North Carolina Newspapers

    WILLIAM D. COOK, ) T . ' - 'Mill
1 t
. : -it
i- :
, , i- - - - : .,: - X H JJi If 0 1 A f Ji Jtl.
VOL IV -0. II.
ATA 11 - - ' :' . . " - .. . J- : "? lL - . '
by the ' Peasant bard."
Gie to the lord his palae grand,
And halls of s-piendid pride ;
i. A flavor nil his dignities, -r
... And all his pomp beside ;
! Give' me the Farmer's Deaceful home.
j ' - Beneath tfio mapl high, v- '
r ' ufj' varbrs-' -lie tlfes:
' ' . The waters prattling icjiu, ,
The citizen mav love the town,
A lid Fashion's gaudy show ; '
The brilliant pagantry id Art
May please the eye. 1 know;
: But Nature's chatm delight the heart,
4 All simple though they be ;
, The acres lroad. the stre amy vales,
The lowing herds me !
Whnt though the bronze is on our cheek,
T-il calloused is our h'ind,
... ith honest pride we stand creet,
The ucibies of the land ;
For ' patriot Tiuth." that spirit bright,
In tine wide world so tare,
Point proudly to the Farmer's home,
A ud .cries My own are there.
i .
Then here's fiim who tills the soil, '
Tiie-.Uue", "the .Mronjr, the braveJ
' Without Inm ;ft wiu d fly the land,
And Commerce leave the wave;
Ai d yet no Tiow.n nf hauteur cold
- Disiains his mauly brow ;
llarl to ih larimr, thrice ail h ul !
Luid ol'the inlghiy pl'W.
what ! Nothing ! Men, reputedly re-peetable
men, too, daily commit oue of the most fearful
,-ins noticed in the Bible Uasplieme and insult
that mighty One wh- holds their Ihes in His
hand for no earthly reason but indiscretion.
And further, I have had frequent occasion,
George, fo notice the effect of this thing in your
business, and I can assute you that; in a mere' y
worwiy sen-, it h deteriotaung lo -ybur inr
esK -1 coulT tell ou':otnMMvltaty'voii
liar lost bv tins verr-'liRbltThr?! r-n fr
mm -story
Fii-u- n a y.'.tin tn:in oe g a
l'i"i'i'; ; lii' tftliid- alha: l s li s oiieinieK i.ll
I s ; au i ii Was'ji if i tl i w I aware of t e
I'l t- Tlie.'iiuhi of sutirtgf" luid b-vii lim lui
tWe.' year, wjieii as al v, up n i t;ik
tlie fdi.orial ckfa-' f a pajM-r of an iud.-peiol-e
a nu l r foi motion clia act-r wliich wh- u h-
er -ifititw -xi-if ice ii Ui. town of B . 1'ros
pt-ri y w ts li;s. tli R eorder . .on olvnine I a
:a ge L-irculnt'on: But tl,ee. -0..11 .-ifer apj-e.i-
e I aiiotlu r in 1 -. wliioii I eoame qu te
appolai; in a tint . hi liis . wn. Th.
Gxz tie picked i1hvv" in th Ueoorder'. m.tu
rieiii. an.l aru J nVrc-lv on matters of tiikut
m .st imp .itaiicvt the n-iiion : while the di-
t or .of (he iM were on ih?. ntost aiiiic;t!ile teims
1 Utiii'i ftabl'. liiivarelv. But i,( tlii,.
ii tH-ar.iig uj'Oti tnyta'e.' '
. Iia- a coM . luort-ing 111 the winter of 18
"win 11 Mr. bounced into th.-.-tore of
n-i kUI r!y friend-, with a uG...od morning, Mr.
"An ! if-Kid Morning, fiiotid Ferguson ; how
are yoti :"' '.
''c.l, I'm o-S'," said ,.,.rgp,- rtibb;no; his
.lian-fii over the stov.- ; "but its a d d t-olj
iiiur iiijir, ain'rt it
"U" ,Ht dut vp.i -ay ;ih! Wi'.liauts., orawlv
be lo ke l over his -lek at our .friend. "Ueallv
Id not kno.v how cod th t is; but it shonl.l
te very, very c Id, G.-orge, bvfie I would use
sc!i au exi Initial ion.'
"Do you tit. an to, insult me I" said Firgus m,
with" a fiusliinneve.
" li.sit t oti ? By no u nans ; i-i- an in.stilti
tor iae to air.-ct yoiir attention to 'your own
laugtHue! In I ed. do yo 1 11 , th nk, George
t!t it it is k gr ind' 111 stake you haw mado in not yoiir -laiigii.-rge so pine that it might
b. free. for c in nent, n all occ i.-ions ?" .
