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S 0 0 T
New York. Dee. a 'ifiss.
'Winter tardy Preparation for vinter- WantAp-
""' V " wiiaay. season nta Cktus-Jul-Lten
t second month in the Metr,q6lis-- The Lectu re
Season, New Boo&sTuckermane-Month in Lon
don Aete edition of The Vemawee Superb
copy f "The Spectator "-Edingburg and ,ew
Y ork joint Edition of the British Poets The Uar
pers.Their Magazine A utoliograjhy of Ilaydon
the Painter Crystal Palace Non-arrital of the
Mr Dear Post; Winter is scarcely up toime
withushis season for while the calendar de
clares itjto be the. 3d of December, and -bf course
the third day of winter, we have as yet no de
cided demonstrations of the fact. The weather is
cool but not cold, and the occasional remark of
the weaherwise, "It looks like snow this morn
ing," seems to be rather forced than spontaneous.
There is yet no ice in the river and it is only in
the extreme northern latitudes of Our territory
V that we hear -of obstructed navigation.
We are all ready for winter no, not all, alas!
I am indeed too hastv in mv remark, and I recall
7t with? anMoresgftre isfntr foXtnVunpfXTOmL.
ness of thousands in this great metropolis to meet
the inevitable bitterness of the wintry blast to
withstand the consuming cold of the unclad sea
son which is at hand. In many a lodcrincr place
the supply of fuel is miserably scanty, and the di
minishing heap of coal or wood is regarded with a
half despairing glance by the needy inmates for j
they know nut how it is to be replenished. .How '
thankful ought those of us to be who have nothing J
to apprehend in the advance of the wintry season j
who can see in the prospective, only bright visions"!
of glowing fires in our grates, and feel only genial, j
warmth within our dwellings. . ' 1 !
The near approach of the holiday season has in-s
fused fresh vitality into the channels of both busi
ness arid pleasure. The multitude is moving with' ;
eagerness to get through the toils of the year by ,
the time the festal days set in. A very large, mini- ;
ber of citizens and tradespeople are builveoHcerii-
ed in preparing 'the multitudinous gifts which
Santa Claus will distribute upon - Christmas Eve. ;
What :i .''pretty fable, by the way, is this of the
"queer little genhis who presides over the Christinas
I cannot conceivVsgpf amore felicitous represen
tation of the supposititious benefactor of the ju- !
veniles. than that of the good Dutch ancestors of
this metropolis. It certainly heightens, immeasu
rably, the interest of the young folks in their store
of bon bons and knick-knacks, to-imagine that
they got into their stocking.-, or upon their little ;
toilette tables, through the agency' of so nivsteri-
ous a being as Santa (Jlaus. lint 1 forget that 'it
lacks yet tlireo weeks of Christmas, and' that 1 am
anticipating.. And, how do we 'know that Santa
Claus will come at all this season ; ;
Among the prime attractions of this festal month
will be the new series of Jullieilesuue concerts, to
commence on Monday next, the.;fth inst. I verily
believe that the impatience of the public for the re- ;
appearanee of the great Band-it is greater than its !
first desire to hear his matchless baud, and to i
watch the waving of his 'inimitable baton. The :
vast area of Metropolitan Hall, will be thronged to ;
its uttermost capacity during, his isit. couf"s :
to a trong. sympathy with, the popular enthusiasm. !
Jullien's band has opened for me a new world of j
musical delight and I am fain again to Jose niv-1
self amid its ravishing and bewildering '.'mazes of ;
The lecture season is fairly begun, and who shall ji
enumerate the themes of the -popular discourse"?? ! i
. The lectures of Dr. Dorenuison the j'hvsical striic-)
ture of the Universe, are perhaps, the most, bril-.;
liant and philosophical of all. I r. Holmes is still
atl'ording gratification to his select -auditors. He-j
sides these, we have lectures upon the state of Ku-
rope; upoli Geology; upon Kdiuation: upon the j
Past, the. Present, and the "Future." The present)
generation should be a wise one. if lectures and '
books can make them so for when, in the annals ;
of our planet, were there half so many of either
of these agencies as at the present time ? Echo!
answers a la Hibii-nicc, "When?"'' ;
I have mentioned books, and the theme is too !
seductive to be resisted. You must e'en let me J
gossip awhile about several which have interested i
me within a few day's. ' j
Under the title of " A Month in Loudon ""Mr. I
Tuckerman narrates some of his observations du- I
ring a recent visit, to that world-renowned city j
In spite of the object, familiarity of subject and
scenery, the book is a novel one, a result due to the
. author's tact in. choosing his point of -observation.
