North Carolina Newspapers

    S 0 U T
- From Putnam's Magazine.
There is n,o complaint more common than that
of the intense tlulness of our ordinary society.
This is so well understood that no one is surprised
at hearing an invitation spoken of as an" infliction,
and the acceptance of it as a thine- "to-be eluded bv
rtuy duu every social art and fiction. We. venture
tq say that ours is-the only country under the sun
.where this is the case. Ami the reason is but too
obvious ; it is, that as a general thing, unless there
are people hired to amuse in some way, there is
absolutely nothing expected at a social gathering
but dress and display, for which not every one has
means or inclination. Nobody goes into company
intending to contribute in the smallest degree to
the pleasure of others, and so the whole thing is
vitiated and hollow.
Uo we mean, then, to say that American women,
as they arej aie not accomplished? Let us sum.
mon all our courage nay, all our benevolence,
and confess that that is just what we do mean.
(We have thrust sticks into a hornet's nest before
now, on purpose! to pull it down and get at some
lovely pears that were growing above.) We do
say and let out unhappy bachelorhood take the
blame if w? are 'wrong that 'American ladies, spite
of thousand doljar boarding-schools and immensely
mustached' teachers ofeverything, are not practi
"-.. . .
cally furnished forth with the knowledge and skill
for which their parents have paid so much ; do not
carry with tbenj" into their married homes, habits
which demand the exercise of talent, taste and. per
severance, ivitli jthe single object of pleasing those
with whom they live, and making home the centre
and natural theatre of their best graces. We do
say, and with a deeper sorrow than the subject may
see hi- to some to wairant, that music, dancing and
French are; the only .accomplishments, technically
so called, cultivated to any considerable extent, :and '
that the firjit of these is so entirely perverted from
' its divine .uses, that rio young lady plays in compa- j
ny for the sole purpose of gi ving pleasure, or with- j
out an.ijiea of-competition or display. ' No voting !
lady !" we hear some indignant voice exclaim' alas !
dear read'-rj have 'patience if there be exceptions,
they are too tew to be.eonsilered. Ask any splen
did singer of .your acquaintance to sing an old-fash
ioned song,on.e popular twenty or thirty years ago,
and riot yet ". revived v .'by some musical prodigy ;
ill public, and yuii will he convinced. Ask your ;
daughter to- play for -your country -o;isin, and see j
if she .will jjilay-any but; the most difficult music i
such as is in ere eon fusion to' "uninstructed ears. lie- I
- . . i. . - - -
quet tie- voung lady who sang very weeiiv last
evening in la company where there were on i v. or
dinary -performers, to ob.ige you again to-night,
when her rival at Madame - s . has" -astonished
the room, Tint this is a little aside.froin our theme.
What we ought rather to sav is, see how lar-'e a
proportion of. the fifty. -married -ladies of your ac-"
quainlaiice jwho have had a 'musical .education', play
and sing at jail, after two or three years'" hyusekeep-1
ing. Musitj is iK, longer a home accomplishment,
a family treasure, a life-long joy. There is a de
lusion about it, which an ideal woman will see
through and live down, lurt enough.
'1 he study ot the trench language is, in most
cases, a mere mania of' the day, in many a spend
ing of time'1; and money w ithout intelligent end or
aim, tiiuce it finishes w ith the school days and. never
had any intended use, as a key to French literature-
If here we seciii to miCe ra-h assertions again 'we j
desire to be" put to a test similar. a the one pro
po.ted just now:. A.-k the six most, intelligent inar-
tied ladies of yuitr friends how' ii):int; French au
thors they have read" in the original since the y K -ft
school. Would, we Wthi discourage the study'-?
Far from it : -.v.- would iu!y continue it through
.life: we would never maqertake it without meanino
to do so. 1 he.only other feasible object of so much
toil would be the e-hanyo of marrying one of our
iiU!nei""iis 'foreign ambassadors Or charges, who
would certainly be made much more respectable in
the eyes of people abroad if even their wives had
. thisiudispensable competency for the position.
