North Carolina Newspapers

    L Y TO ST .
New York, Dec. 10, 1853.
Irresolution of Winter Coincidence Philadelphia Antithe.
teg A Bay's journey Choice of routes to Quake rdom
Camden and Amhoy Railway Courtesy ry Hts Officer Ho
tels Contrast lettceen Xew York and its Xeiqhbour Pa
geantry of Gotham Fire ! Fire! ! Fire !! .'Destruction
' of Harper f- Brother's great Bool-House Xature of the
LosCwiS(ouencesAnticipatwns Burning of an histori
cal nviitiQiXaoUon at St. Helena tb Sir Hudson Zwe
. Bum n's hook on America.
Mr Dear Post : .This is as bright a December
day as ever j beamed upon our planet, and imparts
any thin or else than a wintry aspect to the metrop
olis. As I have before intimated, winter seems to
nave come amontr us in a vorv irresolute mood, now
inclined to assert his sovereignty, and anon seem
ing to toy with the brown but lovely autumn who
hangs coquetishly about his neck, even as he is
said sometimes to
'linger in the lap of Spring."
iv niijuL nuiry ui snuw auu some cooi, over-cuaiy
days are, all the demonstrations he has -et made.
a ,.!:,.!. fl.J e j i
in hunting ip coincidences among the memoirs of
long ago, nd they will tell you after the usual
weather-wise salutations that "this is just such a
season as we had in '24 "or perhaps, that they
" do not remember another such a December in
thirty years." At all events, il is fair to conclude
V.ot ,. ....,..1.1.1 l. .... 1 T 1. ...... ..!,.,!
- men, tins o i iriuai kilic muuiii, iiiiu i jiave an f ftuy
drawn a red line around it in mv ' Family Al
manac", j
Th ave been to Philadelphia since I wrote to vou
last to the city of angles and squares of red
brick walls and white shutters.; aud io complete
the antithesis of brotherly love and firemen's
brawls. A trij) to our sister citv is quite a diver
tisemeut.. We can do it in a verv short time go
ing if we please in the morning," after 'a reasonably
late breakfast, and spending four hours there, be
home again in time for evening calls. Five or six
times a day, by steamboat and railway together,
the tide of travel flows and ebbs between the two
cities, and every time a large number of passengers
are carried along with it. ne wondeis, reasona
bly, as he enters the' crowded ears at Jersey Citv,
or the .-elegant Steamboat, John Potter, at her New
orL- vnrirt lie the wi'iit u-r f:iir i.r t,nl ;itwl L. I
- . . . . I- !
the -hour what it may to see such a large numbej; j
. of people always on the wing. No wonder that
foreigners rail us a. migratory people, and say that.!
we live either upon the highways or in hotels'. We j
are certainly a nation of travellers, at home' every
where and never at home 1 j
When the choice is left tome of the two great
routes to Philadelphia," 1 -prefer that by South Am- J
hoy. .Thus it was I went on Wednesday, taking !
the steamboat before named at L' o'clock. The
romiortaoie lounges ot its cabins -are more seduc
tive than the 'cribbed' chairs of the railway car
triage, and for' two hours oncinav quietly "doze or
still more pleasantly beguile the time with a new
book, such for example, as " Charles Anchester"
with its fascinating revelations of musical nature
and soul, or " Merkland " with, its rare - and lofty
exemplification of ' self-sacrifice for the sake of a
pure and true friendship. At South Ambov, a
mere wharf and station, we took the elegant cars !
of -the Camden :'.nd Amhoy railway, and were' sootrj
rdidinr swiftly oyer the unattractive plains of New i
Jersey. : I know'of no raitway in the country let j
me say, tn ussnit. :au the remark is equally ap- -
1 11,1 ' 1 .' ! 1 . i
rvln.ii l.l.i tint. LTii'lTiiriit'if .miL.ti,, ...t . . - i
where the passenger mav depend upon all the offi
cers for more courtesy cheerfully and promptly i
-i,.-.-n t,,n,v,n tl rs,,.U A,,, ..,.! !
I know-it is sui'ietinn s decried as "a monopoly :"
'hut -I'smcerelv wish that tlu- term properly implied T
no more reproach than 7 can bring against the
Company in question. They do what they under
take to do well, and subject the traveller to fewer
experiences of the mischances of the road" than
any other company I can name.
t reached Philadelphia, crossing the Delaware
at Camden by a .-team, feny soon after the lamj:
I rek
)S 1
Were uguieu., aim iuuk up 1111 iju.uit i,iis i ii;ivs
. 1: .! .; .1 . ,. .. . t
do malgro the seductions of new hotels--at the
'comfortable, quiet and central ' Washington IIous.