It is not a political, or a religious, or a commercial,,
or a merely picturesque view, which he gives us,
but a general view obtained through the medium
of literary associations or more definitely
through the haunts and homes and habits of Eng
lish authors. The book unlike: the' works of its'
author generally is effervescent with "life and re
ality. -"It is "positively animated and some of its
chapters are instinct with a delicate humor. This
is particularly true of the chapter On Lions.' The
picture of the universality, of the Uncle Tom-phobia
in the great Babylon,' is worthy of the pencil
of Dickens himself. I can sympathize intensely
with the author, compelled to hear Uncle Tom
songs in the street; to wash, with Uncle Tom soap
in his chamber; to see Uncle. Tom money' boxes
upon his tea table ; to answer questions touching
Uncle Tom, morning, noon, and night ; and firially
to see at three successive theatres upon one night,
the eternal drama of Uncle Tomx in successive
m. stages of its grand development ! " Verily," quoth
I to myself, as I ceased to laugh over this droll
picture, "Verily, John Bull is a willing victim of
humbug." Mr. Tuckerman's book. is publisheoLby
Redfield in his usual tasteful style.
i , -.'...'
The Yeinassee, in a new and revised form, from
Mr. Redfield's press, is the first volume of . what I
trust will become in time, a complete and uniform
library edition. of the admirable novels of . Mr.
Simias. " I donot hesitate to express my opinion
that, since "the death of Mr. Cooper, Mr. imms
stands at the very head of American-novelists.
He is unsurpassed in the border story, and in the
delineation of Indian life he is every whit a mas
ter. His ploto are consistent, and the develop
ment of them effective in the highest degree. In
" this ever popular romance of Carolina, the char-
acteristics of the author are well developed., The
story is full of dramatic power, and the careful
version to which it has been subjected renders it,
in some manner, a new claimant upon the interest
and delight of the reading world. Some felicit
ous illustrations from the pencil of Darley increas
es the attractions of this pew and beautiful edition.
Among the recent issues extraordinary, of the
American press, is a new, and superb edition of the
Sjjectator, published in six octavo volumes, by the
Messrs. Appleton. In every respect this is a re
markable undertakingi The typography and pa
per are of faultless beauty. The text followed is
that of "Chalmers, and the edition is unquestiona
bly the most complete one ever made. It is wor
thy of mention, that no such edition of the Spec
tator is extant in England, and it is not a little
creditable to the publishers, that they have surpass
ed their most princely London compeers, in the
honor they have done to the immortal series of
British Essays embraced in the Spectator. The
wonder increases when the exceedingly low price
of this sumptuous editibn is considered. I believe
it does not exceed ten dollars. Xo one will buy
any other edition who can possibly afford to pro
In this connection, let me remark upon another
"great entetprj; oi" these saniS rihceiy piiidishers
viz : the issuing simultaneously with an Edinburgh
publisher, the poetical works of the great masters
of English poetry. The series is edited by the
Rev. George Gilfillan, the fervid and popular au
thor of "The Bards of the Bible," and "Literary
Portraits."'. A comprehensive - memoir precedes
the collected works of every poet included in the
series. P have examined, with much earnestness,
the three works already published. They are Mil
ton, Thompson and Herbert, and J should do the
editor great injustice if I failed to express my ad
miration. of the manner in which he had discharg
ed, his task, botji in. the biographical sketches and
in the nbtetf w hich are appended to the text.
, It is a luxury to read the grand- old poets of
England in this sumptuous edition. The type is
large and fair the paper of exquisite texture and
the price for each volume is only one dollar. If
the enterprise can be matched in beauty ahd-cheap-licss.
1 have yet to learn the fact. -
The untiring industry and energy of the Har
pers, is exemplified . in the appearance of a new
book nearly every day from their teeming presses.
I have looked over several of their late issues, and
some of them have interested me exceedingly.
The December number of their Magazine com
mencing the seventh volume is made up of entire
ly original matter,' excepting only the advance ,j
chapters of Tliackaray's new novel '"The New
comes.'' It is a number of which'they mav justly
' be proud, in both literary and artistic points of
view.- It s.-ems idle to commend a work that com
mends itself to over" a- milion of regular readers !
The world can show no parallel to Harpers' Mng
. azine, -either in. cheapness or popularity.
Taylor's Autobiography of the eminent' English
painter, Ilaydon,' (republished by the Harpers), is
a book of extraordinary ami varied interest. It is,
in f.ict. printed from the Artist's Manuscript, as ar-
ranged byhkni fi.the press, and &r tfre
very judiciously edited from his journal?, which for
forty years, were -penned habitually and copiously,
with the utmost -frankness and truth, and with the
great literary ability for which he was scarcely less
distinguished thaii for his artistic skill. .
The vivid but"ainful picture which these journals
give us of the aspirations and despoolings, the
achievements and. failures of a brilliant but impracti
cable man of genius, teaches a most profound and
While we snide at the Artist's vaulting ambition,
or. shrug our s!iou'der'sat. his extravagant egotism,
we still sympathize-with the magnificent fancy and
the generous tieart which fed them ; and we follow
the hero lovingly through all the vicissitudes of his
changeful life ; now in confident and daring
now in despairing fear; to-day in if palace, 'and
to-morrow in a' prison ; until we part with him in
the vale of years, a heart-broken suicide.. Alas!
poor lIaydTi !
