North Carolina Newspapers

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S O U'T I E E BJ W:1131I I, f J S E
",car permitted, 1V a friend, to publish the fol
; extr act from a private letter, in regard to the
,ff"1 Ililil mine.- This is jully considered one,
C"r ,ot' valu:ye mines in North Carolina, a nd
f tHC ual" to the McCulIoch and North Carolina
fa!l'V T's mines. The letter is'writteri by a -entle-ComP
'li; h,s .pent several years among the mines of
fjnia- From another source, We learn that a o
1,4,110 , ,., Uv,.;o-!.;n!r four pounds, has lately
lid pui , r p.nt to the letter:
beeaiaken qui - - .
T ,,,ve been to Conrad Hill to-day, to see what
.l.mrr. I Mll!-enU yOU.a ui nidi
1 e '- i
hu h Mr Bootes, the clerk, gave me. -I saw
in?. "'v , . , , Tin - :
C((py U out of the Uook. . amis &iau,incni io wi-
"J - - ll. .. in.l. rT.,n 1 ..... -v-vl.- lin
ihp iitternoon oi uiu ism .iu..j ncw i
ri95 nwts., -2 nrains. from 10 tons -of ore,
in, -Ampins 20 1-2 hours weight in sponge 225
n rold2l0 pwts,, 9 grains. On the afternoon
r furs i21 pvyt-"..' in amalgam, or 251 pwts., 3 jjrs,
19 t fluxed. Also, from 4 bushels of ore, as a test
rfl-Vrt of the vein, we obtained 34 pwts., 16 '-grs. in
lram, it yielded 14 pwts.,1 18 grains, considered
.'Their 'best. ore is on the south end of the vein.
The vein is from 0 to 8 feet thick and very rich, they
l Mist .'truck it. rTheyteffi .struck rich ore in
thc.ff.hiiu shaft their prospects are very good, and
the mie shows well.';
. . . - 1 . C , . l- in. Ai.1inf PIT ll OG
The comparative iepue wun-u vin wmj.jr.
. - .vl',1 during the last two years, seeiw again in
Jlyerof. being disturbed by the introduction of
,t" nal 'disputes' into the halls of Congress. With
. thVra"vetnetits of parties, and the intrigues of po
1 ians, in regard to the proposed territory of Ne-'jLia-we
can', have nothing to do ; but with the
liier to .which the-disn of that-subject
b ,. uiford.-'d an oppoKtunityVjf nporary resunec
tkm e are always disposed to wage an unrelent
in" war;, and it is.none tlie less our !uty. : we
protess -to be neutral, to eejio the iiot-s of warning
now : "sowndinV -throughout the. confederacy. The
p.-ace, .if ''-t- the. existence of the Union, is again
in "peril ii"" ... , ----j
wW-feels'atr- interest in its safety, ought' to rouse
him-c'f t an attitude of defence. '.
Whia'isVititi-sJavery What is it-as active
elenieiit of the moral and political movements of
thi'dav? As a mere opinion, that slavery is an
evil ; it "is one ' thing ; -as "the watchword..of a. fac
tion "which is at war with the constitution, laws,
;mJ pu'icv the country, it is another, and a very
d ffireivt tliinir. - So far as the northern people are
unwilling to be slaveholders themselves, we respect
tlioir teeiings, and recognize their right to act in
aaoi'Janoe. with thera. We know not that any
disposition has ever been shown, or any attempt
mtide bv the south, to interfere with or restrict, in
:inv -inaaner whatever, the right ot every citizen to
think and act for himself in regard to slavery. The
ri flit of : tli e northern people to enjoy their opini
ons and practice their principles in every State and
Tenitoiy of the Union, is universally recognized.
and limited onlv bv those guards which the laws
of the country have thrown around the rights of
other people, lhe man. or INew England oi-Whn,
mav reside in Florida or Texas, and continue,
without molestation to the end of his days, as free
from a'.l personai participation in the guilt of slave
1 iv 1 . r . 1.:. c. a ot-
llOiUit:"-,. as lie was 111 ni iiniivu liitc. .ii.iiu-o.a-
verv, then, in thi1 asi ct of it, is a thing against
which we have not a word to say. We would not
violato its, immunities, or cast reproach upon its
But wall .that anti-slawry spirit which belongs
to an organized, meddlesomeand malignant faction.
