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0 / 75
New York Feb. 4, 1855.
A Hidden (haw Flight vp the Biter Hudson More
SnowA day" SUitghingIU delights A Fancy Sketch
Xlhany Scene on the Ice A Lecture on the Ludicrous
ffenry Ward Beechet''t ftyle Excursion to Panama
WtddinQ "f the Ocean The Tribune' lluKsiawSym
pathieA Pamphlet b;pa Ruisian Agent in New York
Comicalities of the War " Getting V Along " a nw
look Cousin Cicely' ' " Up and Down" Martin end
Johnsoiit ShtikspearcA new authoress and her first bjok.
Mr Dear Post: The sleighing carnival ot
which I wrote you in my last, as of very brief
duration. It went off on Friday in! a perfectde-
luge of dash! It is impossible to give you
an idei of the state of the thoroughfares on Fri
day evening. I hal a 44 realizing sense? of l a
I wadtd about five o'clock across the city to the
depot of the Hudson River Railroad, where I
Mok the 44 express " train up the river. Four
' hour's sufficed to bring me to Hudson (120
' mile-) where I found mse!f agaiq in the midst
of a deep snow, which had fallen during the day
in lieu of the rain which descended iu the Me
tropolis. The next day I enjoyed sleighing to the top
of my bent. Soon after breakfast I sprang into
a light cutter, and having agisted the heavy
fur robes around my fair omp mion and myself.
I give the reins to my horse, and away we flew
over the already smooth and well packed snow
of the ma'mstreet of Hudson. Merrily rung the
belU with which my steed was girdled about
and merrily also rung mulitudes of s'milar bells
upon scores of horses which were dashing-up
and down the street. All that day, wiih a r. a
sonahle ieess at dinner- time, I was on the road,
now dashing through one of the neighboring
villages, and anon mounting at a scarcely di
riiinished pace a long hill from the summit ot
which I was to look out upon hills and plains
and vale and river all wrapped in the snowy robe
of Winter, as in a winding sheet. T:.eie is
something indiscrib ihly exhileratmg in a sleigh
r;je tlie gentle gliding of the light vehicle
the musical .nono ony of the silver-toned bells
the sparkle and glitter of the snowy track
the contrast of the glowing wannth within the
huge buffalo wrappers and the sharp twinges 'of
the keen air without ther-e find a score of name
Jess features besides lend -an irresistible charm
to this species of locomotion. I airi writing now
of a sober sleigh riae and not of those in. ox -calm
adventures which one may "have in the
hey-day of youth when he sits in ihe fo ds f
the warm-furs by the side of a lovely maiden,
and gets so far into dream-lanl by gazing into
the briglit eyes of the charmer ns to forget
the realities around him and is only recalled to
a sense of the earthly by a sudden plunge into
a snow bath, and the terrified scream of the
maiden as shea so, sink int ) the soft but chi.l
arms of the Winter Spirit. But I forbear to
touch the chords of memory any more" lest I
find myself yghing in sympathy;; with these
" OH would I were a boy again
I was in ! Albany on Tuesday and saw
the quaint old town in its winter dress. The
river is fast locked in the arms of the frost-king
not oniy at Albany but even Won to the High
lands: I crossed the river on the ice in passing
to and from the railroad, station to the citv. In
the evening the river presented a most amma ed
scene. Upwards of a hundred men and boys
were skating upon the shining ice. Light sleighs
were passing across the stream and numerous
pedestrians were carefully pecking their way
along the smooth but treacherous path ever
and anon their would be' a slip and a fall then
a burst of. merry laughter. Then a trunk would
go flying over the ice as an unlucky porter
lost his fo 'ting or a carpet-boy and its owner
would unceremoniously part company from the
sa i e cause. It was nearly sunset and the pari
ing rays. fell upon the ice flushing it with a
rosy wannth in striking contrast to its own
cold grey tints.
That night I attended another of the winter
lectures before the Hudson Lyceum. As before
the vast hall (and the hall would be vast any
where out of our Metropolis) was crowded. The
lecture discussed the Phi'o-ophy of the Ludic
rous, and was delivered by Pi ofe-sor Upson of
Union; College. I was a genial and pleading
performance-telling more by its scholar like style
and felicitous illustration, thauby the oratory of
the speaker. I was told that the previous lec
ture yf the course on Pati ioti-m by Henry
Ward lieecher, was must enthusiastically re
ceivedbut that its principle points weie its
' impudent and audacious hits at the generady
received opinions of the public. Mr. Beeeher's
popularity as a lecturer (even his sermons are
only lectures,) arises from the daring manner in
which he announces his own ultra opinions, or
pulls to pieces the opinions of others !
On Monday next a considerable party of gen
tlemen connected with the press and profes
sion-i, will embark on board the steamer George
Law for Panama. They go as " the invited
guests of the Isthmus Railroad Company, to be
present at the opening of the Railway. It will
be an occasion of great interest the marriage
of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans- with bonds
of iron for a wedding ring !
The Tribune newspaper has aroused some in
dignation by its scarcely disguised advocacy of
the Russian policy and interest in the great war
which now shakes Europe to its centre. It
claims in defence to have only uttered opin
ions coincidently with the London; Times uj
on the wretched and disgraceful management ot
the British Government in its operations in the
Crimea. ' There is no doubt I think, that fatal
mistakes have been committed in that quarter
but this does not justify an American news
paper in taking up tlie cause of a despot of the
worst class like Nicholas of Russia. Yester
day there appeared from the press of D. Ap
jleton'& Co. a pamphlet entitled " A Year of
the War" from the pen of the CocstA.de
Gurowski a Russian nobleman residing at
present in this city and shrewdly supposed to
be an agent in the employ of the Autocrat. I
need not say that his brochure throws the odium
of the war upon the allied powers and exhibits
Russia as a great and magnanimous Empire
. f-seeking ; to promote a great: civilization in
Eastern Europe. Of- all which I can only .
claim -u Credat J udoeus ApeUaP
' Among tin comicalities of thJ, terrible w
for even war and death have their ludicrous
associations is a caricature in the last number
of Punch in illustration of 'l tlie four points.'1''
so famous in the history of the Europeau nego
ciation. Russia is represented in the person of tli- !
