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VOL IV -XO. 10.
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1855.
WHOLE NO. 165
' '"",''' '.
From the Rational Magazine.
ISTHER MALCOLM'S STORY.
Hy lather returned Loum u!ie!al';enioim, ear
lier than" usual. : I was sitting at the window
at woik, aJ looked up when I l.eard the ftttle j
g inleti gate op n .d, and then shut with a sharp:
c ick. '...:". '...: hA
Th'-re was a stiange mingling: of -pleasure
an 1 pain in my faiber's 1. ok ; and though he
seemi d io l urry up tl.e gudeu path, he iingcTr
eal. I coul I i o.. make it out. '
You have succeeded better to-day,; my
dear," taid my mother, when he euUnd the
" Yes, ' Lucy periajs,"' lie. answered-, hesi
i.itinly ; I do not know what to-' say about
th t(. No-; I do not kn that I have," ho aJ
ded has ily. "; ;
My lather was a nvrv-antile clerk in search
i f employment. A few months in-fore he had
been ill, and we feared he would de; but God
spued him. -When sufHch-n ly r. covend to
return to U s ties, he found hi. situiitn ii titled
, an l Je was cat on ins own resources
.Tuce resouices, a!a-! were verv' slender.
ti . iii . . i i .. .1 .. j . i .1 . . .....I
llis illness xi;iu sauy uiuim.si.e i incur, .iui i
y ; :
tne prospect .i.i a unary winier appro.iit:ng,
iiud he kinetnjtioyed, tilled hitu with natural
'Concern. . ' " '
Our f imiiy was not large. It. had been larg
er ; but dea h had oice and again and again
entered it. . One Brother only an I .mysi'jf were
left, ilarry yonnger than I. He vs
about sixteen.-'aiei had h.ft seho -1 "lust -as my
la h'-i's iilne s' biiiiiienced ; an i h -le was an-
oth.r item in our di ar parents' a xiety.:-i llanv
been edncat d for eoiiiiiing-iiou-e .ife.; but
we had fe 'A frien :s nviie who coiihl as.st us
in ihii matter; and he too was unemployed.
My father had m i;e many eti'ous, had advei?
tist-d afid anvic ed advvn;seiiietits, had soiiLrlu
an ! obtained; interviews with employers, had
see ned at tii. es i.liin reach ol what he sought
and needed, htit s ' me f.uality aj.jie.ired to at
tind h.s tloiiS. He was too la'e, i-r too early,
or ii t young 'enough ; or he w as ignoisint of
some iud spi ii-ab e foreign language. Ttmse
only who have bet'ii similar ciivu ustanced kno.
how inauv ill ideifts go io make no a successful
aj.jilication, and r.wv litde, for a time ai h ast,
s uccess seetris loMepend on proved e'tiiciene.
JiSi. ti is pass tor an explanation ; or shull 1
say further, that, an 4- te.icner of muse to iktl
gi l.j, 1 was d ing the best I could, aud it wa
but Ji il io ard my self-support. Further
than thi , alas ! I had no" power.'
" I no Hut uudeistand you Yil.iam,'-said my
iimj her, in ivj nder to my father s some ha.
C'liiiad ctoiy i.. formation. '" Ii.it I kar you
have been again di al p tinted.'',
My .father di-1- rot l imn diab ly rep'y ; an il
we so -u nfterward- sat dowifto tea. (
"T have had' a- lib rat' oti r. to-dav, Luev.'f
said my fiiher p esent y " or what, nppi ars tdJ
'.be stn.li ; but it must rest with You whether T
.c:in accept it or not." -I'h ie was a m turnful
tone in his voic-, I thoug'.t, an t I wondeiad at
. it, for goiicially he was h e'l'ul and h . et'ul.
' t'llo .v cau ii dep.. n l on me f my 'mother
asked. . " '
"For how long woull you agree to,,a t with
mtl ' sanI my tii tu-r.
: ":To put, William.-'' anVl ruv mo.her's eoun
t u nice wa s ui !e I with aim tv.
hot mean, by oar going ab.ro;. d 5''
" Ev. n .-o, uiy ih ar. I cm, if I p'ease. sail
next month firlniia on bu-iness whiciu ;u tin
shortest, w.ll take up' three years. Tne ' ter ns,
a I said, are libjral ; but I saali uofgo with
out your coi.S'-nt."