As to drawing, that lovely home talent, in the
exercise pf whiclKlritish ladies .so generally excel,
how small a proportion of ours who know anything
about it. A lady artist is almost a lus us nuturiv
.anions; us, and even a tolerable skill in sketching
. .1.-11.1 i ,
-trorn nature is extremely rare, mi an tne educated
.American women we know, and that includes a
goodly number, encountered in the course of our
wanderings, there are not six who can make, a
drawing they are willing or ought to be willing to
show. Why is this! - Let us not enter on the un
gracious exposition.
One of the great Dutch pai titers represents the
Iloly Family after courageous fashion : Joseph
planing at a carpenter's bench, with shavings fall
ing all about him ; Mary, with a basket of family
mending, plying the needle industriously ; and t.-e
Saviour, a youth of fourteen meekly sweeping the
floor-with a broom. More could hardly have been
done for the dignity of household labor.
We shall therefore, as we hope, not shock any
body by saying that, to our thinking, our ladies of
fortune show bad taste by their studious avoidance
of those household occupations which their sisters
without fortuneare in duty bound to practise daily.
This brings these occupations necessary . for the
comfort and happiness of every human family from
tire palace to the hut, and therefore, proper objects
to every one having a human heart and sympa
thiesinto disrepute and contempt. We contend
that domesticity is the honor and glory of woman,
whatever her fortune and abilities'; and that when
she performs all its duties by means of hirelings,
she is untrue to herself and her birthright. - Na
ture's revenge is severe enough, for the loss of real
pleasure and in'erest is incalculable, and there is
no computing the ennui,! inanity and ill health that
' come of the error. But the punishment is seldom,
recognized as such, certain as it is. The lady be
comes " nervous," and accurses her cruel stars ; or
" dyspeptic," and talks of her stomach till she turns
every one's else ; or consumptive, and goes down
to the grave in the prime of life by what is called
a " mysterious dispensation." But she Lever be
lieves nor can you persuade her, that the dulness
and monotony of an objectless and wasted life has
anything to do with these sad results. She would
laugh at you, if she could laugtj should you tell
her that the, woman who, with no choice in the
matter, flies from the needle to the churn, trom the
broom to the pie board, and from putting children
to bed to knitting stockings for them, is far happier
and better off, and would be still more blessed, if
in addition, she had the cultivation, the taste, and
the abundant means thrown away "upon her idle
sister, without losing her own activity and the habit
of various employment.
" Want of time " is much talked of, as if from
the shortness of life we could wisely attempt but
little. But this is a great error. The complaint
is oftenest made by the idle and inefficient. It has
been proved a thousand time? that those who have
most to do, have the most effective leisure i. e.,
that they are the people to apply to if you need
aid unexpectedly. ; Our working hours are careful
ly reckoned by the clock ; those that slip by un
profitably, do so unrecorded. . There is time for the
highest cultivation and the highest usefulness;
those who doubt it, accuse Providence, as if powers
were meant to rim to waste. The languor of too
much rest is not repose, but imbecility ; the inter
vals of intense action are sweet, and full of life and
promise. The excitements of a true woman's life,
under favorable circumstances are gentle,; but they
are incessant. She has no occasion for severe la
bor, she has no excuse for wilful idleness. Our
ideal woman will not think idleness lady -like.
The ideal American woman-would that her
time were come ! will govern her children, which
certainly the American .woman of to-day does not.
We will venture to say that so many utterly un
curbed children are not to be found anywhere as in
the United States; perfect nuisances to everybody
who is unhappy enough to come in contact with
them an expression perhaps suggested by the
fact that we are still black and blue from the kicks
of a little" boy whom his mamma very complacent
ly allowed to assault us repeatedly during a long
stage-ride this last summer. We should perhaps
have been more indignant if the good lady had not
been kept in countenance by all the American
mothers we encountered during a pretty long tour.
It is hardly possible to exaggerate in describing,
the behaviour of American children to their parents,
their nurses, their unhappy teachers and why is
this so little noticed ? In conversation it is a never
failing topic, especially --among travellers, who ex
perience its effects in every steamer, car and car
riage. Ask oar teachers to what extent parents'
aid them in the government of children. If they
dare thev will toil vou sad stories.