After toast and tea I took a walk up Chestnut Street,
and although the eighth hour had not yet sounded'
, f 1I1IV. Y 1 .1" ,
turee or lour ..quicks on iy liuei veneumy notei ana
a region of-quiet that I venture to say, could not
be. paralleled anv where w ithin the four-mile ran re
; of our lroadwav at the same hour. Turning out
of the grand promenade of the Quaker City into
Broad Street that divides the city proper from
the Schuylkill town, I passed a new and brilliant
ly gas-lighted house bearing the name of La
Pierre: a handsome, aristocratic, up-town hotel. I
telt, lit every step, tue contrast 01 ew 1 one ana
. Tl M." 1 ! l.:. r.i' .oil,- f..t xnn A .-,1-
ribed. The whole of my observations and expe
riences during the next day, amid the veriest 'bu
siness and bustle' of the town, wise altered
my impressions. We certainly do make ten times
as much show and noise in New York, as our
quaker cousins do in Philadelphia, andi. as one of
the most enterprising of their opulent .merchants
remarked to me one day in Broadway, Hhe mere
pageantry of Gotham would require ail the wealth
of its quieter neighbor to rival.' I do not intimate,,
iu these observations, the idea that Philadelphia is
behind ew York in substantiality and comfort.
Doubtless her enterprise- rest upon quite as firm
- . .
bases,as those of the Metropolis, and within her
less ostentatious and palatial homes, neither the
social pleasures, nor th refinements of , luxurious
: tate are a whit less abundant than those of our
own city. New York is the queenly, magnificent
Defearraved in velvets, "ind decked with dia
monds Philadelphia is the more, retiring maiden,
content with, a drapery of delicate silk and a set of
' I was startled in the very midst of the preced
ing paragraphs by a rumor ot a terrible hre in the
lower part of the city, and the rapid and long pro
; tracted clangor of the bells
' " Too much horrified to speak,
They can only shriek, shriek,
: Out of tune "
assured me that; a more than ordinary conflagra
tion Was raging. Too much indisnosed to ffo out
aod afcertain the nature ud location of 'the fire,
I waited somewhat impatiently the arrival of news,
which was' speedily brought in an extraof the
'Times' newspaper, and by the lips of messengers
from the scene of disaster. I can scarcely express
the sense of regret with which I learned . that the
vast and spl ndid booS establishment of Harper fc
Brothers . was burned to the ground! . If my first
impulse was to sympathize with the enterprising
owners in their fearful loss, it wa3 quickly changed
into a deeper and painful sense of the wide spread;
snffering which must result to the thousand opera
tives, dependant upon the great proprietors for that
employment by th$ fruits of which alone they sub
sisted in comfort, jl could scarcely believe the sad
story, that two short hours had sufficed for the fire
demon to devastate the grandest book manufacto
ry in thvj New World, that all suddenly millions of
volumes had been consumed, more than a score of
presses stopped and destroyed, innumerable forms
of type and engravings melted into shapeless mass
es, of metal, the busy hands of hundreds of prin
ters, folders, binders, finishers; packers, scribes and
porters paralyzed, and perhaps not less than a mil
lion of dollars, in one single establishment,, utterly
and immediately consumed. I confess to a con
tinued feeling of disquiet in view of this fearful
conflagratiorv&ver since my after-dinner coffee. I
trust that the extensive vaults of the establishment,
with their tens of .thousands of plates are intact, and
that the ruin above5 ground will 'not be aggravated
by destruction below. The January number of
the Magazine-was probably nearly all printed and
in the hands of the binders, while the forms were
still upon the presses, all involved in the common
destruction. Among the numerous books nearly
ready for publication, and of whish, perhaps, not a
vestige now remains, was Kane's Arctic Expedition,
a work upon whish a great deal of labor and money
has been expended. " I remember that- only a few
days since oneof ti e members of the firm informed
me that they had in readiness and in advanced
stgges of preparation at least twenty "new books.
Some of these are expensively illustrated works,
and a still greater number in hand. It is proba
ble that the plates and several printed sheets of
the February number of the Magazine are also in
voled in the common destruction.
Writing, as I do, while the ruins of this gigan
tic establishment are still blazing and smouldering
and before any of the details of the destruction
are known to the public, I cannot clearly indi
' i -
iccialities of the - dismal 'affair. The
generalities, however, are gloomy enough. Men,
women, boys and girls how many . hundreds in
alt I know not thrown out of work just when
winter is. coming-upon us . "like an armed man,"
with all his terrors of ice and snow. The most in-
defatigable exertions, directed by indomitable en
ergy and urged 041 by ample wealth, cannot sud
denly rebuild that acre of blackened ruins, and re
store to its innumerable departments, the applian
ces" of busy labor. When even that is done, how
long must the presses groan with ceaseless toil to
reduplicate the millions of books just consum
ed ! I have faith in the men who controlled this
wonderful enginery of literature, that they will do
all that can be done to restore the. waste places
but there must be, for weeks and months vet to
come, a great chasm in the. book-world and great
disturbance, in many a home, that was lighted and
warmed by the toils- so fearfully interrupted. T
mav add to mv expression of faith in the-energy
of the great publishers a conviction f their
abounding generosity too which will devise lib
eral things for those- who will feel the great ca
lamity more painfully than they can possibly do.
