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0 / 75
f-I E IS 0 MS M 1 R Iff
U RL T I P O S f
,dfbr meek and patient suffering and heroic
! ,txJde in the midst of circumstances 6Thard
.SmoJfiying W their principles and their
h That they were narrow-minded and. in-
f every other respect, we maintain. that they
...re as for in advance of, the party then, para
mount in England as ."Virginians of our Own
time are in advance of kem, and we may add
Vith the unprfjtw!i?td historian Botta, that on
' viewing their antecedents " it .can excite no
unirise.'f this generation of men, not only had
' - -i : i-.Ll ,-Wli rriTin1oa that
1 1 ornied thetasis ofthe English Constitution, but
x en if they aspirptjl to a mode of government
' less rigid, and a liberty more entire." ' ; '
"Ve must be permitted in conclusion, to de
mur to the assumption of the Dispatch that the
colonists of Jamestown were the "real" found
i i-js of liberty and civilization of this Continent,
t0 the exclusion Either of the people of Xew
n(rland or of the men of Mecklenburg and oth-
v P narts of the South. The Old Dominion still
' njovs die honor! of having produced most of
-i the grat men who jachieved our independence,
' ' but we doubt very much whether her generous
V'tis' wi"llf sanction the attempt of the Dispatch
a ; tif secure for her the exclusive monopoly of a
cies of glory, which owes its principal value
i w the fact that it was acquired by men repre
j HfitinsX thirteen different colonies in the coun
l ca and in the field when none of them could
sitie'y and alone have survived the first shock of
; the: strife.
Tims much for the 'remarks of our Richmond
cotejnporary. Is it not time that Carolinians
were doing sbmethiBg to perpetuate the memo-..
ry of her-patriots' Jof Mecklenburg, who with
: true Puritan unanimity -and fortitude, first un
furled the banner ofjfreedoin within our borders,
;and gave the; world
an example of manly inde-
tx-ndence and enlightened patriotism which can
never be eclipsed?
Ve have been requested to "call attention to
the fact that an association of ladies has been
formed iu this city -composed of members of the
various denominations without distinction, for
the purpose of supplying our population with
-the publications of the American Tract Society.
The Uev. Mr: Crowder has been employed by;
t he tociety in this pious work for some time, and
has. already done a vast, amount of good, for
which he is entitled td the thanks of the com
munity. The ladie
however, in order to render
the distribution more Complete, have had the
city divided into a number of districts, and some
of their number assigned to each ; and they in
tend to leave a tract jw'uli every family willing
to receive it. :
VYe sincerely hope the truly Christian motives
of these ladies may, s cure for .them a kind re
ception at every door, and that their labor of
love will be duly appreciated by the community
generally. TheyhIesome character of the
publications they cduvjjy ought to commend them
to the favor of all goqjd citizens.
Modern Justice,, unlike that of the ancients,
is blind in only one eye' Such is our inference
, from the fact, that while the whole press of the
! United States seems roused to a pitch of right-
' eous indignation towards the Emperor Nicholas
onjaccount of his encroachments upon the do-
minions of the Sultan, little or no disapproba
tion is anywhere expressed for the Walker ex
peclition against Lower California, now in the
full tide of success. Every body seems to be
looking at the event with . listless indifference,
as if it were only a hunting r arty of adventur
ous gentlemen in quest-pf law ful game, instead
of a body ,'pf ' ambitious and unscrupulous rob
ber?, who have set the laws of the republic and
of nations at defiarice, and made the territory
"of a neighboring nation, with which we are, at
jnce, the scene of an unprovoked and unwar-
j ranted invasion. i '
.The last advices from California, place it be-
. yond a doubt that Walker and his-party of two
hundred adventurers have had several bloody
, fights with the; Mexicans, and have secured a
footing in the (country from which the feeble
forces of the. government will hardly be able to
" dislodge them. . Walker has proclaimed him
self President of the new'republic, half milita
ry, half civil, and the prospects of an easy con
" quest are considered so bright as to warrant .the
jnost arrogant displays of titular dignity and
ollicial pretensions. We have no idea Vhat the
result will be, bu of this we are sure, that the
'Success of such an enterprise, organized bri our
i-heres, will injure ih'k American character
- abroad, a thousand times more than the boldest
intervention prosecuted! by 'the government ac
cording to the respecjgible etiquette of;. diplo-
: macv. ; r " 1 - -. ' i
. These" men who have thus abandoned the
protection of their country's flag, and made
themselves outlaws foe the sake of the excite
ment of arms and. the bauble .of. power, who
have so freely shed the blood of Mexican citi
zens on Mexiean soil, in what are they better
than the pirates of Tripoli and Algiers in form
er times ? The (weakness of Mexico is but a
cowardly excuse Tor violence which can haye
no decent plea of necessity or heroism in its de
fence. The invasion of Cuba was more noble
if not more just, and piracv upon the commerce
of Spain in the Gulf of Mexico would be honor
able in comparison. -
We are ashamed of these disgraceful expedi
tions, and sincerely hope that the sense of' jus-
ticcof the nation, and its self-respect will be
ultimately awakened by their frequent repeti,
tion. May the; pages ofu our future history fully
vindicate the Arnjerican name from the unfavor
able impressions they are likely to produce.
X. C. 11. R. SrocK A number of shares be
longing to delinquent subscribers to this road
were,sold on Saturday last. The average price
brought, was about 34 dollars per share. We
1 have heard some complaint made of the dif-
.j. fieulty experienced in paying up for want ofthe
i ""-ual facilities. There would be -fewer delin-
U qMencies if these facilities were increased.
Abscoxded. Bedixi left our shores at New
ork by stealth last week. We hope the next
representati ve of his Holiness near our Govern-
j mentwl he a layman, and one not so seriously
Our New Head. -We are 'ndebted to Mes
srs.WIiitnej, Jocelyn fc Annin, of New York,
for ouf beautiful head. We can heartily recom
mend these engravers to any of our friends who
may wish engraving of any kind. Their work
is not surpassed by any engraver in New York.