M. mother h ard in s'lcnc. ; -she only asked,
" Wiu-n must yoiidec de, Wiiliinn C' and was
tul that iny father mu-t give his answer to
morrow;. " . '- J
To at was a soir tv ful tvenjug to us all.
r!'ore we seperated for the night, ai d when
were by ourselves, Isiid to my mother,
'"You will nit let dear papa go. wiljyiU:"
S.ie was a ki..d and indulgent mother; she
wiis also a'prudent, thoiiglitful woman. " I
- dare not answer your qu s.ion, E-tlier,'' she
S;n l. ' You must wait til! to-moiiow, to know
l v vie hav e decided."' .
I lay awake that night. f-r ma' y houis. The
raiuful possii i ny i f the long feperatiou which
s-eiu d' to ihiea en us hi ed me wiih di-mav.
i ' ) ,1 1 . ear, too, the v ic.-s of my father and
"I'Vi'iei; j,, iu. r,.M1m bi.hivv ; a g-'.it'e muruiur
. 11 g-snnnd it was.u.luit it 'prevent' d . me from
sl'-epieg. I heard my father, too, in sLh nvi,
taraet. praver ; a nl the t tiier- .was a sh- rt
s n il e. Thev had. been in consult ition I knew,
a ui T 1, 1 ;n l-.;... !,.,. .I.o v. ,,lr JiriMld be
It'was long past midn-ht w hen I heard ih.ir
eps on the stairs, amUaw the pas-ing g immer
of .heir li .ht th.ou.h the chmksof mv unlatch-
e l d ti r, as tiiey Went so 'tly by. Wijen the
house was quite still, I sunk into a trotib'ed
s ttiiil er. '; ' - ' !
. The next d iy their decision was communica
Vd to Harry and inc. ' ft was w hat .we! feared.
My f ther th night it ri'ht to accept 'the' ap-
. l)"intin .'nt, and my mother had consented,
,We had no time to waste in unavailing re-gret-,
: we h id to prepare for my fa I.erV de-
.partur.', and -he -to mike the best arrangements
mhis power for our support during his long ab-
, sji c, A small sum of money in liand, and an
0'dr upon his new employers for a quarterly
advjuiie,to be deducted from hi salary, seemed
to insure us from the dread of destitution ; and
we hoped, too, that Harry would soon obtain
employment. Thus fat all was well.
The day of parting came. It was very pain
ful ; but we determined to accompany my father
to the dck, where he was to embark; and
there we stood, a little family group, on the
crowded deck of the ship, taking our last fare
well a very sorrowful one; for how probable!'
was (hat we were then parting neve , again to
-niCTin.jthtlorf3ily fJittier tried tot:Onst)le
us and keep up onr spirits ; but it was easy to
see hflw much he himself needed to be cheered.
You riihy think that we had neither sight
nor, hearing for anything transpiring around
u- yet, in that painful half-hour, we slightly
noticed another group, somewhat like our own,
i in another part of the deck. There were a
middle-aged coup'e, a younger man, and two
f.ir girls. They, like us, were evidently deeply
affected : there was to be a parting there.-
I Presently the group was broken up. I saw the
eMeiiv gentleman in conversation with the cap
tain f the ship ; and then, gently leading his
wife to the ship's side, they disappeared. The
votings gentleman and one .'f the girls followed,
and the s'i-ter stood alone on deck weeping,
th"Uirh striving courageously to suppr ss her
tears,, while she waved her last adieu to her
. , i
fiend, blie, then, was to be a passenger, and
a. solhary one. In a short time.the captain ap
proached her, and kindly leading her away,
they, vanished from vur sight. All this came
to my memory af;erward ; at that time, though
the s.-ene p.issed before my eyes, I little regaid
etl it. -
Th-n came our final parting,- the last Lies
sing, the last coun el, the iast whispered, heart-,
breathed prayer, the la-t kiss from a father's
lips whi'.-h had never uttered a word but in
kindness and love.
A tew hours later, and the ship was f ir on its
way, and we wh remained were parsing a
d e in distuibod night in our lonely home..
After this, for some months, we went on much
as before my father left us. My mother had
eii ug'i to empl y her at home, and I with my
music lessons. As to po ir Harry, he could get
noihiigtodo, and li s face began to wear a
look f premature anxiety. We d.d not become
ricomihd to my father's absence, and we
tiiought mu'ch of the long time which must
e!ap e before we ""ould again me-it; but time
softens even the pangs of separation, and we
weie not.unhappy as had been predicted. Our
greatest trial, perhaps, was on poor Harry's ac
ciAint. We had had. two or three letters from my fa
ther, in whkh he spoke hopefully of his pros
poets, and cheerfully of his health and comfort
jon ship-board. Tne first was written before the
'ship h ft the channel ; the next, and the next
alter that, were wiitten on the voyag-,and sent
l us !'V homeward-bou-id shijs. Then came
a loi g silence, and after that win n we had
bean to conjure up a host pf imaginary f'eais
a long and we come letter.