Quite distinct from the "absorbing- interest of the
strong and original character of the artist himself,
the volumes have another attraction in the innu
merable vivid portraitures of .most of the great men
of his time, and with whom Ilaydon lived on' terms
of intimacy and friendship. Everywhere we find
genial gossip, clever anecdote, and sagacious arwily-. j Church is composed of an equal number of Minis
sis .f character and genius. One after the other, ! ters and Delegates from the various fields of labor
we come in pleasant contact, with all those in the
,temr' aud l,ol5tic;i1 Woild of England for twenty
i years past, wnom we would most desire to meet,
while the art-history of the country .slips before we
know it, with all its details, into our store of pleas
I have still other books upon my. mind which I
should like tomention, but I have written "enough
already and must reserve them for a subsequent
letter. . "
I have given the Crystal Palace the go-by, this
week, supposing that your readers will prefer to
have my reviews of the Great Exhibition, alternated
with .gossip from the great world outside of its
crystal walls. Within them I may say, en passant,)
they contrive to keep up a pleasant warmth, and a
very respectable attendance. I do not know how
much will be immediately 'withdrawn from the
Palace, now that the time has coraeiwhen Exhibit
ors, may retire their goods but I presume not
enough t6 impair considerably the whole fine effect
of the interior. -
The non-arrival of the Europa at her Northern
port, creates some little solicitude in the city ; but
I hope w e sha 1 hear of her on Monday.
WWrrE-N FOR THE SOUTHERN WEEKLY POST.J
Messrs. Editors, I am little skilled "to drive
the gray goose quill," and of course unable to write
such nice letters as Cosmos; but, sirs, bv vour
leave, will give you, in a simple way, .the panic-'
ulars of pleasant little jaunt to the Institution,
whose name heads my letter. On the lovely morn
ing of Thanksgiving's day, sis of us left College,
with hearts buoyant with liberty and the hope of
pleasure, and Lent our way towards Nash. We
spent the night pleasantly with a friepd, and, re
pairing early next mornining to Castalia, found
Mrs. Richardson taking her pupils through a- rigid
examination. To the examination w listened with
interest, and the prompt responses to the difficult
questions put by Mrs. R., soon convinced usfthe
thorough acquaintance of the young ladies with
their studies. The examination of Mr. Richardson's
school had been on the day previous, artde
were told, was quite creditable. The exercise suc
ceeding Mrs. R.'s examination, was Mr. R.'s exhi
bition. By this we were highly entertained the
declamation was good, the valedictory pathetic, and
the dialogues capital. If we mistake not, the dia
logues were from the splendid and humorous pen
of Mr. R. himself, and certainly they imlitfrted a
high order of dramatic talent. About three o'clock
the orator of the day, Mr. Wm. T. Faircloth, a
member of Wie senior class of Wake Forest Col
lege, was introduced to the audience, and received
the most ' respectful attention for half an hour,
while he presented to them the claims of educa-
lion. His speech was logical, interesting ana m-
structive, with occasional humorous hits wbwmJ
drew down rounds of applause. The assemblyvas
then dismissed, the older part to return to their
homes, arid think of the occurrences of the day
the young people to prepare for the convivialities
of the evening. The twinkling of the stars was
the signal for the party to commence. And now,
Mj Post, how I wish I could wield, for a fSLrno
ments,' the "flexile afid graceful pen oT arIrving 6t
a Wiley, that I might portray our party in all its
spirit and beauty There were there, lasses many
and lovely, some arrayed in party costumes of vir
gin white; othen, deterred by the coolness of the
eveniug from wearing whitecame out in rich me
rinos and rustling silks. As these fair creatures
flitted in graceful joyousness before the eyes of the
laddies, they felt that such eyes, such looks, such
j snowy hands, and such sweet smiles, " would shake
the saintship of an anchorite." 'Tis true, there
was no dancing there, but if the flushed cheek
i the kindling eye, the merry laugh are indications
J of Pleasure's presence, she was there. And we
fear that little arch-fiend Cupid was not far off, if
i pensive' looks, soft whisneis and rosv blusTies tell
his whereabouts. The supper which came oft
about one o'clock, was in capital taste, and receiv
ed many compliments from the ladies. The pleas
ure of the evening was protracted till four in the
morning, and e-veu then it was with a sigh and soft
I pressure of the hand, that the young swains bade
the-fair ones good night, wishing them sweet slum
j hers and pleasant dreams. Such was our party.