Czar surround d by England, France, Turkey !
and Austria each personified by a soldier and li s down in a coTier and growl . When
thursting a bayonet i.ito the Autocrat ! The are gone, the ape's ten years form the conclusion
inscription below' the picture is f The. man, weak and silly, becomes the sport of
"The four Points (and plestt moke to ; children. Translated from the German.
Here is another good thing from the same. in
veterate j 'ker, who however (unlike the ma
jority of j..kTs) always contrives to have jxtints
to his jokes.
"The Czak's Compass.
The Emperor of Russia has accepted the Fou-
Points, has he !.-. We are afra d, indeed, that lie ,
is prepared to accept nothing else. EastWtst, j
North and South, we appreh. nd to be the only
points which Nicholas thinks of accepting. j
Doi-sii't he wish he may get them!"
Derby, one of the most entei prising of all our
publishers, has jut i-sued : n interesting wor
in' two v. -lumps' entitled 4 Getting Along " . 1' i
a series i f illustrations from life which abound
in felicitous desciiption. pure sentiment and at
tractive incident. It is published anonymous
ly,' but there is sufficient internal evidence that
it is from a fcki.ful and practised pen, and we
are inclined to think that the accomplished au
thoress (we are very sure it is from a feinal -hand)
wdl not long be ab'e to maintain her in
conilo. Tit rough the same publisher I hae
received a copy of a ban Is -m- olume entitled
" Ups and Downs" by Cousin Cic ly. 'The
writer I as acquired cotis'derab'e repuiaiion by
htfr pieiiuiis writing-, and I am jnclitnd t
thin- that this volume will make her more of a j
favorite than ever. lite lave lei-iire th tt I ;
. , . . . . A - : . !
Iiiive bt-en en ibhvl to devote to its pajres luis :
sutlicel to give me a pleasant impression of tin
authoi's good sens ; and true feeling in the treat- ,'
. -metit of linr subjects. ;
Mes-rs. Martin it-Johnson of lli'-s city are-is- '
su'ng 1 he pan 3 of the'r magnifi ent pictoiial '
edition of Slmkespere with regularity and dis-
patch. The !age steel plates which embeil sh ;
this work are truly linespeeiin -n-iof art. They
colli :-iin, for the most part, portraits of the g e.a !
actors of the day, in their ftnor.te characi-rs. '
I have abeadv spoken of the ex -ceding b -autv j
and cheapness of this ed ton of the immortal ;
dramatist. The pric-' of each part is- only ;
twent v-flve cents. While the paper and tvpog- j
raphy are of the fl iest po ii,le kind. , I
Mes-rs. Lipp ncoit, (Jramho A; Co., the great j
Phila 1. Iphia pu -1-shers, (indeed I might s iy ;
the rieat American puh.iahers. for I know n i
the h'use which -eqna's the'r's in the vast ex
tent fits enterprise !) have just ad !ed to tV it
list a new book ties im d to make a new sensa
tion. It is a novel by a S uthern lady on
an 1 beautiful I am tohl and g rted cert iiuT
as I can judge fiom her b ok. She cails hr
self '-Annie Cham ers Bradford " hut this :
may be a nam de plume. Her book is entided
" Xlly Bracken" and it reads m-.st fa-ci naming
ly. The author has expended too much fane
upon wr -plot a fault w hich she wdl probaUv
h ai.n to avoid in her future b oks. Her de
scription of Soiidiern and W. stern life and
character are graphic and natural. She has a
g -n al and beau.iful style, and altog.j h r bi is
far to eclip-e two thirds of the fenmta writers
who Constitute the stars of our liteiary hemi
s here. C SM0S.
Thk Lift; Time ok Man --When the woild j tern 'Hemisphere are thus d.vid d in the Unit
was created, ami all cieaied.- and all creatures, j ed States 21,410 mil ; in the Br tih provin
assernblcd to have their ii'e-ime appo med the ces 1 327 in. les ; in the idand of Cuba 350
a-s first advanced and asked how lung lie Would miles ; in Panama 50 miles ; and SOiith Ameii
like to live. ! ca GO miles. The longest railway in the woild
"Tnirty year-," replied Nature, "will that be : i the Illinois Central, which with its branches
agreeable to thee :'" j is 631 miles in leiigih, and was constructed at a
" Alas 1'' answered the ass, it is a l ng while, cost of 815 000,000.
Rem.mber what a wearisome existence will be ; Tilt. St;lte ot- M issacluisetts has more miles of
in ne ; from morning until night I shad have to ! railways propo tion to the extent of territory
bear heavy bunhens, dragging coi n sacks to the j t!,:iI, auy ollier Slate or c .untry in the g'o -e.
mi l that otlurs may eat Ureal, that, while I j t has one mile of railway to each seven square
shall h.ve no encouragement, nor be refreshed j mj'los f its geographical surface ; and E-eX
hv anything but blows and kicks. Give but a cou,,tv, with a geographical surface of 400
port. on of that I pray I"' squat e miles, has 169 mih s of railway facility.