Mv laiher h d landed ' in safetv, and was ful
ly engag. d in the business hicn had taken
iHni abroad. lie was well, too, and compara-t.v-fly
unafi' cted by the; climate. Ail this was
a c iitse for thankfulness. But though safe when
the h tier was wriit-n, my father had b- en in,
great p ril. 'J'he latter part of the voyage hud
t been disastrous. The ship in which he sailed
j l ad eneoun ered heavy gales and storms, and
j,hi' I been n. ar'y h.s:. For many hours, my ia-
i tiier wrote. H'mr,t all l,..r. ,,f . . n..,i.-
i . , , , ,
i liion.ing d iwn was given up by both passengeis
and crew ; but the danger was averted and the
Li Ids former letters he had mentioned that
among his fellow-passengers was a young lady
wiih wh.'m he whs much interested.. Except
ing that she had been plaeeoLlunder the Cap
iaiu's protection. Mi.-s Ilerliert was solitary and
imt'iiepded. He deseiibid her manners as very
mod' St and winning, and her tones of conversa
tion superior to that of the passengers in gener
al. My father said that M.ss Herbert's loneli
ness had fiist touch his sympathy, for lie
thought of hi Esther, as placed under the same
circumstances; and he had offered such atten
tions as an elderly gentleman might with pro
priety and courtesy show to a young stranger
lady. Tliey were received gratefully, and after
a time mv father and the younjr ladv had be
come to each other as father and daughter.
Miss' Herbert was g ing out to India as govern
nes; in an Eng ish f.imiiy of rankand station in
Carcutta. My father's destination was Madras.
The events of the feaiful night had increased
mv father's interest iu Mary Herbert, bycallit.g
forth his admiration of her fortitude and faith
in tiivirie love and proteCiion. While others
, ' ' '
i -'""--'ng n.oeiu, out corn auu --m,.
? M Uie 0anS"r ,n7 ,aU,er WaS ner
j l;Mt ,,o!' lie o much to support her
' a; to ?'U,,e b V" of fail, in the prospect
or sud leu and awful deaih. Thus much for
Miss He.bert, of wh.m we sometimes talked
wh-n miking of niy f.tdier for his letters had -awakeued
an interest iu her fortunes ; and then
t was that I remembered the parting on board
the ship, and wondered whether the young lady
I had seen w as the Miss Herbert of my father's
My father had been away from us about a
year, -when a cloud arose which threatened us
with rain. One evening Ilarry came home,
pa!e and. agitated. I shojldsay that he had at
length succeeded in obtaining employment in
an attorney's office; but his salary wa very
small, and his situation merely temporary. - '
" Ilarry, dear, what is the matter?" asked our
"Have you heard anything from Mortimer
and Hughes to-day., mother?" he said hastily.
Mortimer and Hughes was the firm for which
our father was engaged.
" Mortimer and Hughes !" exclaimed my
mother, with increased alarm : " is it any ill
tiding of your father J" she demanded hur
riedly. ' , s " ' , -"""iso
mother, no; it is "not that: but Morti
mer and Hughes have failed their names are
in this day's Gazette." '
Our sensations were at first those of blissful
relief from the suffocating apprehension which
Harry's first words had caused. Not that we
thought indifference of the commercial failure ;
but we had fully expected that Harry khad been
charged with tidings of d-ath. When, howev
er, we began to think calmly of the intel.igence
our spirits sunk within us.
The next morning my mother hastened to
the city, and our worst apprehensions were
confimied. Not only was my father's mission
at an end, but he wou'd be left without
emplovment in India, and unprovided even
with the means of re urning' horn. X)ur in
come was also, and of course, suddenly cut off.
It was a hard case, my mother was told by the
bankrupts' assignees, but it cull not be helped.
There might eventually be something secured
for us ; but they gave little hope even of this,
for the firm was deeply involved, and the divi
dend would be very small."
My mother was not apt to give way to des
pondency. Siie had that happy Ci nfidence in
God's superintend ng and fatherly caro which
nothing coul I tfl'ec ually and peimanently dis
place, fou ided as it was on the promises of the
gospel ; and that support did not fail her now.
The burden was not removed, but she was help
ed to bear it ; and her example inspired us, her
children, with courag-; and energy.