we Juice a quarrel and a coi test in which the south
can never vield without dishonor. It is an ajrores-
sive and insultinir spirit, which, not satisfied with
the exemption of the north from what they call the
cufje of slavery, seeks to compel their fellow-citizens
of the south to abandon their opinions and princi
ples!' and to relinquish those privileges which the
Constitution of the country secures. L'et us ex
amine for one moment ipto the character of this
dangerous and insulting aggression. '
The const"Uut,ion of the United States was adop
' ted voluntari'y by the slave-holding population of
the South, and the iion-slaveholling population of
the. Xortli. They were, t(f course, mutually and in
common, responsible UYv its principles and provi
sions... In the adoption of that instrument, the nor
thern people fraternized ' w ith those of the south,
as slanh'thtcrs, and guaranteed jto them, as such,
the rights they then enjoyed. There was no Un
ion formed between the northern people and the
.negro slaves -of the South, except through iheir
bieiters. Such was the state of things, after the
adoption of the present Constitution, and there
be no question that under it, as then under
1, the southern slaveltolder, as s?cA, stood, in
evt, imaginable respect, upon the same footing
with ty northern man who owned no slaves. 'This
was lhe spirit on both sides at that time, and the
mutual fOljng'of 'parties, whvn a compact is ''made
between tli1? has a great d.-al-to do with the in
terpretation " the instrument c through w hich it
whs: formed. - :
lhe antt-sla eery spirit of the pivsent v is di
rectly .the reverse, of the patriotic sp'uit of the
tunes in "which tin. Union had its birth. T(ie fac
tions.' and parties animated by: it, have declared
their determination to discriminate, at every, step
Vt the federal, legislation, between the slaveholder
-.f he non-slavehoMer, by excluding the furmer.
upon coti'litto-ps, from parts ot the national
'" ji ai. -According1 to this policy, the northern
wan may remove to any - territory of the United
.States with all his moveable property- whilst the
'southern man . is to be forced by-law to dispose of
certain classes of his property, or consent to forfeit
it, -before he-can be allowed to do the same. Once
igaiti -since the organization of. the govern
ment,, has the .south been compelled to acquiesce in
''mproinise w Inch . her ipatriotism dictated, and
tiie monster has, for a w hile, reposed upon his ac-quiiioiis-;
but ;ho is now awake once more, ciamo
nng us loudly as ever for the exclusion of the south
"a slave-hblder,-froin soil in which' lie, as such,
has ;1S Jeep an interest as the dictator himself. :
Wlir luine U in fj,,- (1-.,.d e.-.-iwa .ami nntrirititn'of
tile nortlmi-n 1. k ... 1 . v. 1...1:
tMSV 1110 Wllll'mr "t a. an tlri lowl lmno f n
.hinting world destroyed, bv a monster reared and
turned in their midst. Lint we must tell them
Mat tins monster had his birth, in the desire of the
northern. people t-j exhibit their aversion to slavery,
b? creating a d,ishiction, where the Constitution
'ade no different?, between the northern and; the
southei.n man. Tbev must abandon this distinction,
liK-originated in a uwral theory,, foreign to, the
fctitution, and incompatible wuh thaieqility
'"di was recognized bv it. Tbev must cease to
"uind that slavtlndders shall be" excluded from
of th
Uhiled States, to which
oarins, Fourierites, Jesuits, and every species of
cial evil allowed at the northhas unrestricted
i-me great Do lv ot the northern people
Joiiid return to that'cordml and kindly union with
,'e south which was 'cherished by their fathers,
lte could no longer be any danger to the,countrv
jm tnose bands of traitors who have organized
tiiemselves ino anti-slavery societies. Tliey would
perish for want of nutriment in the soil of their
birth. -
tl rD J)oUGLAM has b'een appointed to address
Literary societies of Western Reserve College,
lSfii"' a' l'ie "ext commencement, in July,
5. . and has accepted the appointment. t
The January number of our little truant friend
the School Fellow, has been received. We are
glad to welcome it back .to our table. The present
is the first ii umber of an enlarged and improved
series, beginning with the year, and we can cordial
ly commend its contents to our young readers.
The high qualifications of the Editors Mr. W. C.
Richards and "Cousin Alice," and a number of
accomplished contributors, warrant the assurance
that this neat little monthly is destined to abril-.
liant success. Price One Dollar a year. Address
"Evans and Brittan," 697 Broadway, New York. .
We hae received the January Number of that
venerable standard agricultural publication, the
Southern Planter, published at Richmond, Va.;
by P..D. Bernard, and edited at present by F. G.
lluffin, Esq. This periodical formerly conducted
by the distinguished Virginia farmerthe elder Mr.