Naiure was moved with compassion, and pre- j which is a ratio of one mile of railway to each
sented but eighteen years. The ass weiit awav t-ee s,j,,are d!es of its geographical surface,
comforted, and the dog came forward. I j i'he stHte 0f q ,io occupies the van of the
" How long dost thou require to live :" ked ; States so far as 1 elates 10 the aggregate length
Nature. ''Tnirty ears were to many lor the j 0f iai!way tracks. It has now in operation
ass, but wih thou be con ented with them ?" 2927 miles of railway. Illinois comes next
"Is if thy will that I should T replied the I with 2,G67 ; New York has 2,625; Pennsyiva
dog. "Think ho tnuchlshall have to .un a-4 nia his 1932; Lid ana 1,453; Massachusetts
bout; my feet wi.l not last for so long a tune, ; 1,293 ; and Georgia cmes next with 930; Vir-
and when I shall have lost ray voice for barking,
and my teeth for biting, what else shall 1 be hi I
for butj to lie in the toruer and growl f
Nature thought he was light and gave 12
The ape then appeared.
" Thou wi t doubdess willingly live the thirty
years, ' said Nature ; "thou wih not have to
l..b r as the ass and the dog. Life will be pleas
ant to thee."
" Ah, no," cried Tie, " so it may seem to oth
ers, but it will not4e ! Should -puddings ev. rj
rain down, I shad excite laugh er by my giim- j
aces, and then be rewarded with a sour apple, i
How o ten sorrow lies conceal, d behind a jest ! !
I shall not be able to endure for thirty y. ars."
Nature was gracious anil he received but len.
A' last came man, healthy aud strong, and
asked the measures of his.
" Will thirty content thee ?"
" IIuw tdiort a time!" exclaimed man;
" when I shall have built my hou-e, and kindled
a fire on my ow n hearth when the trees I shall
have plauted are about U blom and bear truit
when l.fe shall seem to me most desirable I
shall die. O, Natuie, grant me. a longer peri
44 Thou shalt have then the eighteen years of
this ass besides."
44 That is not enough," replied man.
44 Take likewise the lw elve years of the dog."
44 It is not yet sufficient," reiterated man ;
give me more."
44 1 give the ten years of the pe ; in vain will
I thou claim more." "
" Man departed unsatisfied.
Thus man lived seventy years. The first
. , Li Luaiaa and ?
H 1 S 4MJT H
He is then healthy and happy. He labors
cheerfully and rejoices in his existence. The
eighteen of the ass come next; burden upon
burden is heape 1 npou him ; he carries the corn
that is to feed others: bows and kicks are
the rewards of his faithfd service. The twelve
of the dog follow,--and then he lose hi-teeth,
A Thanksgiving Turkey. A contriver of
ways an i means residing Down East some years
ago, being iu want of a Tuikev wherewith to
j be thankful according to law, on the last Tniirs-
day in November set his wits to work to pio
! cure one without ldor. love or monev. Tur
kevs as everybody knowsare fond of apples and
a) tn;s foV tit,n cou, h, and our hero, going
j , ,ie stiiress 0f tie n;gilt singled out a fine
fat gouhler from a tree full, belong'ng.to one of
jlis neighbors. W,.ile r. c ni.oiteriug the roQ-t.
he heard the feathered bipeds say distinctly
quit! quit! quit But cons.d- iing the-e as
wo-ds of course, he did not regard them a featb
er, but taking a bit of red yarn fromis ptcket
he made it fast to the leg f his intended prize,
and retired without further alarming the brood,
"or at all disturbing the owner,
The next dav he went to his neighbors house
with the following interngatory ''Yon hav'nt
seen no strav gobbler here, have ye?" The
neighlor answered that he had not, but there
might possibly be one among his tukeys and
asked him if lie should know the turkey on see
' O, yes, yes," said the witty man of inden
tions, " I should know h;m very well by, bit
of r-d yarn he had around his riht leg." Ac-
4 . , . ,
srmh'(Hl, aii'l tlie mun deilv rpffrtnucr ins los.
, dollar for the bird beg in to ex tmine the whole
1 " G- .bbl". Gobble, Go! bh" said the indignant
M 1 .1 I 1 1
L.ik'-v, taller than the rest tv a Head.
"Ah! that's he," said the man springing up
a he spoke, "that's the very identical turkey ;
'lon't ou see he'.- got the matk on ?"
' We'd he has sure enough," said the hone
neighbor, tak;ng two quids of pig tail, iu two
minutes, " and vet
Til he darne l and toasted
a'ive. it' that don't look
as much like a goMer
of mine, as two white b ans, llowsomever, a
1 he Fitter belonging to you, why take him
pe sa;,i no more, but caught the gobbler and
Im,,Je.I him over as he supposed to his liulr-
!ul owner. The o'her thanked him f-r his
tumble, an 1 at'er inviting him to come ami
lake a tha ikgivir.g supper with him, telling
him he should be as welcome to a bit ot the.
gobbler as tin -ugh i were his own, lie marched
oti" tr umphautlv, wiih his prize under his arm .
and a laudi in his sleeve.
Ru w-ys of the Worlu. The number of
miles of railway in operation upon the surface
of the g'ob.acc iding ' t a statement in the
Ruilwfig Times, is computed at 40.070, of
which the United Sti es cfiim 21 310, or 2550
miles more than all the rert of the world put
together. Th railways in ihj Eastern hemis
phere are dnibuled- as follows : In Great Bri
tain 7.77-1- m 1 s : in. Germany 5,340 miles; in
France. 2.500 miles; in IJ.-lgium 873 miles; in
Russia 422 m les ; in Sweden 75 miles ; in Nor
way 42 miles; iu Italy 170 miles; in Spain 60
miler-; in Africa 25 m les ; in India 100 mile? ;
total 16,054 miles. The raiKvaxs in the W. s-
gmia has 836 ; South Carolira 700 ; C nnecti
cut 638; M.cbigan 601 ; Tennessee 517; New
Hunps .ire and Marx land 512 each ; Maine 477;
New Jersey 437 ; Vermont 419; North Caro
lina 383; Wi-con-in 283; Mississippi 239;
Kentucky 228; Alabama 221; Louisiana 169 ;
Iowa 115; Floiida 54; Rhode Island and Mi
souri 50 each, and I'elaware 16. Boiton Jour.