You will see from the telegraph h and extra"
reports, that the fire not only destroyed the Ilar-
" Frs' an,i rtedgej- establishments .up.'
m one side
of Pearl .Street, but extended across t h
aivet tp
the old "Walton House" which' was soon wrap-
H' in n:tines '"id injured l'yoiid repair at least
so tar as its ininviuiialitv is concerned -an.
was all it
.oast. It was built in the- English ba
ronial stvle more than a century ago. It was the
home of Sir Cuv Carlton during the RevolutionaCv
War. and has remained ever since a time-honored
land-mark f the Past. Its destructi
on is justly
lamented by those who have any
reverence for
I I : t
. I have allowed myself to be beguiled from the
subject which 1 designed to take up in this letter,
aud it is fortunately one of those topics which do
not .spoil by being kept in reserve.
I have been reading with attention and interest
the past week, a work entitled " Xapohon-'at St.
Hekn i, from the Letters and Journals of Sir
Hudson fJoice?': I need hardly sav that it tells a
very different story from Montholon's Captivity, of
Napoleon and Meara's Voice from St. Helena. It
is indeed u the other side of the question." The
work is edited by M. Forsyth, an acute and learn
ed lawyer, who has brought all his professional skill
to the task he has undertaken. I think that every
reader who compares the testimony on both sides,,
will be compelled to believe that the truth lies be
tween the disputants, but certainly much nearer j A New Comet. Another comet was discover
to the English party than to that of die imperial ' ed last evening by Mr. Robert Van Arsdale of this
exile. Sir Hudson Lowe lacked none of the ele- city, in the constellation of Cassiopea, which is
mente of a successful general, but lie appears to nearly in the zenith : its approximate declination
have been deficient in that loftiness of soul and al- j and right ascension at six o'clock fifty minutes,
sS in that undetinabb? tact which were essential in i mean time, was North dec, CO der iom;
tire governor of such a man as Napoleon Bona- Right ascen. 2 hours 5 min., it came to the merid
parte a caged lion, fretting at his'' fate, ami too ian at nine o'clock forty-eight min., decl. "60 dec
eager to find fault with his keeper. I do not sup- j Right ascen., 3 hours 7 min. It is of a small'
pose that any man could have pleased the captive, round, bright appearance, with an exceedingly
but others might have less signally failed to do so ! rapid motion in a direction apparently opposite to
than Sir Hudson Lowe: The book willoccupy an j that of the sun. After only a short observation it
important place intne already extensive Napoleonic
My return journey from Philadelphia afforded
ij .1 ...
me an opportunity to run through Alfred Bunn's
new book on America, just published by Hart of
Philadelphia. It is a bold, dashing, and I mav
say vulgar book, well adapted to please the tastes
of the unfortunately numerous readers of the
ki Sunday papers ;" those reckless and insolent de
famers of religion and virtue and'benevolence, and
ready panderers to the depraved tastes' of the vic
ious. "What is true in Bunn's book is scarcely
worth the trouble of searching out amid the mass
of nonsense and rhadomontade which forms its
I have extended this letter to ah unusual length,
for which I must offer the stereotyped excuse of " a
great press of matter.' Yours ever,
For the Southern Wekly Po
Translated from the Frekch of Boukdaue.
By Miss M. E. C.
How many poor are forgotten ; how many le
without succour and without assistance ! Forgetful
ness so much the more deplorable, as on the part
of the rich it is voluntary, and consequently crimi
nal. I will explain ; how many unfortunate per
sons reduced to the utmost rigours of povertyand
whom we do not relieve, because we neither know,
nor wish te know them ! If the extremity of their
want was felt,-we would manifest for them, if not
charity, at least humanity.
At the sight of their misery we should blush at
our excesses, be ashamed of our delicacies, and
should reproach ourselves with our foolish expenses,
justly considering them as crimes. But because
we are ignorant of what they suffer, and do not
wish to be instructed therein, because we do not
wish to hear them spoken of, removing them far
from our presence, we think ourselves guiltless in
forgetting them ; and however great their evils
may be, we become insensible to them.
How many truly poor whom we reject as if they
were not so, without taking or wishing to take the
trouble to discover their real condition! How
many poor whose groanings- are too feeble t reh
us, 'and whom we do not wish to draw near, thereby
making it our duty to listen to them ! How many
abandoned poor ! How many desolate in prisons !
How many languishing in hospitals ! How many
ashamed of their condition in private families!
Among those whom we know to be poor, and of
whose sad state we can be neither ignorant nor for
getful! How many are neglected! How many
are harshly treated, how many want for everything,
whilst the rich live in abundance, luxury and ease.