Oil'! no, 'Such was not our party, 'twas infinitely
mote delightful, and I have utterly failed in my
description : but it' I can't describe, I can remein-
; ber it, and 'twill ever be a pheasant little picture,
that, in alter years, wi 1 rise painted on the eye cl
I Apropos to the party, Mr. Post, we have always
; heard Nash was tamed tor good brandy and pretty
girls. In judging the first 1 am no connoisseur,
j being a tetotaler, in 'matters of beauty 1 aip
.somewhat of an amateur, and I defy any bachelor
j to frequent the atmosphere of tiie Nash guls, and
j enjoy their sweet smiles, without being softened,
i and before a lengthened seige, surrendering at dis-
A word or two, Mr. Post, about this classically
"film&urjd L do. Castaha, th&seaf
of a male and feinaie school, is situated nbctt ten
iiiiles west of Nashville, eighteen east of Louisburg
and near forty -seven uonh-east of Ilaleigb. 'lis
j naturaliy a beautind' place, and its enterprising
i citizens have much improved it. They have al
i ready erected one academy, large, comiuodiou,
I 1 .. I..- J... 1 . 1 rii
iinu expressly lor eoucaitouai. purposes lliev
propose building another on a slight elevation on
the opposite side of the principal street, facing the
one now finished. I would like to dilate a little
on. other improvements, the kind hos itahty of the
citizens, kc, but hav'nt time. Mr. Kichardsoii
j and lady, having had advantageous offers made
j them at Franklinton, will open school" there in
j January. This interesiing spot will not be desert
ed, however, as I learned that Mr. and Mrs. Averitt
will occupy in the stead of the teachers iiuw leav
ing. Pardon my prolixity, Mr. Post, accept my
wishes for the happiness of the two married mem
bers of your trio, and my hope' that the bachelor
may have many such pleasant occasions as the one
which we enjoyed. A Visitor.
t For the Southern Weekly Post.
N- C. CONFERENCE M. P- CHUKCH.
This Conference of the Methodist Protestant.
within the District, and recently held its annual
session at Fairfield in Guilford' co., 11th Nov. 1853.
ere were thirty-two Ministers belonging to the
Conference, of whom twenty-five were present, and
also, twenty-one Delegates chosen bv the churches
from the laity. Its session embraced a period of
six days, and shows among other things the fol
lowing : ,
Houses of Worship in .the State 66, Valuation
about 22,000 ; Circuits and Stations 16 ; Num
ber of Members 5T35 6 ; received during -the past
year 722 ; nett increase 63.6 stationed Ministers
and Preachers 41, unstaiioned do.. 21 ; Total 62 ; re
ceived into the Conference 8. Ordained Elder John
Gordon ; ordained Deacons J. G. Stockard, J. W.
Naylor and Jos. M. Kennett. -
APPOINTMENTS FOR THE ENSUING YEAR:
C. F. Harris, President.
Albemarle Ct.,-J. F. Speight, Supt, J. E. Norman, Asst.
Roanoke-Wm. H. Wills, q a t -vyhitaker,
Halifax B. L. Hoskins, Superintendant,
Granville Jno. L, Micnaux, "
Orange-H.T.Weatherly, ' J. A. NeeseTl.
C. Hays, C. L. Cooler and J. G. Stockard, Assistants
Guilford A. Gray, Superintendent, R. R. prather, N. Rob
bins and Jno. Gordon, Assistants,
Randolph-A. W. Lineberry, Superitendant, Jos. Causey
and J. W. Haith, Assistants,
Davidson A. Robbins, Superintendent, J. Guver, Asst
Yadkin David Weesner, T H Pegram,
Mocksrille-Q. Holton, g G ft
Cleaveland J. Deans, "
Buncombe-Dr. J. L. Crumley, Superintendent, R. R.
Michaux and A. Pichers, Assistants
Wilmington Station-Dr. C. Finney, Superintendent,
Fayettville R. H. Jones,
Tabernacle Mission To be supplied.
MonroeJos Parker, Superintendent,
Left without appointments at their request : A. C Harris,
C. Drake, J. Henshaw and W. J. Ogbura.
Left in the hands of the President : DauL Thompson, J. W.
Naylor, J. W. Lechie, J. Snotherly, R. Cochrane and J. M.
Joe.' Gilbreath deceased the past year.
W. H. WILLS,
m" "Spirit of the Age," and other dtr .papers please
THE RESCUE GRASS.
Columbus, Georgia, Nov. 20, 1 853.
Dear Sir : I have received your friendly let
ter of the 12th inst., and in answer, have to say,
that I have entered your name in my book for
one peck of the seed of my truly valuable species
of grass. I have no seed to dispose of this year,
but will be able to supply the demand next year,
say, in June, July, and August. The demand is
very great, and only such as send me their names
will be certain of seed. My price is $5-for a peck,
which isfylenty for a person to begin with, 'iou
will sow them as early after receiving them as you
can, as it makes thera come up early in Septem
ber ; and as it grows rapidly, -y the middle of
November, you can put your stock upon it. I1
will then keep them fat through the winter and
spring till you see it forming the heads for seed,
.1 i ii i rrl lf
nen iney should be removed, mis g.ass, nu
ever, nas tnis remarkable quality, tnai it iuuv uc
cut or ate down after the heads are formed, and
then spring up and make as much seed as if it had
not been touched. This will enable you to use a
field of it until in June, and, perhaps, in your cli
mate, still longer.