Ruffio, has an established character which needs
no additional praise. Y& shall highly prize it . as
an exchange.
The " Ladies' Keepsake:" for January has also
been received. 1$ is embellished with an engrav
ing illustrative of the story of Rip Van Winkle.
The National Magazine, for February, is be
fore us with a very rich and varied table of con
tents. Several of the articles are well illustrated
and readable, and under the heads of " Editorial
Notes and Gleanings," "Book Notices," "Literary
Record," " Arts and Sciences," the reader will find
a most comprehensive and instructive miscellany.
The first Number of the " Aspen Leaf," a hand
some journal, which has just commenced its trem
ulous existence in this city, is now on qut table,
and has received a hearty welcome.
"Leave have their time to fall,"
and we presume to bud also. The publishers have
taken time by the fore-lock, anticipated the Spring,
and expanded in advance of competition to the
breeze of Fortune. Although the httter lady is very
. " And variable as the shade,
By the light, quivering aspen made," i
we sincerely hope the flirtation commenced with
her by the publishers may afford them all. the
amusement they desire.
Robbery. We received the following in an
extra from the office of tire Starj in the East, da
ted Elizabeth Citv, Jan. 28th i854:i-Last night
the Jewelry and Drug Store of Mr. Jas, M. Pool,
of this place, was broken open, and a large show
case completely swept of its contents, consisting of
gold and silver watches, silver spoons, breast-pins,
ear-rings, bracelets, gold chains, and. in fact every
thing of value, found in the case, together with a
lot o'f knives, portmonaies, &c.,the whole estimated
at about $2500. The Commissioners of the Town
and Mr.oof offer a reward of $200 for the recov
ery of the property, or detection of the thief. We
hope the press will notice this, and put the public
on their guard, in case any jewelry and watches
should be offered for sale by suspicious persons.
Star. : .,
Richmond Court. At Richmond County Court,
last week, Alexander C. McKiflnbn, Duncan Mcln-:
tyre, and John P. Little, Esqrs., were elected a
Special Court for one year. Before the voting
commenced, W. F. Leak requested it as a favor of
the Magistrates, that no .votes would be cast for
htm as he had been of the Special Court for sev
eral years, and he wished, at an early day, to re
sign his justiceship. '
At the same time, Thomas T. Covington resign
ed the, office of Register, .and Andrew J. Veal was
was elected in his place.-p-Fay. iArgus.
Five new baggage cars: have just been completed
by Mr. Uriah Wells, of Petersburg, for the North.
Carolina Central Railroad. So much for Southern
manufacture. Rich. Bulletin.
In our humble opinion they might have been
made nearer home on equally as favorable terms
as they were done in Richmond. Our first duty
is to " our own people who have embarked their
capital and skill in endeavoring to build up the in
terests of the State. Star.
Burnt to Death. A negro child about five
years old, belonging to; Mr. T. B. Hill, of this
vicinity, was so badly burnt yesterday ,by its clothes
catching on fire while its mother was out of the
room, that it died in a few hours. It had on woolen
garments and a cotton one between them, which
were almost entirely consumed.- Hillboro Rec.
WtiiiteShad. The first White Shad taken from
the Cape Fear this season w'ere placed, in market
this morning, and sold at $3 for a pair, the only
ones caught. Wil. Journal.
Fire Loss of Life, itc. uYew York, Jan.
30. Hay ward's extensive India Rubber Works,
at Colchester, Connecticut, comprising five large
buildiAgs, were burnt last night. The loss is very
heavy, but fully covered by insurance. Mr. Stark,
an overseer, perished in the flames. Five hundred
hands have been thrown uut of employment.
The weather north, since- Saturday, is said to
have been the coldest jn record. At Concord,
Montpelier, and many other places, the thermome
ter has stood 32 degrees jbelow zero.
The harbor 'of this city is obstructed by ice,
and it is snowing very hard.
The Pacific Railroad. Washington, Jan.
30. It is stated that the Hon. Solomon Foote,
Freesoil Senator from Vermont, will shortly bring
forward the Pacific Railroad Bill. It proposes a'
capital of $75,000,000 one-third of which is to
be subscribed by individuals, one-third Idaned by
the governnffent till 1855, and one-third to be
given by the U. S. Goverment, m consideration of
which, the mails, troops,; etc., will be transported
Messrs. M. M. and F. Tr White of Cincinnati,
recently inherited an estate in North Carolina, a
part of which was eleven slaves. They were offer
ed $10,000 for tha slaves which they refused, and
the liberated slaves recently passed through Cin
cinnati on their way to Indiana, where they will
settle as agriculturists.