Now, begging pardon of all the dear good wometr
of our acquaintance who allow: their -children to
treat them with disrespect, there is pitiable weak
ness in this, and our ideal woman will put it to
shame by the firmness with which she will insist
on her rights, and the tenderness with which she
will grant her children theirs. I She will not, for
the sake of seeming amiabilii y, let them grow up in
unchecked insolence, which, in jthe end, she. is as
unwilling to bear as other people.! She wiii -neither
be the tyrant of her children, nor allow them to
lord it over her; she will not harass thein by in
cessant governing, nor permit , ihem to despise
proper restraints. : -
In one of the Western papers we observe an
account of a marriage ceremony performed u board
of a steamboat, the parties never having met until
thev be fan their voyage together to the Crescent
("it v. -The narrative is given with various flour,
ishes of rhetoric, as if the affair was a subject of
pride and imitation. iVihapsin the present in
stance, ihe-ditor may be correct, Bm. as a general
rub-, the old pmverb is right, which -ays that peo
ple who "marry in haste repent at leisure."
We cannot approve, 'consequently, of the ap
plause bestowed on transactions like this, Theieare
foolish couples enough in the world, ready to rush
into matrimony without forethought, and prepared
to think that it is a very fine thing to have the
ceremony come off in some stirring. -manner, so as to
attract public attention, without haying this weak
ness fed by eulogistic new-paper paragraphs. This
evi! is -becoming a really serious one. - Ev ery -few
weeks some new paragraph appears respecting a
pair who have wedded on .short intimacvr The
last one, we believe, chronicled a marriage after a
fgw hours acquaintance. If things go on, accelerat
inj in this fashion, American weddings will yet
emulate to Chinese, bnes, tor it will be considered
most in the- mode to marry without meeting at all.
It has been said - that. " marriage is a lottery."
No one ever questioned that it was, when people
wedded on a short acquaintance ; but the remark is
not true, if made respecting - marriages after a due
intimacy.. Xo doubt, the closest frienship before
marriage, will be insufficient to meet entirely the
mutual characters of the pair to each other. But,
in proportion to the length of the acquaintance,
and the common sense of the lovers, will be their
knowledge of the foibles of one another. Nor is
this all. Even in the case of very young' lovers?
who have not yet taken to observing character, who
if they are thrown farmiliarly together, in the social
circle of the bride's family, they cannot but assimi
late to each other in time, so that the risk of marri
age is greatly lessened. But when matrimony is
contracted, upon an acquaintance of but a few
hours, or even days, the chances arc frightfully
great that the pair will not suit each other.
Another ridiculous, if not culpable practice,
much lauded in some newspapers, is, oddity, and
therefore peculiar notoriety in the marriage. Some
time ago, a wedding was held in Mammoth Cave.
Before that, one. occurred on a Bridge, just at the
dividing line, if we remember correctly, between
two States. All these freaks are perpetrated for a
secret love of publicity. They flow from the same
unmaidenly spirit which asptres after ornate-bridal
chambers at hotels,, and on board steamboats. It
is not flattering to the sex of this country, that, just
where a truly feminine woman shrinks from all
notoriety, so many brides are found to brazen it but
courting notice by the oddity of the ceremony, or
- by the marked character of their dress and
demean or. -Phil. Ledger.
Motto ox the Bridal Ring. A young gentle
man of fine intellect and noble heart, was suddenly
snatched by the hand of death from all the endear
ments of life. Surrounded by everything that
could make existence pleasant and happy a
wife that idolized him childnen that'Ioved him as
they can love, and friends devoted to him, the sum
mom came, and "he lay upon the bed of death. But
a few short years ago, she to whom be was wed
ded placed a bridal ring upon his finger, upon the
inside of which he had a few words engraved. The
husband would never permit the giver to read
them, telling her the day would come when her
wish should be gratified, and she should know the
secret. Seven years glided away, and a day or two
since, when conscious that be must leave her for
ever, he called her to his bedside, and with his dy
ing accents told her that the hour had at last come
when she should see the words upon the ring she
had given him. The young mother took it from
his cold finger, and though heart-stricken with
grief, eagerly read the words, " I have loved thee
on earth -I will meet thee in heaven."