To Tkac hers.. A Teacher is wanted for the
Academy, at Hertford, Perqniman's Co. -See
advertisement of the Trustees in another co
lumn. - . '
We see that the Messrs. Whitaker of the
Giraffe are about to exhibit their animal
daily as well as well as weekly. They will issue
their daily paper at $4. per. annum, and con
tinue the weekly at present prices. We wish
our enterprising cotemporaries the most abund
ant suf cess in their undertaking. j
Next "Week. The Whig State Convention
will convene in this place on Tuesday next, for
the purpose of organizing for the next gubern
atorial campaign. This, together with the agri
cultural meetings, will lend considerable interest
to the middle of next week. The Whigs do not
seem to be so much afraid of frost as their
Democratic brethren, who will not hold their
Conventicra-riHVpriL . . I . .
The proceedings of Congress have been more
than usually interesting since or last report.
The Nebraska bill of Senator Douglas being the
order for several days, that gentleman and ; Mr.
Weller have addressed the Senate at length in
its support, and Mr. Everett and Truman Smith
have also spoken against it. Senator Houston
had obtained the floor on Monday. Numerous
petitions have been presented by northern citi-
zens against its passage in its present shape.
' Congress has also done something worthy of
note, the House having defeated the Deficiency
Bill by the casting voto of the Speaker. This
bill, according to the Baltimore Sun, made ap
propriations of $3,000,000.. A bill has also
passed granting alternate sections of land for a
railroad in Minesota, which amounts to a very
large appropriation. A report from the Secre
tary of the Interior states that the donations of
lands for schools, railroads, tc, amount to 134,
It is now confidently stated that the Gadsden
Treaty has been sent into the Senate. We will
soon know more of its character and prospects.
We have received from the publishers, Messrs.
Lippincott, Grambo & Co., of Philadelphia,
through Mr. Turner of this city, a copy of their
new Gazetteer of the United States. This
work has been in course of preparation for some
time by Mr. T. Baldwin and J. Thomas, M. D.
When first announced, not mre than eight or
nine hundred pages were contemplated, but the
accumulation of materials has swollen the vol
ume to its present size of more than 1300
pages. It embraces an immense amount of
valuableand statistical information on the geo
graphy, topography,history, manufactures, com
merce, and agriculture -of- the country, and
many interesting statements illustrative of its
educational, and religious institutions, and
internal improvements. The census of 1850
formed , the basis of most of the statements pre
sented, but in many cases these statements are
brought down to 1853. We congratulate the
publishers and editors on the result of their
labors, and the country for the acquisition of so
large and comprehensive a work descriptive of
its wealth and character.
; We fear that the anxiety of the publishers to
get out their book in good time, or some other
cause, has exposed their Gazetteer to the charge
of many inaccuracies, which they would do
well to remove as soon as possible. Of course
no one could reasonably expect so large a work
of the kind to be free from such defects, but the
nature and ends of a gazetteer require extreme
care in the preparation and very nice observ
ation! of the numerous details of which it is
composed. We have been sorry to notice
several errors in articles relating to North Caro
lina, and infer that they are equally numerous
in other parts of the volume. We firmly believe
however that the merits of this gazetteer5 are
amply sufficient to counterbalance its defects,
and that the publisher will be rewarded for
their labors with substantial proofs of public
The book is substantially bourjd and hand
somely prin'ted, and contains a fine large map
of the United States with delineations of near
ly all the proposed lines of railroad.
We are also indebted to Mr. Turner for a
copy of a small volume published for the Ladies
of the Five Points Methodist mission, New
York, by Stringer fc Townsend, entitled ".The
Old Brewery." It i a series of narratives and
sketches prepared by different members of the
Mfussiori from observations made dunnr their
benevolent visit to the Five Points and the Old
Brewery, and the reader will find them in many
parts yery graphic and touching. The fcene is
the same with that of ' Hot Corn," but the pre
sent volume is a verv different book, against
"which no objections can be alleged. The pro
ceeds of its sale are dedicated to the objects of
the mission. The reader will find one of the
narratives copied ipto our paper to dy, on the
first page.( " The last of the Blennerhassetts " is
a pleasing specimen of the contents of this in
teresting little' volume. We are sorry to add
that the typography of this first edition is very
inaccurate, and unworthy of the character of.
-T'ue Soctherk 1 Literary Messenger for
thj month, ... has been in our possession some
days, and we have dipped with pleasure into
its pages. The leading article is on Free
Schools and the Universitv of Virginia. The
author of the Flush Tmes of Alabama has also1
a characteristic piece " Old Uncle John Rosser
and theBilly Goat." The Poetry is very credit
able,' and the Editor's Table and notices are
marked with their usual spirit and taste. V
Merry's MrSECM for February has been rer
ceived. It is in its usual vein of quiet, cheerful
The bank note circulation of Great Britain
amounts to $198,450,009.
From the Petersburg Express.
ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA.
New York, Feb. 14th.
The Africa arrived here to-day, in 17 days from
Liverpool, having sailed on the 28th of Janu
ary. She brings a large u amber of passengers and the
usual amount of freight.
Cotton has declined from an eighth to a quar.
Breadstuff's were quiet.
Flour hasr declined six-pence,
Corn is active at an advance of 2s.
The Czar's conduct is still evasive;
FURTHER BY THE AFRICA.
. Sandy Hook, Feb. 14.
Thelatest from Vienna states that favorable news
had been received from St. Petersburg. Persia had
promised neutrality. '
The Brazilian steamer, Olinda, was ashore at
The steamer, Pttral, was burnt in the Clyde on
American stocks were active and improving.
The prices of Consols fluctuated very much, but
closed at 95 1-8 to 95 3-4.
, Anapolis, Md., Feb. 14.
The Hon. James A. Pearce, was this day re-elected
U. S. Senator, by the Legislature for six years
from the 4lh of March next.
LARGE FIRE. '
Claptille, Mass., Feb. 4.
The extensive woolen mills of R. S. Denny,, at
Clapville, have been burnt. They were insured for
the Georgia's passengers.
Norfolk, Feb. 14.
The Empire City left here to day with the Geor
gia's passengers for New York.