The first year sow the seed in drills, after hav
ing the ground well broke up, twenty inches apart.
StfwtJrirrSrri- Qavf kt!j.. Tim se.ed wil not
sprout till September, even if sowed in June or Ju
ly, which is the time to plant them. When the
seed rip ns they shed out easily you will strip
the heads with the hand or shake them in a bas
ket, let plenty escape to the ground for a stand
on the same ground next September. After you
save your seed for other fields, sow peas broadcast
or in drills, and turn under the grass peas and
seed which fell to the ground in gathering.
This is the plan to restore your exhausted fields
and which you must, adopt. When you get plen
ty of seed, you will find the grass ploughed in
makes an excellent manure to the field, and will
j make the peas grow with a rush. The grass saves
the ground or field from washing rains through
the winter and spring. It keeps your stock tat
throughout the winter and spring. Tt will enable
your milch cows to give your wife the best of
milk, and cieam, and butter. It enables you to
have fat beef, mutton; kid, pork, turkeys. and chick
ens. It w ill save your corn and fodder for plough
ing time. It will, after doing the above, yield you
from four to six tons of the most nutritious hay per
acre for your horses and mules and cattle. It re
turns also an excellent coat of manure to the field.
The pea protects the field also from the washing
rains of summer and fall. The vines give shade
to the ground during the hot months. in the fall,
when ripe, they are a valuable food for man or
beast. And the vines give a large coat of manure
to the field. Now, the lb scue seeds will be no in
their time, and by November 20th, is ready for
your stock again anil so follow it up until the
third or fourth year, w hen, if you wish to cultivate
the field, put in your plows and turn, the green
grass under; it is not hard to do. This gives the
field ano'her coat of manure. Now plant the field
and you will see it produce as well as it. ever did,
besides having paid you all the time it took to re
store if. .,.'.' A - .
This is my experience well tested, and if the
pea does well with you, it should be used with in'
grass, as have said above. If not, then the grass
will do it single handed. This plan will cost you
but little, either in money, labor or time,; aud'will
make vour exhausted fields yield you good crops
f 4 i
again, and that forever, if the. plan is followed.
The best of it too is, that you get paid, richly paid,
all the time, while it is effecting it.
I must ask you to help me intioduce this inval
uable species of grass among your friends
good old North State. They will find it the mot
valuable grass ever introduced, or w hich can be in
troduced. It is. for the South, far more valuable
than silver or gold, and its worth is above rubies.
I will send seed to you Vtt llaleigh, to sell for me,
if you will consent to act as agent.
Accept my my best wishes, while I remain,
Your ob't serv't, '
B. V. Iverson. -
EVERARD IIaLI., ESQ.
N. Ii. Theie is no danger from this grass
spreading ; it can be got. rid of at any lime before
the seeds ripen and fall out, by ploughing it. up.
13. V. I.
The Patent Office. j-Among the patents grant
ed in 1852, is one for frosting the surface .of glass
plate by covering it with sand, pebbles, and, water,
and rocking it 'backwards and forwards, so tliat the
sand will pass over the surface, -r Another Was for
acampbene, lamp, the wick of winch is surrounded
by a chamber filled with water, to extinguish the
lamps if they should be accidentally upset. An
other for a machine for making patent medicine,
which, considering the amount of drugs annually
passing through the human stomach, is no', unde
serving of notice. The ingredients 'are fed in be
tween cylinders, and they come out manufactured
pills. Just the machine for cholc'a times.
- . . .
Disgraceful Funeral Scene. On Tuesday,
a party from Jenkinton, came to Frankford for the
purpose of burying a cHld. The cortege consist
ed of a hearse, followed by a dirt cart, drawn by
an old horse, containing three women, one of whom
was the mother of the deceased child. They be
came very drunk before they left the Borough, and
indulged in a regular fight. The women were so
drunk that they had to be assisted in the cart,
when they were soon wrapped in slumber. Phil.
The man who thinks he is above his business is
really beloW it, and in undertaking it has shown
himself a cheat. He is in no sense rWmrlorl iw a
really moral and respectable work ; but, for the
time being, he should not expect or desire to be
treated as other than that which he has undertaken
Would y6u have noble offspring? See that
you choose for them a noble mother, since she
alone must be their only teacher in that early pe
riod, when lessons are best acquired through the
sympathies, nnd when the heart seems rather to
strive against, than to obey the understanding.
One of the most important, but one of the most
difficult things for a powerful mind is to be its own
master; a pond may lav quiet in a plain, but a
fefce wants mountains to cbmpasfe and hold it hi.
CALVIN H. WILEY, WILLIAM D. COOKE,
LYTTELTON WADDELL, Jr.
RALEIGH, DEC 10, 1853.