If there was no final juegment, this is what would
be called the scandal of Providence the patience
of the poor outraged by the harshness or insensi
bility of the rich.
For the Southern Weekly Post.
When the skilful architect takes from the quarry
the ryugh shapeless blocks of marble, gives
to them form, polish and comeliness, and by his
art rears the beautiful temple, with its strong col
umns, its massive pillars, its symmetrical domes
and lofty spires, filling the eye witli stately mag
nificence, and presents to his country this offering
of genius, we feel that right worthilv does he merit
the, praises of that country. But to the intellectual
architect, who takes the infantile mind in blank
find thoughtless state, and makes the impress of
his own mind thereon : who " rears the lender
j thought;" "teaches the young idea how to shoot;"
J fixes the generous purpose and high resolve in the
j glowing breast ; draws out and educates the facul
j ties of that mind ; pruning iis redundancies; poi-jishing-its
asperities, and presents to his country
j the cultivated' human intellect, in ali iis symmetri
cal beauty and loveliness, in ail its mighty power
and tremendous influence for good, we feel at once
that to this latter belongs a far higher, a far nobler
meed ol praise. The one is a temple of marble,
and must perish under the ruthless tooth of time,
the other is a temple of the immortal spirit and
the mind, and will still echo the .praises of Cod
and its benefactors, when the locks of eternity it
self, shall be hoary with age. T. II. P.
MISCELLANEOUS. Kci iesE in 1854. On Friday, the 26th of
May next, t here will be an eclipse of the sun, which
will be more or less visible in all parts of the Uni
ted States and Canada, and in a portion of both
will be annular. Its commencement in the cityof
Washington will be at 4h. 20m. in the afternoon,
its greatest obscuraiim at oh. 18m., and its end at
Oh. 27m. As the apparent diameter of the moon
will be ,a little less than the sun, the eclipse cannot
be total anywhere. The Christian Almanac says:
''The ring will be only about one third of a difit
wide, and will be visible only in the .vicinity where
l)t central eclipse passes. The eclipse is
central in longitude 3 53 west of Greenwich, lat
itude 44 14 north, and in longitude 04 35 west,
; latitude 41' 10 north. Iy finding these positions
upon h map, and drawing a line from one to the
other, the towns and countries through which the
central eclipse passes will be' readily discovered.
.The path of the annular eclipse will be about one
. hundred miles wide, and extend about fifty miles
! each side of the lines we have described. The an
nular eclipse will move about one hundred miles
per minute. The first time this eclipse ever occur
red was in, 1813, July 2d; since then it has return
ed thirty-one times, including its return next year.
It occurred in April, 1815, in May 1818, and in
May 1836. It will return again in June 1872.
Its last return will be in the year 2593, August
17th. The next solar eclipse that will attract
much attention in this country will be in 1858
March 15th.
changed its place very perceptibly. No record of
this heavenly visiter is known to have been nrevi-
ous,v raaJe- II is apparent to the naked eve
! 'HT" T T-v . . J
Newark Daily Advertiser, Nov. 26."
Tlv Hiffiprpnt nntinnc ,i ., . .
J " 'j uay in me week is
, set apart for public worship : Sunday by the
j Christian ; Monday by the Greeks ; Tuesday by the
j Persians ; Wednesday by the Assyrians; Thurs
day by the Egyptians; Friday by the' Turks ;
j Saturday by the Jews. Add to this the diurnal
j revolution, and it is apparent that every moment
is ounaay somewnere.
It matters not what a man loses, if he saves his
soul ; but if he loses his soul, it matters not what
he saves.
. A wag recently appended to the list of market
.regulations in Cincinnati, "No whistling near the
eu&age stalls."
RAhIGH, DEC. 17, 1853.
Terms TWO DOLLARS PEE ANNUM, in Advance.
$5 full price,
....12 -
".'.V20 "
Three Copies, . . .
Eight Copies, . . .
Ten Copies, . .-. ..
Twenty Copies, . .
., 16,
(Payment in all cases in advance.,
55 Where a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, the
person making up the club will be entitled to a copy extra
All articles of a Literary character may be addressed
" Editors of the Southern Weekly Post.Raleigh, N.O. Busi
ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &c, &c,
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke. '
55" Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents lor the
Southern Weekly Post.
WILLIAM t. COOKE. Proprietor.