"Mr. Williams, .whit do v.-u mean ? I do
.'n'-'t.wd.-r.-ian I tin., I Are you j ,kin- me? or
j i-'-i is iti"
u J .kin :.'.( orgv-Iaiid on swh a .-ulj.ct.
f"- from it. I m aar- (hat my . conduct is
Xvr! :t ang ., y vU, bin George Ferguson, li
'"" - v. I havv.-k iobb u for vears nvt-r
Kp" 'au a xou. mode's side in frock and
,l: Uave to s. d yoi Ujon my knee I haw
iei,,, y... r pr ie s' from'' i'.fanc'.-aiid of
- y-.rea your mLl;nali n t-
HAm 1 1 , ia.rouMe, ai.d now.' G-'owe' I a
' H-UXi"" t show y u wJiat a fo
,Huglit--v : ..',-.. jt Lau t$i' directionof ijie
pinting of I)r. Morgan's -: discourse. You re
member what h feeling was produced in his con
oregution some time since, by a powerful ser
mon on the vicious tendencies of theatres ; and
you remember equally well that many thous
and copies were primed for circulation. Now I
know. Groig, thai those 'pamphlets ere
meuittobe done .at your office. But as Mr.
1 luh..-. and Mr. Allenford were talking on the
superior beatify f your work, Mr. Hughes said
he shoti'd feel nng in entrusting such a job
10 a per-on addicted to pr fanity.
Web, if men choose to be so foolish, let
then ," anorily interrupted Ferguson.
" But t!ieyf is as urgent, and if men avoid
you l.eause ou dist.Ie ise tliem. then vou must.'
i change your ways, if their friendship is of any
importance to you. But no it an crn b; blaiin
ed for . bj. cting to su j-cting the mind of their
children to being led to a disregard of precep s
I c iu une.! in your paper, by the weli-known fact
j 1 bat you their propounder, are addicted to pro-
tan ty'. a know, as well as I or they, Mr.
Feig.son. that such apparently insignificant
m i;ieis d tindonb edly have a bearing on the
nio-a s if the joung. You tlo not see men
swear at an cveijng piny, do you ? And you
wool I not swear in the presence of Dr. Mor-gfn-,
or ICev. Mr. Howard; which shows p'ain
I.. that you are as well awaie of the fact as anv
l,oly." 'is, i!li iins,vsaid Ferguson, as that gen
ie nan ( a -se.J. " 1 am aware of it well aware.
But do you not know that it is a very hard mat
ter to re(Va:n J"
Ves I suppose i- is, vt.ry. Yet men do it.
Il i- said to be as difi. ult io conquer the habit
as 10 breik off fr m the use of tob-co or ar-
.len: spirits ; bat thu I do not believe."
" But it is true, Mr. WtUiams. I filct I be
iev it is harder. A man has coinm ind over
oismusc es, and, as the Q ,ak-r advised, mav
keep hi hand vide op -n when tempie.i to drink,
an.! s . di.tb!e himself from conveving the ihino-
to his m uth. But in this case the mu-cL-s
have no part it is the will. A man may keep
ids hand open, and yet swear like a troojer.
Ha! ha! ha!"
." Dou't laugh. George ; the subject is a se
rious one, an. I demands -serious consideration.
However, I can ive yuu a good a rule as the
Q lak-r's. if it can so apply; although I fear as
mind control musdes the rtmedy is a poor one
But, if vou wi.-h to trv i: wKi-r
temp ed to swear, keep your moiitli s mt !''
'But, Mr. Wi.liaius, an oath fills from one's
lips as easily as breath heaves from one's lungs.
I -hould never swe e at ail if I time to
think of iL beforehand, and lam not ha f the
lime aware when I do swear." 1
" Bec.uis-, (I sutpose I am 'not thnrnj.i
imbued Nvithaf.-liugofthe necsstv of such
a siep-which, however, my friends unite in
telling me, is great. C,n you suggest.a .emedy
for my s,? If sot I w,th latitude
"No never. It is a fiict. Because I never
saw very forcibly any reason ,for it. I know
tliat it is wrong and yet. there is do feeling of
guilt in my miud, similar to that which follows
a theft or a falsehood. But I cannot stav lono-ar
Mr. Williams. Gorxl morning."
'God morning'" ,
M r. Fergu son wa ke-1 do wn the street w rapped
in profoatid meiJitHtion, and so absorbed was he
th 4i&-edUi (Hs. ;
c i , ... - .
retrace Ins stepS aM oath fell from y s tongu
He bit his lip w,th vexation, for he now observed
iV,and instantly be curs, d his own carelessness
-Hhus aga n sinning. . It is thus that the hab
it manifests ite!f when once acquired. Our
swearer saw fully the magnitude of his vice, and
he determined 10 "wrestle with the madman,"
like the fabled-Greek, until he should dadi him
over the precipice.