Ye began by retrenching onr hitherto com
paratively smail expenses, and I exerted my
self to extend my limited connection, so as to
be fully 'employed in teaching. As to dear
Ilarry, he mourned over his helplessness. The
small lemuneration he received for his occasion
al services in the attorney's office was not suf
ficient for his own, support. Even this was at
length withdrawn, and he was ara;n unem-
9 7 O
I had obtained one new pupil. It was at some
distance from home, but this was of small im
portance comp ired witli the addiiional weekly
receipt which it added to our income. One mor
ning, in walking to Mrs. Lasceiles', my new
patroness, I was caught in a haty a ad heavy
shower of rain. It vexed me sadly. How little
did I think that that veiy unwelcome shower
would be the means of deliverance from thieat
Mrs. Lasci ll' s was a trotherly, kind lady; and
when she found th t her' little: girl's music teach
er had walked through the rain, and was very
wet, she insisted on my drying my garments,
bv the parlour tire before I sr ive the 1 sson. She
offered me refresments also, and ma le rr.e take
them too " to keep the c'd out," as she said.
These kindnesses were hardly through, when
a knock was heard at th-- do r, and a ladv was
introduced, whom Mis. Laseelles at once receiv
ed as an intimate friend, without the formality
of an announcement.
"I was not coming to see you to-day,?' said
the stranger, " but this unexpected shower has
driven me to take refuge."
I was puzz'ed wi.h the lady's looks. It seem
ed as though the countenance was not altogeth
er unknown to me, though I could not imagine
wh rre or when I had seen it. It was an elder
ly countenance, very plea-ant to lookiijon.
though marked here and there with lines which
told of past trials, I thought.
I was about to retire? when Mrs. Laseelles
stayed me. " Do not run away Mis- Malcolm.
I am sure you cannot be dry yet ; and it is a
serious thing for young ladies, you know, or for
old ladies either;" she added, with a pleat
ant smile, "to catch cold. You must not go,
indeed, till you are quite ready ; Mrs. Herbert
and I have no secrets to talk over."
Mrs. Herbert ! I remembered it all the
the parting scene on ship-board. This was'tbe
lady I had seen, sorrowfully bidding farewell to
her daughter : she was the mother of my dear fa
ther's felow voyager. How strange! I thought;
and I looked into the lady's face.
She was regarding me earnestly also.
"Miss Malco'm ! " she repeated. " My dear
young lady, pard' n my curiosity: do your
friends live in London?" .
" My mother and brother, madam," I replied ;
" but my father is abroad."
"In India ? " aked the lady.
" Y'es ; he" sailed more than a year pgo."
"In what ship did he go out?" Mrs. Her-
J bext inquired ; and her voice, I thought, trem
bled slightly. I gave the name of the ship,
and the name also of the captain.
I am glad, I am very glad, to have met you.
Miss Malcolm," she said tenderly ; and she took
me kindly by the hand. " You do not know,"
she added, "how much I am indebted to your
kind father, though I have never seen him ; and,
how sorry Mr. Heibert and I have, been not t i
have known your mother's direction, so that we
cauld call on her to express our gratitude.
You must let u do so now."
Mrs. Herbert asked me no more questions
then, except that she noted down our add.es ;
and we soon sepiraUl, she going homeward,
when the rain had ceased, and I to my pupiL
A few days afterwards, however,she called upon
try mother. I 1"
Half an hour's conversation sofliced to ban
ish from their minds the idea Jthat they had
been life-long strangers to each, oi
was a bond uf sympathy in tne circumstances
which had brought them togeAo
ones who were far away. There
bond of sympathy; each had -pa-.-
roany domestic son own, and lr
i nV'CT -111
"And there wayei a third, and
a ftronger bond that which : unites heart, in?
Christian love. " One is your Master, even,
Christ, and all ye are' brethren."
My mother lightly touched upon her present
sources of anxiety, her uncertainty respecting
my father's prospects, the loss of income arising,
from the bankruptcy of his employers, and tr y ;
brother Harry's want of occupation. Mrs. Her
bert spoke a few words of encouragement and
hope, and then she departed. " ,
We did not suppose we should know an7
mir'e of our visitor, now that she had performed
her errand; but we were mistaken. Only a
few days afterward, my mother received a short
llote Would Mr. Henry Malcolm call on Mr.
Herbert, at a certain office in the city, at a cer
tain hour the next day ?
Ilarry went, of-course ; and he returned in
high spirits. Mr. Herbert had heard of a situ
ation a clerkship my brother was well quali
fied to till. lie had introduced Harry, and a'l
preliminaries were arranged. The sajary was
hberal, so liberal, as to be sufficient for the re
duced ex enses of our.home: dear Harry thought
it magnificent. Mr. Herbert was, of course, in
his estimation, one of the pleasantest gentlemen
Harry had ever met.