Mr. H. P. Dodthit is our authorized agent for the State
of Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee. i
The great seething caldron of party politics, is
again in active ebullition, generating its usual excess
of steam and stench. All eyes are turning with curi
osity and interest towards Washington, to see what
issues are to become the prominent topies of discus
sion, and what men are to "lead the various factions in
their hostile nianceuvers. There is visible in the me
tropolis, ah exciting activity, and perhaps no city of
its size in the world, ever witnessed so much intrigu
and corruption. The spirit of political speculation,
infects the surrounding atmosphere, and pervades the
length and breadth of the land. The people are on
the qui vice, and every little village tavern or grogge
ry, is the scene of animated debate upon the relative
merits of the two parties, where tipsy patriotism bel
ches forth its anathemas against one or tlye other, and
huzzas for a cause, in the benefits of which it never
can participate, and whose merits it cannot compre
hend. It is the misfortune of our country that its political
controversies-are conducted with so much heat and
passion, o much duplicity and jugglery, whilst calm
investigation and independent thought are unscrupu
lously sacrificed fr the sake of a party triumph. Mul
titudes seem to look upon these contests much as they
would upon a horse race or a prize fight, in which the
parts and powers of the combatants are the engross
ing themes of controversy, and where the great prin
ciples of truth and rigH are, of course, out of the
question. It is truly mortifying to observe how little
feeling of patriotism is manifested in,, these exciting
contests for power. Party ties are the influences that
control almost all our active politicians, and party
success seems to be the one great object for which so
many volumes of gaseous eloquence are yearly ex
pended. It is now a matter of history that neither
of the two great parties has been willing to stake its
success upon the patriotic enthusiasm of the people.
Both of them have enjoyed a brilliant opportunity of
doing sn within a few years past. By cutting loose
from sectional ultraism of every description, and
planting itself unequivocally upon the integrity of the
constitution and the Union, either one of them might
have entitled itself to the lasting confidence and gra
titude of the people. The reason they have not done
so, is clearly because the leading politicians have not
had sufficient confidence in the majority of the people.
They apprehended defeat at the polls, and therefore
chose to conciliate the favor of opposite factions, rath
er than expose the fortunes of iheir respective parties
to the doubtful patriotism of the country.
It is very probable, indeed, that corrupt and unprin
cipled coalitions are necessary to success in the pre
sent condition of the public mind. The enthusiasm
f.f the people for parties, has been enlisted by every
method which human ingenuity could devise, whilst
the sentiment of cordial patriotism has been little
cultivated or cherished. The pride of the people has
been to exagerate the merits of sectional differences
and peculiarities, and to forget those great national
ideas which are common to all, and ought to main:aii
a constant supremacy in every American breast. But
whose fault is it that the popular mind has been thus
diverted from i:s legitimate channels ? The party po
litical chtefs are, in our judgment, the conscious and
responsible authors of this lamentable perversion of
national habit?, and will have some day to suffer a
heavy retribution for the dangers in which they have
involved their country.
The only remedy that we can discover for the evil
to which we have adverted, is in the hands of the
people themselves. They must come to adopt a se
cond Declaration of Independence of party influence
and intrigue. Wc would not . obliterate all party
lines, but we would have the people to think more
freely for themselves, and not allow a momentary en
thusiasm for this orthat candidate, or for this or that
little question of temporary expediency, to cause them
to forget the value of their relations to this great Re
publican Confederacy, which is at once the admiration
and the hope of the world. The name of an Ameri
can citizen is a prouder and far nobler title than Whig
or Democrat, or any other party designation. Both of
these parties might dissolve to-morrow, and leave the
great temple of our liberties standing as securely as
ever, in all its glorious majesty and splendor. Only
let the people resolve to think for themselves and take
care not to confound great questions with trifles,
mountains with mole hills, and whatever may become
of the present organization of parties, the Union and
its blessings may still be preserved.
We are not very much inclined to complain of little
oversights which occasionally appear in our exchanges,
by which the materials fnrnishqgl in our editorial col
umns are appropriated n a quiet way without credit,
but a very glaring act of injustice perpetrated in a late
number of the " New York Mining Journal," callsVor
a prompt notice at our hands. A letter from one of
the editors, published in the editorial columns of the
Post, in editorial type, and signed with his initials,
appeared a few weeks ago, in which a full account of
the Duck Town mines was given. "The Mining
Journal " copied the article into its own columns,
with another caption, without signature, and without
credit. Now we must say, that although the
said letter was not published by the writer as a high
literary effort, the conduct of the editor of the " Min
ing Journal " appears to us anything but genteel.
Some people seem to think that distance not only
"lends enchantment to the view" of natural scenery,
but palliation, if not innocence, to acts of palpable in
justice. There is too little respect generally shown,
both far and near, for the rules of mutual courtesy
which the relations of the press require to be observ
ed. Mere rudeness, however, or such discourtesy as
results from a half concealed spleen, we can easily
forgive or despise. We only speak when compelled
to do so, and hope we shall not have another provo
cation of the kind soon to record.
Hon. Fayette McMulles, member of Congress
from Virginia, has applied to the Legislature of that
State for a divorce from his wife.
Manners, by the French, are very correctly called
the minr morals. True politeness is the natural ex
pression of our benevolence, and where it is entirely
wanting, there must be something wrong at the heart.