Destructive Fire. iVew York, Jan. 29. A
fire occurred here to-day which consumed the Co
lumbian Foundry, together with a large number
of dwellings. Large numbers of the inmates were
turneo naked into -the streets, and the weather is
intensely cold. "
After the above, another fire occurred on Pearl
street, near the Battery, destroying an entire block.
ifty Irish families . were turned into the streets
without shelter.
A Female Soldier. There isliow before Con-
gress a petition from Mrs. Elizabeth C. Smith, of
Missouri, who, in 1846, under the assumed name
of " Ben Newman," volunteered in the Mexican
war, where she served faithfully for ten months,
when" her sex was discovered and she was dis
charged from the service. "Ben" has married,
and now applies, for her pay and bounty land. As
the law applies to soldiers and not to men, this fe
male soldier may be successful.
Three Negroes Burned to Death'. We learn
from the Staunton Vindicator that a house and
kitchen on the farm of Mr. Pel tor, near Waynes
boro', on South river, were destroyed by fire a few
nights ago, and horrible to relate, three negroes,
an old man, his wife and son, perished in the
flames. The neerroes were the roDertv of Mr.
Abel, of Albemarle. .The house wasooccupied by
a son of Mr. Peltor. Every thing in the house,
except a few articles of trifling value, was destroy
Tae New Postage Bill. The project for
changing the rates of postage under this govern
ment, reported by Mr. Olds a few days since from
the House committee on post -offices and post-roads
contemplates making it obligatory to prepay all
letters sent in the mails, and proposes also to fix
the rates of postage at three cents per half ounce
for all distances up to three thousand miles and
six cents for all greater distances.
The Boston Committee having in charge the
San Francisco fund have appropriated it as follows ;
To the captains of the Kilby, Three Bells, and
Antarctic, $1,000 each ; $800 to the officers of
each of the three ships ; $2,600 to the crews of the
three ships, all in cash. To Capt. Watkins, his
officers and crew, the First Engineer, Capt. Pendle
ton, and Lieut. Murray, $1,050, in the form of
complimentary testimonials.
Tobacco at the North. -The culture of the
weed in Connecticut is said to be becoming ex
tensive and profitable. In many of the river towns,
tobacco is the principal crop grown. In order to
promote its culture, a company has beeu formed in
Hartford, with a capital of $25,000, for the purpose
of opening a tobacco inspection warehouse iu that
More Bequests. The late Miss Margaret Ten
Eyck, of Albany, left the following bequests
Theological Seminary at New Brunswick, N. J.
$4,000 ; American Bible Society, $1,000 ; Ameri
can Tract Society, $1,000 ; American Sunday
School Union, $1,000 ; Foreign Missions of Reform
ed Dutch Church, $1,000.
The Highest Price ever obtained in the N.
York market for wheat was given on Friday, $2.
55 a bushel. Flour also advanced to $9.25 a $9.
50 per bbl. wluolesale. At such prices it will take
a small fortune to supply one's appetite for food.
The farmers must be making money fast.
Lamentable. The Norfolk News regrets to
learn that an interesting little girl, the daughter of
Mr. G. W. Camp, was so severely burned on Sat
urday, as to cause her death in a few hours. Her
clothes caught fire from a stove in the room where
the children were playing.
A Lutheran Minister of the Gospel in the village
of Athens, New York, eloped a few days since with
the wife of a very respectable citizen of that place.
He is the father, and she the mother, of an interest
ing family. Up to the present time they have
eluded all pursuit.
Terrible Explosion and Loss of Life. Ra
venswood. Long Island, Jan. 29. French's-Cartridge
Factory at this i lace exploded yesterday.
All inside except two were killed. The loss of life
is variously stated ft Ironi 20 to 30. Buildings lor
miles around were shaken, and windows broken.
Those killed were mostly boys and girls.
The Soule Duels. The New-York Express
says that reports from Madrid via Paris are, that
the Marquis de Turgot has had his leg amputated,
and is in a dangerous condition. If he dies as is
believed Mr. Soule will of course have to be re
called. Petersburg Express.
' The Southern Mail, it is stated, will be trausfer
ed to the Wilmington and Manchester road on the
1st of February, at which time the steamers of the
Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad company wjil
stop running.