: Terms TWO DOLLARS PES ANNUM, in Advance.
Three Copies, $5 full price, $6,
Eight Copies, 12 u 0;
T en Copies, i3 40'
Twenty Copies, 20
(Payment in all cases in advance..
- Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, the
person making up the club will be entitled to a copy extra
All articles of a Literary character may be addressed
" Editors of the Southern Weekly Post, Raleigh, M.C. Busi
ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &c, ace.
should be addressed to W.' D.Cooke.
8CT Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents lor mo
Southern Weekly Post.
WILLIAM D. COOKE, Proprietor.
.'Mr. H. P. Docthit is our authorized agent for the State
of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.
T THE SANDWICH ISLANDS-
This little group, formerly the object of so much
religious interest to the 'people of the United States,
and now the subject of political discussion, lies in the
bosom of the PucTflc Oem, Irr -Jwwgffo&JUifeg-jfle'
W. from Washington, and 20 degrees North latitude.
The distance lo the coast of Oregon or California is
about 2500 miles, and to that of China about 4800.
These islands are ten in number, containing 7000
square miles, and a native population formerly esti
mated at 150,000. Two of them are uninhabited.
Several of the larger ones are remarkable for the aw
ful features of natural scenery which they present,
including vast volcanic mountains, and towering peaks
covered with perpetual snow and inaccessible to man.
Lying just wilhin the tropic, in the same latitude
nearly wilh Cuba and Hayti, nnd surrounded by the
immense expanse of the Paeific, which tempers the
heat of a vertical sun with its delightfnl alternation of
land and sea breezes, the climate of this p-nup is cel
ebrated for its mild and equable character, and its
healthful influence upon both natives and.-strangers.
The soil is in many cases too precipitous for cultiva
tion, and in some others subject to inundations which
greatly interfere with the operations of industry. But
on the whole, owin to the kindly influence of the
climate, nature here richly rewards the hand of labor
with some of the choicest productions, and yields her
fruits with such easy abundnuce that the most indolent
or helpless of the inhabitants need never suffer for
want of food. Bread fruit, cocoa-nuts, plantains,
bananas, yams, taro, sugar cane, coffee, all thrive on
these islands and furnish the untutored appetites of
the natives with a rich variety; of substantial luxuries.
The grains ai.d fruits of temperate latitudes do not
flourish, but these native productions arc of such a
character as to answer all the wants of a simple and
temperate people. Pigs are raided with great facility,
and constitute an important article of trade with the
ships of all nations that frequent the islands. Yams
are also sold in great quantities in the same way. The
taro is a fine nutriiious root which requires to be cul
tivated where the soil is liable to be overflowed. It
is baked in holes in the sand highly heated. The
roots are taken out when they are done, beaten into a
dough-like paste, and eaten with the lingers. The
frujit of the bread-fruit tree is another substaniial
article of food, which is thrown in a green state into
the fire 'hnd 'ro:is!ect ftpidly, It luoks inside, whi?n
codke'd, like potato, and tastes like the hard-boiled
yolk of an egg. When first taken from the fire, after
the rind is removed, it resembles a nice white, smok
ing loaf ot bread. These trees bear four or five crops
a year. Besides these n .tive fruits, many others, in
troduced from tropieal lands elsewhere, havfe sueeeed-
dwell. The orange, let; on. 1'me, citron, 'tamarind,
pine apple, and fig. are all cultivated, and may be pro
duced in abundance.
The native sugar-cane of the Sandwich Islands is
remarkable for its size. Sugar is now manufactured
from it to some extent, and there can be no doubt
that in the hands of the Anglo-Saxon race, these is
lands rniirlit be made to produce sugar and coffee
abundantly and of a fine quality. The Sandal tree
and other valuable species of wood are natives of the
soil, and were formerly exported.
Through the faithful labors of American missiona
ries, the savage and degraded people Of thee islands
have been not only converted with remarkable facility
to the Christian faith, but have been brouffbt through
the 'instrumentality of school?, books, and papers to
a high degree of civilization. The history of their
abandonment of idolatry :'nd the destruction of the
relics of superstition is familiar to. all. It is much to
be lamented that owing to the frequent arrivals of
j foreign ships, and the character of many of the white
I residents who have taken up their abode among them,
J some of the vices of civilization have been introduced
j along with its blessings. The consequence has been
j that they have not improved very much, for many
years, in morality, and their numbers, jevhich ought
naturally to have increased, have remained nearly
stationary. The missionaries of the cross have had a
i hard trial in resisting the steady encroachments of the
i missionaries of rum and other agents of Satan, who
have been zealous to undo all that they have accom
plished, and for t.e sake of gain appear willing to see
the little nation entirely extinguished. '
The Sandwich Islands constitute one independent
kingdom, with a regularly orga ized government, a
written constitution, and nearly all the important in
stitutions of civilized countries. The government is
modeled after hat of Great Britain, in accommodation
to the claims of the chiefs and the habits of the peo
ple. The monarch has wisely availed himself of the
ministerial council of t e white missionaries, and by
their aid has s'teered the ship of state safely through
many formidable dangers. The great dread of the
king and the people at present is that France will
manage by some means to seize upon their country
as she has already done with some of .the Seciety Is
lands. The domineering conduct of the French in
the Pacific, for several years past, has been such as to
excite the suspicions of the whole world, and it is quite
natural for the people of this little- group, who have
experienced so many of the blessings of Protestant
Christianity, to dread the dominion of an unscrupulous
Catholic Power, whose encroachments upon other
groups in the Pacific have been so arbitraryaud violent.