There are many excellent people, however, who seem
"to regard the little courtesies of life as altogether un
necessary in those whose conduct is governed by u
stern integrity, and whose virtues have become like
fixed and unalterable habits. They seem to think
there is something savoring of levity and insincerity in
those little customs. that have long existed in society
by which one perspn communicates to another his
sentiments of good will and respect. But the univer
sal prevalence of these customs, in one form or anoth
er, through all ages and all nations, shows very plain
ly, that they are natural expressions, when the feel
ings are sincere, and that an entire neglect of them
implies either a radical defect in the character, or a
restraint upon the emotions which is itself artificial
and indefensible. Some form of salutation, for exam
ple, is found all over the world, and surely it cannot
be regarded as an extravagance to notice in some way
the presence of a brother man. There are, nevefthe
less, many persons in every Christian community, who
are evidently so well satisfied with their integrity,
their intelligence, their money or other claims to su
periority, that they seldom put themselves to much
trouble to show their benevolence to those around
them. They may be liberal to the poor, and yet be
destitute of those kindly, neighborly feelings towards
others which are the best bonds;, of the social
When one vessel speaks another at sea, there is
always a thrill of emotion, excited by the transaction,
which tends to'awaken and keep alive the nobler sen
timents of the heart. It is just so on a smaller scale,
when neighbor meets neighbor with a friendly saluta
tion. When, on the other hand, we pass and repass
without recognition, as cold and repulsive as brother
ice bergs in the northern main, the heart is necessa
rily chilled by the unnatural suppression of friendly
sentiments ; and what begins in mere oversight be
comes at last the cherished habit of a life time.
We publish below only a part of a long extract
from the Shepherd of the Valley, which we cu,t from
the New York Ohserver. There may be some who
still doubt whether there are any influential persons in
this country who are endeavoring to overthrow our in
stitutions. The following passage ought to be suffici
ent to remove all doubt. The Archbishop of St. Louis
recommends the paper from which it is taken, to the
people of his diocese, and thus constitutes it one of the
organs of the Catholic party in the United States.
This assault upon the cause of human freedom and
civilization itself, cornea from no obscure quarter, and
should not be regarded as the mere ebullition of an
eccentric egotist, but as the significant portent of for
midable combinations against the peace and liberties
of our citizens :
Ignorance, the mother of devotion. The Shep
herd of the Valley, which is published under the
special sanction of the Archbishop of St. Louis, holds
the followinjr language, in a late number, upon Popular
Education. It needs no comment ; it speaks for itself.
We subjoin the imprimatur of the Archbishop. N.Y.
We are not the friend of opular education as at present
understood. The popularity of a humbug shall never, we
trust,, lead us to support it. Wc do not believe that " the
masses," as our modern reformers insultingly call the labor
ing class, are one whit more happy, more respectable, or
better informed for knowing how to read. His i's our pri
vate opinion, however, and as we entertained it before we
had the happiness of becoming a Catholic, -the'parsons are
hereby warned not to set it down as peculiarly Popish doc
trine. We think that the "masses" were never less happy,
less respectable, ad less respected, than they have been
since the Reformation, and particularly within the last fifty
or one hundred 3-ears since Lord Brougham caught the ma
nia of teaching them to read, and communicated the disease
to a large proportion of the English nation of which, in
spite of all our talk, we are too often the servile imitators.
heading is only one method of gaining information, and a
method that can seldom be pursued with any success in pri
vate, where there is no one to direct tbe student, and on guar
antee that he desires his own improvement rather than his
own amusement. One of the best informed most respected
men of his station in life that we ever knew, could not and
cannot read a letter to this day.
The idea that teaching people to read, furnishes them with
innocent amusement, is entirely false. It furnishes the ma
jority of , those who seek amusement from it with the most
dangerous recreation in which they can indulge.
In view of these and other facts, we, on our own private
account, and not as a Catholic, but as a prudent man and as
a good citizen, unhesitatingly declare, that we regard the in
vention nf.printing as th reverse of a blessing; and our
modern ideas of education as entirely erroneous. However
the thing is done and cannot be undone. A new want has
been created to a race which had, before this discovery, more
unsatisfied wants than they well knew how to put up with,
and an appetite has been created which must be satisfied.
The question is how to satisfy it with the least evil to the
community at large, and all concerned.
We have now, in this country, three of the celebra
ed Irish exiles, Meagher, O'Donohue and Mitchel, who
have successively escaped from British durance,
and sought peace and liberty on our shores. What a
proud satisfaction should it be to every American, to
see all classes of victims escaping from European op
pression, and finding a home and a protection in our
glorious confederacy. Wc all unite to welcome these
distinguished sufferers in the cause of freedom, and
they may justly consider themselves as the nation's
These are the men whom America can well receive
without suspicion. With cultivated minds, hearts
beating with a noble enthusiasm, and souls expanding
with a world-wide humanity, they come to this coun
try with a glowing admiration of its'principles and in
stitutions, and would be the last to plot against our
peace or disturb our repose.