The Japanese Presents. We understand
that sundry packages of the presents sent to the
President by the Emperor of Japan, in return
for those forwarded fn-tn hence by. the ban Is of
Commodore P rry. have reached Washington,
wiih theni being sundry packages of preseu s
j f,r officers f she expedition, which, under the
law, inu-t be deposit d, at least temporarily, in
the State D.-paitment. That is. until dngiess
may giee them leave t accept them.
The contents f the packages are said to be
silks, w riting tablets, delicate and fragi;e orna
ments, vases, b iwlsof glass and other materials,
umbrellas, m its, be Is, jars, cabinets, flomer box,
lances, Japan m itting, stone from Japan, stone
j from L o Choo. agricultural implement, Japan
shine (marked from Siuda) hermetically sea ed,
s nnples of sugar cane, seven dogs, two birds,
seed wheat from the Cape of Good Hope, fa
We hear that the dogs are of a breed which
none but the aristocmey of this Empire keep, as
they aie very co-tly. In the time of Charles H.
a similar imperial present of dogs was sent to
Rome by the Emoeror of Japan, f.ora which
the celebrated European" breed of King Charles
Spaniels sprang. Those sent to the President
bv Commodore Perry, are much like the.Jiinr
Charles breed of the present day, though con
siderably larger Washington Star,
3 EI WEE
THE NEW DOGMA.
It is slate! in" the LonJon Christian Times, that
the late immaculate Conception decree of the Pope
is not receive! with enthusiasm by the Reman
Caih'.lics of Germany, 44many of whom are thoi- j
oughly ashamed of the transaction -a ne xv iuau
is n ofihe German States," says that journal, "sur
round, d by evangelical light, is more enlightened j
than ibat of other European countries, and more
alive Uttie result sought by the promoters of the j
Pomificial decree. The promulgation of this fabe
andal.ur-ed dogma, at a time when so " important,
events agitate ihe wor d scarcely conceals the in
sidious des;gn of effecting a revolution in Toper y
itself: The Pope, surrounded by bishops of his
own selec ion. pronounces a t eriaia doctrine t be
that of the Church, in "rtue of his own personal in
fallibility! Surh'a proceeding is unknown in the.
previous hisiory of the pretended successors of St.
Peter, and is ohvioa-Iy intended to establish a pre
cedent for investing them with an authority perfect
ly absolute, which no councils or ecclesiastical bod
ies may question or control.
The si 11 pi I blasphemy s?t frrth for Christian
doctrine by the Pope, to be believe! on peril of
lamnation. is not in itself considered of the slteh e-t
consequence 10 the Frotesta nt wo Id. So far from
winning conveits, it will awaken unutterable dis
gust, and l rive away many who might otherwise
be conciliated by the fatal snares of the Papcy.
It has its importance to ihe world in the fact that
it is thejtriumph of Popisn absolutism, the conclu
sive 8etijrmMir oj'supr. macy and infallibility, of
the Pope Tn"hi CVaTmrtTrtrfea'and1 unrest raio-.
ed by councils or intiquiiyr' His utterance are
doctrines, his wills law. Bishops, priests, and
laity aie his vas-ak In Asia, Euroe, Ameri
ca, they are to receive his dogmas; wi-hout
question, and 10 serve him as the Vi. eeien- of
Chiisl. Ttii-is the central idea, and ihe essential
mischief of ihe iiaiisaction. 'I his it is wnioh is
ilotined to mike Popery ft among 11s still more
dangerous eh m -nt. For "yea is all things in the
llomish Church have been tend ng to tins result
In ihe days of Bishop Dubois, tof this civ. the
Ca hohc co-'.gregalion of St. Louis, in Buffalo,
w ere permute I to vest their church property in the
han's of trustee, and even when Bishop Hugbe.
began to pul on ai-s, aud to claim the property foi
himself, they c'i d fin I le ress by appealing to te
Popes Nuiuio at I'aris. Events, h .wevcr. move
on. B-shop Timon is at the hea.l of the new sre
of Buffalo, and renews tl e claim to ihe proper t
Ihe tmtees rist. The Pope sends over a Nun-
ri in tlie n. rsiin of the i'liamoiis Betlini, .h- s is-
lain the bishop. The trustees stand by the laws of
the Sta c. a d are ixc .mmnniciied. E ctesiastieal
absolutism tvha. The same ahsohni -m it is that
se s Scripture; and even tratldion, as well as com
mon sen-e ai H -.nance, in this, ate decree at Rome.
All things emanate from the cential will. Tlie
case of ihe St. Louis church; i!lu-t:a ev how the.
mischievous princip-e is to ieah and aliect us. It
is to work though b .-h p- and j-ii -sis, a d through
a submissive laiiy in'o conthct with our laws and
ius'.itutions. T.ie wires t niche I at Koine vibra e
ihroinrhout the vast org.migation, and society every
wheie is to flvl th eluu k Aiclnishop Hug;i-,'
d. sire to be incoriuptel i li perpetuut succession
uniting ipso facto CfiurCli un I State, w.is an off
shoot ot the same cential mischief. The oveiflo
inir arrogance of the Shepenl of tlie Va' cy and of
the Fieeman's Join n il was but the incautious ex
pression of the very ulo amonlaini-m. It is well
that the plot is uiulei stood. Divine Providence
and a free people may be trusttd to cover its de
signets with confusion." N. Y. Uecorder.
THE THREE THAT NEVER FADIS-
4,Mary," said George, 4next .summer 1 will
not have a gard-n. Our pretty tree is dying,
and I won t love another tree as lon as 1 live.
1 will hare a bird next summer, and that will
stay all winter.
'"George, don't you remember my beautiful
canary r It died in the. mid il of the summer,
and we. plant, d bright flowers in the! giouud
where we buried it. My bird did not live as
lorni as the tree."