Mv brothtr went day after day to the conn
ting-house, and I to my pupils, to whom two
others were added by the recommendation of
kind Mrs. La-celles : and jf it had not been for
our uncertainty about dear father, we should
have been very happy. But some months pass
ed, and we did not hear from him.
At length came a letter; it contained good
news. My father had indeed been put to much
inconvenience by the failure of his employers ;
but he had entered into another engagement,
and was prospering, lie remitted money to us,
which happilv we did not urgently need, thanks
to good Mr. Herbert's exertions for Harry ; and
the only drawback to the pleasure of his return
rosTs-CKii'T. Why shovld there not be a
p tstscript t a lady's story, as welhas to a hidy's
letter? Four years have yasscd away since my
father anived in India. He is not theri now ;
he is on his passage home. We expect him
next month. ; and my dear mother is rather nerv
ous when the wind is high, otherwise she is well
and happy. Harry is gay as a lark ; his salary
has twice been advanced ; and his employers
have promised him another advance at Christ
mas. At Christmas I suppose I must give up
ti-aching music ; so George Herbert tells me ;
and I I have promised. We are very friendly
indeed with the Herberts; and Ma. y, who came
home l ist year with the family in w hich she is
governess, and who is a lovely, affctionate
simple-hearted girl, says that we two ought to
I wonder hov many of these later events
would have takenplace, and how many of our
bright hopes w ould have beamed, if my father's
sympathies had centred in himself,
N- C. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
Commons Hall, Jan. 13, 4. P. M. 1855.
The State Agricultural Society met pursuant
The President, upon taking, the Chair, re
marked that an opportunity was then offered to
gentlemen present who were not members, to
join the Society, as the Treasurer was at t ie
Secretary's desk, --ind would receive their names
and initiation fees. Whereupon the following
gent'emen appeared and became members, viz:
Hon. David Outlaw, of Bertie; Hon. Asa;
Biggs, of Martin; and Messrs Al. H. Caldwell, ;
of liowan ; Win. Eaton, Jr., of Warren j James
Banks, of Fayetteville ; and Benjamin LHowze,
At the request of Mr. Rayner, the President
expla:ned, in a very clear and forcible manner,
the ol j-cts of the meeting. This Institution, he
said, was not a local one it was general, in em
bracing the agricultural interest of the whole
State. It had its origin in the patriotism and
public spirit of 17 gentlemen who met in tl is
City, from different sections of the State, two
years ago. To give encouragement to their ef
forts, the citizens of W ake and Raleigh offered
them grounds and the improvements for the
purpose of an annual Fair, for exhibition ofsam
pies, of improvement in the productions of the
earth, in agricultural and mechanical imple
ments, in articles of domestic manufacture, and
in domestic animals. The great purposes of the
Fair were to lead to the reclaiming and fertiliz
ing our poor exhausted fields and improving our
lands generally, by adopting the best method of
making and applying manures, of ditching,
draining and cultivating the soil ; to impart in
formation and stimulate eflort in rearing and
taking care of stock; to add. to our crops of
wheat, oats, rye, rice, corn, cotton, tobacco, fec;
to improve the method of getting turpentine
and of procuring the spirits ; to advai ce the
mining interests ; to develope the vast mineral
resources of the State and to impart and im
prove every species of the valuable fruits. . This,
he said, was to be effected in two wavs the one
by offering rewards of honor and pecuniary value
to successful competitors ; the other in the ad
vantage of bringing all our citizens ofen togeth
er, communicating mutual instruction, arousing
the zeal and energies of all, and; making them
think and feel and act alike, in the great work
individual and State improvement.; -Another
ject.he Watedwas to encourage ,'feone ag-
I UiiLwrn! mr. w! cVWifd1 !,f w.f.'S r .-Hac!
o, uiii&e iuo oest seiecuoua ii oni me v-jvious
ricultural works from abroad, and give the ex
perience of the skilful and enterprising agricul
turists of our own State. The honorable Presi
dent then proceeded to adduce instances show
ing the good effects of the Institution. He said,
a gentleman, (Mr. Whitaker,) a member of the
House of Commons from this county, one of the
'committee at the first Fair to examine imple
ments, and who was also on the same committee
at the second, had expressed to him his aston
ishment at the great increase and improvement
the articles of mechanical skid and industry
ou exhibition at the latter over the former. Mr.
VS., he believed, was in the Hose, and was re
quested to say if he had not understood him correct)-.