New Tori, Feb. 14.
The passengers for this city, by the Africa, have
not arrived, she being below in a den.e fog.
BALTIMORE MARKETS. Feb. 14.
Flour-S.iles of 1000 barrels were made to-day,
at $8,12 a 8,25.
Corn is firm, and wheat declining
NEW YORK MARKETS. Feb. 14.
Flocr. This article has declined from 12 to 18
cts. We quote Southern at 9 a $9 1-2. Wheat
dull. Corn firm and tending upwards.
A Dissatisfies Fugitive. Mr. H. Ward,
of Harper's Ferry, Va., has received a letter
dated Chatham, Upper Canada, October 25,
from a female slave of his who, with her two
children, ran away about a year ago. The Spirit
of Jefferson-says she appeals in the strongest
terms to her master and mistress to allow her
children to return and remain with them, and
" I am sorry that I left. I want to see you
all so bad, that I don't know what to do, I
dream ever,y night about you all, and some
times I sit down and cry .all day and night, be
cause I want to come back again. There is no
thing here but hard times and bad darkeys, and
I want to eome back again." " '
Stokes The National Era, in veiw of a cer
tain Mr. Stokesin the Senate of Ohio, assisting
to remove from the chamber a colored editor
named Day, says ' Meanness, thy name is
Shorter than Ever. A ton of coal this win
ter, seems to last a shorter time than ever be
Prolific We copy the following paragraph
j from the Wilmington (Del) Republican. What a
j happy thing it is for Society that all black folks are
! not thus gifted -in multiplication. Diminutive ebos
i would cover the land like unto the locusts in Egypt:
j There is living in Tatuall street, a colored man
! aged sixty-eight years, who is the father of fifty-
: one children ; thirty of them are now living. He
has had three -wives, the first of whom was the
motherof fifteen children, two of whom were twis.
! The second was the mother of fifteen, having twins
; three times; the latter, who is still alive, has
twenty-one children, having had twins five times.
' We venture that there is scarcely such another
! case on record.
i Serious Accident. We learn from the Murfrees
j boro' Gazette, that in Plymouth, early on Thurs
j day morning last, while the wife of Dr. Warren
I W. Ward was in the act of lighting a fluid lamp,
the fluid look fire, and in a moment Mrs. Ward, an
i interesting little son, about four years of age, and
i the dwelling were in fl.imes at the same time.
: Fortunately. Mr. George Pike, who was near the
, premises at the lime of the accident, succeeded in
I rescuing them from a most horrible fate, as both
must have pcm'ied. Mrs. Ward and her little
son are badly burnt, and it is doubtful whether
! the child can survives.
We learn that Maj. Gwynn has purchased for
I the North Carolina Railroad the fine new passenger
car just completed by Mr John R. Harrison : and
; also contracted with Mr, Silas Burns, for the build
: ing of fifty freight cars. This evinces commend
j able disposition to patronize North Carolina me
j chanic-, which we hope will be continued by the
authorities of this Road in all cases where it is at
I all practicable, Mr. Harrison's first car was con-
t rue ted under the, order of Mr. Branch, for the
Raleigh and Gasfon Road. Standard. ,
j The Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane had
406 . patients during the past year. The highest
; number at any one time was 348 and the lowest 245,
while the building has accommodations for only
( 220. Of the patients discharged during the year,
I 88 were cured, 16 much improved, 38 improved, 14
! stationary .and 15 died. Since the first opening of
the Hospital there have been 2,398 admissions.
j California. The letters from California speak
of the terribly depressed condition of business in
I San Francisco. Entire cargoes were disposed of to
pay for the freight, storage and commission. Goods
have been sent forward vastly beyond the require
ments of the country, and the consequence is that
there is no sale, or at least no sale that realizes
anything for the shippers it is predicted that
many of the men of business in that place will be
ruined before the year is closed.
The timber seized wrice July 1st, on the Wis
consin and Chippewa rivers as having been feloni
ously cut on Government land, amounts to sixty
millions of feet, and is valued at from $150,000 to
A new post office has been established in the
western part of Randolph county, by the name of
Jones Mine," and Mr. John K. Lambeth appoint
ed Post Master.
Thkilusg ahd. Melakcholt Casualty. A
correspondent of the Lexington, Va. Gazette gives -the
particulars of a fearful occurrence on James
River, at Balcony Falls, on Saturday, the 21st of
January. The canal boat Clinton, Capt. Wood,
with about fifty persons on board, principally negro
bands, on their way to the Central ; Railroad, at
tempted to proceed up the river to Buchanan. Just
after passing' the North River Bridge; the. tow line
broke, and the boat drifted down the"-' stream.
The river being very much swollen, the bottom
could not be reached with poles,' and , consequent
ly the boat was completely at the mercy of the
current. - About a hundred yards above the Moun
tain dam, five persons jumped off and attempted to
swim ashore, but three of the number were drown
ed a Mr. Paine, of Fredericksbnrg, and two
negroes. By the skilful management of the Cap
tain, who held the " tiller," the boat leaped the
dam in safety, and rapidly approached the White
Rock, the Little and Great Balcony Falls, and the
Tobacco Hills, places, which the writer says, former
ly made the boldest heart quake, under ; favorable
circumstances. As jt passed within a loot ot the
White Rock, the Captain and four or five persons
jumped out, and were left on the rock in the mid
dle of the river, with the water raging around them.
The boat hurried by, and escaping several dangers,
hung lightly on a rock near the tobacco Hills.
Persons on shore now undertook to" rescue the
five or six men clinging to the White Rock. A
battean was dragged bome distance jnd launched
in the river,' the water still, rising?lru5 the wind
blowing a pt-rfect hurricane ' through :he gap of.
the mountain. ' Frank Padeet. an experienced
boatman, and Messrs Matthews and McColIogan,
and two negroes, embarked in the batteau, anil at
great personal risk succeeded in bringing the party
safely on shore. By this time, the water had risen
enough to float the canal boat again, which was
carried headlong through the Tobacco Hills, and
caught on a small ishmd below. On her passage,
one of the negroes on bpurd had leaped upon a flat
rock, where he stood without his coat, wet with
spray and shivering with coM, imploring help,
he batteau, under command of Pfadgct, could notT
reach him, and proceeded on towards the others,
all of whom were rescued. The question then
aiose whether the man on the rock could be saved.