Turned Minister. Sheridan Knowles is now
a Baptist Minister. He is lecturing vehemently
against popery ; and oddly enough, his son, Richard
Brinsiey Knowles, has just become a Roman
Washington, Jan. 29th. It is stated that
Hon. Trueman Smith contemplates withdrawing
from public nfe in the spring, and engaging in the
Copper Mine business.
Prohibition in Virginia. On Wednesday no
less than 33, petitions in favor of a prohibitory li
quor law, were presented iu the Virginia House of
A United States Senator is to be elected by the
Legislature of Ohio, at the present session, and the
24th inst. is the time fixed to go into the election.
Hon. John P. Hale is lecturing in different parts
of New York State, upon the Senate, its members,
and incidents connected with them.
The number of tigers killed in Java during the
year 1852, amounted to 717.
A dozen lottery dealers were arrested in New
York on Friday.
The Ebib Troubles. Erie, Jan. 80. -The rail
road track has been repaired, under the protection
of the U. S. Marshal, and the trains are announc
ed, to run to-iuorrow. It is feared, however, that
the track will not be united, as the people lire deter
mined to prevent the connection between the
Cleveland and Erie? and the North East companies.
Harrisbcbg, Jan. 30. Governor Bigler left
here this morning for Erie, in company with Judge
Knox. The Governor invited Judge Purviance and
Hon. Wm. F. Packer to accompany him to superin-
I tend the operations of the road and the Franklin
Canal Company, should arrangements be made to
use it until the Legislature takes further action
There is a man in Orkney, Scotlaud, nearly nine
ty years of age, who was about to be married for
the ninth time.
The Walkek Fillibuster Expedition. News
of the Mexican Treaty. The Aspinwall Courier
of the!7th instantant gives the following inform
ation : - - .
Lieutenant Sweeny, now of the second regiment
of the United States infantry, formerly of the New
York volunteers, informs us that when he left San
Diego, Dec. 34at Col. Walker had received large
reinforcements, and was carrying everything before
him the previous accounts respecting his having
been closely pressed were ( correct- Prior to
the arrival of the reinforcement he was penned up
by a large force. Lieut. Sweeny also informs us
that advices to the 31st ult. from the city of Mexico,
received at Acapulco, confirm the report respecting
Gadsden's new treaty. The new republic will soon
be among the things that were.
The Panama Star of the 15th inst. says : "The
Pacific mail steamship Republic, Capt. A. McLane,
unexpectedly arrived in port yesterday, having
sailed from San Francisco on the evening of the
24th ult. On the 31st ult. stopped at San Diego,
and embarked from Newtown the commissioned
and non-commissioned officers of the second regi
ment of U. S. infantry, who are returning home to
" On the 7th inst., at 5 o'clock P. M., the Ram
say route express messenger arrived at Acapulco,
with New Orleans dates to the 31st ult., inclusive.
A rumor prevailed in the city of Mexico that Santa
Anna had ; ceded Chihuahua, Sonora and Lower
California to the Uuited States for $23,000,000."
Russia made to bite the Dnst I ! !
New York, Jan. 31. The Asia arrived at her
wharf to-day. She brings important news relative
to the warlike powers.
On the 3rd, the allied fleets all proceeded into
the Black Sea, except six ships which were left at
Beicos Bay to guard the Bosphorus. The first
division remains anchored at the Rapids.
Dates from Sebastopool to January 6, state that
the Turks had gained brilliant success on the
Danube. They had stormed and carried the Rus
sian entrenched Camp at Citall, near Kalafat, and
put 2500 of the enemy to the sword. Had also
attacked a body of 18,000 Russians which had
been sent to relieve Citall. After a sharp encount
er compelled them to retrent.
The Russians are thus driven back from positions
at which they had hoped to cross tlie Danube.
The Turkish force in the battle was 15,000, and
they had only 15 guns.
It is admitted that'Omar Pasha brilliantly out
manoeuvred the Russian commander, and gained
many advantages on the Danube. He was form
ally, noticed, on the 1st inst., at the Divan of the
Four Powers to Ambassadors. The details are not
given, but it is supposed to be the storming and
capture of Karakal, with several skirmishes in
The defeat of the Turks under the weak general
ship of Abdi Kesha is confirmed,' but Gen. Guyon
had gone with an army, and was invested with
full powers to act. The spirits of the Turks were
very much revived.