For two: weeks Mr. Ferguson strove resolutely
with his failing, but with li;t!e apparent pro"
gress. He broached; the subject to his wife,
and she (women are always right on such mat
ters) tully agreed with him that it was his duty,
b. lor G,,1 au 1 before mau, to con.pier himself'
It was the want of a deep, firm, sens.b c.nvi...
tion of the tearf,ll,ie.s, of his sin that prevented
him from doing o.
One cold. idy day in March, Mr. Ferguson
came in flora the street, and banging the door
alter him, ran up to the We, simpping his
fingers, an I exclaimed, with an oath,
"How cold il K cut doors, Mary !''
''Hush, Geoig -; h. re is Dr. Morgans!''
Fergus;,.! U rU i:.m.e4 He stood in 9sf.
j ishme.u a moment and gazed incre iul.-usly at
tl.e clergyman, who. for his part, as greatly
astonished as himse f-not at the recoutr!-, bu't
at the language he had heard. lie -nerii'g his
eompo-ure, he saba. d the abahrd v,Uri bnjn
with a kind "Good morning." and exLend"ed h"s
The salutaii. p was returned in a vvrv
bir.assed tone, a-.d the two weie f..r sortie mo
incuts sihnt. At I. ug h Georg- sp.,ke
"What shad I say f.r myself, Dr. Morgans ?'
"Say, (Jod forgive me, and enable me .
avoid ever using such language, again while i
"I Have ili-it, in substance; Ion? ago,"
said Geoige, "-ud it. is not enough. I cannot
keep a resolution wbi.h is mereiv s.,Len
the lips, without on the heart as well."
"But Mr. Fergu-on, win do you not so feel
it ?" said the clergyman. '
"Why have 1 not felt this befo.e ? ' groaned
Mr. Ferguson. 'How couU a man be Z fool
ish I lVepostcrous nd, after a paue "but
true !" .
My brother, you are wiser. You ' see gulh
more plainly, do y..u not 1"
I do ; but how am I to avoid it'' said Fer "
The operations of the ftast vear ainear to hav j
, - 1
weu eitreraeiy aisaarantageous to a iarffe body
of mining enterprises. ' When vor'we turn, in the
State, in Connecticut, X.-w J ev. Pennivlvania
Maryland, Virgnir ' ieedgthjoughout
Mountains, we find proof M a vast extent of
work which had been' Wpjed out " as a basis
for operations, demanding aong series of years
to perfect, and invoMng the expendiiiire of an
immense auiount of catital. These works, or
the germ of themv are now lying ijie, and the
implements and fixtures becoming every day of
less value, owing to dieir inaction. This process
of slow destruction," however, is not the. nnlv
evil which the stockholders are called upon to
Miner patiently : many of the concerns are under
the delightful process of a litigition for iudebt
ness, arising from original puihase, supplies,
professional services, or labor, wlich is calculat
ed to swamp the relics of th property and
create claims that, some fine dar, will fall as a
tuundei bolt 011 the devoted partiej, whose names
may ngure in the Company's ledger as stock
holders. . !
Mining is at best an expensive pastime ; the
trafficking with the .shares, in Wall-sirf
exciting but the operations below the surface
are costly, slow and uncertain. The more va u
able the mineral sought for, the m.jre speculative
the adventure, or it-mote the chance of success
ion equally will, generality of Vonke of the fail
ures have b en the nature of the minerals min, d
in the Companies on our list uU hw.
suceeeded, are included: Gold, 'Silver, Copper
Lead, Iron, Zinc, Coal, Marble and 8,ate Com
panies. Of all the large batch of Companies
wh ch came into existence in 1852-53, but fi-w
now rema n in activity-and yet cTaide'nds have
been declared by more than one of those now
irretrievably swamped. The Mining Interest of
me country sutlers,-and will for years suff r,
from the injury c .us. d by the .eckiessness of
these schemes. The various States of the Uni-n
are rich in deposits of the mo-t valuable miu-
ftais, to develope which would ;;'fford
employ for vast b..,dies of men, and would
pay l.bera ly for a legitimate investment of the
surp'tis capital of other branches of comtnetce,
l'"t as matters have been enducted of late it
far better that the earth should'retain its
ucaes for eer.
To some extent, capitalists themselves are re
sponsible for this defection. I a period of pros
perity a-ud aceumtdat.on every one stands ra,ly
to increase liis gaitiS? pd
hie t 1. . . -
-.-..u.., uiesp.r.t ot speculation permeates
er ; but here, a wooden pole is laid across the
vessel. i the middle of which is fitted a sort of lloard. Two me sU on onft on
each end, and by their alternate rising and sink
ing keep the whole machine in motion, like the
W)-JVn manufactured at Nuremburg.