We have always loved " Green Erin," and sympa
thized in her sorrows. We draw our lineage from
her fruitful soil, and our pulse beats with Irish blood
That is the reason wc have sometimes expressed our
selves in terms of unusual severity against her1 ene
mies. The British government, which confines her
body with strict military surveillance, and the dicta
torial priesthood who bind the fetters of ecclesiastical
authority upon her soul, are entitled to the bitterest
invectives they have provoked.. We have no partial
ity for them. But Ireland, generous, sensitive, hos
pitable Ireland ! our desire for her is to see the fet
ters fall from her limbs, and the veil from her eyes,
and the blessings of enlightened freedom showered at
her feet.
We shall now hope to heaV that the remaining cap
tives have also found means to escape. The more of
these educated laymen that come amongst us, the bet
ter. Their presence may serve to infuse into the
masses of their countrymen, a profound respect for the
land of their adoption, and a cordial love for its prin
ciples. Under such influences the Irish emigration
may add new strength to our nationality. They
may contribute a desirable element to our population
and render yet more admirable the proportions of our
composite national character.
Bank of the State. It will be seen Irom the no
tice of the Cashier, in the Advertiser, that this Institu
tion has declared the handsome dividend of 5 per cent
for the last six months. We also learn that the sum
of $22,000 has been added to the surplus fund These
facts show the Bank to be in a very prosperous con-dition.
In this climate which is liable L '
sitions, it is particularly important in ' w
son to guard the lungs agair,st j,,, tab'.ishme
terrible and fatal disease, piieufcouj., i l? fir! f
brought on by eudden exposure 4, u ' J caused bj
ooay is nut " i'""""- '"-Ufa iq . -it -
J ....t.kfiilnDau nrA nn.,L I
V buildings.
care ami'"'-'3j cf-arv
Messrs. 11
the part of persons who are aecufe;
til of whi
to avoid the deplorable cons
iiurn Thnsp who have lonff
acquired prudentnal Indnts of ll!e nre notin terprising
danger, perhaps, as others, w ho think their t present
strong, and therefore do ne t ,ed carefu! Ifoture. J
tion. . 1 ' t . '
. .. .. I disaster ,
coia weather generally com mtiy , f, ,r ,
in this rpmon that npnnle dn nA. ' ... .. ' '
. t ' nyrt
with such systematic prudence, as they.
latitudes, uur naoitations ai e ,t
1 j r ,
.v. lU(J
itrieiBiitc iu wiiiLer, aim nun Ionr
eoir,,.,., reierenc
.1 , UlO V W
both windows and doors to pane
cane one, .' Hlo farnisc
damp weather, thus exposing one sijp r . ' Market.
f 1 "ur in ..1
' - fv-'i 111 Cft J .. w
to the chilling blast, while the other i8 Wasti -different
an enormous fire. And thea when ""'?U last mom
is little precaution to protect ourselves with Vrom
clothing from the .depressing; influence of!, of
wind. We do not advocate 1 00 much deli, 7 ! Ur '
firm frw thaco thintrc but. wic 1 ' . 1
active and hearty, that they a re particularly jji
certain dangerous dises wkisjj ap( fo J'e
ore tr.3
Ernper :?.
Portu: 1,
1. . 1 i !it ' .... ... - 1 "fStto
to men 11 nas not ueeu uwu Motnect- Jluch of 1 Cham1 t
weakness of lungs complained of by Northern '"'land
pie is undoubtedly produced by clje houses and TBourbon
fined air ; but we 01 the boutn a re tpo much disposed
run into the opposite extreme, juid after week-''-warm
weather, to expose our persons unprotected
a cold and damp' atmosphere, .nd jtltufs often incurt'r'1
fatal chill of acute pneumonia. j
The great rule for the prese rvation of the lunK
to allow them a plentiful supply Of fresh air ard '
avoid, as much as possible al I sudden transition I-
We see a great deal in print , and hear a great da
said about "sectarian bigotry ;"; hut there are
who seem to recognize the differenjee between
and prejudice, which are expressive of two verv i
ferent states of mind, although found in the same r
son. Bigotry is a blind and unrei.teonahlp nttaAm.
to our own creed or system : religious prtjnilirt i
unreasonable dislike of the opinions or practiced
others. We know these sentiments generally cih;
ist, but they ought not to be confounded. V a:
so often censured in this country under the namei
higolry, is in fact too strong an expression of oa:
sentment against the bigotry of 01 her people. :
not common, now-a-days, for polite persons to ki
their own Church, in eilravagant terms, or to boa;:
its superiority to others', in ordinary conversatinn.-
Many American christians never express themseks
warmly in favor of their most cherished views. Bk-
try rather exhibits itself here by supercilious airs and
a haughty self-complacency. ' It U prejudice that nt
ters its sentiments with so much: indecent violence
and deserves so much of that censulrc which h.i,'with
justice been inflicted upon the Amei'h-an Church.