Mr. W. replied he had. The President
then proceeded to comment upon the fact, that
Mr. Sloan, of Guilford, a very enterprising and
inteil gent farmer, had been induced to purchase
in New-York an improved mowing machine
which mowed five acres in two hours, and the
hay was.almost ready at night to be hauled to
his. bain. Thus was the work of fiv e good mow
evs anl five o her men to aMst, for a whole day,
accomplished by this labor saving machine in
twoj hours 1 How, he asked, were we to get
sucli implements, unless we first knew their im
portance and then their existence ? It was the
province of the Fair aud of the Press to impart
this; knowledge, and these could not be exa cted
to exist by private enterprise alone. He next
alluded to the improvement in fiuits, and j a d a
handsome tribute to Messrs. Jushua and Thomas
Linjiley, who are extensively and successfully
engaged in the raising of fruit trees, and said he
believed they had, by their own private.ent' ij
prise, brought out the finest collection of peach
es in the world. He spoke also in high terms
of their fine apples, and remarked upon the ad
vantages we shall have in sending these fi uits to
2vew-Y"ork two months before theirs ripen, the
high prices they would command in that mar
ket, their relative value to flour ; and their im
portance, when the cereal fail, in contributing
to suj p'y the poor with good and wholesome
food. The foregoing, he said, were objects of
our encouragement. And this encouragemant
must be given in the shape of premiums. The
funds tor these must be raised by the fees and
dues of members and receipts at the gate ; but
this would be inadequate, and one object of our
meeting was to ask aid from the Legislature.
This, he repeated, was indispensably necessary
io encourage all branches of industry, the advan
tages of which he here enumerated.
Oar own mechanics, if properly encouraged,
(he said) will equal in skill, as they do iu intel
ligence and industry, any in the world.
In speaking of sheep husbandry, he alluded
to his own success in raising ihat profitable an
imal, and promised any gentleman present, who
would come to d.ne wiih him any day in the
year, he would give him a dish of good mutton.
He Concluded by remarking that he had thought
it was his province to statj facts, and leave the
j idgment of hi hearers to act without any
m- reti icious appliances. He bad, indeed, in this
matter a zeal he would not say a holy zeal,
but ithat which was uext kin to it; for the en
couragement of sucli improvements had be-n
alluded to, was next to the advancement of our
holy religion. All recollected, whose heads were
grey as his own, our having, in former limes, to
get out our wheat with flails, or by the du ty
method of trampMng it out with horses.
What improvements have we now and what
a blessing to mankind are these improvements!
lie ;then biiefly, but happily alluded to the mat
erial aid, as the phrase now is, which other
S ates, as a noble example, to us, have given to
those improvements. In Georgia, they have a
State Society, supported mainly b the public
Trea-ury. In Virginia, where they have not
morl zeal than we have though they talk
breathe more they have three Societies. One
has! a permanent endowment of 160,000. An
other, he regretted to say, had attached to it a
respectable portion of our own citizens, who, he
thought, wuld do better to give their influence
and means to their ;own State ; and was about
expending a large fund, (which he thought was
useless) on a modtl farm. He thought the
money would do more good distributed in pre
miums. All this, however,-was founded iu the
right spirit, aud indicated to us our duty. ,
Hos. William A. Graham was next called
out, and his remarks were highly entertaining
and encoura,iug, and it is regretted that bur. a
meagre sketch of them, as pf the veiy able and
patriotic addresses of other gentlemen, can be
o-iven. Gov. Graham commenced by saying, he
was a very poor farmer, and desired to become
a better. He had been so situated that he had
not been able heretofore to attend this Associ
ation, but no one had looked upon its progress
with greater interest than he nad. He bel eved
we had the elements of a great and flourishing
Society. We bad now 900,000. inhabitants,
and the materials to make a great agricultural
State. This was the great pursuit of our people ;
and he hoped by our united effort these resources
would be brought out. The time was -when this
work appeared discouraging, wbicn He unowea
by alluding to the vast extent of our territory
and the difficulties of getting to market : but the
work of improvement, giving to the different
sections of the State facilities for the transport
ation of produce, had commenced, was advanc
ing, and he hoped by our next annual meeting
the citizens of the West, 150 miles off, would
be enabled to breakfast at home and dine here.
Similar expedition had already been ' effected.
The citizens of ;.Wilmingt6ri ceJdow dine at
means ot inter-communication would bring our,
people together and make us a united and har
monious people. To love our country, as re
marked by Burke, we must make it lovely. Ours
is already so, in many respects in scenery, cli
mate, healthfulness, the abundance and diversity,
of it productions, &c. but our object was to
make it so by improvements ; and the energetic
operations of the State Agricultural Society,
would contribute largely to advance important
branches of these improvements. He would
therefore give it his cordial support.