It was thus, a few days since, we heard a stripling
of sixteen designate the mother who bore him. By
coarse husbands we have heard wives so called oc
casionally, though in the latter case, the phrase is
more often used endearingly, At all times, as com
monly spoken, it jars upon the ear and shocks the
sense. An " old woman" should be an object of
reverence above and beyond almost all phases of
humanity. Her very age should be her surest
passport to courteous consideration. The aged
mother of a grown-up family needs no other certifi
cate of worth. She is a. monument of excellency,
approved and warranted. She has fought faithful
ly " the good fight," and come oft' conqueror. Up
on her venerable face, she bears the marks of con
flict in all its furrowed lines. The most grievous
of the ills of life have been hers ; trials untold and
unkonwn onlv to her God and herself, she has
borne incessantly; and now in her old age-her
duty done ! patiently awaiting her appointed time
W.tifi.l tW over In vrmth.
more honorable and deserving than he who has
slain his thousands, or stood triumphant upon the
nvoinleit tipld of vir-tnrv
, . i i
Young man, speak kindly to your mother, and
" , i ii jm i j. ri
even courteously, tenderly ot her. I5ut a little
i'tiine and you shall see her no more forever. Her
. i, i . " " s tt
! eve is dim, her form is bent, and her shadow falls
1 gravewards. Others may love you when she has
i passed away kind-hearted sisters, perhaps she
; w hom of all the world you choose for a partner she
: may love you warmly, passionately ; children may
love you fondly, but never again, never, while time
j is yours, shall the love of woman be to you as that
j of your old, trembling mother has been,
j In agony she bore vou ! through puling, helpless
j infancy.-her throbbing breast was your safe pro
tection and support : in w ay-ward bovhood,she
bore patiently with your thoughtlessness, and nurs
ed you safe through a legion of ills and maladies.
!' Her hand it was that bathed your burning brow
or mositened your parched Hp; her ye that light
eel up the darkness of wasting nightly vigils, watch-
j ing always in . your fitful sleeplessness by your side
as none but lief could watch. Oh, speak not her
name lightly for you caonuot live so many years as
would suffer you to thank her- fully. Through
reckless and impatient youth she is your counsellor
and solace. Into a bright manhood she o-uides
your improvident step, nor there forsakes nor for
gets. Speak gently, then, and reverently of your
mother ; and when when you too shall be old, it
shall in some degree lighten the remorse which
shall be yours for other sins to know that never
wantonly have you outraged the respect due to the
" old woman." Harrisburg Telefrajih.
"'Come on boys, come on boys:" shouted Har
vey '., to a grout) of his playmate's.
" Where! where."
" Let's go down on the river and have a o-ood
skate ; I'll show you -how to cut your names scien
tifically." " Yes, come on ! let's go T answered they.
" Where are you goi ng, Millard ?"
"I am joing home."
" Come on, don't back out."
" 1 dare not go without the consent of my mo
ther." -
" Coward ; coward ! coward !" cried the boys.
' I would not be such a child as to ask mv mo-
ther to permit me to go where I wanted to."
"I'm not a coward," replied Millard, his eyes
flashing, and his manly form erect ; " I'm not a
coward ! I promised my mother I would not go
where there was danger, without first obtaining per
mission from her."
"He is tight," said George! "I am going with
him to ask mother, also."
"You can Wait, or go on as you choose," said
Millar!; "I am going immediately, and if she
consents, Til join you," and he turned on his heel
and walked off with George.
"Let them go," cried Harvey; "they're the
milk sops ; we're the bravos," and he ran towards
the river, followed by all the boys.
It was early in spring, and the sun was thawing
the ice very fast, which made it dangerous to go
on it, and, for that reason Millard would not go.
Harvey was a bad boy, he respected neither his
father or mother; he prided himself on his manli
ness,. smoked segars, and was coming on very fust.
Millard respected his mother, obeyed her in all
! things, loved all his playmates, and feared God.
H- w many Millards and Harveys I wonder there
are who read the Sun every week ? I think not
many Harveys.
Dear boys, do you always obey your mother?
Do you respect her? If I was to say you did not
lo;e her, you would be very much shocked, would
you not? Well, you must prove your love, by
obeying her always.
As soon as a boy thinks he is too old to obey
his mother, scorns her counsel, smokes segars, runs
with fire companies, stands at corners making re
marks on all who pass, then it is all up with him. I
would not think much of him, but pity him, and
think of his poor mother, his wasted youth and
unhappy old age. Many a ruined man looks
back to the time when he first diobeyed his
mother, . when he was tempted to do wrong,
as the stepping stone to all his misery. If you
have the moral courage, you will never fear to be
called a coward. The real coward is he who diso
beys his mother from fear of ridicule. Sun.
