have the gymnotus, or electric eel, and the
torpedo, or electric eel, a benumbing effect when
Because of certain singularly constructed organs
given to those remarkable animals for the purposes
of defence, which certain forms of the Voltaic ap
paratus much resemble ; for they consist of many
alternations of different substances. These electri
cal orgr.ns are much more abundantly supplied with
nerves' than any other part of the animal, and the
too frequent use of them is succeeded by debility
and death. Philosophical Transactions, 1817.
Why is electricity beneficial to plants ?
Because electrified seeds pass more rapidly
through the first periods of vegetation, than such
as are not electrified ; and electrified roses flower
more rapidly and abundantly. Plants with point
ed leaves and spines attract electricity.
Why do leeches die suddenly at the approach of
or during storms ?
Because of the coagulation of their blood, caused
by the, impression of the atmospheric electricity.
Why are magnetism and electricity, which had
long? been studied as sqxirate branches of science,
noxo effectually blended ?
Because all the phenomena of magnetic polarity,
attraction, and repulsion, have at length been re
solved into one general fact, that two currents of
electricity moving ia the same direction repel, and
in contrary directions attract, each other. Ilerschel.
Why are certain rays of the sun termed decom
Because they have a tendency to interfere with
the chemical constitution of bodies. Besides this
kindof rays, it is ascertained there are two others ;
theicalorific, or heating rays ; and the luminous, or,
colourific rays, which produce vision and colour.
Why are light and heat necessary to the existence
of heat ? 1
Because, in the sunshine, vegetables decompose
the carbonic acid gas of the atmosphere, the carbon
of which is absorbed and becomes part of their or
ganized matter ; and the oxygen, which is the other
constituent, is thrown off.
Why do not plants flourish in the dark ?
Because no oxygen is then produced by them,
and no carbonic acid absorbed.
Why may flame in general be regarded as lu
minous gaseous matter ?
Because hydrogen gas, probably, furnishes the
purest flame which can be exhibited ; for the flames
of bodies which emit much light, derive that power
from solid matter which is intensely ignited and
diffused through them, and which in ordinary
flames,; as of gas, tallow, wax, oil, fcc, consists of
finely-divided charcoal. Brande.
Why does spirit of wine sometimes bum with
various coloured fames?
Because of its admixture with different substan
ces. Thus, from borax it acquires a greenish yel
low tint ; nitre, and the soluble salts of baryta, cause
it to burn yellow, and those of strontia give it a
beautiful rose colour ; copper salts impart a fine
Why is working in coal mines sometimes fatal
to miners ?
Because of the carburetted hydrogen gas, or j
damp, and noxious exhalations, during the working
oi t-e coals, trom hsshres or cracks in the beds ;
when this has accumulated so as to form one-thirteenth
of the atmosphere of the mine, it becomes
explosive by a lighted candle or any kind of flame.
By miners, this gas is called fire-damp, to distin
guish it from carbonic acid gas, which they call
Why is the safety lamp-so called?
Because it consists of a lamp surrounded by a
wire-gauze, which, by confining the flame from the
fire damp, without intercepting the light, enables
the miners to work in safety ; and which, in grati
tude to its illustrious inventor, Sir II. Davy, is, in
mining districts called the Davy.
Why is a piece of paper lighted, by holding it in
the air which rushes out of a common lamp-glass ?
Because of the high temperature of the current
of air above the flame, the condensation of which
is by the chimney of the glass.
Why does a common fire smoke ?
Because of the vapour of the water from the
moisture of the fuel ; and the carburetted hydrogen
and bituminous substances, formed during combus
tion by the union of the hydrogen of the combus
tible with the oxygen of the atmosphere.
Why does a draught support a fire ?
Because it flows towards the fire-place, to occu
py the vacancy left by the air that ha undergone
decomposition, and which, in its turn, becomes de
composed also. ' Hence, a supply of caloric is fur
nished without intermission, till the whole of the
combustible is saturated with oxygen. Parket.
' TOM FRAY'S SOLILOQUY,
" Most any female lodger up stairs
, Occasions thought in him who locW
Don't they tho' ? Not a d,M...i
. "uu Ji I'"V -tin t
rooms over " head, about a weiVa p !
pat, go those little feet over tho. fl,Tr ",;,
nervous a4 a cat in a china closet am!
pretty feet they are, too, for I caugl.t'ij
going up stairs.) Then I can hoar a lir?1 f "
cnair iru.A., o uc sits mere sewimr nu, i
ing, "J,ove nor, love not; (JUst as u- f
neip it. j tuMi !ue wabu t .juiie
makes me reel decidedly uik-
if she has any great mx footer uf a l(1.0,, j1"
cousin with a sledge-hammer fist W;'
her wash-woman, or the little iiir,.r .j '' l
her breafast ; wish she'd faint away otl y '
wish the house would ketch tire tu'-!,j,, ,
am in this cwsit. H.-ini tf '.i "
' " ."- l 'ooiii, a;l
and thiugs set square up againt tho U
tle feminine fixin round ; I slnii have, t 1 '
ond hand bonnet, or a little pair uf .r.;, ,' u" jf
cneai my sen nuo uie cieiusion that l ill,,
UJ us. ii lau mat utile gipsy Wan t shy
Oil l x can. i meet utsr on me stairs,
I've upset my inkstand a dozen 'times
1 Til I i T 1 11
wneu i uiougin i ueara iier coinii)i. -she
knows, when she sits ver-vtatinn- .i.