IIox. Asa Biggs being called upon, favored
the Society with an interesting and patriot.c ad
dress. He said he could not hope, in an associ
ation of this kind, to throvy any light he was
no farmer his attention had been turned to
other subjects ; but on all occasions, either at
home or abroad, he had never faded to give his
influence to the cause of agricultural improve
ment. He then proceeded to give the progress
of the work in the county (Martin) from which
he came. They had a county Society, of which
he was a member ; and they made an exhibition -
at ti e last Fair equal to any in the State. They
are doing great good in that part of the country.
The same result would flow from the State So
cle' y. He had not heretofore been able to be
come a member, but he had urged his friends to
attend and to take an agricultural journal, and
many were now ciiculated among them. It was
out of his power to express the idea he had of
the importance of this movement, which he
hoped would receive every necessary encourage
ment. The President had alluded to the turpen
tine business, and the mode of getting the spirits
This had been detrimental in the county ; but it
was now giving out and the per.ple were turning
their attention more to agriculture. lie believed
the piney woods, and the sandy lands there
were susceptible of improvement and capable of
producing cotton and the grains almost equal to
the river 1W grounds, which were subject to
overflow. They were draining these lands, and
collecting astonishing amounts of manure, and
Wm. Eatox, Jr., Esq., of Warren, being call
ed upon, taid, it was once remarked by a great
man, Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts,- that ,
agriculture was the lion of America, and he
never said anything in his life more just or more
true. Ours is the great agricultural power of the
woild. Great Briton, France and Russia are now
seeking to gather laurels in the iron harvest of
the field, but ours are the peaceful triumphs of
the plough; and I contemplate with more pride
these fruits of the victorious enti rprise of my
countrymen, than an -ancient Roman d.d the .
trophies borne by the legions of the republic,
when they relumed to Italy clad with the spoils
of conquered nations, an I of captive kings. We
are principally a nation of agriculturists. North
Carolina is decidedly and emphatically an agri
cultural State, as much so as any State in the
Union. Throughout our whole country, the em
ployment of the planter is a favorite one, and is
deservedly held in high estimation. Health and
longevity ; peace, plenty and contentment ; an
ardent patriotism, a manly independence, and a
generous hospitality, are associated in the mind
of an American citizen, with green fields and
waving harvests. The poet has sung the plea
sures of rural life, and has drawn from its scenes
his most beautiful pictures, and his brightest
imagery, and the philosopher has enjoyed with
heartfelt satisfacdoa its calm and tranquil de
lights. The greatest men of America have not
deemed the' pursuits of agriculture beneath
them, and the chief magistrates of the repul 1 o
have retired from their exalted station to spend
the evening of life among rural scenes and tie
soft charms of cultivated nature. In the opinion
of the wise and good of every age and every
land, the pursuits of the husbandman are in a
high degree honorable and useful, and eminent
ly favorable to human virtue and happiness.
I should be false to my country at large, false
to my State, and false to the county of Warren
which I have the honor to represeut in the Sen
ate, if I did not, as a member of this General
Assembly, do every thing in my power to ad
vance ihe interests of agriculture. I look for
ward to the dawning ot a brighter day in
North Carolina. I look forward to the day when
our exhausted fields of broomstraw and bramble
shall be fertilized, and made to reward the labors
of the husbandman and when the rich ard love
ly valleys of the Catawba, the Y'adkin, the Cape
Fear, the Neuse, ths Roanoke, and the Chowan
shall teem with abundance; shall yield in pro
fusion the luxuries and delicacies of life as well
as its necessaries and comforts ; and shall sustain
a numerous, a happy and an intelligent popul
ation. A deep and lively interest has been re-,
cently manifested in the cause of internal im
provement. Railroads and other facilities of
communication are certainly of great and inesti
mable value; but unless we improve the soil,
and increase the productive capabilities of the
country, North Carolina can never become a very
prosperous St?te, nor her people comfortable
and happy, although commerce may spread out
its white sails on her coast, and the locomotive
may outrun .the steeds of the turf on its own
j pathway from the ocean to the mountain.