The Sultan's Irad is published approving the
decision of the Grand Council to open negotiations
on the footing proposed by the Four Powers. Tur
key is to serjd representatives to a Conference which
will meet in some neutral city.
The report is confirmed that Persia has resumed
negotations Vith Britain, and will not at present
attack the Turks. ;
Death of a Princess. The infant Princess of
Portugal had died suddenly.
A Princess Born The Soule Duels Young
- Soules Letter, tc.
The Queen gave birth to a daughter at Madrid,
January 5.
As mentioned in the French intelligence, the
Marquis of Turgot, the French Embassador, who
fought with Mr. Soule, Sen., has been raised to the
dignity of Grand Officer of the. Legion of Honor.
It was reported that the decoration was conferred
as an approval of his conduct in the Soule affair,
but the correspondence of the London Morning
Post says that Napoleon reprimanded Turgot for
accepting the duel, and that the decoration which
was bestowed as a testimonial of his diligence in
the international copyright treaty was withheld
from him fifteen days, as a warning not to fight
with American Ministers in future.
Mr. Soule, Jr., has addressed a letter to the Ba
yonne paper which contained what he considers an
unfair account of the circumstances of his duel with
the Duke of Alba. He writes :
" You say that my quarrel with the Duke of Al
ba took its rise in some remarks in some pleasan
tries upon the toilet of Madame Soule, exchanged
between the Duke of Alba and the Embasador of
France ; and you speak with a sort of solemnity of
the very particular interest which has been taken
in the affair by the Emperor of the French. It
may be well that, in spite of the aversion which
your correspondents seem to have for truth, it has
happened to them in this case at least, and no
doubt through inadvertance. What they tell you
in this respect has indeed obtained some credit
here, and at any irate, gives a determined character
to the causes ana object of the offence done to my
that it cannot cause to me the least anxiety. As
regards all, except the two assertions of which I
have just spoken, I repeat, there is not one word
of truth in what our correspondents make you
say. It was from the mouth of the Duke of Alba
alone that the remarks reached my ears, which
caused me to demand of him satisfaction j a
stern and peremtory letter. This remark, you say,
was only an incident pleasantry upon the toilette
of Mme. Soule, the eccentric taste of whose dress
had been noticed by the whole company. This is
a version which comes too late after the one, of
which you have made yourself the complaisant in
terpreter. The dress of my mother had nothing
at all to do with the insult which was thrown upon
her. Her toilette, which consisted of a dress of
velvet, from the hands of Mdlle. Palmyre, was that
of a woman of taste and of good society, who knows
how to unite that regard which the exigencies of
the world com maud with the respect which a la
dy owes to herself." t
Mr., Soule then proceeds to contradict some state
ments regarding the letters that passed between
the Duke and himself, and then proceeds :
"You say that I caused myself to be waited for
on the ground, after having demanded and obtain
ed a delay of 48 hours. I did not demand, and
consequently did not obtain any delay. I arrived
on the ground at the same time with the Duke of
Alba, and the place of meeting, five minutes be
fore the hour agreed upon.
" You say that I was followed by six carriages
full of Yankees, who reside at Madrid. I was fol
lowed only by one servant and by the carriage
which contained my father, my physician, one of
ray friends, (French, like myself,) and one Ameri
can the only American who resides at Madrid,
aside from the jersonnel of the Legation. These
were all left at a quarter of a league from the place
of combat.
" You give me 23 years of age. I am hardly 22 ;
but, you take care not to sa)' that the Duke of
Alba is 36, that he had many years of instruction
with the sword, and that he had 23 days to ex
ercise himself after having received my challenge,
which he declined by explanations ample and
satisfactory, before sending me his, which I ac
cepted without hesitation, and at the instant.
" You say that my hand tired quick under the
weight of a sword which I found too heavy. The
swords were heavy, it is true, but it was not at my
instance that they were exchanged for lighter ones
which the Duke of Alba had brought with him.
" You say that I.was wounded. It is an error
I have not received the slightest scratch. In
fine, you speak of the promises which you. say I
have made to give the lie to the English press,
and to burn before witnesses the letter which the
Duke of Alba had w ritten to me. I was incapable
of making, and I have not made promises of this
kind, nor of any other kind. I have nothing to do
with the English press, which is altogether
foreign to me.
" The Duke of Alba has taken care not to lay
upon me the slightest requisition, well knowing
what account I should have made with it. Be
sides, such a requisition, with the respect to the
letter which he had written me, would have served
only to create the impression that it might con
tain something injurious to his character.