It appears from recent intelligence that the question of
annexation to the United States is seriousiy entertain
ed by a considerable party in the islands, and it is
reported that the king is not unfavorable to such a
change. ITie English and French consuls have enter
ed a formal protest against the measure, and Mr.
Severance, the United States Commissioner, has de
fended it with considerable ability.
This question bids fair to become a serious one
with our government As the, policy which may be
necessary to dispose of it is not yet monopolized by
either of the great political parties which divide the
country, we may be permitted to speak ouLsentiinents
in regard to it without reserve. ; It is purely a nation
al question, and we cun hardly conceive tHe nroDrietv
of permitting it to become involved with those domes-
. nuivn ngiuiue uur own poo pie.
If there were no probability that ei! er f
France would in a few years jassU,e tJ '-Vf
of these island9,it is clear to tis tlvat th,.': '"'l
to the United State would bq both iJ?''
surd. The idea of incorpoi-juin
Saxon Confederacy a nation of
lial-F linked p
inhabiting a little group of islands ..... -S
five thousand mile from ourj
people who wilhin our own retolloci
" . tJ 111 l.ft .. ' .
- 11 11
ed among the most degraded! s;ivi.rt. ,
Sea. -would busily regardtdinst-xt,,..., . 1
and puerile by all intelligent meu.
OI noining morc juiauui:, notlnno-
with the character ot our mst uti,..,o t, y f
ized and Christianized to a reni:irL--,i,' "
Qiut-i men ivitwti uuuiiion tiler
nothing mtheir nabits, ideas, J,n,i cn '
to warrant their annexation to in en.. ""'J
view of adding thereby to ou own
ui rv .
tv All tlin nhi lto til .it i 1-1 1
r j j" "i umwrnni,,
such a measure could be as well ;uui m "
ly secured by treaty, and a ;:uarail:t.t IVt'l
But when we take into considi iaiion
design of France to get possession of ih," y
to convert these neutral isl;.n4s ii to i r
. - . . ' co"nv s
innuence upon me commerri.i imt.i: . . ...
States would be altogether uliftvrTal,!,. an1
proximity to our western eoasjt migi.t a'
uay ueuuiue eiiremeiy uangerous, we c.oi:ie,s-!
J.. t 1 J ! " 'c I;
question assumes quite another
' . Am ... I
-:'oice of fc.a.
it seems to us far less injuriuusT io
protection of our flag a harmlens :ind
the natives of these islands irjan lo s;iiTt-r Ff.'.'
plant a dangerous colony mid :t military torch on
the path of our commercejvi;h otn .
- ...i.- t j i. i . L . . Es
pecially n inis coum ue enecu-ti w itLout iviiw.
slavery agitation. '
The difficulties arising from annexation
consent of both partie3 would j be great ir.dee
raaue a wen oruereu repuoucan ctate of sutV,
I. - I I I 1 1 . f..
als would be no easy task, but
ls arc c4.
of sustaining half a Million nfi
and in a few years a tide oft
countrywould set in that direc
them with a white population
bcrs the natives of the soil.
assimilation of the people to
progress rapidly, and a flourihiug Slate-f,,.
of these elements, grow up afnid the
HP - TTt. T . 7 .,!'-,
j.iie jc Teetnans oourrn.u, me principal irdfj.
Kornan Catholic Church m thicouutrv.is.srts
A . . 1.1.
utatisuu wiiii mf appouiiiiiuui 01 rro'est::tea
lains in Public Institutions. "The rule i
ly piciiu, sas iiie journal,, " ill reh-reiice I
poor-houses, and all institution supporto'd !,;
r t- .... 1 . , '"'
money, unuer our government we do not rt
business such .institutions have ivith salaritiic.
but if such; arc to be, it is evident ilh-v .'no.c
chosen of the religion most jun rally jwm
the inmates. of such iutituti6iks.v If xnvUk,
had insinuated that the Catholics w.-re a -na - :?j
len to the public funds than the member-uf w
denomination, or that tlie bff-.scjourii:g of t
generally of that persuasion," trie I'mi-n't J-n
I J l. .... 1 1 1 4 .
uu.u nave laneu 11 in niL'n qnujeon. mil ha e r-
J 1 1 . - A. I . !....
ueavureu lojnaKC capital out qi U lor !: c ftx-mt
of the Roman cause. But it hjappens ti.i. timvtn
a voluntary admission from head quarter-. N.av
that the paper did not blush to receive i;. Bu
however, is not one of its weaknesses.