The Hon, D. M. Barringer being called up
on, said the call was wholly unexpected, and he
should refuse to answer it ii be did not fear an
erroneous inference might be drawn from his
silence, unfavorable to a cause which he most
heartily approved." He was a lawyer and had- no ;
great practical experience in agriculture yet he -was
wilting to acknowledge that he had follow
ed the plough, and was among those who; were 'i
ii6T-i4shamedlbr .if id be lawn that waiaratiri-
wprsing men.- ine great secret of success in
these institutions, is the competitions they raise,
and their tendency to bring us together and'
make us North Carolinians in deed and in truth,
as we are by birth and in name. He vividly
portrayed the great and substantial improve
ments which had been made in the State of
Georgia through their instrumentality. He then
proceeded to sustain the proposition that Inter
nal and Agricultural Improvements go together;
they help and depend upon each other; in the
course of which he referred to the marked effect
of Internal Improvements in the valley of the
Catawba. On his return home, after five years
absence, he had seen, under its influence, agri
cultural products doubled, and more : Land
that had produced 800 pounds of cotton, now
produced 1800 pounds ; lands that had produc
ed 12 bushels of wheat, now produced 30
bushels. This was owing to the correlative in
fluence of Internal Improvements and Agricul
tural Improvements upon each other. He con
curred with the President, in his remarks not
only as to the cereals, but the fruits, stocks, (kc. .
Expressed the belief that Western North Caro
lina was the best wool-growing country in the
world ; adverted to the steps taken by Napoleon
to import improved sheep ; he had a large.num
ber brought from Spain ; and now the best wool
is produced in France, and it is a source of great
profit. By bringing, men together here, and by
talking over these matters, we increase the desire
to improve, and one result will be the establish
ment of a great wool-growing business in the
West. He concurred with the gentleman from
Warren that this would be the greatest agricul
tural country in the world, and North Carolina
w ould be distinguished by the important part
she would bear in that honorable vocation.
Hon. David Outlaw, in answer to a call,
said the call was as unexpected to him as to the
gentleman who had just preceded him. He
came there to receive, not to impart instruction.
He then proceeded for a few minutes to speak
in the happiest, mcst glowing and eloquent
terms, of this important movement. He could
not say ha had no experience in farming, but his
attention had been turned to other subjects less
to his taste. He would rejoice if his duties
would allow him to devote his time exclusively
to this delightful employment. He regarded
the pursuit of agriculture the most virtuous and
honorable calling in the world ; and he . hoped
the young men of the country, instead of going
into the professions, would follow it. When
they see, (said he,) that you, Mr. President, and
others whose reputation is not confined to our
own State, but extends the length and breadth :
of the country, are devoting your time and tal- i
ents to this employment, they will be induced j
to follow the example ; and much good will be !
accomplished. He concluded by remarking that '
he was willing to show his regard for the cause, ;
by voting to give it substantial aid.
Mr. BASKs,vof Cumberland, being loudly call-
ed, arose", and, in his peculiar vein of humor ;
and good sense, for a few minutes entertained
the meeting. He said the remark was trite, but
applicable, that it was dangerous to speak of war j
in the presence of Hannibal. His situation re
minded him of an anecdote of an old Scotch i
lady, whose 6ons were taken by Napoleon and ;
chained to other prisoners. When she was in- j
formed of their misfortune, she exclaimed, u God j
pity the man that is chained to my son Jemmy I '
lie could say, if the Society rested upon the i
speaker, or any thing he could say, it was in an !
unfortunate predicament Cut the compliment
of the call was intended to his county. .. He
wished his friend Elliott, the President of the
Cumberland Agricultural Society, was present.
He could honor it by making a speech, giving
" material aid," or by proofs from his own ex
perience of the success of enligh tened, systematic
farming. But Cumberland was not strictly an
agricultural county. Her pursuits, (which be
enumerated,) were diversified, all reciprocally
acting upon each other, and giving encourage
ments to the Agriculturist. He gave an amusing
account of his early attempts at cultivating the
soil, together with bis abandonment of it for
other pursuits, and expressed the hope that he
should finally return to it; for he never knew a
Scotchman in his life, whatever might be bis
circumstances or his calling, who did .not make
farming his. ultimate hope and aim. . He hoped!
the operations of the Society would excite a
spirit of enquiry and emulation throughout the!
State, that would lead to great and lasting im
provement. He should be happy to contribute!
something, however small, to advance the inter-!
est and welfare of the good old Notlb State. He
had always admired the just and noble sentiment
expressed by the late distinguished associate of
the President : '
"Carolina! Carolina! Heaven's blessing attend
her ; ' . i
" While we live we will eherish, protect and de
fend her; '
"Tho' the scorner may scorn at, and witlings
defame her, . .
" Yet our hearts swell with gladness whenever
we name her." , ; J
On motion of Mr. Rayner at the close of this!
add i ess the Society adjourned, subject to the!
cau oi uie rresiaeni. j ? . - . -j e a
i ... IH0S. J. LEMAY, Sm9S.