- wU,cn tne Jimperor Nichcls has issued in
j which is very often the case, all doubt is at an
d aL rtU
In plain lanffuae-e. snavln
loss of motion, between parts that were once
moreable, and may exist with or without bony
tumor. j 3
If a student were asked the question, What
constitutes spavin ! He would j-
chylosi and exostosis of the tarsal f hock
v . ' . - r- , . uas issued ! m mnp" AtV:'f -x " x '
rehtticn to the TartarV'of mCiiU rn lf U can be r. ai he'ut-
art. 1st. ii very Tartar mnhlK;A ri.-.-
- e l 5 i - -: " "V Vl "ayi "ii-entions
or. of host lie de-ig,,8, shall be put in pHson
viaenre tbat he repents.
Art 2,1. Every Tarter having committed a
rouoery stiall have a leg or arm cut off.
Art 3d If a Tartar commits murder without
stealing, he shall be hung.
Art. 4th. If anv TartL l-;n ... . ,
0i ,, , - tieais ne
ball have an arm or leg cut off, and after shall
Be merry and wiw-'ti. a song for each sea,,.
The happy lark sings it in bright-beaming skies -And
Hhy are we witfa &ncy anJ
U is not to teach us-be merry and wise
fts the song of the season, the plants as they rise,
1 he chorus of nature, be merry and wise
Be merry and wise. i ywlr momenls of .
We ai U 7eD,ng "maSe'nenl borrow w,l rfee "
Ueoft sail to sorrow iu light barks of pleasure wh.le repentinbe merl y ' ,
lheresdanger, there's ma.ic-be Jrry d wise
Bv Gko.H. Dapd, Vetera" Surgeon BogtOD
Mk. Editor: In
Mia; her a-k. 1
low can I sin agam Qf this
ui on v. n
i -i tl e .te I..L-I. ... . . " "...
. .. o;.vi t. ijii i'Y'itiiii y 0:1 O: It.
- risii'l, 5
; 'J . Mr. Wi li ins la 4 aside his pen
f1 d it Kan e r , beh-.n-i hisde-k ' Mr. Fer -.,.
" m " ,sv. ausAei; aA0 ed willino-
. er'- lfe. thing, b 't plead haste,
n'"Hl!ii-h e d ti.ail a ill.- office in the
'" '-e-rtould !- in re at leisure.
-, lH. -li,. ,r ... I 1
U cl rfM n, I 1 1 ,
k, u tain you
' If x-
. .,v, 1 ' tne 1 '
M;-r" 'g is .,, nml l.a aent. . - i
die first llie(li JO, ku,iVV? d y iu
'1? ua wr -'id:cted to this habit of pro-
A:i ' !i-r no I. '
t k, this, there are nvmy reas.-ns
''U,uuld beak yourself of it, at ad haz-
.i !y comrad , ,eut-fo5 the Lord wilt
. ini gultless thattaketh his name in
N'evl, there is no umtifif,on aris;llg
' "i"s froin all, or newly all other sins!
" ls riothinor lemntinn- in ?.
t I , . 1 o "Pi'earance,
1 ' k at it as ou wilt, there !c .
, - - excuse
;.wfon;. A, nan steas, F-,hai. from
... Ue II s that be m t c,'ku 1,;...oIi- a.
.., . ...... or-, , ir..m
0'meilt ; i. hISaks ihe Saf.bnh iht
7 revel 4u pleasure ; but . ho twears for
to what vou mav sa."
"1 am placedju a d-licte po-itiou, notwith
standing, Mr. Ferguson ; it is seldom that I
have to endeavour to convince a person of your
standing, that he is living in the practice of one
ot the most enormous vices we behold."
" Enunnou ? e ii me, but is not that an
extravagant word, doctor
" Not at all, Mr. Ferguson : by no mer:ns.
And Jiere you at once advance evidence corrobo
ratory of what you just stated want of ai.nre-
jciatii n of the exlet.t of vour sin. Is it not an
ieiiormity which U, actually frightful, t, behold.
inai, men can listen to Gospel truths week after
ween; can deliberately anu respond, God have
mercy on us, and incline our hearts 10 keep
ih:s law ; can ejaculate every ) Sabbath day,
hallowed be thy name, and i then go out
juto tne worhl and mock these truth, and
hr ak th tt law, and sl amu that prayer, bv using
iod's holy'nam-.' in ligia and frivolous conver
sation P -
"Strang!'! that never occurred to me be-
fore br-th I i, m rra
" Aain, do you con-ider, Mr. Ferguson, that
every t rne you 11 the niiii nf (i.u i v;..
-101 w sh to tri e you n "s" an,atiiTi is a j.rayer, not meant for such
bu. h in .iiiein. "" e"- D"t ti I. tor ali you know, acc-t-ted as
suc.i I S-ipp ..e that the words are borne up
t the thnme (,f Afmibtv God as prayers-then,
oh ! how , ny soU!s have vo ,,rVed the Su
preme Be,r to consign ,0 everlastinrg damna
tion! If God shonl.l hear and answer those
prayers, how many of your friends would find
:an eternity of t..rm.-nt !"