The brave hearted Padget thought he could, and
the same men and two more embarked wih him
to make the attempt. Just as they reached the
rock and the man had Jumped on bo ird, the bat
teaux struck and was crushed like an egg shell.
Five of the party leaped upon the rock, uoe clung
to an oar and drifted to "land, and Padget and the
man they had gone to rescue were drowned.
Some time elapsed before another batteau could
be oViained. At last it arrived and was launched,
bnt a negro suffered it to be carried off, and it was
dashed to pieces upon the rock.
It was now dark and no other boat was at hand.
Thus the five men on the rock were necessarily
left there all night, exposed to the drenching spray
and freezing weather. During the niijhC a third
batteau was brought up and placed under the com
mand of an old ferryman named Sam. Evans.
Next morning' contrary to the expectations of all,
the men were found to be alive, though several of
them were badly frost bitten, and all of them were
brought to land, amid the shouts of the spectators.
The Costal Palace Exhibition. The Crystal
Palace company have published a statement of the
affairs ofthe exhibition, which is rather discouraging.
The whole expenses of the exhibition, including
building, decorations and everything, have been
$891,070,72. The receipts from sales of tickets, re
freshments, catalogues, &t, have been $390,000 ;
so that the loss is over $600,000. But the company
still have the building and its decorations, and
Kiss's Amazon, which they had purchased for the
exhibition at a cost of $10,000, and some other art
icles. But if they were put up "to public sale for
the benefit of the company's ci editors, they would
not bring a great deal. The amount of stock issu
ed by the company was $489,000, and besides this
they acknowledge an additional indebtedness of
$125,000, w.iich is partly secured by mortgage on
The directors lament the melancholy financial
result; butgoon to show that they never expected
anything better. They still urge hat the Palace
should be retained as an ornament to the city and
as a permanent exhibition of art.
I It appears the company paid $5,412,97 for Col
Hughes' mission to Europe ; $20,000 to Chas. Bus
j chek, general agent in Europe, including purchase
j of Amazon' S533.708 for constructing the build
ing ana $iui,l4 2 tor lurnibing and decorating it,
$17, 176 for adverti-ing and engraving; $19,704
for salaries ; $8,462 for catalogue, and $22,929 for
freight and marine insurance. ' The present ex
penses of the establishment amount to $305 a day
or $2, 139,60 per week. Bait. Sun,
The Steamship Georgia Disabled. The steam,
ship Georgia, Capt. McKinstry, from New York
on Monday last, bound to Aspinwall, put into Nor
folk on Friday evening in distress, having en
countered a tremendous gale on Thursday, off (Jape
Halteras,' in which she carried away bowsprit,
bulwarks, and upper deckhand sprung a leak, which
was only kept under by constant pumping until
she reached Norfolk. She had on board 650
passengers, a number of whom reached this city
yesterday morning in the Norfolk steamboat. It
is supposed it will require several days to make
the necessary repairs. This is the second time
the Georgia has put into Norfolk in distress.
It is suited that during the storm, several of the
passengers, who were engaged in bailing, were
seriously injured. The water rushed in at the bows
for a time, with the violence of a cataract.
Removal of the Georgia Seat of Goverx
ment. Charleston, February 10. The Georgia
House of Representatives have passed the bill to
remove the seat of government from Milled gevilie
to Macon. The speaker g ive the casting vote.
The store of C. H. Guild, in Petersburg, was
broken in last Saturday night and robbed of goods
valued at 1000.
Wheeling. The following resolution was adopt
ed last week by the City Council of Wheeling :
Resolved, That this Council will -not grant
license for the sale of intoxicating liquors ; under
Strike of Boarders. The three leading hotels
of Richmond, Va., having raised the prices of
board, a portion of their boarders have 1 struck,'
held' a meeting, and resolved not to sustain' the
said hotels, but on the contrary to patronize any
one who shall establish a first class boarding house
in that city.
P. T; Barn urn, Esq., is now engaged in writing
his own life and adventures. Five thousand dollar sj
it is said, have already been offered for the copyright.
Cost of a Daily Paper. Tte Times and Trans
cript, of San Francisco, estimates the weekly cost
of daily paper at San Fraiciscoat $2,700, or
$140,000 per annum. There (are some twelve of
these daily newspapers, and sortie ten weeklies ; so
that we may safely estimate theiost of Sari Fran
cisco newspaper literature at $l00',000.
- The. U. S. Minister to France. We stated
yesterday that Judge Mason, of Virginia, our new
Minister to France, had appeared at the French
Court in full costume, although Mr. Sanford, the
Secretary of Legation had set the example ot ap
pearing in- the plain dress of an American citizen.
In connection with this fact, we find the following
paragiaph in a New Yrk paper :
"On the occasion of his presenting his creden
tials to the Emperor, Mr. Mason, our new Minister
to the Court of Francej was introduced to the Em
press, who conversed, with him ;n English for a
bout half an hour, and afterwards forwarded him
an invitation for the grand ball which tok place
at the Tuileries the following evening. One ofthe
imperial carriage was sent to convey the Amoass
ador to the Tuileries and re-conducted him back
to his hotel."
The Gadsden Treatv Provisions. Washing
ton, Feb. 13. The following are the principal pro
visions of Mr. Gadsden's treaty, now before the
Senate : ; 1
1st. The new boundary commences two marine
leagues north of the mouth of the Colorado, faring
us no access to the Gulf of California, and goes
between latitude thirty-one and thirty-two to
the one hundred and eleventh degree of longitude
west of Greenwich.
2d. It abrogates the llth article ofthe treaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo, and i-anceU all claims of Mex
ican citizens under that article to date of ratifica
tion. 3d; The United States pay fifteen, millions ofl
dollars in montldy installments of three millions
each the first payable on ratifying the treaty.
4th. Reserves five millions for claims of Ame
rican citizens in Mexico, including the Garay grant.