"And you crown your recital by a description
of the combat, which represents me as having
been the whole time of its duration at the mercy
of the Duke of Alba, and scarcely able to hold
out my sword.
" In order to confound the detractors, who hide
themselves behind you, I have only to place under
the eyes of your readers the account which has
been given of the combat by our seconds that is
to say, those of the Duke and mine. Will you,
sir, rectify the falsehoods which your correspond
ents have made you to utter ? I am unwilling to
doubt it, but if you refuse, I shall find means to
unmask and to brand the infamous calumniator of
whom you have made yourself the echo and gua
rantee. I am, sir, your most obedient servant,
"Nevil Soule."
The Great Snow Storm in England. The
snow storm in England, of the 3d, 4th, and 5th of
January, was almost beyond precedent. The Lon
don Morning Chronicle says :
All traffic on the different railroad lines is stop
ped. On the Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincoln
shire lines three luggage trains are imbedded in
snow at Glorsep, one on the Stockport, and4 one
on the Staleybridge branch. The snow in some
places on the North Stafford line is said to be six
teen feet deep. In many places in Manchester it
is a yard deep. Several accidents are reported. The
snow was eight feet deep between Retford and
Newark. The Midland and Lincolnshire train got
snow-bound. All the lines, in fact, were impassa
ble. '
Street Traffic in London. Yesterday (Jan. 4.)
witnessed a greater interruption in traffic and
business than has occurred since the celebrated
cab strike of last year, owing to such a tremendous
fall of snow on the previous night, as completely
to block many of the inhabitants of London in
their houses, a strong easterly wind having drifted
'the snow in exposed parts to a heighth of three or
four feet against doors, walls, fec. So great a fall
of snow has not been known in the metropolis for
many years. In the earlier part of yesterday
morning foot passengers were few, and hardly a
single vehicle of any description was visible.
Most of the omnibusses which ran drove three,
and in some instances four horses, and fully one
half of Jhe cabs which made their appearance had
two horses, generally tandem. As might natural
ly be expected under these circumstnnces, an ad
herence to the ordinary fare was out of the ques
tion. The railway stations were as deserted as the
street stands. In some instances as much as 5s.
were given for cabs for a distance barely exceed
ing a mile. But the most serious interruption a
rose from the effect of the snow blocking up the
various lines of railway, owing to which the mail
and other trains were delayed to an extent un
known since the introduction of railways.
Prince Albert. The intelligence brought by
the Atlantic fully confirms that of the previous
steamer, in reference to the Prince Consort, who
has, we think, deservedly incurred the odium of
the people of England.
It seems that the Prince has made it a VntW
be present when the Queen received her minister
and without any 'loyal right so to do, participate
in their deliberations and not content with, tbi
he has been in the habit of corresponding frequenth
ly with British Ministers at foreign courts, without
the knowledge or consent of the Foreign'Secret
tary and often gave them private instructions in
dependent of those furnished by the proper officer
of the Crown and his interference had grown t 1
such an extent that not a single dispatch could
be sent off without having first been submitted to
him and his consent obtained.
If these charges be true and they are affirmed
in the highest circles it is very likely that the-
whole matter will come before Parliament, when
it will be fully determined who is, and who is not
the British Foreign Minister.
We are sure that such conduct will not bet
. - w . .... I
tolerated by the popular and legislative opinion o
Great Britain. Baltimore Clipper. .
Coldest Yet. Froze to Death. The Times
publishers a table: of the temperature of the coldest
days in England since 1810. It appears thati
January 3, of the present year, the weather was 7
degrees colder than at ony time during that period,
the thermometer having fallen to four degrees be
low zero, which for England, is something very ex4
traordinarv. All accounts" that we have" seen statd
that the season has been unexampled in severity
Nobody can remember anything like it. Two of
the London police were frozen to death on (hi nigh
of the 3d inst.
On the .1st inst., by Wrni. McMastera, Esq., Daniet
Wilkeson, Esq., to Miss Delila Jones.
On the 14th inst., by James Elliot, Esq., the Hon
Milton Worth Hicks to Miss Dianner Myrover, all of Ran
dolph county, N. C, :
At Louisville, Kentucky, on the 16th- of December, 1853j
William H. Burgess j' of Madison county, Tennessee, iu thej
40th year of his age. '
WILMINGTON ) MARKET Wholesale Prices.
4 , , : 1
By W. A. GWYER, i
Commission Merchant, Wilmington, N. C.