A young man named Going, hejeame enamored of
a young lady 'in Lynchburg, Va., but encountered
some parental obstacles to his matr designs.
The damsel, however, interested herself .actively in
his behalf, and by dint of tfiat persweving agency far
... . r . ... .. - .. 4..
ces, got permission fr m her fatlujr to become Mra
Going, provided she would also be gone, never to re
turn. He also authorized Mr. Goijsi; to pen, iulii?
which the sex is distinsuishe l under such circumbtan ilaaiCi v
name a written consent to the union, which duly ii;arge si
nesseuwas presenteu at the clerk s jonice, and exenar-
gedfora regular marriage license. jMr. -.oing thmir-t jjndepet
he was going to be married, but was surprised to nV;f ihe
himself going to court and to pribon on a charge clTempei
Unn-n-.. TU .. I .! i - . I 1 A .. . .t.J. . ' ' . 1
iuicij. iuc inveisHgauon was renewed anera shot,.
confinement, when the truth was extracted from 6
old gentleman, much against his wjll, that he had an
thonzed the writing that bore his name., Cupid haii w
his way after all, and Mr. and Mrs.f Going. o:
of the paternal paradise, have at Ia.jt gone into win
quarters in the Elysium of Matrimdny. h
This distinguished vocalist from Philadelphia.?
our citizens one of his rich musicalientertaiiinw:.''1
Monday night last. He was in a firje vein fo:.T
and favored the audience with a number
pieces not included in the programmie. In cock'?'
particularly, we think Mr. Dyer excejs. WeadutJJ
who know how to enjoy these riclj combinations
humor and melody to go and hear him. Mr. h?
left here Monday afternoon for i'ayetteville.
hope that wherever he goes, all who are not averse i'
innocent entertainment, will lend hiijn their ears.
Loss of the Revi'.nce Cuttek Ha.miltos.-Is
mournful news of the wreck of thisivessel with near
ly all on board, reached this city on Tuesday laA'
Lieutenant Camillus Saunders, whq perished in
of the life boats, was a son of otfr fellow ciUK
Judge Romulus M. Saunders, whose (family have beet
thus suddenly bereaved by the awful; catastrophe.
The Hamilton was driven from ier jnoorings'r
Charleston bay during the gale of Thursday of 1
week, and so shattered that the oilicers and cre
c ;
t ..
sought safety in their life-boats. Both parties
subsequently lost, with the exceptiori of one seaffli-
named Hvan. who had lashed himself to the boat w
... a "i l : mi. .. v.siu have hw-8!
nun jikiicu up uy ji sieamer. mo mi j
ntnin Rudolph, Lieuten-i
..v-v.. - v.. W ..f j - , (i
ntc c..,, ii : .,j Ua citpw- consisted 0'
" uauiiuci.i atiu uiues, aim t" vv
twelve men and boys.
CoNGRESs.--Both houses of' Congi'ess had a recess
from Thursday of that week to Monday the l2t-
On thftt itov tV,o cfnri;nrr onmtnlKpCS Ht : anHOUDCeCl
An election of nrinter tn the Senate resulted in Ja-
of Beverly Tucker, of the Sentinel. Gen. CaSS?j
ed a resolution: asking for correspondence 1etj
the British and United States Governments in
to the treaty of Washington, which Having on mow
of Mr. Clayton been so amended as tc include vrof
tion to foreign ministers, was adopted In the lion
a resolution offered by Mr. Wentworjth, affirming
Fu"" rt,,u uuiy 01 congress to conhjii"i..
to the Pacific . Was Inirl nn iho fnhlt b
a party
126 to 12. On. Tuesdav. several other resolution ij
iavor ol the same road, were laid on! the rau'v-
thing interesting has yet been done
irt either nou-
Confirmation. This religious rite
ed at the Episcotoal Church on Sunda
was admini'
bv Bishop -v'"
kinson, to seven persons. Among the recipient
onm of thA t th. Institution lor
and Dumb and the Blind, himself a deaf-mute.
Wo nnot.n hot Thnrrlav the 2'2d
month has been designated as the day for the co
cration of the Church, and that, all persons whde
to be present are invited to attend, j
A new and elegant Hotel is' to be obened in
mouth, Virginia, on the first of January. It,is
the " Macon House," in honor of thf late ;lt
Macon, of North Carolina. Portsmouth is impro
rapidly so sajs the Transcript.
have b
The F
The E
gents ma
result of
cf Erie,
read. ' G
rrie. Th
t -ent to
We di
" Iletrop
c rrccte
J, at I
, Gkai
is well;
and of
lse, and
tiona to
this p
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c .angi
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