5th. Both Governments agree to put down Filli
busterUm, and pursue the Fillibusters with army
and navy into the other's territory.
6th. Agrees to refund goods and chattels stolen
by Indians from citizens of the other's country.
The President amends No. 5 by striking out the
pursuit by land and sea into the others territory,
and he amends No. 4 by not mentioning any par
The amendments arc very important. The
treaty will be ratified in its new form. Cor. of
Fire in Plymouth. We learn from the Plymouth
Villager, that on Wednesday evening, the 1st in
stant, the large Steam Saw Mill, belonging to Mr.
Boyle, took fire, and-was entirely consumed, to
gether with a large quantity of lumber. It was
uninsured. Loss, about fifteen or twenty thousand
Rather AlarmixgJ The Spiritual Telegraph
has an article headed u Lock Picked by Spirits," to
which an exchange responds that u there is too
much of this business carried on by sinners in the
flesh, without having any additional help from the
spirit world ; but we would rather see a spirit pick
a lock than to read about it. By the way, since
the spirits are said to possess a great airtount of
physical power, why don't they do something use
ful with it Tippin? up a table or knocking on a
wall don't do any good. Let them manage the
brakes of an engine when a house is on fire, or stop
any omnibus when it runs away with a load of
passengers, or dra the boys out of the ice when
they fall in while in wiiile skating, and thus save
them from drowning, and they will then make
themselves useful and greatly increase the number
of their believers. We have h id enough of tap
pings and rapping now let's have something from
the spirits that will be of practical benefit to their
brethren of the flesh."
The Death Punishment. A law has been in
troduced in the Pennsylvania Legislature, to
provide for the more effectual punishment and
prevention of crimes heretofore punishable with
death. It provides that when a party is convicted
of murder, in the first degree, he shall, if the jury
convicting agree to recommend him to the mercy
of the Court, be sentenced to solitary confinement
for life : and that no person tins sentenced shall be
pardoned or released from prison, except by a con
current recorded vote of tw o-thirds of all the mem
bers elected to each House of the General Assem
bly, and approved by the Governor. The bill also
provides that, " on conviction of any person of any
crime thns puni-hable, he shall be thereupon deem
ed, with respect to al! contracts, to the bonds of
matrimony, to all rights of property, and to all
civil rights and relations of what nature soever
dead in all respects, as if his actual decease had
t iken pi ice at the time of such conviction."
Arrival of the Jamestown. The splendid
steamship Jamestown, Capt. E. Cavendy, left New
York at 3 P. M. on Saturday and airived at this
port the next day at 2 P. M., making the run in
twenty-three hours the quickest time, we under
stand, she has ever made, by some thirty minutes.
In leaving the port of New York, she was run
against by the steamer James Ader, for Charles
ton, S. C, causing some slight injury to one of thjl
J's wheel houses. The Adgpr is reputed to be the
swifest vessel of her class afloat: but the James
town soon left her behind. The Jamestown pass
ed Cape Charles the succeeding day at 1 1 h. 35m.
A. XL, and with lid against her reached this city
as above stated. A 'correspondent adds the folh.w-
i ing :
" The cause of this speedy trip (the vessel and
machinery being what they! have ever been) is at
tributable to the good management of its Com
mander, whose skill as a seaman and 4h0c well
known vigilance and untiring energy are. ever on
the alert for both the benefit and comfort of his
passengers and the safety of his ves-el. In saying
this we would not overlook or depreciate the
merits of the other officers and the crew general
ly." A oroZiraU
New Iron Seamer. The firm of Betts, Pussy
&, Co.. at Wilmington, Del are now engaged in
building an iron steamboat for the Cape Fear
Steamboat Company. She is intended to run on
the Cape Fear river, between Wlimington and Fay
etteville, N. C.
Ex-PuEsrDEST Filt more, we see it stated, is a
bout to be married to an only daughter of a gal
lant U. S. officer deceased, and a lady of rare tal
ents superior accomplishments and large fortune.
The lady is said to be Miss Elizabeth Porter, of
Niagara Falls, only -: daughter of the late General
Peter B. Porter, a hero of the war of 1812, and
Secretary of War under John Quincy Adams.
LrLLiprriAS. A woman living in the eastern
part of Dayton, Ohio, a short time hince presented
her husband with a boy who weighed just one
pound. His first bed was made on a common
sized dinner plate. The event has created a great
sensation in the Convention city:
Three at a Birth, We understand, says the
Richmond Dispatch of yesterday, that Mrs. Robert
Armstrong wife of an admirable mechanic nd
7. ., . . , .J
most worthy gentleman, who is now employed at 1
the Rk-huaond Foundry, presented her husband.
Tuesday morning, with three young responsibilities
two girls and a boy all of whom were' doing
well when we heard from them last night If Mrs
A. does not receive a complimentary notice at the
hand of the General Assembly, now in session,
we shall conclude that body has bat little care for
the increase of, old Virginia. I
, Capt, Watkiss and otoers. We leaVn 6 trie
Pacific, that Capt. Watkaw, of the ill-fateti' San
Francisco, and the rescued sailors and edldiers vHif
were carried into Liverpool by trie ahip Antarctic,
are now on their way home by the steamship Ame
rica, especially chartered fur their (accommodation. "
The'ship was to leave Liverpool, on Saturday, Jan.
iDr. "Hodflakd's German Bitters, prepared by
Dr. C. M :ick.on, arejustly reckoned amonast our
most valuable rftedicines. In cases of dyspepsia, it
acts like a magic, MreWjthening the tone of the
stomach, stimulating the digesfrve powers, and giv
ing ruddy health to the cheek artd brightness to
the eye. There are thousands' in this community
who can testify to iheir virtues, and thousands will
hereafter add their testimony.