Time well employed is Satan's deadliest foe ; it
leaves pDo Opening to the lurking fiend.
Horace Greeley concludes a recent agricultural
address in the following beautiful style :
" As for me, long-tossed on the stormiest waves
of doubtful conflict and arduous endeavor, I have
begun to reel, since the shades of forty years fell
upon me, the weary, tempest driven voyager's
longing for land, the wanderer's yearning for the
hamlet where in childhood he rested by his moth
er's knee, and was soothed to sleep on her breast.
The sober down hill of life dispels many illusions,
while it developes or strengthens within us the at
tachment, perhaps long-smothered or overlaid, tor
" that dear tfut, oar home." And so I, in the so
ber afternoon of life, when its sun, if not high, is
still warm, have bought me a few acres of land in
the broad, still country, and, bearing thither my
household treasures, have resolved to steal from
the city's labors and anxieties at least one day in
each week, wherein to revive, as a farmer, the
memories of my childhood's humble 'tome.
"And already I realize that the experiment can
not cost so much as it is worth. Already I find in
that day's quiet an antidote and a solace for the
feverish, festering cares of the weeks which environ.
Already my brook murmurs a soothing even song
to my burning, throbbing brain, and my trees,
gently stirred by the fresh breezes, whisper to my
spirit something of their own quiei strength and
patient trust in God. And thus do I faintly real
ize, but for a brief and flittering day, the serene
joy which shall irradiate the farmer's vocation,
when a fuller and truer education shall have refined
and chastened his animal cravings, and when
i 8cience sha11 have endowed him with her treasures,
j redeeming labor from drudgery, while quadrupling
j lts efficiency, and crowning with beauty and plenty
! ul" wuiueous, oeneuceni earui.
Some writers stated that it took figs two seasons
' to ripen in Maine. 1 his was a blunder ot pen or
j . , 1
(types, i wo crops will probablv ripen on the same
i ' 1 ,
' tree- Mr. I'mice says thev will at flushing; one
in June and one in October. Planted on the south
side of a wall and covered with straw in .winter.
the fig tree endures our winters. Figs are grown
for market to some extent, and mav be grown fur-
I ther north. This fruit is healthful, and is deemed a
great luxury in its fresh state. The fi ir tree never
shows any blossoms.
The climate of California is peculiarly favorable
to the growing of figs for commerce ; also for grow
ing prunes, raisins, zante currants, ' dates, and all
other, dried fruits, the climate being free from rain
dining the fruiting season, and more pure than
that of southern France or Italy. Besides' the well
known tig of commerce, the caoutchouc, or India
rubber tree, also produces figs. The Sens elasti
cal is the tree which has been primarily denomina
ted the India rubber tree; but there are more
than twenty species of this genus that can be used,
and the most of w hich, doubtless, are used to furn
ish the caoutchouc. The banyan tree of India, so
highly reverenced by the Hindoos, is one of them.
The loftiest, wide-spreading trees-on the Mexican
Cordilleras are three or four species of the ficus,
yielding the gum, and produciug edible fruit, and
these constitute almost the only large trees that
skirt the barren shore at Aeapulco, forming a bro
ken avenue from the town to the fort. It is well
known that Brazil and other ports of South Amer
ica produce many distinct species o gum-vielditiT
ficus, and that all these are specifically distinct
from the species produced in the vtuiousicouutries
of Asia.
Cooking and Wakmim; nv Gas. A patent
ed improvement is noticed in Brooklyn, N. Y.. by
which a common gas pij.e is tapped at any point,
an India ruljber tube attached, and the gas applied
to the heating of the room, and the cooking of the
meals :
"The gas is conducted to a small iron plate
not. much larger than one's hand -that forms what
may be called the stove. This plate is filled with
perforations, containing asbestos, which concen
trates and diffuses all the heat. The computation
made by the inventor, goes to show that a smalb
office may be heated for the trifling sum of fifteen
cents a , day. Admitting that a much larger amount
will come nearer the truth, the advantages of the
inventor are obvious. For lawyer's and similar
offices, where it is desirable to avoid the 'dust, dirt,
and trouble of a coal fire, to say no hing of the
expense of keeping attendants, it is peculiarly
adapted. A man can enter his office in the morn
ing, .turn on the gas, apply a match thereto, and
i he fire is instantly started, and' by the time he
gets comfortably settled down 'to his de.-k, the
room will be warmed. To cook 3 lbs. of mutton
chops takes just ten minutes of time, and cost only
one-third of a cent. ; to boil a- kettle containing
half a gallon of water occupies exactly twelve min
utes, and consumes less than a cubic foot of gas.