In com 11 edition i-ji.U the tWet;jfn, rus.,,
from noticing a strange article, dhat a p pea red inik
number of the 3". Herald, irj
editorial type. It;
on the division of the Churche
en account of ip
slavery agitation, and seetns to
lave bewi deir
rebuke the northern Methodists for
that question to distract and
We were particularly astoni
divide- t heir r
ied at th- fifcS
In nlam truth thr rtinwh hn iio ruiiwrn wll hliK'"-
institutions. It is the first an'd pkramoiait iluu -ffr
ministers, of vrhatpv-fr rallincr tn fkmre lliime!vr- tsi
inculcate on their flock, obedience esta!iid-il a
and lovnltT- in ihn Annetiti,;..,, ii"T.l..i- v l.ieli tlev!:V'. U.
out such a rule as this it would be fieces.-ai v. f.rl!
ments to regard ecclesiastical bodies as daiievroii
in the State, too likely to become cofisp:n!tc st'ie-rj f
watching. It has been usually followed vfiih ruv
fidelity with most European cburchtis bv noit.-. nijre clw
than bv the Church of Home, which owe? in
preponderance to its careful avoidance of j lii.cii Oi
We commend its example to the Mehhoflist.v"
We confess that we are at a" lloss vrk-'tirto attril
ute such a paragraph to ignorance, to k orlo:
spirit of satire which sometimes! sWv- Ve-tW very ef
fectivelv in the. eolumns of the ller'OJ. .We to"
always thought that a sen i ratio,) of the Cliarchf!
the State vas a pre-eminenily PrUhinl ika,E
that the voice of all modern history condemned to
Catholic church more severely h:i:i unv other for ju
frequent interference with po!
f Ti-el.-ii--d totfit
other the Catholic priests, instead of pre .chi "0J'
nltv to the Constitution nndi r i liieh tlit'V liff 311
constantly fomenting discord ;;mj exciting tne pP
to resist Mnce. We have ;d wavs lln-ard that in Italy
Germany, whenever a movetnenjt towards rcp'J
institutions takes place among ihe people, and p.
spirit runs hi?rh. the Catholic njriestho-rfl are
unanimous supporters' of arbitrju-y pnvrer. e w
mpmhpr th pAnfrnwrcv in lbf Swiss CaDtOIiS but
r . . . T ' utrtns
iew years ago, in wincn jemocrauc t
the leaders of one party, and the! Jesuits of the
and how the republican cause fihallT triumpDe
" . ! r ' All th
... n M.l.u, J J 111, . 1 1., 1 1 iTj'V ' ., .
uu it vnous iiiu similar iat-s, ic --"
in. fiKh In the recolWW"
the editors of the Herald. ButUhe lleraia- j
, .... Mi
hnr. :u u,.-. : .c.inj o the mi-'"'"
llljwnr UCllCI til. Ill UUJ3tlv-
I ..... . . . itnrlfTr. I
oeen organized m tins country ii" n'1"-"" ,ul
fnmrtiAt, Ck,.1 o.-t.t,r. nnd HoV VlL'"rou
i - . a (tip nol's
nave conienaea ana comuiuen .- .
overthrow. How then we iisk, co
wilh CH-K n k.w, r.,.l immiih-ntc insult t-ie
dists.more grossly than by eoniujewiiiig
- - - u v. i. i. uaic-iatcu iuij"----
exanirif ot t is i ..hn ik r nurrn a
1 . . . . . .... i 'i
We are somewhat inclined to 4ufpcct tlie u- J
r . ...v, m.iv. v.. t .
a. rlaeiann' vkr A;a- .....,. -hfct. flDPCarS "1
""""w ui us iirucie. it must iw-v- . j,
satire. If it was in earnest, e jean hardly'
of anything more imprudent. Metfiodm m "
States is mnrdi mnri nowerful and
1 1 i inA niiivort n I knd intetufi-. :
CatlMlicim Pri:iriu till' .-alcuhiii''-' Pr01
the Herald may one day regret having even apt
to insult the former by commercing w-
the latter, in. those very points w ieie U. haS's0fj
most heinously against the poli ical iustnutio
Whatever may have been inteiiicu, - -
frain from expressing our ut'er contemp
cowardly spirit manifested by so manj i
which indulges In the freest criticism iPn
whicli pur oWn home-bred Frotcstant cli J
proper to pursue, out aarea i a pfl
r- 'r- x .
. 1 V. 1 ; ,U nnniiniTR of eulogy
cuurvu vuiy in iiic iunt'v -- 4:m.,
: . . . t ie timeN
It is one of the most alarming - -j
j i i, no I'tnnosed a leade"
urrou luc jjiicio " i
regard to them upon a large poruou i