Mr Ferguson stan.-d from hi, cjia-,r and
the oom. He was evidently agitated. The cler
guuan pursu. d.
"Oh! my deer sir. I fear for you, as for all
those who are addicted to this dreadful habit-
AYhnt will their portion in eternity ? Thou
shdl not tile the name of the Lord thy God" in
vain. ! the Lord will not hold him. 'guiltless that
taketh his name in vain P' ,
; "Did you -vr resolve, firmly and resolutely.
tha you wo t cease ? Did i ou ever make one.
real enerjetU effort s ali U off ihft babit K
rest assured, my iri.-no, he that abhors n . 1.
I will never use one. Learn to look upon the
j thing wi;h terror, and you can never give tit
! terj,,w to "-' without, shuddering at the act.
j Thus you are sat'.. Never write norrepeatj
j ner think an . ath, and you wilj'eventually learn
j to r. gird it as with d. ep repugnance as you die,
J in your childhood. There is no-other 'way."
! Mr. Feiguson paced the room in silence. The
j scene was becoming painful, and Dr. Morons
rose to take his leave.
"Remember, now, mv friend." said he i.
, - ' . "j o lit'
offered his hand, "m 'his bes vour boo.- SI.,.
j an .aih as yoti would a snake, for oh ! it is a
j deadlier foe to your well-being, and its fangs are
I niore oionous than serpent's ever were. Good
Ashe retreated from the doorway he repeat
ed, as though reluctant to le fve the subject, in
a solemn tone," The Lord will not hold 'him
yuwicxs that tikethhit name n vain"
As Mr. Ferguson turned 10 his wife, r'.a
uim witli an encouraging smile
Without a word in reply, Mr. Ferguson re-
ureu 10 au stuoy, and kneit in prayer. God
neata it, anu Diessed the supplicant.
Then. xt numtrof the Recorder contained a
powerful article on the sin of profanity, and
frim that day the busings of the firm increased.
A tone . f moral.ty s on settled unm, a
Ferguson, which resulted in his eventually be
coming pi us and honored.
The Broken Bridge.-An 1 rish nobleman,
on a journey, was info me-1 that his wav lay
over a ruined b'i are, which he nau'd t .'.1 .li
ed to pass at n gin.
Htoideied bis postillion to call him wh
they reached the dangerous place, tlun ivrai
ping himse ' ui. in his cloak wCnt to s.'. ep.
When they rea. h. d the bridge the iost lm, r-o-i.
ed, but as his master did not awake, he drove
on, and passed sately over.
Some time after,1 the traveler awaked and
called out,, ?
" How is this, John, have you passed the bro
ken bridue t"
"Yes, your honor."
44 Wh" did you not wake me, as I order d
you to do P
44 1 did not like to disturb your honor."
"Upon my honor, if we had all fallen into
the water and been drowned, I would hare put
a bullet through your head."
"By all the martyrs, if vou had. I would barn
- j ' j -
left your service the next minute if I had starr
ed.", i-
j WJllle maes o( and we see parties, reput-
F.u..m ,;.Ke purchases in doubtful enter
prises, without enquiry as to th i. i.:,i.
the association or adventure is governed, or the
liabilities attached to ihe stock. T.i ,1.,, r......
are, that speculators hunt up for special charters,
which, gmng extraordinary powers, are oper
attve ,n a particular section only, ami so the
acts commuted elsewhere are of no legality -or
they organize under a general law,pufled as
bemg most liberal iu its provisions, but which
lenes the most stringent penalties against the
stockholders in case of failure.
We are a.vare of the position of evrl
pames whose stocks have been lr.r.!w .u
this market, but are now totally ut of si-rbt
and confident if stcps be not sneedde ..,1-.," . '
.place their aflai.s in order, such an overhauiino.
win oe Had, that disclosures will uke place far
outstripping 111 venality the far fam.ed "Parker
Vein." ihere are many instances in this S ate
wherein a subtle and bold man practising the
ra.,ve lately had by a noted Broker-bank against
one of the Geueral Law Banks U
,Iarge haul, by a slight investment in the unsale
able stocks of companies, whose capital, figuring
by hundreds of thousands, hod a tangible
existence! We apprehend some such course of
proceedings is afloat against the rm,;.-
J . L ri l: - . t - - x ,
i.,o,,u varoima ; ior we nave before us a list of
ver seventy suits against the following com
panies in that region :
The McCclloch Gold and Copper mining
Com j. any, ; 0
The Jeep RiVER Copper Mining and
Smelting Company.
The Mineral Company of North Carolina-
The Lindsay Mining Company.
The McCc1.L0cH.aud GleNS Miniug Com
pany. In addition to the above ennm,..;
are pained to learn, that nearlv e-....L
in North Carolina is in the same fxisiUon. There
are other sections in which a similar litigation is
going forward, so that it is a matter of difficulty,
it ArnAti Tritrtvii A..-.:.t
...u voUSiaerarjie investigation,
the probable future of any particular mininff
..-.r.c. tue present time the prospect is
blank, dreary and unsatisfactory. U. S. Min
ing Journal.
answer to v. ; ..