'"Well, I don't se as we can love any thins:
Dear lit h' brother di d before the bird, and I
loved ill in better thau any bird, or tree, or flow
er. O, 1 wish we couid have something to
love that wouldn't die !" j
The d iy passed. During the school-hours,
George and Mary had almost fotgotten that
their tree was dying; but at evening, as they
drew their chairs to the tabbi where their
mother was sitting, and b -gan to arrange the
seeds they had been gathering, the remem
brance of theitree came upon them.
Mother,1' said Miry, 4'You may give these
seeds to cousiu John ; I uvjr want another
44 Yes," add d .George pushing the pipers
in which he had carefully folded them, towards
' his moth'-r, "you may give them all away If
1 could find so no seeds of a tree that would
never fade, I should like to have a garden. I
wonder mother, If there ever was such a gar
den ?" j
"Yes, George, I have read of a garden where
the trees never die." - j
44 A re-l garden, mother ?"
"Yes, my son. In the middle of the garden
I have been told, there runs a pure river of
water, el ar as crystal, and on each side of the
river is the trtt "f life a tiee that nv;ver fades,
Thnt garden is heaven. There jou may love,
and love for ever. There will b? no death
no fading there. Let your treasure be in the
tree of life, and you will have somethiug to
which your hearts can cling without fear, and
without disappointment. ' Love thef Saviour
here, and he wiH prepare you to dwel
green pastures, and beside those still
The Sad Result of Ignorance. The De
troit Advertiser i elates an iiistonce of jan ox be
ing killed ami a sled broken to pieces bv a rai -road
car, and ad because the ox could not un
derstand French. The facts of the case were
these. The team, consisting of one English and
one French ox. drawing a heavy load of wood
and driven by a French driver, was crossing
the track when the express train of cars made
its appearance. The driver, in great excitement,
immediately ordered his oxen to chuck (the
. . ,' .v v
frencli tor'naw. ) J. lie trench ox understood
him, and turning off the track, savJd himself
from injury ; tut the English ox, having never
stud ed the languages, pressed further on, and
was instantly kijed. This case should be a
warning to farmers to have their oxen proper.y
Mrs. Partington Gone Soith. Tlie Char,
leston C.) Standard, has thefodoiDg extra
ordinary announcement :.
"Pneumonies. Mrs. Parker, a most success
ful teacher of Pneumouies, is now in our citv,
and intends forming classes in the course of the
week, to teach, in a scieutitic manner, the 44 Art
In our time, the 44 Art of assisting memorv "
used to be called "Mnemonic but the fore-
J going may be the "Palmetto" version.'
Idols Mads to Order. The following i
... ! !
said to be a literal translation of a Chinese ad
vertisement : 44 1 will execute to order idols
from two feet high to the size of a marmoset
monkey, or the biggest and most hideous m n
ster that can inspire ihe human mind with awe
and reverence for religion. f the idol is the
,ize of an ouran outang. the price will le $700 ;
one of a sphinx size will be turned out for $400 ;
one of the size of a bull dog with horns and
hump $650 ; a buffalo size ,$800 ; a dog size
$200, and the size of an ass iu the attitude of
REACHING TO CHILDREN.
The following; remarks on this topic arc from
a letter of the late Rev. Dr. Alexander, ad
dressed to another minister:
Our common preaching does the children
no manner of good. But pass this : sermons
suited to children am be preached. 1 have
tried it over and over, and 1 never had an au
dience more attentive, or who better understood
my meauing 1 often go now and d diver ad
desses to them at Sunday school anniversaries;
and to keep up and euliven attention, I com
monly stop and ask them questions,- which I
expect them to answer. They seldom refuse
to speak, and their answers aive opportunity
for further explanation. 1 delight in such dis
courses, and if 1 had health and leisure would
have one every week Perhaps I shall, as it
is. But I am constrained to remark that the
talent of preaching to children is of all other
preaching tal-nts the most rare.
A brother who has b -tter preaching tatlents
than mys If and more piety, when he speaks
tq chJdren '-reads jdietHyi . disveoarsefroinapaper,
80 compos' d as to be - dt " for the press ; ; but
while it is in the course of delivery, almost every
one is vacant or wandering.
I J. K. has a great love for children, and
has devoted himself to the Sunday school cause,
and thinks he has the tal'nt of addressing them.
I went to hear him once, aud of all the aff'C
ted, vulgar, quaint, ill-adapted discourses, this
exceed- d The more sensible children laughed
in his facs.
L M., once a student here, often undertook
to address children His method wis to en
terrain them with 'figurative and rxygirat-d
stoiii-s Soun rini 's he terrified the litrle urch.
ins almost into fits. One of my children was
present at Ids meeting, when a thunder-stoijn
of some vioh nee arose. To increase the terror
he hi w out the candles, and intimated thar per
haps the day of judgment had come.
Another dear old brother screams at the top
of au astounding voice, and they gaz in stunip
wondi r. Too much noise drives way thoughtr I
o man can hav any vai i ty of ideas, not !
couuected tiaiu, beneath the deufcuiug roar of
WILLIAM D. COOKE,
JAMES A. WADDELL, M. D. j
RALEIGH, FEB. 10, 1855.
Terms TWO D0LLAES PEB AJTCTCM, in Advance.
Three Copies i?5 full price,' $6,
Eiiiht Copies, U " 16,
Ten Copies, IS " 20,
Twenty Copies iQ " 40.
(Payment in all cases in advance. 1
JtJ Where a club of eight, ten or twenty suhscribersHS
sent, the nerson making up the club will beeutilled to a
53r Postmasters are authorized to act as Agents tor
the Southern Weekly Post.
Mr. H. P. Doi."rmT i our authorized asent for the
States ot Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee I
We find in tl.e Standard the f llowing :
extra t from the Washington Union, ;md as the !
editor .f the latter paper sterns to invite an an
swer from S uthern men, we venture upon a few
woids ot rej lv.