To get up a breakfast of four dishes, say one for
meats, a second for "coffee, a third for potatoes, &c,
and a fourth for eggs, or whatever else you please
will cost only three cents, and can all be done
within fifteen minntes. The gas of one of our or
dinary burners supplies fifty jets forming a "dis
tributed and attenuated flame resembling in ap
pearance the bluish alcoholic flame, and saving
every particle of heat. The cooking is all done by
downward radiation ; the fire is brought to the
meats, not the meats to the fire.- In rcLting, the
fire keeps basting the meat all the time, thereby
saving the cook all the trouble which j he is now
compelled to take."
The Richest M tne. The manure applied to
the soil of England amounts to three hundred
millions of dollars, being more than the value of
its whole foreign commerce, and yet the grateful
soil yields back with interest all that is lavished
I upon it. And so it would be here, if wonld
only trust the soil with any portion of our capital.
But this we rarely do. A farmer who has made
any money spends it not in his -business, but in
some other occupation. He buys- more land when
he ought to buy more manure, or he puts out his
money in some joint stock company, to convert
sunshine in moonshine. Rely upon it, our richest
mine is the barnyard, and whatever temptation
stock or shares may offer, the best investment for
a farmer is live stock and plow shares,
understood, few trees, unless absolutely dead or
rotten need occupy ground without yielding a
plenteous crop. After a long and varied series of
experiments, I gradually adopted the following
mode: '
As soon as the winter has sufficiently disappear
ed, and before the sap ascends, I examine my
trees, every dead bough is lopped oft'. Then, after
the sap has risen' sufficiently to show where the
blossoms will be, I cut away all the branches hav
ing none on, and also the extremity of every limb,
the lower part of which bears a considerable num
ber of buds, thus concentrating the sap of the
tree upon the maturation of its fruit, and saving
what would be a useless expenditure of strength.
In tin; quince, apricot and peach trees, this is im
portant, as these are apt to be luxuriant in the
leaves, and destitute of fruit. You may think
this injures the trees, but it does not, for you will
find trees ladened with fruit which formerly yield
ed, nothing. Of course, all other well known pre
cautions must be attended to,' such as cutting out
worms from the roots, placing old iron on the
limbs, which' acts as a tonic to the sap, &c. Try
it, ye who have failed in raising fruit. Farmer cfc
Save the Dead leaves. If every horticultu
rist would reflect for a moment on the nature of
fallen leaves, which contain not" only the vegeta
ble matter, but the salts, lime, potash, &c, needed
for the next year's growth, and that, too, exactly
in the proportion required by the very tree and
plant from which they fall ; naymore, if they
would consider that it is precisely in this way, by
the decomposition of these very fallen leaves, that
nature enriches the soil, year after year, in her
great forests, it would scarcely be possible for such
a reflecting horticulturist to allow these leaves to
j be swept away by every wind that blows, and fi
j nally lost altogether. A wise horticulturist will
j diligently collect, from week to week, the leaves
that fall under each tree, and by digging them
under the soil about the roots, where they will de
cay and enrich the soil, provide in the cheapest
manner the best possible food for that tree. In
certain vineyards in France, the vines are kept in
the higest condition by simply burying at their
roots every leaf and branch that is pruned off such
vines, or that falls from them at the end of the
s( -ason. Hor tic ultu rist.