"I ; January 28, 1854.
Bacon New, arrives freely and meets a ready market at-
11 llgC hog round.
Beef Fat, comrrjands a ready sale at 6 6 cents.
Butter Strictly'prime is scarce, worth 25c per firkin.
Candles Tallow 14 16c ; Adamantine 22 30c ;
Sperm 40 60. Stock ample.
Coffee Stock liht and prices firm ; Rio 12J 13c.
Corn Scarce, arid wanted ; the late advance in bread-
stuffs has reached here, and prices are, fair. A cargo sold at
80 cents. '
Cheese 11 12c, as to quality.
Cotton The market exhibits less firmness since my last
review, sales at v4 c.
Floor Searoa, find prices are very firm with an upward
tendency ; superfine $7 $7,50. Several thousand barrels
have been shipped tp New York.
Hay Arrivals qf 150 bales, which was readily disposed
of from wharf at $1,10 $ hundred.
Lard-Plenty and dull, sales at 10 lOJc.
Lime None in; first bands ; the article is scarce and ia
demand. I
Molasses-Several cargoes in the market sales from
wharf at 21 2c and in lots as wanted.
Nails $4. . !
Pork Fresh $6 ; Mess $17 17 ; Prime $16.
Roisn Common dull of sale, the high rates of freights
restrict operations; last sale $1 1,10, according to size of
barrel. j !
Rice cents.
Salt 1000 sacks Liverpool brought $1,40 $ sack. A!
cargo of Turk's Island retaiiling at 55 60c. i
Sugar Porto Rico b 7c ; Granulated & 9c. ;
Loaf 10 11c. Market well supplied. 1
Tar A slight improvement is perceptible in this article
sales at $2,10$ barrel.
Turpentine This article arrives "sparingly, and is in ac
tive demand, at adyanclng rates. We note sales at $4,10 for
yellow dip ; $3,28 for virgin ; scrape $2,35 $ barrel of 2801
lb. j . j-
Spirits Turpentine This article has materially ad-f
vanced since my last report. The market opened on Mon-
day with sales at 61c $ gallon. Further favorable advices1
having been received from other markets it continued to ad
vance with sales at 62, 63 and 64c $ gallon. Holders ara
firm at 65c, but buyers are cautious, waiting further advices.
The stock in market is light.
Respectfully yours,
NORFOLK MARKET Wholesale Prices
Grocers, Forwarding , and Commission Merchants.
No. 10, Roanoke Square, Norfolk, Va.
January 28,. 1854.
Breadstuff's Our market for breadstufls is very excited
and prices unsettled. SaTe of white and yellow corn yester
day at 90c ; mixed at 85c. To-day we hear of sales at: $1
$ bushel. Flour sales of Superfine at $8, and extra $9&"
to-day held higher. Demand for all kinds of breadstuffo
equal to the supply.
Cotton Dull at 9K 9c.
Grain Oats 45 50c j Blackeyed Peas $1,05 : White
Beans $1,2$. !
Groceries Remain about the same prices. Coffee is not
quite so high, say a reduction of $ lb.
Lime-$l,12j $1,18 for Thomaston, and $1,25 &
$1,313 for Washington.
Salt Blown $2 ; Ground Allum $1,40 $145 ; Turk's.
Island 56c $ bushel. .
Spirits 65 cents.
Tar $2. !
! Respectfully,
RICHMOND MARKET Wholesale Prices.
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
January 25V 1854.
Bacon Virginia and North Carolina hog round 9 9 ;
new Western Sides 8 ; Shoulders 8 8c.
Butter Sales at 25Xc.
Coffee Prime Rio is scarce. We quote common to fair
qualities 12 13. No Laguira in market ; Java 14 14
Feathers In demand at 50c
Flour $7K $8 for superfine ; Family $9 10.
Grains Prime red and white Wheat $1,80 $lyBS;
Com, 75 ; Oats 40 42K ; Rye 85c.
Molasses Cubf 24 to 26c ; New Orleans in barrets 32
33. 1
- Rice New 1 5c.
Sugars No prime Porto Rico in market. New crop
New Orleans 5 6, for fair to prime qualities ; Coffee Su
gars 7 7K- '
Tobacco The breaks since the commencement of the
new year have been small. Sales for common to fair leaf
$7 $8 ; good $8K 120 ; fine $10 $12. No sales of
fancy manufacturing this week . Receipts small.
Wool Tub' washed 33 37J.
I J. N. OdRDOK it SON.

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