, - luouiry, as
to the nature and curability of spavin, il I
prop,e to offer a few rema.k on the 1
cause . spmpt,m,, treatment, and curubiUty of i
sveial diseases peculiar to tl,. 1., '.- ?T I
irony sirueLure
o norses, so that you, as well as ,he reader,
ay have an opportunity of judging fW your
les, as to the nature nf,.l . t . uuKioniiv ot the
. 1 .
The raaladv is fihnilnr' jL S::
w mai vecumnga-
mong children, known as hip disease, when the
head olthe thigh bone unites to thenelvU-
A .. - , .
-..u .o oue pretends, at least never succeeds in
effecting a radical cure. But as regards the
horse, the disease is more complicated, because
a greater number of bones are involved ; yet in
eflect, the disease is less serious, because it does
not prevent flexion and extension of the ioint
proper. '
In a very brief manner, 1 have now consider
ed the pathology, or nature of spavin, much
interesting matter, (and really valuable to stu
dents.) ,s necessarily omitted, in order to confine
th s arttcle within the limits prescribed bv i-mr-nalists.
. .. ' J
Kow as regards the Cause of Soavin Iu
r:uho:ogy; as we observe, d.-nionstrate, innaraa
tion of one or more tissues proper to the point:
which is produced by overwork, sprain or con
cussion, the .tumor and transform;,.,! ,.e
VI Hits
I carnI in'o bo.iy substances, always beinrr
, j mmeuess, muictes injuries of this
character, yet they are not in all cases operative
for some of our truck horses, especially those
ued it, shafts, are often compelled to perform
extraordinary feats of strength, that would in
ordinary horses induce ligamentary lameness,
ultimately resulting in spivin ; yet they are re
markably free from it, the reason is they are
tree from predisposition.
It .s a fact, well known' to the profession, that
aimost all spavined horses lnhnr ..ia.
- - uuuci, ciiuer,
local or camtitutional predisposition.
Lonl predisposition, is determined by a short
r"utu ,,UCK. 'fgthy canon, and upright paste
rns. 'Ibis is the kind of hock that is most sub
ject to strain, while galloping, or trotting fast
on hard pavements.
Constitutional predisposition, exists in breed,
and is inherited from sire or dam. A snnvo. J
. r-" 'ov-vi
! ,c l,lUMU"s tneclisease;efy of which
I bably appreciate the value of con-eez information
regarding the nature and cause of disease. For
iu the first place, it aims a death blow at igno
rance, quackery, and cruelty; practised very
fluently under guise of Science ; ' between
which, however, there exists less' affinity than
between oil and water.
In the -next place, it enables hinj to adopt
prerentivevhy whicli; thchances of dreaseare
lessened. " " '- '" '-".. -- e ' "
It teaches him that physical defects are as
certainly transmitted' : as r-nnrl r;f. ' a -1
though bad qualities are not always directly
transmitted, yet the day of reckoning' appears
in a future generation,' just so surely as like be
gels like. '
Tn a future communication, I shall discuss
other ossific diseases peculiar to horses.
ne. lamawarexlut there .,';.. A .? evidce J" that have never been
men in this, HS wdi as nt. 4: ; 6i 0- But m the majority of cases. snavi.,a
Pirirs, whose whole practice is a scries of bC lT in tl.e fnn of a weak
ders linked with ba.baritv: and w t. I a "y structure, which is pr ne to throw heraldinrg to the w..rM t..i.. Ill , , m OSStOU ij) sion. Such animals are
cures of spavin, and other incurable diseases ' ! 'T 0VerSr" from the fact that their
on1 ;.. . cai,-:' ' frames har
01 cousemiene ' " "-ti.ivnu 11 eir Rrronnrtt.
at er to convince evvrr ma,. ,.t .1. ,
. , . j ....... xsi me nicurauii-
ity ot a certain disease whfi o ..... 1
. wueu so iniicn evidence
is offe. ed to the con rarv
. . . .
out the only evid. nee worth receiving, is that
qu-ntly, they are unable to bear heavy burthens,
without strain or injury to the joints. The
bones of horses predisposed to ossific 'fusion, in
the form of tpdvin, splint and ringbone, are re
lished by the scientifij .praciti.,, "' " '""rkabFJight, poius and brittle ; and on in-
vtteiinary art, who have, by a Ion- course rf f satq-e w wonder how they have
study and practice, made thems.-l L InF1 lh Ciirc-S
tl.e reader has probably noticed in cattle
large bony tumors under the jaw, called oslee
sarcoma, which finally ends in caries, (death of
the bone.) others, located on the hock and on
vanous partsof the shaft bones: the,..
ing without any apparent cause, illustrates what
Is there any distinction betweeu thorough
bredand full blood ?-and if any, what ? is the
subject of an article in a late number of the
Farmer, and breeders are invited to give their
I do not consider the terms, thorough K,
I and full blood, as meaning the same thing, but
j when applied to short, horns, to indicate very
j dttierent classes of that stock.