In onr columns may be found the advertisement
of that excellent medicine known as Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral. Its success in curing the various diseases
of the Lungs is attracting universal attention, not
only of the learned and philanthropic, but ot the
whole public. The article undoubtedly is what it.
prt tends to be, a remedy for Lunjj Complaints, and
the remarkable cures which are becoming known
every where cannot long be overlooked by the peo
Amoxg diseases, dyspesia and liver complaint
rank as most difficult to cure. We are pleased to
have it in our power to point out a,-reniedy which
lias proved effectual in many cases, and which we
can safely recommend as a certair and infallible
cure ; it has been the means of rescuing thousands
from an untimely grave. We mean the Hoofland's.
German Bittere, prepared by Dr. C. M.Jackson,
at the German Medicine S'.ore, 120 Arch street,
In this City, on Tuesday evening last, by Rev. W. E.
Pell, Mr. Seth K. Jones to Miss Raisey Savage.
In Gates County, on the 30th ultimo', Mrs. Joseph. C.
THE LATEST MARKETS.
WILMINGTON MARKET-Wholesale Prices
reported expressly for the southern weekly post.
By W. A. GWYER,
Commission Merchant, Wilmington, JV. C
February 11, 1354.
Bacon Market well supplied and nominal. Sales of
new, hog round, at 9 10c ; hams 12 li)4-
lteef Fresh 6 6c. Well tatted beef is in de
mand. li utter Has declined a shade. Sales 21 24c, as to
freshness s nd quality.
Candles t allow 14 16c; Adamantine 22 30c
Sperm 40 60. Stock ample.
touee Is in moderate supply, wita sales at Vty
Cora Several cargoes have arrived and meet with
quick sales at 85 yOc
C'heese-i-Market well supplied. Sales wholesale 10
CoUon Market rather dull, and prices tending down
ward. The late European news is unfavorable. Sales
,J d 9c, a to classification.
Flour The market is active, and may be quoted high
er. Sales of Fayetteville superfine at$
Hay Scarce. Sales from wharf at Sl $ hundred.
Lard Stock plentiful and dull ot sales. 9)4 6$ luc-
Lime None in first hands. Retailing at
Molasses-- Market well supplied. Sales from wharf
in lots of five hhds. and upwards, at 21c.
Pok Active, and pi ices tending upward. Sales of
mess at $17).
Kuisn VVe advance our quotations. Sales ol 1800
barrels, medium and larg- size, at $1,05 6 $1,10.
tja.s rttTt'cppfl 10 Ue gene ratnpwara tenuen-
cy ol grain.
MarWet active at i (j 4.
Salt Liverpool sack has declined. Sales $ from
Snyar Porto Rico54' 7c ; Grannlated6 9)c. ;
Loaf 10 He. Y1 a: ket well supplied.
Tar Active. Sales ol 1200 barrels at S2.10 $2,!5
T ai pontine The frehet has enabled the producers
to reach the market with the remnants of the crop. The
receipts are about 10,00X1 barrels, all of which was readily
disposed of at advancing prices. Sales at t4,10 ; market
closing-at ?4.15 for soft, and 2,35 for hard.
Spirits Turpentine Market irregular as usual.
Since my last report si les have been m .de at GOc. It has
advanced to 63c andueclined again to 6Jc, at which con
siderable sales have been made. The market cannot be
quoted as firm.
W. A. GWYER.
RICHMOND MARKET Wholesale Prices.
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE WEEKLY POST,
By J. N. GORDON & SON,
Grocer and Commission Merchants,
February 14, 1854.
Bacon Mountain cured hog round 8 m 9 ; western
sides 8 g 8 ; shoulders 8 (dj 8 : hams 11 Vil
Butler Prime mount -in li & 20c ; common 12W rt
15; roll 21 22c.
Coflee We quote Rio at llj (fy I2J; Laguira 13
13 ; Java 14 (& !!. Stocks of Lag-lira and Java much
Cotton Sales at lOJc ; cotton yams 18 20c.
Feathers Live geese 48 50c."
Flour 8) (g $9 for superfine ; $9; $10 for fam
ily. Guano $50 for American.
(Ginseng Last sales at 30 cents.
Graius Wheat 1 (Z $2,05 for prime red and white
Corn 90c ; Rye 90c g fl ; Oats 45 (& 5 ; Beans, white,
Iron Swedes tlOO $105 ; American rolled 95
$9754 ; English rolled $85 $90.
Molasses Pi ime Cuba 24 26c ; New Orleans 30
Mails 4 5c for best brands.
Naval Stores Tar $3 ; Rosin t $2 ;
Turpentine, none in market.
.' e 5 b tor prime new.
Sugars New Ot leans 4'- 5c for common to fair
quotations ; 5 (fh 6c tor prime ; Coffee Sugars 6 (g
7c ; Loaf 10c ; Crushed and Poundered 9e.
Tobacco Receipts during 1 he past week have been"
larger, both ot loose and in hogsheads. We quote inferior
lugs 4 (cji A-y. ; iood to fine 5 $6) ; inlerior leaf $7
(3t ; good to fair $8 10J ; no fine leaf oflerins:.
J. N. GORD N Sc. SON.
FAYETTEVILE MARKET-Wholesale Prices
REPORTED EXPRESSLY EOR THE SOCTHERS WEEKLY'POST-
By A. J. O'HAJfLON.
Grocer and Commission Merchant,
FAYETTEVILLE, Ji. C.
February 15, 1354.
Bacon New comes i slowly at 10 He.
Coffee Rio sales brisk at 12 4 '3c.
Cotton The news per the last steamer has reduced
the price to 9c for the best.
Cand lew Have advanced Tallow 18 21c.
Corn Conies in sparingly, purchasers are anxious to
get it at 1 10.
Flour Receipts still are large but it goes offVjuick at
$7 60 7 75 for super.
Feathers 50 55c.
Lard New 10 11c.
Molasses New 25 26c
Spirits Turpentine 57 59c.
A. J. O'HANLON.
NORFOLK MARK ET Wholesale Prices
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOB THE SOUTHER WEERXT POST.
Bt ANDERSON & REYNOLDS,
Grocers, Fortcariing and Commission Merchants.
No. 10, Roaxoke Square, Norfolk, Va.
Febuarj 15, 1554.