Birds. The shooting of small bird has become
a besetting sin in many parts of our country.
lheir value as food is not sufficiently great to. ex
cuse either the - inhumanity or impropriety of the
practice. Birds are destroyers of insects, and to
their destruction is to be attributed the inordinate
influx of insects within the last few years. The
Legislatures- of New Jersey, and of many other
States, have passed effective laws on the 'subject
i i t ... J
I tun i. we nope mat farmers wi 1 not I
in using the protection furnished them by law.--To
see a full grown man patroling the country,
treading down crops, wasting his time and shoot
ing small birds, each one of which is often times
his usefulness to the body political's too. see a sel
fish fool who values his own amusement higher
than Jie docs the well being of society. Such a
feljow should be .feathered, and this coating un
derlaid with tar. Working Farmer. '
Longevity of farmfrs. It a .pears from the
Massachusetts register of births and 'deaths, that
the duration of the lives of agriculturists was 13
years the general average, nearly nineteen
above that of common laborers, and 10 percent,
above the average age, at death, of mechanics.
To Fakmkus. To double the crops on most
farms, about all tl'.at is necessary is for our agri
culturist to sell off one-half their" land, and" with
the proceeds buy manure for the other.' The larg
er a farm, the less a man grows to the acre.
Koh picklino eggs. If the following pickle
was generally known it would be more generally
used. It is an excellent pickle to be eaten with
cold nieat, &e. :
" The eggs should be boiled hard, say ten mi
nutes, and divested of their shells, when quite
cold put them in jars, and pour over them vine
gar sufficient to quite cover them in which has
been boiled the usual spices for pickling, tie the
jars down tight with bladder, and keep them un
til they begin to change color.
To farmers. Mr. Stephenson, of Virginia, said
to the farmers in a speech at the cattle show' din
ner recently in Springfield :
" You have not taken the stand you should in
the affairs of government, while you have passed
.1 n . .
tnem an over into the hands of lawyers and the po-
The Cotton Crop. A planter in Jasper county,
Geo., writes to his friend in Charleston, that he
will not make more than 50 bales of cotton, where
he made 187 last year. The whole county, he
says, will not make more than half a crop.
A planter in Rutherford county, Tenn., in the
best cotton region in that county, says that the
crop there will not be above a half to three-fourths.
Most of the planters had picked as fast as their
cotton offered, a thing never seen there before.
' At Marion, Miss., the crop will be shorter, it js
stated, than was anticipated a few weeks ago.
The Selma, (Ala.,) Sentinel says, that the crop
in that section will be far above an average one.
Fayetteville Observer. '
Hops'. Theie has been a great rise in the price
of hops. From 3 to 5 cents per lb., they have ad
vanced to 47 to 51 cents in New York. A sino-le
county in the State of New York produced this
year, it is estimated, about 5,000 bales, worth
about $385,000.
We suppose, of course, that large quantities of
these will be consumed at the South, which might
as well raise all it needs, and a surplus for export
Fayetteville Observer.
Planting Frcit Trees. In planting Fruit
Trees, be very careful not to set them too deep.
Many fine trees are annually lost, by planting
them much deeper than they were in the nursery
which should never be done. Set your trees no
deeper in transplanting than they originally stood
when in the nursery.
Keep your fence rows clear from briars.
Perfect Workmen. . !;,,,. J .'
tells us outsiders, that th.
geny of sons are usually iiK;nlc.
anical trade, such as lock-mak ,,,
ing." Judging from the uu.X,.
1 1 -
juosiems uoiiwive io niakc (.f , .. . V"
when in after years occasion . ' '"'
1 ! 11 ' , !f.-.
said to be very pr.rfen-nt ; r;.!e- : ' 1
" bowing. -Pick. I '.' "
We still have . lively n Ii,.,fli,.tl ,i( ,
which a South Sea IsLiiiU.-r -rt- ' ' '
science. A missionary rebuk.-d i . ; , . . '
polygamy, and he was mnch gri-v, y''
or two he returned, his face radiant wit)"' '
" Me all right now ; one . wif.. " J"'
christian." j
" What did you do with thclth-r r'
asked the missonarv. ,'
''Me eat her up. 'j
Indisputable. The Ohio n-eiisu?
ld tilVS lindp.r Its Airri.mll Hli
v., ...v . .vw uiiuiaiuiead, cor,
more certain crop than wheat." jso Mr pj !'
He will waer any amount that! if he onlv
"perambulation" through twenty har ro
surety is tjiat he finds a " cnkl crop" j"
individual spot. j
i ' t j
A country carpenter having IneglcctHj t
a gallows, the judge himself wit to th,. "
said ' - j -
" Fellow, how came vou to ieMect the m-'
ordered ?." , ' j '
,- ...kv....s .v ncsfsin tiie man r-!