By thorough bred I understand that class of
improved short hor. s, whose pedigree can be
traced in the English herd book to the days of
i the Collings anJ their compeers.
By full blood, a class bred in this country
from imported stock,, but which came without
; pedigree. -
A cross between these t.wn ; o.ii r
the pedigree should be traced through both sire
and dam, to be thorough-bred.
Mr. Hawkins thinks the distinction should
be abolished. I have no idea that it will be done
yery soon, the breeders of that stock have too
deep an interest in the matter. Those who
have thorough-bred stock will not'agree to place
it onan equality with the full blood, and the own
ers of full blood stock cannot be expected to
sink to the level of common stock, and as it be
comes a question of depreciation on one side or
the .other to settle the matter, I have no expec
tation of seeing it bhoitly. Ohio Farmer.
. . ' -"v cuc-ui.-ies iamiiuir
with anatomy, physiology, and the pathological
changes that occur in the hock-which kibe
seat ot spavin-during the progress and termi
DHUon of th. morbid phenomena. Such is the
kind of evidence I shall attempt to offer.
Let the iader fi
a sort of irregular, or incomplete spavin which i J.n,eh.,7.0MA thesis, or constitutional pre
exist without accompanying lameness. Jt .
h found just beneath the bones composing ,he !7 Me' th&t
hr...l- .1,. . 1 1 vi n ono-innte f,nm ....i::.. --.1
, .u me lorin ot a knotty tumor, technical, 4"cu,a2'w,I,i? aou exciting
us coujiiiiiy, or oinerwrse.
called exostoses; iu common 'lan.u
in such case -he mechanism of the joint is not
", nenciN absence of lameness. But the
jmn d may, from over wo,k. or sprain, become
lame in a joint remote f om this ; the owner or
attendant not possessing the requisif skill to
d:scover the pnei.-e sear, finds a tumor at the-
point indicated, and immediatek-
the horse spavined, and this serves as an excuse
ior adding to the poor brute's suffering ....
- .uo
ture .of fire, or blister; during the rest which
necessarily follows the ai.n!ictir,n . 1
- r va vuo ur me
-"er, lUe original lamenes disapo ears, and this
.-. .o,ea our illustration ot one of the Imast.?
cures of spavin, which in reality i,ever existed.
Let 11s now consider the nature of the spavin.
And in order to comprehend it, thereader should
know, that the joints of the hock are composed
of several bones, two of which form the joint
proper, the remainder, eight in number, are ,.
cerned in the articulation 'and composition of
Kitame. Between ech bone s inu.i.., -
cartilaginous cushion for the purpose nf narA-
ing off cuncu-slon, and thus preventing injury
ine oones ; wnicn would o herwise occur.
lliese bones have all their proper cansnlr
branes, whuh separate one fiom th r.ther
making them distinctive points. A synovial
membrane pervading ihe whole, furnishes ,.
via "-joint oil") which suctessfuily o-uarda
against friction.
Spavin eenerally oriainates in influma,i e
I. t
"io penosterai tissues, (membranes all
bones their txteinal covering) or else, in the
hgameiitary, or cartilaginous structure, contig
uous, or within the ioints. A hio-h oraA rA C:
fl . ' , o-B v...
nammatory action, pervading for gome time,
causes absorption of the cartilages between the
small bones, they become consolidated and im
movable. This cartilage being changed into
bone, cannot possibly be restored, and is there
fore incurable. "
Spavin, having in this manner, an internal
origin, is not perceptible; consequently, some
persons are unwilling to admit its existence un
til they can both see arid feel it If it shall
commence externally, fon the inside of the hoet V
, , - i -
u the form of encrustation, termed exostoei
Anion.? other noval.ies announced in New
York is a conee.t by the Newsboys ai the Tab
eraacle,on Wednesday evening.
The preparation of Indigo in fWi
ca is a process of much " scientific ingenuity."
The plant is cut close to the root, heaped up in
large walled reservoirs, and the whole U put
under water. The hot sun aetm- .t,-
face soon turns the water satnra, .i.
juice green, when it is drawn off into other ves-
eis, wnere py constant slirring and whipping
it is brought into contact with the atmosphere,
andhus gradually acquires iu beautiful deep
blue. In other countries the Mrr5n
Uiually tectd by an 01 nM or by water pow-
Symptoms of Spavin: These vary accord
ing to the nature and intensity.of the attack;
yet there are some, always, present, so that a
man of ordinery observation can readily discov
er the seat of lameness.
The First, is : Heat and tenderness on the
inside of the hock.