Floor. To-day is not so firm as it has been for a few
days past, owing to unfavorable news from the North and
Europe. Sales early in the week were made of Superfine
at ftt ; Extra 9J i nd family $i tlO. But buyers
are not disposed to operate at the present figures conse
quently the sales are very limited, and a decline of about
' 555 cents per barrel has taken place.
Corn h 43 undergone several changes since our last,
ad to-day is selling at 85 0 for white and mixed 90
92 for yellow.
Blaek-eyrd Peas $1.10; White Beans 1.12 1.25;
Oats 55 SO; Groceries remain unchanged, except in
Sugars which have slightly advanced. N.O Sugar 5
53i ; P. R. 5 6)4 ; C. ia barrels 77; B. 1
CoHQe Rio 11 12 ; Ltguavr 12K 13 ; Jsts13K
Molasses. Cuba 24 5; "P. R. US 30; X. O. 81
8alt.-M2. Aluin 1.40 1.45 Fine 2-
RpectfuUyjwurs & REYNOLDS.
NEW , YORK MAEKET---Wholesale
RETORTED EXPRESSLY f OJt TBI SOUTHERN WEEXX-T POST, -
; BV iAYJnSR & Gfr,M0RE, I i '
iV.-15 jPater Stree,' New jterk rj ..V
Dear SA; w anfcabi'df'busiheM has' been. uans-i
acted inceour'eSrculiir. respect of the 3d instant ; but no.
marked improvement' tias taken place in any .department, ,
of trade. The Eastern difficulty, wn.ich'continoeatftprew
heavily upon the mercantile cmunity,'chM:fcs nil ppe-.
ralHns ot a speculative character, dCnnnra trapsac-.
tionsio the actual requirements of eorauroeTand.fJjPVrt.
em, The ranea for money remain unchanged,' ltyt wpply
of capital c"orrtiing adequate to lb demand, i I' , 1 ;
Spirits of Toipenline has ruled extremely heavy
during ihe wet k, and we hv to note further decline in
ric, Th sales of wholesale and retail parceK ftntt up
bnt 1,400 barrels, im lud ng 5;Won Saturday, in shipping ;
order, at 67cab, and 150 barrel on W,lnedayt at 65
Small lots, in the usual order, have brought ( 6 (3 6e, buj
no large qianlity could be disposed of at the moment at
over 65 .e cash ; 67c sixty aod ninety days ; retail par
ents command 66 67c. j ) - r l,
Tarpentine. The market, since onr last report, has
continued in afl exe'ted state, and a- further advance h
been established. The sales ot the week are; 3,000 bar
rels, at 5 & 5, WlmtngtoB, and $5f $
tor North County. ; j.. ..
Ro-ins continue without eJrange, fine remafffg very
dull. We note a good -demand for eommonjak our last
quotations; f 1,70 (Q h 1.75 ( r Nnh Coonfy aprf Nw
Heme, and 1.82 HflS lor WjiniingUm-delved;'
Tr has been in fair export demand, and asj receipt,
continue light, the market shows an uoward ; fcudeney- '
Wc quote it firm at $3). 1
Cotto r. Te advices received per the " Arabia,' were
less favorable than had generally been expected, and the
increased activity consequen- upon he " Asia's '1 accounts,
which we noticed in our last, has since sub.-idcd4 and we
note a dull feeling at the cloee. We quote Upland and
Florida Ordinary, 8 On 8W. Middling 10 10W. Mid
oling air, 10 Hc. Fair. 1 IK $ HXc V I "
Corn. While the transactions in other article" of
breadstuff have been comparatively small, Indian com
have received mnre attpntinn unit lrm niirchaaea haVA
been made both for home use and exportation. Wr ouote.
Southern Mixed. fl,02 (2Q tlJ3. vVhitj ditto $ 1.08 0
i- 'irllowditto,tl.02 1,04.' t I '-,
Wheat. AVe have to note an extremely dnll market
since the date of our Uat , tkaiaiph rate atDich the ar
ticle has been maintained, and the rirmnesofholders,
have prevented the execution of 'the larger portion of
foreign orders, and sales have been mainly confiimd to
the home demand. The high prices have failed to bring
forward larger supplies, showing to how great ain extent
that portion of the interior having facilities for transporta
tion to the sea-board, had been drarned-prior to the close
of navigation. Thd market closes very firm, bat at quo
tations which must be considered nominal. We quote
White Southern, $2 20 5 $2 35. Red . ditto, $2 05
$2 15. !
Hoar has improved under the " Arabia a " news,
and Kavetteville would now command $9 12jr?H 9 25.
Ktce. 1 be market hrfs been active, and gradually aa
vancing.. Large sales have been made for home use, but
mostly on speculation, at an improvement of 12Jc.
2.-c. upon our last quotations. The transactions! for ex
port have been limited, and present prices are above the
views of shitmers. We oiiote first oualitv 4.87i rt8 5:
second do. 4,5o $4,2i. if
Ueeswax continues to sell in lots as wanted, at 28c.
Iff 29c. i !
Ground Peas are plenty, but a fair demand exists at .
$1,00 (t $l,12c. according" to quality. ; i
Pork is without material change. " We quotei Mess at
$15,75 $lfi. 1 , i
liar. Good lots for shipping are scarce, and in de
mand at 95c. 1,00 per 100 lbs. j j
We-remain, yours, very resnectlully, i
' ! " Jt AY.VER & GILMORE.
TEACHER WANTED A clastical teacheris want
ed lo take charge of tho Academy, at Hertford, Per
quimans County, N. C. A liberal salary will be given.
Address the trustees, with suitable references, by' lette or
in person. :
THOMAS F. JONES,
WILLIS H. BAYI.EY.
JOS. G. GRANBERKY.
February, 18, 1854. 11 3t.
, , Ht-
ICE FOR 1854. The subscriber bas made -arrangements
to receive a very large supply of ICE FROM
HOSTON". The plentiful crop of Ice the present season,
will enable him to supply the article much lowtfr than it
was last summer. To regular Customers, whogve notice
h?forehan1, of their intention to take Ice during; the sea
son, it will be furnished at the very lowest price .possible.
As soon as the cost of the cargo can be ascertained, the
terms will be published. i
i WM. D. C0OKE.