" Ixit our southern fellow-citizen of all parties
;ik themselves a tew home questions, mid let nil
fiiir-mi rled .ind honest, men in the Northern States
search t'o-ir own minds for ans vers to these inter
H is the C.-ilholic Church ever assailed the consti
tution of the United State- ?
Have the Catholic priests or laymen ever
le i or encouraged a war upon the institutions of
Have Cat'io'ic orinnizati-ns denounced our
wars with other nations even with Catholic
Have the Catholics mid" temperance a nnliii-
cftl questi-in. and song it, by nn ans of sumptuary ;
iaw, in regulate me.i s notions ot social or religi
ons d ii y ?
44 L ! -is he just and fe.ir not." The Catholic
Chnre'i is rn.t our church, nor is itihat of any who
are near and de tr to us. But no such offences as
those referred t can he laid at its door.
We have seen for some t ine a disposition in
certain qu irters to make the impression on
the -outhern p-oph- that the C acholic Chinch is
more fr euih to our section of the Union than
the Pneestant Churches. The qu stions con
tained in the f.regoing ex ra-t manifest an in
sidious and j'suiti al design to -effect the same
object. It they m.-an anything in the wo 1 1,
they mean this, that the decline of Protest an ti m
and the incense of Catholicism in the South
would enduce to the pr.-ser-a'ion of our in-titu
ti -ns. Li the name ot the Protestant Churches
of the South, we repel the iusu ting insinuation.
We d ny the inf. r. nee attempted to be estab
lished by these professors of Protestantism, so
tuif.iv! rahle, to the Prptestant cause. But to
the questions :
We rea i y respond in ihenegafive to each of
these questions, and would ask the Union to
Complete its com par son by naming openly the
Pro estant bodies which have b en guiltv of
ihe-e great wrongs to the Southern people.
The KomMi Chuich is too cunning to b ing her
self directly into collision wiih the American
people on any .f ih. se points. Does not the
Union know that she adapts her policy to her
geographi -al positionthat in Austria she sup
potts aboli.ion, in Fran, e rev. lut:on, in Ireland
edition, in Hayti S .ulouqne. and in Mexico
Santa Anna ? D es it not know that her prin
ciples are a change ble as the chameli n's
hue, and that what she announces as true un
der one Pope may be d noun. ed as false under
another ? D es it not know that the Bible nd
the Constitution are the two gnat 6a rriers in
this country to the progress of fanaticism, and
that whilst she has never sanctioned Unpoliti
cal doctrines of the latter, she claims the right
authoritativel, to interpret the former, and law
fully limits the study of its truths by tlie peo
ple? Does it not know that in making war
upon religious liberty all over the world, she is
pursuing a course directly calculated to destroy
political liberty also, and that he thus a:ms to
make the s'avery of the human mind a univer
sal "institution ?" The Union dare not, can
not fairly meet these questions. The Church of
Rome is tlie advocate of slavery not of Afri
can slavery here, but of human subjection and
submission everywhere, and. the evidence is pa-
tent to every American reader who enjoys the
A . .. L
Protestant privilege of investigating for him
elf. , , : .
We condemn Protestant fanatics as much as
any one for their nijustifiabl interference with
our peculiar institution, but in the name of all
fairness, "let us Itejust and fear not," in po:nt-'
ing out with equal fidelity the dangerous de
signs of foreign jesuits against the principles
that he at tlie foundation of our free institutions
The charge is not that the Church of Rome is
not favorable to slavery, but that she is, where
ver she appears undisguised, the enemy f po
litical and relig'ous liberty. The Greek Chuiyh
of the Czar, and the Mahonv tan Church of the
Sultan, support our 4 peculiar .institution " in
the same wav.
THE. TRUE AMERICAN SPIRIT.
If we are not very much mistaken in regard
to the tone of the fol owing extract from a late
ar;icle in the New Yoik "C tizen," a pion.inent
organ of the Foreign Party, it iudi. a'es a ma
I gnan' and dangerous spirit which may et in
vohe a portion of our confederacy in the hor
rors of a war of liteial "extermination." It le
fers to the disbanding, by the Governor of
Massachusetts, of a number of military comp i
nies in that Stale, composed entirely of fore-gn
ers, and urges that class of the population to
course of . insubordinHtin and an attitude of
defiance against the American people, calcula
ted toxcHthe" atterto-art3 oMiofente and
Ll -od. All go d citizens and pa riots must de
plore the spirit of mutual hostility which such
threats must nj-es-ardy engender, and efforts
should everywhere b.j ma le to prevent the oc
currence of .a cdlisi n between the part es
which mifh4, l ad to the most calamitous ai d
fatal consequences. We wo.dd, if we had a
oice to reach the ears of our countrymen, in
voke the magnanimity of a great jde to tem
per their spirit and reguhte their plwer -per
.siiadiug the n by all the cons-derations ihat can
control the passions of a free and geuer.-us na
tion, to exeicise b th patiein e and foib-aiance
towards a party hich so arrogantly and inso
lently provokes i s own destrucnon.
' From the Citizeni
But what is ot more importance still, submit to n brand
of inferiority, no shadow of di paragement, at the hands
of these natives. You are their equal by law, you are
their equals every way. Disbandement of a military
company is a direct imputation of misconduct ; and we
are happy to find that Col. Butler, of Lowell, reluses to
brook the outrage. He decli '6a to transmit the order of.
disbandmeiit to hi9 captains, invited a court martini and
appei Is to the law, tor there is still an appeal lo the law.
And the Shields' Artillery of Boston have taken like ac
tion in the case. If, however, the final decision be against
them and auainst Col. Butler, and if the nrliiary compa
nies of foreign birth oreaciually disarmed ai d disiblcd,
then for every musket given to the Stale Armory, let
three be purchased forthwith ; let independent companies
be formed, thrice as numerals ,19 the disbanded c ps ;
there are no Arms acts here yet ; and let every "foreign
er" be drilled and trained, and have his ams always rea
dy. For you may be very sure, (having some ex- erienee
in that matter that those who begin by disarming you,
mean 10 do you a mischief 1
Be ca:etul not to truckle in the smallest particular to
American prejudices. Yield not a single jot of your own ;
tor yon have as good a right to your prejudices as they.