' I am very sorry, for had I .known it
your lordship, it should havebk-n doik-i,.,,, '
ly."-' ! '"
. t i
"Can s th Tinxfx m-)''ii
that women are as w ell qualiritfd as the ,,t)Jt..
for all kinds of mercantile situations. t.'j -,,.
then, for a " strong minded jwoman" t
good sih nt artiier ! Where L "she ?(f
" Do you see anything ridi.fulous in tlbr
said a brother Judge to Cui'jaii. v,,,,,,,'
the head,'' he replied. j !
ir-- --. 1
"I have very little respect for the ticH' . J
world," as the chap said when the roW wt;-,!
round his neck. i j
One day, as-Judge Paison was jo&iV
on horseback, over a desolate!" road, he .-am- - I
log house, dirty, smoky and jniser.-ible. il
ped to contemplate the too evident jHiVeitv efvl
scene. A poor, half-starved fefiiow, with
hair and unshaven beard, thufst. his he:ul tiir J
a square, w hich sej ved for a wiidov.-witiiT--I..
Judge, I aint as oor as you take .no tub-': i
don't own this 'ere land !" j
" Will you take the iife of! Pierce ur -;:
morning, ma-dame ?" said a n!ewhoy tu our
aunt Betsy. " Xo, my lad, she replied. "2
may live to the ends of their d'avs !'"! iiie-
uothin' agin 'em." !
Woman The last and lf-t f th'.- series,
we may have her for a toast, we won't ask;'.'
"The Seige of P0Lo6.iv." Tins c-l
bombardment has just been iictorialiy caiirV-
by a rrench paper. It consists of a brini-1
tugging at an overgrown sauiage.
-"-- t
The man who always drives a ml V
never uses a whip. !
Somebody advertises to "siet up'' with;:-.
forl 50 per night ; delirium itreineiis duub. f
The lady who "stood oi-her diguky." -"
very near losing Jier balance ' v;
The man of." vaulting ambitien" j'sr-f ''
the circus. -
An Irish post hoy having jlnvej a ntlema.'
long stage during torrents ujf -rain, tiie gentk'
"Paddv, are vou not very Met !"
" Arrah ! I don't care about being vtr;
but, please yer, honor, I'm vjry dry."
Mrs. Harris says, w hat puzzles her is wh r; 1
sailors get their fresh breezfes from iu
ter. ' I
."That's, my business," a, the butcher
the dog that was killing his sheep.
For I he Southern Weekly F
nv a deaf ilte
I am composed of 50 letter's.
My 1, 2, 17, 9, in, 30, 36, ws one of
nonular of Kncrlish noetsJ
My 3, 6, 13, 19, 9, 31, 19. wis one of lg
scholars of modern times
My 4, 10, 16,11, 31, 19, 15, w as one un
celebrated poets of Persia.
My 5, 11, 11, 20, 29, 30, 45, was one ofuV
monta rf Fmvlicti lifpratlire.
Af- t or oi r 4 ii oc ac ii-ns one of lb-'
Mj ou, oi, z, i, ou, v
distinguished poets of Iifdy.
My 21, 20, 11, 8, was one tjbe mt eml!
, modern Latin poets. i i
My 14 22, 31, 12, 18, 9," 130, was an
female artist. i '
My 23, 27, 42, 41. 33, 30, wis Greek p'
My 25, 41, 29, 44, was -a litirrguistieu
painter. j
My 34, 28, 39, 26, 49, 37, 24, 34, was on
wits and gallants of the Court of Cl)
Ny 29, 33, 50, 14, 29, 55, 4d, 44, 3o. J
of tbA a-reatesr. dramatist! of Europe
My 32, 30, 31, 23, 19, 50, 40,
My 51, 50, 19, 23, 53, was ojie the greaW j
of Italy. !
'A i
My 52, 43," 51, 38, 48, 45, 39, 46, 54, -
a ceieoraiea maujem;tuuiu.
ikf : ...... vvml.jri nnera troUp
J j m. i j ...., It
t'e P0f''
Answer to Enigma in kvjt weeKs-
Natural Bridge of Virginia

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