TIIE PORTRAIT GALLERY C. Bi Havens,
Dutjuerrtan Artit, and O. P. COI,ELAN'D,0rffl
and Miniature Painter, respectfully invite visitors to their
Portrait Galkry, on Fa'vetteville St., in the new brick
building recently erected bv W. Jr A A. S. Loueee.
Mr. Havens' bas A SPLENDID SKY-LIGHTjand feels
confident that with his improved Instruments he can
now) produce Daguerreotype likeuesaes- equal jto onv in
the country, pi with a te'ry low lnp he therefore solicits
Mr. tyopelana also takes occasion resDeciruliTtto-inform
1 m isc iii ihv uesire ui perpemaie me njceness or toe
" human face divine," that he will take'great pleasure in
serving them at his tnvj little stvdio, adjoining the rooms
of Mr. JIavens. - ' -
Mr. Copelaind will risit fKe surrounding country at anv
time for the purpose of taking' family porfrfciis, if ft
should be desired, acd will also pledge' himself) to make
good portraiSs (of departed friends) from Daguerreotype
Raleigh, Feb. 13, 1S-1. Tl St.
ANOTHKR supply of those beautiful medium brown
Moles-krin Hals Called "Ihe yonnjr Ma" Hat"
something Entirely new. V. H. '&. II. S. TUCKER
j Feb. IS, 1854. " " j,
"VTEW Molasses and Fresh whole grain Rice ( Just re
! ceivetl by W. H. & R. S. TUCKER.
feb. 18, 1854. j ni.
-i A DOZEN, ARMS Shovels. :
iy, W. H. R. S. TUCKER
reo. is, i.-4.
A CUASCE TO MAKE MONEY IProfita
ble and Homftuble Employment ! ! ! The Subscrib-
town ofthe Union, A capital of from f 5 to f lOoufy will
be required, and any thing like an efficient, energetic
man can make from three to five dollars per day ; indeed
some of the Agents now employed are realizing twice
that' sum. Everv information will be given bv address
ing.postage paid,) VVM. A. KINStER,
r Box 601, Philadelphia Posti Office.
February 18, 1854. ll 3tp.
EXCELSIOR Spring Fashions for gentlemen's
Hats, just received by j
W. II. & R. S. TUKCER.
ci ia uciirona 01 navine nil Arem in each eountv and
naieign, January zo, ieo4.
MOORE, HENSZEY. & CO.. successors t Wm. S.
Howeu.. &. Co., Importers and Dealers in Hard
ware, No. 181 Market St , Philadelphia. T
Keep constantly on hand a large assortments Hard
ware, Cultery, Guns, 4c, which they will dispose of on
as jHd terms as any House in the United State.1
Orders byi Mail or otherwise put up with care and
forwarded with dispatch. A discount of 6 per cent allow
ed for Cash in par fuuds. j ;
January 154. , 24 4tp.
BAILEY'S ENGLISH GRAMMAR lis con,:
mended to the special attention of Teachers ; In less
ifliin imir mnnrha it lis, naauj il.. Li . i -i - .
is 11 ico iich oniy tor ine scnooi as a text-bookJ but as a
book of refereoce.' As such, it is used by Dr lMlcGuffcy
in the University ol Virginia, in his lectures an Gram
mar, and by many htenrv men in the different professions.
Published by Clark 61 Hcsser. Philadelphia : and srt:d by
booksellers generally. Price 37 yt cento. 240 prt 12mo.
NOTICES. j ;
Superior in some respects to any Grammar naw befr
the public. I believe it will greatly aid in diffusing more
correct knowledge ol our language. Dr Mr.Gufey.
Just such a manual aa th.tMhr wwfies lo pl-ACe in
the hands of liis pupil. I rof. Campbell. ' F
Simple as an elementary work, and suited to eomplets
the education of the English scholar Rev J. Greer.
A Grammar which has done all that a Grammar fan do.
'The best expnsitKm of the English language wiih which
w'e are acquainted. Nat. Intelligencer. j , 1
We cordially agree in opinion with Pr. Ms Guffey,
and confidently expect it will become a general tfavont'
Southern Weekly Post. . 1 '
As near to perfection as is likely to be reached. The
author has gained his object. Portland MirroK
A decided improvement on other compcndEums of
Grammar. Christian Observer. t ; .
. , , " CXJ iftill a IlLl
i Suitable lor a standard of reference and appeal on the
uiiiicuuie? in uiairaini. jj. i xraiian. . ' i
A source of amhoratative, jf not final, appeal to which
we ci i refer with as much confidence as to a court of lit
erary men. A'lil Intell. ;
Promises to be the" book ol the age." in this important
department oil learning. Richmond Whig. j
This Grammar is destined I think, and that deservedly
to supercede all others. Rev. B. M. Smit h. r
January 7, 1854. . 7tt
A ROOK! FOR Tl.E P KO PL E Just publish
ed A New and Practical Form Book. . Containing
rorms of all, those legal instruments important to be
known by the people ol North Carolina, and designed
also for the use of , Vr '
Justice of the Peace, Sheriffs, Clerks, Constable:
1 KAnoners, eje, cp.
compiled and arranged trom the best authorities,
By CALYIH H. WILEY, Esq.
To which is added. The Constitution of thf
aiaifss.ua 01 Kvori sorouna. -t . -.
The number of Forms in this work is much larger than
can be found in any Form Book heretofore published in
North-Carolina; and white it is hoped they will meet the
wa in and exigencies of the public, it is aJso btlleved that
their accuracy may be relied on, having been examined and
approved by some of ibe most em.nent lawyers ol the
biaie. Froiu iiie alpliabeiical order of the subjeirts, and
die complete alphartieal tudx, U wUl be easy to nd any
desired matter contained iu ihe book T 1
11 prwe of the book will b One dollar, for which
postage TU trade will bcsupplied upon the usual teims.
.Jr.pet!l eoc,o0K oe dollar m s.letier. tor that
amount in postage stamps, will receivr a copy of tke book
l' ii Z J; V rwiafe. Be very earehtl 10 seoa