' 1 -B U
Shakspeare, or Sam Slick, or somebody SiVs '
44 happiness is born a twin ?" cause if she
the missionary that will enlighten 1k-i-;
if she earns her living? (poor little w '
time I had a wife,. by Christopher! $;ttj,.ff " '
pricking her fingers with that inurJerou rj,. '
If she was sewing on my dickeys it wuulj '
while now ! , That's it bv Jove! I'ItVi
make me some dickeys; don't -want Vm u.
than Satan wants hnlv-w:itr but !.,...' . '
... .j UMlj 1.,
here nor there ; I shall insist upon lar tan-'I
measure of my throat! bachelors liaveto'l'
fussy. There's a pretty kettle of tih now ,? '
she'll have to stand on a cricket or 1 -lli ,3,e,
get on my knees to her. : Solomon t'.iuln't fix's, -thing'better
; deuce take me if I ctuldj,t s.,-v '
right thing then ! This fitting dick.-vs "isa'ti
of time too. Dickeys isn't to be ot n' Tn a jirrr
rial lo, there's the door bell ! there's aWrtw
thumped down in the r-ntrv ! h Mrs. Ls
home? Mrs. Legare! I like that now. Haif!
been in love a whole week with Mrs. Lc".t...
Never mind, may be she's a widow ! lr;rE,
tramp, up comes those masculine .feet up Maj
handsome fellow, too ! Nebuchadnezzar!
If I ever heard a kiss in my hie 1 Ii arb-.
then! I won't stand it! it's an invasion of rs
rights; I'll listen at the door as I'm a sihm',-Wh-at
right have sea captains on shore, I'd iiksg.
know? Cotifouud it all ! Well, I always tr
women wer'nt worth thinking of; a set of d
little monkeys, changeable as a rain how, sir
as parrots, as full of tricks as conjurers, stubborn
mules,' vain as peacocks, noisy as manifsanlti
of the 44 Old Harry'! aH the" time ! There's 'h,
lilahn now ; didn't she take the strctvt.l s;
Sampson ? and wer'nt 44 Si sent" and " Judith" k
fiends, ar.d' didn't the little mnix of a "Hero;'
dance John the Baptist's head off? Didn't Sai
44 raise Cain" with Abraham, till he packed Ikr-'f
og ? Then there was :well, the les said uffisl
the better ! but didn't Eve the foremotlier f::
whole concern, have one talk too many witii iJ
"old serpent !" 'Of course, she didn't d i.
else ! Glad I never set any of my younnff-,!:
on any o'em ! Where's my ciar case I l.A
tormeuted this room is ! L
In his lecture, lately, at Boston, Dr. kl
related that, wishing to explain to a little gnl rr-
manner in which the lobster cast its shell, wher.
has out grown it, he said
'What do you when you have out-grown vor
clothes? You throw them aside, don't you f'
40,' replied the little one, ' we let oat tktufi
The doctor confessed she had the advMiaje '-
A fool, a barber, and a bald-headed maa travels
together. Losing their way, they were forced
sleep in the open air, and to avert danger it
agreed to watch bv turns. The Inf. first fell totiu'
barber, who for amusement shaved the fools hea-i
while he slept; he then woke him, and thef.
raising his hand to scratch his head exclaim
4 Here's a pretty mistake ! Rascal, you have t
ed the bald headed man instead of me.'
4 Sir,'' said a little blustering man to his r'
opponent, 4 to what sect do you think I Wo
' Well, I don't exactly know,' replied the ofif.
4 but to judge from your make, size, and appeal
I should say you belonged to a class cil'el u
insect.' . '
4 Would , you be willing to undertake tie
agement of my property for your victuals an
clothes !' said Girard to a gentleman wbo was
gratulating him on his vast possession.
the reply. 'Well, that's all I get,' said the m; '
For the Southern Weekly Po
I am composed of 26 letters.
(I reek 10-
Mv T6. S M i o is ..qc thp trreatest ot -u0 -
-i - j i i t " - r.t
My 18, 3, C, 3, was a cruel Koman emperor
My 16, 21, 2, 9, 16, 3, 7, was the founder of
ligioh which is now believed by many oi'wJ
My 8, 15, 26, 22, 25, 4, 15 24, a Cortbage
My 7, 20, 15, 14, 21, i3,wasaKomanErape'
My 23, 9, 20, 15, 18, a book which
the Mahometan precepts. J
My20,:3, 10, 9, 6,16,15, 7,17, O. -";.
the most important events recorded in s
My 19, 12, 13, 3, 24, 9, 18, was the Frenc
, bassador at the court of England in the re'D
Charles the ninth. $
My 6, 9, 11, 12, 20, 1, was a king of FraD
th Capetean race.
My whole is an event which cecum
Answer to Enigma in last week's Ps-
Raleigh and Gasxok Railroad.