Do not. by any means. suffer Gardner's Bible to be thrust
down your throats. Do not abandon your post, or re
nounce youur functions, as citizens or as soldiers, bnt alter
resort to the last and highest tribunal of law npn to you,
keep the peace, attenq t no " demonstrations," discourage
drunkenness, and stand to your arras.
It is hardly to be conceived that the madness of fiction
and the insolence ot race will proceed 10 such a length as
to disarm independent companies, or private men. If they
do, then the Constitution is at an end -the allegiance you
have sw, rn to this Republic is annulled.
Would to God thoughtfnl and just Americans would be
think themselves in time, They are strong, they fa, out
number the foreign born, th' y are proud and flushed with
national glory and prosperity : doubtless they can if ihey
will, do great and grevious wrong to a race ihnt h.is never
wronged them.; but seriously, earnestly we nsur them,
the naturalizid citizens will nol submit. This senseless
feud must be reconciled ; there must be peace ; peace or
else a war of extermination. VVe are here on American
ground, either as citizens or as enemies.
The American Okgan of the Know Xo:h
ing at Wa-hi gt- n, says, " We are ph as d in
being abl-to infi-m our readers that Noith
Carolina is becoming rapi ily Americanized.1'
We 1 an a-sure the Oran that the Old X'.rth
Siate was 44 Aine icmized ' as ar!y as th A
merican Pt olu.ion, an,4 prior to the d te f
our national b rtti. Long b f .re the patriots of
.other Nat. s were quite tipe for the diat g -, her
people declared th.tns. lves independent of f
r ign d- mi tation an I influnc--, in the celebra
ted D claration of Mecklenburg, and b Idly an
nounced the noble res.du. ion that tiehher the
B.iti-h kmg nor the British people should rule
them any 1 .nger. The Organ meant no harm,
we feel confident, by its mode; of .expression ;
but it is imp .riant that it should be b -me in
mind that we are a free Piolestont pei.pl..,
ste-idf .stly attached to the great cardinal doc
trines of both religious a d pulbical liber y, and
thai if at any time we should be found divided
on such questions, it will le the work of demn
ggueswh- undertake for party purposes to
delude those under their influence.
There are, we kn w, some few at- work, en
deavoring ti -change the sentiinen s of an im
mense majority -of the people of this State in
regard to the pernicious do -trines ' import ?d
among us from Europe. Th y are earn.tly
contending that there is n danger to our.hti
tu r ns fr. m foreign socialism and agrarianism,
on the one hand, or from foieig i priestcraft and
absolutism on the othfr. Bur. u woid tor it,
this i ffoit to joreignize and Ilananize Nor h
Carolina, will prove as hard a task a the stone
of Sisyphus, aud mjist moil in teirble unpop
ularity up n its authors. Undertake t con
ince the Protestant population of North Caro
lina that French an 1 German infidelity, anil
Italian and Irish R m uii-m, are envnemly fa
vorable to free institutions ! What oily ! what
alurdiiy ! What ignorance of the character
of our people app -ars in such presumption L
No, Mr. Organ, our citizens do not need to be
Americanized. They are already Americans
What they need is a hct of faithful defenders
of the truth, whose eiertions sha;l counteract the
etf-ct of flbrts now being made to fobeigmie
and Romanize them.
Presidexct of Davidson College. We
learn from several western papers, that the Rev.
Dr. Lact, pastor of the Presbyterian church in
this city, ha been unanimously elected by the
Board of Trustees, President of David-on Col
lege. Dr. L.'s many accomplishments would
render him a most valuable acquisition to that
institution, bnt it is hoped that the appointment
will not be sufficient to induce him to. abandon
his present post. He could not do so without
a rupture of many sacred ties. " . '
.Professional Congrcity! '
followiug iu the Slur's report of tl '" M
..... l'e rr, .
ins of the Commons,
February 2nd jj
H 'use met at 7 P. M.
A messaie was received frntn tKo c
. uenate ji
uiai uraiicu n" ''eerp'jratnijj ' rj
Lenoir by striking out the section taxing res,"4 ' '
Dentists, Lawyers and dog3. The v'11'-1 I
Uhe amendment. J v1;ur w
" Dociors, 'Dentis's, Lawyers Hni )o
This is 'truly a singular shap. f,r a '"
act to assume. W e -wonder if ,1 . It.' A
to have been taxed as men b
"e U J it
learned profession- I Or (.
degrade those p oess oris bv sUcii
j Ti .1 , e. .. . ,"
iloii 11 me 10. iner, an. I tl e lav
- . its 11,
to le laid on ihe income of tl,,.
sion, we wish ihe revenue otiiceis i,,,;
for theii- escape from the duty 0f I '
same. ' s
to some pre-ent auth rities, ' inc-ins j,,
for particular candiduttx for or, -j '
V T r.
aniti rities ma main that to turn a m
office f r-.pii.ioii's ake. is iiot pit sic.i.
s i'l.poitaut 1 hat this di.t ii.'tion 8u.,ui
n.einbere. a- all our Tec.mc. d Jt,
lead ns to reterse the na ier.
it is keeping a m m out, not tumi,,,,
that con-t.tutes pr scr'ption ! '''
'i'-'.SK,ft.-,.iji-i'i?-ij :."" ,
.Elevatios T yt atsesvili- iiO
dent in 1 lav wood county in t' is
ihe interjsini fact thai -'Wayne villf .J,.
seat of II iywo d, is the the most (,(.(.j f 1
in the Un tei ol ites. It isa sm , I:?u, .
in a fel t le and pi tnr-sque f- nntrv. . i, ji
. f the W.st.-rii Extension . f ih. N,,,,!,;, '
na lalroad We I ope the p-i,,,. ,,f
ly fav. red village will ,v,r s,vk , j J."
el- vati' n ..I'd ai; c er corn spo. d.ni; i0 I, -, ,
t.grajil.ical position. i 5
FllKAK OF THE M A I Ls ! ( hi 'f,..,l j. .
last, e receiv. d per 111.1:!, a- us .al. a 1,111 .
the H alcyon, f-om li auh-it m d s ;
C ug at its eont. nts, o' sen. d a p,r !,r, ii .