Secondly .-Inability to flex the hock with
P . - .
pertect ireedom, the act being accompanied with
a sort of " catching up," or springhalt motion :
spring-halt is a remarkabe feature of spavin, and
it has been noticed by several writers, Shaks-
. m - - .
feabe, ior example, thus refers to it ;-r-
" One would take it.
That never saw them pace before, the tpdvin,
And tpring halt reigned among 'em.
Thirdly : The animal starts stiff and lama
"planting" his toe on the crround. rather than
the heels ; he improves, however, after a short
Fourthly: The above symptom connected
wun a tumor on tne inside of a hock, in the re
gion of th small tarsel bone orr)ude all
doubt Yet the tumor as I have just observed
is not necessary to make out a case of what is
technically called inter-articular spavin.
Treatmeat of Spavin: No man can possi
bly succeed in curmo spavin. We mav palliate
j r
relieve lameness and hasten anchylosis fstiff
..... -
joint) and render the subject useful for certain
purposes, Dut tnere will always exist a certain
amount ot stinuess about the ioint which is con-
sidered unsoundness, and a hard trot will often
induce temporary lameness.
In the treatment of spavin, we borrow an il
lufttration from Nature the best and wisret nf
doctors she strengthens a weak joint, by mak
ing it solid and unyielding, and this must be
our object in its treatment
Medical men always have this object in view
viz : to produce anchylosis, to hasten ossific ef
fusion, and render the sensible tissues insensible
In the early, or inflamatorT staire. ret and
cooling lotions are indicated. In the latter
stage, counter-irritants ; uch as preparations of .
cartbarides, fcc, are generally irtedto. .
: 'tyfTrTbe read
toreated in the welfare of 44 Watock," will pro-
As I am a new hand in breeding stock, I am
interrogated often what constitutes thorough-
bred stock. I know that thorough bred '
through and through, ' As to the number
crossings that constitute it, I am not positive
some say seven crosses make it Now, as you
are residing in a country where, il, v,J
j -" v.cmcn
should be well posted, I wish you would give
me information on the subject, being an old
hand at breeding stock.1 H. T. Wollaho.
Castine, Daike Co., O., Sept 26. 1854.
We should define animals as thorough bred
which breed true that is, invariably produced
offspring possessng the same distinguishing
characteristics as themselves. This is thease
with the race horse, which is claimed to be of
pure, desert Arabian blood, on sire and dam's
side, imported into England, and bred there,
the history of which may be found in the -English
Stud Book. -t ' ss:
There are certain breeds of cattle which ap
pear to be thorough-bred, like the Devon, the
black Galloway,' the cattle of ChiH.n(rworth
arK and oilier races, in Europe, Asia. -&
We presume our correspondent more partic
ularly refers to Short Horn or Durham cattle,',
which are not what we: should call thorough'1
bred, a few tribes, perhaps excepted. Tha
- A TT J
vie not like to name now, because many bree-
ders would feel as if the exception 4
sous; and suchs the want of proper knowledge,
both in England and America unn ti,a
ject, we doubt whether pur doing so would re-
suit m anything better than stirring up a hor
net's nest about our ears.
When the ft net mMliniH vara .... TT J '
w " v utucu amoiic '
the breeders of fchort Horns in England t,iZ
O -"I wa VUV
purpose of getting up a Herd Book, it was pro.
posed and agreed to by the most distinguished
breeders, that such cattle onlv hnnM r J. -
this Herd Book; as were known to h. U
possessed Short Horn characteristic- in .n
nent degree; and that their progeny alone should
be considered thoroughbred. Bat this r. '
terwards overruled by other parties whn iwv.
sessed inferior blood ; and the result was, that
all sorts of grade Short Horns CAVA rmrmtiAyl
to be m-erted iu every volume of the Herrf .
so that it is of little value as a tmid- tv'-.
o V lUUSfl
who know what these choice tribes were, and
now they have since been bred. An nJm.i'
have a pedigrea page lonir inlh fLJ ul.
so that it is of.little value as a guide, to those
who know what these choin. tK, j
how they have since . been bred. An animal
may have a pedigree a natro U : i,- tt-.j .
15ook,and stilL Owinor tn srvma Af(l,-..:-. :
. O W UV USI SA9 All
it being bad blood, it may not be near so good
as one with scarce any Herd Book pedigree at
all. This, long experienced breeders know to't
their cost to be a serioas fact -.-(: ,,-t.
Seven crosses are not thorough-bred, nor rnany:
tiroes seven ; though the first may s pass for tol-v
erably well bred in certain kiods of amnioi. ,
Tliis roaysonndke over refinement to some i
vm lei us respecuauy asir, if they should cross'
aDevon bull on a black, hornless cow, and this i '
progeny again with a f pnre Devon, and a
how many generations think yoowould it take
tqwipeoot'th stain of the black-Wiv,T-i
him answer who a K
' I

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