M'g that chahra e.i.e. at K.i,.-,l c -
We Were iistoi.i-hed and ii c .-di.l..u-. (.
mvstei v was-e'eared tin 01 tlNei-Vrr'' t ti! .
I pq-r was dated some t 111 - lo.,t Anst
Diik-y,) have b eir reel et.l to tie lU.i
States S'liate ly th ir u-p-vtiv L.-g si'ui.r
I'lieir name, ;is khiiii tuilv p, 0,,0, ,., ..
sugg-stivK at last of. t .e f.tal.t.nd ice,
I -e,r polit Cill design-. The l'orin-r is a J, : ,
Whig, the latter a fr.-e-svi:, Ant -Ncb.aska I-,
ThkTecav OK lil-JL u ON I- THE AVnSrv
l-KKSVLT, tVHiiNEVKR MEN fsflll' "IIIE Allllir:
OF PfXJIING 1HK EXLiiclsE OK A (ovU;,.
TIOCS Bhil.'. KF, OR OF DE. IDING HE1WKnIi
t ELLnW CUEaiIRlS AND HIE DEMY.
Kxactlv ! Exa-.-tlv! This s, nt-t c. 1
design' d for ai.- the'- I j' Ct, is a c .1 r. ct
tuie t.f the Church for tlie hcintit of wi.
was w.itu n.
S 1 n g u l a it Co i c re c. x c li. Tl 1 hV. . V1'. . i m
Son tiled la-t W.-t ko'i Chit lo te, a- lit? aj t-.
ung in'o au omnihu- to g an. I )ci!'o ih ajm.tt;
rage ceremony. Tlie ,Vv. Mr. ;. ts h 1 j -i-U
a tew diivs itvi re very lit exM'Vt-iili. vdiii'jiiii.ii
occasi. ne 1 the p- s j n.-iii ut of 1 lie saunj "u-1
d ng. Both gent . men M-ice-teeine.J lii.it-uril
of the Prcr-b . ter an Ci utcii. " '
Sxow Storm. Toe snow st .nn in the Xr:
est has been one of' .111 pr cei ci.cd -eiu t
Ma y passt tljer trains oil tlie rail" ;t s in Ij ili.
were bio k .1 up m ihe drifts. d the HaU- '
sufi'ertd mtt useiy iroui cold ai.d hunger, j
jC-Ye-le hi ak i jmi. E-.p, of .liisjoii.
t) , 1 1 as b . u appo.iite 1 -Niail Agent on ill; K'
le;g;i and Ga-t.-n Ka'fu.ad, x cc b. V i)
Wh te. M . Wl.itaker vv..l mak.. a I'aia.n.l
exe lcui oliicer.
M.CHIGAN. Tne Legis-Uote. f il 't M!
ns rue ted hei Sei.a ..rs to vote for t e !
t.oti of ihe Missotiii 1 tie, and tin- r e.i
Fugitive' slave law. ' Geu. Cass av6s lii-
in. nation 10 di -i bey the insinicti- U' ai.d ipu
his seat. j
It i !:.. I. .. pl: L W
JbXf -1 nrw i.ist vino; 11 '- '-v--
iii Aim. ante c untv, l v ihe ir-nw
viiie," and Dr.' Eli F. Wats ij p in u
Mas er. The " Mo r. s. il J " Post V&xiu l
county, hiis I et-n di en nut d.
1HIT1SH QCAItTEKl.ItS We I -,'i:e '''f "
trt !,. .. ,;.... ; ivi ttluitt"!
-e ni VI It VUIV Ut J 11 fllV'-
M ssrs Leoxaud Scorr & C., Ni''
con in ue t:.e republ.ca.i n of tmsj st"
; Bishop Capk, . TI1.1 io.,.r;i of t'11'
guished divine lock place at C dun.bw 0
Military Vimt to Raleigh The J;a
Vo:nnteiS otNoif ..k, jiroj ose makii.g 0'-r 1 ''
a visii ou the 22. d.
3" S-e adverlisem ut of C 'iicert If V
Raciie-Familv to-nigl't. T.'-ey p'0l5e
lightl'ul enteitaimn. nt.
LITERARY NOTICES. .; ,
The Socthekx Liter aiiv. MessengE'"
Februarv. is now before 11. It c ut i"5'
ev r-adable anicles among other-
,.r h l. -t., T.i'..l" o,1 ,. tracts f0"1
,.i 1 tTj ucn'iri, x...
'Memoirs of Aratro."
v.. t...,..v f,a TTievestha-
Report of ihe Indiana Ins it tnri
f,.r 1 1"
nti.l TlniriK TLn 1 rAi ti ! mini tr of
1 il "
B- sides the niinciiial there are eighi ;ec
moiii'ors emjd y d. ai a salary eacu
fiom $300 to 1000.
The Publishers of Graham's MagzinE '
s-nt us h large 44 Premium Plate,' l'"P
ha s t.s. r.fw-r nf tl.u atioorlt I" llo "'
contains in beautiful od.-r tin- likenes?
foui teen Pie-idents. which are desine
ecuted by aski.ful ai tist. Witliin '- t
are several tmenstii g scenes and oe ,
plato t-hould be framed, hung uji, aJ ea .
The Schoolfellow for the monm .
received, and preseuU to tho joutLfol